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THE EVENING STAR.
With Sunday Moraine Edition. WASHINGTON. SUNDAY June 2, 1012 THEODORE W. NO YES Editor The ETfBlng Star Newspaper Company. Business Office. 11th St. and Pennsylvania Arena*. Hew York Office: Tribune Build inc. Chicago Office: Tint National Bank Bnillbf. turepean Office: 3 Begsnt St., London, England. The Krcnln? Star. wi?h the Snnrtsy mornln* edition. It i!cli?frftl I'T carrier* within the city et fl rents per month: dally only. 23 cent* per ?>?nth: Sunday only 20 rents per month. Ordffi ?>ay l*? sent by mall. or telephone Main 2440. Collection la made by carrier at the end of each ?oath. By man. rxwt?re prepaid: JJaJJ.r. SnnddT Included, on* month. W> centa. nelly. Sunday e*repted one month. 40 cents. Saturday Star. SI year. Sund.iy Star. $2.40 year. Entered as second rl.i?? mall matter at the post office at Waahlngton. D. C. t~TIn crder to avoid delays on account of fersenal absence letters to THE STAB atioald net be addressed to any individual connected srith the office: but simply to THE 8TAB, or to the Editorial or Business Department, according to tenor cr purpose. Bryan and Roosevelt. There is a perceptible rise in Bryan stock. More men than ever before are discussing probabilities in rase of a dead lock at Baltimore. A deadlock is in the i alculatiyiis of many democrats. Mr. t'lark las a lead which he should be able to maintain, but unless some of the other l>ooms are utilized for him in a pinch, he ?will not at the opening of the convention command the two-thirds necessary to a nomination If, therefore, the nomination has to be fought for in the convention, the ballotings may become acrimonious and a new name imperative. Mr. Bryan did not desire tlie nomination in l!ft4. and sev? ral reasons figured in the gossip. One was that he considered Mr. Roosevelt invincible that year. He saw Mr Hanna's opposition to the Roosevelt leadership collapse, and he argued trom that full republican support for Mr. Roosevelt at the polls. lie believed it was, hs it turned out to be. a Roosevelt year In !!???*? Mr. Bryan doubted Mr. Roose velt s ability to transfer his strength to Mr. Taft. and so he decided to try his fortunes against the man of Mr. Roose velt's choice. He was mistaken in his appraisement Mr. Roosevelt's hold on his party remained unimpaired, and his support of Mr. Taft was a large factor in the la iter's success, both at Chicago and later in the campaign. In the opinion of the Bryan men the Roosevelt of l!*?4 and H*W has passed. An extreme radical has succeeded a pro gressive republican. In other words, Mr. Roosevelt has progressed out of his party, and is now the leader of a new po litical thought. And so it is that the Bryan men. noting Mi. Roosevelt's progress toward Chicago, and believing that he will triumph there, ?ee republican confusion as the result, and think Mr. Bryan the man of all men l>est ahlr to turn it to democratic account. They want him pitted against Mr. Roose velt in a contest where the garments which Mr. Roosevelt has borrowed from Mr. Bryan will be in evidence, and the new garments which Mr. Roosevelt has added to his toilet will make him a figure too fantastic for national approval. Unquestionably such a contest would be exciting in the extreme. Mr. Roosevelt has no eloquence, but as an agitator is unrivaled in bis day. Mr. Bryan has eloquence, and it is as captivating today as when, sixteen years ago, it made him a national quantity of the first class. Kach would take the stump in advocacy of his claims and cause, and the two itineraries would stir the country as never before In all our hundred and odd years of history. Washington Asylum Hospital. Conditions at the Washington Asylum Hospital, which are being described in the course of testimony before a House subcommittee, have been characterized as a disgrace to the District. The exist ence of evils to be corrected in the treat ment of the inmates of the hospital has been generally recognized. Instead, how ever. of disclosing something scandalous and disgraceful as far as the District is concerned, this testimony po'nts to a fail ure on the part of the local legislature to provide adequately in response to repeated appeals for the needs of the community in the care of the indigent s!ek. I.ocal of ,tV:als have heen calling attention to the need of a larger institution under more satisfactor> r? eulations and w ith a more liberal appropriation. The District hopes that as a result of the presentation of the facts regarding this in>titution early provision will be made fur the establishment of a municipal hospital; or. if ?'ongress is not willing at this time to authorize the establishment of such a hospital, the immediate im pro\ement of appropriation conditions as to the Washington Asylum Hospital In any case, whether a municipal hospital is established or not, there should be an en lart;. nu nt of the quarters at the Asylum Ho.-pital and a material increase In the appropriation for its maintenance. Only by such means will it be possible to cor rect the abuses and evil conditions which there prevail, to minimize the suffering of patients, to lessen the danger of con tagion and to restore confidence In the ?ffl iency of the institution. A '?ertain amount of competition cannot V-e eliminated from trusts so long as the natural law prevails that the man who sells the most goods at the best profit to the company gets the highest salary. Before ti.?- kai.-er is allowed to establish a reputation as a domestic autocrat by the report tf.it lie buys ids wife's hats It should ascertained whether his wife V>uj s his neekties. There are always possibilities of a "rom promise" candidate who strictly shaking s an improvised candidate. Wilson a Mixer. ou are not a Wilson man." observed the old in> mher of the House to the new "No.' "Anything personal in your opposi tion ?' "Nothing Never saw the man in my life.'' "What's the objection?" "He knows nothing about politics, and as President would make a mess of things " "Me has one qualification for political leadership." "What s t hat?" ?'He's a good mixer." "I ?o yoy knuK hltn?" "Never met him in my life. But at a picture show the other night 1 saw him in aetion on the screen, and he performed well." 