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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, October 27, 1912, Image 22

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THE EVENING STAR,
With Sunday Morning Edition.
WASHINGTON.
SUNDAY October 27. 1912
THEODORE W. NOTES Editor
The KtrolBK Star ('ompaar.
!'ii? m-.?. I iffi. . I1?n St. nft 1*1 \vnue.
New V?.rk ? >ffc>v Trllntnf Building
' "" 'P' <>t*i I'l ?k National Bank BitlMlnf.
1 :r?i?n nffl.-e: 3 R gent St.. l?nh>D. Fmaland.
!'' F\ u!n~ Star -with ttir Sunday morning
U d*-!iveri-d hy earrlrrs within tue ?dty
I" itdij i?r month: rtn IV only. 25 ?Tt? per
nth Sunday only. 2*1 eeita j?.r month. Ori'tt
u-ny T.o ^pnt l'T mail. or t"l*v dior.e Mnin UMrt.
?'n!!e?-tlon U made t>v cnnri-T at the e id of i-ai-h
it.i nth.
Ri mni' pnslnci' prepaid:
I'dlv. Sunday Ini'livhil. one month, tti '-enta.
l':?i?y. Sunday '* tptH. on" month. Ii> <*?*?t?
Saturday Star. ft year. Sunday Star. 10 year.
J-nf'-rttl as second-Ham mail matter at the post
office at Washington. I?. C.
order to sto.i1 delays on aeecnmt of
p.raonal ah*?-nr<' l?thn> to TIIK ST \lt should
l --t he addressed P- aay individual nonnested
with the nffi.-r; hut simply to TIIK ST A It. or to
the Kditorial or Business Department, according
t<? tenor or purpose.
|
The Original Wilson Man.
Naturally, then* Is curiosity as to "the
"riginal Wilson man." So far as Mr.
Wilson himself Is advised, he is an unidentified
lloosi. r. In the latter part of
r??i. or early in 1W1, a man using only
his initials wrote to the Indianapolis
News proposing Mr. Wilson, then of
Princeton Vniverslty. for President. As
k?. ciiowoetinn "like a voice on the
* '* ? * p*
awakened no echo." the author was
never uncovered. Mr. Wilson was only
amused, and did not seek the name of his
nominator.
The suggestion may have come from a
!'r-nc.rton graduate, who had taken with
im out t<? the Wabash country a high
ippraisemeni of a leading tigure of the
Institution where for four important years
e had resided. Put no matter The man
?!in "found him first" is of far less moment
than the man or men who took Mr.
Wilson up later, and put him in the way
<.f his presidential nomination.
The> are know 11. Tlielr glory cannot lie
!t nied or dimmed. <"ol. George Harvey
and James Smith, jr.. of New Jersey!
stand as the practical sponsors for Woodrow
Wilson in polities. But for them. Mr
Wilson would probably never have quitted
i he field of education. But being praeti- j
al men. they signed their full names to j
eir support of him. and Mr. Smith being
. !so a man of means signed some large
necks. He did all he could for the man
f his choice. * As
ali may see now. the tirst suggestion
Mr. Wilson for the presidency was
premature. At that time he was an nil- !
unpromising develandite. and teaching !
<hat Bryanisni was "bosh." He could not j
are been nominated in lPW. for not- |
withstanding the fact that Judge Parker.!
with eastern associations, was nominated, j
he could not have carried the national
onvention if lie had been able to point to ,
us support of -Mr. Bryan both in 18l*i and
lbuO. A bolter like Mr. Wilson would not
itvt stood the ghost of a ehance.
A few years were necessary to prepare
Mr. Wilson for the fray. Not until
-1\ years later did he discover that in his
deliverances against Bryan ism he had
been teaching "bosh." and that Mr.
Bryan had ali along been the true guide.
we- i'0'!\1Pt?i in the court of l.rst instaiice
on 'iit- -4th of October, his trial
na\ing fon."um? il only two weeks and a
half. Ordinarily tins- length of time Is
ifKvsary in Now York to get a jury, in
uses of such public interest as this, hut
thar.ks to the direct methods of Justice
* loft the jur> box was tilled with men of
:*i .siially high call er in a very few days
anl the taking of testimony was started
v. i m a week after the prisoner had
;on arraigned.
, to this point the proc.^ure has lxen
.. model of promptm but now begins
!.< prr?cess of d< la> that is chiefly re.
: onsible fur the tommon feeli'ig t'.iat the
ourt: ar-' not fully dhi-harning their
iii to the state. \ ! :!! of exceptions
rn-ladhig .tis,in !.???? counts is to N tiled.
Tli.-n, :.roi>ab!y on the ila>' of sentence,
i >. >1^ r .*>. a motion for a new trial oii
? < made and it will doubtless* be denied.
Then will come an apje-al for a new trial,
and unless the case Is exp?-dited fully a
year will rla;>*>c before this appeal can
leach the highest court. If the appeal
should be granted and a new trial ordered
that second trial will begin. 1n all likelihood.
not much l?efore the lirst of the
calendar year lt?14. Should this in turn
yo against the prisoner a second appeal
would be mude. with a furtlier delay, so
that in event Qf a single reversal no less
i..an two vears and a half from the com#
iMi-nd and philosopher of the democratic
party. Then it was that he became
available f?>r the leadership of the Bry..nized
democracy, and obtained it even
>ver Champ ("lark, who bad been Bryan.zed
at the very outset of Bryanisra.
Our Hoosier friend may itave spoken
niy from personal admiration, and nut
! foul a careful w eighing of the politics
atering into the equation. Let nothing
obscure or interfere with the glory that >
uelongs by every right to Harvey and !
:~>niith. The> are both the discoverers and
t ie developers of Mr. Wilson as a poltti
ul quantity.
I
The New Thieves' Argot.
Nothing would surprise "Lelt.e Louie"
end his companions with similarly grotesque
designations more titan to discover
that 'they are exerting a powtrio!
and important literary influence,
i'ure, scholarly, discourse, which at lirst'
itLluly resented the intrusion of dialect,
lias been of late years superseded by
slang, paraded as simple speech without
even the apology of lavish punctuation.
The bright, smart sJang of the college
youth was soon overwhelmed by the
argon of the racing stable, the prize ring j
and finally of the underworld itself. The j
slang thai once suggested buoyant rapid- 1
Jty of thought has become to a large 1
degree a reflex only of the deficiency
winch resents mental as well as moral j
responsibility. The familiar speech of j
I^eftie Louie" and his tribe has im- >
pies.-ed itself in a w ay that cannot fail i
to exercise a restraining influence on the
t urrent expression which aims solely at j
picturesque extravagance of vocabulary- j
_
Bryan agrees with itoosevoit that the
siiootu.g episode ought not to hat. the
i .tlliD.kien This is riot tin. tirat ?im? ,,n.. '
of th'-s?- two eminent colonels has been
found indorsing the other's policies.
I If Senator La FolleLe can promise to
rupport Wilson if he becomes a truly progressive
President, he might he expected
t do the same for the other candidates.
J? is difficult to see how Hiram Johnson
can think oj himself as gracing the
i assivo. iiignith-d p'lctude of the vice
pi *sisl ncy.
