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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, July 06, 1913, Image 18

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THE EVENING STAB,
WASHI1WTON,
SUNDAY July 6> l013
THEODORE W. NOTES-. Bdltor
The Evening Star Wew?p?p*r Company.
P ?? ne-a Offlee. llfh St. and Pennsylvania A^enoe.
Vw York Office: Trtbuw Building.
fMtx-f: Flr?t National Bank Bandta#.
EuvpMD Orti.e: 3 Resent St.. Tendon. England.
Th* Et*ti'tiz Star. wUfc the Snaday aw"*;
edit^n 1- by cntrl*"*
? t ^puTii p? r nv>ntlj: d?Hy only. ? -
r- th: S:v.l.,y only. i? centa per ?<mI? 1n???2f
r>av h- ~.'ir by mall. or fleplwie Main 2440
tlon U made by carrier at the end of ^acn
month.
Parable fa adTance?by mall, portage prepBlfl:
|Wltv. Snnd.v Included one mor?. ?tf ew*
Pally. 8nn?1ay excepted one m^?i.40 cants.
Saturday Star. ? 1 y?-ar: Sunday 8t?f. ?2.??> yaar.
Enored a* wcead-ciasa mall matter at the post
..ffl.-e at Wash'.D?toa. I?. O.
CTln <*r>1er to avoid 4elay? ??
rer? ? il f (?.?hop. letter^ to '1 Hi? ST A? 9?M>Pl^
>>?" addreaaed to any
v 'i>, ??.. b^'t w'ntfily to THE STAR, or to
tbe I 'torlal or Rnaineas Department. accorolag
to tenor or purpose.
The Blue and the Gray.
Or? tug out of the celebration a.t
G ttyshurg. which, was a great success,
r.iTi '? a proposition that in 11*1." the Blue
a; 1 the Gray meet at Richmond to cel
eJrnt.- the fiftieth anniversary of the
ev.t iation of the Capital of the Con
federacy. At Gettysburg the Blue was
host. At Richmond the Gray would be.
There 1* much sentiment to recommend
the suggestion. Pennsylvania has Just
acquitted herself well of a line task, and
Virginia would meet such an occasion
In the sam* way. Richmond was the
scene < stirring history between 18M
and IMC., and while the city has grown
greatly since the war closed. much re
ir sins of war times to inspire visitors
with a lively sense of the meaning of
that str< nuous period. ?.
J it why not Washington as the scene
for tiie second celebration of the estab
lished lratornity of the Blue and the
Gim> Why not mark in such a way
here the fiftieth anniversary of the cloae
oi the war? This never ceased to be the
C? j ital of the country. The country was
i v> r dismembered. The southern states
oil t;>? t succeed in establishing a nation.
i that Washington, which goes back
t th. beginning. and was never so baau
tii . as now. would greet the survivors
of th. great struggle with a hospitality"
whi? h would thrill all who shafed It
Everybody w.?uld feel at home, for every
bod\ takes national pride and Interest in
what is truly the National City.
The Blue never left town, so to speak,
while the Gray long since returned, and
hbs U-tn tilling posts of honor here for
years, in Confess, on the bench, and
in executive commissions. Former Confed
erates have even appeared in their old
uniforms in procession here. At the fu
neral of Gen. Joseph Wheeler? a most
Impressive occasion?a company composed
of m- n who had followed him when he
?was a cavalry commander in the Con
federate army helped escort his remains
to Arlington, and added materially to
th- significance of the ceremony. There
v.!-- r.o other feature of the picture quite
so striking. ' * * *"
Why not then a reproduction, as well
as may be, of the Grand Review of
lS?r. with the Gray alternating with the
Blue in a triumphal march up the Ave
nue, and with the President of the United
States in the stand to salute both sides?
Who would not be inspired by that scene?
What old soldier, officer or private, for
mer Federal or former Confederate, woyld
not desire a place in. such a procession,
with all that it would convey of reunion
an'! a fully restored confidence and na
tional purpose?
The Utilities Bonds.
The a.-tion frf the public utiHiles ?on
n.is-i- n In rejecting the abdication of the
Washington 1'tilities Company for au
thority to issue $1m.?K*OUO in bonds Justi
ces tl\- protests that were uttered by The
Star a year ago when-the merger plans
were under <liscu?su>n and ibis paper
strongly urged the enactment of a public
utilities law to prevent such financing of
the local corporations as to lessen the
pr ect of bett-rmentsHor the benefit of
the public. There was. at that time no
established authority to* supervise the' fis
cal operations of these companies* which
are of a semi-public character through
their enjoyment of franchises granting
the us- of the streets. It would have,
been possible in the conditions that then
existed to water the stock of these com
panies or of the holding company p*o
p. -ed. so as to lay the foundation for fu
ture arguments ? against oompulsory lm
piovt ?:.? nts or possible reductions of fares
or the extension of the transfer system.
Nov. through the* fortunate Utilization of
the District appropriation bill, a public
utilities commission has been provided,
am1 that commission has refused to grant
the application of the nerwly formed cor
poration for a bond Issue which In Its
Judgment is In excess of present needs
and unwarranted by circumstances. In
ail likelihood the corporations will appeal
to the courts as the law permits, but
meanwhile It Is important to note the effi
cacy of the utilities comtnisalon as a
means of checking precipitate and pos
sibly unwise and, from the public poiat
of view, injurious financing. Had this
commission bet n in existence a y*ar ago
much difficulty would have been pre
vented and pubic confidence In the good
faith of the cori>orations which it wus
Bought to consolidate wouid not have been
shaken. With its present equipment the
Ldstrict is well safeguarded against
speculative corporation management with
conse quent harm to the welfare of the '
community.
Cx-Secretary t.f Agriculture Wilson is
receiving all kinds of nompllmeata in
?England. And no one begrudgea him the
happiness that may be his after bis ac
quittal of h)ms*ilf In one of the greatest
office-holding endurance teate oa record
Some of the witne^sta In London court
proceedings have evidently been studying
the dialogue in some of thoaa smartly
problematical plays.
Some of France's political writers live
to he exceptionally old. Fencing Is ft
highly beneficial form of exercise.
Mr. "Watterson at Pnt>in-B*y.
At the Perry centennial axerclsea at
Put-In-Bay Friday Henry Watterson was
one of the orators, and stated that he
was then delivering his last public ad
dress. Why the last?
Mr. Watterson is not an old man. A
little tlie rise of seventy finds him still In
physical and intellectual fettle, and his
popularity as writer a!)d speaker TjndV
mlnished Living as he does la comfort
in what the natives, with many reasons,
call "God's country," he should pass with
ease the ninety mark.
