THE EVENING STAR,
With Sunday Morning Bdltlon.
SUNDAY January 19, 1913
THEODOBE W. NOYES Editor
The Evening Star Xewopnper Company.
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The Democracy and 1916.
Mr. Clark's Missouri friends are looking
1m 101 ti. They are expecting fortune that
year to make amends for the undeserved
Mow it administered last year. Well,
why not? The Speaker is an able, an Interesting
and a very deserving man. He
came very close to goal at Baltimore last
J one. Had Mr. Bryan not been seized
with that somewhat eecentric oonscient'oasness
about the support of Tammany
Hall. .Mr. Clark would have been nomlrated,
and would now be awaiting in......;
.. < I 1 a ...? . I?. ., n..^n thfa I
(T ukiii no 11 c i y i i ? jiui lit. ?-?* i ? * * ii ?
time and throe years hence the Missouri?n
will have large opportunity to serve
Jiis party and the country, and is certain
to improve it 'lie is neither a sulk nor
si tarni oat.
Mr. Bryan's friends are looking to li'lfi.
Many of them hoped for his nomina'ion
last year. They thought him entitled to
!t. and deplored the complications that
shut him out. But as Mr. Wilson won
through his instrumentality and on his
platform, and the platform calls for a
single term in the White House, the
Bryan men hold that their favorite is the
logical leader for next time.
Nor are Mr. i'nderwood's friends at
all discouraged by liis defeat. On the
contrary, they consider that lie made a
remarkable race for the nomination in
the circumstances, and believe he may
win on a second trial. And they are
keeping close track of all developments.
Mr Wilson's friends are watching and
waiting. He has not yet assented to the
one-term proposition; and if he does not.
but leaves the matter in the hands of
fate, the Wilsonites are going to give fate
a nudge by declaring that one goocj term
deserves another. Of course they are assuming
that Mr. Wilson \ ill succeed.
Here, then, is a reply to the foolish
stories in circulation to the effect that a
conspiracy is already afoot in democratic
circles to break down the Wilson outttt.
For what would it prottt Mr. Clark, or Mr.
Bryan, or Mr. I'nderwood to bring, if
they could, the Wilson administration to
th? ground? If the administration fails,
what will the democratic nomination in
. r.du be worth? The party's fortunes are
wrapped up with those of the present
The Wilson administration may fail. It
Av til trPuH -a not h t\f rllffifdlltr Uolf ?
1*1 M * 11 1 U | l? I I I '/* UIIIIV IIIIJ . I 1UIL
dozen great problems confront it at the
outset, and others are likely to arise as
time passes For this reason the duty
?f the hour is adjustment of differences
and co-operation, making the best record
lor the party possible, and leaving the
personal equation fpr settlement until
after the record has been made. A greater
question than who will be the democratic
nominee in 1DI6 is that of what
will the nomination be worth.
Add to the Supreme Court?
So many tilings are being changed and
so many changes are being proposed that
a proposition looking to the displacement
or to the making over of old things does
not cause the public a moment's disturbance.
It is probably because the public
lias become hardened to projects involving
change that Senator Gore's bill providing
for the enlargement of the Supreme
Court of the United States has
thus far provoked very little discussion.
Under the terms of the bill two justices
would t?e added to the Supreme bench.
The reason for the proposed legislation la
that the docket of the Supreme Court Is
ai eged to be crowded and the work of
the court in arrears. It is the temper of
the people now to demand not only
prompt service, but quick service.
It may he that the volume of judicial
f ork has grown beyond the capacity of
: ne industrious justices to handle effectively.
and in that case there is no reason
v.: y Congress should not enlarge the
in. mbership of the Supreme Court. There
is a widespread notion that the members.
in of the Supreme Court is fixed by the
? or.stitution. But this is not the fact", it
is a matter within the jurisdiction of Congress.
Under the first article and the
eighth section of the Constitution Congress
shall have power "to constitute
tribunals inferior to the Supreme Court,"
and in article three, section one, "the judicial
power of the United States shall
l? vested in one supreme t ourt ana in
such inferior courts as tlie Congress may
from'time to time ordain and establish."
The membership of the Supreme Court
J as varied. In accordance with an act of
the first Congress. President Washington
appointed a Supreme Court, consisting of
f <'hief Justice and rive associate justices.
There is no constitutional impediment to
raising the number from nine to eleven.
W hen testimony is required loss of
lialth is frequently accompanied by loss
of rn? mor> .
Fertile Potomac Valley.
the results of the parcel post
h'ouid be the closer linking of the Potojrac
valley with Washington. A food
? mpire is at Washington's hack door, or
the capitals south entrance. Already a
Urge volume of food is produced in the
< .tiintrv ol.ntr the \ly rvlan/1 nnH Virginia
1(1 I II I' 1 i III' .'I ?* I J I w I u ?? ?'? *
shores of the great river of this region,
but the food production potentiality of
that region is mightier than most city
Facilities of rail arid sit-aml>oat eomfwnicat'.on
are not of a high order of
e.iiciency. Whether trains and steamboats
a;e few and slow because the traffic will
not sustain better service, or whether
traffic is relatively light because transportation
facilities are meager, is a question
that conflicting Interests can debate,
t'ertain it is that the lands of lower
Prince Georges, Charles and St. Marys
counties on the Maryland side, and of
Prince William. Stafford. King George,
"Westmoreland and Northumberland on
the Virginia side, are fertile and that the
population is energetic enough to make
these lands richly productive were the
Incentive of a profitable market presented
While this large section has only a few
miles of railroad and few trains, and
while the steamboat service does not give
quick and frequent communication, the
country is dotted with poet offices and
post routes. These lines, reachtnc into
very farm, and garden, and orchard,
and hennery, should produce an outlet
for the small package producer. If this
venture were profitable its succtsa r-ould
prompt a greater output and the food
store that Washington couid draw from
that country would assume a remarkable
People down there have not learned to
ship small packages of food. l"Ytless they
can put a shipment of considerable size
on board the boat, or in a few cases on
the train, it seems hardly worth while
hauling it to the river landing or the
station. To haul a small load of food
several miles to catch a boat that comes
along sometime during the night or day,
twice a week, to have that little shipment
pass through the hands of an unknown
number of middlemen and then
from its selling price to deduct freight
charges, drayage, commission, etc., is
at the best only mildly profitable. Too
often it is discouraging. If this small
shipment can come through directly from
producer to consumer, and come through
promptly, tnere will prooaoiy oe a ruoo
profit at tlie producing end and a good
saving at the consuming end. and if this
turns out to be true the people at our
back door will have found a way to
make their labor pay and will multiply
the output of their land.
