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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, September 02, 1912, Image 9

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VV o Mo O^liUCy
F amid 1 Itlh Sts.
18th Amniual
SEPT.
FURNITURE
SALE
See Bargaim Lists inn All
Yesterday's Sunday Papers,
For Rent.?October 1st.
Entire 3d floor of The Evening
Star Building. Most desirable office
rooms. Special rates for whole floor.
Also suite of rooms on 4th floor.
Will be rented separately or to
gether.
Apply to Business Manager,
The Evening Star,
11th and Pa. ave. *
GEN. HIT OBER DEAD
Prominent Maryland Man Suc
cumbs at Chattolanee, Fol
lowing Long Illness.
BALTIMORE. September!!.?Gen. Rob
ert Ober. one of the foremost business
men of this city, died yesterday after
noon at his summer home. Chattolanee.
in the Green Spring: valley. He had
been ill for some time.
Beginning business life here in the
early days, when the city was spring
ing Into great importance as a commer
cial center, he followed its destinies
continually, being successful in nearly
every venture he undertook. His prin
< ipal attention was given to the south,
lie traveled extensively there, and was
known far and wide. Jt is said of him
that when the south faced its great
crisis after the war Mr. Ober was
among the tirst of those contiguous to
ihe Mason and Dixon line who gave
the helping hand
Me was the son of Gustavus Ober. who
loiindcd the fertiliser house of Gus
tavus Ober A; Son. one of the leading
mercantile concerns in tins city about
the time of the civil war. Robert was
born October 7. 1M.".. His mother was
Rebecca Kettlewell.
Entering democratic politics, he took
a deep interest in the democratic party,
anil was found in the front in times of
ureatest stress. Those* who knew him
say that he conducted himself in this
field as in business life, with courage
and straightforwardness.
His activities for his political party
brought him recognition with a place
on the board of supervisors of elections
under Gov. M? l.aito When Gov. Mc
T^ane whs named minister to France
f!nv Henry IJoyd appointed Mr. Ober a
colonel <>ii (lis staff Thit? was in
Th'ee yars later Gov. K. E. Jackson
promoted ?"ol. ??l>?-r to the rank of nen
eral on hi* staff. He sorved in that ca
pacity until the expiration of Jack
son's administration.
Gen. Ober also turned bis attention to
other business enterprises than that
which he inherited from his father. He
was one of the charter members ami
founders of the Fidelity and Deposit
? "ompanv. of which former Gov. Elwin
TVarAeld is president. He was also a
director of the Fidelity Trust Com
pany and a director In the Farmers
and Merchant"' Xational Rank
Four Thousand Centenarians.
Tort ign rorrMiomlfniv of Tlie Star.
SOFIA. August 10. 1*12.
According to official statistics Bulgaria
boasts the larg >t number of centena
rians in the whole of Europe. Out of a
total population of l.i?*iooo there are
persons who haw- passed their cen
tury. Germany <an boa at seventy-two
centenarians at present.
POSTMEN GET INCREASE
Thirty Thousand Rural Letter
Carriers Are to Receive
$1,100 a Year.
Thirty thousand rural letter car
riers on standard routes have had their
salaries increased from |1.000 to $1,100
a year, effective from September 30, as
the result of the increased appropria
tion provided by the post office appro
priation bill, ?which also provides pro
portionate increases to carriers on the
shorter routes. This is the second
salary advance for rural carriers made
in the last four years, and means an
increased disbursement of $4,000,000 a
year.
At the close of the last fiscal year,
June HO, there were 42,0^1 rural mail
carriers, the aggregate pay being $40,
655.740. When the rural delivery sys
tem wa.? instituted sixt**n years ago
eighty-three carriers were employed,
at an annual cost of $14,840. the maxi
mum individual pay being $200 a year.
The increase provides rural carriers
adequate compensation for additional
burdens to be imposed by the parcels
post system, effective Janoary 1.
System to Be Self-Supporting.
