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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, March 02, 1913, Image 22

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THE EVENING STAR,
With Sunday Moraine Edition.
~ W ASHINGTON. ~~
SUNDAY March 2. 1913
THEODORE W. NO YES Editor
Tie Eveaiai Star Newspaper Caayaaj,
Easiness Office. llfh St. and Pennsrlyanla Arena*.
New York office: Trthane Buildin*.
Cbfcafo Office: First National Bank Building.
Luropeun Office: 2 Regent St.. London. England.
The Evening Siar. witii the Sunday nvwnln?
edition, is delivered by carriers within the city
at 4.1 cents per month: daily only. '?> cent* par
aronth: Sunday on!y. 2*> cents per month. Orders
may be sent by mail, or telephone Main 3440.
Collection is wade by carrier at the end of each
month.
By mall. postage prepaid:
Daily. Sunday included, one month, fid cents.
Dally. Sunday excepted, one month. 40 rents.
Saturday Star. $1 year. Snnd.iy Star. $3.40yrit.
Entered as seeond-cinas mail matter at tha post
office at hatlil'iKtoo. D. C.
CTTn order to avoid delays on account of
v.cr>onal absence letter? to THE STAR ahoaM
*? v
rot t?- addressed to any inoiTKiuai
with tti? ofB'-e: l?t'f simply to TILE STAR, or to
rdltorial or Busin'-ss Department, according
to tenor or purpose.
Washington and Lincoln. j
\:o Washington and Lincoln out-of-'
. .it' ? Have they no message for these
time.-? Are we mistaken in looking to
their performances for inspirations and
suggestion in tlie work we now have in
hand? i
Then art men before the public whose <
deliverances lead to these questions.
Some of them spoke on the 12th ultimo, :
and others on the 22d. The tributes to
both the father and the preserver of the
countiy were warm, hut somehow qualiTied.
It was admitted that Washington's
work was great, and well done. As much
was said of I.ineoln's work. Each solved
ie- problems of his day. aJtd earned tlie '
.i-ting gratitude <>f his countrymen.
I hit we are reminded that Washington's 1
w.ok w is done ntorc than a hundred '
\?a r.- ago. and Lincoln's tlfty years ago. '
N' w times, new problems. New prob- '
t ins, new men. Neither Washington nor *
Lincoln had either the trusts or eonserva- 1
ion to consider. Both were protection- 1
.-ts. but th< tariff problem of their day '
was not th< tariff prohleni of this day. 1
Ml very title, but it fails to take into j '
account the broad principles for which '
lite two m< n stood, and upon which they 1
a t? <1. They found warrant in the Con- '
stitution for all they did, and all they
did still further strengthened the Constitution.
At the end of sixty years Wash- 1
ington was an inspiration to Lincoln, and '
why at the end of fifty years should not '
Lincoln 1> an inspiration to us? 1
Had Washington been in the White '
House in ISt'.l he would have found, us ]
Lincoln did. power enough in the Consti- '
tutiuri to save the country from dismem- '
b? rnunt. He would have proceeded quite 1
as promptly as Mr. Lincoln did against )
secession, and being a trained soldier <
probably with a clearer idea of the mili- 1
tary difficulties presented. The war, un- 1
der his general direction of the Union <
' a use. might have ended sooner than it <
did. Certain it is that he would have
employed all the resource., of the govern- j
ment to suppoit and defend the Constitution.
<
If Lincoln were in the White House today
he would be laying liis course by
the Constitution as i'oiisnenuousi>
Tuft has laid his. The men who are.
claiming him for a revolutionist, and declaring
that if alive he would bo supporting
radical departures from the old
chart, give a strange reading of hig record.
In his day lie met the temptations
of a change, but resisted them. He remained
a constitutional conservative to
tie- end; and students of that great struggli
today agree that by no other course
could he have performed the services
that have made his name immortal.
The National Capital's Partners.
It is to be hoped that those who visit
the capital during the inauguration period
w ill take occasion to study the city In
the light of its peculiar character as a
federal community. Tills is. strictly
speaking, the city of all the country, and
those who eonie from Maine and from
California, front the south and front the
northwest, from the urban and the rural
eetlons, have a partnership concern
in it.
It is on such occasions that the city
:opes for a broadening and deepening of
the interest which the American people
lake in it. In most of its appointments
it feels that it is properly an object of
pride on the part of the dwellers in the
states. But there are things jet to be)
lone to bring it up to the full measure of
its possibilities. In a certain sense those
who come here front elsewhere at such a
time arc responsible for the proper development
of the federal city. They have it
in their power by influencing the attitude
and the actions of their representatives
in t'ongfess regarding the District to hasten
tin- ?volution of the ideal national,
- cai.ital.
Was.lingue.inns who in contact'
v ::.i visitors iium t ;< states during the j
nauguratiuii perii?l should seize the op-i
ortunity to explain to them the peculiar
ature of in- vit>. the unusual character
??f its government, the degree to which it
d?-p? nii? ;,t ipoii congressional rnactm--nts
for th? efficiency of its adminlstra- '
. ih?n and tin necessity and equity of the
Italf-and-half division of eost between the
District and tin federal funds. It is more
important to make t!.is plain to the visitors
than it is to show tliem the sights,"
which are obvious and easily appreciated.
he residents of the District should constitute
themselves a great committee of
the whole to cause a better understand>ng
on the part of the people from outside
of Washington's record, opportuniii>
s and needs.
' " 1
r.v sending over a fleet of airships
i; might be possible to inteiest a great
many of those Mexicans in a way that
v ould make them stop lighting for a
while. Still it is a question whether the
ves of American aviators should be
itsked for so temporary a benefit.
Most of the trouble in our economic
- tern is caused by a resentment on the
curt of people who have to "hike'' toward
the use of special train facilities
to fame antl success.
If .Mr. Wilson as President establishes
..i office in the Capitol building he may
nnd it desirable to go further and announce
lecture hours.
i?
"I" e man who is among those mentioned
for political appointment wonders
ketlier Marjdi l is a prologue to April 1.
The Spring Session.
;i ; he country rejoice that it is to
.?\e Cong:ess on Itr hands in the spring.
Take our foreign affairs. We are. and
.ay be for some months to come, nerv..
- about Mexico. We are responsible
an order in Cuba, and disorder may
or out of the approaching change of
idniinistratlon there, rarest is showing
r, certain section, of Centra) and South
vr.rcraa. and should it take a turbulent
>rm on* interests there :nay require
^:ae . iioo .?n our pa *t.
Take o duii'?.. ti' afla.is. ftusiness
nervous about the incoming administrate
tt- I will '>< ofticeivd o> men either
new to executive duties, or new to the
public notice. They will have their hands
full at once of matters of the highest
importance. A very great deal will depend
on how the ball is set rolling.
