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- THE EVENING STAB.
With Sunday KonUaf Edition. WASHINGTON. SATURDAY September 4, 1909 THEODOBE W. NO?ES Editor Catered u eecond-claae mail matter at tkt ynt office at Washington, D. (X THE STAB has a regular ud ptnoa nent Family Circulation much mor* than tta? combined circulation of tlie other Washing-ton dallies. Am a Yew* and Advertising Medium tt baa no competitor. C7Zn order to avoid delays on aooount ef personal abseno* letter* to TX1 STAB should not be addressed to any Individual connected with the office, but ?imply to THE STAB, or to the Editorial ?r Business Department, acoordlng to tenor or purpose. Primaries and Expenses. A statement filed at Richmond shows that Harry St. George. Tucker, the de feated candidate for the democratic nomi nation for Governor of Virginia, spent nearly sixteen thousand dollars in his campaign. The principal items cover ad vertising, stationery, printing and postage and tiie support of headquarters. His en trance fee was $1,800. Did Judge Mann spend as much? He made quite as extended and vigorous a canvass. The people at the start were apathetic, and some of them remained so, notwithstanding the appeals of the candi dates. It was necessary, therefore, for the candidates to be liberal in the employ ment of legitimate means to awaken in terest in the contest. And what about Judge Mann's expenses from now until election day? They need not be as heavy as during the primary fight, but an outlay of some ske will be necessary. The republicans have small chance of winning, but they are at work, and their work must be watched. The party now will help the candidate, but the candidate also must help, and it is money that makes the candidate go. Let us suppose a case. Suppose Mr. Tucker had won the nomination, and had then confronted a party almost as strong as his own. Suppose his expenses had re mained heavy?as in that case would have been necessary?untU election day. Sup pose to the sixteen thousand dollars the nomination had cost him he had been obliged to add ten thousand for expenses against the common enemy. That would have been an outlay larger than the salary of the office of Governor of Virginia for a whole four years' term. One criticism of the primary plan of making nominations is that it costs heavily and keeps poor men out of the field. Only the rich can afford the tariff. But the convention plan also is expen sive. Sentiment must be worked up, and had a state convention instead of ^ primary election marked the close of the Mann-Tucker contest heavy outlays would have been required in preparing for it. Delegates are not secured by a mere call to the colors. The tact Is that all of our election processes make too heavy a demand on the purse. Not only candidates but their triends are assessed in round sums to meet emergencies which managing politicians who live by the game create tor their own benefit. That something should be done to trim the bills is widely advocated, but no means so far employ ed have achieved success. Publicity, it was thought, would work wonders. We have the publicity, but the wonders linger. They have not arrived at the present writing. Polar Sovereignty. There will be no international compli cation over the question of north pole sovereignty. It is true that Dr. Cook, the first white man ever known to have reached the point of highest latitude, is an American citizen and his metaphori cal planting of the flag there constitutes a moral claim of national ownership. But the point lias been raised that Dr. Cook was not a representative of the United States government and that, therefore, he could not claim sovereignty over the territory. If territory existed. But after all this Is a geographical rather than a political question. Dr. Cook reports that there was no land in the immediate vicin ity of the pole or at the pole itself. It is hard to conceive any claim of sov ereignty over that which does not exist. L nder international law sovereignty does not obtain at sea beyond the limit of three miles from the land, and If at the pole there is only a frozen ocean the plate becomes of international ownership, neutral. The mere traversing by an explorer of lands hitherto uncharted does not in its If constitute the establishment of sov ereignty lor the country of which he is a citizen. If, as Canada claims, the lands lying close to the polar point are an ex tension of the Dominion's territory ac cording to geographical law, the British flag would perhaps be the only appropri ate one to fly over them as a token of national ownership. If, on the other hand, this region is an extension of Greenland or a part of the