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to the south and east. Its general char
acter is not very different from that at other places. "We stayed around the pole for two days making many observations. I do not claim to have put my Anger on the exact spot; I do not claim to have put my foot on It. But personally I think we have been at the spot. "When the observations have been fig ured out again it is possible that there will be found slight errors and differ ences. But I am certain that a gunshot flred from where we were would have passed over the pole. "We planted the Stars and Stripes at what we believed to be the pole, but did not leave the flag with a staff. Instead I placed a small slik flag in a cylinder with my card and the record of the Jour ney, with the date. "?The drift ice may carry the flag away, but to me that is a matter of indiffer ence. . "I should have been very glad to have found land there. "I am quite prepared to place my oo serrations before any geographical so ciety in the world. 1 think th?re..,s.,no doubt about my obtaining authoritative recognition. . "I have already received telegrams from the geographical societies of Sweden. Norway. Denmark. Belgium and other countries, which congratulate me. Amund sen. Nordenskjold. Cagni and I>ecointe have acknowledged my work. "I offer my observations to science tne same as other men have done. I accept the responsibility. "As to the temperature at the pole, it was minus :W. I took about 400 photo graphs, one of which shows the American flag flying. These as yet have not been developed." Cook Explains Fast Time. Questioned regarding his great speed Dr. Cook said: "T^e daily distance covered on the northward trip was slightly less than ttf teen miles; on the southward trip it wu ten miles. ? This is not an abnormal distance for Eskimos on the Ice. They often tra\el tifty or sixty miles with dogs. "One of the greatest advantages of our trip was that I did not take a famine route. We had game for a long time, perhaps for a hundred miles. ??\Ve fed our dogs well throughout tne winter in Greenland and ran them 400 iniles. Riving them fresh meat every day. Thus we brought them to the polar sea f?t and well. We had the best men and the best dogs. "We livea entirely on dried meat ant? beef tallow, reducing the food problem to a science. "The last trace of animals we saw was a beat track at 811 degrees. Afterward we did not even see life in the water ex cept algae. "The drift of the Ice daring the entire southern trip was slightly south of east. The direction of the wind was generally south of west. _ ? . , ??We found several of Sverdrup s old ca m ps. "The reason we utilized silk tents on some occasions was that we were so ex hausted that we hadn't strength to bulla a snow shed. i , "We had carefully figured and planned everything, so there was no surplus weight to carry. We did not run short except when we went astray. "During the expedition we ate all kinds of meat. I like musk ox best, but we would eat bear or fox if the other was not obtainable. Everything tastes good when one is starving. "We brought ten dogs back with us, the others having been eaten by their companions. "We used the lasso, traps and bows and arrows to catch game. It took two months to learn how to trap a moose. "One of the men shot an eider duck with arrows." Dr. Cook concluded his observations with a reference to the kind way he had been treated by the king, who was greatlv interested in his adventures. He stated that he is going to New York as soon as possible. He will remain here for a few days and then will pro ceed to Brussels, where he Is a member of the Polar Club. , He assured his hearers that he did not want to go to the pole again, elthe* north or south. " ~ * Trip Discussed at Luncheon. At M'jnlster E*an> lunch Dr. Cook dis cussed tH? trip readily and answered all the questions put to him. Among his Interrogators were the Rus sian minister, who was an eager seeker for information, and the representative of the Associated Press. Dr. Cook is particularly desirous that the public refrain from accepting all alleged interviews by the various news paper correspondents here as authentic, and while it would not be fair to him to attempt to quote the recollections of his conversation as a verbatim interview, lie has no obiectlon to a recital of some of the main points he mentioned. Dr. Cook is of the opinion that the Vnited States may claim, for whatever It may be worth. Jurisdiction by right of discovery over the farthest north region of the world. He said he regretted to hear that some newspapers had Incor rectly reported him as claiming to have discovered 30,000 square miles of new land. What he had done was to settle the nature of a region of about that extent. He was only able to see tor an average of about fifteen miles on each side of his route. The most northerly land he saw was between eighty-four and eighty-six de grees. There were two bodies of land at this point east of his route. One was about 1.000 feet high. He could not say whether they were Islands or not. He w.is not equipped to make a detour to explore them. Only Way to Win. Dr. Cook said he was strongly of the opinion that no white man could reach the pole unless he was able to wear the same clothes, eat the same food and live In all ways Just as do the Eski mos. He said he owed his success largely to a choice of a route where game was more plentiful than on the routes former ly attempted, and to the fact that he traveled in winter. The lowest temperature experienced was eighty-three degrees below aero. Fahrenheit. The explorer said he did not feel the cold nearly so much then as in higher temperatures when the wind was blowing. For a long time the explorer lived on musk oxen; he wore the fur of these animals, ate their meat, and used their fat to burn in lamps. Cook Answers Skeptics; Explains Moot Questions Special Dispatch to The Star. COPENHAGEN. September 4.?Dr. Cook, asked to give an answer to skep tics, said: "The point must be settled by our nau tical observations, of which I have a good set. We had clear weather from the 85th parallel, and the observations I took from that point onward will, I think, set tle everything