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Wttk ?unday Morning Edition. WASHINGTON. STOBAY Aoguat 25, 1012 SHEODOBB W. NOTES Editor fit EtcbIik Star l?ew????e* Company. tulDMi Oflrt, 11th St. and Pmiflnnli Avenue. New York Office: Tribune Building. Chicago Office: First National Bank BaiUIif. European Office: 8 Begent St., London, England. T1>* Evening Star, wltfc the Sunday morntnf Mltton. le dclUerel by carrier* within the city ? t 43 rents per month; daWy only. 23 centa per month: Sunday only, 2u centa per month. Urdcra nay be sent by mall, or telephone Main 2440. Collection is made by carrier at the cad of each Bonth. By man. pontage prepaid: ? ?ally, Pnnday Included, one month. SO centa. ?'?lly, Snnday etcepted, one month. 40 centa. Saturday Star, 91 year. Sutday c>tar. $2.40 year. Kntered as second-clans mall matter at the post office at Washington. D. G. C7In order to avoid delayi en account of persona! absence letter* to THE STAB should hot be addressed to any individual connected with the office; but simply to THE STAB, or to the Editorial or Business Department, according to tenor or purpose. A Campaign Sign. An army of spellbinders i9 mustering for the fray. The republican managers. It Is said, are embarrased by the large offerings on their side. Every other ready talker of that faith In the coun try wants to talk for Taft. There is likewise a stir of tongues on the democratic side, and as many of Mr Roosevelt's followers are young men new to campaigning, the lure of the stump Is strong with them. This means two things: (1) Campaign funds of generous size, and (2) old fashioned appeals when the stumpers get In full sway. Spellbinders love their work, but also love to be paid for It. Few contribute their gestures and vocabularies free. The great majority want to see the color of their party's money. The lal?orer with his tongue Is worthy of his hire. Prices vary, of course. The stirrer of the cross-roads rates below the stirrer of the county-seat, and the stirrer of the countv-seat below the stirrer of the me tropolis. Rut even the lowest grade spouter wants good pay, and usually gets It. So that the full bill for spouting? for lashing the dense people into action for saving the country?Is large. Mr. Taft's speech of acceptance was not particularly aggressive, and Mr. "Wil son's lacked all suggesions of fury. The first Judgment, therefore, was that their champions on the stump would guide by those deliverances. But as it is difficult to teach old stumpers new tricks, this eagerness of the old guard for action foretells that when they get Into action they will proceed In the old way. holding the opposition accountable for all that is bad. or that threatens, and st oring him in all the terms of well-paid v. tupe ration. As for the so-called progressives, mod eration is not an element of their being. Their chief is their authority for believ ing everything crooked, and the crooks the worst of the human kind. As they appraise the situation, they are fighting an enemy Intrenched In power, and another enemy seeking lntrenchment there, and both as like as two peas in all that favors subserviency to predatory wealth. Why moderation in such a field of endeavor? Why not the black flag and no quarter? See how Mr. Roosevelt waves it, and leads the way . Well, we are all familiar with the flag, and somehow we like it. Long years of It have not dulled our appreciation of! a performance which, though In past pure farce, continues to attract, like the cirrus, or the negro minstrel monologlst with his extravagances and baggy um brella. Turkish Troubles. Pity the sorrows of the Sick Man of Europe' Tormented by internal political disagreements, harassed br Italy in Tripoli, confronted by an Albanian un rest that calls for tlie most drastic treat ment, calculated only to increase the difficulty, the Turkish government is now menaced in another quarter. Montenegro, a tittle state lying on the Turkish border, a very Balkan of Balkan firebrands, is showing an ugly front. Xot long ago some Montenegrins were slain by Turks. Th.* affair was promptly styled by the Montenegrins a massacre and representa tions were made to the powers that Turkey was offending grievously against the laws of civilization. As though the laws of civilization have had anything to do with Turkey and Turkish adminis trative affairs for a very long time! Of course, Turkey will disclaim that It has hal a light view of the requirements of a civilized power, but there are certain very bloody pages in its recent history that giv? the lie to the pretensions of irght to be cIimhI as a member of the family of nations in good standing. Montenegro is not only a peppery little neighbor, birt it is a relative by marriage to Italy. The present Queen of Italy is a daughter of the venerable King of Montenegro, and there Is doubtless at this time a good deal of open and aboveboard rooting in Montenegro for the succeas of Italy's arms in Africa. If now th? peo ple of the "black mountain" fly to arms agali at Turkey in the hills the woes of the SUk Man will be greatly Increased. Albania. Montenegro. Italy all at once to light, and with always the possibility of Bulgaria and Servia getting Into the g.jne as antagonists. Who would want to be Sultan of Turkey, even for the privilege of being supreme commander of the faithful and direct official and theoretically lineal representative of Ma homet? King George recently ha* a fine day at grouse shooting. K>en a monarch likes to take a day off and wander out Into the open with a shotgun. A Newport young woman wears a monocle It Is hoped that none of those ?wlndow-glafs-smashir.g suffragettes will happen along. The Roosevelt party organization should not be regarded as complete until It has appointed a board of lady managers. Teddy, Georgie and Bill. Said the young politician to the old: "I don't nee why George Terklns should be appealing for a new order of things In the Interests of his children He has prospered under the existing order." "Yes, but slowly. He Is between fifty and sixty years o'.d, and It has taken all that time for him to gather together the mea?ly littl?