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Woodward <& Lottarop
New York?WASHINGTON?Paris. During the heated term store will close at 5 o'clock. Saturdays at I. Annual September Sale of Rugs. ? * HE Rugs that comprise this sale are not old stock and un desirable patterns, marked down, but new, fresh, high grade goods, everv piece produced this season, and in rich, attractive and desirable patterns and colorings. Our Rug buver is one whose whole business life has been spent among Rugs, and he is thoroughly conversant with every weave produced. He personally selected every rug in this sale and used his best judgment in selecting the patterns and colorings that will best harmonize with the other furnishings in the various parts of the house. Included are rugs for the parlor, library, dining room, sitting room, reception room, hall, bedroom and den, in all the regular sizes, and in the following weaves: Brussels, Wiltons, Smyrnas, Beauvais, Aftons, Barodas, Burmahs, Girvans, Ingrains, Granites, Colonials and Fibers. The following items represent very attractive values?and cverv?rug is strictly seamless: 9x!2=ft. Beauvais=$3(Q).0?. Valine, 9xl2=ft. WiSltons=$27.f??>. Value, $35.(1 9x112=ft. Brussels=$112o(D>0. Value, $H8.5<0)o 9xl2=ft. Burmahs=$jl3.5(Q)o Value, $118= 9>x!2=ft. Qirvans=Sfl2.?)(Q). Value, 9xll2=ft. Barodas?$110.00. Value, $115J 9xl2=ft. Ingrains=$7.l>0. Value, $110 9xll2=ft. Granites=$4.!>0. Value, $6: 6x9=ft. Beauva5?=$l!7.5<Q). Value, $20.00. 6x9=ft. Smyrnas=$110.00. Value, $113.50= 7.6x9=ft. Brus?els=$H0.00. Value, $ 13.50c 6x9=fit. Brus?els=$7.50. Value, $9.50? 6x9=ft. Colon 5als=$6.00. Value, $8.50. 6x9=ft. Fibers=$4.50. Value, $7J Excellent Values in Small Rugs 3x6-ft. Beauvais, $4.50 each. 3x6-ft. Saratogas, $3.00 each. 3x6-ft. Princess, $3.00 each. 3x6-ft. Burmahs. $1.50. 3\6-ft. Togas, $1.50 each. 3x6-ft. Matting Rugs, $1.00 each. Famous Whittall Rugs. We are headquarters for the famous Whittall Rugs. The manufacturers of these rugs use only the finest wools and dyes in their products, and have at their command the highest class of de signers and workmen, thus producing the finest rugs woven by ma chinery in the world. The Whittall Anglo-Persians are only excelled by the genuine Orientals, from which their colorings and designs are taken?many being exact copies of the most costly rugs made. We guarantee our prices on these rugs to be as low as they can be purchased anywhere in the country. We show them in the following sizes, but take orders for any size desired: 27x54~fnclhi, $6.00 each. 36x63=nodi., $8?50 each. 4.6x7.6=ft., $118.50 each. 6x9=ft., $33.50 each. 8.3xB0.6=ft., $50.00 each. 9x112=ft., $53.50 each. Fourth floor. G at. Woodward & Lothrop. 44 Always a Little More in Value and Service at Grogan's." ITH as perfect lines of Furniture and Carpets as it is possible for a house to display?with prices marked in plain figures, that you may compare them with the best offers of cash stores?with credit privileges granted by no other firm in the world?we are certainly in position to please you in home furnishing. Come here and your purchases will be charged on an open account with no money re quired at the time you buy. We ask only your promise to pay a small amount each week or month?you're bound by no contract, lease or notes. Goods bought in this way become YOURS the minute you receive them. Peter Grogan and Sons Co., 817-823 7th St. TERRACE ON THE THAMES. Where M. P.'s and Friends Have Tea and Strawberries. From Town and Coon try. "The terrace of the house of commons" is the place where the giant strawberries may be had, and it Is also the resort of labor leaders and their lady friends." Up to a few years ago the long sweeping terrace with Its *>eauttful aspect on the river was a sort of holy of holies, de voted only to the creme de la creme of the exclusive friends of exclusive mem biers of parliament. "But that was in the days when broad Cloth coats and choker collars with stocks And beaver hats were still seen in the precincts of Westminster, before the days when Kelr Hardie flaunted his inde pendence by wearing a deer stalker hat and a suit of Harris tweeds and a vic torious red tie standing out like a chal lenge. "A generation ago an Invitation to tea on the terrace was of such a nature that a refusal was out of the question. A tea then meant what it Implies, tea. with very indifferent