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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, January 06, 1911, Image 2

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Conservative Ranks in the
Senate Rapidly Breaking.
SHIFT IN THE LEADERSHIP
Progressives Will Have Their Day
in Court.
CHANGE ?IN THE COMMITTEES
Resulting Effect on Contemplated
Legislation, It Is Expected,
Will Be Far-reaching.
Decimated by death and thinned by the
verdict of the yoters at the polls, the
ranks of the "conservatives" of the Sen
ate are rapidly breaking to make place
fOr advancement of the progressives.
Fate and political changes form a combi
nation that is proving disastrous to the
reaction ariea
And the end may not be in sight yet.
At feast one other senator, member of
the old guard. Is in precarious health, and
still another conspicuous leader of the
standpatters is not out of danger of de
feat In the legislature.
Recent and impending changes in the
Senate will inevitably result in reorgani- |
satlon of the committees next session
which will advance progressive repub
licans to Important chairmanships and to |
membership on influential committees
hitherto controlled by the reactionary
element
Transfer of Leadership.
Thla means that the leadership of the
Senate will pass from the conservatives
to the progressives, and every one knows
that leadership In the Senate carries al
most absolute domination of legislation
Such authority is primarily exerted
;hrough the committee chairmen.
The retirement of Aldiich and Hale;
:he defeat of Burrows, Scott and Carter;
:he coming retirement of Flint, the de
feat of John Kean of New Jersey and
:he death of Elklns remove from the
Senate a group of powerful conservatives,
loldlng place on the most important corri
nittees, and give ground for the promo
Ion of progressives to the vacancies thus
created which must necessarily shift the
eadershlp and control.
If Lodge Is defeated for re-election and
If the Senate should lose one of its aged
ind feeble members at the hands of the
*eaper, there would be further weakening
>f conservative control.
The foregoing calculation has reference
nalnly to the eftect upon committee
nembership and chairmanship, and is ir
??spectlve of the weakening of the voting
itrength of the reactionaries in the open
Senate by the defeat of Depew of New
fork. Dick of Ohio, the possible ousting of
Lx>rimer and the menace of the drift of
H>lltlcal affairs to several other pro
nounced standpatters.
Changes in Committees.
? |
The committee on finance, the commit
ee on appropriations, the committee on
nterstate commerce and the committee.
in the Judiciary will show the effects of|
reorganisation consequent upon these
ihangea in the Senate membership, and
t la thesa committees which exert the
nost powerful Influence upon general leg
alatlon.
The progressive* will have their day in
wurt. They will be In possession of the
issets which make for power, compelling
senators having legislation in view to
tonsult them first. Assignments on naval
iffalrs, foreign relations, census, rules
tad other committees will be included In
&e resources of the new combination,
together with a number of chairmanships,
nlnor in influence, but stlil desirable.
Furthermore, all this means that the
inofficial but all-powerful bodies known
la the "steering committee" and the
'committee on committees" will have
llaces for the progressiva and give them
fc foothold of power In these, the initial
>ases of influence In the Senate.
Looking over the Senate when It meets
aaxt December, one will see but three
If the most prominent members of the
reactionary faction in positions of power?
Zrane of Massachusetts, Penrose of Penn
sylvania and Smoot of Utah; and their
powera will be qualified by the presence
9f additional members of the progressives
w the commltteea <on which they serve.
Effect on Legislation.
Profound significance attaches to this
:omlng change in the spirit of the Senate,
n the opinion of far-seeing members of
;bat body. The next Congress will have
lo deal with the tariff, with regulation of
corporations and with additional legls
ation affecting the railroads In Interstate
sommeroe.
It Is not beyond the range of posslblll- i
lies that the decision of the United Stales ,
Supreme Court in the pending anti-trust
?ults may require amendment to or modi
fication of the Sherman anti-trust law
iffeciing every corporation and indus
trial organisation in the land. Changes
M the currency and banking laws must
M made.
The all-important fact towers above all
ither considerations that when these
questions so vital to the business and in
lustrial interests of the country come up ?
(or legislative action the Senate, which!
Tor a quarter of a century has been
lominated by the "conservatives," will
!? controlled by the "progressives."
Tits First Result.
The first result of the change In Sen
ile control will be to make It possible
? get these, questions out of committee i
tnd before the Senate?something thai |
tas not been possible where the Judg.
sent of the reactionary senators in the
ran counter to popular demand.
Once before the Senate, it lemains for
Ihe joint action of the Individual sena
tors to determine the action upon the
egielatloci. Back and In support of the
progressives will be the big and Increas- .
Ag democratic membership, which can be]
lepended upun in most cases to support
progressive policies.
The more the reactionaries view the
future the more Imminent becomes their
;ertain submersion by the tide of pro
liSSiilTUiii sweeping over that body.
FIFTY "BttlS" AT BANQUET.
Exclusive Club Numbers President!
"Bill" Taft Among Its Members.
BXCBLSIOR SPRINGS, Mo., January
{.?Fifty "Bills" attended the annual ban
juat of the Bill Club No. 1 here last
light, at which a dollar bill was used for
lie bill of fare. The club is an organ za
ion that any person whose name is Bill
nay Join.
President Taft Is a member. Other
prominent members are; BP1 St?ne B 11
Warner aad BUI Bryan. Following an
election of officers the supper, in *hlch
:he opossum played aft Important part.
