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RIGHT TO UNIONIZE
Extension of Privilege to Gov ernment Clerks Discussed. MEASURE BEFORE SENATE Senator Nelson Sees Calamity in Enacting the House Provision SAYS THE CLERKS OPPOSE IT Debate of the Post "Office Appropria^ tion Bill?Further Consideration Goes Over to Monday. Th< right of the employe? of the Post offie Department to form organizations ami t-> affiliate themselves with labor and otiier organizations occupied the attention of the Senate for more than an hour yes terday afternoon during the debate on tlie office appropriation bill. That it would be a calamity f??i t e postal service to have an outside labor ?? on strike and thereby tie up the postal service, through the affiliation of the postal clerks with the striking or ganization. wa> the statement of Senator Knuie Nelson of Minnesota Senator w,n was talking to that sect,on of the bill which, as passed hv the House. spe ciallv provides that membership in an> society or organization of postal em Vloves. having foi Us co*di other things Improvem. nis in ti e . on di lion of labor of its member> is to ?e a lowed The Senate committee had stricken , Of .h, lun.?- A??n?l' ?? had called upon him anil declared that t km atmajority, probably '?? per cent of f,o railway mail clerks were opfwsed to the enactment of such a law for the rja _,,n that they would be forced into t i ..#* .| i.?iior union bv s.>rnc (?f trie formation ot ?i la nor umoii . Tftiiinte i ?dlc-il clerks and compelled to amnai Willi outside labor organizations, which Th. v .I d not desire. They were perfectly -ati-tie.i with the organizations within ; he ranks of the postal service wheh th. v ar. now at liberty to form, he said. \V?- ought to give these clerks the pro tection they wish." said Mr. Nelson. Department Reserves Bights. Letters were read by Senator Bourne chairman of the Senate committee and Sena I oi Heed of Missouri, the one troni the Postmaster General and the other from the second assistant postmaster general, which clearly Indicated aceord ing to Senator Cummins, that the 1 ost Office Department reserves the right^ to b,?, upon the character of all associa t ons within tlie ranks of the postal serv ice which the clerks may join. Mr. <-tim inins declared that while he 1too.'could n .t conceive of a strike on the part of employ es of the government, he could not subscribe to the present policy of the de ' The provision in the bill which assures to clerks the right to be given a bearing w hen charges are brought against them for removal was somewhat strengthened bv the Senate. The same section con tains a provision permitting clerks to carry their grievances to members of congrette or congressional committees. there*>v legislating out of existence the executive orders of former President Roosevelt and President Taft forbidding the clerks to appeal personally to the members of Congress. The Senate com mittee had stricken this provision from the bill. Senator Nelson offefed an amend ment replacing it. Senators Reed Ash urst and Martine also supported this proposition. Final action on all these provisions was finally passed o\er until MThe Votton tariff bill, the unfinished business of the Senate, was passed in order to permit the Senate to proceed with the post office appropriation bill. While considerable progress was made with the latter measure, the greatest points at issue, the provisions for a par cels post and the so-called good roads, provision, were not acted upon. Working Quorum Not Present. It became evident early in the day that a working quorum was not present, and that if a quorum were insisted upon ad journment would follow. Therefore, to cet as much accomplished as possible, the senators passed over knotty points. The Senate did agree, however to vote tomorrow upon the section dealing with the good roads provision and such amendments as might be offered. Thte part of the bill is to be taken up im mediately after the conclusion of morn ins business. _ , The Senate committee has recommend ed that a commission be appointed to look int.. the advisability of the federal gov t.-nnunt giving monetary aid In the con struction >.f roads throughout the <"ou" trv ;?? a substitute for the provision made bi ti e House for the expenditure of about for roads now used by the government tor the transport of the mails Senator Simmons ot North laro Pna advocated an immediate appropria tion. declaring that the farmers of the country had never received the aid f?m the government which has been accorded the railroad and the manufacturing in let est* He said, too, that the practice of appointing commissions to pass upon maturs of public interest had been run into the ground, and that If Congress were not careful the people would come to believe it not capable of passing judg ment on these matters. Newspaper Clause Modified. The Senate modified that section of the bill compelling all newspapers, magazines and other periodicals to make public the names of the publishers, officers of the companies, stockholders and bondholders. The House bill provided that these names should be published daily. The Senate oommittee changed this so that the pub lishers must tile these names with tne Post Office Department twice a year and publish them in an issue immediately toi iowing the tiling of the names. \n effort was made by Senators Gronna and Mcl'umber of North Dakota to have the maximum pay of letter carriers of the rural delivery service increased to ' 11 200 a \ear. The sum fixed by the Sen ate committee is ?1,10U. This matter went over also. Sweden's Patronage of Athletics. From tlie I?