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jj | ? f 151 t h n i to t im ?r?i fzrn 11on mills ,?f I'nrle Sam A ml th<* nppor and nether mill tUOtlCS HTf ft , together, a" th.it the *?1imMhk may lw ixcclinR 1> tine. One of ih?>se mills is at Ellis Island, where ? h.'iw*!.-; = immigrants each year 1 fn-.-m tin millstones of the iili health strTii'e that the tit tna> ? [ i i(p<! from th> unfit. Thus 's i . ?? of thi American tacr safe rl. I I' tkf very portals of the : i r\ mn<l l>y i handful of experts . t. ~t that thes?' immigrants must s through is not such an easy one i> it one based upon theoretical ? >wledgf only. During the years ' the foreigner has come to th^ re I the I'nlted .States seeking : mission his examination to estab -'i ht.> titness to become an Arnerl ? dtlzoii l as been made more strln -"?nt. 1 , out of this has gradually l .v.t tl t marvelous --vsteni of prac ? which is wellnlgh in ibl? preventing the entrance of il ? ' who is not fit to coalesce !i tl, new and virile race of the m >fri hemisphere. Mentally and ? rwise, defective immigrants who i 1^. it prove ? menace to American v,<tnhood and womanhood are turned b <? k to the country from which they i ame * * # In the last few years there has arisen a movement. If such it may be ? ailed, in this country for the Im provement of the human race through the application of the doctrine of prac tical eugenics The movement is not confined to any one geographical sec tion or group of persons. It appar ently is widespread. Its most recent manifestation is the declaration by ministers of various de nominations that they will not perform marriage ceremonies where a health and general fitness certificate is not produced by those contemplating mat rimony Wide comment has resulted, just as if eugenics was a new thing. As a matter of fact the doctrine of eugenics la not new. Its practical application probably is. to most peo ple. But not to those actively en gaged In the work of the public health service at the various im migrant stations of the country. That it has so very recently become a subject for popular discussion is due no doubt to the fact that hitherto the popular mind has failed to grasp Its necessity in producing a people able to cope with the conditions of a higher and more complex civilisation. In the many years in which the public health service officers have guarded the portals of the United States they have made practical eugenics a daily study. Nearly all of the * tests they apply to suspected defectives are their own Invention and are based upon recognised funda mental principles. They are the re sult of many years of practice in herding the sheep from the goats. It is difficult to even imagine the conditions that would quickly ensue In this country should the vigilance t BE " . ' HlH. 5 Man 'POSSESSING A-."/.r: %v>:;-v-SK. "iVvi " nes js weaii ? Balancedmd / ATfetfAL OSMPAfasoHTfeST I "0EOH5 x -iL u AMONq IXiJiTJSAiEs.^iiYcxfltr zo Seconds Bast owrroxjRiftiyf crasr J)jt Kowarp A Knox rss^/MNS^/^N^^7^ Dr. Knox was asked to express his views on the contention of many students of the immigration problem, that all mental de fectives should not be excluded. "An extremist has said," replied Dr. Knox, "that It is a n.xstaKe to exclude all eccentric, queer or even mildly insane persons from tne country. I do not agree with him. It has been said that "good sense is the absence of every strong pas sion, and only men of strong passions can be great," and that "good sense travels on the well worn paths; genius never.' "Insanity and genius see.n to go hand in hand. Lunatics have had talented parents, and men of great ability and geniuses have had parents or children who were insane or criminal. Luther s son was unruly and violent. The son of Cicero was a drunkard. The son of Mar cus Aurelius was a cruel monster. If we study the history of Peter the Great or of the Caesars we see a progressive de cline Into crime and Insanity, rather than the increase of ability and genius. "The genius of some of these cases seems hardly to compensate for the terri ble conditions that have accompanied or followed it. A little less genius and more sanity might sometimes be better. The stable, plodding 'draft horse' type of man undoubtedly makes the best type of citizen and produces the least number of criminal anl worthless children; while the high-strung, queer, eccentric per son, or, as we medical men call them, ? ^\l) Be .... Lxaf Cluster Test Is Ori.RATiE.pIiirLlKVEioPL Test ButXpt28 Sxcokds.PicicOut 3>xsigh\s !That Asx IDX^TICAT - , 3 of the-r men relax or should they be entirely withdrawn from the work they are doing- The Btream of im migration from the older nations of th? world to this newer land of prom ise is growing day by day. With Its liope of liberty