Newspaper Page Text
THE VOUNQ MEN'S STORE. WBMwmgaiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiuiiiiiimi REDUCTIONS UNPRECEDENTED ?minim * """* ?? Any $30 or $35 Suit in Our Entire Stock Now for $ 117.95 . (5k Any $25 or $28 Suit in Our Entire Stock Now for $113.95 I! Any $20 or $22 Suit in Our Entire Stock ' Now for $11 L90 ?f f Any of Our Outing Trousers, Worth Up to $7.50 a pajr at $3.95 II! <*> Any of Our 25c Wash Four=ih=hand Ties, Now Oo at 2 for 25c 50c Faultless Athletic Undergarrn'ts, Shirts & Drawers, Each 39c iiiaiiBiB & Manhattan Shirts in Splendid Line of Patterns, Reduced to $1,115 ?> NEW YORK. WASHINGTON. PARIS. Julius Garfinkle 4 Co. Store Hours, 8 to 5. F St., Corner 13th. Saturday, 1. This Sale for Wednesday Only. GREAT BARGAINS Are Offered in Women's SUITS AND DRESSES At % to 54 Original Price. It is Our Desire That These Goods Be Sold at Once. BAROAINS AT $11.50 LINEN SUITS, SILK DRESSES, CLOTH DRESSES, LINEN DRESSES. BAROAINS AT $17.50 CLOTH SUITS, SILK SUITS, LINEN SUITS. LINEN DRESSES, SILK DRESSES. Every Department in the Store Offers Unusual BAROAINS FOR WEDNESDAY. Waists, Underwear, Neckwear, Sweaters, Hosiery, Belts, Veilings, Gloves, Hat Pins, Parasols, Umbrellas, Handkerchiefs, Petticoats, Corsets, Trimmed Hats. 1 1111111111 Notes of the BiTermen. Capt. Jo# Chlvell has returned from a vacation of two wwk*. spent In St. Mary county, near Blackistones island, his former horn*. Capt. George ronnoway, master of the ram schooner Mahle and Ruth, has Rone to his home &1 Beihei. 1*1.. to spend a few days with his family, whlla his ves sel Is discharging at this city. Capt. A. J. Taylor Is superintending the overhauling of his tugboat, the D. M. Key, at Bennett's boatyard, this city. Capt. Isaac Force, a well known vateran tugboatman, is still critically 111 at his home in Alexandria, and his physicians hold out lltti? hope of bis recovery RESIDENCE AT THE NORTHWEST CORNER OF MASSACHUSETTS AVE NUE AND 24TH STREET. HOME FOE JUSTICE HUGHES. New Member of Supreme Court Leases Washington House. There was quite a scramble among local real estate brokers when Gov. Charles B. Hughes of New York came to Washing ton to select a house to make his resi dence when he assumes his duties as a member of the Supreme Court of the United States. Finally, the firm of J. V. and T. B. Huyck leased to Gov. Hughes for a term of years, with option of pur MARA IS ALONE Only Independent Municipality in Central Asia. "NOBLE AND SUBLIME" CITY Known Also as Antiquated, De prayed and Least Progressive. BULED BY SLAVE WOMAN'S SON t Recognized as Emir by Russia at the Request of His Father. BY WILLIAM B. CI RTIS. Special Corre?T*,n?lpnr?> of Thr Star and the Cblrago Record-Herald. BOKHARA. Asia, July 15. 1010. Everybody has heard of Bokhara, be cause of its rugs, If for no other reason, and It Is usually conceded to be the most interesting town in Turkestan, although there is room for a difference of opinion, so far as Samarkand is concerned. The two "ities, however, are very much unlike ?as different as San Francisco and Bos ton?although there is nothing In either of them, except the traditions of culture, that would resemble Boston, and nothing but their total depravity that would re semble San Francisco. As one star dif fers from another star in glory, so Bok hara and Samarkand each have their ?trong points of individuality?their histo ries and traditions, their romances, trag edies; their growth and decay. The ancients called Samarkand "The Queen of Asia" and Bokhara "The Noble, the 8ublime." But if anybody should start out to hunt for the sublime in. Bokhara today he would become more and more disheartened as his search proceeded. It is in all respects the most antiquated, the most depraved, the ugliest and the least progressive city in Turkestan, al though there are fasclrtations in such places that more enterprising and at tractive cities do not possess. Is Nominally Independent. Bokhara differs from other cities of central Asia, also, because it is nominally independent of Russian authority. All the other cities and provinces are a part of the Russian empire, governed by a viceroy of the czar from Tashkend. Bok hara Is entirely surrounded by them, but its territory, about one hundred and fifty miles by three hundred miles in extent, is the only Independent province between the Caspian sea and the Chinese border, and between the mountains of Persia, Afghanistan and India and the Arctic ocean. This happened to be so because the emir was either too cowardly, or too