?as served. ?
NAMES SUBMITTED TO COUBT.
Commission to Appraise Site for
Meridian Hill Park Not Announced.
The commission to appraise the value
?f the land to be condemned as a site
for the Meridian Hill Park was not ap
pointed today by Chief Justice Clabaugh
Counsel on V?th aides submitted to* th?
court a nutrtber of names of well known
real estate men and others who had
?erved oa similar condemnation proceed
ings.
The court took the list of names and
from It will select three men to serve
as commissioners. The hearing was ad
journed until next Friday, when it is
expected instructions for the guidance of
the commission will be formulated and
the u^rsonnel of the commission an
aooncTl.
Committee to Meet Wed
nesday to Draw Up Scheme
for Submission.
A meeting of the Joint committee of the
Chamber of Commerce and Board of
Trade, appointed to take up the matter
cf a celebration In Washington of the
completion of the Panama canal, will be
held at 2:30 o'clock Wednesday afternoon
at the Chamber of Commerce. The call
was sent out today by Henry B. F. Mac
farland, chairman of the joint commit
tee.
Mr. Macfarland said that he had Just
been notified by the Chamber of Com
merce and Board of Trade that, as or
ganizations, they approved the plan for
the proposed celebration which the Joint
committee had framed, and that the joint
committee was authorized to take the I
matter up with Congress. The meeting |
Wednesday has been called to consider
the method of taking the plan before ]
Congress.
The joint committee is anxious to lay
before Congress a specific plan, worked
out in detail as far as possible, when
it makes its appeal for the celebration In
Washington. The committee has aban
doned any idea of attempting to hold a 1
big exposition here in connection with
the celebration, and plans to have only
the formal celebration In which the for
eign nations will take part. Congress
will be asked to appropriate money for
the government's part in the celebration.
The plan for hoidling the official cele
bration in Washington has already re
ceived the support of a number of mem
bers of the Senate and House.
Last night a meeting of a number of
Washingtonians in the Interests of the
plan was held at the Arlington Hotel.
Considerable enthusiasm was shown.
Another and larger mass meeting will
be called at an early date In the Inter
ests of the proposed celebration.
Candid Admission of a News
Agency of the Island
Empire.
VICTORIA, B. C., January 6.?Japanese |
newspapers received today devote much
s-pace to comments on the dispatches re
garding the inadequacy of the Paeiftc
coast defenses of the United States. The
Japanese editors protest against the in
ference that Japan is unfriendly to the
United States.
Collating a number of comments, the j
Eibun Tsushln, a Toklo news agency,
says:
"It is strange but true that the fever of
Amerlcaphobla supposed to be rife In
Japan is not known in Japan. It must be
stated candidly that Japan la not In a |
position to fight against a foreign coun
try, be it America, England or Germany.
"While we admit that Japan, and Ameri
ca have great interests In China, these In
terests are of a commercial character and
will not affect in the least degree the j
political and commercial positions com
manded by both these countries. What!
reason could there be in advocating in
any way a war between Japan and j
America? Foreigners may be assured that
Japan neither is at present nor will be
in the future in a fighting mood because
all the Japanese, In spite of the increasing
population and other considerations, find
the fact to be that It does not pay to
fight with a country which is superior In |
every respect to her."
DEFY PRESIDENT DIAZ
Leader Issues New Commis
sions to the Civil Officials
in Sonora.
EL PASO, Tex., January A letter to!
the Herald from Qua yam as. Sonora, re
ceived today from a staff correspondent,
says insurreetoe have appeared In the
Sahuarlpa and Mayo river districts In
that state, tout have in no way inter
fered with mining or other industries
there. They have captured Yecora and
Trinidad in the Sahuarlpa. district, also a |
few other smaller towns, but have re
tained the same civil officials in power,
merely tearing up their old commissions |
from Diaz and Issuing new ones from
Madero.
Irrigation Work Proceeds.
John Hays Hammond and Harry Payne |
Whitney and associates have started]
work where the MIctesuma river emp
ties Into the Yaqul river in Sonora, In a|
gigantic Irrigation undertaking, and do|
not appear to fear molestation.
The correspondent says Tom FerreUy
has Just arrived there from the Dolores
and El Relio mlhes iu Chihuahua with
>101,000 in bullion and states that while
the insurrectos control the district In
which the mines are located there has
been no Interference with work. He took
the bullion overland to Guayamas because
here was no railroad transportation from |
Dolores to Chihuahua, he said.
Horses and Anns Appropriated.
A telegram from Cananea tills morning
ays the rebels near Kacozarl yesterday
took seven horses, four saddles, three
rifles and two revolvers from Marlon 1a
Williams, residing near Nacazarl. Sonora,
and left receipts, but no cash. O. L. Neer,
mother American In the same region,
was visited and the same number of
| tilngs taken. Including powder, but he
Aas paid in cash.
JTJDSON BILL IN HOUSE.
New Financial Plan for District
Will Be Considered Monday.
The measure known as the Judson bill,
proposing a new financial plan ftr the
District of Columbia, will be considered
by the House of Representatives next
Monday, which Is District day. 8amuel
W. Smith of Michigan, chairman of the
House District committee, has announced
his intention of -li ng up the Judson bill
ths very first thing. .... .