But with Congress in session, complications
if they arise can be adjusted
with the assistance of that body. If
nAnesArnionnl lo ImnArfonl If* HT1V
wii5* ccotvtiai ai^iivu xr> jtujM/t vauv ?M *
case, it can be had without delay. The
President will have only .o submit the
matter by message, and what is necessary
can be voted in short, order.
Congress also, it is true, will show new 1
men. and many of them. Such a campaign
as was waged last year, with one
of the old parties in a state of disorganization,
was bound to retire many experienced
legislators in favor of opponents
who ordinarily would not have
had a chance of success.
But the majority party in both houses
will be led by men of experience; and
that should count heavily in the equation.
In the lower house particularly
the presence of Mr. Clark. Mr. I'nderwood.
Mr. Clayton and others should help
steady the general situation as Congress
may be called upon to notice it.
The length of the session will be determined
by development? Intervention
in Mexico or another intervention in
Cuba might make U advisable for Congress
to tarry awhile on that account. ,
Some sharp business disturbances growing
out of the shaping of new tariff, or
trust, or currency measures might make
it advisable for Congress in some way to
deal with them.
But. in any case, we are to have Congress
in session soon after the Issuance
of the country's latest mandate as to
legislation, and with power to deal with
all questions affecting the public welfare.
And there is in the fact much for the
country to be thankful for. ,
Honoring Capt. Rostron.
In the presentation of a medal of \
aonor, granted by vote of Congress, to
_'apt. A. H. Rostron, eommander of the
steamer Carpathia. for his part in
rescuing the survivors of the Titanic (
lieaster last spring, the United States ,
pays a tribute to a man who performed
lis duty to humanity in & crisis without
hesitation. It is. of course, assured .
J
that any man confronted as Capt. Ros- ,
Iran was with such an emergency would j
probably have risen to it in the same ,
manner. But it is none the less due to
biin to express in this tangible and
onspicuous manner the thanks of the ,
L'nited States for his noble service rendered
so unhesitatingly and so ef- !
tlciently.
Capt. Rostron proved to be not only
equal to the emergency which the Ti- |
tunic disaster presented, but has
throughout the subsequent proceedings
borne himself admirably. He doubtless
regarded that day's performance as
part of the work a sailor is called
upon to do. lie maintained the traditions
of the sea. His first thought
was for the people who had been so
narrowly saved from death, not for
those who were intrusted to his care
in the ordinary course of business, and
iiis prompt decision to return them at
ante to land was a creditable instance
of correct judgment.
The medal of honor granted by Congress
and presented yesterday by
President Taft is a token of unusual
distinction. Not many of these symbols
of the national gratitude have
been issued. Capt. Rostron stands in a
distinguished company in this regard,
and the United States is proud to pay
tribute to him. The occasion serves
as a reminder of a shocking disaster,
which it Is to be hoped will have no
equal In time to come. The lesson
that the Titanic's fate taught has not
yet been fully applied. . Steamships j
lire continuing to plough the sea at
high speeds and few of the reforms
which the catastrophe of last spring
plainly indicated have been put into
execution. But navigation is in a measurable
degree safer in consequence of
this disaster, which was so needless
and which might so easily have been
avoided.
.' |
The Uninvited.
Of all impudent assertions, tiiat alleged
to have emanated from Castro at Havana
to the effect that he had been invited by
Mr. Wilson to attend the inauguration as
his special guest reaches the limit. It
must be that Castro has a sense of humor
hitherto unsuspected. Or else perhaps
he is hinting. Maybe he thinks that
the least the President of the United .
States could do, in the light of the court's !
declaration that the Venezuelan exile is a ;
welcome visitor, would be to ask him to
his inauguration. Mr. Wilson's prompt
denial will probably set this matter right j
as far as Castro Is concerned. The American
people had no reed of any such refutation
from the President-elect, Castro's
colossal nerve has always been such as to
cause no surprise now at anything he
does. He is at all events a rather poor
politician. In that he gets in bad with the
new administration before it reaches
office.
| >
"
A lawyer for the New York Stock l?xchango
describes his client as "the vitals ,
of the nation and the state." It might ]
be as well to call in a doctor and sec ;
whether the ailment threatened is
financial cirrhosis or merely pecuniary
dyspepsia.
in spite of the many disappointments
that have followed announcements of new
cures, science has made so much progress
in lighting diseases once regarded as j
hopeless that no new claim can be dis- j
missed without respectful consideration.
After a London suffragette has refused
to eat for a few days she begins to wonder
why mere men should enjoy special
privileges at the noon hour with reference
to coffee and sandwiches.
Mexico's rather fickle army has caused
the doctrine that a military organization
is a peace promoter to be scrutinized
with some suspicion.
New York's Subway threatens to bring (
underground finance to notice as an interesting
product of high finance.
'Ware Swindlers!
Just now it is seasonable to warn all'
people, whether permanent residents or
visitors, to beware of swindlers and
crooks. Despite all police precautions it
is inevitable that some of the gentry will
get here to take advantage, if possible, of
the crowds and work their games upon
tire unsophisticated and the unsuspicious.
There will be affable strangers with
money-changing requests. And there will .
Ins casually met individuals, seemingly
guileless, who will stnke tip acquaintance
ami suggest apparently innocent
modes of diversion. There will be amateur
photographers arousing interest and
thus getting hold of the attention of
honest tourists who are waiting for the
big show. Then, of course, there will be
pickpockets and more direct plunderers. '
And for protection against all of these
there is a very simple rule of conduct.
Be cautious. It is better to be unjustly
suspicious tiian to fall into the clutches
of a swindler or to lose a watch or
po^ketbook at the hands of an artful
dodger. People grow very careless in
crowds, exposing -vvatchcliains and purse
pockets with amazing indifference to the
weil understood propensity of the lightflngercd
to Investigate other folks' clothe?
.\? lor the bunco men tlicy are not daaa.
serous if one will simply mind one's own
business. Flashy propositions of opportunities
for diversion are- to be passed up
without discussion. There will perhaps
be some fake guides, seeking merely to
entangle the stranger and separate him
from his money. The city provides licensed
guides who can he easily identified,
and all others should bo avoided. There
are enough policemen here to give information
to inquiring strangers, and if
Washington's guests during these next few
days will be ordinarily discreet and sen*
* * aj?in eu ? t t
siDJe in Tneir at'iniues inc> ?jii
no occasion to regret their visit.
Fire Traps.