and Independence and probable affluence It constantly draws to It those who would better their condition. * * * There was a time not so very far In the past when It was well known that certain European governments encouraged the immigration of mem l>*ri? of their criminal classes to this country. That today is an impos -Iblllty, and largely so because of the vigilance of the public health of ficials at the ports of entry. Still, there arrive on nearly every steamer a certain number of mentally defec tive, diseased and otherwise unfit Immigrants who must be separated from those that the regulations per mit to enter. It Is a far from pleasant dutv that the of the public health service have to perform. Dally there are scenes enact ed nt Ellis Island that wrin* the hearts of the most callous. Yet duty compels ?hem to turn a deaf ear to the many Headings of relatives and friends of those whom thev are forced to deport. Theso cast's, however, are deposed of with judgment, common sense and human kindness. The work of examining each lmm'grant us he comes from the barge that has fraught him from the steerage of his ttamer to the receiving station at Fills Island is not so verv difficult, nor vet is ?t an easv task. The^r immigrants are known officially as "third class" and when fh'v .>ntcr the stat.on they are put through what has frequently been re ferred to as "the sieve at Ellis Island." As thev come from the barg^ they are brought before the examiners, who Imme diately begin a genera' examination as ?o rhy*?cal fltness These officers ar?i so experienced In the detection of out ward slms o? unfitness and disease that escape the'r vigilant eyes. It Is not to be expected, however, that these exsminers can detect defective per rons from the persona! appearance alone, although this comblm-d with their actions is of great old. especially as each type of mental disease presents an attitude and facial expression peculiar to itself. * * * The doty of applying the tests that have proven so effecti-e In detecting the mentally deficient falls chiefly to a young physician. Dr. Howard A. Knox. Dr. Knox had been in the service a number of ye*J'? and already ha* shown himself to be onu of the most painstaking and effleieai examiners in the government em ? pioyment He is an assistant surgeon and is stationed at Wilis Island. Recently 'the psychopathically predisposed," fre quently produce hot-tempered, impossible offspring who never succeed In a world which they curse until finally they leave it In disgust. * ? * "'These individuals are feeble-minded, but not in the ordinary sense of the word. Intellectually they may be very bright and have ability to solve mathematical problems and pass all the complicated testa that can be given them. It Is rather in the emotional sense that they are defective. They are high tempered, Impulsive, thoughtless and given to the gratilicatlon of the baser passions, re sulting finally perhaps in murder and other crimes. This type is really to be feared fhore than the moron, or simple, feeble minded person of more stable emo tions. It is .. e aim of those who exam ine immigrants to detect just this class." The detection of the defectiveness among the horde of immigrants that year ly pass the portals of Ellis Island Dr Knox does not regard as so very diffi cult. He qualified this, however, by say ing that the faces of the various types of psychopathic cases are as open books to the experienced examiner. The ex aminer studies the facial expression and from this draws his preliminary deduc tions. He knows that educated and highly civilized pers* ns huve learned to control their expressions of feeling and that frequently a, smile may hide an aching heart. "It can be seen." continued the doc tor. "that facial expression is a more accurate criterion of what Is in the mind of the uneducated alien than in that ot the intellectually developed per son. Th>- chalk mark that is placed on the clothing of the immigrant who Is to be held for further examination serves other purposes than to tell what they are held for. * * * "Persons of stable temperament pay no attention to it. nigh-strung, apprehen sive persons think It of grave impor tance and may cry, lament or gesticu late, thus revealing their mental make-up Some of the actually insane regard it as a mark of honor or of doom, or as a special attention of the Diety, or of the ruler of the land, guaranteeing a safe passage to their destination." Aside from the study of the facial ex pression of the arriving immigrant, there are a number of simple tests to deter mine their mental caliber. These are known as the illiteracy tests and consist of a variety of charts and drawings. There also are sets of different kinds of wooden blocks that are to be placed in a certain position in a tray that is constructed to contain them exactly in one position. One of the simplest .and yet most effl 1/ XI 1 J "si 12C. i ^ Imvelcse. Test Foe> Tmmigeakes TuaDwuHER. Pomislb (SieJ&icjN And T^e^ubject Fwrs The. , L ^AinE,jjE3i<yicwANDTHER.