* fifteen or twenty million dol lars lie possesses. He doesn't want George. Jr , to be so hampered. He wants his son to have a better chance than he has had. It is a worthy desire. His belief Is that If the way is cleared the young man can n.ake his pile while still young, and have many years In which to enjoy It." "Rut aren't get-rlch-quick methods risky?" "Of course. But all of us must take our risks in this world. The daddy has taken his risks, and the son must take his. Progress, my dear boy. That la the t>hib feoleLb of Perkins and his friend* In this r carhpatgn. The elder Perkins assumes that the younger la not a mollycoddle, but will be able to keep up with a swift procession." "How about Pllnnr* "Well, his case Is quite as clear. Bill, too. Is getting along In years, and yet Is only a parochial boss. He has no power outside of Pittsburgh Quay, on the other hand, was a boss with national Influence when a young man. and Penrose, who Is only fifty, was a senator at thirty-five, and at a little the rise of forty was help ing to elect Roosevelt President with Standard Oil money.'' "A matter of jealousy?" "A matter of Jealousy, I strongly sus pect. Bill thinks that Quay and Penrose had advantages denied to him, and he wants the way cleared for Bill, jr. Like Perkins, a worthy desire." "A get-boss-qulck scheme?" "Just that. A young boss made while you wait." "Why did these men turn to Roose velt?" "Naturally. Teddy was born rich, and knows how useful a pile is to a youngster with ambition and the spirit of git-up and-git. Had he been born poor, or ham pered in some way, his progress might have been much slower." "How long does "his boss-ship go bAck? ' "To the nursery, I have no doubt. The probability is lie bossed the other chil dren, appropriated and beat his brother s drum, in addition to his own, and rode iiis brother's stick horse all around the block." "He certainly began early in politics." "As soon as he entered politics. The spirit of the boss showed in him thirtj years ago, and lie has been getting away with the goods ever since. Today he is the most, arrant boss in America. All the j others yield the pas to him." "You describe a sympathetic trio." "I do, indeed. Tedd, Georgie and Bill make a vigorous team. Bosses In one thing, bosses in all. All for one, and one for all." "Psychologists" After Longworth. Let no friend of Nicholas Longworth be disturbed. The representative of the first Ohio district will be returned to Congress. Mr. Zwick, or Mr. Trick, or Mr. Any body else, or all three together, may fight, but will fight In vain. Mr. Longworth, it is true, is slightly embarrassed this year. The bull moosers criticise him because he is a Taft man, and owes his Introduction to politics to Boss Cox. Some republicans object to him because of his relations to Theodore Roosevelt. They would visit the sins of the father-in-law upon the son-in-law. But, in the end, the republican voters, and maybe some democratic voters, in the Longworth district will plump for the right man. All the charges against Mr. Longworth are well founded. He is a Taft man. He did receive the indispensable support of Boss Cox in his first aspirations to serve in Congress. And he is the son-in-law of Mr. Roosevelt. To say that he is a Taft man is simplj to say that he is a republican. Were he supporting Mr. Roosevelt, who is no longer a republican, he would have no claim himself on republican support When Mr. Longworth first offered for Congress Mr. Cox was the republican boss of Cincinnati. He could not have been elected over the boss' opposition. He was elected with the boss" aid. But the choice reflected credit on the boss' Judgment. Mr. Longworth made good in the House, and has been there ever since. He is now a leader on his side of the chancer. If he remains, and his party recovers its power "there this year, or two years hence, he may become a for midable aspirant for floor leader. With Mr. Mann in the chair, and Mr. Long worth at the head of ways and means, the republicans would be exceedingly well led. It is suggested that "psychologists" are at work in Cincinnati; that this bull moose opposition, to Mr. Longworth i3 only a bluff; that the object is to im press folks at a distance with a notion that progressive virtue Is so firm and uncompromising it demands a victim right at the Roosevelt door, so to say. Maybe this is so. Remember the south ern contests at Chicago. On their face they looked square. A confiding public was for a time deceived. But the truth would out even in a Rooseveltian howl about fraud; and then it was discovered that the fraud was all on the Roosevelt side. But not, however, until republican voters In Pennsylvania, Illinois and else where had voted at primaries under the delusion that Mr. Roosevelt had. swept the south clean. The progressives moro In a mysterious way their wonders to perform. Their latest play is in Cincinnati. Let every body watch it. Lieut. Beckef is said to be worried. He may be apprehensive about the charges against him and then again ne may be feeling the natural anxiety of a man whose savings bank account Is being kicked around. Senator Penrose is divulging statistics and real names with great industry and apparently without the slightest desire for any consideration as an immunity. The adjournment of Congress may make it a matter of regret at the White House that the date for the Thanksgiving proclamation cannot be advanced. Lovers of a good old-fasnioned argu ment must sometimes regret that W. J. Bryan and Henry Wattemon belong to the same party. After a vice presidential candidate lias been notified he stands aside and wonders what will happen next. National Campaigning. Behold a new sign of the growth of the country. Only a few years ago both of the great parties in pres.dential years ope rated from New York. Campaign man agers directed everything fioin the metropolis. Money was raised there iu large sums. Lieutenants at a distance were summoned there for consultation and fresh orders. Spellbinders were as signed iroin there. The whole held was surveyed from there. Then came the recognition of the mid dle states and the west, near and far. and branch headquarters were opened in Chicago. The work was divided. Man agers in New York kept close track of the developments east of the All^senies, and managers in Chicago as close track of things west of the mountains. This year still another division has been made, and the l'ar west is to have attention of its own. Republicans, demo crats and progressives will all have head quarters west of the Rockies. Tue situa tion out there Is quite as confused as in other sections, and play is to be made close up for votes. M^n familiar with the territory will be in charge, and everything will hum. The south alone receives no attention. She needs none. If that section were debatable, we should see Atlanta or New Orleans made the seat of great political activity, liut the south is democratic, and will remain so without an effort this year Mr. Roosevelt's appeal will ine? t with no response, and the republic ans well understand that they have not the ghost of a chance. The personal re A spect felt for Mr. Taft will not find ex pression in votes at the polls. We are one people, of course, ?? re spects the national welfare. An Injury to one section Is an Injury to all, and a benefit to one Is a benefit to all. But tastes differ as respects campaigning for votes, and both party managers and party spellbinders must study those tastes. One man's meat is another man's poison. What may prove effective as a maneu ver or a speech In one section might prove disastrous In another. But, although different methods are necessary, all sections In their several ways require whooping up. We take our politics seriously, if somewhat hilariously. We love melodrama, and our quadrennial play calls for a villain who meditates wrong, and a hero whose business it Is to foil him. The stage thunder must be deafening. The flashes of