Newspaper Page Text
THE EVENING STAR,
, With Sunday Morning1 Edition. WASHINGTON. SUNDAY November 3, 1912 THEODORE W. NOTES Editor Tbr Kvrnlnjc Star Newspaper Company. I .n p. ?s Offi.-*. lift- St. anil Pennsylvania A?enu?. v.evi York Office: Tribune RulMlne. ' ^ e<> Offli'i' Firxt National Bank Building, i t?d fffl e: 3 Regent St.. London. England. Eroninr Star, with tlie Sunday morning '?!ii 1* delivered by carrier* within yie city ?' 4." reMs ner rnouth: daily only. 1^> cents per m"ntii: Sunday only. 20 cent* per month. Order* ii ?y bo sent by mall, or telephone Main 244<V Col!<-??tlon is made by carrier at the end of each i ?*nth. T!r mnll postac prepaid: ify Sitndsv Included, one month. f-O oents. '? 'y Sunday ?"ycei>ted. one ruonth. 40 cent* s.iturdiy Star, fl year. Sunday Star. $2.40 year. fpter?-d as second-class mail matter at the post office at Washinuton. D. C. :rjn order to avoid delays on account of 1 >nr.dl a'-sencf letters to THE STAR should rot ?>,. ndrlrr>sed f? any individual connected with Th<> ??fti-e; hut simply to THE STAR, or to t " IMiforlal or Business Departmcnt, according to tenor or purpose. Taft and Harrison. VI. > is a r tsbing age. As witness that, not content with assuming his defeat for re-eltetlon, some of Mr. Taft's opponents ?re arranging affairs for him after his re tirement front office. Gossip sends him 1 ! k t<> his old homo, from which he has >>*?*?11 absent a Ions time, and lo the pr.>ctico of law. The case of <?en. Harrison is cited. \ : iet leaving the White House he re turned to Indianapolis, opened a law eflif. and thrived again at the bar. In t hi- opinion of some of the members of to profession, he was one of the first lawyers of his day, and more than one of Jus warmest friends regretted, even after he had reached the presidency. i at lie had ever entered politics. He had kt'.own only success in his profession, w ??re.is in politics, although exhibiting firmness and clearheadedness of a leal<r, he had been balked at times by ":eu rnuch his inferior intellectually, but skillful at the game. \gairt at the bar. after tilling a term as President. (Jen. Harrison carried himself ? i -? though he had never been absent a ?i aj In t rase where the opposing coun ? 1 in very bad taste, had hoped that the 'act of Gen. Harrison's political honors ii isht have no weight, the general, with - ? !?? and a bow. said he hoped so. too. 11? was in court on his merits as a wyer, and if they were not sufficient ? bed nothing else to employ. It may be interesting at this time to et I! the fact that some of the strongest o. the republican leaders wanted Gen. Harrison to return to politics and stand r the presidential nomination in 1896. The country had paid such an appalling penalty for his defeat in 1892?four years of unrest and business depression hdv ing succeeded four years of con tinence and prosperity? the idea was that, with the opportunity, the voters would apologize to hint by giving him an overwhelming majority. The ap peal to him was earnestly made, and pressed. Although not an emotional man, Gen. Harrison was represented as deeply touched by the proposition, and so signified to his friends. But he de clined, saying that he had been honored with two nominations and one election, and hi* party, he thought, was "en titled to the use of a new name.'' Fortunately for the party, it possessed ai that time two men of very great ability, and both associated in the pub li- mind with the presidency. Thomas B. Reed and William McKinley were prominent in all presidential specula te n. Mr. McKinley was nominated, and had no more earnest supporter for e:e* tion than Gen. Harrison. But after < itting the White House, never again did Gen. Harrison seek or consider of ;i*-? for himself Turkish C aims of Victory. The latest dispatches from Turkish sources suggest that the Moslem situa tion nest of Constantinople is not as dt -p rat*- a* the news received earlier in the week w uld indicate. Nazlm Pasha, the commander-in-chief of the Turkish forces, claims to have routed the Bul garians at the town of Bunarhissar. v. hi' i lies due east of Constantinople and north of Lil?- Burgas. This would be the Bu.garian left, which drove back the Turkish right .so overwhelmingly a few days ago. According to Xa-im's reports, f e l as executed a turning movement with uc;i success that the Bulgarian position * now menac* d. Noth..ig comes raean ? from Bulgarian sources to counter d ctnee this claim, and it remains for . .-e juent reports to indicate whether the tide of victory has indeed turned at a.-t in favor of Turkey. A Bulgarian rep :lse at Bunarhissar, however, would not necessarily mean a Turkish victory in tint war. It would probably relieve Con stantinople for the present of the danger of capture, and it might sufficiently ease th?. pressure on Adr.anople to permit the i ?lief of that bekagured city. But it v u d not surely < hock the advance of ttf Servians in the west or cause a turn in tti ti'le of Greek successes in the s :tTurkey is menaced at so many points at present that only through the c .mpiete demoralization of the allied ( for' r-s in ail directions is it likely to serine a winning advantage. The Bui-j Parian army operating in Thrace has ?nus tar teen magnificently handled and a- i.^ade a rcvord of which any military organization might well be proud. No ? it# r what the outcome of the war the caroiaign atf i.n-'! Adrianople will stand a r? markabl' performance last.ng ?: ? at crcdit upon one of the smallest of t' ? nations. ? is dancer that a campaign au ii. n o v ii cheer itself into such a state t itik: io th i m cannot give proper at ;? ??? :i *o the speech. Traffic Regulation. it gulation of traffic in this city . ol'jo't of safeguarding life and > .' it ing the movement of vehicles, not g . attention has been paid to thy ! . ?:n of drivers of horses, who are r ru>? (;uite a? rigid as thos> which > to automobiles. Much of the con . i !n tho streets is causeJ by the ? ?!' dri\ers to obserse these rules ? lack of admonitory sugg?s*lon by t>. Hce. For an example, there is a r i.ation which forbids the driving of ?it: iges or wagons abreast at the same pac?, and yet it is by no means uncom ? ? rt to find heavily loaded, slow-going c .;:.