bread and butter and very indigestible cake Since that time tea on the terrace has developed into lie largest possible strawberries that can ?n the market. very thick Devonshire cream, cakes that would have m?d,V? 8avarln an" waitresses attired like those at Lyons' nonula. restaurants, instead of the" old-tlmT Brit ish man waiter. "You can always see Kelr Hardie and Will Thome and Mr. Henderson and Will Crooks, the leaders of socialism, clceron ing their female constituents in the di rection of the big strawberries. But for these gentlemen, who are very much in evidence, it is the most unassuming place in the world. You can see here cabinet ministers diffidently threading their way through the crowd of labor representa tives, and apparently with humble mien accepting gratefully the smaller straw berries that are vouchsafed to them. "At one end of the terrace the chairs and tables, the crockery, the china and j th?- napery are obviously of finer make. ' This is where the lords do congregate when they have tea?if they have it. You see only here and there an isolated peer, but seldom are there any ladies. On the terrace one day this week there was the usual sprinkling of Americans. who seemed to take much more Interest in the house of commons and its institutions than most English people do. In fact, according to an official, nine-tenth of the people who seek admission to the gallery and who ask to be shown over the two houses are tourists from the United States." "Had any experience at poker?" ?Some." ?What's the most you ever saw In a potr' ? in real life or in a poker story?"?Kan sas City Journal. Guest?He seems a very nice young man. What's his profession? Hostess?He's a social botanist. Guest?And what is that, pray? Hostess?Oh, we invite him especially to give attention ?to our wallflowers.? Boston Transcript. / Plans Under Way to Have It Held Here. DISCUSSION OF DETAILS Two Essentials Pointed Out?Good Course and Suitable Prizes. LOCAL AERO CLUB INTERESTED I Chamber of Commerce Promises Aid , and Arrangements Made to Have Grounds Inspected. Further steps were taken today toward securing: the next big aviation meet for Washington. There was a conference at noon in the rooms of the Chamber of Commerce between Dr. A. F. Zahm. rep resenting the Aero Club of Washington, and a committee from the Chamber of Commerce consisting of A. Leftwlch Sin clair, Joseph Richardson and D. J. Calla han. Before the meeting was over Presi dent Gude of the chamber dropped in and listened to the discussion. Dr. Zahm explained that he was so far acting in his personal capacity as a mem ber of the Aero Club, but that Charles J. Bell and Prof. Willis Moore, two other members of the board of directors, had returned to Washington, and it would thus be possible to take qfflclal action. In the meantime, he said, he had written to Augustus Post, the secretary of the Aero j Club of America, for details as to the form that the application for the meet should take. He said the Aero Club of Washington also had a representative at Rheims in i the person of Oakley Totten, and that he would be able to supply many details as to the nature of the course over the plains of Betheny, the cost of the meet and other matters. Two of the Essentials. Dr. Zahm explained also that the two essential things were to assure the Aero Club of America of a suitable course here, and to guarantee a suitable amount of prize money. In the case of the French meet, Dr. Zahm said he under stood the prizes amounted to about S20, 000, but that the gate receipts were much more than that. Mr. Callahan asked if he did not think j that Congress might be induced to ap- ( propriate. something toward expenses of the meet, as it was in every sense an in ternational event, and not a purely pri vate race meet. There was some ques tion, however, whether Congress would take so much interest in the meet, as there was little likelihood that the ses sion would continue long enough for the members to see ahy of the fun. Mr. Callahan said the Aero Club might depend on the Chamber of Commerce to do anything in its power to aid in bring ing the great meet to Washington, and he thought there would b? no difficulty in raising a large enough guarantee fund for the event, as was done in the case of an inauguration. It was arranged that Dr. Zahm and some member of the Chamber of Com merce should go over the ground