YJjp j uUssj-' wntcn h&s been
approved by the Commissioners and up
on which President Taft Is also said to
look with fitvor, proposes a financial plan
by which permanent improvements con
sidered to be absolutely essential at this
time can be undertaken at once without
detriment to the cjrrent expenditures for
ordinary purposes.
It Is not known how the bill will be re
ceived by the House, although It has
many eann st supporters. But it will
undoubtedly be argued at length and in
detalL
NO OVERTIME PICK-UP
FOR ASSESSOR'S CLERKS
Extra Money to Go to Men on
Outside, Messrs, Taylor
and Snapp Decide.
Clerks in the assessor's office at the
District building will not be permitted to
work overtime and make extra money
hereafter.
The House appropriations committee,
which will appropriate $2,000 for extra
work In connection with the triennial as
sessment to be made next year, has put
Its foot down on the practice.
Commissioner Rudolph, pleading that
the clerks might have a chance to piok
up this bit of money on the outside, said
that mighty few employes In the District
building were clock watcher*.
Provision Under Consideration.
Here is the provision as Mr. Rudolph
wanted it adopted:
For temporary clerk hire for preparing
numerical books to be immediately avail
able, provided that the regular employes
of the assessor's office may be employed
on this work after office hours, with ad
ditional compensation to be determined
by the Commissioners upon the recom
mendation of the assessor."
"We went over that matter before,"
said Representative Taylor of Ohio, a
member of the District subcommittee,
"and determined that It must be outside
clerks who should be employed.
"If we get men from the outside the
men on the Inside must instruct them,"
said Commissioner Johnston.
"I believe they ought to be men on the
inside rnyself," Mr. Taylor admitted, "but
we ought to be consistent. In the office
of the tax collector we put It absolutely
and strictly into the law that they must
employ outside clerks or clerka from
other offices when they employ outside
service.
"I am rather In favor of the proposi
tion as It has just been read. It does not
look quite right, however, to have two
rulings in the same office."
Snapp Puts Poot Down.
"I do not think you can devise a poorer
practice," said Representative Snapp of
Illinois, "than the continuance of employ
ing men for extra services who are em
ployed In the regular service In the same
department. The very clerks who are now
opposing in every way an Increase of the
hours to eight per day are thdse who
would be Inclined to take advantage of
such an Item and work overtime."
Mr. Rudolph replied that fully 25 per
eent of the clerks in the District building
work overtime and without extra com
pensation, anyhow.
"If you pass our building any evening,"
he said, "you cannot fall to notice the
lights from windows In offices where work
Is being done. A fine spirit exists among
our clerks; there are few who are clock
watchers."
"I don't see why a man shouldn't work
overtime. If he wants to get a little extra
money," suggested Mr. Taylor. "I think
it is laudable."
"If that Is the proposition there will
always be that overtime work to per
form," growled Mr. Snapp.
MOWMYWE
HONDURAS' BIG DEBT
Arrangement About Concluded
After a Year's
Negotiation.
Juan E. Paredea, special financial agent
of the g#rernment of Honduras in the
United States, arrived here late last
night from New York, where for the last
year he has been negotiating with J. P.
Morgan St Co. for a loan to take over
the public debt of his country, and also
make possible the construction of the
proposed interooeanic railway.
He would not discuss the object of his
visit beyond stating that he would con
fer with Dr. Luis Laso, Honduran min
ister to the United States, and State De
partment officials.
No News of Revolution.
He said he was In constant communi
cation with the Honduran government on
matters pertaining to the loan. His ad
vices, he declared, contained no refer
ences to any pending revolution. He
states that President Davllla and himself
were In hearty accord a? to the terms
under which the loan would be made, but
that the loan had not been consummated.
He added that since his arrival in
the United 8tates over a year ago he
has dealt only with J. p. Morgan & Co.
Negotiations began in July, 1909, when
J. P. Morgan & Co. volunteered to take
over the outstanding bonds of the gov
ernment at 15 per cent of their original
value.
Morgan's Offer for Bonds.
The face value of the bonds outstanding
against the Honduran government, lie
said, amounts to 5,300,000 pounds, or
nearly $20,000,000. J. P. Morgan & Ca.
have offered, he stated, to take over this
indebtedness for a consideration of about
$4,000,000 by arrangement with tqfelgn
bondholders. Senor Paredes said that this
sum, together with the amount needed to
build the proposed lnteroceanlc railway
from Puerto Cortes to the Bay of Fon
seca, constituted the total sura desired,,
but that he was not In a position to dis
close the full amount required.
NO FAlU RICH
(Continued from'FirBt Page.)
heard that It is only the poor criminals
who are really punished."'
Full Sentence Stands.
The President signed upon a previous
application for pardon a memorandum
directing U;e preparation of formal
papers reducing the imprisonment part
of the sentence from eighteen months to
six months. The counsel for the appli
cant learned of this fact, and in the
habeas corpus proceeding which was
brought before Judge Jones, one of the
grounds for the release of the defendant,
Mr. Harlan, was that the President had
issued an order of commutation reducing
the imprisonment from eighteen months
to six months, and that, as a sentence
of six months could not, under the law,
be executed In the penitentiary to which
Mr. Hailan had been sentenced, ;t cou.d
not be executed anywhere, and, there
fore, he must be given his liberty.
