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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, August 28, 1909, Image 19

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THEY Consider Grace
More Important Than
Beauty ? Do Esthetic Rit
uals in an Old-World Garden
?No Search Too Laborious
for Grace and Cultured Ease
?Getting Into the Spirit of
the Ancient Greeks ? Has
Corset Reform a Chance
With the Rich and Fash
ionable?
PARIS. August 'JO. K*r.?.
] V'K of these girls
ar" Americans.
The Paris garden
where they ex?ri*ise
belongs to one of
our older American
fortunes, mad" by
an honest western
er year? ago. while
uplifting the taste
of his fellow-citi
zens. The grand
daughter of the
man who owned
playhouses has gone beyond the Italian
operas that pleas-d his generation: but
.something of their leautiful olii gestures*
would seem fixed in her ideal.
The girl's name may not be given: it
is promised; l?ut their search for grace
and cultured ease- apart from beauty?re
veals a tendency among the rich and
fashionable that must deeply interest all
women.
These fair Americans in Paris seek
f-omething more attractive than beauty:
s.<niethinc. at least, without which mere
heaut>- fails to hold. With it. the average
girl may triumph. And the average girl
may acquire it.
Grace! It is becoming more and more
l'-cognized as essential, no: only to know
how to walk and sit, but to possess that
mere physical beatify of movement and
attitude which t lie nineteenth century
neglected. In renaissance paintings and
? ?Id Greek and Indian reliefs, wo re< og
nize that we are extremely ugly in our
movements.
Why should not the poses of artists'
models became natural to us? It is part
of a curious nineteenth century shame to
be foUnd "affected" or "putting on airs":
yet tlie same considerations ought to for
bid women changing their gowns with
the fashions, or men cultivating formal
politeness. To the country jay, the city
man is "affected."
*
rt -t
Hut the nineteenth century is past, and
one courageous American girl has shown
how the world craves a return to grace.
Isadora Duncan's success is not of tjie
stage alone. Paris society goes to her
for private lessons.
These American girls had Isadora to
start them: but they now go on without
tier.
"It is not to develop bust and biceps
by ten minutes rational exercise each
morning." explained one. "It is not
breathing exercises. Physical training
makes the Instrument. We are learning
to play on it."
The instrument ;s the perfected body.
To acquire grace is to she it a chance
to express Itself; and 1 had a pathetic
example of Its importance in that garden.
I noticed that one of the girls went
through her exercises with somber and
ferocious enthusiasm: a beautiful girl,
tiut never smiling, never speaking: anil
tie priestess took a tender interest in
? her.
? Rich and beautiful, that gill is going
through a grca; unhappiness. 1 w&s told
later. "The man she caros for has called
her *a stick." She was a stick. Being
rich and beautiful, it i\ever occurred to
her to take pains. Dancing, she sprawls
over her partner. In ordinary movements
she Is awkward and negligent, and her
rival is, exactly, a skinny heroine with
a plain face, whose one redeeming qual
ity is grace. It is sufficient. The poor
relation of a third-class European am
bassador. she has diplomatic society of
Paris at her feet."
"Charm of manner?" I said.
"She is not even intelligent," was Lne
answer. "It is simply physical beauty
of movement, charm of pose and gesture."
"And she is beating that rich and beau
tiful American girl to it." I mused. It
explained the American girl's somber
ardor. She is desperately trying to make
up for lost time.
I understood the ritual of the old Paris
garden. There is nothing far-fetched
about costumes or exercises. The girls
seek earnestly to enter into the spirit of
the ancient Greeks and the renaissance
of the time of Boticelli.
"Pheir priestess is an American of wide
culture and strong nature, writing suc
cessful French poetry under a man's
name. Another of the coterie traveled to
the orient and sat under the sag*5 who
continues the revelation of the Bab. The
ritual is eclectic, from the Roman pagent
of the spring to the provencal courts of
the muses, by way of Keats' "Ode t?j a
Grecian Urn.'*
Xo pains are too great to throw them
back into the old graceful spirit. it is
no laughing adventure. Through sum
mer afternoons, their songs are aecom
with pain and hesitation.
Why not?
So the piano player finds her way. awk
ward and halting, over the keys; only
little by little does practice make those
hard notes fall lik-> showers of pearls.
So. the graces of these earnest g:rls, a",
first stifT copies, become natural and
fre??a poetry of attitude and gesture all
their own.