^?i Of ise, .Sheet 1 '( TiiERE. AEEoKBubs.? The. Tb^siShocjld Be,) Aacompushe,x> inia Seconds. cient tests that are used is known as the visual comparison test. It Is the inven tion of officers of the public health service and has been found to be one of the most effective in determining the mental quickness of suspected feeble-minded persons. It consists of a aeries of drawings and the suspect is required to pick out a set of the draw ings in a given number of minutes. The whole test is standardized for the examination of alien illiterates over twelve years of age. All of the work of the examiners has to be done through the medium of In terpreters. since it is not to be expect ed that the medical examiners should know all of the languages and their various dialects that are spoken by the immigrants. Frequently It hap pens that even the large number of In terpreters is not sufficient to cope with a new dialect that has not hitherto been met. * * * "It must be understood," said Dr. Knox, in outlining the position of the public health service In its examina tion of aliens, "that the examining of ficers' position is wholly a judicial one, and they are neither for nor against the immigrant. The country Is the plalntifT, and the alien Is the defendant ?and he is innocent until proved guilty. The burden of proof Is upon the country and its representatives rather than the immigrant. Perhaps It is well that this Is so. "The uninitiated person at first sight may protest against the influx of ragged and very uncouth foreigners, but these are qualities and not crimes, provided the alien possesses no psychopathic or uther degenerate traits. Some must come In from other lands to prevent racial In breeding, which produces degenerates partly as the result of a long line of educated progenitors ?"Extreme care always Is used In ex amining aliens for mental diseases, since 1 o them it is an extremely vital question. It may be they have sold everything they possess to make the trip and often may have borrowed money besides. To them It Is Indeed a hardship to be de ported to the port whence they came, and perhaps to walk many miles to their na tive village with the prospect of prosecu tion for debt staring them In the face. "Nor is this all. Perhaps the deported alien is the last of his family, and there is nothing ahead of him but sadness and poverty and suffering. To this must be added the brand of 'fool' that has been placed upon him, because he has been adjudged mentally incompetent. "These and similar considerations are strong arguments In favor of skilled men with strong humane instincts and abil ity to judge of human nature, to conduct the examinations of defectives with the tests they have themselves perfected, standardized and know how to Interpret." * ? * Examination of aliens is not alto gether confined to the use of visual and similar tests. Many questions are asked by the examining physician through the Interpreter, and the alien's mental fitness is largely Judged through the readiness and accuracy with which he replies. In fact, the quickness with which he grasps the significance of the questions often yields information of the greatest value. Here are some of the questions that are asked: * "How old are you?" "How old were you four years ago?" "What ship did you come on? ' "What is the year of your birth?" "What place is this?" "How many are six and six?" "How many are six and seven?" "How many are six and five?" "What Is the day of the week, date, month and year?" "Can you count from ten to one?" "Who is the ruler of your country?" "Have you memorized the address to which you are going?" To the average person the answers to these comparatively simple questions might mean but little, but to mon who have asked them of many thousands of persons and know exactly how the av erage of each race and type answers them they contain a wealth or accurate lnfor ? mation. Indeed, they go a long way to ward establishing the mental caliber of the suspected mental defective. * * * If the questions have been answered to the satisfaction of the examiner the alien Is allowed to go his way. provided he has passed the physical and other tests. If they have not been satisfacto rily answered, and thus mental short ulthuan1akc, "polisk, jr.us.siam and italjiat^ qirl.s hach.1& years old the,fiassian'vasro-uiii>to"bef?xbi?.tton^ the. Oth&tl three. "were* hprkcalj comings are indicated, the alien is de tained and allowed to rest for a few days, when more conclusive tests are applied Many attempts, both