"..s a matter of fact." says tht Presi
dent, "the Instrument commuting Mr.
Harlan's sentence from eiguietn u.onthe
to six month? was never signed and ex
ecuted. All that was done was the
signing of a memorandum of direction
to the Attorney General to prepare, for
my signature, the formal instrument by
which ?ueh a commutation could be ef
fected. The sentence of eighteen months
is therefore In full force. In order to
prevent the use of such a technicality in
the future to avoid the sentence. I shall
make no order of commutation, but shall
allow the sentence to stand until after
the defendaat is Imprisoned, and then
shall exercibe such executive clemency
as I may be advised that the case re
quires.
"The present application Is denied, and
the sentence will be executed."
FACTIONS IN CLASH
Control of Patronage in Vir
ginia Becomes an issue.
PROBLEM WITH PRESIDENT
Slemp-Martin Combination* Opposed
by Boyal Cabell.
LOSS THROUGH FOREST FIRES
Senator Borah Wants Partially Con
sumed .Timber Disposed Of?Sec
retary Ballinger's Opinion.
President Taft has this week been lis
tening to statements about the control
of the federal patronage in Virginia. He
must shortly decide who is to be upper
most In the republican politics of the
state. The situation stands this way:
Representative Bascorn Slemp, who man
aged to get back into the next House by
a bare few hundred majority, and Alvah
Martin of Norfolk, republican national
committeeman, want the patronage. They
claim it belongs to them as heads of the
republican state organisation. They need
it if the organization is to be maintained.
Royal Cabell, commissioner of internal
revenue, former postmaster of Richmond
and representative of a strong element of
nis party in the state, wants to be con
sulted about the appointments. Cabell,
who has always been a protege of Post
master General Hitchcock, was at the
White House today with the Postmaster
General, and the two talked with the
President about the patronage situation.
Representative Slemp and Alvah Martin
saw the President yesterday, and are to
nave another talk.
It is maintained that if Mr. Cabell Is
made the administration representative
in Virginia he will be able to build the
party up from among a good class of
democrats, disposed to be independent,
while. It is claimed, the same cannot be
said of the Slemp-Martin aggregation.
The latter deny this, and say the party
is as strong under their control as it
has ever been. Mr. Martin is the only
republican who has ever been able to
hold a big '.ounty office In Norfolk. He
has been clerk of court there for years
and is a power. Slemp is at the other
end of the state, and the two, it is de
clared, mako a formidable combination.
Millions of Dollars Wasted.
Millions of dollars, represented in the
finest timber in the world, is being lost
1 because there are no laws that will per
mit its being sold, according to Senator
Borah of Idaho. Mr. Borah has seen
President Taft and Secretary Baillnger
several times, trying to reach an under
standing by which the timber in the great
area of the forest flres last year might
be sold and used before It rots and be
comes absolutely useless. The Idaho sena
tor conferred with the President today
about the matter. He Is especially seek
ing to protect the interest of the hun
dreds of homesteaders who made entry
upon government lands and have not per
fected their titles. He wants some legis
lation at this session that will permit
them to dispose of the timber.
Secretary BaUinger has prepared a bill
for submission to Congress that he be
lieves covers the difficulty to some ex
tent. This b}ll permits the government
to dispose of the timber on the public do
main devastated by the forest fires to the
best advantage. This would also cover
the lands of homesteaders who have not
perfected title. When they do receive
their patents the money obtained from
timber sales on their respective home
steads will be returned to them. Mr. Bai
llnger says that the forestry service has
sufficient law to enable It to care for the
situation In the forest reserve sections
that were burned over. It is only in the
{mblic domain outside the forestry serv
es that legislation is necessary.
Secretary Ballinger's View.
Secretary Baillnger said .oday that the
government would have to sell the tim
i ber. To permit homesteaders to do so,
he said, would be to invite some of them
to dispose of the timber, take the cash
derived therefrom and throw up their
entries, leaving the government in the
lurch.
Senator Borah believes that about one
fourth of the burned area belongs to
the homesteaders, who are serious suf
ferers. It is considered doubtful
whether much money can be saved.
| Lumber companies in the forest fire
! region are busy trying to care for their
own timber, and there will not be much
demand <or the timber of the govern
ment and homesteaders. If too much of
the timber Is made into lumber it will
glut the market The injured trees
must be turned to good use Inside of
eighteen months. It Is contended, or by
that time be unfit for lumber, and valu
able only for firewood.
Former Senator Hopkins Sees Taft.
Ex-Senator Hopkins of Illinois, whose
return to the United States Senate was
prevented when William Lorimer was
elected senator from Illinois, spent some
time with President Taft today. He
was accompanied to the White House
by Senator Cullom. Mr. Hopkins as
serted that he had not spoken of the
Lorimer ease to the President, but had
taken up a business matter pending in
the Department of Justice. There was
a general disposition to suppose that
Mr. Hopkins was going over the Lorimer
case with the President, who has had
some of the aspects presented to hini
by senatorial callers.
Representative Lowden of Illinois was
in conference with the President as to
ship subsidy. The President has talked
to fifteen or twenty senators and rep
resentatives about this matter, but has
urged no particular legislation. He has
been trying to ascertain the sentiment
in Congress and the country on the sub
ject. It is becoming evident thai there
is no popular demand for this legislation
and some hostility f.om the middle west
and other parts of the country. For that
reason it is practically certain that, with
so much else of importance to handle.
