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Htdit'ft Company, 513-515-517 7th St.
Hecht & Company, 513-515-517 7th St. Hecht & Company. T* ? J w 9 Friday s Money-Saving Chapter of fc % fc fc fc fc fc % k k In k k k * % * % % * * * n * * * * * * * * % % % % % % % % * * % % n * * A Bargain Extraordinary. Men's and Young: Men's $12.50 to $15.00 Light Weight Suits, *5.75 ? Everybody knows this is a bargain, for everybody knows we have no $5-75 suits in our stock. The ma jority of these retail at $12.50. Many of them at $15.00. For young men there are sizes 15 to 20, and sold from $12.50 to $15.00. Fancy cheviots in stripes and plaids; grays and light colorings. For the men the sizes are 34 to 40, and these sold up to $15.00. There are both 2 and 3 piece suits in this collection. Of course, you'll not find all sizes in any one style or kind, but full lines of sizes in the entire lot of 68 suits. These suits were carried over from last season, but every one is up to the Hecht high standard. All Alterations at Cost. Here's the Straw Hat Albo&it Half Price. Whether it's to be a Straw or a Panama, you must see these Hats that came to us in the big 0,000 pur chase. They're yours at prices no other store names, or will name, until the Season's end? $2*00 and $2*50 Hats???????????*?? $1 *29 $3.00 and $3?50 Hats* ..?.?????... ,$1*69 $4.00 and $5.00 Hats $2.69 ?Fourth Floor. k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k m k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k ains A Great Purchase of *3,500 BOYS' WASH SUITS From New York's Leading Makers, S. & C. Bernstein, 215 and 217 OreeneSt. We have closed out, in one gigantic purchase, the entire stock and sample lines of the well known New York makers, S. & C. Bernstein, 215 and 217 Greene St., than which there is no better. They are known from coast to coast as the originators of boys' styles in summer wear and the makers of the smartest garments the country produces. I * % % % n % ieiMKlirte! k k k k k k 3,500 Suits | nary purchase?and they're beyond ques tion the finest, dressiest suits ever brought to Washington. The materials Inolude pure linens. Imported reps, real galatea. chambrays, galeteens, linenes, etc.; the stylos embrace the widest variety?Rus sian Bailors, Plain Sailors, Sailor Blouses, Military Russians, Military Sallora, Beach Suits. Sise lines are full and complete. 2H to 10 years. Yon Buy Them at Half Price and Less $1.23 Wash Suits Going at $2.00 Wash Suits Going at $3.50 Wash Suits Going at $5.00 Wash Suits Going at $1.98 ?Fourth Floor. * * % n J Value Is Actually $3.50. J Men's Silk Shirts in white, ^ cream, tan and blue, made with ^ the new and popular French cuffs. These are the summer k dress shirts par excellence, and k are most desirable. Included k Jj are all sizes 14 to 17; they are Jj ? subject to a slight imperfection, ? ^ but nothing that will affect ? H wear or appearance. Every ^ % shirt worth $3.50. ^ ^ ?First Floor. ^ ir r ip rir hp ?r hp hp hp hp hp hp hp hp hp ir r * $5 Washable Dresses at BEAUTIFUL, WASHABLE DRESSES, In fine, sheer lawns, chambrays, sing hams, percales, linenes, etc.; a con siderable variety of dainty and pretty styles and effects; full lines of both high and low neck styles are includ ed. These dresses are made In a perfect manner, and there are full and plenty of all eises to fit regu lar figures, as well as stout sices. ?Second Floor. a Kg ft ft tttt n 6,500 GARMENTS OF UNDERMUSLIN A Phenomenal Purchase of a Leading Wooster St., New York9 Maker Will Create the Biggest Sort of a Sensation! 