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H? will have with him progressives and
near-progressives In addition. ?an> regulars ha'.e made up their minds to clip the claws of the ??mher"#1d1e^f*^t?fi The Roosevelt men are resentful toward the southern delegate because he came to Chicago for Taft people , .. Mr. Garfield is preparing his resolution with the advice of men of both factions^ There will be a general agreement but along precisely what lines will not be ? made known for a day or so The chances I art- that the convention will be made smaller numerically?that Is to say. there will be no decrease 1n the delegate strength from the northern or western states. The south ak>ne will feel the cut- . Practically all of the scandaJ arising out of the republican pre-convention tight comes out of the southern situ ation, Republicans discussing bribery and fraud in connection with the pres ent party gathering have in mind some delegation from the south. Southern leaders realize that they nre nihout to be kicked out of the councils of the republican party. They are put ting un a battle, and in an effort to head off the Garfield resolution or some similar measure they are attempting t-> make terms with both sldr*i. They are getting little or no consola tion. There is strong sentiment amonc re publicans in Chicago to take from the national committer the privilege of pass ing: on contests. This would involve a change in the party law and organization The chief fault in the present plan, it is argued, lies in the fact that frequently, as in the present instance, men discredit ed by their loal organizations are placed !n a position where they are able to de feat the will of the majority of the legal ly elected delegates by seating contes tants. Colonel Gives the Glad Hand. Col Roosevelt made another drama tic play today. Megaphone Invitations to all dele gates and alternates to attend a Roosevelt reception assembled the crowds In the lobby. Down came the colonel, two big policeman ahead, two behind and one on either side, v.-hlle as a flying wedge a husky. tNrcr^ftsted bucko cleared the patch Down "Pea cock" alley they swept to the big room at the end of the hall, where the col onel took hi* stand to give the glad hand to all comers. Senator Kenvon of Iowa, who Is in rhar?re of the Cummins boomlet. is in an optimistic frame of mind. Under his direction m;in hunters are scurry ing here and there in pursuit of dele gates who are favorable to the third candidate idea Mr. Kenvon declares that the reports that have boen made to him are exceedingly hopeful from his point of view. There are sixteen Taft deiegatf*s here from Towa. Some of them want to vote for Cummins on the first ballot. . . , If thev do so they will have to violate their instructions, which would have a bad effect at home. Kenyon believes that If there Is more than one ballot at least fifteen of the Iowa Taftltes will swing to Cummins According to the senator there Is a Cummins sentiment In the Wisconsin. Minnesota. Xew York. Pennsylvania and certain other state delegations. Loyal Georgians. The Georgia delegation came In this afternoon after being In a railroad wreck One of them, who was quoted as bolting Taft. says he signed up with T R. on the understanding that the delegation was going solidly to the colonel, but as it is not, he Intends to stick to Taft. Another member had a broken knee cap in the wreck, but says he will go Into the convention in a rolling chair and vote for Taft. Poindexter's Associates Protest. CHICAGO, June 17?The Roosevelt delegation from the state of Washington, who were refused recognition by the na tional committee, held a caucus last night and decided to press their fight on the floor of the convention. Senator Miles Polndexter was chosen chairman of the delegation and the following resolution of protest was sent to Victor Rosewater. acting chairman of the national commit tee: "Your action on the contest from the state of Washington has deprived our state of representation at the republican national convention and denies the people . their rights. The persons you unjustly seated do not represent the republican party of the state of Washington and the voters of our state will not submit to your biased, prejudiced and unwarranted decision. We will take the necessary steps to present the matter to the re publican national convention and before me people of the country. No candidate whose nomination depends upon the methods used by you can carry our state." Plans for Boosevelt Meeting. Managers of the Roosevelt campaign lusted themselves today completing ar rangements for tonight's mass meeting In the Auditorium. It was announced that Col. Roosevelt would l?e the only speaker and that he would have something to say regarding the work done by the national committee and further outline his campaign argu ments. The doors will be opened at 7 o'clock and an hour later the ex-President will be Introduced by Alexander II. Revell. During the hour that It Is expected the crowd will have to wait for the speaker * an organ recital will be held. It la said application for 10,OM) tickets to the meet ing have been made. Inasmuch as the seating capacity is only 4/JOO, it Is ex !>ected the theater will be filled to its legal limit. Cutting Southern Representation. Gov. liadtey of Missouri completed last night a comprehensive plan to cut down the apportionment of the southern states, it Is his intention to submit It to the re puhlkan national convention If It meets the approval of other leaders. Me would have the basis of representa tion !n all slates based on the actual \ "U i ast. rather than on tlu? population. The plan would affect New York in the .-ame proport on as It would l?uisiana Mr lladlev bel^ves that the repub licans who go to trie polls are entitled to have representatives In the national party ? <>un<-ils H ? proposal Is that two delegates to the national eonvenSon he allowed In each district wli?are per cent or more of the i"ial paity \ote in the district Is cast. Distrii ts tl:?t cast less than i!T? per cent, but more than 1<? per cent, ho believes, ?hould given only one vote, and any district astlng |e?s than JO per cent .