in dolent. or too wise to resist the Russian Invasion. When Samarkand, Khiva, Merv and the other provinces were fighting for their political lives, Bok hara lay down in the road and appealed for the great bear's protection. There fore, Its independence was not disturbed, and with the consent of Russia con tinues to -be an independent khanate, governed by a khan or emir of autocratic powers, who collects the taxes, directs the expenditure of the funds, appoints the officials and the courts, and performs executive, legislative and Judicial func tions through subordinates who are re sponsible to him alone. The khanate is a petty autocracy, subject to Russian approval: divided into districts governed by officials called begs, who exercise sim ilar authority to the satraps of ancient Persia. They are autocratic in their way, and responsible only to the emir, who appoints, removes or punishes them at will, and they have the authority to put to death any person who offends them or deprives him of his property or his liberty. Liberty Depends Upon Revenue. The emir allows his begs to do pretty much as they please with their subjects, provided each of them supplies him with a stated amount of revenue. There is a uniform system of taxation, however, which is very severe and exacts from the farmers at least one-third and often more of their crops and from other people a corresponding share of their income. The bsffs must collect enough taxes In addition to satisfy their own avarice and maintain their local governments. They furnish so many soldiers to a useless army and equip them. It is a sort of a militia which Is to be called out when needed and is organized under the di rection of the Russian inspectors and drlllmasters. The emir has a bodyguard, composed of ruffians, modeled after the Cossacks. They are the terror of the country be cause they can do no wrong. They rob and UU without interference, and so \ chase, the house. 2401 Massachusetts ave nue, belonging to Mrs. Florence R. Boyd. The house which stands alone at the northwest corner of Massachusetts ave nue, S and 24th streets, is a brown stone and brick structure of three stories, base ment and tower with large grounds. 11 is Just west of Sheridan circle and in the midst of some of the finest homes In Washington. All the rooms are large and attractive, the drawing room, library and dining rbom being particularly spa clous and handsome. Gov. Hughes expects to occupy the house about October 1, and in the meantime some Improvements and alterations are being made for his con venience. long as they do not strike the wrong man they are not even reprimanded. The emir has a cabinet of seven or eight ministers, who have charge of the various branches of administration, and are assisted by many officials, great and small, usually poor relations and pro teges, who have difficulty In finding any thing to do. Known as Hush Beg. The actual head of the government, or prime minister, is called the kush beg; the minister of finance is the divan beg, j and the minister of the Interior is the oolah ben. The latter has immediate control of the local governments through out the khanate, and is thus able to come more closely in touch with the population than any other minister. These are the only important officials, and they are under the supervision of a Russian resident called an "agent," who lives at Kagan, th?? railway station nine miles from the city of Bokhara, and keeps in the background as much as possible. The palace of the emir, the residence of the prime minister, the offices of the various other departments of the govern ment, the headquarters of the army and the prison are located upon an emmence In the center of the city of Bokhara and are protected by a high wall pierced by a single gate. This citadel Is called the "Ark," the palace is called the ? Khele-Saral" and the throne of the emir is called the "Koktash." The cities, villages and towns are gov erned by an "aksakal" (literally a gray beard), who corresponds to the eld^r of the Russian mlr or the mayor of our towns. He is elected by the people for a term of three years and has autocratic powers, so far as the beg will permit. Kvery fifty householders elect an elllk bashi (literally a*head of fifty). They compose a board of aldermen, or a com mon council, and perform similar func tions to those bodies in the I'nited States, subject always to the approval of the beg. Thus there is, at the bottom, a foundation of representative government, even among the Bokharoits. Hallway