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be lifted had been met with more defi
nite requirements from the Washington government. Blockade of Mexican Ports Not Yet Determined Upon by the U. S. Government Talk of a blockade of Mexican ports by American warships was revived here today, but high officials said that such a step had not been determined upon, despite the contrary reports from Mex ico City. It was generally believed In offlrial circles that the naval blockade will not be determined upon until the President's present policy has been al lowed to work itself out further. President Wilson and the cabinet m^>t today and discussed the latest phases of the Mexican situation. Overnight devel (.AR/.A ADALPU, W ho wa* forced to resign from Ike j uiinlntrv of the Interior of Mexico by President Hnerta, It Is declared, be cause of hi* too great friendliness for the United States. opments apparently brought no change, but keen interest was shown In the or ganization of the new Mexican congress. Some official* were inclined to believe ; that that body would heed the warning of the United States and take no action on concessions. Rapid Gains by Rebels. Reports received from the front by con stitutionalists agents here were to the effect that their cause Is rapidly gaining in strength. Humors of the capture of the city of Chihuahua b^ their forces have not been confirmed by the constitu tionalists here, but they expected the city to fall in the very near future. This would place more than half of Mexico under the direct control of the rebels. A new development was the announce ment here that a constitutionalist force Is moving on Mazatian. an important port on the Pacific coast of the state of 3in aloa, not far from the city of Culican, which was captured by the constitution alists last week. With Mazatian in their possession the constitutionalists would be in a position to Import arms and ammu nition from Japan. Constitutionalists' agents here said that in a short time their forces are going to be able to get all the arms and am munition they want whether the United States raises the embargo on the expor tation of munitions of war from this country or not. They said that the United States now has the opportunity of gain ing the friendship of the majority of the Mexican people by raising the embargc and furnishing the means for speedily ending the civil war. Blockade as Last Resort. It was believed here that President Wil son will order a blockade of Mexican ports only as a last resource, in case he should feel that the constitutionalists can not overthrow Huerta. Such a blockade, Jt was pointed out here, while ordinarily considered as an act of war, would have no such effect in this case, because Mexi co could do nothing against the United States. Regarding the executions of federal offi cers by constitutionalists at Juares, a man In close touch with the constitu tionalist movement said today that Gen. Carranza has given orders that no un necessary executions be permitted. "The American public should not accept the sensational reports relative to the alleged executions of Huerista prisoners at Juarez without taking into considera tion all the facts, many of which have not yet been made public." said this man today. "This much may be said, however, at the present time: Huerta causes to be executed every constitutionalist, be he officer or enlisted man, captured by his troops. The constitutionalists are there fore. forced to make reprisals in a man ner justified by war and precedent. h or instance. Gen. Jackson arbitrarily hanged two British subjects. Armbruster and Arthbunot, because they were sus pected of having participated in Indian raids against Americans during the Florida war. Gen. Scott, in September, 1847, hanged forty-two prisoners at Mix coac, Mexico. Civil War Precedents. "During the civil war the entire gar rison at Port Pillow was executed, and it is notorious that border cavalry col umns. sucn as those of Mosby and Mor gan, executed many prisoners by way of reprisal. "Both of these officers were at that time denounced as bandits and cutthroats, precisely as Villa is denounced today by the Huerta sympathizers. Gen. Sher man destroyed hundreds of miles of rail road and burned thousands of houses, and was denounced the world over for it; but it was military necessity that jus tified the act. Gen. Jacob Smith cleaned up Samar by killing everybody in sight except small children, and the 7th Cavalry, in reprisal for having been treacherously tired on a few days before, nearly wiped the entire Sioux tribe of Indians out of existence at Wounded Knee. "It can be depended on that if there have been executions at Juarez each case will be found pregnant with justi fying circumstances." Luis Cabrera, a leading Mexican con stitutional lawyer, who was formerly a member of the chamber of deputies until Huerta went into power, has arrived In Washington and will go to Nogales to , join Gen. Carranza. It is expected here i that he will be given a prominent posi tion with the constitutionalists. FEDERALS LOSE TAMPICO. Report That Town Has Been Cap* tilled by Constitutionalists. GALVESTON, Texas. November 18.? Tamplco. Mexico, has fallen Into the hands of Mexico constitutionalists ac cording to an unconfirmed wireless mes sage received here last night. The message was believed to have been relayed to Galveston through the steam er Minncsotan. An official of a fruit transporting company doubted the cor rectness of th?a message. INDIANS ON WARPATH DEFY U. S. MARSHAL Cavalry Asked for to Dislodge Navajos From Fortified Table Mountain. SANTA PE. N. M., November 18.?Fif teen hundred Navajo Indians rallied In defense of eight renegades and are re ported in armed encampment on Beauti ful mountain, thirty-five miles Bouth west of Shiprock agency, defying United States Marshal Hudspeth to take prison- ( er the