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Parisian Cafe Waiters and Their Mustaches.
ONE DOLLAR Per Day for ?. Mustache?Would fou Pay It??Paris Waiters Sacrifice This Sum Several *imes a Year to Please Their iVives?Of E'se Insure the Jpinach?AH Have the Right j We?r Hair on Their ? ?aces. Won in a Great Strike -But the Public Does Not -ike It. ' "if' ..f Th" .?t?r J'ARIS, August 11, 1S1V. X T E R I X G the ?J rand Cafe. 1 was edified to see Ca det growing .1 ir.usta-he. Cadet is a maitre d' hate), tactful, cup ple. dignified, ex perienced. Call h'm a waiter. ??Compliment." I s*id. "Tour wife and children will ??omtng shortly?" ^e-:t week. " replied Cad?*t. "NVxi k. nhen it h*s grown longer aid rr ' must be a treat for the little ore?,*" ensured. if y wife"?he smiled shamefacedly - wishes them to see their father ,ing like other men. We ha^c the to wear mustaches!" straightened with self-respect. Five omers had parsed his table squarely. old Rastien. philosopher and boule lie;- despite his apron, served them el>. Flighty Adolphe turned his to suppress a snigger. Dumont and gee. taking strategic positions, cut iny customer's r?tr?at. All looked on et and his mustache with protective rest. All Mere smooth shaved. nsuredT' I arked casually. ? among ourfthM." said Cadet. *tien ineluaed. he insisted." Yhat will your* good, moon-faced tlen murmured genially, full of old rrlenve of men and cities. "At my 1 am ?mail and ruddy, >=mooth red. What would I do with a grizzled ?h" Rut you are young. You fought bled to wear hali on your fa^es. Do a m a rhap? I had better tell what it is all it. the ma-s of Pari* workers. waiters io.jffes a: ^ restaurant* are notorious!!}* the ?n^o*t *t *^ojs. correct. !".:e'ljgent. pa tient and de ^oted. f I'.ft't four j *8!? ago they a<! no union. I ITr.tST: three \? *rs ago the ioet :!iat they w>ild, possibly K>I'i in a trou|:>l-njc demor r. would Y*ve seened ,s-edible. TI? a suddenly \ hey he!d? sdcru midnight meett* at the \ourse of 3 i>or-an e* tracrflfnary e*:a y'shm^nt. ? which I shall itxm write } V*"- S<jm? tld not ar r:\e rT!] :j a.m. B'At a!! v.ettt awa> with I a de.egate elected Vfor their *afe. and! i 9woTf arsoltJtior: !:i ??>? *a1?. I *rl-ec rig-its late - \h? >4 tr c? each J ca'e got a -ea?ed lett V?~t?? ta .opened at JT p.m. n'r.ari' "? \ f[ A' 7 p.if. fa is in 'full blast. ?The ' aperitif" of ahsintV* and ottier ap %>^riz*r- Is rot ?ii!it? ov<*r an<f| th>> dinnet V? beginning. Th? haJlsi of i lig ht were1 l ke?i with sti.iwilatfNl optimistic (crowds. I y \troi]iz!n?:v ordering ab?*a rlie >5eft. re >p V'tfiil Mailers. wr.o irsdt aj?va>?s been tin V grateful slaves. At 1* P.m. fh? *arter*-opeiw<lfeheirtsealed lette t. It read: "Oi X apron*! To tl.e work?of <air?eman cinati. *n' Meeting nt the boorje of'. !abor. Frate; %?' Rie-tings." Once. ^wice. the .-bout wonr^tip in?each csfe a n? \restaurant of Par*: I "Oft si Vons!" And tra *ujullly. peaoeaiiy. the waiorrs lung up t ^>eir coats and aprons, doneed hats hrd s *jreet <a?tunw, and withotfi a word of exp Vinatlon just walked out like ordinaty cm \pncers. Only cooks, tbasseui cashiers and?cel-1 larmcn remain V** . Of course, th* m yiagementi-mniediately .el^phoned for mo. V help. - It was use Vyt. Neither inie ?n*encr office*, mu tuality bureaus nor t\? young union'had ?aitrrs to send. 1 \r a hours, i ak?3lilft service was /Miempted, clients laughing at the gay aAfventm*. But when they had lausrhed. t.y.v went away. I A cafe without Its suppl. y sympathetic j waiters Is a place of sadnes *? At that moment there w *s- perhaps.! orly one Parisian cafe ot restaurant j waitei who wore hair on his . 'ace. He wa? Frederic, serving his '"'n press duck and cardinal sole at the Tower of SHver restaurant, to the fine i Vw*r ot Americans in Paris for whom .Frederic names hi? dishes?lobster Wana tnaker. John Osv Zergroart veal. Dr. Bull X>u!let. . Maikey vol-au-vent and James G Vdon Bennett omelette. \ Personally, Frederic looks enormoiVs'J' 1 like Ibsen. Hairy is no word for .V>e face of him. When he concocts t.^e 1 duck sauce at their table?bending over ,V ) with loving care?proud-stomached ladies V ' shudder, wondering fearfully if those ' whiskers are in tight. " And they do say that sentimental young x?uples count the hairs that fall into the . t saucepan, murmuring: "He (or ,-he? loves c me! He <or she> loves me not!" j n .Waiters on th?ir day off used to cross I half Paiis to ?e? Frederic and the lmir ; upon his face, which they at once enVied him for possessing and blessed bun for j wearing. Frederic is not only proprietor : f of his whiskers, but of the Tower ot ' ij THE DKAMA OF CADET'S Ml ST ACHE. Walter* la Pari* caff* eaaaot afford to wear (heir mastache* longer 1kaa a week at a time. It roiti theai la redaed# tip*, aearly oae dollar per day. Silver .restaurant, and he ornaments him self as. lie will. His .