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ALONG SNAKE RIVER
Towns and Farms Where Was Formerly a Desert. RESULTS . OF IRRIGATION Nearly a Million Acres of Culti vated Land. MANY FAILS OF THE RIVER Enormous Amount of Horsepower That Might Be Developed From the Stream. DV WILLIAM E. CIKTIS. Corrpftpoudeuop of The Star ;ind the Cbieagu Record-Ilcr a Id. TWIN FALLS, Idaho, August 2?>. 1009. J When the tired and dusty passengers come out of Yellowstone Park at the western gate, they tind long trains of Pullman sleepers waiting them at the little station of Yellowstone, which is the terminus of the Oregon Short Line. They have a "wash-up and brush-up," as. tliey say in Kngland. a bountiful supper ?at one o; the best railway restaurants you ever saw, and tumble into tlieir berths as soon as tlie train starts. They feel as if they havo had all that mind and soul and body can bear. Their ex perience in the park has 'been so novel, ?o eventful and so interesting; the scen ery is so sublime, the freaks of nature are so wonderful, the drives are so at tractive that the mind has been constant ly alert for a week, and one feels a mental Indigestion, like when he has eaten too mucn dinner. The next morning the occupants of < some of the sleepers find themselves in ; Salt Lake City; others are 011 their ' way from Ogden eastward, over t lie "Union Pacific; others are on tiie Southern Pacific trains bound for San Francisco, or on the Oregon Short Line tra.ns, en route to Portland and the Seattle ex position. From Pocatello a branch line runs al most parallel with the southern boundary ot" the state of Idaho, along the brink of the canyons of the Snake river, ] through what is probably the most ex- i tensive, or at least the most remarkable, j irrigated section in the United States, if not in the world. The valley of the Nile is longer and wider, and has been under irrigation for thousands of years. The soil in this part of Idaho has known j water only a few years, but is dotted w ith towns and villages that have almost sprung up in the night, and with little j farms anil orchards, only a few years j old. yet are already producing crops 1 that are almost incredible. We hear; much about magic cities and wonder- j lands. Those words are very useful in i the advertisements of promoters and boomers, who really do not often intend j to confine themselves to facts, but things ! have happened down here in actual life j that are stranger t..an anything that is told in the "Arabian Nights" or the' tales of Baron Munchausen, and if you | do not believe what I say, you can come and see for yourself. i. Extent of Irrigation. Idaho is rapidly becoming the most extensively irrigated district in the United j States, if not in the world, and the Snake river is becoming the greatest source of irrigation, as it is one of the most re markable of streams. The following statement will give you some kind of an idea of the state of irrigation in Idaho: V'juiber rtf 1ri*t*ntftrn companies...*.. 296 Capital ioTestetl $27.4."1.:!2.* Atps covered br canals.. 2. .\i-res rultlrated 996.?>70 \.-res um-nltlTated 1,871,336 Miles of main canals 2.lCiS Miles of lateral canals ?.o73 The six biggest counties for irrigation in Idaho are Bingham, which has 458, 520 acres under canal; Lincoln, which has 4.T0.2.50; Canyon, which has 556,000; Ada, which has 208,360; Fremont, which has 271,570; Twin Falls, which has 400,000 acres. All of the other counties in the state have more or less irrigated land, Custer county having only H,14n acres under water. No other county except those I have mentioned have more than 100,000 acres under canals. Nearly 00 per cent of all this 2.869.S0G acres under irrigation are dependent upon the Snake river and its branches for water. In Bingham coui?ty twenty-two proj ects, which have reclaimed 458,520 acres; in Fremont county, sixteen projects, which have reclaimed 200,000 acres; in Lincoln county, three projects, which have reclaimed 270,000 acres; in Cassie j county, one project, which has reclaimed lflO.OOO acres, and in Twin Falls county, \ two projects, which have reclaimed 400, 'J00 acres, arc all entirely dependent upon Snake river, while practically the rest of the state is dependent upon its ?branches. Horsepower of Snake Biver. The Snake is a wonderful stream. There is more horsepower in its rapids than would be needed to operate all the rail ways and all the factories in the United States, and the possibilities of the future cannot be measured. I was thinking the other day, a:t I watched its tremendous current sweeping