lightning must be blinding. And the text of the drama must he replete with proclamations all bearing upon the central theme of saving the country. Probe the Charge! Representative Johnson's assertion th.it his life is menaced by some unnamed citi zen of Washington, presumably in cop sequence of his activities as chairman of the House District committee, must be regarded seriously, however it may lack in plausibility. The District of Columbia has had a long range of experiences with Congress, has known many chairmen of committees, has suffered most grievously through inattention and Injustice, more seriously even than of recent months. It most assuredly has no reason to feel toward Chairman Johnson as toward an enemy. It recognizes his sincerity and his earnest desire to do what he regards as just and best for the District. It may not relish the prospect presented by some of the legislation contemplated by him, but it feels confident that these matters can be adjusted satisfactorily in the two houses, and that everything will come out right eventually. To charge an intent to kill, as a means to ward off certain projected legislation, however, is to accuse the District of mur derous motive, and there should be an early and a thorough Inquiry Into this matter, not by a committee of Congress, but by the grand jury of the District. This is a most serious suggestion that is advanced by Mr. Johnson, and he should stand ready to disclose the name of his fnformant, and to furnish all possible means of tracing the murderous purpose to the source?if there is such a purpose in the mind of any Washlngtonian. If the charge is baseless, a serious offense has been wrongfully charged against the District, and it is due to the good name of this community to have the falsity of the charge established. The filing of an affidavit with Speaker Clark does not cover the requirements of the case. It seems incredible that there should be any effort to tamper with the letters of a United States senator so frank in giving the public every detail of his intellectual activities as Senator La Fol lette has been. Sooner or later there Is likely to be some argument between Candidate Roose velt and Manager Perkins as to which wields a controlling interest in the bull moose pageant. Nat Goodwin's boating accident was serious. But he began to recover as soon as he was informed that it was nothing that could require him to pay alimony. As an interested observer of base ball Mr. Taft has developed a sportsman like reluctance about playing to the grandstand. The populist party is said to be out of business, but there are suspicions that It is working under an alias. Nicaragua is in too impetuous a mood to draw distinctions between a revolu tion and a massacre. Prejudice against the "newly rich" is finding active expression in New York's police sensation. The Bull Moose cigarette has no rela tionship whatever to the pipe of peace. SHOOTING STABS. BY PHILANDER JOHNSON. A Social Misstep. "How do you know that man is of the new rich and not eligible to our exclusive society?" 'Easily. He got out of step while danc ing the 'turkey trot.' " Possibilities Ignored. "You don't pay much attention to the standard writers on political economy." "No," replied Senator Sorghum. "They lacked energy and ambition. With all those ideas any one of them could have gotten out and formed a new party." One of the benefits of a summer excur sion is relief in noting how much less crowded the city seems by comparison. Political Partings. The campaign soon will slip away. The contest will be o'er And friendships will revive, they say. To last for four years more. Extenuating Phraseology. "How does an alienist manage to secure leniency for a prisoner in so many cases?" "Owing to a peculiar trait of human nature which makes crime seem less ob jectionable when presented under a scien tific ns.nie." Signs of Approval. "So you think you will propose to that young woman?" said the inquisitive friend. "Yes," replied the cool, calculating youth. "Do ycu think you would be acceptable to her parents?" "I um jiure of it. They have frequently invited me to dinner, and they invariably have fried chicken and ice cream." Insidious Hate. He is min.* enemy I know And loathes me In his heart. And yet no grudge to him I owe For his infriendly part; Since Fate In its adjustment grim Gives me my turn to gloat. As new misfortunes follow him. He has a motor boat. I often go with him to ride. While seeming to admire, I love in secret to deride And see his face perspire. The things he says beneath his breath With Inward glee I note. Sometimes I'm nearly pleased to death. He has a motor boat. I think of him j'ar from the shore Run short of gasoline And limply hanging to an oar. My feelings are serene. Perhaps he'll nea-ly starve some day . While helplessly afloat. A sweet revenge has come my way. lie has a motor boat. KEEPING THE RECORD OF CONGRESS During the second session of the Sixty second Congress the business coming be fore both houses was bo Report of great that 13,000 pages were ? ? required to report it, that constituting the size of the Congressional Record. This year's per manent Record, the bound edition of the proceedings, will number twelvs or thir teen volumes, the largest ever printed. Getting out the Congressional Record constitutes one of the most important and enormous tasks confronting those who work to keep the wheels of the gov ernment going. Its real beginning, of course, is in the minds of the senators and representatives, whose words, seri ous or Jocular, go to make up the ma terial for this report of the proceedings of our legislature. But the actual work of reproducing these words In the daily account of the happenings on "the Hill" requires the aid of several score of alert, quick-witted persons, who are ready to do strenuous hustling at all times. The first step in the making of the Con gressional Record, after that of the ac tual remarks of senators or representa tives, is taken by the congressional re porters. Six of these in each branch of Congress carry the burden of taking down every word uttered on the floor, moving to and fro in an effort to keep up with the rapidly flying words. From the second that the gavel falls in the hands of Vice President Sherman or Speaker Clark they are at their posts, and remain there until the last syllable has been uttered, which brings about the day's adjournment. # * * Each corps works In shifts. Number one works from five to ten minutes, and is then relieved by number Work ill two, and so on. As soon as q, number one Is relieved he OlllltS. hurries from the floor to the transcribing room, where he reads off his copy into a phonograph. In the or dinary course of events a reporter takes down from 1.000 to 2.000 words during his shift, which is sufficient to fill about one wax phonograph cylinder and one column of the Record, During a busy session the shifts are cut to five or six minutes, which gives number one Just thirty minutes before he must take his place on the floor again. In that time he