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THERE Arc Men in Plenty
Living Today Who Come
Down From the Men of '76
Who Signed the Declaration
of Independence?These Mod
ern Day Sons of the Early
Patriots Are No Less Active
in Public Affairs Than Were
Their Sires ? They Today
Hold All Sorts of Rank in
the Service of Their Country,
and Should the Emergency
Arise Might Build as Well as
Did Their Ancestors?They
Have Formed a Society of
the Descendants of the Men
Who Molded the Declaration.
t'ie patriots of 177*1 have formed a society
known as the Descendants of the Signers,
and the habit is being formed of turning
< a< h year to that shrine of independence,
t!at . radio of liberty, where the nation
i ime into being, and there celebrating the
anniversary of the nation's birth.
fn o!d Independence Hall. June 7. 1776,
7:ichard Henry I^ee of Virginia intro
<1 ced a resolution which provided for the
appointment of a committee to draft a
declaration setting forth the independence
of the colonies from England. The reso
lution carrying. Thomas Jefferson was
r-iade chairman of that committee, and
l.eing a man of wide reputation for the
ingle of his mind and the facility of his
pen. he wrote the Declaration of Inde
pendence. John Adams and Benjamin
Franklin made some small changes, and
tfie report of the committee was ready by
June 2s. But Saturday and Sunday inter
vened. and it was July 1 before the mat
ter was forma'lv presented to the Conti
nental Congress. For three days it was
debated, and on the Fourth of July, late
in the afternoon, it was passed. Jeffer
son, in later writing of the occasion,
stated that the passing of the Declara
tion was hurried by the fact that a barn
stood near by the hall, and that many
flies were bred at the barn. These en
tered the windows of Independence Hall
and greatly tortured the members of the
congress, particularly attacking their
stockinged shins. As the de'iberations pro
??eded. their laced handkerchiefs plied
busily about their legs, but the discom
'frtpynght iflll l>; w a Ou iu.? >
X T n d e p e n deiu ?
on the Fourth o'
July, will irather
the present - da'
the men who drew
up and signed the
Declaration of In
men of the nation
who have in their
veins the blood of
fW I NO
Or the Lees Ahp
?>L A IK- lEE,
&iCHATa> "Henry Lee
fort was so great that debate was finally
given over and the matter was passed.
There were fifty-six of the signers of
the Declaration. Of these. Richard Henry
Lee, who introduced the resolution; Jef
ferson. who wrote the Declaration: Ben
jamin Harrison, who presided, and Ben
jamin Franklin, who was the recognized
wise man of the congress, were most im
portant. Strangely, the descendants of
these men have ever since been prominent
in the affairs of the nation. Some of
these will gather in o:d Independence
Hall July 4.
The Society of ihe Descendants of
the Signers was organized in 1S07 at
the Jamestown exposition. Since that
time it has met each year on the
Fourth of July in Philadelphia, and to
it has been extended a privilege never
granted to any otner organization?that
of holding Its deliberations in Inde
pendence Hall. There are at present
2">0 members of the organization, hail
ing from all the states in the Union.
An estimate of the number of descend
ants of the signers places the figure
at 5,000, and with these to draw upon
the association is expected to grow
Dr. Henry Morris of Philadelphia is at
present president of the society. He is
a direct descendant of Robert Morris
of Pennsylvania, who was one of the
strong and active men In those early
days and who headed a line of
Morrises that is today well repre
sented in public life.
Benjamin Harrison of Virginia pre
sided over the Continental Congress
when it was deliberating upon the Dec
laration of Independence. William
Henry Harrison, the Indian fighter, who
came to be popularly known as "Tip
pecanoe," was a son of this first Ben
jamin Harrison, became the idol of the
people a generation later and was
elected President. His grandson,
named after the signer of the Declara
tion, added the name of Harrison again
to the list of Presidents. Today there
are two Harrisons in the national
House of Representatives. They are
Francis Burton Harrison of New York
city and Byron Patton Harrison of Mis
sissippi, both young men just begin
ning their political cai-er. Then there
are the Carter Harrisons of Chicago,
father and son, who have served many
terms as mayor of that municipality
and who have been often taken stock
of as presidential timber.
