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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, August 29, 1909, Image 22

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With Sunday Xornlsg Edition.
SUNDA? August 29, 1909
Entered u second-class mall matter at the pert
office at Washington, D. C.
TJUi ST AX baa a regular and permanent
Family Circulation much mora than tM
combined clrcnlatlon of the other Wash
ington dallies. As a Sews and Adver
tising Medium It has no oompetltor.
The fcvenlng Star, with the Sunday meralng
edition. Is delivered by carriers within the city
at 50 cente per month; without the Sunday
morning edition at 44 cents per month.
By mall, postage prepaid.
Dally. Sunday Included, one month, 00 cents.
Dally, Sunday excepted, one month, BO cents.
Saturday Star, one year. fl.OO.
Sunday Star, one year, $1.50.
The Chain of Law Breaking.
Testimony that Is being: given before
the government Investigators at Pittsburg
as to the peonage and Imprisonment
charges brought against the Pressed Steel
Car Company at McKees Rocks Indicates
that a decidedly unlawful condition' pre
vailed there during the strike of the
workers. This state of affairs illustrates
clearly the fact that in the average con
ditions obtaining today a strike of in
? duBtrial workers leads almost inevitably
to a chain of unlawful acts. If men who
are discontented with their wages or the
circumstances of employment would mere
ly cease work and seek engagement else
where, or endeavor by peaceful means to
bring about a readjustment; in other
words* If they would pursue a perfectly
lawful course of action, there would be
do crimes, no evasions of statutes, no po
litical complications. But the moment an
effort is made by strikers to prevent the
continuance of operations at the plant
Which they have deserted, they start a
line of misconduct which may continue to
the point of murder.
There Is no arguing away from the re
sponsibility resting upon the men who, at
the outset of one of these Industrial con
flicts, assume the right to prevent other
workers from taking their places The
law recognizes the right of the corpora
tion, the company or the Individual em
ployer to conduct business along certain
lines, within specific restrictions. IX the
state's mechanism of law enforcement
and property protection were promptly
and effectively Invoked by the officials
charged with this duty, there would be
no crimes, no peonage, no abuses by
either side. But unfortunately there is
cowardice In public places and militant
strikers are given such leeway at the
outset, through fear of political reprisals,
that the Issue promptly arises whether
they are to be permitted not merely to
dictate as to their own employment, but
as to the right of the owners of invested
capital to use the plants which they have
created at gTeat cost and the mainte
nance of which is necessary for the in
dustrial welfare of the country.
If It were known in advance that the
law would Intervene to guarantee the
owners of Industrial establishments the
right to continue work at vhelr plants; in
other words, if strikers were assured that
they would be punished for preventing
the substitution of others in their places,
there would be no peonage in the plants.
One act of lawlessness begets another.
The striker who threatens his successor
With maltreatment or with death starts
the process. It is then continue* by the
police chiefs, sheriffs and mayors, who
neglect their duties and fail to preserve
order and guarantee to the men willing to
work the right to peace and protection in
the pursuit of a livelihood and to employ
ers the right to protection in the opera
tion of their legally recognized establish
ments. It Is finally continued by the em
ployers themselves, who, lacking the pro
tection which they should be given auto
matically by the state, adopt unlawful
means to continue operations.
Bunco Victims.
The man who was buncoed the other
evening on one of the steamboat docks
by a smooth stranger who worked the
old thread-bare "dropped pocketbook"
game on him bought his experience
rather cheaply. He might have been
stung for much more, for he was evi
dently of a credulous nature and easy
. picking for the fllmflammer. It is one
of the mysteries of the period why there
is such readiness on the part of sup
posedly intelligent people to fall victims
to all sorts of transparent swindles
which have been exposed times without
number. The victims of these crafts
men are not ignorant people as a rule.
They are newspaper readers and have
unquestionably from time to time seen
in print many instances of confidence
practices. They have read of the green
goods game and the gold brick swindle
and the Spanish fraud and the dropped
pocketbook fake and such common or
garden devices as the "perfectly
good check" which the stranded stranger
wishes cashed. Yet from time to time
these very people themselves contribute
to the total of the plaoked.
The dropped pocketbook game Is often
Worked through the cupidity of the vlo
tlm. It requires an extreme of cre
dulity to believe that those who surrender
oash from their pockets for what are
preeented to them as their own purses
actually think they are getting their
property back. In order to pay for the
"returned" wallet they must go into their
"jeans'* for the cash. If the pocketbook
had been lost it would not be there. The
victim of this swindle is either amazing
ly crude In his mental processes and the
poesessor of two plaoes of money stor
age, or is akin to the green goods buyer
who thinks he is going to get some
thing for nothing. In any case there is
but little ground for sympathy. Never
theless it is the duty of the police to
round up the fakers and crooks when
ever possible and protect the innocent,
the guileless and the amateur swindler
from their wiles and device*.
A monkey dinner party announoed
for one of the exclusive Atlantlo coast re
sorts lacks the piquancy of novel Interest.
Harry Lehr got about all there was out
ef that idea.
Mr. Bryan and the Tariff.
On the subject of the tariff, Mr. Bry
an says In the latest issue of the Com
"The time is passed for sham battles
on the tariff question. The only victory
we have won on the tariff in recent
years was the victory of 1892. when we
attacked the principle of protection. No
real fight can be made until a distinct
line is drawn between the opposing
The democratic party was not united
on the tariff question in 1892. At the
Chicago convention the tariff plank re
ported by the platform committee,
which was controlled by the friends of
Mr. Cleveland, was a straddle, smacking
strongly of protection. Mr. Whitney,
who was in charge of the Cleveland
forces then, was a protectionist, as
Arm in the faith as Mr. Gorman. Mr.
