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tiik evening star,
With. Bandar Worning Xdittos. WASHINGTON. SUNDAY September 15. 1912 THEODORE W. NOYES Editor The i;?raiuK Mar >e??i?p?p*r < lluwin?' IIUi Si. and P-iiiis*!?hii ? Avenue. ? \.? *..rk <ittw Tribune llullillnit. r*hii:i*.> first National P.nnk Building Kumi '-an UflW: 1! s?nt St . lA>n?l?n. Kngtaul. Tin K,v??nlnsr Star, witli ill#- Similav morning I <??ljti.ni. i* delivered lit . artier* witldn the city at I." cent* !*i iikmill. daily only. ~S> cent# Jht iiioiitli: Sunday only. '.11 epnt* i?er month. Order* iii.iv lie sent liy mail. ?m telephone Main 244". Collection i* made hjr carrier at ibe ?n?i of each Uioi.tll. . I'.V mail. |?'<l?p' |?r< iiai'l I ?.i 11 * Siimla v 1 n<1 u?l* iI. one montii. IU> I?*. |i?.m Siimlay < tr'i?t,'tl. oti* mouth. ?*?? 111 **. Saturday Star, $1 year. Sun-lay Star. $2.J0 year. F.Dt'-rfil .i? fl?'? mail tn.'itter at tii?? fost office at Washington. 1>. r. C - In orilrr to avoid (Hays on account of T>iN<iiHi alisu'tire letter* to TIIK STAR ?hoitld v >1 I..- aiMr<-*sed !?> any Individual ??oiinected null tlie l>itt simply t>? TIIK STAR, or to the kdit.<rlal or Hnslne?* Department. according t? i.-nor or I'tirfum'. Crowds and Visiting Statesmen. Ttiero at e two points i>f value in con nection with tin- Maine contest just closed which should not be lost on the public between now and November: (1) .\ big rally does not necessarily prom ise a hip vote on election day. and (2) the views of a visiting statesman about renditions in a place new to hint are Tt? ? t "sometimes always correct." The hoopla in Maine was with the democrats. Their meetings were largely attended, and their visiting statesmen of national reputation. Something re sembling apathy appeared on the re publican side, and little help on the stump from the outside was received. Krgo. it was arjru?d. the democrats stood to sweep the state. But they failed to do so. The crowds that had attended their meetings did not at tend at the polls, while the apathetic republicans got a move on w hen the ( polls opened. As for the visiting democratic states men. <? 11. with one exception, were misled. They saw the state going "hell-bent" for Uov. I'laisted, and con gratulated him and the national or - giiiization in advance. Said Ool. Noodle of Podunk to an en terprising newspaper reporter a few days before election: "I have just come from a stumping tour in Maine, sir. and I nevr saw greater enthusiasm any where than in tha ranks of the demo crats there. My meetings were enormous, sir, and everybody with whom I talked predicted a landslide. I tell j-iii. sir. th" thinn is settled both In Maine and elsewhere. We've got 'em. sir: got 'em dead to rights!" Good, easy gentleman, he believed what he said. Things looked just that wax to hln>. lie knew nothing about Maine, and had talked only with demo crats. who. knowing his bent and his ?wished, had filled him with the con f.Pnc- he desired. His whole ex perience having been in Podunk. where there ts but one party and therefore no politics, properly so-called, at all. he was easily persuaded that every man w ho had come to hear him was a demo t tal. He knows better now. I'hamp t'lark was the exception. ( When he returned from his visit, he j refused to make a prediction. He had 1 addressed large meetings, but being from a state where real politics is known, and being himself a real poli tician. he declined the role of prophet, lie had heard the talk in Maine, but as st Missourian wanted to be shown. And election day showed him. Through his experience, he makes a better figure today than <*ol. Noodle. Mr. Roosevelt and Mr Bryan are on the stump, drawing as strongly as mustard plasters, and Woodrow Wilson will soon be. And many \isiting atatesin* 11 here and there are contid inp predictions to enterprising re porters. All very Interesting. But wait. The Holding Company Fallacy. T:.e failure of the big automobile hold ing company in New York may be regarded tt> another example of the fallacy of at tempting to control industrial conditions through the organization of non-produc.ng corporation*. The holding company is al most invariably an overload of charge upon the business, it interposes another series of profits thai must eventually come out of the trade, ostensibly dc smied to suppiy wot king capital, the e? sentiil object of a holding company is to make money out of manufactories that have been organized by others, it is a manifestation of the trust principle in t ut! the ^VKitieial autonomj of each of the component parts of the system is destrowd Half a dozen prosperous con ems. h capable of earning substantia! tliviib tids for its sio- Uholders. may ji; o\*e to t?e unable, though \tit?i no ? : 1 an^e .n t'iade contlitions. to earn eno.u: 1 niotie", to > ieltl dividends to a hoitiiiiK company. w t.i its m.n*h larger t a? itaiiz ition than t >? ombined ? apital of ail the units. There scarcely been an instance of holding-company trouble lit t i> that has not been due to comiltioil. 1'i.i "t.c.iilv .ill of them a.- ovei ? apitalized, are! the excess of ? aplt.-l. 1 on \\ 11:? :t d.v;d?!.d? are expect ed. i ?-presents in tno-t eiis?-s promoters . ?. ? ? T1 j ~ 'indet w rnei s' commissions ami witii. a: fees taken out in the process of ? i'rM. xatioi:. In anot iei feature the cor joi.ition now ii trouble is similar !<? ot 1 rs ' 1st' ha\? pre? eded it along tins 10.id of Jinan- al difficulties. Those who efft ? ed t ?? . raani/. ? lion k"t on the Kt ' .ri<l r'o >? .t, terms of bonds. havitiK 1; . | . opi> v. iio furnished tlie greater bulk i.f - . tj tn! to t;ike stoi'k on which it v. ent.iin t? ? le extremely difficult to , <1. . ulend- Tl .? experience is oill> ? if 11 tn ei mis ca-es in ? h!rh innocent J .slots ha\ ?? neen fooled b glowing 1 . > ,-?? and refi ences to the undeniable > r 'h>" omponent industrial p a-ts t -at ar> taken into the combina tion. if these holding companies were flnar.rs-d m?ind!* . without water in the sfo.k ?nd nitiiout excessive pro j i .tcrs' ;,t fits ? epi es'-nted in first mort ,. i::.- beini-. tti re would no objection to this ti!,.nue. ft' incrcaslne the efficiency f t indcrt: ial entei prise*. S'i <! v tiv wisdom of tlie plain peo ph will a - ;e:'* itself so effectually that e-i ry family will reoognizt tlie desira biH'o . m ile:* certain conditions, of boiling t):. ?i"ink n:r water. Engaging a Spellbinder. < f>'. Jo-i-iii Wlioof.emup bowed low and 5n---sen ted his "kyard" to the statesman ?Jn "harge of ti..- spellbinding bureau. I'm i.appj t ? meet you. colonel, ite seated Mr. Smith toid ru" yesterday > u'd call." ?'\s t?: i:';uw 1'rn Feeling an ensage ' A ? H*tv. > ,-)! had a;:y experier.CB as r. > :-e:? "Not as -i poll"'c*! sp?dlh;n -?r. Tht* !a to he my fr.