John Adams, as a signer of the
Declaration of Independence, later be
came President, and his son, John
Quincy Adams, later attained the same
office, thus giving the Adams family
the earliest claim upon being the most
distinguished of the signers. But.
viewed from the standpoint of the ac
tivities of its members in more re
cent times, the l.ee family has probably
outstripped all the others, with tin* pos
sible exception of the Harrisons. There
were two Lees who were signers of
the Declaration of Independence. They
were Richard Henry Lee and Francis
Lightfoot Lee. both of v'irginla. These
Lees were kinsmen and of the same
stock that has bred that Ions line of
Lees that have been famous, par
ticularly in th" Miilit'irv t : tory of
the nation. "Lighthor.se Harry" Lee of
the revolution was a member of the
family, as was Gen Robert E. Lee of
the Confederacy and Fitzhugh Lee of
the Spanish-American war. A present
representative of the Richard Henry
Lee descent is Blair Lee of Maryland,
who has recently announced his can
didacy for governor in opposition to
the Gorman faction, which has so long
dominated Maryland politics. Robert
E. Lee, jr., the present-day representa
tive of the Robert E. Lee family, is a
descendant of Francis LiRhtfoot Lee.
Lawrence Washington, who is the only
member of the Washington family to
day in the government service, he be
inar connected with the Congressional
Library, is also a descendant of Rich
ard Henry Lee.
The only daughter of Benjamin Frank
lin. Miss Sallie Franklin, was married to
an Englishman by the name of Richard
Bache. who had settled in New Jersey.
So was begun the family of Bache. in
whifh have heen found the most illustrious
members of the Franklin family. Frank
lin was the firfct Postmaster General, and
was succeeded by his son-in-law, Richard
Bache. Senator Robert J. Walker of
Mississippi, who became Secretary of the
Treasury under the Folk administration,
was a descendant of fiallie Franklin.
Ir. Philadelphia still reside various
members ol' the Bache family. Philadel
phia is fonder of its celebration of the
Fourth of July than is any ^nmnnioity on
earth. It. takes the view that it has a
proprietary right in this celebration, for
was not the Declaration written, signed
;tnd passed upon In its very midst?' So
Phlladelohia celebrates the Fourth of
July with more spirit than does any other
city. And in these celebrations the de
scendants of Sallie Franklin are given
the place of first honor.
In Washington dwells a great-great
grandson of Benjamin Franklin. His
name Is Rene Bache, a journalist.
Rear Admiral Richard Wainwright., who
was in command of the battleship Maine
when she was blown up in Havana har
bor, is likewise a descendant of Sallie
Franklin. Rear Admiral Wainwright par
ticipated in the great naval battle of San
tiago. during the Spanish-American war,
and was advanced ten numbers In rank
because of conspicuous conduct in this
battle. He is now stationed at the Navy
Department in Washington, and Is one
of the government's most respected au
thorities upon naval affairs. His brother,
Dalla- Bache Wainwright. was formerly
a commander in the navy, and is now one
of the scientific men in the government's
coast and geodetic survey.
Most of the signers of the Declaration
IaPescenpamt Of The or^inai
wit. taylor. <smith,op
Tub Line of Jefferson.
