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n format Ion on th# part of Dliulct ubordlnate o?cials. Thoroughfares tn Dtrkne* number of th* ro*4i on which Ights have beta cut off art main trunk oads Into and out of the District, me of these roads are traveled by undreds of farmers bringing truck *o fie Washington market and spending their money In this city. It la true that hese farmers come to the District line tn darkness, but If their traveling can be made comfortable inside the District the Inducement to them to visit Wash ton and do business here Is certainly cr*?ater than It would be under other condition*. Any policy that does not Invite business into the Dlatrlct Is> a poor one. On these same roads, with hundreds of farmers coming toward the city between darknoes and 3 o cloca in the morning, there are District people traveling In automobiles, vehicles or all descriptions and on foot. In the darK there will be many accidents. Pays Taxes, Gets Little. "But the suburbanite bases his objec tion to the present action largely on the fact that he pays his proportion of taxes to the District and gets practi cally nothing In return. In some In stances he has no water, sewer or gas for homo convenience. lights are, therefore, about all he wets in return for his part in maintaining the Dis trict. Police protection in the suburbs in about as scant as lights are to be hereafter. Fire protection Is about on the same basis. It Is not to be won dered that there Is feeling under these circumstances." REDISTRICTING OF CITY REGARDED AS AN ERROR Blamed for Failure of Contractor'*! Men. to Collect All the Befnse. Fine of f643 Imposed. Instead of being fined $1,254 for 1,254 j failures to collect ashes, refuse and trash from the backyards of the city during his first two weeks as contractor, M. R. Ready will have to give up only SM3, ac cording to the verdict of a committee ap pointed to examine Into every one of the 1.254 complaints. Mr. Ready protested against the pay ment of the f1.254, and through his at torney demanded an investigation. The committee at the District building was composed of Uanlel J. Donovan, deputy auditor: D. E. Gargws, chief clerk, engi neer department: James M. Wood, super intendent of street cleaning, and William Henry White, assistant corporation coon- I sel. Mr. Ready and hla attorney were present at the meetings of this com mittee. Every householder's complaint waa ex- I amined carefully. The committee exam ined orally the assistant superintendent of street cleaning and five inspectors en gaged In city refuse work. From the etatements of these men the committee has reported that it lays the blame for a large number of falluree to collect refuse In July to an error in Judgment on the I part of the contractor In redlstrlctlng the for collection purposes. fiw't of the committee's investi gations It Is probable that hereafter, when j an Inspector goes to see a houeeholder j who has complained against the ashmen or the trashman. she will have to sign I the inspector's card before the cue is | closed. GAYNOR PASSES PHYSTCIAHS. Last Consultation on Hir Condition 1 It Held. NEW YORK. September 1?The five I physicians who have been in attendance oa Mayor Vteynor since he was shot by James J. q&lagher visited him today at Ms home la%JL Jamea, L. L, tar what it was said afterward would be the last eon. | ?aKatton. Associated with them was Dr. llus G. Coakley, * specialist on the and throat. The mayor rode to the station tn an au-1 temohlle to meet hla physicians. After the consultation was over, Charlea H. Hyde, city chamberlain, a close friend of the mayor, made the following state IE The physlciaaa found the mayor's throat tn excellent condition. No opera-1 tlon la necessary at present, and probably none will ever be necessary. The bullet is imbedded in flesh and touches no organ | and cannot do harm. The mayor's physical oundtlbm baa I greatly improved since hs cam* to St. Jamea. Bis voice is better a "What he needs Is a complete rest. Ha I will regain his full powers. 1 kdkzdox satodtpoet. <i Holy Ghost- and Us" Ship to Bt | Repaired. YARMOUTH, N. SL. September baffcsnttae Xlngdoo* of the "Holy Ghost j and Us" Society, which went several days ago ??Mud island. bare today, having been pulled afloat dnr- I lag the night. She was patched up considerably whOe aground and waa easily brought into this port, where ehe went on the marine- slip | for mora extensive repairs. The members of the society who en board the vessel at the time of her! stranding are still on Mud Island, where they are oomfortablyrtioused. Their fu-1 plana have not* been definitely an-1 OLDEST* OPERATOR-DEAD. Xtaao W. Hallim. Sent Important | Xeuages Dirinfr* Civil Wkr. WILMINGTON. Del, September 1 ? baao W. Ha Ham, probably the oldeat telegraph operator in the country in ent ofSjontlnuous service, died hereye< da*. aged eighty-one years. He was tn tha*employ or the'Weetern Uhlon Tele gsapls Company for flfty-two years. For a time during the civil war be managed the transmission of telegrams betwsen the War Department at Waeh Satk and the headquarters of the Army be Potomac. He wae secretary of Grand Lodge of Odd Fellows ef Del aware foreman jr" /ears. HoewoRiyraoxm. soberts. Ofrs0Boiko91Cint Has Not 8aifrWhen HoWttl Take Up Work. aiwie B. Roberta^ former* dh^stor of the mint who Is to return to the same position in the Treasury Department, has not communicated with the depart ment am to the time of Ills arrival. The mint bureau here has been in charge of R- E Preston, one-time director, for a number of months, ever since A. Piatt Andrew became assistant secre-1 tary of the Treasury. Mr. Roberta waa director of the mint for nine year* under the McKlnley and Roosevelt administrations. He left the bureau to become preeident of the Commercial National Bank of Chicago. He remained bead of that Institution until It was recently consolidated with the