Public topics were never mor^ Interest
ing than right now The t^rijf?6J1 0\d
favorite with Mr. Watterson?if la h%nd,
for action. The curreney is to foHew.
An ot enemy?the Money" DeTir-rls sttll
Abroad, and many are after him seeking
to chain blm up. And th? trust* art *tlll
aj)con4iicr?d> Whjr should not M*? Wht
tBTBon, with both tonsil* and pen, keep
In the ploture, and keep btur^
Halters, It la tn?k are not altogether to
hla liking. Had hla wishes prevailed, the
nomination at Baltimore' last year would
not have been bestowed as It was. Had
the duty of revising the Payne tariff law
been left to him. the Underwood bill
would never have seen the inside of the
hall of the Houw,
But Mr. Watterson Is an old campaigner.
Which is to say that he is a gtn*d deal et
a philosopher. He takes what be can gat.
and thanks fate for the aupply. He ac
cepted Mr. Wilson for.party leader, and
Is supporting him nuw. He would have
preferred something stronger, but Is
drinking Mr. Underwood's mild tariff con
coction?uild, except as to sugar and
wool?out of a tin cup, and giving ths ap
pearance of liking 14
Why, then, Aot go on with ths proces
sion 7 The general procession. Mr. Wat
terson Is much more than a politician.
His Intellectual range is wide. He knows
history, music, art and literature; and.
some of his wicked opponents say, knows
them better than he does politics. But.
however that may be, a public address
-from him at any time on any subject
would be !n the future, as many have
been In the past, a souroo of delight to
thousands.
Mr. Watterson, under the inspiration at
Put-in-Bay, Quoted with fervor Law
rence's sublime adjuration; "Don't give
up the ship!" iiet him take the lesson
home. Don't give up the platform or the
pen while his hold upon the public Is so
strong, and his messages remain so vig
orous and entertaining.
A Remarkable Bond Sale.
One of the surest means of arousing
the civic interest of the people is to cause
them to become stockholders In their mu
nicipal. Btate and federal organizations.
To the extent that they invest their sur
plus capital in the securities of their Im
mediate communities, when It becomes
necessary to raise money In this manner
for development purposes, they acquire
the viewpoint of partnership which should
be gained by every citizen. Ordinarily the
securities ef city, county and state are
taken by professional investors, banks,
bond-selling companies and other remote
purchasers who havt. no interest what
ever In the welfare of th6 issuing organ
ization save as they are concerned In the
maintenance of Interest and in ultimate
liquidation. Recently Baltimore has had
a unique experience, however, in that it
has disposed of a large percentage of a
municipal bond issue to the people of
that city, who have thus become share
holder* in the municipality. The circum
stances of this sale to the people cat! for
particular comment, and The Star ex
tends Its congratulations "to the city of
Baltimore* and especially to the Baltimore
Sun. which was the ag?ncy of this re
markable purchase of securities by the
citisens.
On the 5th of June last the city of Bal
timore held a pubHc sale of 95,500,000
bonds. Bids had been invited In the
usual way for some time past with the
Idea that the bond Issue would be taken
by the investor* who ordinarily absorb
such Issues. The t<?al of the bids opened
that day, however, was only $567,900, of
which the city awarded $427,000, these
being all bids of 90 Or better, leaving
more than $5,000,000 bonds unsold. The
? sale- had thus been a failure to the extent
of nine-tenths of the Issue, a circum
stance due it-was believed to the gen
erally depressed condition "of the financial
market, the states of California, Missouri
and Tennessee and the cities of San
Franc!pea Cleveland, Cincinnati. Toledo
and Pittsburgh having lately failed to
dispos* of their issues.
When the failure to sell the Issue In the
open market becamo known the Balti
more Sun started a movement for the
sale ef the bonds directly to the people of
'that city. It purchased $10,000 in bonds
' and offered them over its counter in mul
tiples of $100 at net cost without com
: mi salon or profit. With only a few hours
'of announcement, and small opportunity
fbr preparation, this unusual bond' sale
was opened'the morning of June 0. The
original amount purchased was exhausted
1 in three hours. More bonds were obtained
and on the first day. the sales totaled
$43,5001 On the second day bonds to the
amount of $73,600 were sold and the third
day $121,400.- The sale was continued for
nin* days, and on the ninth day the appli
cants were so numerous that they were
formed in two lines down the street. The
teital for the nine day* was $993,400, or
over twice as much as the award of the
oity in the first sale* to the professional
bond buyer*.- Aa. a result of this popular
sale the city was enabled to dispose of
ihe entire issue, which at the outset
seemed to be a drug upon the bond mar
ket.
This Is a remarkable demonstration
of firet the power of a newspaper in
a community whose confidence it has
won and sneond of the willingness of
the peopla to invest their savings in pub
lic securities when they are instructed
and guided la the procesa. There are
doubtless hundreds of thousands of peo
ple in the United States who, like many
of the Baltimore bond buyers, have their
savings in the form of hoards, unin
vested and even undeposlted In banks,
who if. properly educated in the matter
would gladly invest In the securities of
their immediate community. Already the
example set in Baltimore has aroused the
Interest of public officials throughout the
United States, and It is likely that as a
consequeno* of this demonstration the
same methods will be adopted elsewhere
when the time comes to put city, county
and state securities on the market. A bet
ter way of increasing the working circu
lation and stimulating a wholesome in
terest in public affairs could not be de
vised.
Of course, U would not do to undertake
the establishment of a commerce court In
which the fines would go some way to
ward making it sell-sustaining.
It may be necessary to equip the tele
phone with some means of Identifying the
man who is talking. Wall street can no
lenger trust its own ears.
The "hottest day on record" is men
tioned sp frequently as to call renewed at
tention to the wonders that can be done
With statistic*
The Boy Scoots.
All reports from Gettysburg give praise
for the Boy SccMits from Washington who
have been so effectively assisting the vet
eran* in th* great semi-centennial en
campment. These lads have. It would ap
pear, actually saved many lives by their
attentions to the men who have gone
to the great reunion, helping them on
their way to their camps, assisting them
In their tents, straightening out their
confusion* and raiMnderstandings, calling
mediqfil aid *rt?en needed, and altogether
playing the part of good Samaritans as
Well as faltWl carriers of messages and
guides.
- Washington 1* proud of these boys, who
are thu* maintaining the high standard
.0$ their organisation They proved their
quality on th* 3d of March on the oc
--caMoo of 4b* woman suffrage parade in
I ith^s city, when they were of value In
helping-to resO^ah! tji* crowds ttyat surged
upojr of march and assisting those
who were caught in the press. The next
dsjr? wh? the President wmm limg?nti4
ther rendered mluable services as ?f
sen?ers? guides and general helper* t*
the police. On both of the occasions In
March the Boor Oeottts shewed a high
state of discipline and an earnest appre
ciation of their opportunity to render as
sistant*.
