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TO END DEADLOCK Restiveness of Delegates to the Baltimore Convention Realized by the Cam paign Managers. SHIFT OF ILLINOIS VOTES DECIDED UPON TODAY Senator Stone Declared This Morn ing Fight Must Close Today. TALK OF FORTNIGHT RECESS Bryan's Proposal of a General Pref erence Primary Not Given Much Consideration. BALTIMORE. July 2.?Unless the democratic national convention made a nomination for President today, it was asserted by leaders of all factions that a majority of the delegate* would regard the situation as practically hopeless Some of them went so far as to admit privately that they feared the convention would have to adopt some other means of selecting a can didate, either through a fortnight's re ef ss of the present convention or through a mass meeting to be held later. J?ittle consideration has been given to William Jennings Bryan's proposal that a general presidential preference primary be held. Many convention leaders, however, held tenaciously to the opinion that a nomination would be made today. They point to the fact that Illinois' fifty eight votes would be swung to Wilson today, the delegation early this morning having voted forty to eighteen to switch from Clark. The Clark forces declared that the switch was with their consent, ?nd would be made to demonstrate the impossibility of Wilson gaining the nomination. This view was not shared generally, however, and many professed to believe that the Illinois vote would start a rush to the New Jersey man be cause of the temper of delegates and their desire to get away. Wilson leaders were puzzled by the at titude of the New York delegation, but the ninety votes of the state were gen erally believed to be held in reserve for Underwood, and appeals from Wilson men to swing with Illinois encountered deaf ears. At the same time it was thought that should the time come when New York's ninety would determine the nomi nation they would be cast for that can didate. Some of the Wilson men would not credit the authenticated report that Illi nois had switched. "We've heard that before." said one. "but the next ballot always went fifty-eight for Clark." Caucus of Illinois' Delegates. Two caucuses were held by the Illinois delegation. At the first, which was called at 10 o'clock last night, it was de cided to continue for a few more ballots with Clark, but after the midnight ad journment of the convention the dele *ates a train took up the question. A long discussion resulted in a decision that the Time had arrived when a change should be made. Roger Sullivan, chairman of the delegation, declared that it was abso lutely certain that Clark could not regain his lost strength, and that the delegation should go to Wilson In time to make the change ? fTective. I>ougiass Patterson, a stanch supporter or -V r. t lark, vigorously opposed the propositioq, and even after the vote had been taken declared that another caucus would be held and the break to Mr Wil son prevented. Hornier National t'liairman Taggart of Indiana said this morning that a nomi nation would probably be made during the day. "There comes a time in every deadlocked convention." said Mr. Tag gart. when delegates set aside personal preference and join with the majority rather than hold out any longer. I think tnat time 1* ],ere. it may be that one third of this convention will keep it deadlocked, but I doubt it." A similar view was entertained bv J?er.ator Stone of Missouri, one of the Mis souri candidate's managers "We must conclude today," he said, "for the dele gates will not stay much longer." Former Cov Mc<\>rkle of West Virginia Mas .ne of the few prominent members of tue < lark camp who appeared sanguine that the speaker would pick iy> the votes t * had ost and enough more to secure t'ie nomination. He thought there would ??? a ;'n< king to Clark if Wilson s chance-. weM. found to be impossible and that the nomination would be given to the man "?rC* ?,r. ,by a #mi*>rity of the delegates. The Wilson fo^es asserted that the n omentum of their constant attacks and the steady increase in their rank.