and convince everybody." He cheerfully spoke with the view to answer doubters. He said It was not a one-man das&. It (wais an eleven-man dash, then a five-man dash for sixty miles, and then a three-man dash, the most efficient for polar work. And he added: "We were working on an equipment and preliminary work of 300 men. wom en and children. "There seems to be an impression that I mas not properly outfitted. If I started again I would do practically the same thing again. . "Our motive force was men and dop. The men were accuatom^d to the iiie, not amateurs dragged lp for a year. ?These men s life is that of men who seek the pole. No one who does not know the true Eskimo can appreciate hit "Then again we did not wait until the middle of March', but set out in February practically In the night. Our first hun dred miles was through a game country. We haa abundant fresh meat to feed the dogs. Calculations for Success. "The men, when we reached ths polar sea, were thoroughly accustomed to the life and were well fad on fresh meat in stead of starting halt starved for the flnal dash, as many do. This was the greatest element in our success. "Then, for the last part. I was able to have a choice in picking the best men and the best dogn, until the flnal selection, which explains our rapid progress. Be sides, travelers north are accustomed to man-drawn sleds and heavy loads, and are not used to expert drivers and quick dogs. "We averaged a little less than fifteen miles a day. Quick? Yes. But for picked Eskimos not surprisingly quick. "The ice gave an open route. The loads were light." Asked if there was fresh water in the polar sea district, pr. Cook said the sur face ice was practically all fresh water, especially from the higher hummocks. They got fresh water without difficulty. When asked how his training had fitted him to work with picked Eskimos, such as his, he said: "I was always in the lead with the compass. We did not ride in the sledges. "We had a team of thirteen dogs when the sledges were lightened and the dogs were not all needed. The disabled dogs and the dogs that were not of much use made food for the other dogs." Hard Time Getting Back. To the question regarding the return trip. Dr. Cook said the coming back was much harder in every way. He added: "It took us only from February 10 to April 2t to reach the pole. We were a year coming back, including the delay in summer. Our average on our return was nothing like fifteen miles a day. "The ice was broken up by pressure and traveling was far more difficult. There were open leads. "All the trouble was multiplied by our not being able to return to our caches of stored food, and by our ammunition being exhausted and a battle with the animals of Jones sound to obtain meat and fat for our winter food followed. "At the pole I did not leave the usual examples of currency, but a tube?not a brass tube?containing a small silk flag and a brief report of our trip to the pole, the day and year It started and a record of the journey. "For working purposes I planted a flag on a central spot and called It the pole. 1 brought back that flag and left a little silk one in a metal cylinder. The Ice may carry it many miles. "The next explorer may say it was never at the pole. I do not care. We cannot make land and sea. t "At the pole the temperature was 38 de grees below zero Fahrenheit. "I took about 400 photographs, includ ing one of the Stars and Stripes at the pole. Speed Over Ice. "In going we covered on the average slightly less than fifteen miles a day, and returning slightly over ten miles. In Greenland dogs travel fifty and sixty miles a day. The Eskimos understand Ice and dogs. , "We did not take the famine route." Dr. Cook corrects the statement that he experienced a temperature of 83 de grees Celctus. It should have been 83 degrees Fahrenheit. "Rear Admiral Melville was never up there," Dr. Cook said. "We started where he left ofT." "Our weapons were bows and arrows,' slungshots, lances, lassoes, ice traps and guns. My favorite meat was musk ox. I dislike bear, seal, walrus and dog. I tried fox. which the Eskimos like very much. For three months I lived on eider ducks and gulls alone. "The musk ox has a hump back and low horns, so a lasso falls off. He charges everything that gets near him. So we hung a loop across his path and he put his head In. It took us two months to learn that trick." BRITISH ENVY OF OR, COOK HALT-PENNY PRESS POTTOS OUT GIBES AND SARCASM. Funny Stories uf Explorer's Exploit Told to Readers Who Want Union Jack at North Pole. .LONDON, September 4.?The storm of Incredulity and ridicule of Dr. Cook's story haa gone too far in this country. Scientific skepticism of the narrative, which has thus far been vouchsafed, has been justified, and Is usually expressed in proper and dignified terms. But the gibes and sarcasm freely poured out In certain quarters are merely an outburst of the anti-American feeling which prevails widely in these islands. A section of the half-penny press is the chief offender. There is no denying the sympathy of the half-penny public with Jokes and cartoons at Dr. Cook's ex pense. There is nothing that offends the aver age Britisher more than to see It proven that a whole story is a huge hoax. It is only a few weeks since all England was enjoykig the exploits of an expert bank thief who operated under the significant altas of D. S. Windell, which the rogue explained when caught were intended to signify "Damn Swindle." The editors of the cheap papers find in the names of Cook's Eskimo compan ions, Etukishook and Ahwelsh, similar evidence of humbug. In the first man's name they see simply euphemism for the slang expression, "he took his hook," while the other man's name surely means a welsher. The gumdrop feature is worked for all it Is worth in cartoons and sarcastic al lusions. Thus the Globe says: "Always take gumdrops If you want your Eskimos to stick to you." Star's Polar Scene. The Star conceives this scene when the pole was reached: "While his devoted henchmen sucked ecstatically at their glutinous sustenance the intrepid explorer amused himself by marking out four radii from the big nail and leaping with unconcealed satisfac tion from the new