Though the trade channels of this downriver
country generally lead to and from
Baltimore, the section is geographically
tributary to Washington and the sentimental
attachment between that section
and Washington should not be overlooked.
A large percentage of WashIngtonlans
of this generation or the previous
one, or perhaps the one before that,
came from the Potomac country south of
Washington. In that country, though
the people buy and sell at Baltimore, all
their relatives and acquaintances appear
to live in Washington. Thus the parcel
post may enable Washington to tap one
of the fine food-producing sections of the
country, and a section that suffers from
inadequate transportation and thus from
lack of a profitable market.
What electric traction has done for the
territory north of Washington it would
probably do for that to the south of the
capital. For years there has been a loud
volume of talk about charters for newlines.
extension of lines, dally steamboat
service by fast packets, etc., but these
have not gone beyond the blue print stage,
while in the counties to the north and
west of the city the rails have been put
down and the cars are runningMr.
Mr. Cannon Rives his vote in favor of j
''wait awhile." His idea is that the re- I
publican party needs no reconstruction '
at present. He know? that it is going i
out of office, and he with it. but he is j
not excited about the matter.
Philosophical and undisma>ed. lie conn- :
sels patience, and would leave something ;
This veteran has seen nearly forty
years of service in this town. He was
here when the great overturn of 1874 took
place, which gave the democracy its first
congressional victory since the civil war.
He was here in 1800. when, after Mr.
Reed had revised the rules of the House
and Mr. McKinley the tariff, the democrats
carried the congressional elections
overwhelmingly. And he was here in
1P10, when, after the Payne law had
been enacted, the democrats triumphed
at the polls and laid the foundations of
last year's winnings.
Such experiences have made Mr. Cannon
calm in defeat. Often he has heard
a loud cry and seen but a little wool.
He discounts racket. He appraises victors
less by what they have promised to gain
victory than by their opportunities to
garner and hold its full fruits. And so
he is waiting, and advises his party
frlnnHu A U'ait frtv t ho Hpni fV ra 11 < ro
XI * ?-? ?? M I. ? VI 1 ll<. ? ? W I ?* I H V
demption of campaign promises before
deciding what the future republican program
And another thing. For several years
Mr. Cannon has been the pet target for
many republican as well as democratic
shafts. "Cannonism" has been daily and
gayly decorated with arrows. The first
republican impatience, which afterward
took the form of "progrepdveness," was
manifested toward him, and found, of
course, ready and keen support among
And now Mr. Cannon is to be dined and
praised by many of the very men who
have engineered his downfall. Somo
handsome speeches are preparing, and
will be well received. There is something
attractive about a sturdy fighter and a
good loser; and by general agreement
Mr. Cannon is both. His motto seemp
to be one very famous: "Nor too elate;
nor too far cast down." He loses his
heart in neither victory nor defeat.
Mr. Cannon wants to see the new tariff
bill or bills. He is curious on the subject
of new trust legislation. He wonders
what sort of currency reform will Issue
from an administration committed to Bryanism,
with Mr. Bryan the probable premier.
And this is the attitude of many
republicans. Walt awhile. Before making
their next move the republicans
should know what is before them?what
they are moving against. They cannot
very safely plan their next campaign
until it has been demonstrated what
democracy in power means and what the
country thinks of it.
As on* of those mentioned as a possible
Secretary of Agriculture, Prof. Moore
will be expected to ofTer something especially
fine In the way of fourth of
March weather prediction.
Motorists may sooner or later secure
some understanding by which the owner
of an automobile gets as much enjoyment
out of it as the county constables.
Mention of both Taft and Roosevelt for
191fl may tempt the village choir to revive
that pathetic ballad, "Mother Is the
The plans for the inauguration have
brought forth a specimen of the veto
power in its earlier stage of development.
Mope lingers that the rigidly simple inauguration
idea will drift along into the
New Year resolution class.
Deportation of Castro.
The order of the board of special inquiry
at Kllis Island directing the deportation
of Cipriano Castro will not result
in any wholesale denunciation of the
board by the American people The order
will be very generally approved. The
fact, as reported in the press, that Castro
admitted responsibility for the unlawful
killing of a man called Gen. Antonio
Paredes was a substantial specificreason
for the decision of the board, which
probably did not want to order the deportation
of any man on general principles.
or because of the generally unsavory
reputation of the applicant for
the privilege of landing
j Castro's counsel is quoted as talking of
carrying the deportation decision to the
Supreme Court. He may do it. He also
talks of the decision rendered by the
board?or " the treatment of Castro"?as
! "extraordinary," "un-American." as being
dictated by "the asphalt interests. '
and as being in a measure "to gratify
the private spite of some State Department
official at Washington." All of
which sounds like rage instead of reason.
The treatment of Castro wets extraordinary
in that it was an extraordinary
situation which confronted the immigration
authorities. Not many men of Castro's
type come to be a dominating Influence
In their own country and * nulA
sance to all other*. When driven from
his own country it wu & display of nerve
to seek admittance to the country to
which he had made himself especially obnoxious.
To give the landing privilege
to Castro would be construed by him and
other agitators for personal profit as a
welcome. To give to Castro ai\ything
which might be construed as a welcome
would appear an unfriendly act to the
responsible and respectable element in
Venezuela and to the Venexuelan government.
against whom he is believed to be
The Arson Trust.
Testimony obtained by the district at- j
torney's office in New York in the matter
of the so-called arson trust seems corroborative
of the recent declaration of
the fire commissioner of New York as to
the prevalence of incendiarism. A legal
inquiry into arson at Chicago also appears
to be developing facts confirmatory
of the allegations of the fire marshal of
that city. The fire commissioner of New
York lias said that 25 per cent of the
fires in that city are incendiary, and the
fire insurance men concede that 15 per
cent are of incendiary origin. The fire
marshal .at Chicago says that 10. per
cent of the fires in that city are incendiary.