Cleveland would have stood upon the
But the free traders in the conven
??<? would not have it They demand
ed, and obtained, a plank so very dif
ferent that subsequently It was inter
preted on the stump as "a challenge of
protection to a battle to the death." Mr.
I Vest, who was a star spellbinder In the
I campaign, assured his audiences every
where that a tariff law drawn by a
| democratic Congress and approved by
I a democratic President would mark the
beginning of the end of protection.
The proteotlon democrats made no re
! ply. Defeated In convention, they sim
ply bided their time. They wanted to
win at the polls, and if the free traders
I could bring voters Into camp by their,
hullabaloo well and good. |
Their time came when the tariff prom
I lses were called up for redemption In leg
islation. Then the rejected stone was
made chief of the corner. Then Mr. Gor
man, encouraged and supported by Mr. |
Whitney and all the outside influences
the latter could command, wrote protec
tion into the new tariff bill in letters so 1
j large you could read them across the j
street. Instead of being belted around
I to die, like a condemned tree in the for
est, protection was coddled. The earth
at its base was enriched, and its roots
| were watered. The President would not
sign the bill, but neither would he veto
| it. It became a law, and the tariff cam- |
I paign of 1882 ended in a roaring travesty.
If the Denver platform of last year was
j flouted by democrats In Congress, what1
I shall be said of the treatment of the Chi
cago platform of 1802 by the democratic
legislators chosen to give it the force of
law? Neither the Wilson bill as it passed j
the House, nor the Gorman-Wilson as it
passed the Senate, was a redemption of
the promises upon which Mr. Cleveland
had been returned to the White House.
And it must not be forgotten that one of
the men who helped to frame the Wilson
bill and voted for it was William J. Bryan
I of Nebraska, then an aspiring young poli- j
The District's Fire Department.
For many years it has been the boast
J of Washingtonlans that this city has had
a model Are department. They have;
pointed with pride in the presence of vis
itors to the expedition with which the
apparatus is sent to the scene of an
alarm and to the remarkably small per
centage of flre losses in the District of
Columbia. As far as the department
goes, it is unquestionably deserving of
this praise, and in comparison with flre
flghting facilities of a similar character
it undoubtedly sets a standard in effi
ciency and economy. But for come time it
has been obvious to those who look
abroad that the District has not been
given the benefit of recent advances In
the invention of fire-flghtlng appliances.
Chief Wagner's statements, based upon
his attendance at the recent convention
of flre engineers at Grand Rapids, bring
I acutely to publio notice the particulars In
which Washington is deficient.
The chief returns to headquarters con
vinced that the local department should
be equipped with motor fire-fighting ap
paratus. At the convention models of
these latest developments were shown
in action, convincingly proving thftt they
are an advantage In every respect over
the horse-drawn machines. Washington
is Ideally fitted for such a service* Its
smooth, broad streets insuring that motor
steamers and reels would be sent to the
scene of a fire in record- time. If the local
low percentage of fire loss is due to the
I promptness with which the department
answers alarms, the adoption of the mo
tor apparatus would bring the annual
percentage of destruction to an extraordl
I narily low point. The money invested in
the refitting of the department on modern
lines would probably be quickly saved in
the further protection given to the city.
It la always In order In this connection
to call attention to the fact that Wash
ingon is behind the times in still another
respect, in that It has been denied,
through congressional neglect, the high
pressure fire-fighting service, such as that
which has been Installed in New York
and other cities. Whether this service is
operated by pumps, as in New York, or by
gravity, as proposed here, it would un
questionably prove an economy. It would
I save the $750,000 which it is estimated
it will cost on the gravity basis, in the
| course of a very few years.
An Ideal fire department is that which
I figures least often In the intercity news
reports. The fact that Washington rarely
furnishes a?llrst-page fire item for out
of-town newspapers attests to the sanity
I of the building conditions here and to the
fortunate lack of conflagration-making
I environment. But it is unsafe to rely
Indefinitely upon the capital's good for
| tuna What has been will not always
oontinue, and if Congress is true to its
trust as a legislative guardian of the
District of Columbia it .will waste no
further time in appropriating for the
I equipment of the local flre service with
the most advanced and approved devices
| for the saving of property and Ufa
An Industrious Story Teller.
George Manville Fenn, aged seventy
eight, with over a hundred novels and a
thousand short stories to his credit, has
Just died. Moreover, he had edited a
magaslne, and contributed to several
others. An Industrious man, and, though
I nothing is said about the size of his es
[ tate, probably a prosperous one. Such
an output does not suggest genius, but
rather a well rounded talent, encourage
ment In its use and a good money re
ward. Literature?of this kind?often
pays well, although some men of great
writing glfta and of fine performances
| live and end their days in poverty.
Octopus haters will note with dlsapprov
al that the railways collect considerably
j more fare from Washington officials since
presidential summer quarters were re
j moved from Lang Island away off to
' Massachusetts.
With their customary Impetuosity
Spanish anarchists did not wait to find
out what kind of a king Alfonso was go
I in* to be before organising an attack on
England might solve a situation which
cauaes some uneasiness In parliament
by putting up signs along its coast warn
! tag aviators that airships may not land.