'Tell nie about it." "He was stumping in the northwest? I forget just where?and the camera caurht him as he alighted from a train, and then followed him while he was in the dutcftca of the reception committee. An awful experience! Tries the stoutest heart. Ever pass through It?" "In a small way. How did Wilson come out?" "Excellently. I admired him. The chairman of the committee?easily picked out by his attire and confusion? plug hat. long-tailed coat, fresh hair cut and neck shave?was almost In a state of collapse. The presence of greatness had gone to his head and his knees, and he looked wabbly. But Wil son braced him. pulled him into the picture and saved the day. A capital piece of work, and done with ease. If Wilson had been the product of sour beer and free sausage, and of pinocle played in barrooms all his days, he could not have carried himself with more assurance." "How was he dressed?" "In roomy clothes for traveling. A sack suit, with a soft hat modlshiy guttered across the top. His togs and his address were the very things for the occasion." "But a good mixer might fail as President. I don't see the connection." "The two most successful Presidents since 1860 were mixers par excellence, and employed the faculty with great success while in office. Mr. Lincoln served before our day, but both of us knew Mr. McKlnley. Did you ever m^et a more charming man anywhere?" "Never. But in his case the mixer was merged in the trained politician and experienced legislator. Wilson, you know, has had no training at all except as a bircher of obstreperous boys and a lecturer to young men." "Still, it is much in politics to be able to shake hands well, listen well, and put flurried visitors at their ease. I'm thinking better of Wilson since seeing him save that wabbly chairman of a reception committee from the pit of disaster." The Limited Civil Service Tenure. The Senate appropriations committee has responded most satisfactorily to the protests which were raised against the terms of the legislative bill as passed by the House. In respect to government em ployes it has eliminated from the bill all those items which were directly aimed at the tenure and status of the govern ment clerks. Rejecting the decidedly ob jectionable five-year tenure clause which the House has adopted, the Senate does not absolutely turn its back upon the necessity for some measure of reform in the civil service to insure a higher stand ard of efficiency. It adopts a provision which should go far toward creating a system of efficiency ratings in the classi fied service based upon records of work actually done and also providing stand ards for promotion, demotion and dismiss al. This is in the line of service Im provement, which The Star has urged re peatedly and which It holds to be essen tial to any satisfactory administration of government affairs. Those who oppose the limited tenure of office project do not contend that when a person is once appointed to a govern ment position he should be guaranteed that place permanently. He should only be assured of retention during good be havior and maintained efficiency. He should at the same time be assured of a reasonable frequency of promotion in ac cordance with his merits and his sup posedly Increasing experience and conse quent value to the service. T'p to a certain point It is possible under present conditions to promote a clerk with a certain decree of frequency and regular ity, but there Is no such assurance of systematic and regular advancement in pay as that which is guaranteed under the English plan of scheduled promotions. In the absence of any method of retiring the elder employes the service is con stantly In a state of congestion. Even without a systematic schedule of pro motions in salary such as the English clerk is guaranteed, the American public service employe would, with a retirement plan established, be assured of fairly regular advancement through the vaca tion of the higher places held by the elder and more experienced clerks. It is hardly to be believed that the Senate can fail to secure the writing of the new appropriation act In terms of its committee's present recommendations. There ha* been no public indorsement of the House proposition of a limited civil service term, and in the conference ad justment between the two houses there will be an overwhelming array of argu ments in favor of the Senate amendments as against the radical departure proposed by the House. When Orozco decides to raise money he puts a banker who refuses the securities he offers into Jail. This idea of finance is something akin to that of the man who ateps up to the paying teller's window with a revolver instead of a certified check. Should Mr. Roosevelt and Mr. Taft re main the only presidential possibilities to loom up at Chicago, Mr. La Kollette will find himself in difficulty as to what to do with a line balance of power. President Mellen thinks that the rail ways ought to be allowed to own steam ship lines. It was feared that at present rates the railways' earnings would not i permit them to buy steamships. A man who nets into the habit of using libelous epithets would find it an economy to employ a private censor. A primary election proves remarkable chiefly for the amount of unreliable sta tistics It develops. Furious Motor Speed. A tive-hundred-mile automobile race occurred Thursday at Indianapolis on a two-and-a-half-mile track, the winner making the entire distance in 6 hours, 111 minutes and ?? seconds, an averaKe of 7H.7'J miles an hour, the fastest time ever made for the distance in the history of motors, and perhaps the fastest .VtO miles ever traveled by a man. But this was not the most remarkable feature of the race. The fact that attracts most at tention Is that throughout the six hours and a half of furious speeding there were no serious accidents. Before the race be gan bets were made that one or more of the participants would be killed. Indeed, It Is a fair presumption that In these con tests fatalities will occur. The specta tors are crowded close to the track, and the cars are sent at more than railroad speed around turns where the slightest deflection is certain to cause a disaster. In some of these races cars have been hurled from the road among the people, cutting them down by the dozen. The nearest approach to a catastrophe yester day was the overturning of one of the cars, but by the best of good fortune neither the driver nor the mechanician was Injured. Of sinister significance is the fact that wagers were offered before the race that death would result from the furious speeding of the cars. Probably many of the 100,000 people who attended secret ly hoped to witness such a tragedy. Of course, no one would ever express such a desire frankly, but that It Inspires the presence of a certain number of the spec tators at these races is not to be question ed. The race Itself Is exciting in certain phase?. When efforts are made by ons or another of the contestants to forge to the front there are brief bursts of thrill ing speed and narrow escapes from col llslon. It is at these moments that the crowd feels repaid for the rather mo notonous grind. Of the race Itself only a few can see much. Save at the finish line there is nothing to be observed but the occasional roaring passage of a con testant, perhaps followed In close suc cession by a competitor striving to gain an advantage. For a majority of the on lookers the contest is a succession of deafening sounds and dizzying whirls of dust-enveloped machines. These contests do not benefit the auto mobile industry sufficiently to repay for the frequent losses of life and the heavy drain upon the public nervous force. Most of the manufacturers recognize that in the selling of cars the public favor is not won by what some daredevil of a driver has been able to do In circum stances of good fortune on a dish-shaped truck or a pre-empted piece of countrj road with dangerous turns and grades in a frenzied demonstration of speed. The car that the average man selects for his own use is not necessarily of the make that has been used in one of these races successfully. Motor makers are now in clined to disapprove of the sporting events that formerly they