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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, June 02, 1911, Image 1

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WEATHER.
Fair tonight and Sat
urday; light, southerly
winds.
No. 18,510.
WASHINGTON, D. CX, FRIDAY, JUNE
^1
The circulation of The
both daily and Sunday, is greater
by many thousands than that of
any other Washington newspaper.
COWTA1MIXO OH FAO? M CLOSIWO
KEW YORK STOCK ?|OTATIOX1
TWENTY-TWO PAGES.
ONE CENT
ACTS ONLOANS BILL
Committee to Favorably Re
port "Shark" Measure.
AMENDED BY SENATORS
Bate of Interest Out to One and One
Half Per Cent a Month.
MATT?TT? AMOUNT MADE $100
Stricter Regulation of Insurance
Companies Poing Business in
District la Approved.
After directing amendments to make It
more drastic, the Senate EH strict com
mittee today ordered a favorable report
on the Galltnger 'loan shark" bill.
The amendments, which are to be draft
ed by a subcommittee composed of Sen
ators Galllnger and Curtis, reduce the
rate of Interest from 9 to 14 per cent
per month, reduce the amount of money
that can be loaned at that rate from
S300 to $100, and require that. In case a
contract Is made for a higher rate of
interest than Is authorised, the one mak
ing the loan shall forfeit the interest
and one-fourth of the principal.
The "loan shark" bill occupied much
of the attention of the committee today.
Soon after It was taken up, It became
evident that there was strong objection to
such a high rate of interest as 2 per
cent, provided in the bill as introduced.
To compromise the divided sentiment. It
was proposed that the rate be made 1%
per cent a month, and that rate received
the assent of a majority of the committee
members present. There is talk that an
amendment will be offered on the floor
11 xing the interest at 2 per cent, but no
definite announcement to that effect has
been made.
I he reduction in the amount that can
be loaned at such rates also figured In
the compromise. There was some feel
ing that no legislation should be passed
allowing n rate of interest greater than
" P?r cent, but a majority of the com
mittee agreed that provision should be
made for small loans at a greater rate.
Penalty Is Favored.
Senator Curtis urged the adoption of
the amendment providing for the forfei
ting of interest and one-fourth of the
principal In case a greater rate of Inter
est than the bill allows is charged. He
maintained that such a penalty would
be an important factor In having the law
obeyed. The committee was in accord
with him.
Senator Pomerene opposed the measure.
He urged that there should be no legisla
tion to recognize loans at more than B
per cent.
The committee gave its approval to the
Wll aimed to hurry up the construction of
the new buildings for the Central and M
Street High schools. After the sites for
the new schools were purchased the Com
missioners found they had some money
left, and they have recommended the pas
sage of legislation that will enable them
to use the balance in the employment of
architects and draftsmen to prepare the
plans for the buildings. It is the bill to
carry out that recommendation to which
the committee today gave Its assent
blUJ 1.ookln? to the stricter reg
ulation of Insurance companies that
do business in the District were au
10 be reported. One of them
provides new legislative control over
neaith and accident companies. The
oepartment of insurance of the Dls
frtr ? 1 the Pres?nt regulations
for such companies were not satisfac
. thi* bU1 rpP?rted today will
nv S .?! Apartment more control
over those companies by compelling re
ports?f their condition to be made ?o
?Ct offlc'als and to allow those
officials to make inspection of the
b??Hs of the companies.
The bill provides that no health, acci
dent or life insurance company in the
?? hCtK! ? ,ssu** for a greater
death benefit than *.>?>, or a greater
weekly indemnity than unless the
company has *>-,,?>, assets, or a greater
death benefit than $JAW. or ?^ter
SS"i.'?S5S{y** to ?*> ?.
Must Make Reports.
The other insurance bill to receive the
committee s O. K will have the effect of
compelling all insurance companies doing
business in the District to make annual
reports to the department of insurance.
I nder the present law only foreign com
A Kmar re<iu,red to make such reports.
northeast?fiv?nf .^xtenfI,on ?r Grant street
57M, ??r?L, lts pre8?nt terminus near
S?tli street east to its present terminus
rl?Stle place northeast and to ex
tend Deane avenue from its present ter
minus west of 48th street easf to Its
present terminus east of 46th ^reetalso
*as ordered reported to the Senate' with
*JLecommendati?n that it pass
.o tSKSJ-jui ?"
?h "" Dl",rl" lying
rween Van Buren street
Nicholson street 'and r??
Creek Park, and a bill to efv? a
title to the present occupant of lot 53
? SZrl Srker'8 ?u?^onfo5?\o\l
COTTON MARKET BREAKS
UPON HEARING REPORT
Decline of From Six to Fourteen
Points Follows, But Normal
Is Soon Restored.