Patten has long since disposed of his
capital in such a way as to enable him to
contemplate fluctuations In the wheat
market without a quiver.
The Vocabulary of Aviation.
Inventions make words. Language ex
pands not merely through the adoption
of words and phrases from one tongue to
another, but from the growth of new ne
I oessitles and new conditions. Each me
! chanlcal advance and improvement cre
ates a fresh vocabulary, whether com
[ posed of actually new words or new com
binations of old ones.
In the old days when the balloon was
the only method of human levitation
there was but that one word to denote
the appliance. Ballooning was a sport
and a means of entertainment rare
ly engaged in, a gradually diminish
ing novelty. Men talked hopefully of the
evolution of the "flying machine." They
| spoke occasionally of the "airship'?^- as
I representing the maximum of humantn
genulty, to be later developed at the cli
max of this wonderful age of InventloiC
Now the news prints are constantly
filled with references to devices and with
words that were utterly unknown even
half a decade ago. Ihe balloon has given
place to the "dlrigfMa* %he word "gas
bag" wu for a long time used to dis
tinguish the balloon kind of "flying ma
chine" from the device which came later
to be known as the "heavier than air"
apparatus. Now that awkward designation
of the non-gas-bag type has given plaoe
to the more specific "aeroplane," which la
the generic name of all the soaring de
vices with or without motive power. The
"glider" is the small plane without the
means of self-propulsion. The aero
plane has now developed Into three
types according to the number of planes,
known as the monoplane, the biplane and
trlplane. There will probably be other
variations, with their appropriate titles.
The "helicopter" is in the experimental
stage, an unproved type of machine.
The tendency to abbreviation evolved first
the word "airplane" instead of the longer
and more awkward "aeroplane." and
now the same tendency has led to the
monosyllable "plane" as a short cut to a
clear expression.
"Aviator" and "aviation" were early
classical coinages, appropriately replacing
the longer "aerial navigator" and "aerial
navigation." There may later be differ
entiation of title between the aviator and
his assistant or his passenger. For the
present the word will stand to signify the
man in charge of the plane or dirigible,
corresponding with the chauffeur of the
motor car. Already that trisyllable has
given place to the shorter "pianist" and
doubtless "planing" will be in evidence
By a simple adaptation the word "aero
drome" has been evolved to designate
the space over which aviators conduct
their maneuvers, being the logical suc
cessor of hippodrome, where man per
forms in conjunction with horses. This
use of the word has been applied to
the house in which a "flying machine" is
stored. Unquestionably there will be an
appropriate coinage of new words or com
binations to designate the manifold ap
pliances and equipments of practical avia
tion when both dirigibles and planes are
used for passenger or freight service or
mail carriage or warfare.
Campbell of Texas.
Gov. Campbell of Texas should rear
range his plans and attend the Taft^Dlaz
meeting at ?1 Paso. An official greet
ing delivered by him would add to the
pleasure of the occasion. The published
program gives promise of something nota
ble. I>laz on American soil and Taft on
Mexican soil will express much between
nations already friendly and both de
sirous of even more cordial relations. The
two men are wholly unlike, but each
possesses the qualities necessary to lead
ership and success in his country. Each
is in every sense a truly representative
man and official.
King Alfonso's hirsute decorations were
permitted to remain Just long enough to
prove anew the old dictum that while
club feet are a misfortune and a hair lip
is a calamity, side whiskers are a man's
own Yault.
According to Mr. Rockefeller a golf
player who can always keep his temper
comes pretty near being a perfect man.
This may be accepted as an unconscious
tribute to Mr. Taft's unfading smile.
Writers about America are now saying
that the men of this country are not po
lite to the women. These authors proba
bly get their ideas from superficial obser
vation of elevated railway customs.
There is seme ground for the suspicion
that Dr. Eliot was forced to spring his
new religion proposition by the refusal of
the publio to become excited over that
five-foot library, scheme.
It Is always a relief to hear of an
actress who wants to play Hamlet In
stead of trying to introduce variations of
increased audacity in barefoot dancing.
Edison has suggested that New York
can get more space in which to grow by
filling In the Kb.lit river. Even geography
is not sacred to the real Inventor.
Litigation over airship patents may tend
to remove aviation from its place as a
problem in human progress and place it
on a purely commercial basis.
The time is near at hand when the
Juvenile members of school fraternities
will once more be called on to take up
their social duties.
As yet there has been no authoritative
list made public of men who have be
come millionaires by following Tom Law
son's tips. ,
Ambitious cities that have expansive
ideas about population growth will do
well to eschew automobile race carnivals
Not Made With Care.
"Do you think there are too many
lawyers in Congress?"
"No," answered Mr. Dustln Stax;
"when I see the way tome of the statutes
are handled 'by expert attorneys I am
Inollned to suspect that one of the things
Congress needs is more legal advice."
A Qualified Assurance.
"So your husband promised you he
would never play cards except for fun?"
"Yes," answered yo'hng Mrs. Torkins,
doubtfully; "but he afterward explained
that he didn't consider it any fun unless
there was something in the way of money
Of the reformer past and gone
Full oft you'll hear this mournful tale:
"Sometimes he had his war paint on;
Sometimes he used the whitewash pall."
Speed Measurement.
"What is the charge against this man?"
asked the judge.
"Violating the speed laws with his
motor car," answered the policeman^
"How do you know he was violating
the speed law?"
"There was a trolley car on one side of
his auto, and a big delivery wagon on the
other. They were going in the same di
rection he was and he nearly kept up with
A Sad Similarity.