encouraged and subsidized. It Is understood that these affairs are mere money-mak ing entertainments, with the public tempt ed to attend by the promise of excitement and possibly the spectacle of tragic mis haps. 1896?1912. In the speculation about the republican situation, the proposition is advanced that the antl-Koosevelt men will have as strong a reason for rejecting Mr. Roose- j velt's nomination if it is made as the anti-silver democrats had for rejecting Mr. Bryan's nomination in lfSW. Will i they not have a stronger reason or a more plausible pretext, if they choose to Invoke it? Free sliver was not new democratic doctrine in 1390. The party, in Congress and out, had often stood for it. Leading southern and western democrats had been promising it to their constituents for years. Even in the campaign which had resulted in Mr. Cleveland's return to the White House" the assurance had been given to the silver men that silver s in terests would not be Injured in case of democratic success. It was this state of case which gave force to Mr. Bryan's arraignment of the men who on principle In defense of the national credit ibolted his nomination in his firft race. His friends had foisted no new doctrine on either the party or the attention of the country. He was stand ing on a platform constructed of season ed democratic timber, and his nomination had been made with entire regularity. Hence, he insisted, he was entitled to the full support of his party. Mr. Roosevelt, on the other hand. Is at tempting to foist on his party not only | new doctrines, but doctrines more radical than have ever before been advanced by any political leader in this country. His attitude toward the courts, and his pro- j gram for the correction of evils that have crept into judicial proceedings, have al most taken away the breath of men older than himself in party service, and eminent for good party counsel. They are not only not in sympathy with him in liis new position, but do not regard, the position as republican at all. Let us suppose, then, Mr. Roosevelt emerging from the Chicago convention not only the nominee for President* but the author of a platform constructed In accordance with his recently acquired and expressed opinions. He cannot accom plish such a result without a struggle In which the whole question of what is and Is not republicanism will be canvassed. Especially will his own state of New York contest the way. In such circumstances what will the more earnest of old-style republicans do? Bow to the decision and accept the new style party doctrine? Or go into retreat and await a better day? Or put up a ticket of their own pledged to the old faith? Or go over to the democrats and help put the seal of a prompt defeat on the objectionable propaganda? It would be interesting to know what kind of a speech, if any, Mr. Bryan is now preparing for delivery at the Balti more convention. The dignified willingness of such men as Hale, Aldrlch and Crane to retire from the Senate does not tempt Mr. Lorlmer. The question as to who is financing some of the whirlwind campaigns sounds like a deliberate slight to Mr. Perkins. I Wall street Is waiting to see whether Morse's convalescence is to be as rapid* financially as it was physically. SHOOTING STARS. BT PHILANDER JOHNSON. A Reversed Program. "The stage should depict society as it really exists," said the serious person. "Yes," replied Miss Cayenne, "but it doesn't. On the contrary, society tries to imitate the songs, dances and dialect of the stage." Supremacy. "These great nations," remarked Piute Pete, as he thoughtfully folded his news paper, "have purty much the same idea that we have here in Crimson Gulch." "In what respect?" "They sort of take it for granted that the one that kin shoot quickest, straight est an' oftenest is sort o' naturally enti tled to be considered boss." Change of Sentiment. Said Damon to Pythias. "Let me proclaim I love you the same as a brother." But when they were in a political gam ? Each merely remarked, "You re an other!" Material Considerations. "Do you expect to make much of an im pression at the convention? ?<No." replied Mr. Groucher. "I have been a delegate before. If you want to be sure of being the person really sought after In a convention you want to be the man who passes the ice water." The Watchful Spouse. "Do you come to the train every aft ernoon because you expect your wife?" asked the sociable baggageman. "Not exactly," replied the man with a disagreeable expression. "I merely want to make sure that she isn't on board." Non-Partisan. When Ijoule takes his bandsmen out Upon a street parade. He never asks a word about Whom he shall serenade. He says: "Just lead me to the spot And tell us what to play. And when It's over, please do not Forget how much to pay. "We don't keep telling our belief. . Nor talk of discontent. That tune they call 'Hail to the Chief Is not an argument We don't play things we might regret. Nor practice funny tricks. The bass drum and the clarionat Are out of politics." The Washington Young Men's Christian Association Is Just openlng^a campaign for the purpose of securing Memorial funds with which to build _? , an addition to its present .Planned, quarters. This extension is to be known as the Sleman memorial, after John B. Sleman. jr.. for many years actively connected with the association. The site, already purchased, is at the corner of 18th and G streets adjacent to the central- association building.- The structure will be six stories in height and will contain a large auditorium. It was just sixty years ago the 9th of this month tha> the Y. M. C. A. was or ganised in this city. The Rev. William Chauncey Langdon, William J. Rhees and the Rev. Thomas Duncan, then young government clerks, met in a small bed room of a boarding house on F between 12th and 13th streets on a spring evening. A clipping from a Liondon paper was read by Mr. Duncan telling of the organiza tion and success of a body there known as the Young Men's Christian Assocla-;j tion and of its objects and influence. That item raised the question, "Why not j a Y. M. C. A. in America as well as Kng land?" These three young men pondered deeply, with the result that the following | notice appeared in the National Intel-1 ligencer June 9, 1852: "The young men of the different Protes tant denominations in this city and all those interested in the object proposed are earnestly requested to meet at the Masonic - Hall, corner of 10th and E streets, at 8 o'clock this evening, to take into consideration a plan for organizing la Young Men's Christian Association." The meeting was a success, about sixty persons answering the call, and each promising hearty co-operation. Judge T. J. Johnston was elected chairman and W. C. Langdon, secretary, while a commit tee was appointed to draft a constitution and by-laws. At a later meeting the same month the constitution and by-laws were adopted, while the membership reached almost 100. The records of the association were de stroyed by fire several years ago. but memoranda remain showing that the first twelve members who set their names to the constitution were Thomas Duncan, W. C. I>angdon, John C. Whitwell, J. T. Cochran. A. G. Carothers. Zalmon Rich ards, Thomas Brooks, A. H. I^awrence, William J. Rhees. C. W. Schreiner. A. B. Johnson and William Flye. At a meet-1 ing held in July the officers elected were A. H. Lawrence, president; W. J. Rhees, recording secretary; W. C. Langdon, cor responding secretary, and M. H. Miller, treasurer. The first board of directors nominated represented the Baptist. Meth odist and Presbyterian denominations. * * * DuTing the first six months of the ex istence of the Y. iM. C. A. the expenses amounted to only $.'17.'