Chemical National Bank. Faints and It Killed in Fall. KFTWBUROH. H. Y, September 1.?Mrs. Mary Bradley, aged seventy, falnted'whlle standing at an open window in her home and feu out. She struck the flagstones, thirty feet below, and was instantly killed. Prof. A. L. Helton Found Dead. LEXINGTON. Va., September 1?Prof. Alexander Lockart Nelson, eighty-three years old, was found dead on the porch of hts home her* last night. He was pro feeeor of mathematics in Washington and Lee University for more than fifty years and wes a beneficiary of the Carnegie fund. Four years ago Prof. Nelson waa retired from the faculty. Hla death was due to natural causes. CITY MANON FARM Chances Are Against His Making Fair Living. MUCH THAT HE MUST KNOW Ex tenure Requisites for Successful Agriculturist. WBONG CHOPS ABE RAISED Products That Are Scarce and Sure to Grow Bring the Best Be turns. Question?Can a city man make a suc cessful living as a farmer? Answer?He can, but the chances are big that he won't The Department of Agriculture has been studying the question for some time. There is an ever-Increasing movement of men who want to leave the city and make their fortune running a farm. The department haa done all It could to help them with advice. W. J. Spill man of the office of farm management has been especially Instructed to look after this work. Questioned about the outlook, he said: Chances Against City Man. "I do not want to seem pessimistic, but the fact 1s that the city man who Is trying the farming game Is going up against a hard formation. He can make a success. He sometimes does. But there are many who have not the nerve or the capacity, and they fall. "It Is Just as well to consider the sub ject as it Is. and not to raise any false hopes. A city man who goes to the country to make a fortune farming may rest assured that he will make at tne best but a scant living for several years. "After that things may come his way. He may make a success, but he has to have the nerve and the endurance to stand the lean years and the hard work first. "The reason Is plain. The city man who goes to farming Is starting at the top of the ladder instead of the bottom. A country boy can come In tewn and ?tart as a street car conductor. He may eventually develop Into the president or a high official of the road. "But that same boy?bring him to town and put him In charge of a big depart ment store, and it takes no Imagination to see what sort of a failure he would make. That Is the sort of Job that the grown-up city man undertakes when he starts out titer he la mature and tries to make a living in the country. Things Hs Must Know. "He has no idea before he starts how many things ha must know to make a success. He must know something of fertilisers and the chemistry of soils. He must know about breeding and feed ing stock. He must be a mechanic and be able either to do a Job of blaeksmith ing or carpentry or know how It ought to be done. "He .must know about planting and crop rotation. He ought to hare a fair working knowledge of botany. He must know about marketing crops after he gets them. Above all, if he has men working for him, ha must be a good executive. "You sea, this Is a list of accomplish ments that are absolutely essential. A man can study a lifetime and not know all of them. "That, In reality, Is why so many na tive farmers, bom aad reared on a farm, are not making mora than a bare living today. "And yet It Is natural that the tide Is setting toward the farm from the city today. For many years there has been a movement from the farms to the city. "To? take the returns of the present census, the last census snd two of the decades before that, and you will find that the states east and south of Ohio have shown an actual loss of population In the country and an enormous Increase In the towns. There wss steady employ ment In the towns, and, excepting times of financial panic, which were periodic, there waa more demand for labor than could be supplied. Trend Is Back to Farm. an Immense in crease in manufacturing, transportation and die* of suppttea. We were raising exporting more foodstuffs than we could use, "But now that surplus supply Is Mug cat down. There are actually less cattle being raised now In the west than In past years. There is lees food being exported. Fifteen years will see us making no exports of foodstuffs. The price of food here will be the foreign price plus the freight. "Wages in the city have raised, it Is tru* but they have- not kept pace with the cost of living, by no meana The city man la being preesed to make both ends meet snd It is natural that he should turn toward the country. "The mega sines and periodicals are telling of the fortunes that are being made by dty men in the country. It is natural that the city man wants to get back to the soil. But as a rule he does not know what a hard job he is trylug and when he does try it he makes a failure. "One of the reasons that he makes a failure is that hs so frequently tries the -wrong thing. Moet city men who go to the country try either fruit or track raising. They do not know what a small truck area it takes to support the oountry. "The city man may be raising cabbages. The chances are that he will fled at the end of the year that there were too many cabbages raised end he did not even come out even. '1 know that last year up in 'Michigan they went in extensively for raising po tatoes. This was not only the city men but the native-born farmers. "They had a big crop and potatoes were selling for 8 cents a bushel and hard to sell at that. They did not pay for the fertiliser. Fruit Balslng Unprofitable. "Many other city men go In for fruit farming. Now, fruit Is one of the most uncertain things that are raised in this country. A day's frost In the spring can rdffb the whole year's crop, and we usu ally have the frost. "If there Is a good season, then every one haa a good crop, and