It is reported that a convict serving
sentence for arson, and arraigned to plead
to an additional indictment for the same
.character of crime, told the assistant
district attorney of New York that he,
himself, had set more than ,'Wd fires in
that city and had enabled fire adjusters
to collect SfMJn.OOn in fraudulent insurance.
This arson disclosure is developing into
one of the scandals of the century. Playing
with fire in this way is playing with
human life. An 1 a remarkable feature
of tiie crime, or crimes, is the alleged
combination between the incendiaries, the
insured and the insurance adjusters?the
nefarious conspiracy being aided and
aKnttcl Ki.* Smliffprpnpp nf man V ill
surance companies sis to whom policies
sire issued and as to the value of the
property against which policies are written.
The California Frost.
The reports from the frost-stricken area
in California revise upward th.? estimate
of loss to fruit growers. So far the reports
restrict the loss to fruit and do not
deal with the-loss of trees, and though ft
loss of crop is serious it is not to be
compared with that which would be entailed
by the lolling of trees. The disastrous
Florid . frost in the middle nineties
was inoie than a frost: it was a
freeze that killed the trees, inflicting
losses that were very slowly repaired and
In numbers of cases never were repaired.
It seems scarcely possible that it should
be so. yet there is a hope that the frost
blight in the California orange belt is like
the frost blight which used annually to
devastate -the peach orchurds of Delaware,
eastern Maryland and the uplands of
western Maryland, it was the rule that
those frost bltghts produced larger yields
of peaces. People used to become Indignant
at Jack Frost and sympathetic
over the tender peach blossoms and peach
buds, but in duo season they ate peaches
just the same.
It may he recalled that last winter and
spring the apple crop was ruined, and yet
last summer and fall a bumper apple crop
was gathered from the trees and much
of It put away In cold storage.
One of the times when a great diplomat
earns his salary Is when he has to
sit still while the representative of another
government reads aloud a long
Paris thinks it Is doing very well in
the matter of simplicity if it celebrates
a presidential election without a few spectacular
Old subscribers are figuring that the
editors of the Congressional Record will
be getting out a mighty interesting paper
Canadians, whatever may be their sentiments
toward the I'nited States, hold
the Panama canal in the highest esteem.
Myllus Is described as "knocking at the
gates of America." And Mylius has demonstrated
that he is something of a
BY PHILANDER JOHNSON.
"My wife says she knows me like a '
"Well, you don't object to that, do
"I'm not sure. You see, my wife reads
terribly trashy literature."
No campaign against monopoly will efface
the man with a talent for monopolizing
These are the days of glory free
In our affairs of state,
When everybody seems to he
In line for something great!
"Have you observed any results from
your daughter's attendance at cooking
"Yes," replied Mr. Growcher. "it has
made me appreciate the privilege of running
out at noon and getting a ham sundwich
and a cup of coffee."
A woman's sense of humor depends a
great deal on the extent to which she approves
of the man who is trying to be entertaining.
The Seal Purchase.
"1 understand you bought a fine dog?",
"No," replied the man who always
thinks he is victimized. "I bought a certificate
of pedigree. The dog was thrown
We're livin' calm and peaceful down to
Pohick on the Crick.
We remember last November when the ]
talk was flyin' thick,
ltut we've settled down to duty and a
proper share of rest.
With every one a-hopin" an' a-doln' of
There ain't no apprehension 'bout what's
goin' to be done '
in conferrin' new distinctions over there
We wrote our ballots plainly, as becomes
men brave an' free;
Since the vote has gone on record, we
jes' say. "I.et bygones be." 1
There's a heap of agitation?we kin hear
it from afar.
Even though our own existence moves
along without a jar. 1
There are big qpmmittee meetin's.
Speeches fill the air again.
They are sometimes most as thrillin' as
they were in the campaign.
There are new ideas started with deter* :
An' there's eager agitation in defendin'
of the old.
But we have our own ideas an', I guess,
to them we'll stick.
Heaven be thanked! Election's ovsr hers
at Pohick on the Crick!
As the result of a recent act of Congress
two bureaus of the Department of
Commerce and Dabor have been consolidated.
These are the bureau of manufactures
and the bureau of statistics, now
the bureau of foreign and domestic commerce.
Under the previous organization the duties
which devolved upon the bureau of
manufactures wpre "to foster, promote
and develop the various manufacturing
industries of the United States, and mar- j
kets for the same at home and abroad,!
domestic and foreign, by gathering, compiling.
publishing and supplying all available
and useful information concerning
such Industries." The duties of the one- <
time bureau of statistics were, as the
name implies, chiefly of a statistical na-,
ture, the work for which it was best
known being the compilation of statistical
statements showing the imports j
into and exports from the United States.
Under the new arrangement these com-!
posite duties will be performed by the
bureau of foreign and domestic com- \
merce, and, in addition, the undertaking1
of such investigations as may be required '
by either the President or Congress.
"To foster, promote and develop" the ;
Industries of the United States at home '
and abroad is a1
Fostering Industrial large task. The
Growth bureai' may be
viuwui. likened to a huge
switchboard, with the American manufacturers
on one end and the rest of
the world on the other. But the bureau
must not live up to the comparison to
the extent of plugging the wrong hole, j
saying there is no answer, and a few
other things which "centrals" are noted
for. Instead, the bureau must be ready
to give accurate and sufficient information
as soon as the I'nited States hook
comes off the receiver.
In order to carry out this work use
is made of all available means of ser
curing information necessary. A corps
of commercial agents is employed to investigate
trade conditions at home and j
abroad, and to submit reports resulting
from their observations. These men are
selected on account of technical and
special training calculated to render
their researches useful to American trade
The work of these agents takes the
fnpm r\f enprlal inv<kaHra llnna u lone uaVBP
particular line, such, for instance, as
the trip made by Ralph M. Odell, during
the past year, to Spain. Italy, Russia.
the Balkans and Turkey In connection
with the cotton textile trade of
those- countries. England and Germany
were the countries through which Arthur
.1. Uutman traveled investigating the
boots and shoes industry. The bureau has
also made studies in Australia and the
orient in connection with the opportunities
for the extension of trade in machinery
and tools. Another agent is at
the present time in South America studying
the trade in drugs, proprietary'medicines
and canned goods. Still another la
in Kurope studying the lumber trade,
freight charges, port charge? and Blmilar
details connected with transportation,
particularly in relation to trade with
Although it was provided in IflOS. the
date of the establishment of the Department
of Commerce and Labor, that the
bureau of manufactures should promote
and develop trade at home as well as
abroad, the work thus far has been largely
devoted to the extension of the export
trade, as is shown by the investigations
undertaken recently by the commercial
agents. Now, however, the work
of domestic commercial deve'opment is
being taken up actively, and it is believed
is destined to become one of the
most important services of the bureau.