NBW YORK, June 2.?The first gov
jmment report of the season on the com
ing cotton crop was issued today, and
while It showed a condition far above the
ten-year average, coupled with a sub
stantial increaeae in acreage, it was with
out any material effect on prices. The
condition of 87.8 per cent was higher
an expected, comparing with 82 last
year, 7f?7 in the big-crop year of 1908
and 80.9 per cent the ten-year average.
On the other hand, the Increase In
acreage was rather smaller than looked
for, the official figures being 4.7 per cent
as compared with last year, or 35,004,000
acres, and while the condition figures
Inspired considerable speculative liquida
tion or selling, under which the market
broke to a net loss of about 6 to 14
points, prices were steadied by trade buy
ing at the decline, and prices within half
.it hour of the publication of the report
re not more than a point or two under
closing figures of yesterday on the
;.ew crop months.
Melody Wins the Acorn Stakes.
EPSOM DOWNS. England. June The
Acorn stakes of 1,000 sovereigns, for two
year-old fillies, distance fire furlongs,
run here today, was won by Melody,
owned by Charles Carroll of New Tork
and Paris. Charmian was second aad
the Adula Ally third. Eleven horses
BIG DAY FOR MIDDIES
Diplomas Are Awarded Mem
bers of Class of 1911.
SOON IN NEW UNIFORMS
Graduates Rejoice at Completion of
Four Years' Course.
NEED OF AN EFFICIENT NAVY
Possibility of War Emphasized in
Address of Assistant Secretary
of the Navy Winthrop.
Special Dispatch to Tb*> Star.
A XN A POL. IS, Md.. June 2.?"Out of the
wilderness, out of the wilderness, and no
more rivers to cross," sang the members
of the class of 1911 as they wiggled and
twisted through the long armory at the
Naval Academy In a joyous serpentine
dance today. With the coveted diplomas
for which they had worked hard the last
four years, and which they had only a
short time before received from the hands
of Assistant Secretary of the Navy Beek
man Winthrop, waving aloft, the young
officers marched through the yard and
thence into Bancroft Hall, where a rapid
change was made into new uniforms.
These uniforms are different in cut, and,
of even more importance, bear a narrow
band of gold on the sleeves to show that
the wearers are "passed midshipmen."
With the armory well fllled, the brigade
of midshipmen, minus those about to
graduate, paraded on the main floor un
der arms. The graduating class marched
in separately and took the seats assigned
them shortly after 10 o'clock.
Opening of Exercises.
The booming guns of the short battery
had announced to the town that the
United States steamship Dolphin, bearing
Assistant Secretary Winthrop and an
official party, had arrived from Wash
ington during the night, and that all
was in readiness for his coming ashore.
When the party reached the outside of
the armory the word was passed inside
the building- that all was ready. Imme
diately the brigade of midshipmen, un
der command of Lieut. W. Steele, came
to "attention," while the band^played a'
few strains from a military march as
the officials, headed by Supt. John H.
Gibbons, Mr. Winthrop ahd the former's
personal aid, Lieut. Adolphus Andrews,
marched down the length of the room
and took places on the platform.
Capt. Gibbons immediately introduced
Representative Lemuel P. Padgett, presi
dent of the board of visitors, who de
livered the "farewell" address to the
graduates.
Need of Powerful Navy.
Expressing the belief that any future
war in which the United States may en
gage will largely, if not entirely, be de
cided by a battle or battles on the sea,
Mr. Winthrop said he was strongly Im
pressed with *the necessity of maintaining
a navy sufficient in power to diminish to
a minimum any danger of losing control
of the sea.
"Graduating at twenty-two you will
have about forty years of active service
before you. and although we are all most
desirous that war /Shall not check the
peaceful progress of the nation, we must
recognize that this country since its in
ception has never enjoyed forty years of
peace uninterrupted by war. The aver
age period between wars of this country'
has been only a few months over twenty
nine years, so If anything like this ratio
is preserved in the future you will prob
ably see active service.
"Understand me, that I am most de
sirous of continued peace, and sincerely
trust that the agitation for arbitration
treaties and an international tribunal
with adequate power to enforce its or
dained decrees, will bear fruit, but he
who believes that International peace has
arrived and that no more wars will oc
cur enjoys an optimism greater than I
can acquire.
"The control of th% sea will. In my
opinion, be the crucial turning point of
any war in which we may be engaged,
and it? is, therefore, evident how incum
bent it will be upon you so to maintain
the material and personnel allowed us by
Congress that it may always be at the
highest point of efficiency."
TRINITY CHURCH EXHIBIT.
Corporation in New York Owns
Property Worth $13,700,000.