>t)'loii rhn-nlcle. It would be hard to find a more appro priate venue for the Olympic i:ames than Stockholm, for Sweden is the only coun try in which the practice of athletics among adults is state-aided. The Swedish National I'nion of Athletes has* since its foundation, received an annual subsidy of jo,m.o crowns from the government. The union bestows ^oid. silver and bronz?* badges on all who atta>n a certain stand ard in athletics. In order to encourage tlie continuance of t.ainirg in later life iliese oadges are bestowed according to age a~ well as proficiency. The gold badge can be secured only by men over thirty two. wl.o < an swim :>?? meters. ta*e a long jump of meters, put the weight l*? meters, and run lo kilometers in So min utes. This performance has to be re peated airnuaiJ> in order to retain the badge. Not the Same Thing. From Fliegt u?le Kia.tter. "My wife, dear doctor, thinks she must go to tiie Riviera for her health. Isn't there some other remedy for her illness?'' ."Yes, I can cure the illntss. but I can't cure your wife." Wonderful. Ffvut the IV:*ton Transcript. Dubbleigh?Your little dog barked at ui-, but stopped when I looked him in the eye. Do you suppose he noticed ray pres ence of mind? Miss Keen -Possibly. They say animals often iMe things that human beings can uot. English Journals Criticise His Titanic Findings. PREDICTIONS CARRIED OUT Expected That Nothing Definite Would Be Determined. SENATE OPINION BETTER English Decision ''Probably Less Honest Than That of Mr. Smith," One Paper Declared. S'peHal Cablegram ti> The Star. LONDON, August lo.?Cabled reports from New York indicating the levity with which Lord Mersey's Titanic report was received in America have had a cool ing effect on the English press. The weekly papers, commenting on the report, nearly all coincide with the American opinion. All virtually admit that the prophecy at the beginning of the inquiry that Lord Mersey would discover nothing and the inquiry would amount to nothing has, been justified by events. The fact is that Lord Mersey was formerly counsel for Mr. Ismay and the White Star line. Dur ing the progress of the inquiry he showed himself the most astute and loyal of the White Star lines able and expensive counsel. Shows Trend of Opinion. The extent to which public opinion is changing regarding the relative merits of the Mersey inquiry and the 1'nited States Senate inquiry is well indicated in the following from this week's issue of The Throne: "The Mersey inquiry into the Titanic disaster has issued its report, and the first thought that will occur to most peo ple is that on the whole it is worth just about as much as notorious Mr. Smith's report and probably less honest. "Certain facts were definitely ascer tained at the inquiry which Lord Mersey has not had the courage to face. For instance, there is the Californian episode. Lord Mersey finds that the ship seen by the Californian on that disastrous night was the Titanic. He records that the distance between the two ships was not more than eight to ten miles. The niglu was clear and the sea was smooth. The ice was loose, not extending for more than two or three miles in the direction of the Titanic. He believes, therefore, that the Californian could have pushed through the ice without serious risk and so have come to the assistance of the great liner. "Had she done so she might have saved many if not all of the lives that were lost. "And that is all Lord Mersey sees fit to say respecting the failure of Capt. Lord of the Californian to have carried out the sacred duty which from time immemorial has been the first law of the sea, namely, to go to the rescue of a ship in distress. Wireless Message Ignored. "His lordship s findings on Mr. Ismay and Sir Cosmo Duff-Gordon are equallv unsatisfactory. He finds that Mr. Ismay was only an ordinary passenger and did not exercise any authority on the vessel, but he carefully ignores the significance attached to the message reporting ice in the vicinity which was handed to Mr. Ismay and which that gentleman placed in his pocket. If Ismay had no part or parcel in the conduct of the liner why was the telegram handed to him? "The learned judge also absolves Ismay j from any blame because he got into a boat while hundreds of his passengers were left to drown like dogs. His report would have commanded more respect had he ignored this episode, for if Ismay I had displayed the same characteristics as ? many heroic victims showed, responsible or not for the