-rtic.iUi he denied district representation. Cov. Had!? v would give each state four delegates at large, a plan deviated from now only when the congressional allot ment of an\ state is Increased before a R* a -tate redisricting Suffragists Studying Politics. Miss Margaret Williams, who spoke for a score of California women who accompanied the two woman delegates fro?a the Golden state to the conven tion. at their headquarters last night declared the suffragists were more in terested in studying politics than they were in gaining admission to the con vention. ?*We have just been given the right to vote." said Miss Williams, "and. of course, we are excited about It. We would all like to be admitted into the convention hall, but that Is only a side Issue with us We are here primarily to mingle with politicians and learn politics, and we can study that without seeing the real excitement of the con vention hall As many of us as can gain admission, of course, will be In ihe coliseum when the nomination for President Is made, and those who are not fortunate enough to be there wVil tell the rest of us all about it." Miss Williams, and other of her wom an friends who h.\d come from Cali fornia, pointed w\h admiration to Mrs J. B. Rlaney, one of the two wom an delegajes from California, who was In the party. Many Diplomats Will Be Present. Many men in the diplomatic service In Latin American aad European countries will be in attendance at the convention. The belief that direct reference will be ANTE-CONVENTION SCENES IN CHICAGO. ro\? ?i iii:\ui\<. t \mkokma i)i:m%ati?.% kiiom st\tio> to iiotei.. kooskvki.t ai>iikkss?x<; uumu fhom ii\i<on\ ?k com.iikss hoikl. viiiihw i> dicatks speakkk. t iidnrw ivx] & i n<1??m-(>f>(l. photf>8. made in the republican platform to the matter of improving southern trade re lations has attracted diplomats from Central and South America. Ignacio Calderon. minister from Bo livia; Romtilo Naon. minister of the Ar gentine Republic; M. K. Malbran. first secretary of the Argentine legation, and Federico Pezet. ambassador from Pert:, arrived last niglit and yesterday. Count von Bernstorff. ambassador from the German empire; Mttchell Innes. charge d'affaires of the British embassy at Washington, and Lord Eustace Percy, a secretary of the British embassy, are also here. Eduardo Saurez. minister from Chile, and Domirlo da Gama ambassador from Brazil, were among those expected today. Wanamaker a Dark Horse. John Wanamaker. former Postmaster General, will be put forward in the con vention as a compromise candidate, and probably will receive a few votes on the first ballot. The Roosevelt forces are anxious to I have all the compromise candidates in the field in the hope that they will draw from President Taft. Tt is expected that William H. Vare and Hugh Black. Philadelphia delegates, may cast their votes for Mr Wanamaker. Other com promise candidates are now appearing thick and fast. Here is the list of "dark horses" to date: John Wanamaker of Philadelphia Robert T. Lincoln of Illinois. Albert R. Cummins of Iowa Charles E. Hughes of New York. James R. Mann, minority leader of the House of Representatives. Jerseymen Have a Marching Song. The New Jersey delegation paraded behind a band when it arrived yester day. It swung down the street sing ing: "Rah, rah. rah, who are we? "We are the delegates from New Jersee. "Are we in it? Just you wait "Till we give Teddy twenty-eight straight." The delegation came into town al ready organized. Borden D. Whiting was named for national committeeman, and as members of committees the fol lowing were ehosen: Resolutions. George K. Record; cre dentials. J. Boyd Avis; rules. James G. Blauvelt. and permanent organisation, William G. Lord. Rival Delegations From Bay State. j The rival delegations from Massachu setts both came in yesterday and open ed headquarters in the same hotel. The Roosevelt half of the delegation held an informal meeting in the evening, and will go into the full delegation meeting tomorrow with a purpose to "harmonize things" as to the selection of members for the convention com mittee. Roosevelt delegates stated last night that there would be no change in the complexipn of the Massachusetts dele gation as to support of the rival can didates. "There will be eighteen firm for Roosevelt and eighteen firm for Taft," said Charles L Baxter of the Roase velt delegation. Oklahoma Has "Houn' Dawg" Song. The Oklahoma delegation arrived yes terday. headed by "Dynamite Ed" Perry, its chairman. The delegates and their friends traveled In three special trains. More than 000 are in the party, and the first arrivals, headed by a brass band, marched through the streets to their hotel, waving Roosevelt banners and sing ing a Roosevelt "Houn" Dawg" song. Suffragists Favor Roosevelt. At a meeting yesterday attended by a large number of woman visitors, under the auspices of the suffragists, speeches were made denouncing the republican nationai committee for its so-called steam roller taotics. The meeting wy* held in the Illinois Theater, and the women unan imously were for the Oyster Bay candi date. TJiev did not denounce the mem bers of tne committee as tlileves. but re ferred to them as "shortsighted" and "thick-hided." Woman suffrage was de clared to be the only remedy that can cure the ills of the republican party. Mrs. Isabel Blaney. one of the delegates from California, declared that the suf fragists should hitch their wagon to the progressive republican star. Other speakers at the meeting were Mrs Catharine Waugli McCulloch of Chi cago. Mrs. Frederick Nathan, president of the Consumers' league of New York; Miss Helen Todd of the University of Chicago, Mrs Antoinette Funk, Dr. Anna Blount and Mrs. Fannie McCarthy Worthlngton, all of Chicago. Movement for Justice Hughes. A movement in behalf of Justice Hughes of the l/nited States Supreme Court, as a compromise candidate for President, took definite form here yesterday. William H. iiotchklss of New York, former