appurtenant insular territory of Greenland, it would be subject to a claim of Danish sov ereignty inasmuch as Denmark exercises jurisdiction over at least the southern portion of the great Island. This question is not likely to give rise to any serious dispute, for, short of a cataclysmic change of climate, no part of the world lying above the eightieth parallel of latitude will ever be of suf ficient importance to warrant more than a polite exchange of diplomatic notes. Probably, in view of the strictly scientific interest the world takes in this part of the globe, the most sensible thing that could be done would be to frame an in ternational agreement declaring all lands and waters north of the eightieth parallel ar.d south of the corresponding line In the other hemisphere to be of universal ownership. Just now the Ice man displays unwonted generosity, but a steely glitter comes Into the eye of the man with coal to sell. Judge Gayner in Politics. It is rumored that the republicans and independents of New York may offer their nomination for mayor to Judge Gaynor of Brooklyn If he will promise not to a rept an indorsement from Tammany Hall. Jud^e Gaynor is a democrat, and sus pe ted of high political ambition. If he declines this overture, and accepts a nom ination from Tammany, the explanation of his action will be that he Is looking to 1!j12. Let us suppose the judge nominated and elected mayor this year. What about the gubernatorial race next year? Will he expert to rise from the city hall to the governor's chair at Albany. If his party should pass him by next year, and pick and elect another man for govern or. what would become of the Gaynor presidential boom? The man elected gov ernor would have the call on the party at large for the national leadership ln case of Mr. Bryan's dethronement. The mayor of New York would be but a local quantity i?. that ervent. But suppose Judge Gaynor elected first mayor and then governor, and Tammany his supporter for th? presidential nomi nation three years hence. Would that In sure him success In the democratic na tional convention? We have to consider the feeling about New York outside the state. It is not at all friendly. There are democrats like Gov. Johnson of Minnesota, who want their party to put the state entirely away from presidential calculations. They ad vise not only against going to the state for the candidate, but against choosing a man elsewhere particularly acceptable to the New York democracy. Even those who hold that the state is essential to success at the polls, and would be glad to see Mr. Bryan go on the retired list, doubt if the new leader should be taken from New York. Things hare so changed in the oast twenty years, bringing into prominence and power such men as Conners and Murphy and McCarren, many western and southern democrats view New York with both dis trust and disgust. Then the experience with Judge Parker would be recalled. He was boomed for the national leadership, on the score that his lonsr service on the bench, while not impairing his democracy, had removed him from the bull ring of factional con tention. He had carried the state for judge, and could do it for President. The party bit, and got bit. Here would be another New York judge, boomed upon something of the same claims. And Tammany as his sponsor would detract from, rather than add to, his appeal for delegates west of the Alle gheny mountains. The Mall-Avenue Lands. Any prolongation of contests over the awards of the commission of condemna tion in the case of the lands lying on 15th street between the Mall and the Ave nue would operate to the public disad vantage In further delaying the acquisi tion of those properties for the important uses for which they have been selected. The law providing for the condemnation was carefully drawn to safeguard as far as possible the rights of the individual property owners, and the commission adopted unusual means to arrive at an equitable conclusion as to what consti tuted a fair appraisement. Naturally each owner has felt himself menaced with loss and has endeavored to keep the award to the highest possible point. Had the estimates placed upon their properties by owners been adopted without question the total for the entire tract would have been nearly twice as much as the appro priation made by Congress for this pur pose. Such an award would have either seriously checked all public building en terprise in the city of Washington or led to a new enactment more drastic in its terms with respect to the exercise by the government of the right of eminent domain. The opinion Is expressed by those quali fied to read the law that no appeal is per missible