navigation, he would have scorned to save his life while many wom en remained aboard. And who could have known better than Ismay that a number of women must have been left behind? "The report will not, I fear, enhance the opinion of either nation respecting the traditions of British character." "Nobody Found to Blame." The Bystander says: "We ventured to prophesy at the time of the appointment that Lord Mersey's Titanic inquiry would .not find anybody particularly to blame for the tragedy. And in that anticipation we are well justified. Nobody is found to blame be cause nobody is to blame except the board of trade, which, having no soul, either to be saved or damned, can bear anything. "On the whole, our press has accepted the findings with characteristic docility, and those who have strong feelinus against anybody will need to look for their reflection in the New York papers There the attacks on English courage and seamanship continue unabated, and it is threatened to boycott the White Star line." "Whitewashing Champion." John Bull says: "Mr. Masterman must look to his laurels or he will lose the whitewashing championship. Lord Mersey has dis covered that excessive speed in the ice region was the immediate cause of the Titanic disaster, and he thinks the board of trade ought to have brought its regu lations up to date. In running at this excessive speed. Capt. Smith cannot be said to have been guilty of 'negligence,' but even if the regulations had been brought up to date it is doubtful whether they would 'have required boat accom modation which would have increased the number of lives saved.' Capt. Smith ought not to have handed Mr. Ismay the warning telegram, and it was 'improper' of Ismay to have retained it. but 'the incident had 110 effect upon the naviga tion ' "Sir Cosmo Duff-Gordon might have encouraged the men to return to the scene of the wreck, but the charge that he bribed them not to do so is 'unfound ed," and, of course. Mr. Ismay did the riMht tiling in jumping ;nto the lifeboat. \\ e shall now watch for the announce ment of the total cost of the inquiry." It is now announced that the total cost of the inquiry will be approximately $i>7,5CO. ASSAILS WOMAN'S GARB. Tends to Destroy Natural Modesty. Says Cardinal Cavallari. Special Cablegram to The Star. VIENNA. August !?.? Considerable in dignation has been caused among ladies in Vienna by the utterances of the Pa triarch Cardinal Cavallari. After making a long quotation from the words of St. Peter on feminine vani ties. the cardinal '.n a recent sermon said: "The extravagance of woman's dress has reached such a point today that even men?I don't speak of Christians, but the ordinary men in the street?feel dis gusted. "Allow me to tell you what indecent clothing is. 1 consider that dresses which iH-rmit the arms and a great part of the neck to be seen, or in which they are only slightly covered with face or trans parent materials, are indecent. Further, skills which cling to the form may be regarded as indecent and as likely to de stroy all feelings of natural modesty. "How can respectable women appear in public thus arrayed? I declare for my part that I will not permit women so bedecked to attend confirmation, either as spectators or as godparents to the children. 1 possess the right to exclude every person who thus shows her want of respect for the holy sacrament." I NOW, after a year's work in the j armory, the National Guard of j the District of Columbia is j in^ to camp. It won't be long before the j rookies are rubbing their backs anil won dering when they are ever going to -?t those ilitrhes dug around the tenia. Wednesday is the day the boys start that is. all organizations except the 1st Fiel<l Battery and the mounted men of the Signal Corps Company. These latter dashing cavaliers will wind their long column of horses, suns, wagons and bag gage out of the city some time this morning. The hour set is ? o'clock, but it is the invariable rule that minor delays j will prevent the column from responding j to the bugle's brassy "forward until f* j o'clock at the earliest. Three days will be consumed in this march over the roads?three tine dajs full of fun and hard work. The horses will i-e green as far us military work is I concerned, and the men will cuss and swear and prav to be delivered trom another enlistment. That feeling will dis appear by the time the first week is past. Tne picket line at night will be quiet attei the tirst few days, and the kicking, whin nying horses will take to the bugles stable call with marvelous docility. i lie two-dollar-a-day truck horses will take on the attitude of the chargers which ibe came famous at Halaklava. and who knows but that Bolivar Heights may go glim mering down the sands of time enrobed in a gown of pure white fame that will put the military and near-military annals of Jhe past to blush. For three days the artillery battery anil Signal Corps ( oinpany will bivouac under j shelter tents: will eat out of hand on the j fieid and be glad when "taps" bids good- I night to the laughing stars