One of the investigations made recently
in this connection was that by E. A.
Brand, now assistant chief of the bureau.
This investigation resulted in a published
record of the work of the service
of about 100 of the leading commercial
associations of the United 8tates. For
the first time a detailed survey of the
activities of chambers of commerce,
boards of trade, manufacturers' associations.
commercial clubs and similar organizations
has been made, and the record
placed at the service of trade Interests.
The bulletin, entitled "Commercial
Organizations," has aroused
much interest in the subject, as has
been amply proven by the demand.
which has already far exceeded the edition
of 2.000 copies printed.
In addition to the corps of commercial
agents information la obtained hy
the bureau from commercial reports
by consular officers, copies of which are
sent It by the Department of State,
and also from the official reports of
foreign governments, home and foreign
trade Journals and a mass of commercial
correspondence received at the
So much for the means by which the information
Is accumulated. It is disseminated
in three ways.
Circulating The first is through
t. < i-. the columns of the
Information. Dai]y Consular and
Trade Reports, a publication issued by
the bureau, which contains extracts
from consular reports along commercial
lines, and items of special trade opportunities.
A glance at any issue of this
publication will show its value to the
trade interests of this country. A recent
copy, for instance, contained sixteen
pages. Six of these pages were
devoted to an article on commercial
activities in Manchuria, by Consul General
Fred D. Fisher. This was followed
by briefer reports from other
consuls on a variety of subjects. Then,
on the last two pages, were small items
calling the attention of American firms
to the needs of European buyers. Take
the shortest of these as an example:
"Vacuum cleaners and dust protecting
materials. A report frqm an American
consul in a European country states
that a local firm wants to buy all kinds
of vacuum cleaners and dust protecting
materials. This firm has a special department
in that line." At the head of
this page is the announcement that "inquiries
in which addresses are omitted
are on file" at the bureau. The circulation
of this report is limited under the
law to 20,000 copies.
The two remaining means of circulating
the information obtained are by means
of monographs and confidential bulletins
and circulars. The special monographs
contain the results of invest'gations by
correspondents of the bureau, consuls and
commercial agents, and cover a wide
range of subjects. Examples of these are
"Packing for Export." an illustrated
pamphlet of 170 pages containing reTHE
Kpnm the Springfield Republican.
The result of this trial tends to revitalize
the impeachment process, so far
as federal judges are concerned.
Krom the t'hicago Inter Ocean.
In this case we have orderly justice by
due process of law. in tne recan we nave
the verdict of ignorance, prejudice and
Prom the Philadelphia ledger.
Mr. Archbain has been "recalled"' from
the bench. The proceedings were conducted
without passion, malice or partiality.
Krr?m the New York Kverting Sun.
Trial by impeachment in the Congress
of the United States is an elaborate and
weighty procedure. Yet it marched steadily
Prom the Cleveland Plain Dealer.
Partisan lines were wholly obliterated
in the Archbald votes, and the senators
seem to have been adequately impressed
with the significance of their judicial function.
Prom the Roxton (ilolte.
The incident shows us that the ermine
can be stained and that judges are fallible,
but it proves, however, that there Is
an adequate remedy for the malfeasance
of a judge.
Prom the Boston Transcript.
The trial has suggested several changes
looking to tho simplifying of tha pro*
ports by American consular officers In
re^aI* packing of goods for shipment
to foreign countries; "Consular Regulations
to Foreign Countries," containing
rules to be observed with respect to slilpnf"
. ,.?/ rnerchandise to foreign countries;
Commercial Travelers in Foreign i
a?f'. the laws of foreign nations
?!? i the Emission of commercial
iJ, n? r?s an~ theil' samples, and "Factors
in Foreign Trade," giving the language.
irrency, weights and measures of foreign
countries, a statement as to postal
rates and facilities, numerous tables for
the conversion of foreign currencies into
American money, and vice versa, and
price comparisons for foreign and American
units. In the domestic field can be
instanced an important bulletin by the
late Maj. John M. Carson, on "Packing
and Shipping of Cotton." This monograph
shows the faulty methods of han.diing
cotton, which cause an annual
heavy loss in this country.
The present division of statistics carries
on the work of the old bureau of statistics.
Division of contained In the reports I
of this division is obatatiBtics.
1ained from tho coj_
lectors of customs, who send in monthly
statements showing the principal articles
imported and exported, the quantities and
countries from which they came or to
which they are going. These statements
are printed primarily in the monthly
summary of Commerce and Finance, and
distributed to individuals and firms interested.
The more elaborate tables are
published quarterly, showing the quantity ]
and value of the imports, rate of duty. !
and these quarterly statements are again
made into an annual statement.
The statistical abstract of the I'nitert ;
States, a volume of about S00 pages. >
presents in condensed form statements
regarding the commerce, products. Industries.
population, finance, currency.
Indebtedness and wealth of the country,
and includes in addition to the compilation
made by the bureau the more important
statistical data compiled by other
branches of the government. A volume i
! entitled "Statistical Abstract of Foreign
Countries" Is published at intervals
and shows the foreign commerce of each
of the principal countries of the world,
the total value of the trade of each for
a long term of years and for a limited
term of years, the principal articles imported
and exported, and the trade with
In speaking of the volume of work
done, the chief of the bureau, A. II.
Baldwin, said that much
Large Volume of ihe work done by |
? m i any government bureau
01 WOTK. wa9 of a (.i)aracter that
leaves no open record and which can
make no special appeal to the interest of
the public which is served, but wiiich.
nevertheless, is essential to the maintenance
of the work.
