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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, March 04, 1912, Image 1

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l"n>cttle?l tonight and Tuesday;
temperature tonight about 24 ;
light to moderate variable winds.
The Star is the only afternooa
paper in Washington that prints
the news of the Associated Press.
No. 18,786.
Text of Letter Written by
Roosevelt Last
Declares Story Was Invention and
Press Was Misinformed.
Tells of His Having* So Informed
Secretaries Meyer and Stimson
and Others of His
NKW YORK. March 4.?The full text
of ihe letter showing that t'ol. Roosevelt
g;ivp assurances to Secretary Stimson
and Secretary Meyer and others last June
tiiat he would not he a candidate is in
circulation here today. The letter, ad
dressed to Managing hditor \ an \ alken
l.iirg of the Philadelphia North Ameri
can. read as follows:
"June -7, 1911.
? My Dear Mr. Van Valkenburg:
"1 am really obliged to you. Now w ill
\uii not give Mr. McClatchy from me a
copy of this letter that 1 am writing to
\ on. ami also send a copy of the letter to
Mr. Frank B. Noyes? Mr. McClatchy
states that Mr. Noyes informed him.
anent the story sent out by the W. P.
that Mr. Roosevelt had pledged himself
to support Taft for a second term;
that he (Mr. Noyes) had the same In for- j
mation from sources entirely independent
of those from which the Associated
Press received the story.
"Mr. Noyes states that he understood j
that I did so express myself to a member
?of the cabinet and also to an insurgent
senator, and says that he believes that
President Taft thinks that he has assur
ances of support from me. Mr. Noyes
adds that he explains my denial on the
theorv that I had explained my attitude
confidentially, and felt entitled to deny
it when it was given publicity.
No Truth in Statement.
Will you tell Mr. McClatliy and Mr.
Noyes from me (or send them copies of
this letter*, that Mr. Noyes is absolute^
and completely misinformed, and that
there is not one particle of truth In the
statements made to him which he thus
repeated to Mr. McUlathy. The only
two members of the cabinet to whom I
have recently spoken are Messrs. Meyer
and Stimson.
'The former wrote me and the laUer
informed me verbally, what in each case
1 knew already, that neither of them
had made any such statement to Mr.
Taft. or to any one else, and that botn
of them understood perfectly clearly that
1 was not going to support any man for
the nomination in 11112, neither Mr. Taft
uor anv one else. The insurgent senator
of whom Mr. Noyes speaks is as wholly
mythical a character as the cabinet min
ister of whom he speaks.
"lie cannot give the name of that in
surgent senator or find it out, for he
will tind that his informant will not give
it I made no such statement to any in
surgent senator or to any cabinet minis
ler. or to any other human being.
Deliberate Invention.
"The simple fact is that these stories
a e not misunderstanding, they are delib
erate inventions. Mr. Noyes is entirely
in error in stating that President Taft
thinks he lias assurances of support from
"Mr. Taft thinks nothing of the kind.
l!e knows he has no assurances of sup
port from me; and neither Mr. Noyes nor
any one else has one least little particle
<>f ground for the opinion thus expressed.
1 at first thought that the story in ques
tion was given out from the White House,
iiijt 1 am now assured that it was gotten
up and given out by the Associated Press
representative :it the White House, and
from Mr. Noyes* statement 1 should
gal Iter that this was true.
I wish Mr. Noyes. as president of the;
Associated Press, to know that the story |
was not ;i misunderstanding, was not
iiriscl upon misinformation, but was a do
l"-.ierate invention, made out of whole
cloth. without one particle of basis be
\ and the imagination of the man who
made it.
Not a Candidate.
"I have expressed myself perfectly
freely to a large number of men in this
matter, always to the same effect; telling
you, for instance, personally, and those
Who were with you at lunch at my house,
and telling Gifford Pinchot, Jim Garfield
and Rep. Madison and Billy Ix>eb and
Secretary Meyer and Secretary Stimson.
all alike, ju?t exactly what I have aald
alwavi that I would not he a candidate
In 1912 m??elf and that I had an In
tention of taking anv part In the noml
nntlon for or axalast any candidate. |
"Mneerely j?ur?,
t signed I
Assassin Shoots at Leopold de Roths
child and Wounds Detective. %
U)NDON. March 4 -An attempt to
(?hoot I^eopold de Rothschild was made by
a man this evening af. Mr. Rothschild
was entering a motor car in front of the
bank in St. Swithins lane in the city of
Tiie man had been apparently waiting
for a chance to murder Mr. Rothschild.