NEW YORK, June 2?The annual re
port of Trinity Church Corporation shows
that the receipts of the parish for the
past year were $865,000, the largest item
being $700,000 from real estate rents. Pew
rents were $16,000. The parish spent
$950,000 for new buildings, $340,000 for
the maintenance of its ten churches and
eleven schools and $157,000 for taxes.
The report records a considerable deficit
for the year.
Trinity's balance sheet shows that the
parish now owns productive property
assessed at $18,700,000. .These figures do
not include the property used for church
es, chapels, schools and burying grounds.
The number of communicants reported
is H.000, a slight increase. ''Church at
tendance throughout the parish," says
the report, "has shown no falling off,
but. on the contrary, in most of the
churches shows a marked increase."
LABOR LEADERS PLAN BLOW.
May Sue Officials and Manufactur
ers, Charging False Imprisonment.
SAN FRANCISCO. June 2.?Clarence S.
Darrow. counsel for James and John J.
McNamara. accused of murder In con
nection with the dynamiting of the Los
Angeles Times, conferred with local la
bor leaders here yesterday over suits
which. It was announced, will be started
against Los Angeles city officials for al
leged "conspiracy and false imprison
ment" of men arrested for picketing.
Directors of various manufacturing
plants, it was announced, also will be
made party to the suits, which are to
be for $25,000 damages In each case and
will amount to about $1,000,000.
Darrow expects to leave for Chicago
and Indianapolis today to perfect his
knowledge of the case.
Dr. Galloway Sails for Home.
Dr. B. T. Galloway, chief of the bureau
of plant Industry of the Department of
Agriculture, sailed today for the United
States from Glasgow. He Is due in New
York June 11, and will come direct to
Washington. Dr. Galloway had almost a
complete nervous and physical breakdown
about a year ago, following a severe at
tack of typhoid fever. For several months
past he has been abroad for the depart
ment collecting specimens and studying
cultural methods throughout the orient,
especially In Japan, Java and China. He
iwin resume hie work in the department
Immediately oo Ms return.
NEEDS OF THE CITY
Monday Evening Club Outlines
Program of Legislation
AT PUBLIC HEARING TODAY |
Proposed Abolition of Emergency
Hospital Under Consideration.
SCHOOL FINANCES DISCUSSED
Commissioner Judson Criticises Re
port of Board of $rade on
the Subject.
The suggestion that Emergency Hospital
be discontinued was made at a public
hearing before the Commissioners of the j
District of Columbia today, when the
Monday Evening Club presented its plat- J
form of "social" legislation, and at the j
same meeting another investigation into j
the finances of the school system here ;
was suggested by Commissioner Judson
as a legitimate form of endeavor for so
cial workers to follow. It was made clear
by Commissioner Judson that he does not
believe the recent report of the Board
of Trade in regard to the school situa
tion amounts to much. He termed that
report "ridiculous." I
The Emergency Hospital matter came
j up during a discussion of the plank of
[the club's social legislation platform re
garding school nurses and other health
1 subjects. Commissioner Judson introduc
ed the topic:
"Do you not think that a little negative
indorsement would be a good thing? Take,
for instance, the Emergency Hospital
situation. Do you not think that the club
could help a great deal by an adverse
report on the proposition to establish
another Emergency Hospital? Tt Is easy
enough to pass resolutions and indorse
projects, but to oppose something takes
more nerve."
Already Under Consideration.
"Yes," said Dr. George M. Kober, mem
ber of the club and also a member of the
board of charities of the District of Co
lumbia. "We have been studying that
proposition on the board of charities.
Now, the government has taken over the
land on which the' Emergency Hospi
tal stands, and the hospital people seek
to erect a new hospital near the Corcoran
Gallery of Art. The Emergency Hospital
has done a great work here for forty
years, but there are now two hospitals
much better situated to take care of ?.ae
work. One is the George Washington
University Hospital and the other is
Georgetown University Hospital.
"If the Emergency Hospital is abolished
when the government tears the building
down, then we will have two hospitals
doing the work wliere three would bo
covering it otherwise, and I think it is
in the interests of economical administra
tion to advocate that Emergency Hospital
be discontinued."
Emergency Hospital's appropriations in
part are the result of recommendations
from the board of charities, through the
Commissioners. It was said today, how
ever. that the sundry civil bill generally
carries appropriations for the hospital, on
which the Commissioners have little or
nothing to say.
Suggests Inquiry Into Finances.
Commissioner Judson, who was Intense
ly interested in the club's proposition to
have the District furnish better health
inspection in the public schools, suggest
ed to several speakers that the club
could do a service to the District by
making an investigation into the finances
of the schools "to ?see where the money
can be distributed better, so that it will
be easier to ask for health inspectors
and medical Inspectors."