-Vddish spinach was the beaconlight R'hich showed their way to all these thousands for their secret midnight meet ings at, the boui^e of labor. For, ,if Frederick could impose a full Ibsen negalia of ne< k whiskers, beard, busied sideburns and bush mustache on i\e creeim of Paris society, might not o nm<sn waiters win the right to wear nu *tatl Aps? ^ * i a a Whji Parisian waiters had been forced or ov? r a century to go smooth shaved r son* thing I shall tell you later. Just believe it. Growing a mustache was tantamount to dismissal. Several other trifling questions needed settlement, the "collection box" which pocketed half their tips, or "apron money" by which other proprietors cynically charged them ' $!..? to *" per day for the privilege of working without salary, not to tfrntion i "expenses and breakage," by which an other part of their tips was wrested I from them. j But. first of all. they demanded mus taches! Knowing how the waiters longed for I the hairy decoration, the cafe aad rew i taurant proprietors of Paris held iut five i days on the money question, to &t last concede mustaches as a splendid com pensation. And mustaches must have been ac cepted by the good and patient fellows ' had tvot the Paris pubiic begun to learn what happened to the tips it. imagined it was bestowing personally on waiters that pleased. One < afe waiter, during two weeks, had never received less than *."5.to per day in tips. According to rule, he passed them entire to the "collection box," and after the proprietor had taken out "his" part, the waiter got back *1.55 per day and meals. Others, in a night restaurant, paid the establishment tt cents "tablecloth money" per customer. 5 per cent on each bill fsupper tip* are supposed to he above 10 per centl, and *1 per day salary of each of their two aids. "Wo waiters have been paying that night restaurant *lti.0(X> per year for he privilege of working without salary:" tiie> *aid. a * * "All right." answered the proprietors, now frightened: "Call it square?and wear your mustaches." It was too late. During six days not a cafe or restaurant had a staff of wait ers. This kind cannot l>e improvised. Customers, spoiled by perfect service, would not accept clumsy dummies. In seven days the strike *a. ended The Pm-'?s public had struck s vmpathet-j Ically. th'?t theh frier.ds t-.e wa.ter* might I enjoy tb:!r earnlrgs and their rights a - j men! I Ever aince the wa.ters have had their | I full tifis-. paying so cent? per day for1 i meals: hut chiefly they affirmed, om* and 1 for all. and clinched it never to -?e filched ' from them, manhood's rip* nlorv a id | that hadire of clear-eyed feeooir-hair: Hair on the face! 1 More hair! Hair of mustache*, noatees. . imperials, sideburn**, favorite* ar.l w! is : ker?t Par <5 waiters won the rislu to wrar , them; pointed beards and pa>ied bear.'.? mustaches waxod. ?u?taches tried, dyed, oiled and perfumed, wi hom lirait 1 or reetrl tlon. One condition only attached to the ^'.lar ! ter wrested from proprletors. a simple ! counsel of perfection that "? certa n co quetry preside" over the hairy arciiUec i ture. "Bravo!" cried the Pari* public, "wc helped you g?t it!" Three >ears are supposed to elapse. In fact, they have. e apsed. How time passes! The scene changes to no matter what cafe or restaurant of the boulevard?or f any other in all Paris. When we aee a waiter wearing a mustache we bow to him in homage of 1 1 respect. We say: ??Compliments:'' and atk ne* s -of the object. Is It there for long? Is it in- ! sured? Or is it a dead expense, pa- > | tiently supported to pleas? wife and Cull- , dren? , Where are the mustaches? Where are the giatet"*. imperial*. side- | burns, favorites, w'r-lte^ ings. sert'onal- i | whisker*. pointed beards and parted beards, waxed, dyed, cu-led. oMed ard 1 perfuni?d. which the kindly Piris public : had helped conquer for the wa'ters? Oh the kind Paiis public. Let us' laugh. The Paris pub'.ic has a siring t;ed to | its gifts. Every waiter is smooth ahaved?except j when they take turns to be heroic. i..en see with what tenderness the othe-s watch over the budding sp.outs to pro tect them from the chill> glance* and freezing neglect of the public. Yes. the Paris public. And the cafe and restaurant proprietors laugh in their sleeve and say: "I told you so:" "Look you." said one of them this afternoon. "Of my best waiters, four are close on fifty years of age. Observe them. With their smooth, pink faces, close shaved, thry ?