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you make this check payable to 'cash ?' "
asked Judge Bartlett. The witness hesitated several ssconds and then said: "I cannot tell positively but I think It was at M:. Sulzer's suggestion." "Did he explain how the making out of the check to 'cash' would facilitate its being cashed after banking hours?" "I don't recall that anything was said on the subject." Asks Liberal Rulings. Senator Duhamel of Brooklyn, elected on an Independent League ticket, afked during the argum<int lor a liberal ruling by the presiding judge on technical legal questions. "On behalf of the laymen of this court." he said. "I ask a liberal ruling on all questions. And in making this re quest I am mindful of the words of coun sel that such proceedings as this may be i the result of a conspiracy of c ooks and criminals to save themselves from prose cution, as a result of chicanery, or of . parties prompted by other ulterior mo tives. ' His remarks, the first of the kind to come from any of those sitting in judg ment, caused a sttr among the spectators. REPORTS 30 DESERTIONS Gunboat Yorktown Returns From Eventful Trip to Southern Ports. SAN FRANCISCO. September 27.?The ?ninboat Yorktown has returned to San FYanstcso, after an eventful trip to Cen tral American and Mexican ports, short thirty members of its Marine Corps and ? rew that deserted at various points. Having gained the distinct on of being trie first warship to enter the Panama < anal, the Yorktown proceeded up the coast to Topolobampo to relieve the gun boat Buffalo, and was present during thre<* days' fighting there between the Mexican federal troops and the rebels. John J. Murphy, a fireman of the Yorktown, was shot through the arm by a stray bullet when the Mexican gunboat Tampico was bomdarding the city. Many Bullets Strike Decks. The American vessel was anchored 100 yards from the Tampico, and many bul.ets struck its decks. A party of m dshipmen from the York town chanced to all in with the rebel rear guard, and were forced to remain With the attacking forces over night. Wa king into the city the next day under a flag of truce, the midsnipmen fell in with a pa ty of tederals and were fired . on y the rebels. ii.A.ihicL) MAN SENTENCED WHITE SLAVE ACT <?tiilade.pnia Judge Refuses to Ac cept Kansas Interpretation of Law. PHILADELPHIA, September 21.?Dis senting from the opinion of the Kan sas judge who recently held that it was necessary under the Mann "white slave" act to establish that "the trans portation was for commercial pur poses," Judge Thompson in the United States district court here yesterday sentenced W. Mayhew Gillies, a young married man of this city, to serve a year and eight months in the eastern Penitentiary for persuading eighteen vear-old Florence Summerschuh to elope with him to Buffalo last Feb ruary. Faces Another Indictment. Gillies is also under indictment charged with taking Jessie Obdyke, nineteen years old, from this city to Buffalo. Counsel for Gillies in arguing for a suspension of sentence quoted the re cent Kansas decision that the Mann ? act was not intended to punisli a man for an indiscretion. "The crime for which this man was found guilty is undoubtedly covered by the statute," declared Judge Thomp son, who then pronounced sentence. After a trial lasting three days, Thomas S. Melilo, also known as Thomas Miller, who conducted a Jewelry store in this city, was xesterday con victed in the United States court of violating the Mann "white slave" act. He was charged with bringing to this city from New York last July Edith Miller, whom he had known for seven years, for improper purposes. INDICTED 13 GRAFT CASE. Cousin of Former East St. Louis Treasurer Accused of Perjury. ST. LOUIS. September 27,-The first Indictment In the graft inquiry being con ducted by the grand jury at East St. Louis, III., was returned yesterday against Henry W. Kodawald, cousin of E. Frederick Ceroid former city treas urer of East St. l<ouis The Indictment charges Rodawald with perjury in his testimony before the grand Jury, alleging that he swore falsely in an Inquiry in which it was necessary to know whether Ceroid was interested in a contract to which the municipality and Kodawald w.*re parties. It further charges that Kodawald testified that Cer oid was not interested in the ??ontraet when hi reality he was. R< divald was arretted and save bond. FOR UNIFORM AERO CONTROL. International Aviation Committee Submits Points for Legislation. PR \XKFORT-ON-MAIN. Germany, .-?"-ptt tuber 27.?The conference under the .?usplces of the international law commit t- e of aviation has adopted the following principlts on which they will endeavor to ?.,<tain international legislation for the ?.n.forni control of aviation: (tights of private property do not enti tle land holders to prohibit aviators fly ing over their lands if such flvins is done without occasioning inconveniences, but any abuse of this privilege by a flier will make him legally responsible. The owner of an aircraft shall be re sponsible to persons for damage to prop erty or persons. ?xcept to persons on board an aircraft; but the owner of the aircraft may recover against a person who caufa damages ami also may plead that damages were >lue to forces beyond human control. LEAVES LESS THAN $10,000. W. H. Lee, Colored Publisher, Lived as a White Mac. CHICAGO, September U7?In the pro bate court yesterday it was stated that the estate of the late colored publisher, W. H. Lee, who lived his business life as a white man, originally estimated at MOrt.OOn. has a present value of not more than $10.ono. and that this sum probably will be used in payment of his debts. D. A. Clithero. Lee's friend and legal counsel, admitted that his late c jent had negro blood In his veins, and said he con cealed the fact as it would hurt the sale of his books In certain sections of the south. The hearing yesterday was in connec tion with the petition of Mrs. Luclnda Anderson, colored to have the body ex humed. She Thinks that L?e was her husband who deserted her twenty years ago. She was unable to explain to the court Ik>w she would be able to Identify the body. Clithero testified that T ee t^ld him he never married because < ' the fLthicpisn strain in his b ot d. DOT OF ULSTER NUMBERS 11,000 Volunteers, Using Dummy Guns, Reviewed by Sir Edward Carson. CHURCHILL WILL JOIN CABINET CONFERENCE Irish Situation Discussed by Minis ters?Threatened Rebellion Called Childish. BELFAST, Ireland, September 27.? The review