"The parcels post system on rural
mail routes can be conducted practi
cally with no extra expense to the
government, except the increased sal
ary allowance to carriers." said Post
master General Hitchcock. "In my
judgment this additional cost will be
more than offset by an increased reve
nue, thus insuring the maintenance,
and. from time to time, the extension
of the rural delivery system as a self
t=uppoi ting branch of the postal serv
ice."
Mr. Hitchcock has directed also that
rural mail carriers, on tjie completion
of twe?ve months' service, be granted
1 fifteen day* leave with pay. will
require tiie additional expenditure of
$80 000 a year for substitute carriers.
! Anglo-German Conference Planned.
I Foreign Corren|ioiMi?'nr<? of The Star.
LONDON, August 24, 1912.
An Anglo-German conference is to be
held in l,ondon from October 30 to No
vember 1 to discuss the question of th#
promotion of friendly relations between
the two countries. Representatives
of both nations will speak during the
conference, and all the different societies
for promoting international peace will
t=end del?gates.
SICK HEADACHE? TONGUE COATED? "
ITS YOUR LIVER! CASCARETS SURE
^.q're bilious! Y??n have n th'ohhin^ *. n*a ? ^ bar?b physics that Irritate and Injure. Retnem
t.on In your head. a taste in your mouth,
your ???<?? hurt, your aiiin is yeilon with <lnrk
r.n,{? under your r*v?. your 11 (??* are parched.
N'i H'iihIit \<hi ugly. moan and ill 1>iii|m'iciJ
V?ur ijKtrm i* full <>f bile and coustlpated
waste properly passed <?ff. and what yt>u
need iv a rlt>iniuj up Inside. Ix>n't continue be
lli* h l>illon? constipated nuisance to yourself
and Ihow w Iio love you, and don't resort to J up:
her that your sour, disordered stomach, lacy
llT-r and eloped t?>we1s can lie quickly cleaned
unit regulated by mornl^ with gentle. thorough
Cawarvts; a lO-cent box will keep your bead
dear and make you feel cheerful and bully Tor
months, 'let Cascareta now?wake up refreshed
feel like doing a good day'a work?make
yourself pleasant and useful. Clean up! Cheer
CATHARTIC
THE MEXICAN SITUATION.
AS THEY SEE US.
By Frederic J. Haskin. .
As Americans have well defined and
not overcomplimentary views concern
ing Mexicans, so* they have certain
views about us that do not show us
as through our own eyes. In the firs* place,
the Mexicans look upon us as a nation
of land grabbers. They recall that prac
tically one-third of the territory of the
United States was secured from Mexico,
that we own about a million s?quare
miles of land that once was theirs. In
other words, they feel that we have taken
a million square miles of their territorj
and have left them only 767,000 miles.
They feel, too, that much of the best
land in their original domain has come
to us with the million square miles of
territory, and that acre for acre the
land we got from them is worth more
than the land they have been permitted
to retain. They think that the independ
ence of Texas was brought about by
Americans who wanted to make it a part
of the United States, and that, however
It may be viewed, we have proved to be
a land-hungry people who have taken
advantage of them whenever we could.
Nor do they find much hope that our
land-grabbing propensities h&.ve been en
tirely outlived. To their minds our an
nexation of Hawaii, our retention of the
Philippines and Porto Rico, and our
quarrel with Colombia all demonstrate
that the occasion is the only thing need
ed and we will make another grab. The
Spaniard and his descendant is by nature
suspicious; he never fails to assess at
full value the usefulness of the past in
projecting a forecast of the future. His
suspicions more often than not lead him
to over appraise rather than to under
estimate any evil-minded designs that
seem to lie in the hearts of nations and
individuals.
Therefore, today all Mexico looks upon
the United States as a nation of good
impulses which goes wrong the minute
there is a chance to grab a bit of terri
tory. And that is why the specter of
intervention haunts them. It is why the
reports are not to be believed which
have it that Orozco wants to forcc in
tervention. It is why intervention would
be a signal for federals and revolutionists
to forget their own differences and unite
against the common enemy from the
north.
*
* ?
If the average Mexican has a fear of
the United States as a nation he has no
love for
Mexican Natives Hold its p<j?^e
No Love for Americans. v j d uai8.