?eao ?
I
Judicial Delays.
r. -p.". r to .-.jreed the B<-ciier trial ill
.\ew York st.uuis as an excellent example
f how lie- eourts in this eountry can
pr<v_-.-r-.l if they will to th>* end of overcoming
the puhlh* feeling that the course
of justice is slow. Merman Rosenthal
was killed on the loth of July and Becker '
mission of the crime would elapse before
execution. If the first appeal is denied
by the highest court of the state undoubtedly
fully three months will elapse
between the beginning of the hearing on
appeal and the rendering of the opinion,
with additional time granted to the
prisoner for the exhaustion of his legal
resources. Kven when all the court
processes are completed, with Becker
standing convicted and sentenced to
death, executive clemency remains a possibility
to grant a stay or reprieve, so
that although the verdict is sustained on
first appeal execution is not likely much
within two years of the crime.
A man with ample resources is able to
prolong the court fight for many months,
while the man with low funds is given
nut a snort snrut atrer ms in?i roimv
tion. Herein lies ono of the mo? grievous
evils of our judicial system. There
should he no such discrimination, and the
surest way to prevent it is to cut down
the apj>eal time as low as possible. To
I do this appellate courts should he. if
necessary, increased in number or in size.
Dilatory motions should he prohibited auid
j arguments reduced in length. The
I mere reading of testimony by the
higher courts in reviewing cases brought
from the lower is an exhausting, timeconsuming
process and greater speed in
the higher courts without loss of precision
or Impairment of justice can undoubtedly
he gained by shutting off
supernumerary examinations in the court
below. Naturally, the longer the trial in
the tirst Instance the more ponderous the
record on appeal, and therefore the more
protracted the consideration.
Shorter trials in the lower courts." even
in complicated case*. are surely possible
even under the present laws, iind without
! lessening the chances of doing full justice
i to both state and accused. Shorter
processes of appeal are unquestionably
possible if the courts themselves will
work to the end of making way with the
useless lumber of judicial procedure. The
end will be a vitalizing of the laws and
a material increase in public respect for
them.
Angels.
"Tell nie_ something about these so-, ailed
angels;" said the young politlcfen to the
old. . .
"Do you want to he an angel, and with
the angels stand?"
"I'm not eligible for membership in the
winged brotherhood. I haven't the coin."
"It takes coin. Some have nothing else.
1 But you are not to understand that all
are of the lah-de-dah kind. Angels are
, llkf stars, in that they differ one from
| another In glory and character."
"Well, sort 'em out for me."
I "The term, as you know, comes from
the theatrical world. There are hard1
<?n.i aQHoil ;inir?ls ivhrt
I lirauril aim iaiiQ)-iivi*u\.u . - --?
finance a show for expected money returns.
They invest in a piece and a company.
and back them for a share of the
box office receipts. They care nothing
more about art or sentiment than so many
jay birds. They are taking risks on giving
the public what the public wants."
"I see."
"Then there are soft-headed and softhearted
angels. Take one of them. He
is in love with the star of the piece?
usually a pretty and attractive woman?
and shells out liberally In order to gratify
her desire to become a favorite In her line
of entertaining."
"I see again."
"Then there are the sapheads. pure and
simple, with more money than they know
what to do with, and inclined to be sporty.
Take one of them. He cares nothing
about the box office, and is not agitated
about any woman in particular, but likes
to be considered a gay boy, and to see
his name in print in connection with the
doings of the gay world. His is a mild
case of vanity."
"Apply your classifications to politics."
"Should you take Angel X to be anything
but ah investor for money? He isn't
at all soft-headed, soft-hearted or sport v.
Whenever he puts up there must be somethin?
in it for him. Not office, but favors
expressed in dollars and cents. Do you
know Angel Y?"
Yes."
"He is sweet on office and official parades.
He hopes his contributions will
land him in a showy place at home or
abroad. He isn't looking for money dividends."
"How do you assign Angel Z?"
"Now. there is a dear little fellow. Rich,
but without ambition or capacity. He
has neither money dividends nor office in
view. All he asks is to have'his name included
in a list where there has been a
conference of some kind. He wants to
figure as being in the know; as contributing
suggestions for the conduct of the
campaign. Perfectly harmless, you see,
and, in his feeble way, perfectly reliable.
He has never had an Idea in his life, and
will never be visited by one."
"Of such is the winged brotherhood?"
"Of just such."
"Not a bad lot."
"Except when they fly under false pretenses.
L'nfortunately for the brotherhood.
there are a few who try to conceal
their wings and destination. But such
seldom succeed."
If Dr. Ma We had read some other paper
than the Outlook he could not have
escaped notice to register in time to vote
for his contributing kditor.
William Sulzer will march In a woman's
suffrage parade In New York. A
man who expects to gain feminine approval
must also expect to demonstrate
that he is not afraid of work.
President Taffs refusal to precipitate a
crisis with Mexico is another reminder
that good statesmanship Is not always
what overpractical people consider good
politics.
Discussion of tile possibility of Secretary
Knox b?-ing called on to assume the
.presidency as a result of failure to, elect
introduces the hypothetical question as
another complexity in the campaign.
The Girl at Home.
All parents should read and ponder the
news report of the raw- which was tried
the other day in the Juvenile Court Involving
the failure of a father to provide
properly for his young daughter,
who had consequently gone to live with
an aunt. it was developed that the
daughter wanted to leave school and become
a shop girl, which, the court very
wisely advised her. would be probably a
serious mistake unless she was compelled
to go to work to earn her living. It also
developed that the young woman was
receiving attentions from a young man
of good position, w hom the aunt,however,
would not allow to call at the house.
whereupon the Court with equal wisdom
' suggested that the aunt was making a
mistake In thus shutting the girl off from
receiving callers at home, adding that if
a girl cannot see her company at home
she will probably meet young men outside,
possibly in conditions decidedly unwholesome
and perhaps dangerous.
This is an illustration drawn from real
life of the lack of forethought on the
part of parents and guardians in the
matter of making homes for the children.
By a "home" is meant not mer.ely a
house of shelter and warmth where food
is served, a place to sleep and eat. It Is
something far more significant and vital.
It is a place where children and parents
associate on a basis of mutual pleasure,
where the entertainments of adults and
v
juveniles are identical, where lessons are
studied in agreeable conditions, where
company can be entertained plcasantlj",
a place where a child is happy and where
he would rather be than anywhere else.
