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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, September 05, 1909, Image 13

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England's Metropolis Attrac
tive to American Tourists.
House of Commons Reports Progress
With the Budget.
H-oyal Commission on Irish Hail
ways Divided?Interest in Aero
nautics?Work of Women.
5fj>?oial Correspondence of The Slar.
LONDON*. August 2.". 11M'.
There ii* still a heavy stream of Amer
icans passing through London, though
there is a marked decrease front the
numbers of the previous fortnight. Last
week end brought crowds of returning
tourists to the London boat trains con
nected with the Liverpool steamers.
London has been on its best behavior
for most of the time. Consequently
many visitors have confessed they liked it
best of all the European capitals visited.
But for the Tact that, all the main thor
oughfares are being torn up and mended
Just now. with all the resultant traffic
delays and dust and smell, London would,
indeed, have points in its favor this
Even the traffic will be improved one of
these days. There is renewed agitation
for the "gyratory" management of the
traffic at busy junction points?that is to
?ay, all traffic would move on instead o
the streantta standing still alternately at
crossroads',' There would be a Circular
motion at such spots and the vehicles
would be brought gradually into a posi
tion whence fhey would easily move out
In the directfon they wanted to go. It
sounds like a giddy process, but several
important engineers indorse it.
Budget Nearing Completion.
The government is now making more
rapid progress with the budget and hopes
to get through with it by the middle of
September. It will then go to the house
of lords, and present signs are against
any very rude treatment of it. The fact
is the landowners have farted to get public
support to their protests against the land
The old day of territorial interdepend- |
ence, when everything centered about
the local mansion, is going. The laborer
sees hopes of improving his lot by get
ting a footing on the land himself, and so j
the majority of people are unwilling to j
pay much attention to the outcry of men
wno have been extraordinarily secure in
tiieir land privileges in the past over a
tax of only two cents in the pound on
land they do not develop, but keep tor
pleasure purposes.
A funny fiasco has bven produced by
attempts of antibudget speakers to at
tract seaside crowds. Even enthusiastic
conservatives and partisans of the land
owners have rebelled at the invasion of
their pleasure haunts, so that the enter
tainments have suffered no lack of patron,
age from the new competition of political
Passing of Remarkable Man.
Up to within the last few years Sir ;
ThfKlore Martin, whose death this week ?
at Llangollen has attracted widespread j
attention, was a familiar and very strik- j
in? figure in the lobby of the house of j
?omnwns, into which he came as a par- J
liamentary agent. It seemed strange to i
associate the id? a of the keen business!
man with the author of "Bon Uaultler I
Ballads'* and "The Life ?,f the Prince i
Consort," as well as the husband of Helen i
Kaudt. the colleague of Ma. ready In ;
some. <>f the greatest dramatic produc
tions of the earliest Victorian period and
the last distinguished upholder of the
-taire traditions of Sarah Siddons. His
rise to c<>UTt favor was due to rather
pronounced toadyism to the royal family I
and inordinate eulogy of the queen and
the prince consort in his books, but he
Mas a remarkable man for all that. His
last public appearance was to denounce
the selfishness of automo-billsts and the
r.olse of their car*.
Tne royal commission on Irish rail
ways is l'.kely to prove abortive, for tiie
commissioners are so divided in their
conclusions that no fewer than three
reports will probably be presented to
parliament. All the members are agreed
that something must be done to reduce j
the rates and improve the service, but i
one section thinks the state should |
di-quire a?:d work the railways, another
would be satisfied with more drastic
supervisory powers, while still another
would divide the country Into railway
districts to be operated by the trunk |
Irish Opinion on Leading Issue.
Public opinion in Ireland is understood
to be strongly in favor of nationalization
ard unification. a?,d It is upon these
lines that the government will probably
elt<-t ?o go. The shareholders would be
p.?id In government stock, so that the
financial operation would be comparative
ly simple; hut as the chief Irish measure
of the ne\t session is to !?e a reform of the
po>'r laws the railway problem will prob
ab!v have to wait I'll 1 :*11 for solution.