-, brick wagons, dirt wagons and the iike moving along in pairs md even by ?" ?..s, obstructing the way and prev-nt ? ig a vehicle approaching from the rear from overtaking in passing. This checks ? he entire line of traffic for perhaps a Mock. Again, heavily loaded vehicles are required to keep to the right-hand side of tho proper side of the street, so as to leave the central space free for lighter and faster vehicles, which are compelled to overtake on the left side of the bIow uov'.ng unit. On Pennsylvania avenue tms rule is continually violated by wagon traffic without Intervention by the police, whose attention is chiefly occupied watching the motorists. A few arrests and prosecutions would help to (five the traffic regulations equal force in applica tion to all classes of street users. While special care is Incumbent upon motorists in their use of the streets, they are not. of course, solely responsible for the avoidance of accidents. Pedestrians unquestionably contribute largely to con fusion and congestion and danger in the streets. The man who crosses diagonally from one side to the other, the mail or woman who steps off a curb without looking both ways to see the situation, the person who stops and f-tarts again and dodges in uncertainty, the one who undertakes to cross the street while read ing a newspaper or a boOk, hose are some of the dangerous elements. Mo torists who are careful, of course, adiust to them as far as possible, but occasion* ally they are struck. Traffic policemen would do good work In admonishing such careless pedestrians of the risk they are running and the unnecessary burden they are placing upon all motorists. If all wagons would keep to the right, with heavy vehicles on the curb side of each street, the slow ones moving in procession and not abreast, with careful turns to the right or wide sweeping turns to the left in changing course, with a strict observance of the rule which gives rlsrht of way at intersections In north and south bound traffic, with pedestrians always noting conditions be fore leaving the curb and if possible c rossing the streets only at the corners, there would be a great diminution of ac cidents in this city. The experience of drivers and motorists elsewhere than In Washington is that the traffic regulation is poor here, and Washington should be gin to work at this problem of street reg ulation without further delay. The traf fic policemen might profitably be in structed to pay as strict attention to horse-drawn vehicles as to motors and to take every possible occasion to warn pedestrians of the fact that they are sub ject to certain rules of safety equally with drivers and chauffeurs. The New Type of Thug. An extraordinary fact about the New York case lately on trial involving the corrupt relations between the police de partment and the underworld is that the so-called gangmen and gunmen involved are of a quiet, apparently Inoffensive type, not at all like the low-browed brutes who are usually pictured as the thugs and killers. The men on the witness stand gave their testimony In low, well modulated voices, using excellent English and showing almost a refinement of man ner that contrasts strangely with their known performances. These men are the Jroduct of peculiar conditions in New fork and perhaps in other cities. The fact that they have been active as gang sters and thieves does not, of course, mean that their traditiunal prototypes of the grosser sort, the loud-swearing, heavy jowled, neckerchiefed chaps of the Bill Sykes style, have passed out of being. Such characters are still found in the pur lieus of larue centers of population and ply their vicious trade in their own ways. But the more successful cracksmen and criminals of various degrees are now men of some education, some showing of gen tility and excellent external appearance. Why is this? It is partly because of the free association between all classes in a city like New York. Many of these Man hattan gangsters are children of immi grants, either born here shortly after their parents' arrival or brought here while young and so reared in the Ameri can atmosphere with educational oppor tunities. In some way their lives have been warped Into vicious channels. Per haps it has been the result of fetid tene ment house life, from which they have sought to raise themselves by means of crime as the easiest way to make a good living and to present a "front" to their fellows. Sociologists will find an im portant line of research in tracing out the causes which have brought these men now involved In the Becker case to their present debased condition. That there is something utterly demoralizing in the at mosphere in certain phases of New York life is only too apparent, and one of the most important problems of today is to determine the nature of these Influences and to eradicate them if possible. Lhx police methods, reaching the point even of actual criminality on the part of those charged by the law with its enforcement, have unquestionably contributed to this state of affairs. and It Is at this stage of the case decidedly interesting to ask whether with a dependable, upright, in corruptible force New York would pro duce fewer of these Lefty Louies and Bridgie Webbers and Harry Vallons and Jack Roses who now occupy the stage of public attention. Mayor Gaynor occasionally pauses in the midst of his official cares to say something in the way of persiflage. Re gardless of the quality of his quips and fancies, the effort at levity under recent circumstances bespeaks a remarkably pa tient and cheery disposition. In the event of Gov. Wilson's election the meetings on the veranda are likely to be discontinued. The weather will be chilly; moveover, there is no use of hastening contention by allowing discus sion of cabinet appointments to be pro miscuously overheard. In considering business conditions, the full frei?ht ear is as encouraging a sug gestion as the full dinner pail used to be. and appropriate, as . applying to the larger scale on which things are done. A St. Louis doctor says a man can live a hundred years if he resolves to do so. A doctor ulways considers it his duty to say something pleasant and encouraging. "Overconfidence" is often mentioned, but there is absolutely no indication that it exists in any of the parties to the present :<tiuggle. Cuba is now wondering whether New York, Philadelphia and Chicago will be able to hold as quiet an election as Havana did. Kindergarten G&me^ An interesting discussion took place the other night at a meeting of the Brookland Citizens' Association regard ing the healthfulness of the practice of having kindergarten children sit on the schoolroom floor while engaged in play with balls. The suggestion was made by a physician that this method of seat ing the children and entertaining them was dangerous. Inasmuch as the little folks continually got their hands soiled with the dust gathered by the ball in its passage over the dirty floor. This is undoubtedly a question for sanitarians to consider. But after all the point chiefly to be borne in mind in thin connection is that children will get dirt on their hands in almost every line of their activity. They will get their hands dirty while at play and while at work. A child who keeps its hands perfectly clean from the time of rising to the time of retir ing is more properly a 4 subject of medical attention than one that gets its palms and Angers more or less grimed. For the clean-handed child is almost invariably under the weather, too listless to be in danger from germs picked up off the floor or the ground. It seems to be drawing the line pretty flne to call kindergarten play games in sanitary, when children scour about the floors on hands and knees at home % without check, save through regard for their stocking knees. There is probably very little danger in the kindergarten schoolroom through insanitary floors and toys and hands. Let it be assured that the floors are kept as clean as pos sible, and the youngsters who play their