As soon as lie saw the banker he whipped
out a revolver and tired three times.
None of the bullets hit .Mr. Rothschild,
but a detective standing on the opposite
side of the lane was struck in the mouth,
chest and neck and the windows of the
automobile were smashed. The assailant
was arrested.
Federal Government to Enforce Pro
hibition Measure in Oklahoma.
MUSKOGEE. Okla., March 4.-The De
partment of Justice has ordered Grant
Victor. I'nlted States marshal In eastern
oklahoma. to enforce the federal prohi
bition law in the old Indian Territory,
the same as prior to statehood, it became
known here today.
Looting and Incendiarism
Cease in Tientsin.
American Marines Sent to Scene
From Shanghai.
Reconnaissance by Foreign Forces at
Tachi Fails to Disclose Re
ported Body of Chinese
TBINTSIN. March 4.?Although -the
foreign troops stationed here were not
able to patrol the city, there was today
no looting or incendiarism. A feeling of
restlessness, however, prevails, and all
trade is at a standstill. Such stores as
were not looted last night are keeping up
their shutters.
The pawnshops have been hitherto the
principal sufferers from the outbreak,
scarcely any of them escaping the atten
tion of the looters.
The railway from here to Peking is
open and the trains today have not been
The measures taken by the foreign con
suls and commanders of the troops of
various nations stationed here have evi
dently intimidated the riotous element of
the population and the mutinous soldiers.
The buildings connected with the rail
road and the warehouses belonging to
foreign firms are guarded by strong de
tachments of foreign troops. Generally
speaking foreign property has not suffer
ed. but in the native city there has been
a great deal of destruction.
Ruin on Every Hand.
Ruin is to be seen in every important
thoroughfare, and some partly burned
corpses lie about the streets. There were
several more executions today. Procla
mations are being posted up all over the
city ordering the inhabitants tQ remain
indoors after 8 o'clock at night, and noti
fying them that martial law is in force.
Two companies of the Royal Innislcilling
Fusiliers have been ordered to remain at
Fengtai. on the railroad to Peking, where
the British troops yesterday formed up
with loaded rifles and fixed bayonets to
resist a large body of Chinese soldiers
who threatened to hold up the trains.
The incident was a critical one. and was
ended only by the arrival of 700 men of
the Inniskilling Fusiliers, which caused
the mutineers to retire. Five companies
of the Inniskillings have returned here
from Fengtai. -
False Alarm Causes Excitement.
Considerable excitement was caused
this afternoon by telephonic reports from
the Russian consul stating that 700 Chi
nese soldiers had entered the village of
Tachl, only a mile distant from the for
eign concessions, in violation of the
protocol conditions forbidding Chinese
troops to approach within a radius or
seven miles. Consequently the foreign
military commanders decided upon joint
action to turn out the Chinese soldiers.
Detachments of British, French, German,
Russian and Japanese troops were mus
tered and carried out a reconnaissance,
but found that no Chinese troops had ar
rived at Tachi. Precautions have now
been taken for the immediate detection
of their arrival.
Foreign Property Considered Safe.
NEW YORK, March 4-The following
dispatch from Tientsin was received to
day from the Methodist board of foreign
"There have been serious disturbances
in Tientsin. The native city has been
much damaged by fire. The foreign con
cessions are quiet, and foreign property
is safe. All are well here. The mission
stations in Peking, Changli and Paianfu
are safe, according to last accounts."
Rushing Troops to the Scene;
United States Marines Sent
SHANGHAI, China. March 4.?A de
tachment of United States marines
has been ordered to sail from here to
morrow on board the United States col
lier Abarenda to reinforce the American
troops at Tientsin. The American protect
ed <ruiser Cincinnati also will leave for
Tientsin at the same time.
PARIS, March 4.?The French govern
ment has ordered a detachment of 'juo
French soldiers to be sent from Tientsin
to Peking In order to reinforce the lega
tion guard there.
The military authorities of Tonkin also
have received orders to send troops to
Tientsin to take the place of men leav
ing there for Peking and to hold a regi
ment in reserve so as to be ready for
any emergency that may arise at Tien
tsin and Peking.
BERIJN, March 4,-The situation in
China is causing considerable anxiety I
here and contributed today to a heavy i
break on the bourse.
The (ierman admiralty, at the request
of the foreign office, today ordered a de
tachment of 100 men to proceed from
Tsingtao to reinforce the German lega
tion guard.
The newspapers state that Dr. Schreyer,
who was killed in Tientsin, was an Aus
trian and not a German subject.
