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THE EVENING STAR.
With Sunday Morning' Edition. WASHINGTON. SUNDAY March 13, 1910 THEODORE W. NOTES. .. .Eciivir Entered a? aecond-claaa mall matter at tha pott efflce at Waahinftoa, S. 0. THZ STAB has a regular and permanent Family Circulation much more than the combined circulation of the other Waah tsgton Calllea. As a Hews and Adver tising Medium it haa no competitor. The Erenlnc Star, with the ffrniday mornlnf edition. Is delivered by carriers within the city ? t 60 cent* per month: without the Sunday morning edition at 44 cents per month. By mall, poatatre prepaid. Pallr. Snnday Inclnded. one month, AO cents. Hally. Sunday excepted, one month, CO centa Saturday Star, one year. $1.00. Kunday Star, one year, $1.50. The District's Legislature. Congress is the District's legislature. It Is Bp designated by the Constitution of the United States, which provides that the national law-making body shall exer cise exclusive legislation In all cases whatsoever over the seat of government. By the act of 1878 It has specifically taken upon Itself, in addition to the gen eral legislative functions pertaining to the maintenance of order at the National Capital and the protection of the federal Interests, the detailed duties of a board of aldermen and a common council, at the same time pledging the government of the United States to meet one-half the expenses of the capital municipality's up keep. By this act Congress assumed a definite responsibility. In tfteir capacity as members of the national legislature, representatives and senators should regard themselves as custodians of? the District's interests. It is the desire of all the people of the United States that the seat of govern ment should be properly maintained upon a dignified basis. Whenever it'is under stood, the organic act Is approved by intelligent American citizens. It Is only iir cases where the relations between the District and the federal government are misunderstood that the District Is regard ed as the beneficiary of congressional bounty. And yet in Congress itself, the seat of legislative authority, the scene of the enactment whereby the District was constituted a partner with the United States in the matter of keeping up a capi tal municipality befitting the federal dig nity, an erroneous idea persistently pre vails as to the spirit and even the terms of . this federal pledge. If the members of the House, in which body the District usually suffers most severely from uninformed criticism, weytf to approach this subject of local legi^a tion without prejudice and were to ac quaint themselves with the actual con ditions, and to study the statistics, su?h as those presented In the Congressional Record by Representative Olcott, there would be less occasion for the District to protest against the inequity which it is so often compelled to endure at the hands of lis own legislative representatives, the members of Congress. Not a vote has ev?r been lost in any congressional dis trict through the correct interpretation and just application of the organic act to the District on the part of any member of the House. There Is no politics in re garding the District as a mendicant. On the other hand, it should be considered a? the patriotic duty of every legislator to give such an Interpretation to the act of 1878 that the District of Columbia will be developed as a model municipality. This can only be done in a spirit of falr neas with an intelligent understand ing of the facts. The Bival Ship Builders. Great Britain's new naval program, as embraced In the estimate for 1910, Just Is sued by the admiralty, indicates no dis position to halt in the process of building up a large establishment. An expenditure of orer $200,000,000 is contemplated, an Increase of more than $27,800,000 over 1900. This Increase is largely accounted for by constructions authorized by par ll'unent before the late dissolution. There are io be five new large armored ships of the type popularly known as dread naughts, five protected cruisers, twenty destroyers and a large number of sub marines. It is Interesting to note that both the first lord of the British admiralty, Regi nald McKenna, and the German chancel lor, von Bethmann-Holweg, have Issued statements explanatory of the large na val increases, each averring that his par ticular propositions have had no sinister significance as a threat against the other nation. The German chancellor declares that the German naval expenditures have no reference to the relations with Great Britain, but are solely in the interest of national proteotion. Mr. McKenna as serts that the British estimates are not based upon the assumption that other na tions, intend to be unfriendly, but have been framed to preserve the British stknd ard In naval power without regard to the expenditures by other countries. Despite these denials of antagonistic in tentions, the fact remains that each of these two powers is annually adding heavily to its armament. Everybody un derstands that they are mutually watch ing one another, adding ship for ship and straining every nerve to score advantage. The bogle of war is shaken before the people from time to time to justify the tremendous expenditures for additions. Great Britain is In a singularly unfortu nate situation In that its percentage of naval requirements Is heavier than that of Germany, owing to the wide dispersion of its colonial interests. It has several times as much territory to safeguard as Germany, so that the process of main taining the standard in proportion to Its nearest rival involves an actually heavier drain upon Its resources than that Im posed by the ambitious naval projects of the kaiser. No one can foretell the out ceme of this as yet bloodless warfare of shipbuilding. Mr. Patten, the speculator, was "booed" by. cotton exchange men at Manchester. It is not likely that he will follow the ex ample of aome other wealthy