world Into the old and back again. "When this pastime palled on him the doctor, having divested himself of sev eral overcoats in deference to the genial temperature of 140 degrees below the freezing point, proceeded to run around the pole In the direction of the earth's rotation, picking his way neatly over the lines of longttude, which converge with somewhat bewildering confusion. "After some fifteen minutes of hard go ing the doctor sank with asigh of relief on a berg, reflecting that as he gained twenty-four hours for every circuit of the pole he must have added more than a year to his life. " 'If I could only keep it up.' he mused, 'Methuselah's record would soon be a back number. But I am not the man I was.' "By this time, however, several tenta tive efforts at dancing on the part of the horizon, as well as the intrusion of some half dozen mountain mirages in a hope lessly inverted condition, warned the ex plorer that the hour was getting late. "Etukishook took his hook and Ah welsh had already retired and was sleep ing with his feet to the pole, wedged comfortably between longitudes 15 and 20. " 'Dear stupid fellows," said the doctor, 'they have gone to sleep on the daytime side of the pole, and carefully choosing a set of meridians where It was about 11 p.m. on his pillow and 11 a.m. at his feet, he gave himself over to slumber." " Envy of Stars and Stripes. The explanation of all this Is that the Stars and Stripes and not the Union Jack are said to be flying at the farthest north. Among serious criticism too numerous to mention this may be noted: "Cook would know nothing of Shackle ton's discovery of an atmospheric whirl pole In the polar region, setting up a per petual hurricane which always blows out ward away from the pole, and which was really what stopped Sharkleton's advance. This Is probably the only physical condi tion that had not been suggested suffi ciently to be common knowledge. "There Is not the slightest reason to suppose that the north pole differs from the south pole as to its girdle of hurri cane. Yet this to him unknown factor is the only one to which Cook does not refer. The omission seems more than signl (leant." COOK GIVEN CREDIT. London Observer Does Not Be grudge Honor to Explorer. LONDON, September 5.?The Sunday Observer says: "Whether Dr. Cook reached the pole or not, none will begrudge him a hearty i welcome, and his name finally will be enrolled among the world's most cour ageous and most resolute explorers. "The Inevitable sequel of his Journey Is a properly equipped expedition to fol low in his footsteps and verify his work. If Dr. Cook successfully guides such an expedition, of which Peary might fitly be the head, to him will belong forever the honor of being the first of the human race to penetrate the silences of the pole." POLE OURS, SAYS SHERMAN. Vice President Says Value of Dis covery Is Purely Sentimental. UTICA. N. Y.. September 4?"How does the United States stand regarding the ownership of the north pole as dis covered by an American?" Vice President James S. Sherman was asked today. "Right on top of it," answered Mr. | Sherman, smilingly. "We own it, then?" "Certainly. The United States flag was planted there by its discoverer, Dr. ! Cook. . "There is no commercial value in the discovery to the United States," ho added. "The value is purely sentimental. It's an honor to have made the great discovery-." ? MELVILLE NOT SO DOUBTFUL Sees Explorer's Claims in More Coe vincing Light. PHILADELPHIA, September 4.?Rear Admiral George W. Melville, who han made several trips to the north polar re gion, when seen at his home tonight, was disinclined to add anything to his previous Interviews regarding Dr. Cook's claim to the discovery of the north pole. The admiral said he Is still unconvinced that the goal of the arctic explorers has been finally reached. He admits, however, that the interview obtained from Dr. Cook by the Associated Press in Copenhagen presents the explorer's claims in a more convincing light than did Cook's original story. Admiral Melville pointed out that in two important details of the distance traveled per day and the temperature experienced there is a wide discrepancy In the two ac counts. "The temperature of Si degrees below zero (Fahrenheit) la not Impossible," said the admiral, "although lower than any temperature experienced by any expedi tions with which I am familiar. "The statement that Dr. Cook covered as high as twelve miles a day Is also more probable than the previous account, which credited him with making an average of fifteen miles a day. "I am surprised to see," concluded the admiral, "such an absurd statement that Dr. Cook had buged a brass tube in a field of moving Ice as proof of the fact that he had discovered the north pole. He might as well have thrown It Into the At lantic ocean." MRS. COOK'S RETICENCE. Overcome by News, Says Friend, Not Cold to Husband. NEW YORK, September 4.?A message from Mrs. Frederick A. Cook today in formed her friend, Mrs. R. T. Davidson of BrooklFyn, that the explorer's wife Is still in Portland, Me. She did not say when she would come to New York, but Mrs. Davidson said that she expected her soon. Mrs. Cook's reluctance to talk about her husband's reported exploit was ex plained by Mrs. Davidson today. ' "I think." said Mrs. Davidson, "that Mrs. Cook Is merely overcome by the magnitude of the news that came as un expectedly to her as to the rest of the world. There is no reason why she would be unwilling to discuss her hus band and his achievements, and she Is well qualified to do so. "Reports of a coolness between Dr. Cook and his wife have no foundation." Mrs. Davidson said that there was a quantity of letters, telegrams and cable grams waiting for the explorer's wife at the Davidson home In Brooklyn. She was sure that no messages from Dr. Cook were among them. FREE TRIP TO NEW YORK. North Oerman Lloyd Invites Cook. Congratulations Pour In. BREMEN, September 4.?The North German Lloyd Steamship Company has telegraphed an Invitation to Dr. Cook to be the company's guest on his homeward trip to New York. It suggests that the steamer Kaiser Wilhelm II. saFillng September 14. would be a suitable vessel. Hamburg Geographers Want