along with irresistible force and serene confidence through the canyon it has excavated for its passage across the state, how Just and well de . served its conscious dignity, and how proud the-soul of the river must be <>f its usefulness and importance to mankind. The Snake is the seventh river in the United States in size, and the Columbia, of which it forms the principal part, is the third. The Snake bears the saint: re lation to the Columbia that the Missouri does to the Mississippi and is larger than any of the other tributaries of the Mis sissippi. It rises in a group of springs about tright miles south of Yellowstone lake an<l once received a part of its overflow as well as the Yellowstone river, but some convulsion of nature raised a barrier be tween them, and now the waters of the lake go over the falls of the Yellowstone down into the Missouri and via the Mis sissippi to the Gulf of Mexico. The Snake.< a. proud and dashing little stream from ils very birth, takes a northerly circuit into the park and receives the waters of the Shoshone and Lewis lakes through the Heart and Lewis rivers. Several other streams flow into it before it leaves Wyo ming. It passes through Jackson's Hole and receives the overflow of Jackson's lake and encircles the base of the Teton * mountains amid majestic scenery. it gives from l.,Vx?,O0U to 2,000,000 acre feet ? >f water to irrigate Wyoming and drains 2.'J03,00?) acres in that state. The Snake enters Idaho just above the j southern boundary of the park, flows northward more than a hundred miles through a deep canyon, from which it merges upon a wide rolling plateau. Its course through Idaho is more than NiO miles, and it receives the drainage of three-fourths of the state. After travers ing the southern counties it crosses the states, becomes the boundary line between Idaho and Oregon. Washington and Mon tana, and then turns westward 125 miles until it readies Lewiston. where it meets the Lewis and Clark rivers and with them Incomes the Columbia. Through all of this course it is useful to mankind; its flow never ceases and is always abundant. While the melting snows of the spring contribute to fill its banks above the nor mal depth, it is never no low as to be unable to fulflll its mission. Before the railroad* came it used to be navigated to within 125 miles of Salt Lake City. Falls of the Snake Biver. The several canyons of the Snake are among the deepest and most precipitous in all the Rocky mountains and it is at tended with many natural wonders. The Shoshone falls in southern Idaho rank next to Niagara in volume of water and surpass Niagara in many respects. Sho shone falls are 210 feet high, while Niag ara is 16M f"ct. Shoshone falls are in a canyon from 600 to sou feet ^Jeep and about twenty-live miles long and the scenic setting is much grander and more picturesque than that cf Niagara. The Buy Now at a Saving During Our ANNUAL CUT-PRICE SALE . c-H oi.?J Priccs now arc at their lowest, and those who make their selections here during: this sale save much on the purchase price. Many customers have already made their purchases for future delivery?some actually buying articles for Christmas delivery on account of the present low prices. It will pay you also to buy here now. The most complete stock in the city is here to select from, and the patterns are all new ones. Purchases for Later Delivery Stored Fine Brass Beds. Since the inauguration 01 this sale many changes have taken place in the articles offered for sale. Much was sold during the first week, more was sold last week, and these patterns have been delivered to the purchasers or stored away for future deliv cry. Many newly received fall patterns have since been included in the sale at reduced priccs to take the place of those sold, and the stock is now more complete than ever. Free, and Delivered This Exact $48 Brass Bed $39.75 Heavy Brass Bed. ex actly like this illustra tion. The posts are two inches in diameter, the top rods arc of square brass; has nine heavy fillers in both head and foot boards, and is to be had in either satin finish or finely polished English lacquering. MAYER&CO When Desired. Iron Beds. This Heavy $10 Iron Bed, $6.98. Hastings Dining: Tables. This Exact $28.50 Solid Quartered Oak Hastings Table, $21.50. It its exacUy like this illustra tion. Constructed of the finest quartered oak; lop is 44 inches in diameter; solid quartered oak (not veneered). This tabic ox lends to six feet in length, has three leaves, heavy round ped estal base, carved feet, highly polished and fitted with the Ty