"The schools here cost a great deal more
than they do elsewhere, and it is almost
impossible to go to Congress to aBk for
more trained nurses in the schools or
more medical inspectors If some one can
point out that the money appropriated is
not being spent as economically as it
should be. Of course, an investigation
into the schools and the finances would
be unpleasant, but we must take the un
pleasant with the pleasant."
"Did not the Board of Trade make a |
report recently on the schools?" asked
Walter S. Ufford of the Associated Chari
ties and member of the Monday Evening
Club. , ^
"They did," said Commissioner Judson,
"and a ridiculous report It was, too."
Later Commissioner Judson, In speak
ing of the investigation which he believes
the Monday Evening Club could occupy ,
Its time with some advantage, said that
"he hoped the investigation would be dlf- ,
ferent from that of the Board of Trade,
which started out with a dellnlte object |
in view."
Long Program Submitted.
The platform Cor social legislation as
presented by the Monday Evening Club Is
composed of nineteen planks. They were
explained In detail by Mr. Ufford and
Oliver Newman. Present at the hearing
were the members of the executive com
mittee of the club, who are John Van
Schalclc. Jr., Frederick L. Siddons, Oliver
P. Newman, Mrs. Ella Henderson West,
Mrs. Edna K. Bushee, George 8. Wilson,
Walter S. Ufford, Charles F. Nesbit, Wil
liam J. Kerby and John D. Colpoys.
At the close of the meeting Mr. New
man presented an outline In brief of the
entire platform which the club wants to
see adopted. The Commissioners said aft
er the hearing that the presentation is of
such importance that every attention will
be paid to the suggestions.
Outline of Club Program.
The presentation by Mr. Newman, in
part, was as follows:
"The Monday Evening Club realises that
this program is a big one, which cannot
aU be put through Immediately, but It
feels a definite, comprehensive plan
toward a definite, comprehensive end is
essential. The club strongly urges that
progress In municipal government and in
extension of permanent improvements
that will make the city externally beau
tiful be continued with unabated seal,
and It commends the District Commis
sioners for their efforts In this direction,
but it also urges most earnenrtly that the
Commissioners do all In their power to
keep social progress abreast of material,
physical progress.
"We have made two groups of the sub
jects contained in the club's social pro
gram. One group Is composed of the
things which will require appropriations,
and provision for which we urge shall
be mads from year to year in the Com
mlskmers* estimates. The other group Is
composed of the things which require no
appropriations; we urge the Commission
ers to use their best efforts to obtain
legislation pertaining to these subjects
in such manner and at such tines as
thev deem advisable.
The Commissioners wJU that the*
A
\
have already approved some of the
'features of th^ program.
Groups of Subjects.
The group of subjects lequiring appro
priations to as follows: Elimination of al
ley dwellings; public school nurses; hos
pital for inebriates and drug victims;
new municipal lodging house;, segregation
and treatment of feeble minded; chief
medical Inspector for public schools; ad
ditional visitors for board of children's
guardians; removel of Washington Asy
lum Hospital to new site already pro
vided; acceptance of Straus milk labora
tory by the government; public baths,
washhouses and public comfort stations;
vocational training and guidance in public
schools; public playgrounds, including
school playgrounds and athletic fields,
with adequate supervision thereof on
"half and half" basis.
Legislative Schedule.
The group of subjects requiring legisla
tion, but not requiring appropriations, fol
lows: Regulation of loan agencies by lim
iting interest to 2 per cent per month,
making license $100 per annum and au
thorizing police scrutiny of agencies; es
tablishment of bacterial standard, tem
perature requirement and pasteurization
requirement for milk and milk products
sold In District; compulsory removal to
tuberculosis hospital of dangerous tuber
culosis patients; amendment of non-sup
port law to require fathers to support
illegitimate children; stricter regulation
of midwifery; use of public school build
ings as neighborhood and social centers;
better ventilation of street cars, theaters,
churches and public buildings.
Seaman's Bravery Recognised.
The Secretary of the Navy today com
mended Harry Waffle of St. Louis, a
seaman on the President's yacht Sylph,
for gallantry in Jumping overboard from
that vessel at the Washington navy
yard and rescuing a small boy from
drowning May 22 last. The boy went
away without telling his name.
One Dead, Three Injured.
AUGUSTA, Otu, June 2.-Capt. A. J.
Renkel, a Jeweler, of Augusta, was killsd,
his wife suffered severe Injuries and his
8on, Louis, and daughter, Vivian, were
badly bruised as the result of a rear
end collision between their automobile
and a buggy last night on the Savannah
road near Otis creek.
