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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 23, 1913, Image 10

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CAPITAL PREPARES
EOR THANKSGIVING
Special Services to Be Held in
All Churches of the
City..
CARDINAL WILL ATTEND
PAN-AMERICAN MASS
Baskets Will Be Distributed Among1
Poor?Dinners at Public
Institutions.
Rejoicing in many quarters, but a tinge
of sadness in others, will prevail on
Thanksgiving day. which is next Thurs
day. fn all -the churches of the city
special services are to be held to return
thanks for many things, ami the services
win be marked with the same true spirit
whi.-h iTomptnl the Pilgrims to kneel and
offer up thanks for their attainment of
relistious freedom.
The missions of the city, the Gospel and
?"'entral I'nion. are planning to make hap
py as many of the poor as possible by
sending out baskets and by serving din
ners at their headquarters. Funds are
not coming as fast as those in charge
desire, and appeals are being made not
only for money, but for clothes, food and
should persons not be disposed to send
other articles. Should persons not be ris
posed to send money, edibles would be
.iust as acceptable.
Diplomats to Attend Mass.
Probably the most impressive church
services in the city Thanksgiving day
will l.e the Pan-American mass at St.
Patrick's Roman Catholic Church, which
will be attended by the South and Cen
tra! American diplomatic representatives
accredited to this capital, and also by
prominent government officials. Whether
or not President Wilson will attend, as
?lid President Taft last year, is not
known. The diplomats will be there in
their gorgeous uniforms, resplendent in
go:d lace and trimmings.
A special musical program is being ar
: anged Cardinal James Gibbons will
com'' from Baltimore to Washington to
t rr> .> nt at the mass. Attending him
i!i be Mi.i. Shahan. rector of the Cath
? ? ? l"niv?-:>it\ of America, as assistant
priest, and Rev. James Barron of An
napolis. ild.. and Rev. John P. Whelan
? f this city as chaplains. Rt. Rev.
Charles Warren furrier. Bishop of
Matanzas. Cuba, will deliver the ser
mon. The celebrant of the mass will
be R? v. Joseph H. Cassidy. pastor of
s't. Stephen's Church in this city, with
Rev. t'harles M. Bart, pastor of St.
Teresa's. Anacostia. as deacon, and Rev.
.1. M. Mi Namara of St. Patrick's as sub
deacon. Ti:. services wil begin promptly
at 11 o'clock.
Endeavor Services.
The Christian Endeavor Cnior of this
? ity is planning for Thanksgiving day
the largest series of Thanksgiving serv
ices ever conducted under its auspices.
Christian Endeavor workers will speak
at the services in the various churches,
and Edward P. Gates, field secretary of
Illinois for the Christian Endeavor, and
Rexford I.. Holmes, president of the
local Christian Endeavor, will attend
three of the services in succession, and
will deliver brief addresses. These serv
ices will be held in the morning.
While tile attending of church services
will furnish a means for the more se
rious side of Thanksgiving, there will be
various other ways of spending the day.
Families long separated will be drawn
together around the table abundantly
supplied with turkey and cranberry
sauce. Some will take trips out of the
city for the day. Straw rides and other
forms of amusement are being planned
I y tli?- y ounger folks to furnish some
thing for them to be thankful for. And I
th?- smaMt-r children! Why. there is only
one thing they believe that they have
to be thankful for! It is a holiday from
school, of course!
In Public Institutions.
Preparations are being made in the'
penal institutions of the city and the hos
pitals and other* public institutions- to ob- ,
serve Thanksgiving. In the prisons the
in nates are to be served special meals,
ml entertainments will be given in many
instances. Those in the hospitals un
<?? tiMed! w ill have relatives and friends
!?? ins them dainties to make the day
I riihter.
Tii. lette carriers of this city, their ;
wi.?> ,. id amilies, will be made unusual-i
ly happy' this year. The letter carriers |
v I b- thai kful that they will not have'
f i v -irk on that day. and the wives anil
a*; i'ie- w ill be thankful that the postmen
en be < t home to eat their Thanksgiving
dinners with all seated around the table.
