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Thomas R. Marshall Sworn In as Vice President Before Notable Crowd in Senate (Continued from First Pm ) front row. The other two daughter# of the President-elect at first sat In a rear row. but later moved alongside their mother. The approaching end of the Sixty-second Congress was foretold by a message : torn the House received just about noon. It announced that the House had completed Its business and had appointed a com nlttie to inform the President of the I'nited States to that effect. A motion was immediately agreed to by the Senate that a committee of the Senate join the House committee in notifying the Presl I'nt, and President rro i empore uauw Mr named Senators Warren and Martin, Senator Cullom, dean of the Senate, asking to 4>e excused. Senator Fall continued his filibuster on the Indian bill until 11:40. when efforts to pass it were abandoned. Prospective members of the cabinet began to arrive and had seats in one corner of the hamber. There was a buzz in the galleries when William Jennings Bryan ar: ived. Beginning of End Seen. It was but a couple of minutes before the committee returned and. addressing the chair, stated It had notified the President and that he sent word he had nothing further to communicate to Congress. That sounded the note for the end of the old administration in the White House and of the old Congress. At five minutes before 12 o'clock the Senate clock was turned back one-half hour. The action of the House In passing the sundry civil Appropriation bill over the President's veto was reported to the Senate and Mr. Taft's veto message was read. The question was put to the Senate and the roll called. The packed galleries were patient at the delay in the ceremonies they came to see. Senator Polndextfr began a speech which silled the bill because of lack of time before "official" noon. Shortly the members of the diplomatic corps began to arrive and after enterterlng at the main door and being announced by Sergeant-at-Arms Cornelius were shown to seats on the left side of the Senate chamber. As at the time of the Vice President Sherman memorial services, the diplomats were headed by Ambassador Jusserand of France, 'lean of the corps in the ahaence of the veteran Baron Hengelmuller, the ambassador from Austria, who is absent from his post on leave and is not to return. Other places on the floor of the Senate were reserved for the Admiral of the N'av\. George Dewey: Ma.l. Gen. Leonard Wood, chtef of stafT. U. S. A., and officers of the army and navy who have received the thanks of Congress, including Admiral Peary, the discoverer of the north pole. Shortly before noon the Chief Justice i nd the associate justices ol the Supreme Court of the United States were announced by Scrgeant-at-Arms Cornelius. In their robes of somber black, they proceeded to seats in front of the first* row of desks on the right of the Senate chamber. Chief Justice White occupying the chair next to the center aisle. In the galleries there nas a movement as each visitor sought to watch the entrance of the venerable jurists. House Members File In. Soon the Speaker and members of the Mouse of Representatives, having formed in line in the House hall and walked by twos through the long corridor that forms the axis of the Capitol, appeared at the main entrance of the Senate. After they were announced by Sergeant-atArms Cornelius, they were escorted to ??ats in the Senate chamber. Speaker 'lark was escorted by the sergeant-at*tme to a seat on the left of President Pro Tempore Gallinger. The leading actors In the real drama w?re still to come, and there was a feeling of tense expectancy throughout the Senate ch; -ber, especially in the galleries. Within a minute after the members of ths House had entered the chamber Thomas R. Marshall, escorted by the congressional committee of arrangementsSenators Crane. Bacon and Overman and Representatives RuckeV. Garrett and McKinley, stepped through the main entrance. Mr. Marshall, escorted by the committee, made his way to a seat on the right of President Pro Tempore Gallinger. He sat with arms folded Again there was expectancy. Then a cheer from outside the Senate chamber could be heard ringing through the corridors and every eye was flxtd on the main entrance. Escorted by the congressional committee of arrangements. President o *<! ? '-? >'1 ? >1 t olo<>t VS."11 ortit etfinno/l I ii a uu * i ' .iniciii'titv I *? noun Into the chamber. Their appearance started another vigorous round of applause. "The President and the President-elect." announced Sergeant-at-9rms Cornelius. 'I he audience, every one. rose and recived them in tremendous silence. Mr. Taft and Mr. Wilson took seats immediately in front of the presiding officer's platform, facing the Senate desks. Rv their side. s:.t the members of the congressional committee on arrangements, who had escorted the officials into the chamber. Gallinger Administers Oath. The stage was set for the beginning of the inaugural ceremonies. The administration of the oath of Vice President to Mr. Marshall fell to the lot of President Pro Tempore Gallinger because of the vacancy in the office of Vice President, due to the death of James S. Sherman With uplifted right hand. Mr. Marshall twore to preserve, protect and uphold the Constitution of the United States. The solemnity of the occasion was marked by the Intense silence that fell over the assemblage. 'God helping me I will." replied Mr. Marshall, as Mr. Gallinger ended the words of the oath. The nea Vice President having been -worn, the Sixty-second Congress was eady to adjourn sine die. President Pro Tempore Gallinger. acknowledging an arlier vote of thanks to himself and Senator Bacon for their fairness in presiding over the Senate during the session, said: Bids Affectionate Farewell. Senators, in behalf of the senior Senator from Georgia (Mr. Bacont and for myself I la-g to thank you most sincerely for your kind words of commendation to is jolntiv The position of President pro tempore of the Senate is a responsible and honorable one. and if we have discharged the duties of that high office to the satisfaction of our fellow-senators t is the highest reward that we could tsk or expect at your hands. We assure you, one and all. of our deep appreciation of your good will, and we also desire to thank you for your cordial co'1>> ration In urnmntlns the leeislatlun of the Congress that is about to come to a n end "And now. senators, speaking for tho Senator from Georgia as well as for myself. 