state superintendent of Insurance, and a close friend of Justice Hughes, is the leading spirit of the movement. "T>oe.s not Justice Hughes' statement of last week that lie would not permit the use of his name as a compromise candi date eliminate him?'" Mr. Hotchkiss was asked. "I think not," he replied. "No man, particularly a man with Justice Hughes' ideas of civic duty, can refuse to eerve the people of the nation in a crisis such as the present one." FAMINE IN NICARAGUA. People Said to Be Dying As Result of Lack of Crops. NEW ORLEANS. June 17,-Mail ad vices received here from Bluefields say that people are dying from famine in the interior of Nicaragua. I*ack of crops is given as the cause. It is declared revo lution in the republic is imminent. Emillanio Chamorra, the conservative party leader, is said to have severed rela tions with other party leaders and with drawn his followers to Honduras. Gen erally this is preliminary to revolt. "The lA?t Season." by Bozeman Bulger, tells of the pathetic end of the c?reer of a star pitcher. I^st of the series entitled "Breaking Into the Bi? League." "DARK HORSE" TALK Mayor Gaynor and Gov. Foss Boomed at Baltimore. COMMITTEE KEPT BUSY Moves Into Convention Hall and Ar ranges Details. GORE WILL SECOND WILSON, j Oklahoma Senator to Hake Speech Supporting Nomination of New Jersey Governor. BAI/riMORE, Md., June 17.? Headquar ters of the democratic national committee were moved today to rooms in the con vention hall, where National Chairman Mack and his associate committeemen will conclude the remaining details inci j dent to the opening of the convention a I week from tomorrow. Two "dark horse" booms for Mayor Gaynor of New York, and Gov. Eugene Foss of Massa chusetts were discussed here today. Whether the movement in behalf of Mayor Gaynor is being encouraged by I Charles F. Murphy, leader of Tammany j Hall, could not be learned here, but those directing the candidacy of Gov. Wilson i said they had been informed that Leader Murphy was of the opinion that New ! York should make no choice tor Presi dent until after the Chicago convention. The movement for Gov. Fuss was launch ed by Frank Hendriok of New York, who said that the governor's name might not be taken up until the second ballot. Platform of Gov. Foss. Mr. Hendrick said that Gov. Foss' platform was the immediate reduction of the tariff and reciprocity with Cana- i da. National Committeeman Sullivan of Illinois said he had not heard that the Illinois delegates were trying to secure the vice presidency for Illinois. "We have a dozen or more men in Illinois capable of filling the position," said Mr. Sullivan, who added that the Illinois delegation and their friends would come here next Sunday on spe-1 cial trains. The Illinois delegates will caucus Monday. . Regarding the repeated reports that tne New York. Indiana and Illinois delega tions would unite to make the nomination, Mr. Sullivan remarked in the presence of other committeemen today: "Illinois delegates will vote as a unit, and continue to vote throughout the con vention. We are for Clark.' "Will you vote for Clark after the first ballot?" I "I mav be dead then, and I'm not going to tell what we will do," answered Mr. i Sullivan. Contests in Rhode Island. Secretary Woodson received word today that some contests would be filed from Rhode Island. The notification gave no details. Headquarters for Speaker Champ Clark j and Gov. Wilson were opened today. j Senator Gore of Oklahoma, who return ed to Washington today after conferences with democratic leaders here, will second the nomination at the democratic conven tion of Gov Woodrow Wilson of New Jersey, which will be made by John Wfcstcott of < Simden, N- J. Feeling with his sensitive finger tips the rails and tops of chairs. Senator Gore in spected the Fifth Regiment Armory yes- i terday and pronounced it the greatest , hall he had ever entered. He could not see the vast auditorium, the serried ranks of chairs or the decorations, but his fre quent inquiry fop dimensions and figures painted the scene accurately In his mind. Committeeman T. W. Browne Is Spoken of as Chairman NEW YORK, June 17.?Edward A. New man, democratic national committeeman from the District of Columbia, who was in New York today, taid that the talk at Baltimore as to a probable temporary chairman of the democratic national con vention included, with others hereto fore mentioned, the name of Thomas W. Browne of Rutland, Vt., national commit teeman from that state. "While In my opinion Senator O'Gor man is perhaps the favorite selection for temporary chairman," said Mr. Newman, "Mr. Browne is receiving favorable con sideration." National Committeeman Wood of Michigan took Senator Gore to the arm ory and conducted him to every part of the great building. The senator was told of the number of chairs, the floor space, the height of the platform and the number of people who could get Into the hall. Hakes Careful Inspection. As he walked up the aisle one hand was out tracing the long row of chairs. His paces were counted by his active brain. As he mounted the steps to the speakers' platform he counted them. He knew, as he walked along, what the distances were, and he was estimating the hall with a keener grip on details than many of those who have looked at it with seeing eyes. "Take me to where the news is sent out," he said. Mr. Wood led him to the big rooms where, in double rows, the telegraph instruments stand which will tick the proceedings of the convention out to the world. The senator touched the telegraph keys as he passed. "This is all wonderful," he said, as he came out .of the building. "It is the greatest hall in the countrv; the great est I have ever been in. I shall enjoy .sneaking in it." Jacob A. Cantor. William H. Black And Francis D. Gallatin, officers of the ""Democratic Asociation of New York ?for Gaynor for President," left here for Baltimore today to further the in terests of their candidate At the headquarters of the association it was said that an eleventh hour canvass of all delegates to the democratic con vention had been begun with a view to bringing about the mayor's nomina tion. Denial by Gaynor. The leaders of the movement said that their support of Mayor Gaynor was unauthorized by and unknown to him. Mavor Gaynor said emphatically today that iie know nothing about the organiza tion formed to support him. ?? 