it does - not bring snythlng. Once In ten yesrs a man may be lucky enough to raise a good crop while the general crop of the country Is short. Then he makes a lot of money, and the chances are that he spends It all before the same thing hap pent again. "Some of my men have just been up along the Hudson. They have iteeti through a region where a lot of city men moved out and went to fruit farm ing. Now all of the places are for sale. *~If a man wants to farm successfully he wants to raise something that is reasonably sure and with which the mar ket is not glutted. Hay is one of these crops. There is never as much hay raised in the east as 1( consumes. "Good hay can be produced at about S8 a ton. If the man la getting |ia for It he ts getting a fair profit. If he Is getting SIS to Sao, and hay usually goes that nigh In the east, he Is getting a very good profit. Farm Equipment Costly. "Supposing he has not less than forty acres of land and divides it under a crop rotation of hay. wheat, corn snd pota toes, he will be pretty sure of a living crop. But you must understand that farm equipment is costly, and a man cannot start out and make even a bare living on a farm without capital. "Just how much capital It requires 1n different localities it is hard to say. Prices, conditions and requirements vary, but the department is trying to get sat / I lsfactory figures that will answer even these questions. "I suppose 1 ret personally about 1.000 lettera a year from city men who want to go to farming- The department wants to help them all It can. "Some of the most successful farms In the country are run by city-bred men. But they have had to study and work hard to make a success. The chances are that such men would have succeeded at almost anything. "I do not want to discourage any as piring farmer, but I cannot say that the outlook is alluring." STRIKE ITS IN BILBAO SARAGOSSA WORKMEN 00 OUT IN SYMPATHY. Dock Employes Appeal to Foreign Colleagues?State of Siege May Be Declared. BILBAO, Spain, September 1.?The strike situation is alarming. The funds of the men have been exhausted and the strikers are in an ugly mood. Collisions with the police, gendarmes and strikebreakers are constantly occur ring. Many factories are closing. The work in the harbor has been wholly suspended. Dock employes who are on strike have issued an appeal to their foreign col leagues, asking the latter to refuse to handle merchandise Intended for ship ment here. Troops are being concentrated. A cor don of soldiers has been thrown about the city to prevent the entry of strikers from other districts. SARAGOSSA, Spain, September 1.? Twenty-two workmen's organisations to day declared a general strike in sym pathy with the strike at Bilbao. MADRID, September 1.?In view of the strike rioting reported from Bilbao, the government Is considering the matter ol declaring that city in a state of siege. TO UNIFY CONSTABULARY. Philippines Project Approved by Secretary Dickinson. MANILA, September 1.?Secretary of War Dickinson has given his approval of the project to uniform the constabu lary and the scouts. He plans to appoint a board of officers, consisting of two scouts and two mem bers of the constabulary, who, under the presidency of MaJ. Gen. Duvall, com manding the Department of the Philip pines, will work out the details and sub mit a plan which it is hoped may be placed before Congress in December. It is estimated that it will be possible to effect the saving of a million dollars to the War Department and at the same time to Increase its efficiency by unifying the corps. EVICTIONS KEPT UP. Expulsion of Jews From Kiev Con tinned on a Small Scale. KIEV, Russia. September 1.?The ex pulsion of Jews who must return to the restricted district set apart for them by law continues on a small scale. A dally average of fifteen persons re ceives a preliminary notice to depart within a certain period. About twelve persons are peremptorily expelled esery day. From July 90 to August 29, Inclusive, 704 persons were sent away from Kiev or ordered to leave the city. During the same perled 330 Jews were expelled from Solomenka and Demleffka suburbs. BBYCE OFF TO CANAL ZONE. Chilean Botany and Waterway In terest Ambassador. NEW TORK, September 1.?To study botany In Chile, to examine work on the Panama canal and possibly to make the run over from South America to England for a brief visit home, James Bryce, the British ambassador, accompanied by Mrs. Bryce, sailed today on the steamer Santa Marta for Colon. Ambassador Bryce said he expected to sail down the western coast of South America to Peru and Chile from Panama, proceed southward to the straits of Ma gellan and thence to Buenos Aires, where he will probably take a British steamer for England, returning to Wash ington In November. Of the Panama canal In which he la greatly interested the ambassador said: "I regard the canal aa the moat extraor dinary Improvement on nature that has ever been made on this planet. CANDIDATES TAKE PLEDGE. Nebraska Legislature Sure to Adopt Oregon Plan. OMAHA. Neb., September 1.?The result of the canvass of the votes of the recent primary elections on members of the two houses of the legislature ahows that the Oregon plan will almost certainly be car ried out In the election of a United States senator to succeed 8enator Burkett, re gardless of the political complexion of the next legislature. Of the democrats, twenty-four of the thirty-four candidates for the senate and seventy-five of the 100 candidates for the house are signers of "Statement No. i." On the republican aide, thirteen senatorial candidates and forty-?even leg islative aspirants have taken the pledge. RAISES FOR TROLLEY MEN. Arbitrators Decide in Favor of Em ployes of Connecticut Company. 