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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, October 28, 1912, Image 9

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Solicitor Earl Discusses Workmen's
Compensation Act.
Over 17,000 Accidents Beported Under
Statute in Three Tears, With
on account of non-fatal injuries, and
$112.87002 paid to surviving dependents
on account of fatal Injuries. Since December,
1011, additional benefits amounting
to nearly JOuO.ia*) have been paid.
During the first year after the passage of
the act 1.805 claims were ssubmitted, of
which 1.680 were allowed. During the
second year. 2,624 claims were submitted
and 2.400 allowed.
Application of Statute.
The present statute applies only to artisans
or laborers employed In certain
apecified branches of the public service or
in certain hazardous occupations under
the government. Any workman covered
by the act who is injured In the course
of his employment is entitled to receive
for one year thereafter, unless sooner
able to resume work, the same pay as if
he continued to be employed, except
where the injury was due to his own
negligence or misconduct. If the injury
results in death during the year the compensation
allowed is payable to the Widow
or children or dependent parent.
The solicitor emphasizes that feature
of the act which permits the establishment
of a simple and direct mode of procedure.
whereby technicalities and delays
are avoided and the relief provided
can be speedily given, and the further feature
whereby the government is forbidden
to exempt itself from liability by any
contract, agreement, rule or regulation.
Solicitor's Statement.
In this connection he says:
"The present payment of compensation
at a time when the breadwinner is stricken
and money is most needed, without
forcing the claimant to pursue an elaborate.
expensive and dilatory process of
proof, is one of the striking benefits of
I he act. Being in its nature a remedial
statute, it is rightly susceptible of a liberal
interpretation, as contrasted with a
strict interpretation, in order to bring
home the benefits intended. Such has
been the interpretation regularly applied
by the Secretary of Commerce and Labor.
without, of course, disregarding any
of the limiattions of the statute or extending
it beyotjd its terms."
In speaking further of the nature and
benefits of the act, the solicitor states
that it marks a distinct step in advance,
and susbstitutes an enlightened modern
view for certain obsolete doctrines of
Lie common law, since it not only gives
a remedy where none existed before, but
it waives the right of the government to
exemption from liability, and dispenses
with the necessity of appeals to Congress
in individual cases.
The solicitor states that over 17,000 accidents
were reported under the act during
the first three years of its operation,
whereas only about 8,000 claims were
filed, due to the limited scope of the
law. and strongly urges this as an indication
of the need of extending the benefits
of the act by supplementary legislation.
Such legislation has, in fact, been
n-.-ommended by the Secretary of Commerce
and Labor, and measures designed
to enlarge the scope of the act are
now pending in Congress.
Cae-Sixth of Period of Imprisonment
to Be in Solitary Confinement.
Foreign Corresi>oDdence of The Star.
MIL AX. October 12, 1912.
Six sacrilegious Tuscan robbers, belonging
to a secret gang engaged in
stealing and smuggling Florentine works
of art out of Italy, received exemplary
punishment at the Florence assizes today.
They were found guilty of the theft of
the famous Madonna deila Seggiola from
the tabernacie of the parish Church of
Rov?77ann TKm? o!l-A />r>
-- ? * ucj aisu vi? a??"
other occasion carried off a Del'a Robbia
terra cotta representing the Archangel
Gabriel. The mos: important charge
against them, however, was that of the
robbery of Luca Delia Robbia's Madonna
dr-lla Traversa from the Mugello sanctuary,
after a hard night's toil in cutting
through the me.al lattice work.
The head of the gang, an artist named
Pinarolo, accompanied by two accomplices.
took the picture to Vienna, where
he hoped he would be able to dispose of
it to an antiquary, who. no: long before,
had greatly admired the work during a
tour in Tuscany, but he declined to give
their lowest price?J^O.OUO. Thereupon
the three smugglers ingeniously redispatehed
the s.olen picture to Italy to a
small station near Mugello itself.
The disappointed bidders for the picture
betrayed them to the police, who arrested
the trio when they crossed the
Italian frontier. Three other members of
the gang were trapped at the railway
station in the act of removing the packing
case containing the returned treasure.
The court condemned the leader of the
gang to five years' imprisonment, his
two chief accomplices to three and a
half years' Imprisonment each, and the
other culprits to one year's hard labor.
The severity of the sentence was increased
by the order of the judge that
the prisoners be further fined $T>00 each,
besides passing one-sixth of the period
of their incarceration in solitary confinement.
a treatment which in Italy is
usually reserved for murderers.
London Firm Also Provides Hospital
for Its Employes.
Porrjgn Corr?spon<i<nce of The Star.
LONDON, October 18, 1012.
An Oxford street drapery firm has
opened a new house for the accommodation
of its woman assistants, which is
claimed to be a great advance on anything
yet attempted under the "living-in"
system. *
Among the novel features introduced
are a ballroom for staff dances and a
hospital with a staff of trained nurses
for sufferers from ordinary ailments. In
addition there is a lounge, a clubroom and
a library, while all the principal rooms
have been furnished on a lavish scale.
There are also twenty-four bathrooms and
twelve shampooing rooms. Some tfUO peruana
can be provided for in-the building.
But 8,000 Claims.
Artisans and laborers employed by the
Vnlted States government are expected
to And much of interest to them in the
compilation of opinions Just submitted by
Solicitor Earl of the Department of Comccrce
and Labor to Secretary Nagel, In
connection with what is known as the
general workmen's compensation act.