Congress will not pa?s a subsidy law.
tajoiany hail on fire.
Second Blaze Recently'at Headquar
ters of New York Democracy.
NEW YORK, January When the
theater crowd was thickest last night on
Uth street between Irving place avd 3d
avenue Patrolman Ticho saw smokf
pouring from the roof of Tammany Hall
on the north side of the street In the
block. Rushirg into the building, he
found George Leonard, the watchman,
r-tanding In the hallway.
"You're on fire!" yell id Ticho.
That cry made Leona/d gasp, "What!
Again!" For it was but a few week
nero that Tammany Hall's inte.ior wns
almost destroyed by fire The two mi n
ran to the sefond floe-, which contains
'he stage and large ballroom. From be
neath. the stag ? was shooting up a sheet
>f (lame three feet high.
The smoke was den-e, and some of
t oozed Into tho Olympic Theatei in
the same building "The Ginge1- Glr s"
are playing bu. le=>que there this wee;>.
end about 250 persons had take scat.1
in the auditorium when th* tn.oke w s
noticed. Krals, the manager, ste^pea
out on the stage and said he did not
believe there was any danger, but he
thought his hearers would better go
quietly to the strtet and await develop
ments. As orderly as If they had been
drilled for the occasion the audience filed
out.
The fire damage^was about $2,500.*
Fireproof Building Owners
Want Law Changed.
OFFER TO START A BLAZE
Declare Flames Will Be Confined to
Boom of Structure.
WOULD TAKE ALTERNATIVE
Commissioners' Substitute Amend
ment to Statute Is Acceptable
to Witnesses.
t .
Representatives of owners of many fire
proof apartment houses In the District
appealed to a subcommittee of the Sen
ate District committee this morning for
an amendment to exempt fireproof build
ings from the provisions of the fire escape
law.
?Section 5 of the fire escape law pro
vides "that each elevator shaft and stair
way extending to the "basement of the
bhildlngs heretpfore mentioned shall ter
minate in a fireproof compartment or in
closure separating the elevator shaft and
stairs fFom other parts of the basement,
and no opening shall be made or main
tained in such compartment or lnclosure
unless the same be provided with fire
proof doors."
Amendment Asked For.
The owners of fireproof apartment
houses proposed, In a bill which Senator
Warner introduced at their request, the
addition of the following clauses to the
section:
"That such elevator shaft shall extend
to or above the roof and shall terminate
with skylight, window, doors or other
means of ventilation.
That such buildings, except stores and
warehouses, as are defined under the
building regulations of the District of
Columbia to be fireproof are exempted
from the requirements of this act as to
fire escapes, guide signs, lights and alarm
gongs."
Those appearing at today's hearing,
however, said that they wou-d be satisfied
with the draft of a similar amendment,
with similar purpose,- prepared by the
Commissioners.
Commissioners' Substitute.
In lieu of the proposed amendment the
Commissioners favor the following:
"That such elevator shaft shall extend
above the roof and shall terminate with
ventilating skylight.
"That such buildings as are defined un
der the building regulations of the District
of Columbia to be fireproof are exempted
from the requirements of this act as to
fire escapes and guide signs, when the
stairways, elevator shafts and means of
egress are reasonably safe, in the judg
ment of the Commissioners of the Dis
trict of Columbia."
The changes suggested by the Commis
sioners will give the Commissioners power
to determine, in their discretion, when a
fireproof building shall be exempt from
the fire escape law, and will allow fire
proof warehouses and stores the same ex
emptions other fireproof buildings.
Witnesses Before Committee.
B. H. Warner, T. F. Schneider and
Bates Warren appeared before the sub
committee. Senators Martin and Burkett
were present to hear their arguments in
behalf of the change in the law.
Under the present law, It was urged,
no more protection is required in fire
traps built at a minimum of expense than
in fireproof buildings, the special con
struction of which added greatly to the
expense.
"The point Is," suggested Senator Mar
tin, "that these buuaings are not really
fireproof."
"We will kindle a fire in a room of one
of them, at a cost of hundreds of dol
lars to us, just to show you that they
are," replied Mr. Warner.
Mr. Schneider said that many statistics
gathered for presentation to the commit
tee will show that not one life has been
lost in a fire In a fireproof building, wnile
many lives have been lost in fires in non
fireproof buildings equipped with fire es
capes.
Legislation which would exempt fire
proof buildings from the operation of the
fire escape law, it was also suggested,
will tend to promote the construction of
fireproof structures.
?
Smoke Problem Advanced.
"How are the people going to get out
if the building is black witn the smoke
of a Are?" Senator Burkett asked.
"It Isn't necessary for them to get out,"
Mr. Schneider replied.
"If a building was filled with &cnoke,''
remarked Senator Martin, "I know 1
should want to get out, and quick, too."
Mr. Schneider explained that the occu
pants of a fireproof apartment house
need not get out In case of a fire in one
of the appartments, because the blaze
would not extend to any apartment ex
cept that in which It started.
The business inen offered to present
statistics upholding their contentions, and
to explain that the building inspector and
other ofliclals of New York city were in
lavor of tne amendment they proposed.
