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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, December 08, 1912, Image 24

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With Sunday Morning' Edition.
SUNDAY December 8, 1912
The Kvrnins Slar .\rw?paprr Conpilr. J
jiuslness Office. Ufli St. and Pennsylvania Affnu'.
Si'n York i >flle? -Trtimne Boll'linx.
office: First National Rank BuildingCuroin-an
office: 3 liwut Sf.. I sun Ion. England,
v ?
The Evnine Star, with the Sunday roornlnt:
edition. Is delivered hy carriers within the city
at 45 cents per month: daily only. 25 cents par
month: Sunday only, in cents p-r month, Orders
may N- sent hy mail, or telephone Main 244'>.
Collection is made by carrier at the end of each
month. i
Rr mail, post aire prepaid:
Pailr. Sunday included, one month. fiO cent*.
Pa I 'y Sunday ey.eptnj. one month, to cent*.
Minrnav smr. *1 rmr. wiimwv Slur. Ji'. w year.
Katored as second 'lass mail matter at the post
J ? office at Washington. I>. C.
f7In order to avoid delays on account of
persona! absence letters to THE STAR should
r<'t be addressed to any individual connected
tilth the office; but simply to TDK STAR, or to
t e Kdltorial or ISusiness I>e|.artment. according
to tenor or purpose.
Europe's Preparedness for "War.
The scare a general European
w ar has .subsided. IVace between Turkey
am) her fries serins assured, and a"
will presently be smooth again.
Rut things looked black for the great
powers for a little while. All of them
were disturbed, and several very much
so. \u?tria-Hiingary talked belligerently.
Russia, unofficially,, responded in |
kind Germany slept with one eye open. :
and in the daytime kept both eyes go- .
fug. France sympathized with Russia, j
pud Great Britain with France.
The eiisis was weathered largely be-|
cause ail the powers were well prepared !
f-?r a scrap t 'aution w as imposed by
peril. "Starting something" might shake
the world, and do incalculable damage.
Tt might wipe out the starter.
France looked at Germany. and saw j
an army on edge. ficrmany looked at
France ;lml saw an army in better condition
than a French army had known
In thirty years. She looked then at Russia.
and saw a power sufficiently recovered
from t he Manchurian catastrophe
to take a lively hand in a Kuronean
campaign. And Great Britain thought of
Austria-Hungary and Italy*, and they of
Great Thitain.
Everybodv was ready, and. therefore,
prudent. The great armaments were
agencies of peace. Had two (>i* more of
the powers been out of condition - behindt
'nd with military equipment?a
11 on to strike misfit hovc.swept the prepared
powers into action: and action
jnce begun in sneh a tieli] and for such
stake** would probably have broken a:l
records f<*r bloodshed and property destruction.
The wisdom, then, of preparedness for .
war has again been illustrated, and the ;
Illustration should not he lost oti us. We
ftie fortunate in our boundaries. We are ,
no? menaced a- the K:ir >pean powers are;
h> memories of old feuds conne ted with ! ,
n*a- neighbors. or with spirited rivalries '
, '
growing out of tra*le and landlust. \\ e?j ]
Rre tin bigge>t thing of the kind in our j .
re? k of wools. Not in this hemisphere IJ
Is there any power to dispute supremacy, j j
Kut. for all that, it behooves us to keep j
In fighting tr.m. Wars burst out unex- |
peotedly. This time last year no states- ' j
man or soldier had i:i mind what has
he* n uc ompiisOod in less than ninety j
days l?y a huddle of mountaineers .
against trained lighting men. like tiie
Turks. The difference was the mountaifi?-?rs
were p epared. The Turks were
not. Hence Turkey's defeat and humiliation.
I.ct us take warning. I'npreparedness
often brings war. and when
war comes in response to such a temptati
>ii. woe is the fate of the unprepared
pai ticipant.
1 1
Inviting Burglary. '
TlianL't f . i I Vi i. i.f t mil i rt i. ! 1
. ??- .; *? 1 > < T. II V . f.* i CC *?* I ?? V7 J?VI?VT |
men of Kl:zab?th, X. J.. another robber i'
n ho has pillaged Washington homes of j '
valuables has !x-in captured. This man. '
n ho confesses freely to his offenses, has '
Seen a much more extensive and success- '
ful operator than the youth who imag- 1
n<-ii himself a "Raffles" and undertook to
? t a living out of society by means of '
t mask and jimmy and electric lantern '
and a pistol. The man caught in Kliza- 1
beth. who comes here of his own will to 1
clear up a number of local crime mys- 1
teries. had reached the stage of skill and
resource where he was really a menace to 1
private property. His story, set forth in
Friday's Star. should be attentively j
ead hv all householders for the sake oi' j:
the suggestion whi h it affords of a risk j
.hat has heretofore been run unknow- 1
ngly by those who have gone away and 1
eft their houses temporarily unoccupied
*nd unguarded. The placing of a note on
:he front door to the effect that some
?ne ha_s gone awflv. but will return In a
rertain length of time. Is obviously a direct
invitation to the housebreaker.
~>Th*-r signs are quickly noted by this
class of keen-eved thieves, whose business
it is to take advantage of every
pening and opportunity. A basket of
laundry left for the washerwoman to
tarry off. neglected milk bottles, perhaps
lightly drawn shades at all windows in
the daytime?these are some of the signs
bv which the sneakthief knows that the j
souse is temporarily untenanted. Of
course, a man working in the daytime
takes his chance of detection, hut the
ihief who has just told his story had no
difficulty on that score here, and probably
in other cities he has worked his
game without difficulty, by taking advantage
of the carelessness and heedlessness
of people. These matters are easily
remedied, and probably In the light of this i
burclar's confession There will be no j
more away from home ' signs conspieu- j
5u?ly in evidence?until people grow care- I
: a wC .a ?l.l - ft
less amuu an'i lurgei mn csson.
1 " 1
Some. of the Greeks failed to see the
use of stopping a war that they were
ror.vincrd would have to be smarted over
sooner or later.
Public Building Provision.
< >n" of the representatives in r*ongress
complains that tin- system of appropriating
for and planning public buildings
throughout the country is wrong, and
that tee I'nited States government is put
to an enormous expense not only in constructing
but maintaining the structures
for t accommodation of its offices in
1 if.*r* nt parts of th?; country. His ob1*
-tio'i to be that too much money
;s .-pent in putting up federal buildings
in small towns, where a moderate rent
'or office rooms would secure adequate
accommodations f< r the use of the government.