'Fen dubhs!' You know what the boys say about marbles?" he asked. "Well. then, fen politics! I cannot dis cuss politics here. I am too busy. I haven't read the morning papers yet." "Jacob Cantor has gone to Baltimore today in the interest of the organization," he was informed. "I know absolutely nothing about the matter," said the mayor. STREETS OF CHICAGO RESOUND WITH MUSIC Delegations With "Boosters" and Marching Clubs Pour ing Into the Lake City. CHICAGO. June 17.?Chicago had not fully waked today when the strains of lively music announced the arrival of ( convention delegations. From the various depots lines of quick-stepping marchers and straggling bodies of ribbon-bedecked delegates began to pour into the region about the headquarters hotel as soon as the early morning trains arrived. Today promised to witness the arrival of the greater part of the ."? ??? <l< le gates and alternates who will hold title to the floor of the convention; and the j thousands of spectators " and enthusiasts who come to swell the throng and add i to Its enthusiasm. The most spectacular of the early morn ing arrivals was the historic Blaine Club of Cincinnati. About 375 m<n were in the column that marched down Michigan avenue from the Twelfth sfc'eet station, past the Taft headquarters in the Con gress Hotel and around to the club's headquarters in the Great Northern Ho tel. The club members were clad In the white hats that have made their appear ance familiar at convention proceedings for many years. I Preceded by a hand, they attracted at ! tentlon of early risers, but the Taft head quarters had not yet blossomed into ac tivity. and offered no welcoming signs to the delegation. | From Nebraska there came 100 "boost ers." led by Gov. Chester A. Aldrich and all enthusiastically applauding Roosevelt Six of the state's sixteen delegates were in the party, and their arrival was mark-1 ed bv a vociferous protest in the station by Delegate John \Y. Towle of Omaha against what he termed the "steam, roller" tactics of the last week. Two Roosevelt delegations arrived early from Missouri. One, numbering twentv-flve. came from St. Ix?uis, and the other, numbering twenty, from Kan sas City. HEARING IN THAW CASE. Justice Keogh to Pass on Question of Sanity. WHITK PI-AINS. N. V.. June 17 ? i Harry K. Thaw's third fight to obtain his liberty from the Matteawan Asylum for the Criminal Insane on a writ of habeas corpus, comes up for hearing here today before Supreme Court Justice Keogh. A motion for a Jury having been denied, it will be the judge's duty to determine whether ar not the slayer of Stanford White is sane. If he can establish his sanity Thaw is entitled to freedom. Thaw has been for more than a week In the White Plains jail. His mother, Mrs. Mary Copley Thaw, is at a local hotel, and with her is Alice Thaw, former ly the Countess of Yarmouth. Thaw is represented by Clarence Shearn, Charles Morschauser and Henry R. Bar rett. William Travers Jerome is appear ing for the state, opposing the prisoner's release. KOSHER BUTCHERS FACE RTJIN. About 6,000 New York Dealers to Close Shops as Protest. NEJW YORK, June 17.?The trade or ganization recently formed by 6.000 Kosher butchers in Greater New York to combat the increased wholesale price of meats today ordered all its members to close their shops tomorrow as a spectacular protest against the whole salers' exactions. In this way it is ex pected that the meat supply of more than 300,0110 persons will be cut off. and the wholesale dealers left with an im mense quantity of meat on their hands. More than U.OUO Kosher butchers will be driven out of business by the end of June it is declared, unless the price of meat is lowered. Poor persons refuse to buy at prevailing prices, and a great many customers who have run up bills are refusing to pay them Early yesterday on the lower East Side committees of women went from one Kosher meat store to another compelling the owners to close. In several instances dealers were attacked in their shops and windows smashed. Was Delegate to 1856 Convention. CANONSBl'RG. Pa.. June 17.?Hugh McDowell, who was a delegate to the first national convention of the republican party, held in Pittsburgh in 1W*>. died at his home near here today, aged ninety seven years. He lived under twenty-four Presidents and voted tor nineteen of them. REFUSES TO BE BOUND Oklahoma Delegation Recog nizes the Possibility of Bolt From Convention. CHICAGO, June 17.?The Oklahoma delegation today recognized the possi bility of a bolt, and in caucus, by a vote of IS to 'J, defeated a resolution binding itself to support the nominee of the con vention for President and Vice President. At the New Hampshire caucus, at tne l,a Salle, delegates of which are instruct ed for Taft. the following committeemen were selected without a contest: Permanent organization, llovev E. Slayton; rules and order, I/Vford A. Mor row; credentials, Fred W. Esta brook; resolutions. Fernando \V. Hartford; na tional committee, Fred \V. Hstabrook; chairman of organization, Charles M. Floyd; honorary vice president, Charles Gale Shedd; committee to notify presi dential nominee, Charles M. Floyd; com mittee to notify vice presidential nominee, Orton B. Brown. The results of the caucus held by the West Virginia delegation were the election of C. A. Swearingen for permanent or ganization; rules and order of business, W. S. Edwards; credentials, Harry Shaw; platform and resolutions, S. B. Montgom ery; national committee, \V. S. Edwards; to notify presidential nominee, M. J. Sims; to notify vice presidential nominee. W. S. Sugden. DECEIVES CHEERY NEWS FROM INVENTION CITY i President Taft's Confidence in Renomination Not Disturbed by Adverse Rumors. President Taft's advices from Chi cago today were not discouraging, and