How many children feel this way toward
their homes today? How many parents
make this sort of a home for their
children? The average child of these
times regards the home as a place to go ,
when all other sources of amusement fail. *
or where he must go in order to avoid
punishment or a scolding. Thla Is a.
lamentable conditiorv. bespeaking a com- '
plete failure of duty on the part of par- *
o?wl tniol ino^Aniiaoir r\f .^nn ^
of parental responsibility. 1
The child problem, as has been urged 0
repeatedly by The Star, is after all the e
parent problem. To the degree that the
parents make an attractive home they c
will lessen their anxieties for the chil- c
dren. To the degree that they neglect 11
this point and treat children merely as s
incumbrances, to be disciplined and
cowed and controlled by rule rather than r
[ by affection, they will multiply their t
worries and Invite trouble. o
Give the boys and girls the Idea that o
their association is something pure and b
wholesome and commendable, open the t
house to them for their meetings and a
gatherings, refrain from suggestive jokes n
about "beaus." take it for granted that e
they will naturally seek one another? v
and there is no real problem. Possible c
matrimony, with threat of misfortune r
and disgrace, does not loom darksomely ; ?
on the family horizon. A young girl can i t
be perfectly happy at home If she Is ' f
taken into the confidence of her mother ; r
and given a discreet freedom of action .1
and?here is the most important point of j
all?guided Into association with the t.
right sort of young people. Evil com- a
munlcations unquestionably corrupt good a
manners, but sometimes they are fos- 1
tered by inadequate parental discretion.
Ask a Policeman! e
Paternalism of government is becoming
more and more popular in certain circles 1
in this country. A disposition to rely
upon the ciyic organizations for assistance
and guidance is manifested in various 11
Ways. The latest example is afforded by t
a woman at Stamford. Conn., who under- c
took to ^ean house the other day and h
when she tried to put her cook stove ll
together again found it too difficult a t
task for her to manage. Any one who li
has ever tried to couple up a length of j t
stovepipe knows exactly how this poor t
woman felt when she had struggled with o
the refractory joints for a long time without
results and then found that time had ?
not overcome Its habit of flying and that
the clock warned her of the approach of ti
the dinner hour. Being the spouse of a t
man with a large appetite, she had no ?
disposition to be late with his evening v
meal, and so she sent a neighbor's small r
boy over to the- police station with an c
urgent summons for Immediate assistance. 1
When a breathless policeman reached the ^
house on a dead run he was naturally v
somewhat disappointed professionally to s
find that there was nothing heroic to do, 'p
no one to rescue from danger, no desper- r'
ate fugitive to pursue and no mystery
to solve save the problem of the obstinate a
stovepipe, but it speaks well for the po- f
lice force of Stamford that this young *
man In brass buttons came right to the *
scratch, peeled off his coat and put the tl
stove together in a jiffy. It is beside the c
mark that he was a married man, and P
therefore sympathetic with the situation. p
Doubtless a bachelor would "have been
quite as gallant and efficient. The most
interesting part ?>f this matter is to be
disclosed. Will the incident be made the
subject of official report and will the
women of Stamford be thereby encouraged
to call upon the police when anything
goes wrong at home? One lias visions
of a police department humbly but c
effectively serving the community in the e
line of odd jobs and domestic assistance, v
and thereby lessening the percentage of M
crime by making life happier for all s
classes. r<
I | W
Every political prophet will now push
to the front with the prediction of a
great future for District Attorney Whitman.
a:
1 ' T
A cessation of campaign oratory will v.
give voters a chance to dig up the party p
platforms and read them over. w
1 "* * si
Nicaragua must be inclined to indorse
the opinion that a navy, simply by its u;
presence, is a powerful peace promoter. w
h
ei
The new mikado has been something of
a success in keeping the yellow peril E
idea from receiving any renewed encour- sl
agement.
??? tl
Under the circumstances, Madeio's re- * (
semblance, politically speaking, to Por
firio Diaz is closer than that of the exdictator's
nephew. fr
. si
SHOOTING STABS. u
ti
et
BY PHILANDER JOHNSON. st
A Hopeful Hungerer. ?
"The waiters in our hotel have
struck," exclaimed the nervous woman.
"I'm glad of it," answered her husband.
"Maybe they will let me go into ei
the kitchen and get something to eat
for myself." Q
Concentrated Gloom.
There is nothing more distressing t!
Than the grouch that will not down; c
There Is nothing more depressing a
Than the unrelenting frown. it
Far better is the greeting a.
Of some rash and boisterous elf c
Than the indignation meeting n
That a man holds by himself. t<
o
Not Interested.
"Who was it that said. 'After me the j,
deluge'?" F
"Oh, I don't know." replied Mrs. Cum- 1(
rox. "I never pay any attention to 8
these weather prophets." p
t
A Biased Statement. d
p
"Were yon fined for exceeding the e
speed limit?" b
"No." answered Mr. Chugglns. wea- a
rlly; "for getting the worst of an argu- J
ment with a motor cycle policeman as
. _ ...U ! #,U a# on a ononH/'iTnatai'd tiro c Ann_ mm
IQ W iiitil Ul UUl oj/tvuviiivvti o n uo v-vft reet."
A Motherly Impression.
War has broken out again in the *
Balkans." v
"Yes." replied Mrs. MeGudly, patiently;
"those people are getting so they *
talk about a war like it was tlie whoop- t
ins cough or the measles." Jt
Barred.
'Twas the man with the check hook; ?
I heard him Complain,
"Oh. what shall I do k
In another campaign?
A. M J I (i
IIOW Bnail 1 gel nu |
Of my surplus of cash.
When they're all keeping tab F
On expenditures rash?
"Detectives will haunt me j1
Wherever I go,
And then I'll be called F
To tell all that I know.
The poor man may Join ^
In the fight for control, f
Hut where is the chance
! For the man with a roll?" __ j s
BUREAU OF ;
Located several miles from the heart I s
?f the city, the bureau of standards,
one of the most im- ^
Like a Collegiate portant factors in t
Institution. ,he v",u? s,at'B I
grovernment as af- s
ects the business of the country, resem- ?
>les a modern collegre with its campus i:
ather than an establishment in which j
ests and experiments are being: carried
n muii cummanu mc attention or me | 1
ntire scientific world. Pure air, great t
'Id trees and the quiet of the country j;
orttrast strangely with the conflicting c
dors of chemicals indoors and the at- s
nosphere of perpetual searching after i
ome result which pervades the buildings.
A mystery seems to hang about the bueau
of standards. Perhaps due to its
echnical and scientific nature, a cloak "
f conflicting ideas envelops It. which is
>nlv dispelled by a visit. Once it has I
een invaded and inspected under compeont
guidance mystery dissolves, leaving
n overwhelming Impression of the big- v
icss of the work being carried on. and e
specially a feeling of respect for the 0
ronders of modem science. Out of the c
haos of these ideas concerning the bu- 0
eau are three which stand out most t
imminently. The first is the fact that p
he work is conducted in strict recogniion
of the fact that there is nothing per- j
ect under the sun. Secondly comes the t
ealization tliat in making tests and ex- s
wnn apparatus or materials a
ent there, there Is no attempt to perfect 1
hem. but merely to point out the inac- t
uracies and the degree to which they
ire incorrect. And lastly, the bureau ,
,ims to secure the maximum of perfec
ion with the minimum of labor. t
* i
* * i
No attempt is made to determine the *
xact tlegtee which means perfection, but ?
simply to show the de- s
STot Seeking free of Perfection neces- v
?ary for the case in point. 5
Perfection. For exampie> in deter- r
nining the accuracy of surveyors' tapes, y
he bureau considers it to be sufficiently t
orrect if it varies no more than one-one- N
mndredth of an inch. On the other hand,
f that same instrument is to be used by j
he coast and geodetic survey the error s
s determined down to at least one-one- t
housandth of an inch, as the nature of '
he latter work demands a greater degree r
f minute accuracy. v
The work done by the bureau of stand- t
rds, under the guidance of Director t
iamuel W. Strattan. can best be divided 1
ito two parts, that for the public and t
hat done for the government. Two fa< ?rs
enter into the work done for outside
oncerns or individuals. One is that the
ureau is making no attempt to compete
r'lth private commercial institutions earylng
on the same line of work, and
harges but a nominal fee for work done. J
'he other factor is is that in the major:y
of cases tests or experiments made by
he bureau represent a class of work
rhich it is possible to do nowhere else, S
uch as work necessitating the use of ap- t
aratus possessed only by the bureau, or s
equiring a degree of accuracy obtainable
nlv by tt.