-t aaer.pt in t?.a| l:r.e. Eu I'm a criminal lawyer, and I have a rec ord at the bar." "Clear 'em every time?" "Nearly every time. Recently I lost a rase, but tinder circumstances that a li st; red me nobody could have won." "Flow was that?'" "I had only a few weeks before freed two tough fellows charged with murder and probably guilty, and when my third client came on to be tried the community denianded a victim, and I lost him to the hangman. Poor fellow: I regarded him as innocent!" "Well, as you have power over twelve xapiuads in a jury box you ought to be able to handle a crowd." "That's my idea. I'd do my best. If you'll give me h trial." "What are your views on the tariff?" "I'm for a tariff for revenue only." "But you don't attempt to explain what that is?" "I should say not!" "And currency reform?" "I'm opposed to the Aldrich bill." ? Why?" "Because Mr Aldrich is the fatlier-in Ihw of the son of John D. Rockefeller." "Good! Now about the trusts." "1 don't know a thing about them." "Honest enough, colonel, but in spell binding honesty is not always the best policy. The spellbinder must often affect knowledge where he has it now. t'ould you muster a few views on short no tice?" "I think so. I'll try." "Now. about your party record. Have you ever shifted your foot? Kver been on one side in one presidential contest, and on the other in the next?" "No. I've always been on the same side. Why do you ask?" "It makes a difference in the matter of salary* and advertising. First-class con verts are quoted at the top figures. They are the hcadliners. Protean artists?men, say, who spoke for McKlnley in 18!#?, Bryan in 15)00, Roosevelt in 1904. and Bryan again in 190N?are next in line. An old-fashioned man like yon. with a color less record of consistency and conviction, draws the smallest pay." "Well, am I engaged?" "You are engaged, colonel." "Be particular, please, and steer me clear of the big guns of the other side and challenges for joint debates." "Rest easy. I'll keep you as far away from the big road as possible." . The Maryland Race Track. 1'iider an act passed at the recent ses sion of the Maryland legislature a race track has been established at Havre de Grace, which is now the chi^f source of ]?oolroom supply in the east and is rated as a distinct revival of the race gambling industry, which has for some years been under the ban in this part of the country. So openly Is the game played there that Maryland has fallen under serious criticism for permitting the revival within its boundaries of a form of gambling that most of the states have suppressed. Now conies Gov. Golds borough. who has been severely scored for signing the act of the legislature, with a statement which explains the cir cumstances under which he came to give his approval. He said that, recognizing the danger of the revival of racing in the state, he had put the bill on his veto tiles for disapproval when prominent citizens of Harford county represented to him that the measure was designed to save the county fgur at Belair from dis aster and was also for the benefit of the farmers and others interested in im proving live stock breeds. Induced by these considerations, the governor signed the bill, although the track was located I at a point some fifteen miles by air line distant from Belair and much further than that by rail, and Inasmuch as the count}' seat is on a different railroad line from that at Havre de Grace. Strong arguments must have been used to cause the executive of the state to see the ben eficial effect upon the county fair of a race track which was located' with par I ticular regard for Philadelphia, Balti more and Washington traffic. Nothing can be done now to put a stop to this fraudulently established gambling center short of the repeal of the act which gives it legal existence. The next j regular session of the Maryland legisla j ture will be held a year from next Jan l uarv, and so if an extra session is not ! called the race track, costing the public at large an immense sum of money in I gambling losses, will run for at least fif teen months to conic. It is quite well as sured that it will operate almost con tinuously. certainly during the greater i part of the year. In the circumstances lit would seem to be Gov. Goldsborough's duty, in the light of his discovery that he | was deceived by those who Induced him i to ?ign the ac t. or who were themselves j deceived by others, directly interested In the re-esiab'.ishment of tace track gam bling in Maryland, to call the legislature ; together in extra session for the purpose i of repealing the act whi< h he signed uii- j der a misconception of its purposes and effect and which carries in it so much of harm to the public welfare. Bankers agree that the country is due i for an era of great prosperity that is even more reliable than Japan's eia of great righteousness. Agricultural conditions will call for a Thanksgiving proclamation written in the precis^ spirit of the customs of the fore fathers. A great many of the hull moose pro gressives insist on flaunting their trans fers in the eyes of the band wagon con ductor. Many diplomatic protests are in the na t ?.?' polite formalities intended to grat ify an alertly sensitive pojjulace. Biitish Political Conditions. There are signs that the British politi cal coalition which sustains the present ministry is weakening, not merely before the country, but in its terms of alliance. Krc.ni time to time seats fall vacant and contests aic caused, which demonstrate a steady drift toward the unionists. The late>t instance of this character is tue capture of the Midlothian seat by the unionists. It is a traditional liberal stronghold, and since the union of liberal and labor forces it has been regarded as one of the certainties of party assets. It is usually represented by a member of the government for whom it is neces sary to provide an easy constituency. The late Incumbent was the Master of Klibank, which is the formal title; of Right Honorable Alexander Murray,) whose party rank was that of "patronage J secretary." This is one of the most im portant and influential positions in the English government, and usually leads to a peerage for the holder of it. even as he himself is the usuul channel through wh^ch titles and honors are obtained by faithful party workers. In consequence of his efficient service* along these lines Mr. Murray has recently been given a peerage on his own account, and thus the Midlothian constituency was vacated and the election has just been held. A lib. ral-labor majority of 3,157 at the pre vious election seemed to assure Murray's succession by a man allied with the minis terial coalition. To the dismay of the liberal party !eade:s, however, the laltor ites decidcd io put a ticket of their own in the field. In pursuance of a new pol icy they have just adopted, of contesting every possible seat by the nomination of a candidate in all conaituencles where there are large numbers of workingmen. As a result of the splitting of the vote the unionist candidate was elected by a plurality of .12 votes, .".W b?<ng cast for the liberal. 