"I don't think there is need for an ex
tended hearing." Senator Martin explain
ed. "Tliis matter has been considered by
the Commissioners, and you say you are
willing to abide by their decision, it
seems certain that the law needt) some
amendment, and it is probable that we
will do what the Commissioners suggest
B. H. WARNER WENT ARMED.
Carried Two Razors Into Senate Dis
trict Committee Room.
B. H. Warner carried more or less con
cealed weapons lpto the Senate District
committee room today when h* went to
plead with Senators Burkett and Martin,
sitting members of the committee, for an
amended fire escape law.
The hearing had not progressed far be
fore Senator Burkett sat up straight In
ills seat and fixed his gaze on Mr. War
ner.
"Why have you brought two razors up
here?" Senator Burkett gasped.
"I am laying Xor Senator Martin. These,
you kno*, arc the weapons used down in
his country," replied Mr. Warner.
"The idea of a man w th concealed
weaponss coming up hero to get legisla
tion," remarked Mr. Burkeit. His laugh
indicated that he would not call in the
police.
Mr. Warmer explained he liad brought
he razors from h.s home this morning,
expecting to leave them to be honed, and
bad not had time to stop.
9
NO MILK FOR "STRIKE BABIES."
Five Thousand Children of Garment
Workers in Sorry Plight.
CHICAGO, January (J.?Five thousand
"strike babies" are in danger of starva
Jon. The milk fund for supplying nour
ishment to the babies of the striking gar
ment workers will be exnausied tomor
row, and the committee, of which Mrs
Joseph T. Bo wen Is chairman, is at a
loss for ways and means of continuing
the supply, which has saved the lives of
hundreds of infants during the labor
su uggie.
"Su far we have received but $41.25
from the public following our last ap
peal." said Mrs. Bowen last night. "We
have just enough to meet the bills up
until Saturday night, and there seems
nothing to do but discontinue the dis
tribution of milk. It costs $150 a day
to furnish the babies with milk.
"Discontinuance of the mik distribu
tion will mean the jeopardizing of the
health and even the lives of hundreds of
innocent babies weakened by lack of suf
ficient nourishment."
Found in the Stomach of Miss
Grace Elosser.
MAY HAVE BEEN POISONED
Twenty Persons Will Be Examined
at Inquest Tonight.
Special Blent toll to The Star.
CUMBERLAND. Md., January 6.?The
analysis of the stomach of Grace Elosser
revealed that she had eaten fruit cake,
and this may furnish a clue in the mys
terious poisoning case. No fruit cake was
found In Twigg's stomach.
Detective Wright of the Plnkerton
agency. Baltimore, and Deputy Slur Iff
Walter Clay, who has achieved quite a
local reputation as a sleuth, have gone
to KeyBer. W. Va., the home of Twigg.
to look into some maturs which may
help clear the mystery. There seems to
have been some relaxation of effort to run
down the tragedy pending the meeting of
the coroner's Jury tonight, when more
than twenty persons will be heard, in
cluding Mr. and Mrs. Lewis F. Elosser.
the parents of the dead girl; May Elos
ser'and Mrs. W. N. 8?-e. sisters; Harlan
Norris, the eight-year-old boy who claims
to have seen the bodies immediately after
their discovery, each holding a giass;
the doctors who w?.re summoned wnen
the bodies were found, ant tne pnysic.ans
who performed the autopsy. Meignoois
of the f.in>?ern and relatives ana asso
ciates of Twigg in Keys?.r also have been
summoned.
i?e iwuesi will be held in the mortu
ary chapel of the biein under taKiii-^
,00ms, wuere the bodies were taken after
their discovery. The public will be ex
oiuded. A special effort will be made o>
States Attorney Robb to get some details
livm iitiay . auu sr.c wi.i oc pu&j^u
as the principal witness.
The Norris boy sticks steadfastly to his
story unuct" tne nre ui crows tiuttjiioiicia.
Maurice Wlliison, the divorced husbanu
of Grace ^tosser. positively denies tnai
he saw his one-lime wife, except on tbt
street, after their divorce three years ago.
rie said that he had not ca.ied her up
on the telephone Friday night or at any
other time, ^tnd established an si'0' on
the testimony of three men. with whom
ne played cards Friday night, lie is su
ing several newspapers for connecting his
name with that of his one-time wife. He
said that from his knowledge of Grace
Elosser, gained from seven years of mar
ried lite, he did not think that she was re
sponsible for the doume tragedy.
A friend who was helping Miss Elosser
pack her trunk Saturday morning says
that the dead girl told her she was just
going to begin to live on the morrow. To
a girl in a shop wnere Miss Elosser was
putting the last touches to her trousseau
Friday, she said that she anticipated
nothing but happiness
BEVERIDGE MAY IfAD
Senator to File Minority Report
Monday?Rumor Regard
ing Root's Views.
The minority report of Senator Bev
eridge, as a member of the Senate com
mittee on privileges and elections,
holding illegal the election of William
Lorlmer as senator from Illinois, is ex
pected to be filed in the Senate Mon
day.
Those who are opposed to the reten
tion of his seat by Senator Lorimer
will probably await the action of Sen
ator Beveridge and may act in accord
ance with the suggestions accompany
ing his report. Senator Owen of Okla
homa was expected to open the fight
against the adoption by the Senate of
the majority report favorable to Mr.
