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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 01, 1912, Image 2

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tlon at home and abroad of information
in regard thereto, could not, In my opinion,
fall to be of great commercial and
educational value and benefit. The enterprise
merits and should receive the hearty
support and co-operation of every patriotic
third ierm nominee
to eino wilson
Col. Roosevelt Plans Attack on
Democratic Candidate's
Trust Utterances.
OYSTER BAY, N. Y., November 1.?
CoL Roosevelt began today the preparation
of a reply to Gov. Wilson's speech
at Madison Square Garden last night.
The colonel sent to progressive headquarters
In New York for information
which he desired, and a messenger was
dispatched thence to Oyster Bay.
CoL Roosevelt said he would take up
Gov. Wilson's attitude toward the
trusts In a statement which will be
made public probably tomorrow. The
coioneis speecn jn i>ew iurx iuuikui
Is to bo devoted to state Issues, and he
will not then reply to Gov. Wilson.
Cuts Out an Appointment.
The colonel decided today not to speak
In the neighboring town of Huntington
Monday. He will leave Sagamore Hill
In the early afternoon for Mineola, returning
home after his speech there, and
in the evening will make an address in
Oyster Bay. He has declined all invitations
to speak elsewhere in the state.
"I have been asked." said Col. Roosevelt.
"to speak in Brooklyn, Buffalo and
various other places Saturday. It is a
matter of very gTeat regret to me that
I am unable to do this.
Hi:: Plans Upset.
"I had planned to spend this entire
last week in the state of New YOrk discussing
specifically and in detail every
issue in the campaign and showing specifically
in detail the exact methods by
which we propose to carry out our proCram
regarding every plank in our platform.
I regret that this should have
become impossible "
One Quart at 0 Cents Contains More
Nourishment Than Two Pounds of
Chicken, Says Committee.
NEW YORK. November 1.?Would you
down the high cost of living? Then
drink milk, is the suggestion of the New
York milk committee. The committee's
exhibit at the pure food show here this
week includes a chart stating that one
quart of creamy milk, costing, bottled,
9 cents, is equal In food fuel value to
any one of the following:
Three pounds fresh coffee. 54 cents.
Three-quarters pound round beefsteak,
S cents.
Two pounds salt cod, 40 cents.
Eight eggs, 40 cents.
Two pounds chicken, 66 cents.
One and one-half pounds ham, 45 cents.
One quart of oysters. 30 cents.
Four pounds of cabbage. 10 cents.
Four pounds beets, 10 cents.
Seven pounds of lettuce. 64 cents.
Six pounds spinach, 36 cents.
According to the milk committee a
lunch of bread and milk weighing sixteen
ounces and costing eight cents, contains
1.060 food fuel units of energy, as against r
880 units of energy in a lunch costing
25 cents, consisting of soup, beef, potatoes,
turnips, bread and butter, coffee,
milk and sugar.
"No Other Way" Thrills in Closing
There isn't much to say about the
next Installment of "No Other Way,"
Oordon Holmes' serial, in our Sunday
Magazine, for it will be finished in the
following issue, and these last two installments,
of course, are largely devoted
to clearing up the mystery. Suffice it
to say, therefore, that Doris has gone
to the alleged. Waverton's house to tell i
the Inspector what she thinks of him, and
all sorts of wonderful explanations ensue.
Then will come the conclusion of
the tale, and after this the beginning of
a mystery story by Maude Radford Warren.
"Trust Buster'' Fowler to Speak.
At a mass meeting that will be held at
the public library at Che>y Chase this
evening in the interest of the republican
ticket. James A. Fowler, the assistant to
the Attorney General, better known as
the "trust buster" of the administration,
will make the principal speech.
Consular Agency Established.
For the special benefit of New England
fishing interests, the President has directed
the establishment of a United
States consular agency at Bav of Islands.
Newfoundland, with Ozro C. Gould in
Cavalry Promotions Announced.
The retirement of Maj. M. E. Steele,
2J Cavalry, has resulted In the following
promotions in the cavalry arm: CaptWllllam
F. <"lark, 4th Cavalry, to be
major; First I.ieut. J S E. Young. l.lth
Cavalry, to be retain, and Second E'.eut.