Station Nine Miles Away. The railway station of Bokhara is called Kagan, and is nine miles from the ancient city. It consists of a group of one-story buildings, fronting wide streets, which are not so well paved nor so well shaded as those of other Russian settle ments in Turkestan. The residences, as in other Russian settlements, are pro tected by high walls, surrounded by gar dens and shaded with fine trees. In the center of the town is a large parade ground, upon which most of the shops and business houses are situated. There are several manufactories around the I railway station. whi?h have tall chim neys, that shed a good deal of smoke. There are two hotels or nomuras, as they are known in this part of the world, anU we were told that one of them, kept by a German widow, offered the most comfortable and homelike accommoda tions to be found in all Turkestan, but that statement was not confirmed. We telegraphed, as usual, for rooms, and when the train arrived packed our lug gage Into a droskey and drove to the place. The rotund and robust landlady stood in the doorway barring entrance, and would not tell us whether she could give us accommodations or not. Her only answer to our application was an im perious shake of the head, equivalent to ' "Wait and see." And the verdict was not long delayed. Within three or four minutes a droskey came dashing up to the door, bearing a general in the resplendent uniform of the Russian army, and the landlady greeted him with an appropri ate amount of homage. She led him into the house and left us standing on the sidewalk, like homeless orphans. But the droskey driver told us of an other place where we could find shelteij. It was a long, low building in the next block. The sign In Russian over the door was Inscribed "Commercial Hotel," but the accommodations were limited. But we had our own bedding and towels, which every traveler must carry in Tur kestan. and found good meals at the restaurant in the railway station, prob ably quite as good as the imperious land lady of the other hotel would have given us. Humoring the Emir. The railway station of Bokhara was placed nine miles from that city and given a different name out of politeness to the emir, whose pride the Russian government and Its agents endeavored to protect In every possible way. His high ness, to all intents and purposes is en tirely independent, and the Russian agent at Kagan is instructed not to Interfere with htm in any manner unless It 18 necessary to maintain the statu Qu? He will not give permits to enter the ark or citadel In which the emir has his palace at Bokhara, for example, but gives his card with a few words of introduc tion and commendation to the officer In charge, which of course, answers every purpose. 1 The relations between Russia and Bok hara are defined by two treaties conclud ed In 1*58 and 1873 between Gen. Kauf mann, commander-in-chief of the Russian forces, and the first viceroy of Turkestan on behalf of the Imperial government, and the late Emir Moaaffur-ed-din. These treaties place Bokhara In a position of qualified Independence under the protec tion of the Russian government, but pro hibit teh emir from communicating with any other government except through the Russian agents and surrender the water way of the Oxus and certain strategic positions to Russia. It is not only a safe but an economical j TOo?6ward 2l?tlbr?|5 New> York?WASHINGTON?Paris. During the heated term store closes at 5 o'clock, except Saturdays at 1. Special Midsummer Prices on Upholstery, Cabinet and Drapery Work, Wall Papering and Decorating. PECIAL midsummer prices still prevail on the Reuphol stering, Repairing and Refinishing of Furniture; the mak ing of Draperies, Window Shades and Fly Screens; the making and laying of Parquetry or Hardwood Floors, and the artistic Decorating and Papering of apartments or entire houses. Special color schemes, draperies and furnishings to match. Bv placing orders now for work of this character you will have the satisfaction of knowing that everything will be in readiness when you return in the fall, besides the expenditure will be consid erably less than if you waited until later. Work of this character is a specialty with us, and the utmost care is exercised in its execution. A large and attractive line of Imported and Domestic Wall Papers now on display. A rich display of Drapery and Upholstery Materials. Expert designers and decorators at your service, free of charge, to furnish plans and submit estimates. A postal or phone message