'^During the past calendar year," said
Mr. Baldwin, "by distributing useful information
the bureau of foreign and domestic
commerce has sent forth to the
commercial public more than H,200.<jno
copies of its various reports. In addition
to this, confidential circulars, most- ,
ly based on information received from
consuls and commercial agpnts. have
been sent out to the number of over
100,000 copies to carefully selected lists
of manufacturing firms and exporters, i
while about 75.000 letters, containing
special information on all sorts of commercial
subjects, have been mailed.
"Facts In regard to trade opportunities
In foreign countries and In the United
States?a total of 40.000 copies?have been j
asked for by the. correspondents of the
bureau. Bi-weekly circulars to the press,
mostly on statistical subjects, have been
distributed to the number of 400,000 copies.
Furthermore, thousands of exporters
have been advised by letter in regard to
details of tariff charges on their products
in foreign countries, and Innumerable
other commercial matters about which
the bureau has In its files a vast store of
information. Moreover, during the year
there have been transplanted and pub
llshed the foreign tariffs; of Cuba and
Japan, as well as supplements to several
of the customs tariffs already issued.
"In the Investigations which were required
for the preparation of this large
volume of printed matter on commercial
subjects the bureau has been aided by
the service of more than 3(k) consular
officers of the Department of State, by
twelve or fifteen commercial agents of
the Department of Commerce, and Dabor,
by 250 employes of the statistical branches
of the Department of the Treasury, and
by an office force in Washington of about
100 employes. A printing fund of approximately
$135,000 has been expended during
the last fiscal year, while, in addition,
an annual appropriation of approximately
$175,000 is required to carry on the work ;
of the bureau."
Although more than $300,000 is the average
annual expenditure of the bureau of
foreign and domestic commerce, the full
possibilities of the bureau have by no
means been reached, and several lines of
work are being carried on which will result
in printed reports only when the
needed appropriations are forthcoming, i
One example of this kind of work is the
collection and listing of the names of the
commercial organizations of this country
a work which has been going forward <
during the last year This work will in- i
dude a record of their functions, commit- j j
tees, dues, income, special interest or ter-ij
rltory served, and similar facts, and will , \
be printed as a "Directory of Trade Or- '
ganizations," an annua) volume. Busl- ,
ness men. claim officials of the bureau, j
want such a directory, and a bill is now ,
pending in Congress authorizing its pub- s
lieation. Another similar task held in \
abeyance for lack of funds and sufficient t
clerical assistance is the preparation of a |
new edition of the World Trade Directory,
a volume containing a list of the
names of probable foreign buyers of
American products. The volume which
was issued in 1911 of this work was dis- f
tributed to many thousands of firms, but
a revised edition will shortly be needed, <
Separate directories for each foreign J
country, or for groups of countries, may
be compiled, however, as being more convenient
and practical to the users. (
Recently an effort has been made by an
actual study- in the field to discover the 1
practical commercial use made by busi- I
ness firms of the statistical publications i
of the bureau, and many pertinent facts r
have been disclosed by the investigation.
Many facts pointed to the need of im- c
proved methods for icporting exports, for v
Instance, or for making the import classl- $
flcations more complete. But, on the oth- t
er hand, as much was learned which
showed the importance of the material is- 8
sued by the bureau of foreign and do- 1
mestic commerce to the American manu- s
111! L/U>II1H.NI. 1
cedure of impeachment, but it has also s
demonstrated the fact that even under v
the present cumbersome system it is pos- t
sibie to purge the bench of the unfit. P
From the Detroit Free Press. ''
The Senate's verdict is at the same time j.
a welcome vindication of our established J
system for dealing with unfit judges. j
From the Baltimore American. g
The conviction of Judge Archbald is an
effective answer to those agitators who
tried to inflict upon the country the recall
of the judiciary.
From the Baltimore Sun.
Incidentally, it thrusts further into the
background the recall-of-judges proposal.
Frotn the Chicago Poat.
There is no gainsaying the fact that
impeachment proceedings made for the
purity of the bench in this case.
From the Chicago Tribune.
In the case of Judge Archbald the Senate
has done something that merits popular
approval. It has made a good start.
From the St. l^iuis Times.
Clearly it is not necessary to frame new
statutes, under which high officials may
be subject to the snap Judgment and the
passions of all the public.
From the Philadelphia Telegraph.
Cynics will say the Archbald impeachment
is a warning to others not to get
FIFTY YEARS AGO
IN THE STAR
Confidence in the ultimate success of
the north In the war between the sections
was at a low ebb at this
Gloomy time fifty years ago, owing
finll/utV to federal reverses lately
UUllOOK. suXf4,r-d In Th? SiAr 0f
January 12. lSttt. is the following editorial:
"The country will receive with undisguised
distress the news of our recent
disasters at Galveston and Vlcissburg. of
the truth of which no doubt exists. The
question of most Interest in connection
with them is simply: How can the re
currence of such mishaps to our arms be
best guarded against in the future? It is
the duty of the President of the I'nlted
States to see to that point, and he will,
doubtless, labor upon it earnestly. How
completely war is a game of chess is
forcibly proved by this loss of our pawn
on the coast of Texas and the checkmate
we at the same time received on the
banks of the Mississippi. The rebels are
fortunate, indeed, in having four of the
most experienced and sagacious professional
military men of the age?Davis,
Lee, Johnston and Jackson?to plan and
execute their moves: and until our government
avails itself of the best obtainable
military experience to devise our
campaigns and to execute the portions of
them which are to be executed from this
point, we see no room for hope that a
turn may take place in the tide of our
military affairs. The country has evidently
come to the same conclusions with
so great unanimity as that its views on
the subject must soon command the attention
to which' they are entitled. That
we cannot much longer continue the war
without thorough changes In its management
Is at length so apparent as that he
must be blind. Indeed, who does not begin
to see it. The worst enemies to the
success of our arms are those who would
hide the cause of our disaster; for they
are doing more to force us speedily to lay
down our arms on the terms of the rebels
than all semi-secessionists of the loyal
states who are 'crying peace* when there
can be no peace: as any terms of peace
that may fall to involve a thorough reconstruction
of a single government over
the territory of the Fnited Ptates wiH
merely afford a breathing apell in which
both sides may prepare for a speedy renewal
of the war. on some one cff a hundred
Added to the military embarrassments
nf the government were thnve of a flnnn
rial nature, which, were
Financial Hf-rious and increasing in
m Li difficulty. In The Star
i-rouoxes. of January 14. 1863. is the
following: comment upon this situation:
"The country seems likely to suffer
quite as much from the impracticability
of the House of Representatives in legislating
upon the financial questions of the
hour as from our now so evident military
inefficiency?quite. The views of the committee
of ways and means upon the best
method of extricating the government
from it financial difficulties seem to be
diametrically opposed to those of the Secretary
of the Treasury, which meet the
approbation of all experts in national
financial affairs, as far as we can see,
except those who arc personally interested
in aiding the state and other note issuing
banks to maintain the unnatural
privileges which they have managed to
manufacture for themselves out of our
national and individual embarrassments.