29c Corset Covers, 14c s the CM. of cambric. Perfect fitting; neck and armholes finished wt|h dura ble lace edge. Only 2 to a customer. THIS PURCHASE?consummated a tow days ago?Is one of the best of the kind we ever made. They come from a maker whose product is always admirable in style. In quality of materials and in workmanship. But a very unusual condition In his factory had to be met and met immediately?and this sacrifice of stock was the result. There are Nightgowns, Petticoats, Drawers, Corset Covere and Chemises. Sometimes full siss ranges in a style, some times a Uteited number of garments of a style. They are of fine cambric and nalneook and aa attractive In Ovary way as any garments we ean sell tor full prices. t . Xf wo were permitted to advertise the name it would be recognised as that of the best maker In the country. Read the news we've detailed in four great sales below. At 69c. DRAWERS OF FINB AND Soft nainsook and sheer muslins; beautifully fashioned with lace, embroidery and tucks, bsaomg and ribbons; both regular and extra sizes. ' OOWN8 IN MA*T STYLES, high neck, low neck and V nook; lace and embroidery trimmed; some with beading and ribbons; long and short sleeves: all slsss SKI RTS, BOTH LONG AND short, of fine, soft materials, cambrics and .nainsooks; deep embroidery flounce and pin tucks, eyelet embroidery and plain rut CORSET COVERS IN A LARGE variety of dainty and pretty pat terns?some designed with ail over embroidery, ribbon and beading; some lace trimmed with edging of venlce lace. Values, $1.00 to $1.50. At 98c. SKIRTS IN BEAUTIFUL NEW designs and softest and finest materials; some with five rows of deep laoe and clusters of pin tucks; Mine trimmed with eyelet embroideries. GOWNS ZN 1QANY STYLES of high, low and V necks; long and short sleeves, some lace yokes, some all-over lace and em broidery yokes; soft, fins nainsook. PRINCESS SUPS OP SHEER and fine nainsook and India lin otis. lingerie cloth, etc.; profusely fashioned with lace and em broidery, beading and ribbons; all sises. COMBINATIONS, CONSIST lng of Drawers and Skirts; many chic new styles, some fin ished with val lace and em brolderlee, some with embroidered yoke; some drawers with yokes. Values up to $3.00. At $1.49. GOWNS, IN A WIDE VARI ety of beautiful lingerie effects; many styles of high, low and V necks; , lace end . embroidery trimmed; kimono sleeves; im ported laces. COMBINATIONS IN DAINTY, pretty styles, both Drawers and Skirts; some made of all-over embroidery; soms with entire corset cover made Of fine laoe and embroidery. PRINCESS SLIPS OF SOFT, Sheer and fine materials, nain sook. lingerie cloth, India linons, etc.; exquisitely trimmed with laces and embroideries. SKIRTS, IN ABOUT 20 NEW and handsome styles; all new lingerie effects; some are slightly mussed, being samples; rows upon rows of laces, tucks, em broideries. Values up to $3.00. At $1.98. A SUPERB COtLILECTIOfN OF GOwns, Princess Slips, Combina tions, Skirts, Drawers, Corset Covers, - Chemise; the materials in this dainty collection of lin gerie consist of the sheerest, ?ftest, flnsst fabrics nainsook, rench v mousseUnes, lingerie cloth, India Itnons; the trim mings srs In an almost endless variety of styles and effects? German and French val laces, beautiful Imported embroideries, Swiss embroideries, ribbon and beading Inserting, etc.; this un derwear is worth as high as $3.50 for- the garment; all slses and extra slses are to be had. In this lot ars hundreds of gar ments designed for exclusive lingerie shops. Rare bargains at fl.96. Values up to $3.50. -Gowns, 31 c. Well Made Mus lin Night gowns, neatly tucked yoke; oambrlo ruffle at neck and sleeves; high and low neck. Only 2 to a custo mer. .1 ! : ! Wash Dresses, ? Worth Up to $10, SEVERAL, HUNDRED OF THE smartest, prettiest Tub Dresses ever placed on show, both all white and colored. They are In fine batistes, lawns, lingerie cloth, bordered flaxon lawns, etc.; aleo In this lot Is a fetch ing aseortasent of beautiful Lingerie Dresses, designed with finest laces and embroideries. There's plenty of all slses. These Dresses ere values as high ss $10! ?Second Floor. X Men's, Women's and Children's VE8TS, 754c VESTS, lie NAIN i WOMEN'S RIBBED with taped neck and armholee; all slsee; sell at 12Hc regularly... WOMEN'S RIBBED with nicely taped neck and armholes; regular and extra slses; sell at 15c MEN'S ATHLETIC eook Underwear; short sleeve shirts; knee drawers; sell at 86c WOMEN'S RIBBED UNION Suits, prettily lace % m trimmed; all slses; sell at 30c usually OJaJW MEN'S NAINSOOK UNION Suits, In all siaee; sell tuiarly at 60c; now jeUf iuced to aJ^W Underwear. BOYS' POROSKNIT SHIRTS and Drawers, sell at 25c ? In all stores; all slses; 11 0? In the sale at.... a ^ w MEN'S BALBRIGGAN