pathetic and amusing, are frequently resorted to in an effort to deceive the examiners. Sel dom do these attempts prove successful; yet never a day passes that they are not tried in a number of Instances. Much ingenuity is displayed in originating these schemes and it requires all the vigilance of the immigration officers to detect them. It is the custom among the persons of a certain race to make their mentally un sound look very beautiful before appear ing before the examiner; they are clean and well groomed and have been in structed to smile a little when passing the examiner. Many of them pretend to be deaf and dumb, knowing that under some circumstances persons so afflicted will be allowed to enter the country. One of the favorite methods of circum venting the examiners is to bring mentally feeble persons to the country as second and even first class passengers. This, however, usually fails because tho health authorities board all the incoming ships and examine those aliens who travel above decks. There is no escaping the vigilance of those who are charged with the all-Im portant duty of protecting the American race from "pollution. * ? # "The other day," said Dr. Knox In cit ing examples of attempted evasion of the health examinations, "I observed a well dressed man running to catch up with the line of immigrants of which he was the last one. I stopped him and found he was very lame, due to a dislocated hip. He had practiced a running step for pos sibly many weeks in the hope of thus passing the medical officer undetected. "It is almost impossible to keep up with the many schemes these apparently igno rant foreigners hatch up in their desper ate attempts to enter the country at all hazard. I have known them to come here with glass eyes that virtually defy detec tion. so perfectly do they match with the good eye. A favorite trick of the totally blind whose eyes, however, appear normal on casual Inspection is to walk very close to their friends who are in fact leading them. "The variety of such schemes Is almost endless. Persons with loathsome scalp diseases wear wigs- Those who are hunchbacked swear they "got it on the ship." If this is the truth they are not sent back. Parents -rith' undersized im becile children who cannot walk declare they are but eighteen months old. *,Iany of them claim to be citizens of the coun try when in fact they have never been here before. "Persons with goiter bend the head for ward to hide the affliction, while those with false hands wear gloves, as also do those who have contagious nail diseases. Those with missing fingers or stiff elbows hang overcoats or shawls over them; those with flat feet wear arches. Women with signs of disease on their faces wear heavy veils and look Indignant when asked to remove them; persons who are lame frequently carry heavy pieces of baggage to cover their awkward walk. And so it goes." * * * Practically every action by the exam iner produces a certain reaction in the alien under examination, depending on his race, education, previous environment and experience. The asking of a ques tion without previous warning will in variably result in a very characteristic reaction, according to the race from which the alien has sprung. "For example," said Dr. Knox, "take the question 'How long did you attend school?" Before the real answer is ob tained the reactive response is made. In the case of the Irishman it is "What?" In the case of the Scot it is a moment of silence and then an answer to the ques tion. The Englishman almost always re peats the question, and a display of sur prise that such a question should have been put to him. "On the other hand, the Frenchman answers at once and directly, which also is the case with the German. Neither wastes breath in replying. Such, how ever, is not the case when the same query Is put to the Hebrew. He always spars for time and forces a repetition of the question and then takes his time In answering. "The Turk regards the questioner with suspicion and the Armenian and Arab with utter amazement. The Russian and Pole answer without hesitation, provided they understand. The Lithuanian will not reply unless the examiner's knowledge of his language and the grammar of the question is perfect. The Scandinavian looks at the questioner with a blank stare The Biter Bitten. If there la one thing on earth of which Senator John Sharp Williams Is Innocent, It Is his being well off In this world's goods, for the accumula tion of filthy lucre Is not one of his talents. But back In the old days, when Williams was campaigning against a populist candidate, the opposition tried to work off a gag regarded as a sure shot. It seems that the "pops" had written a pamphlet in which Williams was hailed as a "robber baron," a "bloated pluto