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THE EVENING STAR
WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION. Oflka, 11th St. ui FtuiylnaU A Tki Ertaiaf Star Niwipaptr Companj, Xarop^am Oflc?: S St., Losdon. E&flaad. N?v York 01m: Tribune Bail din*. Chicago Oflka: Fir?t Bational Bank Builiin*. The F-TPBin* Star, with the SuDday mornins eoltion. is delivered by carrier* within the city at ftO cents per month. Orders may be wnt by ?tall or telephone Main 2440. Oll?ctlon Is made by carrier at the end of each month. By mail, postage prepaid: l>ally. Sunday Included, one month. BO oentt. Pally. Sunday excepted, one month. 50 c?nta. Saturday Star. $1 year. Sunday Star. $1.50 year. No. 17,988. WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, Weather Rain or snow tonight, morrow, fair; colder. To DECEMBER 25, 1909-TWENTY-TWO PAGES. TWO CENTS. ZELAYA IN FLIGHT ON MEXICAN SHIP ? ?> ? . ? ) Sails From Corinto for Salina j Cruz on Board the Gun boat Guerrero. NO EFFORT TO STOP HIM BY THE UNITED STATES Sneaks Oat of Managua at Night, Guarded by Friends. IS ON HIS WAY TO ETJBOPEI Believed the Fugitive President Is Bound for Brussels to Join I His Family. SAN JUAN DEL SUR, Nica ragua. December 25.?Jose San tos Zelaya. who resigned the i presidency of Nicaragua, is now in full flight from Nicaragua, and 1 is today bound for Salina Cruz, Mex. Zelaya fled from Managua to Corinto, whence he departed at 2 o'clock yesterday afternoon for Salina Cruz on board the Mexi can gunboat General Guerrero. Zelaya's flight from Nicaragua com menced before daylight yesterday morn ing. Escorted by fully 100 of his stanchest supporters, a part of his bodyguard and a detachment of artillery armed with ma chine guns, the late president left his residence at Managua at 3 o'clock. % Entire Party Armed. The entire party was armed. Including Zelaya himself. They marched silently through the less frequented streets to the ?waterside and embarked on a small steamship. The party traveled by water to Momo tombo, on Lake Managua. There they were met by a special train, which left Managua about the same time as the steamer, and carried, besides a few of Zelaya friende, a press correspondent. Stop was made at Diamante, where Ze laya owns a plantation. Here the fleeing president breakfasted, and then proceeded to Corinto. The train was heavily guard ed, but there was no demonstration along the way. Gunboat in Waiting. The gunboat General Guerrero was waiting here with steam up, ready to get under way at a moment's notice. She has been taking on supplies for the last two days. Immediately on his arrival Zelaya sought the Mexican minister here, and made arrangements for his departure on the Guerrero. The United States cruisers Princeton and Yorktown, which have been at anchor here for several days, left shortly before Zelaya's arrival. The former is now at San Juan del Sur and . the latter at Amapbla, on the gulf of Fonseca. The U. S. S. Buffalo was lying In the harbor close to the General Guerrero, but no attempt was made to land any of the 7<*) marines. In Zelaya's party are James Hall, an American and partner of Zelaya in gold mining enterprises: Louis Coasin and his two sons, Horatio and Alfonso, and Joaquin Pasos. No Action by United States. No steps will be taken by the United States naval forces in Nicaraguan waters to prevent the departure from that coun try of Zelaya, the deposed president,' t either as a passenger on the Mexican gun boat Guerrero or by any other method he may find possible. At least, it was stated at tne Navy Department today that no orders have been sent to Rear "Admiral Kimball, commanding the fleet at Corinto, to interfere with Zelaya'* movements. It is generally understood here that Zelaya will be given safe transit to some other Mexican port, from which he will! be able to make his way to Brussels, I where, it is said, he has arranged to join , his fam.ly, ?lio will make the Journey by i another route. j It is admitted that the officials of this government hoped that Zelava would be arrested by the successful revolutionary party and tried and punished for his many crimes and misdemeanors, and that they will regret his escape unpunished At the same time it is conceded that there is grave doubt as to the legal right of this government to assume the direct respon sibility for his detention and punishment on foreign territory. Orders to Warships. Orders have been issued at the Navy Department for a small diversion of the fleet of American warships recently as sembled at Corinto, the pr.nclpal port on the Pacific coast of Nicaragua. As a con sequence the gunboat Princeton has gone to San