Charged With Buying Senate Seat.
MADISON, Wis., June 3.?The Blaine
resolution, declaring that Senator Isaac
Stephenson bought his seat In the United
States Senate, and requesting that body
to Investigate his election, was recom
mended by the senate judiciary commit
tee iiurf night for adoption.
"I had rather make one
man laugh once than one
hundred men cry one
hundred times," says
GEORGE M. CORAM
The "Yankee Doodle" oo
medlan writes an article for
our Sunday Magazine, which
Is as funny as any bf his
plays and lots more inform
ing as well. He tells why
he has succeeded, and good
naturedly points the way for
others.
"The
Two-Dollar
Heart"
Is a psychological study of
the American theatergoer.
The conclusion of it Is that
there to very little psychol
ogy In the average Ameri
can audience. The two-dol
lar heart to, in fact, the 10
3M0 heart. But read
Cohan's article in the nest
I9i i GRADUATES.
COLD STORAGE AS AID
TO C0U.ECHNG RENT
Market Man's Unique Method
Results in a Fine
of $25.
I4>cking a man In a cold-storage room
for half an hour without his consent
constitutes a simple assault within the
meaning of the District Code.
An opinion to that effect was rendered
today by Judge Pugh, who fined Frank
I* Averlll, president of the Arcade Mar
ket Company, |25 in the Police Court
for compelling Samuel Boxwell to spend
an unpleasant thirty minutes in the mar
ket company's cold-storage plant several
days ago. The fine was paid.
Defendant's Statement.
The defendant told Judge Pugh that
Boxwell. who has a stall in the mar
ket, owed the company rental for the
storage of meats. Boxwell had deferred
settling the account several times, and
Averlll decided to force payment.
"When Boxwell entered one of the
cold-storage rooms to get some of his
meat I locked the door on him?and kept
It locked for about thirty minutes," Av
erlll told the court. .
The complainant said he was an unwill
ing prisoner and let the fact be known by
sundry cries for assistance and wall
pounding, until the door was unlocked.
. Court's Adverse View.
"No, the weather Isn't a mitigating
circumstance nor can imprisonment* for
debt be tolerated. That was abolished
about a century ago," the court advised
counsel for the defendant during the tat
ter's argument. Avertll's attorney asked
for the dismissal of the charge upon the
Kund that no physical violence had
n offered the complainant.
ROOT OFFERS PLAN
TO ELECT SEITORS
Wants Plurality Vote of State
Legislatures to Decide
the Question.
Senator Root's bill providing for the
election of United States senators by a
plurality vote of the state legislatures
will be reported to the Senate Monday,
with the recommendation of the Senate
committee on privileges and elections
that it pass.
The bill provides that If no person re
ceives a majority vote within twenty days
after the day upon which the legislature
first oonvenes In joint assembly, then the
person who thereafter receives a plural
ity of the votes of the . joint assembly, a
majority of all members being present
and voting, shall be held duly elected.
The committee recommends an amend
ment providing that the person getting
the greatest number of votes must re
ceive at least one-third of all the votes
of the legislature.
Conflicts With Direct Tots.
The reporting of this measure may com
plicate the action on the resolution for an
amendment to the Constitution providing
for the election of senators by the direct
vote of the people. When the direct elec
tion resolution was reported from the Sen
ate judiciary committee three of the
members of that committee declared their
preference for the *?oot hllL
They took the general position that Om
legislation was aimed to prevent, dead
locks in legislatures and consequent lack
or representation of states in the upper
house of Congress and that the Root
plan would altord a remedy without a
radical change in the method of choosing
senators.
The Root bill Is expected to receive the
support of senators opposed to the direct
election resolution. Whether or not It
will receive the support of other senators
who have been counted on to vote in
favor of the direct election plan is still
undetermined, but the friends of the
direct election resolution claim they are
assured of sufficient votes to pass it by
the required two-thirds vote.
CHANCE FOE COMMISSIONS.
One Hundred Civilians Will Be Se
lected for Lieutenants.
There will be a competitive examina
tion, beginning September 5 next, for
the selection of about one hundred
civilians for appointment as second lieu
tenants in the cavalry, field artillery
and infantry of the United States Army.
The examinations will be conducted at
I various military posts as convenient as
practicable to the homes of the candi
dates. Persons desiring to enter the
competition are requested to make ap
plication to the adjutant general of the
army.
Candidates must be citizens of the
United States, unmarried, and of good
moral character, and must pass the pre
scribed physical and mental examina
tions. They must be not less than
[twenty-one, nor more than twenty
seven years of age, and In all other
respects eligible. Examination as to
physical qualifications will conform to
the standard required of recruits, ex
cept that any applicant whose degree
of vision is less than 20-40 in either
eye, or is color blind for red, green or
violet, will be rejected. The mental ex
amination is divided into two parts?
the# preliminary and the competitive?
both conducted at the same place, the
[competitive examination following im
I mediately after the preliminary.