must not only read his copy into the phonograph, but correct the copy of his previous shift, which a typewriter has been engaged in copying from the dicta tion of his phonograph record. Even in times of ordinary routine busi ness a reporter must be both quick witted and quick-footed. But in times of stress he must be doubly quick. He must be ready to hasten from spot to spot on the floor, writing as he goes, in order to be near the person speaking. Reporting on the floor of either branch of Congress runs from 125 to as high as 250 words a minute. At this rate a single day's pro ceedings will amount to about 00,000 words. That means that each reporter is accountable for 10.000 words, which he must not only have taken down, but re vised in their typewritten state. The number of typewritten pages each day amounts to from 250 to W0. although as many as 750 have been written in time of necessity. The average rate of speed in taking the dictation from the phono graph is about sixty words a minute. * * * I-ike a daily newspaper, not even death can stop the work of getting out the Rec ord. And to insure this Getting Out absolutely a chain has , _ , been formed of many the Record, links, each important in the work of transforming each day's work at the Capitol Into the printed copy of the Record. In the southwest corner of Statuary Hall Is a small office, in which is to be found Andrew Smith. Alert, ever on the rush, but ever cour teous, "Andy," as he is popularly called, is the representative of the government printing office at the Capitol. He acts i much as a lubricant to a huge pulley j strap, for it is he who sees that all goes smoothly at that end. Whatever the clog may be, he is apt to know more about it than any one cise, and to be able to straighten it out, for Mr. Smith has held his position for almost forty years. He is also a bureau of information, for to him come senators, representatives, mes sengers and a horde of merely idly cu rious people, each with some question or other that must be intelligently answered. After Mr. Smith come "Sam" Robinson I and "Billy" Madden, the two bicycle mes sengers who carry the typewritten copy from the Capitol to the government print ing office. They also are important links in the chain, for beginning at about 5 o'clock in the afternoon they start to carry the copy from one building to the other. But that does not constitute their whole duty, nor really the most strenuous part of it. As soon as copy is received at the printing office it Is sent to the "jacket room," where the time of its ar rival is noted and its future progress as sured. It then goes to the linotype room, where It is taken by operators who set it in type. As soon as it is set up proofs are taken. It is at this point that the troubles of "Sam" Robinson and "Billy" Madden really begin. Usually, senators and representatives desire to look over their remarks of the day to see that they are correct or to alter the phraseology slight ly, and in order that this may be done proofs are sent to them. The corrections, however, may not be made at once, as banquets or addresses are often the means of stopping tl os work. And so it happens that the messengers may have to chase around after some member in order to get the corrected proof back to the printing office in time to correct the type and otherwise get the work of pro ducing the Record to the point where the big presses can start. And sometimes the presses start without the speech of Sena tor Jones or Representative Brown, usu ally to his disappointment, but the Rec ord must be issued each day. In the event of a speech being left out a note to that effect is inserted where it would properly have appeared and a few days later the speech itself Is printed as an appendix to another copy of the Record. Beyond this point the work of getting out each day's edition of the Record is merely a matter of routine printing. When the corrected proof comes back from a member the necessary corrections are made in the type, which is then sent to the stereotyping room, from which it comes forth in the form of a metal plate, ready to be placed in position on the press. * * Special presses are used in printing the Record. The largest Is capable of print ing and folding a sixty-four Printing page Record, and is so large _ that the rolls of paper are IrreSSeS. p]acea one at each end. Its capacity is 10 000 copies an hour. In ad dition to this there are two smaller presses, each able to print and fold thirty-two-page copies, and having the same capacity per hour. On nights when the Record is small the large press may be sufficient. When a big edition is to be NOTIFICATION ECHOES From the Atlanta Constitution. Candidate? never greet nomination com mittees with "This is so suddon!" From the Soranton Tribune-Republican. The fall of the grandstand when Judge Parker was delivering an address at the Marshall notification meeting the other day shows that all the orators of force cto not come from Nebraska or New Jer sey. From the Knorvllle Journal and Trlbane. Marshall, too, eays he will accept. It was thought ho would. From tfee Toledo Blade. Gov. Marshall knows all about It now, and he didn't try to disguise the fact that the nomination tickled liiin. From tl?e Hartford Coarant. Gov. Marshall and Mr. Vice President Sherman now know for sure that it's so; we don't remember at this moment whether the official notifying of thedr prohibitionist competitor haa been At tended to yet or not. run oft all three may be called Into serv ice, the big press printing the first eixty four pages and the smaller ones what ever number still remains. The Record is printed by the night force at the printing office, and while all the workers may not be employed on the Record, that 1s the most important piece of work under way then. The night force comes on anywhere from 7, that being the hour at which the linotype operators re port, until 1 in the morning, when the bindery workers arrive. The linotype force numbers 119, all of whom may be put on the Record If It Is an unusually heavy edition. The foundry force, em ployed in stereotyping, numbers fourteen. In the proofroom there are ninety-three people. Only about half of them read proof on the Record, however. The bind ery force numbers thirty-four, while the pressroom force consists of four press ! men and about six Laborers. ; "Sam" Robinson and "Billy" Madden 'begin their work at about 5 In the even ing, the stereotypers beginning at 7. At 6 the following morning the Records are at the post office, roled, wrapped and addressed. Each day, in the division of the superintendent of documents, the wrappers for the Congressional Record are printed, after which they are sent to the bindery room, there to await the night force. As soon as the Record comes off the presses It is taken to this room, where it is put on machines which gather all the parts together In proper order and put the little wire staples through, thus making the completed copy. Each copy Is then rolled and wrapped, and placed in a mail bag ready to be sent