That there Is need for improvement in
ti e llres. every tovvring American who
i.?ts visited Ireland will agree.
Writing of railways reminds me of a
rew scheme In Ixuidon There is an as
sured popularity for the moving plat
form which tt"e Central London railway
proposes to construct at the British Mu
seum station to connect two distinct
"tubes," for anything in the nature of
a "free ride" appeals strongly to the
average I^ondoner. ITntll a few years a>.o
there were, at a bi? bhwk of buildings in
the nel?.hborh'>od of Mansion House, two
"perpetual lifts," which carried passen
gers from the basement to the topmost
floor and required no attendant. The
number of people wiio required a "lift"
in that building was a matter for won
derment, and it was famous among all
the junior clerks and office boys In the
city, who btuime experts at leaping in
c A&v3orrs Cc
and out of the cases. An accident or
two, I believe, led to its being abolished,
and a more up-to-date elevator was sub
stituted. which put an end to the free
rides. But it is still remembered with
warm affection in the city.
Interest in Aeronautics Increasing
Aeronautics continue to absorb public
, attention to a large extent. There are
several machines under secret construc
tion. Sir Hiram Maxim is at work on one
of them, and others are in course of con
struction in rural parts of England.
Mr. S. F. Cody has been the recipient
i of numerous congratulations from aero
j nauts- in the metropolis upon his success
' ful flights at Farr.ham. when he took Col.
| Capper of the chief of the army aero
nautical department for a circular toui
arotind I.affans plain, and followed this
1 up by taking Mrs. Cody on a similar
| journey. This marks his greatest achieve
ment since he began experimenting with
aeroplanes, but his success has been so
loner delayed, and his failures so frequent
and persistent, that he has become the
! subject of mcny unkind gibes and much
ironical criticism. Throughout it all, with
! true American spirit, he never lost faith
i in himself and in his ultimate success
; and it must be said that his complacent
self-confidence, now abundantly justified,
served to point the barbs of his critics
throughout his prolonged period of fruit
less endeavor.
Mr. Cody's experiments have all hee:
conducted at his own expense. Col. Cap
per has been his good friend, and the
equipment and resources of the arm?
aeronautical department have been placet!
at his service wherever possible. It has
been Mr. Cody's misfortune to have to
prosecute his experiments more or less
in the public eye?a condition which,
however gratifying in its results where
success is attained, lends mortifying em
phasis to delays and reverses.
High Authority Consults Wright.
The war and admiralty authorities had
several interviews with Orville Wright
before he passed on to Berlin. It is
stated the interviews were very cordial,
but meanwhile the admiralty is going in
for a new dirigible balloon. It will be
much larger than is the latest of th'
Zeppelin craft, and will also embrace
mechanical improvements ahead of those
of continental rivals. Indication of the
size of the new airship is seen in the fact
that the firm which usually supplies the
government balloons has had to engage
a special factory in which to make the
huge envelope. Experts believe the new
dirigible will pave the way for a rapid
advance in the science of aviation in this
country. The $.'100,000 voted by the house
of commons marks a seriousness on the
part of the government which has given
much satisfaction to those who arc
anxious that England shall n?t be left
behind in matters of aerial flight.
Jewish Hospital Project.
A scheme for the establishment of a
specifically Jewish ho.-pital in I>ondor.
was submitted to a mass meeting of Jews
in the East End a night or two ago, and
a resolution in support of the project was
enthusiastically carried. So far only
about has been collected, and the
project has failed to find favor in the
eyes of I>ord Rothschild and one or two
of the other financial magnates of the
community. There are. however, no few
er than 130.000 Jews In London, and their
ability to raise the necessary funds, it
they desire to do so, is beyond question.
The grounds put forward for the schema
are the overcrowding of existing institu
tions and the inability of many Jews to
speak the English language. A possibh
site for an Institution of the kind has
been selected at Stepney Green, ar.d it
was suggested that as it comprised an
area of some 22.<>00 square feet 22,00o
helpers might purchase a square foot at
a cost of $2.50 each. This, however, would
still leave an adequate building and en
dowment fund to be provided.