=till make a hnndsom*, appetizing figure. No one would give them their real age. They look young, alert, smart, don't they?" "Yes," I answered. "It is because they are smooth shaved. Suppose that they raise mustaches. Tl-.e hair grows out stiff and grizzled. Their true age will cry against them: and they will have great difficulty to obtain a job? Pot because they wear mustache*. hut because they are too old and repugnant looking." "Yes." I said, "but what of the young fellows?" 1 "Are their hairs more agreeable in the eotip <>r O! the ? *nc!wU ? V owe ? .1 i ?? c.'e ,.roPn.:-V V"? ' ! *. ? \J Joke on ? em T \ ?'p: ?<( :t ?t ?n ? p ,, p -rt 1 W* t? their t>w n a?-i-.in VT,>* thru. . > an >l;.veu So clean shaded. * ? \ * ? I inquired of Adolr lif. C*K, ^ **? Diimont a mi the ??t li^r? A' * 1 their kino friend, the a ^rl- ' b?tr*y?d them in the ma ter ?*v n1UB* tache*. \ "It is idleness to speak of hair* fW Right fall in thf roup.* -nld *m( Adolphe. who with Basticn ir.lkw nio?t pe. fe'-t team of Pai '?. "I.sten- , Mustache* ae a muk of nderenden -e? !n a waitfr. It art o*? the p .bl'.c. rot nv:ch. ji>t a littY jus! e'?o g.? <o .n*ke? tl ?m p*?? by a mustached one "Why!" I persisted. ? ? "The public w ishi s servi'e. supple wait er*. When I go smooth shav-d. I flitt?r my custotr.e: s."' said Ado'pfee. "Th*\ piy' me good t.p?. Why not content I hem " <)r in?i*re the rp!n?ch." *a d g-?o?I Battier. Insure the ?plnn h' At the tlrarrt ?'*'?. where there are five whose wives \vi*t\ t! em to wear mustache* during; short period* several times * >ear. they hav* adopted the mutual aid system. Now that It i? Cadet"> turn, the four othet? mak.' up to him his da!1\ loss In tlp ' What do#1* a waiter l<?se pe:1 dii> by ataring a mustaches?" I asked. "About a dollar," answered Bastien. "What will you? Customers dislike t<? see It. Vou m'gVt think we others pick up the tips Cadet loses. Yes. ?e tr* to. but It requires str?teg> to head off thoa* who walk away in vague displeasure." It seemed even so. We watched twenty customer* wr>?> approached Cadet** tables. s.x stare?\ I with aurp: 'se -and pas*?d on. f<e\enk ? ontrolled the'r faces?and passed like wise. Only the r?mair5ng srveti s-at down at the tab'es ot the mustache.i I'ariA waiter. STERLING IIKILIU. John D. and His Caddie. r h-s seT? i J enty-flrtt birthds> last m^f.th, told a I Cleveland reporter a ro'f story, j "Golfirg in Augusta one bright winter I day," he said. "I had lor raddle a -boy I who didn't know mo. < "An unfortunate stroke landed me id A ? clump of high Rrass. " 'My. my,' I said, 'what am I to dm 1 now ?' " 'See that there tree?' said the boy. ! pointing to a tall tree a mile away. Well,. '? drive straight for that.' "I lofted vigorously and fortunately. ! my ball soared up into the air. it landed. '? and it rolled right on to the putting. ' green. " 'How's that mj boy?' I cried trlum phantly. "The caddie stated at me with envioua ! eyes. " 'Gte, boss." he said, 'if I had your ?strength and you had my brains, what * ? pair for a foursome we'd make!' " 3 an 6 CHURCH CENTENNIAL. * T 4* Dr. Robert ?. Davison ?j? of the Presbytery of ??? Washington to Attend Ob servance at First Presby terian Church of Monti- ' V cello, If. Y.t in September. ,^t ? RK\. DR. D\\|sO\. EV DR ROBERT A DAVISoX \j Of Falls Church. Va.. and a member of tlie presbytery of! I Washington, is to preach the i I 1r: t *?rmon at the turning < en-1 Imal of tl.e First Presbyterian CiKirch] Month-el'o. X. V Dr. Davison went .-l from the seminary ir. Princeton j Monticello forty-five years ago and J alned a* pa?tor of that < hur. h from i ? to Its membership was lirse-I increased under hi* ministry. Thirty- j new members were added on a single i t>ath. A remarkable circumstance ? -erninjc the < omlng centennial Is that of the former pastors are still llv- j and four of them in active service, five will he present at the centennial, j Davison has been pastor of the abJ terian Church at Kalis Church.' , for ten years. and during this time church has prospered materially and( it.tally. It has a large congregation a growing Sabbath school. f Xem York organization dates back within six years of the founding ofj nttcello. As soon as Sullivan county! set off from I'later. Monticello was *e the county seat, and In recent years * a great reaort for city people during ation seasons, and fur the ailing all vear around. Its elevation and pure ami almost constant sunshine render climate almost ideal. he live former pastors living have sig <1 their happiness In attending the bratlon and in participating in ita Thexe are Dr. Robert A. Devi nastor from 1^*5 to I. Rev. Henry Harlot. Xyack. X. T., 1*7;: to 1*77: Dr Hush R. HcCau'ey. Trenton. X. 1 to 1??C: Rev. James A M<Gowin, t PHiu. X. Y.. to l?