1 bid yon all an affectionate farewell. hoping and praying that the good l.ord tnay safely direct you to your homes tid have you In his keeping always. "The presiding officer of the Senate now declares the l.'nlted States Senate ad01 lined sine die." The new Vice President took a seat at the right of President Pro Tempore Gallinger. A new presiding officer having h? en sworn in. the end of the Sixty-second Congress was at hand and Mr. Galngcr declared it adtourned sine die. Vice President Marshall then tapped with the Ivory block, calling the Senate to order for the first time and marking the onvening of the oenate of the Sixtythird Congress. He announced a prayer by the chaplain. Rev. I*. G. B. Pierce. Vice President Marshall then delivered his inaugural address, during which he said: Appreciates His Responsibilities. The proprieties of this occasion probably require a few words front one who is grateful to the American people for the honor heretofore done him and this dtp consummated. "No senator iias, I "trust, a keener appreciation of the necessities in the way of ta> t and courtesy now devolving upon me I ban I myself. 1 offer no surety us t<? my discharge of duties other than a personal pledge that I will seek to fa ttiiliarlze myself with tin in and will endeavor always to exercise that complaisance and forbearance, which are r es.^ntial to him who ably presides ovar great debates upon great publM Questions by great men. "Divergent views relative to this body would be less divergent if the American people would come to realise that on all sides of real questions much may truthfully be said. Such an attitude of the public mind would eliminate the view that this body is distinctively deliberate and not thoroughly patriotic. "Charges of bad faith based upon an attitude of mind or upon conduct should never be made until it is clearly established that the resultant action is the outcome of personal interest or improper and dishonorable business or social relations. Patriotism Is Lauded. "Vaus n / has nrtt al?9va mat wiih I VUi UV VIV * I HBO i?WW ** " ----universal approval, but up tp this rood hour no workable substitute for the exercise of the functions of this body has been proposed. It is not needful for me here and now to accept a brie# In your defense. This body will continue to stand, not because of its presiding officer, but because of the patriotism and intelligence of its constituent members and their devotion to our system of government. "To my mind, government Is the harness with which a people draws its load of civilization. If the harness be properly adjusted the load, though heavy, will be drawn with ease and 110 part of the people will be galled. The Senate is the blinders, intended to keep the people from shying at imaginary dangers and toppling into the ditch our system of government. So long as the blinders serve this purpose they are a most valuable part of the harness, but if they be drawn so closely to the eyes as to prevent the seeing of real dangers, then they should either he spread or done away with entirely. I am one of those who think that we can so adjust our blinders as to meet new conditions and render us sanely responsive to every reasonable demand of the people without disturbing any of the checks and balances of our system of government and preserving with loyalty and fidelity the ancient Ideals of the republic. Guardian of People's Honor. "With neither right nor desire to infringe upon the prerogatives of the President so soon to be, I beg the expression of tlie opinion that whatever diverse views may he held relative to the work of this body all persons are agreed that under the Constitution the Senate of the United States Is singularly the guardian of the people's honor; that more and more, as righteousness is exalted among this people, the idea is becoming more firmly fixed that it is not vast territory, great wealth nor large learning which mark the real status of America: that America is to be measured by the golden mete wand of honor, and. as the idea in her formation was the inherent right of men to rule themselves, that now she can 111 afford to announce this doctrine in her own land and renounce it for an instrument of oppression in other lands. "Unfortunately there is no fixed standard of honor outside the dictionary. The gambler may hold it to consist in paying his gaming debts, the member of the smart set in divorcing his neighbor's wife before taking her unto himself, the senator in eliminating personalities. But when we enter the chancelleries of the world and submit to their judgments not only our right to be. but our right to be respected, we can hope to, be measured in but one way. and we must be able to show that the solemn treaty obligations of this republic will be kept with the same scrusulous honestv. both nf snirlt and letter, whether made with the humblest people of this continent struggling for self-government or with the mightiest monarch of the old world. Sense of Honor Is Safeguard. "This high sense of honor constitutes the panoply of the American people. Armies and battleships furnish no substitute for it. These are valuable, but the people never intended that authority should use them as accessories to a burglar's kit. "If any one in the name of the American people, either in violation of treaty obligations or the manifest purpose of tiie Monroe doctrine, lias taken aught while this body was deliberating, it is your duty to ascertain all facts thereto. And if wrong or injustice has been done, even to the humblest republic, let this people be brave enough and sufficiently honest to make reparation. The real greatness of this republic rests upon its unsullied honor, and It is the duty of this body to search down rumors of had faith and dishonesty and rectify wrong wherever wrong is discovered. "Here in this most sacred spot where war lias been made and peace declared, here In the presence of the distinguished representatives of the governments of the civilized world, here, within the hearing of the beauty, culture and ripened statecraft of his own land, may one humble American