The other day the Whshlngton Boy
Scouts set the. pace in the relay run from
this city to CJMcarot tn all the activities
of the oreaitlz.ntIon the local troops of
scouts "havp nwasurrd up aplendldly, and
It Is 'the belief In the 1 Harriet that on
any oncaslon of national n*s??inhlaas the
Washflngton boys will prove the equal If
not the superiors of all In attendance.
The moral effect of the lluy Hrout work
Is uncfuestlonahly far?reachtng. These lads
sre hwrnlng obedience and service. They
ars be!uk tauxht that there Is something
better than mere play. but that work
and play can he cienhlned and that there
!? a Juy In doltu; useful and helpful
thin its. They ar? learning to hold them
selves weH' In hand, to avoid bad habits
and bad language. They will make bet
ter dtisemi for th?4r partlalpatlon In this
work that la being so well conducted here
as part of a grout national enterprise.
Cutting Down the Death Boll.
It la estimated that only eight deaths
resulted Friday from explosion of
fireworks and other Fourth of July In
dulgences In all parts of the qoyntry.
This tcrtaHmay be-Increased as fuller re
ports are received and possibly as some
of the Injured succumb to their hurts.
But It is evident that a low record of
Independence day casualties has been
written, and this is unmistakably the re
sult of the nation-wide movement o 1
the passt few yeaes for the redemption
of >the national bftrthday (item tpie bar
barism of powder* burning that for so
long marred it. asblngton was one
of tJie^Jlrst of the'cities to ipove against
this evll\ and has eaijoyed immunity from
Independence day casualties for some
years. It vwHl take- perhaps another dec
ade wholly to eradicate the disposition to
use- Independence day as an excuse for
sen&less tfioise making and dangerous
powder explosion. The substitution of
other methods of marking the day will
proceed meanwhile until the children
have been made to realize that the
Fourth of July Is a historic occasion,
to be viewed with rfcverence and to be
commemorated appropriately and not
with torturinig, destroying practices that
are more suggestive of the,Jubilations of
savages than* of twentieth century peo
ple.
There may be some sympathy In Gov.
Sulzer's mlnd= for tho maa described by
Jerome K. Jerome who, after studying
his own case, concluded that the only
trouble he did not have was '^Housemaid's
Knee."
If the Cincinnati authorities who have
taken possession of the Ice plants can
run the business to the satisfaction of a
superheated public, they will provide a
strong argument for municipal owner
ship.
The scientific theory that sunshine af
fects blondes more than peopla with
dark hair is likely to invite especial at
tention to the observations of'statesmen
with auburn locks.
As an editor Mr. Bryantfeels permitted
to engage In vigorous discussion of
topics which as Secretary of State he
might not necessarily be expected to
touch upon.
A veteran landscape painter says the
cubists have no Ideas about art. This
may be considered milder than the
declarations that they have no Ideas at j
all.
Actresses Jilt lords without- much dan
ger of legal procedure, but when a lord
with a bank account Jilts an actress. It
is an entirely different matter.
The picture which. comes over to an
American art collection may at least be
reasonably sure of escaping the mysteri- i
ous fate of the Mona Lisa.
Mr. Lamar's Impersonations of states
men, over the telephone, suggest a new
field for the ventriloquist and the light
ning change artist
Col. Roosevelt continues to discuss
generalities, although publio attention Is
unmistakably Inclined to get to the de
tails of a topic.
The bathing suit is no longer the sub- I
Ject of satirical comment The street is I
now more startling than the seashore.
The Hall of Fame has drifted out of I
notice. The Mulhall of Fame Is now to
the front.
SHOOTING STABS.
BY PHILANDER JOHNSON.
A. July Impression.
"Why don't you work In your garden
and get an appetite?"
"The appearance of the vegetables in
my garden," replied Mr. Crosslots, "dis
courages an appetite."
Daring Project.
"What we want is the Golden Rule
embodied in legislation," said the Idealist.
"Yea" replied the "practical" politician.
"But I doubt If you'd find a. lobby on
earth that could put that through."
The Inequality of Things.
Full oft some dog of stunning styls
And pedigree without a fault
Is worth a thousand dollars, while
Its owner Isn't worth his salt.
Obscurity.
"You say that woman Is socially ob
scure 7"
"Fearfully so." replied Mrs. Fllmgllt
"She obtained a divorce without having
her picture published in a single paper
as a prominent society belle."
Inconsistent.
"The Idea of preparin' a man fur high
office in some communities," said Farmer
Corntossel. "Is all wrong."
"In what way?"
"Well, it seems to be to keep roastin'
him until he has as llttie self-respeck
left as possible."
A Small Philosopher.
A little baby laughed one day;
I paused and wondered why.
None of the wealth could it display
For which the grown folk sigh.
Its wardrobe seemed exceeding slim.
No Jewelry it wore.
Its home was up a side street dim.
Behind a dusty store.
It hadn't even teeth or hair.
Its hands were frail and small.
And yet It sat goo-gooing there.
As if it had them all.
It seemed to say that happiness
Rests not with pomp or pelf;
It comes not from what you possess,
But from your real self.
WHAT THE GOVERNMENT IS DOING
Within the next few weeks the peo
ple of the United States will know the
attitude of the
Use Ol Sulphur Remsen ref
and Alnm in Food.
phur and alum in the preparation of
foods and beverage* The sulphur de
cision* particularly, is awaited with
grent interest, especially by the people
of the Pacific coast, where the chemi
cal Is used extensively in the prepara
tion of dried and evaporated fruits.
Following after the decisions on the
use of bensoate of soda and saccharin !
In foods and drinks, the Remsen board's
findings on sulphur and alum are
looked forward to as a step toward the
solution of the most Important pure
food problems which have been faced
?hire the passage of the food and* drugs
act In 1900.
The Remsen board has recently com
pleted its investigations of sulphur and
alum sud their Use in foods and bev
eruRf?a, nnd ths finished reports are
now in the hands of the Secretary of
Agriculture i*nd the officials of the
bureau of chemistry. Until the reports
are made public not one word will be
given out by officials of the Agricul
tural Department as to the results of
tbs findings of the board of noted
chemlBts, but it is believed that the
board will decide that both sulphur
and alum may be used in limited quan
tities In food products, providing the
fact la stated plainly on ths label.
Around ths use of sulphur a heated
pure food controversy has raged for
years. Former Chlei Uhemlst Wiley, his
assistant. Dr. W. D. Blgelow; l>r. F. C.