of Independence seem to have bequeathed
to posterity more offspring than did Jef
ferson, the man who sat in the small
hark room in the house of Gratz, the
bricklayer, 011 Market street, in Phila
delphia, and actually transcribed that
greatest of written documents. Jefferson
left, no male descendants who came to ma
turity. Down in Edgehill, Va., there still
remains a remnant of the Jefferson fam
ily. Two sons of Edward JaqiTelin Smith
are the present-day representatives of the
Jefferson family. Their mother comes di
rectly from the strain of Thomas Jeffer
son. while the father is descended from
Sir Tom Smith, the brother of the swash
buckling Capt. John, in whose behalf the
Princess Pocahontas pleaded. Young
Lieut. William Taylor Smith of this fam
ily graduated from Annapolis a decade
ago, made the world cruise with the fleet
and will celebratc the anniversary of the
adoption of that Declaration which his
ancestor wrote on hoard the good battle
ship Virginia, off the coast of N'ew Eng
One of the descendants of the signers
of the Declaration of Independence who
lias sained most fame in the literary
world is Thomas Nelson Page, v, liter
of many books. He is a d rect lineal
descendant of Thomas Nelson, jr.. of
Virginia, who was a signer of the gToat
document. This Thomas Nelson was a
wealthy Virginia planter who in early
days amassed great wealth and lived
luxuriously on his large estate. After
serving as a member of the ''ontinen al
Congress he became Governor of Vir
ginia. He has many descendants, of
whom Thomas Nelson Page is the best
Charles W. Stewart, who is in charge
of naval war records at the Navy De
partment, and one of the greatest stu
dents in the government employ, is a
direct descendant of James Smith of
Pennsylvania, a signer of the Declaration
of Independence. Mr. Stewart was a
member of the famous class of '81, which,
upon graduating from the Naval Acad
emy at Annapolis, was prevented from
entering upon the life work for which it
had been studying, by an act of Con
gress. This is the same class of which
Admiral TTriu was a member and which,
despite the refusal to allow lt$ members
to go Into the navy because of an al
leged overabundance of officers, has made
itself famous because of the acoinplt&h
ment of its members. Official Washing
ton has come to look upon Mr. Stewart
as an unfailing source of Information.
Whenever any of his friends are puzzled
for facts on any subject conceivable they
call up Mr. Stewart and he never fails
Another military man of great distinc
tion who comes of the sto k of *76 is Brig
Gen. W. W. Wotherspoon. president of
the government's War College, and one
of the greatest military authorities of :he
nation. John Wotherspoon of New Jer
sey was his ancestor in the Continental
Rut the man of them all of the descend
ants of the signers who today holds the
highest official position is James School
craft Sherman, Vice President of the
United S'ates. Vice President Sherman
is a lineal descendant of Roger Sherman
of Connecticut, who affixed his signature
to the Declaration of Independence.
An additional name that has been writ
ten high In the world of literature, and
which may be traced back to the signers,
is that of F. Hopkinson Smith, author of
"The Wood Fire in Number Three" and
many other stories. Mr. Smith is a de
Whose sique*. ahceskmlj
"Was francis ligrtfoot Leu.
-< ? !i<lnnt uf l-'ranci.? !l'?pkln?on.
resented New J<*rs>-y in the Con
Among modem men of a philanthropic
turn of mind ore a number of representa
tives of these descendan's. There la 151
brtdffo T. Gerry of New York, founder of
the Gerry Society In that city, which hac
long been the most active movement tn
the metropolis looking to the maintenance
of a high standard of morality. He Is a
grandson of KJbrldge (Jerry of Mananhu
Rett*, who was on* of the signers. He t*
one of the few men living who 1* hut
the third pent-ration removed fn?m the
sirer of those days. Robert Treat Pain*',
the Boston millionaire, whose tendencies
are also toward philanthropy, bears the
identical name of a signer of the Declara
tion from this same state of Massachu
setts. Thomas Jefferson Coottdga, also
of Boston, a manufacturer and public
man, who served as ambassador to
France under Cleveland, Is of similar
character, and traces his descent to the
writers of the Declaration.
"Charles Carroll of Carrollton.w ho
signed himself thus to the Declaration
of Independence, and whose family lia
pver since been known as the Carrol's
of Carrollton. was the wealthiest of the
.signers. Ever since his time the Carroll*
have taken a prominent part In public
life In Maryland. John Lee Carroll, un'll
his death a few weeks ago. was the rep
resentative of the famUy, was once rov.
ernor of Maryland, and lived, at the time
of ids deatii, on the old family estate-,
and threatened the record made by the
original Carroll, who lived to the ripe old
age of ninety-six.
There are many more descendants of
the signers who are today prominent
In public life, the old tendency toward
service to country t-howing even to the
present day. There is. for instance.