Omaha furnishes the latest instance
of a hotel death trap catching: Are in
the early morning: and burning a number
of people. The dispatches describing
the tragedy tell a story that is terribly
familiar. The building was old
and shaky. Two of the Ave stories of
the original structure had been removed
by order of the municipality
for the sake of safety, but apparently
the remnant of the house was deemed
good enough to serve as a hotel. Probably
in every city, particularly in cities
where politics governs, are just such
nstances of neglect of-the laws of
safety. Old shells are continued in use
as hotels and lodging houses that should
have long since been razed, and they
scrve their purooses well enough until
some night there is a crossing of
electric wires?an easy thing to happen
in these "remodeled" rookeries?
or an overheated furnace Aue, or carelessness
in the kitchen, and in a Aasli
the place is in flames. Having been
built without reference to any other
law than that of business, to get the
most profit out of a given space, the
structure affords a minimum of chances
to the occupants for escape. Usually
lire escapes are worthless because
merely sham observances of the law.
where there is any pretense at meeting
its requirements. A building meeting
modern safety standards could not
possibly burn as freely as did this
Omaha hotel, and it would be virtually
impossible to trap any number of
guests even in case of a swift blaze.
But how many of the lower grade
places of public accommodation are of
this character. The Omaha fire makes it
incumbent upon municipal officials
throughout the United States to inspect
rigorously all such establishments, and
in ease they are not assuredly safe to
prohibit their continued use for such
purposes.
tIT.lnnni. In All PnnlPTC '
TV UVVIUV l>V Uil vviuvau i
Aii unusually large crowd will probably
be in Washington for this inauguration.
The occasion Is unique in that there is a
dual attraction. The assemblage here ol
leaders and representatives of the woman
suffrage movement throughout the United
States adds to the interest of the occasion
and Washington will be the scene ol
two pageants, strikingly dissimilar ir
character, but both highly interesting and
significant.
Washington, above all other American
cities, is capable of caring for a large
crowd on such an occasion. It is aecustomed
to the entertainment of multitudes
and has reduced the matter to a scientitle
basis. Throughout the year it i3 the
scene of many gatherings, some large and
some small, some of them national and
others international in character. This is
a strictly American occasion and Washington
rises to it with its usual spirit and
hospitality. It welcomes all who come
and gives tlieni its best.
Chicago's new Chinatown is to have a
church whose creed is r^ade up from the
beliefs of a number of Christian churches.
It may be found eventually that a universal
religion will be possible, with benefits
far beyond those of the much-sought
universal language.
Suffragettes in England call attention
to a condition which frequently presents
itself in which the government is compelled
to step in to protect the people
who are seeking to discredit or destroy it.
A twenty-thousand-dollar doctor's bill
for a man in J. P. Morgan s circumstances
does not necessarily mean that
the patient was in imminent danger.
It is sometimes difficult to understand
why Harry Thaw was not tempted some
11 i 11 v il|}U lu iriiic iu Hinaic iwr.
SHOOTING STARS.
BV r 13 J LAN DEE JOHNSON.
Hope.
' Vou have been condemned to be shot
at sunrise," said the friendly guard.
"Well," replied the Mexican prisoner.
"I'm willing to take a chance on formal
marksmanship. But don't let anybody
send a rescue party for me."
A way to guess a man's political likes
or dislikes is to note the kind of weather
he hopes for on Inauguration day.
Spring.
The merry spring we soon shall see,
With blossoming so line,
When we are lilied with poetry
And also with quinine.
When a man says he "has been disillusioned"
it merely means that he took
a rash chance and guessed wrong.
Punctilious.
' We must avoid anything in the v\ay
of dollar diplomacy." said one international
lawyer.
"Just as you like," replied the other;
"we'll do a little mental arithmetic when
we get dpwn to real business and mention
only pounds or francs."
Comparisons.
"So >ou think a member of Congress
has some advantages over a President?"
"Yep. A member of Congress can get
leave to print, but a President has to
stand out of doors and read every word
of his inaugural address."
An Exaggerated Impression.
The Era of (ireat Mirthfulness possesses
all the land.
You hear the plea for Laughter rising
up on every hand.
The .iest that rippled light and free while
Folly had his fling
Has now become a tragic and a mercenary
thing.
IIow can a sympathetic world withhold
its kind applause
From fun, so seriously meant, though it
may have its flaws.
When a comedian stands forth and says
amid his chaff,
"I'll get a raise of wages if you'll let me
make you laugh"?
The solemn dissertation on "the Wherefore
and the Why'*
Is overwhelmed bv jollities that daze the
passer-by.
The quip, the paradox, the pun, the anecdote
so gay
Come tumbling in confusion as the hours
rush on their way.
There isn't any subject so impressive or
sublime
That it can't be mode the topic of twist
in prose or rhyme;
So we'll wander to the graveyard where
the willows bend around.
For it's only on a tombstone that a serious
thought is found.
? could with diseases they knew naught of, w
how they came or what would cure them,
At first the number of sick seamen was t*
small enough to make their care one of ic
individual interest rather than a matter gi
of community concern. But soon the
number grew to such proportions that the ^
colonists began to feel that their care was w
one of the crown's duties instead of the ti
individual colonists, and so hospitals were tl
established.
Then came the revolution, and the
buildings used as hospitals were confiscated
and made to accommodate soldiers 01
as well as sailors fighting for this country.
After the revolution, In 1798, as a ?
result of a bill introduced by Robert *
Livingston of New York, an act was
passed for "the relief of sick and disabled
seamen." That was the creation
of what is today the public health serv- .
ice. The hospitals continued more as local
Institutions, however, than as govern- S1
meni ones. In the meantime, too, Massa- si
chusetts and Virginia had established ma- c,
rlne hospitals, under the supervision of
the state. C]
As conducted in the beginning, the nta- n
rine hospital service, as it was then des- A
ignated, consisted of small hospitals at p
the principal ports of entry into this y
country. The few officers connected with
the service were stationed permanently 81
at these points, while the work was car- H
ried on under the supervision of the collector
of customs. The reason for this ss
was that every seaman and officer on 01
American ships had to pay 1:0 cents a si
month toward the maintenance of the g
hospitals. As it was the collector of cus- tl
toms who received the monthly payments, g,i
it was quite natural to give hini the fur- tl
ther duty of supervision of the hos- a
pitals themselves. During the early years K]
the benefits of the marine hospitals were y
extended to sailors of the United States si
Navy, but in 1811 Congress authorized d
tiie establishment of separate naval hos- p,
pitals.