that have ! seen many and many a National Guard | company suffering in agony on its first night in camp. * !?! # # And remember, you rookies, the first man who throws a cigarette stump in a company street may have to peel pota toes for a week. * * * * The quartermaster's department has ! completed all details, according to re- I ports, for a circular has been issued as signing wagons and trains. To get the baggage and equipment to camp on time, wagons have been ordered to report at the several armories at * o'clock tomorrow morning, and the prop erty will he hauled to the railroad yards at New Vork and Florida avenues north east. Kield ovens will be issued to the com panies in camp, although the 1st Separate Battalion, the 1st Battery and the Signal Corps Company will take their ovens with them. * * * # Precisely at S o'clock next Wednesday morning the tirst section of the triple jointed troop train for Harpers Ferry w ill pull out of the yards. One Pullman, eight coaches and a stock car will carry the commanding general and staff, offi cers of the staff departments and the staff "non-coms." Capt. Edward Nevils. quartermaster's department, will be j quartermaster for this first section, j Troops and horses of the 1st and 2d > Infantry will follow at half-liour in- ' tervals. Capt. William It. McCathran will he quartermaster for the second section, carrying the 1st Infantry, and Capt. Harry C. Weirich will do the work for the last section and the 2d | Infantry. Three men to two seats, with the extra half seat for rifles anil shelter tent ' rolls will l>e the rule, as usual. * * 4- * Capt. James B. Allison. 7th I'nited J States Infantry, inspector-instructor, will be the busy officer at camp, all right. Just read this assignment of ? duties for regular officers, and be your | own judge. Maj. Irving W. Band will j go with the Medical Corps. Capt. Oliver Spaulding, with the artillery: Capt. George A. Wieczorek of the 4 3d Com pany. Coast Artillery, will be assigned to inspect the Signal Corps Company; Lieut. Francis 13. Eastman, an army J officer assigned as instructor to Dela ware College, will probably inspect the 2d Infantry. Capt. Allison will have brigade headquarters, the 1st Infantry and the 1st Separate Battalion to in ispect. Outside of that he will have little to do, except help Maj. Parmenter. * * * * The exact status of National Guard pay is outlined in a recent circular from head quarters. in which the following para graphs shed light on the important sub ject of money ready to be distributed: "The pay for enlisted men will l?e paid this year for attendance at camp near Har pers Ferry, W. Va.. from August 14 to August 2S, 1012, both dates inclusive, in I case of the land forces, except in case of j enlisted men, other than government em- j ployes. performing duty prior to August I 14 or subsequent to August 2fc, 1012. who j will receive pay for the number of days' duty performed in addition to the camp period, and for attendance at annual i cruise from July 11 to July 24, 1!!12, both ! dates inclusive, in case of Naval Bat talion. "The pay for enlisted men provided for qualification on the target range for year 1912 will be paid this year. When an en listed man has qualified as expert, sharp shooter or marksman for year 1012, nota tion to that effect will be made on the pay roll in column of "Remarks"?for ex ample, "Expert 1012," "Sharpshooter 1012." or "Marksman 1012." "The superintendent of the target range will notify each company com mander. or other proper commander, of the highest qualification made during the target year 1912 by enlisted men of the various organizations, in order that proper notations may be made on pay rolls. "The percentage of attendance of en listed men of land forces will be calcu lated from August 28. 11? 11 (the day after close of the Frederick camp), to August 13, 1912 (the day before the Harpers Ferry camp); the percentage of attendance of enlisted men of She Naval Battalion will be calculated from July 24. 1011 ithe day after the close of cruise of 1911). to July 10. 1912 i the day before the cruise of 1912). "The 'ordered assemblies' during above-mentioned periods will include all drills, parades, practice marches and practice cruises ordered bv these headquarters and by commanders of regiments, battalions, companies and divisions; all sessions of schools held on days or night other than the regular drill assemblies; the annual inspection, and the two days' ordered practice on the target range, which will count as ' two assemblies ^except for members of the Hospital Corps, who are not re quired to fire). "When an enlisted man is tried by court-martial for an absence from an ordered assembly, whether convicted or acquitted, such absence will be ignored in calculating percentage of attendance." * & * ? No one need go hungry when the camp | iK pitched August 11. Coffee and sand-j wiches will be served anil a hundred ra tions for each company will be issued on the spot. An interesting note on one o! the recent circulars is to the effect that no sale commissaries