Him. HAMBURG, September 4.?The manag ing board of the Hamburg Geographical Society has telegraphed the congratula tions of the society to Dr. Cook, inviting him at the same time to be the guest of the society on his way from Copen hagen to New York. In case of acceptance the board will In vite distinguished geographers and scien tists from all parts of Germany to take part In the reception to the American ex plorer. Cook to Lecture in Brussels. BRUSSELS. September 4.?Commenting today on the achievement of Dr. Cook, M. Lecolnte, director of the Brussels ob servatory, said: _ t "America may well be proud of the success achieved by Dr. Cook- His ac complishment ranks him next to Colum bus, Hudson and Da Gama. "I am Indignant at the Idea that Dr. Cook's statement of his discovery Is ac cepted as untrue -by some people. The pole surely has been discovered. "I know Dr. Cook personally. I vouch for his sincerity. He is truth Itself. Moreover, his observations can easily be controlled." The Geographical Society has Invited Dr. Cook to lecture in Brussels. He probably will be heard the same evening as Lieut. E. H. Shackleton, the English explorer, who recently led an expedition to the antarctic October 20. Rome Finds Tale Credible. ROME. September 4.?Prof. Mlllosvltcli, director of the astronomical observatory here, who already has expressed faith in Dr. Cook's success, said today that the velocity during the latter part of his jour ney to the pole would probably be ex? plained by the good state of the Ice. Orientalist Lauds Discoverer. PEKING, September 4.-The details re ceived so far In Peking of Dr. Cook's re ported discovery of the north pole are meager, but the achievement Is regarded by Chinese scholars and scientists in Pek ing as wonderful. They spoke today In high praise of Dr. Cook's courage and perseverance. M. Pelllot, French orientalist and cen tral Asian explorer, said that Dr. Cook had laid out a road to the pole and had given the arctic world to every explorer. Mail at Arctic Club. NEW YORK, SeDtember 4.?The mail of the Arctic and Explorers' Club today contained a number of congratulatory letters from members In various parts of the country. Confidence In the truth of Dr. Cook' statements was expressed by Langdon Gibson of Schenectady, an explorer, and a brother of C. D. Gibson,, the artist. He said: "1 have known Dr. Cook for a great many years and have put In a whole year in the arctic regions with him. and have never in all my experience observed any thing In him other than to make me feel absolutely sure as to Ills Integrity and earnestness of purpose." No Doubt, Says Shainwald. Ralph L. Shainwald, formerly treasurer of the Arctic Club of America, cabled to the club from Copenhagen today declar ing that the north pole had been reached without doubt. Mr. Shainwald" went from Paris to Copenhagen to represent the Arctic Club In welcoming Dr. Frederick A. Cook. The message from Mr. Shainwald fol lows: "Cook sends greetings to Arctic Club of America. Pole has been reached with out doubt. Wonderful demonstration here. SHAINWALD." The Arctic Club also received a message from Rear Admiral George W. Melville today reading as follows: "Do not give credence to reports that Cook discovered ?"'e;, I Copenhagen Gives Explorer Time of His Life. ENTERTAINED EACH MINUTE Royalty, Scientists and Press Over whelm Discoverer. INTO POET IS SHABBY GARB King's Tailors Make Him Over. Crowd Mobs Him?Reception Acknowledgement of Exploit. COPENHAGEN. September 4.-Dr. Frederick A. Cook stepped from the steamer Hans Egede in Copenhagen har bor on the arm of the Crown Prince of Denmark at 10 o'clock thif morning, un shorn and looking like a sailor before the mast. He sat down to dinner at 8 o'clock this evening In the city hall, the guest of a brilliant company of the capital's most distinguished men and women, arayed in evening drees provided by the king's tailor. The hours between these events were the busiest of his life. Polar exploration never afforded anything half so crowded with variety and excitement. They were hours of speechmaking, handshaking, bowing to clamoring crowds. Then, after addressing the people, who almost tore him to pieces in their eager ness to see the discoverer of the pole. Dr. Cook was the recipient of formal wel comes at the hotel where he is the gov ernment's guest. There he passed through the hands of tailors, outfitters and bar bers. Luncheon With Minister Egan. Later he lunched with Dr. Maurice F. Egan, the American minister, being plied incessantly for an hour with questions. He went through hundreds of tele grams, including congratulations from geographical societies of several nations, explorers and friends, offers of exploita tion ranging from books to 'music hall engagements, and then hurried to the palace and gave the king and other menf bers of the royal family a long account of his adventures. Returning to his hotel he received ? battalion of correspondents, who sub jected him for another hour to a merci less cross-examination, demanding ex planations of all the criticisms that have been leveled against his claim. These questions Dr. Cook answered with the best temper, frankly and fully. Whatever may be thought of Dr. Cook elsewhere he has Impressed all who talked with him here as a modest, frank and able man. Danish explorers?and Denmark Is the home of arctic pioneers?were the first to indorse Cook's claims to the discov ery of the pole and his methods of get ting to the goal. Their opinions were based primarily on personal knowledge of Dr. Cook's character and former achievements. Only after consulting them confiden tially and receiving the fullest pronounce ment of their belief In the genuineness of his feat did the Danish government give its official seal by today's reception to Dr. Cook's good faith. Banquet and Beception. The banquet this evening was held in the magnificent municipal building. Four hundred persons, many of them ladles, attended. Thousands congregated in the streets in a drenching rainstorm to catch sight of the explorer when he entered. There was a preliminary reception In the lofty and spacious entrance halt The spectacle, with so many men wear ing orders, must have impressed the ex plorer by contrast