*i. aad Rev. _>"rt B. Perine. Blnghamton.^C Y.. 7 to limn. Tne present minister is the Arthur J. Waugh. hoy on f wiote to Henry Ward Cher asking liht* to help him And "c?>.v p'a?e." Mr Becciier replied. ?u cannot l?e an 'ditor: do not try Uvt do not (nink of the ministry: alonr all atiips and shops anri r^n^tnlise: h? not a farmer nor a -iianh : neiihe- he * soldier nor a f?r. don't woiHc. don't -simi*. do?*t k. Xone of these are easy. Oh. >?>n. *.oti have come inio a hard id I know of orrly one easy place and that Is the grave.'* Che Clues and iibat to 5Do Mill) Obem. By the Churohman. WHO in the world first dubbed, seasons of depression "the blues '? If it were riot ?*>o late I should enter a vigor ous remonstrance agadnst connecting one of my favorite colors with a very disagreeable and painful mental stat*. When 1 look into thse deep blue eyes of a dear little girl I Know, when I gaxe into tlse azure heavens, when my eye lights upon a beautiful turquoise stone, when I see the blue banner associated with a certain college, I wonder why blue should typify in the moral and spiritual realm something far from pleas ing. Why should ministers talk abotit blue Mondays? Why not talk about green Tuesdays and violet Wednesdays? Well, the phrase ij here to stay. And the thing for which it stands is a grim reality. Few of us escape the moments when life seems an almost Intolerable burden, when we are oppressed with it* mysteries, when it stales on us and becomes unspeakably flat and cheap, when the waves of depression roll In upon our souls and for the time being submerge us. Can we do nothing, then, but allow ourselves meekly to be sub merged and then wait, as Noah did. for the wrfters to abate? 1 do not think we are left in such a plight. We can certainly get the right point of view concerning them. And right here, if anywhere. i.-? to be found a rca>on for calling these experiences the blues. As we need the blue sky to offset the gorgeous tints of sunrise and sunset so our human life cannot be one continuous series of high lights. There is a hymn one of the verses of which begins: I thank Thee. Lord, that all our joy Is touched with pain; That shadows fall on darkest hours; That thorns remain: So that earth * bliss may be our guide And not our chain. "I he order of life seems to involve a certain measure of discipline, uf reaction from exceptional happiness, of the temporary sway of moods in which we feel the weight and strain and unsatisfactory ness of existence. Such moods are not peculiar to us; they are common to the race. The best men and women in all the centuries have been subject to them. "Think It not strange." writes the apostle Peter to a group of early Christians, referring to fiery trials that were upon them. This is the philosophical side of the blues, and If we ever need a philosophy of life we need it when the skies are leaden above us. Bat there is a practical side that deals with the kind of an active tight we ought to put up against these invaders of our peace and happiness: for blues are to be fought with all the infantry, artillery and cavalry we can muster. Hero are three suggestions for the warfare: First, get out Into the open. Kmerson used to send his children out for a walk when they became unbearably cross In the house. And a dose of sunshine and fresh air helps mightily, 'tis said, when one is in the grip of the blues. And stay In tne open tong enough to let the hills and the valleys, the stars and the stones, the birds and the flowers, whisper to you their message of hope. Get to work. Buckle down all the harder to the routine duty. Jump Into the big task. Tackle the thing that looks hard and insur inountable. Do something for somebody else. Why are mission aries seldom blue? Because they are in the thick of the contest and on the tiring line. In the third place, consider every attack of the blues a call to a deeper life with God. The only sure cure lies in this direction. I'nder the domination of a great depression of spirits a man has a right to faco his Maker and humbly yet pleadingly ask Him what it all means and bow It can be remedied. Straight to the loving heart of Him who is "our help In ages past, our hope for years to come," should we carry the mood