Americans a ?d become a British subject. Prayer for a Political Boss. A Cincinnati clergyman haa proposed prayers in all the pulpits of the city for Boss Cox?that he be moved to use his influence for better local government, and all that. Though new, even novel, is not the suggestion worthy of consideration? Mr. Cox, whose influence in the affairs of the town is conceded to be great, has for a long time been lectured and de nounced for his course without result. Might not a change of treatment affect him? Might he not be sobered and softened by the consciousness that so many persons who subscribe to a belief in the eiucacy of prayer were employing such petitions in an effort to reach him? He is callous to partisan criticism and abuse. It is plain that he cannot be turned by ordinary means. Why, then, not try extraordinary means? With the fullest respect, this may be described as the Gordon treatment car ried a step farther than the now famous Misslssippian lays it down. Col- Gordon thinks we are too bitter and strenuous In our political warfare; that if we rea soned more and denounced less we should pret along better and make more progress Our communication with the opposition is hampered with abuse and some blind ness. He does not indorse the means that have made the Standard Oil Com pany so rich and powerful, but he does not reckon Mr. Rockefeller as the sum of all villainy. He regretted Senator Heyburn's reference to Gen. Lee^ but in stead of denouncing him for it, invited him to be hits guest in Mississippi. He seemed to think that under hospitable circumstances he might change some what Mr. Heyburn's point of view. Mr Emerson, after renouncing his early religious convictions, never lost his respect for those who remained in the churches and guided their lives by the faith they professed. Passing a house with %. friend one day, he ob served: "An excellent woman lives there who prays for me every night." He no longer subscribed to her view of prayer, but her petitions were hot lost on him. He held her in reverenoe, and her in fluence with him must all have been for the good. Mr. Cox may not be a churchman, or "a praying man," but it may not be as sumed that he is indifferent to all church influences. If brought to bear upon him in a concerted and kindly way, they might at least cause him to take a new look around. And if we may trust the local appraisement of the man and his methods, any check or change would be for the better. Hughes and a Third Term. There is one hope for the New York republicans. Things are now so bad, they must be mended, or the party will be ended. No man in either faction is blind to the real situation. Hades is to pay, and there is a good deal of pitch hot. One man in the state towers as Saul did among his fellows. He is the ablest lawyer to occupy the governor's chair since Samuel J. Tilden. He has shown as much courage in the office as any man on the list since the organization of the commonwealth. He has the respect, re gardless of party, of the whole country. He has good policies of his own. and sup ports the best policies of others. The men who admire him the most trust him the most Implicitly. He is popular with out being a buttonholer or a handshaker. He plays politics by announcing purposes and keeping faith. He has made a pro found impression on the best thought of the day. Gov. Hughes does not want another term. He considers that his private af fairs, after several years devoted to the public, have now the first claim on his time. His children are growing up, and he has not made the financial provision for them that he desires. A lucrative =ppactlce awaits his return to the bar. For^hls reason, and this alone, he has declared against another nomination for himself. > *. Men] prApose, and circumstances sometimes dispose. Not only is Gov. Hu^nes* party in peril, but so also are the policies he represents. Under any other leadership than his next fall, his party is likely to go to defeat, and if his party goes down his policies will go with it. This is the generally accepted view of the existing situation. Developments since the governor made his announce ment have emphasized all the troubles that previously existed. In the face of them will he adhere to his purpose? Should not his party draft him? That lucrative law practice would be post poned only a few years. And it would probably be the larger foT another term In office, with important state policies carried through and clinched. Tam many state-wide domination prevented, and New York kept in good fighting form for Mr. Taft in 1912. With such a man as Mr. Taft in the White House, such a man as Mr. Root in the United States Senate, such a man as Mr. Sherman in the Vice Presidency, and such a man as Gov. Hughes on deck at Albany, It would be a terrible reflection on the republicans, torn even as they now are, to lose the contest this year in the greatest state In the Union, when by the proper nomination for governor they could save it. Why not a third term for the man who has served so admirably for two? Mr. Rockefeller has said he is fond of a joke, and he is probably having a quiet laugh just now at the expense of people who questioned his philanthropic enthusiasm. About the only excuse that Japan would have for war with this country is the persistent assertion in the face of pro test to the contrary that she wants to fight. Parte has entirely recovered from a state of affairs where the hackman had to stand by and see the tips going to a man trith a rowboat. Of course, Senator J. Davis ie hearing from the I-toM-you-so club that has long been expecting him to say something he would be sorry for. ' ?? ' The Cudahy case Is somewhat unusual In that no affinity or artistic tempera ment arguments are Introduced. When Caruso wants a particularly dramatic high note he can think of the Black Hand and Shriek. Iconoclasts in Boston. If somebody does not call a halt all the sacred traditions