games there, whether seated on the floor or on stools, will not be sub jects for apprehension. The fear of disease is about as bad as disease it self. and with a certain amount of pre caution to keep the little folks as clean as is compatible with their happiness they should not be worried during the kindergarten stage with acquaintance with the germ theory of infection. I^et the kiddies play on the kindergarten floor if that is the best way to enter tain them and give them a good start in their school life. Keep the floor clean, and probably little risk will be run. Chromatic Crimes. The other day a chromatic vision ap peared upon the Btreets of Washington, startling, but not uncommon. A woman of middle ag& walked along one of the principal thoroughfares whose spectrum, ranging upward, consisted in the follow ing combination: White shoes, pink dress, red blazer jacket, blue hat, brown feather. The sun peeping out from be hind a cloud shuddered and withdrew. But there were others in evidence, per haps not quite so violent in defiance of the laws of chromatic combination. In deed, it is almost impossible to fare forth upon the streets without noting more or less license in the way of color associa tion. The old laws of tone blending have been long defied by Intimate associations of blue and green, often to excellent ef fect, but frequently with deplorable, re sults. The popularity of the red blazer jacket this summer and fall has put a new strain, however, upon the color con science of the people, and some extraordi narily bizarre effects are in evidence, as in the case cited. Nothing can be done about it. There is no law against wear ing a combination of every color in the rainbow if one wants, even to the effect of outraging the finest sensibilities of the tones themselves. The affronted per son can only close the eyes or look In another direction. But think of those who must sit opposite these prismatic persons in the street cars! It is to shud der in sympathy. Perhaps our public school teachers can begin to do some ef fective work in this respect by laying the foundations of a substantial taste In color combinations. But even this is a slender reliance for the comfort of the future generation. The dictates of fash ion and particularly the fancies of the individual are superior to all teachings and mandates. One thing, however, should be done. A police regulation ought to be written and strictly enforced to prohibit two girls from walking down the street together, the one clad in lav ender and the other in red. That is a case of disorderly assemblage that Is entitled to no forgiveness. A False Alarm Punishment. A small boy who tried to excuse him self In the Juvenile Court the other day for turning in a fire alarm when there was ho fire, by saying that he thought the alarm box was a telephone, hit upon the worst possible line of defense for his mischief. He could hardly have expected the court to accept so trifling an excuse. The imposition of a fine of 140 In this case, of course, falls upon the boy's parents, who may be hit hard by the pen alty. But the fire alarm nuisance has be come a serious one and it is necessary to do something to check it It is incum bent upon the court to apply the maxi mum fine whenever a case of this sort is proved, so that the fact may be made widely known that there is a heavy pen alty for tampering with the apparatus which constitutes the community's re liance for protection from fire. The end of the campaign will relieve a number of estimable journals of the ne cessity of printing a large amount of political exhortation which interests the authors rather than the readers. Occasionally an American party leader is like a South American general who considers the fight a success if he can prevent it from being entirely stopped. The conviction and sentence of Becker have not put an end to threats of assassi nation. But the actual attempts in that line seem to have met with a check. The electoral college will understand that any vote that does not go to Col. Roosevelt is likely to be described as stolen property. Another gloomy example of what hap pens when a man takes himself seriously once too often is Jack Johnson. SHOOTING STAES. BY PHILANDER JOHNSON. The Oolden Rule. "Women do not always observe the Golden Rule among themselves," ven tured the candid person. "No," replied Miss Cayenne; "I am in clined to think the Golden Rule would get more attention If it were something you got at a jewelry store." ? A Frequent Program. The victors in a glorious fray Join in rejoicing for a day; And then the same old valiant elves Turn in and fight among themselves. In Black and White. "That candidate says he will never ac cept another campaign contribution from me," said Mr. Lnistin Stax. "Why are you blacklisted?" "Because I couldn't be whitewashed." Wanted?A Trainer. When Noah sent each kind of beast Into his wondrous ark, * Of trouble there was not the least; Not one unkind remark. The Donkey did not lift his heels; The Houn'-dawg did not bay; The HXephant just ate his meals And watched the others play. The Bull Moose was a gentle brute. As mild as any cow; He did not voice a fierce salute And seek to raise a row. Alas! What battles strange wo see Wh*n campaign days arrive! How sweet and peaceful life might be If Noah were alive! Evolution. "Of ??urse, you believe in evolution?" ??Yes," replied Mr. Cumrox. "My own recollections of early days 1q the west remind me that many a sixty-horsepower limousine can trace Its financial ances try back to a 'prairie schooner.' " Personal Privilege. "You sometimes contradict yourself in your speeches." "I know it." replied the positive can didate. "And I want you to understand that I am the only man in our party who dares attempt such a thing." CORRECT WEIGHTS AND MEASURES Everybody knows that a yard contains thirty-six inches, and that a quart measure is equal to two pints. CoUlt Of The housewife espe Lut Appeal. c"">\"" ,hls pressed upon her dally. Sometimes she may believe she is being cheated. Short measure is her cry. The measure is absolutely correct, the trades man replies. And so the matter stands. It may be intentional fraud, but it also may be merely ignorance of accurate measurements. There is a court of last appeal, however, higher than the trades man's word, higher even than the word of the official representing the govern ment of the state wherein the occurrence happened. That court is the national bu reau of standards in Washington. To this institution falls the responsi bility of defining a yard. It means more than saying it contains thirty-six inches, for each one of those inches and each part thereof must be exact to the last possible degree. And, in like measure, to it falls the responsibility of defining all other measures and standards. Seven functions were prescribed in the act creating the bureau, the first being the custody of the standards. Then, too, it is charged with the task of comparing standards for the "states, municipalities, institutions and the general public, com prising standards used in commerce, man ufacturing and science, assuring to the public