with his recent ex periences. The company marched upstairs to the air of the "Star Spangled Banner." After all had been seated the minister of commerce, Johan Hansen, escorted Dr. Cook to the chair of honor amid a dem onstration which caused him to color deeply. Minister Egan sat at Dr. Cook's right, with the mayor of Copenhagen and Miss Egan beyond. Mrs. Gamel, a wealthy Copenhagen lady, who has contributed ex tensively to arctic exploration and has been closely identified with it, was at the chairmen's left. The menu was an example of enterprise with a lithograph of the crown prince greeting Dr. Cook and a ntap of the Arc tic Circle, giving Dr. Cook's route and a facslmilie of his autograph, with the date, which was a reproduction of a sou venir he gave Miss Egan. The speeches teemed with compliments to Dr. Cook. The mayor of Copenhagen said that the name was once more enroll ed among the great explorers. Minister Egan briefly proposed a toast to the King of Denmark. The corpora tion president, in proposing a toast to the President of the United States, spoke of the pride that must be felt by the nation which could boast that it was her son who first planted the flag where no hu man being had ever before set foot. "His Noble Deed." The minister of commerce, in propos ing the health of Dr. Cook, paid a warm tribute to "his noble deed." He thanked him for spending a little time in Den mark. and said that the privations of the explorer' were appreciated most by the men of Denmark, there tonight, whose names are written wtth honor on the ice rockd of Denmark's northern colony. When the nation was flrst thrilled by the news of Cook's exploit, he said, he must confess there was some skepticism; but afterward It was confirmed, and he hoped that Dr. Cook would try for the south pole with the same success. When the minister raised his* glass to "our noble guest" there were nine hur rahs. Commodore Hovgaard spoke from the standpoint of an expert, explorer and commended Cook's methods. Dr. Cook Responds. Dr. Cook replied In a few words, mod estlv saying: "I thank you very much for the warm and eloquent words, but I am unable to expresB myself properly. It was a rather hard day for me, but I never en Joyed a day better. "The Danes have taken no active part in polar explorations, but they have been of much Importance as silent partners in almost all arctic expeditions in recent years. "The most Important factor in my ex pedition was the Eskimo and dog world. I cannot be too thankful to the Danes for the care of the Eskimo and now they also have Instituted a mission at Cape York. "Had I not met with the right Eskimos and th right dogs and the right provi sions, I could never have reached the pole, i owe much to the Danish nation for my success." King of Sweden Telegraphs. A telegram was read conveying the congratulations of the King of Sweden for "a brilliant deed, of which the Amer ican people may rightly be proud." Toasts to Mrs. Cook and to the Eskimos of the party were drunk. Two hundred students in uniform marched in when the company returned to the grand hall and gave Dr. Cook a rousing cheer. They insisted upon a speech and sang songs. A noteworthy feature of the banquet after Dr. Cook's acceptance in the morn ing. was that the applications for seats reached Into the thousands. Dr. Cook said, among other things, that Harry Whitney of New Haven had taken with him on a shooting expedition the two Eskimos who made the trip to the north pole with the explorer. Dr. Cook has already written 100,000 words on his book. He aucomplished much of this work while living for three mosahs in a hut on Jones sound. His paper became exhausted, but he had i a supply of pencils and wrote mostlv In miscropcopic characters between the lines of the books containing his diary. It will take much time to put this portion of his book In form for the printer. Expected Quiet Time. Dr. Cook Is surprised and overwhelmed | at his reception here. He expected to come Into Copenhagen quietly. Instead he wag almost mobbed by the sreat gather ing of newspaper correspondents, artists, bioscope operators, scientists, publishers | and agents. Some photographers even tried to Invade j trie American legation forcibly during the luncheon hour. Hundreds of telegrams from publishers, lecture managers and theatrical manaers are pouring in on | the explorer. Message From Wife. j Dr. Cook was greatly pleased to find awaiting him here a message from his wife. The explorer has telegraphed an an nouncement of his expedition to President Taft. He expects to reach New York in about one mouth, lie will stop on his way at Brussels to visit the headquarters of the organization for polar research and to call upon the men with whom he made his trip Into the antarctic regions. Dr. f'ook is receiving numberless Invi tations 10 <li? ? with people all over Eu rope. Among 11*?? Invitations was one to dme .w.th King Kiederick at ttie Charlot tenlaud Palao Sunday evening. Minister Egan also wll. br a gu<> of the king on tin's occasion. Cook to Publish Book; Has Taken 400 Photographs COPENHAGEN, September 4.?Dr. Cook is going to New York as soon as possible. He is going to Brussels to visit the international polar bureau and to see friends. His observations and pic tures will be published In a book. Dr. Cook is fo?ty-four years old. He is rather short, but sturdy. His eyes are blue, with an introspective expression. His demeanor is quiet and shy, but straightforward and convincing. Conversation with him alone and in company of others gives the impression that he is stating simple truths. So much so that he makes statements of facts that, when thought over, are deep ly stirring, but which sound at the mo ment almost ordinary everyday things. Coojk Only Unpaid Guest. At the banquet In Dr. Cook's honor tonight 000 representatives of the highest and best in official and civil life in Copenhagen were present. Many ladies were In attendance. Every one, save Dr. Cook, paid |5 for a ticket. At least seventy-five Americans at tended. No member of the royal family was present. Dr. Cook sat between Minister Egan ?nd M. Oldenburg, president of the cor poration. Mr. Egan proposed the health of the King of Denmark in a few words and M.