When they quit their classical draperies
for tailor gowns they take their graces
with them into daily life. Their solemn
air. Fashion itself is coming round to
them ."
"Has fashion, then, the slightest ten
dency toward corset reform?" I asked.
Her answer astonished me. Remember
these are girls of fashion, and fashion has
always laughed at corset reform. Corset
reform is also in the air of Furope, but
when i wrote you a few months ago that
the Roumanian minister of public instruc
tion had prohibited the corset in even the
highest normal and professional schools
a? "a permanent obstacle to the develop
AMERICAN GIRLS. TO WHOM GRACE IS MORE IMPORTANT THAN BEAUTY. DOING THE RITUAL
OF THE GRECIAN URN IN PARIS.
panied by slow rhythmic dances. The
responses to the priestess are chanted
amid studied figures. Draperies weave
in and out, arms rise and fall, lithe
bodies pose and change and pose again, in
attitudes learned carefully beforehand.
They copy attitudes from Grecian urns
rituals become habit: give them in our
careless daily life a touch of gravity and
dignity that surprises and delights young
men. So they would have their girls.
"The classical draperies impose grace
ful habits on our bodies," said my girl
informant. "These ideals also are in the
ment of the body and the normal func
tions of the organs," I felt, nevertheless,
that I might be misleading the reader.
What does Roumania count? What does
it matter that the Bulsaian tsar banishes
the corset from "all schools where girls
remain up to the age of seventeen?"
What does It matter that In al! Russian
lyceums and high schools of music and
beaux arts they are ordereed to "deposit
1n the cloakroom the cuirasses which
they -wear under the name of corset." and
that the Czar Nicholas, signing the regu
lation. added In his own hand that ".he
development of feminine charms will be
the gainer?" Or that in the Seanda
navian countries; tlie mass of cirls have
voluntarily abandoned the corset ? through
devotion to outdoor sports"?
These are unfashionable lands, where
the costume of women matters nothing.
In Paris the- otherwise powertnl I,eagu;'
of Mothers of Families got itself laughed at
for t.uklng up corset reform si\ months
ago. Its fifty-two-page brochure, illus
trated by photographs of paintings and
statues, anatomical cuts and portraits of
floating kidneys, was reviewed inv -cally
by the boulevard press. Its letters ?.>f
encouragement from Wc? Paris p iys,. 'mis,
1?ni poets, painters and sculptors. ;it.| Km
actresses and professional beaut;t:; fe*'I
flat.
When asked about the 100 a. tressis. tlio
?reat Paris dressmakers laughed. "Sarah
Bernhardt? Site is stil! bony enough, but
Re Jane? She fibs?a woman of that ir i i
lence without a corset?tit"
* *
Then, suddenly, they began hedging.
Concessions might be made to the de
mands of suppleness and grace, and the
tendency toward more classical garments
might suggest a kind of cors t reform:
What had soared the great dressmak
ers? Paris business was at last being
threatened by fashionable people! vjueen
Alexandra of England, influenced by the
movement in Scar.danavian countries, lurs
jo lied hands with the Ixnidon Ti:n- < in
favor of t li *? creation of a corsetless
"national English style" for women. In
Italy. Queen Helene and Dowager (jueen
Margherita have formed a committee of
eminent Italian artists, with the fash
ionable Boldinl at its liead. its object is
to design gowns an<l hats of ?'national
Italian style." from which the corset
shail be banished as "an insupportable
Paris eccentricity"?wh'ch is rather un
just, Seeing tnat the lirst corsets were
brought to France f oni Italy by Cath
erine de Medici!
It is to these fashionable movements
solely that the new Parisian "grace cor
sets" have their or'gin.
All this is nearer to corset reform than
any one would have dreamed that fash
ionable Paris could come. It gives that
supple softness to the waist which we
associate with chatelaines and noble
damsels of the middle ages.
The middle ages knew not the corset.
The m ddle age is said to be the com in*
style. Quite possibly it may bring in tie
tl ree-boned jersey corset.
Such is the thought of the fashionable
American girl* who seek for grace in th?
old Paris garden. What they deplore is
that reformers so disdain to compromise
with the styles of the day Isadora Dui -
can seems to think a Mother Itubbaro
g?od enough for any lady, anil this is an
error
*
?k *
Kike most reformers. Isadora Our.< ar
has known hard days in Europe; in Ber
lin where she and her brother led the
followers about in the conventional drap
eries of (irccK statues, they almost ceased
to be personae gratae. In Par s. her first
appearance on the stage was a failure;
but her return has been a triumph com
parably only to that of l.oie Fuller in the
great old days. The illustrated weeklies
devote pages to nerseli" and her graceful
litt'e girls. Sculptors and artists hail he
a.- a personification of ti e dancing girl
ancient Greece. Most significant oi al'.