between Benning and College Park, Md.. and that there should be a scouting partv sent out to inspect the ground in the vicinity of Rockville and Laurel, while the area about the Potomac drive could be easily studied by any of the members. Dr. Zahm said that lie would com municate with the members of the Cham i ber of Commerce as soon as he had heard from Augustus Post, and with this arrangement the meeting was adjourned. Estimate of the Cost. It is estimated by those most familiar ^ith the situation that it will cost from $.?0,000 to $100,000 to land the aviation meet in this city. Practically none of this money would come out of the pock ets of Washingtonians, as the receipts from the meet would be large and the great influx of visitors to Washington would mean the spending of much money here. As a business proposition it is pointed out that such a gathering would not only greatly advertise the city, but it would be a good investment otherwise. It is, of course, impossible to fence in a six mile course. Such a thing was not at tempted at Rheims, but the admissions to the grand stands there on the biggest day of the meet totaled $12,50U, and there is every reason to believe that the re ceipts here would be even larger. One of the places mentioned as avail able for the meet is the Banning race track. This inclosure is, of course, not large enough to contain the racing course, but the stands from which the start and* finish of the various contests could be viewed are already erected and there is a ' large amount of flat land adjoining Ben ning over which the course could be laid out. Prizes in Anticipation. The project of securing the big meet for Washington has been taken up en thusiastically and prizes have already begun to be offered. One of these is for a hovering contest for the machine that can stay aloft for the longest time over the most restricted area. If there is a man-carrying heliocopter developed be tween now and the time of the coming meet the prize will be a gift to it, as it can rise and remain over one spot as long as the ifuel holds out. It may be that the contest will be made to include gliding over a restricted space for any class of heavier than air machines. There would be some advantages in building the stands for the great meet instead of using any already erected. It is stated that the stands at the Rheims meet were all uncovered, as there was no chance that they would be used in bad weather. The grandstand at the race track, while it is big and comforta ble, has been built with a view to with standing bad weather and it is closed in on all sides except that opening on the track. Thus, while it is good to see an e\ ent on the ground it has disadvantages when it comes to watching an event over head. , Preliminary Work Necessary. In case Benning should be used for the big meet the arrangements probabiy would include removing the fence from the in field and absolutely leveling the ground and tilling in the jumps. All this would be expensive, but the chief cost for the meet would be the prize money. There are a good many big standing prizes offered and there would be more as soon as the race came to this country, but the receipts from the gate would go far toward covering all of the expenses probably would leave something over. It is possible that the training flights of the signal service officers who are to handle the Wright aeroplane may be ?ie layed till next spring. There is little likelihood that they will be commenced before October 1, as the work of building the aeroplane shed at College Park has not yet been commenced, and it is not likely that all the work previous to the actual flights will be completed before the end of this month. I Loss of Interest. Now that the marhtne has been tried! out and proved to fulfill the requirements of the War Department the officers seem to have largely lost interest in the prep arations for the training flights Several Inquiries at the War Department have resulted in merely learning that somebody was probably working on the matter, and somebody else probably would be notified when the work was completed. The lease for the ground runs only for six months, which would bring the'mat ter up to next March if the flights are delayed till spring. If the commence ment is put off till October it is probable the wind will be too bad for anything to be done this autumn, and the experi ence of Washington March 4 last indicates that this is not a good latitude for aero nautics at tiiat season of the year. i Open Until 6 O'Clock Saturday. Sensational Furniture Values. A 'A *A A A A *> Sweeping Reductions of 33%% to 65% on FnrnSture, Carpets, Draperies, Linoleums, Etc. The Greatest BargaiinSaleolf the Year Even at these prices we will arrange liberal terms of credit. 