today of 11,000 Belfast vol unteers belonging to the "Army of Ulster" by Sir Edward Carson, leader of the Irish unionist party, attracted thousands of people from the surround ing districts and from every part of the province of Ulster. Besides the four Belfast regiments, each of them commanded by a retired army or militia officer, the Ulster "war staff," consist ing of Gen. Richards, two retired colonels and two retired captains, pa raded. The volunteers were armed with dummy rifles, us tha carrying of fire arms by unlicensed persons is pro hibited m the British Isles. The usual Saturday afternoon sporting fixtures, including all the foot ball matches, were played earlier than usual so as not to interfere with the big event of the day. Sunday being the anniversary of Ul ster day special services will be held in most of the churches in the Protes tant districts. The official commemora tion service will be attended by the officers of the provisional government. It will be held in Ulster Hall. Ministerial Conference. LONDON, September 27.?Another member of the British cabinet, Winston Spencer Churchill, first lord of the ad miralty. left for Scotland today to Join the ministerialist conference at Bro dick. where Premier Asquith and Chan cellor of the Exchequer" Lloyd-George have been discussing the Ulster situa tion. While no definite action in regard to the home-rule question is likely until the full cabinet meets, the gather of several of the most important cabinet ministers at Brodick is regarded in political circles as of the greatest significance. Premier Asquith shortly goes to Balmoral as minister in at tendance on the king, and will with out doubt discuss the situation with his majesty. The prospects of a conference between members of the liberal and unionist party on the Irish question have im proved considerably during the last three days, according to the Nation, which says K is now almost ce~ta'n the confer ence ultimately will be held. Calls Rebellion Childish. Henry W. Masslngham. editor of the Nation, declares in his paper that he sees nothing but childishness in such a, re bel ion as has been reflected in Sir Ed ward Carson's speeches. "There is no concealment," says Mr. Masslngham. "Even if the government were not fully informed, which they are, they could get all the knowledge they re quire merely by asking. For example, a friend of mine, a journalist and a stranger in Belfast, witnessed one of the drills. The volunteers used dummy rifles. " 'What's the use drilling with dum mies?' my friend inquired of a patriot. ?' 'We cannot use rifles," the man re plied. 'The government would seize them.' " 'But you have a store of them some where?' ; ? " 'Certainly: we keep them in that building there, with all the ammunition we want,' was the reply." TOASTS TO FAIR PLANNED. Nation May Lift Glasses on Day last Canal Dike Is Blasted. SAN FRANCISCO, September 27.? Officials of the Panama exposition sug gested today that a toast to "the Panama canal and the 1915 international exposi tion. which celebrates its completion," be offered throughout the nation at every dinner, luncheon or banquet held Friday, October 10, the day set by the United States government for blasting the last dike to allow the water to enter the Panama canal. San Francisco will celebrate the oc casion with the blowing of whistles and general rejoicing throughout the city, the signal for which will be the firing of an aerial bomb. MONUMENT SITE DEDICATED. Memorial to Be Erected to Balboa at San Diego, Cal. SAN DIEGO, Cal., Septembe 27.?A plot of ground in Balboa Park was dedicated yesterday as the site of a monument to be erected to the memory of Vasco Nunez De Balboa, the ceremonie* centering around the oration of the day delivered by Don Juan Rtano y Oayangos, Span ish minister to the United States; Repre sentative R. L. Henry of Texas and G. Aubrey Davidson, vice president of the exposition that will be held In this city in 1913, were other speakers. The Spanish minister today will partici pate In the ur veiling of a cross to com memorate the founding of the first mis sion In California by Padre .Tunlpero Serra. RIVAL TO PANAMA CANAL. Suggestion That Colombia May Bnild, Backed by British. LONDON, September 27.?The Stand and in a long editorial today hints that ; English capital, represented by Pearson A Son, will give Colombia a chance to avenge herself against Panama by con structing an ocean-to-ocean canal by way of the Atrate and Cupiea rivers. "What." says the Standard, "is to pre vent Colombia, if it has sufficient support from foreign capitalists, from making Its canal itself and thereby setting up a for midable rival t othe enterprise which is now rapidly approaching completion." The assertion of the Monroe doctrine to prevent the building of the canal would be, according to the editorial, "equiva lent to the assertion of sovereign rights over every American republic, which so far is not a pretension American states men have put forward." NEARLY TWO MILES A MINUTE. Record for Speed by Emile Vedrines, French Aviator. RHEIMS. France, September 27?A I new world's record for speed by aero I plane was made here today by Emtle j Vedrines, who flew sixty-two and one ! ha f miles over a measured course at an j average of US mites an hour. j The old record was lllVa miles per hour, I made by Maurice Provost at Paris . June 17. Vedrines was the first of five con I lestants in the elimination trials to de cide the three aviators who will repre sent France tomorrow In the contest for the Internationa, aeroplane cup. The course Is a closed circuit of six and a quarter miles, around which the aviators flew ten times. Vedrines" amas'ng fen* marked the 1 .. s-'ivia' flv'ne meet or Kranee A TERRIERS THWART FAKE INSPECTOR Pet Bulldogs Save Miss M. L. Smith in Perilous Situation and Prevent Robbery. Miss Mary Louise Smith, daughter of Sidney F. Smith of 2238 Cathedral avenue, is today feeding sugar and candy to Devvie and Salome, two finely bred Boston terriers, which droveat tak gns inspector from her house last night The fake inspector evidently he had a fine chance to do a little n specting with burglarious ?ntent, and was unaware that Devvie and Salome were upstairs on the Job. As eoon as Miss Smith screamed, down the stairs rushed the dogs, and the rough character made about the quickest get away seen on Cathedral avenbe in many a day. And it was not a glorious defeat, either, for the sharp Boston bull teeth had penetrated his trousers more than one