Juan del Sur. near the southern boundary line, and the gunboat Yorktown to AmapaU, In the Gulf of Fonseca, near the northern boundary. It is said at the Navy Department that there ia no special significance in these movements beyond a general desire to be in close telegraphic communication with the ships and keep mtormed as to developments on the Pa cific coast of Nicaragua. There is a cable station at sjan Juan del Sur and good telegraphic connection with Ama paU. The Princeton and Yorktown are both e<m pped w th wireless telegraphic apparatus, and will be in wireless coramu n Willi Hear Admiral Kimball, com manding the naval forces in Nicaragua. He is on the transport Buffalo, at Corin to. with a strong force of marines under his immediate command. Other vessels at Cor.nto are the Albany and Vlcks burg. American interests are well pro tected along the Pacific coast. They are perfectly safe on the Atlantic coast, where Estrada and his forces are in absolute control except at Greytown. There is a small foroe of government troops In Greytown. utterly insufficient, liov. ever, to successfully resist tne ex pected assault on the city by Es naua's victorious army. Several Ameri can warships are In the harbor of Blue fields, the medical officers and marines at tached to which are rendering material aid to the large number of sick and wounded in that city. The transport Dixie, which took the first detachment of marines from Phila delphia to Nicaragua, returned to Phil adelphia this morning from Cristobal. Panama, with only her regular equip ment of officers and crew. It is said at the Navy Department that she will not take any more marines to Nicaragua "un less it Is found necessary." Brewer of Yale Sees Hand of Peary Conspiracy. BOOS AT EXPLORERS' CLUB j Sneers at Competency as Tribunal to j Judge of Exploits. POWERFUL INTERESTS' WORK ? I Says Financial and Sentimental Seasons Guide Navy, New York Newspaper, Friends and Other Advocates. Special Dispatch to The Star. XEW HAVEN, Conn., December 25.? Prof. William H. Brewer of Yale, for merly president of the Arctic Club, is in dignant at the action of the Explorers' Club in turning down Dr. Cook. He said today: "I'm a member of the club and know everybody In the club. And I know per- ? fectly well with whom that sort of thing; originated. There are powerful Interests at work against Dr. Cook. VI myself have climbed many a moun- ; tain, and I know what the judgment of a number of men at the green table in the committee room amounts to in attempt ing to decide whether a man actually climbed a mountain or not." The professor, returning to the subject of the many and strong interests which he believes are at work against Dr. Cook, said: "And do you believe there is anything left undone by interests friendly to Peary, for professional or other reasons, to prove Cook a liar, if such a thing is possible? "You know yourself wnat the navy sentiment is. Then there is a New York newspaper and various personal friends of Peary'8, the reasons for supporting nim being both financial and senti mental." SHIRT WAIST STRIKE TALK. Manufacturers and Employes Both Issue Statements. PHILADELPHIA. December 25.?State ments to the public were published -here today by both the manufacturers and the striking shirt waist makers. _ About sixty shops In this city are af rected by the strike. At a meeting late last night owners of forty-three estab lishments met and formed an organisa tion. In the statement issued on behaif of the manufacturers it is said the associa tion was not formed to antagonize- the strikers, "as we know they have been misinformed and misled." The statement continues: "We shall Insist upon an open shop. No member of the organisation will lie permitted to recognise the union. We shaU try to Induce our employes to re turn to work. We will prove to them that they can obtain much better condi tions without a union rather than by be ing affiliated with one." The strikers demand Increased pay, bet ter working conditions and closed shops. The strikers' statement is as follows: "We. the striking shirt waist makers, are only asking for what Is just and for recognition of organized trade and better wages. "We must pay for the power, machine straps, needles and shuttles. Worst of all, we must bring our own oil cane from home to oil our machines. "We ask the public this: Are we not justified in asking for an increase of wages?" SATOLLI IS DELIRIOUS., < Pope Pius Grieving Over the Cardi nal's Condition. ROME. December 25.?Cardinal Francis Satolli's condition grows constantly worse and at intervals today he became delirious. Pope Plus is greatly grle\*ed over the serious