This is the pioneer among compensation
acts In this country. Since its enactment
sixteen states have passed laws
of a similar character. The general Interest
which attaches to such legislation
led Secretary Nagel, last July, to direct
the publication of the solicitor's opinions
under the act. as illustrating the construction
and application of a law providing
compensation as contrasted with
law giving a right tc^ sue for damages.
The opinions are now in course of publication
by the department, which will
issue the volume within a week or two.
The money benefits under the act between
August 1, lfioS, when it became
effective, and December 1. 1011, aggregated
S7dl.S14.C<o riaid to injured Dersons
Defendants in Assault Case
Ask Jury Trial?Fredonia
Boosts Wages.
Notwithstanding the fact that there was
no disorder last night resulting from the
strike of members of Washington Local
No. 2 of the International Union of Hotel
Workers, 1t was announced today in
the office of MaJ. Sylvester, superintendent
of police, that the extra patrolmen,
who for the last few nights have been
stationed in the downtown district, will
be "on the job" again tonight. Besides
the metropolitan policemen, the Raleigh
and New Willard hotels and the Cafe Republiaue..
whose employes struck, have
many p'.ain clothes men to assist the
house detectives.
An official of the union said today that
the union as an organization is not urging
violence of any nature, but on the
contrary has asked the men to confine
themselves to peaceful picketing. He admitted
that there is a chance of fights
between individual members of the union
and strikebreakers, but he pointed out
that it is impossible for the union to control
the action of all of its members.
Next Strike in Baltimore.
Baltimore is said to be the next city
where the calling of a strike of the hotel
workers, mostly cooks and waiters,
is imminent. Recent strikes have occurred
in New York and Boston, and the
strikers claim that as a result wages are
higher and working conditions are better
in both of those places.
As the managers of the Washington
places affected claim that they have all
of the employes they need, it appears
that the next move will be up to the
union. The union claims that a second
walkout of the strikebreakers will be
Plead Not Guilty; Ask Jury Trial.
John Dazuffl and Edward Habrie, arrested
by the police in connection with
the assault of W. H. Williams, a colored
waiter, shortly after midnight Saturday,
asked for a jury trial in Police Court today.
When arraigned they pleaded not
William Clark, one of the chief pickets
of the strikers, who was arrested Saturday
night, it being thought that he was
implicated in a fight Friday night be
tween flve employes of the New Willard
and some other men. will not be given a
trial until William Washington, one of
the colored strikebreakers, who is at the
Kmergency Hospital with a fractured
knee, is able to leave the institution.
Clark, it is said, claims that he neither
participated in nor witnessed the fight.
Although the house was not affected by
the strike, the management of the Fredonia
Hotel has announced an increase
of wages to its waiters and cooks, a
working day of ten hours and one day off
each month. Manager Ashburne said today
that the new scale of wages and
hours already had gone into effect, and
that although he had no contract with
the union, he had no objections to his
employes joining the organization.
Are Yod Blind?
Lots of us who think we have pretty
good eyesight are frequently as "blind as
a bat" when it comes to seeing some
things. Most of us can see clearly
enough when we are out on a tour of inspection
of our neighbors' faults; yet
when it comes to seeing these same faults
reproduced to the letter in ourselves, one
might almost imagine that we were utterly
devoid of the gift of sight.
Have you ever met a man or woman
who was without faults? I have met
people who claimed to be "perfectionists"
?who told me that they could do#no evil
?but there was not money enough in
sight to tempt me to take up my permanent
abode with them. People who can
see no faults in themselves are mighty
disagreeable people to associate with as
a rule. As Bob Burdette once said, when
speaking about over-good people of this
stamp; "They make me wickeder."
Have you noticed this? Most of us
The first time in my life I ever tried
to smoke was when, as a very small boy.
I was subjected to a several-hour-long
dissertation upon the evils of tobacco at
the hands of a returned missionary. He
was a lovely man and he meant well. Unfortunately,
he was the first to open the
door and point the way to a forbidden
land. I knew that men smoked. My
father smoked. But it had never occurred
to me that smoking was a habit that people
ought not to indulge 1q until thai returned
missionary told me about it.
During the recital of all the terrible
details, my father sat squirming uncomfortably
in his easy chair. 1 had a gieat
deal of respect for my father. I knew he
was a very good man and I could not
understand how he could do a thing so
wicked as smoking was said to be unless
it was so enticing a practice that one
could afford to run the chance of doing
wrong in order to indulge in it.
According>y, when the lecture was ended,
I slipped quietly away, took possession
of my father's pipe, and went back
of the house to try It for myself.
To tell the truth, I did not find smoking
the delightful practice I had anticipated.
Tho rjvrtorinn/?o lira o u r> i*t hi r r? Km* ..n tf_
X iic CAptl iC?VC ntfco ???J HUJig t'Ul CUJUJ "
able, and I have not forgotten it. though
many years have elapsed. At the same
time the effect of my experiment has
nothing to do with this article. Tne point
I want to make is that the tendency in
human nature is to rebel against the advice
as well as the example of the overly
good and to go out and be different.
Assuming, then, that none of us is so
perfect that he is without tiaw or blemish,
there is no reason why we should
not derive considerable benellt from our
neighbor's faults instead of getting indignant
at him for having weaknesses.