place. For that reason the police have notified hospitals and surgeons to be on the looaout for a man in torn light trousers with a num ber of dog bites about his shins. Miss Smiths father had left the house a few minutes before 7 o clock last night, leaving his daughter/Uone on the second floor with and ??Salome." One of the two Boston bulls suddenly jumped from a couch which he was taking a *?ap. He jn fed and growled a little. His mistre decided she would take a look around on the ground floor. Said He Was Gas Inspector. "I went downstairs." she told a Star reporter today, "and as I was about to enter the kitchen I saw a roughly dressed man come up from the cellar. I asked him what he wanted. " *1 am a gras inspector,' he said, 'and I want to look at the meter.' "I told him it waa an odd time to inspect a meter, and he ?ald that in spectors did their work at all times. Miss Smith did not relish the tone of the man's reply, but she kept her composure. The fake inspector then asked for a drink of water. "I asked him if he could not get one somewhere else. He said he wanted a drink and that he was going to have one. _ __ Saw Father Leave House. "1 saw your old man go out," said the intruder, "and you'd better let me have one!" By that time the "inspector's" manner was threatening. He started toward the young woman, grabbed hold of one of her wr'sts, and was about to take hold of the other: "You're a pretty piece of furniture," he said. * _ Miss Smith screamed. About that time "Devvie" and "Salome" decided to take a hand?and one of them did. "Devvie" made a lunge at the man and bit him on the wrist. "Devvie" is an experencel bulldog, and he knows just how to make his tWenty-five or thirty pounds te 1 when he hits. "Salome" Is not so larce, and she contented herself with scout work around the ankles of the intruder. Between the two, however, they made the "Inspector" wish he had chosen an other field for his endeavors. He also gave evidences of a desire to leave in a hurry. He was be'.ng torn up In a lively fashion and made frantic clutches at the kitchen door. Finally, he backed out and disappeared, with "Devvie" and "Salome" seeing to it that his retreat was as rapid as possible. Pollee Promptly Notified. Police of the Tenleytown precinct were notified, and in a short time the vicinity of the house was being searched for the man. He had, however, made good his escape. Miss Smith told the police the man waa about twenty-three years old, five feet eight Inches tall, and about ltw pounds In weight. He was roughly dressed, of dark complexion, and had about a week's growth of beard on his face. His eyes are large, she stated, and they were bloodshot. The man wore a soft hat, dirty shirt, no collar, a dark coat and light pants. A description of the man was sent to all police precincts last night, and hos pitals and physicians were notified to look out for the man. It is thought that he might apply for treatment of the wounds Inflicted by the two dogs. MITCHEL ACCEPTS PLACE ON INDEPENDENCE TICKET / Fusion Candidate for Mayor of New Tork Also Makes Adamson Campaign Manager. NEW YORK, September 27.?John Pur* roy Mltchel, fusion candidate for mayor, has accepted the Independence League indorsement, after selecting Rob ert Adamson, who was the secretary of the late Mayor Gaynor, as his campaign manager. Several weeks ago Mr. Mlt chel declined the league's support because two of his fusion associates, William A. Prondergast, for controller, and George McAneny, for president of the board of aldermen, had not also been indorsed. Mr. Mitchel wrote to James A. Allen, the league's mayoralty nominee, who with drew In Mr. Mltchel's favor, pointing out that the fusion committee has since de clared "That its candidates are free to accept other nominations, thus changing the principle which I felt bound to pur sue at that time. I know that your league stands for uncompromising oppo sition to Tammany Hall, its representa tives and the predatory interests that stand behind both." In accepting the managership of the fusion campaign, Mr. Adamson said: "Mayor Gaynor stated before his death that he would not say a word against Mr. Mltchel during the campaign. The mayor would not have gone into per sonalities, but would have engaged in fighting a common enemy, Tammany Hall." Mr. Adamson has resigned as secre tary to Mayor Kline. It was said, how ever, that he would return to his duties after election. BIG SPORTING EVENTS. Amateur Union Voting on Champion ship Runs and Walks. NEW YORK, September 27.?A mail vote on the ten-mile-run champion ship. seven-mile-walk championship, junior national cross country cham pionship and senior national cross country championship for 1913 has been called for by James E. Sullivan, chairman of the championship com mittee of the Amateur Athletic Union of the United States. It is planned to hold all these cham pionships in the vicinity of New York. In all probability the ten-mile run and seven-mile walk will be held November 29, at a place to be selected later. The junior and senior cross country ch m plonships will probably be held over the national course at Van Cortlandt Park November 8 and 15, respectively. The intercollegiate cross country championships will also be held over the Van Cortlandt Park course No vember 22. Resigns Prom Anti-Trust Committee. Cotter T. Bride has resigned as na tional treasurer and as a member of lie nation"! 1 executive committee of the Amercai: AptS-trust League. WASHINGTON'S VEAL , SUPPLY THREATENED There la a groes discrimination against I Washington, D. C.t In the matter of ? wiener schnitzels. There is a congres alonal conspiracy to deprive Washington of Its veal cutlets; and, moreover, the arch conspirators confess it Two In fluential el embers of the House?Fred Britten of Chicago and Judge Adamaon of Georgia?are endeavoring to make Washington the only city in the world where one cannot gat a veal sandwich, a veal pie, a veal cutlet, a veal roast or an imitation chicken pate, which, In re ality, is made of veal. "Sure," said Pred Britten with a smile, when he was accused of it. "I know it. You won't get a string of veal in Wash ington if my bill passes." Judge Adamson was also as brutally frank on the subject. "Veal is poison. I un trying to pro long your life," he said. Both these representatives have intro duced bills which deal with the meat problem. They are Intended to conserve the beef supply; and the well known theory that tr.ost calves are killed too young, and therefore ahould