2.413 for the la borate and fi.021 for the unionist. Had the coalition voted as a unit this time, as heretofore, the seat would hare been saved to the gov ernment by a niapority of 2,381. This, however, would have been a loss from the preceding liberal-labot majorit> of 7Tt? votes. The declaration of the labor partv that it proposes to contest all seats in working districts may foreshadow the ea.lv failure of the ministerial ma jority. The overturn of the government, however, is likely to come as a result of a general election not precipitated by an unexpected adverse vote in the com mons- that at the next election of this character the unionist party will be com missioned to organise the government is the present general understanding and expectation. If this means a checking of the socialist!'- program that has been worked out under the liberal auspices during t lie past few years serious results are likely to follow through the growth of dissatisfaction on the part of the work ing classes. Unclean Grocery Stores. The issuance of'warrants against local groceryinen for the maintenance of dirty ?tores is not to be taken as a sign that the clean city movement has failed of effectiveness. On the contrary it is a token of the maintenance-of higher stand ards of sanitation. Many of these places now officially rated as unclean have been discovered through the activities of the children enlisted In the anti-fly crusade originated by The Star. Possibly there are others than those named in the war rants. to he later detected ami their own ers made to realize by court proc eedings that the health regulations of the clty have been written to be observed and not ignored. Rather is it'to be hoped, how ever. that through the publicity given to these cases now in ham! every grocer in Washington will promptly see to his own premises and insure immunity from offi cial molestation in the future. It will take perhaps some time to teach the piir veyors of food stuffs that it is bad busi ness to neglect the laws of sanitation. Occasionally a rising attorney who un dertakes to cross-question a man of exalted financial or political .standing is regarded as doing very well if he does not get stage fright. The "Paris mob'* has become so mild and obscure an institution that T^ondon s "militant"' suffragettes wQl probably be unable to arouse it to any demonstration worth noticing. While waiting for the medals he says will be bestowed on him IJeut. Becker is perfectly willing to take advantage of any technicalities that may postpone his vindication. England has been having early snow storms and is wishing that people en gaged in violent demonstrations could be persuaded to use snowballs instead of bricks. It will be necessary for the airship to prove of very great benefit to civilization in order to compensate for the toll of hu man life it has taken. Mexico is unfortunate in being unable to keep its immediate quarrels from breaking forth in demonstrations involv ing outsiders. John D. Rockefeller rides a bicycle while playing golf. He is the master of combination in sport as well as In business. The announcement that the backbone of summer is broken is always due for several repetitions before it becomes con vincing. Thomas F. Ryan is to enlarge his New York house, but the plans do not mention a front porch for Prof. Wilson's especial use. SHOOTING STAES. BY ritll'ANDKR JOHNSON. Discussing the Chances. "Do you tiiink you can support my daughter in the style to which she has been accustomed?" asked -Mr. Cuuirox. "I hadn't 'thought of the matter In ex actly the light you suggest." replied the nervous youth. "You see, I'll be leaving a pretty good home myself." Doubtfnl Melody. "A bird that can sing and won't sing must be made to sing," said the ready made philosopher. "Yes." replied the practical person, "but anybody who would be satisfied with the result of that experiment must have a mighty poor ear for music. No campaigner who advocates limiting a working day to eight hours dares to set the example in his own affairs. The Belligerent Statesman. lie couid not quite keep up the pace. Which dazzled the beholder. He would quit sawing wood to place A chip upon his shoulder. Welcome Arrival. ? i don't think we had better lose any time about calling on our new neighbors," said Mrs Mainchanee. "Why?" inquired her husband. "1 have watched them unload the mov ing van and they have a lot of things we , will want to borrow." Deftly Turned. "This isn't like the bread mother makes." said the young married man. "So you arc going to start that, are you?" "1 was merely congratulating you. Mother never was a very good ifread maker." Avoiding Obscdrity. "Your constituents are blaming you for a lot *?f legislation you never had any thing to do with!'" "Let 'em alone," replied Senator Sor ghum. "Taking the blame for things he never did has made a man seem more Important than lie really was." Instruction. By hard experience we learn. Whatever our position. And pay. whichever way we turn. Right dearly for tuition. Before we walk we have to creep; We rise with many a tumble: Before we learn life's road to keep How often must we stumble! Ere we can learn to think we grope Through nuioU fantastic folly. Our smiles of friendship and of hope Are earned through melancholy. Atid so it is with every man, IAnd so with many a nation; It is a part of nature's plan? Compulsory education. Through constant familiarity, that little commodity, the postal card, has become so conunonftice as not to A Billion receive a passing thought a Year froni t,le majority of people who use it as a means of transmitting small messages. The postal card, nevertheless, figures to a consider able extent in the scheme }f things gov ernmental. and its production is by no means a trivial matter. I'ntil about three years ago the postal t-ards used in this country were printed by outside printing firms under contract. At that time, however. I'ncle Sam began to do his own work in this connection, and the government printing office was called in to produce results. Annually the American people consume almost a billion of these oblong pieces of cardboard, tin* work of producing them requiring a special force and special ma chinery at the government printing office. Four different kinds of postal cards are printed, three in red and one in green. Three of those kinds are of one size, that most commonly seen, ."i'-i bv ~>\i inches. The other size, the Lincoln card, is slightly smaller, and was nade thus for the purpose of fitting into standard index tiling cases?the intention 'jelng to make it j*?ssible tb send messages bv postal which could be filed without the neces sity of rewriting. Tlie postal card which is more commonly used than any other is the McKinley card. The heads of George and Martha Washington are used on the reply postal card. Martha Wash ington's head appearing on the card for reply purposes. The ether card printed is the international, or two-cent, postal card and has Grant's head on it. * * t In considering the making of p.