that weighs us down. And If we do this we shall rtnd as ? e giow older that the blues -fc visit us less and less frequently. tP ii Religion and the Danish Court. ( From the Sirgnd. The royal families of England and Dei j mark ai* linked b? man-.a**. out mere is not mu< h brilliance in the court of Copen i ? ?a no. iiurii capital Ii*m ihe 'shortest seascn on record, it begins in ? these occa>ion?. Black Is not allowed ! at court: white is. But th?re is one thingl that is uncommon In the court cere-' monial. The wives of the nobility andTj of hish officials when hi mourning have a right to wear a peaked headdress. Ktlquette in Copenhagen is different from that whiuh prevails in London. ' February and ends In March. ? Newcomers are expected to ask to lie The Queen of Denmark is of a serious introduced to those a horn thev meet in nature and decidedly religious turn of talod. However, courts are held, apd t|\ere ! are some palace entertainments. Vrahis tare not conipulsorv at the Danish court. ? but full evening dres* i* required, and the houses where they visit, and it i? ii*ual'(oi tben-j to. leave cards ,at once.on the residents. Dinners arc early even In the smart set?at ?>:.'*> or 7. Tlie service is slow, and the long evening that fol aear their uni'orme on some of J lows is apt to l>e a trifle monotonous. g?uniiag Srtjool ? Uraaon ? far ? ulomnrrotu -Written for The Star by Rev. Dr. Joseph Edmund Smith Secretary of the American Society of Religious Education jeers \raring Jerusalem. Matthew. 20:17-34. The Gathering Shadows. IN hi? first letter to Timothy (1:13), Paul tells uk with much emphasis that "Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners,"' and the apocalypse represents Christ as a lamb tlain from the foundation of the world These, and other passages of Scriptures, teach us that the entire scheme of redemption was planned be fore ihe first flat of creation wa.? utter ed. From this it follows that the con sciousness of Calvary must have rested upon the heart of C'hri-t from the first hour that He awoke to the realization of His mission. At first it was in the dim distance. Sure, but far off. But now the shadows were gathering, the tragic hour was drawing near. Next to himself, Christ was burdened for His disciples. Trained from childhood in a different school, thoroughly convinced that Christ was to establish a temporal kingdom, they could not understand His references to His coming death and resurrection. As we have seen they became impatient, and Peter even dared to rebuke Him for de claring that it must come to pass But as the time drew near the ne cessity of preparing the disciples for the event became more imperative. His min- J istry in Perea was now closed. He was | about to enter upon the fateful journey j to Jerusalem. The journey must have been a sad one. There was that about ! Christ which sorely puxiled the disciples. | Mark says < 10:rrj), "And Jesus went be fore them, and they were amazed; and as they followed they were afraid." Still He longs to have His dlsclp'.es in sym pathy with 111m. At some convenient place on the way He gathered them about Him. and possibly with greater emphasis "began to tell them what things should happen unto Him." In this Instance He waB most explicit. He entered Into de tails, but Lyke says: "And they under stood none of these things" (1SUI1>. How utterly they failed to comprehend the meaning of Christ's warning may be seen by the incident which occurred al most Immediately afterward. The Ambitious Mother. This incident \n characteristic. It shows the oneness of the race in all ages: and i It bears evidence, too, of the^ truth of the record. They seem to have been in Jericho. Salome, the mother of James and John and the wife of Zebedee. had probably come so far to meet them. Mark says that the petition which was now pre sented to Christ was offered by tiie sons; but Matthew says that it was the joint petition ot the mother and h^r sons. There'Is but little difference in the rec ords. It is. however. Important to note that Zebedee took no part In the pre | sentation of this petition. He may have I remained at home; or he may have had I [ no sympathy with the petition of the mother and her children. However that j may be. it is one of those touches | which Shows that the picture was paint I eil from life. j The world over It is the mother who plans for her son's future and whose ambitions are most gratified by his suc cess. Zehidee remains at home, absorbed by business or study, or perhaps en lov ing the comforts of the club. As usual, the conception of the scheme and Its ! nrnsecution w:?s the work of Salome I I?