John C. Quekemeyer, .">th Cavalry, to he
first lieutenant
News Briefs.
Falling from a wagon loaded with corn,
Mabel, young daugi.t. r of Edward Needy,
a farmer, near Pondsvl le. Mil., was instantly
killed Wednesday.
.AUJiin nroaowaier, fourteen years old.
wor the first prize for the best ear of
corn offered by the Allegany and Girrett
County. Md., Agricultural Society. His
acre yielded nineteen barrels of line corn.
Page county, Va.. merchants, summoned
to appear before the grand jury
at Luray to tell the amount of their purchases
and annual Incomes, are Browing
resentful at the probe which they a lege
is being put into private business.
Thomas J. Hyde of Richmond, Va., engineer
on the Chesapeake and Ohio railway.
a'as killed in a freight wreck Wednesday
at Albert, nfne miles west of
Lynchburg. Va
Miss Beryl Walker, who is not yet of
age. entered suit in the circuit court at
Clarksburg, W. Va., through Jay Walker,
her next friend, against Garnet A. Cotfindaffer
for $o,0u0 damages for breach of
The bowlder on the courthouse square
at Morgantown, W. Va., erected by the
Laughters of the American Revolution to
the memory of revolutionary soldiers
from Monongalia county was unveiled
John W. Brinkley, a wealthy farmer
in nansemona, \ a., aiea suaaenty w eanesday
morning, aped forty-six years.
Just a year ago. Arthur Bnnkley. the
erenteep-year-old eon of the deceased,
was murdered wiiile on his way home
from a social call.
?dward C. Castle of Cherry Run, Md..
a Baltimore and Ohio track workman,
was Injured, perhaps fatally, by a jack
bar striking him on the back of his head
while he was working near Cherry Run ,
Monday j
Distinguished Party Going to
Utica for Sherman Rites.
Vice Presidential Salutes to be Fired
All Around World.
City Hall and District Building to
Close at Noon?Paul Revere
Bell to be Tolled.
A distinguished party, comprising many
of the most prominent officials of the republic,
will go on the special funeral train
from New York to Utlca tomorrow to at|
tend the funeral of Vice President Sherman,
to be held at 2 o'clock tomorrow
President Taft probably will be on the
train, ae tentative arrangements have
been made to have his private car attached
to the special at New York. Justices
Hughes and Pitney of the Supreme Court
of the United States expect to leave
Washington this afternoon for New York
and will board the funeral train In the
metropolis tomorrow morning.
Many senators and Representatives will
be on the train. Senator Works, who 1?
now in Washington, will go to New York
tonight to take the train- Other senators
will go direct from their homes or from
the places where they have been campaigning
to board the special, for it is
expected half a hundred members of the
UDDer house Will desiro to nnv Thlo lnat
terests will permit, all post offices shall
he closed Saturday, the day of the
funeral, and that the flags on the department
building. as well as on all
post offices, be placed at half staff for
a period of thirty days from November
In pursuance of this order. Postmaster
Merritt of the Washington post office has
directed that the several divisions of the
office, as well as the stamp windows and
the general delivery windows, shall be
kept open tomorrow from 8 a.m. until
noon. A delivery of mail by carriers
from the main office and stations will!
be made at 7 a.m.
Customs Houses to Close.
The Treasury' Department also notified
all customs houses to close tomorrow.
With the exception of the clerk's
office, which will remain open until
noon, all business will be suspended
at the city hall tomorrow, in accordance
with the order of President Taft
based on the death of Vice President
Justice Stafford will postpone until
Monday the sentences which were to
have been imposed tomorrow. No sessions
of the other branches of the court
were scheduled for Saturday.
James Tanner, register of wills, on
rt-i-eirif of notice of the President's or
der. immediately directed that his office
be closed. Similar action wan taken by
Henry I,incoln Johnson, recorder of
deeds. The record office will not open
tomorrow for business.
Decision Regarding Personal Estate
of Mrs. Mary Baker Eddy.