"In the House of Representatives the
contest seems to be narrowed down to
one between the national and general
public interest and those of the currencyissuing
bankers. Unless the views of
Secretary Chase are made the basis of
the financial legislation of the session, it
seems to us, sixty days will find the government
utterly unable to continue the
I*? uncvuuuii iiiu v> ai . uiujir^ ui uiruu
being as necessary to that end as men.
The rapid downward tendency of the
credit of the government should be sufficient
to awaken Congress to Its duty
In the premises; as, though apparently
prosperous now, the banks must share
the universal financial ruin that will result
from the bankruptcy which appears
to threaten the government and country."
A ray of light broke through the gloom
of the Federal situation at just about this
time fifty years ago as a
Confederate result of the discovery
Troubles. that ltle lf<?fede,Ty
was just about as despondent
on its side as the Unionists were
on theirs. This was indicated as a result
of the capture of dispatches to representatives
of the Confederacy abroad,
as to'.d in the course of an extract from
the Washington correspondence of the
New York Evening Post and printed in
The Star of January 15, 1863:
"Our blockading fleet has just captured
some very important dispatches from Jeff
Davis and his secretary of state to Mason,
Sllde'.l and others In Europe. These
dispatches give many important facts
and details in regard to the condition of
the rebels. They give the strongest statements
of the desperate straits to which
the rebel leaders are reduced, and show
that unless they can quickly get relief,
either by European interference or by dividing
the free states, and thus paral.vzng
the efforts of the government, they
nust give up their bad cause for lost,
rhese dispatches arrived here yesterday,
rhey were put up in a tin box, loaded
vith lead at one end. so as to sink quicks'
in an emergency. But our sailors
vere too quick. The government is
strongly urged to make public these capured
dispatches, and will do so as soon
i u pprtain snppi si 1 Infnrmatinn cnntain^.-l
n them is made use of."
Further reference to the national
inances occurred in tne course* of an
editorial printed in The Star
Money of January 17, 18U3, as follows:
menace. "The country sees with inreasing
apprehension the apparent coninued
determination of the House of
Representatives to put a stop to the due
>rosecution of the war, involved in its
ersistence in resisting the suggestions
if the Secretary of the Treasury
vith reference to the legislation abolutely
necessary to permit the hope
hat the government's credit can be
ustained. The handful of men in
he House notoriously in favor of the
uccess of the rebellion are now chucking
with undisguised glee over the attiude
toward these recommendations in
^hich the republican representatives in
he House of various state and local
auks stand before the country: the issue
eing simply whether the government
hall be enabled to prosecute the war,
.hen to do so it is necessary to make
he banks pay a tax on their issues in
roportion to that paid by the people at
irge on their business and profits, and if
eed be to compel their currency now
^suable without any practical restraint
f legal limitation whatever, to be withrawn
in a measure, to give place to the
overnment circulating medium."
The way to purchase happiness
Is the Installment plan.
A kindly deed to one in need
Yuu proffer when you eau.
A smile or two you must pay down;
That isn't tnueh to pay.
Then on the score you offer more
As ehances come jour way.
Of course, you're paying all your life.
You see, the sort of man
That people Mess buy* happiness
Un the installment plan.
- Taiulsville C.nirier-Journal.
This I would see onee while I live:
<My rhyme demands that eolonl
A people'* representative
Called something else but solun.
POWERS ORGE PEA
The rowers, represented b>" the French,
Russian. British, German, Austrian and
Italian ambassadors at Constantinople,
presented to the Turkish minister of foreign
affairs on the 17th instant the joint
collective note of which Turkey had already
Xoradunahian KfTendi promised a replv
after brief delay, and the cabinet pro- i
ceeded to discuss the note ir. conference.
The note, ill brief invit>.i the xtt.<nti<m i
of the imperial Ottoman government to the
grave responsibility it would assume if. by
resistance to their counsel to comply with
the terms of the allies, it should imperil
Constantinople and perhaps extend hostilities
to the Asiatic provinces of the
empire. In return for the rfsgfon of Adrianople
the powers would endtavor to assure
The representatives of the a!lies, it
should be understood, have constituted
a so id bloc lit their j
Allies' Demands lemands upon Tur- !
__ kov- Whatever quesTurkey.
tions which have
arisen among themselves concern a conference
which the allies have agreed to
hold when they have attained their purpose.
Thus, Turkey has been foiled in
the beginning in a characteristic po icy j
of playing one ally against the other, a !
policy o* divide in order to govern. The j
policy of the allies has been "a'l for one,
one for all." to the honor of the four d< l- j
The allies have demanded of Turkey j
the following territory: All that territory
west and north of a line running from ,
Cape Malatra. on the Black sea. south by
Strandza and ending at the port of Ito- 1
dosto on the sea of Mat mora, which will
become Hulga.la's outlet on that sea.
Bulgaria may obtain a 1 the basin of 1
the Maritza. The frontier passing westward
by Alnadjik and Mulgara will find j
an outlet in the Oul? of Sams. leaving to
Turkey the peninsula of Gallipot!, which
wiH form a sort of inlet.
The a!lies recognize the creation of an
j independent Albania, whose frontiers will
be determined by the great powers.
As for the Aegean Islands it is difficult
to determine actually their situation.
Some of them having a tixVd status, the
others being occupied by lta!y, it is .
thought preferable to demand them en |
bloc. Including Crete, with the under- j
standing that the questions which may (
be brought up concerning each will be ar- i
ranged with those interested.