be allowed to grow up and be protected by law until they are two years old, has been written into the bills. That means that if either the Britten bill or the Adamson bill goes Into effect no more bo vines un der two years of age may be slaughtered for interstate shipment. Consequently, no calves can be killed and shipped into the District of Columbia. They could be raised and killed In Maryland and shipped into Baltimore or llageratown or Frederick or any other Maryland point, but not across the state line into the District. If any one wants to raiso wiener schnitzels or calves in Washing ton and kill then.?all right, go ahead! But no one in Washington goes in for the calf-ralslng business. The ranges and meadows are not extensive enough. One good sized calf with a healthy ap petite could eat up all the hydrangeas in the average Washington front yard In about two hours. It would not pay. Therefore, Washington, on account of the restricted size of the District of Co lumbia, would be the only city in the country where one could not get a wiener rtchnltzel with ton.ato sauce. The veal chop would be a thing of the past, and the veal pie would no longer grace the table of the workingman. Verily, Congress Is discriminating against the National Capital. What the Navy Yard Men Arc Doing Great interest is being manifested by navy yard employes in the preparations which are being made for the opening of the Navy Yard ' Duckpin League Oc tober 6. On that day the first of the games to determine which shop can turn out the best bowling team will be started at the home of the league, the Capitol Hill alleys, 211 Pennsylvania avenue southeast. The bowling nights will be Monday, Wednesday and Friday. The officers of the league are: J. F. Morgan, president; E. R. Nussear, vice president; George I. Laizure, secretary and treasurer, and William J. Speiden, official scorer. Six years* ago, when bowling and ten pins was at its height in the District of Columbia. H. T. .La Cialr conceived the idea ot? launching a bowling league to bo composed of employes of the naval gun factory. ine bowlers of the yard met, organ ized a ten-team league and selected H. T. La Clair as president, and the league proved to be a success. The first season created a lot of enthusiasm and good-natured rivalry, even tnough it wasn't accompanied by out-of-the-ordi nary bowling. After two seasons of tenpins, the game of duckpins came into the limelight, and the league decided to adopt the same, and has continued duckpins ever since. The ex-presidents of the league to date are H. T. La Clair, T. F. Dornin, Frank Lord, B. B. Merryman, B. F. Miller and Wll-; Ham McGee. A trophy was donated to the league at' its organization by J&. A. Bowen, to be known as the Bowen trophy, which was to go to the winning team each year as a temporary trophy, and whicn had to be won three times to become the permanent property, of any team. The teams which have won the pennant and trophy to date are Tool, Miscella- ? neous, Fast Gun Carriage, West Gun Car riage and Breech Mechanism shops in the six past seasons in the order named, the Breech Mechanism being the present bolder of the pennant and trophy. Ordnance Office.?Rear Admiral E. C. Pendleton, U. S. N., retired, and Rear Admiral F. E. Beatty, U. S. N., former superintendents of the Washington navy yard, visited a number of the shops during the past week. Wednes day Rear Admiral Beatty called and exchanged greetings with employes with whom he became acquainted dur ing his superintendency. Rear Admiral I Pendleton visited the yard Friday, i Lieut. H. L Irwin, formerly one of the.| assistant constructors, visited the yard Thursday. Lieut. Commander D. E. Theleen is on leave of absence until October 4. Capt. Chester Wells, captain of the yard, is on leave until October 10. H. J. Bright, clerk in the ordnance office, starts on a vacation of two weeks this afternoon. William H. Barker of the accounting office of the time section, is spending his vacation at Niagara Falls. He also expects to visit the home of his mother in New York state. Erecting Shop.?By beating Jaeschke THE WEEK. Epitome of Eveita Ending Sep tember 27, 1913. President Wilson went to Princeton, N. J., to cast his vote for Gov. Fielder to succeed himself: Gov. iFelder was the choice of the democratic primary for gubernatorial candidate on the democratic ticket. The tariff bill in conference ap proacheed a deadlock over a number of features, notably the cotton future tax; the President showed himself anxious to reach agreement without report of dis agreement Byron R. Newton was nomi nated to be assistant secretary of the Treasury, succeeding Sherman Allen. Representative Falrchild of New York ad mitted payment of $700 to M. M. Mulhall, lobbyist, explaining it as a hold-up during the congressional campaign. Eighteen cadets at West Point Military Academy were punished for hazing. Banker Schiff and others testified in the impeachment proceedings against Gov. Sulzer of New York. Gov. Felker of Vermont heard testimony in the extradition proceedings against Harry K. Thaw. Representative Whaley of South Carolina denied the charges of Mayor Grace of Charleston, alleging violation of the election laws in expending $60,000 in campaign for elec tion. The interstate commerce commis sion fixed the blame for the recent New York, New Haven and Hartford rail road wreck upon the crews of the trains. Speaker Stanton of the Tennessee house of representatives adjourned the body to prevent rioting and possible gun-play. Maryland progressives chose former Sen ator Wellington to be their candidate for senator. Mayor Gaynor of New York was buried in Greenwood cemetery, L. I., after his body, lying in state, was viewed by 80,000 persons. Among those who died during the week were: Dr. J. W. Hering, conspicuous In Maryland politics; Pat rick Ford, editor of the Irish World, and Representative S. A. Roddenbery of Geor gia. Foreign. Federico Gamboa, Mexican minister of foreign affairs, was nominated for presi dent by the Catholic party; Felix Diaz, nephew of former President Porflrio Diaz, was posted as the opposing candi date; the American government announc ed satisfaction over the fact that it had won points in the mediation with Mexico to eliminate President Huerta as a can didate and for elections to be held in October. Possibility of arbitration of the dispute with Colombia over the separa tion of Panama was the Indication of conferences between the American State Department and representatives of Co