\en if it were true that Jame* and John had desired and hoped for these positions, we may he sure rhat this pe tition had never been offered hut for the ambition of their mothrr. Nor can it ho s*id that there was anr "thlng wrong ap t1,? petition Itself. ?rant ing ihe truth of their conception of the new kingdom, why should not h?r son* he placed in the portions of greatest honor and glory? They had been with Him from the beginning. They had been honored by Him. On occasions of special ! importance they and .Peter had been chosen as the only witnesses, and why should they not. when the kingdom was fully established, be next to the Master in dignity and glory? Such was the rea soning of Salome and the children. From this i-oitu of view the argument was flaw less. * * Disciples Who Dared. The misfortune was that they were wrong in their premise, and consequent ly they were wrong in their conclusion. They had utterly misconceived the na ture of the kingdom of heaven, and they could have no idea of the means by i which its subjects were advanced to its j positions of honor. But they had one I element <>f greatness. They were heroes both. They knew not what difficulties lay along tue path that they would tread, but they knew and they trusted their Lord. It was ? blind faith, but it was also sublime. That answer to the Mas ter's ouestlon when He had told them that they knew not what they asked, and when He demanded of them if they could "drink of the cup that He would drink of, and be baptized with the bap tism that he would be baptized with" will ever stand as a type of the heroic and daring. "We are able." It is quite true that the disciples! did not understand their I*ord. The ] cup and the baptism of which He spake , were quite other than they supposed. But they had fully expected that there i mould be a conflict. The upheaval and ; the overthrow of the existing order, taey j well knew, could not be accomplished ? without a struggle. And for this they | were prepared. We may remember that | they possess a nature so warlike and ; fiery that they were called by Christ himself "The Sons of Thunder. (Mark, 3:17.? And once when the Samaritans were unwilling to receive them, these disciples were ready to call down lire from heaven to destroy them. They were ready, these disciples, for forced marches, to lead a host to battle, or to endure any other hardship that would be demanded by the new Position. But such were not the cup and the baptism of the kingdom of Christ. m th * Conditions of Spiritual Greatness. Is the desire for spiritual greatness wrong? Supposing that Salome and her tons had understood the nature of the kingdom of heaven, would their request have been contrary to the spirit of the kingdom? This question cannot be an swered by a monosyllable. The ambition to make the most of one's self, to "make stepping stones of our dead selves to higher things." is unquestionably of God; but the ambition to be chief, to rule over other?, to be regarded by the world as supreme, is utterly foreign to the spirit of the gospel. This fact is pointed out by our Lord- hut we must notice first. m ? * Bequest Is Partially Granted. "Ve shall indeed drink of my cup. and be bapiized with- the baptism that I am baptized with." The path of these dis ciples was to be one of persecution and hardship. James war slain by the sword of Herod Agrippa I lActs. 12:2b John suffered many persecutions. He was ex iled. through all his after life he was made to drink deeply of the cup of Christ's sorrow. How little they knew what tlvey were asking. The last phrase of the twenty-third verse has given much trouble to the commentato-s. It simply means that this Is not the realm of fa voritism. In the kingdom of our Lord the man who has the highest seat is the man who has been prepared fur it. He has become murh like his Lord. He is us ually one who Iihs suffered. He has borne burdens: he has endured hardships; he !*. ready.