James Walcott AVadsworth. the vigorous
young politician who has served as
speaker of the house In the New York
state legislature. Even the wives of
public men seem to have a tendency to
hitch back to these early patriots, the
most striking example of this being
shown in the case of Mrs. John Sharp
Williams, the wife of the Junior senator
from Mississippi, who is a lineal do
scendant of John WltherET?oon.
Many of these prominent people will
join the pilgrimage which leads on the
Fourth of July to that shrine of liberty.
Old Independence Hall, tn Philadelphia.
On the morning of the Fourth of July
they will be given places of the greatest
prominence in the elaborate parade which
is always a part of that city's celebra
tion. Subsequently they will hold their
meetings In the chamber in which the
Declaration was signed, and will later
no to old Christ Church to worship, as
did their ancestors on that memorable
occasion 135 years ago.
Putting Mr. Finnegan to Sleep?American Nights' Tales
Mr. Flnnecan, having frinM hit nerves
Ir the ptirwuit and rapture of caany dol
lars. was troubled with insomnia. He
didn't haT?* time to rest, ami lie wouldn't
take any "dope." so the doctor enes;ed
? ?tory-teHltis norm*, a modern Schehera
zade. to talk him to s'.eep. Flnnegan
was Instructed to get Into bis bed at 10
o'clock every night and then to ring the
bell for the nur*e. When she came and
seated herself by his bedside be was to
tlx his eyes on her <~hln for the hypnotic
effect, forget everything else on eartk and
lmvn to her stories.
g ? OW'D you sleep last night,
Mr. F'nnegan." asked Mrs.
?"""1 Peterson as she twisted her
chair to the desired posi
"Fine, ftne," answered her patient.
"Didn't Know a thine until 8 o'clock this
ttornln'. If yo% got any more green per
dmnioD yarns up your sleeve trot 'em out.
I don't ...now what happened to the per
?tmnaona. but that story had me drowsy
before you got half started."
"Well. 1 don't know whether it will work
mm woll aa that." said the nurse, "but I'm
going to tell you tonight about the Trav
eling Man and the Singing Tree."
"What's a Singing Tree," Inquired Mr.
"That's what the Traveling Man wanted
fto know." Mrs. Peterson replied, "and it
memt him a good deal to find out."
"Must-a been a champagne drummer.
Wall, he wanted to know more than I do.
1 don't care much for music anyway and
1 hope to be snoosin' when you get around
to the warbles. Now, I'm all ready.
Sites In your travelln' man."
"He was a cigar drummer.** began the
ntzrse, "which I suppose is the next thing
to the champagne kind. But that doesn't
matter. He does a good deal of traveling
but mighty little drumming in this story.
Now, this Traveling Man was a sawed
off little cuss with a big head that didn't
have much hair on it, but had a whole
lot of what they call sell ng sense in it.
along with some other kinds that you
might call sense or nonesense according to
the way you looked at it. For one thing,
he was as full of romantic Ideas as a
school girl and he never saw a beaulful
lady that his heart didn't go rub-a-dub
dub; but. of course, he was a ways p->lite
and respectful, as all good drummers are,
an?l he never let romance interfere with
bus.ness. or, at least, he never had up to
the time that the gypsy fortune teller got
hold of him one nigh: out in Kansas.
"He'd sold a pretty good bill o' goods
t Hat day and his biggest customer In the
town invited him to go out to his house
? o a party that the Ladies' Aid Society
was jtiving for the benefit of something
or other They had pulled In a gypsy
princes* from a camp outside of town
and sh?- was telling fortunes at a dollar
a tell. The Traveling ,\l;<n bit- The min
ute th?- gypsy looked looked at his hand
" "O?h!' she cried; 'how interesting!'
" 'What do you see?" iisked the Travel
" *1 see a lady with be-yootlful golden
hair, most of It her own. You're in love
w im her.'
" *Pooh,' said the Traveling Man, turn
' 'Yes.* ?*ont!nued the Oypsy. 'and I see
m tall, fine looking man. ths
Story of the Traveling Man and the Singing Tree.