crat," etc.. etc. His property, held in several places, was really small in amount, but this leaflet made it appear that the holdings in a farm and a town property, as well as some stock, amounted up into the millions. Williams was speaking in a small city when some of these tracts began to cir culate among the crowd. A friend se cured one and hurried to the platform. "Here, Sharp," exclaimed the friend, anxiously, "read this." Williams read slowly, then grunted sor rowfully. "Gentlemen." he shouted, waving the pamphlet above the heads of the crowd, "I have in my hands here a paper which accuses me of being worth a million. My friends, this is the first lie told About oie that I wisb was true!" Because of Wings ? In the House the other day some body made the re mark that the pro gressive party was gaining strength through the west. That remark caused Represent ative Sereno Payne of New York to smile. "It reminds me," said he, "of a little middle western town to which a new Episcopal minister had gone. He visited the town and found a Methodist chapel. It was a quiet place, so he strolled down to the store determined to make acquaintances and find out if he could obtain the use of the chapel for his flock. On the steps sat an elderly sage. " 'Are there many churches around here?* asked the new Episcopal minister. " 'A few,' replied the elderly sage, grouchily. 'Cam'ellltes an' Methodists and Baptists and the like.' " 'Any Episcopalians?' demanded the preacher. " 'One out on the lake yesterday,* re plied the sage. 'Looked somethin' like a mallard duck only its bill's longer. Si Simmons shot it.' "And that," concluded Representative Payne, "is the status of the saw party." Putting One Over. Assistant said Secre tary of the Navy Franklin Roose velt is a suave and urbane man on mo3t subjects, but the newspaper men have found one way of capturing his goat and lead ing it around the lot. That is by asking him about the plans of the battleship Penn sylvania. which stolen several months were ago. The department, although it has never recovered ihe plans, has persistently maintained that it has suffered no great loss, as only a portion of the sketches were missing, and they were unimportant. Not long ago a veteran newspaper man asked the question again and waa told by Secretary Roosevelt that nothing had been heard. "What about the three-turret gun plans?" he asked next "Great heavens!"cried Roosevelt "When were they taken?" He was about to yell for further Infor mation on the new theft when the news paper man interrupted. "They weren't taken aa far as I know,'' he aaid. "I just wanted to ??? whether or not they were important" The Young Idea. Recently Senator Heed Smoot's boy came to him with a pitiful story of a | j j woman who need ed a position. The woman's son was his playmate, the senator's son pleaded, and her husband was away in the southwest with tuberculosis. So eloquently did the youn^ orator plead that the senator finally decided to do what he could to aid the woman. He asked her to call upon him. He ascertained that the story of her need and worthiness was true In all particu lars and finally got her a position at a salary sufficient to keep her and her son from want. Some days later. In the morning mail, came a letter for young Smoot, and his father's eye saw a five-dollar bill fall out He demanded the reason for such an inclosure, and. taking the letter, he read a deep expression of thanks from the ? woman, and at the end: "Inclosed find $5, instead of the $1 which my son promised you should have If you obtained me the position." After the senator got through talking with his young son the latter understood thoroughly that government positions are not given, even to the needy, on a commission basis. Needless to add. the money was returned. and answers without the least expression in face or voice. "These characteristic reactions are pro duced mainly ii^ the uneducated of vari ous races, or. in' the peasant classes, and if they depart very far from what haa usually been the case heretofore the cir cumstance is regarded as suspicious, es pecially if there is no apparent reason for the digression. ?'The frame of mind of the immigrant is not important in making a physical examination, but it is all Important in the mental investigation. It is difficult to realize the great mental strain these ignorant foreigners labor under when they reach Ellis Island. Nearly all of them have heard of the rigid investiga tion they must undergo "before being per mitted to enter'the country. Therefore it is not to be wondered at that they contemplate the ordeal with appreben sion." Dr. Knox cites many Instances that have come under his personal observa tion where the immigrant has done him self an injury while thus laboring un der the strain