will be maintained this year. That means lots of trade for j the Harpers Ferr> merchants. Hand- j carts will be used again this year. Lum-i bering wagons will not clutter up the I camp roads. j * * * * Post Q. M. Sergts. F. H. Smith and B. P. Shields went to Harpers Ferry Friday j to help git things ready. When they ar- j rived they found that Commissary Sergts. Joseph J. Hartnett and Pifcul It. Rieketts were already on the ground and hard at work. The commissary sergeants had gone up Thursday. On the same order which provided for their duties the reas suring news was given that Michael E. Drew and Frank W. Sigourney of the brigade headquarters office force would accompany the troops again this year. * * * * Here is a problem for company com manders in making up pay rolls. The suggestion was made that it would be a good thing to have the matter settled, hut military men like to study things out for themselves; Cooks on the federal pay roll receive th?^ regular pay of a dollar a day. All * nl;f= I? ? i cooks who have an ?*" per cent at tendant'' during tii" ycUr are entitled to ?L2T? a day for - amp attendance, regard less of rank. Now, paragraph V, O. 8, gives the pay of cooks and assistant cooks at a (lay an.l -S1. ."HI a day. re spectively, and further provides that en listed cooks be used wherever practica ble, and authorizes their pay to be the difference between their pay as enlisted cooks and the aforementioned rate of ?< and Sl.r>o, respectively. Question: Does the difference mentioned appiy to federal pay or District of Co lumbal pay? Apparently it applies to fed etai ray, as the present rat< s, as per ?>? O. >, have applied for several years, and held prior to the adoption of the per diem pay in the District allotment of last year. If the fe.'.eral pa> governs, then they pet a dollar a day as enlisted cooks plus .fl for difference to equal the compensa tion of civilian cooks and an extra dollar and .1 quarter as enlisted men, because of so per i tnt attendance. That makes a day. There is another way of looking at it. They get a dollar a day as enlisted cooks on the federal pay roll. 7."> cents a day difference between District pay and cook's pay. which makes SI.751 a day, and to that some wilt add the .SI.25 a day for enlisted man's pay. Also it has been held that cooks get the sum of federal ) ay as cooks plus the per diem pay as enlisted men. an I as this exceeds the District's SJ a day there is "nothing doing above that figure." BINDS ROTHSCHILD FORTUNE. Engagement of Lionel to Miss Beer Announced. S'j>cci:il <'abN-aram n> The St;:r. IA)XDOX, August 10.?The announced engagement of Lionel de Rothschild, M. 1*.. to Marie Louise Beer has aroused mud? interest, because the alliance adds one snore to U'c long series of weddings within the Rothschild family which have served to keep the enormous and constantly, increasing fortune intact. Aiisvs Beer is a sister of Baroness Rob ert de Rothschild. Her father, Lomond Beer, conducts important banking in stitutions in Paris, and her aunt, Alme. .liuillaunie Beer, is known in Paris liter ary circles under the nom de plume of "Jean Doris." Lord Rothschild, head of the K'nglish house, and uncle of the present bride groom, married his cousin, Emma Louise Rothschild of Frankfort. Lord Rothschild's father married a daughter of Baron Charles Rothschild of Xaples. Baron Oustave Rothschild of the Aus trian house married his cousin, Betty, also an Austrian Rothschild. These are only a few of the many links that unite the Rothschilds and their fortunes from generation to generation. DIVIDED ON DIVORCE. British Royal Commission May Never Make Report. S|i?'? ial Cuijlfgraui i? Tin- Star. LOXDOX. August l<i.?The royal coin mission appointed by the late King Ed ward nearly three years ago to investi gate divorce* has not vet reported and rumors are now current that the commis sion is unable to agree, !t is ?tated in we.I informed circles that the commission may never report, for it Is as violently divided in opinion as the Very married couples whose unhappy conjugal rela tions It was appointed to investigate. After solemnly taking testimony from more than loo alleged experts the com mission was worse ofT than when it be K?n. The trouble seems lo be that these experts were almost equally divided on the essential questions.* For instance, nineteen witnesses, including judges, so licitors and clergymen, dec ared that di vorce ought to be granted to ill assorted couples on nood and sufficient grounds. Exactly nineteen other witnesses, equally prominent and from the same walks, tes tified that divorce had proved an un mitigated evil and ought not to be grant ed on any grounds whatever. 