illness of Cardinal Sa toUl and frequently sends his private secretary to Inquire Into the condition of the carddnal. Mgr Dennis O'Connell, aux iliary bishop of San Francisco, and for mer rector of the Catholic University at Washington, made ' inquiry today for Cardinal Satolli. Cardinal Satolli Is suffering from ne phritis and complication of blood poison ing. EXPLOSION KILLS FIVE. Railway Repair Shop at Shaunee, Ok la., Wrecked. SHAUNEE, Okla., December 25.?Five workmen. It is believed, were killed and seventeen others were injured yesterday by the explosion of a locomotive boiler that wrecked the repair shop of the ChM cago, Rock Island and Pacific railroad. Though railway officials say that only two are dead, fragments of bodies found In the wreckage make it almost certain that five were killed. Employes say that twenty are missing. The known dsad are: ? Robert Kerr and John Johns. Five of the more seriously injured are in a hospital. The explosion occurred while most of the men were at luncheon. Company C of the Oklahoma Nations! Guard is on duty by order ot Gov. Haskell to preserve order.- The shop yards are strewn with fragments of human flesh. The body of Kerr was found three blocks away from the shop. Frag ments of the body of Johns were gath ered from roofs of adjoining buildings. Windows all over town were shattered. FAST TRAIN IN DITCH. Fifty Passengers on*Canadian Pa cific Railroad Injured. WINNIPEG, Man., December 25.?A spreading rail caused a Canadian Pacific passenger train of twelve coaches, four of them sleeping cars, to Jump into a ditch near Chapteau, east of Fort Wil liam. Ont.. yesterday. Of the seven hun dred passengers on the train, fifty were injured, but none will die. Theodore McGuire of Amsterdam, N. Y.. suffered injury to his back, and It is thought that many of the victims sustain ed Internal injuries. Most of the pas <engers were western Canadians, bound to spend the hblldays in Ontario towns. The train was running thirty miles an hour when the accident occurred. Four of the cars were over turned, cutting \ has abundantly delivered the goods. down telegraph poles and wires and in terrupting communication. There was no adequate accommodation for the injured within 100 miles, and many suffered great hadshlp until a relief train with Ph>3'" clans and nurses arrived in the afternoon. - HUSHING THE church BELL. ? t >. -i Pastor Would Substitute a Flashing Seiurohlight. NEW YORk. December 25?T o do away with the "old-time" bell ringing as a summons for churchgoers at night, which he thinks annoys the ill and in firm near the'church, a Brooklyn pastor has conceived the novel Idea of flashing a powerful searchlight from the belfry. The searchlight will be placed 200 feet from the ground, on the spire of the First Reformed Church In Brooklyn. It will throw Its rays at a fixed time before the services begin, and the flashing will con-j tlnue during the church hours to attract) the tardy and backsliders. The Rev. James Farrar, pastor of the church, announces that the light will be In place witto the beginning of the new year. fire in colleges. Buildings Burned at Minnesota and North Dakota Universities. FARGO, N. D.,. December 25.?Fire of unknown origin destroyed the chemical laboratory building of the State Agricul tural College last night. The loss on building and equipment Is $63,000. J. M. Worth, president of the college, narrowly escaped death while fighting the fire. He was on top of the ad ministration building when he slipped to the etlge of the roof. He was res cued from his precarious position by stu dents, who pulled him back with a rope. MINNEAPOLIS, Minn., December 25.? The medical building at the state uni versity was destroyed by fire last night, causing a loss of $7">.??00. The fire Is supposed to have been caused by defec tive electrical wiring. Georgia Feud Results Fatally. GAINESVILLE, Ga., December 25.?A family feud of long standing between the Clark and Crane families broke out afresh at a church social at Nimbelwell Church. Lumpkin county. Thursday night. In which Homer Clark was killed outright and his brotner Henry shot through the head and fataily wounded, according to reports brought here. Mark Crane, who Is alleged to have done the shooting, made his escape. Fire in Hospital for Insane. WATERBURY, Vt.," December 25.?De struction of the entire plant of the Ver mont State Hospital for the Insane here was narrowly averted yesterday when three wards were destroyed by fire at a loss of about 1100.000. The 100 patients In the three wards were all safely re moved to a wing remote from the fire. The fire started In the third ward from an unknown cause. The