French. English and Ame i -an society
women of Paris call her in for tiainir.g
in grat e.
Evidently, the time is ripe; hut some of
the suggestions <>f the League of Moth
ers of Family are downright amusing:
"How to make a bust-sustainer out of
an old corset ' is the title of a chapter
in the brochure referred to. You simply
cut off the corset's length below eight
centimetres under the arms.
"Tne suspender principle for attaching
-kirts and stockings," is another sug
gestion tliat might emanate from a grey -
bearded o!d philosopher. Vet Isadora
Duncan thir.ks the suspenders very good,
and cutting vour old corset in ha'f Is an
idea of genii.s!
"The great dressmaker.- an 1 the corset
ma Iters themselves can alone make the
refiirm i?t ncral," says my American girl
informant. "The grace movement Is forc
ing them to it. Really. 1 think it Ik at
the bottom of the middle age style they
are going to launch!"
The grace movement! Do you smile at
it? Do you sec anything futile in earnest
girls copying the poses and gestures from
Grecian urns?
"We pay great prices for Tanagra tig
urines: and why?" my girl said. "Win
do we admire the Tanagras If not for
their grace alone? Their beauty of face
and figure is nil. Their beauty of atti
tude and gesture is everything. It i?
within the reach of all of us. Why not
try for it?" STERLING HEIKIU
HOTEL CLERK ON CHOOSING A PROFESSION
1
BY IRVIN P. rORR.
R. McBEAN," said
the Mouse Detective
of tlie St. Reck
less, "wot would
you do if you wuz
the father of five?"
"Keep the best
looking one and
drown the others, I
suppose," said the
Hotel Clerk, ab
sently. "I didn't
know you had so
many, I.arry. It's astonishing how these
little things will accumulate around a
noiise."
"Five." said the House Detective, proud
ly, "an' all boys but wan, an' she's a
gitrl."
"Well, it's too had. isn't it?" said the
Hotel <'lerk.
"It is not," said the House Detective
warmly. "It's a line, grand thing an' I
wouldn't take a million for any wan of
thini."
"You'd have groat difficulty disposing of
them even at that conservative figure,"
: aid the Hotel Clerk. "Children are more
or less of a drug on the market at this
time. The rich won't have 'em at any
price, and the poor don't have much of
anything else. Somebody else's kid, Larry,
is like a boil on the neck. You meet a
fellow you know that's carrying his head
on one side like he'd been recently hanged
with a rag around his throat instead of a
i- liar. 'What's ailing you? you say to
him, and he says to you it's a boil on his
neck, anil you say to him, 'Never mind,
; ou'ro in luck: every boil is worth to
you, and the large or carbunky kind is
worth *10 apiece easy." But if he tried to
make you a present of his, you'd hand
h.m a wallop in the eye.
*
* *
"To everybody else. I.arry. a new-born
h;iby is merely a small noisy object, slight
ly fuzzv at one end, with no features to
speak of. and either light pink or dark re-1
in < olor. depending on whether it's goin^
to grow up to be a blonde or a brunette.
t>ut to i:s parents it's probably the most
astonishing thing that ever happened in
this amazing world.
" 'He's a wonderful child,' says the
proud father as he removes the first seven
or eight yards of flannel bandages from
around the form of his offspring and
shows you something that looks something
like a large sore thumb. 'Heavens alive,
man,' you say to him, 'turn him around
quick?you're holding him upside down.'
"I am not,' he says to you: 'that's his
head,' lie says. 'Tut, tut,' you say, 'you're
joking.' 'I am not,' he says, 'look at his
head.' he says. 'There's a head for you,'
he says. 'Did you ever see anything like
that head in your life?' he says.
* *
"And you truthfully reply that you never
did. 'And how wide he is between tiie
eyes.' goes on the father, paying no at
tention. 'He is that,' you say, 'and even
wider between the gums. That's a fine
Urge declivity he has there in his face,"
you say. "If anything should ever get the
matter with him 'twould be comparatively
easy to turn him inside out and treat it
by local applications,' you say, gazing
spellbound down the Infant phenomenon.