- had mad- tsieir atnpaign one of offense and not defense, and that If the Illinois dels. Ration < arried ou' an intention of break ing 'rom the Clark forces and joining ihose of the .New Jersey governor it will point the way for other delegations to do K6W1SC. Admission by Wilson Leaders. Leaders of the W Uson campaign ad mitted todav that the time had arrived "hen one of tw*o things * ould have to be shown witlCn a dozen or so calls of the roll, eithev- that Wilson was to be carried to final victory or that he had about reached the high tide of his strength. If victtfy was t?o come, the Wilson men conceded, it would be dur ing the day. . '*>e day's roll cajrf showed that lison a vote was not increasing and his forces were only marking time be fore a retrograde movement, then the eaders at the national committee headquarters thought that a dartc i horse might loom %p suddenly and be carried to victory. Underwood's Ranks Pirm. Both Wilson and Clark forces were i making every effort today to induce i nderwood to withdraw on the ground that only a progressive candidate couM be named and that the one hundred or so votes for the floor leader of the House represented no likely nomina tion and only blocked Uie way of breaking the deadlock. I"hls trie Underwood leaders denied That the Underwood forces would retire from the battle was not indicated by Senator Bankhead, director of the cam } algn for the Alabama candidate. He nan positive that Mr. Underwood would lemain a candidate to the end "JaU "'and pat." said Senator Hankhead, when asked what effect the improvement in Wilson's fortunes would ,1i\e on.th? Underwood delegates. "We will not change Indeed, we cannot Cheer Up! You won't be bothered by the blues if you kep your liver a^ive, your bowels regular, and your stomach in good tone by timely use of the time-tested, beneficent, andalwavs effective familvremedv BEECHAM'S PILLS i-'u : e. el } where. In boxes. 10c, -3c. HIS WOBK ABOUT OVER, IS BRYAN DECLARATION BALTIMORE. July a.?William J. Bryan's labors at the demo cratic national convention are near an end. The Nebraskan said this morning he had no fur ther program on the nomination, and. beyond the submission of a proposal that the presidential nominee be permitted to appoint a campaign committee, his work was done. Mr. Bryan '-falked like a man who was quite sat isfied with what he had accom plished at the convention. "I don't know what they are going to do," Paid Mr. Bryan this morning. "So far as I am con cerned I have no program on the nomination, but expert to submit a resolution that the candidate name his own campaign commit tee. I had this in mind when I came here, for during my own campaigns I was continually em barrassed by having men behind nie who were more interested in what was going on in the republi can party than they were in the democratic party. To save em barrassment of the nominee of this convention of naming his own cam paign committee by taking the matter In his own hands, I am thinking of making the proposition that he be empowered to. "I have said things in this con vention that may have hurt, but I have felt that, no matter what a man's personal and political frlend , ships are. principles and honor come first. "Three things appealed to me as being of prime importance here: First, the making of a party plat form?and that may not be so im portant if the candidate is not right: second, the naming of a pro gressive candidate, and third, the selection of a campaign committee in entire sympathy with tlie candi date and named by him. "In my own campaigns there have been men on my committees who would not act as chairmen of meetings In their own states " change: we are instructed. There is a great difference between a majority and I two-thirds, and even if the New Jersey man should get the entire Illinois vote he would have but little more than a majority. The other candidates have had their day and we will have ours." Meanwhile the leaders directing the campaign for Speaker Clark were trying to strengthen their lines and prevent any other nomination. Wilson Men Hopeful. The Wilson men wore smiles as they gathered for today's session, but they were not boastful. They were not able to figure out the 728 votes necessary to nominate, but most of them believed that the accession of Illinois would produce the enthusiasm necessary to carry their man over. They counted upon nhe re turn of the Michigan delegation to the fold. The vote of that state added to their strength would give almost 600 votes. "They cannot resist us when we get 000 votes," said Senator Lea of Ten nessee. There were confident assertions in the Wilson camp that once the Illinois dele gation had Joined with the forces of Gov. Wilson the ten votes of Rhode Island would also go over for the New Jersey governor. ? & | IN THE LIMELIGHT. j ^ ?? 