!.?0. Extension ?11 services being volun- | _. , , tary. In 1853 Dr. C. Mi started. Butler attended the anni versary celebration of the original Y. M. C. A. in London, and returned with valu able suggestions for improvement in the local body. In December the city was divided into sections, each section being in charge of a member of the board of managers, while early the following year plans were made for a more detailed divi sion of the objects of the association, and the fifteen dilTerent departments which i then constituted the organization were put! under the direction of separate heads and I assistants. During the civil war tracts were dis tributed at least once a week to the soldiers quartered in Washington, while the Rev. O. P. Pitcher was employed as a special missionary to visit the soldiers. As a result of a conference with the New York association a Christian commission! was appointed which fitted up headquar-| ter8 in the Post Office Department. Dur ing the remainder of the war the work of the association here was largely done through the commission which worked among the soldiers. In 18*52 the associa tion distributed nearly 2,000,000 pages of tracts and religious literature, over 28, 000 copies of the Scriptures in five languages, made over 1,100 visits and held nearly 1,500 services in the District of Columbia and vicinity. In 1867 the contract was made for a I building at the corner of 9th and D streets, and the coiner stone was laid November 27, with great ceremony. The following year the first general secretary of the as sociation. the Rev. George A. Hall, was employed. On the same date, also, the first number of a paper named the Young Men's Christian Association was issued. In May, 18W, the new building was com pleted and was formally opened with ap propriate exercises. I'nder Mr. Hall's term as general secre-1 tary. the foundations were laid by the as sociation for what eventually became the Associated Charities, the Central Union Mission and the Young Women's Chris tian Association. In 1872 the first train ing class work was commenced. In Jan uary, 1879, the first of the educational classes was formed and the first regular weekly publication of the association was issued- In 1880, becoming involved in financial difficulties, the association was evicted from the building it had occupied for nearly ten years, although through no fault of its own. In 18S1 Theodore A. Harding, then general secretary, entered upon an active campaign to obtain a suitable building for the association, and the following year the organization took up its quarters on New York avenue be tween 14th and 15th streets; 1884 saw the opening of the new gymnasium, which! became one of the most popular and Use ful adjuncts of the association work. Seven years later, in 1801, the project for outdoor athletics was approved by the board of managers and an athletic park was leased for four years. * * * The darkest days of the association came in 1865, when the building then oc cupied by the organization. Fire of with all its contents, was 1 QQ_ burned. Although a great lo?7u. setback, work was Immediate ly begun to secure another building, while the religious meetings, then grown to great importance, were held in the Foun dry Church, and the athletic work carried on in the Washington Light Infantry Corps gymnasium. That same year, too. the association was again cast into gloom, this time through the death of James K. Pugh. Mr. Pugh had been the general secretary, and it was he who had car ried on the energetic campaign following the fire. His death, also, was largely due to overwork and anxiety in connection with Y. M. C. A. work. While a campaign was being pressed for funds with which to secure a new build ing, the old quarters were partially re paired and us-;d temporarily. It was only three vears later, at a New Year reception in 1?>8, that a second fire again almost destroyed the building. This same year the Columbia Athletic Club property on G near l*th was purchased, and the following year the association moved In. It was on January 1 that John B. Sle man, jr.. became general secretary of the association, an office he held until hjs DEMOCRATIC CANDIDATES. From ttar Columbus Kvenlusr Dispatch. Wall street Is reported to be looking upon Mr. Bryan with favor. Not that it loves Bryan more, but that it loves Roosevelt less. From the Chirajro Tribune. Don't overlook Mr. Underwood of Ala bama. He has been playing among the minors, but he is of big league caliber. From th?> Sioux City Journal. Wilson democrats hereabouts miv note that William Jennings Bryan is going t-? attend the national convention in checrtul mood under Instructions to v?tt for Champ Clark. From the New York Evening Telegram. Speaking of the primarks. Gov. Wilson says he's delighted. Got him doing it now. From the Cleveland leader. It is understood that Underwood. Har mon and Wilson are now in a combina tion against Clark, just as the other can didates got together and downed Wilson. Which further refl.vts on the acumen of B'rer Bill Bryan ;n 'yin;$ low. I health necessitated his resignation in July, 1900. at which time he was made a member of the board of directors. The real effect of the fire upon the as sociation can best be realized when it Is understood that the membership dwindled from 1.300 to 164. and that for three years the work was practically at a standstill. All departments of the work, except the reading room, a few educa tional classes and a poorly attended Sun day afternoon meeting, were discon tinued. At the annual meeting in Octo ber. 1898. It was proposed that this Sunday afternoon meeting should also be given up because of the lack of interest. This proposal, which showed how near to death the association was, greatly stirred some of the members of the board and a meeting for prayer was proposed for the following Sunday afternoon. This was held, and hdd a marked effect on all who attended. It was shortly after this that the property on G street was secured, where the activities of the association were entered into with renewed zeal, and the membership increased, this time to nearly 1,900. in January. 1903, an association jubilee was held, commemorating the fiftieth an niversary of the association. Exercises were held in many of the churches, while a banquet was given, at which nearly 500 people were present. It was at this time that a movement was begun to pro vide a three-hundred-thousand-dollar building on the remaining ground to the west and south of the structure then oc cupied by the association. Several can i vasses were made and subscriptions to the amount required were secured. The building, now the central building of the Y. M. C. A., was erected at a cost of $300,000, while an additional $45,000 was ! put into furnishing. In 1005 the associa tion moved into its newest and most com plete quarters. m * * At the present time 88 per cent of the total cost of running this enterprise is , secured from its mem Maintaining bership fees, tuition fees. Income. dormi'?"