Figures for the last fiscal year obtain- c
ble show that 1.I.P32 tests were made n
r>r outside concerns or individuals, for f
rhich work the bureau received $7,305 53,
n amount greatly under tliat which
rould have been charged by a private 0
rm. The tests made covered ten classes, a
omprising length, ma?s. capacity, tem- c
erature, optical engineering, electrical, ^
hAtnni?.trv nrwl hvrlrAinpfrv
* ' u
* -v *
p
In many Instances, while the bureau ' r
jrnis tile 'base of operations for all work, ! e
the entire country Is 1 e
lonntry-Wide * used as an expert- j p
T _ . ment ground. One i <x
Investigation. such inptance of thia|*
haracter which had a direct bearing on r<
very citizen in tiie country was the in- ^
estigatlon carried on in connection with p
eights and measure*. The bureau of si
tandards Is the government's persona) ir
epreseutative in the matter of correct a
eights and measures, and settles finally 0
ie question of "what is a pint?" and tl
Imilar queries. The recent investigation ?
as conducted in every state in the L
nion with the co-operation of both state p,
nd city sealers throughout the country. ft
he methods Used consisted of buying b
arious articles and then weighing them P1
y standard scales and measures. The sj
ork was carried 011 bv a corps of agents tl
peciaily authorized by Congress, who 01
lade their purchases merely as Individ- li
als. Thus the final weights or measures
hich determine the quantities which their*
ousekeeper, business man and every oth-1
r person receive were ascertained. The J
-suits of this investigation were varied,
very state is supposed to have a set of
andard weights and measures. In some 0,
ates these, however, had been either
lisplaced or lost, while in one instance
aorp trum-cl to a iunk shoD. Other X
fates had no officials and many towns
icked inspectors. The keenness of comBtition
was found to be the _ cause of ,
le greatest proportion ol intentional 1
aud, although ignorance was wide- t!
tread. The report of this nation-wide p
ivestigation is now in course of prepara- u
on by the bureau Already, however, ^
je benefits are to be seen. Prior to the
tablishment of the bureau only two
ates had well organized standards of w
eights and measures, but since the in- tl
furtigation many states have enacted r(
;medial legislation. ,
. * c,
* * ol
Another investigation of which the gen- w
-al public was the greatest beneficiary c<
was that connected with
andle candlepower. The term "16- r'j
_ candlepower' was found to ft
JrOWer. ^ a wni-0'-the-wisp. Candles w
liemselves varied, and even the same
andle was found to change brightness
s much as 10 per cent, due to moisture tt
t the testing laboratory. To secure an ir
ccuracy of even 5 per cent many pre- h
autlons were necessary, while today
ieasurement3 frequently agree to one- ^
^nth of one per cent. The direct result
f this investigation is shown in the pre- t<
ision of electric lamps. The method by
rhich this was obtained consist**! in test- ^
ng a great number of sample lamps, u*lrst
sample lamps were secured from tl
fading makers, and the problem was w
tudied. Then all makers were request- jjj
d to submit lamps. Some were found p,
i> give considerably less light than that ft
emanded under the term "16-?andle- is
ower. After the investigation eertifi- 1>
ates were given to makers by the bureau h
y which they might readjust their stand- a
.rds. Today the bureau tests and sam- hi
les approximately l.OOo.OOO lamps each If
ear for the government, besides selling tt
BALKAN WAR
rom the Philadelphia Evening Telegraph. tl
Beware of tlie Turk when you think a
ou have liim licked. h
rem the New York Evening Telegram.
Reported that the Servians have cap- 1-1
tired a pass. Stood in with the press
gent, perhaps.
rom the Detroit Free Press. p
The Balkan war has raised the price K]
f attar of roses. Now watch the price
f imitation perfumes go up. ^
rout the Boston tilobe.
It is perfectly safe for purposes of "
bbreviation to call the Bulgarian army n
tulgars. but not burglars.
.. ? I ir
rem the Cincinnati Tinm-eur. w
At any rate, the Greek reservists from
his country who have gone home to
ght are not at all likely to have their
rouble for their pains.
I w
r?m the Port Huron Tinics-Horalil. o
At any rate, the Turks can't be ac- n
used of being the guys that put the ..
;rin in the Montenegrins.
Tom the Syracuse Po? Standard. tl
Those who wonder at the Balkaft tl
itates' readiness for war forget that si
STANDARDS. I
#
elected standardized lamps which may
>e used as a guide to manufacturers In
:eeping their output up to their claims.
~o cite a specitic case in the study of
his matter, the arc lamps in Alexandria
cere recently found to give only about
ne-fourth the reputed candle power. A S
tudy of the case brought out the fact
hat the actual performance of arc lamps
r usually only a fraction of the adverised
candlepower, due to Ignorance and S
lie Lick of proper testing facilities. it
Another investigation along similar
ines is that cf gas photometry.. I'pon
he request of the District Commissioners ?
he bureau examined the gas street lights
lere and reported a plan by which the tl
ontract lights could be brought up to jx
on i' ?j ivl >i M/l a 1 o rrro inoi*oaeA in tin
mir o-m tt > m c? lUi^C luvt ?: in nV
lluminating powor was effected. n
* *?
* * S(
Another line of work of which the pubc
nets the most direct results Is that In'
connection with bridges t(
Juilding and skyscrapers. By a : a
n/: , . , new method anil a new d
Materials. fonn o( strain gauge> c
rith suitable points reamed out in select- P
d members of new structures, the change K
>f dimension is quickly measured, graph!- n
ally plotted and the chart tells the story a
if strains and stresses, the strength of c
he structure and its safety during the
trocess of erection. w
Formerly the steel used to make the fo
rami" was sampled and the strength of p
he sample was tested, after which the w
itructure was designed by the engineer a
ind architect, based upon tlie advance a
aboratory test. No test was made dur- a
ng the erection of the building to de- j,
ermine its strength or safety. Conse- n
luently fatal accident occurred, such as s,
hat of the Chicago Coliseum and the p
Quebec bridge. Under the new metho<l S|
tsed by ti)e bureau of standards these
mpending accidents could have been deeded
long In advance of their actual
>ccurrenoo. The new Quebec bridge, soon
o be erected, wiil be built under the tl
upervislon of an expert from the bureau, f,
rho will use the new method to Insure its
trength and safety. The
expansions and contractions in Jt
oadwayn of solid construction due to
leat and moisture are also being sysematically
measured by the bureau in
arlous parts of the country. The re- a
ults have already shown that the tl
nethod. as developed at the bureau by ci
antes B. Howard, is a distinct forward 0
tep toward insuring the safety of strucures
and consequently a reduction
n the loss of life which hereto- t<
ore has resulted from lack of sim- o
tie * tests. Among the works now
uider test. an<i stutiy r?y me oureau are
he Bankers' Trust bu'iding in New York, ?