of Boston will be laid low in-the dust of ldonoclasm. Not long ago a book was published in which the writer cast aspersions on the character and patriotism of some of the most dis tinguished New Englanders of the revo lutionary period, including a group of Bostonians highly exalted in the popular estfeem. Next came a declaration by a speaker before a legislative committee, considering the question of the purchase of the Old North Church, to the efleot that the midnight ride of Paul Rever* cele brated in Longfellow's Immortal verse, did not take place and that no lanterns were hung in the belfry of the ancient house of worship. As if this were not enough to shock the Bostonian sense of historical proportion, a professor of botany at Harvard University has in a public lecture demolished the tradition of the visit of the Norsemen to Boston in the eleventh century. He has asserted that the Norsemen did not stop at the Hub for grapes, but that the "wine berry." for the sake of which they made a landing, is not a grape at all, but a mountain cranberry, oommon at the sea level in Labrador and a familiar product of Norway. Consequently the statue of Leif Erlksen, which now stands in the Back,Bay, should, for the sake of con sistency. he removed to some point on the Labrador coast. Is the sacred cod safe? Will some local geographer prove that the streets of Bos ton were not laid out along the cow paths, as their present tortuous nature so strong ly suggests? Will history go even further than the indictment of Bunker Hill, which has already been drawn, and assert that the famous battle was fought on some other eminence even than Breed's Hill? Will it be demonstrated that the Boston massacre was only a street brawl? History smashers are an annoying lot of folks. They take particular delight in as sailing traditions and ,cherlshed institu e r tions. They have no reverence for that which has been long: honored. They have no regard for the fondness of people for ancient things. They like to destroy the faith of children In Santa Claus and Mother Goose, and if they can find a flaw In the character of a conspicuous person age of the past they chortle with glee. Boston will probably rise In revolt against this recent Invasion of her dearest faiths, lest somebody may venture to cast as persions upon the fully accepted proposi tion that from the gilded dome of the statehouse radiate the Intellectual forces that dominate the nation. The Return of Natives. His friends at home, without regard to party, are discussing a reception for Mr. Fairbanks upon his return. He Is sailing from England today. The Idea Is excel lent, and the function should be of state wide consequence. He has deserved well of Indiana In more than as a political leader. His place at the bar has always been high, and his influence for good liv ing marked among the people. The state has honored him, and he the state. Why should not his friends and neighbors man ifest In a concerted way the pleasure that each will undoubtedly feel when Mr. Fairbanks Is again In the midst of them? A function of this kind in Mr. Roose velt s honor in New York Is taking very gratifying shape. The most notable and influential men In the community are in charge of the arrangements, and the de sire to make the affair worthy of the city and the man to be honored is ear nest and universal. A welcome never to be forgotten is to be given to the mighty hunter. All the way up the bay, and all over the big town, he is to be assured of the pleasure of the people at his return. And there Is Mr. Bryan, who will come In some weeks ahead of Mr. Roosevelt from a Journey of great length In Latin America. He will be entitled to and will receive a host of very glad hands. From New York, where he will land, to his own vine and fig tree in Nebraska, many en thusiastic evidences of personal respect will be shown him. This spirit is worthy of the highest cultivation. These men are not only emi nent at home, and representative of our exceptional opportunities, but have been ' so accepted and honored In all the for- | eign countries they have visited. Amer- : lea, in their persons, has everywhere been saluted. In the far east as well as in Europe, Mr. Fairbanks was received by the heads of governments in a way to show how well they know our progress as a people, and how much they respect the larger policies for which we now stand. And so we get a better idea ourselves of our own leaders. When they come back to us orowned with foreign Inter est and approval for what they have done at home, we should crown them with fresh evidences of our own appre ciation. There Is no politics In It, as the phrase Is. A democrat may partici pate in such a demonstration to Mr. Roosevelt or Mr. Fairbanks, and a re publican in a demonstration to Mr. Bry an, with only the feeling that properly attaches to a fellow-countryman who has scaled the heights and won wide and hearty recognition. Foreign Relations. Some English newspapers charge that the British government Is being used as a tool by Japan to the detriment of the United States, while some Japanese news papers are of opinion that the United States 1s being used as a tool by Europe to the prejudice of Japan. Neither as sertion Is at all persuasive. Things are going well enough, both between Great Britain and the United States and Japan and the United States, and It will take more than stock ticker Influence, or In judicious and unauthorised big navy talk, to seriously disturb them. Revelations at Albany, N. Y., Indicate a sad tendency on the part of grafters to descend to rough work. It must be conceded that the scientists made a neater job of oomet discovery than of polar discovery. A statesman with Uncle Joe Cannon's energy and experience Is bound to be a hard proposition for the oblivion pro moters. The month of March always brings up the difficult problem of where the shirt waist shall begin and the fur coat leave off. Use of aeroplanes, in mountain climb ing threatens to reduce once heroic un dertakings to mere afternoon picnics. The Georgia judge who decided that a woman has a right to change her mind is possibly a philosopher as well as a Jurist. The recent death of a Texan who had voted the democratic ticket seventy-nine times means an especial loss to W. J. Bryan. SHOOTING STARS. BT PHILANDER JOHNSON. Multitudinous Details. 