I C^y it I
*VOO'kk ?JNP * UITYUK Oi-O MAH
WlTM A WAKT Of* Hlb HOiC *
hated rival. The blonde lady's line and
the hated rival's line come together and
fade away. See them? Right there.
Too bad! Too bad!'
" "Fiddlesticks!' remarked the Travel
"* 'Yes,' she went on. 'Fate seems to
have It all fixed. But there's one way
you can beat It. If you can find the
Singing Tree and plant It in her back
yard she'll be yours."
?' *Huh!' grunted the Traveling Stan,
'who ever heard of a Singing Tree?*
" 'Very, very few." admitted the Gypsy.
"Because there's only one in the world,
and It's away off on the Ooogoo Island,
where It l? guarded by the Terrible Old
Woman with the Extensible Arm.'
?' 'Shucks,* said the Traveling Man,
'vhere Is this (ioogoo Island?'
'? *1 don'?t know?honest 1 don't!' an
swered the Gypsy.
"Th?- Traveling Man slipped a flve
dollai bill Into her hand.
" 'Now.' he said, think hard.'
"She pressed her hand to her brow and
stared at noihing for a minute by the
" 'No,' she said at last. "I can't tell
you, but I know who can. You get on
the train and ride and ride until you get
to a place called Palm Beach There
you'll find a Little Old Man with a wart
on his nose, and he knows.'
"That very night the Traveling Man
threw up his Job by telegraph and start
ed to Palm Beach. For there really was
a blonde lady and a hated rival. When
he got there he signed his name at the
best hotel in the village, as he always
did wherever he went, and as soon as he
had disposed of a nine-course dinner
with trimmlngB he lighted his cigar,
stuck his thumbs in the armholes of his
vest and strolled out In search of infor
mation. He didn't have far to go. Just
around the corner of the big veranda he
found seven little old men exchanging
symptoms, and each little old 'nan had a
wart on his nose. This was a problem
he hadn't figured on. but he took the
bull right by the horns.
*' ?Gentlemen,' he said, 'excuse me Tor
buttin' in, but which cne of you can tell
me the way to the Googoo Island?'
"The little old mfn stared at him and
then at one another with widening eyes.
Then without a word they got up and
hobbled away as fast as they could. All
of them?that t?, except one, and he just
looked at the Traveling Man and laughed.
" 'They think you're crazy,' said he,
'and so do I, but for a different reason.
They never heard of the Googoo Island.
I know where It Is, but nobody in his
right mind ever wants to go there.'
" 'Maybe so,' said the Traveling Man,
'but there's exceptions to all rules.
Gimme the route and I'll assume all the
risks. I've got to have that Singln' Tree.'
" "Oh. very well,' said the Little Old
Man. 'If that's the way you feel about it.
You get you a grod gasoline launch, then
you go seven days due east and three
days due south. Then you will see the
Googoo Island. You will know it by a
tall mountain that rises from Its middle,
and on the left-hand side of that moun
tain you'll find the Slng'ng Tree, and
may the Terrible Old Woman have mercy
"So the Traveling Man rented a launch
and he sailed seven days east and thre>
day* south till he came to the Googo<>
Island even as he was told. And as he
approached there came across the waters
a sound like a forty-horse-power calliope
In a circus parade. And it was singing
" *1 always did like that tune,' said the
Traveling Man, but, Jeeminy Cartiso,
'what a voice for grand opera! Guess it
won't be much trouble to locate the Tre?\
but I wonder, now, where the Old Lady
hangs out. If I can Just get ten minutes'
conversation with her I think I can do
some business. I forgot to ask her name,
but I reckon I can get round that some
way. The Gyjpsy called her the Terrible
Old Woman with the Extensible Arm.
What's an extensible arm? I'd like to
"When he Traveling Man wanted to
make a sale he didn't do any beating
around the bush; lie went straight to
the point. He wasn't out to sell goods
on this trip, but he worked his regular
system. The minute he got ashore he
made a bee line for the Singing Tree.