There ran he no question that
as a result of the "log-rolling" methods
adopted in the past in appropriating for
public buildings many useless expenditures
have been incurred, as in the case
also of the rivers and harbors work. But
the net result Is good. It has carried the
federal organization in tangible form Into
all parts of the country. It has givep a
dignified .and in many cases an artistic
symbol of the national authority to communities
that otherwise would }mv'e uo
adequate token of the government. It
has provided good working quarters for
the representatives of the executive departments,
infinitely better than any that
Could be^fcnud. There inay have been
extravagance now and then in U?e matter
of planning and construction. But
in the main, with the exception that
buildings have perhaps been given at
times too liberally for the purpose of
making votes for the appropriation
measure, the money has been well spent.
The chief fault, to be found with the
syst?m of public building provision by
the government heretofore has been that
it has failed to gnuip the federal organisation
adequately right here In Washington,
where every need should long ago httvei
been cared for bv means of appropriations
"on a broad scale. Despite the number of
large and imposing structures that the;
I'nited States has erected here the rent
roll the government Is now paying annually
Is large and continues to grow.
The t'nited States is in truth at least
ten years behind in its work of construction
at the capital for Its own requirements.
New buildings for the State.
Justice and Commerce and I,abor departments
have been tentatively provided for
in that the sites have been purchased at
large expense, but the formal authorlza
tions for these constructions havo not
been given by Congress. although each is
most urgently needed. two of the departments
occupying rented quarters, while
the State Department continues as 10ocenpant
with two other departments of
a building tbat is barely large enough
for one of the three. The Department of
Agriculture, now scattered among many
small rented buildings, has for some
years be<*i awaiting the completion of a
construction project that started with the
erection of two detached wings in advance
of |he main building. Practically
every other department of the government
is- cramped for room and forced to
occupy outside quarters in part.
in'the Ugiff of the conditions here in
Washington, criticism of the public
building policy of Congress should lie not
against the liberality with 'Which appropriations
are made, but against the
lack of attention to the main necessities
of tbe governnu-nt at the rapital. It is
to be hoped that at this present session
an effort w-ill be made to start work on
the structures, that are so urgently required
here to enable the I'nited States
to transact its business properly.
: s,
The Constitution.
The late Senator Kayner was joked a
good deal about his frequent references
in debate to the Constitution, but took
the jibes in friendly part, lie was guilty,
and not at all ashamed of his guilt. All
provisions of the instrument had excited
his admiration, and he praised what he
admired. Those who had given it less attention.
or been less impressed with its
comnrehensi veness and wisdom, could
not shame or rattle him with their flipfancy.
He tried all new governmental
propositions by what he considered the
supreme test. He wanted to know how
they squared with either the letter or the
spirit of the great charter.
At a little earlier day the late John H.
Reagan of Texas played this part in Congress.
tirst in the House, and then in the
Senate. He often quoted the Constitution
in debate,' and always with insistence
that it should be strictly obeyed.
"Usten to Reagan." said a member of
the House in an aside to a neighbor on
i>ne occasion when the Texan was holding
the floor on his favorite theme
"After trying for four years to destroy
the Constitution he has fallen in love with
t, and is trying to cut everybody else
Hut it might be well for all the members
of the next Congress to ""brush up"
i?n the greatest of the works of the
fathers. For the Constitution is now going
to be very much in order. All the
leading subjects will lead to it.
Take the tariff. Is. or is not. protection
constitutional? The Baltimore platform,
drawn by Mr. yan, says not.
Mr. Wilson, w ho ran and was elected on
that platform, does not accept Mr.
Bryan's dictum. Under w hich king, good
Take the trusts. Assuming that the anii-trust
law needs strengthening, can it
be made strong enough to throttle monopoly
without violating the spirit of the
Constitution? The question is circulating
:n political as well as in legal circles.
Has something at last arisen defying
treatment under the rules laid down?
And Jf the rules must oe cnangea, in
what way, and how far?
Tcke the currency. Is the delegation
t>y Congress of the power to issue circulating
notes by banks strictly' constitutional?
If not, shall the notes of the national
banks be replaced by the government's
notes? And if so. when and under
what provisions shall the change be
The senator or representative in the
next Congress with views about the Constitution
will find frequent opportunities
to express them, and will not be joked
about it if he indulges himself. The
great charter is going to be very much
in evidence.
Gov. B'.ease's profane suggestion as to
a destination for the Constitutibn may
be realized if ail the amendments proposed
from time to time go through.
Sincere friends are trying to impress
Albert T. Patrick with the numerous examples
of men who have spoiled their
luck by talking too much.
Expectations are confident for a downward
revision of thermometer reports
between this and inauguration day.
When Gov. Wilson says his play is
over anvd hard work must begin he expresses
it rather mildly.
The versatile talents of T. K. cannot be
lured into the discussion of a program
of inaugural festivities.
The Fight Against Poverty.
Tl,? ? 0 1.. . l A ^
i i duuuiivu ?>i i in i r?e nf> noie
of tive work that Is being done now by
organized charities in ail the large cities
of the country. Mere palliatives in the
form of alms and occasional rounds of
supplies ar.d the establishment of institutions
are no longer considered as of real
value in the fight against improvidence
arid destitution and suffering. Thus the
work of the Associated Charities and
the Citizens' Relief Association of Washington,
which held their joint annual
meeting the other evening, is constructive
at every stage and the disbursement
of over $ir.,n?io during the past
year is to be considered as the community's
investment in the prosperity of the
Under the present system of charity
work those who give to the funds are assured
that in every instance an effort is
made to correct the conditions that make
for poverty, to overcome intemperate
habits fhat lead to inadequate provision
for the family, to restore invalids to
health so that they can become wage
earners instead of a burden upon others,
to teach habits of thrift to those who
have been careless of their resources, to
point out the dangers of insanitary living
and thus lessen the chances of illness.
These are all practical endeavors and the
detailed reports of the organizations
show that they are bringing substantial
Poverty, of course, can never be absolutely
abolished, for there will always
remain thriftless, intemperate, slothful
ones who will neglect their duties, shift
their burdens" to other shoulders and depend
upon alms for subsistence. That is
a tailing* of human nature that can
probably never be eradicated iiltpgetherYet
the percentage of sufTetfng attribl
utable to such as these Is by no means
large. On the contrary, under the stimulus
of the carefully constructive work of
present day charity organizations It is
being demonstrated that only rarely are
such instances encountered, which will
not yield to treatment. To the extent
that charity giving is concentrated
through the agencies that are animated
by this constructive concept, with the
i idea primarily of correcting faults, finding
employment and making the poor
seif-heipful and self-sustaining, the percentage
ot those utterly dependent upon
alms will be diminished.