out. About 2,000 copies are sent direct to the Capitol, the remainder going by mail to sub scribers. * * * The nightly edition of the Record varies. An average edition is about 26,600, although at the Circulation present time nearly 30,000 p. copies are run oft each figures, tight. Each senator is al lowed eighty-seven copies of the Record to send out, while each representative is allowed fifty-nine for the same purpose. The full quota la not printed, however, as that would reach about 34,000. What ever number of copies a member falls short of in his dally quota he is allowed to make up In the bound or permanent edition. It is estimated that about 6,000 sets of the permanent edition will be printed this year. The size of the Congressional Record for a session Is, of course, dependent upon the amount of business transacted during that time. For instance, the first session of the present Congress lasted 112 days and 4,064 pages of the Record were required to report It, while the present session has been a little less than twice that long, but has required three times as much space In the Record. In one year 33,356 pages of type were set up for a session, while the total edition num bered 348,023,449 pages. There were more than 100,000 bound volumes that same year. Dependent upon the size, too, is the price. The regular subscrip tion price is $1.50 a month, or 54.00 a short and $8.00 a long session. Single copies, however, are priced by the sig nature, one signature being eight pages, and costing 1 cent. Thus one day's Record may cost 4 or 5 cents, while another may cost 20 cents. The cost of printing the Record varies each year. For the year ending June 30 1911, the cost was $437,397, of which amount 590,383 went for paper, $76,622 for composition and $84,327 for binding the permanent edition. * * * Every two weeks an index is published with the Record, this forming one of the most important parts of Fortnightly the publication. The index T-j-? l?g office is In the Senate inaex. offlce bullding- H. U Stray er Is the chief indexer. The indexing is done under the card system, of which there are some 2,500 separate cards. Each day's edition of the Record Is gone over minutely by the six persons doing this work and the Indexing Is classified under three heads?personal, that is, under the name of each senator or representative, according to subjects, and topical to some extent, this classification containing such topics as United States courts, army, navy. District of Columbia and the other important matters. Every two weeks when the index is published the Records for the period of the% index covers and that index are made into one volume, paper covercd. Another index has to be made for the permanent bound edition of the Record. The difference be tween the daily copies of the Record and the per manent edition is that in the latter all matter appears in its proper place, head ings are cut and unnecessary matter is discarded. This process alters the num bering of the pages and consequently changes the paging shown in the bi monthly index. This must be corrected for the permanent edition index, and in ad dition the work is gone over with eagle like minuteness in order to Insure absolute accuracy in the index for the permanent work. With the convening of the first session of the American Congress no word-for word reports were made. At that time such reports as were taken were known as the "Annals of Congress." These ran until 1824, when the title was changed to the "Register of Debates." This account of the proceedings, while not full, con tained considerably more material than the former style of report. This contin ued until 1833, when the "Congressional Globe" came into existence, continuing until 1873. All this time the printing of the congressional reports had been done under contract, even after 1861, the year in which the government printing offlce was established. In 1873, however, the federal government took over the print ing of the reports and it ,vas at that time that the Congressional Record made its appearance. * * Since the beginning of Congress, up to and Including the present session, the volumes contained in the Increase in permanent edition number ?? about 470. While a com plete set of these volumes would probably bring a much higher price, that quoted by the superintendent of documents is approximately $710. The usual price for each volume is $1.50, al though of recent years the price has reached as high as $2.50. During the early years of Congress a single volume was sufficient for- the abbreviated reports given of the proceedings of an entire ses sion. As time went on and verbatim re ports were undertaken the space required increased until two, three and then five volumes became the usual number. The session beginning December 2, 18^9, and ending October 1, 1890, was so long that eleven volumes were required, not includ ing the index. Up to the present time that holds the record, with the session from December 4, 1Wi5, to June SO, 1900, second with ten volumes. Indications point, however, to the r resent session being a record breaker, with a permanent edition of at least twelve volumes, the general rule being 1,000 pages to a volume. STANDARD OIL MONEY. From the Charleston News and Courier. The $25,000 was not sent to Senator Penrose for his personal use. and no body would have known that It was sent at all if some rascally clerk had not swiped the correspondence, but Senator Penrose did distribute the money, it seems. After all. It is the problem of distribution, they tell us, which is bothering the world today. From the Birmingham News. With Boss Bois Penrose, the embar rassing question is not "Where did you get It," but "What did you do with it." From the Harrlsburg Telegraph. When Roosevelt was using Penrose in 1904, he didn't know that Penrose was the republican "boss" of Penn sylvania. Of course not. He was only a "leader" then. From the Providence Journal. If the sum of 125,000. presented by Mr. Arehbold to Senator Penrose, was used for election purposes, does that make the ftft or ita acceptance less discredit atoleZ FIFTY YEARS AGO IN THE STAR Swampoodle vai a famous battleground In the old days and during the civil war It was the scene of Swampoodle numerous outbreaks, such ?p a- aa the following described Auctions. ,n The Star of August 18. 