accuracy at its source, in the fac tory and the works laboratory." What ever new standards may be necessary on account of scientific or technical progress the bureau constructs. Also it standard izes measuring apparatus to be used as an independent verifier. And in addition to all this it is constantly conducting scientific or technical experiments, to in sure a state of accuracy in such a way that the public is usually the beneficiary. * * * Th? term "weights and measures" has a much broader definition today than it did even a few years ago. NgW Modem Once the term meant r<i , length, area, volume and Xiiemenw. weight. Slnce the intro duction, however, of power, electric cur rent, heat, light, irrigation, refrigera tion and services of other kinds as com modities for production and sale, the scope has correspondingly broadened to Include measurements of velocity, pres sure, energy, electricity, temperature and illumination. Almost every industry has its particular methods of measurement and its special measuring instruments. While the bureau of standards is first of all a government Institution, working for the government, the public is both directly and indirectly benefited by its work. In addition to its regular duty as an ordinary branch of Uncle Sam's fed eral svstem, the bureau, as explained in last Sunday's Star, makes tests for private commercial firms or individuals. The bureau stands for accuracy in measurements, the use of which touches every person in the United States every day. , _ All length standards are based upon the international meter, which is defined as the distance, at the temperature of melt ing ice, between two fine lines on a bar of platinum-iridium preserved at the in ternational bureau of weights and meas ures near Paris. France. Accurate pro totypes have been made, and after numerous comparisons with the interna tional meter and among themselves they have been distributed among the govern ments of the world. The bureau has na tional prototype No. 27. from which are derived all other standards of length used in the United States. * * * The standard of mass, commonly called weight, is a certain cylinder of-platinum iridium known as International the intemat lon&l __ ? j ? kilogram, also pre Mass Standard. served at the inter national bureau of weights and measures in France. From this kilogram copied have been made, having the same mass, material and form, and after careful corn prison to establish their value havj been distributed in the same manner as copies of the international meter. The bureau has copies numbered 4 to 20, from which all other points of mass, such as the pound avoirdupois, pound troy, etc., are derived In this country. In a single year the bureau made ap proximately 35,000 tests for the govern ment, at a value of about $40,000. Of that number 15,000 odd tests came under tne classification of "capacity." while the smallest number made, 133. were of an electrical nature. The bureau inspected nearly 1,000,000 incandescent lamps for other government departments, the fees for which. If done for outside firms, would have amounted to more than $5,000. Gov ernment tests In 1910, exclusive of those connected with lamps, were 35 per cent greater than for the preceding year, while the tests for the public increased 12 per cent. Accuracy in the government measure ments often has a large money value. An example of this is the work done by tne bureau in connection with hydrometers, instruments used in ascertaining the density or weight of liqu.-s. Each year the bureau makes hundreds of tests with these instruments for the internal revenue service. An elaborate series of tests has recently been completed, which resulted in securing probably the best known values for densities of mixtures of alco hol and water. The annual internal rev enue collections are about $lo0,000,000 on goods the values of which are measured by means of that instrument. Although fewest In number, the elec trical tests made in one year were among the most important. Accurate measure ment of the various electrical quantities occurring in practice is of great commer cial importance, as well as scientific and technical. The bureau of standards is responsible for the maintenance of the units in terms of which such measure ments are made. In addition to this work improved standards and measuring apparatus have been developed. * . * * The units to which electrical measure^ ments are referred were adopted by the London international electric "World a' conference in lit08. The __ . fundamental units are, (1) the UnitS. international ohm, defined in terms of the resistance of a uniform col umn of mercury of specified dimensions, and (2) the internationally established unit of current defined by the rate at which silver Is deposited by an electrical current in the silver voltameter. The completion of specifications for the volta meter, in order to assure the highest ac curacy, was left to an international com mittee. under the auspices of which co operative work was carried on at the JUST BEFORE Ti From the Charleston News and Courier. There is no truth in the report that the railroads will begin to offer special rates to office-seekers on the sixth. From tlie Syracuse Herald. Look out for sensational reports this week that John D. Rockefeller is going to vote for one or the other of the presi dential candidates. From the Columbia State. O Allah, what a dizzy drop there will be if they nose us out after all! From the New York Evening Sun. Which will fall first?Adrlanople or Armageddon? From the Philadelphia Evening Telegraph. The hurricane of November 5 will ob literate many a house of straw votes. From the St. Louis Republic. If claims were elections we would have three Presidents. From tbe Cleveland Leader. There shouldn't be complaint of lack of interest in the campaign. Dead men voted in the primaries in New York. From the Toledo Blade. It would be a good joke on the voters If the man they elect President should i bureau by representatives of the national laboratories of England France and America. The investigation showed that the previously recognl*efl type was subject to large errors. These can be corrected, however, with the re sult that "he instrument will be accurate in its measurement up to a f?w PaIjt? 100,000. The facts thus obtained will he used in drawing up the official specifica tions for the use. of the voltameter. Another branch of electrical work car ried on at the bureau is the testing or measuring instruments us?d largely by electrical engineers. A small testing room has been installed, the temperature 1 of which may be maintained at any de sired point between widely separated lim its in order that the effects of tempera ture upon any instrument may be deter mined. ? * * The chemical work done by the bureau is, for the most part, directly for the government. This includes Chemical the analysis of iron, steel, . . . alloys, cement, rubber, oils, Analysis, pajnt8> papers, Inks and similar materials. The majority of the work has been done for the isthmian canal commission, the office of the super vlsing architect of the Treasury and the government printing office. An instance of the work done with cement was in connec tion with the Panama canal in determin ing the best possible materials . with which to make a concrete which will withstand sea water. Other lines of work include Investigating celluloid and articles made from it with reference to their acceptance for transportation In passenger vessels of the U"ft?