from the award of the commis sion after it has been approved by the Dis trict Supreme Court and when the order for the payment of the money has been signed. This is a question of statutory interpretation which may lead to some interesting proceedings. It may be ob served, however, that the general course of land condemnation for public purposes is considered as an inevitable procedure, the question of compensation being subor dinate to that of the immediate procure ment of the land and its application to the proposed uses. In other words the necessities of the government are consid ered as paramount and the Judicial proc esses are trusted to insure an equitable return to the owners and to guarantee against confiscation. Apart from individual interests involved the people of Washington hope to see Congress at an early day provide for the wholesale taking for government uses of all the land lying between the Avenue and the Mall and the Botanic Garden and 15th street. Had this been done ten years ago when it was urged upon Congress for the sake of then imperatively needed pub lic improvements, the ultimate cost to the United States would have been much less than through a course of piecemeal con demnation, each separate taking adding to the value of the remainder. It is due to the property owners within this proscribed area to relieve them as early as possible from the menace of con demnation by actually taking their lands. They are at present hampered in their improvements, uncertain of their returns in the event of expenditures for better ments and even for repairs and subjected to public criticism for their lack of en terprise in the development of their prop erties. They will be Justified in demand ing at the next session that Congress take them from this anomalous situation by either condemning the lands by whole sale or else declaring once for all the government's intention to locate its build ings elsewhere. Central America's progress toward peaceful conditions Is shown by the fact that there is no longer such a pressure of revolutionary news as to cause the earthquakes to be overlooked. Samuel Gompers does not strike the for eign labor associations as being really In earnest. They should hear Mr. Gompers express himself when there is an in junction case under way. Dr. Cook might well have hesitated about trying for the pole if he had thought he would be subjected to sus picions in so many strange languages on his return. Fortunately for the country the War Department is not having nearly as many hostile demonstrations to attend to as the Department of Commerce and Labor. The country owes the polar explorers a share of gratitude for not creating any problems a?bout providing museums for the specimens they send home. It would be unfortunate If some of Cuba's patriots were to become con vinced that a country cannot have free government unless K Is permitted to sell lottery tickets. The fact that all roads now lead to Beverly makes the people of Massachus etts more solicitous than ever about hav ing good roads. The greatest danger about aviation now seems to be a collision of inventors in the courts. The Chicken Nuisance. With all the talk that has been in dulged in about the new chicken regula tions the impression seems to have pre vailed that the elimination of the rooster has been the chief object sought in this reform. As a matter of fact, the rooster is the least of the evils incidental to the keeping of fowls In a city. The primary purpose of these new rules has been to establish a higher standard of sanitation, where It is hoped that in their enforce ment the few poultry yards permitted by the authorities in town will be kept clean and prevented from becoming a nuisance to neighbors. The rooster Is. of course, objectionable in a closely populated section. No sentiment or argument can overcome the fact that his crow at all hours of the night, and especially in the early morning. Is distracting, and a positive source of pain to nervous people. But It is possible to endure the rooster's out burst of sound without suffering in health, save as the nervous system may be af fected. The dust of an ill kept chicken iyard, however, is a more positive menace. | If these new rules do not operate to the abatement of the insanitary chicken nuisance, it will be necessary to seek further, either for regulations that will reduce the menace to health to a minimum or for legislation that will be ,yond question place the illogical and un necessary practice of urban chicken-keep ing within the range of modern sanitary rule. Bailey. The booming of Mr. Bailey for President by some of his constituents is not likely to go to his head. Hp