1862: "In Swampoodle the number of loyal Irish is very small, the policemen say Ifve only. These are persecuted daily by their disloyal neighbors. Last night the secesh party, headed, It is said, by a teamster named Perkins, attacked the house of James Gorman, who had the only American flag hoisted in the Swam poodle region and drove him and the in mates of tlie house out of the place, following them with drawn knives and pistols. They denounced the loyal men as black republicans and declared they would 'kill every republican in the place'; cursed the government and all concerned with it. Gorman called upon Sergi. Cronin for protection and the police searched the neighborhood, but the party had fled." * * ? McClellan's peninsula campaign lagged so seriously that the public grew arprehensive and all sorts Peninsula of rumors prevailed re ? . yarding the movements Campaign. of the troops and the prospects. In The Star of August 19, 18(52, is the following paragraph which was designed to allay apprehension: "Great anxiety naturally exists here, just at this time, with reference to the movements of Gen. McClellan and his army of the Potomac, on which more de pends at the present writing, we ap prehend, than ever before. The public at large are profoundly Ignorant of their exact location and proposed march and also whether they are moving with the decision and celerity necessary In the ex isting state of things. The rebels are doubtless straining every nerve to be able to venture an attack upon the Army of Virginia before the Army of the Potomac shall have arrived within supporting dis tance of it, while the authorities here are doing the same, we may take it for granted, to insure that Pope shall be amply supported if attacked. If Gen. Mc Clellan is moving as he should move, the rebels will take due care not to attack Pope, or we are greatly mistaken. We may add our belief that Gen. Pope will take a proper position in which to wait securely the arrival of McClellan." * ? * As a result of the new call for troops and the draft "Washington was constantly receiving fresh install "Soldiers' ments of soldiers, and spe Retreat" 0141 ProvIslons had to be made for their accommo dation. In The Star of August 21, 1802, is described an establishment which became famous throughout the country during the war: "As large numbers of trooos are arriv ing daily. It may not be amiss to Inform the public as to the arrangements for re ceiving them. Near the depot are several large buildings erected for their accom modation, one being used exclusively as a meeting room, which is known as the 'soldiers' retreat,' and the others as tem porary quarters. The 'retreat' Is under the direction of the commissary depart ment and is superintended by Thomas , H. Donohoo and J. H. Searles, commis saries, who have employed about twenty two hands. The dining hall Is about 100 feet long, and contains flve tables capable of accommodating GOO men. Behind the dining hall is the kitchen. In which are twelve large boilers -apable of boiling for 10.000 men per day, and four roasters capable of roasting for 4,000 per day. Still farther back are the storerooms and quarters for the hands employed. Imme diately on the departure of troops from Baltimore or other points, the commissary is notified as to what houT they will ar rive, and the men are set immediately to work?one gang of them cutting the meat, another cooking, and a third gang setting the tables, so that when the sol diers arrive a hot and substantial meal is in readiness for them. At the same time tthey are partaking of their meal, if they ?are to leave immediately, a day's ration for each Is cut and cooked, and by the time the-repast is over they may start on their Journey, as far as the commissaries are concerned. If they are not to srart immediately they are marched to the 'rest,' a few yards from the retreat, which is under the superintendence of Mr. Smith, the agent of Capt. Camp of the quartermaster's department, where they find quarters until orders are received for their departure. Owing to the large num ber of men quartered in these buildings and the uncertain periods at which they arrive, it has been found difficult to keep them in as good order as desirable; but a force has been put to work whose special duty It will be to keep the quarters in as cleanly condition as possible. Besides the soldiers arriving from the north, a large number of convalescents are dally sent here and quartered and subsisted until they can be forwarded to their regiments" * * * The people of "Washington were kept busy providing comforts for the sick and wounded soldiers who were Fair for brought to Washington dur Soldiers ins the war* They em~ ' ployed various devices for raising funds for this purpose, one of the most successful of their enterprises being a fair held at Odd Fellows' Hall In The Star of August 22, 1862, is the fol lowing news paragraph about this work: "The fair at Odd Fellows' Hall, for the benefit of tho sick and wounded soldiers? which was so successful last wee* and has been thronged every evening of this with the beauty and fashion of the me tropolis?closes tomorrow evening. The superb decorations of the hall, the de lightful music of the Marine Band, the fine collection of fancy articles and of refreshments are not the only attractions. Mrs. Senator Lane and her bevy of beau ties dispense the hospitalities with be coming grace and extend a cordial wel come to all. The young men of the 'Union Literary Society* deserve great credit for their successful management of the fair, the proceeds of which will tend to so greatly relieve the discomforts and pains of the heroic souls who have so promptly responded to the call of their country." THE SMILER. There'# an idiotic fellow, whom I meet where'er I go; He's the crazy kind of fellow all the little chil dren know. You wouldn't think him silly from his manner ror his style; Still, it seem*, be most be foolish, for he always wears a smile. When the way is long and weary and the load la hard to bear; When you're weighted down with trouble and there's no one serins to care. That's the time this foolish fellow cornea a-sing lng up tbe road. With a word awl smile to cheer you and to help you with your loud. With his smiling "Buck up. partner, 'cause we're Iwund to pull it through: Though your load's too big for one man, it's little load for two." And you feel yourself uplifted with the strength to play your part. With bis arm to aid your body and his smile to brace your heart. No, he hasn't got ambition, but his life work never ends; He knows a million people, and he's got a mil lion friends. He doesn't strive for fame and wealth, he hasn't got a goal; He's Just a simple fellow, with God's sunshine lu his soul. Yes, he's Just a foolish fellow, with tbe eye? that cannot see A11 the misery and sadness that are plain to you and me. But h<> knows the Joy of living, all that makes the world worth while; Aud I'd like to be as foolish as tbe man behind the aaiile. ?New York Times. v TURKISH PARLIAMENT DISSOLVED Turkey is the axis upon which turn* the Irrepressible question of the east. Turkey, while engaged in a Decree war with Italy, is threatened t-.-.j with civil war and anarchy. * A rescript <>r "irade" of the sultan declaring the dissolution of the chamber was read on the 6th instant In the presence of five deputies of the liberal or government party, the members of the union and progress party having absented themselves by way of protestation. The decree sets forth that conformably to the interpretation given by the senate to the constitution the chamber was a continuation of the preceding, and that Its term had expired. The decree further more explained that because of a differ ence between the cabinet. Said Pasha and the chamber concerning the modification of the constitution the chamber was dis solved and a new chamber was elected April IS. The new chamber had been elected to decide upon article 3."