Lorimer, but the decision of Mr. Bev
eridge to make a minority report will
probably mean that the Indiana sen
ator will fire the first shot.
Senator Boot's Views Desired.
Announcement of the attitude which
Senator Root of New York will take is
being awaited with much Interest among
senators, and his views of the case will
have much weight. There are reports
around the Capitol that Mr- Root has de
cided that he cannot uphold the findings
of the committee and will be among the
opponents of Mr. Lorimer. But Mr. Root
is saying nothing at present as to what
his position will be. ?
Senator Larimer's friends are doing all
in their power to capture a majority of
the Senate in favor of approving the com
mittee findings. While they are not ad
mitting that a majority Is opposed to
such a course, some are considering a
suggestion that the best way out of the
tangle is to have the whole matter re
ferred back to the committee for further
investigation.
( aaBfj jsjuj uiojj twnunuo,'))
regular salary- Under tho rules of
the board a substitute teacher receives
full pay after thirty days of service, so
this question would be applicable only for
these first few days.
"And this right of employing a sub
stitute at any time is fully protected by
the very strict rules of the board. In
case of sickness .the representative of
the board shall be promptly notified and
the proper official of the board provides
the substitute. In case of aosence fiom
other causes the regular teacher mudt
make an application in writing, which has
to be approved by the board. The board
therefore controls the absence of its reg
ular teachers, and no question can pos
sibly arise that teachers may -farm"
out their positions.
"In the absence of a plain abuse of
discretion on the part of the board, its
finding that there was sufficient ground
for the absence of a teacher will not be
disturbed.
"This question of the discretion of a
board of education granting leaves of ab
sence has been very fully discussed in a
case arising in New York city. In this
case a teacher applied for and obtained
leave of absence with pay on account of
sickness, from the board of education.
Subsequently a question was ra'sed rel
ative to the authority of the board to
grant such leave with salary, and pay
was refused the teacher. In O'Leary
agt. Board, 93 N. Y., 1, the court held
that such teacher was entitled to his
pay. and said that the discretion of tne
bi ard of education in determining when
and to what extent persons in its em
ploy might be excused because of .-ick
ness or temporary disability would .:u. ue
overruled unless It clearly appea.e-. t..at
sucn discretion had been abused.
Matter of Service Value.
"It is use'ess to enter into a discus-ion
of the reasons why a substitute teacl er,
coming in usually for only a few days,
should not receive the same sa.a y as a
regular teacher. A tempo, ary teacher
who fills a position in tr.ls way is not .
as valuable an assistant to the boa:d
as one who has devoted time, possibly j
tor years, to the very department in
which such teacher is working.
"The question can be very easily raised
by a suit against the District of Columbia
far the balance of a regular teacher'*
salary. *
"There is no question here of a suit
to compel the accounting officers of the
United States to make payment. The suit {
would be against the District of Colum
bia in our local courts I
TEAM OWNERS PUZZLED
BK NEW LIGHT RUES
Have Difficulty Understanding
Regulations Promulgated
by Commissioners.
Although the District Commissioners s?T
they believe they drafted a police regula
tion of perfectly clear verbiage In the
"lights on vehicles" matter, the Dtotxlot
building and the police department re
ceive daily Inquiries as to what the regu
lation means and where the light has to
be placed, what kind of a light must be
used and several other Inquiries of like
nature.
Cannot Understand It.
A typical Inquiry was received by The
Star today, aa follows:
"Will you please let me know through
the columns of your paper whether It Is
necessary, in addition to having a lamp
on the left side of vehicle, to also have a
rear or tail lamp on vehicle?
"The reading or wording of the regula
tion is so uncomprehensive aa to Its mean
ing that I ask this enlightenment of you,
' the same having been asked of the Dis
trict building, and likewise of the police
department, their reply only being that
they did, not know and referring me to
the regulation."
The query is answered in the words of
Commissioner Rudolph, thus:
"The light must be placed on the left
side of the wagon. It must show a
white light in front, a white light to the
side and any kind of a light to the
rear. Two lights are not necessary."
Five Drivers Forfeit Collateral.
Five more drivers of horee-drawn ve
hicles were added to the list of violators
of the District Commissioners' new reg
ulation compelling wagons and carriages
to display rear lights after dark, as an
nounced in the Police Court this morning.
The defendants failed to appear for
trial and each forfeited $1 collateral. The
names and places of arrest foilow: Rich
ard Barnes, on U street; James Williams,
Florida avenue; Frank Dorsey, U street;
James Johnson, U street, and Walter
Jackson, Connecticut avenue.
HASN'T PAID FOE HUSBAND.
Woman Who Claims to Havs Made
Match Sues for $300.
MARSHALL.TOWN, Iowa, January
Whether Mrs. Frances Bruce must pay
$300 as the value of her husband Is the
unusual question now before the district
court at Montezuma, in a suit filed by
Mrs. Lena Viele of Powshiek county.
The tangle grows out of an alleged
agreement between Mrs. Bruce and Mrs.
Viele, whereby it was arranged, it is
said, that the latter was to And a hus
band for Mrs. Bruce, who was then sin
gle. Mrs. Bruce is said to have promised
to pay Mrs, Viele *300 upon the delivery
of the promised husband.