30th Annual September Quartered oak. gtauw Quartered oak. glass (Quartered oak. glass Quartered oak. class Quartered oak. glass Quartered oak. glass Quartered oak. glass Quartered oak. glass French plato French |>late Freuch plate French plate Freneli plate Freneh plate Freneh plate Freneh pjate W as. $10.00 $;;5.oo $20.00 $25.00 $30.00 $18.00 $15.00 $13.00 China Closets. Was. Mahogany, claw foot, full mirror back $85.00 Mahogany, elaw foot $50.00 Im. Mali. China Closet $60.00 (?olden Oak $('>0.00 Early English, mirror baek.$100.00 W. O. China Closet $24.00 W. O. China Closet $14.00 W. O. China Closet. . Claw-foot Shape. Ends China Closet.... Claw-foot Shape, .. $2o.00 Glass $40.00 Glass Ends China Closet $:?(>.00 Now. $22.50 $20.73 $12.90 $15.40 $12.25 $14.75 $11.00 $8.50 Now. $50.00 $.".750 $'.5.50 $37.50 $62.50 $l(i.0(i $7.50 $11.50 $26.50 $24.?) Dressers. Goideti Oak. French Plate... Golden Oak. French Plate... Golden Oak. French Flate... (?old* n Oak. French Plate... Mali.. French Plate R. E. Maple. French Plate.. Mah.. French Plate....." Mali.. French Plate Corcoran Walnut. French Plate Oak. French Plate Oak. French Flate Mali.. French Plate Malt.. French Plate Mah.. French Plate Mah.. French Plate Was. $18.00 $20.00 . $22.00 . $25.o0 . $26.U> .$20.00 .$30.00 .$40.00 . $45.OO I48.IK* . $52.00 . $55.00 $00.00 . $05.00 $75.00 Now. $11.50 $13.50 $14.50 $15.00 $16.2.-. $10.90 $21 .?? $27.50 ?31.50 $.13 50 $36.5o $.'!!'.90 $42.50 $44.5tO $4!?.'.(0 Weathered Oak Fur= niture. DSnSng Room Tables. Was. Now. $15.00 $8.00 $18.00 $10.50 $18.00 $10.00 Mission Table Mission Table Early English Table Round Massive Ped Buffets. Q. O. Ruffet. leaded glass door Solid Oak Buffet Polished Q. O. Ruffet P?ll?hei| Q. O. Ruffet Early English Buffet Large W. O. Buffet l.arge W. O. Ruffet W. O. Ruffet Golden Q. O. Polished Golden Q. O. Polished Golden Q. O. Polished Ruffet. Ruffet. Ruffet. Was. $:so.oo $22.00 $.17.50 $::5.00 $35.00 $4.VOO $::o.oo $20.00 $35.00 $30.00 $28.00 Now. $19.50 $14.00 $21.75 $22. Oo $22.25 $27.50 $10.50 $14.75 $21.25 $20.50 $10.50 4S-in. est a I . 48-in. ??* III1 . -48-1 u. 42-ln. 42-In. 42-in Hound Clawfoot Ped $65.00 $37.90 Massive Clawfoot... Clawfoot Cln wfoot pedestal base 45-in. quartered oak, pedes tal base 45-ln. q-iartcred oak. pedes tal base $50.00 $0o.00 $25.00 $40.00 $20.00 $32.75 $36.90 $13.95 $25.50 $14.50 $25.00 $15.50 *."5.00 $24.75 Ladies' Desks. Oak Desk Mahogany Desk Oak Desk, mirror back.. Early English Desk Early English Desk Mah. Desk, mirror back. Early English Desk R. E. Maple Desk Was. $10.00 $14.dO $15.?0 $15.00 $25.OO $14.00 $20.00 $14.00 Now. $6.90 $8.40 $9.25 $8.HO $19.SO $7.90 $12.40 $7.50 W. O. Hall Settee W. O. Library Settee Massive Spanish leather Cushion Rocket Massive Spanish Leather Davenport. 72 inches lone. . Massive Spanish Leather Cushion Armchair High-back Mission Rocker. leather seat Mission Armchair. leather neat Mission Armchair. leather seat Mission Rocker, leather Beat. Missiirti Rocker, leather seat. Mission Settee, leather seat.. W. O. Armchair E. E. Rocker E. E. Armchair E. E. Armchair Was. $l.N.OO $25.00 $30.00 $65.00 $30.(H> $15.00 $7.50 $8.00 $7.75 $15 50 $17.5o $12.ot) $14 <N> $13.50 $15.00 Now. $12.25 $15.90 $22.50 $12.90 $22.50 $;?.90 $4.50 $5.00 $4.50 $8.25 $"."25 $7.5o $".?50 $9.25 $10.25 Parlor Fumitmire. Was. 5-piece GobelinTapestry Suite $70.00 5-piece Silk Tapestry Suite. $60.0o 5-p!ece Gobelin Tapewry Sulte$115.00 5-piece Verona Velour Suite... $90,Oo 3-pIece Gobcliu Tapentrv Suite $30.00 2-plece Silk Tapestry Suite.. $50.OO 3-pioee Ixiose Cushion Suite. $65.00 3-pIeee Silk Plush Suite $60.00 3-piece Loose-cu>hion Silk Plush Suite $75.00 3-piece Gobelin Tajtestry Suite $60.00 3-plece Gobelin Taj>estrj'.SuIte $4o.oo 3-piece Loose cushion Inlaid Suite $10.00 3-piecc Looce-cushion Inlaid Suite $lo0.00 Handsome Inlaid Mah. Rocker $30.00 Mh. Corner Chairs, all colors .