* state ' Investigating printing and rec??* with the intention of J?*?*}"* nicest quality, and the preparation of the purest possible ethyl alcohol to serve ? for new density tables for alcohol and water for use by thp Internal revenue and customs service. Part of the work assigned to the bu reau by the act establishing It was test ing materials, a branch which hasnc?J"? to be exceptionally important In this connection several cement-testing labora tories have been e?tab|i"hed. The 1branch at Northampton, Pa., Is the one at which cement for the Panama canalla being tested, the quantity lnspected here lally averaging from 5,000 to i,?>00 barrels. * small cement kiln has been constructed at Pittsburgh for studying problems in connection with the manufacture of ce ment etc. while an exposure station nas recently been established at Charleston, S. C., for the purpose of continuing the investigations begun at Atlantic City rel ative tp the. effect of sea water on ments, mortars and concretes. * I * * j The tests in connection with paper are also important. All the paper used In the publications and printing Patter of the government is tested by this bureau. As a result | Tests. 0f movement for more In telligent buying, print papers are bought on specifications, and samples of all de liveries are analyzed and tested at bureau, which includes determining i fiber composition, folding endurance, weight, breaking and tensile strength. Researches are also in progress to de termine the effects of humidity ^ properties of paper, such as wel?ht. strength and thickness, the of paper by coloring matter, and t e study of the durability of wood cellulose as compared with cotton and linen. A rvnnpr-makimc machine for producing ex nedmentai Japers under predetermined conditions and of definite composition Is installed at the bureau. nvxtile raw materials are sow weight, and the change of weight due to the absorption from tne air is therefore L matter of commercial importance. This nhTse of the problem is being investl ?|\ajT h?v A;' bureau. Metals are tested E H---a sst ~ "r; Rubber. In tne term of me SKSS 32X&/S? generaTquallty These teats, usually done prnment departments, have nad me re suit of bringing up the character of t eeneral run of materials used. The bureau of standards is only e e \f the present about aw peo are connected with it. and four large iS&ass&i&Sr - rrreauw-s * * * More than ??00.000 Is the amount ap propriated for the bureau for a single year. Of that sum, Elaborate *?*?? 18 ,or.la1"^ tory purposes, and Equipment, jiso.oOO for testing ma chlnery. In many respects the' MJ? ment Is unique, since the range of: work done there embraces a wide variety needs In temperature work "ust be available trom that of liquid air to the heat of the electric arc. in electrical work all varieties and the max imum ranges of current practicable are used; in chemical work the usual facili ties are supplemented by many spedlal instruments. For all divisions of the work electrical power. refrigeration, steam, gas. compressed air, vacuum, hot, cold iced and distilled water, liquid air, Sid brine, etc.. are available In certain classes of work temperature mntroi is required. In other tests con trol of the humidity is needed, while n others the humidity is varied at will. The character and quantity of the re sults attained by the bureau have lar??* ly depended upon the facilities available for constructing special apparatus for Its investigation and testing. In almost everv field new and Improved aPPar^t"s must be designed and constructed. ^he bureau has consequently a well e<lulPP?^ instrument shop. skilled mechanicciani. and modern machinery, which have been an important factor in the maintenance of the high standard in the technical VAskis the case with practically all gov ernment bureaus, the distribution of in formation is largely through bulletins, embodying the results of the scientific work in reference to standar?s ments, methods of measurement and phy sical constants. The circular of the bureau contains Information upon scien tific subjects, including methods of test ine properties of materials, legislation concerning weights and measures, regu lations, specifications and other informa tion of general interest. The technologic nanera of the bureau cover the more strlctlv technologic work of the bureau. Separate scientific papers are issued in the form of reprints for general distribu tion on subjects of more general inter est. Miscellaneous publications are also issued. HE BALLOTING. raise a crop of side whiskers before March 4. And none of them has promised not to do it. From the Pittsburgh Gaiette-Timee. The silent vote will make itself felt. From the Pittsburgh Press. There are -quite a few" people who are not telling how they are going to vote. Which do you think Is the candidate of their preference? i From the Boston Globe | Fortunately business is brisk, so that there will be some hope for the thou sands of spellbinders November 6 look ing around for some useful occupation. From the Boston Her*Id. There are Indications that "the silent vote" is clearing its throat. From the Philadelphia Press. This is the last week In which the sev eral party chairmen can determine the re sult of the election; next wek the people will settle It. From the Baltimore Sun. Then, after the regular Oyster Day, we can have Fried Oyster Day, Stewed Oys ter Day. Panned Oyster Day, Roast Oys ter Day, and so on ad libitum. Every day | is Raw Oyster Day. FIFTY HEARS AGO IN THE STAR An examination of the following items of receipts and expenditures for the cor __ . . poration of Washington Municipal during the fiscal year end Knances.ln? Jum' 30- 18<c- HS re* printed in The Star of October 27, 1862, is interesting for pur poses of comparison with present-day municipal finances: "Receipts.?From taverns, $17,930.25; retail liquors, $10,435.75; goods. wares and merchandise. $11,096.70; commission mer chants, $130; hats, caps, hoots, shoes, etc., $1,679.02; insurance agents, $650; hacks and omnibuses. $3,427.17; carts, wagons and drays. $-\952.41; livery sta bles. $195; vegetable and fish stalls, $14,958.50; hucksters. $4,395; butchers stalls, $12,270; billiard tables. $750; ten pin alleys. $70; auctioneers, $500; theat rical exhibitions. $1,405; pawn brokers, $100; hawkers and peddlers, $3,020.50; rent 2i^hari'eS ?" the Wa*hington canal. f3.423.04; tax on stocks, $2,683.33; police officers, $11,716.72; dogs, $394.62; weighers of hay, straw, etc., $518.16; rent of houses n seventh ward. $2tM.70; transfers of licenses, $110.50; fish wharf. $266.36; pro ceeds of grounds of asylum. $1,905.54; semi-annual contribution from the sev wards, $43,852 20; certificates issued under act of May 28, 1861. $50,000. k^P^iturea.