1 suppose life In the suburbs requires attention to many details." "Yes," replied Mr. Crosslots. "I have annoyed my wife terribly by forgetting to take down this 'for sale' sign when we had invited company." The True and the False. "She has a wealth of golden hair," said the poetic youth. "Are you sure," rejoined the practical young person, "that some of that wealth isn't counterfeit?" The Test of Type. How often it will cause dismay That s tinged, mayhap, with sorrow, To see how what was said today May look in print tomorrow. Too Much Variety. "Bllggins ]? a genius," said the cen sorious friend, "but he won't stick to any one thing. He has too many different kinds of ability." "Yes, he's unfortunate. There Is no use of being a genius If you're going to be heterogeneous." Accurate. "Before elections you invariably say it Is all over except the shouting." "res," replied Senator Sorghum; "but I take care not to say whether we are going to shout for Joy or revenge." Mutation. I've heard opinions grave expressed About our climate rough; Some fellers say that they'll be blessed Ef It ain't mighty tough To see the snow drift o'er the land And hear the north wind roar; ?ut we have had some sunshine and I guess we'll have some more. They're talkln' 'bout hard times that drive A feller night an' day, And how they hustle an' contrive Their various debts to pay. But Hard-luck can't hold full command; His rule must soon be o'er. We've had some mighty good times and X guess we'll have some more. FIFTY YEARS AGO III THE STAR Considering the vital Importance of the , great Issue soon to cause the two sec tions of the country to Fending engage In a civil war, the ~ ..... reforms noted in the fol OrllU. lowing paragraph in The Star of March 5, 1880, as of paramount consequence appear trifling: "Pour questions have been before Con gress so far this session, which, if prop erly disposed of, will result In Important reforms?the franking question, the mile age question, the printing question and the proposition hereafter to give the transportation of the malls to parties who will furnish the postmaster to at tend to them also. That Is to say, upon i such routes as can be thus as easily sup piled with postmasters ss at present. The j latter project will soon become a popular one, insomuch as its result will be, when carried out, to dissolve the Post Office Department's connection with politics, a consummation desired by all honest and unselfish men. Parties have not yet set tled down upon them and we are curious to know where democracy will eventual ly be found on them." * * ? After a period of dramatic privation the | people of Washington were given a gen uine treat at this time | Dramatic half a century ago in the m a visit of a remarkable j company of players head ed by J. E. Murdoch and Mrs. Gladstane. In The Star of March 6, 1860, is a no tice as follows of the performance of "The Lady of Lyons" the night before: "Mr. Murdoch, though hardly Juvenile j enough for the gardener's son, was other wise thoroughly admirable as 'Claude Melnotte,' while Mrs. Gladstane, a charm ing actress by the way, was, with her sweet face, fine eyes, graceful figure and judicious action, the very best 'Pauline we call to mind after a pretty long the ater- going experience. And what a capi tal "Col. Damas' Bass makes, with his blufl soldierly look and good-humored face! In his line of parts we know of no better actor upon the stage. Mr. S. W. Glenn had not much to do in the slight part of 'M. Deschapelles,' but that little was rendered with the careful ef fectiveness which marks every perform ance of this meritorious actor. Mr. Bangs, who has improved astonishingly, was excellent as 'M. Beausant.' " * * * A summary of the annual report of Dr. Blake, the -commissioner of public build ings, appears in The Washington's Star of March 7, Improvements. 1!?'ihe un"5ual *u.t..w.v,u1vu(,a, extent of nearly a column. After noting certain improve ments that had been accomplished and others recommended, the latter including the repair If not the replacement of the Long bridge. Commissioner Blake said: "Those who are uninformed not un frequently accuse the city of relying too much upon the government and of not doing anything for itself. To show that this charge is founded in error it Is neoessary only to state one or two fact? During the last ten years the corporation has raised by taxation the sum of S2.376.-l 012.86, which has been expended for gen eral purposes: and the city has from first] to last opened and made more than fifty miles of avenues and streets at a cost \ of about one million and a half of dollars. It can safely be affirmed that no city, in J proportion to Its population and wealth, has done more for itself than Washington, notwithstanding nearly one-half of the property within Its limits belongs to the government and is not subject to taxa tion." m a a Political prophesying was as uncertain of success fifty years ago as at any | time since, possibly even Republican more hazardous then on _ , account of the abnormal rrospect. 