Alleged Business Encroachment.
There has been of late a good deal of
controversy concerning the increasing
tendency on the part of some of the larger
shipowning firms to encroach upon the
business of the shipping and forwarding
agents. The increase in the number and
size of liners has been so markeo, and
has outstripped the supply of cargo so
generally, that owners, under stress of
competition, are now beginning to open
forwarding and agency departments in
connection with their own offices, to act
as feeders for their ships. As a matter
of fact, one well known firm has taken
the drastic step of offering to do all the
agency work for nothing in respect of
shipments they can secure for their
Naturally the forwarding agents are
complaining about what they consider un
fair trading on the part of shipowners,
but it is not easy to imagine a solution
of the difficulty that will be satisfactory
to all parties The same tendency is I
understand, also making itself felt in the
I'nited Slates, and it is believed that the
developments will In a measure tend
toward the elimination of the export
brokers. Steamship companies are now
so thoroughly organized that the majori
ty of them are in a position to take eare
of all shipments from originating point
to destination, and at far smaller cost
than has hitherto been the case \ very
large business is still, however, done by
the middleman In shipping matters and
he is so useful to the merchant and to
the manufacturers, more especially in the
provincial centers, by relieving them of
all anxiety in clearing at customs, effect
ing insurance and engaging freight, that
he will not be got rid of until after a
hard struggle.
Prince's Visit to South Africa.
A good deal of interest is being taken
in the visit of the Prince of Wales to
South Africa in the spring to open the
new parliament of Federated South Afri
ca It is believed that Lord Selborne will
be the first Governor-General of South
Africa. His term of office expires before
the date actually fixed for the proclama
tion of the union, but Lord Selborne has
had so much to do with the establishment
of the union, and, moreover, has done so
well as high commissioner, that it is
natural that he should be asked to be
first official of the new South African
state. His tenure of office will be com
paratively short, and he will do little
more than see the new dominion started
on its career.
The chief anxiety of the new govern
ment wi'l he native troubles. South Afri
ca, Indeed, is reproducing: all the race
difficulties so familiar to southerners in
the I'nited States. Boers and Britishers
alike are determined to hoid the negroes
under socially and politically.
Miss Mansfield's Journey.
Miss Charlotte Mansfield, the novelist
and poet, who has Just completed her
journey from the Cape to Cairo, has re
turned to London. She made the Jour
ney unattended, except by native serv
ants, and for many weeks she saw no
civilized person. She went as far as she
cou'd by rail, and accomplished the rest
of the journey on foot, or in a hammock
carried by natives. She passed through
districts whore a white person had never
tv-en seen before, and her presence occa
sioned a good <i"al of alarm among the
natives. She wa<- known as the "white
donna," and frequently villages were
warned of her approach. She covered al
together nearly lT.OtX) miles, and U18 da>s
were occupied in the journey.
The Women of All Nations' exhibition
at Olympia during the whole of tie
month is the first attempt on a big scale
to prove that women have great workable
ideas The exhibition includes specimens
of work done, not only by ladies of cul
ture and position, simply as a hobby, but
by every class of workers and wa^e
earners. Male labor is entirely excluded.
It will surprise most people to know
that application* for patents by wom
en have been recorded every year for over
five years. Many of the ideas so patent
ed are demonstrated at Olympia. The
expertness of women in resetting and cut
ting gems is a noteworthy attraction
in one section, while near at hand a
female veterinary surgeon exhibits to
visitors her skill In dealing with the ail
ments of cats ar.d dogs. Women are se--n
at work, aJso, in no fewer than sixty
industries, including artificial fly tying,
china painting, glass staining, hand print
ing, illuminated lettering, modeling, mo
saic setting, pewter work, sculpture, tex
tile, painting, toymaking, and many other
pursuits associated with trade and com
merce. An international band, the first
of its kind, discourses music. Babies
have a section of Olympia all to them
selves. The National Society of Day
Nurseries has a creche in full working,
under the personal supervision of Muriel,
Viscountess Helmsley. it consists of a
matron's room, receiving room, dormi
tory, fitted bathroom, and a playground,
and in it the children of all nations are
Enlarging Privileges of M. P.