-stal cards the first thing which impresses one is the care that Is Great Care taken. T'nlike the bureau Taken ?f ensrav,n^ and printing. where all otter postal sup plies having an actual money value when complete are printed, the government printing office Is equipped with no steel cages or iron-barred windows. And yet the work is done in such a way that the postal cards are perfectly secure from the grasp of any one defiiring to steal them. One of the ways in* which this safety is maintained is by not admitting visitors into the room where they are be ing printed. Visitors are, in fact, less welcome here than in almost any gov ernment bureau, and it is only with the personal escort of Public Printer Don nelly that the postal card room can be visited. When it is realized that each dav 3,500. '?00 postal cards can be printed, the equipment and force seeir small. Only two printing machines are used, while U1!?"" fortj" People are employed In all. The term machine is more accurate in this instance than the word press v. ould be. because the apparatus is more tlian a mere press. At ore end the big 1.00?*-pound roll of cardboard enters and passes under the cylinder, which with each revolution makes ninety-six impres sions and has a capacity of sixty revolu tions a minute. After the cardboard has passed the printing cylinder and has re ceived the impression, it runs to a series of knives, which cut it Into eight parts? the cylinder having a width of eight im pressions. Four of these ribbons run down to a series of knives again which cut them into separate cards, while the other four are similarly cut by another set of knives. The reason for dividing the work in this manner is that by the meth od employed all eight ribbons do not leave the machine at once, Instead they are dropped out by fours. * * Connected with each set of knives is a device which causes a set of fingers to drop each time fifty Counted by cards have been cut. Fifties 'hereby causing the ma chine to deposit the cards in four neat little piles of fifty each. An other device for binding these separate piles together is also connected with the machine, but is not used. Instead girls are employed for this work, eight being at each machine, four binding the cards and four more stacking them in boxes, IijO to a box. With two machines, each with eight girls and two pressmen, it can be seen that the 3.500,000 postal cards can be turned out in one day by twenty people. To do that the girls be come experts in catching up the little piles of cards an they drop before them, and they not only keep up with the work, but do so with perfect ease. Many of the girls connected with producing post al cards here were similarly employed in Maine and the other places where the cards were printed before the government took over their production, having been installed in the printing office after a civil service examination. The postal cards are shipped from the printing office direct to their final desti nations. Two methods are employed. Kor transportation by water thev are packed in Wooden boxes, while for Inland trans portation they are packed merely In st raw board cgrtons. The curds come from the machines in piles of flftv, which are bound, and then placed in a cardboard cat t on which contains ten such piles The size of the order to be filed determines to a certain extent the way thev are packed after that, but ordinarily thev are packed 10,000 to a box. * * * The majority of people fail to realize the importance of the post card, especially In connection with the role it Storage plajs in the business world. Booms /A vi8it lo liie p?stal eard storeroom, however, changes this attitude. Piled high Jn a long row stand several hundred boxes, long, wide, but shallow. These in no way resemble the other bcxes of postal cards, yet that Is what they contain. In these boxes the postal cards are packed in uncut sheets, forty-eight on each, a box containing 1:1,000 cards. 'This method is employed for the convenience of large business houses, a mail order establishment, for example, that uses thousands of postal cards annually. By securing the cards in this manner they can be sent to the printer and tur.ned into a printed blank, or form. Many of these forms the gen eral public is more or less familiar with on second thought. The transportation companies use them in notifying persons of the arrival of an express package, large firms use them in notifying custom ers regarding commonplace matters while others use them as blank forms with which to obtain Information alons stereotype lines. As a matter of fact the postal card can be said to be a business necessity. As far as the ordinary person is concerned the day of the picture postal has so far ad vanced that It is much more prev alent than the ordinary government card, while in business the reverse is the case. Hundreds of dollars are saved an nually through the savin* of merely the one cent which Is the difference between POSTAL CARDS! the cost of a postal and a stamp for a letter, while the amount of time thus saved is beyond computation. m * ? All told, the average output of the government printing offic* each year Is about 880.000,000 postal Sureettire cards, that number in of Z ?" the different Statistics. k(rH)s printed. Taking that figure as a basis, it is seen that the distance these cards would cover, if laid end to end, taking the average length as five itiches, would be 4.400.000,0ft) j inches, or more than 3#6.000.000 feet, or over 21,212 miles, a distance sufficient to encircle the globe nearly three times. The weight of a year s production is enormous, being more than 4.000.060 tons. It is estimated that 1,000 postal cards weigh more thfln five pounds; the reply cards, of course, weighing just double. If these cards were all taken f^om the government printing office at the ?an** time 142 freight cars would be required. If they were to be stored away at tne printing office practically 230.000 cubic feet of space would be required. If they were made to form a wall, it would be possible to make one Z30 reet long. 100 feet high and ten feet thick. The paper from which postal cards are made costs each year more than 500. This expense is the greatest in connection with their production, as with a working force of less than fort} and need of few other materials, aside from ink. the remaining cost is com paratively alight. The two machines which turn out these postal cards and their equipment represent an outlay of practically $45,000. The working day at the print ing office is seven and a half hours. With each machine making sixty revolu tions a minute, and ninety-six impres sions each revolution, the maximum out put for a day is slightly more than , 5.000,000 postal cards- The speed at ! which these machines are run. h?w?J*r i is set according to the size of the daj s I orders. The stock on hand is kept | within a certain limit, and whatever i amount is necessary each day in excess l?of that determines the output for that dav. An average day's work is about 3.500.000. A roll of cardboard weijens 1.000 pounds, and will take about 1"'. 