"i liink he has my nose,' says the semi
delirious father, critically examining some
thing in the middle of his heir's counte
nance that looks as If it might have started
out to be a push button and then got dis
couraged and stopped just after it passed
out of the shirt-stud class. 'He didn't get
it all,' you say; 'you might have spared
him a little more than that and never
missed It,' you say.
"Well, after a while the kid gives up
trying to swallow his own toes as a bad
job and his features fill out until they pro
vide a background of suitable size for his
smile, and he begins to talk the language
that every baby talks and nobody ever un
derstands except his mother. He iearns
that his feet are made to fall down with
and that his nose was especially designed
to fall down on. 'Tflat's a child of very
r.'ire intelligence,' his father says to you
as Young Hopeful trips over a figure in
the carpet and does a face fall that would
make the fortune of any German knocK
about comedian in the world. And you are
tempted to say that it's so rare as to be
practically extinct, which is the rarest
anything can he, hut you restrain yourself.
In the first place you wouldn't want to
make an enemy for life. and. besides, no
hody could hear von unless you yelled, tit ?
prodigy having the floor and heinj; en
gaged for the moment in calling atten'i" ?
to his injuries in a tone of voice like t> <
siren whistle on a lireboat.
*
* *
'? Yet all this time there's no amount of
money his parents would take for him.
and, to tell you the truth, there's no
amount of money they could get for him
I remember very well when I. myself, firs*
began to have a value to anybody except
my own immediate family. It was one
day when I was about twelve years old
and the owner of the peach trees in the
next yard climbed up on our side fence
and told me in a voice choked with emo
tion tiiat he'd give Slo to have my life.
But something in his manner and tone
seemed to prevent me from carrying the
negotiations any farther with him. I
went hurriedly indoors, and afterward my
early commercial instincts were vindicated,
because it wasn't more than three months
until one of our othei neighbors offered
twenty-five in cash for tlie privilege of de
stroying my bright young being.
"From that time on until I was grown
up I kepi constantly growing in intrinsi ?
value to myself and shrinking as an avail
able asset elsewhere, the same as any
other boy. When I came out of the high
school I felt that I was probably the mos:
precious ami attractive young piei-e >?r
property in the world, but from what I
have since learned I must have stood prac
tically alone in that belief. Since then
i ve been learning to take a more con
servative invoice of myself, and every
year now I find that the goods have de
teriorated and grown more and more shop
worn. I suppose when I'm about sixty
hvt1 I'll arrive hi the true estimate ami go Marty is gettin' to be quite a chunk of a
off somewhere and jump off a rliff. Tm';p lad an" I wuz goin' to ask your advice
il from me, Larry, the average party ir about piekin" out a business, or a trade,
worth more at his birth than he is at an> or something for him."
future time in his career, and even his "Well, it's a delicate maiter." said the
value is largely confined to his immediate Hotel Clerk. "If we'd leave it to Marty
home circle. ' 1 suppose he'd prefer to be a trapeze per
"\\ ich i.s the point I've been wantin' to former in a circus or a bold lire laddie and
"OH, YES: THEY ARE THE GREATEST THINGS ON EARTH!"
make all this time,'' said the patient wear a blue flannel shirt with the two top
House Detective, "only 1 hated to brenu buttons unbuttoned, and at 12 o'clock at
in. That's the main reason you do most night slide down a brass pole into a pair
of tH*- talkin' when we're together?I wuz of pants and go forth and save beautiful
raised not to interrupt. You see, my boy maidens from the devouring elements.
John D. Rockefeller is the only person
that I ever heard of that didn't cherish
some such ambition when hut a lad. Me
says himself in those exciting memoirs <>f
his that he didn't: even as a mere child
lie felt that he would rather grow tip and
sing the Moody and Sankey line of hymns
in a white lawn tic than to be a lion
tamer with medals all over his chest and
the mustache turned up prominently at
the ends. But he was the exceptioji, and
still is, for that matter.