There are some unexpected privileges
nowadays attached to being a member ot
parliament. Mr. Charles Mariners has
e-nterid upon another three weeks' at
tempt 10 persuade London to patronize
and appreciate opera in English, but the
financial prospects In the present torrid
weather are not promising. This fact,
however, doe3 not frighten him. for. as
he says, he never expects great things
from the London season In the shape
of financial profit. This year, however,
lie has taken a new line in sending an
invitation to jaded members of parlia
ment to sample the music which provin
cial audiences have so long appreciated.
All M. I'.'s have been personally invited
to attend the theater free, and Mr. Man
ners' excuse for the invitation is that oniy
encouragement and honorary patronage
of tl ose In authority are wanted to four.d
national grand opera in England without
subsidies, taxes, or anything hut volun
tary contributions from the taxpayers. It
may be r.oted that Mr. Manners has for
the first time been allowed to produce a
favorite of opera lovers in "Carmen" ai
a West End theater. *
More Emigrants Than Usual.
There is a boom in emigration just now.
The Australian and Canadian states and
provinces which have recently adopted
the more enterprising modern methods of
recommending themselves to the com
paratively well-to-do classes of Britons
are more than satisfied with the results.
They have succeeded in capturing the
new settler with capital in gratifying
quantities. British Columbia has been
notably successful, and Mr. Jack Turner,
the agent general, says ihe increase over
last year of the men of substance mi
grating to the Pacific shore of Canada
was enormous. Men in the receipt of in
comes here of as much as $lo,o<iO a year
have left for the Pacific slope. The cli
mate, no doubt, has constituted a great
attraction, taken together with the nu
merous openings for capital, and men
with families naturally are influenced by
the excellent prospects of easily finding
profitable careers for their sons.
Canon Hensley Henson, the not< d
preacher of the Anglican Church, rector
of St. Margaret's, Westminster, since his
return from his trip to America, has
been saying nice things about Ambassa
dor Bryce. "I have been enormously im
pressed." said Canon Henson in an inter
view, "by his extraordinary p "polarity
n all sections of Ameri< an society- He
has done incalculable good by the manner
in which he has entered into everyday
life of the Americans."
Monument Dedication Postponed.
The committee in charge of tiie cere
monies incident to the dedication of u
monument erected in Druid Hill Park
Baltimore, by the state of Maryland in
honor of the soldiers and s.-tllors of that
slate in the civil war has informed the
ll'ar Department that owing to an acci
dent the ceremonies have been indefinitely
Mentioned as Chief of Staff.
Brig. (Jen. William Crozier, 'chief of
ordnance. IT. S. A., after spending several
days kt Camp Perry in observation of the
work done there, is now at Rock Island
arsenal on a tour of inspection. In army
circles just now there is some talk ot
the possibility of the detail of Gen Cro
zier as chief of staff to succeed Maj
Gen. Bell on the expiration of the detail
of that officer next tprins.
Strange Data Obtained by the Em
ployment of Sounding Balloons.
Neither Clouds Nor Storms.
l'roru the Literary Digest.
That the upper part of our atmog
' phere differs so much from the lower
| in composition and characteristics that
it may be practically regarded as a
separate layer floating on the lower,
much as a layer of oil floats on water,
is what we are told hy a writer in the
Revue Scientiflque. This fact has been
discovered only recently, and by means
of data obtained with "sounding bal
loons." The higher or floating layer of
our atmosphere is quite dry, almoit
perfectly still and is of almost 'he
same temperature throughout. It is tlie
still atmosphere, as opposed to the
tumultuous region of clouds and storms
just below it. Says the writer from
whose account we translate:
"When a balloon ascension, or the as
cent of a mountain, is made, it is per
ceived that the temperature falls as we
rise. Until recent years it was supposed
that this decrease, which takes place in
all countries and under the most different
conditions, continued up to the extreme
limits of the atmosphere. But data gath
ered by means of 'sounding balloons
have shown that this interpretation dojs
not correspond with the reality. In all
latitudes the decrease of temperature
ceases at a height of between seven and
one-half and nine and one-half miles.