the President was as confident of the outcome, as he has been at any time. The President was in frequent com munication with Representative Mc Kinley, Secretary Hilles and others and found them cheerful and confident under the strain of a thousand reports and ru mors circulating in the convention city. Reports by Special Wire. The reports of the proceedings of the convention will reach the President over special wires that will be run into the White House, connecting with the press associations. All the bul letins frm these associations, hot from the press tables at the conven tion. will go to the President at the same time it goes into the offices of the associations. The President's own managers will not be able to get information to him as quickly as these wires will, the associa tions having their wires running directly into the convention hall. The President worked in the executive offices without the lea>t sign of nervous ness and laughed uid talked with his visitors without mention of the great im pending struggle at Chicago. Former Senator Blair of New Hamp shire, who was at the White House to-1 day. expressed the hope that the national convention would put itself on record as opposing a third term for any man and barring any candidate from nomination who lias served two terms. Makes September Engagement. Although President Taft will be in Bev erly in September he today agreed to re turn to Washington and preside at the first day's sessions of the great Interna tional Convention of Applied Chemistry, to begin its sessions here Setember 4. The convention will hold its eighth inter national meeting, and there will be in at tendance here some of the most noted chemists In the world. The local committee In charge of the reception and arrangements for the convention called on the President to day. It consisted of Dr. David T. Day, l-rof. Charles H. Walcott and George Otis Smith. The President will not Only be in attendance the first day. but will open the White House and grounds to the visitors, and the Ma rine Band will play in the grounds. CO-EDUCATION NO MORE. Wesleyan University Graduates Last Class of Young Women. MIDDL.ETOWN. Conn., June 17.?The passing of co-education at Wesleyan University is made notable by the fact that every young woman in the grad uating class this year, which is to be the last class of women to receive diplomas from the university, has been awarded honorary membership in the high scholar ship society of Phi Beta Kappa. Only a small proportion of the men received this honor. One of the arguments which the male students have advanced against co-edu cation, which becomes extinct at Wes leyan this year, is that the young wom en have taken scholarship honors which otherwise would have gone to men. Mrs. Middledorf Gets Divorce. Mrs. Barbara Middledorf was granted today an absolute divorce from Casper Middledorf, to whom she was married more than a quarter-century ago. The decree signed by Justice Wright awards the custody of the two minor children to the wife. Attorney Henry I. Quinn ap peared for the wife. "A Kick In by Torchy." by Sewell Ford, leads our next Sunday Magazine. Both humorous and romantic. See our next Sunday Magazine. ARMY CASH BILL VETOED BY TAFT (Continued from first Pago i power to authorize tlirommf'nromcnt of now posts or to change in any man ner the posts now in existence In the Cnited States. "The second provision introduced by the conference provides that no officer after March .r., 191:?, shall he permitted to serve as chief of staff unless lie shall have served at least ten years as a commissioned officer of the line of the army in grades below that of brigadier general. This provision would render ineligible after that date for serivec in the most important posi tion of the army the present chief of staff and many other of the must effi cient officers of the army. This brief summary of the history and character of the affirmative legis lation attached to this bill serves to bring out the objections thereto. The dangers Inherent in the practice of at taching substantive legislation to ap propriation bills have been frequently pointed out by my predecessors. "The only justification that has been of fered for such practice Is that it has been found a convenient method for facilitating the passage of measures which are deemed expedient by all the branches of government which participate in legisla tion. Thus it has more than once occur red that useful items of army legislation, generally of an urgent character, have been passed In this manner, when the de sirability of the enactment was recognized and acquiesced In by the common consent of both the executive and of Congress. "Hut no condition of urgency is here disclosed, nor can it be claimed that there Is any such reason for attaching the pres ent legislation to this army appropriation bill. The history of the measure flatly contradicts this assumption. The most Important provisions insisted on by the House of Representatives in this bill have been inserted therein against the recom mendation of the President, the Secretary of War and the general staff of the army. They are earnestly opposed by those offi cers whose experience and knowledge as to matters of army organization and ad I ministration Is presumed to be that of experts. "The primary purpose of the two pro visions last inserted in conference Is to limit the existing choice of the President as to his military adviser and to limit the power of his Secretary of War as to the distribution of the mobile army. Taken as a whole, it would be hard to conceive of a clearer instance of an at j tempt to force upon the executive legisla ; tion well known to be disapproved by him, and. by attaching such legislation to one of the great supply bills of the government, to deprive the President of his constitutional power as to legisla tion. Has Precedent in Hayes. "There tan bo no constitutional defense to such a practice. On the contrary, such attempts have been firmly resisted by my predecessors. In 1S7D President Hayes vetoed an army appropriation bill be