"I remember how it was with me per
son ally. I couldn't see the use of burden
ing my mind with the fJreatest Common
Devisor when I knew my life work was
going to l>e walking across Niagara Falls
on a high wire with pink tights on in the
summer and shooting Indians in the win
ter. If it wasn't for the sternness of our
parents and the change of view we ro,
after we began to observe, for the tirst
time, that a very desirable portion of the
population was made up of girls, there'd
be no grown persons to open tiie mines
;jna float their bonds after they were
opened: nobody to till the soil and rob t!i?:
till: nobody to run the banks and break
them. Kverybody would l>e either the
drum major of a military brass band, ?<r
a kind-hearted and genei-ous pirate scour
ing the Spanish Main, or the funny old
clown in the center ring. Yes, sir, it's a
hard job picking out a proper vocation in
life for a young lad growing up."
"It is that," said tlie House Detective.
"I been tryin' to lick a little ambition into
Marty, but it looks to me like he don't
wanter do nothin" but eat an' sleep."
"Sounds as if he'd make a good police
man," said the Hotel Clerk, "or a govern
ment national bank examiner. Hut you
never can tell how those early traits will
develop and you have to be very careful
about this thing of picking a vocation. If
you stay poor all your life you're called a
sociological problem, which is a hard thing
to have to take, and college professors
write magazine articles about you: and f
you acquire great riches the gentlemanly
nuickraters and the federal grand juries
will delve into your past life and show
you up until you're shunned by society
like a man that's been eating spring
onions. If you don't get money you
might as well be living In a damp cave,
associating with the Stalap brothers-Mlta
and Tlte?ami if you do get it to any no
ticeable extent, it's been such a hard job
that you're too lired to enjoy it properlv.
"Anyway, there's a conspiracy hi thin
country against permitting any man to ac
i|uire wealth. It started with the general
introduction of the cash register into busi
ness life, thereby striking a blow agaim t
the ultimate prosperity of barkeepers
from which the profession has never en
tirely recovered. Then they perfected the
checking-up system, and now they're talk
ing about an income tax. I shudder *-'?
think of the additional strain that's going
to be put on the recording angel whe.i
people start to swearing off their incomes.
"I'nless lie can cultivate those facial
mud guards, sometimes called side whisk
ers. ami develop a large gross tonnage and
heavy total displacement manner, there *
110 use raisin' your son for a bank presi
dent: lie wouldn't fit the part. Any suc
cessful lawyer will warn you, if you t?'ll
him you think of training your boy for
the bar, that half the lawyers are starving
to death and suggest that you try makinr:
a steam fitter out of him. If you say
to an artist that the boy has an aptness
with the brush that might develop intct
something, he'll beg you to apprentice liitn
to a kalsominer and tell you with tears in
his eyes how portrait painting has faliei
off. I never saw a doctor yet that didn't
advise against sending any lad to medical
college, and no well balanced undertaker
welcomes you into his profession unlosi
you're dead first."
"Well," said the House Detective, "I
wish't I could lind a business for Marty
where if a man succeeds there's plenty of
room at the top "
"I've a happy thought," said the Hotel
Clerk. "Make a north pole explorer of
hint. If lie succeeds there he'll find all
The room at the top there is."
DISTRICT BOUNDARY STONES ALMOST LOST
UNDER the shadow of the Wash
ington Monument, as the sun
rises. Is a small stone nearly
buried in the earth, which is
likely to he overlooked, and
w.-osc very existence Is probably unknown
to nearly a'l visitors and resident Wash
? rigtonians. Vet this unobtrusive little
memorial marks the precise center of the
< viginai District 01 Columbia, and the in
Irr.eii.m ot' two cross-lines notched on
its upper surface determines with the
utmost possible exactness, the very point
in ?iues::or.. Just enough earth has been
removed lrom the face of the stone
whhh stands near the bottom of the
Monument hill, to allow the following
inscription to L:e s^^n:
"JeiTorson Pie:-.
Fretted 1XM. Recovered 1SS9.
District of Columbia."
What ? ~ now visible of this monument
is of granite An examination of the
archives nf the city discloses the fact
that the o; iginal Jefferson pier, or stone,
stood <>r wnat was the bank uf the old
Tiber creek. It had a lime rock founda
tion. wii'i*h was - ix ieet liigh on the creek
- ?if. and was covered by a Uirge sand
stone cip, about five feet square and
tight inches thick. This apstone and
part o* the foundation were removed in
1*7-. by order of (Jen. Baboock. commis
sioner of public buildings and grounds,
through a mistake as to its identity, it
is ^aid. and what remained was covered
up by earth several feet deep when the
roadway and grounds were made. As re
lated by the inscription. the monument
was recovered in 1Khi?. when the present
gi anite cap w as probably erected.