? of the constitution, and, this having been accom plished, parliament was again dissolved, and new elections were ordered for No vember 14, according to the constitution. The committee of union and progress issued a manifesto to the nation refusing to recognize the decree of dissolution on the ground that the reading by the grand vizier was made in the presence of only four members. The committee appealed to the Turkish people to resist. In con sequence of this revolutionary action the government proclaimed Constantinople in a state of sietje during forty days. lJjalid Hey and Talaat Bey, members of the central committee, left Constantinople for Saioniki, where they hope to organize resistance, and where, notwithstanding the government's repressive measured against a proposed "rump congress," the revolutionists have provoked a movement In their favor among the officers of the garrison. * * * In this moment, when Turkey seems in the midst of a revolution which por tends dissolution, it is well Turkish to make special note of - , . , the cabinet upon which the La Dinet. destiny of government now depends. First of all?more than all, perhaps?is the grand Vizier, Ghazi Moukhtar Pasha. The grand vizier is a tower of strength for government and also for the people without regard to party. He has covered himself with glory by his military suc cess in 1877 and by his successful career in all the posts to which he has since been called In Albania, in Crete and in Egypt. The choice of "the Ghazi." the victorious, the giorious, is tactful, above all at the present, when the government is confronted by another military revolu tion. No Turkish soldier will reiuse obe dience to this old soldier, whose na.ne exercises a magnetic influence over the army. It does not lessen the magnetism that the Ghazi is eignty years of age. The Turk has not arrived at the point, and never will, where he may accept tne principle that only the young are capable. At Erzerum, as governor general and commander of the 4th Army Corps, he engaged in the war with Russia. After that war and the signature of the convention with England rel ative to the temporary military occupation of Egypt, Ghazi Moukh tar Pasha was named imperial high commissioner of the Ottoman gov ernment with residence at Cairo. It was in Cairo the writer had the honor of his acquaintance not only in his capacity as the commissioner of Tur key, but as honorary member of the Egyptian Institute, to which he was elect ed Deoember 3, 18*6. After the accession to the throne of the actual sultan. Mehmed V, Ghazi Moukntar was named grand marshal of the palace, and when this office was abolished the old soldier was appointed president of the senate, of which he had been elected a member on its for mation. Moukhtar Pasha has had vast ex perience and is a real soldier. He pos sesses a conciliatory and politic spirit, with evenness and sufficient firmness of character. Mahmoud Moukhtar, whose name has been mentioned for a place in the cabinet, was former min ister of marine and is the son of Ghazi Moukhtar. * * * Kiamll Pasha, minister of foreign af fairs, has been grand vizier many times in addition to other poets in Kiamil the cabinet which he ha6 filled Pasha. Wlth di8tln?tion- Hi* adver saries confess willingly that he has political vision of the first order. Abdul-Hamid, who detested him. knew a man when he saw him, and always called upon him in a crisis. But when the crisis was passed and Kiamil had served for the occasion the old sultan had no scruples in sending the excellent minister to exile. Under other circumstances Kla mil's return to power might be hailed as a success for England, which protected already the menaced liberty of the vizier. There are other former grand viziers in the new cabinet, Ferid Pasha and Hilmi Pasha. In the past Ferid was classed as a germanophlle, but Ferid himself claimed that he was entirely Ottoman. Ferid Pasha is a man of superior ability, well read and thoroughly versed in the details of the administrations over which he has presided with distinction. Hilmi Pasha is better known in his role of inspector general of reforms in Mace donia and as grand vizier. In the former post he was constantly in the view of the Interested powers and won their es teem. M. Rene Pinon, in his book, "Eu rope and the Ottoman Empire," has drawn a vigorous portrait of the man, to whom he attributes great energy and great capacity. Hussein Nazlm, minister of war. was formerly governor of Bagdad. A gradu ate of the military school of Saint Cyr, in France, he is considered as a loyal and devoted soldier, who has per sistently held himself aloof from the political "cuisine" in which so many officers have mixed under the new regime. Gen. Hussein Nazim was never ' in the good books of Mahmoud Chevket Pasha, whom he has succeeded in the war office. The Revue des Deux Mondes. com menting upon the dissolution of the Turkish chamber, writes: "When the Moukhtar cabinet was formed it was characterized as a grand ministry, be cause of the high personality of the I most of its members; the day after the ministry was called a ministry of com promise. The future of Turkey was un certain. The intentions are praise worthy, but weak and suspicious. The committee of union and progress had been beaten, but not conquered. It was composed of energetic men." * * >fc Albanian question is one requir ing the most urgent and serious atten . tion. Hilmi Pasha de Albanian clared to a correspondent Question that 14 was true t,iat the * Albanians had demanded the dissolution of the chamber. Nor were the demands of the Albanians al together unrealizable. ."Until now," said the minister of justice, "preceding cabinets have had recourse to force DETROIT'S ALDERMEN. From the Buffalo Evening News. Detroit is doing her house cleaning in a quiet but doubtless effective style. From the Chattanooga Times. The Detroit aldermaniac graft episode shows how cheaply cheap officials may sometimes be bought. The people very often deserve what they get by the nig gardliness of the pay they give their public servants. # From the Grand Rapids Press. Detroit expects 1,000,000 population by 1920, but if so the emigration from De troit to Jackson, Mich., will have to be stopped. From the St. Joseph New Pre**. Just as Detroit was bragging 4 bout be ing "a city of the first clas*' she breaks Into Pittsburgh's class. (against the Albanian*. W? will emptor pacific means, mildness, persuasion. We ore ready to satisfy the demands of (Albania concerning measures of ordm. administration, etc., but If In spite of our concessions we do not succeed In bringing about respect and obedience, so much the worse for them." On top of the Alnanian trouble there may be added the frequent conflicts be tween the military posta on the frontier of Turkey, Montenegro and Bulgaria There have been bloody engagements in Berana. Dor