There are two things which contribute
to this state of feeling. One is the Ameri
can who goes to Mexico. The traveler
sees thousands of these American pil
grims to the land of the Montezumas.
Some of them win friends for themselves
and for the American people in general.
But the vast majority make enemies for
themselves and for their country. The
Mexican is a polite individual, whether
he be Castillian, half-breed or Indian.
He mav feel like stabbing you in the
back, but he hides it with a suavity and
deference that needs only to be appre
ciated to transform his concealed enmity
into sincere respect.
But the average American starts in
with a contempt for the Mexican. He is
nothing but a blankety-blank greaser,
savs this American, and he passes
through Mexico with the supercilious air
that that expression indicates. He
abuses his landlord because his hotel is
not up to the standard of the famous
hostelries of New York. He quarrels
with the waiter because the course din
ner he serves has three kinds of nieat,
one vegetable and no fruit- He finds
fault with the poor coachman because he
cannot talk English or understand where
he seeks to be driven, through the signs
that are as mystifying to the American
spectator as they are to the Spanish
speaking jehu. , ,
And so he goes all through Mexico, with
never a minute s toleration for ways and
languages that are different from "Is
own He becomes less gentlemanly than
the cabby in the street or the moio who
looks after his room at the hotel. He is
the rule with the Mexican. The man who
comes with an appreciation of the fact
that other peoples have as good a right
to their customs and ways as we have is
the exception. There are so few of them
that the Mexican reaches his conclusions
about Americans as individuals from
what he sees of the other kind. And as
he is the greatest practitioner of reciproc
BOURNE MAKES APPEAL=
FOR NEW PARTY TENETS
mmmmmm?MM1MB
Warns That "Pretended
Friends" May Emasculate
Initiative and Reierendum.
Pursuing a popular government cam
paign commenced more than two years
ago, Senator Jonathan Bourne, jr., presi
dent of the National Progressive Repub
lican League, today issued an appeal to
popular government .advocates to guard
against the emasculation of the initiate
and referendum by pretended friends. He
says:
"Enemies of popular government, real
izing that this movement lias gained such
headway that Its ultimate success is cer
tain, have turned as a last resort to the
expedient of accepting the principles, but
defeating their purpose by hampering
their operation. Friends of popular gov
ernment must, therefore, foe on their
guard and fight uncompromisingly against
efforts of this kind.
Cites Three Expedients.
"Three general expedients are resorted
to, to defeat the initiative and referen
dum. First, by making the required per
centage of petitioners so taigh as to prac
tically prevent the filing of petitions for
either the Initiative or referendum; sec
ond, by exempting from the referendum
all measures that bear the mere declara
tion of the legislature that an emergency
exists; third, by requiring that measures
submitted to a vote of the people under
the initiative shall not become effective
until ratified by an affirmative majority
of all the votes cast at the election.
"Experience has demonstrated that
the Initiative or referendum powers are
practically nullified if the number of
required signers to petitions be materi- j
ally greater than 8 per cent for the ini
tiative or 5 per cent for the referendum. I
Experience also shows that some of the
most meritorious measures that have
been adopted under the initiative
would have failed of adoption if the
constitution had required an a rmative
majority of all the votes cast at the
election. Each measure should stand or
fall according to the majority of votes
cast thereon.
Should Exact Pledges.
"In the campaign which is now pro
ceeding in many states for the election
of members of state legislatures who
will be called upon to vote for the sub
mission of initiative and referendum
amendments the friends of popular gov
ernment should not be deceived, but
should insist upon the submission or
such amendments in practical form, and
count as enemies of popular govern
ment candidates who refusa to pledge
themselves to the support of tne initia
tive an4 referendum in the form in
1-ty in the new world, he usually winds
up by being: just as mean toward the
mean American as the mean American is
toward him.