8tate of afralrB The following prediction in The Star of March 9, I860, regarding the presidential nomi nation of the republican party was des tined to be emphatically discredited in the course of a short time: "We presume that no difference of opinion exists here now as to the prob able result of the action of the Chicago convention. Before that gentleman's return from Europe, it will be recollected. The Star expressed the conviction that Mr. Seward would virtually walk over the course there. Subsequently republican party popular demonstrations throughout the north and west have confirmed the impression, and already those of that party now here who were scheming to procure the nomination of some other have come to the conclusion that their labors have been in vain. Thus it is so soon demonstrated that Mr. Seward, and Mr. Seward only, as a presidential candi date can fill the expectations of all who may be relied on to secure the election of republican party electors anywhere. It! is freely admitted that Mr. Bates cannot carry a single slave-holding state and that his nomination would so disgust the ultra men through the north as to en danger the triumph of republicanism in nearly every non-slave-holding state; while the nomination of Mr. Banks or Mr. Chase or Mr. Fessenden will not secure a vote anywhere not certain to be given to the party's great representative man." * * * Some impatience was expressed from time to time half a century ago regarding the leisurely manner in which Capitol the work of constructing the ^ Capitol dome was being pros ilome. ecuted and reports were .n circulation that the foundations were insufficient for the vast structure of metal. In The Star of March 10, 1860, is the following paragraph: "In relation to the recent Senate reso lutions Capt. Franklin, the engineer in charge, reports that the weight of the dome will be 3,700 tons; that this weight is only about one-fifty-sixth of what is necessary to crush the foundations; that it is but one-eleventh of what is necessary to crush the wall of the rotunda upon which the dome rests. There has been no delay in construction, some 600 tons of Iron having been used per annum upon it. The entire cost of the dome will be about J900.000. From five to seven years will be required to supply 100 monolithic columns of American marble for the por ticos as now ? required by law. Each column will cost about $1,500." T. R. ON HIS TRAVELS. From the Savannah Nsws. It's not the least bit of use in the world for Vesuvius to begin spouting again, just at the time Bwana Tumbo is headed for Europe. From the Cumberland Times. Mr. Roosevelt's latest Installment of his travelogues is entitled "Trekking Through the Thirst to Sotik." Is Sotik In Alabama or Georgia? From the Milwaukee Journal. According to the inhabitants of the African jungle, the comet has been and went. From the Rochester Post-Express. Paris is preparing for a fete for Citizen Roosevelt. Paris has always been kindly disposed toward Tartarln. From the Cleveland Leader. Roosevelt in Europe will give an exhi bition of how a bull can wander about in a china shop without breaking a single sevres vase From the Nashville Banner. Lake No in Africa will find Mr. Roose velt a decidedly affirmative proposition. From the Harrlsbiirg Telegraph. While Roosevelt is delionizing Africa. London is lionizing his former running mate. From the Cleveland l'laln Dealer. There seems to be no doubt that Mr. Roosevelt will be numerously and noisily met. 'ENGLAND'S NEW POLICY IN INDIA Lord Morley promised In the house of lords. December 18. 1908. that h? would change things In India. Morley's an<* that when a royal _ commission to study Promise. conditions there had re ported he would frame a bill to correct certain abuses. Lord Morley quoted on that occasion from Mr. Brlght's speech on India In 1858: "We do not know how to leave It, and therefore let us see If we know how to govern It. Let us abandon all that sys tem of calumny against all natives which has lately prevailed." As a result of the measures provided by Lord Morley a new imperial coun cil has been constituted. In which natives have been accorded a larger share In the affairs of British India. Lord %Minto, governor general, pre sided at the opening session of the imperial council and referred to the event as "a great historical occasion, opening a new era with the Inaugura tion of broader principles of govern ment." The viceroy, however, accompanied this declaration with a statement which was in the nature of a cold doucHe to the aspirations of the Indian reformers. He would not support those who would follow in the wake of Turkey and Persia, and he declared emphatically that "representative government in the western sense wa.s totally inapplicable to the Indian empire." Lord Minto also seized the occasion to refer to the an archy and lawlessness which were seek ing to subvert not only British rule, but the government of the Indian chiefs, and while admitting that much of the j political discontent was justified, yet the British administration would no longer tolerate the preachings of the revolutionary press, which would be restrained. Following this declaration a dispatch from Calcutta reported that a bill to sup- j press sedition had been offered in the legislative council. The particulars in the ) bill relate to instigations to murder or anarchial outrages; tampering with the! loyalty of the army and navy; exciting 1 racial class or religious animosity and contempt of the government or a native prince; criminal intimidation and interfer ence with law and order and attempts to intimidate public servants with threats of injury. * * * Sir Herbert Hope Risley, secretary of the home department in Calcutta, explain ing the bill in the council. Seditions stated that It was needed . ., badly on account of the ACUVliy. growing unrest among the natives, who are constantly being in cited to revolution by seditious articles in the newspapers, pamphlets and leaflets from certain leaders, who permit their youthful followers to do the actual incit ing. The leaders themselves ' work secretly, while the young men blindly in vade peaceful villages in certain guises and openly preach the doctrine of an archy. A Calcutta correspondent telegraphs that the Bengali leaders, including Mr. Rash Behari Ghose and Mr. Surendranath Banerjee, have issued a manifesto on the subject of the reforms. They declare that the regulations