\\ eber and others made an extended in
vestigation of the use of Bulphur In foods,
and the Influence of sulphurous acid and
sulphites on health as long ago as 1907,
and the findings were that the use of
these chemicals In foods and wines Is ob
jectionable and results in the injury to
digestion and health. To avoid any sud
den and revolutionary changes In meth
ods of manufacture. Dr. Wiley Joined his
associates In signing a food inspection de
cislon which permitted a limited amount
of sulphur In the finished product, pend
ing further investigations, provided that
the amount of sulphur used was marked
on the label, and no food and drugs law
guarantee clause appeared.
ii in the bureau of chemistry be
lieved that manufacturers had sufficient
evidence to show that foods were much
more palatable, mpre wholesome and more
\uluable without the presence of sulphur,
and that the use of the chemical would
gradually be abandoned. Many food
manufacturers and wine makers who have
used sulphur so long that they consider
it a necessity in the preparation of their
product object (id strenuously to the find
ings of the government chemists and the
decision which allowed only a 'restricted
use of sulphur; and finally the question
was placed before the Remsen referee
board for decision.
Sulphurous acid In some form is ex
tensively employed in many technical
operations ln the preparation of foods,
especially in the production of wines, the
preparation of evaporated fruits and in
the manufacture of molasses. The Im
portant uses are for wines and evapo
rated fruits. Sulphur fumes are used to
sweeten and sterilize wine casks, and in
the case of one kind of wine sulphur is
used to prevent the complete fermenta
tion of sugar in the wine. In the prepa
ration of evaporated peaches, apricots,
apples or pears sulphuring is practiced by
the driers to -produce as clear a yellow
color in the frpit as Is possible, to conceal
I decayed portions of the fruit which have
been overlooked ln trimming, to prevent
fermentation or spoilage during the dry
ing or the fruit, to protect the fruit from
i "Jei? durJng drying, and to kill the cells
of the fruit, making* the texture more
porous and thus expediting drying. After
.ev*Porated fruit passes out of
the hands of the driers some unscrupu
lous packers have been known to "re
process the fruit" through excessive sul
phuring to make it possible for them to
Increase the moisture content and to In
crease the weight of the product which
they are to sell. When the question of
the use of sulphur was submitted to the
Remsen board more than five years ago,
pending Its coming decision, manufact
urers were granted permission to use' rea
sonable amounts of sulphur ln the prepa
ration of foods and wines If the fact
was plainly stated on the label.
The previous Investigations of the use
of alum have not been as extensive as
the Investigations of the influence of sul
phurous acid and sulphites. Perhaps the
most important use of alum is in the
manufacture of baking powders. The
government has never before had to re
port on the effect of alum on health, and
the Remsen board's report will give the
flmt authoritative information an the
subject which at the same time Is official.
Perhaps the most important series of
private studies of alum has been con
ducted by Dr. William John Oies, head of
the biological chemistry department of
Columbia University, New York.
The Remsen board's findings on the
sulphur problem will be the first to be
made public, and the report on alum will
follow later.
*
? *
Before another school year rolls around
Uncle Sam will have invited more than
4,000,000 mothers of
Home and School the country to Join in
the working out of a
Endeavor. co-operative plan
whereby it is hoped to bring home and
school nearer together, to help the parent
to get the viewpoint of the teacher on one
hand and on the other to help the teach-,
er to guide little Johnny or Mary along
lines of thought and work which will
make the child a greater help ln the
home and assist it to develop into a bet
ter citizen in the nation.
During the hot months of summer, when
both grown-ups and children are giving
more attention to vacation plans than to
school matters, experts in the United
States bureau of education have just be
gun the organization of a new division
to direct this new co-operative work,
which will aim at the upbuilding of two
of the most important American institu
tions, the school and the home. For the
want of a better name, the new branch
of the bureau has been called the di
vision of home education, which might
suggest that the purpose of the govern
ment is to turn homes Ipto schools. The
encoaragement of co-operation between
parent and teacher, however, is the sole
purpose of the division, and in no man
ner will its work conflict with the. ac
tivities of the school.
The National Congress of Mothers of
the United States is responsible for the
establishment of the new branch of the
bureau of education. The division now
being organized will not be provided for
out of government funds, but" will be
maintained by virtue of a co-operalive
arrangement with this large mothers' Or
ganization. which will provide financial
backing for the work, which will be
directed and supervised hy experts of the
bureau of education. This method of
providing for the work is similar to the
plan followed by the government in
conducting the co-operative farm demon
stration work in the south, which is
made possible largely hy funds provided
by the general education board, a part
of the Rockefeller Foundation. The same
system of government co-operation with
semi-private institutions is in operation
In financing the new rural organization
service of the Department of Agriculture,
Congress providing $50,000 for part of
the work and the general education board
subscribing larger amounts to extend the
lines of investigations.
The new division of home education
will enable the government to give
official sanction to the important work
of the parent-teacher associations
which have been encouraged by the
National Congress of Mothers, and
which are now organized ln most of
the large school centers of the country.
The purpose In organizing the division
THE PERENNIAL
From the Birmingham Netva.
If any of the Greeks who went home to
fight the battles of their country with
Turkey have returned to America, will
they heed the new call? They may have
sworn not to love another country.
From the Fort Worth Record.
R'oumanla Is preparing for war with
Bulgaria. Let them fight. Dr. Lyman Ab
bott is our authority that the best way
to bring ahoqt sr-world wide peace Is to
kill off the belligerents.
i la to extend the same Idea of co
operation between home and school in
the rural and small town communi
ties which the parent-teacher assocla
.?.ns "ave developed in the large
cities.
With this end In view. Commissioner
P. P. Claxton of the bureau of educa
tion has Just mailed to a list of {,090
county superintendents of schools a
letter asking their eo-nperation itt the
work about to be taken up bjr tne j
division of home education, requesting?
the namej of the schools under their
supervision In the open country, vil
lages or Email towns, and the names
, *?a8t two women of intelligence
and Influence In the vicinity or every
elementary and high school. The wom
en, preferably mothers. wlH be asked
to co-operate In the work of the home
education division by organising par
ent-teacher associations for the dis
cussion of the care and training of
children In the home both before and
after school ace. In the entire-coun
try It is expected that there will be
named at least 4.000.000 mothers who
will co-operate with the government
in tne work of connecting un school
home to the mutual advantage of
ii>oth Tn a report to Commissioner
i V ^ on, Parent-teacfier asso
I "'Htions and the scope of work of the
division of home education Mary Har
mon Weeks ways}
^JlT<he ^ <*?n?rreM of Mothers
I Ft f there Is & tendency to
much of the home's share of
chilli nurture Upon the overburdened
schools. Our members believe that
through parent-teacher meetings the
true division of Tabor between home and
school may be determined: through dls-i
cusslons of the problems of parents
and teachers the home may be educated
to the necessity of assuming and per
forming Its share. The public mav thus
be brought to understand that ft also
has a dutv to home and child, which
will best be performed not bv make
shift playgrounds, makeshift meeting
places, makeshift methods of prevent
In* infant mortality, but by making
everv dwelling a true home.