But when they do find an American who
comes in the proper spirit, who is as con
siderate of the Mexican and his ways as
the Mexican is polite to him. he is hailed
as a brother and no one could ask for
better treatment than such an American
gets. He finds no servants more polite,
no people more ready to offer to him the
best they have. But bis kind are too few
to overbalance the evil impressions made
by the other type. While those Amer
icans who stay in Mexico a long time get
over the attitude of the impatient pil
grim and frankly find much of interest
and value in their ways and customs,
they can never overcome the feeling that
the "He's-nothing-but-a-blan.ketv-blank
greaser" attitude of the transient Amer
ican engenders in the heart of the Mexi
can.
v
* %
There is another reason why Americans
are not liked so well in Mexico as the
pronunciamen
Americans Go There tos of the gov
, , _ ernment would
and Make Fortunes. have us be.
lieve. Americans have gone down there
and have, with a little capital, a consid
erable amount of scheming and a whole
lot of money, made fortunes, while the
Mexican has stood idlv by and marveled
at their wizardlike ability. They have
made a great deal of money. Before.-the out
break of the Madero revolution it was
estimated by the American consul gen
eral to Mexico. Arnold Shanklin, that
the holding's of citizens of the United
States in that country represented a value
of more than a billion dollars. Of coi.Tse,
this is by no means to be taken as a
measure of the original capital invested.
Perhaps a quarter of that sum would
represent the actual American cash in
vested in Mexican enterprises. The rest
represents the profits that have grown
out of pioneering investments.
There are many who declare that when
the American pioneer goes into a country
like Mexico he attempts to hog every
thing, and makes a most unreasonable
profit out of his opeiations. When one
thinks onlv of the size of the profits and
understands nothing of the conditions
under which they are made such a con
clusion would seem warranted. But this
pioneer has his side of the {tory, too. He
says that, going into a country where
unsettled conditions obtain?and that ap
plies to the majority of Latin-American
countries?is like taking a four-to-one
shot on a horse race. The chances of los
ing are against you, and you must de
mand the odds. He usually has to go into
a voluntary exile In some isolated place,
missing alf the pleasures of dwelling with
his own people and putting up with all
the hardships that are found in semi
civilized si.Troundings.
With all these facts in mind, It is not
a mystery why the average Mexican
does not look upon the United States
and its citizens with any too great favor.
This feeling is shared equally by the
?0 per cent of illiterates as well as by
the more intelligent. It grows as they
hear the Americans express contempt for
their military prowess. Traveling through
that country, one frequently hears a
boastful American remark, and usually
in the presence of Mexicans, that we
could take an army of r>,000 and lick all
Mexico. Some are a little more conserva
tive and assert that with 5,000 men the
poorest general in the American army
could march to Mexico City and dupli
cate all that Gen. Taylor did when he
defeated Santa Ana, routed the enemy
at Churubusco and scaled the heights
of Chapultepec. It may easily be Imag
ined that the Mexican cannot agree in
this opinion and that the contempt it ex
presses for him, his people and bis
country arouseg a feeling of resentment.
Mexicans have patriotic feelings. Their
patriotism, it Is true, has never reached
those heights where love of country is
higher than self-interest, or, rather, where
the good of their country can be distin
guished from their own good. It is a
kind of patriotism characteristic of all
Spanish American peoples, which is in
tense but often misguided. They will un
hesitatingly launch a revolution if it
serves their own interests and they think
they can succeed, without the slightest
consideration of the eflTect it has upon
the good name of their country. But
with all that they are among the world's
most resentful people against foreign In
vasion, and against the assertion so often
heard in this country that they are not
fit for self-government. Intervention In
Mexico would inevitably result in the
fusing together of all Mexico into an
army of resistance against the interven
ing power.
which they have been found successful
in other statM. An open and aggres
sive enemy to popular government is
less dangerous to our cause than a
covert opponent who pretends'friend
ship, but seeks to emasculate the Ini
tiative- and referendum by limitations
and exceptions which make them inef
fective."
MANY OLD TRADITIONS
DISREGARDED DY POPE
Bids Ordinary Folks Sit in His
Presence and Eats With
Simple Clerics.
*
Foreign Coiresimntl^nrp of Tlio Star.
ROME, August 21, 1912.