*Qldenburg toasted President Taft. "He said that the event would strengthen both the United States and Denmark. Minister of Commerce Hansen, in pro posing the health of Dr. Cook, spoke un reservedly of the discovery of the pole. This was the nete of all the speakers. There was no hypothesis. The dlscov-1 ery was absolutely accepted. Before Dr. Cook replied, the president read a letter from the Swedish minister, who said he had Just received a telegram from the King of Sweden, sending con gratulations to Dr. Cook. This aroused enthusiasm, which quieted down as Dr. Cook rose. Then there was an outburst of cheers , which lasted three or four minutes. Peo ple stood on their chairs and waved their handkerchiefs. It seemed that the en thusiasm could not touch a higher pitch, but It did when the band struck up, "The Star Spangled Banner." Dr. Cook's Speech. Dr. Cook spoke In a matter-of-fact way, but he was evidently much moved. He said: "Ladies and gentlemen, I appreciate very keenly the warm welcome and the Undly and ?loquent sentfments of which I have been the recipient tonight. I find myself utterly unable to think of words in which to express myself. It has been rather a hard day for me, but I never en Joyed a day better. "The Danes have been silent partners in practically all expeditions to the north pole, but today you have not been silent. The most important factor in discovering the pole is the Eskimo and his dog. It is a system of travel with which the Danes have been familiar for 'M0 years. Much that we knew has been borrowed from the Danes. "The Eskimos in this case are those of the extreme north, the little men of Cape York, for whose uplift the kindly hand of the Danish state is doing so much, for which the whole world can not be too grateful. "I can only say that If I had not found Just the right men. just the right dogs, and Just the right food in Greenland, I should never have reached the pole. "Greenland is near America. We are therefore neighbors, and I owe much to the Danish state for my success." Xrs. Oook Telegraphed To. The meeting voted to send a telegram j to Dr. Cook's wife and children. In all the cheering, Americans recognised the | familiar ring of the college yell In the Danish cheer, nine staccato "rahs." The talk at all the tables was Dr. J Cook's unmistakable sincerity. Whoever remains a skeptic in Denmark, Copen , hagen has been completely converted by the explorer. Every one who has seen or heard him believes him. He is hailed as the un | doubted discoverer of the pole, to which, i said he this afternoon: "I shall not re turn. Now I shall go to the south pole." As Dr. Cook smiles or speaks a gap is disclosed where several of his front teeth have disappeared. They have gone in chewing walrus leuther. After his presentation this afternoon to the king, who was deeply Interested, the Sueen entered the chamber to talk with >r. Cook. This seems to have struck the people here as almost the most striking tribute to his achievement Dr. Cook has yet received. When the audience was over Mr. Egan took the explorer in his automobile to the residence of the crown prince, whose wife. Princess Marie, was so Interested that she Insisted upon this extra item in I the program. She plied him with ques tions, which, Mr. Egan says, he thought would never end. Cook Put on Back. The interview had to be cut short. Dr. Cook was already overdue at the Phoenix Hotel, where he was scheduled to give an interview to Journalists from'all over Europe and America. They were waiting for him in a body. They followed him into a large room, where they placed him In an armchair at the end of a table. The room was filled in a twinkling, what space the reporters left being filled with the general public, men and women, who crowded the room to the doors. The meeting rapidly resolved Itself into a court of inquiry, in which Dr. Cook played the part of a prisoner in the dock. As the first spokesman said: "The world Is now divided into Cookites and anti-Cookltes. We want you to give us proofs to Justify our faith." Dr. Cook accepted his position with the utmost good humor. Speaking to the newspaper men, as to a Jura he said: "I love the polar regions. I am not working for money. Why should I sit down and invent a false account of my discovery?" SVE&DRUF IS CONVINCED. Eskimos and Dogs Best Sort of Equipment, He Says. COPENHAGEN. September 4.?The fa mous explorer Sverdrup arrived here to night from Christianla to greet Dr. Cook. He said to a correspondent: "I have no doubt whatever that Dr. Cook reached the pole. He could not have had a better expedition than Eski mos and Eskimo dogs." BREWER SCOURGES CRITICS. Tale Professors Say Chicago Com mentators Are Ignorant. NEW HAVEN, Conn., September 4.? Referring to statements by Chicago professors and others that Dr. Cook had not discovered the north pole. Pr-jf. Willisa# H. Brewer ot Yale said today, that they did not know what they were talking about and that the only foundation they had for the statement* they made was from what they had read from hooks. Prof. Brewer explained th? trip in detail by a map of the Arctic ocean and showed that the dash in the length of time stated Mas possible and prob ably actually took l>lace. especially after the carcfully made plans of Dr. Cook. Referring to the Chicago professors, he said: "What do they know about It?" tapping a map which Dr. Cook himself drew. "Dr. Atwood. out in Chicago, says he knows Dr. ?ook as well as any one does. Nothing of the kind. He does not. "None of those who criticise the inter views knows anything about conditions in the polar regions except what they have read. "They say Dr. Cook must prove to them that he has been to the pole. How inn he prove it? "I have known Dr. Cook for many years very well; went on a trip with him in '93. and have never even suspected him of an untruth. He has given nil he has to science and should have the credit of what he has done. "Very few people knew that he con sidered a dash to the pole. Mr. Brad ley knew, but kept it quiet. "He was supplied with plenty of pro visions. That is why Mr. Bradley did not contribute Jo the relief expedition. "A few of us were told before his de parture that if conditions