BOSTON, November 1.?Mrs Mary Baker
Kddv, founder of the Christian Science
Church, had in Massachusetts at the
time of her death $82,843.75 in personal
property, and real estate valued at $155,<**>.
according to the report of Thomas W.
Streeter, Frederick E. Jennings and John
W. Worthington, who were appointed by
the probate court to appraise the estate.
All the personal property goes to the
Christian Science Church under the decision
of the supreme court of New
The Massachusetts Supreme Court,
which has Jurisdiction only over the
$155,000 of real estate within the commonwealth,
recently decided that the statute
bars the Christian Science Church from
receiving this property as left by Mrs.
Eddy's will, but that the property may ot
administered as a charitable trust by the
truoteea appointed by the court*
tribute to its deceased presiding officer.
The funeral committee of the House appointed
yesterday by Speaker Clark
through the office of the sergeant at arms
of the House will assemble in New York
early tomorrow morning preparatory to
taking the train.
Arrive in Utica at 1:30 O'Clock.
It is scheduled to leave New York at
S:30 o'clock tomorrow morning and arrive
in Utica at 1:30 o'clock. The train
will leave Utica immediately after the
funeral for the return to New York.
Whether any cabinet officers will be in
the funeral party Is not known. Secretary
of the Interior Fisher is the only
one in the city, and at his office today
it was stated his plans had not been
announced. Should any department head
determine to go, he probably will join the
funeral train at New York and will be
with President Taft in his private car.
A world-encircling tribute to the deceased
Vice President will be paid at
noon tomorrow. From every United
States naval station, from every army
post and from every warship in foreign
or domestic waters a salute of nineteen
guns will be fired. Outward signs of the
national mourning also will be seen
around the world, for foreign offices of
this government will fly their stars and
stripes at half-mast for thirty days.
Every officer of the Army, Navy and Marine
Corps will wear a mourning badge
for thirty days.
All Departments to Close.
The national government will pay tribute
by the closing of all of the executive
departments tomorrow.
Another local tribute to the Vice President
will be the tolling of the Paul Ke-j
vere bell, which hangs In the belfry of
All Souls' Unitarian Church, during ihe
services at Utica tomorrow afternoon.
c?i ?? tonn au>_ * ? ?u* ? ?
OillUC 11113 ldlllUU^ UC11, WHICH Wd?
made by Paul Revere, has tolled for
the death of every President and Vice
President of the United States. The congregation
of the church, of which President
Taft is a member, will pay a special
tribute to Mr. Sherman Sunday, when
a part of the Sunday morning service will
be in memoriam to the distinguished
dead public servant.
President Taft has received this reply
to his message of sympathy to Mrs.
"Mrs. Sherman instructs me to thank
you for your gracious words and to Inform
you that the funeral will occur
in this city at 2 o'clock on the afternoon
of Saturday.
"H. E. DAEVENDORF, Secretary."
All Flags at Half-Staff.
Out of respect to the memory of the
Vice President, all the offices of the District
of Columbia government will close
at noon tomorrow, while flags on District
buildings will be displayed at half-staff
until after the funeral. An order to this
efTect was issued- by the District Commissioners
It was announced at the Post Office
Department today that Postmaster General
Hitchcock construes the President's
proclamation on the death of Vice
President Sherman as affecting the post
offices throughout the nation in the
same way as did the proclamation issued
by President McKinley in 1899, on
the death of Vice President Hobart. Accord
iegly. orders have been issued directing
that, so far as the public in
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Officers of the Turkish War S
(Continued from First Page.)
by the Servian war office. The men will
be dispatched to > the territory occupied
hv the Servians in Macedonia where thev
will act as a reserve.
The strength of the Servian armies has
astonished the inhabitants of the conquered
country, and particularly the Mussulma
narnauts. These are now abandoning
the Turks and taking the oath of
allegiance to King Peter of Servia.
Fire at Lighthouse.
SOFIA, Bulgaria, November 1.?The
Turkish cruiser Hamidieh discharged nine
shells yesterday at the Cape Mine lighthouse.
between the Bulgarian ports of
Burgas and Varna. The lighthouse was
Opens Way to Constantinople.