* \ d
it: * CJ
The men who made up the corps con- c
nected with this new service had odds to 31
overcome hardly believable g
Difficult to the scientifically pro- 81
Prnhlems tected citizen of today. c<
' From practically every port w
ill IV nr-lrl ftiir or*am/,n xuniiM
... V..-V .. w. v/wl uwwtt*vu * VlUill I ^
home, and bring with them almost every n
disease Jtnown at that time. And many t
of these diseases were contagious, and w
1 instoad of having to care for sick sea- ii
- men alone, a community would often find f(
i itself threatened with the extermination h
1 of its entire population. And all this
time the physicians were striving to s
learn something of the diseases theml
selves. tj
I "With cholera epidemics killing liun- I
dreds, it was natural that a move- h
L ment should be started to place quar- n
antinc control under government super- r
1 vision. It was then a police power of n
the individual states. It is interesting n
i to note that one of the lirst bills in- tl
. troduced in the initial session of our r
, American Congress related to this sub:
Ject. But it was not until the first li
L session of the Fourth Cqngress that e
any act bearing on the matter was b
i passed. At that time the power was s
. given the President of the United p
States to change the place of holding n
Congress in the event of a contagious n
i disease becoming prevalent In Wash- c
ington. That was in 1794, and two v
years later another act was passed, h
this time in connection with quarantine
control.
In 1853 came one of the worst epidemics
ever Icnowji in this country.
Of 16,000 people in the city of New t,
Orleans alone who contracted yellow I
fever S.000 perished. One of the handi-1 J
cans in flffhtinir the disease at flint I
time was the fact that officers of the
marine hospital service were stationed
at fixed posts, and consequently only J
those stationed at the port of New Or- p
1 leuns were there to tight the dread
plague.
... u
* * q
During the civil war the hospitals it
were again used alike for soldiers and ^
sailors. In 1870 came n
Reorganization a reorganization, and c
of Service ,hls can b* 9aid to si
oi ocrvicc. be the rea, bCglnning t<
of the service as it is todav. All hos- **
ei
pitals were placed under the charge of g
a supervising surgeon, commissioned a
by the President. All other officers u
i were appointed by the Secretary of
the Treasury, of which department the sj
i service was, and still is, a part. After g
the epidemic in New Orleans in 1853 tl
the wisdom of making the service corps jj
mobile became apparent, and this was
one of the biggest features of the ti
reorganization. And none too soon, for is
between 1870 and 1880 came several *
more epidemics of yellow fever in the ,
south. That of 1878 paralyzed the
whole of the south, stopping her external
commerce and internal admlnis- J1
: tration. Of 30.000 people attacked "
115,000 died. Although the service force C1
| at that time numbered not more than CM
j twenty officers they were sent to the
; tiring line to figlit the disease. And "!
t yellow fever ut that time was little p
' understood by medical science. Xot ir
even its method of transmission was c(
(known. ;
As the horror of 1853 taught Congress y
! a lesson, so the recurrent horror of j *
i 1878 showed the need of further ineas- j 1
i urcs, and an act was passed to prev"ent n
the introduction of contagious diseases i ?
into the country. At about the same i
time some of those opposed to this I ?
i step were instrumental in the creation ' "
of a national board of health, com- I
posed of eleven members, who should j
have charge of the quarantine control. !
Large sums of money were appropri- j
ated for the use of this board, and itjs1
carried out its instructions for nearly
ten years. At the end of that time, j g
however, the quarantine powers were
returned to the Treasury Department,
which originally had supervision. Later
in the same year the powers were f<
transferred to the marine hospital serv- g
ice, and since then have remained undcr
that office. B
I % 4
* I*
# I ei
JBy tlie provisions 01 an act approved j oi
in 1SS2 a fund was created which has since j 1c
come to bear a very 1m- !
Preventing; portant relation to the ; n
sanitary defense of this; tl
Epidemics. country. This was for the j ?
prevention of the introduction and spread i 01
of contagious diseases. As originally J?.
enacted the provision gave the President tc
the power, in case of actual or threat- si
ened epidemic, to use a sum not exceeding os
5100,000 for the aid of state and local
boards, or otherwise, for the prevention of
the spread of the same. Congress still
makes appropriations, thus keeping this, ei
fund available, the amiount now being; fi
usually fcOO.OOo. j pi
In 1803 came the act placing the medical j d<
inspection of arriving immigrants under
the service. This measure was taken as a h
result of the prevalence of cholera in Eu- i ct
rope in that year, and the danger of Its w
importation into the United States was e:
considered so imminent that the Presi- d
dent signed a proclamation prohibiting a
j THE NEW PR
From the Knoxftlle Journal aid Tribune. o
Xext Tuesday Woodrow Wilson will
fall heir to some responsibilities he hadn't Ft
thought about when he was nominated
for President. p
From tbe tjrand Rapids Press. ?
AA'ilson's inaugural address will consist v
of only ii.OOO words. He starts off like a
President worth having.
From tUc New A'ork Evening Telegra*. n
Quit publisiiing those lists of cabinet t<
officers. It's causing Mr. Wilson no end w
0
UBLIC HEALTH
le entrance of immigrants into this counT
for twenty days. Now a hospital is
lalntalned at New York, in charge of
(fleers of the service, where sick immlrants
are held under observation. Ill a
Ingle year nearly 100,000 Immigrants are
hysically examined.
The service of today Is far different
om that created in 1798. Instead of a
truggllng body of poorly equipped men
'ho battled against unknown diseases
lands a scientifically equipped service
1th trained men in all parts of the world,
nd with headquarters in Washington. In
MY* tha no mo nf Aha aotn'toA vflB phunCAd
SAFEGUARDING F
i
When this country was young enough tl
to be still one of the "crown's" posses- ti
slons, the little American fleet jj,
, Care of would returnr home laden with ^
Sail ore ?ar8oes o? various sorts, and s1
sailors. In additlon to the wares p
packed away in the hold came crews of ^
sailors smitten with sicknesses new to s1
the colonies. The sailors were cared for, n
and the physicians battled as best they st
) public health and marine hospital sefv:e
of the United States, with a surgeon
enerai in charge. Still later, in August,
>12. the name was again changed, it now
elng the United States public health
?rvice. The marine hospital and relief
ork still forms part of the functions of
le service, being carried on by one of
le divisions.
*
* *
The service, which is under the direction
f Surgeon General Rupert Blue, consists
of seven divisions, each in
division charge of a commissioned
nf VJ V medical officer. The dlvi01
WOrK. sjonB COver marine hospiils
and relief, personnel and accounts,
omestic quarantine, foreign and inular
quarantine, sanitary reports and
tatistics. scientific research and mispllancous
matters. The officers in
harge of the divisions in the order
amed are: Dr. William J. Pettus, Dr.
rthur H. Glennan, Dr. William C.
Lucker, Dr. Deland E. Cofer, Dr. John
7. Trask, Dr. John W. Kerr, assistant
urgeon generals, and Dr. Richard A.
Learny, assistant surgeon.
The division of scientific research and
tnltation supervises the detail reports
f officers ordered to attend national and
tate medical societies and sanitary oranizations.
and prepares for publication
le proceedings of conferences between
Late boards and the service. Through
le division controlling maritime quarntinc
is carried on the inspection of
hips, nearly 17,000 being inspected In one
ear at domestic, insular and foreign
Lations, involving the inspection, in adition,
of approximately 1,500,000 per
3ns, passengers and crews. The disin?ction
of about 2,000 vessels for the
estruction of rats and mosquitoes, the
irriers of plague and yellow fever, filso
oine under this division, as well as the
ledioal Inspection of arriving immirants.