regarding the new council are in striking contrast to the spirit of Lord Morley s utterance when lie announced the reforms, and that they clash with the idea of representative gov ernment and make invidious class dis tinction. A dispatch from Bombay February 2fi declares that Lord Minto's health is bad and that Anglo-Indian opinion is discuss ing the viceroy's retirement. It has all the appearance of what occurred in Egypt. Lord Cromer committed a fatal error at Denshawi. Lord Mint*)' has been unfortunate in the matter of his speech j in the council at Calcutta Lord Cromer was suddenly rtricken in health and Lord Mlnto is now in the same situation. Lord Cromer was retired and the same fate awaits Lord Minto. The Saturday Review in an editorial of recent date entitled "Lord Minto's Apol ogy" writes: "The thing which Lord Minto was at most pains to disprove was that the new councils act was not granted to India as a concession to seditious agi tation. But it was, perhaps, so regarded by the agitators and the act was accepted by them as an encouragement. It has been attended by assassinations: the Kennedy ladies; the attempted murder of the collector of Dacea; the discovery of the Alepur conspiracy and the assassi nations that fo'lowed. The act was on its way through parliament when Sir Curzon Wyllle and Dr. Lalcaca were struck down. Its final introduction wa?s the oc casion for an attempt on the viceroy him self and the murder of Mr. Jackson and 'now the assassination of the police in spector Shame-ur-Alam. Lord*Minto, the review concludes, has acted tardily, and the tone of the article inartcates that his mission te ended. * * * Another dispatch from Bombay of the 26th ultimo declares that the new order of things in India is grad Women ually taking the place of . the old and the purdah Active. system will be swept away. The correspondent cites as a re markable feature of the situation in India the part being played in politics by women, who are Intensely interested and are working for their complete emancipation. In the Bombay presidency, for example, Indian women are far more advanced in their views than in many occidental countries. They have a club of their own in Poona, of which many English women are members. An Indian writer In the Contemporary Review, Mr. Bipln Chandra Pal. under the title of "The Forces Behind the Un rest in India." repeats in a changed form what was said several months be fore by Mr. Francis Mury on the troubles In India. What these two writers have to say about the troubles in India is both ihterestlng and instructive. According to Mr. Bipin Chandra Pal, the present problem in India is the di rect fruit of the history of the British administration of the country for the last two hundred years. He says it is due to the creation of English education, British laws and methods of administra tion, increased facilities of intercommu nication, growth of the native press and foreign travel. The awakening has been a desire for freedom and national great ness; the breakdown of old ideas in the masses, and a general destruction of il lusions of classes and the masses alike in regard to physical and moral superiority of the country over the governed. In a word, it is the spirit which awakens pride of race, then pride of nationality, race prejudice and?unrest. From the Caucasus to China, from the transcaspian provinces to the Pacific, the populations which until now believed Europeans Invincible have been thrilled with the fever of nationalism. With surprise and stupefaction the people of China, Indo-Chlna, Slam, Afghanistan, ROCKEFELLER'S FOUNDATION. From the Dulutta New?-Trlbune. Still, Mr. Rockefeller will not distribute hie wealth the way the coal man gets rid of his load. From the Providence Journal. Some hesitant members of Congress seem to think that the proposed. Rocke feller Foundation is too much of a good thing. From the Detroit Free Pre**. On the other hand, it isn't necessary to wait until you have as much money as Rockefeller before you start to do any giving. From the Providence Tribune. In the circumstances Mr. Rockefeller might tlnd it impossible to obey the scriptural injunction relative to keeping the left hand uninformed as to what the right hand is doing. From the Council Bluffs Nonpareil. Perhaps after looking the field over the Rockefellers concluded that charity was about the only thing not already commer cialized. ST?1* Turkey. Egypt and Ir.dia learned * # * * Today it Is not to be doubted we are con ronted by an immense renaissance a ? . | of yellow and red races unentai Who are arrayed against Revival. occidental domination. Ihe Japanese victories have awakened everywhere in the orient a new life, and there comes to the most listless a confused echo of the shock. The antagonism of races, the divergence of doctrines, and the conflict of Interests are Increasing from day to day. Not BHtis*h n<rinmith?- p*ace they enjoy under bltterlv th?t m ' orientaIs complain slav^n?rta^ ey are ,,tt,e eIse than slaves, and are worse than aliens in their R? . They affirm thTt the ull* not *ept the solemn prom ises made after the revolt of 1S57. That insurrection, it is recalled, was provoked rv.nl ^ action of the East Indian Company, whose agents violated tho usages and customs dear to the native Too late the government decided to take abuses administrat,on and reform the and^he* Briffah C>?niUry a11 went well that 'j16 Brit1sh had come to believe that a recurrence of revolt wn? Itt. possible, when they were suddenlv made aware that a serious nationalist sentiment had taken deep root In the minds of the people. ' n-TJ16, "e!T a]snirationa were manifested if? J Indian national congress which assembled in 1885. and every senf fr'rP06 u <1e,e?ates have been sent from all parts of India, who meet to exchange and express their griefs # ?PM- The British govern al".