000 impressions. The number of rolls of cardboard used in A. year varies, but is in the neighborhood of 5.000. * * * One interesting feature in connection with the production of postal cards is the way in which these Waddling huge rolls of raper are han died. The room in which the P*PCr. postal cards are printed 1* the basement floor at the end of the H street side of what is calls*} thp building, or that on the corner of North Capitol and H streets, while the paper Is taken in at the North Capitol street en trance, several hundred feet distant. A platform has been constructed from the entrance to the printing room, and by the tine of pulleys the paper is rolled, down wtth comparatively Httle trouble. The platform will hold 280 rolls, or 280.000; pounds, at one time. Once in ^ print ing room the same pulley device isus*d to swing the rolls into position to be nut on the presses. . , In printing postal cards there is leas danger than In printing stamps?that Is. from the standpoint of money losses. The output for an entire year being about their face value is $8,800,000. That Is a sufficient amount to tempt any r?? ber. but when their wf^S^t is take into consideration, about 000,000 pounds, the danger Is Plac<? below that of possibility let alone orobabillty. Consequently, postal cards can be said to be their own P^otect^n. as by taking away all he could Pos siblv carrv a man would have but a amount far too small when compared ^ust* as with stamps, the po?ta' cards are distributed to about OO.SOO P??t offices all over the United states and her possessions. In_P?Parl?* acres for shipment wooden boxes are tvsed only in the case to the Philippines or similar Places. Cards are sometimes sent by water o Jacksonville, Fla.. and San Francisco ??* well as other coast cities. Aoom m per cent of those shipped. h?w -o in the . ordinary ??**? board cartons, belngshlpped *>' Both the cartons and the wooden boxe? are made at the printing office, th cartons In connection with the vast amount of cardboard work done there and the wooden boxes from the wooa on hand as a result of ?????!?? ments in boxes and other material. This is merely one instance o' the | =. which many hundreds of dollars are saved annuall>. 9 * * While the postal cards are the onl> things printed at the government print ing office which have an Valuable actual face value upon their completion, there are Products. otjier things which are nevertheless valuable and have to be printed with the utmost ^re. such as the money order blanks for the Po*t, Office Department. These, when th have been filled out by a clerk at | the post office, can be turned into cash for whatever amount is specified on the J blank, and are therefore valuable. These are printed by the hundred thousand each vear and sent direct from the P^tlng office to their destination by registered mail. . Money orders are made auo books of | ! 9-, luo and blanks each. The Total number of books made In an aver age year is about GOO.OOu. Two presses are used in printing these forms, though one being recently installed, the older machine Is less frequenUy used- TMs machine prints on both of the n?n?,. and cuts and perforates tne Lenarate blanks. Money order blanks are exactly alike, with two exceptions: they must bear in red Ink the name of the city in which the post office is 8""?^ and a serial number. A high point in Inventive genius has been reached in the machine which prints these blanks, as the machine automatically numbers each blank. The capacity of this machine is almost 0.000 an hour, but as the bearing the name of the city have to be inserted bv hand, the daily output Is re duced to fci.000 a day. The paper used in money order blanks Is extremely thin, but even so the amount used In a year weighs more than .'500.000 pounds and costs more than 156.000. Money order blanks are issued, as are the postal cards, to all the post offices In thl* coun try The average order Is about five ' books, but many of the smaller offices : will use only a single book of 100 In an ? entire year. On the other hand, New I York orders about four hundred books, of ' two hundred blanks each, on an average of every four months. Chicago also or ders about the same number. THE TROUBLE IN MEXICO. From the Sail I.ake Herald-Republican. Something wrong with the revolution business in Mexico. Juarez hasn't been captured or evacuated for a week. From the Richmond Virginian. If Diaz is not saying "1 told you so" his self-restraint is remarkable. From the Detroit Free Presa. There is a suspicion abroad that Mexico is beyond the spanking age. and that the job of whipping her would involve more or less of a stand-up tight. From tbe St. I.ouia ront-Dtapaicb. The proposed Mexican invasion looms iargv in one aspect?as another possible pensions assault on the I'nited States Treasury. From the New Orlesns 'J'imea-Democrat. If it is true that the Mexican guerrillas are raiding the Texas rattle ranches, the Kovernor of that commonwealth should mobilize the Texas Rangers, arm them with a few buckets of water and authorize them to take such measures as the condi tions, in their judgment, demand. From the Detroit Journal. The bloodthirsty Washington corre spondents who declared war at least thirty times against Venezuela are now announcing the in.vasion of Mexico every few months. From tbe Cleveland New*. No harm is done even if Gen. Zapata shows himself a close student of the art of war according to Gene. Fabhis and McClellan. From the Detroit Free Press. By tho use of proper herding methods the bull moose might easily be persuaded to do some of his rampaging in Mexico. From tbe Concord Rrenihg Monitor. We don't want to give Mexico any les sons in the art of preserving ?rdir, but we can 80 it If necessary. FIFTY HEARS AGO IN THE STAR After the second battle of Bull Run there were military operation# in the neighborhood of Washington Accused which caused considerable anxiety here, but there was umcen. stl,j opportunity for an in terested discussion of charges which grew out of that engagement. In The Star of September 8, 1862. is the following: "In his report of the recent operations of his army in failing back to the fortifi cations in front of Washington. Oen. Pope, it is currently said around us. makes grave charges against a number of his brother general officers, accusing Gen. ffgel of cowardice, Oen. Fltz John Porter of refusing to obey orders and Oena. Franklin and Griffin of Intentional ly delaying the movements of their so\ - eral commands so ss to prevent the suc cess of his (Gen. Pope-*) operations. We apprehend that the rumor that he also brings charges against Oen. Helntaselm&n is entirely unfounded. It appears to he understood that on receiving this report all the officers (with, perhaps, the ex oeptlon of Oen. Sifren who are subjects of Its accusations were about to be re lieved from duty until their conduct could be Investigated by the court of in quivy?consisting: of Gen?. MinsflfW. (. ad walaAer and Casey?which meets here to day, having been summoned in response to Oen. McDowell's prompt demand for aueh a court to Investigate his conduct upon the retreat. The exigencies of the occasion, however, made it absolutely necessary, we apprehend, that they should be continued in their several com manda, leaving the question of the action to be taken upon Oen. Pope's charges against them to be determined wholly by the result of the court s investigations. Judge Advocate Holt mill doubtless make a thorough Investigation of the whole matter. Gen. Pope was on Saturday or dered to the command of a new north western department?against th* hostile Indians of Minnesota at presentee hear ?with his headquarters at St. Paul." * " * * After every battle near Washington this city showed the effects In not only j the hospital congestion Military that immediately resulted, _ . but in the presence of numerous stragglers on the streets. In The Star of September 8. 