KUSTENDJE, Roumanla, November
1?(By wireless from Constantinople, October
31, 11 p.m.).?The defeat of the
Turkish army under Nazim Pasha opens
the way to Constantinople for th% Bulgarian
troops. This will, in the opinion
of diplomatic circles, lead to a situation
which almost inevitably will bring about
European complications.
The most immediate danger, however, 1
concerns the position of this city itself. 1
Most authorities agree that no real defense
can be made along the Tchatalaja
line, supposed to protect the capital. J
In the event of hordes of beaten and j
demoralized soldiers falling back on the
capital it is difficult to foresee what human
intervention could save the city from i
sack and pillage. This fear is present i
with most of the inhabitants, who realize <
the fate of the Turkish empire hangs in i
the balance. It is reported that a secret I
meetitng was held recently in the Mosque i
of Fatieh, the most fanatical quarter of i
Stamboul. where inflammatory speeches i
were delivered by Mussulman priests, 1
who advised an attack against the Chris- I
I tians. i
When the news of the further Turkish i
defeats was received the authorities or- I
dered the state of siege to be made more
strict. The bridges between Galata and 1
Stamboul are now not opened until some I
hours after dawn. i
Bulgarians Were Outnumbered. i
SOFIA, November 1.?Details thus far j
of the rout of the immense Turkish army <
by the Bulgarians show that the Bui- i
garian forces were numerically far in- '
ferior. The Turkish army is reported to (
have aggregated 200.000 men. It includ- <
ed the garrison which had retreated from i
the captured fortress of Kirk-Kilisseh, as '
well as the main body of Turkish troops 1
which had advanced from Constantino- '
pie. It comprised practically the whole I
of the Turkish troops remaining in '
Europe, apart from the garrisons of '
Adrianople, Saloniki, Monastir, Janina, <
Scutari and a few other towns.
This great army was under the personal
command of Nazim Pasha, minister
of war and commander-in-chief, who was ]
assisted by some of the ablest Turkish
generals serving in the army at the present
moment 1
The fight opened with the discoverv by <
J the Turks of a number of Bulgarian cav- ,
airy scouts. The Turks drew In their out- ,
posts, and these were closely followed by
lines of Bulgarian skirmishers, who were '
succeeded by the main Bulgarian army In i
fighting formation. I
The battles, which was destined to last ]
several days and result In the defeat of i
the Turks, was soon in progress all along I
the line. i
Attacks Were Fierce. j
The Bulgarian troops repeatedly deliv- j
ered fierce attacks, sometimes at one ,
point, sometimes at another, along the 1
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Ilnliter'i Staff Studying Maps.
Turkish line, extending from Lule Burgas
to Serai.
The Turkish troops offered stubborn
and desperate resistance, but were unable
to withstand the onslaught of the Impetuous
Bulgarians, and finally they turned
and fled in great disorder toward Tchorlu,
In the south.
The losses of the ottoman army axe
reported to have been enormous In dead,
wounded and prisoners, as well as ammunition
and other supplies.
The capture of a third Turkish military
train near Lule Burgas before the battle
was an immense advantage to the Bulgarians,
as it furnished them with more
facilities for the transport of their troops
and supplies to the district where the
fighting took place.
Hanged for Murder.
W KTlTERSFIDLrD*, Conn., November
1.?George Redding, jr., of New Haven, a
youth of twenty-one, was hanged early
this morning in state's prison for the
murder, February 24 last, of Morris
Greenberg, a young fruit peddler. Redding
entered the execution room at 12:05,
and at 12:19 was pronounced dead. The
motive for the crime was robbery.
Annapolis Events Galled Off.
Special Dispatch to The Star.
ANNAPOLIS, Md.. November 1.?Supt.
Gibbons of the Naval Academy today
'called off the Navy-Western Reserve
foot ball game set for tomorrow afternoon,
as well as the midshipmen's hop
at night, as a further mark of respect
to the late Vice President Sherman.
Taxicab Charges.