Dependence upon charity is a habit
easily formed by those of lax moral fiber,
and while to some kindly disposed, sympathetic
people it may seem at times
harsh and cruel to insist upon investigation
before giving, it is only by such
means that the drift toward slothful-,
ness and improvidence is checked, charity
organization furthermore affords an
effective agency for the detection of
fraud, which is freely practiced from
time to time under the guise of abjen?
suffering and need* These organisations
should l?e liberally supported and. heartily
encouraged by the romnr.:nity as an effective
means to the end --of - reducing,
poverty to a minimym. /
: ' ?? I . J- }
High School Foot Ball.
Stress has been laid in public utteranees
by public school officials upon the value
of foot ball as. a means of deyelpping
character. One of the speakers on a recent
occasion, when the successes o(,the
season were being celebrated, said that
the game encourages a spirit of generqsity
and fair play: that it helps to do a*wa'v
with physical fear; that It teaches?va boy
that it does not hurt so much to b?? liuyt;
that it cultivates resolution and develops
a boy's ability to see clearly, to heat* accurately.
to determine quickly and to act
instantly. This is indeed high-oommendation
for the sport. But what of the price
that is paid for these lessons? What of
the broken leg* anil arms and -collarhonea
the wrenched backs and the broken
heads? There are many of these in
every city where foot ball is played by
schoolboys, even under the laterft revision
of the rules, supposedly in the interest of
open and fair play. This year already
there have been numerous mishaps on the
local foot ball tield, with a consequent loss
of school time. Washington is fortunate
in not having experienced a death on the
gridiron field this season, but that has
been a matter of good luck rather than
any protection afforded by the rules or
methods of play.
Secretary Wilson has done a great deal
for agriculture in the past sixteen years,
even if he lias not enabled the farmer
to equal the pace in commercial prosperity
set by the trusts.
Senator Aldrich's banking and currency
investigations can never be expected to
be as picturesquely interesting to the
popular mind as the financial studies of
Mr. Bryan.
? ? *
. Suggestions to annihilate the electoral
college seem needlessly cruel. An electoral
college enjoys itself In its quiet
way without annoying anybody.
Some of the suggestions for post office
supervision may cause Russia to suspect
that it has overlooked a few points in the
regulation of printed matter.
If the rats and mice who wander
around unobserved can think, as some
scientists believe, they must have many
a laugh at human expense.
Julian Hawthorne as a practical liter
ary man could not help taking a certain
amount of interest in a mine that looked
to him like a best selier.
Glasgow is now sharing London's natural
curiosity as to what connection
there is between window smashing and
woman's suffrage.
' "Wise men sometimes change their
"Yes,'' replied Air. Growcher. "But
what a lot of people mistake for an
opinion is simply the mental echo of
some other man's loud voice."
A governor who uses profanity as figures
of speech Is now referred to by the
village wag as an anathewatician.
How reckless human wishes are!
He wished he had a motor car;
Then wished that he could find a plan
To wish it on some other man.
"Your husband has made remarkable
progress in art."
"Yes," replied Mrs. Cumrox. "He is
rapidly getting where he can remember
the artist's name and forget the price."
In Doubt.
"I suppose your constituents would be
benefited by cheaper postage."
"Well." renlied Senator Sorerhum. "after
looking over iny daily mail I don't know
whether they ought to have the least
encouragement in writing more letters."
Sly Management.
"Haven't you a handsomer chafing dish
than that?" asked the customer.
"Vou want something even more ornamental
than this?"
"Yes. I want one so beautiful and expensive
that my wife wouldn't think of
trying to cook anything in it."
The Question.
My Uncle Jim has stood the test. He
fought clear through the fray.
He voted all his friends and kin upon
election day.
He knows the questions of the hour, with
answers to them all,
"Initiative." "Referendum" and likewise
About the tariff question, too, he has a
lot to say.
He surely knows his alphabet both ways
from schedule "K."
We're waiting for the news. Suspense
makes all our bosoms throb;
We're wondering if they're going to give
dear Uncle Jim a job.
He knows exactly how to answer queries
on finance.
Some folks have tried to puzzle him.
They never stood a chance.
The questions of our foreign policy he
takes in turn
And answers them offhand to any one
that wants to learn.
He knows the way to set >m right when
times get out of joint;
This world to him is one sublime interrogation
But the question now supreme?with all
our nerves it's playing hobIs
simply this; Is Uncle Jim In I-lne to
Get a Job?
"For the improvement of the means t<
for navigating safely the Vessels of the A
navy and of the mercantile marine, by ^
providing, under the authority* of the p
Secretary of the Navy, accurate and O
cheap nautical charts, sailing directions, tj
navigators;-and manuals bf instruction
for the ufe* of the United States and n
for the benefit and use of navigators gen- ir
erally." tjtich were the duties imposed n
upon the hydrographic office by the act
of Congress establishing it June 21, 1SWJ.
Nearing the half-century mark of its
[existence, the hydrographic office represents
an important factor in connection y
with all sea traffic. Supplied with the
charts and sailing directions issued hv.
this office, tfip master of a little sloop
need no longer fear encountering here- *
tofore un'charted islands or unknown
dangerous reefs. His course, practically
wherever he may wish to go. is clearly
marked out for him, together with the
islands which lie along the route. Or p
the captain of a giant steamer plowing .
its majestic way to. and from Europe ^
knows, if he has the charts and latest
bulletins, of whatever changes may have ?
occurred in the position of buoys, or of n:
any derelicts which may lie in his path. ti
"The improvement of the means of ^
navigating safely" is by far a harder tj
problem than insuring the safety of land . p]
progress. The treachery of the sea pre- p(
Rents much greater difficulties than the
treachery of the land. The difference
between the two has been aptly expressed
by an old negro, who when asked
was he going a certain place by land or e',
water replied; "If T goes by land and p(
dere's a accident* there I is. hut if I goes
by water an' some'ln' happens, where is w
I?" And that is the eternal problem in ^
protecting those at sea. If aught hap- di
pens, there is no sheltering cave, no S(
welcoming nearby village, but only the ja
vastness of the sea itself In the great j,,
majority of cases. [j
* ai
* * ol
Tn endea vorlncr to increase the safetv K
of navigation a great fraternity has been f"
formed. It has no writLife-Saving
ten constitution and by- hi
laws, and perhaps this at
Fraternity. is the flrst timp the t?
word fraternity has hoen applied to it, ^
and yet it exists. It is merely one of dl
those organisations .which spring up |n
through the necessity of mutual aid, ti
without any intentional beginning. In this 81
instance the demands of thcorgapization
are simple assistance. As a rule that assistance
takes the form of sending in- w
formation either ahead to land or to
other vessels as to the state of - the q
weather, and any important fact which
may happen to be noted: such, for instance.
as that d buoy has broken its
moorings, or a derelict has been sighted, w
All these things are gathered together and g,
then disseminated, and in this way the
entire sailing world is made cognizant of *
the existing conditions at sea.