were fro.i.l he would make the try.. He told us that his idea was to go in the mlddla of winter and go from a point west of that generally used by Peary, througli Greenland and east of the one used l>y Nansen's ill-fated expedition. "Dr. Cook did not leave New York with a bras? band, for he knew there was a possibility of failure. He left presumably for a hunting trip. "Now that he has succeeded he should have every honor and America should be proud of him." AMERICA PROUD, SAYS TAPT. Official Cognizance of Discovery of North Pole Taken. BEVERLY, Mass.. September 4 ?Presi dent Taft today made his flrst official comment upon the reported discovery of the north pole by Dr. Frederick A. Cook. In answering a cablegram sent to him by Dr. Cook, reporting that he had reached the coveted point, Mr. Taft ca bled back his warmest congratulations, declaring that the pride of all Americans had been stirred by the news and the re port that the world-baffling feat had been accomplished by an American citizen. President Taft has taken the keenest Interest in the news regarding the dis covery ever since the brief bulletin was received Wednesday afternoon. Always a great newspaper reader, he lia* taken a deep Interest^ in the controversy which Dr. Cook's feat has aroused among the Arctic experts. Minister Egan's cablegram of last Thursday to the State Department an nouncing that Dr. Cook's accomplishment had been confirmed by the Danish com missioner for Greenland, was repeated to the President. He withheld any comment until receiving today the personal tele gram which Dr. Cook evidently filed as soon as he reached the Danish capital. N0THIN6 TO STOP CANADA ENGLAND WOULD NOT BAR WAT TO INDEPENDENCE. So Lord Charles Beresford Believes in Suggesting Colonial Navy Dependent on Dominion. Special Dispatch to The Star. OTTAWA, Ont., September 4.?Admiral Lord Charles Beresford seems to think that If Canada takes a notion to break loose from Great Britain no one will stop her. At Toronto he has just said: "If they (the Canadians) did break away who is going to stop them? You don't suppose the old country is ever go ing to do It? We had a good lesson from the American colonies years ago. "If the dominions over the seas should declare themselves independent the old country would be very regretful. They have a perfect right to do so. But from my point of view I don't believe there is a shadow of a chance of their doing so." Lord Charles made these remarks when maintaining that whatever Canada does with respect to starting a navy it must be done under its own control and ad ministration. His feeling is that if the government in England Interfered in any way it would put the oversea dominions into a subordinate position, in which they ought not to be. GREAT SAVING IN WEIGHT. Proposed to Replace Large Turbines in Vessels With Small Ones. Special Dispatch to The Star. PITTSBURG, Pa., September 4.?At the shops of the Westlngljouse Machine Com pany here there was completed today development of a patent which, it is un destood, will revolutionize steam vessels, including battleships. The invention is one of Rear Admiral G. \V. Melville. U. S. N.; J. H. McAlpIne, formerly of the navy, and George Westinghouse, working co-Jointly. It is a reduction gear for jnarine turbines, and it is claimed that by its introduction there will be a weight saving in the making of ocean craft which would reduce the cost of making vessels like the Mauretania or the Lusitania $1,500,000 or J2.000.00U. It is also asserted that the invention, if applied to battleships, will enable the navy tb carry 14-inch guns instead of 12-inch because of the greatly reduced weight in construction of the vessel. The WestinghouBe Interests say they are not at liberty at present to give full information on the invention, because of some detail yet to be completed. It is claimed for the new reduction gear that comparatively small turbines can be placed in vessels that will do the work of the present large turbines, with a weight saving of many hundred tons to cach vessel. STEWARD SHOOTS EMPLOYER. Tragedy in a Hotel at Birmingham, Ala. BIRMINGHAM, Ala., September 4.?J. B. Kennedy, proprietor of the Jefferson Hotel, was shot and fatally injured late this afternoon by A. Lichtenfeld, stew ard of the hotel. Lichtenfeld came to the hotel in a quarrelsome mood, and in a fight following Kennedy struck the steward several times. Lichtenfeld then drew a pistol and shot Kennedy twice, one ball going through the bowels. ? ? ?? BALLINGER TO SEE PRESIDENT. Expected to Visit Beverly Tomorrow With Reports Called For. BEVERLY, Mass., September 4.?The Secretary of the Interior, Mr. Ballinger, is expected in Beverly Monday, and doubt less will bring with him the reports called for by the President from various officials of the Interior Department. Mr. Bal linger, after scanning these reports in Washington yesterday, announced that the department had nothing to fear from the course of any of its officials. Mr. Taft's slight attack of sciatica had so far disappeared today that he resumed his golf playing on the links of the Myo pia club. Bigger Navy Wanted in Japan. VICTORIA, B. C.. September 4.?Ac cording to advices brought by the steam er Cyclops, which reached port today from Yokohama, there is an agitation in Japan for a large increase of the navy. Mr. Yamaka, counselor for the navy de partment. stated that Japan must build quickly fifteen dreadnoughts. He said: "At present the naval power of a country is calculated on the basis of battleships of the dreadnought type It possesses, and if Japan were to imitate the policy of the Brtish navy half of her present warships would be with drawn from commission." Engineer Commissioner Would Discard the Horse. WANTS MOTOR ENGINES Says They Are More Efficient and Economical. 