1862. Is the following paragraph touching upon this condition: "Since Saturday morning the provost guard has sent to the different regiments nearly 1.000 stragglers. On Saturday the city was flooded, but by the judicious and energetic action of the provost marshal comparatively few remain. Many of these stragglers were really worn out by long marches, but others skedaddled from their regiments as thej* passed through, and were soon found in the low groggeries, from whence they were taken and treated to a shower bath at the guardhouse. As soon as they appear in the streets or in other places they are collected together and sent under guard to the commanders of their respective corps. The same is tbe case with the officers; all fit for duty and not here on orders have been sum marily sont to their commands. Special guards are actively engaged in patrolling the streets "day and night, visiting every conceivable place where a soldier or offi cer may be found. For the j?ast two weeks the provost marshal's %ffice has been open for business at all hours, day and night." *? * * The effect of the impressment of hack drivers for ambulance service left the jehua of Washington in a sad Scared State of nerves, as evidenced _ , by the following paragraph in JellllS. The star 0f September ft, 1W52: "The hackmen have been twice im pressed into the government service to go upon the field of battle to bring the wounded. As this involves a long mid night ride and any quantity of accidents. It is a business which the drivers don't ache to perform and would escape if pos sible. Reasoning thus, a gentleman who had a bone to pick with the 'whips' last night whispered to them that the provost marshal was about to send for them. In a minute the stand at Wlllard's was de serted by its double line of carriages, 1 which disappeared tumultuously in a cloud of oaths and dust in the direction of the Island; and, the alarm spreading, in a short time Kirkwood's, Brown s and the National were without hacks and a number of persons anxious to pay big prices for traveling in dusty vehicles were disappointed." * * The school children of Washington took part In the care of the wounded in their small way in the course of Children the civil war- as the fol~ lowing paragraph printed Helpers. jn The Star of September 11. 18A2, indicates: "Upon the recent call being made 1>> the surgeon general for lint and band ages the German Aid and Relief Associa tion of this city, with its wonted prompti tude. immediately set several schools to work making the articles called for, and, in order to stimulate the children to re double their exertions in this act of love and patriotism, premiums to the amount of $2.30 were offered in each school for the largest quantity furnished. Primary School No. 1 of the third district, upon taking a vote whether or not to accept ?bountv' for what was to them an oppor t unity of doing good, decided unanimously that the premiums so liberally tendered by the German Aid Association would be accepted by the children only on condi tion that they be permitted to offer the amount as their mite to the volunteer fund of this city. This was. of course, gladlv acceded to by the delegate of the association and he was. at once, deputed to hand the amount over to Mayor \\ai lach for the purpose specified." ? * * Washington was keenly iuterested in the progress of the street railway construc tion half a century ago. as Street Car such Items as the follow ing in The 8tar of Septem Progress. ber 12, 1962, suggest: "The first trip of the passenger railway from the railroad depot to Georgetown was made about 10 o'clock this morning, car No. 14 having the honor of being the pioneer. Hereafter the cars will be run between those points from VJ0 minutes past o to 8 o'clook and until 12 o'clock to the Capitol gate. The company have now twenty-six cars on the line and at present are running on four-minute time, but will shortly run every three minutes, thereby giving increased facilities for the public travel. The work on the branch roads Is now progressing finely, the wood work on the Navy Yard line having been laid to the navy yard gate and the rails to the corner of 8th street east and the Avenue. The 7th street line Is progress ing slowly, but surely, and the company anticipate running both on this line and thtf Navy Yard line about the "-id instant. The company have been disappointed in getting their cars as fast as they could wish, and also their material?the rail road line having been so blocked up with government freight that only at intervals can any private freight be brought through." THE QUIET HOUSE. There'* a hush is the desolate dwelling; The mother un tiptoe steals And the heart In her bosom U ??elling ?he lonca for the discord of soond, Oh, She longs for the whoop and the lsugiiter The honae la aa still ae * P??'L Kor the rooma are ao desolate tftfr The children go back to the school. There are tear* in the eyes of the mother; She thinks of ilk* petulant *ord. Of the ssger she tried haitl to smother The depths of her conscience are stirred There are phuntoms that romp through the dwelling ... j ? i With bund* that sre And the heart of tiie lone one ia swell u; - Tk- i-hililres hare pone hack to school. The children Bare t _clvveUnd p,MD De,ier. I BALKANIC AND TURKISH AFFAIRS The proposition of the Austrian minis ter of foreign affairs. Count Berchtold. to the power* sug Count Berchtold'f they __ ... submit their sev Froposition. eral view* *in ad vising Turkey to grant "administrative decentralization" to some of the Balkanlc! states has been received with general curiosity and unusual interest. Count Berchtold's proposition has been accorde<] generally a good reception, but it Is charged that the proposition Is vague | and uncertain and hence unsatisfactory. It transpires that during the day of the 14th ultimo Count Tomssich. charge J ! d'affaires of Austria-Hungary at Paris, transmitted in person to M. Paleologue. director of political affairs at the French ministry of foreign affairs, the communi cation of Count Berchtold. The .Austrian minister asked the views of the French cabinet upon the two points following: "First, counsel to be given Turkey in j the sense of a "progressive decentralisa tion' In favor of all the small '^.ates of the Ottoman empire. "Qecond, counsel to all fne Balkan states to maintain tranquillity." The first