will bring our representative at your leisure. August Clearance Sale High-Grade Portieres. (T5j1 N order to clear out this stock before the arrival of the new fall goods, we offer all small lots and dropped designs now remaining at very special prices for immediate clearance. Nearly all colors are shown, including a good selection of reds and greens. All arc good style, and some are very handsome. They are mostly one and two pairs of a pattern. On sale tomor row at prices ranging from $3.50 to $115.00 a pair. One=fourth to one=third Less Than Regular Prices. Continued August Clearance Sale Lace Curtains. HIS clearance sale represents the small and broken lots and discontinued patterns now remaining in stock. In cluded are imported and domestic productions, in styles and designs suitable for all parts of the house, ranging from 2 to '5 pairs of a pattern. All are high-grade goods, and are offered for immediate clearance at One-fourth to one=third Less Than Regular Prices. "Bar Harbor" Willow Chairs At a Special Price. NOTHER lot of our specially selected "Bar Harbor" Wil low Chairs arrived this week, and will be placed on sale tomorrow (Wednesday) morning at a very attractive price. These chairs are made entirely by hand of the best French willow, and are very roomy and comfortable. Very desir able for summer use, being cool looking, very comfortable and of a delightfully pleasing appearance. Specially priced at $2.90 each. W. & L. Specially Made Cushions, $1.00 extra. We stain these chairs in any desired tint at $1.00 extra. Fourth floor, G at. Fruit Jars, Jelly Glasses and Accessories. Mason Jars. Atlas Mason Fruit Jars; pint sise r-v dozen Atlas Mason Fruit Jars; quart ?lie. dosen noc Atlaa Mason Fruit Jars: V*allon o-r size; dozen ?DC /3C 85c d Jelly Glasses. Jelly Glasses, plain or optic; H plnt size; dosen 30C Jelly Glasses, plain or optic; V pint size; dozen 2^C Jelly Glasses, plain, W-quart >lie; dozen 35C Accessories. Mason Porcelain-lined Jar Tops, dozen 2??C Mason Jar Rubbers. dozen ?c Mason Tulip Jar Rubbers, dozen.. JOC Mason Wide-mouth Jar Rubbers, . dosen 15^ Paraffin Wax. package. ISc; 2 for a5c Wide-mouth Jars. Atlas Special Wide-mouth Fruit Jars; pint aize; dozen Atlas Spaclal Wide-mouth Fruit Jars; quart size; dozen Atlaa Special Wide-mouth Fruit Jars; ^-gallon size; dozen 95 Preserving Kettles, of Aluminum and Enamel Ware, 45c each and up. Long-handled Enameled Preserving Spoons, 8c each and up. Enameled Jar Fillet's. 15c cach and up. Solid Copper Gauze Wire Jelly Strainers, 20c cach and up. Jelly and Fruit Pressers, 25c each and up. Cherry Seeders, 10c each and up. Paring Knives, 10c each and up. "Colonial" Glassware. Berry or Salad Bowls, upward * cr from 1^ Water Pitchers, upward from 25c Oil or Vinegar Cruets, upward from Handled Bonbon Dishes, upward * ->r from lrfV" Mavonnaise Bowls and Plates,- up- . ward from 5^ Finger Bowls, dozen, upward * from 51 ?2'' Plates, dozen, upward from $1*50 Sherbet Glasses, dozen, upward from 73C Water Tumblers, dosen, upward from 35c Sauce Dishes, dozen, upward from OOC Garden Hose of Reliability. ON'T buy cheap hose, whether you buy of us or elsewhere; it is a poor investment. Really good hose costs but little more than the worthless. We don't sell the unsatisfactory sort, but we do offer at 112c Per Foot. a quality that is excellent and that will afford real service. With the patent band fasteners a screwdriver is all that is necessary to keep the hose free from joint leaks. Best brass couplings. Oil Stoves and Ovens. "New Perfection" Oil Stoves are absolutely satisfactory; odor less, smokeless and safe; they arc as easy to operate as a lamp $7.25 up Ovens for same, $1.00 each, upward. AJ Hammocks at Reduced Prices. White Canvas Hammocks. $1.00 each. Were $1.50. Well Made, Durable Hammocks, with valance. $1.00 each* Were $1.50. $1.35 each. Were $2.00. Extra Large Hammocks, with deep valance. $1.95 each. Were $2.95. $2.50 each. Were $3.95. $3.95 each. Were $6.00* Fourth floor. Elereatb at. Woodward & Lothrop. arrangement, because Russia la relieved of the trouble and expense of maintaining the government and possesses every ad vantage, although the people are very restless and rebellion Is Imminent at any time. They realize that the inhabitants of Samarkand, Tashkent and other neigh boring khanates are a great deal better off under the broad tolerant policy of Russia than they are under the non progressive. narrow and corrupt rule of the native khans. Son of Slave Becomes Ruler. The late Emir Moxaflfur died In 