In entering on the tenth year of h!s
pontificate. Pope Piux X has, it is said,
falsified the amiable predictions of the
superstitious, who had declared his reign
would not exceed nine years. The hope
will.be general that his holiness may oc
cupy the chair of St. Peter for many
more years yet. Nor is this the only
j tradition or superstition for which Pius
X has shown a healthy disregard. When
| he first went to the Vatican it was said
: that his indifference to etiquette was a
source of the gravest misgivings to his
entourage.
i Scarcely elected, lie drew back his foot
when the cardinals trooped up to pay
homage. J.ater be waved away the bear
' ers of the papal sedan chair, saying it
pleased him better to walk. Similarly
be betrayed a distaste for the regal hon
ors paid by the Swiss guard. He em
ploys the human singular, instead of the
official plural, number in addressing his
visitors. 'He even bids ordinary people
sit in his presence during an audience,
a privilege formerly permitted only to
?cardinals and sovereigns. He converses
with friends through the telephone, and,
to crown his enormities, he invites sim
ple clerics to eat at his table.
This last was a revolutionary step in
deed, for formerly Jt had been the rulq
| since the seventeenth century for the
pontifT to eat alone. Tiie story goes that
on being respectfully remonstrated with
for bis departure from tradition the Pope
replied that as 1'rban VIII had the right
to make the rule, he, Pius X had an
equal right to abolish it.
The Popes meals differ little from
those that were served to the parish
priest of Salzano, consisting of the sim
plest and homeliest fare. Whereby hangs
another tale. "Surely," his holiness is
said to have declared, "it is not neces
sary t<> have seven cooks in order to
make nie a little soup."
The old Sandpatcli tunnel, on the
Baltimore and Ohio railroad, near
Cumberland, Md.. has been finally
cleared and trains ran through Thurs
' day. The trains operated through the
[ tunnel were freight trains exclusively.
1 Th? passenger trains will follow the
Western Maryland line as usual.
Union of South Africa Has a
Big Problem to Meet.
FACES $8,750,000 DEFICIT
Drastic Retrenchment Only Can
Avert Contingency.
DEFENSE SCHEME IS A FACTOR
Press Blames 4'Happy-Go-Lucky
Finance Methods" for Fact That
Credit Is Threatened.
BY J. M. EGAN.
Foreign ('?oriPsponrtonoe of The Star.
CAPE TOWN. S. A., August 5. 1912.
"With public expenditure mounting up
and additional commitments, such as!
ithe defense scheme, looming ahead, the
outlook for the taxpayers of the Union
of South Africa is not of a very cheer
ful character. It is predicted that, fail
ing drastic retrenchment, the country
will next year be faced, on the basis of
the existing revenue, with a deficit of
something like $8,750,000.
Reviewing the situation, the Cape
Times remarks that the outstanding
fact which the country would do well
to bear in mind and to impress upon
its representatives in the various con
stituencies is that the present scale of
expenditure in the union is very large
ly in excess of the capacity of the
revenue from existing sources to meet
it. Last year the expenditure incurred
was $83,190,000. During the current
year an outlay exceeding this amount
by nearly $2,500,000 is estimated.
"No doubt Gen. Smuts will follow
the excellent example of his predeces
sor, who issued last year at the close
of the session a circular enjoining the
strictest economy in all departments,
with results which were satisfactory,"
savs the Times. "But the country must
be under no illusions. The situation is
this: The third year of union is critl
1 cal enouRh. A deficit will only be
averted by drawing on the railway
funds and by absorbing the surplus of
a former year. Next year neither of
these resources will be available. If
we assume that ordinary revenue and
urdinary expenditure are on the same
scale during next year the country will
have to face increased taxation to the
tune of some $6,700,000 in order to
make both ends meet. The alternative
is heavy, retrenchment in every direc
tion.
Defense Scheme Expensive.