The hydrograDhic office is the principal fc
medium through which all such informa- fa
tion is spread. Bulletins are issued at U]
regular intervals, which are given to all
mariners with the understanding that a(
they will report anything they may see ti
of importapoe to other mkriners. In other la
words, the hydrocraphie office holds the
reins of communication with practically
the entire maritime fleet, and through
the medium, of exchange keeps mariners ss
posted. F
Tiie hydrographie office is a division of A
the bureau of 'navigation, and is under s
the Secretary of the Navy. The main of- al
flee is in Washington, in charge of Capt. ec
Oeorge F. Cooper, the hydroerapher, and tl
Lieut. Commander F. E. Rldgely. assist- er
ant to the hvdrographer. About too em- la
ployes 'constitute the working force at m
the office headouarters. In addition to
this office" sixteen branch hydroeranhie la
stations are situated in the principal se
ports, in the country, of which twelve m
are in "charge of naval, officers. These tii
branch offices are mediums of receiving n<
and giving out information also. at
Two principal lines of work are car- ni
ried on by the hvdroeranhir office. One CI
is the preparation and issuance of nau- A
tieal charts, and the o*her is the issu- se
anee o' a weekly bulletin containing a.'
items of interest to mariners and cor- tu
reetions as to lights, dangers evistin-r ar
and other data of an important but tern- to
porarv nature, this bulletin being the pi
most important issued th
Three classes of charts are issued? to
those originating in the hvdrographie of- gj
flee, coast and geodetic survey chart--and
British admiralfv charts. Practically all
those charts which the hvdrozraohic of
fire prepares are engraved on Conner
plate, a process which has been found to
give the hest results. Of the hvdrocTaphic
office Issues there are 1>24 dif- T
ferenf charts. O'M different coast and geodetic
survey charts and 2.002 British admiralty
charts. The number of copies
issued of these three classes runs as A
high as 210.000 a year.
* hi
* * ti
The essential featurt| of any chart issued
h.v the hydrographic office must *
.. ^ hi
necessarily be its accuracy.
Issuing' Mariners apply to that office
. for charts because they want
tlie most up-to-date and correct
ocean maps obtainable. Therefore the
maintenance of correct charts is one of
the biggest parts of the work. Five men
are kept continually busy, and in a sin- ol
gie vear the number of corrections
amounts to about 220,oo0. All maps be- t)
fore they leave the office are stamped hi
with the date, under which appears "cor- w
rections inclusive to date." While the Ci
majority of the bulletins issued by the ^
office are sent to mariners free, all jn
cliarts are sold, the money thus oh- tr
taincd reverting to the fund kept for the
preparation of cliarts. In this way the ol
continued sale of charts means their continued
issuance. g*
The weekly notice to mariners has the of
largest circulation of any bulletin issued Oi
by the office. This is due to the fact that Y
it contains information of value to all P<
seagoing people. Kach week about 35,000 w
copies are issued. Another weekly publi- ot
catipn is tlie bulletin, a one-page sheet, A
containing interesting items on maritime b(
subjects, often in the shape of a brief tii
from some professor's address or other tt
scientific source. The circulation of this ui
is about 4,500. A daily memorandum is cc
also issued. This is not printed, but sa
merely mimeographed, and is sent only tli
to the hydrographic branches and the m
maritime exchanges in the important oj
ports. I'nless this contains some special n<
warning or important notice, it is mailed w
to the points of destination. Only 250 tii
copies of this are prepared. The office st
prepares another important publication or pt
series, known as pilot charts. Of the five St
different charts three are monthly and tii
two quarterly publications. The monthly of
charts deal with the North Pacific, North A
Atlantic and IndiaM oceans, and tlie quar- th
From the Syracuse Herald. of
The worst of it is that there will be no ^1
it f t bo cell! >n1 <>ll il<1 I'lin I tf
Kfl'pilljs II 1 I <MI1 lilv DV uv/w? ? 1 x.?.
South Carolina that a man like Blease
can rise to l)ecome the governor of their
state. ,
Fr?un the Baltimore American. cc
With its Constitution consigned by its
governor to regions unmentionable to I r
ears polite. South Carolina is in the lime- *
light as affording a striking if undesir- Wl
able, picture of gubernatorial anarchy. w
From the Syracuse Post -Standard. jg
Does South Carolina really stand for w
Blease? j.-r
From the New York Tribune.
Gov. Blease's sentiments regarding the in
Constitution are extremely progressive. ,.r
From the Buffalo Kxprvss.
Over against Gov. Blease of Soutli Caro- co
lina, with his glorification of lawlessness, ta
set Gov. Donaghy of Arkansas, who de- dc
mands severe penalties for lynchers.
I r
From the New York World.
Lincoln used to tell ubout the south- hr
western orator who "mounted the plat- |k
form, threw hack his head, shined his dc
eyes, opened his mouth and left the con- w
sequences to God." ly
No more accurate description of Cole gr
Blease. governor of South Carolina, could nt
he written. But ho^. long are the people th
?rlies with the South Pacific and South
.tlantic. These charts show the various
feamslilp tracks and data relative to
eather conditions, and are among those
ublications having a large circulation,
if the monthly charts the total clrculaion
is about 10,000- per-month, while allost
5.000 copies are issued each quar?r
of the others. These, like the weekly
otices to mariners, are given free, to marlers
in exchange for whatever data they
lay collect at se&. ;
* *
The hydrograpliic office supplies the
'nited States naw with all the charts
used by it. Practinternational
cally every country in
Exchanges tho world has a hydro"
XiXinanges. praphic 0fflce, with
hlch an exchange exists with the United
tates hvdrographic office. In this way
harts are obtainable which the various
dices do not possess themselves. Charts
-om all hydrographic offices can be rerodueed.
Up to the present time, howver.
this country- has purchased outright
-om the British admiralty whatever
harts have been needed-, while, on the
thcr hand, England purchases one or
lore copies of each chart desired, and
ten reproduces all others she may need.
similar method will be employed by
lis country in the near future. At the
resent time about $15,000 is being expanded
annually for British admiraltyharts.
In preparing nautical charts a survey
as to be made just as in the matter of
ind maps. An instance of the methods
nployed in this work is shown in a reort
of the hydrographic office which
mtains the following: "The Paducah
as engaged in the vicinity of Cape
racias a Dios, Nicaragua. This is a very
ifflcult. coast to survey, but about lifio
luare miles of hydrography and the adicent
coast line were covered. Astronomal
stations were established and posions
determined at Cape (Jracias a Dios
nd Swan Island. In the determination
f the longitude the wireless station at
ey West, was utilized, it having been
reviously arranged for that station to
>nd out a tick at a certain time daily,
he distance is about 0OO miles, and it is
flieved to be greater than any previous
tomtit tn m ulfo liuo of W i fftr
lis purpose. While this office has no
tta for determining the probable error
P this particular determination, it is imDUbtedly
very small, as it agrees withi
one-half minute of former determinaons
by chronometers carried from teleraphic
determinations at Havana."