1> CONVENTION HALL,, BALTIMORE, July 2.?Hats off to the cheer leader of the Wilson forces. He has put ginger into the line-plungers for the New Jer seyite, and they have hit the line hard, torn big holes through the opposition and kept the easterner's halfbacks and full backs going on and on with the ball to ward the goal line of two-thirds. The workings of the cheering machine in convention hall have been well oiled, always ready and smooth almost to per fection. It has seemed that almost every one in those vast audiences gath ered in the convention hall kept an ac curate tab on each state's vote, for a gain of one for Wilson nae been marked by cheers and applause in the galleries as well as among the Wilson delegation on the floor. Of course, there have been shouts of approval when Speaker Clark and Majority Leader Underwood claimed some votes not already in their pos session. But the opportunities for the Wilson sympathizers have been more numerous, and they have not been aslpep at the switch a single time. There have been repeated evidences, however, of excellent organization and a signal giver. The crowd in the hall enjoys James Hamilton Lewis, who is more often re ferred to as "Jim Ham" L^vvvis. and who will succeed the venerable Senator Cul lom in the upper House of Congress if the democrats captuje Illinois next fall, ?when he is called to preside w liile Chair man Ollie James goes out for a sandwich and a triangle of pie at one of the nearby lunch counters. And a greater contrast in presiding oTCl^ers between Lewis ana James would be hard to imagine. Chairman James, at outbursts of ap plause or cheers from the galleries, pounds the table with his gavel and shouts to the chowd: "I am going to have the galleries clean d by the policemen unless there is orde*." Here is the way Acting Chairman Lewis puts It: "Please defer your applause: quiet is consistent with your convenience " And once when one man gave the shout, "Hurrah for Wilson!" Mr. Lejvls turned toward him: "Will the gentleman please maintain quiet or absent himself?" "Jim Ham" was given an ovation last night when Iowa cast one vote for ' Lewis" for the presidential nominee. T>ewls pounded a whole minute before he restored quiet. 'Let the roll seriously proceed," he then announced. It requires only the slightest variation from the routine to set the crowd going with hoots and cheers and applause. And I it is always watching and waiting for the call for Mississippi. Former Gov. Earl Brewer always gives a sing-sing intona I tion to the announcement that "Mississip pi ca^ts all twenty votes for Oscar W. Underwood." The crowd takes up the note sounded by the "Wood" at the end and makes It swell throughout the hall with a chorus of several thousand voices. When the Indiana delegation announces its twenty-eight votes for Wilson, one i vote for the junior senator from Indiana. John W. Kern, is also announced. "That must be a strong admirer of Sen ator Kern to stick to him that way," is the remark that has been made repeat edly. As a matter of fact, the vote Is oast by a bitter political opponent of Mr. JCern, a man who h^s fought him continu ously in political seasons. Jle is V. Men zles, delegate at large. REPUBLICANS TO RATIFY. Chicago Ticket and Platform Satisfy New York Organizations. NEW YORK. July 2.?The republican ticket and platform adopted at Chi cago will be ratified by New York re publicans at a meeting to be held to night at the Republican Club. Several local assembly organisations have already Indorsed the Taft ticket and those which have not done so are now planning . to hold ratification meetings in the near future. Changed His Dueling Honrs. From the I^ondon Chronicle. Duels are sometimes dangerous. Grant Duff tells a story of an old Irish poli tician who was continually fighting duels and fighting them, as the custom than* was In IHiblln, in the gray of the morning. When he was eighty his phy sicians Interfered, not with his fighting duels, but with his fighting them,at the accustomed hour. "I cannot bear," said the old man. "to inconvenience my friends." His medical advisers, how ever, were inexorable, so ho yielded at last, saving: "If It must be so, God's will be done." 4tnd he consented to keep later fighting Hours for fear of taking cold. CLARK IN BALTIMORE Spent Last Evening Near to the Convention Hail. SUMMONED BY HiS FRIENDS Counselors Disagree as to Whether He Should Go on the Floor and Reply to Bryan. BALTIMORE, July 3.?In response to appeals from his managers Speaker Clark came to Baltimore again last night In a final effort to stem the tide against him. At the Hoffman street headquarter!? of the mayor Mr. Clark, free from prying eyes and from the confusion and bustle of the hotels, met those persons who are managing- his fight in the convention. Speaker Clark had been losing votes in the convention steadily during the day. For several hours these conferences continued, and the advisability of going to the hall ?was discussed In all ltd aspects. It was declared that a number of advisers advised against hasty action of the