an and Kolarhine. and At Kot chant. on the Bulgarian frontier, th? explosion of a bomb had resulted tn con siderable Iohs of life. These questions it should be added are receiving the prompt attention of the Turkish minister of Jus tice and will in each case receive amica able adjustment and the offenders will be punished. The conflict on the Turco-Monteaegro frontier excites particular attention at Rome. An armed conflict between Tur key and Montenegro is viewed at Rome with h arm. It is certain that if one of the Balkanic states should march against Turkey the others would surely follow For this reason and to prevent such a catastrophe the interested powers are using their most pacific efforts at the capitais of these states. It appears that the powers are proceeding upon the knowledge that agreements have been made at Sofia. Be grade, Cettinje and Athens to attack Turkey conjointly w hen ever the complications ir the Balkans warrant such action. m * * It is quite well known that sines the Insurrection In Albania Montenegro has become nervous and. Montenegro perhaps, desirous of ?q precipitating a conflict Aesuess. wlth Turkey. King Nicholas is in a bad humor beeauae Italy In a war with Turkey siDoe eleven months has never wished to at tack her enemy in the Balkanio peninsula. Montenegro is brave audacious and consults her own senti ments, which are chafed by inaotiea when she sees a brilliant ocoasioa to strike a blow for the liberty that burns in the soul of the Montenegrin moun taineer. Italy thus does not see the case as Montenegro, for Italy compre hends that the overthrow of Turkey by the Bulkanic states does not mean necessarily the partition of Turkey by these small states. On the contrary. Italy itreis thai the partition would be made by the great states and the par tition would be the pretext for war. In Rome it is rumored in official circles that the authorities are considering the best means of pacification of the frontiers of the Balkans, the utility, even the urgency, of submitting the incidents to the tribunal of The ilaguc. European correspondents have been sending dispatches recently from Rome and L?ondon announcing the immiuence of peace negotiations between Turkey and Italy with the view of eruiing thei war. The two countries are reported as in complete accord. That is to say, Turkey accepts the lot* of Tripoli and Italy is ready to indemnify the porte generously, while admitting the spiritual sovereignty of the calipu over the Mussulmans in the Aegean sea. The Popolo Romano qualifies these ru mors as "ridiculous fables," and the Oiornale d'itala affirms that they are not only false, but that they are In spired by Swiss hotel keepers who have imagined to turn the "informat?on" into money which will thereby flow into their coffers. Dispatches from Vienna and Paris re port news wb'-h is given credence In official circles. The die Austria's patches relate that the Em Fffnrf Peror Francis Joseph re ce.ved Count Berchtold. minister of foreign affairs, in audience; that the latter submitted his report aa to his movement to Induce Turkey to grant autonomy to some of the Balkaa states, notably Macedonia and Albania. Austria, it is said, does not propose In tervention or a general solution of the near east question. Austria merely' points out through Count BerchtolA the advantages of supporting the proe ent regime in Turkey and notifying the Balkan states to be quiet. Theee latter dispatches, which appear to have been echoed in the press generally, are not Impossible. With a Turkish ministry presided over by such a man as Ghazl Moukhtar, and aided by such 1-beral minded patriots as Klamll, Hllmi and others, this proposition to the powers, ostensibly emanating from the Emperor Francis Joseph, may be Inspired, In fact, by the new Turkish cabinet. A dispatch from Paris dec'aree the proposition to be a master stroke on the part of Francis Joseph. If the powers signatory of the treaty of Berlin accept ed, it was probable that autonomy would be accorded to Albanifi., to Macedonia, to the Greeks of the Turkish island* and to Crete. Thus Francis Joseph would have held back the dissolution of Turkey lu Europe without changing Austria's as pirations. The solution of the question of the east ?even a partial solution?that Is a con summation devoutly to be wished for. This question of the vast wh'ch is th* "trouble fete" of the statesman, let u. outline It summarily. We mention It fre quently yet there are few who can recall its origin or It* purpose. ? ? * The life or death of the Ottoman em pire is the question of the east. Will Eu rope maintain the integ Perennial rlty t'|*> ottoman cm n .. pire or let It be destroy yuestion. t^i7 That question has been asked many times. It was askod at Navarln in 1KJ7, again at the rebellion of Mohammed Aiy in 1KK-39, again In the Crimea, 1M&4-.V>; again in the Turco-Ru* sian war, 1*77-7N; again In recurring questions. Greek. Egyptian, Cretan, Bul garian, and aKaln In the present Balkaa question. Sidelights arc being thrown at the pres ent moment upon the obscure slgne of that i%ar in the Crimea In which Rus sia, representing the cross, was attacked by Turkey. England. France and Pied mont. representing the crescent. Nicholas I. for a fact. In the Ruselan note to Turkey demanded nothing but "equality of rights of the Greek Church with other Christian communities sub jects of the porte already accorded by the treaty of Kairnadjl in 1774 " Nicholas, suspicious of the attitude of England at Constantinople, endeavored to attach te Russia's cause the Emperors Fraade Joseph and Napoleon. Prince Oortsulia koff in that connection said to his French colleague. Count de Beam: "I cannot help regretting that a little more confidence on both sides would bring together the two governments whose interests and policy are of mutual interest. Believe me, dear count, be on your guard against per fidious Albion?do not prefer deceitful over tures to what should become a solid, protitable and durable friendship upon which, besides, you may always count." What a lesson in diplomatic art! It was a long way from the Crimea to the Franco-Russian treaty which was thus within the vision of Prince GorU chakoff in ISM. Nor can It be held that the vast treasure and Christian b^oud e* pended has done much to maintain the permanent Integrity of the Ottoman em pire, which is still imperiled. CH. CHAILL.E- DONG. ARMAGEDDON. From the Birmingham Age-Herald. The colonel stands at Armageddon, but he keeps open a line of communication with Wall street. From the Columbus Olilo State Journal. Some people are so prejudiced about that Tennesseo Coal tuid Iron transaction that they consider Armageddon a sort of another Gary, Ind. From lh? Houston Post. The returns from the Armageddon pre cinct will rank in Importance with those from Alaska. From the Norfolk Ledger Dispatch. Picking Armageddon was probably- all right as theru is little doing this sutniner at Oyster Bay. Kroiu the Rochester rost-Express. So far they are not holding any uniting of veterans ot AraiN?e64Nk ' x ,