If we were to look at this matter in the
right light we should realiee that our
neighbors are nothing more or less than
so many mirrors in which we see ourselves
reflected if we have the "giftie"
to possess eyes that are open to such introspective
Of course, our neighbor's faults may
sometimes make us very uncomfortable,
but what is the effect of our faults upon
our neighbor? If we are mean and selflsii
and ugly, we probably make our
neighbor very uncomfortable at times.
w e snouia tmnK or tnis wnen our neighbor
exhibits the unsavory side of his disposition
for our inspection. j..ie law of
human conduct which warns us to beware
of throwing stones when we ourselves
are so far from blameless, applies
to the little as well as to the big things
in life, yet how many of us live up to
this standard? How many of us try to
forget or at least overlook our neighbor's
faults because we realize that we have
a lot of our own?
n riv _i. ^
xgrmer anan in uauy iieceipt oi
Voluminous Correspondence.
Foreign Correspondence of The Star.
ODESSA, October 10. 1912.
During the last week Mohammed Ali,
the ex-Shah of ..'ersia, has been in dally
receipt of a voluminous correspondence
from Persia. Confidential emissaries are
again frequently passing between the exshah's
residence here and the royalist
headqifarters at Gumush Tepe.
The royal exile has quite recently abandoned
the close domestic seclusion he
observed since his return to Odessa, and
is now almost daily seen abroad in his
motor car, or in the evening at the opera.
For the tirst time for many months he
exchanged visits with the governor the
other day.
Plea Made for Protection of
Insectivorous Ones.
Increase in Insects That Destroy
Crops Partly Responsible for
High Prices, It Is Said.
Charging the wanton destruction of insectivorous
birds in the United States
with being partly responsible for the
high cost of living, the committee on wild
life protection of the fourth National
Conservation Congress has Inaugurated a
nation-wide campaign to induce Congress
at the coming session to enact a law for
the federal protection of migratory birds.
Three such measures now are pending
in the congressional archives, any one of
which, according to William T. Hornaday,
director of the New York Zoological
Society and chairman of the committee,
would be acceptable if placed on the federal
statute books. It is proposed to
bring pressure to bear on Congress by
the citizens of every state in the interest
of the passage of one of these bills.
Circular Is Issued.
The committee has issued a circular
showing the effect on the dinner pail
through the widespread destruction of
migratory birds and consequent increase
in the insect hordes. Request has been
made of all American newspapers to give
publicity to the matter so that farmers
and fruit growers may be brought to a
realization of the seriousness of the situation
and Congress appealed to for
According to statistics Issued by the
I Department of Agriculture, which are
set forth in the committee's circular, insect
pests cost the nation about $420,100,000
a year. The value of birds destroyed
for "game" and for "food" would not
eriual onp nnp-thnusanilth nf tha vqIiip
they would save to the national wealth
if permitted to live and to wage war on
the insects, it is stated.
"Regarding the slaughter of our birds,
the increase of insect pests and the losses
they inflict upon us, the great mass of
the American people are sound asleep,"
the circular states. "The situation is illogical,
absurd and Intolerable. As reasoning
beings, it is our duty to take hold
of the subject like men, stop the abuse,
stop the disgrace and avoid some of the
~milc TV. o * A .. T? J J
Auav AXC A CUUlUgi
AmonK the birds sought to be protected
by a federal law are songbirds, swallows,
woodpeckers, blackbirds, quail, doves and
nighthawks. Protection of game birds
alone will not answer, it is pointed out.
The bills pending before Congress were
introduced by Representative "Weeks of
Massachusetts, Representative Anthony
of Kansas and Senator McLean of Connecticut.
The Weeks and Anthony measures provide
for the protection of migratory
game birds only, but the Mcl/ean bill
goes a step farther by including all migratory
insectivorous birds.
"The next ession of Congress is a short
session, ending March 4," states the circular.
"The people of the nation should
; call upon all their senators and representatives
to take up the Mcl^ean bijl as an
emergency measure and railroad it
through before Marc h 4. If enough constltutents
demand this, it will be done.
Xow is the time to do something practical
and get a tangible result."
Question Arises as to Nation's
Protection in Event of
Great Crisis.
Foreign Correspondence of The Star.
PARIS, October 16. 1912.
Though the European patient shows no
symptoms of a definite.disease, his state
is none the less below par. For this
reason special importance attaches to
the actual condition of France under
arms. Is she capable of combating any
difficulty that may arise?
At the present moment there are 325,000
men with the colors, counting the professional
and permanent cadre, the others
being soldiers who have one year's service
to their credit. The new recruits who
are arriving have, of course, no military
value, and Will continue to he a. neiratiee
quantity until they have learned to shoot
as well as the rudiments of drill. Thus
the effective army of France is reduced
to one-half, i?0,000 having been liberated
in the past week. This is obviously a
dangerous position in view of the political
Important Question.
"The agonizing question must be asked,"
says a prominent French deputy:
"What would be the result of a conflict,
which surprised us after the departure of
the 'classe,' at the moment when we were
weakest? In face of the German battalions
massed on our eastern frontier,
and swelled tomorrow by new effectives,
what resistance could our skeletonized
regiments offer, reinforced by recruits
who do not understand how to handle a
rifle, to ride a horse, or serve a cannon?"
Gen. Zurlinden proposes to augment the
permanent element of the army by offering
advantages to time-expired men to
remain with the colors. In this way he
considers he would enlarge the number
of those taking advantage of the military
law of 1005, which gives privileges
as to pay and promotion and certain assurances
of civil employment to fouryear
men. The well known writer, Lieut.