To celebrate Postmaster Merritt's action
iM gi\inu t h?-:n the holiday. the letter car-!
riers ss<ciation will give a compliment
ary dame at Pythian Temple Thanksgiv
it.ir evt
I'ians .i -if ave been completed by the \
?'athoiic Knights of America for the j
thirtieth annual sociable for the bene- ]
fit of St. Joseph's Orphan Asylum. This j
vein it is to ?? held in Convention Hall. !
and all of the decorations which were 1
lis*.I din ing tin recent food show have
been It i in place Music is to be fur
nished by ;? band of thirty musicians
under the direction of Prof. J. I. Fer
singcr.
The entertainment will begirt prointply
at s o clo. k. w ith an exhibition of calis
theni" exercises by the orphan boys of
St. ose;.h's Asylum, followed by sev
eral songs by choruses formed from the
\arious classes of the institution. Sen
ator Joseph E. Ransdell of Louisiana
\\ ill the speaker of the evening,
former Jud<e William 11. De Eacy of the
Juvenile <'ourt also will make an ad
<iress.
Noel House Annual Ball.
The annual ball of the Noel House
committer. headed by Mrs. Henry Cleve
land Perkins, is to be held at the New
Willaid Thanksgiving night, and this
? vent i-- looked forward to with great
interest by the young society people of
tile city.
Thanksgiving day at Cherrydale. \'a ,
vv II b. ????!? brated by a presentation to
tb t'ii.rrydale volunteer firemen from
? >. Wcniiliiiei of the World of Cherry
? iale "f an Ann .-an Mag. Following the
i i ? s? ' t'l"fi s'.e.-ch by <"ra:idal Mackey
?>:? ? :t 1 f ti ? Woodmen, the flag will
be raised to the top of a staff located at
? hiL-lmst point in the suburb, this part
? ?f t ie ceremonies iieing performed by
Estella Broderick. wearing a dress of
I h? rational colors, and Master Elbert
'? I Me aids"!, in a firemen's uniform.
Music v, ill he furnished by citizens of
???i . and the children of the Cher
yd.'le cij:>l? school will sing "The Star
I Banner' as the Mh-t is hoisted.
Ca B >\vn. soi -in-law of "Gen. ' ("oxey,
11 yitig to have t'ongress make nim
tbu iktu by allowing hitn to complete on
tii- ? "apitol step.- tin speech which caused
!n.- a, rest the;.. in lV?t wben tht famous
?'i'?.\ ;. - army" invaded the city. Brown
ha.- a ready asked the convention ot the
\met:ca:t Federation of 1.abor to peti
tion <"on^ress in his behalf.
I'oor Ask for Baskets.
However, in all the day's celebrations
t. e missions have. by far. the greatest
work to perform. I-etters are beginning
to pour into the missions asking for
tine of the baskets which they are plan
ning to distribute. The communications
ace pitiful pleas for help, some from
women with large families of children,
the husband and father of which is un
able to earn wages to make ends meet:
others from elderly people who are in
some instances unable to get about and
do for thymselvutf Sickucse iu niauy
cam ban done its work: has taken the
main support away. leaving the widow
to support the family. It is these cases
and those of the elderly persons which
the missions will undertake to take care
of first.
A perusal of a few of the letters would
likely soften the most hardened of
hearty and would cause funds to come j
to the missions in larger volume than
'they are now coming. In addition to the
baskets the missions will undertake to
! provide dinners to hundreds of tired,
homeless wayfarers who happen to reach
the city Thanksgiving day.
Thousands of Prisoners to Feast.
I'ncle Sam is not troubled by high
cost of living problems in the matter of
preparing to feast the several thousand
persons intrusted to his keeping, and
Thanksgiving day will be celebrated
the same as it was when the cost was
one-half what it is now. Preparations
for the Thanksgiving feast are being
pushed forward, and George s. Wilson,
in charge of the local prisons and other
institutions, w ill see that good things
are provided.