Under the division of domestic (intertate)
quarantine also comes work in
onnection with contagious diseases'. It
as this division which a few years ago
arried on the war against plague-in?cted
rats on the Pacific coast, killing
lore than 200.000 of the little pests in
hree cities. Of that number 162,603
ere examined in the federal laboratories
nd none found Infected. Of 118,355
quirrels destroyed, however. 351 were
>und to be infected, while four eas?s of
uman plague were reported in a year.
In the division of sanitary reports and
tatistics is compiled and published a
eekly pamphlet entitled "Public Health
ieporis." This bulletin contains a staIstical
report from all cities in the
"nited States of more than 10,000 inabitants,
and some others,, giving the
lorbidity and mortality in each city with
egard to twelve diseases, and the total
lortality from all diseases. The weekly
mortality in 120 foreign cities from
hirteen communicable diseases is also
e ported.
The personnel and accounts division
andleg the records of officers and the
xpenditures of the service, the latter
eing about $2,000,000 a year. This diviion
also keeps in touch with the medical
rofesslon at large and with sanitary
lovements. In one ?year forty-seven
leetings of sanitary and medical assoiatlons
were attended, while 145 articles
ere contributed by officers of the scrv;e
to the medical and lay press.
? ?
v 'c
The scope of the work carried on b>
Ills service is limited only by its annual
appropilatlons. Med>n
Foreign ical officers bearing the
- . insignia of the service are
Service. 10 be fOUn(j jn China and
apan, where they keep informed on the
revalence of contagious diseases. They
re also obliged to sign bills of heath,
hich certify that all the regulations reuired
at foreign ports from vessels leavlg
for this country have been complied
ith. At the most Important posts eomilssioned
officers arc stationed, the otli
rs being assistant surgeons. A eommisloned
officer is one who lias been admltid
to the corps after a physical and
rofessional examination, and is appolnt[1
by the President and confirmed by the
enate. Acting assistant surgeons are
ppointed by the Secretary of the Treasry.
The former office is for life, the lat;r
temporary. At the present time the
srvice consists of about 140 commisioned
officers, JOO acting assistant sureons,
40 pharmacists and 1,000 others,
lis including ttje clerical force at headuarters,
attendants and nurses at the
ospitals, etc.
Aside from twenty-two marine liospiils
owned and operated by the service,
; the hygienic laboratory in Washington,
liis Is a research laboratory exclusively
ir public health investigations. It is conucted
in four divisions, bacteriology and
athology, chemistry, zoology and pharlacology.
Officers are detailed to receive
istructlon in this laboratory, thus inreaslng
the scientific knowledge of the
irps, and giving opportunity for the
election of men qualified for permanent
etail on specific subjects, such as tyhoid
fever, pellagra, hookworm disease,
ifantile paralysis, scientific disinfection,
tc.
In .speaking of the work of the service
ie other day, Surgeon General Itupert
ilue made an interesting comparison,
ontrasting the act providing for the reloval
of Congress in the event of an
pidemic here, and the proclamation of
he President in 1S&I prohibiting iinmirants
from landing, with events today,
e said:
?.t I
}
4'The former la an example of the super-ition
of that period. Such a thing would
be unnecessary touperstition
of day, for we are able
EarlvDavs to 6tamp out cpI"
sunny sinys. demies rapidly. As
>r prohibiting the entrance of irnmirants.
in 1011 the country stood in as
reat danger of importing cholera as in
SOS. yet nothing was done to prevent the
itrance of immigrants, and, in addition,
ur officers quarantined ships for not
>nger than forty-eight hours."
In the same act which changed the
anie of the service was a provision to
le effect that "the public health service j
lay study and investigate the diseases
C man and conditions influencing the
ropagation and spread thereof." Al- j
lough that act went into effect last Oc- *
>ber, it was only during the present sea- j
on that an appropriation sufficient^ to i
irry on this new work, together with
le authority to appoint additional offl- ,
?rs. was made, to become available at
le beginning of the ensuing tiscal year. (
Surgeon General Blue believes that the !
llarged field of work which resulted i
om this act will eventually lead to the i
resent bureau becoming a government j
epartuient.
"We are the national health service,'* (
e said, "and although wc are able to
irry out our duties as a bureau, the |
ork will eventually broaden to such an
stent as to warrant our being made a j
epartment, with the right to the dignity,
ttached thereto."
ESIDENT.
f trouble changing his original tab so as
o prove all the guessers wrong.
rom the Pittsburgh Chronicle-Telegraph.
Woodrow's refusal to follow the examle
of his predecessors by joining tho
ristoeratic Chevy Chase Club no doubt
ains him, but It gets him in all right
1th the horny-handed multitude.
rom toe CleTeland Leader.
Woodrow Wilson doesn't look like a
tan who would permit his administration
o be Bryanized or "lsted" in any other
-ay except Wilsonized.
FIFTY YEARS AGO
IN THE STAR
The climate of Washington has not materially
changed In the past half century.
There Is evidence in the
Heavy flics of The star that a
? snowstorm in late Febru*
arv was then regarded as
quite as much of a novelty as it Is now.
In the issue of February -J3. ISO?., is the
following news paragraph:
"During Saturday night the snowflakcjs
commenced to fall thirk and fast, and
continued without abatement until the
afternoon of yesterday (Sunday), when
it ceased snowing for a few hours, but
commenced again about 11 o'clock. Everybody
who could rig up a cutter, basket
sleigh, box sleigh or sled did so. and
during the entire day and part of last
night the jingling of the merry bells
was heard on the Avenue and many of
the cross streets. Stag parties appeared
to be In the ascendant?probably because
it was Sunday and the ladies were too
scrupulous to violate the commandment?
and toward evening many of the crowd
became decidedly jolly, owing to the fact
that the horses would stop in front of
the restaurants and drinking saloons."
(The day being Sunday notwithstanding!)
"Some of the horses got tight, became independent.
refused to obey the rein, and
by a peculiar motion known to the animal
rolled their loads in the snow, several of
them in a frolicsome spirit even carrying
off the shafts and detached portions of
the sleighs, doubtless in order to keep
their drivers* blood in circulation by giving
them a little exercise. The carnival
continues today, and the streets are still
enlivened by the merry jingling of the
bells, much to the gratification of liverystable
keepers, who get $5 an hour for
horse and cutter. The snow has had the
effect to retard to some extent the moving
of the street cars, but the companyare
hard at work with salt and other appliances,
putting the track again in moving
order."