lombia. Albanians rose to fight the as pirations of Servia to dominate the terri tory wrested from Turkey; several bloody j battles have been fought. A rebelliousj movement in Ecuador, on the cost, was \ suppressed by the crew of the cruiser ; CotopaxL The base ball team from the ' University of Seattle. Wash., after with- I drawing froir. a game, continued the i series of play in Japan against college ] teams. A plot to assassinate the pre mier of Portugal, Dr. Alfonso Costa, was discovered by the police. The police of | Japan frustrated a plot to slay the minis- j ter of foreign affairs. Baron Nobuaki! Maklno. Russian Cossacks occupied j Caravan 8tatlon hi western Mongolia. China. Twenty thousand strikers in Dublin fought with the police, breaking many heads. Princess Augustine Vic-1 toria, bride of former King Manuel of , Portugal, wa* reported seriously indls three games during the past week, York baa lowered the high man's lead in the checker tournament. The stand ing: up to September 26 follows: W. L. Pet. Jaeschke 26 13 .667 York 22 20 .535 Roberts 18 18 .500 John 18 21 .462 Fuller 10 23 .803 Benamin De Ment spent the past week at hie home at Harpers Ferry; Va. William Naecker is soon to start on a hunting trip. He will go first to points near Fredericksburg:, Va. Fred H. Wyatt is seriously ill at George Washington University Hospital, j He was operated on several months ago and recently suffered a relapse. Charles King, time clerk, is trying his hand at writing scenarios for motion pic ture playe, his shopmates say. Frank Love of the tool shop, son of C. C. Love of the erecting shop, has re turned from his honeymoon spent in New York city. Secondary Mount Shop.?John L. Wat kins is spending a short vacation at Chambersburg, Pa, B. L. Hhinehardt has been called to his home at Hagers town. Md., on account of a death in his family. Leading Man H. M. Keegan is on a fish ing trip near Great Falls. Knut Bork land has been confined to his home sev eral days by illness. W. H. Gilbert Is ill at Garfield Hospital. His condition is reported as serious. Leading Man E. M. Cole tried his hand at reed bird shooting the past week. He is reported to have bagged a dozen and a half of birds. Foundry.?Clerk Henry Disney is con fined to his home on account of a slight illness. Frank Melfelt has returned from a trip to Waynesboro, Pa. Clerk George Thomas is fishing in the vicinity of Harpers Ferry. Bart Thomp son and Thomas Burns are on a week's vacation. Miscellaneous Machine Shop.?C. N. Mc Ginnls has resigned his position on ac count of 111 health. He has returned to his former home in Baltimore. Reginald James is taking a motor cycle trip in Maryland. He expects to be away a week. Ebenezer Harmon and Joseph Haslem plan to start this afternoon for an ex tnded auto trip through Pennsylvania, their objective point being Gettysburg, where they fought side by side during the civil war. Both men are more than seventy years old and each year they make it a point to visit some place where they saw service in that great conflict. Mr. Haslem was one of the crack shots of the 61st Maryland Regi ment. They will visit Baltimore on their return trip. Pattern Shop.?Master Mechanic B. F. Altchinson, accompanied by bis brother, Jefferson, of the Southern railway and W. A. Mills, will leave this afternoon on the letter's motor boat, Marietta, for a fishing trip down the Potomac. posed. Aviator Pegoud continued his feats of phenomenal fly'.ng to prove the stability of the aeroplane. Aviator Gar ros of France flew 558 miles across the Mediterranean sea. In the District. Former President Taft was a visitor in Washington; he attended meetings of the Lincoln memorial commission and urged haste in the completion of the New Haven, Conn., post office, in a visit to the Secretary of the Treasury. Former Speaker Cannon was a guest of Wash ington. Commissioner Newman filed re ply to the suit attacking his eligibility for office, asking that the court proceedings be quashed. Feminine employes of the government printing office made a de mand for 10 per cent increase in wages, backed by the Central Labor Union The Georgetown Gas Light Company, answering the dissolution suit of the Commissioners, denied any combination with the Washington Gas Light Com pany. Public schools opened; Business High School was found overcrowded; school nurses were urged to take care of children affected by tuberculosis. Law rence McC. Jones won the competitive examination for West Point, ordered by the board of Commissioners. Rev. B. F. Bittlnger, former pastor of the West minster Church Memorial, bequeathed the bulk of his property to Presbyterian in stitutions in Washington. Maj. Edmund Wilkes and Lieut Col. H. D. Styer. U. S. A-, were run down by an auto and injured. Among those who died during the week were: Henry F. Blount, jr., son of the vice president of the American Security and Trust Company, and Josepo H. Lear, for many years an employe of the government printing office. ITS FLANS EXPLAINED. Department of Education, Y. If. C. A., Outlmei Courses of Instruction. Opening exercises of the department of education of the Y. M. C. A. were held at the Y. M. C. A. building last night. Nearly 400 pupils were en: oiled. Myron J. Jones, director of education, explained the scope of the courses, say* ing that it is the plan of the department to offer for the first time courses which will prepare the student for college. He said that vocational subjects were to be taught also, and outlined the new courses which are being offered for the first time this year. Arthur D. Call, president of the depart ment, in his opening address urged that young men should learn early In life to use time to advantage. It was the young men who utilise their spare time, he said, who would later in life hold the positions of trust and power. LAB0B BENEFITS BEP0BTED. Federal Seport Shows Wage In creases and Shorter Hours. Considerable increase in wages, com bined with a decrease in working hours, has come to almost l.OO'i.OOO men employ ed in the lumber, millwork and furniture manufacturing industries of the country during the past twenty-three years, as shown by figures prepared by the Depart ment of Labor. In lumber manufactur ing since 1880 there has been an in crease of 29 per cent in wages, while working hours have been shortened al most 4 per cent; In millwork the wage gain has been 83.4 per cent, the working hour decrease 5 per cent, and in furni ture manufacturing 34.4 per cent wage increase and a 7.3 per