SHIRTS and Drawers; short ^ sleeves; double-seated 1] <Ur? drawers; 29c value 11 MEN'S GENUINE POROfi knlt Shirts and Drawers, all sises; sell at 50c usually; reduced JL^rC. MEN'S FINE GAUGE BAL brlggan Shirts and Drawers; also Ameri- yf* can lisle; sell at 50c WOMEN'S LI8LE UNION Suits, tight knee and a sv lace trimmed; values 4lyr up to $2; now. <*> Hammocks, 79c WOVEN COTTON Hammocks, complete with pillow and spreader; very strong and serviceable. Sell ing usually at $1.00. Friday at T9c. ?Third Floor. Washable DRESSES, For Young Misses and Junior Girls, $2.79 GOOD QUALITY WASHABLE Gingham, in solid shades of pink, tan, light or medium blue and lavender, fetchlngly trimmed with bands that harmonise in color. Slses 12 to IS years- Value. $5.00. ^MSBSSSSSBSIISSS! I Boys' Specials for Friday. BOYS' WOOL AND KHAKI Knickerbocker Pants; extra well made of good materlale; all slsee 5 to 15 years; never eell under sue. At 29c BOYS' BLOUSE WAISTS, perfectly made of good end serv- m iceabie materials; all slses; these g waists sell at 25c regularly?now ? At 115c ?Fourth Floor. ISISI ?innunil ?= $1.50 WASH SKIRTS, 98c 200 STYLISH NEW Tub Skirts, in best quality linenes ? cool and extra well tai lored; black-and-white checks, navy-and black checks, stripes and dots; slso tan and black; plenty of all sises, length and waist. Thess are all $1.50 Skirts. ?Second Floor. GIRLS' MIDDY Suite, with stylish ly pleated skirts of white gala tea; white blouses, or with red or navy collar and cuffs; 0 to 14 years; all worth $3.00. ?Second Floor. =? unnullum mm mini t Domestics. I BLEACHED COTTON8, IN leneths. Including "Lonsdale" cambrics, "Hill" and "Fruit of the Loom"; all are perfect goods and In the soft underwear finish, in 3 to 15 yard lengths. Sell / regularly at ltfcc and |C 15c.?,............................ BLEACHED 8EAMLE88 BED Sheets, else SlxSO; best Unen finish; 3-Inch hem; no dreesing; am mm i ? i these sheets sell at 79c. . > ? ? Not over ? to a buyer at v ?. * * ? ? !bLiwm ni virum rvvmna ? ? ? 0*000 We Have Purchased ;; the Entire Stock of ;; Bottled and Canned > Goods of the -INCH BLEACHED COTTON8, in the eeft. smooth underwear fin ish; all perfect, new goods, and full yard wide; sell usually at 10c and 12\fcc j srd ?First Floor. Fox River Butter Co.! 35c Tan Dress Linens. 15c THE EXTREMELY POPULAR 36 inch Tan Dress Linens, so greatly in demand?and the best linen bargain ever offered in Washington. These are extra quality linen, and such as other stores sell at 20o ^ and 35c yard. They are full j[ yard wide. ?First Floor. A SALE AS RARE AS IT IS EXTRAORDINARY! Every housekeeper knows the superlatively high grade of the famous "Clover Hill" products, put up by the Fox River Butter Co. WO have secured the entire stock of their wholesale de partment In thla territory, aa it Is their Intention to discontinue these lines here. It came to ua at about 90 cents on the dollar, making It possible to give you the bargains of ypur life. All are guaranteed to be purs and only the best. Read on? 15c cans Clover Hill Sardines 10c 15c cans "FUU of Life" Sardines 10c We Jars Clover Hill Figs 20c 35c jars Clover Hill Stuffed figs 28c S5e Jars Clover Hill Fig Jam 25c 50c Jars Clover Hill Chipped Beef 20c 15c jars Clover Hill Chipped Beef llj^c 15c Jars Clover Hill Conserved Pineapple, Cherriee and Ginger, special at... 30c jars Clover Hill Crsnberry Ssuco.... 20c 15c Jars Clover Hill Cranberry Sauce.... 11c 20c Jars Clover Hill Raspberry Jam 13c SOc Jars Clover Hill Bacon, large 20o 16c Jars Clover Hill Bacon, small 11c Uc jars Salted Peanuts 15c SOc glasses Clover Hill Honey 12 Vic ? 12*ic Grocery Specials for Friday. Fancy Sugar-cured Hams, lean and tender, 7 to 0 lbs lflc Mothers' Oats, 5c pkg $He Pure Lard. 5-pound palls *. 55c Beet Granulated Sugar, tl Iba $1.25 Pickled Onions, 15c bottles 12o Plllsbury's "Special" Flour; 1-lb sacks; sells at 10c. 4%c; 24 lbs Midget Sweet Pickles, 15c bottls.... Star Soap, 7 for..................... Ivory Soap, 0 for Van Camp s 5111k, 0 for.............. 500 12c 26c 25c 230 ******** s T rueks? Suit Cases. STRONG AND SUBSTANTIAL Canvas-covered Trunks; a a /c*c% S2f purS,r."..?0'...,Dr...