express the hope before he enters upon a four-year silence that all our diplomacy may spell peace with all peoples, justice for all governments and righteousness the world around." Special Session Is Convened. Vice President Marshall then directed the reading of the proclamation convening the Senate in special session. Further organization of the new Senate of the Sixty-third Congress was next in order, by the administration of the oath to thirty-two senators whose term began at noon toda>. In groups of four, they were called to the rostrum beside ti.e Vice President's desk and with uplifted right hands, subscribed to the oath and each signed a written copy of the oath on the secretary's desk. The returning democratic senators to take the oath were: Bankhead of Alabama. Bacon of Georgia. Simmons of isortn Carolina, owen or uaianoma. niiinan of South Carolina. Shsppard of Texas and Martin of Virginia. The re-elected republicans were: Borah of Tilaho. Kenyon of Iowa, Nelson of Minnesota ami Warren of Wyoming. The new democratic members of the tody were John T. Robinson of-Arkansas, John F. Shafroth of Colorado. William Saulsbury of Delaware. William H. Thompson of Kansas. Ollie M. James of Kentucky. Joseph E. Ranedell of Louisiana. James K. Yardman of Mississippi, Thomas J. Walsh of Montana, William Hughes of New Jersey. Harry Lane of Oregon, and John K. Shields of Tennessee. The new republicans were: Edwin C. Burleigh of Maine, John W. Weeks of Massachusetts, George W. Norrls of Nebraska. L. B. Colt of Rhode Island and Thomas Sterling of South Dakota. . The inauguration of the new President on the east front of the Capitol was next in order, and the formation of the line of march and the starting of the inaugural procession followed. The Senate was in session for a brief period, after the ceremonies of inaugurating President Wilson were over. An innovation, carried out by Sergeantat-Arms Cornelius, who wag in direct charge of the arrangements for the official inauguration ceremonies, prevented much confusion as the inarch to the inaugural platform at the east front began. Usually there has been a great Jam as senators and other participants in the ceremonies sought their hats and coats. Tills time Mr. Cornelius placed hat racks along the walls of the corridors outside the Seriate chamber, each hook being reserved, by name, for a senator or other official. ThiB enabled eacli participant to obtain his wraps quickly and without confusion. CAPABLANCA OAINS SLIGHTLY. Wins Game and Marshall Merely Draws His Contest. HAVANA, March 4.?Although lie drew liis game yesterday in the twelfth round of the Cuban ctiess tournament. Marshall, the United 8tate-s champion, had a part of his lead reduced through the victory of Capablanca over Chajes of Chicago. The Cuban champion outplayed Chajes in the middle game of a Ruy Lopez and scored after thirty-nine moves. Marshall, paired with Corzo, the Havana champion, resorted to the Petroff defense and had to contend against brilliant play on the part of the local expert. The latter forced a draw after thirty-four moves. Kupchik. playing a Ruy Lopez against Juffe, suffered defeat in thirty-six moves. Jaffe played a lively game, but Ivupchlk had a draw in hand \\ Inch lie missedBlanco adopted the Hutch defense against Janowski, who outplayed his opponent.* When the j^me was adjourned, after PRESIDENT VI "This is not a D< Here Muster not tl Humanity/1 T the east front of the oath of office as Pre: m There has been a of Representatives b pleted. The Senate ; and Vice President h mean? That is the question that i to try to answer, in order, if I ma MEANS MOR It means much more than tin cept when the nation is using tha purpose for which the nation now a change in its own plans and poii which had begun to creep into the as we have latterly looked critical guises and shown themselves alien ing to comprehend their real charai familiar, stuff of our own convicti* OUR SYST We see that in many things t pects, in its body of wealth, in the conceived and built up by the gei Jt is great, also, very great, in its n exhibited in more striking forms 1 in their efforts to rectify wrong, all We have built up, moreover, a gre many respects a model for those w tuitous change, against storm and abundance. EVIL IS But the evil lias come with th come inexcusable waste. We hav< stopped to conserve the exceeding have been worthless and impotent, efficient. We have been proud of thoughtfully enough to count the h broken, the fearful physical and sp dead weight and burden of it all I all had not yet reached our ears, tl and factories and out of every horn 1 great government went many deep with candid, fearless eyes. The gi and selfish purposes, and those wh NEW AFF At last a vision has been you* debased and decadent with the soui is to cleanse, to reconsider, to rest humanize every process of our com something crude and heartless and been. "Let every man look out for giant machinery which made it im have a chance to look out for then enough that we had set up a policy ful, with an eye single to the stant were very heedless and in a hurry 1 XATIOX F/ We have come now to the sob eyes. We have made up our mind we so proudly set up at the begin; restoration. We have itemized with some < are some of the chief items: A tar world, violates the just principles hands of private interests; a banki to sell its bonds fifty years ago an< industrial system which, take it or leading strings, restricts the liberti ing or conserving the natural resot the efficiency of great business un science taken directly to the farm watercourses undeveloped, waste or prospect of renewal. unregarde( nation has the most effective meai should either as organizers of indt FUNCTION Nor have w e studied and perfe humanity, in safeguarding the heal dren, as well as their rights in the : of government is justice, not pity, tunity, the first essential of justice in their lives, their very vitality, fr the}' cannot alter, control or singh weaken or damage its own constit serves. Sanitary laws, pure food 1 powerless to determine for themse efficiency. SAFEGUARDING These are some of the things \ never-to-be-neglected, fundamental enterprise of the new day: to lift from the hearthfire of every man's < do this as partisans; it is inconcei blind haste. We shall restore, not may be modified, not