1 lu* commission itself is likewise equal ly divided; therefore, the only solution of lii dilemma appears to be?divorce. HIS LIFE A FORFEIT. Carelessness of Soldier Causes Ex plosion on Practice Ground. Special Cablegram to The Star. BERLIN", August 10?A curious acci dent which cost one soldier his life, and by which four others were injured, two of them seriously, occurred on the artil lery practice ground at Kummersdorff, some distance to th? south of Berlin. There had been target practice, and, ac cording to prescription, a party of sol diers were searching the ground for the shells which had not exploded and the 1 ragments of those which had. One of the men found a live projectile, and. in defiance of the regulations, hurled it carelessly on to the cart on which the proceeds of the search were being loaded. The shell at once exploded, blowing the vehicle to pieces and scattering splinters of metal in all directions. The soldier to whose carelessness the accident was due was literally torn to pieces- One of his comrades was seriously wounded in the leg. the bone being shattered, so that amputation will probably be necessary, while the third was injured in the abdo men. PEARL HUNTS WITH X-RAY. New System "Will Be Inaugurated in the Indian Ocean. Special r.'ililf'zrmn t<. Tin* .Star. LOXLOX, August 10.?The oysters in the Indian ocean are to have the X-rays turned on to them to discover the |>ear!s that may be hi.ldt n in the shells. The proposal is made by Lieut Col. K. Mac Kenzie Foss, who is interested in the Ceylon pe-tr! fisheries. Hitherto the* procedure has been to open the oyster, ahd if no pearl is found it is llun-,' back dead into the sea. 1 he use of the X-rays as applied in surgery would, of course, entail an ex p nditure which wou d be almost pro hibitive in the pearl fishing industry, but it is said that means will be found to render the rays available for operation in bulk at a much reduced cost. Lieut. Pol. Foss, who has seen a j;reat deal of the oyster tisl.ing in Ceylon, hopes to put the scheme to a practical test shortly. The Dinner Hour. From tin* London Chronicle. The hour of dining has advanced with the centuries. Froissart men tioned waiting on the Duke' of Lan caster at 5 in the afternoon after he had supped and was about to go to bed, and the preface to the Heptam eron shows that the Queen of Navarre dined at 10 o'clock in the morning. From the Xorthumberland Household Book, dated 1512, we learn that the ducal family rose at 6. breakfasted at 7. dined at 10, supped at 4 and retired for the night at i> I-ouis XIV did not dine till 12, while his cotcmporaries. Cromwell and Charles II, took the meal at 1. In 1700 the hour was advanced to 2; in 1751 we find the Duchess of Somerset din ing at 3, anil in 1760 Cowper speaks of 4 o'clock as the fashionable time. After the battle of Waterloo the dinner hour was altered to 6, front which time it lias aelvanced by half-hour stages to 8. So that in 400 years the dinner hour had gradually moved through at least ten hours of the d-??. WHEN YOU THINK OF FURNITURE THINK OF JACKSON'S Stvc. ?T v 11 C 3 11 Xii f p yaTOS! *Hv??i9 Store Sevev\ft\Sired We've converted the usual dull month into the busiest month of the year, and Low Prices Are Doing It Everything in the house is marked down?Furniture and Fir or Coverings were never sold at such low prices. Try Our Mew Method Credit Plan $1.85 For this Solid Oak Dining Chair with leather seat. A $3.00 value. $1.85 For Extra Large Rattan Rocker. Not the Cheap Kind. This Fine Telephone Stand and Seat Complete for ? ? ? ? a $2.45 Solid oak Early English finish. | Value, ,$5.00. fV"^~ ? ["or this Kle^ant Minimi \\ m<d Footsto*>1. with leatherette top. Value. $1.00. 1 No I'hone ?>r Mail Orders.I All Go-Carts at Cost All Refrigerators at Cost $@.85 For this American Quartered Oak Claw-fcct Extension Table Massive Pedestal. Regular $15.00 value. > ---V oev :-V, ,1 Ts'A dt& Imperial Leather Couch, $8.90 ACTUAL $15 VALUE. s t - * 1 l?otiom construction: nicely tufted. A very special value. This $45.00 Elegant Hand-Polished Piano Finish Three-Piece Parlor Suite for . . . This suite is high class in every particular, and is eminently suitable for the best homes. Jt is upholstered in the finest materials and is of the latest sanitary construction. $29.85 Headquarters lor Genuine Damard Guaranteed Brass Beds See Our Matchless Stock of Brass Beds. GL7 Prices start at Mr" SKe S\9 Store 915 to 925 Seventh Street ?? Winchester Preserved Through Efforts of Diver. COMMENDED BY THE KING Works Nearly Six Years in Murky Waters to Prevent Destruction of Historic Building. Special Cablegram to The St nr. LONDON, August 1<?.? Once more the king has shown his personal interest in those who do the hard manual work of the world. His visit to Winchester for the service of thanksgiving which marked the saving of the cathedral from decay 1ms had as its hero a workingman. The danger 'o the stability of the ca thedral was due to the foundations being laid upon marshy soil. When T. G. Jackson, the architect called in to advise the dean and chapter, laid bare these foundations seven years ago he found that there was a great quantity of water under the church. Eight hundred years ago the eastern arm of the cathedral had Lten built upon the trunks of trees laid lengthwise upon soft soil. Gradually these sank and it was necessary to sup ply the support they had ceased to give by underpinning the cathedral with blocks of concrete. This was work which had to be done in water and under water by a diver. This diver. William Robert Walker, figured very honorably and prominently in the proceedings. Diver Gets Mention. In the account of the preservation of the cathedral which was sent to tiie king the diver was thus mentioned: "The same diver his carried throueh the whole work of underpinning. For five and a half years he has been bur rowing under the cathedral, laboring in the dark, the water being too discolored to allow of the use of electric li.