"The capacity of the country to bear
increased taxation need not, in present
circumstances, be argued, but before
taxation is imposed the government
must make clear the case which would
alone Justify an increased burden on the
taxpayer, and must prove that the pub
lic expenditure is on the lowest scale
compatible with efficiency. Next year
the country will be called upon to face
a heavily increased burden in respect of
the defense scheme, which will begin to
operate with full effect January 1, and
this additional expenditure, the amount
of which has never yet been stated, but
which will certainly involve an addi
tional annual outlay of from $2,000,000 to
| il>,50U,000, must be added to the pros
pective shortfall of $6,700,000, to which
we have already referred. Next year, in
fact, on the basis of present expenditure,
and with the additional cost of defense,
there will be a margin of getting on for
$10,000,000 between revenue and expend
iture?and on the wrong Bide. We state
'the facts in the belief that pressure of
public opinion during the recess may
bring the government to realize that Its
present methods of happy-go-lucky
finance cannot continue if the credit of
the union is to be maintained."
In his recent speech at Rlversdale Gen.
Botha took occasion to reply to criticisms
passed in the house of commons on the
effect on capital of the union govern
ment's taxation proposals.
Seeking Outside Capital.
"1 have read the debate." he said, "with
great regret, and I think that every
friend of the British empire will share
that regret. It was said that we desire
to prevent capital from coming into South
Africa, and I must say that I have never
heard any more ridiculous talk. Are we,
the population of South Africa, such fools
that w;e should wish to cut our own
throats, and have we not shown In the
past that we want to get capital Into the
country to develop our industries and
other resources? My government and
parliament will never consent to have
legislation introduced to prevent the in
flux of capital. On the contrary, we
shall do everything to encourage capital
coming into the country, because we feel
that there is room for ample develop
ment In South AJfrlca, which cannot be
achieved without capital.
We shall do our utmost to see indus
tries started and have the country de
veloped in every possible direction. W'outd
the fact of our taking steps to impose a
reasonable share of taxation on the peo
ple who make a lot of money out of
South Africa have the effect of stopping
the influx of capital? Surely not! But I
wish to say this: If in any other part of
the world people think that we by our
legislation are treating them unjustly, I
can give them the assurance that the
government has a sympathetic ear for
their grievances. If they will bring those
grievances before us in the right place."
Defense Department Criticised.
According to the Pretoria correspond
ent of a Johannesburg Journal, the de
partment of defense has not given gen
eral satisfaction by its preliminary se
lections for admission to the military in
struction course at Bloemfontein. This
course, which is to last six months, will
be followed by an examination, success
ful candidates thereafter receiving their
commission?- and being appointed to va
rious centers of training in the union.
Up to the present, says the corre
spondent, the stamp of men invited to
Bloemfontein by the dejXartment is pro
foundly unsatisfactory, and, while some
care has been exercised to avoid any
undue signs of racial preference, manv
of the selected men are without ally
qualifications entitling them to further
military training at the national ex
pense. _ ?
In a few specific instances Gen. Smuts
has carried his passion for equity to
an absurd extent, each Dutch or each
British nominee being, as It were, paired
with a member of the other race with
out due consideration being given to
any other qualifications enjoyed by the
respective subjects for instruction. Most,
if not all, of the vacancies have now
been filled, and. as far as the Transvaal
representatives are concerned, the con
tingent of students is remarkable for
nothing so much as Its heterogeneity.
Suffragists Are Active.
Like other parts of the world, South
Africa Ifts its woman suffragists, al
though, happily, they have not yet re
ported to the peculiar methods which
have gained for the movement in Eng
land so much notoriety. A vigorous or
ganization has been formed, and most
of the principal centers In the union
were represented at the first annual
conference, held the other day at Bloem
fontein. . , , . ?
The president, Mrs. Macintosh, of Port
Elisabeth, declared in her address that
the association had already done good
work in bringing the question of women's
suffrage prominently before the country.
She strongly deprecated the attempt of
some prominent politicians to becloud the
Issue by raising extraneous questions,
such as provincial qualifications and the
color problem. It was Impossible, how
ever, to stay the progress of the move
ment.
It was especially unthinkable, said Mrs.
Macintosh, that the right to the parlia
mentary vote would much longer be with
held In South Africa. When they con
sidered the history of South Africa, how
from the beginning women had shared the
"BUY IT BYTHE BOX"
"It costs less?of any dealer"
"We'll Have It When We Want It"
f
M
IV/
fF ,
J> *v<
Qv'4//7f|
Take it on every outing?make sure of passing
time pleasantly, besides improving teeth?
appetite?digestion. This refreshing confec
tion prevents you from smoking too much
?offsets bad effects if you do.