den lock. _ Matched Bedroom Pieces. This Fine $38.00 Genuine Mahogany or Quartered Oak Dresser, $31.50. Very Handsome Dresser, just like this illustration. Best Grand Rapids construc tion, made of genuine mahogany or finely figured quartered oak and highly polished. Has large beveled French plate glass mirror, carved standards, full serpentine swell front, four drawers and wood trim mings. This Handsome $33.00 Genuine Mahogany or Quartered Oak Chiffonier, $27.50. Just like this illustration. Genuine Grand Rapids ChifTonier, In polished ma hogany or figured quartered oak. Has beveled French plate glass mirror, full serpentine swell front, five deep draw finished inside and outside, wood 1409-411-413-415-417 Seventh St. | 10% Discount on Accounts Settled in 30 Days. Dining Tables. Strong Continuous post Iron Bed, just like this illustration. It hns high head and foot, heavy fillers, large chills and is furnished in choice of white, blue or green enamel. All sizes. ers. trimmings and finely carved claw feet. This Exact $20.50 Genuine Mahogany or Quartered Oak Toilet Table, $16.98. Handsome Toilet Table, exactly like this illustration. *lt is made of genuine quar tered oak or genuine mahogany, has bev eled French plate glass mirror, carved standurds, full serpentine swell front, two drawers, wood triijimings and finely carved claw feet. Matting Reductions. Great reductions are made on many patterns of Heavy Seamless Mattings, almost half juice in many instances. These prices are so low that we cannot allow the customary discount for cash purchases on these prices, nor will any Matting be laid at these prices. Only quantities of 1!0 or 40 yards sold at these prices.. 20>yd. rolls 20c no Mattine* . - - v^*yO Matting 20-yd. rolls $ 5 oj\ 30c Matting 0?OU 20-yd. rolls 40c Matting, $ "f This Exact $9.00 Solid Oak AQ Table.. . *DAO Strongly Made Solid Oak Table, exactly like this illus tration. The top is 42 inches square, extends to six feet in length, has three leaves and gloss finish. These tables are samples, slightly shop worn, and these prices are net. Only a few of this pat tern on hand. vmii Hh' 'il' 'Hii|/f|lllll""^l"'h""iiiiti Refrigerators Reduced. /'W $25.75 Leonard Refrigerators, Every Refrigerator in the stor# is now greatly reduced in price. In cluding all our White Frost, Leon ard. Grand Rapids and Standard Refrigerators. Prices are so low that it is economy to buy a refrig erator during this sale, even if you will not need it until next spring. Large $35.00 White Frost Refrigerators, $27.50. These White Frost Refrigerators are like the illustration here shown. Their capacity is luo pounds of ice. They are made en tirely of metal, pure white inside and outside. They have an air space of one and a quarter inches and are thoroughly insulated with layers of "Aero-felt" and "Mal tha," preserving the ice to a re markable degree, and keeping the interior pure and cold at all times. All interior parts of these refriger ators are easily removable; the shelves are adjustable and also re volving. $10 Standard Refrigerators, $61 Grand Rapids Porce $7.75 $19.50 .. $47.50 White Sewing Machines On 15 Days' Free Trial. Get a White Sewing Machine on fifteen days' trial before purchasing. If it is not the easiest running, the lightest and the most durable machine made we do not expect you to keep it. The trial will prove to you that there is no ma chine equal to the White, and our extremely low prices will be a surprise to you. This Exact Ball* Bearing White Sewing Machine, $29.75 Full Ball-bearing White Sewing Machine, exactly like this illustration. Has auto matic lift drophead, full nick eled parts, bail bearings, full quartered oak woodwork and a complete set of the finest steel attachments. $30.98 This Exact $37.50 Loose Cushion Parlor Suite - - Highly Polished Mahogany-finish Parlor Suite, exactly like the il lustration here shown. It has wide panels in the back, continuous arms, claw feet and loose cushions of green silk plush tied with tassels. $22.00 Loose Cushion Parlor Suites - - = = Polished Mahogany-finish Parlor Suites, with panels in back, high arms, French legs and loose cushions of green plush. $17.75 Sale of Pianos. This Exact $250 Wagner Piano $ 198.00 Highly Polished Mahogany ttfiibh Wagner Piano, exactly like this illustration. It has seven and a third octaves, oval-shaped music rack, roll ing fall, hinged lid, fluted pi lasters, tuning block of quad ruple maple. tuning pin* bushed in hard maple, quic* action and highly polished. Delivered on (PC A A Payment of^^*"" Tbe Balanced* f f|A Per Week, ** * Guaranteed 