It has often been said that many per
sons in prison fare better on holidays
than their friends outside and. it is
stated, tlio.se familiar with penal and
other institutions believe there is much
truth in the saying.
Hundreds of District prisoners in the
federal prisons at Leavenworth. Kan.,
and Atlanta. Ga., as well as the few
who recently have been sent to Haiti
more. are looking forward to next
Thursday as a flay of enjoyment, more
especially those in the two bin federal
prisons, where the regulation holiday
dinner of turkey or roast pig and cran
berries will be served.
This year's celebration at the two l>i^
prisons bids fair to equal and possibly
surpass that of last year. Thanksgiving
to those in the federal prisons means
something more than a turkey dinner;
it means a day of rest and pleasure and
the reception of packages of goud
things from relatives and friends.
Big Day at Atlanta.
In the prison at Atlanta Thanksgiv
ing Is a big flay for the prisoners. Their
morning work in their cells complet
ed. the prisoners go to the big hall and
enjoy a theatrical performance, the show
lasting until time for the sounding of
the dinner bell, when they go to the
dining room.
In the prison at Leavenworth the
theatrical performance is given by prison
talent, and Washington prisoners who
last year participated in the event say
the efforts of the prisoners would be
appreciated by the audiences at many
of the larger theaters throughout the
country. Music was furnished by Im
prison orchestra.
Thanksgiving day is the one day of
the year that appeals to most of the
prisoners, more especially the life-term
ers. as it does not bring to them the
sadness of the Christmas holiday and the
thought of broken home ties. The many
reforms in the matter of care and treat
ment of the prisoners, the abolition of
numbers and eradication of the stripes,
it is said, promise to make the coming
Thanksgiving celebration more enjoyable
than ever before.
In the city jail and the workhouse at
Occoquan there will be a noticeable
absence of turkey at dinner so far as
the prisoners are concerned, although
turkey will be served the officers who
will be unable to eat dinner with their
families that day. The usual routine
will be observed in the city prison, where
prisoners perform only such tasks as are
necessary for the care of the ouildlng
and its inmates.
Roast Pork for Dinner.
Warden Zinkhan has promised to serve
a roast pork dinner to his guests Thurs
day, and it is probable that- a religious
service of some kind will be held in the
morning. The men will be served their
extra good prison meal at long tables in I
a corridor on the lower floor, while the
female prisoners will sit at h table in
their apartment on the upper floor.
It is usually customary for friends and
relatives of prisoners to send them boxes
of fried chicken, turkey, fruits and other
good things for their Thanksgiving din
ner, and some are given tobacco or spare
change with which to make purchases.
At Occoquan Supt. Whittaker is mak
ing more extensive preparations for the
celebration of the day. and the 70t? pris
oners are looking forward to the holiday
In anticipation of having an enjoyable
time. Work of all kinds, except what is
absolutely necessary, will be suspended
and the prisoners will enjoy a freedom
they seldom are permitted to have.
I'nder the rules of the institution only
two meals will be served, the same as
Sunday, but there will be a greater va
riety and plenty of it.
"And everything served at dinner," re
marked Supt. Whittaker last night, "will
come from the farm."
Entertainment After Dinner.
Roast pig with dressing, sweet pota
toes. turnips and pumpkin pie will be
served for dinner, while at breakfast
stewed fruit will be added to the menu.
The 100 woman prisoners will be served
in one dining room and the men in an
other, and the diners will be seated at
tables.
In the morning the prisoners will be
required to shine their shoes and present
as good an appearance as possible, and
after dinner an entertainment will be
provided for them. The entertainment
will be concluded in time for the pris
oners to be in their quarters by dark.
Turkey, celery and cranberry sauce will
be served the employes.
At the National Training School for
Boys, Supt. Sterling is preparing a great
feast. It is his intention to give the
boys an ideal Thanksgiving dinner and a
holiday that they probably never will
forget. He does not intend to have an I
entertainment that will keep the boys
indoors all day. knowing his charges
much prefer outdoor sports.