loss Is fully covered by Insurance. John Thaw Kirkland Dead. NELSON, B. C., December 25.?John Thaw Kirkland of Glasgow, fourth son of the late John Kirkland. chief justice of Scotland, died at Revelstoke Wednesday night, aged. twenty-four years. The body was sent to New York to his aunt, Mrs. William Thaw, mother of Harry K. Thaw. From New York the body will be sent to Scotland. John Thaw Kirkland left Scotland November 11 to travel for his health, and was on his way back from the coast when he succumbed to heart disease. Veteran Engineer Dead. CAMDEN, N. J.. December 25.?Daniel j. cassldy, one of the oldest engineers In point of service in New Jersey, is dead at his home here, aged seventy years. He entered the service of the Atlantic branch of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company as water boy. and served In various capacities until he became an engineer. He was in the employ of the company for fifty-four years, and was retired on a panslon seven years ago. ? CELEBRATING THE DAY ON CRUISER ETRURIA Quarterdeck of the Vessel Deco rated and a Vaudeville Per formance Given. A unique but most enjoyable celebra tion of Christmas occurred on board the Italian cruiser Etruria, now on a visit to this city. The merry Christmas spirit animated everybody on the warship, from the captain to the "powder mon key," an office analagous to the "prin ter's devil" in a newspaper office. At the morning inspection, Count Leonardo de Casollno, who commands the thip, made a brief speech to the assembled of ficers and crew and wished them "Buon Natale," the Italian equivalent to "Merry Chirstmas." I Vaudeville Performance. The quarter deck was elaborately dec-^j orated with evergreens and served as the general assembly hall. It was the scene during the day of an elaborate vaudeviile entertainment in which the diversified talent of the ship's company participated with good efTect. The program was an ambitious one and included well rendered selections from grand opera, Venetian serenades, monologues, humorous recita tions and short Italian plays. Stunts were given by the ship's mascots, Dora and Togo, who were specially trained for the occasion. Immense Christmas Tree. The most important feature of the dec orations was an immense Christmas tree, with gifts and remembrances fon everybody on board. An elaborate dinner was served during the afternoon, and if any of the 234 sailors did not have all he wanted in the way of eatables and drinkables it was his own fault. The officers of the Etruria will be the guests of Mayor des Planches, the Italian ambassador, at dinner at the embassy this evening. The EJtruria will leave here Monday for a cruise to South America. TRAVELERS ICEBOUND. Canadain Pacific Train Ferry Block ed in Betroit River. DETROIT, Mich, December 25.?Six coaches of Christmas travelers on the Canadian Pacific's Chicago-Toronto train are stalled in the Detroit river aboard the company's ferry Michigan, which has been fast In the ice since 9:80 this morn ing. Tugs are at work, aiming to cut the ferry clear. Some distance below the Michigan the Grand Trunk ferry Huron and a Pere Marquette ferry, both with freight trains aboard, are also held. Marine men de clare ice conditions to be worse to day than for years. EVERY LITTLE BIT HELPS. Ovfr Three Hundred Heirs to an Estate Valued at $1,400. CAMDEN. N. J., December 25.?Four generations are interested as heirs In an estate valued at *1,400, which will be distributed by Judge Joline in the or phans' court here next week. The judge was asked yesterday to make an order distributing the estate, but when he was told that It would have to be di vided into 322 parts he adjourned the matter for a week. Arthur Powell of Gloucester left the property involved. In his will he directed that his widow was to have a life Interest and ait her death It was to be divided among the heirs. Mrs. Powell died several months ago at the age of 101. MUCH SYMPATHY FELT. I ?????? Condolences on the Death of Mark v Twain's Daughter. REDDING, Conn., December 25.?Sam uel L?. Clemens (Mark Twain) has borne up splendidly in the bereavement which came to him yesterday in the death of Jean Clemens. He was fully composed today and gave directions for the re moval of his daughter's body td Elmlra, X. Y. The casket will be taken from Storrafteld this evening in time to be placed on the 7 o'clock train for New York. Several of the household servants will accompany it, together with a few of the moit intimate friend* of Mtcs Jean and of Mr. Clemens. Today a great many messages of sym pathy from friends In all parts of the country were received by Mr. Clemens. WOULD ANNEX