cause there had been added to It by Con gress similar provisions of substantive law. He said: ?'It is clearly the constitutional duty of the iTesider;* to exercise his discretion and judgment upon all bills presented to bim without constraint or duress from any other branch of the government. To say thai, a majority of either or both of the lioues of Congress may Insist upon the approval of a bill under the penalty of stopping all of the operations of the government for want of the necessary supplies Is to deny to the executive that share of the legislative power which is plainly conferred by the second section of the seventh article of the Constitution. It strikes from the Constitution the qualified negative of the President.' l'he legislation attached to the present army appropriation bill seems to me to be clearly objectionable in the following re spects: "First. The provision above mentioned, limiting the eligibility of officers to be chief of staff, narrows the choice of he President in selecting Incumbents for the most important position of the army. Had it been in operation in past years, it would have disqualified the majority of the most brilliant officers of our army, it tends to put a premium upon mere routine service and to exclude from the highest post of the army the men whose force, intelligence and opportunities have brought them quickly to the front. It would tend to confine the choice for this principal staff position to men who have had the least staff experience. "If, in addition, this provision, as has been asserted In the debates of Congress, has been Introduced for the purpose of affecting the future of individual officers now upon the army list, it contains a vice frequently reprobated by executive action in disapproving army legislation. "Second By reducing the number of the general staff, the bill, in my opinion, tends to cripple the most important corps of the army?that corps which, though of comparatively recent organization, is per forming invaluable work toward the crea tion of a consistent milltarj policy for the nation and the organization of an efficient and economical army. If, as I believe to be the case, this bill would make neces.-ary the reduction of the work of the War College, harn. would be done to our military establishment which would be well nigh incalculable. Would Seriously Impede Work. "Third. By the provisions of the bill which limit the period during which an officer may remain upon detached service or staff duty, the organized personnel of many of the most important bureaus and corps of the War Department and mili tary establishment will be disintegrated and the work now proceeding under them will be seriously impeded. While these provisions aim at a wise purpose, and one which my administration has sought to carry out by executive action with espe cial thoroughness, the enactments of this bill are deemed too radical and drastic. By removing at once all of the officers of the bureau of insular altairs except Its chief, they would seriously Interfere with the work of that most important bureau in administering the affairs of our insular possessions. Again, they would, January 1. 11*13, relieve all of the officers now as signed to the Philippine constabulary. Earnest protest has been received from the insular government of the Philippines to the effect that so prompt a relief of all of the officers who have had the especial training and experience necessary for these positions would bo disastrous to the morale and efficiency of that Important body, and would be a serious handicap to the preservation of law and order in the Philippine Islands "Again, the provision would at once re lieve all hut one of the line officers now on duty in the wqrk of . onstrncting tVe Panama canal, and. under .t very j-roo able construction of the law. it *miM also relieve the engineer officers and other staff officers detailed to tbat work Tl?e organization of the force of officers and men by whom the canal is now being constructed has earned the admiration of the entire nation. I'nder t:iis organ izatlon that work Is fast approaching Its' completion. The drastic character of the provision can be best understood when it is considered that it might at >nce relieve from duty 'the general purchas ing officer of the isthmian commission. b> whom all of the complicated ma? hint r\ for the locks and gates is being pur chased: the officer who is building the (iatiin dam and The spillway, the I tie officer who. as chief engineer, is relo cating the Panama railroad. the officer in charge of the construction of the new breakwater at Colon. and the medical officer under whose Inspection the sani tarv work of the zone is . ei^g conducted "It would be practically impossible to replace these men or the special knowl edge and skill which they have in thrlr departments of the work The entire organization of the great work in which they are almost Indispensable auents would be disintegrated anil impaired. "Tiie fact that a single provision of the bill can cause such serious consequences offers further evidence of the unwisdom of a method which deprives legislation of its usual safeguards of scrutiny and dis cussion. Contrary to Enlightened Policy. "Fourth?The second section of the bill lengthens the term of enlistment from three to four years. This change has been opposed by the recommendations of the President, the Secretary of War and the general staff of the army. It will tend to make difficult or impossible the estab lishment of a proper reserve by which the regular army could. In time of emergency, be brought up to its full strength. In my opinion, it is a step contrary to en lightened military policy. "Fifth?The provision appointing the commission above mentioned to report as to the policy of army posts seeks to de prive tiie regularly constituted authori ties of our military- establishment of all voice in the formulation of one of the most Important policies now confronting the nation in the maintenance of its regular army. It devolves the leadership in that matter upon a number of officers