'NEW HAVEN, Conn., September I.? Arbitration of the wage scale of em ployes of the Connecticut company which holds the trolley line in this state for the New York, New Haven and Hartford railroad has resulted in awards which give 1,950 regular men and r>08 extra men an average increase of about one-half a cent per hour throughout the system, as compared with the present scale. The men'a contention that the cost of living has advanced since 1907, when the scale prior to April last was accepted, is upheld and the company's contention that It cannot pay an Increase Is not sus tained. FIRST LABOR-SEDITION CASES. Complaint Filed by Operators Against Coal Miners. PITTSBURG, September 1.?Attorneys for the coal operators who have filed suit against the union miners in the Irwin Westmrfrcland coal fields, charging con spiracy In preaching sedition against laws of tho state and nation, today declare these suits to be the first of their kind to be filed in the United States. The legal action is the outcome of the strike waged against the plaintiff com panies by several thousand miners in the Irwin-Westmoreland field. The nearest approach to the proceedings taken by the western Pennsylvania operators. It is said, waa the recent ac tion of the New York hat manufacturers, who sued the hatters' union for damages when the union declared them to be on the "unfair" list. The manufacturers were awarded $'*00, 000 damages. Ninth Victim of Wreck. DURAND, Mich., September 1.?Clin ton A. Davis of Montreal, who was ter ribly scalded in the Grand Trunk wreck near here last Wednesday, died here to day. This brings the known death list up to nine. Mr. Davis' mother, Mrs. Alma Woodward, and the latter'a nurse were kined. Mr. Davis waa twenty-aix year* old. ? _ < ,. i CONSERVATIVE PARTY CONTROLS NICARAGUA Dr. Cardenas Sent For as Ad viser of New Admin istration. According to advices to the State De partment, the conservatives and liberals, the two leading political parties in Nica ragua, are co-operating for re-establlsh ment of the Nicaraguan government, with the conservative party apparently predominating. Most of the partisans of Gen. Estrada, the victorious revolutionary leader, are | conservatives. Dr. Madrts. the deposed president, who has sought asylum in Mexico, is a liberal. While most of the citizens who re mained loyal to Madrix during the revo lution were liberals, there were many conservatives who accepted his govern ment. Dr. Cardenas Called Home. That the conservative party has prac tically determined to control the political affairs of the country is shown by dis patches frona I'nited States Consul Oll vares at Managua, just rcelved at the State Department. From these it ap pears that Dr. Cardenas, one of the ablest and most active members of the old conservative party, has been selected as the chief of the new conservative organization. Dr. Cardenas was expelled from Nica ragua by President Zelaya, and has spent most of his exile In Punta Arenas, the Chilean city In the Straits of Ma- | geilan. A commission has been appoint- I ed to escort him from Punta Arenas to the Nicaraguan capital for conference with Gen. Estrada and other leaders of the conservative party. I Appointments Are Approved. Consul Ollvares reports that Monday evening a committee of tha leading mem bers of the conservative party met at the executive mansion In Managua and ap proved the personnel of Gen. Estrada's ministry. At that meeting Qen. Mena was appointed minister of war, and Gen. Macls was appointed commanding gen eral of the army. The committee discussed the legal status of the present authorities and the danger of falling Into the irregularities of Zelaylsm, and resolved to prepare for a general election. The committee recom mended that Gen. Estrada appoint com missioners to preside at the election of the tribunals and to supervise the popular balloting. Pending the general elections It Is pro-* posed to have the people properly reg istered. The registration is to be provid ed for by executive decree. GIRL 0KT1 CEIL BODY FOUND IN PHILADELPHIA STATION HOUSE. Acute Alcoholism Canto-?Young Woman Had Said She Was From Washington. Special Dlsoatek to Tto Star. PHILADELPHIA, Pa., September 1.? Nellie Wright, twenty^-four years of age, who claimed to come of an old family in Washington and who possessed a good education, was found dead late last night In a cell at the station house at 10th and Buttonwood streets. Early In the day the girl had been found lying on the sidewalk at Tth and Callowhill streets by i a policeman. Acute alcoholism was the; cause of death. The young woman had a furnished room at 13 North Marshall street, kept by Mrs. Rachel Cohen. Mrs. Cohen said today that the girl often had spoken to her of her relatives in Washington. Mrs. Cohen said Miss Wright was well educated and could talk on almost any subject. She never said why she left home and lived the life she did, but often would remark, "It my mother knew this It would break her heart." Body Found by Turnkey. The girl sent many letters to Washing ton and received quite a number from there. Once, Mrs- Cohen said, Nellie spoke of a step-mother and a grand father, but usually she referred t? her family merely as "the folks qt heme." All day yesterday the girl, whose face, despite the marks of dissipation, showed j traces of refinement, lay asleep In her | cell. Last night she awoke and asked for a drink of water. Turnkey Bach took the water to her, and when he returned ten minutes later he found her stretched out on the floor dead. i The police have communicated with the | authorities at Washington In an effort to locate the girl's relatives. Maj. Sylvester stated this afternoon that he had received no word from the Philadelphia authorities regarding the death of a Washington girl named Nellie Wriight In that city. Wants to Succeed Warner. JEFFERSON CITY, Mo., September] 1.?Former Lieut. Gov. John C. Mc Klnley of Unlonvllle, Mo., today filed his declaration as a candidate for the republican nomination to succeed United States Senator Warner. Royal Arcanum