* *
The total area of the surface of the
ater is 142.l32.ft80 square miles. For
every square mile of known
ceanic land in existence there are
? 2.5ft square miles of water,
ourvey. That shows the size of the
ork to be undertaken by. a hydro aphic
office in surveying, for although
1 the known area of water is not navigae,
a large proportion is, and must therere
be surveyed and charted. Another
ict which shows the vastness of any
idertaking of this kind is that the averse
depth of the sea is 12,1HW> feet, or six
mes as deep as the average height of
nd. The greatest depth of water ever
>unded was 27,ftftO feet.
The present hydrographic office can be
lid to be the result of Lieut. Mathew
. Maury's endeavors in that direction.
scientist, he studied the needs of the
sas, and did all in his power to bring
aout some means by which sea travel
>uld be made more safe, and in 18(J8
le hydrographic office came into existlce.
The establishment of steamship
nes grew out of his original recomlendations.
An interesting example of just how
rge is the problem of surveying the
as is shown by the Sargasso sea. A
ystery concerns its composition, poslon
and practically every feature counted
with it. What is^ it, where is it.
id why is it, are all questions that have
?ver received a final answer. When
liristopher Columbus was sailing toward
merica he encountered the Sargasso
a, and recorded the fact in his journal
i follows: "Thev began to see many
ifts of grass, which were very green
id appeared to have been quite recently
rn from the land." Upon sight of this
lenomenon his sailors exclaimed that
e very sea itself was turning into land
thwart iiim. And to this day the Sarij^so
sea remains a mystery!
* *
Its position, so far as has been definiteWotnrminnrl
in t It 4 tlnnti,.
hiiiiv ?.t. ?o ill lit' IIUI ill I la II 111.
ocean. Egglike in shape,
he Sea the large end lies toward
? p Florida. It is about 600
01 trrass. iQi'^s southwest of the
zores. while the Bermuda Islands are
ie only bodies of land within its area.
?ing on its northwest edge. The area of
ie Sargasso sea is? supposed to be about
lo.noo square nrlles. Tire surface of this
x!y of water is completely covered, or
) some claim, with masses of yellowrown
seaweed. Some mariniers have
lid it was impossible for a vessel to
lake its way through these masses of
aweed, but this has been found lncor ct.
Interwoven with what small percentage
" truth which has been found out about
ie Sargasso sea is such a large percentte
of mystery and weird phantasy that
ie two are almost inseparable. Some
ive it that tiie Sargasso sea is a giant
hirlpool, from which a ship, once
lught. never returns. The center of this
ist expanse has been likened to a huge
-aveyard. the hulks of dead ships standg
as their own gravestones. As for the
uth, scientists are still studying it still
sagreeing about it, and the mystery
To substantiate the claim of the Sarisso
sea being a giant whirlpool proof
' several lost ships has been brought,
ne of these, the Marie Celeste, left New
ork for Europe in 1KS7, with thirteen
?ople on board, including the captain's
ife and child. Two weeks after setting
it a British bark sighted her in the
tlantic ocean, without sign of life. A
>at was sent to her, and an examinaan
was made. Nothing seemed wrong;
ie boats were all in the davits, the hull
idamaged, rigging and spars in perfect
mdition, and the cargo intact. The
ills were all set. the week's washing of
te crew hung out to dry, a half-eaten
eal on the. table, the sewing machine
ien, with a child's garment under the
>edle, while the log book was posted to
ithin forty-eight hours of the arrival of
ie British boat, and it showed that no
orm hud been encountered. What hapned
to the Marie Celeste? The United
ates government spared no efforts to
id out, hut no trace of any member
the* ship's company was ever found.1
IK A c? n n r? 1 i*
iiu iiic nai^ausu ac<t; x trriicL|JS it was
ie cause, and perhaps not. Who knows?
that unfortunate state to tolerate the
lease type of public official? Has not
>uth Carolina's humiliation at Richmond
en a sufficient lesson?
<>m the New York American.
The Governor of South Carolina has the
iurage of his convictions.
urn the Chattanooga Times.
Once more the press will proceed to
arm up Gov. Blease, and lie needs it. It
uuld disappoint this blatant demagogue
he were ignored, but. unfortunately, he
a governor, and bids for notoriety alays
have many takers.
otn the Pittsburgh Dispatch.
And there are proportionately as many
different governors as bad cooks.
mil the Memphis Commercial. Appeal.
I T1 f U'D V?ttl PC 4 in\* P loo on 11 o o c-wl *u\it
- * " ? ,? v u i o v.cur i tan 11 v cu ?rvr\/
invicts in South Carolina: which cerjnly
looks like the high record of parining.
nm the Hartford Courant.
Wholly characteristic are Cole Blease's
ags to the other governors that he
)|ie8 to make a record of WK) free parins
before he gets through, and that
hile he is governing South Carolina no
nchers in that state who have the one
eat justification and who get the right
?gro will have anything to fear frou)
e laws or the courts.
The railway station was one of the
busiest places in Washington fifty years ago.
and the following artiR
ail WRY cle in The Star of December
_ i 1. 1882, affords an interestOtatlOn.
jng description of the conditions
"The ltfth Regiment of New Jersey Volunteers,
which has for some time been
doing guard duty at the depot of the
Baltimore and Ohio rajlroad, lias been
relieved by Company G, Ud District Volunteers,
unde." command of ("apt. Stockbridge.
Perceptible beneficial changes
have lately been made under the direction
of the efficient passenger agent. Mr.
Mdmonds. It will be remembered that
heretofore the soldiers doing guard duty,
when not immediately employed, were located
about the door of the ladies' waiting
room, in the depot, their knapsacks,
blankets and muskets lying around everywhere.
much to the annoyance of ladies
waiting for the departure of trains. Mr.
Kdmonds has obviated this inconvenience
by locating the soldiers at the opposite
side of the building, and has erected
racks for their use to deposit their baggage.