Prom the New York Tribune.
The opposition of taxicab drivers to
"speedometers" and their threat to go on
strike if those Instruments are installed
are a pretty convincing Indication of the
need of such an equipment. The "speedometer'^
is described as a device which
automatically and, it is to be assumed,
accurately records the rate of speed at
which the vehicle travels, the distance
which it travels and the number and duration
of the stons which it makes. Now.
such information is precisely what the
company which sends out the cab is entitled
to have, and, indeed, must have, if
It is properly to regulate its own business
and if its patrons are to be protected
from extortion or other abuses. It
seems to be also what the drivers would
be quite willing to have furnished unless
they were engaged in surreptitious practices
calculated to increase their gains at
the expense of either their employers or
their passengers.
The fact is that patrons of taxicabs
have long felt the need of some more effective
safeguard against abuses. Theoretically
the so-called taximeter from '
which the vehicle gets its name registers ]
the amount of fare which is to be paid,
bn the basis of either time or distance. If ,
t does this correctly at the existing scale
bf rates the passenger pays enough, if not
too much, for his ride. But there is
only too much reason for suspecting that
in some ways drivers contrive to "beat
Lhe clock," either by tampering with its
working, by misreading its dial or by so
manipulating the cab on its trip as to run
hp an unnecessarily high score. A device
which it would be impossible thus to
misuse, and which would infallibly record
for subsequent reference the facts of distance,
time, speed and stoppages, would
be to the advantage of both the cab owners
and the cab users.
St. Vedast's Clock.
From the Ix>ntlon Chronicle.
St. Vedast's, Foster lane, which appears
to be in danger of demolition, has an- (
other claim to distinction besides its
briglnal and graceful three-storied spire,
rhe church clock is of a singularly uncommunicative
nature, for, although it
strikes tne nours, it nasi no race, nils <
Is the only clock of Its kind in London, )
possibly in the kingdom. St. Vedas't's ,
Is one of the churches on whose behalf
the Institute of British Architects me- *
morialized the house of commons some 1
years ago. The memorial was a sequel to i
in inspection by architects from the top 1
of St. Paul's of the spires of the Lon- (
Ion churches, with a view to deciding 1
which appeared most worthy of preser- i
cation. i
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Matter of Representation at
Panama Exposition in
1915 Taken Up.
A proposition that the District of Columbia
exhibit at the Panama exposition
in San Francisco in 1915, and that the
matter be referred to the District Commissioners,
was approved at a meeting of
the executive committee of the Board of
Trade this afternoon.
The committee elected to membership
In the board twenty applicants whose applications
already had been favorably approved
by the membership committee,
rhe newly elected members are Henry P.
Amos, C. W. Bell, J. J. Betion, S. Hazen
Bond, Gustav Buchholz, Maurice J. Colbert,
Cornelius T. Daly, David B. Edmonston,
A. Ward Evans, Ernest Gichner,
Paul F. Grove, A. G. Herrmann,
John A. Hunter, Edwin S. Keen, John L.
R. Miller, John E. Shoemaker, A. H.
Snow, O. N. Stratton, G. Harris White,
Charles S. Zurhorst. This brings themembership
of the board up to l?9S.
John Dolpn, chairman of the convetv
tions committee of the Chamber of Commerce,
appeared before the committee
and explained the plan suggested for
raising a twenty-five-thousand-dollar conventions
fund to bring conventions to the
National Capital. The executive committee
decided to refer the matter to the
hoard of directors, which is to meet Monday
afternoon at 4:13 o'clock.
Col. McElroy Speaks for Taft.
Col. John McElroy, past senior vice
;ommander-in-chief of the G. A. R , who
has been selected by the veteran wing of
:he republican party to make a series of
speeches at the various soldiers' homes
where the inmates are permitted to vote
it the home, delivered an address last
light at the soldiers' home at Dayton,
Jhio. Col. McElroy left Washington
Wednesday night. Tomorrow night he
will speak at Toledo, Ohio, and Monday
light at Sandusky, Ohio.
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Several Before Judge Pugh In the
Police Court Today.