KOREA. Japanese Statesman Cites American Action Toward Hawaii. VICTORIA, B. C., December 25.?Count Hayashi, former foreign minister of Japan, in an interview published in Jap anese Shlmbo, received in yesterday's mall, advocates the annexation of Korea by Japan, citing in defense of his stand the example of America's annexation of Hawaii. He recites the history in that regard in detail, and says that Japan's interest in Korea is greater than was that of the United States in Hawaii, and he urges the immediate annexation of Korea, a step in which he says "a third power has no right to interfere." NUCLEUS OUT OF PLUMB. Lowell Finds It Not in Center of Halley's Comet. BOSTON, December 23.? Dispatches re ceived here yesterday from Flagstaff. Ariz., stated that Prof. Perclval Lowell has successfully photographed Halley's comet. The picture shows an irregular forma tion, tout with a distinct nucleus, which is out of the center. Prof. Lowell has also obtained a strik ing photograph of Saturn, in which the bands are clearly defined and the rings shown. Weston Is Going to Walk Back. LOS ANGELES, December 25.?Edward Payson Weston, pedestrian, is planning to walk from Los Angeles to New York, starting January 2tf. He will follow the Santa Fe railroad to Chicago. Eastern arrangements for the walk are being made by Thomas H. Hub bard of New York. Weston hopes to es tablish a new record, for the transconti nental trip. Artist Remington 111. SOUTH NORWALK. Conn., December 25.?Frederick Remington, the artist, is seriously ill at his home In Ridgefleld with an attack of appendicitis. An oper ation was performed yesterday by a New York surgeon. It was said today that tne operation was entirely successful and a speedy recovery Is expected. Christmas Eve Shopping in Dark. PITTSBURG, December 25.?With the stores crowded with Christmas shoppers the electric lights in Etna, a suburb, were extinguished last night, the result of a Are which destroyed the water and light plant of the place, causing a loss estimated at $65,000. The origin of the blaze is unknown. Nine Children Hade Orphans. HAMILTON, Ohio, December 25.?While driving home In a covered wagon with Christmas gifts for their nine children, William Payne and his wife, Mary, were killed by a traction car yesterday. Payne and his wife were hurled some distance, and both died almost instantly. Pioneer Orooer Dead. CHICAGO, December 25.?Thomas Mur doch, eighty-two years old, died today. He was a pioneer In the wholesale grocery business in the west. Fatal Wreck in Bohemia. PRAGUE. December 25.?Ten persons were killed and twenty-eight seriously wounded, while many others suffered minor Injuries, in a collision today be tween a passenger express train bound for Vienna and a freight train at Uhersko station, near Chotsen, In Bohemia. % Snow Ties Up Traffic. DES MOINES, Iowa, December 25.? Des Moines is snowbound today, a fall of seven inches during the night being sufficient to tie up traffic. Street cars are stalled and incoming trains are late. ? Not Internally, But as a Pub lic Question. BAR OF JUSTICE, HOWEVER I President Spends Christmas in Ef fort to Find Out What It Is. PROBLEM HAS BEEN DIFFICULT I How Product of Grain Shall Be Labeled Under Pure Food Law Makes Trouble. Although not indulging in eggnogg or I other Christmas drinks. President Taft wrestled the better part of today with | the wearisome, voluminous subject, "What is whisky?" He did not go to his office, but kept a stenographer busy in the White House proper, hoping to dispose of the question and make his decision public tonight. The question has been pending ever since Mr. Taft came into office. He has given it more time than a dozen other | subjects put together. President Roosevelt also grappled with I the problem, but he did not give it so much personal attention. He accepted the recommendations of Dr. Wiley, pure food [expert, and the then Attorney General, | Mr. Bonaparte. Decision Under Bonaparte. Under their decisions the only product I entitled to the name of whisky was a I grain spirit, containing not only the pure I or ethyl alcohol, but also the higher alcohols commonly called fusel oil. ! The effect of these decisions was to deprive all grain spirits, minus any con siderable part of the fusel oil. of the name "whisky" and requiring the name "compound" or "Imitation" for such products. Practically 80 per cent of whisky in the American market, both foreign and do mestic, consists either in whole or in part of spirits from which a large part of the fusel oil had been removed. Distillers appealed to President Taft against the decision on the ground that it took from them the trade name, which