*
* *
Once in a while some of the troops
lapsed from the accepted military standards,
and subjected themRegiment
in selves to severe criticism
and in some cases to
illSgTftCC. punishment l'or failure to
measure up to their responsibilities. An
instance of this kind is reported in the
columns of The Star of February 27, 18G3,
as follows:
"We hear and have no doubt of the
truth of the statement that last night the
1st Pennsylvania Reserve Regiment went
out on picket duty in the vicinity of
Union Mills, and instead of performing it
the whole regiment went to sleep! The result
is they were disarmed this forenoon
by orders from the commander _of this
military department, and tne omcor in
command of the regiment at the time has
also been ordered into arrest. This disgraceful
conduct on' the part of the 1st
Pennsylvania Reserves is doubtless tne
result of a growing spirit of insubordination
in their ranks, that must bo instantly
checked and punished with an iron hand
If the United States would hope to keep
an army. Every officer of the regiment
who cannot signally clear himself from
suspicion of sympathy with It should be
summarily reduced to the ranks and
forced to serve with musket on shoulder,
and its rank and file should be as promptly
drafted, by squads of ten, into other
regiments, with officers firm enough to
shoot them down, on the slightest manifestation
of future insubordination. So
only can the country hope to have its armies
as well disciplined as those of the
rebels."
In the next day's issue of The Star,
February 28, 1863, is the following reference
to the explanaTJnsatisfactory
tion given in behalf of
TTOl.?.d.? the Pennsylvania r?Explanation.
serves> aIl explanation
not regarded as satisfactory:
"It was stated yesterday that the 1st
Pennsylvania Reserve refused to do duty
When sent on picket in the vicinity
of Union Mills. The reason they give for
this disgraceful conduct, and which is no
excuse whatever for their criminality, is
that they have been in the service since
May or June, 1861; that they have participated
in most of the hard-fought battles
of Virginia: that they are so reduced
in numbers that no one regiment will
number 250 men. and that their reauest
to go home and recruit has been disregarded.
Just before going out on duty
the day 011 which they so disgracefully
violated their trust they were informed
that the 2d New Hampshire Volunteers.
Lieut. Col. Bailey commanding, a threeyear
regiment, numbering 300 muskets,
had been permitted io go home for, the
purpose of filling their regiment to the
maximum number. The reserves acted
upon the ground that, partiality was
shown, and the officers and men criminally
took the matter in their own hands.
The punishment to be visited upon those,
especially officers, who would thus act
while in the lield should be sharp and
prompt.''
In the closing days of the session fifty
years ago Copgress passed a bill for the
reorganization of the District
District judiciary. Regarding this
? measure. The Star of February
28, 186-1, said, just before
its passage:
"It is to be hoped that Congress will
surely enact into law the pending bill to
remodel the judiciary of this District. It
fails to meet the sanction of the bar here,
but tliat is by no means strange. As a
class, the interests of those of its members
who naturally exercise most Influence
with the body is against any
change whatever. This was signally apparent
in the history of the canvass for
the adoption of the new code, defeated
clearly by their interference against it, to
the great injury of most other interests
among us. We are fast becoming a commercial
people. Our business pursuits
have changed more in the last two year*
than those of any other city ever change
in the same time, and our resident population
has well nigh, if not quite, doubled
in that time. These two changes will
very shortly double the amount of business
to be disposed of by the District
courts, requiring the latter to be changed
so as to comport with the judicial changes
that have been found to work well for
the public interest In commercial cities
with large populations. If the President
ho mav linrior this law retain th??
present judges. But -whether retained or
not. we respectfully submit to Congress
that in times like the present It would be
folly on their part to permit the interests
of individual officeholders to be weighed
in the balance against the many cogent
reasons which will suggest themselves to
their minds for the enactment of the
bili.A
POSSIBILITY.
When tariff makers of renown
Shall cut each unjust duty down;
When landlords ask but little rent:
When banks and trusts shall be content
With modest profits now and then
On trade they do with common men:
When railroads tease to charge a rate
Almost the value of the freight;
When coal nu-u. lumbermen and such
Shall cease to waste and spoil so much:
When middlemen shall be no more;
And he who runs th-' retail store
Shall find a profitable way
'io scule the prices we must pay.
When, in each legislative hall,
our "statesmen" serve us, one and ail,
Instead of working for the folk
WTio hold the land beneath their yoke;
When you an-.l I, with thrifty care.
Shall stop the leakage here and there.
Desist from thoughtlessness and haste
- Which mean extravagance and waste;
When all these goodly things arc so.
The cost of living may get lowBut,
1 dunno!
?Berto-n Braley. in Detroit Times. ;
i i
THIS CHEERFUL CLIMATE.
At eight o'clock it's bright sunshine.
The sky l?egins to cloud at nine.
At ten we meet the east wind's bias.,
There is a snowstorm at half-psst.
It's warm throughout the afternoon.
The glass goes up. but very noon
It grows to be quite cold again.
And presently down cornea ihe rain.
Which drives a man to take a "nip"
To counteract a likely grip.
Oil! Don't we have a jolly tiuie
in this erratic, beastly cll?e!
? La Toucke-Hancock, In the >'ew York Sun.
h.
POLITICAL SITUA'
Snow co\ers the t?eiUs of military opera- i
tions from the Adriatic to the Blu< k and 1
Aegean seas and prevents |
Snow Checks offensive operations. For
? a fact. In a military as i
uperations. wej| a political sense, j
Turkey is well aware that she is virtually 1
in the hands of the victors. In the in- (
terval, with characteristic faith in the
happening of the unexpected. Turkey
waits and watches. ,
Turfcev Intrusted llakki Pasiiu. former i ,
grand vizier, with a mission to Vienna, ]
Berlin, Paris and London with the object !
of delivering her in a measure from her
ipresent helpless position. In London j
Hakkl saw Sir Edward Grey, to whom <
he expressed Turkey's wish that the
powers take up the settlement of all ,
pending measures with the Balkan states.
Sir Edward could do nothing unless the
suggestion was made In a more official
form. The powers, it is understood, have (
stood aloof from all intervention since the j
coup d'etat at Constantinople, width had
rendered the actual government an object
of suspicion to all powers.
Hakkl Pasha. It is reported, requests <
Sir Edward to take the initiative in a
move to cause the allies to accept what (
the porte had proposed in its reply to the
collective note of the powers of January I
17, namely, that a part of Adrlanople, in I
lieu of the w hole, might be accepted by I
the allies.
i
?
The refusaJ of the allies to accept this
conditional surrender, it is recalled, was
cause of the rupture of the
Hakki's peace negotiations at LonTlf"
"a don. The interest In the
Mission. Hakki mission augments on
acquaintance with Turkey's diplomatic
designs. Hakki Pasha submits to England
Turkey's great need of money.