outlaws who are wanted on fed eral warrants charging horse stealing, assault and bigamy. Two troops of cavalry have been asked for by the marshal, and the request has been referred by the War Department to Maj. Gen. Carter, in command of the border patroL Force May Be Increased. It is feared that before the cavalry arrives the renegades will be joined by many more at the command of the medi cine men and of the plural-wlfe men who are reported to be stirring the Navajos to rebellion. The Indians are fortifying on a high table mountain, the summit of which is approachable by only one tortuous road. Agent W. T. Shelton is at the agency awaiting the arrival of the troops. Marshal Hudspeth, after surveying the position of the Indians, returned here with three of the original eleven rene gades. The eight others escaped and ral lied their tribesmen to the defense before the marshal reached the agency. Threats of a Massacre. The request for aid was made after a conference at the reservation between Indian Agents Shelton. Parquet and Maj. J. T. McLaughlin after the Navajos had sent word that the outlaws would not be given up. They also said that if at tacked they would burn the agency and kill those In charge. At the suggestion of Maj. McLaughlin cavalry was asked for because of the moral effect, which the sheriff's posse could not produce. An investigation by the marshal and the Indian agents showed that the In dians surroandlng the renegade leaders had rounded up their cattle and sheep, harvested their corn and otherwise made ready for a siege. The Indians are led by Chief Black Horse and 150 young bucks. Their en campment surrounds the Noel trading post, on Beautiful mountain. Cavalry to Subdue Navajos. United States Marshal Hudspeth's new request for cavalrymen to subdue the belligerent Navajos, fortified on Beautiful mountain, near Shiprock, N. M., has been referred by the War Department to ^rig. Gen. Tasker H. Bliss, commanding the border patrol. Army officers who know the Navajos do not expect a serious time In taking the fugitives. A big book on a big subject for a very small price. COUPON Save it for a Copy of The Evening Star, Nov. 18, 1913. Colonel Goethals say*: "Accurate and Dependable" HOW TO GET THIS BOOK On account of the educational value and patriotic appeal of this book. The Evening Star has arranged with Mr. Haskln to distribute a limited edition among its readers for the mere cost of production and handling. It is bound in heavy cloth. It contains 400 pages, 100 illustra tions and diagrams, an index and two maps (one of them a beau tiful bird's-eye view of the Canal Zone in four colors). IT 18 ACTUALLY a ?J 00 VALUE. Cut the above coupon from six consecutive issues of the paper, present them with 50 cents at our office, and a copy of the book is yours. Fifteen cents extra if sent by mail OUR GUARANTEE: This is not a money-making scheme. The Star has undertaken the distribution of this book solely because of Its educational merit and whatever benefit there is to be derived from the good will of those who profit from our offer. The Even ing Star will cheerfully refund the price of the book to any pur chaser who is not satisfied with it. PRESENT SIX COUPONS OF CONSECUTIVE DATES FIFTEEN CENTS EXTRA IF SENT BY MAIL. Democrats Unable to Agree as to Wisdom of a Week's Recess. $226,000 MILEAGE BILL BOTH HELPS AND HURTS Many Fear Criticism if This Is Drawn Because of One In tervening Week. The democratic steering committee of the Senate today discussed for an hour the advisability of holding a demo cratic caucus on the currency bill and also upon the advisability of an ad journment of Congress next Saturday or Tuesday until the opening of the regular session. December 1. No de cision in either matter was reached, and the committee adjourned to meet again Thursday morning at 10 o'clock. Chairman Owen of the hanking and currency committee, also a member of the steering committee, failed to put in an appearance at the meeting today. The committee thought it not* advisa ble to take any action regarding a cau cus on the currency bill until Senator Owen had given his views of the situa tion. So an adjournment was taken. No .Word From President. Following the meeting, Senator Kern, democratic leader of the Senate, and chairman of the steering committee, said that he had heard nothing from the President regarding a possible ad journment of Congress. "The matter is all up in the air," said Senator Kern. "No three senators seem to think alike. Some of them are for adjournment under various conditions, and others are opposed to it under any conditions." While many of the Senate favor an adjournment, to enable the members of Congress to go home and take a short rest before the regular session, which promises to extend well into next sum mer, many others believe that the coun try would feel that the adjournment was taken largely for the purpose of allowing the members of Congress mileage. Mileage Bill Is *226,000. This mileage would amount to $226,000. some of the members living in the far west receiving as much as $1,200 each. This they feel would dis credit a democratic Congress which has declared for economy. The republican members of the bank ing and currency committee and Sena tor Hitchcock. democrat, continues their work on a report on the cur rency measure today. Both wings of the committee expect to be ready to report to the Senate Thursday. The republicans voted down today a proposition to prohibit Interlocking di rectorates of national banks. They adopt ed, however, a provision which would prevent directors of national banks from receiving any gratuity for services. Reserves Are Considered. Both wings of the Senate committee continued work on their bills yesterday afternoon. The six administration demo crats reopened their deliberations to con sider the advisability of altering the pro vision in the Glass-Owen