Graduates of recognized colleges and
universities, and of Institutions classl
. fled as class A and class BA, at which
army officers are detailed as instructors
of military science and tactics, will be
exempt from the preliminary examina
tion.
NAVY DEPARTMENT CHANGES.
Appointments and Promotions Of
i flcially Announced.
I Recent changes In the classified service
of the Navy Department are announoed
I as follows:
Appointments?Bureau of navigation:
Wllmer C. Appleby, copyist at $840;
Frederick M. Schanze, copyist at $840;
John "P. Meyers. Jr., copyist at $840. Bu
reau of ordnance: Maurice Kebesky, mes
senger boy at $400. Bureau of construc
tion and repair: Arthur J. Pallansch, by
reinstatement, clerk at $1,000. Bureau of
supplies- and accounts: Rembert T. Nel
son, laborer at $800. Secretary's office:
James S. Kean. clerk at $1,400.
Promotions?Offioe of naval Intelligence:
Miss Nellie Huff, from clerk at $1,000 to
clerk at $1,300. Bureau of supplies and
accounts: Frank E. Hickman, from la
borer at $660 to assistant messenger at
$720; Charles W. Lewis, Jr., from laborer
at $600 to laborer at $600. Bureau of con
struction and repair: John K. Willis,
from clerk at $1,000 to clerk at $1,100.
Transfer and promotion?Julius F Ho
lubovich, from copyist at $840, bureau of
navigation, to clerk at $1,000, office of
naval Intelligence.
Resignations?Hydrographlc office: Ar
thur W. Moree, nautical expert at $1,000
Secretary's office: J. B. Corbett, clerk at
$1,800. Bureau of construction and repair
William F. Davidson, clerk at $1,100.
NO TROUBLE IN HONDURAS.
Rumors of Another Revolutionary
Outbreak Said to Be Pklse.
CEIBA, Honduras, June 2 (By Wire
less to New Orleans).?No credence is
given here to rumors of another re
volutionary outbreak In Honduras. The
* sport that martial law was declared
last week because of a threatened in
surrectionary movement along the Sal
vadorean border Is erroneous.
Martial law was proclaimed through
out the republic March 20. following
the termination of the revolution led
by Qen. Manuel Bonilla. That order,
which was Issued to facilitate the re- i
establishment of peace, was never
rescinded.
No rumors of an uprising in any part,
of the republic have reach*} Celhe.
CHARGE OF FORGERY
Four Men Indicted for Defraud
ing Western Union Company.
CONSPIRACY ALSO ALLEGED
Sam of $465 Said to Have Been Se
cured on Bogus Orders.
OTHER TRUE BILLS RETURNED
??
Isadora Oppenhelmer, Accused of
Embezzlement; William Johnson,
Housebreaking: and Larceny.
Thomas Wynn, Owen T. Brennan. alias
Joseph E. IHiBkin; Edward J. Read and
Reeves "Wood, alias R. ?E- Hood, were
indicted today by the grand Jury on
charges of forgery and conspiracy grow
ing out of the securing of $466 from the
Western Union Telegraph Company on
alleged bogus money transfer telegrams.
Wynn and Wood had been in the employ
of the company as telegraph operators
and become familiar with the cipher code
in which telegrams for payment of money
were transmitted from one office of the
company to another. The indictment
charges that the four men entered Into a
conspiracy May 1 to defraud the tele
graph company. In furtherance of the
alleged unlawful agreement, it Is charged,
one or more of the four men forged and
passed upon the local agent of the W est
ern Union Company three money trans
fer telegrams, one for $75, one for $90
and one for $300.
The.first two telegrams were^nade pay
able to and the money received by Keaa,
it is alleged, and the third telegram was
made payable to Wynn. who, it l.
claimed, received the $300 for which the
telegram called.
Wynn and Wood are under arrest, i ne
other two men have not been located.
Alleges Scope of Conspiracy.
The Indictment charges that the scope of
the alleged conspiracy was the securing
of $1,000 from the company, but the
scheme was discovered before half the in
tended amount had been realized.
Seven counts are set out in tbe indict
ment. The first, after setting forth the
business methods of the Western Union
Company In the matter of transferring
money from one office to another, and the
fact that it had such offices at Atlantic,
Iowa, and In this city, gives the mean
ings of the cipher or code words used in
transmitting money. This count charges
that the four men Indicted, being con
versant iwltth the company's business
methods, and knowing its secret code foi
transmitting money, made and. forged a
telegram reading:
"Atlantic, Iowa May L
"Transfer Agent, Washington, D' c-;
"Pay to Edward J. Read, 511V4
street northwest, Washington. D. C.
homily kitchen from Mrs. Mary Read
Atlantic. Iow^; caution. M. T. A.