$4.98 LARGE AND STRONGLY MADE Canvas-covered Trunks; sold usually at $6. Re duced for Friday to....,, 50 FIBER SUIT CASES, WITH strong ateel frames; nice- a ? _ ly finished; worth $1.80. 'S11 fl * for Friday at il s 4 LEATHER SUIT CASES, Su perior quality and sold always at $5; for Friday reduced to ?Third Floor. $5.98 $2.98 <?? ?<5> Reducing Screens. WALNUT - FINISHED Screen Doors, all Ax- ma. turee; sell at gl.Oft FANCY HARDWOOD Screen Doors. ? sloes; . all fixturea; $LflO val- C g Jfl WALNUT-FINISHED WIN BASE BALL SUITS, 98c Ton Cas Always Have It Charged BOYS' Bail colors; m for vshM. $1.90. ASM in all up to 513^15-517 7th Street WHITE WAISTS, $1.00 Beautiful $1.50 White Waists-* choice of the low or ^ high neck styles; dainty Sailor Collar Waists, with em broidered waists and short s^oveif. <?> gx, ruos. 8x10 ft.; value, $5.95. .$4.50 6x9 ft.; value, $4.00.. .$3.25 36x73 in.; value, $1.35. 95c 30x60 in.; value, 85c.. 21x45 in,; value, 50c.. Ground Squirrels Pest to Farmers In California. MILLIONS LOST EACH YEAR Little Animals Alio Feared as Car riers of Disease. DANGE&OUS TO HUMAN LIFE Colonies Found in Every Section of the State, Burrowing Under the Ground. BY WILLIAM K. CCBTIS. Special Correspondence of The Star sod the Chicago Hecord-Hermld. MONTEREY, May 20, 1911. California farmers have always been afflicted by ground squirrels, pretty little j rascals with long bushy tails, large ears and Intelligent faces which live In holes in the ground like gophers, breed like rab bits and eat up wheat and other grain, walnuts, prunes, peaches and other fruits, olives, figs, oranges and certain vegetables and forage crops, destroy vineyards and young orange groves and do other damage to the amount of about #10,000,000 a year in California alone. They are particularly fond of green al monds and of the pits of green peaches and apricots; they are particularly de structive of apples, and ift certain places in the foothills have been known to take fully half the crop. They gnaw off the young shoots In the vineyards and kill almond and orange trees by gnawing at the bark, of which they are very fond. They often raid storehouse* and carry off large quantities of dry fruit; tout the principal money loss attributed to ground squirrels results from their depredations on grain. They devour barley, wheat and oats when the "seed is first sown. They dig up and carry away sprouting kernels; they invade fields of ripening grain and feast upon them until harvest time, and when it is cut and stacked they concen trate their forces for the attack, eating all they can and laboring tirelessly to carry as much of the remainder as pos sible to their underground storehouses for wintfer use. _ t _ At a single stack of barley at James burg, Monterey county, 800 ground squir rels, were caught In traps in s few <*ayt and as many more poisoned. In anoper place they climbed to the top or ?? and dragged down the grain until it formed a windrow three feet high. While operating in grain fields they work on> a system, usually clearing off the grain around the borders at the field. Ctittlnfc a swath forty or fifty fset In width, and then establish burrows to live ^ while they work various parts of the nuertor. Described by Prof. Merriam. Prof. C. Hart Merriam, the famous bi ologist. who has msde the ground squir rel the object of thorough investigation, has prepared a report for the Department of Agriculture, which Is filled with star tling statements. Hie describes the dam age they have done by burrowing into the embankments of irrigation systems in different parts of California and says: "The California ground squirrel because of the extent of its range, which covers the greater part of the agricultural lands of the state, because of the magnitude of the losses it causes by eatlt* grain, nuts, fruit and other crops, and becaSse of its dangerous character as a carrier and dis seminator of bubonic plague, is.