bill for shifting the reserves of the country from the pres ent depositaries to the new regional re serve banks. It has been suggested that the provision might make too great a demand on the banking resources of the country and result in the calling of loans and consequent stringency. The democrats reached no definite agreement, but Chairman Owen agreed to tabulate the figures available on the subject and present them to the committee today. Senator Hitchcock and the republicans continued to write their draft of the bill. They increased the gold reserve to be held against the new currency to 45 per cent, and provided that when the reserve' fell below that point it should be taxed on a graduated scaledown to the mini mum of 30 per cent. Completely Changed. The bond refunding section was com pletely changed. As amended it would provide that each regional bank should each year Invest CO per cent of its avail able capital in the 2 per cent bonds at par. which are the basis of the present bank notes. The regional banks would then be allowed to exchange the 2 per cent bonds for 3 per cent one-year gov ernment bonds, agreeing to renew the notes for twenty years. These notes would be available for use in foreign markets to secure gold to maintain the reserve. The republicans also made numerous amendments, correcting what they re garded as discrepancies in the bill, and making the later sections conform to amendments already adopted. (Continued from First Page.) greatest conservation is that that takes care of the soil from which we get our food. We have heard something lately about the prices of food. The soils would produce more If they were conserved. The forests are being taken care of as well as anything can be taken care of, under the very high intelligence of the gentlemen now in charge, but soil is not being cared for. "On a recent trip to the British Isles I was astonished with how they are pre serving and taking care of the soli. In Ireland they told me they had learned that they had to do that, or else starve. In Scotland they had learned that they must do so or they could not pay the rents. In England it was the same. If they have learned there that their salva tion lies In caring for the soil, we can and must learn it here." Describes Work in Canada. The way the conservationists of Canada are doing things was described by James White, deputy head of the Canadian con servation commission. Mr. White Bald, in part: "As a result of representations made by the commission, the railways act of Canada was amended. The amending act provided that the railway company shall be liable for damage caused by fires set by the engines, whether guilty of negligence or not, and may be sued for damages caused by such Are, except that if the company can prove that it has used modern and effi cient appliances and has not been oth erwise guilty of negligence the com pensation is limited to $6,000. "It empowered the railway commission to require the companies to maintain a fire-ranging staff, equipped with flre tightlng appliances, etc. The commission under the amending act also may require the companies to patrol their lines and other lands in the vicinity. The act em powered the railway commission to order the establishment of fire guards and to .require the companies to remove by burning or otherwise all inflammable ma terial between the Are guards and track. Laws' Effectiveness Proved. "As h result of this legislation, regu lation* respecting the operation of rail way engines during the Are season were promulgated. In 1912 Clyde Leavitt, chief forester of the commission of con servation, also was appointed chief Are Inspector to the railway commission. The regulations have now been in force for two summers and have demonstrated their effectiveness. While there were, in the Inception, dire forebodings by some railway officials, they are now practically all convinced that the regulations ar? reasonable, that they are being administered fairly, and that they will to a great extent protect a nat ural resource which will be an increas ingly important item to the companies. During the past summer Mr. Leavitt found some lines doing more than their instructions called for." President Pack's Address. In his opening address President Pack paid. In part: "As you all know, this is the first great gathering of conversationists held In Washington since the year of the epoch-making conference of governors at the White House?in 1908. It was at the White House conference that the conservation movement first assumed concrete, definite and tangible form. To those of us who were privileged to be present that gathering was an Inspira tion. To all It was historic. Its counsels were led by the President of the United States and Its deliberations and activi ties had the benelit of the constructive energy and talents of such men as Glf ford Pinchot, the late Dr. W. J. McGee of splendid memory', Frederick H. Newell. Walter L. Fisher, not to mem tion others. "This year we return to the seat of government and to forestry and water power, where we can anew synchronize the place and the subjects with which the conservation movement found its birth and its first development. Since 190S large results have been achieved in the conservation and proper utilization of these fundamental resources of the greatest, richest and most fortunate na tion In the world. Let me emphasize the statement that the growth of conserva tion has been coincident with the growth of proper utilization of these resources. Synonymous Terms. "Conservation and utilization are syn onymous. They cannot be divorced. Our enemies would like to make it appear that conservation means reservation and the locking up of resources for the bene fit of future generations at the expense of the present. We know that this is not true. We know that without proper uiliz&Con there can be no