This telegram. It Is alleged, purported
to be a genuine money transfer telegrair
to pay Edward J. Read $75. the sum
being expressed In the code word "kitch
en," when theu Payee -had been satisfac
torily Identified, which requirement was
contained In the word "caution" In the
alleged bogus telegram.
The second count charges that the men
or some one of them. In furtherance ol
the scheme to defraud, cashed the tele
gram at the local office of the company
and received $75 In cash for it.
Additional Counts Outlined.
In the third count It is charged May *
last the men forged another telegram
from Atlantic, Iowa, also made payable
to Read and purporting to come from
Mary Read. This telegram contalne<
the words "elongate sudden," which, the
Indictment says, meant In the cipher
code $90- The cashing of this order It
made the basis of the fourth count ol
the Indictment.
The defendant Wynn Is made the payee
of the third alleged bogus telegram con
cerning the alleged forgery of which the
fifth count of the indictment treats. Thu
order is also dated at Atlantic, Iowa, and
directed to the company's local agent.
It reads: "Pay Thomas Wynn, care F.
S. Wynn, purchasing agent Southern
railway, special cognate digest from Wil
son Bros. & Co.. Atlantic, Iowa, vigilant.
By the cipher code, it Is claimed, this tele
gram was an order on the local agent to
pay $300 when the payee had been satis
factorily identified; that. May 8, the tele
gram was cashed by the company on the
presentation of one of the four men in
dicted, is the charge contained in the
sirth count of the Indictment.
A common law conspiracy Is chargec
against the four men by the last count
in the indictment, in which it is allegec
they combined and agreed on a scheme
to mulct the telephone company to th<
extent of $1,000.
Criminal Libel Charge Ignored.
The grand Jury Ignored the charge ol
criminal libel presented to It against
Nettie M. Post. It was charged Mrs
Poet wrote a letter to a sister of Mrs
Fannie Liebman, living in Sharpsburg
Md., which reflected on Mrs. Liebman
The sister forwarded the letter to Mrs
Liebman. who sued out a warrant. Mrs
Post was held in the Police Court undei
bond for the action of the grand Jury.
Other indictments returned today wen
I-adore Oppenhelmer, embezzlement, anc
William Johnson, housebreaking and
larceny, s
TAKES CHARGE OF OFFICE.
Samuel H. Adams Becomes Assistant
Secretary of the Interior.
Samuel H. Adams of Chicago, recently
selected as first assistant secretary of the
interior, has taken charge of the office as
successor to Frank Pierce, who resigned
to practice law. The latter served during
the regime of former Secretary Richard
A. Ballinger. The oath of office was ad
ministered to the new official by Assistant
Chief Clerk Acker of the Interior Depart
ment.
Mr. Aoams has been in Washington for
some days past getting thoroughly ac
quainted with the duties of the position
which he has Just assumed. In this work
he has been assisted by Mr. Pierce, who,
it is expected, will remain at the depart
ment for several days longer so as to be
of assistance to his successor In the event
any Intricate problems come up for adju
dication.
Fire Sweeps Iva, 8. C.
ANDERSON, 8. C., June 2.?Fire of un
known origin practically destroyed the
entire business section of Iva, this coun
ty, early yesterday morning. The loss
Is estimated at $15,000, with small in
surance. Iva has no Are protection.
Turkish Student Wins Price.
NEW HAVEN, Conn., June 2.?The
Tale Art School announces that J. / H.
Halladjian, a student from Anltab, Tur
key, is the winner of the Ethel Child
Walker prise and the Tale anatomy prise,
two of the meat coveted awards of the
t
Chairman Gary for Federal
Regulation of Corporations.
CITES CASE OF RAILWAYS
Denies That the Proposition Leads
to Government Ownership.
CALLS SHERMAN ACT ARCHAIC
Head of Steel Corporation Again
Heard by Committee Investi
gating1 the Steel Trust.
Governmental control, even 1# W
should extend to the point of fixing
prices. Is the only solution of the prob
lem of protecting the consumer and
the producers of steel products In tbte
country was the opinion expressed to
day by Mr. Gary of the United 8tatee
Steel Corporation to the House steel
trust Investigating committee.
Judge Gary gave this dictum with
great earnestness in the course of an
exceedingly frank statement to the
committee.
"Are we. then," asked Mr. Littleton,
"brought face to face with the propo
sition to abandon our system of open
competition and engrafting a new in
dustrial policy upon the country7"
"I believe we are," replied Judge Gary.