Col. Rousset, goes vmuch further in
clamoring for the re-establishment of the
three-year regime. If this cannot be
done, then let the "classe" be kept until
January 1 Instead of being liberated in
Dr. Pujade's Solution.
Perhaps the best solution of the difficulty
is found in the proposal of Dr.
Pujade, deputy for the Eastern Pyrenees.
He suggests that the recruits should be
encouraged to join their regiments in August
instead of October. That would
give them an additional training of two
months, and, by the spring?always the
moment of danger in Europe?they would
be tolerably well equipped in the science
of arms.
Thirty per cent, says the doctor enthusiastically,
would accede to the call to
anticipate the regular period of embodiment
if the recruit were allowed to
choose his own regiment and the particular
arm in which he might perform his
an v j?.c, i lie pi irsojii dj oiciii 10 iiirviiaii"
ioai, or at least indlscriminating. and allows
little room for preferences. This
suggestion has the advantage of being
inexpensive and, indeed, there is no question
of additional grant. The soldier
patriot must still be content with his sou
a day.
Amundsen to Tour England.
Foreign Correspondence of The Star.
LONDON, October 18. 1012.
Capt. Amundsen, who is now in Copenhagen
lecturing on his antarctic expedition.
Is to tour in England later on. In
r?g>ly to an inquiry, he has expressed the
opinion that there is no reason to be anxious
concerning the whereabouts of
Capt. Scott, as there is certain to be
news from him by February at the latest.
Capt. Amundsen himself will start on his
next polar expedition In the Fram In
.June, 1914, sailing1 from Saa Francisco,
I Australian Ww
:: Usmal $3.00 Valine
A mill purchase of Blankets i
actual cost. It will be to your ad
diate and future needs from this s
* * Fine Grade Double^bed Size A
*:* soft wool-nap-fleece finish that
P after laundering- Contain as mucl
, t any all-wool blanket.
A Choice of white, tan and gray
A ders; also plaids of gray, tan, blu
X mohair binding. Sale price?$1.95
| 56-in. Stylish
| Sold Regular
Y As the result of our recer
y values in stylish, up-to-date d
X smart and desirable for dresse:
X expensive suitings shown in i
X They are fancy mixtures
{ binations, including plenty of
X Being full 56 Inches wide, these ;
,( up to best advantage. While the qui
*. character we do not eocpect the lot to
| ?f
All=sSlk Messs
| Spec 5all By Pri
y Compare these Pure Silk Messalin
y garments advertised elsewhere at lo\
Y a glance. A special purchase of a m
*t to offer this remarkable value.
X Fashioned of all-pure-silk satin r
! and rnttnn unrlprlov Sitroc tn fit w
^ ? ? ? ? Pk^?MV-0 WV 111> T? V
A from 18 to 23.
A Choice of a large assortment of <!
*? surprise at $1.29.
I Sale of Out!
| Regular 1254c (
This wanted material for women':
at decidedly less than regular cost
y nels, soft, fleeced grade for nightgow
y ables; full 27 inches wide. Light an
y broken plaids of light blue, pink, grs
y The regular 12*?c quality for 7%c
| C
Y cream and white; close-woven quallt;
Y women's and children's winter gari
iv.".'IV.".* iv.".'
| 75c Venise
| Up to 8 1 racfe
Y A new lot of Handsome Venise B:
n a liberal discount. Brand-new styli
A waist and dress trimmings. Widths
A and ecru, in a variety of artistic desi
A Regular 75c value at 45c a yard.
Y the soft, filmy styles so much the
Y vogue for plaiting waists and
Y dresses: edges and insertions from
X 2 to 9 inches wide. Large -TJfTTv
A variety of styles at, yard,
A 10c to
f, . ........
| "Everwear"
' Sold Regularly at
X (Tnnti^ir^iiTnitAfPiH! -fcrnr 1>
^ IMttU ?7
This Widely Advertised and Hand
jr tlcular women when in quest of a
? amount of wear and satisfaction. "E
i teed to give two seasons' wear by
f yard he produces. Full 36 inches w
V strong and durable. Choice of the fo
*t* The established price of "Everwe
1 where. Here tomorrow for only 60c
V Genuine Anderson's Black Silk
V Percaline, every yard bearing the
V well known trade mark; full one
X yard wide; a light-weight fabric
X having the appearance of /^v =
A all silk. Sold regularly at (C
*. 33c yard. Special at
Ottoman Empire by No Means
in Desperate Straits.
Earfy to Place Quarter of Million on
Bulgarian Frontier.
Foreign Correspondence of The Star.
CONSTANTINOPLE, October 17. 1912.
Though the odds may seem against the
Turkish army in the present crisis, due
largely to the seat of war, no mistake
would be greater than to regard the position
of Turkey as desperate. Making
all deductions for garrisons and detachments
in distant provinces, the Turkish
government should be able to place between
200,000 and 300,000 troops on the
Bulgarian frontier, and as time elapses
should rapidly increase that force.
The enemies of Turkey are geographically
divided into two groups, which cannot
easily communicate by sea or land.
In the first group are Bulgaria, Servia and
Montenegro; in the second are Greece
and Crete. The Greek army will probably
be left severely alone at the outset
by the Turkish staff, as there is considerable
doubt as to its capacity for
an energetic offensive. The wisest strategy
lies In throwing the maximum of
force upon the most formidable of Turkey's
enemies, and this is clearly Bulgaria.