$15.00 Loose-cushion Mah. Rocker.. $12.00 Mah. Rocker. In silk plush.. $15.oo Mah. Rocker, In silk plush.. $20.00 Now. $39.50 $38.75 $65.OO $57.50 $17.50 $25.50 $29.50 $37.50 $42.50 $41 yo $27 50 $50.50 $52.50 $21.50 $7.98 $7 90 $8 9 ? $11.75 Upholstery Dept. 87 pair* Nottingham Ij?.-e Curtains; regular $3.00 value. Special ?f a a price. jrair ?P1.40 127 jmlrs Scotch Lace Curtains; regular $4.5<? value,. Special wale %:'* price "O 72 pairs Real Irish Point Lice Curtain*; regular $lo.ou value. S|n?clat. 240 (irletital Couch Covers; 60 fi i | C inches wide; $(}.oo value Each.. ?P*S. If 51 odd pairs Portieres; the new shades of red and green; sold up to 20 A A A A 'a rA A A A 'a 'a A A A 'A 'a A rA 'A A $15 00 paP. Special, pair 27 Rope Portieres: ail colors; $7.00 value Mattresses. Felt, fancy tick. . Felt, fancy tick... Felt, fancy tick. Felt, fancy tick W as. $12.00 $15.00 $18.00 $20.00 Now. $5.95 $8.50 $10 75 $12.90 Carpets. 20 yard? Rest Grade Floor Oll--?Ig cloth; worth 6Ue yard, for Axmiuster Hall Runners 12 ft. long; vsliie 10.6 ft. long: value Colonial Dauies Reversible Was. $10.00 $M.50 Runners Was. $5.50 $6.75 $16 A !* ft. long 12 ft. lotag Axmtnster Rue. full 36 Inches dj n long; worth $1.75 vll 8.3s 10 ft. Velvet Rug; worth $24. for Domestic Oriental Rugs - The $4.5o slie reduced to... The $6.50 s|*e reduced to... The $10.00 sixo reduced to. . . The $12.00 size reduced to... .85 Now. $6.88 $5.80 Now. $3.15 $4.2o .05 .75 $2 70 $3 90 $6 00 $7 20 Sole Agents for the District of Columbiafor the Garland Stove. YS> OFF During This Sale. Refrigerators OFF Marked Price. | Porch Furniture OFF Marked Prices. LAN S B U ROTTfURNIT UR ECO. 512 Ninth Street N.W. KEEPING BI6 CITIES GLEAN METHODS OF CLEARING RUB BISH FROM THE STREETS. Hnw the Work Is Done in Paris and Berlin?Broad Ways Swept , by Machine. From thp ErijrIn??erlnK Plgost. Paris is one of the cleanest and most beautiful of cities, many ? of its streets being built in accordance with wise and comprehensive plans. Many of the boule vards which run through the heart of the city are 114 feet ? Inches in width and others are wider. The Avenue de l'Opera. one of the largest streets, is 08 feet 6 Inches wide and has a roadway of 52 feet 0 Inches. The Avenue des Champs Elysees has a total width of 233 feet and a road way of 88 feet rt inchps. This may be compared with 5th avenue in New York. 100 feet wide with a roadway of 40 feet, and Broadway, 80 feet wide with a road way of 44 feet. Trees, gravel footways and benches are features of Parisian streets. The street cleaning authorities of Paris are charged with the construction and maintenance of streets and sidewalks as well as with sweeping the streets and sidewalks, sprinkling the roadways, re moving house refuse and removing dirt, ice and snow from the streets. The work Is done by a branch of the de partment of public works. The technical skill required is drawn from the national government s Corps des Ponts et Chaus sees and from a corps of engineers be longing to the city service. Many of the streets are parts of national highways and the total cost of maintaining and cleaning is largely borne by the govern ment. The street cleaning operations are per formed by the city with the exception of the driving of carts, of sweeping ma chines and of sprinkling wagons, which, with the horses employed In these opera tions. are furnished by contractors but th.* apparatus belongs to the city. The horses, carts and drivers of tho refuse carts are furnished by contractors and the material collected belongs to them The streets are generally swept by ma chines and the sidewalks are cleaned by hand brooms, bet wen 4 and 7 o'clock a.m. when the vehicular travel is light. The streets are first watered by sprinkling carts and then promptly swept by horse brooms, and then men with brooms or shovels or, if the weather is wet, squee gees, pile the material. Role of the Contractor.. House refuse Is collected by contract, but with the aid of one ragpicker and two helpers in the employ of the city. Rag pickers. generally women, overhaul the refuse on the sidewalk during the opera tions of the street cleaning department before the collecting carts arrive. After the carts have passed, the gutters are cleaned of th> wastes collected by the street cleanin- operations. Street dirt which can bo shoveled is hauled away in carts: the re? is flushed into the sewers. Gutter fius' ng is one of the most prom inent feati;- of Paris street cleaning, the water heir-,- obtained from hydrants con cealed beneath the sidewalks. When the water Is turned on it usually flows in one way or the other along the street aceord t?ie srade, but if the grade is in sufficient for this purpose, the direction of tlow is regulated by temporarily damming tnc gutter by m?ans of coarse cloths. As the water advances, it spreads out over nrVHZ lUt?ac'V1j)icking "P a iarge amount fi d ma,ter. Which Is carried *sewers by the assistance of an broom' whnT W'th? a l?nK-ha?dled. stiff Jffs r;;v,^^",hih's,d--rk "Ed ETfcJf from ,'K MX""" "Sht ?r The principal cleaning which the streets wi?m? t Wi e by horse-P?