impression of the interested European powers, for ail alike received the same note, was surprise and a feeling, perhaps, that Austria's self-imposed mis sion was a selfish interest. None of the powers, and least of all Russia, had for gotten the certain sudden communication made from Vienna in 1U08? in which the Austro-Hungarian government notified Europe of the annexation of Bosnia-Her zegovina. The second Impression was a more agreeable one, for Austria-Hungsry was actually. In demanding concerted ac tion, taking her abandoned place?aban doned since WO#? among the powers of that old Europe which Austria recognised could only solve the question of the ori ent. at least of the near orient. The won! decentralisation without doubt caused the different receptive cab inets some hesitation and doubt as to its signification and application, but the hesi tation was momentary, for It was recalled that in connection with Turkey's politics this word decentralization was the counter word of that centralization policy prac ticed these recent years by the Young Turks?by the committee of union and progress. The new Ottoman ministry is obliged to make very important concessions to | the Albanians. Why should It not make like concessions to Bulgarians, Macedonians. Servians and Greeks? Have not all suffered, do they n<?t still suffer, from that excessive centralization which Count Berchtold, with a sense of good ness and justice, would have Europe counsel Turkey abandon to the profit of all theae states? 9 * * The policy of the committee of union and progress having .failed and the new Turkish ministry being ani Timely mated with a liberal and _ . generous spirit. Count Proposal. Berchtold's proposition is most timely. The Turk is proud, high spirited and patriotic and can be Induced to do many things If his pride and amour propre are consulted. The Vienna gov ernment and press have taken great care to precede the announcement of the proposition by the declaration that the government does not seek to interfere In the interior policy of Turkey. It Is true Turkey has had a sad experience in pro fessions of this kind. The correspondent of the Gazette de Voss at Vienna is perhaps the best in formed authority on political questions at the Austrian capital, and he writes explicitly because of the general apprecia tion of governments that Count Berchtold's proposition seems most fair to all. but that it lacks precision. The Voss, mani festly Inspired, explains: Count Berchtold proposes to the cabinet of the powers to exchange their views on the subject of the kind of counsel which should be of fered the Turks. This counsel would have the effect to fortify the status quo In Turkey, and ameliorate the Interior situ ation of the Ottoman empire. Austria Hungary may give the Ottoman govern ment the benefit of her experience in the matter of "administrative decentralisa tion" In their provinces in which there are so many mixed languages. Constitutional Turkey, adds the Voss. cannot dispense with recognizing certain rights of minorities. The small nations of Austria-Hungary are protected, by au tonomous rights, and by administrative decentralization against the violent op pression of other nationalities. It is a question to achieve and perfect the or ganization of provinces In Turkey in in troducing such organisation as part of the constitution. * * * In the matter of counseling the Balkan states to be calm, Russia has already taken the Initiative in accord Russia's with the powers. Russia's _ .. policy has been unjustly sus PollCy. pec-ted, for If none of the Christian states of the Balkans has broken the peace it is largely due to Russia. The German press is inclined to be critical and has shown some ill temper over Count Berchtold's proposition. But then tills Is typical, for the German press invariably shows displeasure at any In itiative taken by Austria. The English press is hesitating and non-committal. The French press is curious, the Italian press suspicious and reserved. The Austro-Russian relations, it is re called, were Jarred to the breaking point in lt*W. The two governments exercised a dual control over the Balkans from 18S?7 to ino7, and their civil agents repre sented the sum of i?u?*opean action in Turkey. Russia, absorbed by her Asiatic enterprises, reposed confidence i'\ her colleague, bound only by a negative en gagement called by the the Italians a "promesse dl noil fare." or promise to do nothing. Russia was worsted in her far eastern ventures aJid was temporarily shorn of her authority in the east and in Europe. In 1908 Count d'Aelirenthal declared Austria's decision to construct the Sand Jak railway. Then followed the interview at Buchlau, where M. lsvolski and M. ! d'Aehrenthal discussed such questions as the annexation of Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgarian Independence, the Austra-Ser vian conflict, etc., while the triple entente, which feigned to resist, did not resist. Finally Germany Interfered?threw her j sword in the scale?and Austria annexed Bosnia-Herzegovina. These events left in Russia the most bitter impression. Since the death of Count d'Aehrenthal the relations between Vienna and 8t. Petersburg have become quite correct almost normal. But Russian public opin ion remains nervous and distrustful. The Russian government, however, will And in the form given by Count Berchtold to his proposition an overture for peace not only In Turkey, but peace between Austria and Russia. M. Philippe Crozier. former ambassador of France at Vienna, has addressed a letter to the Temps, which is commented upon, and Its importance emphasized. M. Crozier maintains that Austria placed herself on a European basis at the be ginning of the Italo-Turkish war, when Italy and Turkey had announced the con ditions under which the re-establlshment of peace might be effected. M. ^rosier cites Count d'Aehrenthal as writing: "Italy has spoken; Turkey has spoken: all the world speaks. But when will Europe speak, old Europe? She has her word to sav. It l? nectary certain!* that she will take conscience of her self; but believe me that therein only Is safety; safetv only in the ensemble of the live non-belllg< rent powers which will havw sufficient authority to make themselvf heard whan the moment comes to re establish peace and avoid the terrible ad venture of an angry reopening or the i question of the orient. M. <-rozier'a revelations as to the P*'11"' of Austria-Hungary is <?nlv important. 