Three full meals will be served, the
same as is the daily custom, but the
menu for dinner will be in keeping with ]
the day and will delight the boys. There ,
will be plenty of turkey with giblet gravy, |
cranberry sauce, mashed potatoes and !
pumpkin pie.
In the forenoon the boys will listen to;
an address or two in the big hall and in |
the afternoon they will be turned loose to
play ball and other games in the open.
Mrs. Whitney, superintendent of the
National Training School for Girls, has !
arranged to serve to the girls in the
Institution all the turkey and cram berry |
sauce they can eat, and with these will
be served several vegetables and pumpkin
pie. An entertainment also will be pro
vided.
Dinners at the Homes.
Thanksgiving will not go unnoticed at
the Home for the Aged and Infirm, the
Industrial Home S.-hool and other Dis
tri<-t charitable and correctional insti
tution:-. An order has been placed fur
I pounds of turkey which will bring
' good cheer to the boys and girls at
the Industrial Home School. Plans liav.
made by Supt. Charles W. Skinner for
exercises to be held in the < liapel Thurs
day morning. The President's Thanks
giving proclamation will be re.ad and pa
triotic po^ms recited by a nuinbei of
pupils. Following the dinner, a loot
i ball game will be played and other out
door games will be in order.
At the H >me for the Aged and Infirm
;t home-grown dinner will be provided.
1 Roast pork, a product of the institution,
will constitute the princi|?al item on
the bill of tare. There will be sweet
{potatoes, pumpkin pie and other ediide>
? of the season. There are about .'?<)(? in
: mates in the home who are looking for
ward if the treat. Religious services
will be held during the morning.
MRS. MINNIE FITCH DEAD.
Daughter of Gen. William T. Sher
man Was 62 Years Old.
I Gd-FPORT, Miss.. November Mrs.
? Minnie Sherman Fitch, wife of former
IJeut Thomas W. Fitch. I' S X., and
daughter of Gen. William Tecumseh Sher
man, died here today, aged sixty-two
She was editor and publisher of her
(father's letters and memoirs
1'resident I*. S. Grant attended her wed
ding to Mr. Fitch at Washington, I). C..
in October ls74. She is survived by two
sons, W. S. Fitch. Gulport; T. W Fitch,
i Pittsburgh: two daughters. Miss Kieatior
? itch. Gulport: Mrs Mary Sherman Olm
stt ad, Bethlelu-m Pa.: ;i brother, 1 >e\.
Thomas Kwing Sherman, S. J . Marquette.
Mich., and a sister. Mrs. Rlla Thackery,
wife of the 1'nited States consul general
at paris.
The tuneiul will be held Tuesday iq
St. I.ouis, where the I ody will be buried
beside that of Gen. Sherman.
1
ENLARGED SCHOOL
QUARTERS SOUGHT
|
Need Cited by Superintendent
of Industrial Home for
Colored Children.
REPORTS SHOW PROGRESS
IN DISTRICT INSTITUTIONS
Home for Aged and Infirm Utilizing
Old Materials to Good
Advantage.
Progress in the improvement of District '
charitable, penal and correctional insti- j
tutions is shown in a number of annual
reports tiled with the board of charities.
Among the reports most recently re
ceived are those of the training schools
for white and colored children, the Home !
for tho A?ed and Infirm at Blue Plains,
the municipal lodging house and Freed
men's Hospital.
According to the report of William J.
Kay, superintendent of the Home for the
Aged and Intim, this institution, having
no appropriation for the purpose, is utiliz
ing old material obtained from municipal
buildings wrecked in the District for con
structing a building designed to house
tools, wagons, carts anil implements and
in which will be located a blacksmith
shop, carpenter shop, paint shop and
store room.
Channel Gives Satisfaction.
"Among other projects," states the re
port. "the accomplishment of none has
given us more satisfaction than the com
pletion of our channel, dredged into the j
reservation a distance of about 4,000 feet
from deep water in the river. This
channel furnishes a waterway with four
feet of water at low tide, ample for
barges to the center of the reservation.