is reported ?to have enjoyed the suggestion, though re fusing to comment on it. Mr. Bailey's usefulness to his people and to the coun try at large will be increased by his im munity from the presidential fever. He will never suffer from it, and consequent ly will never have .his attention drawn from the things in reach. The most un happy, and often the least useful, of our public men are the presidency hunters. Keeping their eyes fixed on a thing be yond them, they miss what is near, and what it would profit them to seize. School children are once more required to take up their studies in the hope that they will become wise enough to handle some of the problems their parents are allowing to accumulate. Mr. Bryan Is not as generous with his oratory as formerly. This fact may be due to a general awakening to the danger of wasting our country's natural re sources. The English physician who is inclined to sanction profanity as a relief to the nerves may as well fortify himself for a loss of temper when he hears from his critics. "While the kaiser was embracing Count Zeppelin, that one-time enthusiastic sport, King Edward, was not visible in any part of the grandstand. If Dr. Cook should be exposed as a faker he will become eligible as the perpetual president of the Ananias Club. Some of the later tariff discoveries are regarded by various interested parties as Impractical jokers. Polar discovery projects will probably flag now that Dr. Cook has turned the trick. SHOOTING STABS. BY PHILANDER JOHNSON. Appreciation. "So you are fond of music?" "Yes," answered Senator Sorghum. "I have the highest regard for it. When you go home.and meet a crowd of con stituents there is nothing lika- a brass band to take their minds off the ex planations they have been looking for." "Dodgin' work," said Unci? Eben, "is an occupation dat's liable to keep you busy an' fretted twenty hours a day, an* no vacations whatsomever." The Dreamer. The dreamer, happy though not rich, Cares not what fate o'ertakes him? But hunger's the alarm clock which Relentlessly awakes him. New Perils. "Is the trip across the channel danger ous?" inquired the tourist. "It is becoming more so than formerly," answered the Englishman. "There is no telling what moment an airship may drop on you." Practical Assistance. "Do you think that Greek has much value in modern education?" "Certainly," answered the young man with a college hat; "the Greek alphabet enables a man to know what frat he be longs to." Fruitless Power. Remember, son, when you aspire To be a man whose word. E'en though the world may not admire. With awe is always heard, Events as they are placed on view Out at the base ball game. When things go wrong and all is through, The umpire gets the blame. 1 * He stands the monarch of the scene; His right arm he extends With an authority serene; And yet he has no friends. Somewhere the home team's bound to lose And when with angry shame The vanquished hear their foes enthuse, Thp umpire gets the blame. Baltimore's Bat War. From the Baltimore Sun. In pursuance of the suggested crusade against rats, a member of the city council will at an early date intoduce an ordi nance to this end. Three ways of ridding the city of this species of rodents are brought forward, the first being ratproof construction, the second the cutting off of their food supply by requiring all garbage to be deposited by householders in rat proof cans, and the third by killing them outright. Of the advisability of extermi nating rats there can be little question, because they, or the fleas on them, are purveyors of disease. Infectious diseases are sometimes communicated in a mysterious manner. The mystery disap pears when it is considered that rats pass unobserved by night from house to house, scattering fleas and the disease germs which the fleas harbor. The value of rats as scavengers is far outweighed by their activity, as disseminators of disease, to say nothing of the dam age they do to the carefully managed premises and the immense amount of foodstuffs which they consume. Forty-Foot Suburban Lots. From the Indianapolis News. Real estate agents of this city ought to get together and put a stop to the forty-foot lot business in the suburbs. Indianapolis is a flat city, with room for expansion in all directions. I^and is not so dear in the suburbs but that the average land owner may have a large lot and not be limited to the dimensions which prevail down town. Densely built suburbs, with houses at intervals of thirty or forty feet, will soon have little advantage over a down-town communi ty. Nobody is more Interested finan cially in this very thing than real estate agents and they can largely