conservation worthy of the name. We know that per petuation can be best achieved by Pres ent use'along scientific lines, and it is to this policy that we stand committed. It is a policy which must be protected by constant vigilance?fought for when nec easary. . . . , "But one should not make the mistake of assuming that all the laws and regula tions that have been passed or made in connection with the handling of our public resources are all right and fit the situation, because it is not the fact. No one knows this better than those who have had actual experience. What people like ourselves stand for are the underly ing principles and the frank correction of errors and amending of laws when found to be wrong. "Another phase of combat arises from the insistence with which some interests strive to make it appear that there is popular clamor for state control of the great government property in forest and stream. The growth of conservation does not please everybody. It Is an economic problem. "There are those who prefer a return to the old order of things, wherein wasteful gain was the keynote. It is inevitable that with these people true conservation should be unpopular. \V e must all recognize this even though such recognition forces us to feel we love conservation for the type of enemies it has made. Thus recognized, the enemy Is half defeated. We must spare no effort, however, to Insure complete de feat. That we can do it we all know. That we must do It is obvious." Commissioners End Session. The National Association of Conserva tion Commissioners concluded Its ses sions last night with the election of the following officers: President. Dr. Oeorge W. Field of Boston: vice president, Henry A. Barker. Providence, R. I., and secretary, F. W. Rane of Boston. The association by a resolution advo cated the enactment of the so-called "blue sky" legislation, designed to con serve the savings of inexperienced small investors and to "eliminate the parasite promoter of fraudulent or extra hazard ous stock enterprises." Another resolu tion favored a state publicity service for the dissemination of facts concerning the resources and industries of the state. C. J. Blanchard, statistician of the gov ernment's reclamation service, advocated the creation of an organization for the protection of settlers from land sharks, declaring that the states had thus far taken yo steps in this direction. New Fire-Fighting Machines at Conservation Congress The foresters In attendance on the Na tional Conservation Congress at the New Willard Hotel are greatly interested in an exhibit attached to the congress of a new fire-fighting apparatus, and railroad men and others who have to deal with fire-fighting and water-carrying devices today and last night thronged the room In which it is placed. The apparatus is manufactured in sev eral kinds of sets, one to be carried by man, one to be carried on horseback, and another In a chest, the latter for use on railroad hand-cars, or in trains. The kits contain, in each case, an ex tinguisher, with sprinkler attached. These metal extinguishers hold water, and an Ingenious device of a cartridge loaded with sulphuric acid is placed inside of them and its chemical contents mingled with the water In such a way that the hands of the operator never are in dan ger of touching the a?ld. The water for the kits Is carried In waterproof bags. The man-carried bags hold eight gallons of wa.ter, and the horse-carried bags hold thirty gallons The use of the kits is directed by a system of locating fires by means of triangulation. The exhibit contains a map, showing how the fires to be fought are located with telescopes. DANIELS SPEAKS IN OMAHA. Discusses Cession of Louisiana to the United States. OMAHA. Neb., November 18?Josephus Daniels. Secretary of the Navy, was the guest of honor today at a luncheon given by the Omaha Commercial Club and made an address devoted largely to the history of that region west of the Mis slsslppl Daniels reverted to t-?e tact that soon after the cession of Ix>uisiaiia to the United States by France war brok. out between the latter and Kngland. He ex Dressed the thought that hud imt this territory been acquired by the United States it would have been promptly sefzed by Great Britain and might today have been a part of Canada. The several attempts made by President Jefferson to explore the territory acquired were de scribed to show that he recognized the importance of early development of its vast resources. Secretary Daniels" pro gram included an address before tht Omaha Manufacturers' Association thif afternoon. Tonight he speaks in Lin coln. TO LIFT LOUISIANA DEBT. State Convention Begins Discussion of Ways and Means . BATON "ROUGE. La.. November 18.? With th? report of the committee on debt as a special order, the Louisiana consti tutional convention this morning discussion of ways and means of Uquidat ing the state's eleven-million-dollar in debtedness. due January 1. The committee approved the sale or exchange of 4% per cent bonds, not to run over fifty years. If there Is delay in floating the iasue. the board of uqul datlon Is empowered to sell or exchange r, per cent short-term bonds, to be taken up when the 4?? per cent Issue is sold TO KEEP CM OPEN British Shippers Depending on Royal Navy to Guard Their Interests. LONDON, November 18.?'"1 am voicing the opinion of large merchant shipping interests in saying that we rely upon our costly navy to prepare measures to keep the Panama canal always open to British shipping," declared Charles Stuart Nairne, representative of extensive Scot tish shipping interests, in an address be fore the Royal United Service Institution here today. "Despite the Hay-Pauncefote treaty," said Mr. Nairne, "the world is now faced by a fortified Panama canal Instead of one entirely for the benefit of the com merce of all nations. I see nothing to prevent