The usual quota of Halloween revelers
concluded their revels before Judge
Pugh in the Police Court today, and,
although the police and the judge are
very lenient with the merry-makers
who "cut up" on this particular night,
those who tried to take advantage of
this leniency were dealt with severely.
Two brothers, Charles E. Coons and
Bernard M. Coons, who live in the La
Grande apartments, were the first of the
masquerading crowd to fall under the
displeasure of the judge. They were
gallivanting around the Union station last
night, they said, more or less disguised
as women. Policemen who saw them
overlooked this fact until one of the
boys became hysterical because an Italian
bootblack tried to flirt with him.
They had an excellent chance of escaping
from the court today with a light fine
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brother took the stand and Informed
Judge Pugh that there was no law
against dressing up as a woman. The
judge differed and fined them $10 each.
Virgie Warren and Lizzie Grey dressed
themselves up as "real rough men." One
of them, it is alleged, tried to carry it too
far by "cussin' " a policeman. They demanded
of Policeman Harney that they
be locked up, he said. He accommodated
them right away, and the judge fined
them $5 each. w
In several cases where the offensea were
not so grave the prisoners were dismissed
on their promise to behave. The clerk
then called the name of Maria Taylor. To
every one's surprise, a man was led out
of the dock, and arraigned on a charge of
disorderly conduct.
That is, every one thought a man was
on trial until Maria said "Not guilty"
in a high soprano voice. It developed
from the evidence of the policeman
who arrested her early this morning
that she had been unable to furnish
bail, and hence could not get out of
the station house to change from her
holiday attire to her usual garb.
Maria told Judge Pugh that she was
wandering around 7th street about 1
o'clock this morning vaguely trying to
decide whether to go home so early or
not, when a "lady" came striding along
and cursed her. Maria promptly knocked
the "lady" down, and was arrested. She
was fined $5.
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New Chrysanthemum Will
| Hereafter Be Designated as
the Marg&ret Hoilins.
A christening occurred at the chrysanthemum
show this morning. The
child of the propagating gardens of the
Department of Agriculture was named
Margaret Hoilins, after the foster
mother, Mrs. P. S. Hollins, of Nashville.
Authority for the ceremony was given
by Dr. Beverly T. Galloway, chief of
the bureau of plant industry. The godmother
and sponsor, who named the
child, was Mrs. Franklin Williams of
the bureau of plant industry, and a
daughter of the foster mother. The
superintendent of the propagating
gardens officiated. The garden hose,
manipulated by the head gardener, was
employed in the ceremony.
The infant, sweet Margaret Hollins, has
been admired by all the feminine visitors
at the "mum show. Her lovely pink
hair, a profusion of it for one so young,
and hanging down her hack in quite an
original fashion, has been the occasion of
much complimentary comment.
To Bear Baptismal Name.
The tag she has hitherto borne, "Seedling
No. 213," will give place to one on
which the baptismal name will be regularly
inscribed. She will take her place
in the beauty rhow as one of the loveliest
of the newcomers. After the show is
over, the little flower will be returned to
her foster mother, Mrs. Hollins, going on
a long railroad journey to Nashville,
There will be no mum show tomorrow.
The trder closing the executive
offices of the government for the funeral
of Vice President Sherman, as a
mark of respect, will be observed
throughout the day. The exhibition
will, however, be open all day Sunday
from 9 o'clock in the morning until
9 o'clock at night, the closing hour.
Inspector Belnap Reports on New
York Central Accident.
A broken rail caused the accident on
the New York Central railroad at Hyde
Park, N. Y., March 31, according to a
report submitted to the interstate commerce
commisison today by H. W. Belnap,
chief inspector of safety appliances.
Fifty-one passengers, three postal clerks
and nineteen employes were injured.
Vhe engineer and fireman testified the
train was running at a speed of about
fifty miles an hour. Inspector Belnap expresses
the conviction that the speed w-as
much greater. The broken rail was subjected
to rigid tests, which revealed
seams, although the ordinary drop tests
did not disclose any imperfections.
Joint Discussion of Politics.