I their products had always been known by. They also claimed that the redistilled | whiskies made by them, containing the I low amounts of fusel oil, had been the original whisky. They alleged that if there was any question of public health Involved under the pure food act their 8roducts should be given preference over he fusel oil whiskies. The straight whisky people contended -hat the presence of all higher alcohols was necessary to the proper flavoring of I whisky, and that their product, after ag ing In charred barrels, was the true I whisky. Bowers' Opinion Different. President Taft referred the question to | Solicitor General Bowers, who took testi I mony for a number of weeks, there being a total of 1,300 printed pages. Some noted lawyers of the country, including John G. Carlisle, Joseph H. Choate and W. M. Hough, participated, the President giving a hearing after Mr. Bowers had completed his work. Mr. Taft has been going over this testi mony at Intervals for weeks. 1 Solicitor General Bowers' decision was the opposite of that of Mr. Bonaparte. He decided that the question was one of taste, and that whisky made from grain, whether colored by charred wood or toy I caramel, was entitled to the name "whisky." Tliis decision was satisfactory to the redistillers and rectifiers. The final decision of the.President, that upon which the Internal revenue bureau and the pure food departments will act. I is expected to largely sustain Mr. Bowers. Quiet Around White House. The Taft family observed Christmas I day about like hundreds of thousands of other American families. The President gave presents to members of his family I and received many himself. The nation took interest in the occu I pants of the White House, a doren ex press wagons unloading packages during the day for the President, his wife or I children. These pcesents were often from 1 persons who personally do not know the Tafts, but whose admiration for the fam ily prompts a desire to add to the Christ mas cheer of the chief executive and those near to him. The Christmas dinner will be served at 8 o'clock tonight, ail the family being at home. There will be no guests. President Taft will leave Washington Monday morning to speak before the j closing meeting of the diamond jubilee of the Methodist Church. He will retura to Washington Monday night. Friday he will again go to New York to attend the wedding of his niece, re turning here the same night, so as to hold the New Year reception. President Makes Shopping Tour. President Taft put in two hours shop ping on Pennsylvania avenue and F street yesterday afternoon, buying freely for members pf his family and others. He left the White House on foot at 4 o'clock, accompanied by Capt. A. W. Butt and fol lowed by two detectives. A curious fea ture of this Christmas outing of the chief executive was that comparatively few people recognized him, and to those who did the President returned the salu tations. It was long after dark when the President returned to the White House, laden with bundles and enjoying the troubles of Capt. Butt, also in the same predicament. The President turned up first at a jew elry store on Pennsylvania avenue, and from there went to a leather establish ment on F street, making several other stops along the route and paying Inter ested attention to the shop windows and to the merry Christmas crowds. At one place four bibulous celebrants of the season emerged Just as the Presi dent was passing. They recognised him. "Merry Chrlshmus. Misser Pres'dent: Merry Chrlshmus!" one of them cried. The President smiled, lifted his hat and exchanged the season's greetings. The President enjoyed his outing, the first of the kind made by a President in many ye^rs. That Big Pie Arrives. That gigantic Christmas pie for the White House, a gift from the Interna tional Pie Bakers' Association, reached Washington yesterday afternoon and was delivered to the White House at 8 o'clock last night by the express company which bandied it from Newark. N. J., where It was baked. A huge fruit cake from friends In Philadelphia, a large box of candy and other express packages were delivered at the same time. The White House cook has been deliberating all day whether she would feed any of the pie to the Taft family, but the chances favor the appearance of part of it. at least, upon the table of the family of the chief I executive. PEACE ON EARTH, GOOD WjUJO MEN Christmas, 1909, Day of Joy ousness and Humanity ' Throughout World. HAPPINESS FOR CHILDREN; MEMORIES FOR ELDERS Exchanging of Gifts and of Good Wishes. CONTRASTS WITH LONG AGO Comparisons of Costly Playthings Given to Little Folks and the