-of all species, the one of greatest consequence to man. . . "The danger to human life by the spreaa of plague so far exceeds in importance the harm, done by the destruction of crops that the duty of cheeking its in crease is no longer merely of local in terest. but has become a matter of na tional concern. _ "The ground squirrel, Dr. Merriam continues, "abounds along ^ shore from San Francisco southward; it Inhabits the open plains of the great in terior valleys of California. ^ hegrassy chaparral slopes of the foothlllSi the rocky walls of canyons and In places the more open parts of the yellow pinsif? est of the mountains. It lives in under ground burrows, which usually are grouped In colonies. . "Xh? colonies may be located on hare, open plains, on the grassy slopes of foothills or about the roots- of tr*??r particularly the great valley oaks with hollows in their trunks and limbs. The burrows vary in number from ?? r?w to hundreds, and by the union of con tinuous colonies sometimes reach a total of thousands and cover almost contin uously many hundreds of acres. In places they are so near together as to fairly honeycomb the ground "Well beaten paths, two and a hair to three inches broad, lead from burrow to burrow and radiate to the adjacent feed ing grounds. Many of them extend for considerable distances and by intersect ing form a conspicuous network. The earth brought up from each burrow is deposited at its mouth to form a grad ually enlarging hillock, and colonies on the plain may be recognised at a distance by the mounds. Hundreds in View. "The animals are diurnal, and in the larger colonies hundreds may bs seen at a time, some scudding swiftly ovsr the ground, some rolling In the dust, some Having m the sunshine and some stand tog erect on their haunches, gastng over the country or biting off the stems of grain, tarweed or other plants on whoss seeds they feed. The seeds not eaten on the spot are tucked away In the cheek pbuches and carried to underground storehouses for future use. "Ground squirrels are good to eat. Dr. Merriam says, "and a few years ago were regularly sold In the San Francisco mar kets. They have always been priaad by the Indians, who roast them over coals &n<) devour them eagerly. Old Mimals at times have a rather strong flavor, but the young are usually excellent. Re cently. however, since the squirrels have been found to be carriers of plague, the public health and marine hospital serv ice has warned the public Of the danger of eating and handling the animals. "In places where ground squirrels are abundant over considerable areas," Dr. Merriam says, "the simplest, most ef fective and least expensive way to de stroy them is by the use of grain poisoned by strychnine. Phosphorus and cyanide of potassium, owing to the great danger attending their use, are not reoommended; especially since they are not more effec tive than strychnine. In poisoning with strychnine, the grain recommended for bait Is barley. Compared with wheat, it is usually more attractive to the squir rels and is tar less likely to be eaten by birds." Losses Aggregate Millions. It Is estimated that the loss to agricul ture In England from the ravages of rats amounts annually to at least $75,000,000. A parliamentary commission declared sev eral years ago that If they could be ex terminated the value of the imports of grain could be diminished $25,000,000, without considering the relief from dan ger from plagues brought in by rats on steamers from Infected countries. There is an organisation In London for kill lax rats, and from four to five thousand are destroyed every month. Similar means are taken for the pro tection of several ports of the United States, but the greatest danger Is from ground squirrels The ground squirrel has been regarded as a public nuisance ever since the first attempts at agriculture. He was here before the Franciscan padres earns, and In 1806 they suffered so muoh from his ravage* in their fields and fruit orchards that a general campaign of extermination was undertaken, and several thousand were killed by the Indians under the di rection of the monks In Monterey county. It was not until 1906, however, that dan ger from the presence of the bubonic plague among the ground squirrels of I California was suspected. They were found to be highly susoeptlMe to the dle I ease/tad Burgeon General Wymij^dt the "9Oqyer&0&\ 409-417 Seven thSt. u Bargain Prices in Genuine Only Genuine Crex la in our stock. each rug with the trade marked Crex label?no imitations or aecond qualities that are often offered a* "Just U good." The unusually low prices we are quoting Include the ruga in all sites, and the Crex Carpets In the various widths. 