cent working hour decrease. The department's information on which tu statistics were based covered mere than three-fifths of the employes in the various occupations. HISTORIC INTEREST IKCLE?EC1N William Elliott Cottage in 1818 Was a Rendezvous for Local Star-Gazers. OBSERVATORY ADJOINING PROBABLY FIRST HERE Total Humber of Buildings in the Condemned Square Did Hot Exceed Dozen Up to 1845. BY JAMES CROGGON. The two squares between New Jersey and Delaware avenues and B and C ! streets, north of the Capitol, the build ' Ings on which are now being razed : preparatory to parking between the Capi tol and the Union station plaza, have ! much of Interest other than that men tioned In the history of the Washington House, published in The star of Satur day last. Historically and topographi cally, it is behind no other section of Washington. The place described last Saturday was the only improvement In the square for fourteen years In the beginning of the last century. In 1818 William Elliott came to this city, and on lot 17. south of the Washington property, settled with his family, building a fran.e cottage, planned somewhat after Mount Verr.on. In the rear he also built an observatory, probably the first erected In Washington, and gathered around him many persons of scientific taste It is related that Dr. Thornton and the priests from Georgetown College, with others, gath ered there frequently and witnessed the movements of the stars. He had much ground attached, on which, like the ad joining grounds of the Washington Waahlacton House?1T99 to 1814. House, fruits, plants and flowers engag ed the attention of the family and friends. The carriage house was on New Jersey avenue. Mr. Elliott was for a long time under Dr. Thornton the only clerk In the patent office. Dr. Thornton being the superintendent. Some idea of the topography of these squares may be had when It is remem bered that at the corner of C street and New Jersey avenue the natural grade was ten or twelve feet below the pres ent grade, and that eastward at North Capitol street the hill was twenty feet higher than the present grade. On the Original Level. Some of the original grounds of Capitol Hill have rema ned on the original level within the two squares, and about it there are ninety-one houses, a few of which were erected before the street was cut down, making underpinning nec essary. In 1816 the next settlement was made, Thomas Brooks, a colored man, leasing from Thomas Daw a part of lot 11, be tween North Capitol street and Delaware avenue, for ninety-nine years, at *25 per year. On this lot he erected a two-story brick house intended for a back building, and this remains to this day. A few years after, on the east half of the lot, Robert Stevenson had a dwelling, but It has long since disappeared It was provided that at the end of forty years the lessee would be allowed 1450 for the improvement on surrender of the lease. The Brookses lived here many years, as did the Stevensons. but before the civil war James M. Bucher, long a court bailiff, was the occupant of the Brooks house, and a long t me after came Charles R. Campbell, and recently a Chinaman. Buildings Erected in the 40s. The locality improved slowly and up to 1&15 the total of dwellings and outbuild ings did not exceed a dozen. Early m the forties William S. H. Stanford, fi. well known tailor, bought of P. W. Browning lot No. T, adjoining the present No. 1 truck house on North Capitol street, on which was erected the frame building in which the late Chief Belt lived for some years. This building, on the street being cut down, was given an additional story built of brick. About 1841 John L. Wirt for a long time one of the six watchmen or policemen at the Capitol, bought a lot south of this, on which was erected a two. story brick house which, like the other, was underpinned, and in the fifties Capt C. W. C. Dunnlngton of the Capitol police resided here. In 1845 William Wurdeman, a mathe matical instrument maker, who had re sided on B street east of Delaware avenue, bought lot No. 1, square 685. at the north west corner of B street and that avenue, on which he first erected a handsome frame cottage and later the cornar was occupied by a three-story brick factory in which Mr. Wurdeinan manufactured many instruments for the observatory and the coast survey, as well as for private par ties. About 184? James Crutchett came to this city and took up a residence in the house lately occupied by the National Herb Company and the Kretol Company, north of No. 1 truck house, and lived there for some years. This house had been occupied by Mrs. Bacon and own ed by George Scott, who sold it to W. W. Stewart, and these houses constitut ed all the Improvements up to that time. Mr. Crutchett subaequenly bought much of the property in adjoin.ng squares, and moved to the house at the northeast cor ner of North Capitol and C streets and the house was iater occupied by N. M. McGregor, a dealer in furniture, and Mrs. Murray as a boarding house. Mr. Crutchett was an ex-purser of the English navy, and always wore more or less of Its uniform, the deep-visored cap especially. . He was reported to have been very wealthy but met with re verses before his death. B. & 0. Station Gives Impetus. The location of the Baltimore and Ohio station at New Jersey avenue and D street in 1852 gave some impetus to building. In 1848, in anticipation of the re moval of the station. Thomas H. Parsons, who for many years was agent for the company here, bought on Delaware ave nue and erected the large three-story building now owned by Mr. Van Ness of New York, and lived here several years. There were also houses erected by Reu ben Collins, the baggage agent of the Baltimore and Ohio company; Mrs. Tyler and one or two others on Delaware avo nue. In 1882, William O. Cranch leased to W. M. C. Fairfax. Arthur A. D. Pen dleton and J. Crutchett, trustees, a part of lot 4, on North Capitol street for ten years, and the New or Swedenborglan Church wu erected, and In 1868 the con gregation bought the fee simple title. The trustees then were Jabez Fox. John Hits, R. D. Mussey. R. B. Donaldson and O. 8. Lovell. This congregation was or ganised at the old Medical College nt the northeast corner of 10th and E streets in 1846, and at that time a printing office was also 1c that building, in which Mr. Pox held a "case," and he subsequently became the pastor of the church. Two brick houses were erected nearby in 1862 and 1853. by N. Acker, a well known stone cutter and