- rental* *"d miscellaneous income from business features. The membership fees pay 30 per cent of the annual cost of maintenance, the dormitory rentals a similar amount, while the class fees net 28 per cent. Consequently, there remains but 12 per cent of the total annual ex [ penses to be provided by friends of the | work. At the present time the work of the I Y. M. C. A. has spread over the whole I of Washington. At the central branch is the men and boys' building. At ter minal station is the railroad branch, at 1020 12th street the new colored men's branch, at Fort Mver, Va., marine bar racks. navy yard and National Guard headquarters are the army- and navy branches, while at (ieorge Washington and Howard universities are the student branches. The association property in the city is valued at $700,000. The total membership at the beginning of the pres ent year was 6,47*. The membership at the central branch Is 3,000, while 200 men live, in the building, with the same I number as members of the Bible class. More than 2,000 use the physical depart ment, and more than 000 boys are in the boys' department. The employment de j partment has placed 171 persons, and there^are 030 in the educational classes, and 75 in the education clubs. Nearly I 14,000 books are drawn from the library in one year, while the daily attendance at the central building averages about 1,400. Tiw? present officers of the association are: George Otis Smith, president; Henry IB. P. Macfarland, vice president; W. P. Thlrkleld, second vice pr<*ident; Hugh A. Thrift, recording secretary; John Poole, treasurer; John B. Lamer, general coun sel. In securing the addition to the present quarters, the building to be known as the Sleman Memorial, the committee of 100, in whose hands the campaign has been placed, intends to make the gift as general as possible. The subscriptions are to come from the friends of Mr. Sle man, and will be therefore a truer me morial to him and his work. The fund proposed to be raised Is $5,000. The proposed boys' department, which it is hoped wil^be built shortly, will take the place of the present boys' department In the old Columbia Athletic Club build ing. which was the original G street pur chase. In this building it is proposed to have a large number of dormitories for the boys who are not able to pay high rents, hut who need a thoroughly pro tected place in which to live. In addi tion the building will contain class and other rooms. The Young Men's Christian Association, as a whole, was organized In London by Sir George Williams in 1844. Through out his life he was the leader of the work, and watched it grow from a humble beginning to an organization which reached the ends of the earth. He was knighted by Queen Victoria in 1804. and died in October. l'J05. The world's committee, which has executive charge of the branches all over the world, is at Geneva, Switzerland. The interna tional committee of the at*sociation of North America has its headquarters in New York city. * * * Of the founders of the local Y. M. C. A. but one remains, Thomas Duncan. Mr. Duncan, born in Philadel Surviving Phia in 1830. is still a _ , resident of Washington, lonnaer. ^jr Duncan still takes an interest in religious matters and the Y. M. C. A. He entered the ministry In 1856, acting first as an assistant to the Rev. Dr. George D. Cummins here. Later he accepted a call .from Markham, Va., where he remained until Just previous to the war. During the war he entered the Confederate army as a chaplain in a Maryland regiment, in which he served until the end of the conflict. Since that time he has had charge of parishes at Annapolis. Md.; Brookville, Md.; Knox vllle, Tenn.: Baltimore. Md.; Elyria. Ohio; Cecil country, Md., and Bedford, Pa. He retired from the ministry several years ago. Last April the Y. M. C. A. held a recep tion to the old-time members and a pub lice servtee in honor of its founders. Mr. Duncan made an address at tfoe meeting on "The Association of Yesterday." In recalling the early days of the as sociation Mr. Duncan said: "I happened to receive a London paper one day a little over sixty years ago, which contained an account of a Young Men's Christian Association organized in that city. The methods of organization, the objects, etc., were described at con siderable length, and I remfember one feature in particular suggested by the ar ticle was that the association was con sidered as a great assistance in forming "a closer union between the various churches in their work. "The project of organizing the young men for religious work Impressed me, and it occurred to me that a similar associa tion would be a splendid thing for Wash ington's youth. I was then a young man, a parish rector of the Rev. Dr. Clement M. Butler, rector of Trinity Episcopal Church, and a teacher in a Sunday school of that church, as well as being engaged in other work pertaining to the church. 1 talked the matter over with Dr. Butler quite thoroughly and we decided that an organization ought to be established here." . AFTER NEW JERSEY. From the Bridgeport Evening Post. The New Jersey political machine turned out to be a "good old wagon that done gone broke." From the Buffalo Commercial. Those Jersey voters must have ac quired the art of stinging through envi ronment. From the Hartford Times. The same old story. "Vote was light only 50 per cent of that cast," at New Jersey primaries. * From the Pittsburgh flazette-Tlmea. Tt is said the colonel went through the New Jersey campaign without a single mosquito bite. The mosquitoes knew bet ter. From the St. Louis Post-Dispatch. The hide of the republican elephant is thick and tough, but the Jersey mosquito can penetrate It. From the Pittsburgh Post. Now that It is over, the New Jersey farmers have gone ba-k to the prosaic duty of raising sweet potatoes. FIFTY YEARS AGO IN THE STAR Congress having passed the hill for the incorporation of the Washington and Georgetown Railroad Street Railway Company, which was _ approved May 17, 1862. Company. little time was lost in proceeding with the organization of that company. Subscription books were open ed at once for the sale of stock- In The Star of May 2?. 1862. is the following news article with reference to the mat ter: "The subscription books of the Wash ington-Georgetown passenger railway were closed on Saturday afternoon. <>n Friday and on Saturday afternoon the subscriptions hung ftre, but toward the hour for closing there was a complete rush for the stock. The whole amount of subscriptions from 152 parties was for 118,115 shares, amounting to $3,906,700, be ing about nineteen times more than the capital ($300,000>. The local subscriptions did not amount to much over the cap.tal stock. The subscriptions from Philadel phia amounted to $4,200,000, while New York subscribed for over $1,000,000. On Frldav, the first day the books were opened, only flO.'JOO was received as the percentage on subscriptions, while on Saturday $43<i.XI7.50 was received. The corporators, who have had a laborious work to perform, were engaged to a late hour on Saturday night and are also en gaged this morning allotting the 6,000 shares among the subscribers." In another part of the same issue of The Star Is a news article setting forth that the New York subscribers were headed by George Uw, who had expected to "sweep tiie platter." but before the books closed the house of Jay Cook & Co. of Washington brought in a large bid from Philadelphia capitalists, insur ing the organization of the company by the Cook interest. This was regarded as a fortunate condition inasmuch as the road would be owned, directed and man aged by Washington men. * * * In The Star of May 27. 