-like his master, to die for the i truth. This Is a realm In which there can be | no mis akes. The awards of service arej meted out by Go 1 Himseh. This is the I place where we should remember the warning, that "the last shall be first and the first shall be last." The Incident might have been closed here had not the other disciples been aroused by it to indignation. To them it seemed that James and John had some j how obtained an advantage over them. I Had not the Master promised that they i should drink of the same cup and be I baptized with the same baptism with ! Himself? Why should they be excluded ! from this honor? Doubtless it carried with it emoluments In which they should equally share. This made a fuller ex planation necessary upon the part of Christ. Calling them to Him He shows the | difference between the earthly and the heavenly kingdom, and lavs down the [ rules by which we may attain greatness j in the kingdom of God. How complete is I the reversal of the heavenly from the earthly. The princes of the Gentiles exer cise authority over them, and they that are great exercise dominion over them. There is in this 110 condemnation of earthly government, or of the authority which is necessarily connected with it. But in those days, and to a degree in all days, dominion and authority are in separably connected with tyranny and oppression. They mean servitude upon the part ot the people. They imply the abnegation of rights upon the one hand and limitless and uncontrolled power on j the other. And this was the thought in jthe nrnds of the disciples. It was the ! only one with which they were familiar. Through tUe wide world there had never been any othev standard or code. "Hut it shall not be so among you." 1 The pyramid is to be reversed. Hereto fore all have existed for the. one. i From every cottage and hamlet, from every farm and workshop, a stream was turned into one great reservoir which belonged exclusively to the King. ; But. hear it. the princes in the king | dom of heaven are to be the ministers and ! i servants cf the people. The great, all ! controlling and unchangeable law of this j kingdom is service. And the higher .you climb the nearer you stand to the throne, the deeper must be your humll tty and the greater must be your serv. ce. But if this is the law of the king* dom where is its limit? Surely there must be somewhere an explanation to this unheard-of anomaly. It cannot be all service. Perhaps it is for a season, and then the power and the glory of the throne. Well. yes. there is a stand ard. Jesus offers Himself as the model after which they are to strive. "As the Son of Man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister and give His life a ransom for many." That la the standard, and that is the limit of serv. ice. No wonder the disciples of Christ have been the study of the church. We have become familiar with the doctrine, but even yet we are unable to grasp it. Service to all. to the limit of our strength, and even, if needs be. to the sacrifice of our life. This is the lesson taught by Christ's life and sacrifice. The disciples must wait until they had druhk of His cup and had been baptised with His baptism before they could understand the Master's meaning. Is it not so with us? * * Blind Eyes Opened. After the great lesson that wt have been studying there is hut*llttle lime for this closing miracle. It is only on? of many others which showed the matchless power and the unfailin^'sympathy of Christ. They were leaving Jericho. Just outside the gate were two blind men. They j had heard of this wonderful Healer; and | doubtless they had long hoped that theyj might meet Him and by Him be restored > to sight. Hearing now the tramp of the [ multitude, and being told that Jesus was; passing by. they began earnestly to vail I upon Him to have mercy upon them. The; people sought to silence them, but it was the one opportunity of their lives, and j they cried out the more vehemently, j "Have, mercy on us." Jesus bade there come to Him. He knew their need, but he would have them tell their desire. "Jesus i had compassion on them: He touched I th'ir eyes, and they received sigh!," TttttTtt ytTttTT T CHRISTIAN ENDEAVOR. Field Day to Be Held at Takoma Park September 5 ? William Knowles ^ Cooper to Speak?Other ^ JL Notes. .? I President Gates of the District Union has sent to every society president for distri but ion tomorrow attractive circulars announcing Chris mAI 1,s" Endeavor field day, to be held at Takoma Park I.a bor day. Monday. September 5. He promises for the aft ernoon a general good time?a continu ous performance of events brand-new to Washington picnics. Detailed arrange ments for the afternoon program are be ing carried forward by W. K. El wood, Joseph Pettit and C. J. Spiker. In the evening General Secretary Cooper of the Y. M- C. A. will speak on "What Can Christian Rndeavorers Do to Make a Better Washington?" The start is to be made from 7th street and Florida avenue at 2:30 o'clock, and it is expected that the crowd will outnumber those of previous Labor day outdoor meetings. 