as it might ! we shall make it what it should b< counsel and knowledge, not shall< cannot tell. Tustice. and onlv iust NOT "A C And yet it will be no cool pre a solemn passion, stirred by th bauched and made an instrument < opportunity sweep across our hea mercy are reconciled and the judge politics, but a task which shall se our time and the need of our peopl we have the pure heart to compre THIS This is not a day of triumph; the forces of humanity. Men's liea upon us to say what we will do. mon all honest men, all patriotic, fail them, if they will but counsel s thirty-eight moves, there was a certain win in the position for Janowski. The scores to date: Players. Won. Lost. Players. Won. Marshall 2Vi Jsfle 5 ? Capablanca... HVj Blanco 4 7 Janowski 7 3 Chajeg Kupcblk 4 0 Corzo W'.j In the thirteenth round today the players will be paired as follows: Capablanca agt. Janowski. Chajes art. jKupchik, Jaffe agt. Corzo and Marshall art. Blanco. e i Submarines for Asiatic Station. The United States fleet on the Asiatic station is to be reinforced by two new submarines, making six of that type of craft on that station. The latest additions to the fleet are B-2 and B-3, which vessels are securely fastened in cradles on the deck of the big collier Ajax, which LSON'S INAUGI iy of Triumph; it is < be Forces of Party, / nmfrkl f r?<ln t? A\fr\nrll*/Mir M llcHfl vajiiiu. iuub; ?ywv,va.wvv >ident of the United States, said: change of government. It begai ecame democratic by a decisive about to assemble will also be de ave been put into the hands of c s uppermost in our minds today, y, to interpret the occasion. E THAN THE MERE SUCCES : mere success of a party. The t party for a large and definite ] seeks to use the democratic par at of view. Some old things with very habit of our thought and of ly upon them, with fresh, awake and sinister. Some new things, i cter, have come to assume the as] ons. We have been refreshed by EM OF GOVERNMENT IS F hat life is very great. It is incoi diversity and sweep of its energy nius of individual men and the lir loral force. Nowhere else in the the beauty and the energy of syn eviate suffering, and set the weal at system of government, which 1 ho seek to set liberty upon found; accident. Our life contains every NOT UNMIXED WITH THI e good, and much fine gold has i squandered a great part of whal bounty of nature, without whicl scorning to be careful, shameful] our industrial achievements, but timan cost, the cost of lives snufi iritual cost to the men and won las fallen pitilessly the years thrc ic solemn, moving undertone of o le where the struggle had its intii > secret things which we too long eat government we loved has too 0 used it had forgotten the peoph AIRS HERALDED AS BY J :hsafed us of our life as a whole, nd and vital. With this vision w< ore. to correct the evil without i imon life without weakening or s< unfeeling in our haste to succee himself, let every generation lool possible that anv but those who s iselves. We had not forgotten o which was meant to serve the hu lards of justice and fair play, and :o be great. % iCES THE SOBER SECOND er second thought. The scales of s to square every process of our n; ning and have always carried at c degree of particularity the things iff which cuts us off from our. pr of taxation and makes the govc ng and currency system based up d perfectly adapted to concentrati t all its sides, financial as well a es and limits the opportunities of trees of the country; a body of ag dertakings or served as it should , or afforded the facilities of credi places unreclaimed, forests untern 1 waste heaps at every mine. W is of production, but we have n< istry, as statesmen or as individu OF RIGHT GOVERNMENT cted the means by which governr Ith nf the nation, thp health of it< struggle for existence. This is no These are matters of justice. 1 in the body politic, if men and \v om the consequences of great ind y cope with. Society must see tc uent parts. The first duty of la aws and laws determining conditi Ives are intimate parts of the ve t OF PROPERTY AND INDIV ce ought to do, and not leave the safeguardiitg of property and of everything that concerns our life conscience and vision of the right, ivable we should do it in ignorai destroy. We shall deal with our be if we had a clean sheet of pap in the spirit of those who que; ow self-satisfaction or the excite ice, shall always be our motto. "OOL PROCESS OF MERE ! )cess of mere science. The natior e knowledge of wrong, of ideals :>f evil. The feelings with which i-i . .. ... _r /" : risinngs iiKe some air out or vrut : and the brother are one. We kn arch us through and through, w e, whether we be indeed their spc :hend and the rectified will to chc . SOLEMN" DAY OF DEDIC it is a day of dedication. Heie m rts wait upon us; men's lives hanj Who shall live up to the great tru all forward-looking men. to my : tnd sustain me! has just sailed out of Hampton roads on her way to the naval station at Cavite, P. I., intending: to make her first atop at Algiers. Joseph ?. Ralph Seriously 111. Joseph E. Ralph, director of the bureau of engraving and printing, is seriously ill at Providence Hospital, but his condition was somewhat improved this morning, and he is expected to recover. Mr. Ralph has been ill since Saturday and his condition became to critical last night that he was taken to the hospital. He is suffering from an abscess. At his home this afternoon it was said no operation would be necessary. If you want work read the want calumns of The Star. i URAL ADDRESS i Day of Dedication, but the Forces of W oodrow Wilson. 