*
* *
The fate of Jefferson pier, beset with
vicissitudes as its history is, has been
more fortunate than that of most of the
early landmarks of the District. Among
these monuments which have disappeared
is that once known to Washingtonians
as the Meridian Stone. This memorial
stood on Peter's (afterward called
Meridian) Hill, about eighty yards south
of the old standpipe. la this vicinity
was located the residence of Admiral
David Porter, the entrance door of which
directly faced that of the Executive Man
sion. These premises of Admiral Porter
were long known as "Meridian Hll!
Farm." On the edge of the south lawn,
in close proximity to the mansion, was
placed the "Meridian Stone." This stone
was about two feet across and two feet
high.
lhe nor ill edge of it was circular, and
upon it was afterward placed a brass
sun dial. From this stone Meridian Hill
received its name.
1'pon the extension of 16th street and
the removal of the hill the stone whs*
taken away by a property owner, who
used it as a carriage step in front of his
premises on 14th and R streets. What
has now become of it nobody seems to
know.
lie
* *
Forty smal! stone monuments, placed
at intervals of a mile, and including th-2
corner stone of the District, formerly
marked the boundaries of the original
ten-mile squarr*. Of these historic stones
thirty-six were rerrntly traced rfy Wil
liam Schuster or the geological survey,
who nwide it a matter of personal inter
est to investigate the presfnl condition
of these landmarks. The corner stone,
which was laid with elaborate ceremonies
April 15, 1791, is now hurled behind the
seawall at Jones Point lighthouse, to the
south of Alexandria Upon the laying of
this corner stone an address was made
by Rev. James Muir. of which the fol
lowing is an extract:
"Amiable it is for brethren to dwell
together in unity; it is more refreshing
than the dews on Herman's Hill. May
this stone long commemorate the good
ness of <iod. in those uncommon events
which have /iven America a place among
nations. Under this stone may jealousy
and selfishness be forever buried. From
this stone may a superstructure arise
whose glory, whose magnificence, whose
stability, unequaled hitherto, shall aston
ish the world and invite even the savag?
of the wilderness to a shelter under Its
roof."
From the corner stone the boundary
lines were determined, and their position
indicated by the thirty-nine Intermediate
monuments, four of which, as determined
by Mr. Schuster, are now missing. The
stones are twelve inches square on top
and stand two feet above the ground,
the coiner ones being three feet high,
with the exception of that at the west
corner, which is of the same size as the
intermediate stones. The material Is
Aquia creek (Virginia) sandstone. A
mistake was evidently made in placing
the monuments, as there Is a three-foot
corner stone three miles from the south
east angle. The stones are, apparent I v.
undressed, the rough saw marks appear
ing upon many. Inscriptions containing
the words "Jurisdiction of the United
States." followed by the number of miles
from the corner at which the series be
gins, appear on the side facing the Dis
triet. Other sides of the stones bear
the figures 1791 or 179-. according us
tliev are located in Maryland or Vir
ginia. and the magnetic variations of the
compass for the time and locality are
jjiven on each. Where the mile interval
marks a position upon unsuitable ground
or on a stream, th?> stone lias been placud
at the nearest possible position, ami th>
distance recorded.
About twenty years ago the coast aud
geodetic survey measured the District and
determined the exact positions of the
monuments, with the result that four
sides of the "square" were found to av
erage Kk> feet in excess of the ten miles,
and the entire area tipped westward <>n
the southeast corner, as on a pivot, so that
the north corner is 1H? feet west of its
proper position. The monuments in that
portion of the original District west of
the Potomac river, ceded back to Virginia
in IStii and now called Alexandria coun
ty. are only to be located with the great
est difficulty.
The lark of reverence accorded the cor
ner stone itself, which is now practically
obliterated, is. indicative of the treatment
which has marked a number of the inter
mediate monuments. One of these latter
is incorporated in the structure of a small
bridge, and of two others only the stumps
remain, while others are prone upon the
ground and overgrown with grass and un
derbrush.
One of tiie intermediate boundary stones
in good condition is to be seen about a
quarter of a mile southwest of Chevy
Chase Circle A modern marker stands
on the southwest margin of the circle,
and tlu old stone may be readily found
by walking in the direction of the line
out in the top of the marker. The monu
ment stands In an open field, and can be
easily seen. Another monument stone
stands In Takoma Park, on Maple street.
LUCK AND PLUCK.