Japan Sends 1,000 More.
Our thousand Japanese troops arej
being sent to Peking to reinforce the <
legation guard there, the Japanese em
bassy here announced today upon re
ceipt of advices from Tokio. Ambassa
dor fhinda made this known in the
following statement, after having ad
vised the State Department:
"Realising, in view of the alarming
situation in Peking and neighborhood,
the advisability of timely reinforce
ment of its legation guard/ the Jap
anese government has derided to dis
patch about 1.000 soldiers from Kwang
tung province. A part of these, sol
diers are being sent by sea to Chin
wangtao Island, while the rest are being
sent by the Peking-Mukden railway."
The number of foreign troops in Tien
tsin Mas reported by Minister Calhoun
January 3 last to be 5,700, made up as
follows: British, 3.000; French, *00; Jap
anese. l.uai; German, 200; Russian, 200;
American, TiOO.
Of these 1.000 are known to have been
sent to reinforce the legation guard at
Peking. Mr. Calhoun stated that Ger
many was holding 1,000 at Tslngtau to
reinforce the above number, If necessary.
According to the latest official reports
the present strength of the legation
guard, including officers, is 3,103. This
number includes the 1,000 recently sent
from Tientsin. ,
Troops at Manila Ready to Leave.
The War Department is keeping in close
! touch with Maj. Gen. Bell, in command
at Manila, and it is understood that he
has another expeditionary force ready to
embark at short notice to reinforce the
American soldiers already in China.
No more United States troops have
(.Continued on Second Pag?.)
Delayed Telegram Confirms
Report on Resignation.
Fifty Americans in Asarco Fight
With Bandits.
Women and Children Pass Through
Laredo, Tex?Villages Be
ing Attacked.
Definite confirmation of the disaffection
of Gen. Pascual Orozco from the Madero
government in Mexico reached the State
Department in a delayed telegram from
American Consul Summers, at Chihua
hua. Summers said that Orozco's resig
-nation from the federal army had been
announced February 2."}, to become ef
fective March 1.
The consul's telegram was dated Feb
ruary 27. and was transmitted to the de
partment under date of March .'5 by a
traveler who was expected to arrive at
El Paso tlie night of February 29.
Gen. Villa was then reported to be
about seventy miles west on the railway
line, with a force of men. The re
port that he had then demanded the sur
render of Chihuahua is stated to have
been false. Quiet prevailed at Chihuahua
February 27. but it was reported that
Paso del Norte, between which place and
Chihuahua about sixty bridges are said
to have been burned, had surrendered to
the rebels.
About fifty Americans. including
Eugene G. Blalock, in Asarco. have not
been heard from since February 26. as
all the wires have been cut since that
time, but up to the 26th these Americans
were continually called upon to protect
themselves against bandits. It is prob
able that troops are on the way from
Torreon, forty miles from Asarco, to pro
tect these Americans, and another force
is said to be approaching from the South
to relieve them. Except for the city of
Durango itself, conditions in the state of
Durango are said to be almost anarchic.
Sonora is reported quiet.
An undated telegram from Chihuahua
states all is quiet there: that rebels are
expected to arrive from Paso del Norte,
and that on their arrival all will unite
to proclaim Arozco president.
Force Leaves Juarez.
Gens. Campa and Rojas, with about
1.2CO men and 3<x? horses, left Juarez on
the afternoon of March 3 for Chihuahua.
Juarez is therefore left with about 500
revolutionists and that entire district with
not more than 900.
Beyond seeking the overthrow of the
Madero government these revolutionists
seem to take no interest In the political
future of Mexico, expressing no choice
for a candidate to replace Madero and no
plan for a new government. They are
?aif1 tn JeT In-* mergJlisji mnnn?r
and to hold men for ransom whenever
they think they may obtain money.
Fleeing to the North.
LAREDO, Tex., March 4.?About sev
enty-five Americans, mostly women and
children, passed through here tod^y
from Mexico, en route north. Some of
the women expressed alarm over the
Mexican situation, but others said their
only reason for leaving was that their
husbands forced them to go. It is re
ported here that twenty American fam
ilies will leave Monterey today, bound
for the United States.
The refugees seen today said that in
the cities generally good order pre
vailed, but that in the country ranches
and small villages are being attacked
by so-called rebels. Robbery appears
to be the motive of most of these at
Mormons Not Influenced.