Efforts will doubtless be made to
"contain" Servia and Montenegro and
to hamper them with guerrilla operations
in the difficult country through which
they must advance. The fate of the Balkans
will be decided by the encounter
between Turkey and Bulgaria.
In numbers the Turkish army is superior,
probably by some 30 per cent. The
Turkish artillery is believed to be particularly
good. The Turkish infantry has
always been unrivaled when well led.
Marshal von aer tioitz. wno was responsible
(or the reorganization of the
Turkish army under Abdul Hamid, gives
this reason for its high fighting quality?
that every Turk feels himself to be a
member of a ruling race, immeasurably
superior to the Christian nationalities
about Iwnl. This feeling of intense pride
sustains him in battle. He comes of a
hardy peasant stock inured to privation
and open-air life. He is usually familiar
with the use of arms from childhood. All
that he needs to assimilate when he joins
the ranks is the more mechanical part of
discipline. The weakest arm is perhaps
the cavalry, though great attention has
been paid to it under the Young Turk
regime. But in this direction Servia,
Montenegro and Greece are equally weak.
Army With Traditions.
The Turkish army has glorious traditions
to animate it In 1897, it very
Di Blankets' I
?$1.95 ?
it a saving of one-third I 6EV
vantage to supply Imme- kmnai
ale tomorrow. |r ?
ustrallan Wool Blankets, Trrrr^_
will not become knotty WpJiJ
h warmth and comfort as
, with pink or blue bor- Gloves ofl
e or pink. AH with silk Heavy,
pair. every size
lie c*ic nc i
Boucle Nub Si
ly at . 69c a Y<
it purchase of Dress Goods from
Iress fabrics entirely without a \
5 and coat suits, the styles being
mported weaves.
in two-tone novelties, and come ir
the desirable navy blue and bro\
Boucle Nub Suitings will be most econor
antity is ample to meet ordinary demanc
hold out longer than a day.
il S ne Petticoats
ced at $1.29
e Petticoats with the flimsy cotton-back
IF t% A Q n 1 n # k n 4T am/n n n n
rv J/HV/CO, aiiu JUU 11 OCC L11C U111CX CUUC iXl>
taker's surplus makes it possible for us
nessaline, with sectional plaited flounce
>men whose waist measurement ranges
lesirable shades for fall wear. A price
eg Flannels.
Quality at
s and children's warm winter garments
tomorrow. Heavy-weight outing flanns,
pajamas, petticoats and other wearid
dark grounds, in stripes, checks and
ly. green, brown, red and garnet,
FLANNEL, in light blue, gray, pink,
v of just the right weight for q -t> /
ments. Regular 12%c value
Lace Bands,
Wide. d-Hc
andings, obtained from the importer at
es in greatest demand this season for
up to 8 inches. Choice of white, cream
gns that women will like.
, 18 inches wide, in white, cream,
ecru and black. Regular /-w ==
50c values offered for one
day at, yard.............
Liming Satin.
A A /\ /V TT V fl
g>i.uu vara,
Seasons . . . <Q)^C
[some Lining Satin is preferred by parmaterial
that will give the greatest
Overwear" Lining Satin is fully guarantlie
maker, who stands back of every
ide. Rich, brilliant, satin-face quality;
llowing shades:
ar" Lining Satin is $1.00 a yard everyyard.
Tailor's Venetian Cloth, heavy
weight, with a beautiful lustrous
finish; in gray only. Regular
50c value. Offered
for one day at
rapidly and easily defeated the Greek
army, though von der Goltz has pointed
out that the Greek troops "behaved
bravely in the most difficult circumstances,
and the cheap contempt of the
European press for the military incapacity
of the modern Hellene was certainly
not justified." The Turk was infinitely
the better fighting man, and Edhem, the
Turkish commander, displayed the stubbornness
and resolute will of a great
commander. The victory of Turkey was,
therefore, a feat of no little moment and
is not without its importance today. It
dispelled the illusion that the Turks could
only act on the defensive, and showed
them to be capable of resolute and vigorous
In 'the war of 1877-8 with Russia the
Turkish armies suffered defeat mainly
through the incapacity of their generals,
but they proved their magnificent fighting
qualities in the field. They were embarrassed
in every possible way. Servia
and Montenegro, then nominally subject
to Turkish rule, were up in arms against
the sultan. The whole strenirth of Rus
sia was available to shatter Turkish resistance.
Yet the Russian task proved
to be one of stupendous difficulty. At
Plevna, acting on the defensive, Osman
Pasha beat off the repeated attacks of
the best Russian troops and the finest
Russian generals, among them men of the
genius of Skobelef. Some 30,000 Turkish
troops killed and wounded their own
number of Russians, and the Russians
were saved from complete disaster only
by calling in to their aid the Roumanian
army. An officer of British descent in
the Turkish infantry at Plevna tells us
of his men in one of the hottest moments
of the first battle:
"With one or two exceptions, I noticed
no skulking?none at all in subsequent
actions. Some were shouting and jabbering
like idiots, firing all the time;
many seemed possessed of a perfectly
devilish fury; others were silent and more
unconcerned than when at target practice."
The same perfect coolness and disregard
or danger characterized the Turkish
troops during the Greek war and the
Turkish irregulars and regulars operating
against the Italians?who are admirable
soldiers?in Tripoli.
In the Crimean war the Turks dis
tingulshed themselves by two great feats
of arms, the defense of Sillstria and Kars.
If they did not increase their reputation
in the operations before Sebastopol it
was because they were not skillfully used
by the British and French commanders.