1 important at all, as showing that < l,ul. d'Aehrenthal was Inclined to accept February. It**, the idea of a conference las proposed by M. Isvolski l*he ua,J| *' 1 cohesion in the triple entente l | Germany to interfere and with the hi a of force avoid the solution which Austria" Huncary desired The point mad> b> jr ?'rozier is that in that Hff?tr of tuW^ which brought Europe face to fa ee mil ? war Germany was more to blame than Austria-Hungary. * * \n eminent Ottoman statesman whosa iname is withheld has confidentially .on - rnuntcated his views lit Two Currents interview concerning . tile effect of fount of Opinion. R^rchtold's pi??j?ositl<?n at Constantinople There arc i?o currents of opinion, said the speaker. < bie. that Count Berchtold is animated bv the lu-st intentions toward Turkey, which is ev plained by Austria's desire to avoid any thing which might change the status qn<? while digesting the big morsel, liosnia Hereegovina. while renewing her artillery' material, and reorganizing her finance*'. Th? other current of opinion maintain* (that the different nationalities in the H.i - kans, encouraged by the tlrst concession* made, w ill demand more than it is possible to accord. 1'nfot'tunately. added the ottomai statesman, Count Herchiold is not cleat. He would give counsel to the small Ralkanlc states and also to the Turkish government. This latter counsel i-- full of danger. In the first place, it deprive* Turkey of her proper initiative, Trtrkrv having already declared herself paitisau of decent!allzatlon In the next place. It compromises her prestige in the eye- o" her Mussulman populations; the conces sions which she would make would have i all the appearance of being Imposed bv the stranger-. Now, when one reflect* ' that It was foreign intervention whlcu I precipitated the revolution of the Young ? Turks it cannot be denied that there Is I danger. ... .. If Count Berchtold's proposition is well intentloned. continued the Ottoman states man. the form under which It has been presented Is most clumsy. The general opinion In political circles In Constanti nople is that if the Austrian government had wished sincerely to facilitate tin task of the Turkish government nothing wa? more simple than to communicate Its proposition quietly and discreet lv i through diplomatic channels, and in the ! same way warn the Ralkanic stales sev erally that no intrigues would be tol erated. * * * On the contrary, the Austrian miniate of foreign affairs, whose secrets aro usually well guarded, ha* Publicity hl" proposition th.? widest publicity; the news Given. waa given to the press be fore being communicated to the embas sies. When one knows the habit* of the Austrian ministry these facts are sig nificant. _ .. .... Briefly resumed. Count Berchtolfl - proposition, on the one side. Is consid ered in Turkish political circles, despite its amical appearance, as an a<-t of hos tility, on the other as a "clumsy etfoi t There is another current, however, which shows that there are Turks who are alive to the changed political situa tion whiph menaces the empire. This current of opinion is represented by th* former Deputy Luftl-Flkri. who writes in the journal Tanzimat that the proposi tion of Count Berchtold constitutes for Turkey a warning. Turkey should take heed and accord at once to all the Euro pean provinces?the Balkanlc states-a regime of decentralisation without expos ing herself to the pressure of the pow GI*s Lufti-Flkri affirms that the largest de centralization cannot exercise other than a favorable Influence upon the unity ana integrity of Turkey. A correspondent from Vienna telegraph* that in view of the general criticisms of the press and of governments < ount Berchtold lias followed his proposition by an explanatory note. <"ount Berchtold does not pose as a European leader. Im pressed by the course of events in Tur key Count Berchtold felt it his duty- in the* interest of peace to do as he had done, nothing more, nothing lea*. It was necessary to sustain 1 ur.it1> showing her that all Europe was decided to do its possible to maintain the status uuo. Tt was necessary to encourage the new ministry in the way it had taken In according concessions to nationalities, aa in the case of Albania. * * * The Turkish government could now with the aid of Europe resist more easily th revolutionary attitude of Turkey's the young Turks. The - Bulgarian government did Troubles. desire war with Tur key. but it was obliged to struggle against a very strong popular current that did. ff the powers undertook the consideration of questions affecting the aspirations of the Balkanlc. people the Bulgarian government could there calm public opinion and resist the w arlike ? ur rent. . . It was not a leturn to the pulley of in tervention. Count Berchtold explained This had given very poor results, nor 1* there a question of the reunion of a con ference to excite the susceptibilities of ; the Turk: there was no thought of the dismemberment of Turkey. It was neces sary to find a way to satirt'y the legiti mate aspirations of the non-Turkish na tionalities in the Ottoman empire in order that the Balkanic states shall no longer menace Turkey with war. And I'ounc Berchtold la quoted as saying in furtner explanation; . . , . "No one will pretend that Austria * initiative will be agreeable to all th? powers. Austria's Initiative marks in a certain sense Austria's Influence m the levant and should reinforce con siderably her prestige there. But pi. - ctsely for that reison the other powers, a ?? artlcularly Russia, should not stand ash Austria has never occupied a ati< .^cr situation in the Balkans and in Tki ey. With Italy absorbed and lin ing lzed In Tripoli, with Russia still oc cur' J with her military and naval reor ganization. and besides hypnotized by the problems In China and ^""sla. Aus tria for the moment is the arbiter of the ,eThese are bold declaration* and tliey will be contested, flrst by Russia an second by Italy, which Is In no humoi to accept Austria, her rival, as the arbiter of the levant. cH C11A u ^e-LONO THE RESULT IN IUINE. From the Syracuse Herald. "Maine apparently wishes it distinctly understood that she will not be a party to starting a landslide for any candidate t.ils year. It is too dangerous to life and limb. From tbe Coluinbus Ohio Stste Journal. We note by the observant campaign managers' clarifying comments on the Maine election that the tide has now set in unmistakably in three different direc tions. Frouo tbe Pittsburgh Gazette-Time*. The republican majority in Maine isn't as deep as a well or as wide as a barn door, but the democracy finds it enough for the time being. From the Pittsburgh Pre*?. As Maine goes, so goes the Union, but the "dems" probably insist that 1012 is tiie exception that proves the rule. From the Xew York F.veiling Sun. The results In Maine and Vermont show that the bull mouie isn't the omnivorous beast he pretends to be, but a critter that feeds simply on raw republicans. Fiona the St. Louis Times. The bull moose woke up this morning to discover that the a remains in Maine. From the Boston Herald. The recovery of the Maine senator.ship Monday Is. after all. the greatest piece of republican good fortune. This lasts for six years. From the New York Mining Telegram. Leaders of all factions declare the elec tion In Maine pleases them immensely, but they don't look it. From the Rochester Herald. The republicans in Maine very wisely postponed their Kilkenny e?| exhibition until after the September election. From tbe Memphis Xew-SHmetar. The election in Maine reminds us otiea more that the politicians propose and lbs people dispose.