SALT LAKE CITY, Utah, March 4
The proclamation of President Taft to
Americans in Mexico will not influence the
policy of the Morman Church, which has
several hundred colonists in the state of
Chihuahua. Church authorities said to
day that none of the colonists would be
counseled to leave Mexico. All have been
enjoined to maintain their attitude of
neutrality, and the authorities think they
will not be harmed.
BROWNSVILLE. Tex., March 4.?As the
day advanced there were no Indications
that Mexican insurrectos were coming
from the south to attack Matamoras. the
town across the Rio Grande fro.n Browns
ville. It had been reported that rebels
were to attempt investment of the town
Germany May Act.
BERLIN, March 4.?Although the Ger
man government has received official no
tification of the action of the 1'nitcd
States government in recommending
Americans to withdraw from central
Mexico, the foreign office here has not yet
taken a similar step, according to a semi
official statement issued here today. It
is thought, however, that action in the
same direction may be taken at any mo
ment by the German government.
To Organize Loyal Army.
LAKE DO, Tex., March 4.?If present
plans are carried out President Madero
is to soon have an army in the northern
part of the republic numbering 3,000 loyal
The auxiliary army will be organized in
the northern states of Tumuulipas, Nuevo
Leon and Coahuila, the move being en
gineered by Gen Gerunimo Trevini, head
of the third military zone, with head
quarters at Monterey.
The Club Madero of Nuevo Laredo,
Mexico, unanimously adopted resolutions
proclaiming its allegiance to the adminis
tration and offering its services in any
capacity. The club has a membership
of n<i. President Madero wired, thanK
lng the club for its loyalty.
Fighting for Possession
of Chihuahua Has Begun
KL. PASO. Tex., March 4.-A telegram
stating that fighting for the possession
of Chihauhua city, capital of the Mexican
state of that name, had begun early yes
terday was followed by the hasty depar
ture of the rebel garrison at Juarez to
join their comrades In the fight.
The fighting was renewed at Chihuahua
at 7 o'clock last night, according to a
telegram received by Juan Terrazas, who
is a member of the refugee colony here.
The message containd no details of the
earlier fighting, according to Senor Ter
Another message, not fully authenticat
ed. but probably approximating the truth,
had It that the forenoon's fighting lasted
three hours, and that thirty-five persons
were killed or wounded. Villa then with
drew, but, according to the telegram to
Senor Terrazas, returned to the attack
last night.
Two telegrams .bearing on the fight
(.Continued on Second Page.)."
Italian Coal Ship Rammed by
'*^^PrmesslG\Rfr"Off ,
Sewells Point.
NORFODK, Va.. March 4.-Thc Italian
bark Rosalia D'AIi. Capt. Manca, loaded
with 1,800 tons of coal for Trapani,
Sicily, today, lies sunk in forty feet of
water, following a collision during a severe
snowstorni at t> o'clock last night with
the Old Dominion liner Princess Anne,
bound from Norfolk to Newport News,
for cargo. The Rosalia D'AIi was anchor
ed in the stream off Sewells point when
rammed by the Princess Anne. She
sank in live minutes and her crew of
seventeen men barely escaped with their
Lose Everything But Lives.
Without time to save anything, the crew
with only clothes on their backs, took
to a lifeboat and were cared for during
the night aboard the coasting barge In
diana. which was at anchor nea/by. One
man broke a finger in the rush from the
sinking bark: otherwise, none was in
jured. The crew were today brought to
Norfolk and are being cared for pend
ing advices from the vessel's owners in
The D'AIi was a steel bark of 1,409
gross tons, built in 11102. She was 230
feet long, 36 feet beam and drew 21 feet
of water
The Old Dominion liner Princess Anne,
Capt. Hutphes. which was uninjured, pro
ceeded to Newport News.
Demand Reinstatement of Discharged
Fellow Union Workers.
KAL.AMAZOO, Mich.. March 4.?About
7W employes of the Kalamazoo Corset
Company failed to report for work today
as a result of a strike order issued Satur
day afternoon by the Corset Makers'
I'nion. The union demands the reinstate
ment of twelve employes who were dis
charged last week. The company has
offered to take up the cases of the dis
charged employes individually, but re
fuses to restore them to their former posi
tions in a body. Most of the strikers
are women. No disorder has been re
ported. I
Strike of the Street Cleaning Force
at Macon, 6a.
MACON, Ga., March 4.?A blow with a
buggy whip in t! e hands of a stableman
was too much for the pride of Macon's
"whte wings," and the entire force of
street cleaners, numberinif ten. wei on
strike yesterday afternoon. Carts and
brooms were deserted where they were be
ing nsed in the streets.