sort. His friends had not ahandoned hope that he would ultimately be the nominee. They were only awaiting a break in the Wilson ranks. If any sign of wavering appeared, they were ready to pounce upon the convention with the Speaker and so endeavor to play a trump card. Ready for a Quick Move. Shortly before the evening session con vened Mr. Clark left the mayor's home in an automobile and was driven to the headquarters on Hoffman street, just op posite the convention hall, where it was decided that his appearance in the hall "would depend on developments during the balloting. He held himself in readiness to make a quick move whenever his pres ence was thought desirable. Former Gov. Francis, chairman of the Missouri delegation, is said to have ad vised stronglv against the Speaker's go ing to the hall. His objections were back ed by Senators Stone and Heed. Others took the ground that the one effective way to overcome the influence of Mr. Bryan was to appear and proclaim his position boldly and openly. These urged that unexpectedness of the move might lift the convention off Its feet and surely bring back the lost Clark dele gates, if it did not stampede the body in his direction. One of the questions to be considered was that of arranging for the candidate to address the convention, and lack of agreement on the best method of pro cedure, It Is understood, was one of the reasons why the Speaker wis neld back. The rules make no provision for out siders to appear and participate in the convention's proceedings. Could Appear With a Proxy. It was declared, however, that the ob jection could be quickly overcome, as Missouri will be willing to give the Speaker a proxy. The attitude of Mr. Bryan and the course he woul? take If the Speaker ap peared as a participant in the proceed ings were matters, of some concern also. It would give him an opportunity to reply, and his assault might be so vin dictive as to undo all the good that had been expected from the Speaker's pres ence. These asserted that although the chance was desperate, it was worth the trial and might turn the trick. The "Speaker, they said, had all to gain and little to lose by the effort. These conferences developed two fac tions in the Clark camp. Although both were earnest in working for the Speaker's success, each suggested different ways to accomplish it. One party thought if Wilson could be put out of the running It would be easy to bring the convention to the Clark standard. They argued, therefore, that if Clark appeared and failed to create the enthusiasm and stampede expected, the convention would turn to Wilson and put him over without delay. The other element, more enthusiastic, saw no such thing as failure in the move to bring Clark out openly to advocate his own cause. DISTRICT FIRM FOR CLARK. Costello Says Delegation From Here Will Not Vote for Wilson. CONVENTION HALL, Baltimore, July 2.?Walter Costello, head of tlje District's delegation to the democratic national convention, denied emphati cally this afternoon rumors that some of the delegation were ready to go over to the Wilson camp. "We'll be here a million years before the District's votes are cast for any one but Chainp Clark," said Mr. Cos tello. "Here are our instructions: They say we are to voire for Clark?'First, last ai>d all the time;' we can't get away from that." "But there is a report that one of the delegation has been talking to the Wil son managers, stating he is willing to leave Clark for Wilson." It was stated to Mr. Costello. Will 6tick to Clark, He Says. "There isn't a man in the delegation who would leave Champ Clark or who would make promises to the Wilson people," replied Mr. Costello. "Some of our delegation may have been talking to Wilson men with a view to getting them to come over to Clark, but not with a view to leaving Clark for Wilson. "I firmly believe that Speaker Cl/k will be nominated today. Our delegation has been doing some work to Increase the Clark vote and put him over." LOANS TO FARMERS. New Plan to Attract Americans to Canada's Vast Domain. From tb<> Buffalo News. The exodus of American farmers Into the Canadian northwest may soon attain proportions of serious significance to the United States when the plans of one of the great Canadian railroads for loaning money to settlers will have been put Into effect. According to the announcement this railroad has set aside $500,000 to he loaned next year in $^,00(> lots to Amer ican farmers who wish to settle in west ern Canada. The sam^ road Is preparing to lend further suu.s, varying from 11,000,000 to $5 000,000 annually, for the ?ame purpose. Naturally the new loans will attract a different class of settlers