he Kansas City bridge, the locks at the b
'anama canal, sample concrete roads and k
i'trlfied brick roads.
o
* * o
Experiments have been carried on by 8
he bureau in connection with watches *'
and clocks, by which it ?
legulating was found that the faulty p
Timenieces timc keepin? of a waUh w
xiwepicicb. or was due 4o the ^
rear wheel being Imperfectly centered, n
emperature changes, or the posh Top of n
tern or face. The results of these in- t;
estigations have been sent to watch and a
lock makers, and while the bureau is
ot yet prepared to l>egin testing watches f,
or the general public, the basis fur their t<
mprovement has been established. The* 31
hief aim of the investigations was to en- *
ble any one to purchase a watch or n
lock bearing the certificate of the p
ureau, the certitlcation to he a reliable. It
mbiased indication of the performances a
rhich might be expected of the timeliece.
The many applications of "time
neasurement" to both industrial and t
ngineejing problems make this work
specially valuable. t.
To match colors is an art requiring ex- .
erleuce, judgment and a color-tnie eye.
loreover, color-matching Is important ?
i many industries. At present the bu- eau
is carrying on experiments in this
onnection with a new form of colorl- ,7
leter, designed by an assistant at the '
ureau, by m<*aii? of which any. tint or
hade of any hue may be written down *
l a simple formula possible to be match1
anywhere in the world. For instance, h
sample of butter may be found to be '
f the color accurately represented by _
te formula "?plus 45 per cent white."
he number, here represented by dashes,
** * -1- U.irt "J
; lire wave leiigLii wi uie uuumiaui uuc
r yellow, which, when mixed with 4o
er cent of sunlight, the white of the
irmula. gives correctly the color of the
utter sample. Color analysis is imortant
in dye making, paper and pottery ti
taking and ink making. One demonnation
of what can be accomplished by .
lis method of color analysis which is v
f special interest to women is that in
ie future it is possible that dressmakrs,
milliners and others will be able
> match colors without sending samples, *
ut merely formulas. 11
* w
* *
Thermometers of the highest grade are k
rily recent products of American manu- 01
facturers. The bureau C
'hermometers recently carried on a b
e, , , series of experiments a
Standardized. in co.operation with a
lermometer makers, with the result that b<
ie standard of temperature has been ol
laced on a basis of accuracy hitherto w
nattained. The bureau first studied T
lermometers on sale by various makers, u_
>und their scale in error by an amount ?
hich could not be neglected. Clinical S1
lermometers were found which might tl
ad "normal" when fever was present, or ?
ice versa. Inaccuracy was the rule, ac- c
g
Lira, y an accident. After several years b
r searching investigation, theoretical as Jr
ell as practical experimenting and se- tl
lring standards from England, France s,
nd Germany and checking them against 8j
ie ice point and the steam point under b
gorous conditions, the temperature scale a
;r ordinary ranges was set up. Standards C1
ere then loaned to the American manuicturers
who visited the bureau to study r'
ie subject, and by these means, as well t
s tests, advice, publications and visits b
> factories and laboratories, the ther- ?
lometer industry has been put upon a
igher basis. Makers have set up l&bora- b
?ries patterned after that at the bureau,
eluding apparatus. In order that a stand- ?
id might be maintained T
Chemical analysis has been brought up t
> a high standard by the bureau. This t,
as been accomplished by establishing
tandards of accuracy by the issuance of t,
ar?H;irrl of Mlionr fiirtv jinftlv/w 1
lateriuls of known composition. Sets of " .
lese are sold, and a large demand al- b
ays confronts the bureau. The range '
jvers steels, irons, ores, brasses, rocks,
nc, sugar, etc. Each is of definite com- jl
osition, thoroughly mixed to insure uni>rmlty,
and analyzed by leading chem- *
its of the country, as well as by the **
ureau. In this way a definite standard IJ
as been set, and through comparison of **
ny sample with that prepared by the
ureau the exact degree of inaccuracy,
there is any, in Its a nub's is can be de- ^
?rmined. j
- 01
COMMENTS. *
h
lie national spirit of Bulgars, Greeks f:
nd Serbs for several hundred years 11
as been shooting and puncturing the
urk. _ d
c<
nom the I>uIutti Herald. jr
Xow the Bulgarians have been cap- n<
iring some Turkish towns. Not very ei
ard to guess the most appropriate la
opular song for the Balkan region.
iniu tin* Merunton Trihtiue-Ke|?nl>liean.
We do not know how that Balkan
ar is going to he pulled off successLilly.
unless the lighting nations give
ie war correspondents a better sliow.
rent the lies Moineis Capital.
The year 1912 will doubtless be known
l history as the one in which a Balkan
ar cloud appeared which was not a
luff.
rem the Milwaukee Journal.
The largest results of the Balkan
ar may be the inflation In the purses
f some of our moving picture magates.
rom the Columbus K veiling Dispatch.
It is not a pleasant admission, but
le best learned geography lesson is
lat which is learned in th? terribls
chool of war. _ .
1FTY HEARS AGO
IN TEE STAR
Occasionally a disaster occurred in the
etghborhood of Washington during the j
civil war that caused loteamboat
,-al excitement quite out
of proportion to the l*?ss c
JiXplOSlOn. of uf(, involved. In The j
tar of October -SI. IStfci. is the following g
em. to which more space wan given
tan to the report of a battle in which a t
undred were killed: h
'This morning about half-past ? o'? lock ^
te steamboat James Guy exploded while ^
ing at the Alexandria wharf. FVirtu- g
ately there was but one passenger on ^
oard. a colored girl, who was badly ,,
raided The fireman. Thomas Briscoe p
ninrcHl wns sittintr on the walking $
fam at the time and was blown probably f
j atoms, as he has not s-ince born found, ,
nd the beam was found afterward some t
istance from the scene of the explosion. j.
apt. Kntwisle was hiidly scalded and c
robably was mortally injured. A. B. t
lussell, the barkeeper; the cook, whose ,
ame we did not learn; the chambermaid, j
colored woman named Jackson; a little j
hild of same, who wms badly bruis?ed .
y falling; timbers, and one deckhand
. ere also badly scalded. The pilot house,
dth the pilot (Mr. Garner) inside, was <
iown out onto the wharf and the pilot a
erribly bruised and injured. The boiler t
as turned completely on end by the
ccident and the boat sank immediately
fter the explosion. The accident is un- *
ccountable, as the boat wis inspected
1 Baltimore only six weeks ago and pro- t
ounced seaworthy. The Guy was built i
even years sinre in New Yor-k and has .'1
een running; on the river almost con- 3
lantly since as a market boat." <i
* # c
"For several weeks past, in fact since j
ne passenger cars commenced running a
rom the depot," says The Star of Oe- '<
tober 23, 18U2, "there
lacks VS. has been much ill feel- ,
Street Cars in* a?alnat the com- '
aucci bars, panv by the hackmen i
nd hotel omnibus drivers on account of '
he latter not being able to back their '{
oaches up near the depot, as formerly, j
n account of the track not being a disince
from the curb sufficient for them *
5 stand in that position, the space being '
nly about twenty feet, and the horses j
l such cases standing on the track and ]
bstructlng the cars. For some time past i
oth forces have been working under a ^
ind of compromise, going according to
nf ()fflct>r Conway, who is
i*^ un wvivmm
n duty there. About ten days since one
{ the haekmen drove in so as to obtruct
the track and was ordered out, but 5
ufusing to obey the officer lie was arested
for 'obstructing the officer in the j
ischarge of his duty." This case was
ostponed from time to time and at last
*as dismissed.