"The school can do many things for
the children thRt the home used to do.
and perhans can do them better. There
are a number of things, however, which
must be done In the home, or they
will not be done at all. Tn the sym
pathetic atmosphere of the parent
teacher circle the problems of the home
and school can be discussed, usually
with profit both to teacher and parent.
That children- thrive under the new
sympathetic relation of home and
school induced bv narent-teacher as
sociation and meetings Is shown by the
fact tbat they often urge their mother^
and fathers to attend. Doubtless there
are many of us who never realise how
alien a olace school Is to the little
ones and how helpful It Is to see mother
and father there and a part of It."'
*
* *
A few days ago a small boy playing
with a discarded golf ball in Kansas
City decided to break
Explosive open the little sphere
ftolf Hallo Rn<1 *ee w^at was ln
nails. gjjjQ There was a sud
den explosion and the boy was blinded
by the acid contents of the golf ball,
which was one of the so-called water
core variety. Many instances such as
this have been called to the attention of
the officers of the United States publla
health service during the past year. The
discarded water-core balls were declared
as much of a menace almost as the
stray loaded shells whrch children of a
generation ago used to be fond of search
lug for on the battlefields of the civil
war.
The center of the so-called water-core |
balls is formed by a rubber bag con
taining varlqus chemical fluids, which in
a number of cases have disclosed hydro
chloric acid, solutions of chloride, caustic
acid and other dangerous liquids. The
rubber containers are usually tightly
covered hy machine wound ribbons or
other material and when inclosed in a
finished golf ball are subjected to great
pressure. When the ball is burst or cut
open* the fluid is, of course, expelled
with great explosive force.
The use of the water-oore balls has
(rown out of a desire to obtain greater
resiliency or carrying power. Whether the
us? of the inclosed fluids brings about
the desired result Is not known, but one
thing sure, public health officiate say,
is that the discarded balls found by chil
dren are a menace to health and are ex
ceedingly dangerous at all times.
The United States Qolf Association is
sued a warning some time ago against
the breaking or cutting open of certain
makes of golf balls containing acid and
other sight-destroying compounds. Suoh a
warning as this, however, does not reach
the children, who are usually curious to
know what is inside of the little spheres,
and it is possible that the time will come
when many states will adopt restrictive
measures against the manufacture and
sale of the water-core varieties of golf
balls. 1
*
* *
The announcement made a few days
ago that the pure food law has been in
voked by the gov
Seeking Kemedies eminent to control
for Drn? Habits the 1Iliclt cocaine
e 8f traffic in the Unit
ed States has brought in many Inquiries
from persons who want to know why the
same law will not be used to cover the
traffic in other dangerous habit-forming
drugs. Among the drugs about the con
trol of which inquiries have been made
are opium, morphine, codeln, heroin,
dlonln, peronln and several others.
The reason which has been given by
officials at the Treasury Department and
the bureau of chemistry is that the im
portation of opium and its derivatives,
such as morphine and other drugs, is
now regulated, to a greater or lesser ex
by the special opium law of 1900.
vv hue this law does not give as thor
ough control of the traffic in these drugs
as the new Treasury Department regula
tion will provide for the control of co
caine, coca and Its derivatives, it was not
considered wise to include opium and
opium preparations for the reason that
the administration of the new regulation
might conflict with the operation of the
opium law of 1909. If it is found that the
new regulation works well on the control
?* oocaine it is possible that a request
will he made for the repeal of the opium
law and the application of the pure food
law t? all habit-forming drugs.
The new cocaine Agulation will make
it necessary for an affidavit to be filled
out and signed for every sale of cocaine
from the time it reaches the Importer at
of the large ports until it reaches
trje hands of the ultimate consumer.
These affidavits will have to be sworn to
and a record of the same will have to be
made by the dealer, and both sales book
and affidavits kept on file for regular In
spection by government officials.
? ,ns are now being made for printing
the forms of affidavits which will have
.2 signed by each importer and pur
chaser of cocaine, and also the forms of
record which each dealer will have to
keep and submit to the bureau of chem
kPv. January of each year. The st^rt
? vTr government has made In con
trolling the use of dancerous hablt-form
'ns drugs is in line with the course which
nas been pursued by a number of for- (
eign countries which have restricted the j
salo and use of these drugs most rigid
ly for a number of years. Nothing in
the government's regulation will restrict
the use of cocaine in legitimate medical
*or recognized, of course,
that only the Indiscriminate and promis
cuous use of cocaine, opium, morphine
ft? other drugs is dangerous and that
, f.^om'n'stration of these agents by
skillful hands contributes to the relief of
pain and suffering.
RAYMOND W. PULLMAN.
BALKAN ROW.
From the Boston Traveler.
euri 6?^^ilkan a??es are doing what they
thfir L t*16 beautiful lesson of
8? nl*ar w,th Turkey, which haa been
tlons and J5E 1x1 80 manjr Publlca*
FT#m i!be New York World.
nnl n?^M?Ikan a,,,es Persist in destroying
? , th?y may regret that war
of T th tho The beet any
fnv ? m can hope for Is national poverty
for * generation to CoWg. I
FIFTY YEARS AGO
IN THE STAR
On the very eve of the battle of Gettys- ]
burg A change of commander* was ef
fected by the national
How Inderal government and the j
_ , force that waa depend
Commander. ^ UpQn to stop 4?
his Invasion of the north was plpced ?**- j
der new control. The Star of June ?.
1803, thus announced the change:
*UaJ. Gen. George G. Meade has been
assigned by the President to the com
mand of the Army of the Potomac, vice
Gen. Hooker, relieved. MaJ. Gen. Meade
has been In command of the 9th Army
Corps. He commanded the division In (
ti.e 1st Army Corps that made the gal
lant attach at Fredericksburg on the
13th of December en the left of our line.
succeeded. It will be remembered, In
driving the enemy from all t"le'r..a,
vanced works, breaking through their
lines and occupying the heights they had
occupied, piercing their lines entirely
and getting into the presence of their re
serves, but from want of support was
obliged to yield the position gained. He
distinguished himself at the battle <>f
MechanlcsvtUe, one year ago Saturday,
and was wounded In that afTalr. He Is
not more distinguished for his gallantry
than for ability and thorough knowledge
of his profession. As an engineer he
stands In the front rank amonff our
army officers."
*
* ?