contractor, and George Kolb. an old-time tailor, and the de scendants of the latter resided there until the building was taken by the govern ment. On the site of the truck house in the fifties were two frame dwellings, one oc cupied by John Hollihan. a stone carver at the Capitol, afterward a government detective, and the other by a Mrs. Kelly. The ground north of the truck house. In ante-bellum days over twenty feet above the present grade, was not per manently Improved until 1800, and before the war there was a pond in the midst of a playground. During the civil war a small hospital was in the line of C street. In digging for a foundation at North Capitol and C streets, after the hill had been cut down, the petrified bow of a small boat was unearthed, much to the mystification of the workmen and others. Probably First Brewery Here. It Is interesting also to note that, al though lager beer had been sold here. George Juenemann, who. In 1853. located on New Jersey avenue, was probably the first brewer In Washington. lie occupied the building recently known as Bailey's oyster house on New Jersey avenue, and erected his plant and brewed his beer back of the house. About this time a Mr. Allman had a saloon on East Capitol street, and B. Shadd had built up a reputation for a Philadelphia beer at the corner of 3d street and Pennsylvania avenue. Mr. Juenemann also kept a boarding house at that place, and on the adjoining ground he established a summer garden. In which there was a fine spring of water. About 1859 the Turners, organized some years before at Sehafer's, on 0th street near Louisiana avenue, and who met at the old Capitol. 1st and A streets northeast, erected a hall a short distance north of Juenemann's, and it was here that the Turner Rifles were organized and had their armory. Though being near the depot, and a tine location for hotel and saloon purposes, the northwest part of the square re trained unimproved until ntar the civil war, a pond existing on the site of the Hotel Engel. but after war time the pond was filled In and building followed. GOOD Mill 10 FEAR OF PUNISHMENT Supt. La Dow Expresses Opin ion of Convicts From Experi ence of Alice Becket. Pear of punishment keeps straight the prisoner paroled on good behavior is the conclusion indicated by Robert V. La Dow, superintendent of federal prisons, in passing upon the record of Alice Beckett, colored, arrested Wednesday for throwing pepper into a man's eyes and then robbing him. She has a long record of offenses against society, having serv ed much time on conviction of crime dur ing twenty-three years. She has been out on parole on, a fifteen-year sentence and transgressed again when her parole period was expired and when she was a free woman in every sense of the law. On parole nearly twenty-six months, admitting her fear of going back to prison to serve out the seven years yet hanging over her, the woman has led for a time a blameless life as a domestic servant, although not exactly conform ing to the requirements of her parole in regard to reporting her situation. July 7. this year, with allowances for good behavior, , her time in prison expired, .tiardly two months elapseo. whe.i, Sep tember 28, freed from supervision and alarm over the prospect of return to prison for past crimes, the worr.an was again in difficulty with the law. Would Extend Supervision. That federal supervision should not only extend over the period of parole but should be applied after the natural ex piration of sentence with good behavior allowances to the full limit of the sen tence Is the deduction in this case by Supt. La Dow. He would have the gov ernment do all of its part in re-establish ing a criminal in society, and then would have society do its part by removing the special conditions, such as insanitary liv ing quarters, crowded homes and other factors conducive to crime and a per petuation of the criminal instinct. The Beckett woman has a long criminal record. In 1890 she was sentenced to five months in jail for larceny. Two years later she was given two years in the penitentiary at Albany. N. Y.. for grand larceny. For the same offense, In 1S00, she served two years in Jail. The crime which gained her a nfteen year sentence resulted from going through the pockets of a man she had ent ced into her rooms. She was sen tenced on July 1, 190,'5. With good be havior time, her sentence would have ex pired July 7 this year. She was paroled May 11. 1011, the government obtaining a position as a domestic for her. con ditional to parole, on the theory of re establishing the criminal In society In a normal condition, that ol' wage-earner. The Beckett woman did not make her returns promr^ly as a paroled prisoner, but was under constant secret surveil lance. When she was delinquent .n re porting an agent was sent for her. and she was brought to Mr. La Dow, who is president of the parole board of the Tren ton, N. J., prison, where she had been In carcerated. She declared to Mr. La Dow her fear of prison, and said she was living straight in the hope of avoiding the rest of her sentence. This was confirmed by the in vestigators watching her progress. With the time for good behavior, her sentence expired July 7. It took only two months, with the removal of government supervision, to find her returning to her old practices. DEATH OF MRS. FABDEN. Native of New York Was Treasury Employe Thirt;? Years. Mrs. Sarah Louise Farlin, an emp'oye of the Treasury for mjre than thirty years, died at her rendence, 1017 9th street northwest, yesterday, after an ill ness of two days. Funeral service will be held Monday. Mrs. Farden was a native of New York, from which city she came to accept the position in the Treasury. At the t me of her death she was in the treasurer's office. She was sixty-two years old. An adopted son, J. L. Farden. a medical stu dent, and an uncle, J. S. Farden of ltfSa Monroe street, survive her. ATHLETIC LEAGUE MEETS. Association for Colored Schools j Holds Annual Election. The fourth annual meeting of the Colored Public Schools Athletic League i of Washington, D. C, was held Thurs- j day afternoon in the library of M Street, High School. Maj. James E Walker. J president of the league, addressed the: meeting and commended the efTorts of j the officials of the league for the ef ficient work during the past two years. He praised the spor smanship of Dr. M. E. Glbbs of the tenth division, who has been president of her division. Athletic League. In the two past years. Officers and