4k WATCH AUTO PATROL WAGON On First Horseless Wagon in Po lice Service Will Depend Future Action. On grounds of economy and increased efficiency the use of motor vehicles In every department of the District govern ment in connection with which outside work is necessary will soon become large and very general. This Is the view of Capt. K. M. Mark ham, acting Engineer Commissioner, ex pressed apropos of the test which he witnessed yesterday of the motor fire engine. He expressed himself as favor ing the adoption of that type of fire fighting apparatus on account of its greater efficiency and its lower cost of operation, as compared with the present horse-drawn fire engines and hose^ wagons. The actual experience of the District government in the use of motor vehicles in connection with outside work, he de clared, has convinced him that the days of the horse-drawn vehicle are numbered and that the number is not large. Take the case of the automobile re cently put in use for the field parties which lay out grades for highways and work Incidental thereto. 1'ntil a few months ago a wagon drawn by two horses was used, and the parties found it hard to keeu up with the actual work In laying out the grades for the new streets for which Congress made ap propriation each year, and work for private owners who were laying out streets in new subdivisions was always behind time. The automobile has been In use only a few months, and yet by its use the field parties have found It an easy matter to keep up with their work. Even allowing for !ir> per cent depreciation in the value of the motor vehicle each year, Capt. Markham declared, the cost of main tenance of the machine will be much lower than the amount paid for the care of the horses it has displaced. "If we throw the machine in the scrap heap in four years, it will have been economy to use it." he declared. Grabill's Success With Auto. An automobile, Capt. Markham also pointed out, was furnished for the use of L. R. Grablll, superintendent of county roads. Until a few months ago Mr. Grablll worked a team of trotters over time In an efTort to keep In touch with all the projects of Improvement on suburban highways, and he spent much time In going from one piece of work to another. By the use of the motor vehicle, Capt. Markham explained. Mr. Grabill is able to get from one point of improvement to another in a short time, has been able to reach parts of the Dis trict he seldom was able to get to w*th his horses, can keep In touch with all the various projects, and yet have a con siderable portion of time to spend In his office making new plans and doing other necessary office work. The same sav ing in expense of operation, Capt. Mark ham says, is to be noted in this connec tion as in the case of the machine for the surveying parties, and better -work is resulting because of the ability or Mr. Graybill to visit more frequently the scenes of work. - Capt. Markham regards the economy or operation as one of the principal reasons for the adoption of the motor fire en gines for the District. But their greater efficiency particularly appealed to him. On account of the great speed at whlcli one of the motor machines can travel to the scene of a fire. Its radius for effective work Is very large, and one engine coula cover a territory In which several horse drawn engines are now required. "How about the reliability of the motor lire engines?" he was asked. "I think they will prove as reliable as the horse-drawn steam engines." he de clared He pointed out that the motors of the automobile engines must neces sarily be very powerful, and on account of the special use are made to be reliable; therefore, he maintained, they will be constructed very strongly. This will re duce to a minimum. In his opinion, the chances of failure to operate. There is also the danger of a horse falling down. In the case of the present type of fire en gine used in Washington, which reduces their reliability. All things considered, he declared, the motor vehicle will be found to be as reliable as the present tvpe Improvements which are being made, it is also pointed out. will Increase the efficiency of the automobile type of fire-fighting apparatus in this regard. Motor Patrol Wagon. The introduction of a motor patrol wagon for use in the poltce department, it is further pointed out. Is a move along the line of more economy and more effi ciency In the operation of the District government. The cost of its mainte nance will be watched with interest by the municipal officials, and that will be compared with the present expense en tailed by the horse-drawn P*1?1 ^a^n As it will be the first vehicle of its kind to be put Into use in the local police de partment. more than usual interest is be ing taken in it. . ,m MaJ Sylvester has also expressed him self as favoring the adoption of motor cycles for a squad of bluecoats, to enable them to do more efficient work and c?v*T a much wider territory than is possible by bicycles propelled by human leg muscle. DUEL ACROSS TABLE. One Man Killed in Georgia in Novel Fight. POULAN, Ga-. September 4.-Seated across a narrow table from each other William Rouse and William Bailey fought a duel with pistols today that <*nde(l when Bailey received a bullet ln hi" heart. Rouse telephoned the sheriff to come for him. Bailey lived In the northern pait of Worth county. He had an old grudge with Roiu*. Today he went to Rouse s sat down opposite him, drew his pistol and began firing. Ro"s^r^lu?t"d turned the fire, one of the built ts kiu ing Bailey Instantly. Bubonic Plague at Guayaquil. GUAYAQUIL. Ecuador, September 4.? During August thirty-nine cases of bu bonic plague were officially reported here, eight of which were fatal. Sixteen cases of yellow fever were reported and eight deaths from that disease. Dr. B. J. Llovd director of the Guajaquil dis trict has resigned, and Dr. Cornejo a.i Ecuadoran, lias been appointed by the board of health to replace him. TUe plague has shown some increase lately. Florence Will Participate. FLORENCE, Italy. September 4.-Ths ?municipality of Florence has decided ... narticiDate in the Hudson-Fulton cel ebrations in New York, and will send there a replica of the banner of the Florentine commune of that time. Chinese Students Eager to Come. PEKING. September 4.?Nearly ?i00 Chinese students, ranging from fifteen to forty years of age. assembled in the offices of the board of education today to take part in the first competitive ex aminations for college courses in the Unit ed States. The cost of these courses is to be rr.et with a portion of the Boxer indemnity returned by the United States to China.