Object of Bulgarian Army.
The most probable objective of the Bulgarian
army, supposing it to attempt a
rapid offensive, would be Salonikl or
Constantinople itself. Salonlki, however,
Is defended on the land side by strong
works equipped with artillery of position.
Facing the sea and designed to
prevent the attack of a hostile fleet such
as was threatened in the war with Greece
is a series of batteries armed with
somewhat antiquated guns. It is not
certain whether these forts have been
rearmed in view of the war with Italy,
but even if they have not they should
be sufficient to keep off the Greek fleet,
nrKlstVt kno nnl u fniir small shine nf onu
fflllVIl tldO ??i?J w? ?*?J
serious value. Constantinople is protected
by the Tchataldja lines.
High though the lighting quality of
the Bulgarian army is, the best generals
would shrink from the risk of assaulting
strong earthworks held by such soldiers
as the Turks, with an overwhelming artillery
to support them, after the bitter
lien's 79c Walking Gloves, J
e of a recent purchase of Women's English
lered tomorrow at 50c pair.
, serviceable quality. All sizes in the lot,
i of each color.
1ress goodsl
Jitings. IQr f
ard for w/v |
a prominent mill we can offer
larallel. This material is very i
exact reproductions of the most |
1 all the most wanted color com- |
vn tones. |
nical to use. and the width will make ?
Is, the bargain is of such an unusual |
I |
? Prices That Make It \
j Profitable to Buy f
t Flannelette Gowns |
I and Petticoats. . I
J good quality heavy-weight flan- j
nelette, soft fleece finish. With j-*
and without collars, double yokes; i
some trimmed with colored braids i
t and others with pink and A
? blue yokes. Full cut and 4J.?
| well made. Sale price... ?
i ETTE PETTICOATS, extra heavy |
grade. Made with tucked flounces i
? stitched with light blue and pink; i
others with embroidered a i
: ruffles. Sale price,
I each
f striped effects, in pink i
? and blue. Full flounces, a /tn i
? well made and full cut. t
2 Sale price j
7 iiiiiiii
? 35c Extra Heavy China !
? Mattings. 40-yard |
I Rolls at $7.98. *
? This is tlie Extra Heavy IJntan . |
t Palmed Finish Straw China Mat
i ting (weighing 83 to 'JO lbs. to the |
I roll); and is 15 lbs. heavier than
I 11-lt? warp grade. Extra close t
i woven and Ktrirtlv reversihle. which
means double wear. ?
i Choice of ten patterns, in stripes, ;
* checks and plaids of green, red, i
f blue, tan and brown; also plain
J white.
f Women posted on matting values 9
? will appreciate what it means to f
| buy this Splendid Quality Extra f
!" Heavy-weight Seamless China Mat- ?
ting at $7.98 a roll of 40 yards. ?
T 25c Tub Silks, 15c Yd. {
IA special purchase af 230 pieces of i
these Dainty Tub Silks on sale to
morrow at half established value. 9
Women in quest of thin wash silks
?for pretty party frocks, waists and ?
dresses will find the sale especially ?
I inviting. ?
I Pure silk material with a warp of f
{linen that makes them wash and f
wear perfectly. ?
White grounds with neat colored |
j stripes. Colors guaranteed absolute- I
9 ly fast. Regular 23c value at 13c L
f yard. |
f Wash Goods Dept.?Section S. j
[Women's $1.00 Crepe ?
K imonn<s TTnii^ntjllir !
'k-' xa x y ?
f ( ? ^
| Attractive Styles at 87c. f
| A special offering of 200 Women's
f Crepe Kimonos at a worth-while sav- i
ing. In solid co'ors of navy blue,
? lavender, pink, light blue and red, |
I trimmed with pretty Persian borders. ?
I Made with shirred yoke. Every gar- ?
I ment cut generously full. ?
All s:zes at S7c instead of $1.00. j
(Third Floor.) $
experience of Plevna. The works in the r
Dardanelles are probably strong enough C
to prevent any Italian co-operation with
the Bulgarian army. Hornby in 1j78
thought it an almost desperate undertaking
to move a British squadron up these
straits into the Sea of Marmora
against the opposition of the Turks. In p
these days of long-range torpedoes and
mechanical mines the risk for an admiral
has certainly been increased. Moreover,
during the past six months the armament
of the Dardanelles forts has
been strengthened with modern guns of
the most powerful type.
Thus, all things considered, the pros- F<
pects of the Balkan League do not appear
particularly roseate. The killing of
the "sick man" will almost certanly prove
a much more difficult business than hl
sanguine Servians or Bulgarians have cl
calculated. The Turks may be expected te
to offer the most desperate resistance, T
and at any moment the sultan may proclaim
a holy war. The attitude of cer- ai
tain powers which may play a great tl
part in any struggle is still uncertain. cj
Roumania, with an army as powerful
and as well organized as the Bulgarian,
has not as yet shown her hand. Aus- Q<
tria, with such overwhelming strength ti
that at a word she could paralyze Servia s\
and Montenegro, is not anxious to see
the Slav peoples of the Balkans in con- a
trol of Salonikl. Russia, despite her sym- w
pathy with her co-religionists, would not ,j(
look with more favor upon the presence a
of Bulg-aria at or near Constantinople.