"Do you take exercise enough?" in
quired the friend.
"I'm afraid not," answered Miss Cay
enne. "Taking exercise is like taking
good advice. It is always what some
one else ought to do."
September Beflections.
Or September comes along?
No mo' roses, no mo* song;
No mo' bees a buzzln' soft;
No mo* slngln* birds aloft!
I will miss each ol'tlme friend.
But dese tears Is jes' make 'tend;
Sumpln* whispers, "Hallyloo!
How about dat oyster stew?"
I suppose I ought to be
Slngln' in de lonesome key,
'^Good-bye, blossom! Good-bye, all!**
But dar's other come to call.
An' when I stahts In to frown
'Lofcg dar comes dat whisperln' soun'
Till I'se laughin' through an' through?
"How about dat oyster stew?"
In this column last week wai mentioned
the case of a young artisan who created
* a disturbance at the Capl
Demented tol by climbing upon one
of the derricks. In The
Prisoners. gtar Qf August 22, 1859, Is
a further account of this unfortunate, il
lustrating the lack of equipment at that
time In the handling of the demented:
'^Sunday morning he was delivered to
his father, but we are Informed that he
soon escaped from him and was again
confined in the western lock-up. He is a
very dangerous lunatic and should be se
cured. The guardhouse is not the place In
which to confine a dangerous lunatic.
The readers of the local columns of
The Star In years past will remember
several cases in which death has resulted
from the Incarceration of madmen in
these cells. The guards then protested
against confining the mentally afflicted in
those loathsome dungeons. But what can
be done with them? They will not receive
them at the county jail; the infirmary
cannot keep them:m the process of getting
them to the insane asylum occupies time,
during which if not secured somewhere
they are dangerous to themselfes and
others. The fact is, when a dangerous lu
natic, especially a non-resident, is at large
in Washington the officers are in a di
lemma. If the lunatic is confined in the
guardhouse and he is injured thereby,
they are blamed, and if they allow him to
run at large they are blamed."
* * /
The springs of the south and the resorts
of the north attracted many tourist? every
summer half a century ago.
Summer though not In the numbers
_ . that now travel to the
Tourists, places of recreation. In
The Star of August 24, 1859,
is a news paragraph on this subject:
"The Orange and Alexandria and the
Baltimore and Ohio railroads are now
crowding into Washington daily hun
dreds of springs sojourners, who have
turned their faces homeward." They
come from all the watering places
of the north and those of Virginia,
and from therir numbers satisfy us
that there has been a more general at
I tendance at such places this season than
ever before. True, no one watering p]f.ce
may have this season entertained its
maximum number of guests, but there are
three or four watering places now open
for every one open five years ago. The
published list of current arrivals at the
Washington hotels will tell much of the
tale of the number. We see the crowd of
newcomers dally at WSllard's, now as ever
a favorite stopping place for persons of
leisure and means, and are satisfied that
our city is fast becoming a point to be
taken in the tourist route, as invariably
as Niagara Falls. Our city's hotels are
now amply sufficient to accommodate any
possible sudden influx of visitors, and as a
whole are as well kept as any other public
houses in the United States."
* *
Though dueling had virtually passed out
of vogue fifty years ago, the personal en
counter method was occasion
Averted resorted to by the hot
blooded as a means of set
tling disputes. An instance of
a duel that was not fought is recorded in
The Star of August 25, 1859:
"Monday or Tuesday two of the govern
ment employes at the Capitol had a mis
understanding which resulted in a fraoas,
in which one from Pennsylvania got the
better of his opponent, a Virginian. The
friends of 'old Virglnny' thought It a slur
upon the state tfc allow things to remain
thus and persuaded their fellow-citizen
that he must demand an explanation. He,
being a poor penman, left it with a friend
to write the note for him demanding an
explanation. The friend. Instead of de
manding an explanation, wrote a peremp
tory challenge, which was sent without
the principal seeing it. The reply was an
acoeptance, designating rifles, the distance
thirty paces and the time next morning.
Such an explanation was entirely unex
pected by the Virginian, who declared he
had not sent a challenge; didn't mean to
flght a duel and entered a nol pros on the
whole proceeding. The matter has been
?amicably adjusted" and the duel may not
be expected."
* *
The children who survived the massacre
of emigrants at Mountain Meadow, Utah,
committed by the Mormon
Massacre fanatics were an object of
the greatest interest and
Survivors. gympathy on the part of
the people of the eastern country. In
The Star of August 26, 1859, Is a news
dispatch referring to them:
"A dispatch was this morning received
by the commissioner of Indian affairs
from Mr. William C. Mitchell, special
agent in charge of the Mountain Meadow
children, informing him that they had
arrived safely at Port Leavenworth In
excellent health and that arrangements
were immediately to be made for restor
ing them to their relatives and friends.
There were seventeen in all rescued, but
only fifteen were brought to Fort Leaven
worth, two havlr.3 been detained at Salt
Lake City for the purpose of giving testi
mony. Mr. Mitchell can fully sympathize
in the great loss these children have
sustained, as he also had relatives and
friends In the party who shared the
same fat? with the others."