1862. is a news story thus describing the first, meeting of stockholders of the Stockholders' new railway company: __ . "An informal meeting Meeting. ol. principal sub scribers to the stock of the "\A ashington city railroad was held yesterday (four fifths of the stock being represented*, and we are glad to say that the fullest disposition was manifested to do full jus tice to the residents of this District in the construction and management of the road. Resolutions were passed requesting the corporators to call a meeting at the earliest possible day under the law for the organization of the company. It was deter mined to build and stock the road in the best manner, within the time pre scribed in the act granting the franchise, and also to confer upon the resident stockholder? a controlling influence in the management of the road, by giving them four directors out of the seven to be chosen. One of the directors will be selected from the city of New York, two from the city of Philadelphia and four from the District of Columbia; which, it will be conceded, is very liberal in view of the fact that the District is largely in the minority as respects the amount of its subscription to the work. The citi zens of Washington, who are so anx iously looking forward to the completion of this road, will note with satisfaction the purpose of the stockholders to push the enterprise forward with energy." * ?fc * During the week of May 26-31, 1S62, Washington was given the benefit of a novel entertainment LatUfhinfir Gas at the Washington J\ J . . Theater. on 11th Entertainment. street just BOUth of Pennsylvania avenue, consisting of Dr. Colton's lecture on health, varied and punctuated by the administration of "laughing gas," then regarded as a mar vel of scientific discovery. Dr. Colton's advertisement read as follows with refer ence to his exhibition for the special benefit of ladies: "Twelve ladies will inhale the g^s, and none allowed but the most se'.ect. Previous to the exhibition Dr. CoUon will deliver a brief lecture on 'How to Preserve the Health.* Being the youngest of a family of nine living children, himself neat fifty, and never having experienced a sick day, and his father still living at the age of ninety-eight, he believes he can speak from experience, and afford valua ble information to those who attend." * * * Some odd-looking warships were put afloat during the civil war, and Wash ington had a view of sev Freak eral of these freaks. In The Star of May 30, Snip. 1862. is a paragraph tail ing of the arrival at the navy yard from the James river of the Stevens gunboat Naugatuck: "As she sits in the water at present she is a curious-looking structure, re sembling somewhat a canal gondola. In size she does not exceed a large canal boat. She has sloping sides and bows of twenty-inch timber, the bows being iron plated. At each end she has watertight compartments, which can be pumped by the small engines for that purpose, full of water, in a few minutes, thereby sub merging her to within eighteen inches of her bulwarks, leaving only that much exposed. On her deck she has the wreck of the large Parrott gun which burst in the Fort Darling engagement. I his ?un points immediately over the bows, a large groove in the deck being made for its workine. When the gun was to be load ed the muzzle was depressed through the opening of the deck below, when the men loaded It and afterward elevated it to its original position, the gunner being the only one exposed on deck at the time." JUST ONE THING WRONG. Mr sight is fairly good; 1 still Have hair enough to bide my P?to; Praise still imparls to me a thrill. There's no one whom 1 <leeply hate; Mr dreams are often sweet at night. Mv path ilea not through muck lior murk. And if 1 did not hare to work, I feel that 1 should be all right. I're all the fingers and the toes That any man's entitled to; I ean't complain about my nn?i>. The ills that got ine down an- feu : Mr disposition's rather bright. Few pessimists around me lurk. And if I did not have to work. 1 think that 1 should l>e all rijh'. Mr appetite is always good. 1 am not plagued by haunting fears; I shun the things that good men should. And try to keep from causing tears; I never spoil a girl's dHicht Bv gazing with a silly smirk. And if 1 did not have to work I'm sure that I should be all right. ?S. K. Riser, in Chicago Record Herald. TWO KINDS OF FARMING. In these here no fence corner days What farmers use is Jlst some wire Stretched 'erost the country iu a maze So fur a feller must inquire Where is th' next big farmhouse at - ?Most all th' farmers I kin see Wears dress-up clothes an slilny shoos An' rides in their own cars, b'gee, J us t like th' way-up bankers use. We ust tn clear a patch o* ground An' snake th* logs an' burn the bresh An' sort o' plow an' fool around? A flshin" net with two-inch mesh Wou'd hHrdlv hold th' nubbins that We'd git when neit September come; An' pumpkins wy tomaters now Is 'bout th' size they was, I vuni - An' farmers use a ridin' plow: An' these here farmers 'way out west Where land is wide an' deep an' good Talks like th' lawyer fellers does Or preachers, in out neighborhood. W'v down the river?in them days? We used a code o' signals 'stead Of reg'lar English aeoh as you Fellers that farms Jlst with your head. Out here at reg'lar farmin' do! 1 reckon hardly none o' these Here modern farmers ever made A batch o' soap er had to grease A crow-cut saw er-in th' shade O' the ol* grape arbor--had to turn The grindstone for their dad to whet The mower's dull ol' sickle bar? These farmers that says "please" an' ?'get'* An' rides 'round in a motor - ar: ?