"Yesterday afternoon they again j
locked up the track and refused to j
love, seriously interfering with the runing
of the cars. Five or six were delined
for an hour or more Consider- 1
ble excitement prevailed, and a serious 1
utbreak was apprehended. The super- <
itendent of police was notitied and a ,
>rce soon appeared on the ground, who
x?k the numbers of the vehicles as- 1
embled, but fortunately their services i
'ere not required to quell any serious
lot. The train at length arrived, and ]
lost of the vehicles, after taking up the 1
assengers, left: those remaining for the J
ite train stationing their carriages par- i
Del with the street. This morning at <
ie arrival of the'early train from Baltilore
the same scenes were-enacted, but 1
othirig serious occurred. The drivers of (
lie following omnibuses and coaches <
ere arrested and summoned before Jus- j
ce Furguson at 11 o'clock this morn- i
lg: The National. The Kirkwood, i
ntted States. Brown's and two of Will- s
rd'.s Hotel omnibuses and hacks 0*. t
4b, 200. 'JO. 04, 224 and ,",40. This .
lorning the office was crowded by a <
irg<- number of persons Interested in the ]
asult, but owing to some of the ?pun- *
-1 engaged being absent the cas^fwas ?
ostponed to Saturday at 2 o'clock. In r
ie meantime another compromise"'" has
een agreed upon, by which the back- i
len agree to leave a space of five feet e
ir passengers to go through the car- i
ages and the company agreed to leave o
mces between the cars for carriages to t
!i?g " q
* 'g
* * i<
During the civil war the care of "con- a
raband" persons, as negroes who had
been in slavery were t
aring for known, was a difficult -s
problem. In The Star a
Contrabands. of 0ctober 24. uj&>. jS
half-column description of the estabshment
in Washington where this work p
as undertaken, in part as follows:
"The contraband .camp is at Camp Bar- j
er, at the corner of 12th and Q streets,
n the same ground formerly occupied by
oltman's brick kilns and St. John's
urlal ground, and at present contains
bout <>75 persons, among whom are p
bout 100 In the hospitals, the balance a
eing women and children, with a few p
Id and decrepit men and women, two of ^
horn are deaf and dumb and one blind. ?
he buildings are mostly the same as were f
sed by the McClellan Dragoons as bar- .
icks, but several additions have been (
lade since. The office and dwelling of the fl
uperintendent. Dr. D. B. Nichols, is in 11
te center on the east side with the lab- P
ratory under the charge of the surgeon,
ir. Amos Pettijohn: the storeroom and
uard rooms are on either side; the P
arracks on the south side have been 1
tostly fitf-d up by the families living in "
tern, manj* of them having purchased ?
:oves. The row of barracks on the north
ide are used as quarters for small fami- 11
es. On the extreme right is the orphan u
sylum, certainly the neatest part of the r
amp. At present there are a dozen in- v
ints there under the care of a matron. J
i the space in me cein.er ?ie mvchi .
mts, three being used as hospital wards,
ut it is contemplated to remove these .
s soon as the chapel, which is in the
enter of the south row of Quarters, can g
e fitted up for a hospital. In the chapel
school is taught by Messrs. Hill and Q
;urgster, employed by the American j,
rant Society, the day school being at- e
mded by about seventy-five children and
le night school by about one hundred ^
dults at both sessions. It is said that n
lese (Contrabands are not as apt at their
tudies as those in South Carolina. The t
ble-bodied contrabands are made use of a
y the government or they hire them- p
dves out in the families in the city and p
eighborhood. A large number of the p
ten are now in government service as ?
amsters or helping about the hospitals, ^
hile several hundred of the women are f;
ugaged as servants in the city. Those a
ho are employed in the government
?rvice draw rations and clothing while j,
lose at the camp sick and unable to k
ork are furnished with rations only, t,
aving to rely altogether on charity for
lothing. When Dr. Nichols took charge l;
f the contrabands there were If*) and s
nee that time (10th of June lasti 3,."**) t
ive been registered. Since that time 180
ave died. For some time past but few ave
arrived here, the latest arrival of
ny note being some 30 or 10 about the
n?e the rebels crossed Into Maryland,
nd at present there 'are no good servants
isengaged. The demand for them is not I
mfined alone to our citizens, but often
iducements are held out to them to go g
orth, but it is rarely that any offer. \
iren the most liberal, to go beyond Maryind
is accepted."
A LITTLE POEM FOR LANDLORDS.
She had searched through the town for a flat; ^
She had searched every day for a week; 11
I'p aud down, here and there, o
In and out, everywhere, (
For the flat of her heart, so to speak;
Low rental, large rooms, and all that. F
The town it was lengthy and wide,
With plaees to let hy the score, ?
But before she eould And
One that suiti-d her tnlnii, r
Kxliausted, she fell on the floor?
Shu never recovered; she died. p
She went on a heavenly toot
To apartments of Jasper and pearl;
When she opened her eyes P
To her houao In the skies.
She whispered, this nervy old idrl; *"
"Teu'll redecorate, won't you. to mttT*
? Brooklyn Times. J"
>
BALKANS VER:
The dispatches from Sofla and London *
nnouncf that the allied armies of the 1
Balkans have operated *
liming at so quickly that Kirk-J v
? ? . | Kalllseh is on the point
Adl-ianopie. of beln* invested, the p
apture of which will clear the way to *
idrianople. the main objective of the #
llies.
To the superior Bulgarian army, under ^
!?e command of King Ferdinand, lias j
icpn contided the direction of the lirsl
ilan of operations, which is Thrace or
tdrianople; to the Servian, under Kim;
'eier, the Montenegrin under King
Cieholas. the Greek under I'rinee Contantine,
has been accorded the second
ilan. which is strategic and Includes
cutari and its dependent defenses on
lie Adriatic. Iskub. Monastir and Salonki
in the Aegean. So far these operaions
have been ach.eved with a celerity
hat provokes the admiration of military
ritics. The Bulgarian general staff had
he lessons of history well learned. It
ias at Adrianople that the Roman emleror
Valens was defeated by the Goths
n 378; It was at Adrianople that Bulgaria
received her independence from the
ictorlous army of the Grand Puke Xlch>!as
In 1878. The Turkish army defeated
it Adrianople, the valley of Marltza can
>ffer no resistance until the last stand
>f the Turks may be made under the
vails of Constantinople.