The guards are also now extended
all round the building for the protection
of passengers and others having
business with the company. The beneficial
effect of this is apparent to every
one. Passageways and entrances are now
not. blocked up. and better order is consequently
"The railroad company have of late increased
the rolling stock of their road
by the addition of ten new and magniti?ent
ears, at a cost of $1?M>,0U0. These
cars were built af the company's works
at Mount Clare and are first-class in all
respects. The seats and interior fittings
Of the oars are of black walnut, and the
ears are so arranged as to lie much
more roomy than the ordinary railroad
Carriages. There is no spring to the
ciooi l.nt Ane i ? 4 I... 4 I
ova i, uui mr ? (XI su tunpii ui.iru iiwil
a peculiar easy rocking motion is given
when the train moves. The interior of the
car presents to some extent the appearance
of a steamboat saloon, and, in
fact, is copied after the interior of
the steamboat Isaac Newton. The cars
have openings in t+ie \op, allowing a
more free circulation of air. a great
desideratum in a _ crowded car tilled
with people.
"Notwithstanding the immense business
in the passenger travel of the road
at this time?.starting off as they do
fourteen and eighteen cars tilled with
passengers?everything is conducted
with clockwork regularity, under the
management of Mr. Kdmonds. All the
passengers are not only provided with
seats, but they are so classified as to
secure to all the greatest possible
amount of pleasure and comfort on their
journey. Certain cars are especially assigned
to ladies, and they are not, therefore.
thrown into promiscuous assemblages
and disagreeable associations.
"The depot and cars, too, are now kept
in a more cleanly condition than heretofore.
The freight business is also
very extensive. Curing the week preceding
Thanksgiving a large business
was done in freight, of boxes .containing
turkeys, chickens, etc.. from parties
in the north to their soldier friends
and relatives in the camps about Washington.
On one night no less than fifty
boxes of this sort of freight arrived.
"Among the most obliging and indefatigable
officials at the depot is Mr.
Reuben Collins, who has charge of the
baggage. He has been employed in
that position for seventeen years, and
has never yet lost a single piece of
baggage, although between 300 and 400
pieces have been assigned to his care
at one time."
* *
In The Star of December 2. ix?>2. is an
abstract of tlie annual report of the commissioner
of public buildings
Shaky and grounds, which is of in- |
n terest now as reflecting the
Bridge, difficulties then experienced
in the matter of the Long bridge, which |
was at that time regarded with quite as I
n< il..b nitorti/tinii oo it lt"> a mUtV \'Oa rg I
llliil ii su.-!|;iv. iuii a."? u ?? na m??.i ,? v w* w
"The bong bridge over the Potomac
river has been "used as a railroad bridge
during the past year and has been kept
in repair by the War Department at a
very great expense. The structure is too
weak to sustain the weight of heavy
trains and has several times given way
under their pressure. The ordinary
travel over the bridge has been entirely
suspended by a recent order of the WarDepartment.
to the great inconvenience
of the community.
"To obviate these difficulties the Alexandria,
Washington and Georgetown Rail;
road Company propose to construct a new
bridge by the side of and connected with
the present structure, to be occupied
exclusively by t-he railroad track. The
construction of such an additional bridge,
while it would increase the capacity of
the road to facilitate the transportation
required by the government, would greatly
promote the convenience of the pubic
by leaving the old bridge dpen for ordinary
travel. It is desirable that Congress
shall, as early rs possible, authorize the
company to construct the additional
bridge proposed."
* *
Pickpockets were very busy in Washington
at this time fifty years ago, the
light-fingered gentry eoniPickpockets
in hore for the Winter
, ? , as the most southerly
at WOrK. ,.jty they could reach
-"il 4. ? ~ *1. nrb t ll n 1">1 t li <! rir
wiinoui jj(i>Mu^ miuugii me miKvut ^
lines. In The Star of December a, 1X62,
is a news item giving warning to the
public in connection with the arrest of
an artful dodger who was taught at his
tricks at an auction at the corner of
Oth street and Pennsylvania avenue, and
was arrested after a chase. In The Star
of the next day is this paragraph:
"Yesterday afternoon Mr. Peter Palmer
of Schenectady, N. Y., was riding in
one of the city railroad cars, and it
was so crowded that he and many
others were obliged to stand. Mr.
Palmer noticed a respectably dressed ,
old gentleman who was crowded next
him, and that he had inserted his hand .
under his (Mr. P.'s) vest. Although he *
had $80 he did not suspect any wrong
intention of the old gentleman. At 13th
street the car stopped and the old man
got off, and Mr. Palmer soon after
missed his money. He went at once to '
Patrolman Donn in search of his fel- <
low-passenger, but did not find him for
some time, and then he had changed his (
hat for a cap. Twenty-one dollar's
were found upon him when searched,
including a note similar to one among 1
I those Mr. P. lost. The prisoner was 1
I taken before Justice Donn, where he
gave the name of W. H. Halley. but 1
I upon the testimony of a witness who l
' recognized him the alias O. Harvey was
affixed to it. He is apparently about
sixty-five years of age, and said he ?
was only in Washington to see the city. 1
He was committed to jail by Justice j r
Donn." | |
. I \
A touring r-ar I can't afford. I
With chauffeur trim and handsome;
Too quickly melts my little hoard.
And unless 1 can land some 1
Fresh dollars for my sinking fund I
I'll be done, good and proper. t
This cost of living lias luo stunned ?
I'm rldiug for a cropper. j
No theater seats for me. I trove? .
No oi>ora bos this winter.
No other sport has any show
When cash becomes the sprinter.
I'll have to do with ff-wer togs.
Or wear last season's garments.
I feeil no fine tdue-ribbon dogs.
But only trust-bred varmints. *
With dollar egg* now prophesied.
And milk a whole rent higher:
With ]a>rk and beef on rising tide I
And chickens each a flyer.
The man of millions e'en may groan F
At price of oue day's dinner:
But what's his fuss to the tit that's thrown
By any humbler siriUL-r?
Still, this is not complaining vera-'? 1
It's really well inteutioiied: I
The break for me might be much worse.
If I'd had all things I've mentioned. t
The Joy of Life I've ne'er quite lost, ,
Given prices large or small, sir.
'TIs better to have natd tfce cost *
I Thau ne'er have lived at all, sir. v
?New \'ork World. c
The dispatches from Sofia and Iamdon
announce that the armistice l?etw'een the
belligerents w hlch was signPeace
od at Blghtcho bv the plenip,
potentiarica of Bulgaria.
Sen'ia. Montenegro and
Turkey on the 3d instant, provides that \
tlie same shall meet for ctmferende in
London December 13.
1*1?? rxf tlta arttiiutirp tpcl '
J Mr \."II'UI I Vii. V I V I ?v ? ' - - - ?
by Dr. Danef. president of tho Bulgarian
chamber, may be briefly resumed thus:
Tiie belligerents will remain in the positions
they at present ooeup> ; the besieged
Turkish forces shall not be rovictualed.