"On this channel during the year we
have constructed a suostantial wharf
one hundred feet long, with platform
large enough for a boat of material. The
wharf is connected with the buildings by
a good road and is very efficient. We
have already unloaded over this wharf
more than lifteen hundred tons of ma
terial, brick, sand, gravel, lumber and
other supplies.
"The channel also furnishes drainage
for the whole reservation and eliminates
a swamp, noxious with rank growth and
mosquitoes which have since given way to
green meadows and waving corn.
The report shows that the daily average
number of inmates cared for during the
year was ?-*???>. The total number in the
institution June 30, this year, was 2W.
Would Enlarge School.
In the report of the Industrial Home
School for Colored Children, O. F. N.
Madden, superintendent, points to the
necessity of the accommodations of the
institution being enlarged to care for 130
children. The present accommodations
provide for only sixty inmates. The
daiiy average attendance, last year, was
sixty-three.
A lengthy account of the year's ac
tivities at the Industrial Home School
for White Children is contained in the
annual report of B. T. Jannev, president
of the board of trustees. This institu
tion is directly under the supervision of
Charles W. Skinner, superintendent.
Reference is made to the winning by
I?avton H. Burdette, a pupil in this
school, of the first prize in The Star's
anti-fly campaign. Burdette. with the
assistance of his associates, slaughtered
8,820.400 flies, and the prize money was
spent by the entire school on a trip to
Mount Vernon.
Referring to this outing, Mr. Janney
states that the pupils "felt a pride in
their victory and a just delight in being
able to treat themselves and some of their
friends to a visit to one of the most
sacred and historic spots in America."
Health Record Satisfactory.
An epidemic of measles last spring, and
later an epidemic of scarlet fever, gave
officials of the school- cause for worry,
but the school closed the year with a
fairly satisfactory health record. It is
stated that the greenhouse maintained by
the pupils produced a gross revenue of
$4.'J! 10.52. An appropriation of $8,500 is
requested with which to construct a
modern greenhouse with double the pro
ducing capacity. The year s enrollment
shows that 151 boys and 80 girls, or a
total of 231 pupils, were cared for at
this institution.
A big decrease in the number of per
sons temporarily cared for at the muni
cipal lodging house is shown in the report
of A. H. Tyson, superintendent. A total
of 5,357 lodgings were furnished tran
sients, this being a decrease of about
2,000 in comparison with the records of
th? previous year, it is stated.
The report of Freedmen's Hospital
shows that 3,208 patients were cared for.
Of this number, 1.7V?1 were District cases
and 1.240 United States cases. Last vear,
for the first time, the hospital, under an
act of Congress, was permitted to receive
pay patients. The revenue from this
source amounted to $3,220.50, it is stated.
OPPOSE STATE INTERFERENCE.
Fraternal Insurance Orders Con
demn "Unwarranted Activity."
CHICAGO, November 22.?Condemna
' tion of the activities of State Insurance
commissioners in the internal affairs of
fraternal insurance orders was expressed
in resolutions adopted here today by the
executive board of the National Frater
nal Congress.
The resolution resulted from reports of
! officials of the Independent Order of
Foresters of Toronto, that the insurance
i commissioners of Wisconsin had demand
j ed h change in iiiaiis for a special assess
ment of sn.txHt members which the
order's constitution does not call for.
The resolution asserts that such a
; policy "tinds no warrant in the laws of
: any state and if successfully pursued will
j in- destructive t?? the fraternal insurance
, system." It advises each of the eighty
, three members of the congress to "resist
to their utmost sueh unwarranted Inter
! fereiiee."
Socialists Up for Italian Senate.
K<iMK. November 22.?The list Vf new
senators which Premier Oiolitti will sub
mit i<> the king. it is reported, will im lude
the names of two reformed socialists,
who. it" they are nominated by the kit.g.
will be the first <?f that party to enter
the senate.
one of them. Alfredo Bertesi, has hr-en
.leputv for eighteen years. He was one
n taker. He was very active during the
day- of obstruction when (Jen. 1'clloux
was head of th< cabinet.
