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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, August 29, 1909, Image 28

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045462/1909-08-29/ed-1/seq-28/

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Th
e
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An Average saving of $18.45 per month, NOW.
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Incorporated m ? Stock Company by the State of New Jersey
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Dept. 119
LIMIT OF VISION IN WATER
ON'E of the most peculiar things in connec
tion with life under water is what is known
as the limiting angle of vision. This applies to
fishes, divers, submarine crews, and in fact any
being possessing the power of sight and desiring
to look through the water at objects in the air.
The effect is not due to a defect in vision, but to
the refraction or bending of light, and no tel
escope or other optical instrument can get
around it.
The effect consists of the impossibility of see
ing anything on the outside unless the ob
server directs his line of sight within forty
eight degrees cf the vertical. If a forty-nine
degree angle or over is taken, the surface, no
matter how beautiful and clear the water is,
acts as a perfect mirror and reflects objects at
the bottom of the water, thus not allowing any
thing on the outside to be seen. The conse
quence of this property is the most startling of
all; for everything on the outside can be seen
and thus has to be seen in the cone described by
the forty-eight-degree angle from the eve.
This shows all outside objects huddled together
and appearing high in air. Thus, if one dives
into the middle of a wide river, on looking
up, the banks will appear close together, but
at a great distance from the observer high in
air.
This angle is called the "critical" angle, and
of course varies with the two media in contact.
If one desires to try the experiment, a square
It one desires to try tne experiment, a square
Slass box or an aquarium will answer very well,
uspend this from the ceiling or support it on a
wall bracket, and look under it at an angle.
The phenomena will be observed as indicated.
The clearer the water and the stronger the
light, the more clearly will things appear.
SOME DOUBT ABOUT IT
A RECEPTION was given by the Medical
Club in Philadelphia in honor of Sir
Lauder Brunton, a noted English physician,
and in course of the evening he was engaged in
a discussion of nervous ill temper. After he
had described the beneficial effects of various
drugs upon nervous ill tempers, he said:
"I remember a middle aged woman of most
nervous disposition who told me with tears in
her eyes how she had once said to her husband:
'"John, I know I am cross at times. I know
that you find me unkind often. Sometimes
perhaps you think I do not love you. But,
John, remember, when such unhappy thoughts
assail you, that if I had my life to live over
again, I'd marry you just the same.'
'"I'm not so sure of that,' John replied
shortly."
Plain Truth -
IF vou haven't read a lot about the
Studio Girl, it hasn't been for kick of
opportunity. Hundreds of articles, tc
say nothing of books, have been printed
about the unlimited possibilities of deco
rating studios at small financial cost (time
and profound thought are not supposed
to count) and the delights of the free, in
dependent, untrammeled gipsy h e the
studio typifies. It always seems very al
luring.
BUT there is another side, the truth
side which is vastly more important
than color schemes and how to cook an
eleven-course dinner over a gasjet it
seems about time that some one told the
Srfh about the Studio Girl. "One of
Them'' does it in our next Sunday Maga
zine It is not only plain truth, but in
telligent truth?and they don't always go
together, more's the pity. She has stu.l.e.1
the Studio Girl long and carefully. She
numbers scores of them among her per
sonal acquaintances. She has found
that studio life is about the worst the
most demoralizing, a good girl can lead.
DOES she preach about it? Yes; but
you would never realize it except in re
sults. In her brilliant, dazzling way she
shows what the studio life really meane.
Her article is choke full of humor, of
sharp pointed, significant epigram. it
will surprise you if it doesn't startle you,
and every word is entertaining, uhlch
isn't always true of really valuable aiti
cles.
Herbert kaufman?he of the
verbal electric pyrotechnics?has one
of his remarkable poems in ournext| Sun
day Magazine. It is called "The C ity of
the Gilded Tear," which seems to refer to
Babylon; but whether the ancient city ot
wickedness or its modern prototypes is
not specified. As usual, you will find he
uses the dazzling fireworks to make his
ideas more impressive, to command at
tention. And he succeeds, as usual.
nPHE EMERGENCY AND THE MAN "
* is an exciting story by Charles bran
ds Bourke?really a study in courage,
tioin* to prove that sometimes a man who
never thinks about it at all has as much of
it as the one whose business it is to be
brave. A little far fetched, perhaps by
way of making the contrast stronger, but
a fine, upstanding story.
CUPPING DUKE THE GROUCH
CURE" shows Shorty McCabeback on
his regular, self appointed job of straight
ening out kinks in the particular phases of
human nature with which he comes in im
mediate contact. It is a good deal easier,
and far more effective in the end to re
form human nature on the instalment
plan than in the mass. The title of this
story makes one feel he can settle back
with the comfortable feeling that here is
something worth while, apart from the
humor and the picturesque slang.
rnHE WANDEROBO ELEPHANT
* HUNTERS" is one of the absorb
ingly interesting instalments of Edgar
Beecher Bronson's " In l losed Territory.
Most of us rather prefer learning about
strange and interesting people after we
are sated with tales of slaughter of wild
beasts. The Wanderobo are among the
most remarkable natives that Mr Bron
son encountered in Africa. Abo then; is
a fine pen picture of John Alfred J or da
rover of the wilderness, who watched
other men stake out gold mines that
made them fabulously rich?because min
ing is not his game, and hunting is. And
there is a description of a stampede o
wild beasts, thousands of them, whic
takes one's breath away.
VOU know by this time that * The Fur
* nace of Gold " keeps seething with in
extinguishable interest, and there s not
much use in talking about it.
TAKE it for and by. our next Sunday
Magazine is mighty good, anyway
you consider it. and that's the plain, in
telligent truth.

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