Would England agree to purchase the
terminals of the Bagdad railway on the
Persian gulf? How much for Kowelt?
Had Hakki exploded a bomb In the foreign
office he could not hare caused a j
greater stir among the diplomats and em- 1
ployes of the place.
Turkey is in desperate straits for lack
of money, but to raise it on the sale of
the terminals of the Bagdad railway! A
government of street urchins could scarcely
have shown less tact, less sense, than
the Young Turks who have imagined so
Utopian a mission. \\ e would bo inclined
to feel that Hakki Pasha's mission wan a
myth and the correspondent a joker, but
for a note in the Ixtndon Times;
"Hakki Pasha Is charged with the discussion
of certain questions relative to
the last section of the Bagdad railway,
and will attempt to obtain the support of
England on the Adrianople and Aegean
Islands subjects. Naturally, these attempts
are vain. It is impossible to depart
from the attitude she adopted in
signing the collective note. All she may
do. as the other powers have done, is to
counsel Bulgaria, who herself uccepted
the suggestion, to offer to Turkey certain
guarantees concerning the sacred places
of Adrianople.
"The .arrangement of the Persian gulf
question will permit the English government
to consent, after the conclusion of
peace, to the augmentation of customs duties,
and give to Turkey another reason
to conclude peace with the allies."
Arrange the Persian gulf question with
England? Very good. But what will the
Times do about arranging the question
with Germany?
A dispatch from Vienna on the "5th
ultimo mentions a statement made by
the Austrian premier to a deputation of
Bohemian deputies to the effect that a
general settlement of all questions at issue
with the Balkan allies had been effected.
This would include the question
between Austria and Russia about which
the Emperor Francis Joseph had sent
Prince von Ilohenlohe on a mission to
the czar bearing an autograph letter.
This mission has created much excitement
in the press and in diplomatic circles,
and it had been reReported
ported as a faili.Te mainti
.| 1>" because, on his return,
failure. ule prince retired to liis
apartment and went to bed:
The press correspondents at the cap- .
ital are no better informed than correspondents
in the camps. All send stuff i
that is only in great part matter which
has already been served to the newspaper
public in another form. This is not a year
favorable to either the military or political
correspondent.
The great problem in European politics
at the present moment is the constantly
reeurrlnsr discussion of Anfflo-Germ:i n ri
valrv. The question to be or not to be?
"the biggest state." Quite seriously it
forces the conclusion that the happiest
state and consequently the best state
after reflection Is "the smallest state." '
which, for example, is the model state of
"San Marino."
Anglo-German rivalry canto up quite
unexpectedly on the 8th ultimo in the
rciclistag. when Admiral von Tirpltz, before
the marine budget commission, declared
that he would accept an entente
with England on the question of naval
armaments. The declaration was as- !
toundlng and provoked comment In the
press and commotion among diplomats. j
The Berliner Neueste Naehrichten ilnde-.1
pendent conservative), commenting upon I.
the German admiral's declaration, said: i'
; "The words of Admiral von Tirpltz aim !
! at an entente with England based upon:,
i the respective forces of the navies of the
; two countries. It would be welcomed. '
These words are in complete opposition f.
with ihe idea adopted la<t year by the H
chancellor, who in one of his best |
speeches affirmed that an accord 011 that j <
question was impossible. And now it is 11
proposed to show that the square of a !
circle has been found!"
* '
* ?
The question has been a burning one j
since 1S07. First, when Emperor William, ' "
in a private letter to i *
; Five Years of Lord Tweedmouth, prcde.
cessor of Mr. Churchill, 1
Di8CUSS10II, reassured Lord Tweed- ,
mouth upon the augmentations decided i
by the bundesrath the 'British protested. 1
In l'JOS iMr. Lloyd George, chancellor of 1
the exchequer, took up the question In a j
speech. The German press protested. 1
"Not an armored ship less!" declared ]
William ;TI to Sir Charles Hatdinge, in !
an interview at Wiihelmshoeho. "We can- (
not speak of limitation until after the1;j
completion of our naval program," said I 1
the German chancellor. j 1
The interview of the emperor in ili?l'
j Daily Telegraph, in place of pacifying
ithe "public, had the contrary effect. In r
I February, lfKft). Edward VII went to Bel- f
Min, and from the month of March there j
j was little else discussed in the press, ex- ,
1 ?? limitation of naval armaments. 1
I utryi Lut ?
i Hir Edward G-rcy emphasized the lTrlt-1 x
, ish policy, replying to Iierr von Schoen, t
' minister of foreign affairs 01" Germanj : 1
"The German program creates a new t
situation for this country. Germany < 011- j
tiders that their program answers their
proper wants, whh h are independent of 1
ours; our position is different, we frankly j
i avow it. Our navaJ expenses depend di- |
(rectly upon German naval expenses; our l
' na\y should be superior to the German j I
navy. Our navy Is as their army, our !
! ;
' INAUGURATION NOTES.
f rom ilie Jackaonrillc Tiuiea-L'niva. j X
Washington is employing speeial police* !
men for the inaugural parade. She doesn't i i
intend that her visitors shall carry any- { c
thing but hopes buck with thent.
From the Baltimore Star.
After stating that Wilson's request for ! j
a simple alTalr would be carried out, the i t
inaugural chairman blandly announces
that it will be the grandest and most gor- iF
geous ever held.
From t'ue Cincinnati Enquirer.
Having experienced one meteorological 1
"flareback" on Inauguration day, the1F
Washington authorities have no intention 1
of trusting fully the chief forecaster's i \
promises of sunshine end balmy breezes. -
TION IN EUROPE.
tavy i!? fot ..1 .ju. st >i. ! : <xt
leatli. and tin .nil of inn9tu.it a <111 atlon
of militarx and naval expens *
Aits fall b> ali lit lamlatid."
llerr Kotlitnann-Holwtu M.ii i li .* ,
replh-d. Hi- Insisted upon tin- .lutj of .'11
nations to boa' tin- rivalry of Heir tn^^iikhs.
but at tlii- same time ibrniany a
naval matters w on Id a< t a.- t;.iinati> lia ;
;l?H'iued.
Mr. Asquith said in July of that y. ir
it was necessary for Knuland to mak' .1
new naval effort. Noiwitlistandini; t1.visit
of William II t<> Ixuidoit .itid tin- in
Lervlew of Lu>rd lfaldunc tin- t.irtitin
jress places at tiie head of i'*- lnidrnt 1 .
lUfrtnentatioii of CJetnianv - fl, ? t The ;if
fair at Auadlr provoked agitation a
Loudon. Mr. ('hurvhill at < .l.ism.w ?. -
fined tlie English cone* ption of * .
eventual arrangement thus: "Naval s periority
Is a vital question for Knglat <!.
the navy is rather a luxury for many."