If, as Marshal von der Goltz has suggested,
the Turkish government can con- ?.
elude peace with Italy and concentrate w
all its attention upon Bulgaria, the m
Balkan peoples may have reason bitterly
to repent of their conduct. They will be
hard put to it to hold their own. ^
No Longer Is It the Sign of Facial {J
Smartness, Even in France.
Foreign Correspondence of The Star. ie
LONDON. October 12. 1912. ,te
The existence of the monocle, long precarious
in England, is now threatened in
France, * perhapsits last stronghold. Ten
years ago every one here who was any
one wore it. The Parisian dandy would _
have felt himself hardly decent without
it. Even for those who made fewer pretensions
to smartness it was the neces- ?
sary adjunct of evening dress. pc
The broad black ribbon from which it
was depended was held with justice to
complete the color scheme of the white
waistcoat. Then the ribbon went out of eii
fashion, and if you wished to be in the ..
swim you had to fetain your monocle in
place by a fierce fixed frown and an up
wara tension or tne muscles of the cheek, ou
A sudden release of the strain jerked the aii
monocle from its orbit, when It was re- ..
trieved by the wearer's hand. tn
This gesture had an excellent and ar- .th
restive effect on bores and impertinent '
persons. It is not too much to say that s;(
the monocle in the eye of the French st]
exquisite was as formidable a weapon as m,
the fan fluttered by the early Victorian
belle. y{
Now, alas, the monocle is no longer the m(
sign of facial smartness, but the older
generation still clings to it. a
R. S. Thomas, commonwealth's attor- j>r
ne>' of Greene county, Va? suffered a an
stroke of paralysis several days ago at. lio
hi* home in Standardsville. His condition m<
i* reported to he improved. Jol
% "Ironclad" ?
8! xW in. Size fc
IP Beds. Sold Reg
?22E?j 79c Each . .
11 The name stands for stu
J/TK/* tion. as the majority of h<
clad" Sheets at this little p
ingr In a supply to last all i
Walking They are full double-he
of extra heavy linen-flnis
but not hem. Full PEAML.KSS kin?
at 59c instead of 79c.
A Great Pu
It is safe to assert that no val
offered this season anywhere.. Unt
us a big lot of Women's Fine Coats
?a chance that no shrewd shopper
coat will ignore.
Every new style and desirable
collection, which includes coats of
All colors and every size?13 to 17 f
misses, and 34 to 4?J for women.
The season's most fashionable coats,
for $9.75 tomorrow.
Continued for Tuesda;
Offering of $ 1.2
36-inch Satin He:
Only the very finest quality Ii
included in the lot?the kind that li
luster and superior finish to recomn
for less than $1.25 and $1.29 a yard
A noteworthy feature is the im
sought-after shades in the assortnit
sirable street and evening shade dei
list of shades follows:
White, Copenhagen, Marine.
Ivory. Plum,
Cream Nile Shell Pink.
Cream, Helen Pink
Corn. Cardinal, (Ira v
Mais. Myrtle, Taupe,
King's Blue, Gold, Golden Bro'
All-Linen Tat
Foil Two Yards in
Sold Regularly at $1.00
Women who are posted on linen qua
Fine Irish Table Damask. Full bleachei
woven and weighty. Full two yards wid<
Choice of six pretty patterns. A gra<
at a dollar a yard. Specially priced for t<
good, heavy grade for general use; choice
wash and wear well. Regular .">oc value f
$1.50 Cost mi i
27 flinclhies Wide
A rich jet black, erect pile qua
for costumes and suits. Very soft
to rub off or crock.
This is a grade for which downtown s
illustration of the remarkable value-giv
tomorrow at only Jl.lu a yard. Full 11 in
Corduroy, in the stylish wide s
trous fin sh and heavy quality; choice of
gray, black and white. Special at. yard .
24-inch Costume Velveteen;-soft, closewaists
and costumes; choice of black, nav
Regular price. $1.-10 a yard. Special at...
32-inch Black Velour; extra line. rich. 1
pile; beautiful jet black; guaranteed not
Regular $3.50 value at
'arents of Girl Missing for Two E:
Years Now Extend
welgn Correspondence of The Star. Fo
VIENNA, October 15, 1012.
A romantic story has been unfolded
ere. Two years ago a wealthy mer- gr
lant informed the police that h'.s daugh- M;
r Henriette had suddenly disappeared. Cr
he girl was engaged to a manufacturer ad
on the eve of the wedding declared
tat she was going out to make pur- XVl
aases. She did not return. ta
A search was made for her, the in- th
iiries lasting months. Then the relaves
began to entertain the idea that the cu
irl might have committed suicide. Ij'1
A short time ago the parents received 1
letter from their missing daughter in wl
hich she begged their forgiveness. She tei
jclared that she had fallen in love with rij:
young man who was beneath her in no
ation, and that she preferred to marry 1
m rather than the wealthy manufae- an
irer to whom she was engaged. She lied ws
ith her lover to America, where the an
arriage took place. do
Her husband found work In a factory in tal
:. Joseph, and by his industry won the he
mpathy of the proprietor, an old man. 1
'hen the latter died his will revealed JU!
lat he had left his factory to the young Pr;
nigrant. m<
When the good fortune came the fugl- wi
ve ventured to reveal her whereabouts w!
i her parents and to ask their pardon. *
At first the parents did not believe the a"
ory, but when the statements in the |in
tter were confirmed by detectives they r"!
legraphed their pardon and an invita- afl
on for her to come home. cn
hina Evades Foreign Entanglelents
Inherited From the Manchus.
reign Correspondence of The Star. l or
PEKING, October 2. 1912.
rhere is growing astonishment in forgo
circles In Peking as time discloses *
e fact that the new regime, despite its
any faults, is most skillful in slipping eil
it of the vicious circle of financial and Pr
plomatic entanglements inherited from j ^
e Manchus and of destroying overnight
e scheming of years. sai
rhus the new Belgian railway conces- BC(
on, the details of which are still kept JY*'
rictly secret and are much disputed, is
anifestly the first of the so-called lati- _J~
dinal railways projected by Dr. Sun- ?
it-Sen. with the object of linking up the . ?