the United States Senate from closing Panatfa at will against those having equal right In its use If such a course appears to their interest. I regard this as a serious situation if not an entire breach of faith by the United States gov ernment." PUN TRAINMEN MERGER 40,000 Pennsylvania R. R. Employes May Form One Labor Organization. PITTSBURGH. November IS?State ments made here today by railroad men in dicate that 40.000 employes of the Pennsyl vania railroad east of Pittsburgh are to be merged into one labor organization, de tails of which will be worked out at a series of meetings to be held next Sunday. Under the new arangement, the Brother hood of Railroad Trainmen. Order of Rail way' Conductors, brotherhoods of Loco motive Engineers and Firemen and the Order of Railway Telegraphers are to make up the new body. To the present those who are interested in the movement have been meeting in separate organizations, but the meeting next Sunday is expected to bring to gether representatives from each of the bodies affected. Among the- important questions to be decided before the amal gamation is complete is whether the Pennsylvania workmen who are to form the new organization will withdraw from the national union with which they have been affiliated. It is plainly stated that the merging of the unloas is for the pur pose of bringing about closer relationship among all the men employed on the Penn sylvania railroad. DRUGGISTS' WIVES GUESTS. Woman Visitors to Jacksonville Dur ing Convention Are Entertained. JACKSONVILLE. Fla., November 18 Woman visitors accompanying delegates to the convention of the National Whole sale Druggists' Association were enter tained today with an automobile ride about the city and at a luncheon at the Country Club. Routine matters occupied the time of the morning session of the convention. Following a short session this afternoon the convention planned to ad journ for sightseeing. A reception to President Albert Plaut and a dance were features planned for tonight. . MME. MARCHES! DIES. Famous Vocal Teacher Passes Away in London Aged Eighty-Seven. LONDON, November 18.?Mme. Ma thilde de Castrone Marchesl, probably the most famous vocal teacher in the world, died today at the age of eighty seven. Mme. Marches! was born at Frankfort-on-the-Main and her maiden name was Mathllde Graumann. She was originally a court singer, but Joined the Vienna Concervatory as a teacher in 1854. She afterward taught in Paris, then Cologne, and later returned to Vienna. In 1881 she established herself perma nently in Paris. Mme. Marchesi's hus band, Salvatore Cavalleri de Castrone, Marchess della Rajata, was also a sing er. He made his debut in New York in 1848. Her daughter. Mile. Blanche Marches!, is a concert and opera singer who has frequently appeared in the United States and aCnada. RESCUE SHIP NEARS PORT. Pannonia, With Balmes' 103 Passen gers, Reaches New York Tomorrow. NEW YORK, November 18. ? The steamship Pannonia, with 100 passengers rescued from the burning Spanish steam er Balmes, is expected to reach her pier here tomorrow morning. A message to this effect was received today from Capt. Robert Capper. the Pannonia's com mander. The immigration officials have not de rided whether the passengers from the Balmes will be kept on board until the Pannonia returns to the Mediterranean or sent to the immigration station at Ellis Island to await the departure of the next steamer for Spain. Most of the passengers were from Cuba, bound for Cadiz or Barcelona. REARREST ORDERED. Argument of Counsel, However, De lays Definite Action. CONCORD, N. H., November 18.?Judge Edgar Aldrich, in the federal court today, ordered the rearrest of Harry K. Thaw on the strength of the extradition war rant Issued recently by Gov. Felker. This was done to clear the record, but counsel immediately engaged in an argu ment over the custody of the prisoner, and the new arrest was delayed pending the decision of the court on certain tech nicalities. DEPENDS ON COOL WEATHER. Thanksgiving Turkeys to Cost About Same as Last Year. CHICAGO. November 18.?A Tltanks giving dinner in Chicago will cost about the same as it did a year ago. Commission men said yesterday that turkeys will probably retail here next week at from 20 to 28 cents a pound, with 24 or 25 cents the average price, provided the weather remains cooL Should the weather become warm be tween now and Thanksgiving day mer chants say farmers will not ship tur keys to the Chicago market and that prices slightly above those of last year may result. Cranberries and delicacies that go with the Thanksgiving meal are quoted at about last year's prices. Political Leader Shot in Back. NEW YORK, November 18.?John De lane, real-estate operator, and head of the John Delane Association, a political club, affiliated with Tammany Hall, was be lieved today to be dying from two bullet wounds In the back. He was shot by two men as. he was about to enter the association's clubrooms In the Bronx late last night His assailants escaped, al though forty members of the club who were in the rooms at the time of the shooting scattered throughout the neigh borhood and aided the police to search (or them. NOTHING FROM POUCE TO INDICATE ARREST Miss Lucy Bums, Suffragist, Not Yet Notified to Ap pear in Court. "Haven't you been arrested yet?" "Are you going to ride in the automo bile patrol?" "Do you think you will like it in the station house?" were among the scores of questions asked today of Mifcs Lucy Burns, vice chair man of the Congressional Union, rank ing member of the congressional com mittee of the National Suffrage Asso ciation. at suffrage head-.uarters. She had not been arrested, and further more. Miss Burns does not know when she will be. Despite the fact that a war rant for her arrest, charging her with a vioilation of section 4, article 23, of the po lice regulations, in that she is