9 m ? Fifteenth Street Christian. The Bndeavorers of the Fifteenth Street Christian Church have undertaken to pre pare and equip a playground on the lot ad joining the church, where hand ball courts and croquet will soon be ready for the opening. A weekly church bulletin will be provided by this society for the use of the church during the coming year. The society's secretary reports that rousing good talks were given last Sunday on prayer meeting, lookout and officers' du ties and oti the coming International Christian Endeavor convention by Messrs. Gillman. Chown and Oney and Miss Ray mond. 9 ? ? Ingram Memorial Congregational. Ingram Memorial Congregational Chris tian Endeavorers will again conduct the service of the church tomorrow evening at 7:30 o'clock. The interest in these meetings is being evidenced by the at tendance. ? a * A class of Endeavorers to take up the study of Esperanto has been proposed, and it is requested that those who are in terested send their names to headquar ters in the Bond building- Rev. Horace P. Dutton. former Christian Endeavor secretary for Europe, is attending the Washington convention, and Thursday explained to a group of Endeavorers his cx er.enee as to the usefulness of the | world-language. w a a Vermont Avenue Christian. The 'Flying Wedge" of the District| un on. led by Pi es den'- Gates. will to- J morrow have charge of the meeting of - the Vemont Avenue Chrisian StKiety. ? First Congregational. The Fist Congregational Society was] v.sited Sunday < ve'lng by Rer. Horace j P. Dutton of Aub-irhda'e. Mass.. where' he is a ne ghbor of Rev. Dr. Clark, lounde; of theChnsra'i Endeavor move- j mcnt. Dr. Dutton was iormerly European j Ch-istiai Endeavor secretary, and fifteen j j ears ago introduced th* movement Into many, of the. uontinental countries. Now [ annual aatheiings of the European Chris tian Endeavor congress are held, and thai work ;? organized and prosriessive over I jivpft of the continent. 4?4*4*4* 4*4* 4"* 4? "b+irV, t PRAYER WEEK. ? t ~ ? Brotherhood of St. Andrew Heads Transfer This Pe riod From Week Preced ing First Sunday in Ad vent to Holy Wesk?oth efc 4? 4? ? er Notes. "J* At a recent conference of the head? of the brotherhoods of the various Christian bodie?. it was decided to trans _ fer the time for th? "'BmSB "w*k of prayer."* WaflS^y which has h.i otoor* been held during the meek preceding the first Sunday in Advent, to holy week of each year, which is. h? the resolu tion adopted states, now observed by Christian bodies tbrouciiout the land as a spccial season for prayer and meditation. ? ? ? Archbishop Invited. The Archbishop of York, who in om of the prominent members of th? Church of England. lias been invited to be one of the speakers on the occasion of the twenty-fifth national brother hood convention, which meets next month in Nashville. Tcnn. m ? ? Mr. Gordon Leads. i ? The service conducted each Sunday. I morning in the Union Chapel, Colonial Beach, under the auspices of the Washington brotherhood chapters, was last Sunday in charge of J. iioldswoilii Gordon of Christ Church Chapter, i Georgetown, and tomorrow morning will he conducted by Dr A. T. Gregory of St- Paul's Chapter. *?? I Emmanuel Chapter Meetings. Regular meetings of the Brotherhood ! Chapter of Emmanuel Church, Ana costia, are Iteing held throughout th? summer months at the homes of the members of the chapter. i ? New-Mown Hay in a Church. ? From tiie London Krcuiox Standard. A custom which has existed at OI4 Weston (Huntingdonshire) from time im memorial has again been observed. The church is dedicated to 8t. Swithin, and on the Sunday nearest St. Swlthin's day the edifice is utrewn with new-mown hay. The tradition is that an old lady be queathed a field for char.table purpose* on condition that the tenant provided th?< hay. to lessen the annoyance caused by the squeaking of the new boots worn by the villagers on feast Sunday. There are other explanations?one that it is an of? ferlng of the first fruits of the hav bar vest. and another that it is a survival of the custom of strewing the church twhen the floor was only beaten earth) witU rushes, these being renewed on the festle \al Sundai . Religions Bodies in London. From llif Untlon (ikihf Ix?R'lon has at least forty-five different denominations of Christians. Glasgow boasts Its thirty-four religious bodies. and Edinburgh its twenty-five. In spite ?f Methodist union three years ago. there are still five or six varieties of Methodist societies in I^ondon, whil? there are tw<> other "refdrmed" offshoots from th#j Church of England. three different Rai^ tlst bodies and three kinds of Presmyw rian?-English, Scotch and Wel*h.