In the same Issue of The Star Is the |
following note of the news of the Inva
sion, concerning which
T-nV o# there was the mosf In
___ tense anxiety in Wash
War tfewi. tagton,
"Up to the present writing today, 2
p.m., we have no confirmation of the
story that fighting has been entered
upon at or near Harrlsburg. Neither Is
there any confirmation of the burning |
of the bridge across the Susquehanna at
Columbia. A private dispatch received
here last night, at 0 o'clock, from Lan
caster, twelve miles from Columbia and
thirteen from Wrlghtsvllle, says that the I
latter place was not, when the dispatch
was sent (8 o'clock p.ntf), occupied by the
rebels. TJfc to this hoqf telegraphic com
munication is complSe ?ver the road
from here to Baltimore and from there
through to Philadelphia. Harrlsburg and
Pittsburgh. No attempt has been made
thus far upon the Washington and Bal
timore railroad, rumor to the contrary
notwithstanding."
*
June 80. 1868, there was practically
no news of the Pennsylvania campaign
in The Star. In the sec
Washineton ond edition, issued at 3
? J o'clock, is the following
Waiting, ,|Ummary:
??This is a day of singular <iulet In
pArff"'}?sss:
and decide the campaign by suaaen
blows ere preparations could be
hesitation and not only permits the
army of the Potomac to endanger his
"mmurllcaUon., but JIow.
force, strong In number. an4 not to be
despised, composed, as it is. largely oi
veterans of the field, to grow up in
his front. A very short time now must
serve to put it out of his power to
elect lines of march In advance or re
treat at will, and he must perforce
Show his hand. The Confederates have
made no demonstrations today updh
the railroads north of this city and
communication is uninterrupted.
*
* *
The first news of the actual pres
ence on the Pennsylvania war field of
the federal com
Imminence of mander was printed
_ _ . In The Star of July 1.
Great Battle. 1863. In a dispatch
from Lancaster datedlthe day previous, j
as follows:
"The rebels have fallen back ten
miles from Harrlsburg. Gen. Couch and
and staff have crossed the Susquehanna ]
and occupy the south bank of the
river. Gen Meaide occupied Hanover j
and York tonlglnt. cutting the rebel
lines in two. Thse rebels are rapidly
concentrating in the Interior. Gen.
Pleasanton makes great havoc on the
rear of the enemy's trains. A great
battle is thought to be imminent. The
rebels must ftght on Meade's ground
or disastrousIy*retreat. Large numbers
of troops are1* constantly arriving at
Harrlsburg."
?
* *
The battle of Gettysburg began on!
the 1st of July, but not until the next]
day. July 2. 1863, did Wash
First News ington get the news of the
. actual conflict. This was
01 Flgnt. contained in a brief dis
patch in an extra edition issued that
day, as follows:
"Yesterday al 9 a.m. the rebel corps
of Longstree* and Hill attacked our
1st and 11th Army Corps, under Gens.
Reynolds and Meade, on the road be
tween Gettysburg and Chambergburg,
near the former place, and a battle oc
curred which was very severe up to
last advices from that point. Though
our troops were successfully resisting;
the attack our loss had been heavy, in
cluding Gen. Reynolds killed. At 4 p.m.
our 3d and 12th Army Corps were rap
idly moving up to take part in the en- I
gagement."
?
* *
The Star of July 3. 1863, has brief news j
dispatches of the further fighting at Get
tysburg, but nothing con
fncomplete elusive or brought closely
_ . up to date. There were
RepOTtS. also some belated ac
counts of fighting on previous days, giv
ing more detailed versions of the conflict.
A dispatch from Philadelphia, printed
Friday, the 3d, was as follows:
"Parties coming here from Gettysburg;
say that Wednesday (July 1) 10,<)00 of |
our troops were engaged with 30,600 of j
the enemy. During Wednesday night |
about 75,000 of Meade's troops came up,
and took favorable positions, while 25.000 1
other Union troops were near at hand.
The rebels had mainly concentrated near
Gettysburg Wednesday night, and there
is little doubt but that the great battle of |
yesterday would involve every available
man of both armies."
"Harrlsburg. July 3.?From the cannon
ading heard late here last night It is evi
dent that a terrible battle was fought
yesterday."
In a third edition of The Star of the
same day is a local summary of the situ
ation. stating that Meade had shilted his
position to the heights above Gettysburg,
where he awaited the concentration of
all his forces, and in that position "the
enemy had declined to attack up to
last evening" (Thursday, July 2.)
*
? *
Saturday. July 4, being a holiday, no
regular Star was issued, but an extra
paper was printed., giv
Anneuncement lng the news ?f. the
Federal victory at {Set
Of Victory. tysburg. preceded by
the following congratulatory order issued
at 10 o'clock, July 4, by President Lin
coln:
"The President announces to the coun
try that news from the Army of the Po
tomac up to 10 p.m. of the 3d la such as
to cover that army with the highest
honor to promise a great success to the
cause of the Union, and to claim the con
dolence of all for the many gallant fallep.
and that for thin he especially desires
that this day He whose will, not ours,
should everywhere be done- be every
where remembered and rev^encad with
profeW?4?.?t latitude." " *
RUSSIAN BALKAN ARBITRATION
Tlu European budget Is crowded to
overflow. There are chanees of ministers
at Constantinople. Madrid.
Crowding Budapest, Belgrade and
- . possibly Sofia. Then there
XiVentS. Is Interest In the twenty
fifth anniversary of Kaiser Wllhdm'g ac
cession to the throne: the prohibition of
Hauptrnann's play by the crown prince:
the military law In the relchstag; the
French naval maneuvers at Toulon, and
the visit of the president of the French
republle to Ix>ndon. Put more than all
these, the chief Interest centers In the
startling announcement of actual war
among the Balkan allies.
Dispatches from London declare that
there has been a battle, In which the Bul
garians seised and occupied Guevhel , an
important strategic position where Greek
and Bervlan lines Join. On the other
hand. It Is reported that the Servian
forces ?bad captured Istepi that a battle
had been fought at Ortchepeijre. where
"Bulgarian losses were enormous "
If the dispatches should l?e confirmed
the spectacle cannot but provoke a sen
timent of pity that is almost akin to dis
gust.
It may not be too late to strangle the
affgir In its Inception, for It Is Incredible
that the powers nuo" permit the pea?-e of
Europe to be held subject to a group of
states which have led Europe to believe
they possessed all the principles of na
tions, when In fact they were still ani
mated by the spirit of the barbaric hordes
whenca they came.
Russia, It will be borne in mind, is
mistress of the situation, alone if
necessary, but perhaps with the Joint
co-operation of England, France end
Germany, a probability which, how
ever strange, has nevertheless been
affirmed In certain diplomatic circles.