alleged to have written upon a sidewalk on 15th street northwest early Saturday morning an announcement of a suffrage meeting at the Columbia Theater "'thout flrBt hav ing obtained a permit from the District Commissioners to do so, was sworn to by Policeman Cole of the first precinct yesterday. Miss Bums stated she had not been communicated with by the po lice. Policeman Cole went on duty at 4 o'clock yesterday afternoon and went off again at midnight last night. Why the warrant has not been served on M.ss Burns is not known. Photographers have stayed close to suffrage head quarters throughout the day, waiting to snap Miss Burns being served with the warrant, but they waited in vain. No policeman visited the headquarters- A number of suffragists have also been at the headquarters throughout the day and were there yesterday afternoon to wit ness the serving of the warrant. Headquarters Is Silent. When asked when the warrant was to be served on Miss Burns, Capt. Hollln berger of the first precinct said he would not give any information regarding the matter. He referred the reporter to Maj. Sylvester, chief of police. He did state, however, that Miss Burns would be noti fied to appear In court, but refused to say when that would be. The report that the police were unable to find Miss Burns last evening. Capt. Hollinberger said, was not true. "I gave the policeman orders not to discuss the matter, and I am sure the statement that Miss Burns could not be located was not given out by the policeman, ' he said Maj. Sylvester declared he knew nothing regarding the matter, stating that Capt. Hollinberger was the captain of the pre cinct and had charge of the matter. It is probable that Miss Burns will be notified to appear at the Police Court within a day or so and will not be arrested. NED FOR ABIE MEN AS ENVOYS TO LATINS Conference to Discuss Rela tions of U. S. With Neigh bors to the South. WORCESTER, Mass., November Ik Conditions in the countries lying to the south of the United States and the prob lems confronting the United States in Its relations with those countries will be dis cussed at a four-day conference on Latin America begun at Clark University today. The speakers include diplomats, edu cators. historians, naval officers, scien tists, Journalists and travelers. President O. Stanley Hall of Clark Uni versity presided at the evening session. The chief speaker of the morning was Ix-opold Grahame, an English journalist, formerly proprietor of the Buenos Aires Herald. He discussed "The Relations ol the United States with the Latin Amer ican Republics." Latin Mind Sensitive. "Ignorance In this country of the es sential conditions in Latin America," Mr. Grahame declared, "has led to interna tional misunderstandings, to misconcep tions, and to doubts and suspicions which have militated against an extension ol commercial and friendly relations, so necessary to the welfare of the entire continent. "The cultured and sensitive Latin mind," he continued, "resents condescension, domination, or the suggestion of inequal ity. Prior to Senator Root's visit to South America in 1900 there existed a very wide distrust of American policy. Fortu nately, the eloquent and frank declara tions of the State Secretary to the efTect that the United States was actuated by the sole purpose of promoting the friendly intercourse of all the American republics produced an entire change of feeling and cemented the bonds of friendship. Great Diplomats Needed. "The services of the great diplomats of the United States are more needed In the capitals of some of the republics of Cen tral and South America than In London, Paris, Berlin, Rome, Madrid or St. Peters burg." David Montt, editor of El Dlario Ilus trado of Santiago. Chile, in his address on "The Mind of the Latin American Na tion." criticised European gun manufac turers for fomenting trouble in Latin America. Mr. Montt expressed the opinion that the visits of prominent statesmen to Latin America, the increased knowledge in the United States of conditions there, and the gathering of Pan-American con gresses will bring about a new era "of genuine American influence in South America." gives sight to old folks. Operations for Glaucoma by Dr. Rob ert H. Elliott Are Successful. CHICAGO, November 18.?Official re ports of the eye clinics of Dr. Robert H. Elliott of the Indian medical service presented at an executive session of the Chicago opthalmologlcal society were made public today. Dr. Elliott is the originator of an operation for glaucoma, popularly known as "old folks blindness," which he has demonstrated in various cults, including Chicago, at the recent clinical congress of surgeons, and at Min neapolis. In the latter city eighteen cases were treated and according to the re port seventeen were successful. The eighteenth case was stubborn, and the result cannot be known for at least three months. Hitherto the appearance of glaucoma prepaged blindness, but by the Elliott method the blindness may be averted, the report said, or even cured where the pa tient's sight had not been gone more than six months. Stefansson May Be Safe. SEATTLE, November 18.?While some anxiety has been felt of late for the safety of VUhjalmur Stefansson and the Canadian exploration expedition which he led Into the north some months ago it was reported here today that nothing had been heard which supported a recent rumor of disaster lo ihe party. * TO BUILD MEMORIAL TO VICTIMS OF THE MAINE Local Firm Awarded Contract and Oiven Eight Months to Do the Work. Following the recommendation of the chief of the Quartermaster Corps. As sistant Secretary Breckinridge of the War Department has awarded the con tract for the construction of the memorial to the victims of the battleship Maine to Norcross Bros, of this city, at their bid of $44,697. Bids for that work were opened more than a month ago. but owing to the controversy that arose among some of the builders, the War Department was not able to take tinal action until today. The design for the memorial, as sub mitted by Nathan O. Wyeth of this city and approved by the commission of fine arts, calls for a stone mausoleum similar in contour and effect to the turret of a battleship, as a setting for the recovered mainmast and fighting top of the de stroyed vessel. The base will be built of granite, with an Interior lining of white marble. On the outer surface of the granite base will be inscribed the names of the two officers. 