1883, a drunken debauchee, leaving Qve sons. Before his death he asked the Russian authorities to recognise his fourth son, Seid Abdul Ahad, as his successor, al though he was the child of & slave, and the young man was sent to St. Peters burg to be educated. At ihe time of his father's death, although a mere boy, Abdul was the beg, or governor of Ker mineh, and the situation was concealed for twelve hours until he could be brought to Bokhara. Under the protec tion of Gen. Annenkoff, the commander of the Russian forces, he wad able to as sume power without objection. The eld est brother, Melik, who had rebelled against his father and had fled to India, remained there until his death. Another older brother was continued as beg of Hlssar for some time, but was after ward accused of contemplating rebellion and was quietly 'removed.' A third brother was sent to prison upon some pretext and died within the walls. Emir for twenty-flve years, and has done very little that is either good or bad, but has been a sort of gilded marionette in the hands of his Russian adviser. He has spent his time In Indolence and lux ury. with a good cook and a large harem, a well supplied wine cellar, a country villa at Kermlneh, seventy miles from Bokhara; a winter villa at Yalta, the Rus sian Newport, on *the coast of Crimea, and a coutry place a few miles from that delightful resort. The emir Is seldom seen In Bokhara. He has not visited his capital for more than two years, and it la not probable that he will ever appear there again. The ostensible reason is that he is too proud to permit his subjects to see him humili ated by Russia, but the real reason is fear of assassination. A revolution is likely to occur there at any time unless there is a change in the personnel and the policy of his administration. MBS. COBEY TO PLAT AGAIH. Steel Magnate's Wife Wants to Re turn to Stage. LONDON, August 16.?Under the head ing "A Millionaire Actress," the Daily Mail says that Mabelle Gilman, the American actress who married W. E. Corey, president of the United States steel corporation, contemplates a return, for a little while at least, to the stage. Her name was chiefly associated with music comedy, but Mrs. Corey thinks that if she had ventured on mora seri ous work she would have made a greater reputation. If her plans for a return to the stage attain fruition Mrs. Corey will appear In London only, and with this object In view Lewis Waller has been approached to see If he can arrange for the produc tion here next May for a short season of "The Taming of the Shrew." in which Mr?. Corey would play Katherlne to Waller's Petruchio. Berkeley Spring, W. Va. is In gala at tire in honor of home-coming week, which was ashered In 8unday with denomina tional reunions at the various churches. During the remainder of the week there will be Imposing ceremonies, parades, public meetings, sports and a good time generally. Heavy Vote at Primaries?In terest in Republican Fight. for Governorship. SAN FRANCISCO, Cal., August 1?.? Voting California is devoting itself today to selecting its party candidates for state offices who will oppose each ot..er at the general election in November. It is the first dlre*t primary held throughout the state and nominees for every state office, many county and municipal offices and for California's eight seats. in Congress will be chosen. By far the greatest registration for the primaries ever recorded in the state has been reported and the great majority have declared themselves republicans. The figuring would be misleading as indi cating the true strength of the parties, however, as the harmony in the demo cratic party has removed the need of voting strength, and many democrats are registered as republicans in order to par ticipate in the five-cornered gubernatorial contest being fought out today. I Theodore Bell, the only democratic candidate for governor, unquestionably | will lead his party in the general election. The rest of the ticket, with the exception of the fourth congressional district, pre sents but one name for each office to the vote re. Curry and Johnson Strongest. Interest in the republican fight for the gubernatorial nomination has been worked to a high pitch. Of the five men whose names appear on the ballots, it is virtually conceded today that the race lies between Charles F. Curry, present secretary of state, and Hiram Johnson, who leads the "insurgent" element of the party. The candidate of the "regulars." Alden Anderson, state superintendent of banks, has made a