At higher points the temperature of tne
air either remains stationary, or else, as
is often the case, it increases slightly
with the height.
Three Distinct Regions.
"It is shown by Mr. W. J. Humphrey
? ? ? that the part of the atmosphere
hitherto explored may be divided into
three more or less distinct regions.
"The first extends to a height of about
10,000 feet and is the lowest and densest.
Its winds are irregular, and the direction
is determined chiefly by the relative po
sitions of centers of high and low pres
sure. The temperature decreases quite
irregularly, and inversions often present
themselves. It is in this lajer partic
ularly that rain clouds or snow clouds
"In the second region, between 10,000
and 30,000 feet, the decrease of temper
ature becomes much more regular; it i
; is sensibly controlled by the laws of adi
abatie expansion (about 4 degrees F. to i
100 .feet). |
"The centers of high and low pressures'
still exert, in this region, great influence I
on the direction of the winds; neverthe- j
j less, as we rise, this influence lessens; in i
j the end the movements of the atmosphere, i
according to the laws of the general cir
culation, prevail, while the velocity of the
currents grows greater and greater. In
this region neither condensation nor pre
cipitation takes place. The nimbus clouds
' are below it, in fact, and the cirrus float!
| in its upper part. This zone is sometimes
| the seat of* vertical convection currents:
j whose extent and intensity are variable;
i but generally, as shown by the absence of
I clouds and the regular decrease of the
temperature, it Is most stable.
Layer of Inversion.
j "The third region is that above the:
130,000-foot limit. The temperature, in-?
stead of decreasing, rises with the height,
(and some authors call the region, on this
account, the 'layer of inversion." In this!
part of the atmosphere the air would ap
pear to be excessively dry and the veloc
ity of the wind much less than in the
subjacent layer; vertical convection cur
rents cannot exist because the tempera
ture increases with the altitude. It is now
proved that the height at which this
zone is found depends on the season, the
latitude and the barometric pressure. It
is greater in summer than in winter and
at the equator than In our part of the;
world. It is weaker above centers of low
pressure than above 'high.' The higher;
this Inversion layer the lower is its tem
perature, all other things being equal.
"To sum up. the earth may be regarded
as surrounded by two distinct and super- j
posed atmospheres that mingle only very;
slightly. The lower is that in which are
produced the disturbances that cause
weather changes; the temperature there,
falls rapidly as the altitude Increases; it
contains nearly two-thirds, perhaps even
three-quarters, of the total mass of oxy
gen and nitrogen, a still larger proportion
of the carbonic gas and almost all the
water vapor. The higher layer floats on
the lower somewhat as oil floats on
water; its temperature rises with thf al
titude, quite rapidly at first and then
much more slowly. Sometimes, even, the
temperature within it varies so little that
it may be considered as constant; whence!
the name of 'isothermal layer' given to it '
by its discoverer. Mr. Teisserenc de Bort." 1
Important Naval Promotions.
The retirement of Rear Admiral C. S.
Sperry has promoted Capt. D. V. Stuart
to rear admiral. Commander Frank M.
Host wick to be captain. Lieut. Command
er Carlo B. Brittain to be commander
and Lieut. Louis C. Richardson to be
lieutenant commander.
Rifle Range for Marine Corps.
Arrangements are being made for the
establishment of a rifle range for the
Marine Corps on Stump Neck, Md., a part
of the Indian Head proving ground reser
vation on the Potomac. The Navy De
partment has allotted the land for the
purpose and it Is being laid out under
the direction of Capt. William C. Harl
lee of the Marine Corps, who has beon
in charge of rifle practice In that corps
for some time.
20,000 Troops Would Be Required,
Says Gen. Murray.