"We can stand for jeers and sneers."
declared K. Hollingsworth, the leader, in
stating his case to Mayor Moore, "but
we cannot stand blows, especially when
policemen refuse to arrest those who
strike us."
The trouble started when G. P. Ililey,
a stableman, slashed "White Wing" J. 1?'.
Herd with a whip during a quarrel. An
entire new force probably will be put to
work tomorrow.
Little Attention to Be Paid by Me
tropolis to Its Birthday.
CHICAGO, March 4.?Today is Chica
go's seventy-tlfth birthday. No great
amount of attention will be given to the
anniversary. There will be no important
commemorative programs, but tonight
copies of the state documents incorporat
ing Chicago will be read at the meeting
of the city council.
These papers and other memoranda
pertaining to the city's birth were recent
ly traced in the state capitol by Miss
Valentine Smith, a; member of the Chi
. cago Historical /Society.. .. . . ?_.J
Hanging Only Penalty in Dis
trict, Rules Justice Robb.
i Decision by Court of Appeals to
HaVe Far-Reaching Effect.
Death by hanging; is the only punish
ment for murder in the first degree in
the District of Columbia.
i he right of a jury to qualify its ver
dict by adding the words "without
capita] punishment." is denied by the
Court of Appeals of the District of Co
lumbia In an opinion by Mr. Justice
fiobb rendered today. The appellate
court holds that Arthur Johnson, color
ej, must expiate on the scaffold the
killing of John Ofenstein, a blacksmith,
in December, The execution has
been set for Monday, April 13.
The decision of the appellate court
sustains the finding of Justice Wright
that the new penal code does not apply
in this jurisdiction. A different view of
the law was taken by Justice Anderson
and Justice Barnard of the District Su
preme Court before the question had
reached the appellate tribunal. By the
ruling of Justice Barnard Edward J.
MacDonald. it is thought, escaped the
death penalty and is now serving a term
| of life imprisonment in the Atlanta peni
| tentiarv for the murder of h.s wife, Ger
trude MacDonald.
May Affect Smith's Sentence.
The decision of today will play an Im
portant part in the sentence of James
Smith, convicted of a murderous assault
on Morris Bennett near Uitchlc Spring
last November. It may have the result
of increasing the sentence to tliiry years'
imprisonment. The decision of the mo
tion for a new trial in the Smith case
has been deferred to awaist the Johnson
D. VV*. Bakrr, former United States j
attorney argued as "friend of the
I court" that the qualified verdict is per
missible and the penal code has super
seded the. District code in providing a
penalty for first degree murder. At-j
torneys Joseph Salonian and D. W. Baker
appeared for Johnson, the condemned
man. 1 United States Attorney Wilson was
assisted by Assistant United. States At
torney Proctor and contended that the
ruling of Justice Wright that death alone
is the punishment for premeditated mur
der should be affirmed.
Justice Itobh in his decision holds that
the provisions of th.? District code re
lating to murder were intended to super
sede the provisions of the general statutes
relating to these crime-'.
"A careful study of the District code,"
says the pustice, "irresistibly leads to the
conclusion that Congress in its enact
ment stepped aside front its revision and
codification of the general la\vs of the
United States and in its capacity as a
national legislature for t. is mu licipality
revised and brought toget or statutes sup
posedly applicable to conditions here ex
Aimed to Simplify Code.
"The main object in thus bringing to
gether these local statutes," continues
Justice Ilobb, "was to do away with
ambiguity* and provide for the people of
the Capital city a compact code of law.
Congress, of course, realized that condi
tions obtaining in this comparatively
large city might in many respects differ
from conditions obtaining in other parts
of the country under the exclusive juris
diction of the United States. It also ap
parently fully appreciated the wisdom
an<? necessity of providing such S" con
siderable number of people ? approxi
mately as many as are found in some of
the states?with a concise body of law for
their government, rather than to leave
them to the mazes of the general stat
Mtes of the United States."
The appellate court holds that the
words in chapters 11 and It, "under the
exclusive jurisdiction of the United
States," do not include the District of
Columbia, as this District was not re
served or acquired for the exclusive use
of the United States. The court expressed
the opinion that had Congress intended
to .substitute the right of a qualified ver-.
diet which it knew had not existed in
I this District for eight years it would have
done so in plain and unmistakable
In disposing of the contention that the
wording of section 330 of the penal code
is broad enough to sustain the right of a
qualified verdict Justice Robb says:
Alteration Not Intended.