3st inland dominions with the seaboard. .
te Belgian line, if matured, will run to th
point north of the Yangtze, with a vast
reep westward, assuring immense
otits to railway material manufacturers i '
d the employment of hundreds of mil- | of
ns of dollars in capital. Other enor- j CJ11
jus building concessions will be &1-1 me:
ted in 1?13. 'ilcl
eamless Sleets I
>r Double if
ularlyat ?
irdy quality and lasting satiafac- V
)U80wives know. Buying "Iron- A
ru e suggests tne wiaaom or iay- ,l
season. , L
d size (?1 xl>o inches), and made X
>h sheeting cotton, with 3-inch , .
i?made in one piece. Tomorrow 4 ?
? >
irchase of jj
^(Q)ainid$25 ii
le Coats I
lues to equal these have been X
isual trade conditions brought ?
to sell at unexampled savings *?
in need of a warm and stylish 4 ?
4 >
material is to be found in the
the following fabrics: ??.
or young girls; 14, 16 and 18 for 4P
actually worth $20.00 and $25.00, A
/?This Wonderful I
5 and $1.29 3:
ssalinc at <6>9c. |
mported Satin Messalines are \
? - -*- ? r -M?t ? X
Ltl\C UCI^Ul, IILIIUC^, 111 .1 lllclll I V
lend them, and that never sell < I
mense assortment of new and *?
;nt, which embraces every de- ** 1
nanded this season. A partial " *
Tan. Brown. as
Black, Alice Blue.
Hello, Reseda, X
Lilac. Wistaria. X
Old Rose, Seal. J
wn. Turple, Navy Blue. *:*
i>le Damask. i
a Yard . . (6(6C|.
Jitiea will be deligrhted with this <
i and strictly all pure linen; tirm
ie always counted excellent value * *
imorrow's linen sale at 06c a yard. * *
AMASK, 60 inches wide; 4 *
of six neat patterns; will * *
'or one day at. yard .
I,.,,............ ,y
nrae Velvet, ::
9 4 i
-L-^Sl.10 I
lity in high favor this season |
and lustrous, guaranteed not Y
tores charge $1.50 a yard?another x
ing policy of this store. Offered J
iches wide. 4 ^
4 ?
md regulation welts; lus- _ J *
brown, navy blue, plum, ([JjrG <
-pile, lustrous quality, for Q/f* ? >
y blue\ brown and myrtle, ?jr C 4i*
ustrous quality; erect ^ ^ X
. to crock or rub off. *
nglish Wreaks Grim Revenge on
Spouse, Who Testified
Against Him.
reign Correspondence of The St?r.
LONDON', October 17, 1012.
The tragedy of a husband's revenge, ss
ini as anything in the pages of Guy 4s
aupassant, was revealed in a King's
oss crime. ^
VI rs. Ellen Coxon, aged forty-eight,
is found early In the morning terribly
mr.ded at her home on Judd street. A
xUab driver saw her leaning against
e tirst-floor window of a room over a
rber's shop. There was no other oepant
of the room, but a chopper was
ms by the side of the window.
Phe woman must have been attacked
lile lying in bed, and had tried to pro:t
herself, for the tirst finger of her
rht hand had been cut through to the
ne. Her head was badly injured,
^er assailant had then left the room,
d had locked the door behind him. It
is only the fact that the Injured won*
had been able to struggle to the wiaw
that led to the discovery. 8he wan
ken to the Royal Free Hospital, where
r condition is regarded as hopeless,
ler husband. Edwin coxon. had only
st been released from PentenvUl*
ison. having completed a term of at*
intlis' hard labor for attacking her
th a hammer. She was a reluctant
tness against him.
Scotland Yard searched for the husband
day, and last evening found his body
the Regent's canal off Portland
id, west. He had drowned himself
ter escaping from the scene of tba
0 *
iler of Denmark Entertains 700
Boy and Girl Scouts.
elgn Correspondence of The Star. Wi
October 12. 1912.
Cing Christian and Queen Aiexandrina
tonflv witnoBond m natrfniir /vf Vwxtr
-vwi.j ? ??.MVK.WV? mm. ? v? iV vi. WVJ MIU
1 scouts, among' which were the Crown
ince Frederik and his younger brother,
ince Knud. Hie majesty, the king,
er having expressed hie satisfaction
th the drill, made a speech, in which ha
d: "The queen and I have followed the
>ut movement from the very beginalhc
Ih the greatest interest, and we have,
jrefore, done as, I am glad to say. have
ny other Danish parents?we have euridered
wou our two boys. " After the
'lew the king invited the scouts?TOO
all?to the royal castle. Sane Soucl.
ere chocolate and cakes were served to
The transfer of the Donaldson Schoel
Mount Calvary Protestant Episcopal
jreh, Baltimore, to Gravemont, for.
rly the home of E. N. Morrison, noar
leeter, fcas been completed.

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