. A writer (anonymousl who is following
the incidents of the conferences at lamdon
announces that they will he made
the subject of a "yellow book," which he
thinks would be more properly termed
"gray book." because all that is picturesque.
lifelike and true will be carefully
hidden beneath a thick covering of
tangled circumlocutions and conventional
formulas. "Alas! Thrice alas!" lie erics,
"the. dull 'ripolin' of diplomatic style will
over all. We look for men. We tind
What a pity in effect that the yellow. '
blue, red and white books mihlishp/t hv .
governments should not be a reHex of ac- !
Hons and words of the actors in these!
congresses and conferences!
The Memoirs of Prince von Hohenlohe !
is a model. I have in mind above all his
chapter devoted to the
The Congress congress of Berlin,!
r p?rl? where the prince has
01 Derim. painted the congress in
bright colors and made of it a joyous
comedy with his exceptional dry wit.
What would Hohenlohe have said, for
example, of the breakfast given the London
conference the other day by the
Duchess of Sutherland, Rechad Pasha
being seated at her right as the guest of
honor? Rechad is Mussulman, and consequently
holds in holy horror pork or pig's
grease in any form. . Nevertheless, the
chef, in disastrous ignorance of the recipes
of Mohammed, wrote on the menu in
honor of the Turkish guest: "Mousse de
jambon de paix!" <Froth or foam of
ham>! The prophet defend us! That is,
Von Hohenlohe mentions Bismarck in
the Berlin congress as old, soured and illhumored.
He disliked to be approached
on any subject, least of all the Balkans,
for which lie had special dislike. Beaconsfield,
though full of conceit, was
afraid of him. Gortschakoff grunted
when he came near, but listened to
him. Bismarck is rough to English
and Russian, but to the Turk he is
positively brutal. One day, his dog having
barked at a passing minister, he
sa:d: "That animal there does not know'
Ills business, for if he did he would have j
bitten the Turk!"
The congress of Berlin had its dinners, i
receptions, fetes, and Hohenlohe recalls j
the celebrated sally of Talleyrand 011 the
ormoroee nf -i "TWii <>nit I'ruca I
i cr' v/t ' iviina . it* s. v??o?
dances and does not advance!"
Holenlohe paints one of these diplomatic
affairs thus: "Tonight concert in
the zoological garden in our honor. The
music played all the national airs. For
France it played the air of Louis XIII.
The Armenians came to salute me. Their
black caps gave them a strange appear- j
ance. Petrovitch. the Montenegrin, was in I
costume and had the look of a brigand.
A certain Chinese envoy with spectacles
resembled a sehoolmarm and the
two Greek secretaries, in straw hats and
panaches, recalled two little fat pigs!"
Rut to return to the present conference.
The victory of the Balkan states,
Slav in their origin and tendencies, is a
marked deception for Austria-Hungary.
She has Bosnia-Herzegovina, but this
was not the prize for which Austria has
risked much and gained little, for a powerful
Balkan empire may compel the
return of Bosnia-Herzegovina to their
Slav peoples. Besides, Austria-Hungary's
ambition s'nce thirty years was toward
Saloniki: Saloniki seaport?with commercial
developments on the coast of the
Levant. The Mediterranean and Suez
canal and Saloniki are hopelessly lost!
The marvelous dream is dispelled the day
after the success of M. d'Aehrenthal in
the affair of Bosnia-Herzegovina. Moreover,
little Servia. which was to fall in
the same net, lias not onjy eseaped, hut is
about to become a great Servia.
To these deceptions there is another to
be added, the fear that, composed of so
many diverse and rival elements, the i
Slav, already <50 per cent of the population
in Austria, may iind in Servia a i
racial attraction. ]
In waiting upon the logic of events it I
may be said that Albania, whose fate lias i
wisely been directed by /lie amninirn?nun
From the Chicago News. (
Mr. Wilson extends to business a kindly 1
but admonishing hand. '
From the Chicago Itf-cord-Herald. j.
Big business still alternates between the
penitent's bench and the anxious seat <
while digesting the gospel according to 1
From the Cleveland leader.
It Is to be hoped that Wood row Wilson i
has succeeded in getting possession of ail
the negatives showing him in the act of
riding a bicycle.
From the Baltimore American.
Mr. Wilson's announcement that he will t
appoint progressives only should be consoling
to the men who have clung to the *
coattails of Mr. Bryan.
From the Baltimore Sun.
Few men say as much in as few words 1
as Gov. Wilson. *
Front the Chicago News. 1
Mr. Wilson, it seems, is about to intro- 1
duce the refreshing Innovation of passing (.
around the responsibility.
Fr??m the Oniaba World. n
Gov. Wilson is an electoral college man t
From the Pittsburgh Post.
Gov. Wilson has given New Jersey his t
la^t message, and it is a good one; but n
lie will sign, later on. some messages of F|
wider scope and importance.
From the Syracuse Ilerald. I
If Mr. Wilson had not dropped the first n
name originally bestowed upon hint, the it
lCE upon turkey '
haesudors* conference, ia coveted b?
three atatea?Servia. which could not
forget that Scutari aw lier first
capita! and Duratzo one of her a?aports.
Austria covets possession of Albania
because she considers It a nail
against a Slav overflow. Italy covets
Albania because her port of Vallore,
like Tangier, on the Straits of Gibraltar*
dominates the Canal d'Otrante.
The conference of the ambMsKiflors at
f-ondon repnsentir.g France. Russia.
Kngland. (Jfrmany. Austria and Italy,
has undoubtedly .thled the peaie conference,
which ere this, perhaps, had adjourned
definitely and resumed war operations.
The ambassadors have Jointly*
decided that Albania, as Austria-Hungary
had desirt 1. shall he independent,
autonomous and neutral under the control
of the powers. An Albanian port
will he placed at the disposal of Kervia.
as desired by the cabinet at Itelgrade;
tills jH?Tt will in- neutral, free and joined
to Servia by an international railway ti a
Ktiard and police of which will l? con- t
tided to an international u? tidarmerie.
Finally, and this Is of capital import ar.. e.
the S? rvian export at ions which arc sent
that wav pass free of all customs tax
if it had been otherwise, the outlet assured
to Servia would have been purely
tictitious. Now. due to the franchise, it
is r-al and certain.