Funeral Arrangements Incomplete.
The body of James A. Twohey, an at
torney of this city, who was found dead
uith his throat rut in Ottawa, Ontario,
Friday night, will arrive in this city
probably today, when funeral arrange
ments will be completed. Kdward H.
Twohey. a brother of the dead man, of
I St Albans, Vt., went to the Canadian
city to claim the body and make ar
rangement.* for bringing it here.
A French lerial league will have the
; latitude ami longitude of towns paint
ed on the tops of gasometers through
j? >ut that country for guidance of avia
I tors.
OLD-TIME BANKING
Early History of Financial In
stitutions Here and in
Alexandria.
MANY OLD FAMILIES
IN THE DIRECTORATES
Original Plan of Bank of United
States in 1802 Had President
Washington's Approval.
BY JAMES CROOGON.
The currency question just now engag
ing the country brings into the public
limelight the banking interest represented
by the many banks?national and state.
Situated as District people are. at the seat
of the general government, the early his
tory of banking In this section is inter
esting. even to those for whom they are
not the treasure boxes.
When the constitutional government
went into operation in 17K1? there were
but few banks in the country. A ban i
was organized in Philadelphia in 1780. and
was in* existence under the name of the
Bank of North America for a long series
of years. In 1784 there were banks in
Massachusetts, Maryland and New York.
In 17511 the Bank of the I'nited States
came into existence, and it had branches
in several of the larger cities, the home
office being in Philadelphia. The capital
of this bank was $10,000,000, in shares of
$40?> each, one-fifth of them being held by
the I'nited States, and the stock was a
paying one, for the dividends for a num
ber of years were over 8 per cent.
When the population of the District,
which was laid out .to include the cities
of Alexandria and Georgetown, numbered
but a few thousands, banks were estab
lished in Alexandria and Georgetown.
That in Alexandria was incorporated by
the act of Virginia of November. 1792,
and those interested in it were P. R. Ken
dall, R. T. Hooe, W. Hartshorne, Joseph
Watson, Thomas Porter, R. Conway, W.
Herbert, Stephen Cook. W. Wilson.
Charles Lee, R. West, Lewis Lee and
Charles Simms. This bank was in exist
ence many years.
Old Bank Building: Standing.
In November, 1793, an act of the Mary
land legislature chartered the Bank of
Columbia, in Georgetown, the following
being named in it: Samuel Blodgett, jr.;
VV. Deakins, jr.; Col. Uriah Forest, Gen
John Mason, Gen. J. M. Lingan. Francis
Lowndes,, M. Waring. Peter Cazanave,
William B. Morgan. J. Forest. Thomas
Peter, J. Templeman, and Benjamin
Stoddert.
There were 10,000 shares of $100 each,
and this bank was in existence for about
a quarter of a century. The original
building is yet standing.
When the population of the District,
in 1802. numbered about 14,0iK) inhabit
ants, 3,500 being in the city. 6,000 in Alex
andria and county and 3.000 in George
town, banking facilities were opened in
this city by the establishment of the
Bank of the United States.
February 24. 1802, -the bank purchased
lots 6, 7, 8 and 0, on the northeast corner
of F and 13th streets, fronting W*<2 feet
on F street and 151*4 feet on 13th street.
This was improved property, and the
house on the corner was the banking
house, while that adjoining on the east
was occupied for many years by Richard
Smith, the cashier. The property in 1818
was conveyed by David Lennox and
others, trustees of the late bank, to John
Tayloe for $11,750.
Bank Conceived by Hamilton.
The original plan of this bank was con
celved by Alexander Hamilton, and It
had the approval of President Washing
ton. The bank in 1S16 was reorganised,
with a capital of fsw.oon.ooo. in which the
government had a subscription of several
millions.