from the ones who are now flocking across the border from Wisconsin, Minnesota and other northwestern states. It will be the poorer citizens, with the result that the number of our emigrants will be very materially Increased. Generous grants of land from the Cana dian government, together with the wise loans of the railroads, will aid the settlor In Canada just as the settler in New Zealand is assisted by the colonial gov ernment. With Canada adopting the same tactics the United States will have a new rival for the honor of agricultural supremacy. Would it not be wise for our Depart ment of Agriculture and the Department of the Interior to examine into some of the methods of the British colonies? Loans are not subsidies and money In trusted to farmers would be returned In actual cash after having held our cit izens within our orders. In Washington. Vrom tbe Kansas City Journal. "Shall we call on our Congressman in a body or individually?" "I figure It this way: If we call In a body he'll just make us a ?peech." "Well?" "But If we call individually be'U have to take us each out to lunch." 1 M ?! I I IM11 !?! 1 Il-HHilllllim I'M ?!??! M ?!? 1 I i t I I 111 IHH I'M II ?! I I I I H-l I-I-I-I- I'l"!' I I I I I M-l-l-l- l-I-1 M I ?! ?! '11 Outfit Yera for the Fourth at Savin Complete the Holiday Costume With a Pair of These Long Silk Gloves, ? Very fashionable and very scarce. Plenty here in both black and white, and at one-fourth under regular price. Finest milanese silk, with double flinger tips. 1(5-button-length to come above the elbow. Wednesday Is Bargain Bay This Week. Closed AH Bay Ttarsiiay, July Beginning Friday, Jaly 5, Store lours Will Be From 8 lo 5 O'clock. For Picnics Japanese pa ?>er Napkins, 00 for 10c Parafflne Pa per, 3 rolls for 80c We Sell Butterick Patterns, !0c and !5c. spalac 810-816 Seventh Street. $2 Wash Skirts, 99c In pique, llnene and Bed ford Cord. En velope. pleated and side-but toned styles. Women's fOc Silk Boot Hose, In Mark, white and tan Top, and soles are Use. tut the part that shows is pure thro ad silk of sh?c, firm, lustrous quality. Their real value is .W. Fein ;?.? Invisible parts are lisle, the sl'k .s .the same grade seen in dollar Jj 0= M If X I! Distribotiing Our Biggest <& Best Purchase of ?C ::!! 39c and 50c Demi Flouncings, 18 in. wide Thousands of yards of the finest embroideries ever sold at anywhere near Wednesday's price. Grounds of firm, sheer swlss, the grade that I washes with no loss of beauty, and designs of the deep, artistic, heavily worked sort. 27-inch Swiss Flouncings, worth 75c and $1.00. Deep a *??. work of lacy appearance and scalloped edges $2.00 45-inch Swiss Flounc ing Embroideries of the most gorgeous character, showing heavy, deep work. Norfolk Middy Blouses, Girls' blouses of white Galatea, with sailor collar, box-pleated back and front and patent leather belt. .. Yard 89c Swiss Flounc ings, 45 inches wide The work exteuds half the width of the piece and Is wrought on hand run looms. Beautiful quality of swlssr; patterns that are a delight to the eye. Rich floral and figured ef fects in big variety. $5.00 Embroidered Voile Robes, enough flouncing, plain ma terial and banding to make the complete gar- /?% _ ment. Heavy, rich pat- (|J)vLP Swiss and Cambric Em broidery Edges; worth up to ~ 10c yard; widths and patterns for all sorts of trimming v Children's Dresses, 50c. Sizes ?'? to 14 years. Percale, ging ham and chambray dresses, with high and low necks, long and short sleeves. Neatly trlifimed. $3.00 Silk Petticoats, $11.98. Black and the leading light and dark shades. Messaline and taffeta, with corded and accordion pleated flounces. Tou Couldn't Dress More Effectively for the Fourth Than in One ?.f Th>-?m Cool, Dainty Dresses, The $i.o8 lot contains Wom en'H and Misses' Beautiful Ungeite Dresses, trimmed throughout in the daintiest of lace and embroidery ef fects. Also Chambray Dresses and Llnene Junior Dresses. The $2.98 Dresses arc sam ples. Mostly lingeries, Clunv and val la^es and wide embroidery bands are liberally employed in trimming: them. There are also Llnene Peplum Dresses, with embroidery collars ;:nd cuffs and the New Norfolk Suits. Princess Sfiaps, $Ld In lawn and mull?white, pink and blue. Trimmed with French val lace, or lace and embroidery. .50 Corsets, $11J July specials in Warner's, R & G and Thompson's glove-fitting Corsets. Extra long styles made of batiste. Clearance of $15 to $25 Salts, Bresses ui Ceils, A general cle>an-up of the following Summer Garments: CLOTH SUITS. SERGE DRESSES. SILK DRESSES. PONGEE COATS. LINEN DRESSES. LINGERIE DRESSES*. Q y EVENING CAPES. ^ nnents: ?Si 3 Qloriomis Valines! Menu's $H &$1.50 Shirts o e