now retired, and who afe no longer re sponsible in any way for the army or its maintenance. The very fact that they are selected In the manner of the \\ ar Department tends Inevitably to create a lack of co-operation between them and the V* ar Department. I believe that the provision will obstruct rather than further the solution of a most Important and difficult problem. "Sixth?It is urged that great sav ings in expenditures are effected by the bill. I have examined carefully its provisions and believe this contention to be unfounded. Thus, an examina tion of the bill in comparison with the estimates shows that there will be a deficit In the pay of the army alone of $2,262,937. I also find that the amount appropriated for the subsistence of the army is $191,787 below- the amount originally asked for in the estimates, and over $900,000 below the amount which, owing to the subsequent rise In the cost of the ration, and other causes, will actually be necessary. This simply means that to that extent the alleged economy la arrived at by a failure to appropriate over $3,000,000, which will become necessary to pay and support the army before the end of the coming year. "Again, the appropriations for the quar termaster's department fall short of the estimates by $1.338.HI#. I find by inquiry that only a portion of this can be met by enfoVced economy. As to the remainder, the quartermaster general must either fall back upon his supply of reserve stores or Incur a deficiency. "The foregoing enumeration sufficiently sets out some of the grave objections to tills bill and sufficiently indicates the rea sons which make this method of legisla tion unwise and dangerous. The army of the United States is far too vital an In stitution to the people of this country to be made the victim of hasty or Imper fect theories of legislation. As was point ed out by the chairman of the Senate military committee In the passage quoted above, it is well known that the war col lege and the general staff have been for many months engaged upon a compre hensive plan of army reorganization. At the present time, therefore, it is especial ly Inappropriate, In my opinion, to force upon the statute books legislation enacted without the usual deliberation and care. I cannot conscientiously surrender the re sponsibility In shaping such laws with which I am vested under the Constitu tion. "I therefore return to your honorable body without my approval the said bill. (Signed) "\VM. II. TAFT, ? The White House, June 17. ARMY CAN "FIDGET," ANNOUNCES MR. HAY, CRITICISING THE VETO Xothing will be done with the vetoed military bill at present. Representative Hay, chairman of the committee on mil itary affairs, took the veto and the bill today and intimated that '"the army would have to fidget." At any rate the army goes without money until the House gets ready either to redraft the bill or pass it over the President's veto. Representative Hay gave out the fol lowing statement on the veto today: Finds "Inaccurate Statements." "The message of the President vetoing the army appropriation bill is full of In accurate statements and disingenuous argument. That part of It referring to the Panama canal Is actually misleading and is evidently Intended to prejudice the public mind against the bill. There is not a provision In the bill which would In any wise affect the engineer officers engaged upon tlus work of the canal; and even the President takes care to say only "that under a very probable construction of the law it would relieve the engineer officers,' but under no construction could this be effected, and as the President would construe the law. it is not probable that he would construe It so as to In juriously affect the building of the canal. ? It is a fact that none of these evils as to other corps were thought of until the provisions as to the qualifications of the chief of staff were made part of the bill. It may be said without fear of con tradiction that the bill would now be law if It had not contained the clause fixing the qualifications of ihe chief of stall. It may also be said that <*ongress has in a hun dred instances fixed qualifications of army officers to hold certain positions In the army. Reading between the lines it can be seen that the President vetoed this bill because he wanted to have a precedent to enable him to veto the legislative bill, which contains a provision to abolish the Commerce Court, a tribunal discredited and which has no friends except the court, its employes and himself. Provisions Well Studied. "The other reasons given by the Presi dent are such as not to commend them ! selves to thinking men. j "Certainly the people will not indorse the doctrine that Congress has* no right to legislate upon appropriation bills. This right is necr sarv to the liberties of the people and the best legislation ever pass | ed as thus enacted. The statement in the message that no consideratjon was given the legislation is not triie. The House considered the legislation eare fullv for several weeks, to say nothing of the long study given to it by the mili tary committee. We have heard for a long time about the reorganization of the armv to be proposed by the general staff, but It has never materialized, and it Is not probable that It ever will." Killed While Trying to Escape. COLUMBI'S, Ohio, June 17.?William M. Brennan of Cuyahoga eounty was killed late last night and John Shultz of this city was captured when they at tempted to escape from the penitentiary. Guard; who saw the men climbing over a wall fired upon them. PRAISES SCHOOL WORKERS President of Board of Education Ex - presses Appreciation. '"apt .lamrs F n\ stor. pr.s'dont ? ' thi' boaid of < <lu? jH'ii, ?? i" letter tn tho ?? ? !:< Is. I ? nihipri a"'i otln*r i rnplovc* tif the liialrict school*. w-lshitiK them well tlurlriK their \aia tlon. which lu .;tn? Wednesday after. noon The Utter follows 'This school \ear t? rapidlv dra*itiC to H ( lose. A*s pt- s iUill iif the bonrii of ?du<*Mtlon 1 fe. I that 1 ?ho?!ld Sen 1 a v\ uru of congratulation anil good m 1 to the offlot'i s, ti';i''lKn hmi) ?