*ope||e<i brooms with bristles ot split bamboo, which are capable of sweeping 7.175 square yard! per hour with the horse walking about 2..> miles per hour, or an amount of men "g et,Utt' l? the work of about ten Horse-propelled squeegees are employ ed on aspiialt and wood pavements Thev are of simple design, resembling common road scrapers, with the scraping edge set like a machine broom in an oblique direc tion to scrape the refuse to one side These squeegees are useful in ralnv weather and when the dirt on the streets can be so tened by sprinkling carts so that it is ready to be moved like mud Softening by sprinkling followed by I squeegeeing or sweeping with rotary brooms Is the chief reliance of the city In getting: rid of fine dirt which cannot be shoveled away.. .Automobile Sweepers. Experiments have been made with auto mobile sweepers and sprinklers of 15 horsepower and driven by gasoline, which have proved slightly more economical than horse-propelled machines. * Tli? sprinkling of streets Is accomplish ed by means of handcarts with a capacity of forty to fifty gallons; by carts pro pelled by horses, with a capacity of from 2."V0 to 350 gallons, and by hose. House refuse is placed in boxes which the householders are required to provide, which are placed on the sidewalks In time i for the early morning collections. The contents of the boxes are sorted on the j sidewalks by ragpickers Just before the arrival of the collecting carts. These ragpickers are an institution in Paris and are probably the best organized and most efficient body of unofficial scavengers in the world. A few minutes before the collecting carts arrive, the ragpickers, clad in non descript garb and powdered with dust, appear and with much speed and system spread a square of burlap or other cloth upon the sidewalk and tip the refuse can over upon it. The contents are quickly overhauled, the gleanings being thrown into large sacks. .The refuse which is of no use to the picker is then dumped back into Its original receptacle, the burlap is taken up and the worker proceeds to the next house. When the sacks are full they are taken to some neighboring side street which serves as a kind of central depot, from which they are later hauled away by carts drawn by good-looking horses. The carts for collecting the refuse are large, high, open, and built, after the common French custom, with two wheels and provision for horses harnessed tan dem. Two or three men accompany each cart, one remaining Inside and the others throwing the receptacles in to him to overturn and empty. Even here there is (some picking done, desirable matters being placed in separate baps or baskets hanging to the outside of the cart. The refuse is hauled to boats and to depots on the outskirts of the city to be burned or taken to the country to be used as fer tilizer. How It's Done in Berlin. Berlin, with an area of about twenty five square miles and a population, In ltKKi, of 2.<V40,148 inhabitants, is the third largest city in Europe. It is the greatest manufacturing center on the continent. Is very enterprising and in respect to its methods of municipal administration Is regarded as a model city. The sanitary regeneration of Berlin dates from the purchase of extensive ter ritory In the environs, in 1861, but it was not until the advent of the era of Pros perity which followed the wars of 1804 71 and the establishment of Berlin as the national capital that the admirable public works and Institutions which now exist and which are practically self sustaining, were begun. It is said that the waterworks and pas works more than oav for themselves and that the sewage disposal works bring in a considerable income toward the payment of their oper ating expenses. Every departm-nt