Thousands of them. All perfect, new, spic and span. Thoroughly Tailored Shirts of fast-color percale, cut to balance perfectly?no skimping of material. Coat Shirts with attached cuffs. Vast selection of stripes and fig ures. such as black-and-white, blue and-white, tan-and-wliite and lav ender-and-white. Choice, B9c. In the Nick of Time for the Fourth? Another Lot of Those $3 Silk Parasols, $L49 PLENTY OF GREENS, both plain and combined with dresden borders. Pure Silk TalTeta Parasols, with ; rigid, warranted frames and long, plain and carved handles. Besides greens, there are all the other good colors and color combinations, in cluding a variety of black-and white striped centers and borders. Choose yours before the prettiest ones are gone. 29c Window Shades, 119c. StrlcUy Perfect Opaque Window Shades, in green and other colors. Re liable spring rollers. 5c Curtain Rods, He. Brass Extension Rods of strong, ; non-tarnishing quality. Extend to 43 inches. Complete with fixtures. Portieres, 59c. Attractive Summer Portieres, made of cross-stripe madras, in pretty color combinations. Deeply fringed. 50c Tan Linen, 25c. 45-inch Tan Dress Linen, warranted pure linen flax weave. Extra weight and rich finish. Lovely new models at an irresistible low price in this lot of $1.50 & $2.00 LINGERIE (Q)?^ WAISTS AT ..... 20 styles in Persian Lawn, Batiste, Hand-embroidered Voile and All-over Embroidery. Very timely was the chance that came to secure the season's most charming thin waists to sell for so little. Plenty of peplum models in the lot?waists that look like those sold at $5.00. Trimmings include elaborate scrolls of val lace and cluny lace, many united with bands of swiss embroidery. The All-over Embroidery Waists are especially fetching. Voiles are embroidered in floral and foliaige ef fects. Choice, 98c. Sale of Smart Tailored Waists, including white llnene man nish shirts, with laundered collars and cuffs; open fronts and long I sleeves, and Checked Gingham Waists with sailor collars, and trimmed with bands of plain chambray Immense lot of Silk Waists, regular $3.00 values. In white, checks and leading plain colors. Many pep lum styles. Choice of taffeta, mes saline and washable Jap. silk; beau tiful medallion and lace - trimmed models, as well as the ?i /n?.Q popular mannish shirts. II Choice... ^ 35c Irish Poplin, 119c. Heavy, silk-mercerized kind of un usual luster. Comes in white, black and every wanted color. Tfee 1912 Favorite 25c aod 29c WHITE WASH CORDUROY, H5c WOVEN WITH MEDIUM AND WIDE WELTS. There's a craze for this smart .white fabric that so happily com bines beauty and utility. Wednes day's bargain involves a snowy quality with firm, sharply defined welt. Yard, 15c. 65c Bleached 72x90 Size, 2 cases of these excellent sheet* sell below half price. Strong, firm quality with improved welded searu in center. Finished with fast herns. LOT OF IOC HEAVY IN bleached Sheetinc Cot ton. yard wide; kind of a, quality you'll like. Spe SALE OF IOC TI KKIS1I TOWELS of generous size ami k'm*1 ? weight. Rough nap that nips up the moisture quickly $2 Hair Clusters, $11. I^arge, round styles and the new oval and crescent effects of large and small puffs in all shades. 25c Silk Ribbons, 119c. Every good shade, in this sale of All-silk Taffeta, Satin, Moire and Fancy Ribbons for sashes and hair bows. BatMmig Suits Children's Soft Flannel One piece Bathing Suits, with V neck. Neck, cuffs and waist line trlnv med with bias folds. ti ? Red and navy. ^ Sizes 4 to 8 years.. ^ ?^ years. Women's well made Mohair Bathing Suits, in black and blue. One-piece waist and skirt, sepa rate bloomers. Some braid-trimmed. All sizes. 36 to 46 $1.98 Get a New Hat at Small Cost, 200 Trimmed Hat: Wortlh $5.00 amid $6.00 . ...... These are fresh from the hands of our milliners?aglow with the new est style features for summer. Materials are of an excellence you wouldn't expect elsewhere, even at |5 and $6. Workmanship is equally attractive. Among the smart trimmings are wings, fancy feathers, flow ers. ribbons, silks, malines and laces. Choice. $l.or>. $8 aed $10 Qenulrae Pamamas, If you've been in doubt as to what sort of hat to buy for the Fourth this surprising reduction on Hlgh class Panamas will decide you. They are soft, firm a,nd flexible; large and medium shapes, with round and square crowns. Proper head sizes. i I t y t j. E T 'i | T | T I 1 I' 1 1 I ?! ?!' 