9x!2=FOOT Genuine Crex Rues in the a variety or patterna, at I5.S8. ton chain, bound on the sides, fectly reversible. The other smaller slses of stock In each pattern, prlesd ai 8x10-foot Crex Rugs 6x9?foot Crex Rugs 54x90-!nclt Crex'Rugs full $ by 12 foot room slsea. in They are made with heavy cot each end fringed, and are per Cre* Ruga are also carried In i follows: SSS$1.10 30x60-inch Crex Rugs. *. 27x54?!nch Crex Rugs! ....65c io% Discount on Accounts Dosed in 30 Days. tttittt-tMf itt-ttttf ?t ?t?ttt 1t-?? iOMLY 4 ?i ? 1 ? 4' ?* ?i' ?J" ??' ?J' ?for Women's Smart Pumps and ?Oxfords, Really Worth $3.50. COME and set these Pumps and Oxfords. You'll agree that they're the best values in the city. A complete new line, embracing all the swell est shapes in Women's Plain Pumps, Ankle Strap, Instep-strap and Two - eyelet Ties and Ox fords, in black and tan velvet, white canvas, gun metal calf, patent colt and russet" calf. Footwear well worth $3.50. Our special price, $2.50. Men's Stylish Oxfords *?flnd Shoes, Special - - HH Complete line of all the latest spring styles In Men's Standard $3.50 Shoes and Oxfords and T wo-eyelet Ties?In patent colt, gun metal calf and russet calf. S peoial, pair. Women's tic Lists Thread Hose; black and ten. "%f|c Special for ***** Men's tic Lisle Thread Hose; black and tan. Spe cial for ^ HOOPER BROS 09 Footwear for Men, Women and Children, 939 Pennsylvania Ave. \ crocker' /FORMERLY* V CROCKER'S ) bureau of public health began work. Many squirrel# were caught and examin ed, but none were found infected until August. 1908. In the meantime two re markable cases of bubonic plague oc curred in Contra Costa county, which demonstrated the danger to which un suspecting people were exposed. A black smith and his wife, neither of whom had visited a seaport of had oome in contact with infection in any way, were setqpd with the plague and died very suddenly. Infected With. Plague. It was found upon investigation that both of them had eaten ground squirrels immediately before they were attacked? squirrels which the husband had himself shot in the neighborhood of his home. This startling development caused a thorough investigation, a large number of squirrels In Contra Costa and Alameda counties were found to be infected with the plague and the work of extermination was begun. This campaign has been carried on with great energy ever since, and Burgeon General Wyman tells me that 122,675 squirrels Were shot, trapped or poisoned during the year 1910. and that 906 of them were found to be infected with the bacillus of the bubonic plague. The largest number, 212, were in Contra Costa county; In Alameda county. 81:. in Santa Clara, 22; Ban Benito, 19, and in Monte rey, 4 cases were found. I The plague appeared In California first in 1900" and was crushed out in 1904. Prom that year until May 23, 190T, no cases were found, but during the latter year there were 153 cases with seventy seven deaths in San Francisco; twelve esses and seven deaths In Oakland, and one or two oases in a doaen other places, so scattered through the state that no other theory could account for the dis tribution than the ground squirrel. Two cases In Contra Costa county, two in Alameda, one in Los Angeles, one in San Benito and one in Santa Clara were al i most definitely demonstrated to be due to Infection from ground squirrels. Sev eral other cases in other parts of the state could be explained In the same way, but the evidence was not so positive. Ths last case of bubonic plague in California occurred In Santa Clara county, August 2S. 1910. Carried by Asiatic Bats. Dr. Wyman believes that the squirrels get the infection from rats brought into San Francisco on steamers coming from Asiatic porta and at the present time Is directing a rat extermination campaign i in that city by the employment of