^ht. No one could supervise him, but no portion of the work was scamped. Whenever Mr. Fox, the engineer, put on diving dress?and went down to inspect he found that the diver had conscientiously and most effectively performed his task. The public owes Mr. Walker a great debt of gratitude." The king, having read this tribute, said he would like to make Mr. Walker's ac quaintance. After the service, when their majesties went to look at the new but tresses on the south side of the nave, the diver was presented. The king shook him cordially by the hand. "How long have you been at work here?" he inquired. "Nearly six years, your majesty," was the reply. , "And how many hours a day were you actually in the water?" "Si:: hours a uay, t?ir." "Really?" the kins said. "I congratu late you upon your feat in saving the cathedral." Archbishop Praises Him. Mr. Walker is a Londoner, a sturdy, fresh-complexioned, pleasant-mannered type of skilled artisan, lie received the congratulations of his majesty aivl other quests with charming modesty. The Archbishop of Canterbury, in his sermon, spoke of him by name and in terms of hitch commendation. "It made me feel rather uncomfortable to be spoken of in the pulpit and before all that host of people," said Mr. Walker, "but I dare say they didn't know 1 was the man his grace was talking about. Was it difficult? Well, it wasn't easy, but I would gladly do it all over again. I am a proud man to have been able to help in such a grand work." The total cost of this work up to the present lias been $o7<VKS<?. This was raised l>v public subscription without any great difficulty, not in large gifts, but for the most part in ijuite small sums. Spe cial prayers were included in the service with reference to those who had contrib uted and taken part in the operations. Service Is Impressive. The king, wearing a frock coat with gray waistcoat and hat, and a white [lower in his buttonhole, and the r.ueen, in pin;., with a feathered hat, arrived at the cathedral after their visit, to tiie Guild hall at half past The service was impressive and the music very tine. One felt tiie thrill of the legend on the cover of the order of the service: Wiai'ho.-it'-r Cathedral. Relit to tin- giory <tf iI<hI lo.ST-l'lt.'t. Preserved from daujr.M- liv the ;roodn>'s? of <i?d Consecration on St. S.witliin's Day. l'j:K2. Th-mUsgivinsj service. St. Swiihiii's Day. 1012. That drove home the continuity of tiie noble traditions; and the enduring faith which.the glorious pile of grav stones enshrines. Here were consecrated and buried the earliest kings of Kngiand. hwe came now the reigning King of Kngiand, their successor, to worship and give thanks under the beautiful groined and vaulted roof, under the vast walls and soaring arches which have seen so much of tiie history of England made. Song' Writers' Profits. From th;' London Chronicle. Othe.- musicians besides merely comic song writers have gained golden rewards by their works. Sullivan received ?10,000 in royalties from "Tiie Lost Chord." "In Old Madrid" brought its composer?until then unknown to fame??lu,tx?0, and for "My Pretty Jane" Bishop received ?" ?00 a line. It is not always the composer, however, who reaps Die fruits of success. "Alice, Where Art Thou?" was offered to several publishers for a five-pound note, and declined, and "Kathleen Ma vourneen" was sold by its composer for that amount. Henry Russell soid "Cheer. Boys, Cheer," for <?> shillings. Now what is the real difference in value (barring luck) between "The Lost Cho:d" and "Clieer, Boys, Cheer"? m COTTON MARKETS. NEW YORK N'BW YORK, August 10.?The cotton market was extremely nervous and irreg ular today, with an early rally followed by renewed weakness, and with the elose barely steady at a net decline of 7 to 11 points. The market opened steady at a decline of 1 to <? points, which was only a par tial response to weak Liverpool cables, and during the early trading sold a point or two above the closing figures of lasi night on covering of shorts over ^he week end. and buying for a reaction en couraged by further scattering reports of too much rain in eastern and central sec tions of the belt. The eastern belt forecast for local showers tonight and tomorrow appeared to encourage the demand, hut the ap pearance of selling orders in the hands of leading sjot brokers checked the rally, and the market later turned easier again under a continuation of this seiling and liquidation by early buyers. Closing prices were at the lowest point of the day. There was a tendency to disreg ud the break in Liverpool on the ground that it had been caused by unfounded rumors of financial troubles in the souih, anu tin cables were hardly a factor litre at any time during the day. Wail street and local traders were cred ited with bting the chief buyers on the early rally, while several prominent si"?t houses were supposed to l?e selling, anu the offerings fr ?in this source were cred ited by local gossip with being chiefly responsible for the setback in the later trading. Business was much less active than yesterday. Cotton?Spot closed quiet; middling up lands, 12.:?0; middling gulf, 1 - o-?; no salt s. Cotton futures closed barely steady. Ota*. Hiell. L<>w. t'i-ise. j January 11.so 11'.