-pay of officers of the in?w? ? $15,567.08; police department. $9^83.Sii; councjis. W.827.44; police n.agis ward physicians, $942.82* apothecaries. $1.270.U3; officers of the gylum. $2,056.84; clerks of markets. $2.1-1.04; assessors, $3,318.78; expenses of ^h? eQVLCfUJf' ?;P30: s"PP?rt of poor, aged and infirm. $14,498.81; burial of out d??v 14nm ,lrt50: Policemen for night expenses of station houses, tioon'-3!: ,,n,c,?8in? Judiciary Square. fu?Land groceries for poor of repairs to Center market nouse, $2,085; purchase of lot and erec .^hoolhouse in the first district. $-?),7i6.?.l, purchase of lot for school pur Poses n third district. $645 52: erection of ?V. ralJ?I?rdhou8e- "3.418; uniforms for police, $<0<>; payment of bills incurred by the peace conference convention, $338.75; ? e ronipanies. $4,6*8.88; repairs to bridges of canal, $911.51; special pro i 8 ?ao?r smal,P?* at Washington A4y c?nv*>''ng hogs to the asylum. WZ4.50; partial improvement of Judiciarv Square, $410.22; retirement and cancella t*on of certificates issued under the act of May 28, 1861, $41,000; redemption of principal and payment of interest on guaranteed bonds of Washington and Alexandria railroad. $20,879.50; payment of interest on funded debt. $43,969; with sundry bills of a trivial nature, which cause the expenditures to foot up in amount equal to the receipts. During the year there were deposited by the col lector to the several wards sums amount ing in all to $116,108.74; the expenditures for grading, graveling and improving streets were $16,281.38; lighting street lamps, $8,083.16; paving and repairing gut ters. $5,662.93; erecting and repair of pumps, $4,805.12; constructing sewers, $6,690.48." * * * Draft difficulties were experienced by the government in Maryland as a result of a positive hostility on Draft ill the part of a certain sec Mnrvlnnri tIon of the Population to muryiana. the purpo8e|, for which the army was intended. In The Star of October 28. 1862, is this paragraph: "The enrollment in Anne Arundel county was finished last week, not with out some little difficulty. In some dis tricts the enrolling officers had to resign and make place for new ones, and in one district (fourth or Piney Woods dis trict) it was found requisite to have the enrollment effected by military. Company B, Purnell Cavalry, Capt. Watklns, per forming the duty. In this district it is said the enrollment could easily have been made by a civilian, but it was dif ficult to obtain a person who would un dertake It. Just previous to the enroll ment a large number of persons of secesh proclivities left suddenly for the south, and nothing having been heard from them since it is supposed that they reached Dixie in safety. The few re maining secesh sympathizers are hunting up evidence to show that they are unfit for military duty, and it is astonishing to observe how many unhealthy persons there are now in the county. The Union portfon of the county takes the draft with a good grace, complaining that it should be necessary, but gaining the south as the cause of it. Capt. Watkins' company will go from the county with a large number of recruits, many of the young men preferring to enlist among their friends than to take the chances of being drafted and put in old regiments." * * * Work on the city railway was being pressed as rapidly as possible, and was a subject of keen local in City Railway terest. In The Star of p October 31, 1862, is the ??TOgrcSS. following account of the state of the work: "The work upon the remaining branches of the road, which has been much re tarded through the difficulty of getting material, is progressing as fast as pos sible, and ere long we will be enabled to chronicle its completion. The main road between High street (Georgetown) and the railroad depot is in successful opera tion, there now being thirty-four cars on the route, running from 5 a.m. to 12 o'clock p.m.?a portion of the day being run on two-minute time. The reported difficulty with the corporate authorities relative to the building of the sewer at 13th street, which crosses the track, is a myth, the building of the sewer being in the charge of a contractor with whom an arrangement will be made to tunnel the road. "The navy yard line from the gate up Pennsylvania avenue and 7th street is j completed as far as N street, to which : point the double track is laid, and at 1 present twelve cars are running upon it on flve-mlnute time from 5 a.m- to 11 p.m. The single track to the park is all laid with the exception of a few rails at the northern extremity. whicl\ will be laid in a day or two, and as soon as the cars are brought on they will be put in operation, connecting with the cars to the navy yard at N street. "Most of the woodwork of the track to the steamboat wharf is laid, and it only awaits the iron (which is now arriving quite briskly) to be completed. It is con templated to place at once ten cars on this branch, which will be run from the wharf to the depot. It is thought that this branch will be in running order by the 10th of November. "The work on the 14th street line is progressing as fast as possible, and the company entertains hope of having it in operation on the 20tii of November. To avoid the grade of 14th street between the Avenue and F street, the track has been laid down New York avenue to 15th street, where it connects with the main line. When completed the cars will be run from the northern extremity of the street to the depot. "At present there is but one transfer point. 7th street and the Avenue, where an agent of the company is stationed who hands the tickets to passengers changing cars, but when all the lines are in run ning order other points of transfer will be established." THE ALCHEMIST. My simple say-so makes tbe truth, It also makes tbe lie; An<l all things bad transmute to good When they are done by I. Bill Fllnn was just a common boss Until he followed me. But now he's clean and beautiful As any one can be. Perkins had predatory wealth Until I sanctified His tainted caeb and made it pure By use upon my aide. Thus. that all men and measures, too. Are made, or bad or good. As rbey are tor me or against, - Is plainly understood By all who get pure politics Direct from Fllnn and m?, Tbe grand originators of Political purity. ?Marlin Ward, in the New fork Sua. THE BALKAN WAR AND DIPLOMACY The Balkan armies have had amaiiiij success in their rapid operations against the Turk. At this mo Successful ment the main Bul /\ a.