members of the executive board of the league were elected hs Follows: President, Maj. James E Walker; vice president. Miss A. E. ZJhase; treasurer. Miss A. E. Thompson; secretary, E. B. Henderson; executive aoard, A. K. Savoy, Cato W. Adams, Dr. M. E. Glbbs,' J. C. Bruce and S. E. rompton. Department of Agriculture Foresees Great Possibilities for Breeders in U. S. A BIGGEST RETURNS NOW IN RAISING THE CHICKS Interest in Birds Is Accentuated by Visit of Oscar Evans of South Africa to This City. Observation* on ostrich farming are to be started by the Department of Agricul ture^ a small appropriation was mad* by Congress last year for this study and after sending a man to Arizona to took over the ground, the department received a visit a few days ago from Oscar Evan*, the largest ostrich breeder in Soutti Africa. Mr. Evans came after Information on cattle breeding, but he found the de partment in such a receptive frame of mind on the subject of ostrichcs thai the chances art* he gave more information than he received. There is unusual interest in ostrich farming in this country Just now. Jt is a paying business when properly run, and with the present movement to protect timorously all sorts of plumage birds, it looks as though the domesticated os trich would be one of the few sources of supply for millinery manufacturers. 1 his, the otflcluls of the department thins, argues for an Increase in price for feathers. No Blood Spilled in Work. Those who have made a study of the business In the department comment, too, on the fact that it is the one form of live-stock breeding where mere is no Mood spilled In getting the profits of the busisess. The leathers of tne do mesticated birus are not puued. but (iippeu, and tiie QUiii rouu hj t: t^(i iu several monuis till tney are utv-u. so that when they are puue.l tne o4?eiution is entirely paimess. Air. Evans has a ranch with aoout 1.0UU buds. ihey are a.i pedigretd siock and their breed.ng has oee?i ucVviupeu >nt<i a line a. t. xie says tuat wni.e uir outrun farms he visueu in this couutr> **re good, the breeumg metnous were ca.e.ess in uie extreme, Una agreed w.ih i..e oo servations the aeparunem had a.r.-ady maue, as some 01 the .-vnzoiia xaiiners had uten sei.ing leathers to. ?? p?ui*d and diu nut Know wmcn of tneir turds the piumes came from. Grow to Great Age. The breeding records on the Afrioau farms, Mr. Evans said, are very ciowly kept. Some of the birds still bearing piumes are Horn wild stock that has been in captivity thirty>live or forty years, and tnere is no telling how old the bird was when it was captured. There is no authentic record to tea how tong aii ostrich will live, but there Is reason to oeneve they grow to a great age. Authentic records 01 parrots, swans and ge?oe show them to live irom eignty to over 100 years, and the breeders think ostriches may come In the same category. ostrich bieeoing in th.s country wa? sta. ted in soutnern California sevsrai iears ago. partly with wild sloe* and partly with birds imported from South Auica. since the business has been ex tended to Arizona, the breeding stoca hah come irom tne oaiiioinia tarnis and from muropean zoos. No more btids can ho imported from South Africa, as the gov ernment there has put a prohibitive ex port tax on both osinches and Angora gouts. uuicials of the Department of Agrlcui* lure say there is no douot of the supe riority of aomesucated ostrich plumbs over those tiom wad stock. The tnroo points on which plumes are Judged m ihe maraet are lengtn, width and close ness oi texture, in ail of these the best uomesticated piumes are ahead of Uie wild ones. Chicks Hard to Raise. Mr. Evans agrees with the department that for some years at least there will be as much or more money in raising ostrich chicks than there is in celling feathers. A pair of biids will raise uot more than eight or ten chicks a year, and these sell for $1.? at six months old The chicks are something like tuiaeys In that they are very oeiicate and nard to raise duiihe. the nrst lew mourns, but alter that it is ainiost impossible >n k.il iiiem They t-ai princ pa.i> ai.u..a *nd gram, but will eat almost an>tinu9. while they aie a tioplcai oi.d, they Seem to have a wide ran?e, and winter in the open as far norih us Pennsylvania It has not yet been determined whether the cold weal her of the north has a bene licial effect on the feathers, as cold is known to nave on t'ur-uearing animals. Mr. Evans says that one of his obser vations pointfd to an advantage America has for ostrich raising. 1 .e buds do not seem to be subject to any diseases, and this is not altogether true of the domesticated birds In South Africa. PRAISES THE FRATERNITIES. But University of Pennsylvania Pro vost Would Bar Freshmen. PHILADELPHIA, September 27.? Provost Edgar F. Smith of the Univei slty of Pennsylvania. In addressing the students yesterday at the opening exn - cises of the 1913-14 college year, advised the freshmen not to join a fratern;ti until the beginning of their sophotnori year. To those who belonged to such bodies he advocated an Int^r-fraternlty agree ment prohibiting tlrst-year initiations. This system he said, would insure a freshman affiliating with a fraternity with whose members he would be most congenial. I>espite much adverse criti cism that is heard of fraternities. Dr. ; Smith, said, much good is done by them in fostering lifelong friendship. There Is nothing than can compare with them, he added. McMillan heard from. Explorer Reports All Well and Says He Has Two Cook Men. NEW KENSINGTON. Ps_ September 27.?Dr. John W. Goodsell Jf this place, the surgeon who accompanied Peary on the latter's successful dash for the north pole, has received the following communication from McMillan, the ex plorer, now In the north. The com* munlcatlon, dated Etah, North Green land. August 12. reads: "Dear Dr. Goodsell: "Arrived here today with twenty dogn and twenty-five Eskimo men. women and children. Cross over to Cape Sabine to morrow. All well and prosperous. Have on board two Eskimos who worn on board with Cook. "Sincerely yours, "MAC" American 8chooner Wrecked. VICTORIA. B. C., September 2T.?A. cable dispatch received fronu Sydney, Australia, last night says the American schooner Americana, which cleared from the Columbia Hver March 3, and which has been l osted as missing. Is a wreck on the coast of Jervls Island. The crew of the Americana, under command o" Capt. Charles Johnson, are safe at Samoa, and will return to the Unltod States by the next steamer.