The allied army is numerically inferior
o that of the Turks, which it is assumed
las an effeotive of 1.433,000, the Bulgarian
178,000. Servian &M.0U0, Grecian lt?_',ooo.
Montenegrin .'57,<HiO. It Is extremely
loubtful that the Turks may place in the
ield more than the third of their ar redited.
number. If the Greek navy
iroves as efficient as Its army appears,
t win h?s?mv Turkish communications
tnd thus deprive it of its reserves of men I
md of its stores. 1
A military critic says of the Bulgarian <
irmy: "It is a modern army in every |
ens<. well instructed and well discialined.
with modern outfit and armament.
its auxiliary services, commissariat.
transportation, ambulance, etc.,
tie perfect. The staff accepts the prln- 1
.uple of offensive action. T*he cavah-y
is simply remarkable." 1
The allied army has already man!*
Tested its belief in the offensive action,
?nd we may therefore expect a sharp,
sanguinary, but short campaign, surprls- <
:ng to the Turks as well as to Europe. <
King Ferdinand, who appears to be the
icknowledged political as well as milllary
chief, has sent the following rues-. 1
sage to his cabinet: <
*
* * .
"Inspired, as I have always been, by (
i profound confidence in the unity of |
Bulgaria, 1 am convinced ,
Ferdinand's also that our incorapar- ,
? able and valiant army, is- <
c bilge. sue a j)etlpje such a <
people as the Bulgarians, whose sacri- 1
ices for their national ideal are without j
parallel In history, will be able to com- |
pat and destroy the eternal enemy of the
Bulgarian race. Our brothers on the !
Pther side of the Reto and Rhodope
noun tains will see finally the aurora of j
liberty. Vive the valiant and vieto- i
ious Bulgarian army!"
"Our brothers on the other side of the
Reto and Rhodope"? Who are those
prothers. who have seemed to have been
gnored by the powers and the press, j
:heir attention riveted upon tl* visible
pbject of the conflict? They are Slavs.
In well informed diplomatic circles,
tewfvtr. the peril in the Baikaitie crisis
s not only in the march upon Adrian>ple
and Constantinople, but in the real- '
zatlou of panslavistn. King Ferdinand's j
message for a fact is a declaration of ,
war of race and religion, a holy war, a
Slav crusade, an appeal, which' is address d
to the soul of tiic Slav of Russia, ,
tustria-Hungary. Poland, Bohemia and
Croatia, while those of Bulgaria, Sorvia, '
Montenegro and Macedonia are already in
irms. These Slavs in Europe roughly
tstlmated n timber a hundred and fifty j
nil lon souls. .
It will be recalled that there have been .
ndicatlons of late years of a 81av awak- '
ning. In 1908 a Slav congress met at '
rague which commemorated the defeat
if the Slavs at Kossova in 138ft. In 1910 1
here was another congress at Moscow,
"he annexation of Bosnia and Herze- '
rovina constituted a shock to the Slav j
deal. Kossova and Bosnia-Oierzegovina
.re the keys to the present uprising of '
he Slav.
There are other sides to the Slav ques- 1
ion. Russia occupies the first place, '
lustria-Hungary next and then there is I
m Italo-Slav plan. '
w
\
M. Poincare. premier of France, appears
to be the only diplomatic official
(excepting M. Sazonoff,
Join care's premier of Russia!, who }
_ . appreciates the peril of the
Warning, situation. y,i Poincare is (
eported to have said that the r^al ?-rit- '
al moment for Europe would not hapen
during the war of the Balkans, but
fter the war, when the conditions of
eace were being discussed. * This may 1
c, but it is assumed that King Ferdiand
in the meantime may have arranged
or the Slav uprising which may he *
estined to tltwart irresistibly the IntenIons
of the powers, intentions which
lav be said to be opaque even to the '
owers themselves.
In the meantime tin? allied army, the ,
1-jv armv. fk>r such it is, despite the
owers. is matching swiftly to !ts des- "
iny, which is ?to receive consecration or '
efeat in the vast and historic plains
f Maritza. i
The stubborn resistance of the Turk
lay he counted ppon when doubled up I
inder the walls of Constantinople. This <
esistanee and the sacrtfices it entails <
rill serve the Slav cause on the princl- I
ile of "the blood of the martyr is the
eed of the church." ' Already the call of 1
he Slav king: has been answered. Ac- i
ording to a dispatch at this writing, l
Russian Slavs have crossed the 1
order and enrolled themselves under the <
tandard of the alllns- 1
M. Poincare and M. SazonofT, in accord <
n the titli instant <?n the necessity of
itervention, proposed that ail the pow- *
rs Intervene collectively. France. Kng- <
ind and Germany would exercise their '
ood ottices with the Ottoman govern- |
lent: Russia and Austria would em- i a
loy their influence at the Kalkanic ca[?i- ! 0
als. Kngland when asked for a reply : j.
ccepted somewhat tardily, alleging thatic
ecause of her situation *s a Moslem ! I
ower in India she woultf request the j n
owers to interfere in her name, tier- 11
lany would intervene. The Balkan con- a
iict, if it extended, would bring about p
atal antagonism between iter two allies,
lustria and Italy. 1
During these hesitations the powers (
?arned with consternation that the Hal- 1
anic states had presented a note directly 1
o the porte. t
October 7 Austria accepted the friend- t
r intervention at the Balkanic capitals, I
uggestlng that the guarantee of terri- <
orial integrity of Turkey in Europe
PERKINV TESTY
'ronj the Bridgeport Evening Poet. li
G. W. Perkins will learn that he doesn't o
;ain anything by getting ri ed at the in- I
estigating committee. h
*
row the Omaha Bee.
George Whitewings Perkins Is mad,
hat's very evident.
v
rem the I'tlea Observer. r
Judging from his testimony before the
Mapp committee. George \V. Perkins is F
rganlxing a little Ananias Club all his
wn. He seems to have the form of ini- ti
iation at his tongue's end. h
k
rem the Columbia State,
Mr. Perkins supplied the cross end of
iis eross-examlnatiou.
mm the Syracuse Herald. a
Somewhere, evidently, George W. Per- ja
:ins read that it was good form to shake
our flat when giving testimony before
he Senate committee investigating cam- ?,
laign expenses.
F
'mm the Harrlaburg Telegraph.
Perkins says the $10,000 returned by ti
ienator Beveridge was the first money ot
SOS TURKEY.
liould include the territorial integrity "*
"urkey In Asia Austria thus wis ed
t? soften as much as possible the imieratlve
character of the collective int. iention
Kngland raised the objection to tl.i
imposition that ICurope would undertake
he reforms and refused at first to
rribe to that condition, but finally ask
ented.
October S the collective intervention
'f the powers was tnaje at ?'onstantinoph
?as?d u;a>n article jh of the treaty of
terlln.
In the meantime Turkey, not to be nutlone
in creatine a surprise, withdrew
rom her archives her own project of rworm.
wltich had t>ecn elaborated in 1*W?.