Excursion, The excursion of the Aoyal Arcanum which was postponed from August 17 last on account of bad weather will be run to Marshall Hsll tomorrow. Tickets of the earlier date will be honored. Synthetio Acting. From Colller'a. The greatest literature Is written In verse. When it is In prose, as In Don Quixote or Falstaff, it yet escapes the literal. It generalises. The Greek sculp tors, great in anatomy, were not slaves t? anatomy. They allowed one muscle to take the place o.' tv o, if in the end they could more satisfactorily present their true but helghtentd conception of the human body. S'm'.arlv, In the smaller art of acting, tin gentcst triumph Is not In literalism. It is In the style which represents rather than merely copies. The city of Paris has no difficulty In furnish ing actors enough ior the Theater An toine and the Grand Guisnol, but Its re sources are strained to keep up the standard of the Theater Francals. Literal naturalness Is an easy affair compared to noble artifice. There are hundreds of good character actors to one who Is ac ceptable as Juliet or Lear. There are thousands who speak so naturally as to be Inaudible 10 one who speoxs the language which Is true onlv as poetry and Greek sculpture are tnrs?In selective composition, in preseVIng of life those aspects whic'i are significant and worthy of attention. It's a Hard, Hard World. From ?rerytodj's Maculae. A group of hoboes waiting for their coffee to boll in a tomato can were tell ing of their hard luck experiences. "I've had worse luck than anybody," said one of them, challenglnffly, after lis tening to the others' tales of woe. "Onct I had to sleep from Wllkesbarre to Perth Amboy on top of a flat car loaded with hard coal." "And what do you think,"' he went on. "Every car on the next train that pulled In from the same direction was loaded with soft coal!" AFFAIRSJNENGLAND Exodus of Scottish Girls to West Australia. HOPE TO FIND HUSBANDS WiU Accept Domestic Service Fend ing Matrimony. WOMEN'S LABOR EXCHANGE Splendid Work Done in Obtaining Employment for Women?Im perial Conferences. I Foreign CormoogdeDN of Tbe Star. LONDON, August 20, 1910. One hundreH end ten young women. | most of them under twenty-five years of j age, left 81. Pancras station on* morning this week to embark In the Orient | ship Osterley for West Australia. Tnej were all bright and cheerful. "There ts no room for us in England, was the general cry. "There Is no chance j of marriage for us, because our sweet | hearts cannot earn enough In free-trade England to keep us." I Theee girls came from all parts of United Kingdom, but chiefly from Scot land. They have no definite positions o I fered them, but most of them will ac | cept places as domestic servants Immedi ately upon their arrival. Plenty of Place# Open. "Scores of mistresses will be awaiting I the ship at Fremantle," said the West Australian government agent who was looking after the comfort of the emi grants. "Any girl who wishes to become a domestic servant will receive excellent | wages?at least double the amount she could earn here. ..,inn "In West Australia the male population | greatly exceeds the female. In a pros perous young country such as It is tner are hundreds of young settlers who are making good money and are anxiousl> seeking wives. Six months party has landed In the ?tate at least a [ third of it will have found husbands Miss Alice Norrie, from Aberdeen, ?was typical of her companions. "I have worked hard in Scotland as a domestic servant and as a. factory glr , Just keeping life going, "he ~ the time I was looking forward.to the day when I should be married and have I a little home to look after. . t ?'But the young men say they have lOwi I what mtle work they had a*id cannot possibly see their way to marriage. eo now I am going away, though I should have loved to stay in Scotland. In -every one of the rese^ed can^ages a dosen such girls were to be found. As tbe train steamed out there were no tear* and but little sorrow. A new world lay beyond and every moment brought It Women's Labor Exchanges. I WKb nearly half a year*# working ex perience behind, and the forming of plans for autumn and winter developments in the course of working, the moment is op portune for reviewing the position of the woman'* labor exchangee established by the board of trade to deal with wnwof the problems as to employment in n<ng l*Less, perhaps, has been heard of this side of the work than that of the men. but It has shown progress and Illustrated social forces in Its own particular *&Y At this Juncture the attitude of large manufacturers and employers of female "sr. timated to the central offices of the women's branch at Caxton House that It will be prepared to engage through It 1200 skilled talloreesea machinists and similar workers. Other firms also promise a number of situations, showing that employers as well as workers begin to recognize its | value as a medium for satisfying their re qUI1neth?nJm)nths of Febniary end March when the scheme got into full worktog order, by far the preponderating number of situations filled came under the head ing of "Domestic (outdoor),' or, in plain er term, charwomen. Jheywere r?8P?? tlvely T18 and 1.2T1, the next Mghest, concerned with dress, out of totals of 8,088 and 8,088 tor whom employment was found. . In the latest returos Just made upj which are for June, the places filled amounted to 7.5TQ, and there Is a notable and striking Increase in the sections of textiles and dress. In shop assistants In the dressing of furs, feathers and hair. and In various other directions. The charwomen are "till very numerous, but in these latter weeks that h tjry largely explained by the action of the Glasgow exchange. For such work the applicants were very numerous, and the exchange made careful inquiries as to their gmeral standard of capabilities. Applications Ars Hnmerous. The Scottish woman Is usually