\ v"Snrtunate1y- little or no heed to these assemblies, which, never ^ A.rya Samaj. a powerful relieious association, unites Its efTorts to fhnsl of Rrahmans and socialists in all mat iTf rolatinsf to foreigners, a fact which proves that the sentiment of na tionalism is gaining ground. Its chief !' %, t. Rai. has been banished ?^Urma . hecauBP of his persistent S?r,a.1?i"St the Brlt"h '"<"*? *? * * *, The troubles In Bengal were largely due to a blunder of the British Indian government. In 1905 the Bengal government divided Ben Troubles *al ,nto two Parts- The Buddhists and Brahmin ists, who were in the majority, found j themselves In the minority In the east ern province. They protested, but in vain, and the division was maintained. It was only too manifest that the gov ernment desired Dy such division to favor the Mussulmans of Bengal on the familiar principle of "divide in order to govern. The Bengal question, however, was destined to plague the Inventor. It has | become a sort of cult, in which there fr.t* heroes who have become the i a\ators of Indian patriotism. There I ei^Pen meetin^s- Protestations, ! boycottage of European products and students in the street who sing the national hymn. "Band* Matarem" | T adore Thee, O. My Mother"). The rSafy??f the t,ay of the division ?? x> a ,day of mourning, in ^ ?lich the Bengalese fast from sunrise till sunset, and in this interval men marcl? through the streets with arms attached to each other by the wrists as a s gn of union, and the women break their jewels as public evidence of their readiness to make sacrifices. It is manifest thus tnat the spirit of union which w-as deemed difficult is perhaps possible. * It Is to be remarked that the greatest nemies of the British domination in In dia are the "babous." or natives who u vea received European instruction in the first schools and universities of Eng lana. In this connection it is interesting to te^tuany. what Colton Seeley. the British historian, wrote thirty years ago against the danger of such instruction to Indians: "There does not exist in India,- wrote Seeley, any unity of race, language or religion; no sentiment of a common in terest. Patriotism Is an idea unknown in the county, which explains the conquest and length of out domination supported by .native troops. It will be very differ ent if that etate of things is changed and there shall be created an entente cordlale in which all the elements should be con centrated and extended." In view of the present troubles in India, the cited opinions of Colton S66lcy Are truly prophetic. ? * * The British government tried an ex periment, and it has proved a disastrous failure. It hoped to form Unsuccessful a native elite which would Experiment. ?ecom? a powerful auxii * iary to its administration of India. It succeeded only in placing on I the top of ancient caste a new class of ! lettered men whose heads were turned i by their learning. A new class which ! was pretentious and vain, and which did j not wait long to turn against their pro j fessors the instruction received. Think ing she was working for the Interests of ! the colony. England in reality worked against herself, and perhaps against In I dia, and created an element of agitation which is now termed babouism. The baJious returned to India, hoped to be employed in the high state functions, but nearly all of such posts were reserved [ for Englishmen, and the Inferior places were already distributed. Thus an active hostility was engendered. There are Englishmen who would save the government from committing acts of injustice. Sir William Gregory and Mr. Wilfred Scawen Blunt endeavored to per form this patriotic service In Egypt and Mr. Keir Hardle would do likewise in India. India without doubt is scarcely ready for autonomy. Should Great Britain, let us suppose for a moment, decide to aban don her authority there, what would be the result? India would inevitably fall into the hands of the lettered caste we have mentioned. The power of this caste on the authority of the most far seeing man who has made intricate studies of the orientals, Mr. Joseph Challley. would be deeply regretted by the native popu lations which would learn too late that the English domination was an hundred fold more endurable than that of the let I tered class and its ancient regime of rajahs. That England would ever contemplate letting go her hold upon India must be | considered as simple sophistry. On the contrary England will endeavor by all ! the means in her power and by strength ening and developing her influence from Constantinople and her defenses from i the Mediterranean to the Indus to main tain herself In India. England's new policy in India may yet be more elastic | than that already indicated. C CH. CHAILLE-LONG. THE BALLOONING PIGS. From the Wilkesbarre Leader. The highest price paid for hogs in forty years was paid in Chicago the other day. Who double-crossed that meat strike? From the Albany Evening Journal. As eggs are coming down, pork is going up. and thus the price level of "ham and" will be maintained?as long as the people will stand it. From the Omaha Bee. After trying to buy a pork chop for dinner a man can go to an automobile show and never wince. Everything else looks cheap after that. From the Memphis Commercial-Appeal. If the price keeps up it will be the hand that feeds the piggies is the hand that rules the world. From the Dayton Xewa. At the present price of hogs, one could cause a good deal of envy by driving a pair to a carriage?if he could get the hogs. TIMELY HARD LUCK ADAN. Adam had no Easier hat to buy for Mrs. F.ve: Adam had no "cost-of-living" troubles to ag grieve; Adam had no job to bold by slaving day or night. Adding columns?beating carpets?planning stuff to write; Adam had a beetle cinch?played acnwi the boards. Everything that nature and an Idle life affi>*.l? - And yet X wouldn't change with him or trad* ray bitter cross He never saw a triple drive the winning run acrom. Adam had no dress to bay to calm his spouse's grief? (All that Adam bad to do was go and pull a leaf)? Back In Father Adam's day?long and long ???