10 Years. Stool, Scarf and Tuning Free. BM 1900 Washers On 30 Days' Free Trial. Get a 1000 Washer to do your next washing for you, and see how easy it is. Tt will cost you nothing to try one for :? days, and we do not ask you to purchase it unless it is all we claim for it. One of these 1900 Washers will wash a large lubful of dirty clothes In ten minutes, and wash them better than could be done by hand in an hour. Think what that means. Don't you think you would like to have one at once? Send tomorrow for one. V>,?3? Collapsible Go-Carts. \ This Strong Steel (IJ 5 AO Collapsible Go-Cart Only $3.98 for this go-cart, which has been selling for $5.,V>. It is just like this illustration. Has ste*4 frame, steel gear, steel wheels, rubbec tires, closed sides, and is nicely enameled in tan. Folds com pactly when desired, and is light to carry. This price is net, and no discount is al lowed. Reed Qo-Carts. Tbis Exact $12.50 Go-Cart, $9.98 Fine all-round reed go-cart, just like the illustration here shown. It has shell shaped body, adjustable and reclining reed back and dash, porcelain grips, fine steel springs, folding gear and heavy rubber tires. (Parasols sold separately.) Sideboards. This Exact $33 Quartered Sideboard $27.50 Just like the illustra tion here shown. Mado of large flaked quarter ed oak, with canopy top, large beveled French plate glass mir ror, carved supports, lined silver drawer, two other drawers, two cupboards. French legs and highly polished. m surroundings both above ainl below the falls are of the wildest description. "Within thirty-five miles are nine succes sive falls in the Snake canyon, any one of which would be considered a great at traction anywhere else. At Twin fails tiie river drops !?>*' feet; at Star falls 105 feet; at Swan falls 90 feet; at St. An thony's falls 80 feet; at the American falls, Auger falls and Idaho falls CO feet eatji, and at the upper and lower Salmon funs 45 and "2 feet, respectively. The water of the Snake river fall 904 feet into a single county in southern Idaho, and when you consider that the volume of water Is 50.000 cubic feet per second, almost as great as that of Niagara, you can appreciate its value to mankind and the possibilities it offers for manufactur ing industries. This power 1* already used to a limited extent?perhaps 1,500 to l.\000 horsepower ?for lighting, heating, operating street car lines, for mining purposes and for an occasional mill, but it lias scarcely j been touched. Only a fraction of 1 per cent of the energy which this great river is capable of applying t?? industry is utilized, and although the great Irriga tion projects I ?fiave enumerated" are now drawing their vitality from its stream, it could supply twenty times and some engineers think fifty times as much more. The Oregon Short I-ine Oompauy has built a branch seventy-three miles long from Minidoka on the main track, about sixty mile* west of Pocatello, almost parallel with and about 1<K> miles from the Utah boundary. The territory is known as the Twin Falls district, where new towns are springing up on both sides of the Snake river and are growing more i rapidly. j?erhaj>.s, than any other perma nent settlement in the history of the I'nited States. This territory is 250 miles northwest of Salt Uake City, 200 miles southeast of Boise City, the capital of Idaho, and just off the direct route between Salt Uake City, Portland and Seattle. T Irrigation Projects. The same company Is also building a thirty-five-mile branch to reach what is known as the Salmon Falls tract, which will soon be irrigated at a nenormous ex pense, and if what is known as the Urunean project, intended to reclaim UiiO.OOO acres of land adjoining at a cost of ?.'5,0u0,000, is actually undertaken, the present line will be extended about fifty miles farther westward into the southr western com# of Idaho. Along this seventy-three miles of track are eleven distinct irrigating projects, either completed or under construction, and four uthers which have been planned and will be undertaken shortly. First comes the Minidoka project of the Urjted States reclamation service, which has already redeemed 140,000 acres and will be extended "so as to redeem 60,000 more, at a cost of $6,300,00(1. The Goose Creek tract of 52 0i)0 acres has been irrigated by private corpora tions at a cost of $<JOO.OOO. The Twin F&lls project, upon which more than $5.0o0,000 has already been spent, now irrigates 210,000 acres on the south side of the Snake' river and is be ing extended to reach 181.000 acres on the north bank. This same