Thf- rsefd of a larger force of the mobile
army was a situation which particularly
impressed lirig. Gen. Arthur Murray,
chief of the Coa.st Artillery of the army,
during his investigation of the coast de
fenses in the Philippines and in Hawaii,
from which he has just returned to
This was especially so, he sa:d, at Ha
waii. where there is a line of eighty miles
to he defended, of which distance about
twenty miles comprises many places
where an enemy might easily land. It
is (len. Murray's estimate that there
should he no less than mobile
troops to control the situation, which is
otherwise fully protected, or will be
when the coast defenses now under con
struction are completed.
Trying to Save Dog Tax.
It. A. Grady. 212fi Daly's court, has
asked the police .to re cover a tag that was
stolen from his flog. He thinks the tag.
No. 4<>7-l. was taken by the owner of an
other canine who wanted to save the
price of a tag.
' Special CotTPSivindi'ii^e of The i*tar
LEESBURG. Va? September 1. 1!*>0.
The Leesburg German Club grave m
small but very delightful dan e at t'.ie
town hal! Wednesday evening- last. Mr.
and Mrs. R. C. L. Moncure of Falls
Church. Va., led the cotillon, which was
danced by the following Miss Klizabeth
Howard of Washington. Miss CoVistance
Bentley. Baltimore; Miss Courtenav Per
ry. Richmond: M'ss Hallie Iddings, Sandy
Springs. Md.; Mr. and Mrs. Harry Town
lev Giddincs. Baltimore; Mr. and Mrs.
Beville. Dr. and Mrs. J.>hn A. Gibson,
Mr. and Mrs. Anthony Pibrtll. Misses
Metcalf of Washington. Mary Ferguson,
Kathleen Ferguson. Flossie Giddings.
Mary Conrad. Ruth Pihrell, Kloren e Van
Devanter. Myra English. Catherine Heav
er. Patient e Van Devanter, and Messrs.
Shriver of Baltimore, Jack Carpenter.
Washington: Clarke Hok<', Ham lton:
Philip Meek. Paeonian Springs; John
Ward Shuster. Washington; Forrest
Hughes, Texas. Samuel Howard, Wash
ington; Prof. George Ferguson, Williams
burg. Va.; Kdgar Littleton, Fairfax Va.;
J. R. Wilson, Cleveland, Ohio; Hubert
Plaster, Howard Edwards. Frank Saund
ers. Berkley Ward. jr . Harry J. Tiffany
and others. Others present were Mrs.
Berkley Ward, Pa> onian Spring?: Mrs.
Bedell Parker. Wheatland: Mr. and Mrs.
I^erov Chamberlain. Washington: Mrs.
Herbert Claiborne L!ghtf<>ot. Washington;
Mrs. Robert Emmet Funsten, St. Louis,
Mo.; Mrs. C. Shirley Carter, jr.; Mrs W.
IG. Giddings, Washington.
Mr. and Mrs. Robert Bentley Wildman
entertained Tuesday evening at their sub
urban home, VVindover, in honor of Mr.
and Mrs. Harry Townley Giddings of Bal
timore. Among those asked to meet them
were Mrs. William Giddings and Mr. and
i Mrs. Charles T. Clagett of Washington.
. *
Mrs. Cooper and Miss Cooper of Bed
ford, Pa., ar? the guests of the former's
sisters, the Misses Lewis of this town.
Miss Moselle Worsley of Columbus. Ga.,
is visiting at the home of the Misses
Davis in the suburbs of town.
Miss Margaret FVshhurne has returned
from an extended stay at York. Pa.; Vir
ginia Beach and Charlottesville, Va.
Mrs. Spencer P. Ba^s of Tarboro, N.
C., Is the guest of her parents. Mr. and
Mrs. Yvon Pike, at their suburban home,
Elvon. Mrs. Bass was formerly Miss
Ethel Denver Pike.
MIhs Helen Wise has returned from a
fortnight's stay in Washington.
Mrs. William B. Williamson of Wash
ington, who has been spending the sum
mer in Paeonian Springs, is at the home
of Mrs. J. B. McCabe for two weeks.