>, There* was not an Aldrlch nor a crusty I'ucle Joe: Raring polltlclana never roamed about the land. Double-crossing voters In a way to beat the hand; But xvlth It all poor Adam never had a chancs to dream Of bold three-hundred hitters and a pennant winning team. Adam living on Easy street?dreaming In the sun; Never a policeman there to cut in on his fun. Never had a cook nround threatening to leave? ??Bridge" was not Invented in the days of Mrs. Eve: Take It up and down the line In those golden days. Adam had It on us In a hundred different ways: And yet with all bis blessings what a dull and massive pall? For poor old Father Adam never saw a game of ball. ?Qrantland Rice. In the Nashville Tennessean. PRIME FAVORITES. Some vernal properties they bring And set the scene we know as spring. A team comes out to show its skill Well known in nature's vaudeville. Robin and Bluebird form the team; Their act Is said to be a scream. For, while the latter's songs entrance, The former does a lively dance. And he would be an utter wretch Who could Ignore this pleasing sketch. ?Louisville Courier-Journal. IN OLD 1UNN0N. The Monument will bend to see, i The Bow Bells blithely ring. And old Cheapsl'le will ellent be, The gray fog will take wing: The Temple will forget Its years. The Bank forget its frown. The Mint and Bridge will shake-with cheers i When Teddy comes to town! ?Cleveland Plain Dealer. FROM THE SOUTH. j From the south the news Is wafted. Matty's throwing :irm Is great. j "Wild Bill" Donovan Is lobbing Snaky curves across the ,plate. 1 Every bush league youth ambitious In the sporting writer's mind. Is a home-run hitter surely. And a find. I 3 - ? ? " 1 From the park In sunny Texas They are sending back the word | That a kid is doing wonders In the neighborhood of third. ; That his work will Are the bleachers, And enthuse the summer mobs. And they have unearthed a dosen Tyrus Cobbs. From the south the scribes are sending j News to scare us into fits. There's a minor making bincles Just like Sammy Crawford's hlta; They've a dozen unknown pitchers Who are bound to win renown, i Every one of them's a second | Mordy Brown. ? But the spring days soon will leave us And the summer days return. And you'll find Sam Crawford batting When a run we have to earn; And you'll see Cobb stealing basse, Witb the same old reckless rushes, And the minors will have wandered To the bushes. ?Detroit Free hM. - ABUSING THE BABY. The baby wept with bitter tears That pierced my heart to see. And loud it cried until I asked: "What might the matter bet" It stopped its wall to answsr me, "My ma has gone to Albany." "Oh. wicked woman," I replied. "Away from you to flee. Deserting you in helplessness To make s suffrage plea. The Babe and Home are Heaven's key, And not the balls of Albany." At this the child but louder bawled. Then woful answered she: "My ma's an ant 1 -suffragist, I like ber gall, b'gee! It is to keep the vote from me That ma baa gone to Albany!" ?McLaodburgh Wilson. In N. Y. tab AXIOMS THAT FAILED. "Aim high," they said to William Brown, And be cbose notions elevated; To common things he gave a frown. He felt for greatness he was fated. Alas, be did not rise to fame. Nor realise his high ambitions? He put so much thought on his aim He quite forgot his ammunition. And "Hitch your wagon to a star." Was what they counseled Henry Walk He wished to journey on and far Behind a steed that was no balker. Alas, the journey that he made Was not distinguished by its farness. His wagon led no cavalcade Because be overlooked tbe harness. "Do not put all your egga," they said To Hiram Perkins, "In one basket." Now, Hiram bad It In bis head To some day own a treasure casket. Alas, he met the worst of fates? He thought of fortune In a slather. But while assembling all his crates He did not think the eggs to gather. "A burnt child, dreads the Are," thsy told To Julius Miggles for his training; He waited then till things were cold. Even a lukewarm chance dladalnlng, Alas, although bis fingers ne'er Were scorched by anything he handled. The fortune that might be bis care Today in other hands Is dsndled. ?Chicago PMt THAT DUEL IN ROME. 'Twaa Deputy Chlesa planned With bravery good and plenty. To meet upon the bloody sand Tbe General Prudente. Twelve seoonds bold Chlesa named. All butchers, grocers, drapers; And, with a valor all untamed. He notified tbe papers. But, oh, the heartlessness of Fatel Quick gossip Feme was cheating; And, when they came to St. Paul's gate A crowd forestalled their meeting. Chlesa's touring car was there; He boarded it 'mid laughter; And. as It fled, Prudente's car Was swiftly following after. The seconds' autos started next. Precipitate progression; Reporters, surgeons somewhat vexed; Completed the procession. Behind an anarchist's saloon They loaded next their pistols; But ran away, also, too soon. From atern policemen's whistles. All schemes their shrewdness could contrive Save one, Festlna Lente; Were balked?That's why they're now alive, Cblcsa and Prudente! HATS AND HOLINESS. Only twenty women of the Central Congrega tional Church, Brooklyn, followed tbe bat-removal plan last Sunday. 8hsll womsn lose ber inborn right To spoil a hapless stranger's sight By poking la his eye Tbe plumage of s bird of song Thst measures several cubita long And many lncbea high? Who hoped that even in a church Tbe heron would come off his perch Upon a lady's hesd? To bear the Song of Solomon Is It not fit that abe should don A Sheba crown outspread? Iiaat Sunday I at worship sat Behind a Woman and a Hat Which all my vision blurred. A lefty preacher, this D. D. ? Well, yes; as far as 1 could see lie surely wss s bird. Yet birds-of-paradlse on hair Made full of sanctity tbe air And smoothed th? frowning brow. Oh, beautiful tbe feeling that Witb tbe great wings upon ber bat Worn airs an ange: now,' ?John O'Keefe, in N. T. World