Toys of Their Grandfathers. Christmas Day, 1909. "Peace on earth, good will to men." This sentiment, written more than 1,800 years ago, cannot be improved upon. So it is meet and proper today, with those words ringing down the centuries of time, that all hearts should be filled with peace and,all souls should overflow with love to God and to mankind. The greeting of the day, "Merry Christmas," should be more than passing comment. It should carry with it the precept of peace and good will. The hearts of all should abound with charity. The spirit of mak ing others happy should be the Christmas spirit. Thoughts of Yuletide. The story of the day 1b old as Chris tendom. It has been told and retold many times. But Its lessons should be many. They should find practical appli cation not alone on Christmas day, but on every day of the year. To some men and women, whose hair has been whitened by the snows of time and whose forms are bent and thela-steps feeble, Christmas is ever a day of retro spect. Memory pictures move backward like retrogressing Alms of some weird moving-picture show. There Is the old homestead. The ruddy glow from the yule log on the hearth tire. An old-fashioned snowstorm Is in progress, and roof and tree, field and glen are carpeted with white. From without come the glad shouts and laughter of those who are now grandpa and grand ma, then old-Ume children in quaint old time garb. They are coasting, or may hap engaged in a snowball battle. In one corner of the living room is the Christmas tree?for what would an old fashioned Christmas have been without the bonny tree with its red, white and ulue candles and its many-colored deco rative trifles? From the distance, through the stained glass windows of the village church, come the voices of the singers as they give praise to God in Christmas carol?, rhere is still another sound in the outer snow-lauen air. It is tne jingling of sieigh oens. accompaniment to the aeo uan chorus of the wintry winds. Memories of the Elders. These are pictures presented to the minds of white-haired children of another age today. The charming memories of the old-time Christmas form a companion piece. With the charm of the retrospection there come memories, freighted with sad ness, of many loved faces of yore which are missing from the scenes today in Uie liomes of Washington. In perplexing contradistinction to the old-fashioned Christmas is the present twentieth-century celebration. That "the times have changed" is most patent. The homeliness of yore has given away to in novations too numerous to think about. The family chaise?that queer vehicle of bygone days?has been supplanted by swift automobiles. Alrsnlps navigate the atmosphere. It is the horseless age. It is also the aerial age. This is a period of strenuosity. likewise one of rapid orosress. TOys of Now and Then. The boys and girls of former times were wont to receive in their stockings, Christ mas morning, such crude toys as a yel low monkey climbing a purple stick; a jack-in-the-box. which furnisned a world of amusement; dolls of unnatural shapes and sixes, colors and styles. Somo of the dollies were made of wood and resembled exaggerated reproductions of Fiji dolls. Others were of china, and sUli others ! of paper. "Robinson Crusoe." "Little ! Red Riding Hood," "Jack, the Oiant 1 Killer." and similar books were the juvs i nile standards for Christmas times. The boy of 1U0W has hi* flying machine which really flies. The girl of VM? has her dollie that can do almost everything but talk. She can purchase Its dresses and lingerie and imported Paris bats from real stores. There are moving picture machines real, truly ones?for boys and girls. Elec tric toys are marvels of the wlsard pro fession. Miniature automobiles are in vogue for the young of the twentieth cen tury. The books are written along new and modern lines. Everything is different now. The In ventive genius of man is constantly taxed to keep abreast of the demands of both old and young In this piping, progressiva period. Spirit of Christmas. But there is one thing about Christmas that neither man nor time can change. It is the spirit of the day. Born in the stable with the Infant Je sus. it is as lasting as eternHy and as true as the Christian faith. In Us com position charity blend. with loveand lov. merges into appreciation to the Great Father, whose mercies are as fuHy la evidence today as they were star shone brightly and attracted shepherds to the Infant king. These are the unchangeables. They are not of man, but of God. Then, today, while happiness * rife and good deeds are being done, let not the sentiment of Bethlehem be lost sight -?