< hi' n- ? N' *as. A SERIOUS CRISIS IN CROATIA. There is a double crisis in Austria-1 Hungary; a ministerial crisis in Budapest j and a conflict in Agram. the Double capital of Croatia, where con- j _. . stltutional authority has been CriSlS. suspended and superseded hy an armed police. There is chronic trouble in Bohemia, where Dr. Forscht. fonner minister of commerce, interviewed, declared himself opposed in principle to the projected crea tion in the llabsburg empire of a third state composed of Slavs. thus: t roatia. Dalmatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina. I>r. Forscht affirmed that the idea of the Slav state In the empire was the great idea of the Archduke Francis Ferdinand, crown prince, who saw in It a .heck to the ambitious schemes of the Mag>ars. This was a necessity for the Austrian monarchy, because of the Magyar*. whose turbulence and arrogance constituted a menace to the empire, "a fact apparent. said Dr. Forscht. "in the manner they are acting toward our brothers in Croa tia. whose capital. Agram. is in a state of siege." For the Czechs, added Dr. Forscht. the projected trialism was a reaction. At present Czechs and Slavs constituted a majority in Austria. "In a trialism the force of resistance or attack would he di minished. The real solution would be the establishment in Austria of a feder ation In which each national group would have perfect autonomy." Croatia-Slavonla was conquered by the Magyars In the twelfth century. After the battle of Mohacz. l.">2t?, the country was attached to the house of 1 labsbut g. Invaded by the Turks at the close of the fifteenth century, Croatia was attached to Austria by the treaty of Karlovftz m 1?W?. It was detached from Hungarv after the revolution of 1*4N and reunited to Hungary In 1N68. The orszaggyules, or Hungarian par liament. has authority over Hungary and Croatia-Slavonia in matters concerning these provinces. The parliament consists of 453 members, of whom 41.1 represent Hungarian towns and districts, and 40 delegates who represent Croatia-Slavoma. The constitution, it has been reported, was suspended in Croatia April 3. and M. de Tchuval, who was "ban." was appointed royal commissioner with su preme authority over the country The elections to the diet of Croatia were sus pended, the liberty of the press abol ished and a reign of the poli. e was inaugurated. * * * The cause of the difficulties is some what obscure, but, whatever the pre texts, it is certain that high Obscure above all other reasons for _ Croatia-Slavonia unrest is the Cause. ra(.e hatred which is charac teristic of the diverse peoples of the provinces. This race hatred Is particularly violent in Croatia-Slavonla, and grows with the vear9 and the expansion of public in struction. As for Hungary and its dependencies, they are no nearer there to peace and good will to each other than when Louis II, King of Hungary and Bohemia, was conquered and killed at Mohacz. on the Danube, by Soliman the Magnificent. The following figures will afford some idea of the ethnical elements of the present population of Hungary, including Croatia and Slavonia: Hungarian Mag yar, ?,742,:?>1; German. 2.1.'15,1K1; Slovak. ??t?l!)04l; Roumanian. 2,790,475); Ruthenian, 42!),4*47; Croatian. 1.078,r??K>; Servian. 31?7. ' In Hungary there is perfect equality among all legally recognized religions Roman and Greek Catholic, the bvan gellcal (Augsburg and Helvetian), the Unitarian, the Greek, Oriental. the Gregorian, Armenian and the Jewish. These religions do not appear to have diminished the race hatred which burns fiercely between these different races and different religions. Public instruction in Hungary Is gen eral Compulsory school attendance was established by law in 180M for children of six to twelve years. Every parish or commune is obliged to maintain an in fant school. The "gymnasia" and "real schools" in Croatia-Slavonia supply prep aration for the universities and for the technical high schools. The curriculum of these extends over eight years, being at the expense of the state. w * * It may not be said with justice, there fore, that race hatred is the fruit of ig norance. but rather that it is Race A ,aw oi race in Hungary, as _ Indeed in other countries, which provides a generous and gen eral public instruction. The suspension of the constitution In Croatia has awakened all these latent race hatreds between the Slav, the Mag yar and the German. The Magyar jour nal, the Pestl Hirlap. has added fuel to the flames by affirming that Croatia for a fact had no constitution, that the diet of Agram was not more than a g?n eral council of a department, a sort or committee joined to Hungary. The jour nal added Insult to injury by congratu lating the authorities of Budapest, which had finally understood that the anti-Mag yars and' anti-dualists in Croatia were dangerous, not only to 'Hungarians, but also to the dynastic interests, and it was necessary to repress them vigorously. And the Pesti Hirlap concludes that there has been no suspension of constitutional iife in Croatia for the reason that there was ne constitution, but only a Croatian autonomy. It was the Hungarian consti tution only which applied to Croat a as well as Hungary, and that constitution had not been suspended by the emperor king. Consequently if Croatians had com plaints to formulate they were at liberty to make them through their forty depu ties in the Hungarian chamber. Now it has escaped the attention of the correspondent who has reported the fore going that the constitution first granted Hungary was granted to Hungary and Croatia-Slavonia. The first charter of constitutional code was the "bulla aurea ' j of King Andrew II, granted in 1222. j which defined the government as an aristocratic monarchy. The Hungarian constitution has been repeatedly sus pended and partially disregarded, and notablv in the rebellion of 184M) it was decreed to be forfeited by the nation. This decree was repealed in lSW, and Francis Joseph. June K. 1HI17, who swore to maintain the constitution, was crowned King of Hungary. But the constitution !ir?t and last was accorded to Hungary and Croatia-Slavonia. The correspondent of the Temps at Budapest has manifestly failed to read tip on the past relations of the two countries in question. When Count Khuen-Hedervary assume'! power in lt"?7 he believed he was doing CUBAN RUCTIONS. From the MemphU News Seimlter. Whether they like it or g * bans must understand that I nele Sjm will protect the property of forejrneirs whenever it is necessary to do^so.and it seems to be imperative at. the present time. From the Albany F.vrnins Journal. . If President Gomez if able to put the revolt in Cuba he must show us. From the SaTannah News. ...? There seems to be no trouhle jtbout "dispersing" those hands of l surrectioni^ts. The trouble Is that they will not stay dispersed. I he> m r 1> ?ake to the woods for a fe\* <la> s. wncn they get together and are ready to laise more sand. From the Cleveland Plain .... -Don't intervene." cables Gomea V\e are doing our utmost. bo we observe and that may be why we may ha\e to intervene. From the Detroit News. The mobilization of the marines helped the Cuban rebels for the moment hut the assurance that intervention is.not IntonJ ed strengthened the Cuban government. Now won t some one tell^ us what mobilization was all about. From the Cincinnati Times-Star. At anv rate, Cuba will have the pleas ure of seeing a real naval demonstration thnt many Amri'icHns would So hunuicufc of mile- ir> yi s> t've. the proper thine in replacing TUroo d* Rauch by M. <1* Tomasltch. who ?m thought to be sympathetic to the coalition Serbo-?'roat then In the majority. M de Tomasltch was well received by th? diet, which voted the budget and a new elec toral law. which extended political rights in Crotia. The forty Croatian delegate* to the Hungarian chamber were elected without incident. It appeared as If nor mal relations had been established be tween Hungary and Croatia. That situation was of short duration. From July, lftlrt. a conflict arose between M. de Tomasltch and the Croat? Ser vian coalition on a question of functt?r*? arle?i The quarrel became so intense that M Tomasltch offered his resigna tion. The pact concluded between the ban and the majority was broker Ti.? dissolution was pronounced and n?w elections were decreed All the satne t1 ? new diet proved a deception for e\?