strong flght, but with Curry, Phillip. Stanton, speaker of the as sembly, and Nathaniel Ellery, state en gineer, making strong personal cam paigns, besides Johnson's flght on na tional issues, the odds are against him. Of the eight congressional districts the struggle between William Kent and Duncan McKlnlay in the second Is the most interesting. Kent la a millionaire of "Insurgent" tendencies and has made his campaign on conservation and similar Issues. McKlnlay Is the incumbent. The incumbents also are out for nomination in the other seven districts. An advisory vote for United States senator to succeed Frank P. Flint is being taken. Three republicans are In the race, Flint having refused to run. They are Edwin A. Meserve. A. Q. Spald ing and John D. Works. No democrat aspirant has been named. Must Return Here for Trial. Irene Stlgllts, who waa arrested Hi New York several days ago on complaint of Isadore Saks, jeweler, at T08 7th street, for an alleged violation of the code, was committed for removal to this city by i United 8tates Commissioner Shields yes terday. It Is charged that she purchased I a diamond ring from the dealer and that I she left the city with It without giving 1 the dealer notice of her thereabout* AMERICA BEST MARKET FOR ROQUEFORT CHEESE Largest Purchaser of French Prod uct?Quantity Manufactured Is Largely Increased. Consul William H. Hunt of St. Etlenne. in his annual report, states that the manufacture of cheese of all kinds In France has increased consider ably during the last few years, and the progress made In the industry In gen eral has been phenomenal. Roquefort cheese, which stands In a class by itself because of its charac teristic qualities and unrivaled aroma, has followed this progressive tendency In both value and quantity of produc tion. In 1909 there were exported 4.000.000 cakes, or about 20.7i5.000 pounds, of Roquefort cheese, the pro duction of which consumed about 42, 267.000 quarts of sheeps' milk, made In the S10 dairies scattered throughout the department of the Aveyron and neighboring departments. The value of the milk used is estimated at $2,702. 000. If there is added to this the cost of manufacture, transportation, treat ment In the caves, etc., the total value is about 93.8HO.OOO. In 1890 the total value of the production was only $2,123,000. The exportation of Roquefort cheese increases yearly, i ne principal coun tries to which it is exported (with the exception of the United States, which holds first rank) are. In order of their importance, aa follows: Germany. Den mark. Norway and Sweden, Austria. Spain, Canada, Belgium. Oreeca, Eng land, Asiatic Russia, Argentina.' Uru guay and Brazil. Owing to Improvementa In tha meth ods of handling cheesa in the cavea and rigid supervision of the dairies and tha quality of milk furnished, tha Roque fort cheese is now much better than It was a few years ago. The value of tha exports of this cheese from St. Etlenne to the United States in 1000 was $389. 522. a decrease of $15,090. as compared with 1908. CKOSS CUT OK EACH CHEEK. Italian Declare* He la Victim of as "Avenger." CLEVELAND. Ohio, ^August 10.?Run ning screaming through the streets with a cross cut on each cheek and en hla chin, Tony Mossa was arrested last mid night. The cuts had been made by a rasor and completely penetrated hla cheeks He told the police that they ware the avenger's sign of a secret order to which he had belonged 'and accused Teolo Menotta, a fellow-countryman, ef being his assailant. Menotta was arrested later, but the pa lice were unable to get any coherent statement from either man. The victim of the vendetta, after making his first statement, appeared frightened at having said so much and obstinately refused to give any further information. Both mag were held. Girl Thrower Makes Record. IOWA CITY, Iowa, August 10.?Ada Paintin, aged fifteen, threw a league base ball 187 feet at a base ball game here Sunday. in atrivlng to break the record, alleged to be a world mark, act by Myrtle McCarrell of Oak Park, III* in July, when 180 feet were covered. THE STAR'S NEW SERIAL "THE SNARE ????? OF H?N CIRCUMSTANCE" WILL START WEDNESDAY This story surpasses the usual mystery tale in novelty of conception and adroit ness of execution. A crime baffles solution for three years, until a young newspaper man undertakes the case. The account of his methods, and the extraordinary maze of mystery which he encounters keeps the interest at fever heat. One of the Best Mystery Stories of the Year. Opening Chapters Wednesday.