Three hours' hard walking brought him
to the top of a hill, from which ho could
see the object of all his journey, which
wasn't a tree at all. but a sapling, that
reminded him of the rubber plant at the
florist's around the corner from home.
Sitting down by it, busily engaged in tat.
ting, was the Terrible Old Womaa. She
was so engrossed, in fact, ( that the
*H?R fVRM WAb CROWING
L.ON&&R <?vlsD WN&ER* ?
Tn?.vc.iT.>; J.ian was within fifty feet of
her heft re she saw him. Then she sprung
to her feet with remarkable agility for
une of her age.
" 'Go 'way!' she cried, 'go 'way! What
yon want around here, anyway?'
" "Good morning, madam,' said the
Traveling Man. 'You're looking uncom
monly well this morning. * I can set' '
" 'So can I see, young man,' said the
Old Woman, 'and you can't come any of
your blarney over me. Go way, now, or
I'll push you off the island.'
" 'But, madam, permit me '
The Terrible Old Woman straightened
out her arm and. although she didn't
move a step, the Traveling Man saw that
her hand was coming toward him. Her
arm was growing longer and longer. The
Traveling Man stopped. On came the
hand. He began to teel creepy about his
scalp. He realized that it wasn't a glad
hand. It was coming palm to the front,
and it said Get away from here,' just
as plainly as if it could talk. The Trav
eling Man turned to run. and as he did
so the hand pressed against his bark,
clutched his coat collar and pushed him
on ?o fast that only his tip toes touched
the ground. At the top of the htll the
Terrible Old Woman let him loose with a
Illn^ and he went rolling down th* other
?' 'Well, said he. as he picked himself
up. 'I f?ue?s I know now what an ex
tensible arm Is. But I'll heat her yet.'
"So he went hack to his boat, and aftsr
dark he steered it guietlv around the
island as close to the Singing Tree as he
could get it. It was now warbling 'Come,
Come, I Ijove You Onlv.' and .e Tr
ing Man considered that a sort of invi
tation. Like an Indian he crept through
the grass and soon reached the Tree. But
the moment he touched it it changed its
tune to 'Please Go 'Way and Let Me
Sleep' and then he f'rl t e Terrible
Old Woman coming on the run.
"The Traveling Man wasn't afraid, but
he was conservative. He concluded all
of a sudden that he didn't want to be a
hog, anyway, so he tore off a branch
from the Tree and took to his heels. All
the way to the shore he could feel that
hand coming after him, but he got to his
boat and cranked up and started off. A
hundred feet out and he had commenced
to fee! safe, when his boat stopped with
a jerk and began to go backward. In
the starlight he could see the hand of the
Terrible Old Woman clutching the stern
of his craft. Picking up a stick, he pave
!t a whack over "he knuckles. There was
a cry of pain from the shore and the
boat bounded forward free. But as he
sailed away the voice of the Terrible Old
Woman came to him again over the
" 'Yah, yah. yah!' she cried. 'You'll be
sorry, Mr. Smarty. That branch only
knows one tune!'
"Well, after many stormy days and
nights the Traveling Man got back home.
but he didn't plant the branch of the
Singing Tree In the Blonde Lady's ha?-Jc
yard. Oh, no; he knew a better trick
than that. He planted it deep, on a moon
less night. In the yard of the Hated Rival,
and as soon as It began to grow It com
menced to play 'Annie Rooney,' and It
kept It up night and day.
" 'Slie'e my sweetheart. I'm her bean;
Shf'n my Ann!<\ 1'in her Joe;
When we're married we'll never part;
Little Annie Rooney la my ?weeth??art.'
"until at last In despair the Hated R'va!
plunged into tl e river and was never
seen again. And the Traveling Man mar
The sound of a very dull saw cutting a
very hard and knotty board came from
Mr. Flnnegan's bed. and the nurse didn't
finish the story. Mr. Flnnegan slept no
well, indeed, that the next day he sent
word to the nurse that she could taka
an Indefinite vacation.
We Women?Our Mistaken Ideas About Children.
By Charlotte C. Rowett.