* * 1
"Some years ago," says The Star of
August 27, 1859, "a boy, who has since
grown to be a man of some
White Lot distinction In Washington,
took it Into his head that
Hunting. ag the pUbnc grounds were
the property of the American people, he
as one of the people had a right to en-!
joy what benefits he might be able to
derive from them, and, taking a gun,
went to work to shoot the robins that
1 made their nests In the trees. HIb errone
ous loglo was clearly proven by one of
the watchman, who caught him and ad
ministered a thrashing that he never for
got. Acting on the same theory, doubt
less, persons go gunning almost every
morning In the large field south of the
President's mansion. Some of them are
i old enough to know that they are vio
lating the law. and their example has
been followed by younger persons. If
the officers who belong to that district
would catch the older ones and enforce
the penalty of $20 and administer a few
I spanks to the younger ones the practice
might be stopped before serious damage
is done to the young trees and plants by
the shot of the gunners."
From the Baltimore Star.
Mr. Cannon might have some interesting
things to say about Mr. Fowler's "asset
currency" as a panio accelerator if he
were so minded.
Prom the New York Evening Telegram.
Speaker Cannon says Representative
Fowler is a joke. Very funny, but no
argument. May be, too, the citizens In
[r. Fowler's district think differently.
From the Colnmbua Ohio State Journal.
Mr. Fowler's letter to Uncle Joe Cannon
seems to indicate that the writer Inclines
to the view that possibly a change in the
personnel of the Speaker of the House
might # be advisable.
From the Philadelphia Evening Telegram.
We content ourselves with the observa
tion that the Fowler who brings down a
certain tobacco-fed Illinois prairie rooster
must be quick on the trigger and load
his shells with slugs.
From the Boaton Globe.
Speaker Cannon hasn't yet written a
reply to Representative Fowler's interest
ing letter. Maybe the rural free delivery
is slow in Danville.
From the Chicago Evening Post.
Having signed, settled and s^nt his let
ter, Representative Fowler hastened to
I the photographer's. ,
The tension between Bnglanrt end Ger
many augments from day to day. The
correspondent of the
Tension Temps at Berlin tele
_ . graphed recently to that
Increasing. journai the substance of
an article In the Post of Berlin on the
subject of the political and economical
union between the United Kingdom and
her colonies, which the Post construes as
another evidence of the aggressive policy
of Great Britain.
?It means," says the Post,
to commercial nations of ^e one-half
of the world's markets. At the same
time, It means the P?Ht|c*l
leal supremacy of England, assured cy
the political and economical ruin of her
^?ThTomy adversary that England
finds in her way is Germany. the sam
Germany whose political ?u"e".
i due to her economical union which in
spired the new policy." The Post con
cludes that the lesson conveyed to W
many is manifest. "In the moment when
Germany endeavors to place the finances
of the empire in a condition to support
war Germany shall not lose sight of the
natural hostility between England sad
Gertnany, with its supreme and inevitable
C?TheqUJBerUner Tageblatt also discusses
the Influence of the interview at BJoerko
from the point of view of an eventual
conflict between England and Germany.
M. Albert Touchard contributes to the
Correspondant a very Important and in
structive article, entitled jLa RivalIt
Anglo-AIlemde et la France, from whicn
we extract the following language of
Councilor Rudolph Martin, c,t?? '?m ms
book, published in Berlin, entitled *Ka?
ser Wllhelm II und Konig Edward VII.
* ?
"The imperialist and anti-German pol
icy of King Edward VII will not be tol
erated much longer. That
German policy should be modified
Threat x ln Pr68ence of
inreai. imminence of a war with
Germany, or after the results of that
war the crushing of France, the annex
ation of Belgium and Holland. If that
policy Is not modified we will invade Eng
M. Albert Touchard cites the foregoing
declaration of Councilor Martin to show
that Germany is unalterably wedded to
an aggressive nationalism which alms
at war. Why, asks the author, does
the formula make the crushing of h ranee
and the annexation of the Netherlands
the necessary prelude to a decisive op
eration against England? And the au
thor proceeds at length to prove that
the necessity exists In fact, and pro
ceeds from causes more profound than
the theory of hostages, and more per
manent than the entente cordlale.
Economical reasons, according to M.
Touchard, are the profound if not the
only reasons for the Anglo-German an
tagonism. Three capital facts are to be
noted in a study of the question: The eco
nomical expansion of Germany Is being
accomplished to the detriment of Eng
land; expansion is not only an affair of
prosperity, but of necessity; the expan
sion Is at the mercy of the power which
is mistress of the seas.
In the fifteen years from 1892 to 1907
the exterior annual commerce of Ger
many Increased 182 per MO, that of Eng
land 90 per 100 only; thp value of the mer
chant marine of Germany increased from
327,000,000 francs ln 1895 to 810,000,000 In
1905. The steam navy was tripled In ten
years. Certain companies, such a# the
Hamburg-American and the Norddeutsch
er-Lloyd, have a tonnage double that of
the greatest English companies; these
two companies absorb alone 80 per 100 of
European emigration to America. As the
furnisher for the world, as well as the
world's carrier, England has suffered.
* *
Nevertheless these figures, which would
seem to mean a great rise ln values,
show uniformly a balance
Adverse against Germany. Impor
?r i.i.M tatlons are considerably In
excess of exportation?, and
that excess augments yearly. ?he deficit
was thirteen hundred millions in 1892;
it was twenty-two hundred millions ln
1907. Germany must Import to live, and
must export to pay her imports. This
characteristic lends to German expansion
its power and also Its peril. It has cre
ated the riches of the empire, b*t Its
economical vulnerability Is increased by
the danger of a war on the sea. The fu
ture only will show if the economical
struggle between England and Germany
must end ln an Anglo-German war. Jn
admitting that solution it Is necessary to
ask the following questions:
Doe8 the German naval development
menace now or hereafter the British
fleet? Can the German army Invade
England? What means of aptlon does
England possess to reduce Germany s
power or aid a continental ally7 These
questions are too often solved by a sim
ple comparison of figures. War. how
ever, is not always a mathematical prop
Let us hasten to say that the author of
the forementloned article believes that
the present situation implies war, and
that England ln order to conquer must
force war upon Germany or be obliged to
enter upon a tremendous effort to keep
pace with her rival's rapid Increase of
naval armament by a resort to taxation,
which requires a supplementary burden
of two or three billions to maintain the
two-power standard, a solution which is
uncertain. ^ . .