It's easy to carry and stays clean until used.
It costs Utile by the package, but less by
the box of twenty packages. So buy it
while you're near where it's sold.
Look for the spear
The flavor lasts
dangers and privations inevitable in the
opening of a new countrj-, how the men
had trusted to the wisdom and heroism
of the women time and again, and had
not been disappointed, they felt that the
men of South Africa had need to under
stand the real desire of their women for
enfranchisement, and to take steps to
give it to them. In conclusion, she made
a strong appeal to women to join the as
sociation, and declared for a fight to a
finish.
Natives Furnish Problem.
For years the question of town loca
tions for natives has been discussed in
Natal and the Transvaal, but up to the
present no really feasible scheme has
been formulated.
The natives of these provinces, unlike
those of the cape proper, have never
taken kindly to a communal form of
life. They prefer to live in family
groups, at the head of which stands
the kraal induna, upon whom descend
ed in a perfectly well organized, hered
itary order the government of the
"house." The whole' of the kraal prop
erty, as distinguished from purely per
sonal belongings of a more or less
movable character, is vested in him,
and government itself in the main
deals with the individual members of
the kraal through him.
This system is of immemorial usage,
and although the influences of civiliza
tion have in .many cases led to a
greater spirit of independence among
the natives, the system has been ef
fectual in preventing the establishment
of "'native townships" in the vicinity of
industrial centers where the workers
could bring their wives and families
and settle down as permanent members
of the community.
They have preferred to leave their
people in the care of their own rela
tives and travel perhaps hundreds of
miles to find work, and then at the end
of six or nine months return with the
proceeds of their Industry to their
homes, where they remain in inglorious
ease until necessity compels a fresh
speU of work. The natives of the
are now being offered, near
Johannesburg, plots pf ground in free
hold for from $150 to $200, to be paid
in installments. The experiment will
be watched with interest by all centers
of industry
EVIL POWERS PARALYZED.
Ceremonial Required Before Arabs
Work on Machinery. .
Foreign Corregpondenee of The Star.
MILAN". August 19. 1912.
A very interesting custom has just been
carried out by the Arab population of
Tripoli.
Several huge cranes for salvage work
recently arrived there from Genoa, but
before any of the 500 Arab workmen
could be Induced to start operations the
Moslem priests were summoned. Then
began the celebration of an elaborate rite,
during which a large number of young
lambs were immolated on an altar. The
new salvage plant was smeared from top
to bottom by the priests with the blood
of the victims, and the ceremony conclud
ed with a sacred dance around the cranes.
After this the Arabs set themselves joy
fully to work, in the assurance that the
powers of evil had been effectively para
lysed.
Typhoid Epidemic in Sicily.
Foreign Correspondence of Th? Star.
MILAN. August 19. 1912.
A serious epidemic of typho4d fever has
broken out In Sicily. No fewer than
1.200 persons have been stricken in the
village of San Giovanni Gemini, near
Cammarata. alone. At first the outbreak
was believed to be collective poisoning,
brought about by criminal intent, but the
government commissioner. Prof. Man
fredl, of Palermo, has traced tha origin
of the infection to polluted* wei la
I
Maneuvers Have Aroused
Great Interest in Ranks of
Citizen Soldiery.
The wave of martial enthusiasm that
swept the I'nited States on the declara
tion of war with Spain seems again to
be setting in, according to the proof of
fered to officers of the War Department
in the few reports already received on
the recent country-wide maneuvers. The
reports indicate that the militia estab
lishment is more enthusiastic and of
greater force and effectiveness than has
been the case since 1808. The regular
army, also, is a more effective lighting
force than before because of the Texas
mobilization and its participation with
the militia in maneuver camps.
Regular army officers attribute the
greater interest being taken by the militia
arm to the frequent rumors of trouble
with Mexico, Nicaragua and other coun
tries of I^tin America. At such times,
say the military authorities, the coun
try citizen soldiery always responds,
with the result that in both strength and
personnel the militia is the gainer.
Get Interesting Problems.