A rescript from the czar, indeed, com
Bletes his telegrams to the klnus of
ervia and Bulgaria, and constitutes
! a warning that in case the govern
ments of Bervla and Bulgaria did not
accept his pacific Invitation to settle
their differences at Bt. Petersburg Rus
sia would Impose her conditions.
Czar Nicholas, in his dispatch, com
menced by recalling his satisfaction
when he heard that the four premiers
of the Rnlkanlc states would meet In
council. The cxar then expressed great
regret when he learned that nothing
had come of It, but, on the contrary,
there was fear that the allied states
would engage In a fratricidal conflict.
.%
The Emperor of Russia claimed the
right and the duty to counsel the
Balkanlc states. It was to
RllSSi&'f Russia that Bulgarians
ni - and Servians had referred
Cl&im. the arrangement of all
differences In their treaty of alliance.
The czar demanded that they should
remain faithful to their obligations
and refer to Russia the solution of
their actual differences.
The czar felt it to be his duty to
warn their majesties that a war be
tween the allies could not be viewed
by Russia with indifference, and he
would make it clear that the state that
commenced the conflict would be held
responsible by the whole Slav world- The
czar reserved for himself undue libertj
as to the attitude which Russia would
adopt In view of the ultimate result* of
such a criminal conflict.
The replv of the Servian king was
prompt and cordial, but the Bulgarian
king's languasre. although diplomatic,
was not frankly sympathetic or clear
The Austrian pre??s is very much stirred
up over Russia's Intervention, and they
all agree that It is an event of the first
importance, to which no one may be In
different. _ .. .
The Fremdenblatt. organ of the min
istry of foreign affairs, observes a pru
dent silence, but not so the unofficial
press. The New Free Press for ex
ample. says: "It Is the first time that
the Slav question is posed other than oy
publicists or groups without political re
sponsibility. and this fact cannot be ig
nored by the Balkanic states who pessess
Slav Buojects." . .
The Zeit. on the other hand, recognizes
that the czar had the duty to Interfere,
even if it was disagreeable to Austria
"Russia, which made the Balkan alliance,
should avoid at every price Its dissolu
tion. If that creation meant a Russian
political success when these states were
weak and devoid of consideration, now
that they had become victorious and
powerful," the Balkanic league under the
direction of Russia was a far greater
success That fact should he recognized
without shame, even If with bitter re
flections." . . ,
It shou'd be remarked that the dispatch
of the czar to the kings of Bulgaria and
Servla did not provoke in the Berlin press
any hostile comment, afi in that of
Vienna.
*
* *
Sir Edward Grey, replying to Mr. Noel
Buxton's Inquiry as to whether the Brit
ish government had of
Official View fered its mediation to
? x- l a the Balkanic states,
in ?.ngi&na. stated that the "Russian
emperor had done so. The sentiments of
disappointment and disapprobation by
public opinion over the prospect of war
between states that have fought as alliw
could not be too strongly expressed." And
Sir Edward added that "a conflict would
alienate from the Balkanic states all the
sympathy which those states had en
listed. In fighting over their conquests
they might lose everything.
Besides the warning to the Balkan
states delivered by the c^r. 't is inter
esting to cite the dispatch of the corre
spondent of the London
should not go unheeded. Acco^'^ ^
the correspondent, the <aoist a rrani;e
ment the allies could make at St. P*-te?
bur* would be far better than a war.
In going to St. Petersburg, they have
the right to count upon an equitable ^n
honorable arrangement. ._lltjriri? h
"From the debut of the struggle b
tween The allies.- writes the corrcspond:
ent "the Balkanic alliance uill cease ior
ever and with it uill vanish the hopes
and'promises of a glorious 'uture for
the emancipated races of the Balkanlc
peninsula. The souvenirs , ofthe conflict
will survive during many jears. ?*ce
anlmoslttes will "hatreds of
dominant trait of the political hatreds 01
the southwest of E.u???*, the new war
"The victor or victors in the new war
v?] iV prevented from plucking the
fruits of their victory by Jealous neigh
truits or xnei gtate8 worn oUt by the
struggle will become the prey of foreign
struggle. ? Balkanic independence.
Strangled "taSK'cradle. will be a mere
if the perspective which opens
to the vonng nations divided in this
to tne 3 ? voice of reason and
moment if th?. vo,;b - . Kava*e vlo
prudence is smothered by the savafce \lo
0f popular clamor. rneir iuiure
is in their own hands. It remans
h. s/en if these young na
tions will come out of the actual crsia
tions wm powerful confedera
tU.S2 lmMsing respect upon the civilized
tion imposing ^ faU back jnto the
barbarian ?uar?ls of feudal tlmas vhlcb |
COL MARTIH MULI
ir-nm the gioox City Tribune.
Martin Mulhall's "Who's Who" is un
rivaled In interest. Dpesn't appear to be
in the fiction classification, either; his
torical. Also Iconoclastic.
Prom the Toledo Blade.
js'o country is ever as oad as it seems
when the Mulhalls got reminiscent. ^
From the Brooklyn Eagle.
Col Hulhall missed his chance when he
failed to connect with a magazine In need
ot a circulation boomer. L*wson s am
munition has given out.
From th? Columbia State.
Judging from the number of those let
ters Mulhall must have put In most oX
his time licking stamps.
From the Chicago News.
Somehow the country does not seem to
bt greatly astonished or Impressed by the
numerous denials of Mulhall s story.
From the Hartford Times.
By the way. where did Col. Mulhall win
his "title? Not at Gettysburg?
opened the door of Europe t? the Oft<*
man invaders.**
Bulgaria, it appear*. mould accept the
artitration of Russia. a> w. ll a- fcervia,
Montenegro and lirncp. I;ut Kuivntii i?
not in accord as to the limitation of the
arbitration which for Bulgaria should l?*
limited by the Ferbo- llulga rian trmiv.
Bulgaria controls mith tiiiiMty fio m mo
ments of Servia In favor of the rev .sioii
| of the treaty, and at Sofia there mete in
preparation certain conditions m lii< h
should t?e ol>?erv?d in Macedonia before
considering disarmament.
Austria and this is on* of the st'e
Ilghts upon the question Austria las
manifested displeasure because the cznr
failed to mention iter as an MM?ttal
factor in the general i?eace alongside of
Germany and England, and this
Austrian press ma infests its hostility.
Bulgaria's attitude Indeed ttwv be large I v
due to tlie machination* of Austria But
if It be true, as int'muted. that ?lertuany
supports Russia in li> r attempt t<> jmnlfy
tlie allies. Russia may not h<. d ml.at
Austria may do.