1 J of New Jersey, after taking the 11 two years ago, when the House majority. It has now been commocratic. The offices of President lemocrats. What does the change That is the question I am going -S OF PARTY. success of a party means little expurpose. No one^can mistake tiie ty. It seeks to use it to interpret i which we had grown familiar, ami our lives, have altered their aspecl ned eyes; have dropped their disis we look frankly upon them, willpect of things long believed in ami a new insight into our own life. REVIEWED. mparably great in its material as, in the industries which have been nitless enterprise of groups of men world have noble men and women ipathv and helpfulness and counsel c in the way of strength and hope, lias stood through a long age as in ations that will endure against fov great thing and contains it in rich i GOOD. been corroded. With riches has : we might have used, and have nol i our genius for enterprise would ly prodigal as well as admirably we have not hitherto stopped fed out. of energies overtaxed and ten and children upon whom the jugh. The groans and agony of it ur life, coming up out of the mines mate and familiar seat. With the delayed to look into and scrutinize often been made use of for private a \ VISION. We see the bad with the good, the z approach new affairs. Our duty mpairing the good, to purify and mtimentajizing it. There has been d and be great. Our thought has c out for itself/' while we reared tood at the levers of control should iur morals. We remembered well imblest as well as the most powerremembered it with pride. But we THOUGHT. heedlessness have fallen from our ational life again with the standards >ur hearts. Our work is a work of that ought to be altered and here oper part in the commerce of the irnment a facile instrument in the on the necessity of the government ng cash and restricting credits; an s administrative, holds capital in labor, and exploits without renewricultural activities never yet given be through the instrumentality of it best suited to its practical needs; lied, fast disappearing without plan e have studied as perhaps no other Dt studied cost or economv as we als. DISCUSSED. nent may be put at the service of 5 men and its women and its chilsentimental duty. The firm basis here can be no equality or opporomen and children be not shielded lustrial and socjal processes which > it that it does not itself crush or w is to keep sound the society it ions of labor which individuals are rv hiKinpss nf IaitqI J u V* j ML' ^*V-V UUU iV/gaX "IDUAL RIGHTS. others undone, the old-fashioned, individual right. This is the high as a nation to the light that shines It is inconceivable that we should ice of the facts as they are or in economic system as it is and as it er to write upon; and step by step >tion their own wisdom and seek ment of excursions whither they SCIENCE.*' i has been deeply stirred, stirred by ; lost, of government too often dewe face this new age of right and Ps own presence, where justice.and low our task to be no mere task of hether we be able to understand >kesmen and interpreters, whether lose our high course of action. ATION." uster, not the forces of party, but % in the balance; men's hopes call st? Who dares fail to try? 1 sumside. < 'rod helping me, 1 will not PRIVILEGE TO YACHT OWNER House Pastes Bill Giving: Eight to Ply American Flag. A bill to enable the commodore of the New York Yacht Club to fly the United States flag from the peak of the yacht Diana was passed by the House yesterday. and was the vehicle of a denunciation by Democratic Leader Underwood of the "indefensible monopoly and trust in the coastwise trade." Mr. Underwood said lie advocated the measure as an act cf justice toward a ship, formerly the Lawrence, built at Glasgow, burned to the docks at Hoboken. N. J., in 1905, and four-fifths rebuilt in an American shipyard as a pleasure yacht, but yet unable to fly the American flag because of the coastwise shipping laws. Wilson Takes the Oath i as Chief Migistrate in View of Vast Throng (Continued from First Page.) the House were In the lead, followed by Marshal J. M. Wright of the United States Supreme Court and Marshal Aullck Palmer of the District of Columbia. Behind them came the somberrobed Chief Justice and associate justices of the United States Supreme Court and then members of the congressional committee of arrangement??Senators Crane, Bacon and Overman and Representatives Raeker. Garrett and SIcKinley. President Taft and President-elect Wilson. arm in arm and a contrast in avoirdupois. followed. They walked briskly. As those in the last rows of the amphitheater caught sight of the two men a ch^er was started. The cheering and applause rippled over toe entire assemblage until It became thunderous in sound. As the appllause continued President p Taft and President-elect Wilson pro, ceeded down the center aisle that divided the bbig concourse and mounted the four steps to the raised inauguration platform. The crowd was ail practically standing up now and there was cheering and waving of hats and fnrs and a few flags. It was a seething mass of humanity intensely animated. Seating of the Notables. Chief Justice White and Senate Ser| geant-at-Arms Cornelius, followed by the L congressional committee of arrange ments, also mounted to the platform and - all took seats reserved for them. President Taft and President-elect Wilson ware in the center, with Chief Justice i Whits on their right and the others I their left. Meanwhile the others in the procession from the Benate chamber were taking their seats on the platform. To seats on the right went the associate jutlces of the United States Supreme Court. Vice President Marshall. Secretary of the Senate Bennett, senators and several former I senators, and behind them were seated the retiring members of the House and the members-elect. To the seats on the I left proceeded the members of the diploI matic ccorps, ambassadors and ministers ' plenipotentiary to the United States, their regalia giving an added dash of color, in groups back of them were governors of 1 states and their staffs in military dress, . officers of the army and navy, also in brilliant dress uniforms; heads of de1 partments and other officials' of prominence. Mr. Wilson looked calmly over the crowd that was watching him intently, i and there was a smile now and then on the face of the retiring President. They ; chatted together intermittently. Most of the crowd watched those on - the inauguration platform, waiting for the chief event of the day. Official Oath Administered. L A hush fell over the assemblage as Mr. Wilson and Chief Justice White rose from , their seats and stood facing each other at the center of the platform. Clerk Mc Kinney of the Supreme Court of the ; United States advanced with an open Bible and Mr. Wilson, erect and seriousfaced, placed his right hand on the open book of holy writ. The Chief Justice pronounced the oath as prescribed bj' the Constitution and Mr. Wilson repeated it, every word: "I do solemnly swear that I will faithfully execute