"We cannot believe that Congress In
tended to subject the people of this Dis
trict to the uncertainty!?union
that inevitably would have followed a
commingling of the two codes. Congress,
during the preparation of the criminal
code of the United States, having adopt
ed, amended and added to a comprehen
sive loca code, and having in adopting
the former failed expressly to repeal cor
responding provisions in the latter, al
though careful to repeal all correspond
J ing provisions In the genera statutes of
' the United States, must be presumed to
have intended the local code to continue
in force."
In concluding his opinion Justice Robb
"We are convinced that Congress, in
bringing forward section 1 of said act of
January 15, 1??7, as section 330 of the
crimiifcl code of the United States, did
not intend to affect or supersede sections
801 and f#*S of the District code prescrib
ing the punishment for the two degrees
of murder and for rape. The federal
code embraces general legislation of gen
eral operation: tlve District code local
legislation of local operation. An intent
to affect or repeal the latter by the en
actment of the former ought clearly to
appear and will not be implied. Con
gress also lias given Alaska a compre
hensive code of criminal law and pro
cedure. especially suited to conditions
there eslsting. (:!0 Statutes. 1253-1341).
This tends further to support our con
clusion that the general provisions of
the federal code were not intended to af
fect our local code.
"The judgment of the lower court must
be affirmed."
Senator Bristow Wants to
Know if P. 0. Inspectors
Do Political Work.
The fight for the presidential nomina
tion between President Taft and Col.
Roosevelt cropped out in the Senate this
afternoon. Senator Bristow of Kansas,
a progressive and an anti-administration
republican, introduced .a resolution di
recting the Senate coinmitce on post of
fices to inquire and report to the Senate
"whether post office inspectors arc being
sent through the country as political em
missarifH to influence postmasters to aid in
the election of delegates for or against
any candidate for the presidency, also to
ascertain whether postmasters with good
official records are hcing threatened di
rectly or indirectly 'with removal or dis
cipline if they give, or fail to give, their
support to ? certain candidates for dele
gates to the national conventions or
for ti?e presidency, and to inquire into the
truth or falsity of the reports that cer
tain nominations for postmasters made
to the Senate on various dates and with
drawn February lit, were withdrawn for
the purpose of influencing the actions of
certain politicians in North Carolina in
?regard to holding convehtions and elect
ing delegates to the republican national
convention of 1912."
Objection to Beading.
In presenting the resolution Senator j
Bristow asl$ed the clerk of the Senate to
read a letter from a postmaster in Ala- j
bama making the charge that a post office
inspector was trying to get delegates fav
orable to President Taft.
"I object to further reading." said
Senator Gallinger of New Hampshire, a
regular, before the reading had progress
ed very far. "It is an extraordinary
thing to have the clerk of the Senate
read a letter arraigning the President
of the United States and the administra
Senator Bristow met the objection by
announcing that he would read the lat
ter'himself, and lie* did.
Lie Is Passed to Minister by a
Defender of Liquor.
Branded as Ignorant for Sneering at
Tribute to Saloonkepers.
Senate Subcommittee on District
Hears Strong Arguments Re
garding Proposed Legislation.
A squall struck the hearing on liquor
legislation for the District before the sub.
committee of the Senate District commit
tee today. The tie was passed to a minis
ter and a reprimand for sneering was ad
ministered to members of the audience
by a priest. It was by all means the
most exciting day since the hearings
began a week ago.
The hearing went along in a tame sort
of way during the first couple of hours,
the arguments presented being largely
repetitions of those gone over l>efore. But
it livened up when Father Meagher or
St. Dominie s Catholic Church in South
west Washington expressed his opposition
to a change in the excise laws.
"Thirty-four proprietors of barrooms in
the southwest section attend my chut eh,
he remarked. "I wish you would com
pare them with any other similar men
in business here, in cleanness of life and
ordinary decency." .... ? i
"Oh. mv!" and "Ha. ha,' interrupted
him. spoken by two men seated in the
audience. The eyes of the priest flashed,
as lie turned to face those in the room. ^
"Ridicule and sneers are no argument,
he snapped. "They are used only by
the ignorant." The dropping of a pin
could be heard in the room. The priest
continued to face the audience in silence
for a minute. Then he quietly resumed
his argument.
Passes Lie to Minister.
But even this incident did not compare
with what followed. James L. Feeney
was defending personal liberty and the
saloon proprietors *of Washington, and he
could not see the evils that had been
claimed to result from saloons. He men
tioned the Eagles, and was interrupted
by Rev. A. H. Thompson, pastor or
Waugh M. E. Church.