1 1 M-H-H. I-.l- l-l I11 I"I I I I I i'H I I I 1 I I-M-M-H-H-I-M III I I 1 ?? ?M-K-H-s f Jit WOMEN'S CLUB WORK. VIII?IN MUSIC By Frederic J. Haskin, The musical standards of the General Federation of Women's Clubs always have been of the highest, and the work ?under its music committee has had no small Influence in elevating1 the musical standards of the nation. A feature of the program of the biennial convention at San Francisco will be the work of the musical committee. This consists of a brillia?t musical entertainment, which will be Riven in the theater building of the University of California, at Berkeley, as a part of the entertainment while the biennial is being entertained there. The plan consists of a musical pageant repre senting the evolution of music since the yt-ar 1400. The musical members of the general federation are In a way affiliated with the National Federation of Musical Clubs, which is modeled closely upon the line of the larger organization, although the organizations are separate and distinct. Both are active In promoting interest In a distinctly American music and in at taining a higher standard of musical taste by placing really good music with in reach of all classes of people. The general federation has under its control a number of musical scholarships, which provide for advanced musical education at the best musical centers of the coun try and the establishment of a foreign scholarship, to be awarded bv competi tive examination, similar to that of the English scholarship in London, to the American girl giving best evidence nf musical ability. The plans for this schol arship are not yet fully matured, but it will be discussed at the present biennial and steps take nto obtain the necessary funds through the musical clubs of the different states. * * * ... A number of prizes for original musical compositions have been awarded by the f e d e r ated. Number of Prizes for cl"b women Original Compositions. ?fr *.he competitions for prizes for an orchestral work and symphony are now open. The first prize is SoOO and the second is $300. There are three students' prizes and one of $f>o for the best cantata for women's voices. This competition will close Sep tember 1, and no manuscripts will be re ceived after August 1. l>urlng the past year $2,000 has been raised and appro priat d for prizes for original composi tion by the federated musical clubs. The competitions are open only to native Americans. Memphis, Tenn.. has been the center of much musical activity largely through the efforts of Mrs. Napoleon Hill, who built a handsome women's clubhouse, and has been on the board of managers of the National Federation of Musical Clubs since its organization, and which still makes Memphis its headquarters. There are several musical clubs in Mem phis which are leading in the musical ac tivities of the country. A systematic program for seven years' work has lately been Issued for the benefit of the clubs which wish to underta te seri ous and systematic, musical study. It is so arranged that any year's work may be taken singly if desired. During the first year one day's program is devoted fo the demonstration of each of the fol lowing subjects: Harmony, musical form, the development of the piano, the ele mentary history of music, methods of teaching the voice, the distinctive fea tures In the oratorio, the orchestra and orchestral instruments. The second year is devoted to advanced history of music, and it is recommended that the clubs il lustrate it as much as possible by mu sical selections from different periods. In this connection the musical entertainment of the biennial convention will be sug gestive. * * * The third year is devoted to the study of the music of all of the European na tions excepting Three Years Devoted Germany, and _ . the fourth, fifth to German Music. anil ,,xth vears have programs connected entirely with the development of German music. .The seventh year is to be filled by a study of the literary works of all of the famous composers of the world. While a large number of clubs have already under taken to adopt this entire plan of study, it will be modified in most of them, but the influence of such a methodical ar rangement of study on the part of the musically inclined women it is felt will be helpful in many indirect ways. Club women always are interested in the improvement of the public schools, and the musical clubs are active in many directions for this purpose. Many schools owe their pianos to the beneficence of the club women of the town, and they are al ways ready to indorse any movement looking toward the provision for proper musical instruction in ihe schools. The St. Cecilia Society of Grand Rapids, Mich., has lately given attention to the selection of music specially adapted to children's voices. Under tSe auspices of the club a special choir of 3<?