The solution of the problem that Is
certain is war. A solution more simple,
more radical, is to utilize her present
naval superiority in order to destroy the
German navy. The humanitarian solu
tion is uncertain, aqd costs billions.
* *
Such Is the question which sooner or
later must be met by Great Britain. It
is of Itself a serious men
Serious ace to Germany and Is be
coming manifestly intoler
menace. able {Qr that country.
However much attached^ Germany may
be to the maintenance of peace, her
military men have contemplated for a
long time that the only means of match
ing her naval Inferiority is by lightning
like naval demonstration, a surprise, with
the object of landing an army ln Eng
1&The author sums up the comparative
value of the rival fleets based upon the
argument that modern fleets are to be
considered from the two types of es
sentials, armored vessels and torpedo
In the commencement of the year 1909
the English could place ln line 47 armor
ed ships launched since 1895, Including 6
modern Dreadnoughts. It counts besides
38 armored cruisers launched since 1899,
155 torpedo boat destroyers and 47 sub
marines, a total of 85 armored vessels
and 202 torpedo boaJts. Germany placed
In line at the same time 20 armored ships
aged less than fifteen years, 8 cruisers,
also modern, 69 torpedo destroyers and 1
The superiority of the British force Is
From the Detroit Free Press.
Next to the man who rocks the boat,
and the dldn't-know-it-was-loaded fool Is
the man who sits on the fence to watch
an automobile race.
Prom the Providence Evening Tribune.
It Is announced that the automobile
slaughter at Indianapolis was dfceto the
unpreparedness of the track. It is bare
ly possible that the racing also had a
little something to do with It.
From the Council JBluffs Nonpareil.
It may come to pass that the man who
stands to watch an automobile race will
have first claim on a Carnegie medal.
From the Milwaukee Sentinel.
The speeding auto is fast distancing the
poor toy pistol and rocked boat.
From the Cincinnati Times-Star.
Literally those automobillsts at In
dianapolis were prepared to "do or die."
From the Baltimore Sun.
Many a motorist has started out to
break the speed record and ended up by
breaking a couple of arms, legs and col
From the Cleveland Plain Dealer.
The Indianapolis automobile races are
i about as bloody as the average South
[American revolution
two against one for the torpedoes, three
against one for the armored ships, forty
seven against one for the submarines.
So muth for the present
For the future the situation Is differ
ent. Ths German shipyards are finishing
six Dreadnoughts. They have four on
the ways, and will construct twenty-four
between now and 1917. In the spring of
1912?a critical date?England can op
pose fourteen Dreadnoughts to the thir
teen Dreadnoughts of Germany and to the
nineteen Dreadnoughts of the combina
tion formed by the confederated German
states. The Dreadnoughts, it Is main
tained. render practically useless all
former constructions.
* *
What In fact Is the "Dreadnought"?
Briefly explained, it is an armored ship
of the maximum
What Is a ton nage (20,000),
of great speed
"Dreadnought"? (21 knoU5). strong
ly protected and armed only with a
few guns of the highest caliber (10 can
nons of 806 millimeters). The Dread
nought is generally assumed to have been
Inspired by the result of the battle of
Tsushima, which proved the preponder
ance of heavy-caliber guns and begat
the era of long-distance combats. This is
a legend. The reality Is different.
The plans of the Dreadnought were
worked out by the Italian engineer, Cunl
bertl. before the battle of Tsushima. Be
sides, the battle of Tsushima was fought
at close quarters and manifested the de
cisive role of heavy explosives delivered
in profusion by cannons of all calibers,
and especially of the medium.
Since 1904 England has never ceased to
modify the subdivision of her fleets in the
sense of a vast concentration in home
waters. This new policy is a realization
of an idea which has been adopted in
France, and it Is significant aa the mani
festation of apprehension* in both coun
I^This condition no longer resembles the
proud attitude of former years; in this
Degressive concentration one may easily
perceive the disquiet of an organization
which fans back upon its home basis lor
defense or for attack. In 1904 the ad
miralty recalled eight vessels from the
China seas and practically abolished the
divisions of the North Atlantic and the
Antilles; in 1907 the movement was ac
centuated; the Mediterranean and the
Atlantic were deprived of a part of their
unities of combat, and formed into a new
group known aa the home fleet.
a a
The principle of concentration, as
stated by the great German tactician,
Clausevltx, was applied:
Concentration "There is no rule more
simple and yet more
principle. impera.tive than that of
concentration of the greatest number
of ships at a decisive point. Any de
tachment or fraction of forces should
be an exception which should be flilly
The decisive point in the event of m
Anglo-German war is Nore, which cov
ers London and faces Germany.