*1 11.>>5 11.so Keltruary 11.Ml ll.yri 11.5*2 ll.s?ia.$S I Mai'eli Jl.:t.i 1J.02 11...2 11.?2 April 112.02 11.H2 11.MI May 12,01 12.or. 12.0! !2.<*? June 12.?1 12 00 12.?;! 12 oO July 12.01 12.tr. I2.;>1 12-O'J Au-'ust 11.tr. Il.?7 11 ?!2 11 St-i.ti-uiiier 11.W5 11.7?l 1'..7<I 1 1.?'?;ui?.n j (H-tolier ii.11>:? ll.sii 11-s.iaSl i NVneuib?!,- .... ll.so II.v.l II.mi ll.s2aSI t I>eci'u:U-i- 11.SSI ll.tiT 11. "W ll.STaSS NEW ORLEANS. S1ZW ORLEANS, August 1<?.?The col ton market had an easy undertone the larger part of the time this weelt. Heavy liquidation of the long interest took t.lace and much cotton was soid short, in the early part of the week it was evident that large operators were working hard to dislodge the weaker longs. Contin ued good weather conditions in the nc.t were the deciding influence, and the course of prices took a strong turn in favor of the bear side. The high prices were made Monday and the low prices were mad*' Friday. At the highest the trading months were 13 to 11 points over last week's close; at the lowest they were Hi to "O points under. The range was 7."> to S4 points. The net change for the week was a decline of 57 to (10 points. At the close of the week the market was generally considered to be in a bet ter technical position than for a long time past, and there was some tendency toward a reaction upward. Y'ea*'u'r conditions, however, were too favorable cm the whole to allow much (resli b ly ing for long account. , During the week considerable rain fell in Texas an.l Oklahoma, where it wa> badly needed, and crop reports fron those two states became very flat .ei'iiu.. Much rain fell in th>? eastern and cen tral portions of tin- belt also. but i! ? th?* general opinion that tin- muis'-iir* did more Kood than harm, although so"> ?? sections of the Atlantie states r? porti I that more rain would be detrimental t > [ the best growth of the crop. In the spot department, prices lost oii" half of a cent, middling cl< sing at 12 < against rj7s last wet k an?l 12 cents this week last year. Sa'es on the spot amount ed to -<17 bales, agiinst l.*?5 last week ai'1 this week last year; sales to arrive amounted to bales, against 72 last week and none this week last year. Spot cotton? Quiet and steady. off; middling, 12-V Sales on the s|mh 1"> baies; to arrive 1. Cotton futures opened steady at a de cline of 7 t > !? points on poor cables and a go d weather map. Private dispatches from Liverpool stated that the market there ha:l broken on reports of the Imp ure of a his cotton house i??>this market. This report proved utterly untrue. At the end of tl.< first half hour of business prices were still 7 to !? points down. Toward the middle of the morning the market did better on a good demand front shorts, who wanted to take profits over the week ? nd. At the highest the trading months went I to points over yesterday's final quota tions. Later the demand from shorts fell off ar<l the market had little sup pert w ;th the result that prices s.:gj:< I :i;ain. this time going 12 to 11 points, under yesterday's closing level. Futures closed steady at a net decline of pi to 17 points. Closing bids; August, ll.!?7; September, 11.110: October, 11.P1; Decern! er, 1lt?l; .1; nuarv, 11.March, 12<'?;. and May. 12.1C. Cotton futures closed steady at a net loss of 1" to 17 points after a short session that opened with the market 7 to II down. Shorts who sought profits ov. r the week end stirred up the market dur ing the early part of the morning, but the demand did not continue and dullness that set in. continued till the close. Muntil. < ?:?-n High Low. ('!. j. ?. Aiiifii?l r.'.tii* U.tiT Sc|i'- iniH-r ?II'.e.|? 12.04 12.:'4 11 f 1 !14.'!'7 12.< 4 H.vn il?il 1 i-emlMT 1 l.!<",u!?: r_' e:, It ::J u January 11 .!!.>.>:?!? 11 11 v., Man-li 12-Walo 12. ?; M:i *" 12 2*i 12.'J I lJL'i lJ.i ?Bid. FRUIT MARKET. NEW YORK. August Id.?Evaporated, apples?Finn. Prunes?Stiady. Apri<>ts ?Quiet; choice, .v^a^j: fancy. 1??al2. Peaches?Dull. Raisins? Irregjiar; loo--# muscatels. ?:*^a?-t4; ehoice to fancy. seedless, 'London layers, 14oal.l.V DRY GOODS MARKET. NEW YORK, August lO.?The cotton goods markt-ts are quiet and iirm. Cotton yarns are steady. Burlaps are active an't tending higher, l^arge initial orders tor spring have been plaeed on dress linens. If you want work read the wmit col* umna of The Stair.