pretty good at this kind of work, and when the exchange was satisfied that it had a num. ber to' be recommended a carefully word ed circular vras sent to the middle class householders. As a result, the exchange was simply bombarded with applications for^ such helpers, and for dayj> was in arranging the rota for iou women, so that Mrs. A mlght always se ..... k.. treasure Tuesdays, and Mrs. B. Thursdays, while Miss Z. of the apart ment house wanted her Wednesdays and enterprise of the kind It to hoped to undertake during th? w,"te.r don though, curiously enough, a tentative effort made In one district?It was perhaps rather too fashionable to need these hum Wer domestic aids-was by no means en C?TheSnare now 109 exchanges open, and In the north especially good service has beerT doneln tranaferring wom^J^ t'K , In 'ofUornVn'Tn trade but factories were springing up In other' outlying places, where rent, and TS did "he local exchange ^ ias'to ^f^nd buTT^nt an experi enced lady to each of these centers to see what respectable lodgings would be avail able and the average cost of rooms, food. Si and so forth. The employers were Maitv vrateful to the exchange, not only 23 practical concern for their welfare, and not a single complaint wse made by them. It Is a general experience of the ex changes that there are not enough thor oughly skilled hands to meet thewantsof employers. Requests are constantly madi kv west End modistes for first-class nt Sraor m^hlXts: from laundries for iron era eoual to getting up the finest lingerie dresses, or for others qualified for ?nm? hlahlv specialised handicraft, and it Is Just these that are most difficult to sup ply. Work of Imperial Conferences. A blue book Just iseued upon the Im perial conference makes few disclosures about the possible course of the next gath ering the governments of the dominions have been asked to furnish subjec^ for discussion, but they show no feverish haste In complying with the request. A similar appeal to tne various departments of the home government has so far only produced a useful suggestion front the home office that the conference should discuss the method of dealing with un desirable aliens arriving in the United Kingdom from the dominions. A considerable amount of correspond ence Is published concerning subjects dealt with at the last conference, but the most important of these subjects are rep resented. all but one, by copies of the resolutions and no correspondence what ever. . . There is. of course, a good reason for these conspicuous omissions. The ques tf,..I,|1M|TT....,Ill,minium1 """" imiiiiimiinniniiiniiiinmmini iiiniiinn mum DeMoll & Co.'s 8th Annual September Piano Sale. Today We Inaugurate, in Conjunction With Our Remodeling Sale, One of the Greatest September Piano Sales Ever Held in Washington. Our September Piano Sale Has Always Been Looked Forward to by the People of Washington, but This Year Will Surpass All Others. We have carefully gone over our extensive stock of the leading makes of new and used Pianos and Player-Pianos and have cut the prices from 20?? to 5o% less than we have ever sold them before. Player-Pianos that sold for $650.00 now $490.00. Upright Pianos that sold for $325.00 now $235.00, and corresponding reductions on every instru ment in our establishment. The builders are now cutting through the walls of our building to annex 618 12th st. n.w. to our showrooms, and we must dis pose of our stock of instruments to save them from the dirt, etc. One 1850 Vose Player Piano; cannot be told from new $590 One $675 Angel ua Piano, almost new; a great bar- &CTC gain One $730 Farrand Ceeelian Player Piano, mahogany case; excellent condition One $600 Btuyvesant Piano; mahogany case; nearly new $335 Pianola $265 One $1,000 Weber Pianola Piano, mahogany case; splendid iA condition Two $650 Autopianos; mahogany $350 case; cases: Just like new (a great bargain) One 9800 Autoplano; oak splendid condition; guar anteed, etc., the same as ft? .4 A though new One $650 Autoplano; mahogany case; used only for re- ft 7nA dtal purposes One $250 Pianola, ebony iA ease; fully guaranteed <4^vr One $250 Pianola; mahog- ?XA any case; nearly new ?ivUv One $250 Cecilian Piano- tfQA Player and 100 rolls music... iPOU One $250 Ceclllan Piano-Player, standard tracker board; splen did condition, and will please you One $250 Angelus Piano Player; fully guaranteed ?11 $650 Brand - new Autopianos ...$490 All $600 Brand-new e A CA Autopianos 9tvU All $8*5 Brand-new C*7CA Behning Player-Pianos 9/fv All $825 Brand - new C"7A A Behning Player-Pianos ?P/UU All $775 Brand - new Behntng Player-Pianos? $650 All $725 Brand - new Behning Player-Pianos.... $600 One $450 Stieff Mahog- 0*7e any Upright; nearly new... tDA/iO One $400 Gabler Upright; ebony cane; splendid condition ft | eA and a great bargain One $375 Fischer Up right; ebony case; but ? f gA little used 1 Ow One $450 A. B. Chase Up right; mah. case; nearly new One $350 Estey Piano, upright; excellent condition and ? 1 T) C an exceptional bargain w ? ow One $350 Gibson Upright; beauti ful mah. case: In best of ' 4 j condition .v I ww One $400 Shonlnger Upright; mah. case; nearly new; a big ?^CA bargain In our bestseller One $450 Voee Upright; ebony case; fine condition and excellent tone. This will exceed ft f S your utmost expectations... ?4' I One $550 Knabe Upright; hand some rosewood case; er nearly new One $500 Weber Up right; walnut case; nearly ^ | QQ One $450 Kimball Upright; ma hogany case; cannot be told from new U%9 One $400 Kimball Upright; wal nut case; good condl- ? , .A tlon 3150 One $400 Hardman #?AA "New" Mahogany Upright... $<?yU One $400 Hardman Nearly # ? New Mahogany Upright 31VU One $500 Vose, Louis XV style; In mah.; nearly new... One $350 Haines' Bros.' Upright; splendid condl tlon 1 One $900 fitodard Upright In best of condition (a big bar- e ? fa gain) i 31dU One $300 Marshall A* Wendall Up right; good condition; ?f ebony case 3 a One $400 Bradbury Mah. Upright; nearly new One $300 Webster Mah. Upright; good condition? $185 $145 EXTRA SPECIALS." $750 Vose Baby Grand: mah. case; nearly new; used only at ft a concerts 34*>U $800 Knabe Baby Grand; nearly new. and in the best pos sible condition $9.V? Knabe Concert tf ^fa Grand; a great bargain $1,000 Stelnway Parlor egAA Grand; but little used All $.VN) Brand - new Vose Uprights All $450 Brand - new Vose Uprights All $350 Brand - new Shonlnger Uprights All $400 Brand - new Shonlnger Uprights All $450 Brand - new 8honlnger Uprights All $550 Brand - new A. B. Chaw All $.