thirty professional rat catchers, who are getting rid on an average of 250 per man daily, there being 7,000 traps in use over the city. A record of the location where each rat Is trapped Is kept, and every rat Is examined by bacteriologists. If It Is found to be Infected the premises Where It was caught are condemned. Dr. Wyman says: "From a study of the maps of California and the distribu tion of the railroads and the points at which plague-infected squirrels have been found, it would appear as though, pos sibly, the infection had been spread by the railroads. The only explanation which suggests Itself is that rats taken aboard trains In freight or by other means from Infected po nts, as Ban Fran cisco and Oakland, while still in the in cubation stage of the disease, are taken sick en route, and leaving the train as soon as possible run for refuge to the nesrsst hiding place, probably squirrel burrows. It Is well known that rats will live peaceably in the same holes with squirrels and the same Seas infest both animals. In this way are Infected the squirrels of that particular locality. Other rats could then be infected by thees squirrels, and so spread the Mi>n? In the same manner to other points. "There are 158,980 equate miles of land la California. Infection has been found la an area oomprlsing 20J7S square allea The remaining territory infested by squirrels, which may he considsred la ? fectlble, comprises an area ef 67,791 ?Quart miles." Goat of Extermination. Dr. Wytnan adds that since September, 1907, his men have caught and killed 9QS. 247 rate and squirrels, of which number 424 rats and 412 squirrels have been found Infected with plague. This campaign had cost the government of the United States up to the 31st of last December the sum of $705,043, which includes the expendi tures for trapping and killing rate, the laboratory examinations of rats captured, the extermination of squirrels, the in spection of insanitary conditions, the fumigation of outgoing vessels, and reconnolissance work tn the states bor dering on California in order to deter mine whether plague infection had spread to those states. Thus far, Dr. Wjraai says, no evidences of Infection hare been found outside of the state of California. In addition to the expenditure* of the federal government, not less than halt a million dollars have been expended by state, county and municipal authorities for the same purpoee, and perhaps as much more by individuals in their effOrte to exterminate squirrels. During the five months of this year 306 squirrels infected with the plague have been found in Ave counties. All of them have been caught by government The agents. Those poisoned by the themselves have not been examined. "The work has been so thorough," said Surgeon General Wyman, "that a broad free squlrrel aone ha* been maintained around the cities of San Francisco. Oakland, Ber keley and Alameda to prevent the possible reinfection of the rats of those citieo through coming in contact with plague infected equlrrels in the outlying dMrlde Valuable Precaution. That the maintenance of tbeee squirrel free cones Is a valuable precaution la evidenced by the fact that no rat infec tion has been found in any of the Ottles thue protected since Deoember L 1806. In thle work around the cities mueh val uable information regarding the aseeci ation of rats and squirrels hae been se cured. Opportunity hae been afforded for Instructing new employee In the mothede of hunting, trapping aad r ing. and tn the maintenance ef and their sanitation. Farmers and owucts and dtlsens have frequently visit ed theee camps for the purpoee of being Instructed, and have on numeral sions remained for several days. William H. Jordan, a well known oW sen of Caroline county, Va., died at hie home Tuesday, aged eighty-eight years. He was a Confederate veteran. imiiuiiiiwittwmmaiiminiiiiUMmtt BUGS FETSftMAfrg ROACH POOD kills roachea. water bugs and beetles. Standard for S4 rears. '??BT PETERMAITS DISCO kille bed huge and their A sure preventive. PKTB&MA1TS MOTH Odorless?Kills moths. A euro preventive. PETE UMAX'S ANT WOOD ante aad fleas. At All Dealer*. Insist on Petermaa'a