It will be noted tliat the objections made
by Greece as to the revk tuaiing of Ad- i
rianople have been accepted. Greece, it
appears, has not definitely rejected the (
armistice, but has reserved iter decision.
Prior dispatches from Paris announced
that M. Athos Romanes, the minister of
Greece to France, bad declared to a correspondent
that lie had informed M. Poin- j
care, premier of Franee. tbat Greece had
refused to agree to the revk tuaiing of
such places as Adrianople, Scutari and
Janina. still held by tho Turks. If
Turkey were permitted to do so tt would
enable her to renew the war with vigor
in ease the armistice was not followed by
a firm peace pact. Greece besides favored
a debarkment of Greek troops in Asia
Minor and would attack Constantinople
from that side. Moreover. Greece protested
against an armistice at that time
because Turkey was l>ein?: forced by her
naval forces to surrender certain islands i
in the Aegean sea, surrender of which
was imminent.
There arcsome details in the dispatches
from Constantinople of the meeting of
the plenipotentiaries at the little village
of Baghtche. Tho Turkish plenipotentiaries.
acting as hosts, received their
guests, the Bulgarians, at breakfast.
Nazitn Pacha, general-in-chief of the
Turkish army: Reehid and Riza Pachas
represented Turkey. Gen. Savof, commander
in chief of the Bulgarian army;
Gen. Fitchef. chief of staff of the army,
and Dr. Panel, president of the Bulgarian
chamber, represented the allies.
a *
The manner of the coming of the Bulgarian
guests was a surprise, and to no
one more than Xazim
Arrival of Pasha himself. The RulT!
. garlans, were expected to
Bulgarians. arrlve mounted. the only
means of transportation since Nazim had
caused the railway bridge which separated
them from Tchatalja to be destroyed,
one of the last acts of his military
operations. The Bulgarians, however,
arrived promptly by railway carriage:
The Bulgarians had executed during
the night the almost imftossible feat
of restoring- railway communication
across the river.
Ttie dispatches from London appear to
give great importance to the entry of
llermany in the arena, when until now
she seemed to be content with the role
of spectator. Herr von Bethmann-Hollweg.
German chancellor, delivered a fiery
speech in the reichstag on the -d instant
in which he warned Russia that
Germany would aid her allies of the
triple alliance if there should be war.
And the dispatch adds that the chancellor's
speech had caused great sensation i
in the chancelleries of all Europe on account
of its belligerency.
For a fact there does not appear to
have been so much sensation created as
the correspondent would have us believe.
The Russian press have had some,
thing to say and have said it sharply.
The Xovoie Yremia. of course, leads off
with this remark: "History is repeating
itself, but it is not so easy now to force
Russian diplomacy Into a guarded retreat.
Such intimidation will frighten nol>ody."
If Herr von Bethmann-Hollweg in an
unguarded moment made the threats attributed
him it was inspired perhaps by
the fact, if it was a fact as reported that
very day. that Italy had signed a renewal
for three years of the GermanAustro-Itatian
agreement, familiarly
known as the "tripllce."
* ?
Dr. von Rethmann-Hollweg's speech, on
close examination of the only text refwrrted,
has not such an
Chancellor's ugly look as the pug- I
? , nacious Interpretations of
bpeecn. Eondon and St. Petersburg
report. The chancellor commenced
by summarizing' the efforts of the powers
to delay the Balkan war as long as possible:
that when it got beyond their
powers of control to localize it they (the
powers) considered measures of conciliation.
The paragraphs which appear to
have affected the nerves of the London
and St. Petersburg press are as follows:
"When our allies. Austria-Hungary and
Italy, in maintaining their interests are
attacked, although this is not the present
prospect, by a third party and thereby
threatened in their existence, then we.
faithful to our compacts, will take their
part firmly and decisively.
"Then we shall tight side by side with
our allies for the maintenance of our own
position in Europe and in defense of the
security and future of our own fatherland.
I am convinced that we have the
whole nation behind us in such a policy."
The chancellor further declared that
the allies could not dispute the right to a
word in the final settlement. The wishes
of the powers would have greater weight
if presented collectively, and that negotiations
to that end were on foot and he
hoped for their success.
Elsewhere in another dispatch from Ix?ndon
the chancellor is reported as having
warned self-seeking powers to keep their
hands off. and to England especially (referring
to a dispatch of same day. December
", from Geneva, announcing that
F.n^land would nroolaim n British urn
tectorate over Egypt January i>. Germany
would not toleraie that, nor any
interferenee hv Russia, whose first move
to arms would be followed by the German
war cry.
* is
The speeches that followed would indicate
that Herr von Bethmann-Hollweg's
utterances had been deDebate
in natured. Herr George
t> Redebour. social demoReichstag.
crat compiained that a
more complete exjHtsition of the questions
involved in the Balkan war was
expected. It was impossible, lie said,
to glean a positive fact from the
chancellor's statements to show for what
purpose Germany was to be ready with i
sword in hand to aid her allies. "I'ponj
the nature of these purposes," he said, i
"depended whether Germany was or was ;
not to throw into the scale her whole in- 1
tluence for the preservation of the
Herr von Ividerlin-Waechter. the foreign
secretary, demurred to Herr Bedejoi.rg's
attack on the ruler of a great
lation with whom Germany lived in
>eace. .
"This affords Vic the welcome opporunitv."
said Herr von Kidtrlin-Waechter. |
ii measured words, "to declare tnai
hroughout the recent crisis our relations
vith England were particularly confidetilal.
The negotiations between London
ind Berlin were carried on through thej
risis with mutual confidence, and they ,
lave rise to gratifying intimacy in our i
elations. They have also done a good i
ervice in promoting a good understand- <
ng between the powers, and I can give it I
torn the A'l.any Evening Journal. i
Now can you guess which of the two '
vill do the most talking when Wilson and
iJryan confer?
'rem the Wilmington News. '
Gov. Wilson has invited Mr. Bryan to t
met him at Princeton after the Prest- i
lent-elect returns from Bermuda. Doesn't (
ook if the governor were going to <
;no< k the Kdxuskan into a cocked liat.
'rum the Indianapolis Star.
President-elect Wilson lias just paid <
xcesa postage on a bundle of letters in i
ihich lie is informed that some democrats! t
to not wish to see W. J. Brjtan selected J i
las my settled conviction that they w 11
continue to do so."
Did the chancellor make such a threat
as reported concerning England's proposed
proteeiorate over Egypt? It !*
I scarcely possible that he did. The tlrat
j step to a British protectorate would he A
[aoucteous request from England that
Germany would i.e pleased to ahan<ion> In
Egypt the privileges of the capitulations
which German \ pas senses in common
with the I'nited States and other poWT*.