Miss Ada Janney of Baltimore. Md ,
was the guest of the Misses Janney In
Cornwall street during the past week.
Mrs. Robert Emmet Funsten, jr., and
two children are the guests of Mrs. Fun
sten's parents, Mr. and Mrs. T. H. Van
Miss Hallie Iddings of Sandy Spring.
Md., is the guest of the Misses Ferguson
of this town.
Mrs. Stuart Woodward and children,
who have been occupying the Lough
borough residence in Wirt street for the
summer months, returned Wednesday to
their home in Richmond, Va.
Messrs. William H. Edward and Harry
Rust of Pittsburg. Pa., spent the week
end with their mother, Mrs. A. T. M.
Rust, in Church street.
Miss Helen Chi swell of Washington is
the guest of Miss Elizabeth Ball.
Forrest L. Hughes of the University of
?Virginia is visiting relatives In Leesburg.
Miss Elizabeth Worsley has returned
from a fortnight's stay at Orkney Springs
W. Va.
Mrs. J. Earle Clarke of Washington is
the guest of Mrs. William Preston Gibson.
Miss Julia Colt of Washington Is the
guest of Miss Patience Van Devanter, at
Paeonian Springs, Va.
Miss Constance Bentley of Baltimore Is
the guest of her aunt, Mrs. C. Shirley
Carter, at Belle Grove farm, near Lees
Mr. Shriver of Baltimore was the guest
of friends in Leesburg during the past
Miss Catherine Beaver has returned
from a trip to relatives in Baltimore, Md.
Miss Wise of Washington was a guest
at the home of Capt. and Mrs. William
E. Garrett during the past week.
Mr. Walter H. Shipman of Washington
is visiting his parents in this town.
Misses Irma MafTett of Areola, Va.. and
Sellna Hutchinson of Herndon, Va., have
horn visiting Mis^- 1"*1 virjf* of this
I town.
i Mr and Mrs Charles I' IV'Try of
| Washington have l--or. visiting r? !atlv? s
! in Leesburg during ?!?>* past week
? ?
Mr and Mrs F. S Witrd of Purcell
< ville are visiting relatives .1 Maryland
I Miss P-'ndersin of W.--h1rgton has br< 1
visiting Miss KlolS" liirst of Pur? ellvll'?
Miss R G Rush of Wilmington. N C .
spoilt the week ?? t:? 1 at the I.eesburg Inn
Mr anil Mrs W:?do i?:;i>iirn >f Was!
ington have be?m rlsitinu tYU-nds In Pu:
Mrs Kate Shaw. Mrs ! J ? w ?r M1> =
Mary Howser and M r l.amar. !
Washington, -pom tin- week ? :i i at tin
Leesburg Inn.
Mrs. C. G Hathawa\ has as per uues*
M'ss Cornelia Cowherd of Grafton. \\
Rev. Charle> T llerndon. TV I> . M; -
. Henndon and son '1 ha.Ideus of S !en
Vrt.. are guests of relatives- in Muldle
bur g.
Messrs. 1a P Howry. William H Saun
ders, T R. Redmond and K. G Atles of
Washington spent the week end a: t . ??
j Leesburg Inn.
Miss Alice Harrison has returned from
an extended stay at Greenbrier White
Sulphur Springs.
Mrs. Matthew Tighe <>f Washington 1<
spending some timo at th>.* ! ome of A
C. Van Devanter at Paecnian Spring-.
| tins county.
After a visit to her mother. Mrs T. P
Milton of Hamilton. Miss Pydla Milton
has returned to Washington.
Mr. Julian Grubh of Washington wns
the guest of relatives In Purcellville dur
ing the past week
Mrs. William Carlos I/ewls and Mt^.
.George F. Ruell of Wilmington X.
j are the guests of their mother, Mrs. John
1 H. Alexander.
Mrs. Herbert Claiborne I^lghtfoot of
Washington Is spending several ?fks at
the home of Mrs. Charles A. English.