Mr. Ch uroliill. March 111. I'.MJ. said
"ItJvery addition that German-- makes
will make to her new ships ea h y? ?
will hasten the augmentation of our
dreadnoughts, and will n? e? ssltat* .-a <
part special tneastu> s."
t'oming to tl.e tear IPl.'l, Air. < 'hateh'l
expressed tip fear that Germany won I
construct tliis'.ipw <T
Churchill's t h?- lira: Hie vv hih: Kp? I
Supposition. ,aud wm,M ?bUf"'
cr" (<l coin tm< t five. ' I- i
us suppose." said Mr. Churchill, "that
we Insert a blank page in our book ? :
quarrels; suppose Gcrman.v does not construct
a single ship, economize thai sc\ 11
or eight million pounds. We would not
construct the live supordrcadnought .
which would liave been England's rejoinder.
tiermany eonhi not accomplish a
more brilliant naval action."
The echo in the press of Euroj < ha a
most uncertain sound. Certain Fr? ti 'ii
journals express the opinion that n or
when Europe is face to face with a
serious Balkan crisis tiermany icnounces
her naval struggle with England
and would keep ln r eyes onl.v upon br anny.
The Figaro does not think that t ?
Balkan affairs will cause or can cause
serious complications. Neva rtlodi ss, it 4
adds:
"The peace of fudaj i- not for< il> / the
peace of tomorrow, still les*s of tin day
after. At the same moment that G>
many renounces the development of h?
navy by abnormal projHirtlons she think
of increasing her army. The maritime
armaments arc directed against England.
Un the other hand the military .unit
fnents are turned exclusively again*
France."
Tin- H lio de Fails is alarmed h -t Admiral
von Tirpitz's declaration in He
Relchsttag was a German matieuv
with the view to pacify and gain ov?*r
the British.
Germany would provisionally < lose up
her naval quarrel in order to concentrate
her principal efforts on tin- continental
problem, prepare the prospective thunderbolt
which must fall sooner or lat'-r
against France. Her army should be
prepared.
The Temps agrees with its < otemporarj's
measures for defense. But it is
in entire disaccord as to the ? -igns a'
tributed to Germany, and should bo
cited;
"We Cannot perceive finally what Germany
would gain by a continental war.
For never"?tlie Figaro tinGermany's
del-lines the word?"the two
armies. French and Russiaii,
have not boon so per fectly
trained and equipp< d morally and
materially." The "Shock." of which tinFigaro
speakK is not more- probable today
than yesterday, but tit is need no;
prevent the army from being prepared
just as'if tltis same shock was certain
for tomorrow.
The Temps cites also what my < Teellent
and esteemed friend. M. Judet, editor
of L'Eclair, lias to say of the English in
Egypt and in Morocco. M Judet has
never forgiven the abandonment of Egypt
by France, and Tie doubtless has reason
in this, for he knows what a. gn at pin
"high finance" played in the abandonment
of which M. Freycinet was certainly
the innocent victim.
Whatever M. Judet writer is full of
fire, and if it should appear exaggerate d
It is because he is more documented. p< r
haps, than his general reader on tin
subject discussed.
M. Judet charges that England's attitude
toward Egypt Ln Morocco is suspicious.
because she has not jet i> ognlzed
the French protectorate England
he believes, hopes to acquire Tangier.
Resides, M. Jlidet amuses England "
desiring tlio suppression of tin- eupitulations
as the lii st step to the ilnal annexation
of Egypt. That M. Judet make.ahdni/A
in tli'ii iiw^.d'tiiiii 'i r? fi'n in ,
MU ininaft' MI u'wi " '
to the secret treaty of i:*U, article 2. i*
amply corroborative:
"In ease the British government
desire to introduce into Egypt reforms
tending to assimilate Egyptian legislation
with tliat of other civilized countries
the French government may not refus
to examine sueli propositions, hut upon
condition that the British govermnen.
may accept to examim the suggestions
which the French republic may have t >
address it to introduce into Morocco reforms
of a like character."
* *'
The Egyptian question. it is lu:r :? be
issuiiit'l. will never be understood in the
country. Neither Sir llarEgyptian
r> Johnston nor Lord
. 'toner lias evinced in
Question. th(ir ,?Joks t]? ^ughteM
inclination to tell the true *!ut\ of Eg.vp
itid much less of how thai unhapp'
country was deprived of ?p'asi-indepculence.
The popular impression is lout Ara.d
f'aslia was a patriot who struck a blow
for the independence of his country. The
truth is in- was more puppet than patriot
and the bombardment and burning of
Alexandria in 1*82 was .1 serio-coniedy.
whose curtain fell upon a British u'- u[jution.
In 1*82?1 am writing in the light b
which 1 know ,M. Judet roads Egyptian
History?Fiance was alone in Europe. Sin
Had not recovered from the shock of cot: lict
with Germany. Germany was hostih .
Austria was hostile. Italy was hostile and
Russia, if not hostile, had not yet ex ended
her hands to Franco, for tho
[ 'ranco-Kussian treaty was executed nib*
fears later?that I;-, June IVJ1.
In 11HI4. the yt>av of the Anglo-Kroncl*
reaty. France had not yet prepared !:? r
trmy and Russia was nursing tliat social
evolution which lias caus'd her ineal
ulablo loss of jovver at Lome end ^
nainly responsible for her ruin in Mau huria.
AI. Jud.it believes that AI??roeeo was .?
>oor exchange for Fgypt?a birthright,*111
act, for ;i mess of pottage, in any event
he conditional mood, it should be rcnarked,
dominates the treaty of 1'dCM.
'""ranee possesses traditional interest avell
as economical and commercial relalons
In Syria, and tins.- nmst inevitably
>e considered In the tirial settlenn nt o.
he Syrian question, which is closely ailed
to the Egyptian question.
As for tin- suppression of tiie privilege
mder the capitulations in thv>< count tie *
ts France paid (l.-rntaiiy for tleriuany'a
trivileges in Morocco. Kngland will pay
"ranee. (Jermanv, Austria. Italy and the
'nited states for their capitulations .11
Cgrypt. on. < iiairli;-loni.
COMMENTS ON THE COMMONER.
_ ?
'rom tli* Atlanta ?it ill ioi
It* Bryan is not appointed S? ri. tai> of
state the Ananias Club will be over;rowded.
'rom the t iti' iiuiaii "I imes Star.
One position that the pioteau cabinet
losslbility. \\*. J. It., isn't anxious for
hat of Secretary of War!
"r<?m the Coiiti'ibun Dispstca.
If Mr. Bryan is unusually silent it may
>e because lie is keeping up a rwwerfui
hinking.
'riim icie MiiwJieniUM' ,
Sometliing ought to start soon to tuak )
iVilliam Jennings Bryan break Lie ailcnn*
pell.

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