- garian forces are at uperations, tacitjnjC the main Turk ish army before Demotika, where they propose to cut, or have cut. the Orient railway, which would destroy Turkish communications with Constantinople. The Bulgarians are reported a* moving south of Kirk-Killlseh. assumed to have been abandoned bv the Turks, to attack be tween Eski-Baba and L<ule-Burgas. where, according to a Constantinople dispatch, a crucial battle is being fought hy Nazim Pasha, the commander-in-chief of the Turkish army. In the west yie Servians are attacking at Uskub, Velco or Koprulu, with Monas tir as the objective. The Montenegrins, reinforced by Servians, are shelling Scu tari to compel quick surrender of that place that they may co-operate with the Greek army against Monastic and finally Saloniki. The military situation is somewhat ob scure because of the strict censorship of dispatches by both the armies, but it ap pears almost certain at the moment that the Turkish army is menaced by a great disaster. Has the signature of the Ttalo-Turkish peace treaty at Ouchy permitted the Turks to bring Into action their reserves from Asia Minor? Who knows? These troops, it may be interesting to state, are composed of two groups: The first, the divisions at Eregll, Ismit, Afioun-Karahissar, Ouchak, Brousse, Smyrna; the second, the troops at Aidin, Denizli, Anatolia, Aleppo, Adana, Aintab, Hama. Tripoli, Daman, LMraa, Jerusalem and Akka. The first group nearby may be brought into line by the Karahissar-Isinlt-Scutari railway, or by the ports of the Black sea. The second group cannot so easily be transported. The only route open is the sea from Smyrna and other Mediter ranean ports. Had the Itaio-Turkish war continued it would have prevented the transportation of these troops, but the Greek navy has. perhaps, already placed Itself in position seriously to menace the Turkish transports. + * * The Turks are great in an emergency and if things are looking dark for them they have not lost all hope. Turkish "Why should we lose confi tt dence?" said a distinguished AOpeS. ottoman diplomat. when informed of the desperate situation of the Turkish army. "Turks at Varna held the Russians in check during six months, they are certainly capable of resisting Bulgar ians at Adrianople during thirty days. Then with all our forces united we will easily conquer." No one doubts the valor, endurance and fanaticism which distinguished in war the Turkish soldier. But since Plevna many things have happened to the Turk. Alany of his ideals have been crushed. He has passed through bloody revolu tions, and having been given a constitu tion, it has had the effect, perhaps, of de veloping his understanding and imparting some ideas of the rights of men?the rights of others, of the rights of those he was formerly taught he might kill murder with Impunity. The party of un ion and progress taught him that it was right to fraternize with his Christian brother. The party of union and progress abandoned?denied these principles in its thirst for power and authority. The Turkish soldier, it may be. is weary of this strife and it is because he no longer cares to fight against his oppressed Chris flan brothers in the Balkans he is no longer the soldier he was at Plevna. From information from Sofia we learn something of the composition of the first Bulgarian army, which is divided into three distinct masses, the first, second and third armies of the first line. King Ferdinand, aided by Gen. Savof, former minister of war, exercises the supreme command. Gens. Ivanof, Kutinchef, Dimitrief command, respectively, the first, second and third armies. This army is acting in the strategical plans of opera tion in Thrace and it embraces the whole of the Bulgarian army of operation: nine divisions, 216 battalions, 153 batteries, 2o<>.000 men. The second Bulgarian army of the sec ond line is concentrated in the upper valley of the Struma in the region of Kustendil. The total number is 54,000, armed with Berdan rifles and cannon of old mode!. This army, while lending aid to the Servians, may serve to reinforce thee main army. * * * M. Clemenceau, returning to Paris from Carlsbad, has been interviewed. Reply ing to questions, he Clemenceau said that the powers - , . , are unanimous in limit Intemewed. ing the war ln the Bal_ kans. He did not believe the mainte nance of the ante-bellum statu quo was possible. He did believe that Austria Hungary and Russia were completely in accord not to augment their territories. He concluded that the Balkan coalition would profit? by the success of their arms. If there should be a reunion of a European conference It would be only to fix the limits of the new territories acquired by the coalition. As for Eng land. M. Clemenceau believed that she would accept the opening of the Dar danelles. He did not think the peace of Europe was menaced. And he added: "This success of the allied army is the bankruptcy of the Von der Goltz" strat egy. This last observation referred, without doubt to a dispatch from a lxmdon cor respondent who had announced that the Turkish army had been trained by Gen. Von der Goltz and his aids, and that it was armed and equipped with German armament. The Bulgarian, Servian, Mon tenegrin and Greek armies had been trained and armed by the French. It was Creusot against Krupp. It is reassuring to learn from such excellent authority as M. Clemenceau that England has not returned to her tra ditional love of the Turk and is not play ing for her own interests at the expense of that of Bulgaria, which was once the victim of such atrocities as to provoke from the Grand Old Man of Britain the stinging epithet of the "unutterable Turk." But Le Matin, just before the war, charged, in referring to an apparent lack of entente between Russia and England on the question of the Turk, "If war breaks out the fault will be that of Europe, and England must bear the greater part of the responsibility." Sir Edward Grey, speaking in the house of commons, said: "The government of his majesty has constantly encouraged the government Turk in its intentions to introduce re forms in the administration of Turkey in Europe." Intentions? Well, let us ac cept the word. But there is a familiar axiom which may be applied, namely: "The road to hell is paved with good intentions!" We have seen that Turkey's response to the joint note of the powers was typi cal. Her minister took from the archives a plan of reforms proposed by Turkey BACK, BACK, BACK I From the Oinaha World-Herald. I It looks as if some Turkish soldier might win the next Olympic marathon. From the Chattanooga Times. There are interesting and dramatic features of the war in the Balkans, but it will take the siege and fall of Con stantinople to make a self-engrossed world take more than ordinary notice unless the feared complications arise. From the Detroit New*. What is the matter with the famous fighting Turk? Or is he, like most old time champions, unable to come back? From tbp Cincinnati Enquirer. The valor of the Bulgarians will go fur ther than international honor toward permanently settling the Balkan trouble. From the Bridgeport Evening Post. Swat the Turk is the slogan in the east. From the Cincinnati Time*-Star. The trouble Is, those Bulgarians heraelf In 188&. Turkey had never at tempted a slngl* reform! The Gaulols of Tarts has interviewed a foreign diplomat of distinction. The subject was entered upon by the inter viewer; "Diplomacy, has it not faile<J>? Has It prevented was?" And the diplo mat replied: "It has not prevented war, that is true. Hut it has foreseen war. "Diplomat* are necessary r*?twithst;*n<1 ing that affairs are arranged mor<> and more. In the street. Diplomats sre tho priests of a cult whose mystery mystified and moves- the people. In the cotigref* of Berlin. seen from th?