the office of President of the United States and will, to the best of my ability, preserve, protect and de. fend the Constitution of the United States." The Bible was raised and Mr. Wilson touched his llpa to it. A new President of the United States I was in office! The hush over the crowd continued for a few seconds and then ' cheer after cheer broke from the assemblage. The distant roaring of cannon, the beginning of a salute of twenty-one guns, announced to those all over the. city that the nation had become possessed of a new chief executive. President Wilson at once, as the applause and cheering died away, began his inaugural address, it is presented elsewhere in The Star. Applause Greets Address. Frequently during his speech was the President interrupted with applause. President Wilson was evidently trying to make himself heard by as many. of the vast concourse of people as possible, but a shifting of persons on the outskirts gave evidence that his voice would not carry to all of them. The conclusion of the speech was the signal for another outburst of enthusiasm, such as is usually thought to be restricted to national conventions. While it continued President Wilson. ex-President Taft and the members of the committee on arrangements were moving to the carriages in front of the inauguration platform to begin the trip down the thronglined Pennsylvania avenue to the White House at the head of the inaugural parade. Vice President Marshall and the members of the Senate m.oved toward the Senate chamber, to continue the special session of the Senate. Others on the stand started off to the President's reviewing stand or other places of vantage, where they were to review the inaugural pageant. BILL IfpPTEO Conference on General Deficiency Appropriation Reports. The early removal of buildings on the land lying between the Capitol grounds and the Union station piaza, so that it will be made into a park as soon as possible, and the continuance of a seventhousand-flve-hundred-dollar salary for the secretary to the President are among the most important of the provisions of the general deficiency appropriation bill as fixed in conference about 4 o'clock Jhis morning and as accepted by both ' houses of Congress at today's sessions. During their economy streak, the democrats proposed to cut the salary of the secretary- to the President to $6,000 petyear, after the beginning of the new administration today. The Senate provided in the deficiency bill against the cut and Mr. Tumulty will get the same as did Charles D. Hilles. The conferees also allowed to remain in the bill the Senate limitation on the powers of the President declaring that "hereafter the executive shall not extend or accept any invitation to participate in any international congress, conference or like event without first having specific authority of Jaw so to do." Sea Travel Proposal Defeated. The Senate's proposal of an appropria tion of fio.uuo to pay the expense of the American delegates to an international conference to consider means of making sea travel safer was knocked out. Upon the Senate's amendment that the reorganization of the customs service, consolidating many of the collectors' offices, shall be postponed for two years was lost in conference. The appropriation to enable the interstate commerce commission to begin the work of determining the physical valua- j tion of railroad properties was fixed in conference at flOU.OOO instead of fuOO.UOO proposed by the Senate. The conferees knocked out the provision for f2.8lO.23 to be paid to the George Washington University Hospital as additional compensation for the care and treatment of Indigent patients during recent years. The appropriation of fiio.OOU for the ! expenses of removing the buildings a.iu other structures on land to be soon acquired by the government between ttie Capitol grounds and the Union station and for grading, seeding and soiling the land was left in the bill with an added proviso that the money shall be available July 1. 1914. The conferees knocked out the Senate , amendments for fl.OOO for additional labor in the office of the Secretary of Agriculture, for $2,0C0 for supplies and repairs to the Department or Agriculture buildings and of to replace the cotton supplies recently destroyed by fire. The Senate's proposal to revive tne extra month stipend for employes at the Capitol, discontinued when the democrats took control of the Houae. was knocked out in conference. s k SCORE THE POLICE EOR INEFFICIENCY (Continued from Flrat Page* crowds of rowdies that had forced them out of the parade. Argues for More Police. Maj. Sylvester last night was asked from the Capitol to say something of the way In which the crowd was handled. He is said to have made no atatement, but to have referred hie questioner to the Commissioners, to whom ho laat night turned over hla answer to the complaint made in Congress. The superintendent of police remained In his office last night until long after midnight preparing a statement and it was turned over to the Commissioners before morning. Maj. Sylvester was at his office early this morning making preparations to prevent today a repetition of yesterday's trouble in handling the crowds. "Will Pennsylvania avenue be cleared j today?" lie was asked. "I think so." was his response. "The making of a statement at this time regarding the affair of yesterday," Maj. Sylvester stated, "would be discourteous to Congress and the .Commissioners and I cannot make one." Maj. Sylvester did say that yesterday's affair is another plea for a larger police force and that the trouble was the result of divided responsibility. "I had to look after the President yesterday," he said. Johnston Takes a Hand. Commissioner Johnston took an active hand in an attempt yesterday to clear Pennsylvania avenue as the pageant approached. He has immediate supervision of the police department, and probably felt that part of the responsibility fell to him. The Commissioner was in an electric automobile, but the crowd apparently did not fear the machine would be driven dangerously close to the front line. Discussing the probability of having today's crowd better handled than was the suffrage pageant yesterday, Maj. Sylvester said he thought the presence of the fifty uniformed men from Baltimore would be of great assistance to the