> children's voices has been trained, and it has given several public appearances in connection with anniversary celebrations. In this connection attention is being given to the danger of interfering with the reg ular school work of the children, and all these musical affairs are planned with the co-operation of the teachers, the board of education and the superin tendent of schools, and they are made simple, so as to be really helpful in the all-around development of the children. * * * The club women are active in every THESE ARE BUSY DAYS FOR CLARK AND WILSON. UND?R.WOOD U N D F_ R. WOO V <?) SHISAKlflB CLARK A.M) UK. It I.. UALI., NATIONAL COMMirrUEMAX UOV. UOODROW WILSON AT tiIS UU.lU; ilia'CIVINU RETURNS KKOM FROM NKBHASKA, IK BALTIMORE. TUB COJrtTSJITIOM. (Prom photagnphi takes yesterday.) city Jn providing as many free musical P r o - Club Women Active in K 1 a m d Providing Free Programs. an?l often are activ?- in the selection of the music for such programs. Concerts by the municipal bund# in the pui>ii parks often are made possible latere! through the Influence of club women, and those are supplemented frequently by other musical entertainments The r steal section of a Chicago club has a fui ' with which it provldis musical program.1 in different sections of the < it\ f"r th benefit Of the people of difft-reiit nation alltipp. There arc Italian programs in the Italian quarter. German pr cranio in the German quarter and a t-;-e< ial Hun- ? pa'-ian band each vinte- was 111 gaged t<> give three concerts in their native mus to an audience of Hungarians living i> the vicinity of one of the big meat pack ing establishments Most of the musical clubs have philan thropic sections through w > ici they ar range to pmtide musii- for man> w ho would otherwise have little of it in their lives Several < 1 ? i?? in Tennessee arrant to give Thanksgiving day a'id risttnas concerts to the inmates < f th? count almshouses, th<- asylums :or the ;ie<?d and other places of refuge fm t ?? unfortu nate. The programs f'-r these ??<?? erts are selected with great *ar< and the ol i melodies wliich appeal to il ose who have had no opportunity for mush tl develop ment are Included. Other clubs in tlif fererit cities someti;n> arrange to vis I prisons and peiutei : iries and provide m i sieal treats for the prisoners. The evolution of the player-piano has been a matter -much disi'issr-d in t he ni!i iical clubs At first th se ir.ee! all; \-tl ii strument? were frowned upon, but ? - they developed in perfection their man good qualities became apparent Wome: who had all of their lues felt the '.aok of music in their homes found ti-.i- a mean? of supplying it. The fact that frori th* beginning th' flections of really good musical composers were obtainable in th rolls and records made these mechanical musical devices of real educati >nal va 'ue and the club women were qui< k to recog nise the fact. * * * Now there is a movement throughout the country to place these instruments in the pub Placing of Player-Pianos school, in Public Schools Planned, "ub"om en are forwarding it. In Boston and in Philadelphia several large public school buildings have been equipped with play er-pianos by the contributions of th> women's clubs, and in schools where the\ have been provided by tiie school authori ties the women's clubs supplement the musical supply by additional contribu tions. Now the use of the player-piano is becoming sufficiently frequent to merit some censorship over the compositions which are suitable to public schools, and several clubs in the federation arr* mak ing a study of this matter. The effect of music upon certain tem iperaments is well understood, and ther* are certain classical composit'ons of ac j krowledged musical vulue which have j found to have an exciting effect j upon the nervous organization of som? children. Consequently the music to be j selected for use by the player, piano in the public school should be of the sim ple pastoral type. Within a few months ' suggestive lists of compositions of this ! nature will be available for all of the women's clubs. In Boston many musical programs have been arranged for people who could not otherwise have enjoyed them through the co-operation of several women's clubs with the students of the numerous schools of music in that city. The club women provide the hall and Invite the audiences, and the students provide the programs, which always include their choicest selections. These concerts have been numerous during the past year and have been greatly appreciated. The mu sical clubs of St. Ix>uis unite in one free concert of fine music each year, which Is given in one of the city churches and for which tickets are carefully distributed among people who will be most apprecia tive of them.