aeems to be run nearly as well as though it were a private enterprise, in accordance with the German idea of municipal ad ministration. Berlin has been made a sanitary c.t> in spite of, and not because of. natural conditions. Its situation is peculiarly un favorable for drainage and a great deal of pumping in a low. sandy plain traversed by sluggish streams is re quired to supply the city with water and to carry ofT the sewage Th* drinking water is pumped and fllterei and delivered under pressure from a con siderable distance in the suburbs. The sewage Is collected from different pans of the city Into a d< zen central districts./ It is then pumped lorn; distances into the country, where it is used to irrigate farm lands owned by the municipalltj. In such works as the construction ?>f streets, sewerage and water supply sys tems the German plan is to keep steadil> ahead of the demands so that tne clt> n av never outgrow Its sanHary require ment* This Is in direct contrast tJ American practice, and H the more. re markable in the case of Berlin, fur. s?iee its transformation beginning fon> >ears ago, the city has more than doubled In population. Unter den Linden. The streets of Berlin are lor.P, straight, wide, well designed and generally well paved. The most famous street is the I'nier den Ulnden <HM? feet widei, the scene of the capital's most fashionable shops, hotels and restaurants. Berlin makes an energetic effort to keep its streets clean. The organization is military in type and many of the de tails of the work are minutely planned and reduced to the form of specific print ad direction*. ? The authority In charge of street clean ing Is a joint committee of twelve, maBe up from paid and unpaid members of the city council, under which is a chief who tias direct charge of the operations of the department. The city does not clean all the streets free of cost: a charge is made for clean ing the tracks of the street cars, private streets and new streets. These returns bring in about $50,000 per year. The sale , of waste matters, old apparatus and en trance fees to public comfort stations in crease the revenue by nearly an equal amount. The work of cleaning the streets pro ceed? from thirty-three depots, attach ed to which are yards for the storage of apparatus, etc. The streets are swept at night by revolving machine brooms pro pelled by horses. The streets are sprin kled before they are swept in order to lay the dust in the daytime and at cer tain seasons of the year to held remove the slimy mud. The city owns the sprinkling carts and lets a contract after public bid ding: for the necessary horses and men to operate them. In washing a street during the day a water cart firs< passes down tho middle of the street, sprinkling a great amount of water. This is followed at once by revolving rubber squeegees operated by horses, which scrape the mud to one side. The cart passes again and again, each time followed by <the squeepees, until six or eight trips have been made and the whole breadth of the street covered, dur ing which time men and boys with hand | brooms and squeegees help clean out the car tracks and inequalities in the pave ment. Several types of carts and machines are used to clean the streets, the idea seem ing to be to experiment to some extent in the hope of finding the best kind for the work. SIGN LANGUAGE OF INDIANS. Hieroglyphics Written by One Tribe Are Understood by Others. From the Denver Post. "Of course, everybody in Denver knows that Araphoe means 'Big Nose,' " said Edwin Walters of the government geological survey, who is visiting his old friend. E. T. Kelm, superintendent of the American District Telegraph Company. Then he placed the forefinger of his right hand across his nose with a hook as the Indian sign of the Arapahoe. "No. I haven't any book on Indian signs ready for publication," continued the student of American Indian literature. "I am studying more for my own education than for profit." Mr. Walters has translated all the hieroglyphics or sign pointings on the rocks of the southwest, has learned the sign language of the tribes and will make drawings of the signs and the writings on the rocks, have cuts made and print them in his book. He expects to familiarize every American who is interested in the literature of the American Indian with (he Indian sign writing and sign lan guage. He says that