local force. Women Plan for Redress. The protests to President Wilson, Congress and the District Commissioners over the inadequacy of the police protection for the suffrage procession will be presented just as soon as arrangements for hearing the grievances of the women can be arranged. The national board of the National American Woman Suffrage Association held a meeting late last night to discuss ways and means for getting redress. Dr. Anna Howard Shaw presided. It was decided to leave arrangements for presenting the protests to Miss Alice Paul, chairman of the procession committee, and Washington representatives of the congressional committee. Mrs. James L. J .a id law. a member of the national board, who is staying in Washington with Mrs. Helen H. Gardener, said this morning that no pains will be spared to get full redress for the "disgraceful insults heaped on American womanhood yesterday." "The difference between the police protection today and the police protection during the suffrage procession proves the Inadequacy of the 'Indirect influence' which the antl-suffraglsts say women should wield." said Mrs. Laidlaw. "It proves that to get the protection they need women must have the ballot. Every one will admit that if the women who marched in the procession had votes they would have been protected as they should have been." Senate Orders Inquiry Into Failure of Police to Protect Suffragists Senator Jones today proposed a resolution directing the Senate committee on the District of Columbia to investigate the conduct of the police of the District and find if it was negligent in their duty along the route of the suffrage parade yesterday, and proposed an appropriation from the contingent expenses of the Senate to make the inquiry. Its introduction was the opportunity for sharp criticisms of the police of Washington. "Papers this morning are filled with statements- of what happened along the parade," remarked Senator Jones. "I am informed by a man whose word is always good that the actual conditions were a disgrace to ouf civilization and that the police were negligent." Calls It Disreputable. "It was a most disreputable affair," added Senator Nelson, who had pushed through last night a resolution calling 11nnn tViA nbiof nf t\nUpo fnr o ro.nnrt "If "f"" * "*= , ? u .vrv... was discreditable to the police force of the city." Secretary Bristow. as a member of the committee on contingent expenses, hustled around the chamber and cloakrooms to find other members of the committee and get their approval of the Jones resolution. It did not take him long. As reported, however, provision for expenses of the inquiry is stricken out. As amended, it was agreed to without debate. Action by the House on the resolution is not necessary. Criticism by Poindexter. Senator Poindexter :-sok five minutes at the very end of the session to criticise the police actions during the parade. "They might as well have been a lot of wooden, painted policemen," declared Mr. Poindexter. "so far as their control over the crowds." Senator Fletcher of Florida tried to cut off the discussion by making a point that the speech was not in order. President Pro-Tempore Gallinger overruled the point of order. It. was really 12:15 o'clock, although by the Senate clock the time was 11:45 a.m. hTe police, said Senator Poindexter, did not protect the paraders from vehicles and from a "Jeering and hostile" crowd. Text of Nelson Besolution. i ne rexi oi ocuiiiui .lnwu? j?solution calling on the chief of police and the District Commissioners for report and adopted by the Senate is as follows: Resolved, That the Commissioners of the District of Columbia and the superintendent of police of the District of Columbia be, and they are hereby, directed to inform the Senate why the direction of Senate joint resolution ItH?that the superintendent of police of the Diatrict of Columbia prevent any Interference j with the suffrage procession on tiie 3d day of March, 1013?was not complied with." The joint resolution providing for the protection of the women during the procesBi-iii, introduced last week in the Senate, a Ad adopted, was as follows: "Resolved, etc., that the superintendent of police of the District of Columbia be, and he is hereby, directed to stop all the ordinary traffic and travel. Including the operation of street railroads, along Pennsylvania avenue from the Peace Monument to 17th street, between the hours of 3 and & p.m., Monday, the 3d day of March. 1913, and to prevent any interference with the suffrage procession on that date." ' Police Scored in Congress. "Policemen in uniform stood and jeered, along with ruffians and hoodlums, at the marchers in the suffrage parade." said Representative llobson of Alabama, in the House early tnis morning. He charged that the local police department had utterly ignored the resolution passed by Congress two days ago directing that Pennsylvania avenue he kept free ol traffic and open for tke women's parade. "I marchad in the section s?-t apart for ' senator* and representatives." continue I Mr. Hobson. "There were some twenty of us, headed by Judge Kuckei of Mis souri. When we reached 7th atreet t??? crowd had closed in upon us so eioaely that we were compelled to give up marching four abreast to march two abreaat. ami finally we walked single file, and even than we almost had to force our way through the crowds. And police, many ?