Tnere is no longer conflict as to the
autonomy of Albania and the Adriatic
port. Servia has done exactly what sbo
should have done; she aeeepted without
delay the decision of the jtowers. Thus
the alarums ??f the Austro-Hunganan
press have l?een disproved and peace on
these points assured.
Aprojms to the role ascribed to Italy Irt
the trlplice it was rumored in Home that
scarcely had Italv slciitd a renewal or
the triplice treaty when (Jen. Conrad von
Hoetzendorf had suddenh been restored
to duty as chief of the staff of the AustroHungarian
The Forriere delta Tera of Rome published
some curious revelations touching
the ltalopholiia of Gon. lfuetsendorf. and
this publication had created much ill feeling.
During the war in the Tripolitan it
appears (Hen. 1 loetzendorf endeavored to
persuade the Swiss government to iwiclude
an arrangement with Austria in
ease of war against Italy. According to
the plan of the Austrian chief of etaf.
Switzerland should attack Italy on the
northwest, while Austria would attack
the northeast. On. Ifoctzendorf'g retention
tinder such circumstanuees was decided
to l?e impolitic because of the influence
he sought to exercise over his
government. Count d'Aehrenthal. in his
dilemma, submitted the matter to the
emperor in those words: "t'onrad or me.'*
and t'onrad was told that lie must retire.
M. Foineare has made two speeches
recently which have won for the French
minister a most exalted position in Fram e
and. indeed, everywhere. We have mentioned
the one in the chamber. We invite
attention to his speech that followed in
The premier slcetrhed'the exterior policy
of France, which had been obscured.
France could not remain indifferent to
actual events without compromising lie."
M. Kokovtzof had said In the dutna of
the Russian empire that Russia was sur"
of France. Russia could no
France and more doubt Franco than
. France could doubt Russia
The accord between England
and France was absolute and entile.
England's aid had be.-n particularly prei
ions in the difficult circumstances which
Enrol ? traverses at the present.
The question of the orient, which had
been regarded during centuries as a redoubtable
enigma, is aliout to be solved
by an inevitable force In the sense that
corresponds to French sympathies.
The union of the Kalkan peoples was a
grand spectacle, 'that winch was a drtuu
had oecoine a iraiity. The idea win to
haunted the spirit ot the celebrated Servian
patriot, ilia tlarascninme since lsi?,
winch had inspired i'rtnce .Michel ourvu. vlteh
since 1*t?d. wuich had sedu< eu tti toe;
Occident sucli men as Lamarunc, Vtctu
Hugo. <5ambet:a. Iiad now penetrated the
conscience of the people themselves, and
Iiad pushed them to great tilings in the
name of Justice ana liberty. l-ian<e
would belle her generous traditions ii gae
did not judge with sympathy the work of
these growing nations.
The Balkans henceforth should belong to
the EalKanic peoples?Bulgarians, ?ii.ck*,
Servians, Montenegrins. Albanians?this
was the most natural and equitable solution.
and presents the greatest guarantee*
ot duration and stability.
The conversations between am assadors
at London bad been marked by unanimity.
The principle of an autonomous Albania
under the control of all tile poweig,
including France, bad been aumitteu.
They are of one mi rid in leaving Servia.
which needed a seaport, a free and neutral
port without being obliged to pay
customs dues and with free transit, ail
under tiie guaiantee 01 European powers
It remained to determine tiie re-rimc
and the limits of Albania. France win
look out tor tlie interests alike 01 <iieeaa,
Hulganans, Servians and Montenegrins.
And tnus, when it-aw is signed oetween
tlie alln-s and toe Ottoman empire, either
through tile pact of the plenipotcntiai! s
or thruugu tne councils ol' Europe, that
peace will repose upon a solid nas.s atiu
rurnish to these young and vuuam nations
tlie means ol repairing tueu losses
in men and money and in tne uevc.opmen
t of tneir prosperity.
As for Turkey, atter the conouests of
the allies she will undoubtedly lose a
great part of her European territory,
hut will still preserve 111 Asia a considerable
and nourishing empire, wnere
it will only depend upon her to exercise
iier authority in tlie interest of
progress and civilization. II Turkey is
well inspired it is in Asia stie may luru
her eyes and hope for the future.
In order to avoid tuture trouble Turkey
would uo well to listen with bene- *
voienee to the wishes ot her people tor
example in the Lebanon and in Syria.
Since many months France lias asked
m Constantinople support <>f projects
of reform in favor of niose people, but
nothing lias been done.
In tlie Lebanon, and 111 Syria notably,
France lias traditional interests, and
she will cause them to be respected.
Fiance is determined to maintain in
Asia tlie integrity of the Ottoman empire,
but she would not abandon any
of iier traditions nor repudiate the
sympathies site had acquired in tlie
Lebanon and Syria.
Tiiis declaration of the French I
premier will carry joy not only to
Syrians in Syria, but to the two hundred
and rifty thousand of her people
who wander in Egypt, Europe and
America, driven from tneir land by the
Hopeless anarchy of the Turkish regime.
It is sunset now for Turkey in Europe.
The sunrise tomorrow in Asia
promises to be obscured by the clouds
that lower upon Asia Minor. Armenia
#-ll CIMII l.iM i >v?s
coming administration might have been
known in the future as that of "the two
"rom the Top*!** Journal.
Gov. Wilson is hailed as a man of independents
and determination. But does '
be dare refuse to tip the Pullman porter?
rom the Wilmington livery Kvcning.
Gov. Wilson's messages reatl far better
ihan the reports of his public speeches.
'r?m the Jacksonville Tiwts-l oit?n.
If the I'resident-elect has decided to
jut none but progressives in oflipe. we
niggest Theodore Itooseveli for Secretary
'rom the Chattanooga Times.
All of the electoral eollege is cheering
rem the Sacramento Bee.
So many eligible* have been mentioned
or cabinet positions that President-eiect
A'ilson will be forced to hang out a "S.
*. U." sign.
rom the Toledo Biadc.
President-elect \yilson is deserving of
10 little credit for his evident deterniinaion
not to talk loo much.
mm the Columbia State.
Gov. Wilson seems determined to let
he cabinet situation go into extra lnilngs.
rom the ritthlmrjth Gaxette-Tlme*.
However, if Mr. Wilson doesn't adopt
)r. Bryan into the cabinet that is not
ecessarily the same as knocking him
nto a cocked hat.
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