CERTAIN scientists have been say
ing that children are natural born
thieves and liars till we teach
They tell us that when we get
the littlo pink babies right out of the im
mensities there is in their downy little
heads and in the fresh, dewy hearts of
them nothing but guile, deception, cruelty
and wickedness, and that to expect any
thing else from the young of the human
race indicates that you are not up to the
last moment, that you are not capable of
expiring, as it were, in the last ditch of
modern thought. That, in short, if you
expect anything from these dear little
things that in the least resemble their
perfectly darling personal appearance,
you are a back number and ought to be
This appears to me to l?e the most
curious contention that has been set up
for jieople to accept for a considerable
It seems to aie that not for centuries
ami centuries of duration has an idea
like this been permitted to get loose and
disport itself without somebody going
after it with a club.
it looks like a sort of throw back to
the dinosauritis or some bristly thing
like that that somebody had found a
tooth of far down in the drift of ages
and had rebuilt on the plan of the tooth
and got a picture of it with all the quills
on published in a paper.
That's what that idea looks like to me.
So the dear little things are just nat
ural-born liars, and have to be taught by
nice, truthful grown folks to tell the
straight story, and not to walk away
with the very washing off the neighbor's
clothesline some dark night or commit
a murder In a tit of childish carelessness.
The trouble with these people is that
they never did look right square at a
little child without having some sort of
an idea already in their heads to fit the
poor little thing to. And when he de
clined to take any notice whatever of
their old idea, they simply stretched
htm. like the nice old story tells about,
till he did tit it, or chopped him off right
above the shoulders with an ax.
The fact of the matter is that a little
child comes to us devoid of all theories
whatever. He is without the notions
which have grown up throughout the
centuries in the minds of the grown
folks and been passed along the genera
The dear little pink baby comes to us
without any prejudice at all.
He comes with his big, round eyes full
of speculation, but without a speck of
He looks around him, beholds his par
ents, his nurse, his intimate friend, the
intimate friends of the family, and, with
an Intelligence that a person would
hardly expect of such a little thing, forms
himself according to the pattern they
He beholds that it is reproved in him
to be too sincere, and many of his finer
feelings?notably his hatred for hypoc
risy?are severely reprehended.
Hence the baby concludes that, things
being as they are, the honors are to the
strong hand. It may hurt In his heart,
but who is he to raise the standard of
revolt against the grown folks?
He subdues his soul to the dust in
which it is supposedly secreted.
And he gets, pretty soon, to be mighty
It is true that sometimes he overdoes It.
Sometimes in his lack of a broader
view of things he fails to distinguish
successfully between what is approved
according to the canons of good form and
what does not measure up to the rules
observed by our first famiJes.
Sometimes he mixes up little things
like what a millionaire may do if he is
a mind to, and what, according to the
rules in such cases made and provided,
is the course to be pursued by a common
Sometimes he gathers the idea that the
nickel he wants and the comietitor's
plant so deepiy desired by the large busi
ness interest occupy precisely the same
position so far as concerns being in the
line of natural absorption.
Sometimes he almost considers that
what lather may do he may do also
without becoming persona non grata to
Frequently, of course, he Ands that he
is mistaken in his judgment and the
grown-ups of his family get to be more
or less troubled about him, missing, as
they must, his point of view.
They fancy that this child of theirs is
not the normal child, but the sub or
super normal or some unusual change
ling foisted upon them by a mistake of
"Why, he hasn't the least bit of dis
cretion!" they shriek in unison. "Why,
he never remembers a single thing!"
Well, if anybody expects that discre
tion as applied to social life is anything
but a cultivated trait he has got a lot
Discretion quotha! I have seen grand
fathers who were shy on discretion!
And at that, when the child sees any
thing that looks to him to call for dis
cretion he Is plenty discreet enough.
All Is, he falls to connect with the
points where It is usually applied by his
As for hie memory?he is about that
just like a human be'ng. He remembers
what he is interested in.
When the grown human being has to
remember and ;sn't interested, he makes
a note of it. The child hasn't got to the
note-making stage yet. When he does,
Then again, you take th'.s little matter
of telling taratiddles.