A joint political discussion promoted by
the students of Howard University began
in the chapel at the university this afternoon
at 3 o'clock. The republican cause
will be represented by Assistant Attorney
General James A. Fowler: the progressives
by Frank Hogan. Rev. Dr. J.
Milton Waldron will represent the Independent
Political League, which is supporting
Wilson, and Mrs. Ellen Spencer
Mussev will present the cause of woman
suffrage. There will also be speakers for
the socialists and the prohibitionists.
Wife Obtains Absolute Divorce.
Justice Barnard today granted an absolute
divorce to Daisy Harding from Garfield
Harding. The wife is given custody
of the children. Attorney F. B. Moriarty
appeared for the wife.
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History oi Saikan Troubles
Traced Back to Origin.
Complications Which Antedate by
Many Years the Present ItalianTurkish
Spooia! C< rrr?|H?tld?-nc? < f The star.
I .ON DON*. October 10. 1!?12
Outside r^rtaln political aiul :'\anol :1
circle* in Ix>ndon little or nothing hn
!>ern s?iii r-. .1 .??
k ' it I Ut iK'U I'l I . .
terrible conflict that 1s about to overwhelm
eastern Europe. on the continent
the truth has a far wider circulation.
I?ng months ago. when Italy was putting
forth all her available strength in
the endeavor to wrest Trij?oll from the
Turk, the war party, clever, for ful and
unacrupulous, woke to renewed aeti% itv
in St. Petersburg. The leaders began t ?
put forward the view that the t.me was
ripe f?>r the burial of the dead treaty of
Berlin. "Treaties ate not immortal, ' said
the spokesman of the party. q..fling the
cynical utterance of Bismarck.
Austria had grabbed Bosnia at i Herzegovina
and had paid no penalty; Italy
was lighting for a slice of \fri< t, ierntany
and (treat Britain were eyeing each
other across the North sea like two angry
dogs on chains stretched to breaking
point. The Ausgleich was wearin- thin
in the dual kingdom. Prance, the allied
and friendly nation, was tied by the leg
to Morocco as the price of an adventure
tiiat in its later aspects was largely di< tat?*d
by financiers, consequently she
would remain allied and friendly at all
Representations were made in the highest
places, but the face of the little
father was set against war. He refused
to be a party to plans that might have
brought the Italian fleet to tin; l>ardanelles
while the Russian fleet steered
to the south from its stations in the
Black sea.
An Anxious Period.
There was a period of tension; there
were moments when certain grand dukes
and their party were thought to have secured
the upper hand. A section of the
press lifted its well-trained voice. The
appeal to prejudice in favor of the southern
Slavs was certain to he popular, am^
war would serve to distract the counth ss
restless spirits within European Russia
whose hopes for reasonable government
are so treasonable. By an effort to free
the "orthodox churchman" from the
I Ul K me WO! 1*1 WOUIO *>? I>><> lliq'I >> >!
to remember how Holy Russia cai. s for
the interests of Jew and Stundist, of
Pole and Finn and Caucasian.
All these things were said dlflVrentiv
This is what they amounted to. Behind
all the spoken and written words remains
the truth that Constantinople is the
mecca of Russia's statesmen. But the
czar would not listen to the war makers,
those splendid fellows whose chests ulitter
with decorations won in the drawing
rooms of Moscow and St. Petersburg,
and whose vast wealth was so greatlv
increased by their dealings in stores and
munitions of war during the Russo-Japanese
campaign. The direct appeal had
failed, and Russia's chauvinists chose
another path. They turned to the Balkan
The clever old ruler of Montenegro,
whom so many men admire, once remarked
to a traveler who observed that
his country had no exports: "You forget
my daughters." Prince Nicholas
married one to the King of Italy, another
to the Russian Grand Duke Peter, a
third to the Russian Grand Duke Nicholas.
All three were said by travelers and
diplomats to be brilliant women <?f rare
accomplishment and Influence. Yet another
daughter, now dead, was married
to King Peter of Servia. It will be seen
how a Turkophobe policy llnds Its pivot
in Cettlnje.
Montenegro's Complications.