C. L Bruce was the man selected by
Mrs. Viele. He is good looking, the owner
of a home and possessed of a fair si Bed
fortune. The marriage followed. Mrs.
Viele now alleges that Mrs. Bruce re
fuses to keep the agreement and pay the
1300. Mr. Bruce keeps silent.
MOSQUITO HERO GETS PENSION.
Congress Rewards Soldier Who Was
Bitten in Yellow Fever Tests.
John R. Klssenger, the Indiana volun
teer soldier, who allowed himself to be
bitten by yellow fever mosquitoes dur
ing the first American occupation of
Cuba to demonstrate the theory of mos
quito Infection, was today granted an
annuity of $72 a month by the House of
Representatives.
The measure carrying relief for Klssen
ger as it passed the Senate granted him
$125 a month.
TAFTTO SEE PLANS
Will View Designs for Three
Government Buildings.
INSPECTION LATE TODAY
President to Visit Treasury for Spe
cial Purpose. i
COMPETITORS HUMBERED 800
Name* of the Lucky Architects
Unknown Bran to Ximbers of
Juries of Award. '
President Taft. accompanied by Secre
tary Knox. Secretary Nagei end Attorney
General WIckersham, Is scheduled to visit
the Treasury Department late this after
noon and view the plana (or new homes
tor the Department of State. Justice and
Commerce and Labor selected by the
three oom missions of award today
The three designs which have been ao
cepted as prise winners (rem a mass of
specifications submitted by various archi
tects are locked In a safe In the office of
Assistant Secretary of the Treasury
Hilles.
The names of the architects whose work
was picked from a held of 200 competi
tive drawings, who will soon receive a
prise of $2?,000 each for drawing the
best plans, are not known.
The three committee* which only began
their examination of the designs Wed
nesday in urn in*, finished the.r work last
evening. The name of the architect
whose work was adjudged be?t by each*
of these commissions is not known to the
judges even.
After President Taft has approved the
designs, the cabinet wlli act on the mat
ter and the lucky architects will be noti
fied and called together to modify their
designs Into a harmonious plan for the
three buildings.
Awards Quickly Made.
Surprise waa expressed in various quar
ters when it was announced today that
the three Juries which acted separately,
had concluded their Inspection of the
plans. It was believed the work wodld
consume sevenal weeks. The designs,
which were submitted from all parts of
the country, included work by some of
the younger architects, as well as specifi
cations by the older men.
It Is the plan of the government to
erect the new buildings, which will cost
?#,000,000, on the Ave blocks south of
Pennsylvania avenue between 14th and
15th streets. President Taft and Secre
tary of the Treasury MacVeagh regaid
the undertaking as the Initial step In the
completion of the Washington plan of
building, which is destined to be unique.
Members of the Juries.
The juries were made up as follows:
For the State Department building?E.
V. Seeler, Philadelphia, Pa.; John V.
Van Pelt. Naw York; Herbert Langford
Warren. Boston; J. R. Pope, designer of
the Lincoln memorial; Raymond F. Al
mlrall. New York.
For the Department of Justice-^. II.
Carre, New York; J. llllton Dyer. Cleve
land, Ohio; Russell Clipaton Sturgis,
Boston; N. C. HIcker. head of the school
of architecture of the University of Il
linois; Alexander B. Trowbridge, Hew
York. . . .
For the Commerce and Labor braiding?
pierce Anderson, Chicago; John B. Pine,
who has been identified with the architec
ture at Princeton University; fflMS
Brown, secretary of the American Insti
tute of Architects, and Henry Raoen,
Philadelphia.
?? e ?
Mrs. Elisabeth Chandler, sixty-nine
years old. la dead at Spring Creek, Va.
Our Sunday Magazine
Prize Story Competition
Beginning with the first Sunday in February
The Star's Sunday Magazine will print each week
for an entire year, besides the usual matter, at least
one original short story written specially for it and
in competition for the following Ten Prizes:
First Prize $2,500
Second Prize . . . 2,000
Third Prize .... 1,500
Fourth Prize .... 1,000
Six Prizes of... . 500 each
Grand total . . $10,000
Stories may be entered any time prior to June
I, 1911. No more than three stories for the com
petition may be entered by any one writer; but
this will bar no one from offering other fiction at
any time.
For the fifty-two or more prize competition
stories to be printed during the year, and for as
many others as prove desirable for future publica
tion, we shall pay as soon as they are accepted. All
stories that are not put on the accepted list will be re
turned promptly.
Stories may be of any length up to 5,000 words,
and of any kind, preferably modern. They must be
clean. May they be read aloud in the average family
circle?
Stories written for and offered in this competi
tion shall be plainly marked on the first page of the
manuscript, "Offered in 1911 Story Competition,"
and directly beneath this the author's name, address
and price at which the story is offered. If the
author adopts a pen name, that also should be
plainly stated. Every competitor is cautioned to re
tain a copy of his typewritten manuscript.
The prizes will be awarded by a committee com
posed of representatives of the newspapers by whom
the Associated Sunday Magazine is issued each week
co-operatively and simultaneously as part of their
Sunday editions.
Address all manuscripts to
Associated Sunday Magazines, Inc.
Win. A. Taylor, Editor.
No. 52 East 19th St., New York City.
Immediate payment on acceptance at the author's cur
rent rates for fiction of the first class.

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