"We must find some middle ground be
tween the obligations of the Sherman a at
upon the one hand and ruinous competi
tion upon the other."
"Does not such an alternatives lead te
government ownership?" he was asked.
"It does not. You have governmental
control over prices to be charged by the
railroads and you have governmental su
pervision of national banks. There Is no
approach to governmental ownership In
either case."
Judge Gary said he was convinced that
the Sherman act will not suffice to pro
tect the public against the possibility of
industrial aggregations controlling prices
and that the alternative must be some
kind of governmental supervision w ft Ion
will say to manufacturers that they ean
not charge higher than specified prices.
Stability of Prices Desirable.
Explaining his opinion that gov si a
mental supervision would be de^rabie, he
said that it Is more valuable to the pro
ducer, the consumer and worklngman to
have stability of prices than to have de
moralization of prices In time of panto
and higher prices when times are good.
Mr. Gary made earnest profeeslon te
the committee of the poiloy of the
steel corporation as to obeying the
Sherman act. declaring that It was the
policy of the finance committee, ot
which he was chairman, of the execu
tive committee and. Indeed, of the cor
poration itself. He declared that at the
forthcoming meeting of International
steel makers In Brussels, the project
of establishing an International Iron
and steel Institute along the lines of
the American Institute, will be consid
ered, but that It will not be accom
plished by the violation either of law
or moral ethics.
Mr. Gary admitted that the United
States Steel Corporation sometimes sells
steel rails abroad lower than It does
at home, but he insisted that In Its net
result this policy was not prejudicial
to the domestic consumer, since it kept
the Industry active In this country and
maintained stability of prices.
Cannot Control Prioea.
Mr. Gary declared that the United
States Steel Company Is not In a position
where It can control prices.
"We can keep prices down." he said,
"but we cannot put them up."
Elaborating that statement he said that
frequently within the past few years the
independent makers of steel rails have
urged an Increase In the piioe of the
rails, but that the steel corporation re
fused to put them up, and In consequenoe
the other makers dared not Increase their
prices.
But an Increase In prices Is Inevitable
in the near future, he said, owing to the
increase in the cost of production. The
cost of producing steel rails had Increased
$3 a ton In the past ten years.
Mr. Gary said he did not believe In
unchangeable prices, but he was op
posed to changing prices by general
agreement, since that would be clear
violation of the Sherman act. He told
the committee how prices had been
maintained In the past, through the gen
eral Interchange among steel makere
of their experiences, difficulties, eta,
and the knowledge which each manu
facturer thus obtained of the general
state of the trade.
Domestic Output.
Mr. Gary said that his corporation
does not handle more than #0 per sent
of the domestic output of steel. Be
said the United States steel Corporetien
was a holding corporation for the nine or
more subsidiary companies, and that,
of course, the parent company oonld di
rect the output and operations or the
subsidiaries. .
He declared that the value of the
port business was the dominating
for the formation of the T nlted Mates
Steel Corporation, and he was sure tap
the subsidiary companies oould not do
one-fourth the buslneae they now so w
they were disorganised.
This advantage was derived from n??
combined talent, experience, physical fa
cilities, finances and general knowledge
of the various companies. He explained
how the cost of production In each mm
was oompared with others, and where one
mill was running higher In cost steps
were taken to correct the trouble.
Predicts Federal Control.
Early In his testimony today Mr. Gary
declared that -nforced publicity and gov
ernmental control of corporations must
come, even as to prices. He said he be
lieved the Sherman anti-trust law was
too archaic to deal with modern situa
tions and never could fully prevent great
combinations of capital. What the Lnlted
States Steel Corporation wanted, he said,
was some responsible and official depart
ment of government to whom it could go
and say: "What prices can we charge
and just what can we dor'
"Personally. I believe the Sherman
act," said Mr. Gary, "does not now and
never will prevent the organisation of
great combinations of capital. I believe
we must come to enforced publicity and
governmental control of corporations.
?*EK) you mean government control even
as to prices?" Mr. Stanley asked.
"Yes even as to prices. So far as I am
concerned, speaking for the United
Steel Corporation, I would be very glad
if we could know exacUy wh^e we^staad
and oould be free from thed*"**"
criticism of the public. I wish we oouw
go to some responsible goveimmentni
source and say. Here are our facts; here
is our business; here Is our property and
our cost of production, and could be told
just what prices we could ehaive aad
just what we could do. .,
Mr. Gary said the real problem was net
I the making ot Wg foots, Nt It ey
rather the establishment of a dstefee
understanding of the legal rttuatloa.
| "Do I understand that xsn *

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