BY DR. MADISON C. PETERS.
about 100 fret northeast of the junction
with Carroll street
The material of those historic boundary
marks is very friable, and their destruc
tion bv time and vandals is said to be
onlv a matter of a comparatively short
time if steps for their protection be not
soon taken by the authorities.
Besides the Jefferson pier, marking the
renter of the old District, there are two
other notable stone landmarks in the
vicinty of the Monument. One of theso
is known as the "Capitol stone." It stands
a little to the south of the huge shaft and
Use of Various Drugs
Is on the Increase
A N insane desire to use opium and
other drugs of a like nature ap
? pears to have taken possession
of the American people." said a reputable
druggist while speaking of the deaths of
persons in Paris by the opium route.
"I am no alarmist, but I speak plainly
and truthfully when I say that I be
lieve it will be necessary for Congress
to take some rigid and heroic measure
to prevent the spread of this sure-death
mania, for I think it can rightly be
termed a mania. Our people are drink
ing and sniffling every and any thing
which will give relief to tired feeling
and shattered nerves?opium, laudanum,
strychnia, salol, tincture ginger, valerian,
atropia. bromidia, chloroform, chloral, co
caine, ether, paregoric and. in fact, every
drug which can be named, but, of course,
opium leading the list, save in some
of the southern states, where cocaine
sniffling has become so common that
rich and poor use it alike, and many
cities and towns have made stringent
laws against the sale. Tiie old-time habit
of snuff sniffling is increasing at an
alarming rate, and any tobacconist, drug
gist or retail grocer will tell you that
a pound of snuff is sold now where there
was an ounce eighteen months ago.
Three out of every ten men you meet
on the street are users of snuff, carry
ing with them their snuff boxes and
sniffling the stuff at least once every
hour.
"That tiie situation is serious cannot
be doubted, and in my business as a
prescription druggist I am in a position
to see the rapid advance the evil is mak
ing As I stated, opium leads the list,
and by examining the reports of foreign
commerce of the United States you will
see that our importations of the deadly
drug increase with each year. For ten
months in 1901 we received crude opium
from other countries, r>0.-.,465 pounds,
valued at I1.0S17.S07, and for ten months
ended with April last we received 391,108
pounds, valued at $743,622. You will see
that there was a decrease in the amount
of crude opium, but in that prepared
for smoking there was a large increase
for the samp periods: in 1901,
pounds, valued at $803,042. and in 1?<{.
1510.208 pounds, valued at *1,IS2,21?. It
is easy enough to account for the falling
about forty-live yards to the west. on the
line of the meridian. It is a rough-hew rt
freestone, projecting about three feet
above the surrounding earth. one f?ot in
diameter on the ground line and eight
inches across the top. The distance be
tween this and the Jefferson j?ir?p corre
sponds. it is said, with half the lengtli of
tiie old part of the Capitol building. An
other meridian stone is located in the
center of the White l^ot ellipse, and Is
probably well known to membert* of the
departmental base ball teams who ha%'e
participated in games upon the ellipse
nff in the imports of the crude opium
in the fact that there are so many other
drugs and nostrums to take its place,
but there is nothing which can take
the place of opium In liquid form and
prepared for smoking; there is no sub
stitute which will f?ive unfortunate opium
fiends the Kame satisfaction and relief:
nothing which will touch the night spot
and do its work so well and effectively.
All the alcohol, whisky, drugs and drops
ever manufactured can never take the
place of opium with the confirmed user. It.
is criminal for any drugyist to refuse the
druii to one suffering for the lack of
it. for tlie user must have it or go mad;
his very existence is a raging hell un
til the craving is satisfied, and death
will result If he or she is not supplied.
I have given without cost many ounces
to the poor devils who come in here,
and beg for it, but in all cases I have
knowledge that they have passed the
deaf* line and cannot do without it. It.