*? Brand - new A. B. Chase Uprights All $450 Brand - new A. B. Chase Uprights All $SSO Brand - new Mason A Hamlin Uprights.. All $625 Brand - new Mason A Hamlin Uprights.. All $700 Brand-new #paa Mason A Hamlin Uprights...3d VU All $750 Brand-new Mason A Hamlin Uprights...30*d All $325 Brand - new C)2C Milton Uprights All $275 Brand-new Milton Uprights All $250 Brand -1 $550 $375 $335 $295 $315 $340 Brand-new Uprights $365 $340 $490 $500 Milton Uprights....?.... .$220 .5195 0. J. DeMOLL & CO., Corner 12th and 0 Streets, Specialists in High-grade Player- Pianos. Exclusive Representatives for the World-famed Angelus Player*. iTiiiinTnimiiiinimiiiiimim?tmtmw$iniiiiMn iiirrinniiintinnniiiiiiiiiiniiiuttmmmmimmtammmmmmittmmttgt tlon of imperial defense was dealt with at a special conference last year, and politi cal conditions at home have suspended definite progress toward a settlement of the preferential trade. Upon some matters of secondary Impor tance an appreciable advance haa been made. The new rules regulating Judicial appeals to London have been promulgat ed, and such questions aa uniformity In trade marks and patents, in trade statis tics and in company law and reciprocity in the admission of surveyors to practice have received prolonged attention. A point of some gravity about the con stitution of the conference haa been re vived by the government of New South Wales. Mr. Wade, the premier, claimed in effect separate representation for his state at the conference, apparently as a matter of constitutional right. He urged that the last conference dealt with ques tions upon which the representatives of the commonwealth government had no power to bind the states. In regard to Im migration, for instance, the trend of commonwealth legislation might be en tirely opposed to the policy of New South Walea Work of Imperial Conferences. The governments of Tasmania and Queensland associated themselves with Mr. Wade's protest. Lord Crewe simply reiterated the adhesion of the home gov ernment to the principle laid down by Lord Elgin in his dispatch of February 1& 1U07, when dealing with the same de mands before the meeting of the confer ence. The formation of the secretariat, he pointed out. Involved no diminution of the constitutional right of the states to communicate direct with the home government cn all matters which were properly in their control. On the other hand, they could not be represented Individually at the conference without a breach of the fundamental principles on which the conference was based. Such a claim has not been ad vanced by the Canadian provinces, and the South African colonies when asked for their views regarding the business of next year's conference expressly stated their desire to remit all such questions to the union government. The correspondence makes it quite clear that the rearrangement of the colonial office, the formation.of the dominions de partment and the establishment of an im perial conference secretariat have evolved no great enthusiasm In the dominions. The whole question will evidently have to be reconsidered at the next confer ence. The Culture of Fish Food. From the New Orleans Pica run*. There is no state in the Union that has a greater extent of watercourses, rivers, lakes and Islets from the sea than Lou isiana, yet few commonwealths do less to protect and replenish the fish supply than this state. It is true that our stock of fish has been so plentiful in the past that there has seemed to be no special need of protection or artificial propagation, but this fortunate state of things cannot last forever?in fact, the supply of fish In our waters has greatly diminished, and Is steadily continuing to diminish, so that the fishermen who cater to the trade are compelled to go farther and farther afield in order to keep their catch up to the ca pacity of the demand. That much may be done to maintain and replenish the fish supply is certain, not merely by careful conservation by legal enactments, but by artificial propagation and replenishment. Little has been done in the way of study ing the habits of our indigenous fish, oys ters, crustaceans or other marine or water food, yet It Is evident that much might profitably be done along such lines. No state in the Union probably does as much to preserve and maintain its fish food supply as Pennsylvania, although that state possesses no inlets from the sea and but a comparatively narrow margin of In land waters, yet It is constantly doing all In its power to keep every watercourse and lake properly stocked with edible fish. The rivers, small lakes and even the mlllponds In Father Penn's domain are artificially stocked esch year with brook trout, pike, pike-perch, yellow perch and whltefish. / / QABDUT OF MONTEZUMA. Beautiful Pleasure Grounds of Early Mexican Enters. From the Mexican Qmll That an unknown, highly cultured peo ple. of whom neither history, tradition nor legend has preserved any record, flourished in or near the valley of Mex ico and enjoyed spiced chocolate and aromatic beverages from transplanted tropical fruit crown by them in a mar velously built garden at Oaxtepec from 1,900 to 2.000 years ago, is the latest the ory of Oulllermo Telles regarding the re cently discovered garden of Montezuma. Mr. Telles applied to the