--\ one for the government, w hich wa? placed in the minority; for the ?*roa to Servian coalition, which ceased to be mis tress of the majority. I'uring a rear M de Tomasltch endeavored to effect neg tiations l>y which tne government partv called "national progress" might l>e cot solldat?-d. but in vain In the election in December, l'Mi. the party of th* a-i ob tained twenty-one seats of the eighty* eight of w hlcti the diet is composed M de Tomanltch resigned anew nd was replaced in January. 1012. bv M .1* TchuvaJ. The latter applied wit! \ igor the clauses of the compromise of Im* Hut the opposition having announced us intention to submit at the first seance of the diet resolutions contrary to th?* em StltUtion. the diet was dissolve*! it assembled An ardent Joun alistio campaign followed an.l fount Kh;.-n 1e cided to urne M .le Tchmaj roy*; ? >-n missionef with unlimited pow?-ts Ti-? I exceptional situation thus created pro ' \*oked in all Croat circles strong protes tations The Croats declared that i ?-r had done nothing to Itistifv this ? i i n and that they had been fttlaelt accused The governor of Hudape-t r? pro? ued the <'roats with the Intention <if ? on?? tilting a "greater ?'roatia. c.?mpris1'g ? <"roatla. Slavonla. Palmatia Istn.* ml j Hosnia-Herzegovlna * * The historical quarrels which hae? chara. terized these parts of the \ isn > llungarian monarchy af Chronic ford small hope of ? d .r*. solution of t ? ...rt Fnction. rti.t We have seen how the emperor kit g, having refused to admit the Hungarian point of view, maintained his prerogative* ;n the published rescript which wa* Anal ly approved by a ministerial declaration Hungary has provisionally' yielded ft ! Austria It remains to be seen If <*roat. ? will submit to Hungary. The ban became commissioner general April :i. with unlimited power, first changed the date of the elections to th* new diet, and established at tl*f same time a rigorous censorship of the pres* These measures, according to the Hun garian government, are the natural con - sequences of a lung series of agitation* on the part of the opponents of the com promise of ls?^ betwo-n Hungary and Croatia, the latter, it Is understood, having In view the establishment of a i great Croatia in a dual kingdom in which I Bosnia-Herzegovina would be pait I p I to this time the Croats have limited their action to the organization of a boy cot tage and anti-Magyar movement The situation is deemed to he full of menace for Hungary. It has been liken ed to the situation In Ireland, in which the past dominates the present. It is the implacable question of race hatred which survives every attempt at solution which at best is only provisional. Mr. W. T. Stead, who was lost on tha ? Titanic, is just now the suhject of ex | presslons of deep regret on the part of j the press of Europe and America. An article in the Contemporary Review en titled "The Arrival of the Slav." Is perti nent to the present crisis in Croatia, and may be cited in substance as the l>est appreciation of a question which lias es caped the attention of all save the all seeing Stead. ? * * Mr. Stead began by saying that "Tha history of mankind i^ largely taken up by the ephemeral, the rise ; Stead's and fall of dynasties, the re ... arrangement of the political Views, configuration of the map. These things are easy to discover, but the evolution of races goes on unheeded " According to Mr. Stead, the Occident owes a great debt to the Slav, who saved it from the horrors of oriental war by his resistance to the Asiatic invader. The Ottoman invasion was mild com pared with that of the atrocious Mongol Only those who have read the bloody annals of the century In which the Mon gol from the east and the Turkish In vader from the south swept like devas tating waves over the Slavonic lands can catch faint and faraway echoes of the horrors of those times. In Spain and southern France the tide of war for a time subdued the glory of the cross, for the crescent carried civili zation in its train. It was otherwise in the Slavonic lands There the Mongol in vader brought neither letters, science nor art. It was the superior civilization which succumbed to the inferior. The story of the emancipation of the Slavs from the oriental conquest dates from the establishment of the tsardom of Muscovy. Those who declaim so often against autocracy in Russia, should re <>all the fact that if freedom was essen tial to the progress of the Occident, authority was not less essential to the ex istence of Russia That the weapon forged to deliver the land from the Asiatic in vader was sometimes turned against the people it had freed was inevitable In stitutions. like individuals, have the de fects of their qualities, and the resurrec tion of Russia from the long death to which she was subjected by the conqueror could not have been brought about by any other means Mr. Stead placed his hopes in the hlrth rate in the Slav countries, which induced him to write: "The future belongs to th Slavs and that the Slavs alone of all th* eastern races may truly say Time 1a cn our side.' the surging tide of Slavonic life rises higher and ever higher "The women who till the cradle ara more potent in the end than all the war riors of the kings." , . . With patience and unity the triumph of the Slavs will be achieved without any shock of battle It would be unwise for the Slavs to challenge their eneniiea on the battlefield when certain victory Is as sured if thev but await the reinforcements which night and day are being horn into the Slavonian world Mr. Stead, who paint.d In roseate hues the arrival of the Slav nation, finds only a single cloud upon the horizon, and this cloud is the fata! tendency of the Slav to anarchy T e Journalist was given to visions, ai d it i? said foreshadowed his own fate In the recent terrible disaster to the Titanic. CH CHAILUE-LONO. LORIMER NOT RESIGNING. From the Wilmington New?. Senator Lorimer seems* to have decided that it would l?e far more spectai ular to be "fired" than to resign under fire. Ha has that right From the Celumhua Ohio State Journal. We don't like to appear unsympathetic, hut it certainly does seem as if Senator I^orimer timed his illnesses with a good deal of attention to the date of the next investigation. From the Pittsburgh I>i*patrh. If Senator Ix>rimer prefers to be "fired"' rather than politely shown the way out of the Senate the general understanding is that there are senators to do it. From the Richmond Virginian. I>orimer asks time to "get strong" to make his speech in self-defense. The senator has been getting stronger for so long a time that we shudder to think what will happen when he comes hack From the Atlanta Constitution. J.orlmer Isn't different. Kven the inan who pushes a hot lawnmower o\er th? White House lawn would rather swear than resign. From the Duluth Herald. Lorimer's only comment on the outlook for him in the Senate was that he ?&? "feeling better." go are the reft of us, th:ink you. A