Financially, Montenegro. with its
trifling annual expenditure of about
$750,000 and its public debt of $l,?5o,000,
is in St. Petersburg's pocket. Its
magazine rifles and batteries of quickfiring
guns are till "presents'" from the
czar to the Gospodar, and are of quite
modern pattern. He who pays the piper
calls the tune, and nobody among the
informed observers had any doubts
about the origin of the orders that,
flung the Montenegrins last week up*?n
the bloody trail to Scutari. It is In
keeping with the Russian tradition t?>
be a party to a European conference
convened in the interests of peace, and
to complete her own arrangements outside
the conference to make peace impossible.
Then, again, why did the TurcoItallan
"negotiations" hang fire at the
last moment? Those who wished most
r 11 Ia.1 a*
IOI it I'ldlKctll r?'llliaKI tiuuil ur-"li ru irnj-?
to see Italy with untied hands, and the
poor company of warships that enjoys
the title of "Turkish fleet" free to leave
the shelter of the forts along the Bosphorus.
Russia and Montenegro were
both speaking in Rome last week, an I
with authority. As soon as the war
really st.arted, peace with Italy did
not matter to St. Petersburg Indeed,
it is better in some regards. for Austria
will now have to be more careful. Austro-Italian
hatred, cloaked rather than
checked by the triple alliance, may yet
blaze to Russia's advantage.
This simple statement of an aspect of
the Balkan crisis may seem to be little
more than an expression of ill will to
Russia, but a careful perusal of the authoritative
Austrian newspapers, even
through the medium of translated extracts,
and attention to the statements
made during the last few days by Coun'
Berchtold, the successor of Graf von
Aehrenthal. who brought off the coup In
Bosnia-Herzegovina four years ago, will
dispel suspicions. He sounded a warning
note some weeks ago. when he knew
trouble was coming He says now. in the
polite language of diplomacy, that Austria
will tight to the death to protect her
interests. Austria is perfectly aware
that a Russian move lies behind thf
Dollrnn Ktitsinoct- iin]pS? t ^ ('7,3 V CJin
Uai IV CLII 1/UCI.1V 0.-5 ?
prove himself the most powerful of living
Romanoffs, which is tantamount t'>
saying that we shall have oea< e If water
will run up hill.
Probable Result of War.
One of the results of the present
may be a new grouping of the powers in
the interests of peace. Already the friend-'
>f Russia in Paris are carrying on a press
ampaipn against Great Britain. Russia,
laving precipitated the crisis. #?'eels tha'
somebody must If ar the blame. Nobody
takes these Inspired French journalists
. ery seriously; their own government dislvows
them, tiut their utterances ai?lymptomatlc.
Already it is seen tha
vhile France desires peace and will do
ler best to insure it. neither German)
tor Great Britain wishes to see the
rurkish empire broken up.
Austria may have a s.milar feeling Just
iow, with certain reservations in the mater
of Saloniki, but she does not approa< h
he crisis with clean hands, and her attiude
is based upon the knowledge tha'
he could not agree with Russia about a
livision of the spoil. Great Britain,
^rance and Germany, along among tha
Teat powers, desire no pert of Turke\
luropean territory. But St. Petersburg
mows well enough how little any one of
he three powers Is prepared to pass
rom words to deeds. Just as Graf von
lehrenthal in October, 1W?S diagnosed the
European situation and added jo,***)
quare miles to the Austrian empire, so
he camarilla that pulls the strings in St
'etersburg has made its diagnosis and
irognosis Neither may prove correct,
>ut the situation is one of extreme danger
o civilization.
No power has complete confidence In
nother. Nobody is sure about the value
f treaties or how far they have been
ndermined by "reinsurance" of the kind
hat Bismarck introduced into politics,
t is at least likely that the powers
light have kept the peace last week; it
s morally certain that Russia fired the
lontenegrin guns It may not have been
fficial Russia, but the Muscovite policy
an move publicly or secretly, as expeleney
suggests. "The voice is the voice
f Jacob, but the bands are l-Jsau'a
anda," I* H. MOOREJ.

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