<| them, did nothing to put the crowd ba? k, but occupied themselves in jeering at u*. "A lady has called me up on the telephone since I returned to the House ami told me that one ruffian climbed upon the float on which her daughter rod* and Insulted her." "Her daughter ought to have been at home," growled Minority leader Mann. Clearly angered. Mr. Hobson heaitate-l a moment and then replied: "I am aure that the gentleman from Illinois. no matter now ne lens .1 the suffrage question, would wish t<? have proper protection Riven them# young girls and women.'' Representative Cooper of Wisconsin, incensed at the remark of Mr. Mann, demanded time to make a reply to the gentleman from Illinois. To Demand Investigation. v, Mr. Hobson's time had expired, and though he requested three minutes more to complete his statement the regular order was demanded, and the suffrage question was passed for the time being. Later Mr. Hobson said in an Interview that he intended to demand a congressional Investigation of the niMtter at the extra session of Congress, or at least the next regular session. He declared that the attitude of the police department. Starting with the superintendent of p>> lice, had been disgraceful. From the flrat time the subject of the suffrage parade waa broached MaJ. Sylvester, he said, had made It apparent that he wa? opposed to the parade. Mr. Hobson said that after Congress had ordered that Pennsylvania avenue be cleared for the parade Maj. Sylvester had no right to let his personal feelings in regard to woman suffrage interfere with the peiformance of his duties. . "Women were insulted, kicked and struck by ruffians," said Mr. ffohson. "and many of the policemen on the spot made no effort to stop theao outrages. "There is another angle to this matter which has not been brought out," salt Mr. Hobson. "I foresaw that thero would be this trouble during the parade, and I went some time ago. in my official capacity as a member of Congress and as a marshal for that section of the parade In which members of the Senate and House were to march. t& the Secretary of War and explained to him my fears. Asked for Cavalry. "I asked that lie order out tlie cavalrv at Fort Myer, Vs.. to act a? an escort t>? the senators and representatives who were going to march. 1 did not ask that they be ordered to perform police duty. Of course, by their presence sud by riding tip the avenue they would have cleared the street for the marches. Tlig cavalrymen could have ridden Itack and forth and so kept the street clear. "The chief of staff. Maj. Gen. Leonard Wood, agreed with me that the cavalry should be ordered out. Hut when I went to see the Secretary of War I was told by an aid that he did not think the cavalry had police powers. The cavalry were refused, thougi they turn out as escorts for various other parades. "It is not often you hear of a refusal on the part of the army to art as an escort to a body of senators and representatives," said Mr. Hobson. significantly. "I was told that the matter was put up to the President, but I never heard anything more about 1l" CftAmloru C+imcnn Qavc gcvl ciai J giiiiiouii VUJU Troops Were Available to Protect Suffragists Secretary of War Stimson was highly indignant this morning at the apparent effort to shift to the War Department part of the responsibility for the Tailor" of the police to care for yesterday"s suffrage parade. In a conversation with a Star reporter he. made it clear that the War Department all along had been willing and ready to assist the local authorities in keeping the line yf march open and protecting the women from insult and abuBe. He rehearsed briefly the correspondence that had passed between the Distiict Commissioners and himself in regard to the matter and said he had plainly indicated to them his readiness to <-o-operate with troops if the Commissioners would Bay they were needed. Early last week the Commissioners, he said, had written him that they might possibly need the assistance of the army in caring for the parade, but did not then think they would. It was arranged at that time that if troops were needed the Commissioners would notify the War Department. Women Made Application. In the meantime, said Secretary Stimson, the suffrage committee made application to the War Department for h detail of troops for the parade, and was informed by Assistant Secretary Oliver that the troops were so much occupied in inauguration matters that they could not be spared unless the District Commissioners or the chief of police certified that their services were necessary. That was the way the situation stood yesterday before the assembling of the parade. Secretary Stimson said that in order that there might be no misunderstanding in tire matter he talked on the telephone to both Commissioners Rudolph and Johnston yesterday morning. They t . x m _ j i_ : j . .1 a c a . ooin iniormeu mill, ueiiarru netreuu.1 Sllmson, that they felt assured of the ability of the local police to handle the crowds and care for the parade, there bein^ between .'tOU and 4tHt policemen available for the work. The Commissioners told him also, said Secretary Stlmson, that while they did not think regular soldiers would he required, it niigi.t be advisable to have not more than one troop of cavalry ready t?> meet any responsible call for assistance It was suggested that the troop might laheld either at Fort Myer or at the Aquaduct bridge. Held in Readiness. Secretary Stitnson said he accepted the Commissioners' statement that they were capable of dealing with the situa tion in the manner indicated. At his direction Gen. Wood, chief of staff, ordered a troop of cavalry held in readiness for a sudden call, and that arrangement, said Secretary Stitnson, was carried out. It was long after the parade started, said Secretary Stimson. before any application was made for the services of the troops, and there was no delay whatever in compliance when it was received. In other words, said Secretary Stimson, the troops appeared for duty Immediately after the Commissioners sent word they needed assistance. All he desired, said Secretary Stimson, was that the record of the War Department be kept clear and that officials reallyresponsible for the situation do not shift that responsibility to where it does not belong. In the opinion of Secretary Stimson. after Congress had provided the money for additional policemen and had authorized the parade, it was clearly the duty of the local authorities to see that me paruue W piuioutru, cojn ni IV* they had issued a permit for it. SEBIOUS FIGHTING AT JOLO. Town Under Incessant Attack by Moros?32 Americans Wounded. MANILA, March 4.?The town of Jolo has undergone Incessant attack by the Moros for the last two weeks. Details of the operations are meager, as a rigid censorship is in force. Even letters sent by officers and men defending the town are subjected to scrutiny. That the fighting has been serious, however, is obvious from the arrival here today of thirty-two wounded Americans. The Mores, it is reported, continually fling taunts at the defenders of the town, calling on them to "come out and tight in American fashion, and not like pigs." The troops arc chafing greatly at their inaction, und many complaint" are licurd among the men.