"There is undoubtedly another reason,
also," said Capt. Dana T. Merrill of the
militia division of the War Department,
"and that is to be found in the more
liberal regulations now laid down for
duty in the joint maneuvers. We have
endeavored to eliminate the drudgery of
these camps, reduce guard duty to the
lowest, and do away practically entirely
with parade and show affairs. The men
now pet work and problems enough to
keep them interested and enthusiastic."
In the absence of the official reports
from the umpires who officiated at the
various problem maneuvers, including the
attacks on New York and San Fran-!
cisco, military experts are not prepared
to comment at any length on the lessons
learned from those exercises. It is ad
mitted. however, that the unofficial re
ports disclose some grave defects in the
defenses of those seaports.
The maneuvers, which lasted through
out eight days, cost close to $2,500,000, of
which the federal government provided
$1,350,000, the various states whose mi
litia participated making up the balance.
Approximately s5,imni officers and men
took part In working out the military
problems presented, and general officers,
many of whom had never before had the
opportunity, assumed oommand of bri
gade* for the first time. Of that irmy
more than /50.000 men were from the
militia.
Reforms Are Probable.
As a result of the "war pame" played
under the trained officers of the regular
establishment, numerous reforms proba
bly will e undertaken In the remodeling
and readjustment of the militia armories
throughout the country. Many glaring
abuses have been discovered, prejudicial
to the morale of the citizen soldiery.
Many of the buildings, especially those
in this city, have been found to be wholly
unsulted to the usea to which they are
put, otheis are so badly unsuited that
the property of the government is not
\ .
sufficiently safeguarded, while other* of
fer no facilities for drill. These defect*
will be pointed out to the adjutant gen
erals of the several states affected, and
recommendations for changes will )>?
based on the annual report of the militia
division, now in course of preparation
by Capt. Monroe C. Keith.
Gets Ruler of Bulgaria to Put
His Royal Signature in
Autograph Album.
Furrijni Correiipnnrienre of Th<- St?r.
BBRI.IN, August 21, I'M2.
A pretty little narrative of how tli*
King of Bulgaria, who was recently May
ing at the Hungarian spa Post yen. stir
rendered to a little boy the incognito
which he had jealously preserved 1>rfore
every one else has just come to puhUe
knowledge.
The king had arrived at the hotel under
the name of "Count \on Murany." Al
though he was recognized by the hotel
officials and many of the guests, no one
dared to show the fact openly. In the
hotel, however, were a woman an<l her
seven-year-old son. the latter an uctivn
collector of autographs.
Hearing the stories in the hotel a)w>ut
the identity of the new guest and unde
terred by etiquette, the boy waited in th??
hall until "Count von Murany" next
passed through, and then. Roing up t<?
him with his book, said: "Please, <<>unt,
will you write your real name in he-e ?
not your eount-name, but Vour king-name?
I have got a lot of signatures already
but 1 should like very much to have th?
name of a king, too "
Boy Gains Hia Point.
"Well," replied the "count," "?e must
see what can be done," and. taking th?
book away with him, the king sent it
back a few minutes later by the hand of
an equerry with his royal signature writ
ten formally and without disguise.
On the morning of the king* departure
the boy showed his gratitude by present
ing a bouquet of flowers which he had
picked himself. In return he received, a
few days later, a souvenir in the form of
a pair of gold sleeve-links bearing th#
king's monogram.
Boy Tied to Tail of Bull.
Foreign Correspondence of The Rtsr.
PARIS. August 22. 1?12.
An act of unusual brutality has been
committed by natives at Isler, cIo*e to
Palestro. In Algeria. A boy of ten. All
Ben Said, was walking in the fields close
to his home when he was seised by shep?
herds, who tied him to the tall of a bull.
The terrified %ntmal took to flight, drag
ging the child Behind him. The boy's
dead body was found by his parents next
morning some miles from home.
Clarence E. Cooper, a carpenter of
Knoxville. near Frederick. Md.. wig in
stantly killed by a Baltimore and Ohio
railroad train. He had been to Brunswick
and returned to Knoxville on a freight.
His mangled body was found on the crusse
ins.

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