of apprehension. Not long ago, the doctor related, an arriving alkn slashed himself across the wrist with suicidal intent. It was plainly ap parent that while he was not actually In sane. he was of unstable make-up and was suffering from the mental strain due to the long voyage in the steerage and the ordeal that confronted him on landing. He thus plainly showed his weak resistance under an unusual strain. * * * Another case that came under the ob servation of the examiners was that of an Italian boy, who had been abused on shipboard by a sailor. The boy stood the abuse as long as he could, and then proceeded to "polish up the deck * with the sailor. For this he was put In irons and kept a prisoner for the remainder of the voyage. When he arrived at Ellis Island he was in such a frame of mind that nothing could be done with him. He waa bordering on functional lnsan * e A native of an European country void h!- co*. a few sheep he happened to bo ?o fortunate an to posseaa and the little hut ho railed home. The *al? netted him enough to pay his pajtaage In the steerage and a small aurplua to meet tha requirements of the United States Immi gration laws. While on Rl/ipboard ha waa robbed of all the money be posaesa* ed, and consequently when he arrived he had not the necoaaary aum to enter The experience preyed on his mtnd to such an extent that he practically was a mental wreck. A few daya' rest and kind treatment altered his viewpoint, and hie mental balance returnod. He waa then permitted to ent?r In spite of the lack of funds. He has since become a useful and respected citizen The belief that the 'wild and woolly west" exists Juat aa It did many year's ago was evidenced in a case that came to the attention of the health officers at Kills Island recently. A young Ger man who intended coining to this coun try was told by hla brother In Montana that the state was a dangerous place, and that he had better purchase a re volver before starting on his journey. On board the steamer, on which he traveled in the steerage with his wife nnd child, the little family was badly treated. Indignities were Inflicted upon the wife, who was about to benme a mother for the second time. This ill treatment so preyed upon the father and husband that when the ship arrived la port he waa almost in a frenty. Finally he could contain himself no longer and he drew the revolver his prudent brother had advised him to buy. Thla naturally got him into trouble and the little fam ily waa sent back whence It had come Theaa cases are cltad as instanoea 0f conditions that put allena in an adverse frame of mind and unfit them for the ordeal that awaits them on reaching the examiner at Kills Islaand. Thee* cases have to be detained for a short time amid qnlet surroundings and where they may obtain rational treatment until they arc restored to their normal condition * * * Practically all of the insane that come to Ellis Island arc detected at some point in the examination, since every one at the station is doing his utmost to pre vent the entrance of even one unde sirable alien. Not very long ago an im migrant, standing at a window remarked that the Statue of IJberty was walking down the bay waving her arms. H? sug gested that some one throw a rope around her and tie her down. This alien was promptly deported. need '?r the stringent regulations ??tabllshed by the public health service and the fidelity with which they are applied In the interest of the future of the American race is apparent Race pollution must be avoided, and it can be done only by turning back thoss would prove a burden to the country and be the progenitors of e ?' ment?l incompetents. ..e dan**r of racial pol lution, said Dr. Knox on this phaae of the question of practical eugenics at the entjy. "the cost of confining criminals, defective and Insane In pub lic institutions is an item for the most serious consideration. During May 1913 108 mentally defective cases were de tected at ?71 lis Island and sent back to the countries from which they came. In 100 years the average number of de scendants from one mentally defective will be about 450. Of these at least ISO will have to be taken care of by the state. The average number of years of care, computing from present averages, will be twenty-five years for each de fective. It costs about WO to maintain each insane person, reckoning along the most economical lines. If these esti mates are correct, and they probably are, it will be seen that one defective, more or less, is a very Important Item. * * * "The average number of years of con finement times the number of descend ants of one defective unable to car* for themselves times the cost of caring for one person for one year, yields the as tonishing result of $1,425,000 aa the cost of maintaining the progeny of one de fective for 100 years. Since there were 108 of these defectives turned back at Ellis Island during May this year there was a saving to the nation of 108 times this amount, or 1153,000,000. which would be approximately the cost of maintaining such progeny for 100 years. 