232 sailors and twenty-eight marines who lost their lives when the Maine went down in the harbor of Havana, fifteen years ago last February. Stones Best Adapted for Work. It is explained by Col. Clem of the Quartermaster Corps that the bid of Nor \ross Bros., although not the lowest one ? ecelved. was accepted because the atones called for In their bid were regarded as best adapted to the special purposes of the memorial. Those stones are Troy (N. H.) white granite and Vermont white marble. None of the samples of other granite submitted, said Col. Clem, was regarded as so well adapted for the carv ing of the eight thousand or more letters in the inscriptions required by the speci fications. Under the contract just entered into, Norcross Bros, are given eight months to complete the memorial, so that the indi cations are that It will not be ready for formal dedication before the middle of July next. The site selected for the memorial is in the Maine section of the Arlington ceme tery. where most of the victims of the Maine are buried. SWISS INDEPENDENCE CELEBRATED AT FETE Three l?oc&l Societies Join in Enter tainment?Dances in Native Costumes. With the women and children attired in the native costumes of the twenty two cantons and the walls displaying the colors and designs of a score or more flags, the Washington Oruetll Ver eln. Die Stauffacherln and the Union Hel vetia celebrated jointly the 606th anni versary of the independence of Swltser land at Old Masonic Temple last even ing. Swiss music and the Swiss dances were included In the entertainment, helping to complete a novel and a pretty sight. In the banquet hall two mammoth cakes adorned the tables, one a repro duction of a Swiss chalet, with a pastor al scene in the background and a foun tain in the center with happy children playing around, and the other a repre sentation of liberty, surrounded by the seals of the twenty-two cantons. Folk Dances a Feature. Folk dances by the women of Die Stauffacherln attired In their native dress were a feature to add to the charm of the event. Dr. E. Bauman, charge d'affaires of Switserland, delivered an address of wel come in French and German, inspired by a patriotic theme. He was attended by Chancellors Stelner to?d Keller of the Swiss legation. The following had charge of the cele bration: Theodore Picard, Jacob Brueg f?er. Edward Eychrowsky, Julius Egloflf. Edward S. Schmld and Leon Chatelain. representing the Washington Gruetli Verein; Mrs. E. Engles, Mrs. J. Zitchl, Mrs. J. Eisenbelss, Mrs. S. Bushby, Mrs. M. Sebastaln, Mrt. L. Notter, Mr*. A. Spelss, Mrs. M. Schmidt and Miss A. Holer, from Die Stauffacherln; C. Fug* lister, A. Tamagni, P. Heig. V. Mareion etti, O. Balestra and O. Wergler. from the Union Helvetia. The general com mittee in charge was composed of Ed ward 6. Schmld, Mrs. F. Engles, Miss Pauline Holer, and Julius Egloff. ROAD EXPERTS INSIST ON AVOIDANCE OF HILLS Teaching: Farmers That "Longest Way Bound" Often Is More Profitable. Good roads in the future should be built on the zig-zag plan for the avoid ance of hills and steep grades, the federal office of good roads announced today in declaring that the lives of horses and automobiles could be lengthened thereby and the cost of hauling reduced mate rially. The experts contend that "the longest way around often may be the shortest and most economical way home." and decry the natural tendency to build straight roads whenever they must breast heavy grades. "According to the testimony of farmers consulted." the bureau declares, "where a horse might be able to pull 4.000 pounds on level road, it would have difficulty in pulling 3.000 pounds up a steep hilL The size of the load, therefore, tends to be measured by the grade of the largest hill on the road to market. In a number of cases actual experiment shows that the relocating of roads around hills has been accomplished with no addition, or an addition of only a few feet to the highways. Disinclination of communities and in dividuals to sacrifice rich and fertile land to road purposes, the government experts acknowledge, stands in the way of carrying out the proposed reform. They are seeking to impress on the rural com munities. however, the economic advan tages to be gained by the elimination of steep grades from the seats of supply to the markets. SEEK DIPLOMATIC POSITIONS. Thirty-Seven Take Elimination! for ' Secretaryships. Thirty-seven candidates fcr appoint ment as secretaries in the diplomatic service, to fill five existing vacancies, are undergoing examination by the civil serv ice commission and a special examining board of the State department. They took a written examination yesterday and today are being examined orally. The vacancies will be filled by the Ave candidates standing highest In order of merit. In case more tuan five of the candidates pass above a certain standard of merit the excess will be placed on the eligible list for appointment to future vacancies. Similar competitive examinations will be held at the State Department Janu ary 18 to fill three vacancies in the con sular service. ELECTION OF OFFICERS BY COLOMBIA BAPTISTS Prof. W. A. Wilbur Is Chosen Moderator?Reports Heard at Today's Session. Election of officer* for the ensuing year was the principal business of this morn ing's session of the Columbia Associa tion of Baptist Churches, which is holding ita thirty-sixth annual meeting at Ira manuel Baptist Church. 