The Bulgarians, when Informed of T irtey's
conciliatory attitude, replied: "1*
hese reforms possess all tt?e virtue claimd
for them why have the Turks waited
h'rty-two years to applv them" Thai:*
rlsdom of the eleventh hour is perhaps
it'llner serious nor dui-an,,'.
October *h.-n the powers had gi rofl?
dished at Constantinople anil at tin*
{ftlkanie capitals their tardv int-rvegion
la favor of peace, one of the atlW.
he smatbst. Montenegro, declared war
leainst Turkey.
Now the powers lay flattering unetion
o their aoula that their guarantee of
he status quo of territorial integrity of
rurkey is a guarantee of ICuropcan p< ace.
Paragraph fl. In fact, of their note of lnerventlon
reads:
"If war should break out the powers
rill not admit at the end of the cot;
Jtct any modification of the territorial
itatu* ijuo of Turkey in Kurufte."
By this concession to Turkey the power*
secured a nominal unity of action, :tp 1
tow with crossed hands tliey complacent
y await the issue of arms at Adrian ope
kt least M. I'oincare and M. Saxonoff en
tot deceive themaelves as to a game In
vhich the principle is "Heads I win, tails
.'Oil lose."
A writer in the Academy referring to
:he Balkan situation writes; '"Untie
European diplomacy wits congratulatinc
ts?-if that the concert of the pow-er?
Had been resurrected In time to Intervene
at the eleventh hour in the interest
jf peace, the clock struck Hi and the
}uns went off."
*
* *
A Bulgarian diplomat at Sotla. speakng
of the situation, said: "It 1- n-cexsarv
from this time 01
What Powers that the powers which
#r n .could not prevent the
war consider the means
?f stopping it. AVtlcle of the mentoran!um
affirms that the powers will not a<l(nit
any modification of the territorial
status quo of Turkey in Europe at tl
tnd of the conflict. That was very w?il
but it is necessary that the powers foresee
as well a TuVkish victory as a B'lgaro-Serb
victory, and that it may ita;?programs
ready including the nomination
pf Christian governors general lot It
autonomous provinces the moment the
decisive battle is over. The experience o '
Belay in decisions and conversation; ui
chancelleries should not be renewed.'
A Servian mil,later at Belgrade, fortiier
premier, spoke to a correspondent a- follows:
The Balkanic governments could not accept
the proposition of the powers
Bvelits have gone ahead of intervention
And, moreover, the remonstrances and
injunctions of the powers are without
my sanction.
Russia and Austria may agree in a
vague and general way. hut not upon
means of coercion. Who wn>ald believe
that Russia would even pefmit Austria
to apply coercive measures against the
Slav statea of the Balkans? The national
sentiment, the glav soul of the Russian
people, would revolt. The Servian minister
doubted even that Austria-Hungary
could wish for a mandate which would
expose her to all sorts of risks and dangerous
adventures. She wotild meet from
the Christian nenttle of the Balkans an
unconquerable resistance, and how man:
difficulties with her own Slav subjects!
And t-he Servian minister, in conclusion,
referred to the excellent condition Of the
Servian army. In the Turkish province
there watt disorganisation everywhere
authority and order nowhere. Albania in
part would be with the allies, principally
those who recognize as chief the famou*
isza Bolletlnatz. In revoh against the d<
lay# and exactions of the local authorities
and of the Turkish government.
The Servian prime minister, M. Paaftch,
said to a correspondent that 8er\ia. like
other Balkan states, had peaceably waited
for the execution of reforms which
should Insure the security of the Uvea of
the Christian populations in the Ottottian
empire, but all in vain.
It was incontcstably proved that Turkey
could not and would not eflTeVt re'
? ? A mo# /\ ?m e ti? Wtnln e '
lOriliM ."IS IIM in?" icivi me t* (i v>11 i >1powers
desired to execute in Turkey, th?\ ,
shared the same fate-ended in nothing
Anarchy and disorder reigned and i <u
reached such a point that forbetaraiice
iiad ceased to be a virtue.
* *
"Servia." said \1 Pasiteh, "old Servia,
must include tire vilayet of Kossovo with
what is still called t e
Servia's sanjak of Novibazar. t ie
, northern portion of t ic
vilayet of Scutari, with
[he shores of the Adriatic, where a *
still situated ancient Servian forts;. *1
he nortiiwestern portion of the vilayet '< '
Uonastir, including Lake Ochrlda. Betides
old Servia autonomy should be giv* u 1
:o Macedonia, Albania. Theas&ly and
Epirus. There must be Christian gcivern>rs
and an assembly. Servia." he added
"is resolved to go to the bitter end regardless
of the sacrifices that we may *
tave to suffer in order to obtain the trijmph
of out oa-tse."
M. (lueehoff. the Bulgarian prime minster,
said to tile sarin corresoondvin.
"The impending war is the appaUitv;
ransom we are going to pay for o;r
Christian brethren, t ie freedbom of which
they were robbed by th crime committed
at the congress of Berlin.
"We appeal to England for aid; wo
beseech her not to forget her gn at responsibility
for the iniquitous work per formed
by the congress of Beriin; w<<
mplore her not to commit again the errm
rf thinking that Turkey will be able t<>
work out alone the lasting pacification
jf the Balkan peninsula.
"I^et her Insist once for ail upon th*
anly satisfactory solution of the Balkan
question; the disappearance of direct
Turkish rule iti southeastern Europe."
Will England or the I rowers insist up?'i
tny solution of the Balkan question
rtlier than tliat which accords with th**i
rolitical interests? The slianie .if tie
ongress of Berlin. tin- shame of Bostif
-ferzegevolna and tile sliame of th
netnorajiduiu whi* h proposes to pres.-rv
h.? roiirn of th** Turk In Enron* vvi I
.venaed, but neither by England nor th*
overs, but by the Balkans themselves.
This war could have l?een avoided if ,
he powers lmd agreed to let the Turk
to That is, they should have jointly d?'ivered.
to him In response to his ireultng
reply to the Balkan not* an ultimatum
"Conform in letter and spirit with
:he just reclamations of our Christian
trotliers in Macedonia or prepare to get
>ut of Europe."
CH. CHAIL.EE-LONG
TESTIMONY.
ie ever knew "a public man running for
dice or otherwise to return." Evidently
'erklns never did believe Roosevelt sent
ack the Standard Oil Company's
R??,Odd.
a.
rout Vie Knoxville Journal and Tribune.
Terkins should know that he is better
rho rules hrs owe spirit than he who
ules a harvester trust.
ivn? the Cleveland Plain I>ea!.r
Perkins charges Senator Tomerene with
rying to get into the headlines. As foe
Unself. the progressive "angel * liken to
eep out of the headlines.
rotn the Pittsburgh Poat.
According to Mr. Perkins, who was on
he stand yesterday. Senator Penrose Is
liar. Now "tit for tat."
pom up tsaiumom ?un.
No matter whi^h trust is being lnrva[gatod,
Mr. Perkins aeema to be equally
1 the limelight.
rem too Buffalo Evening Xmt?
Mr. Perkins may deny that the third
rm campaign waa underwritten, but h'
an hardly deny that It vh oreftheckxi. >
i

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