These pri\ '.leges if abandoned are ueaally
rrrosnijspil hy s.en.- courteous eon?
cession on the part of the state asking
the abandonment. Xcllhor (irrmitiv nor
the other interested nations would sae-ftloe
their privileges in Kjrvpt except unj.-r
the conditions above cited or as an act
of war. The language .ittiUuted He: r
von Kethmann-Hotlweg appears to lw irni
probable beeau o intpolitb . n<1 im;atlit<*
* *
If It shall prove r i; thai he tier ;:n
chancellor as assert -d d. dared th it
r iMii) It I interests tt
| German preserving Turkey as a
r , t powerful and re. m at
intercs*. ,,,
far ntorc importan' :han an> if. i'?
which have stirred t < anger the ? s of
Isondon and irt. I*, t. >lwrrg.
(JcrniHiit, it was tint.-; r d, w. d t
readily ahandon tin- <> d >tained
over Turkish a IT a . t' t;.
nople and in Bagdad The tinf. tu a a
failure of Von der Holts to aciomp: t
with tiie Turkish army the in. ve *
things lie had promised could ! i 1
at tin- door of Krupp's guns, wh o it '1
proved inefficient.
A Turkish army reorganised and Turli
tinancial administration eatabllahed un i- r
Herman control would convert tiie Ttu*
into a more efficient aid to Hernial > a
military ftower than under former conditions.
Prior to Turkey's .-rushing and humiliating
defeat the Turk practiced wild
art and independence the opposition of
tiie jealousies and ambitions of other
powers. No power, not even Herman*,
which had apparent authority at Constantinople.
was able to successfully control
the Turk.
It has been asserted many times of lata
that Germany and Austria-Hungary favored
and even urged tiie victorious allies
not to stop short of Constantinople.
Why? In tiie first place Germany and
Austria-Hungary' would by force take the
first place as friends and possible allies of
the Balkan states. Second. Constant!
n<>p|e w mild liar at one ana me nanir nine
the ambitions of Russia and England.
The Turk, established by Herman aid
at Scutari, on the Asiatic shore. If removed
from Kurope would prove a formidable
ally for Herman power in Europe
and German pow.r in Asia.
a *
Were these the considerations wh:cli
Induced France and England to represent
to the victorious Ua'.P0SSible
kan allies the danger of a
-n march to Constantinople
when the way was confessedly
open? These considerations may
only appear when the curtain falls upon
the I?ndon convention.
England, it is understood, is Germany's
rival In everything, and mora
especially rival for the affections of tha
Turk. What the British mind has suffered
to maintain these affections only
testimony of Mr. Gladstone, laird John
Morley and such eminent and noble
Englishmen may tell us now. England
is a great Mussulman power, because of
the great number of Mussulman subjects
in India. Because of these England was
disposed to condone the atrocities committed
in the near east that she might
not offend the sensitiveness of her Moslem
subjects in the far east. The Bulgarian
massacres have served to raise
the spirit and strengthen the area of thu
Christian Balkan armies which huvs
finally crushed the Turk to earth.
It is pertinent now, when the Turk
has committed other massacres, to show
the cruelties df the reasons of stats
which since many years have subjected
England's conscience to such considerations.
Mr. Gladstone's letter of August
14, 1870, to the l>uke of Argyl is illuminating:
"I am," said Mr. Gladstone, "entirely
in harmony with you as to your view of
the eastern policy. It has been depressing
and corrupting to the country.
healthier air has been generated by Indignation
at the Bulgarian masaarres.
which have thrown us back on our rather
forgotten humanity. 1 hnp? the subject
will BAt ulnmlmr thpfiilifh f Ksa r*PPsfi
?? III II W 1 ! W\ I I
Dizzy's speech (so J call him, with all
due respects to the peerage) in the Turkish
debate, gave me a new light on hi*
view. He is not quite such a Turk as I
had thought. What he hates is Christian
liberty and reconstruction. He supports
old Turkey thinking that if vital Improvements
can be averted it must break
down, and his fleet is at Besika bay. I
feel pretty sure, to be ready to lay hold
of Egypt as his share. So lie may end
as the Duke of Memphis yet."
* *
Mr. Gladstone wrote in his pamphlet on
the "Bulgarian Atrocities." which. I iepeat,
Iwve served to creGladstone's
ate a gnat Christian state
TJ in this Balkan alliance on
UOpe. the principle of "the
blood of tiie martyr is the seed of the
church." that it was too late to convince
Europe, but that he hoped to convince
"America," h<- said, writing to Mr. Eugene
Schuyler, "has neither alliance with
Turkey nor grudges against her; nor
purposes to gain by her destruction. She
enters into this matter simply on the
ground of its broad human character and
moment; she has no American interests
o temnt her integrity and to vitiate her
Mr. John M or ley mow Eord Morley) in
his "I-ife of Gladstone" has completed
the picture drawn by Mr. Gladstone of
Bulgarian atrocity and which may be
thrown upon the canvas again in L<ondon
as incident to the recent Turkish
massacres at Saioniki. Mr. Morley wrote:
"Fierce revolt against intolerable misrule
slowly blazed up in Bosnia and ITerzegovina
and a rising in Bulgaria, not
dangerous In its<elf. was put down by
Turkish troops dispatched for the purpose
from Constantinople with deeds described
by the British agent who Investigated
them on the spot as the most
heinous crimes that had stained the
history of the country. Moved by
these symptoms of a vast conflagration
Russia. Austria and Germany agreed
upon certain reforms. To this instrument
known as the Berlin memorandum,
England, along with France and Italy,
was invited to adhere."
The two other powers assented, hut Mr
^israeli refused, a proceeding that along
with more positive acts was taken bv
the Turk and other people to assume
the moral support of Great Britain to
he with the Ottoman and probably to
threaten military support against ths
And yet for the development of their
military power and economical reasons,
state reasons, both Germany and Eng
land would perpetuate the I urk at? a ? ?
tlon. England would maintain the TiT."X
in Europe; Germany would rr-et>tablUh
him in Asia. Of these two ambitions
Germany's i.? the best from the Christian
point of view, which may he that
uf tne Balkan alliance.
as Secretary of State or for any other
office in the Wilson administration. It
will cost Wilson more than J?l if he rel??
^ates Bryan to the rear
"rem the Columbia State.
People undoubtedly have a right to pro*
test against Mr Bryan's appointment to
the cabinet, and Woodrow Wilson tinloubtedly
has the right?when he la exercising?to
tear up the letters.
"rem the Dayten Journal.
It is suggested that if Mr Bryan would
?nly accept tlie presidency of the Chinese
epubllc, Mr. Wilson would be willing to
irge upon Congress the Immediate recogiltlon
of the new nation.

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