is to the new beginner that I refu?e
either to sell or give, and 1 positively
refused to till any prescriptions from
reputable physicians who have prescribed
the drug. I do not mean to renmrn
the physicians, but opium is prescribed In
too many ca.ses where something else
would answer the purpose as well or
better, and would not run the risk of
making opium fiends of innocent and un
suspecting patients. I am convinced that
seven-tenths of the users of opium were
started on the road by taking prescrip
tions given by physicians who did not
to put it charitably?stop to think what
a crime they were committing In giving
the accursed stuff as a. medicine. The
physician thut says 'nothing will answer
the same purpose as opium' simply does
not know what he is talking about and
needs to read up a little more on his
profession. I had rather ?ive up my
business than to give a dose of opium
and take chances on its making an
habitual jjpium user of the person I save
it to. The use of opium and other nar
cotics in practice is dangerous, very, and
I have lost the trade of one or two
high-toned physicians by being bold
enough to assert my belief and asking
them to let up in their ruin-producing
prescriptions. I had rather sacrifice mv
business than to have the trade of ine'i
who are careless of human life aji<l
happiness. The hypodermic syringe and
morphine pills are doing their worlc
faster than the drink evil, and I regret
to say practicing physicians are largely
iesponsible. for they are prescribed for
almost any and every ill."
DON'T crave for good you have
never earned; don't pray to luck
to give you what does not be
long to you; don't fancy that
? every rich and famous man has
got his poods by some turn of the wheel
of fortune. It is this philosophy that
makes sonis people feel that the success
ful have no special right to their prop
erty or their honors, and so they deter
mine to get either from them if they
can.
These are the men w ho make our gam
blers and loafers of high and low de
gree. They may be people who origi
nally meant no harm, but they came to
believe In luck, and instead of looking on
this world as a beehive of industry
where men are rewarded not only accord
ing to their talents, but according to
their efforts, they regard it as a grand
lottery in which shirkers have as fair a
show as the workers.
*
* *
Belief in luck retards progress, dulls
the int *llect, deadens the wits, debases
the bodies and keeps its votaries ever
behind in the race of life. The man who
believes that h;s luck is against him?
good lin k?has cast over himself an in
sidious spell, and soon he will fe?l that
it is useless to knock at the treasure
room of fame and fortune, that a deaf
ear will be turned to him because he
comes to believe that door to bj- open
only to its favored children.
The philosophy of hick is a moral palsy,
rhe cure of which <-an be found in pluck.
The story of successful men shows that
they did not find .lie opportunities lying
around loose like rocks on a roadside.
When the path of IT- is too easy to walk
it generally happens that there will l>a
a sreat scarcity of materials to make
opportunities; hut on the hard road you
will find them n\ almost every turn.
In the Michigan state penitentiary at
Jackson a convict has taken a corre
spondence cours? in architecture. He
had to work only six hours a day for
the state; the time after that was his
own, and lie improved ft. Now ho Is not
only drawing plans for the prison au
thorities. but Is doing work for parties
outside. Think of that, you young men
who spend your evenings in saloons and
poolrooms?free?y.t frit ering away your
time, and thus wasting your opportuni
ties!
*
* *
The swinging lamp in the cathedral had
been seen liefore by hundreds, but it was
left to Galileo to seize- the opportunity
of its significance. Thousands of men
saw Hie apples falling from trees before
Newton's time, but he alone had the
r**esiglit to grasp attraction?the center
of gravity.
A man's opportunity usually ha? som>
relation to his ahi! ty; it is an opening
for a man <>f his '.alents or means. It Is
not his luck, but rather his pluck, that
crowns him with honors.
Young men are heard complaining that
they are worthy of higher positions and
long for better opportunities: they want
to succeed, but scorn the opportunities
successful men improve. They want to
be given a l!ft, shot up in an elevator or
carried up in an airship, so that they
may avo'd the arduous struggles of those
who have been successful.
Many a man loses his opportunity by
slighting his work. Don't worry about
your salary; increase your skill. Strive
10 earn more than you ar> paid for.
*
* *
Never despair! Don t whimper! Be
tip and doing! And luck, in the right
sense of that much-perverted word, will
some day be yours.
A "happy hit" may sometimes bt; made
by a bold venture, but, in th.> long run.
the safest road to travel is the highway
of steady industry.
Don't envy your more prosperous
neighbor and again murmur, "He's
lucky." Envy is the miserable expedi
ent that lazy people resort to to drown
the reproaches of conscience. Don't per
suade yourself that you have been unfor
tunate when you have been just foolish.
The only bad luck is bad pluck; good
luck Is good pluck No man ever lost
his luck until he first lost his pluck.
God gives you enough when He gives
you opportunity. A wise man will make
more oppor unities than he finds. Great
opportunities are the wise improvements
of small ones. If your opportunities are
not good enough, improve them.
Possess your soul in patience. Your
time will come if you deserve it. Mean
while make hay while the sun shines.
Gather rosss while they bloom.
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