We have already had occasion tx in
sist upon the fact that Russia's Influence
In the Balkans is supreme. Her pie
domlname is apparent by her lu\ itat on
to the Balkan states to submit to i >-r
arbitration a manifestation <>T her au
thority?*military p<nser ma<le douMy
clear by the czar's rescript.
Very little, almost nothing is s.iid n
the jrress of Russia about Russia's mili
tary establishment. The government it
8t. Petersburg Impose* an absolute
silence on that head, but foreign govern
ments are well acquainted with tin- ex
cellence "f an army that Is Incompara
ble.
Notwithstanding the veil of silence In
such matters. It appears on good author
ity that the military eommajiders are di
recting attention first to the augmenta
tion and amelioration of material, the
sufficient armament of the men and the
repartition of contingent*. In the see.nd
place, by the augmentation of reserves,
which already place the effectives of the
first line at 4.Nno.u*? men
Russia possessed six months ago thirty
eight armv corps and very soon this
nutnher will he Increased to forty-twa
corps. The total effectives in time of
peace will be 1.2ur?,<M?? to 1,40>M?N> With
the reserves of the first line the army ID
time of war will number 4,*?m?.ij(|o nien
The military service is personal and ob
ligatory- In the infantry and siege bat
teries the soldier's service is thrse years;
in the cavalry and field artillery four
years.
* *
Gen. Toukhomllkof, the present minis
ter of war, among the many Innovations
introduced In the
Bussian Army army has augnu-nted
Pay Increased. ]h\Ty of Rrr' T.
* to three-quarters of
?. copeck a day. lie has caused .1 raJl?n
of tea to be distributed daily, augm. nt.-d
the meat ration and rebuilt the old a; d
unhealthy barracks. Resides. 4fl<??o sub
officers (veteran*) are emrdoved as In
structors of young soldiers and reservist*
The corps of commissioned offtyr" ha*
been renewed from the commanders of
army corps down to battalion chiefs
and old men replaced by voting
The pay of officers, which wis rM^ n
lously small, has been notably increa .1 d.
The military academy mas created with
the view of admitting not only officer* of
the staff, but all those who may have
shown real and strategical or technical
I aptitude. No officer of the artflU rv raa
now be promoted captain commanding a
battery without having followed the
classes of a special school of artillery.
Schools, indeed, for all grades have been
created for officers a*r>Mug to promotion,
also schools for sword exercise, gymnaa
tlcs, railroads, aerostation, automobile*,
etc.
Gen. Soukhomllkof has paid special at*
tentlon to the artillery service in vU*w
of the principal role reserved for that
arm In the future. During the campaiga
in Manchuria a great number of Rus
sian batteries were of ancient model; that
Is, slow firing; short range, to say noth
ing of the recoil. Today Russia's ar
tillery entire is rapid fire and absolutely
modem. All corps are provided with
mitrailleuses, telephonic material, aero
nautics and all the tools necessary for
construction and exploitation of railroads.
The commissariat of the army, formerly
so lamentably insufficient, baa been sub
jected to the severest control and the
abuses not only eradicated but the serv
ice has been purified, placed upon a high
plane and become a perfected and admirv
able organization
The cavalry has been numerically In
creased. but the Cossack cavalier ba*
been retained. Russia possesses an in
exhaustible source of cavalry in the Cos
sack and in the 33,OUO.OOO horses in the
country.
?
* *
The entire system of fortification hat
been transformed In order to support
the fire of the ?ier
Changes in man siege guns and
? ... the center of .resist
Fortifications. ance remoVf.d fr(Jfn
the front to the rear The adoption of
thiB new plan caused some discission
among tacticians, but its authors main
tained that because of the "saillant ' or
projecting Polish angle Russian troops
bottled up therein stood every chance of
being enveloped from the south 1<> an
Austrian amy from T.embore. ft ? m the
north bv a Prussian army from Kocniirs
berg. This danser Is now averted- B?
sides. the fifteen cavalrv divisions situ:
ated along the Austro-Prussian frontier
suffice in case of rupture '?> hold the up
lands in check, blow up the bridges, rut
the railways and. in a word, tetard the
march of the eremy. Heretofore, it is
said the Russian headquarters Is not to
be Varsovla. but Bzest Idtovsk:
There remains the great problem necee
sarv for mobilization. Twenty years'ago
it would have taken three months. To
day, due to rallwav development this
! time may be reduced to twentv davs Sf?
| cialists. antl-milltarists in the Prefich
'chamber a few days a^o. during the dis
cussion of the three-vear law. said: "See
that Russia concentrates her army as
quickly as ours, and you will save us
from further efforts " It is needless to
add the socialists have not taken note of
the fact that Prance corsists of X'.~ OY>
square miles. Germany 337.-Vm# and Rus
sia 13,7.V>.u<m? square miles. Nor have they
borne in mind that the Russian frontier
in Poland is nearer Paris than Morocco!
Russia, whatever the res&U of th;s Bal
kan conflict, may be the only hope of
preventing the ever to be dreaded war
in Europe. The publication of the czar's
telegram to the kings of Bulgaria and
Servia points the way out of a difficulty.
It may not. as it would, save the Balkan
states from themselves. In any event It
, constitutes Russia's authority as arbiter
j by virtue of the treaties, and. more tliaa
[all. it establishes Russia at, the protecting
power of that great Slav nation, which
looked in vain to the Balkan states for
procreation. ?
Russia's great military strength is the
surest guarantee for the future peace of
Europe. Already, without that irresiat
| il?3e force. Roumania would have trjad#
j comm.in cause with the Turk. Au^trife
j and Italy would have Intervened to eqrpo
I pleteiy destroy what Greece and Servi?
i and Montenegro had established. Russia
! is the natural arbiter of the Balkan coa
i filet. CH. CIIAIIJUE-IiONG.
IALL'5 SENSATION.
1 From the Jacksonville Timet I'a ion.
Wonder what the National Association
of Manufacturers did to Mulha.ll that.-h*
should be telling the truth about them?
From the Kuuxville Journal ami Trlt>upe
When the names of the congressmen
given by MulhaJl are made public some
more of them will consign him to mem
bership in the Ananias Club.
Froui the Kansaf City Star.
The "invisible government" Is becoming
distinctly visible.
From the Pittsburgh Gazette Times.
Incidentally, the senatorial inquiry wl)|
develop whether the Mulhall sensation
was worth the flO.OUO which the n?*q
papera which used it for a scoop are said
to have paid for It. ;i
From tlie Norfolk Ledger Diapateh.
Mr. Mulliall, ai least, does not charge
that Congress failed to open every ses
sion with prayer.
From toe IutUauapolis 8ur.
Col. Mulhall. at least, would corroborate
the idea that Ua <_-bby was "insldlwu*/'

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