That's the best word I can think of for
them, because so few people dis'inguish
just what that means, and so fewer dis
tinguish just what constitutes them. *
You take a small, weak, delicate man.
place him entirely in the care and keeping
of a lar?e, ferocious and extreme"y home
ly giantess with arms like a windmill and
an awful temper, and If you have any
idea that the man is going to tell the
truth and be eaten for it, you are over
rating him. entirely.
He is going to get out of It
Nothing but the strong hope of a here
after made him tell the truth when such
an Inquisition got him and the truth
seemed likely to be unpopular.
You just make It easy for the child to
tell the truth and he will be perfectly
charmed to tell it as he sees It, even if
the truth involves a murder.
In which he strongly resembles father.
People seem to reason so sort of back
wardly about what a child really is. They
seem to th.nk that to an ex.ent not ex
pected by anybody of themselves, he can
make conditions. They seem to have an
idea t.-at, to a decree that nobody ever
dreams of expect ng of anybody else, he
shall be truthful, brave, constant, obe
dient. faithful, loyal and unswervingly
honest. And when he isn't he is held to
be strictly accountable for the conditions
that prevented him fiom being so.
He isn't more than fairly landed here
and got a few roots struck down in the
human, when he flnds that he is obliged
to be taught many things that he does
not understand, and that he is held re
sponsible for the people's ways who do
Far be it from me to deny that It is
sometimes needful to spat the child gently
so that he will tell what appears to be
the proper and polite tarattddle to strang
ers. This is one of the means by which ,
the standard of a higher civilization Is
upheld and the world made habitable for
the higher classes.
But when any scientist stands vp and
tells me that, these th'nKs beinj? taken
Into conslderat'on, a child Is. till we tea. h
him better, a liar and a thief. I feel I k*?
relepatlng him to innocuous desuetude
rapidly as circumstances will permit.
(Copj-rifht, 1911, by Charlotte C. Rowett.)
The Juggernaut Car.
FII. ELLIOTT, secretary of the Amari*
? can Automobiie Association, was
talking In New York about an unjust
"This law la due," he said, "to a mis
understanding of the automobilist'a char
acter?an unfoitunate mi? understand .ng
that reminds me of Dr. Cutler.
"Dr. Cutler was making his round* In
his electric runubout on* morning when
he had the bad luck to bump into and up
set a pedestrian. The doctor looked be
hind, and, seeing the man still supine on
the road, he turned hia runabout anil
came bark, intending to stop beside the
poor fellow and help him.
"But the car shot a yard or two beyond
the mark and hit the man again Juat as
he was setting up. With a groan he fell
back, and th? horrified doctor turned hia
runabout once more, and this time ap
proached with greater caution.
"As he very slowly and carefully steered
toward h s unfortunate victim, an excited
spectator shouted from the sidewalk:
" 'Look out. he's ooming at you again!'
"Thereupon the man scrambled up and
ran away as fast as a painful Hmp would
Quarters and Halves.
GEORGE ADE. at the recent Lambs'
gambol In New York, objected to
the extravagance of the modern wife.
"It la true that the married men of to
day." he ended, "have better halves, but
bachelors have better quarter*."
Slight But Terrible.
GEN F. D. GRANT, at a dinner at
West Point, once analysed the mili
tary genius of Washington.
"Washington," he said, "gave us our
Independence by campaigning faultlessly.
He never made mistakes. There have
been more brilliant soldiers than Wash
ington, but there has never been so sure
"In warfare, you must know, the small
est mistake may lose a whole battle, a
whole campaign, a whole cause. And
that reminds me of poor Tom White.
"Tom White failed In business owing to
the mistake of one single letter made bv
hls stenographer. Tom's patron In busi
ness was a deaf millionaire, who win
very touchy about his deafness. This
millionaire turned from a good friend to
a bitter enemy?he foreclosed on Tom
because the unhappy fellow's stenogra
pher accidentally began a letter to htaa:
" Deaf Sir'M