project lias proven so profitable and so useful that i* will be extended still farther to irrigate 45,000 additional acres. % The Salmon Falls project, now under construction and nearly completed, will reclaim lf*>,000 acres of desert land at a cost of $0,<i00,000. The West End project, already com pleted, redeems SO.tiOQ acres. This makes a total of 808,000 acres of arid land, over which a crow would have been compelled to cafry his rations flvf years ago. that have thus been brought under cultivation. They arp now being rapidly divided into farms of from twen ty to sixty acres, planted with orchards, berries, grain, vegetable? and other agri cultural products, and covered with pros perous towns composed of intelligent and well-to-do people. If the Brunean project referred to above goes through, there will be ultimately a total of 1,468,000 acres under irrigation* in this immediate vicinity, by far the largest Irrigated area In one tract in the world. The Desert Hade to Bloom. The following is a table of the popula tion of the towns that have sprung up THE SUNDAY STAR, Including the Magazine Section. By Mail, $1.50 a Year. since 15H)5 along both banks of the Snake river uyon the desert I have described: SOUTH OF THE RIVER. Population, f Twin Falls Hurley f??1' Buhl Rupert Klinberl.v Filer Heyburn ?*"" Mtlix r **> Hansen Total 0.450 NORTH OF THE RIVER. ? ioodfujr l.ofn Jerome 1,5o<i Wendell Jlf-nerman s"" ; Hillsdale 2GV Total 8,05t> S This makes a grand total of 17,500 population in the towns, without includ ing about 20,000 farmers in the surround ing country. The best judges estimate that there are about 40,00'J inhabitants in the new irrigated district of Idaho, and believe that each family has invest ed not less than $2,000 in land and im provements. The total investments of those who have come into this district from other parts of the I'nited States during the last five years will probably exceed $23,000,000. Barber Shop Repartee. From Puck. Customer (having face steamed;?Gee whiz! that towel is hot! Barber?Yew. I know; but I couldn't hold it any longer. ?> ?> SANDY SPRING, MD. ! L ' ?> ? S|vm>Ih! Orrospnndence of The Star. SANDY SPRING. Md.. August 28. lflOB. The Neighbors bald their recent meet ing at lngieside farm, with Mr. and Mrs. Francis Snowden. Newton Stable pre sided, and Samiuei p. Thomas held the pencil. The question for discussion. open ed by R. Rowland Moore, was, "How Can We Improve Our County Fair?'' Those who desired to do so were advised to become members, as the first step, and tjien to attend an<i exhibit. Miss Alice Tyson will receive the society in lour weeks. Miss Mary Willis Farquahar is again at home. aft'.r spending two weeks on the Hudson, near West Point, in company with Miss Katharine Bradley of Washing ton. Miss Sarah B. Farquhar is having a charming automobile trip in Mastachu setts and Maine with her cousin, Mrs. William Worth <?f Pennsylvania, formerlv Miss Carrie M. Hallowell of Sandy Spring. Mr. and Mrs. Joseph T. Moore are in New York city, and Robert li. Miller and brother, Warwick, are in Wilming ton. Miss KUen H. Thomas lias spent two weesk at Atlantic City, and Is now vislt ine Mrs. Francis Darbv of Williamsport, Md. Alban G. Thomas and party expect to spend a week in the Yellowstone Park op their way to Seattle. Miss Mary Willis Farquakr save a dance Wednesday evening, and Mrs. Christopher Taylor and Miss Alice Ty son a tea Thursday afternoon. Mrs. Asa M. Stabler and Mr. Llewellyn P. Stabler have gone in an automobile to Blue Ridge Summit for a few days. Mrs. Thomas Durant and children and Miss Rosamond Wilison of Washington, Mr and Mrs. Lewis Miller o>f Philadel phia and Miss Katharine Rutherford of Cecil county are staying with Mr. and Mrs. K. P. Thomas. Other Kiiests here have been Miss Pen dleton of Ashville, Mr. S. Jauney of Vir ginia. Samuel M. Jauney of New York and Chiistopher Vandergrift of Wilming ton. Mr. Albert Stabler has invited the F.n terprise Club to hold its August session at his home, Fdgewood. Tarlton B. Stabler is a candidate for the Maryland legislature and Murtinvr O. Stabler for the otllco of eounty com missioner. Political Discussion. From th?* Cleveland Leader. "The motto of our party Is 'Turn the rascals out!' " "Well, I guess, your party ha6 turned out more rascals than any other." Teacher?I wonder what your mother would say if she knew bow backward >ou are in geography? Giri?Oh. my mother sa; s she never learnt jogr'ry, and she's married; and Aunt Sally says she never learnt jo?fr>, and she's married; and you diu, and >OU ain't.?Puucb ? .