16th street and Columbia road. Prof. W. A. Wilbur, dean of Columbian College. George Washington University, and a layman, was unanimously chosen moderator of the association to succeed Rev. H- O. Millington, pastor of the Brookland Baptist Church, whose term of office has expired. Rev. J. W. Many, pastor <>f the East Washington Baptist Church, succeeded himself as secretary for another year by unanimous vote. Warren E. Evans, for nearly a quarter of a century treasurer of the association, was chosen again for that office, and R. A. Bogeley was re elected assistant clerk, both unanlmousl}. The meeting opened with prayer by Rev. E. Hei Swem. pastor of Centennla! Baptist Church, followed by the reading of letters from the churches by the secre tary. Rev. Mr. Many, and the enrollment of delegates. The report of the commit tee on the application of churches was given, the application of the Petworth Church being received and passed on. It" delegate to the convention was warmly welcomed by the new moderator. Invitation to Luncheon. Immanuel Church, being at present without a pastor, Percy & Foster, in its behalf, Invited all delegates and guests to a luncheon given by the congregation in the church building. In order that tl.ose living at a distance may be spared a long trip between the afternoon and evening sessions, a supper will also be of fered tonight in the church. The afternoon session opened at 2 o'clock with prayer by Rev. H. T. Stev enson. pastor of Bethany Church. The program Includes the report of the ex ecutive board, report of the treasurer, addresses by the missionary pastors and the announcement of specta' committee* A song service and the reports of the committees on missions will occupy to night's session, which is scheduled for 7..10. The meeting of the association lasi evening was entirely religious in char acter. Rev. P. B. Watl'ngton. pastor of Grace Church, delivered t?>e sermon. WILL NOTAPPROVE MOTION TO ADJOURN (Continued from First Page.) lection for the place and that Mr. Coch ran cannot land. Overlooks One Qualification. Senator James Hamilton L?ewis of Illi nois admitted today that he had omitted from his book on the United States Sen ate an Important qualification of a United States senator. Mr. Lewie called at the White Houae to ask an appointment f?r a constituent to see President Wilson. "My. my," he said, barely concealing a yawn, "I have been going since short ly after 7 o'clock this morning, simply doing messenger duty. Everybody I know or who knows me seems to want a position, to be promoted in the one he has, to be transferred or reinstated It takes up an awful amount of time. "I think I shall write another book on the Senate, some time, in which I shall dwell with great emphasis on the fact that an important qualification for a United states senator is that he shall be a flrst-class messenger boy." It was shortly after 1 o'clock today when today's cabinet meeting ended. The Mexican situation had been the prin cipal topic of consideration. The rumored uprising of the Navajo Indians of New Mexico, in defense of eight desperate men of their tribe, wanted by the law. who have fled from Justice to the. Beautiful mountain, was also discussed. Secretary Lane o." the Interior Department said that he would have something to say on tliis situation later in the day. MORE THAN FIFTY TEAMS THROWN OUT OF SERVICE Effect of Order Against District Hir ing1 From Employes or Their - Relatives. District engineer department officials stirred up a hornet's nest last week w hen they adopted an order prohibiting fore men in the surface division from hiring teams from District employes or relatives of employes. So far-reaching has be??n the order, which became effective No vember 13. that It has resulted In throw ing more than fifty teams, or about half of the total number employed by the department, out of work. The owners. ? several of them women, who claim that the teams constitute their only means of support, have made vigorous protests, but. up to date, the engineer department has shown no signs of relenting. Capt. Brooke's Suggestion. The sew rule was adopted on motion of Capt. Mark Brooke, assistant engineer commissioner, who urged it on the ground that the District Bhould not per mit any practice which might be con strued as favoritism. Several instances of the employment by the surface division of teams owned either by District em ployes or relatives of employes _ were known to the officials at the tlm# of the adoption of the order, but a great many that they know nothing about then have come to light since. It Is rumored around the District build, ing that this would not be the case but for the fact that a number of early victims have taken pains to Inform the engineer department officials of other owners of teams who likewise should be made to feel the effect of the order. Instance Cited. One instance given of the effect of the new ruling is that of an owner whose wife's brother married the fourth cousin of a chauffeur in the engineer depart ment. This was considered sufficient re lationship to bar future U6c by the sur face division of the teams in question. INQUIBY INTO COAL BATES. Southern Boads to Be Cited for I. C. Commission Hearing. Investigation of alleged exorbitant rates on bituminous coal from oertain points in Virginia, West Virginia, Ken tucky and Tennassee to other points in Virginia, North Carolina, 8outh Carolina. Georgia and Florida has been authorised by the Interstate commerce commission. Railroads involved are the Southern. Louisville and Nashville. Norfolk and Western, Chesapeake and Ohio. Vir ginian. Nashville, Chattanooga and St. Louis, New Orleans and Texas Pacific and the Carolina. CMnchfleld and Ohio, late and place of hearings have not yet been fixed.