Mrs. Edward G. Marlow is v siting her
daughter. Mrs. Edward Franklin Conck
lin of Washington.
Mrs. Mattle Pearson of Washington is
spending some time at the home of Mr.
and Mrs. John Virts. near Leeshurg.
Mr. and Mrs. Harry Townley Giddinga
of Raltimoro are the guests of the for
mer's parents, Mr. and Mrs. C. G. Gid
dings, near Leesburg.
Miss Cora M. Lutz has returned from
| a visit to friends in Scarsrfale. X Y.
Popular Weather Si^ns.
From the London Globe.
Men of science tell us In some cap* s
what are characterized old women's
stories are practically correct: for in
stance, counting numbers from the
lightning flash to the sound of thunder
locates in miles the seat of the dis
turbance. The approach of rain is
signaled, so say the observant country
folk, in many ways: The swifts and the
swallows skim slose to the ground: the
cat washes his face and she chaffinch
has a sad and plaintive note; the farm
yard goose runs about and shows general
restlessness; the peacock utt<rs frequent
cries; the woodpecker moans or sigh??:
the parrot chatters; the guinea fowl
perches; the frog remains silent; the to::d
walks about; flowers have a strong r
odor, and many among them closo up.
There are also other signs none the
less sure for prognosticating fine weather:
The birds twitter: the redthroat sln^s
on the top of the highest trees; the swal
low flies Into the clouds: the lark rises
from the ground and mounts into the air
singing; the cricket makes his cry heard;
the tree frog climbs the trees and the
flowers open. Finally, there are a few
varied observations which will complete
these signs. An everlasting flower hung
on a wall opens in tine weather and closes
when It will be rain. When the spider
leaves off working at its webb it is a
sign of rain. If it continues or recom
mences its weaving during the night it
is a sign that the good weather will re
turn. When rain begins to fall, if the
hens do not hide themselves, but continue
to look for their food, it means that the
rain w-111 not cease all day. If they take
refuge at the first drop of rain it is a
sign that it will not last. When only one
t magpie leaves its nest it is a sign of rain.
If the father and mother nuit it together
it is a sign of good weather.
Was a Fair Question.
From the Philadelphia Inquirer.
Traveler?I've been all over the world
and I've met only two really beautiful
Totty?And pray, who was the other
The "Empire Furniture Factories"
noiriMHTABC ?? /)
"Factory to User Direct" Plan
of Selling Furniture
? Years at It and 12d thousand Satisfied Cnstonera.
Haw About That ?
Your Last Opportunity
Until After Sept. 20 to Place an Order for
Empire Gold Bed Outfit
Consisting J}
of ? 1
i Kmpire Gold Bed jBetter than Brass and guaranteed
i aii steel sprii, /Made of Best Swedish Steel frame
1 Cou.bIn.tfn Mattress { Made of D|x|e Fibrfi ^ ^
not to tarnish,
and doubly supported,
white and gray cotton.
Manufacturer's Wholesale Price
CQ Cents
Simply send us your
name and address (no
payment necessary)
and bed outfit will be
sent to you free Id
yoar heme for IS
If not perfectly sat
isfactory return te us
a: our expense.
Mall Orders Filled and
Freight Charges Allowed
Anywhere Within 500
Remember we assume every re
spoaslblllty to satisfy you at our ex
pense before the sale Is made.
A high-grade, massive continuous
post Oold Bed. Looks exactly like
brass and guaranteed not to tarnish;
a pencil-weave steel woven wire
spring and a fine comfortable com
bination mattress. An outfit for
a king.
^7^pNOTE ? Customers residing
within the city of Washing
ton will he favored with delivery
of the bed direct to door by local
truckman. A big advantage.
Pay ?1 every 2
ireekit. ft mare
convenient, ar $2
uer month.
Beds guaranteed not to
tarnish or lose their
luster within a pe
riod of 5 years.
Send for our Big Illustrated
Empire Furniture Mnfg. Co.
56 & 58 West 22nd St., New York, N. Y.

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