the universal sign language Is nearly the same as the uni versal deaf and dumb sign language: thai over twenty-three tribes of the southwest use this sign language, though they do not speak the same tongue. Whenever they see the signs on the rocks they can read them and whenever they meet an Indian, it matters not his tribe and tongue, they speak the sign 'anguage fluently with their fingers. There is not a tribe that has not some i sign by which It is known throughout^ the Indian world, and every object, ani mate and inamlmate, has a sign by which it is universally known among the differ ent tribes. The Arapahoe is known as the "Big Nose" tribe throughout Indian dom, and when you place your right forefinger like a hook over you nose, the thumb renting beneath the nose, every Indian who sees It, whether he lives in Texas or Lower California, knows that you refer to the Arapahoe. Every tribe In the land lias a distinctive sign. Mr. Walters proceeded to rattle them off on his hands like a deaf and dumb man repeating "Hiawatha" to a fellow mute. Prof. Walters, as his friend Keim in sists on calling him. has also traveled over Aiaska and Old Mexico. His study of the Indian character In Alaska brought htm In contact with the Jap. He has a high opinion of Indian honesty and fidelity, but he thinks the Jap has the American "hoodooed," as he put it "The world is full of ups and downs." quoted the Wise Guy. "That's right," agreed the S;mple Mug. ? "We are either trying to live up to a good reputation or trying to live a bad one down."?Philadel phia Record. ) 4 PHONOGRAPH NEEDLE. Made of Fiber and Gives Soft Tone Without Scratching Discs. A phonograph needle that has two ad vantages to recommend it lias recently been placed on the market. It is a three-cornered affair, about an inch long, and is made of fiber. The advantages claimed for it are that it not only saves a great deal of wear' on the records, but produces a sweeter, softer lone, and is especially effective on flute and violin solos. Being made of fiber, the needle naturally wears itself away on the harder surface of the records without scratching them. As one corner of the needle wears away another can be turned down, and when Ml three are worn a tiny piece is cut ME the ends of the needle with a cutter that comes for the purpose, and it is as good as new. The needles t an be used until they are quite short. Indeed, the shorter they are the louder the tone. Instead of cutting a difc, they polish it. and there is an entire absence of the un pleasant rasping sound that spoils so many phonograph exhibitions. FLOWER IMITATES INSECTS. Spots on Plant That Resemble Flies. Curious Bee Orchid. From tho Chicago Tribune. , Orchid imitations are a puzzle to flower scholars. The whole appearance of the dower Is suggestive of some insect, some times to quite a remarkable decree. It floes not seem easy to find any real pur pose that could be served by this re semblance, yet no one imagines that it can be accidental. Any one who knew of the bee orchid, a native of Europe, and came upon it for the first time would at once recognize it. It seems to be a large velvety brown backed bee variegated with yellow. The two lateral petals might serve well for the wing's of the insect. In the center of the lip of the fly orchid there is a small bluish spot like the bodv jf a fly. The two lateral petals are slen ier and curiously like the antenne of an insect. The whole illusion is complete and suggests to the casual glance that i few flies are hanging on the stem of some plant which has cast its flowers. Father?Yes. sir, I began as an ofT1e? boy, and here I am at the top of the tree. And what is rny reward? Why, when I lie my son will be the greatest ras< al in the town. The Prodigal (calmly)?Yes, pater. But not till you die!?Tit-Bits. He?Do you take me for a fool? She?No; but my judgment is not infalli ble.?Boston Transcript. Soda Fountain Attendant?What flavor, please? Silly Young Thing?Have you anything n pink to match this gown?- Harper's Weekly. Airs Gotrox?Maud's coming-out tea should pass off with eclat, Mr. uotrox?All right. I'll stop at the ?aker's and order some. M;s. Gotrox? Order some what? Mr. Gotrox?Chocolate eclat ?Phila lelphia Record. Sunday School Teacher?Now, Danny, vhat do you understand by "righteous ln iignation" ? Danny?Gettin' mad without sayin' any ?use words.?Boston Transcript.