The channel fleet is composed of a
group of eight armored ships of the
Edward VII type, launched In 1904,
and decidedly superior to the best Ger
mar, ehlps, adding four "light enders
of the Formidable type, launched in
1809, so named because of non-protected
DOW and stern. , ^
The German fleet, commanded by
Prince Henry of Prussia, Is composed
actually of sixteen battleships and six
armored cruisers, belonging to the
Deutschland and Wlttelsbach types.
Of course, from the point of view of
figures the channel fleet and that of
the Nore division possess, with thirty
two battleships, unities of an offensive
power superior to the twenty-two uni
ties of Prince Henry. The combined
fleet possesses 196 cannon of high call
I ber and 268 medium pieces to the 90
1 and 800 equivalent pieces of the enemy.
But If the latter should execute an
energetic movement in order to over
come that numerical superiority, and
using Its own strategical superiority, it
will surely take the offensive. A vigor
ous offensive constitutes for the Ger
man fleet the only chance to act In
place of receiving the attack of the
British fleet, concentrated and assured
of a superiority of three to one. It is
necessary, therefore, to execute a
movement of the most hardy and au
dacious character and in a minimum of
The author foreshadows what he thinks
must occur. It is night In winter, somber
and wet. The German
Prophetic squadron is at Wilhelms
haven ready to steam, as
Picture. been habitually for
months. The ships of the channel fleet
protect Portland; the Nore division Is at
anchor before Sheemess. At dawn of day
the fleet at Wilhelmshaven weighs anchor,
having been preceded by the "port mines,'
which have already covered the distance
of 860 miles which separate Cuxhaven
from Sheemess. In the darkness this fleet
has planted hundreds of "vigilant tor
pedoes" and has disappeared to await its
work of destruction. The morning comes
and with it the war in Europe. In a few
hours the channel fleet is in motion. The
enemy la encountered in the North sea,
where, assailed by the fire of innumerable
medium caliber cannon, disconcerted by
the sudden attack and overwhelmed, the
channel fleet returns shattered to Ports
mouth. The Nore division has been crip
pled by the mines and obliged to return to
Its anchorage. In a few hours Germany
has become mistress of the British seas.
Buch an operation Is possible, but It Is
not decisive. It Is a h*rdy, vigorous un
dertaking, a daring "raid* Intended as
well to cover an Invasion by means of the
transports which have been massed at
Wilhelmshaven, Emden and Bremerhaven.
Lord Roberts had In mind this raid when
he said: "Germany Is ready to sacrifice
her entire fleet In order to protect her
This eventuality is not an idle supposi
tion. It has been recited at length before
the British parliament. The day may come
when this question of life or death for the
two nations must be solved. To smash
the political and, above all, the economical
expansion of Germany is a policy which
yvngt?nH has accepted as manifest destiny.
When the day arrives, and It must arrive
before 1912, England can destroy the war
fleet of her rival, paralyse her merchant
navy, block her ports, destroy her exterior
commerce, inflict a deep, perhaps mortal,
wound, and Germany Is powerless and im
potent to effect anything of a decisive
character against England.
Effect nothing? It is too much to say
so. Germany may seize Anvers, the pride
of Belgium, and the most impregnable for
tification In Europe. Of Anvers it has
been said: "Anvers is a pistol pointed at
the heart of England." Then Germany
possesses a great army. The road from
Berlin to Anvers passes through Paris.
? "
From the Utiea Press.
Aviation weeks will soon be as com
mon as fair weeks.
From the Atlanta Journal.
Some of the amateur aviators have
been brought to the tragic realization
of the childish game that all that goes
up must come down.
From the Newark Evening News.
The question "After the airship,
what?" is being propounded. We don't
know for certain, but we suspect quite
frequently it'll be the undertaker.
Krom the Detroit Free Pre*.
Still, aeroplane races havent reached
the stage where they kill two or three
men to each event.
From the Springfield Union.
"Airship in Seine," says a newapaper
headline. Apparently, airships go
crazy, too.
From the St. Ixxils Globe-Democrat.
The number of flying machines in the
air at one time at Rheims has been
Increased from three to six Danger
of collision in midair appears only to
Invite new adventures. But, then, lire
on the ground has grown so uncertain
since the multiplication of automobiles
that the air may be safer after alL
I look across the table to bar favorite rock lag
chair. .
And It seems almost uncanny not to see bsr
sitting there
With a pair of baby stocking* or a little waist
to mend. _ . .. . .
FMirtr sewing, sewing at her taak that has no
Hen Is her wicker basket, with Its needles, tap*
and thread. .
<nmre la her household magazine that always
goes cdread. . ,
Here her last birthday present, securely laid
I used to give her diamonds, but eclaeors de to
A man whose wife la at the shore may properly
Bat 1 remain all evening In the still and empty
And whtle I would not mention It to any o?e
but you,
I'm lonelier than Crusoe and I'm feeling mighty
I try to read the paper, I light my friendly
Bat smoke clouds bring no comfort and there s
little balm In type.
And though I looked with gladness to this week
of bachelorhood,
I'm surely not enjoying It as I suppose I should.
husbands young, who have not known the
lonesome feeling yet.
Be warned in time, I pray you. and escape un
told regret;
And barken also, all ye wives beside the ocean
To him whose wife is out of town there's me
such place as home.
? Newark Evening News.
(In this the peculiar songs of the desert are
admirably reproduced.)
fiie ostrich speeds across the sand;
Gay bepluibeu is he, and grand;
lie care Lit not lor ieady aud
bis siaugbusrously Inclined band.