>ther ct ployes of tho publtc s? -hoots "This hn? been .? . ear of peace nt.l good will The emphasis has be? i upon that quiet. efficient labor wh>> does tho world s work You have mar'. ?? pro<rcfs In many w .?>>?. hut to n mind no phase .if this progress is i? Important *? the further welding tho w holi> corps Into u unitied. and efficient bod\ of public servant* Supt. Davidson lias surpassed <\?n uu? highest expectations be deserve* all praise. "During the vacation that now hap pily awaits you man> will as In pa ' yours, undertake liberal unrt profs* sioi:al studios In tho o*< elletit Mini" - ! schools <? f tho ?ountr> and t i- < well Kut 1 hopo that nono will f"r??t tho valur of sheer relaxation In tr..\?| and In more play man\ of you I h<; will find n relnvtgoratlon of Imdj at I of mind "< Mi behalf of tho board of rdurnt, ? i lot mo RKHin assure vou that your la ? during tho past \e.ir are doeplj appro . atod b\ tho school officials and t?\ Cm rommunltj And lot mo w ish > mi t << most profitable of vacations utnl t..? most happy." INDICTED FOR FRAUD. W. Lee De Lahoussaye Accused of Passing Bad Checks. \Y. I a r De lalioiiHMyr was lnd'"tel today by tho grand Jure on a < barge of false pretenses in connection with ob taining Sin from Representative Rol>ert K. Hroussard of l/ouisiana, May Tho representative cashed a i hock fo $4o drawn by the accusod on the. People * Hank and Trust Company. of I.?fa>et*-?, La The following day. the indictment charges, a chock tor was passed ? -t* James \.. Murphy, deputy marshal of i >?? 1". S Commerce Court The chocks w>*r* returned marked "Xo such account '' fuher indictments include Jo?eph M. Kooning. emhezzlembent; ?ioorKe Da* i* and George Uurko, alias Hanks, gra i 1 larceny; Herbert Pensmith. embezicle mont; George Sawyer, assault with * dangerous weapon; ?'arrington faster, housebreaking and attempted hous. -? breaking. John S Harris, non-supput of wife; Solomon Holmes, alias Holmes, non-support of wife and minor children; Edward S. Neltzey. non-fir port of wife and minor children, and Abraham Wallace, assault with a dan gerou.s weapon. SWALLOWS CARBOLIC ACID. Worry Over Young Man Said to Have Caused Waitress* Act. Kannie Marshall, colored, employed as waitress In a lunchroom at 121- E street northwest, attempted sulcld* in the kitch en at her place of employment about noon today by swallowing carbolic add The woman screamed after she had taken the acid and created considerable excite ment about the place. She was takeu to the Emergency Hospital. It was said at her place of employment that she had been worried because she and a young man had parted friendship This morning she wont to a drug store, purchased tho acid and returned. She poured the acid Into a tumbler, said fare well to another employe and drank th? liquid. Injured By Falling Glass. Mrs. E. M. Hutz of 121" H street south east was treated at the Emergency Hos pital about noon today for a severe cut in her arm, received while standing on 13 street between 13th and 14th streets con versing with an acquaintance. It is be lieved that the glafs was thrown or acci dentally dropped from an upper window of a ibullding Mrs. Butz was taken hotn in a private conveyance after sh? had reveived treatment. Dealer Seeks Bankruptcy. Barbara E. Kenno. dealer In leather and shoe findings at 1133 7th street northwest, today tiled a petition in voluntary bankruptcy. She lists her debts at $2.87S.O?j. and estimates h< r assets at $2.56. Attorney E. I*. Gi<* appears for the petitioner. Reception for School Heads. A reception to the members of the board of education, officials of the District lic schools and officers of tho High S >o| Teachers' Assoi-iation was held by the Elementary Principals' Association at t ?? Chevy Chase School Saturday evenitt. The affair was to have been a lawn feb. but on account of the weather It had to be held Indoors. Music was one of the features of the evening. Refreshment* were served. Withdraws Divorce Action. Mrs. Edith A. McCarten has withdrawn her suit for a limited divorce from Fran cis I. McCarten. Justice Wright recently declined to grant temporary alimony to the wife on the siiuwinK made in tli? husband's answer. Accused of Robbing Saloon. Charged with breaking Into the saloon of James P. Roots. 7th and <1 street?? northwest, early Sunday morning. J>a\ ! Jamison, colored, was held for th" ac tion of the grand jury today in the t'ntt ed States branch of the Police Court. Roots said only a box of cigars was stolen. He said that the place had bo? -t entered on a previous occasion, and sinc.? that time he had removed the mom from the cash register and left It open Policeman Humphries, who arrested Jan ison. testified he sa<w the man leaving the place and followed him. He had tlio box of cigars with him when arrested. Raymond Kyle Gets Divorce. Raymond Kyle, a plate printer in the bureau of printing and engraving. wa.< today granted an absolute divorce from Nellie Kyle. There were two co-respond ents named in the hill, but Justice Wright dismissed the bill as to one of th* The other, Edward M. Hobson. was ar rested In New York in Juy, 11*18, in com pany with the wife. Hobson was reeem ly convicted on a criminal charge and * serving a term of imprisonment in tb? penitentiary. Attorney E. F Colladay appeared for the husband. Provision for New Road. Senator Jones today introduced .<n amendment to the sundry civil bill grading and constructing a macadam r .ol on Massachusetts avenue from Nebra-*? avenue west to the District line, to < ost $25.Urtn. Tiie amendment was referred to the District committee. Robert Gardner Gets Divorce. Robert Gardner was granted by Justice Wright today an absolute divorce frotn Kate Gardner. Attorneys M. T. Clink scales and Thomas L Jones appeared for the husband. William Vanderslice Found Dead. William Vanderslice, seventy-six years old, was found dead in bed at his home, 42n 7th street southeast, this morning about 7 o'clock. His daughter went to his retom to call him and found his life less body. A certificate of death from natural causes was given.