control. They at least ought to use their influ ence in behalf of large lots in rural re gions. A fifty-foot lot is more than 25 per cent better than a forty-foot lot. The difference between the country and city is in the air spaces, trees and gar dens. There ought to be opportunity for these if the suburbs are to maintain their distinctive qualities. Let Us Have Peace. From the Iron Trade Review. One bright spot illuminating the oth erwise gloomy industrial period follow ing the financial panic that broke Just two years ago has been the happy rela tions between employers of labor and their employes. Drawn closer together than any time during the previous years of prosperity, marred by strife and con tention and characterized by a heartier spirit of co-operation, these mutually helpful relations bid fair to continue at least through the autumn and into the winter. Why may they not continue in definitely? Why should they fade under the influence of the sun of prosperity, when developed and hastened toward glorious maturity amid the lowering clouds of adversity? Weak. From the New York World. Wall street Is more sickly in some re spects than Mr. Harriman. The Slump* From the Richmond Times-Dlepatch. How sick was Harriman? Qh, only about ten points. PIANO BARGAINS The wealthiest people in Washington are equipping their homes with PIANOLA PIANOS. Almost every sale of a PIANOLA PIANO brings an exchanged piano to our Warerooms. Wouldn't you like one of these instruments, with a famous name ? in splendid condition ? and at a very reasonable price? These are REAL piano bargains?NOT cheap instru ments with ridiculously high prices cut in half for effect. Nor are they wornout, sec ond-hand pianos gotten rid of because musically unfit. Easy Monthly Payments. Sanders & Stayman Co., 1327 F Street. Percy S. Foster, Manager. S7300 1-lb. loaves to the barrel. Makes More Bread and Better Bread Than Other Brands. ?HE ADVANTAGES of using Cream Bler.d Flour do not end with the quality of the products it yields. You can always depend on Cream Blend to yield the greatest possible number of PERFECT loaves of bread to the barrel. jE7Using "Cream Blend" means economy as well as satisfaction. AT YOUR GROCER'S. B. B. Ear nsha w<& Bro. Wholesalers, "J*; 8e> n????????nn?n????????i?nmc ratification of the palate is not the principal result of drinking A. D. Beers. Permanent benefit to the entire system fol lows regular use of & Old Glory mux J Sms hat's because every care is ex ercised in their production to make H them pure, wholesome, healthful. Brewed from choicest ingredients, aged to perfection, bot tled with extreme care. 2 doz. $1.75- Rebate. 50C. ABNER-DRURY BREWING CO. Phone W. 435 or N. 1565. iT?????H???t?nt?n???in?m??nta SPECIAL BARGAIN! $400 Upright Piano, 3C | Payments $5 Monthly ? K ? An unusual piano bargain for % oj. Quick buyer. Handsome Upright If 35 that cost $400 new. It has been ~St & carefully used and our factory ex- 3t # perts have put it in perfect condl :>"? tfon. Has sweet tone and good 4 action. Only $185?payable $5 per & month. ;:r The price includes stool, scarf, w if delivery and free tuning for one if ^ 5*ar. I F. G. Smith ST? I ^ KRADBURY -p, A # jj; BUILDING. 1225 Fa. Ave. 3j & Phone Main 747. 4 & / Woodward & Lothrop, New York?WASHINGTON?Paris Store will close at 12 o'clock noon Monday, Labor Day. Second Annual September Sale of Pictures At *4, and Less Than Regular Prices. .y^nrf^ONDAY we shall begin our Second Annual September Sale (( y of Pictures. The success which crowned our initial efforts of el UUo/' jast year kas je(j us to make this also a permanent feature of our business?a yearly event?as sure in its coming as the return of the season. Wishing to make this sale as important and advantageous as our other annual events, we have gathered with care, taste and discrimina tion a variety of Pictures, including Colored Prints, Sepia Prints, Etchings, Hand-colored Photogravures, Facsimile Water Colors, Old English and French Prints and Genuine Oil Paintings. We have had them all handsomely framed and offer them in this September Sale at a fourth, a half and less than half regular prices. This is an opportune sale, coming as it does when you are plan ning to refurnish your homes for fall and winter. Nothing adds to the furnishing of a house?makes of a house a home?so much as attractive and appropriate pictures. The quantities are most generous, the goods up to our usual high standard and the reductions actual. You have never had a better opportunity to save money on pictures. The following items are representative of this stock: A lot of Colored Prints, small size, in oak and gilt frames. 