'This is not a theory nor yet wild speculation. It Is a fairly accurate pic ture of what Is actually occurring and serves to call attention to the need for trained men at all ports of entrv so that a thorough examination be made of all aliens who seek entry Into the country The pollution of the race must be avoided. "The children of feeble-minded parents will be defectives, and they usually pro duce about twice or three times as many children as normal persons. One feeble minded and one normal parent as a rule will have children of vthom half will be defectives and the other half practically normal, but all will be capable of trans mitting feeble-minded traits to their de scendants. This is breeding fools to order and is lowering the general standard of the nation's mentality at an alarming rate." Uncle Sam's millstones are very effl c'eijt. They have to be. Otherwise they could not remain in the service a minute These examiners of the public health service are picked men and to them Is due the fact that the insane asylum** of this country are not more crowded than they already are. They keep out tho?e undesirables who would come but shouldn't. Therefore the immigration mills of Uncle bam grind exceeding fine. W?11 Kiniowini P@opfl? The Old Masters. Significant. George Randolph Chester, the tack London, preparing to emhark writer, walked through a New York J on another cruise around the world, bookstore the other day. told In Santa Barbara of the strange ex A small table was devoted to new nov- perlences of his last cruise. els, and all the rest of the space was "But we had no such hairbreadth es takpu up with gorgeous editions of capes as that of a missionary we met in Dickens, Thackeray, Scott, Moljere, Samoa," he said. "This good fellow was Fielding, etc.?magnificent leather-bound preaching in one of the Islands in which volumes' that only cost, the copyright cannibalism is practiced. While trying [,avtng long since expired, about 30 cent* vainly to make converts he was cap . c tured by a cannibal king. To his sur ' Mr Chester, waving his hand toward P'lse. he was Immediately released. His > ,.v shelves of old masters, smiled release however, was made on the con ui(1 shk1 . ditlon that he carry a small sealed packet "literature would pay better if there to ac neighboring- king. iv,-re not so many dead men in the busi- "The missionary was so grateful that, -jess." meeting unexpectedly a detachment of English sailors, he refused to acoompanv T/*** I ftftcn them to safer territory. The sealed pack I 00 LOOSc. et from his benefactor would b?> delivered as he had promised. But an officer in th** MRS. CARRIE CHAPMAN CATT midst of the discussion opened tin* ridiculed in Chicago the old anti- packet. ,uffraEc cry of domesticity?that woman . , VTtSr' "'o^Z place is the home. these simple b?K significant words: "The trouble is," said Mrs. Catt, "that ?? *He will be delicious with these: many v^omen cannot be domestic; they have no homes. The word 'domestic,' therefore, should not be used, as is too uftcn the caje, in a loose way." K JTAYOR CHENEY of Hartford said f ?? Too Much Reform. Mayo of a reformer who desired to rc "Yes," Bhe continued, "some people vive some of the most intolerable of the give this word as elastic a meaning as Sunday blue laws; the witness gave It In a Georgia court. "The man would stop us from reading \sked why he was not present to testify our gun<jay newspaper, from taking our In a certain case, the man said he had Hlltw?_v nutn rid? " lad a 'domestic trouble' just about that He frowned _ . , "A reformer of his type." he said, "may What was the domestic trouble, jeflne<j as one who believes In the di 3r?:',i- examining attorney vin<) Tlght of interference." Well, to tell the truth, boss, said the vitness, "I was in the penitentiary tor itealin' a cow.' " J()0 Qeep. $ Husbands. S ENATOR TILLMAN, who is an ant: ^ suffragist, listened calmly, at a dln ISS HELEN TRAVERS, the presi- ner in Washington, to an Imp?toned dent of the Bachelor Girls' Club speech by a brother senator In suffrage'* >f Duluth, said in a toast, "The Men," behalf. it the club'a nineteenth anniversary: ^ the end of this speech a diner, as "And now we come to the man as hus- Tmrnan?" " * ? >and. Man as husband may be divided ?? .H?'s a deep thinker, ain't h*T' nto two classes-~he whose meals dls- ??'Yea.' was the reply; "he can't talk igree with him. and he who disagrees three minutes without getting beyond vith his meals.*' his depth.' " M'