"Is the bar at the Eagles' Club open on
Sundays?" the minister asked.
"Yes, open legally.*' retored Mi.
Feenev. "And I have been there on Sun
days, "and have never seen any one from
l there intoxicated."
"Oh, I have, I have," shouted back the
m""lSdon t believe it." flashed back Mr.
The minister jumped to his feet and the
two men glowered at each other, neithei
speaking for a half a minute.
"Let us not get into these personal
discussions," said Hugh F. Harvey, who
has been conducting the hearings on the
part of the liquor interests of Wash
Would Retain Free Lunch.
J. H. Adriaans, who asked to be heard
on his own account, took special excep
tion to the section of the Jones hill
promoted by the local temperance forces
?providing that a family injured by the
intoxication of any person has i right
of action against the personwhocaused
the intoxication. He
vision was too vague, and did an i J
tice He remarked thatr it was not the
last drink that caused the ,nh'M.L on;
and vet its dispenser would be the one
to be" held under the sec tion. ?
?The saloon keeper has no X-ray. he
remarked "He has no way to tell
whether or no one more drink will make
a customer run over. a^k^d
Both Senators Jones and W orks askea
Mr Adriaans whom he represented, and
he persisted he talked on ly
"Do you represent any liquor men.
S,?:"r,?5?S Will. .I.e churclien,"'
he replied, and a laugh went around the
'MSfS; -K
of the alcohol. _
In the Bible Mr. Adriaans found an ai
eument against prohibition.
"I have here," he said, showing a papei,
"fifty references in the Bible in favor
of liquor, and only twenty-nine against
? 'p Ovster a lone member of the
Central Labor Union, who appeared a few
davs ago in favor of stricter regulation
of liquor selling in the District. roal'
peared today to challenge statements made
bv representatives of the Cc"tra /'jbo^
in ion that a taxieab would hold all
members of organized labor ranks in the
District who are opposed to the proved
Suggests Referendum Vote.
??1 would like to have the question re
ferred to the members of the unions for
a referendum vote," he remarked. 'I
think the result would show many op
posed to the legislation.
"Have any labor bodies in the District
ma'de a protest against the resolution
adopted by the Central Labor Union in
favor of the present law?'* asked Hugh
F Harvey, w'ho represents the liquor
men, brewers and wholesale arid retail
Mr Oyster maintained some of the
unions l'md never expressed themselves
on the question. i
"If there is any union in the District
that is opposed to saloons in the Dis
trict " Mr. Harvey remarked, "we would
like 'to have you inform us."
John 11. Mag ruder, the grocer, began
speaking in opposition to the proposed
legislation, standing where he faced a
delegation of members or the w. c. J.
V. but back of the stenographer.
'"Will vou please stand around in front
of the stenographer," Senator Jones
"I stood where these ladies eould hear
me," Mr. Magruder Hashed back
"If you get it in the record they caa
read it," Senator Works remarked.
?*If they read more about the liquor
business they wouldn't favor sueli legis
lation as this." Mr. Magruder retorted.
Mr Magruder recalled that in ihJ*s
there were 1,100 saloons in W ashington.
The license fee was raised at that time
and has been raised once since, the ef
fect of the higher license has been to re
duce the number of wholesale and retail
places to about (55U.
Prohibition Not Effective.
Mr Magruder took exception to a
statement of Senator Works Saturday
that liquor should not be sold in grocery
the big grocery stores in Washing
ton didn't sell liquors and wines," he re
marked "they wouldn't be able to pay
expenses twenty-four hours:"
*^That's a sad commentary on Wash
ington." Senator Works remarked. A
round of applause from the temperenee
Representatives greeted the observation.
Mr Magruder cited conditions around
Lake Chareplain in New York and Ver
" - (CtpfipMd on Tsnth Page.)
Lawrence Peaceful Until They
Came, Says Strike Leader.
Saw Children Clubbed and Beaten
by Police and Militiamen.
Appears in Support of Resolution"for
an Inquiry?Accused by
Labor Men.
The consideration of circumstance* at
Lawrence, Mays., where the strike "t
textile workers lias caused serious con
llicts, was resumed before the House
committee <n rules today with the com
mittee of strikers from Lawrence prej*ent.
At the outset Chairman Henry announced
that no one but members of the com
mittee would be permitted to ask ques
tions, and cautioned the strikers to re
frain from any demonstrations, such *4
. characterized the hearing Saturday.