Uiuschee gawawa quaee-conka eel
tiawawawa 1
The sebra zigzags e'er the sada*
wind Joins the zooful serenade;
Where, resting lu the zephyruua ahade,
They fear no Teddlne f us u lade.
Xiilopopewa! ZUiopopewal
The amphibious hippo pot.
Who lives where It la very hot.
Will have to bide an awful lot
To bide the hide that he baa got.
Woo bubool Woo bubooi
OO-OO-OO-pl ubobupp. f
*Zade. A frind of plulf.
fl'his la the kind of noise the hlppopot make
when dead or dying.
This Is the season of serpenta that swim in ths
surf at the seaside?
Hundred-yard serpenta with heads crested, and
aaucer-liae eyes;
Whose foreparts appear to the weather of liners,
their tails on the lee side?
Snakes that the sailors don't mention?people
might think they tell lies.
This Is the season of .stories surprisingly, ahock
ingly silly,
Dopeu uy the writers of news, too hot to ob
tain what is true;
Scandaia at Newport ana wonderful doings In old
Smart tiet gone daft with the heat, nutty te
do something new.
This Is the season when preachers preach against
peek-a-boo dresses?
Then the .Dear Girls tolak 'em bad, and make
'em more peek-a-boo still.
New cornea the poisoned Ice cream and the teat
of the murderous messes;
Sunstroke# for uoctors to aure?mad dogs tor
coppers to kliL
August, &iad Mullah of months I la there any
that cuanteth thy praises?
Yea. there be some, out that provea that kaada
have gone mad with the rest.
All the world's wrong in its thlnk-box whenever
61x1 us biases,
Hence by these verses ear owb sanity falls In
the testl
?Cleveland leader.
(In the year 2000.)
Come nearer, child?I cannot see your eyes?
Lo, 1 would look upon your face once more;
Bring lights that will combat the darkened
And drive the wolf-like shadows toom the door.
Last night I caught a brief glimpse of the ana.
And tben a fleet of aeroplanes swept by;
I watched them as their endless coarse was ran.
And hungered for one laat look at the sky.
The rose tree that stood bravsly la the yard;
Grows pallid In the everlasting gloom;
It cheered our hearts, before its days were
But now It nevermore la known to bloom.
And, child, today, before the morn waa sped.
By lantern lignt 1 walked the garden round.
The egg-plants and the beets, my dear, were
A ahattered airship?that was all I found.
Come closer still? that droning, sullen roar
That fills the skies grows heavy en my ear;.
Bring some old, musty volume?for once more .
The tale of ancient, happy days I'd hear.
Bead of the old-time, pioadlng, favored race
Who walked the earth with unaffrighted eyes.
When man, unhindered, raised a sun-swept face
And viewed with vision clear, the fair blue
?St Louis Globe Democrat.
The members of the Congress, they are riding
here and there.
And some upon the rostrum now are Trailing to
Its Lair
The Hydra-Headed Evil That Is Threatening the
(At goodly sums per trail per day they work,
you understand)?
But the Ultimate Consumer, be la taxing mind
and muscle
For the just-enacted tariff bill has put him mi
the bustle.
The Honorable Gentlemen whoee beta are stiff
and high.
Whose coats and frocks, and who arise with
brlgbt and glittering eye
To Smite the Bobber-Plutocrat, an talking day
and nlgbt
Upon Chautauqua platforms at the standard
rate per smite?
But the Ultimate Consumer, he la working like
a beaver
To get the cash to recompense the Ultimate Be
The Senator* an nstlng from their labors for
the state
By rambling off to Europe, tben to aleep aad
And now and then the cable brings a word eg
hope and cheer
To tell us that though far away their hearts
continue hen.
But the Ultimate Cbnsumer, he la not Inclined
to travel?
The tariff that Is good tor him baa aet blm
scratching gravel.
The Friends of all the Pee-pul, they hare roachei
their hair anew
And bold the people spellbound with their lec
tures bright and new
On Duties of the Citizen and Wickedneas of
(With now and then a gentle barb for Bererldge
or Taft).
Bat the Ultimate Consumer, he la not eswsged
in talking,
And If be travela anywhere be baa to de tt
The members of the Congress, they are traveling
about, .
And through the great Chautauqua tents we
often hear them shout.
They wrap Old Glory round their forma aad
bravely dare the foe
(Of course they charge as usual for every dan.
yon know).
Bat the Ultimate Consumer, be la belplnr paf
the tariff
And hasn't time to lecture much for dodging
from the sheriff.
?W. D. Nesblt, In Chicago Evening Poet.
His bead was bald and wrinkles bung
In folds beneath bl? chin;
But, fancying his look was young.
He drew bis waistband In.
His shoulders drooped, bis step was slow,
His sight was growing dim:
He thought the knowledge of it,
Belonged alone to him.
I did not tell blm that I knew,
Nor bint that I could see;
It may be that some morning you
Will be as kind to me.
- 8. E. Kiser.Jn Chicago Becord-Herald.
Long years we knew the Boys In Bine,
Who ended human slavery.
We cheered their fight for truth and right.
And eulogized their bravery.
The Blue went down, and Khaki Brow*,
To which we could no thrill award.
Was proper dTeae, when, to suppress
Revolt they moved Manllawanl.
Now comes ttis stab at Olive Drab,
To stir satiric merriments.
While bloodleesly they light or flea
in gay war-game experiments.
In conscience fight the Blue seemed right;
Hard force the Brown epitomized;
But Olive? Say, that does for play.
Its use Is Cms legitimatized!

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