department of public Instruction for a special permit to make explorations in the garden. He has been devoting a large part of four years to studying the plants found there. Through the inscriptions he has been able to glean historical data con cerning twenty-one successive caciques. Tropical trees, flowers and fruits were transplanted from the isthmus of Tehu antepec and Central America to this gar den. and there were grown cocoa, vanilla, parota, yolloxochltl. mecaxochltl and an other rare flower which gives off its odor in the night. These plants and their friends were in gredients of the delicious chocolates which were the favorite beverage of the Axtec lords when Cortes arrived. The garden was visited by Acamaplxtle and Ilhulcamlna. the second named being identical with Montesuma. It is claimed that Montezuma Ilhulcamlna appropri ated this beautiful garden to his personal royal uses and pleasure. The Effects of Tobacco. Pram the Medical and Surgical Journal. It has not been proved that tobacco causes any definite, characteristic leelons of the nose, throat or ear. While It is possible that the excessive use of tobacco may by indirect action produce a toxic effect upon the olfactory and auditory nerves, with resulting Impairment of the sense of smell or of hearing, there Is not at the present time any definite laboratory proof for sud? an opinion, nor Is there sufficient clinical evidence to substantiate the belief. The 111 effect of tobacco smoke upon existing diseases of the throat arising from other causes is estab lished and is the same as would be ob served from any other form of irritation. That gastric and systemic nervous dis turbances may arise from excessive use of tobacco in any of its forms is unques tioned: the nicotine content of tobacco is a recognised poisonous substance, and in the process of smoking there are evolved other injurious chemical products. Car bon monoxide Is probably a more dan gerous and Injurious constituent of tobac co smoke than is nicotine, only a very fractional amount of which ever enters the tissues. If there is any more danger to be anticipated from cigarette than from cigar smoking. It is to be looked for sole ly in the inhalation of the smoke: ciga rette smoking without inhaling ls?io more injurious than is pipe or cigar smoking, probably not as much so, unless enormous numbers are smoked. The Italian Hew Englander. From the Worcaater Teiacram. The second Italian company has started a line of steamers to connect Naples with Boston within a year. Moet of the Italians who have come over by the line which has been operating steamers some months have found places to work In New Eng land or northern New York. Some of them have gone Into the country to work awhile and then take up farms for them selves. Their race has made a success In Rhods Island and Connecticut on the farms that were deserted by Americans because the soil was said to be exhausted. These men from Italy have proved that the soil was merely worked Into shape for them to take hold and make It more val uable. They have bought cheap, and In many eases secured houses that are out of keeping with what they had la the old country. They are tnploylof many sffttr Italians and never worry about help enough to work their farms. They brier to the markets vegetables which sell for the best prices In greater variety than the old farmers undertook to raise. They tfVe cheaper and pay for their land and houses, have lees bother about getting Insurance and credit. They keep their animals In good shape, and thrive. Other peopls from southern Europe are follow ing them to this country, end all are liv ing better than at home In the old places A Vasal League in Paris. From the London TelecrtDh. An Is not, as might be supposed, an abbreviation of Ananias, but the Initial* of a new band of brothers. They have formed the "Association of Noses That Suffer." They are persons with sensi tive mucous membranes, which sre griev ously afflicted by bad smells. The pur pose of the society Is to do away with the latter. Among bad smells they in clude not only such violent perfumes an that of a tannery, but also scents whlcn those who use them appear to consider pleasant, such as patchouli, and all those Into which musk enters. Every member will be pledged to scent his handker chief with nothing more potent than white rose, new mown hay. violets, and so on, and to insist on his women folic doing likewise. The new League of Nice Koses will protest against the smells of railway trains, motor cars, and of Pails streets on August days. A Preventive Measure. From 8oece?s UuiiIm. Six-year-old Harriet announced her In tention of giving up her German lessons with Frauleln. "She hugs and kisses me all the time I'm st lessons and?ugh 1 do hate Dutch." Harriet explained. Father, who is something of * diplo mat. reasoned with her: "See here, my little girl, I have read German and French with Frauleln ever since I was your age. and she has never tried to hug or klfs me." "Father." observed the child, dryty, "you had better touch wood." "Adventures at Home" sounds rather tame, doesn't It? Seems to suggest the doings of what real soldiers in war time contemptuously term "barn yard cadets"?the kind of troops that never leave their native villages. But it depends upon who writes a story as to wheth er It is Interesting, no matter what the title or theme. Gouverneur Morris has written one entitled as above. And. speaking of barn yards. how Is this for a refer ence to a fowl which the driver of an automobile wished to avoid: "And. being in a tender mood, he ran the car into a ditch, so as to leave in tact the life and foolish ness that Is gathered In the breast of a rooster." You see. It dependa upon who wrles a thing "Adven ture* at Home" Is a tale of weird danger and romantic dar ing that will make you wish there were more. Bee the next Sunday Magazine of the SUNDAY STAR.