* outside, it wa.i assumed that the members had faith in their work Did they have faith? Alas! no. They knew the question of th* orient was not settled. After San Stefan ?>. Berlin But after B? rlln ihe upset, and now. the ditch!" Italy was sure of Russia. Mysterious affinity that, which was established three years ago at Racconigi in a few hour? between the Emperor of Russia and (he King of Italy. From that intervi* w tli-re came the Balkanic entente Did the diplomat consider the Halkatilo quadruplk'e as known to Italv and to Russia from its inception? Did his inter locutor suppose that this profound move ment was not known to other chanceller ies? The diplomat insisted that this groupment could not have been avoided The alliance of the powers of which Europe seemed overproud, what was it worth in time of war? In peace it was a cause of paralysis. If France had adhered to the Russo-Italian entento England would not have followed. At lx>ndon they art* Turks. To .-peak of the Balkanic entente would have put flro at once to the entente. Must it he eon eluded liiat Italy will aid the Ralkanlo states? That would depend upon their success. But what, of Turkey? Turkey since she has had a constitution is change<L She feels that she is hunted down Tt'>? Turks know that every time she is saved she Is diminished. Did the diplomat believe that Europe could stop the war? It was necessary tlrst that the powers would wish to stop it unanimously. There were two hypothe ses: A Turkish victory? In this caso English and (Germans would rush to the aid of that victory. A Bulgarian vic tory Russia would lead the victorious under her flag. * ? * But the grave and alarming conclusion according to the diplomat was, who would say to the victor. Who Will "Hands off"? I?ld the T , ? interlocutor see th<s Intervene? gen<iarme? The diplomat did not. And then? In a recent article, before the war. in the Xouveau Temps of St. .Petersburg. M Menshikoff advanced the Idea that d - plomacy had foreseen the possibility, that the Bulgarians would bt siege Constanti nople and that Europe would be ready to concede Constantinople to the Bulgarians if the Bulgarians should show themselves able to take It. Austria-Hungary would find compensation in Saloniki, and Rus sia also In Armenia. According to the writer there exists an A ustro- Russian entente in Balkanl.- affairs. The cl an celleries of Europe, were they in accord? There had been phenomena more sur prising. Such an accord would be at any rate peaceful and would explain in the evolution of the actual crisis very many obscure points. M. M?nshlkoff affirmed, seriously, that King Ferdinand of Bul garia had visited Vienna frequently of late in the greatest secrecy and that lie brought back with him formal guaran tees. Diplomacy, It is incontestable, lias mis erably failed to perform its legitimate office. In the present case when Turkey refused to execute the reforms in Mace donia the powers should have taken over the affair themselves. Turkey would not perform her duty; the pow ers would perform it for her and at the same time definitely settle this ques tion of the orient which has been the nightmare of Europe. The authority of Europe was con ferred by the famous article 23 of the treaty of Berlin of 1878. This article 23 stipulates that organic rules exactly adapted to local wants will be intro duced In all the regions of Turkey in Europe and that the details of theaa rules would be established by special commissions in which the native ele ment of these regions would be lurgely represented The revolution in Turkey of 1908 did not abrogate the rights of control of the European powers over Turkish affairs in Europe. The Temps of October 2 published a diplomatic document which has remained a secret. The publication is a circular addressed by Russia to the powers dated July 25, l'JOS, which received the adhesion of all the in terested governments. 1 cite there from because of its actual importance. In the preamble the document explained that the suspension of the authority of the powers was due to their mutual desire to permit Turkey to execute the reforms herself. What naivete! As n Turkey would reform anything! i'ue document said: ? * ? "It should be understood that the desistance of Russia and the o.h r powers was not a.< Powers' Rights solute; tile righ a acquired by t na Intact. treaties and the ail vantages assured to the Macedonian population by virtue of what was agreed between the cabinets and the sublime port.*, based upon these treaties, are and remain absolutely intact. "Russia will follow with the most sym pathetic attention the efforts df 1 urKe> to assure the working of the new regime; she will abstain, ior her part, from ail interference which might complicate that task and will exercise all her influence jn order to anticipate and prevent any disturbing action on the part of the Isal kanic states. "But, faithful to the traditions of her policy.' she will not consider her role of reformer, likewise that of other powers, as terminable except that the work un dertaken by the sultan will end in ;c real amelioration of the state of things in Macedonia?amelioration which shouid have for its tlrst effect to put an end in the Balkanic countries to a natural dis quiet essentially dangerous for the gen eral peace. "In a word Russia cannot renounce the faculty to appreciate if ihe reform con ferred by tIit* sultan attains the desired degree of efficacy, and if it is found that the situation of the European provinces of Turkey remains in a precarious slate she will notify the powers <>f the neces sity of taking up anew and In a must resolute manner the work actually In terrupted of the active reformation of the Macedonian misrule." The moment arrived for the powers to employ their authority and they failed to use it. Diplomacy has a multitude ot sins to its account. But it ma> be that this failure to act may be an exception and prove a blessing In disguise. The Balkan coalition, conscious that it may expect nothing from European <iiplo macv. has taken arms in its own defense. At this moment its allied army, victorious, is marching to the sea and may shout the cries of joy with which Xenophon's Ten Thousand once awoke the echoes of the Black sea: Thalassa! thalassa! The si a! the sea!" CH. CHAILLE-LOXQ. 0 CONSTANTINOPLE! jumped on the Turks before the latter had time to get a morning cup of coffee. Fr?,ui tlio Baltiunre Evening Sun. The Turks are discovering that the so-called ?'Vhristian do^'s" bite :s w orse than its bark. ? From the Detroit Free Pre^s. It looks now as though there won't !>? enough left of Turkey to make hash. From the Pittsburgh DUpat<-h. It must at least be admitted that even when It comes to getting in the first claim to victory the Bulgarians have the Turks knocked Into a cocked hat. From the St. Ix>uin G lobe-Democrat. There is a disease in which the pa tient wants to walk all the time. The Sick Man of Europe seems to have it, only his locomotion is backward. From the Cleveland Plain Dealer. What has become of the old theory that the Turks are the best fighters on earth because they are fatalisU?