115c; 2 for 25c. Value, 25c. A lot of Sepia Prints, in artis tic frames to match. 38c eaclh. Value, 50c. c A lot of Genuine Etchings, in neat gilt frames. 50c each. Value, $11 .(Ml). A lot of Hand-colored Photo gravures, in antique gilt frames. 75c each. Value, $1.50. Fourth floor Tenth st. A lot of Sepia Prints, in broad brown frames to match. $11.00 each. Value, $11.50. A lot of Fine Facsimile Water Colors, with mats, in artistic frames. $11.00 each. Value, $11.95. A lot of Genuine Oil Paintings, in broad gilt frames with shadow boxes. $11.95 each. Value, $4.00. A lot of Old Prints, in artistic gilt frames finished with bow knots. $3.50 each. Value, $8.00. A lot of Old English Prints, in bronze frames. $4.95 each. Value, $110.00. A lot of High-grade Old Prints, in empire frames. $6.00 each. Value, $115.00. A lot of Large Hand-colored Photogravures, in ornamented gilt frames. $110 each. Value, $118.00. WOODWARD & LOTHROP. In Buying a Home, How Many Pay Cash? ? O EVERY ONE who has paid cash, don't you know of a hundred who are paying a part of the purchase price each month? You applaud this method of saving. Now, why is it not equally laudable to buy the furnishings in the same manner? You may be ready to buy the home, but are waiting to save enough to pay cash for the fur nishings. Don't wait! Get the home and we'll make it possible for you to furnish it without paying a dollar at the time. All we require is your promise of a small amount each week or month, later. The home won't be yours until it's paid for ?the furnishings come to you with full title of ownership, for you sign no contract, lease or notes. There's but a small difference between our cash and credit prices, and we mark every article in plain figures to invite a comparison with the best offers of cash stores. Peter Grogan and Sons Co?, 817-823 7th St. FusseH's Cream Is Always flood. Leave Your Orders With Fussell for Ice Cream and Ices. You'll get the best that can be made and deliveries will be made promptly. Ice cream parlor open evenings. FUSSELL'S, 1324 14th St. Phone M. 192. jvltf-00t.eSo.3S (9 Lighting Fixtures, Brau Beds and anything mad* of metal can be restored to their original or other filiiab. Considerable reduction la made 1b prices during July and Anruit. We caa change brass to satin finish; no ?xtra charge. Gas and electric fiztorea made at manufacturer*' price*. Complete line to select from. The Elmer H. Catlin Co., SHOWROOMS AND FACTORY. Jj*-0Ot.2O 80S 18th at. a.w. omething Distinctive. ?The Deliverv Wagons we soil are ex ceptionally attractive. They prove a good advertisement for a business. Mod erate prices. T.E.Youngt -arri,*e 4wr!66Pii./Ti!w' aefrXOd Repository, Phone M. 27. fr it Is Advantageous to Use COKE. A thoroiiehly dependable fuel that gives excellent results at all times. Makes a quick, clean an.i Rood fire. Costs much less than other fuels. 25 Bushels Large Coke, delivered... .$3.50 40 Bushels Large Coke, delivered... .$3.70 60 Bushels Large Coke, delivered... .$5.30 25 Bushels Crushed Coke, delivered. .$3.00 40 Bushels Crushed Coke, delivered. .^4.50 60 Bushels Crushed Coke, delivered. .$8.50 Washington Gaslight Co., ft se4 28d 413 TENTH STREET N.W. Competent Decorators. LI ?You will find evidence ot our skill a decorators in soiue of tht finest homes in Washington. Let us estimate on thu Painting and Paperhanginc. 1737 7th at. n.w. on ITT Painter. fiLtl I 1| Paperhanger. Phone N. 4138. se4-10d ?? 's " Coffee, 25c Its absolute purity com mends it to thoughtful home keepers. N. W. BURCHELL, 1325 F. T I o </> I Oftentimes dizziness, insomnia and nervousness are caused by de fective eyesight. We examine each eye separately without charge. Kahn's Special Bifocal ?? Glasses 3 fl .UO Kahn's Special Gold filled Nose Glasses 50 per cent d.:count on oculists' prescriptions. Human artificial eyes a specialty. $1.00 A. K AHN.Q35 F St.I " ' " ' * Trimmings for Peter Thompson Suits. GENUINE NAVY PATTERNS. Chevrons 50c Stairs 5c Lanyards 25c Neckerchiefs.. . .$11.25 Meyer's Military Shop, 112311 Pa. Ave. N.W. aul3-d.eSa.28 Mi IB0011 hi GOUGES PUCES. 13.80 SWITCHES NOW $3 00. $6.60 SWITCHES NOW S3.00. MOO SWITCHES NOW $4.00. Lee'a Hair Mxdlcast. $1. Reatores gray hair to natural color?GD4B ANTEED. Prevent# tailing ball. Halrdrecsiog. shampooing. S. HELLER'S. 2S. tnb27-d.eHu.20 Do Your Feet Ever liothor you? There'* nntbinjj that ijrives ciK'b quick and effective relief from tired, irchlne and H<*hjng f>-et as EVANS" -j AKTISKI'TIC POWDER. Try it. Jeans 25c * EVANS, 922-24 F St. HOLESALE AND RETAIL DRUGGIST. ANTED. poys over 116. with bi cycles can obtain employ* ment in our Messenger Department. I Apply to Postal Telegraph Cable Company, 1345 Penna. Ave, . ?ol