After the rules committee hearing hud
I adjourned for luncheon and President
Gompers of the American Federation of
Labor was leaving the building tv\y6 un
known labor men engaged him in argu
ment, Charging that be had not treated
the Industrial Workers of the World
fairly in his argument before the com
mittee. A crowd surrounded them and
the argument became quite heated, sev
eral congressmen interfering and ctid.nK
the dispute. The men wno approached
CJompers would not tell him wno tlicy
Representative Wilson of Pemisyl\ ania
submitted a letter from the secretary of
Gov. of Massachusetts, in reply to a re
quest for Information as to the exact con
ditions at Lawrence. The secretary, Dud
ley llolmaii. sa.u that actual <ondjtion<
had been greatly eXaggeratert. The pot let,
he said, were not biased an<l were act.ug
in the best interests of tiie cbuuren wfco
were 'sent away from Lawrence. Tiie
strike committee was warned not to let
children be taken away witnout consent
of parents, and because some were taken
without tn.s consent the police inter
"The police did not use their clubs on
the women and cntluren, out simply
brushed int?m to one s?ue, the letter saiu.
tt further stated tnat troops were sent
preserve order. i ne governor, through
nis sscre?ary, stated xurtner that ne
would not allow the troops to remain m
Lawrence much longer in oraer to expluu
Lectured by Chairman Henry.
Following the reading of this letter
Chairman Henry reiterated his announce
ment demanding order.
"Unseemly things occurred here" SiTUr-'
day and the room will be oeared if they
occur again."
Representative Berger objected to not
being allowed to question the witnesses,
but the committee overruled him, and
promised to ask all the questions he want
ed, principally of the children.
Samuel Lipsom of the otrike committee
was recalled to the stand, and in response
to questions ?rom Representative ri>'i
said iliat most o? workers in the mills ?
were unorganized when the strike began.
"When did the trouble start?"' was
"It started the tirst day when the police
came down to drive the people away troni
the mills," said Lipsom.
"What brought aoout the strike; the re
duction in horns?"
"No, we had had previous meetings to
plan how we could exist on what we
earned, but the reduction in hours torceu
the strike."
Too Poor to Become Naturalized.
"Are you a citizen of the L"n;ted
"I had my first papers, but never bad
money enough to take out second papers.
Instead of paying .*4 for papers I had to
buy shoes for my little ones.""
Representative Hardwick of Georgia,
asked what was the purpose of sending
children away from Lawrence.
"Was it to send away the children for
their own good, or to arouse sympathy
throughout the country?" he asked.
"It was to care for them, to keep them
from the dangers of the striKe," said
"Didn't you try to send some to Phila
delphia to take part in ;i mass meeting?"
"It wasn't a mass meeting," said Lip
som. "There was to be a parade from
I the depot to where the children were to
i get something to cat. When the people
in Philadelphia heard we were sending
children to New York, the.v asked us to
send some to Philadelphia."
"Do you know some of these children
were sent away without proper pro
vision ?"
Threatened by Policeman.
"As far as I know policemen went from
liouse to house threatening the parents
if they did not get their children back.
The parents came to us and asked what
they should do."
"When the police ordered the children
back from New York were there any
arrests on the ground that the consent
had not been granted?"
"No," said Lipsom.
Two hundred children were sent t<?
New York when the strike commit to
planned to send a hundred more to
Philadelphia. Lipsom said the commit
tee was to pay the railroad tare.
"We bought forty half tickets and leu
udult tickets." he said.
"Why did you buy only fifty tickets
when you planned to send a hundred?"
"Because the police came down and
prevented lots of the parents from get
1 ting to the depot," Lipsom declared.
Forty of the children dfd get through."
"Was the city under martial law at
the time?"
"Worse Than Russian Cossacks."
"They used methods that were like
martial law." said J.ipsom. "When wo
tried to get the children to the train the
polices pushed the women and children
with clubs. They acted worse than Rus
sian Cossacks in times of revolution.
"No Russian Cossack would dare touch
& child. Things were so terrible that wo
decided to appeal to our ambassadors at
Washington for protection.
"We decided to find out if we could
if Lawrence was in Massachusetts and
if MaassachUsetts was in the United
? then most of you are foreigners and
you decided to appeal to a foreign gov
ernment rather than to the United States
for protection?" asked Representative
Hard wick.
Saw Soldiers Beat Children.
"If necessary. Conditions wore aw
ful. These soldiers there beat the
children. I have seen .them knock
down children on the streets," said
Representative Hardwick asked Lip

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