Col. Tajioe in 1818 bought lots t. 2 and
24. square 221. at the northwest corner of
15th street, north of the Treasury building,
and five years afterward conveyed it to
the 6ank of the United States, which
had been rechartered. Here if continued
in business until the .TOs. the property be
ing sold in 1828 to Dundas and other
trustees, from whom it was bought in
1845 by W. W. Corcoran, who moved his
banking house from 15th and F streets.
George Graham, for many years chief
clerk of the War Department, was for a
long time its president and Richard Smith
the cashier. -
After the bank went out of existence
he occupied the building up to the time
of his death, holding in the meantime
a similar position in the Bank of the
Metropolis. The directors were from the
three cities of the District, and among
them were Thomas Tudor Tucker, for
years the treasurer of the Cnited States:
Thomas Monroe, secretary of the original
District Commissioners: Gen. R. C.
Weightman, once mayor of Washington,
who served as the cashier for many years
of the Bank of Washington; Gen. Philip
Stuart, who commanded a division of the
Maryland militia in the war of 1812: Wil
liam Wirt, who afterward was Attorney
General of the United States, and Col. W.
W. Seaton of the National Intelligencer,
and afterward mayor of Washington.
First Local Bank in 1800.
When the population of Washington
had grown to about 8,000 people, one-third
of the entire District, the first local bank
was established under articles of asso
ciation signed September 4. 1800. This
was what was known as the Bank of
Washington, now a national bank, locat
ed at Louisiana avenue and 7th street. It
was established on Capitol Hill, and the
capital stock fixed at $1,000,000.
At the first meeting of the stockholders,
September 13 of that year. Joel Barlow, a
hero of the revolution, long in the diplo
matic service, and owner of Kalorama.
who afterward died in Poland, presided.
Among the directors were Daniel Carroll
of Duddington, Mr. Barlow. G??n. John
Davidson. Robert Brent, first mayor of
Washington; Judge Cranch of the Circuit
Court of the District; Col. Washington
Boyd, District marshal, and S. X. Small
wood. afterward mayor. Subsequently
Samuel Harrison Smith became a director,
and Samuel Eliot was cashier.
The directors first met at Long's Hotel,
now Xo. 21 1st street northeast, in which
President Madison's inauguration ball
took place a few months previous, and
later It was part of the temporary Capi
tol after that building had been burned
by the British in August. 1814.
An act of Congress of February 15, 1811,
gave this bank a charter, and about that
time it had over $50,<>00 in gold coin,
less than #6,000 being American. William
A. Bradley entered the bank as a runner,
from which position he rose to that of
cashier.
Bank Aided Government.
Gen. Weightman was elected mayor in
1824, and in 1827 resigned to take the
place of Mr. Bradley, who became mayor
in 18^4. This bank participated with other
banks in aiding the government during
the war of 1812 to 1815, and in the old
days was looked on as the depository of
the corporation of Washington.
During its existence of over a cen
tury Mr. Carroll served as president for
ten years. Mr. Smith for nine, George
Calvert two, Thomas Monroe five. Dr.
William Gunton forty-five years, Edward
Temple eight. Charles A. James nineteen
and the present president, C. F. Nor
ment. has served since 1'.n>7. The cash
iers have been Samuel Elliott, jr.. until
181S), Mr. Bradley until lb-7, Gen.Weight
man until 1834. John Riley until 1836,
James Adams until 1870 and Charles E.
White until 19iiH, the latter now being a
vice president.
In 182!) the bank was removed from the
first home on New Jersey avenue, on
the present site of the House office
building, to the Xational Hotel, where it
j r emained for about two years, when the
.milding on the present site, a large
three-story brick, was purchased. Later
this home gave way to the present fine
structure.
New Banks Chartered.
In the same time, 1800, Congress passed
an act relating to the Bank of Alexan
dria, continuing the charter and also in
corporating the Farmers' Bank and the
Bank of Potomac of that city, and the
Union Bank of Georgetown, each until
j 1821. In May of the following year,
11810, the Mechanics' Bank of Alexan
dria was chartered.
During the days of the war of 1812
there were movements for the formation
of other banks. The Bank of Metropolis,
now the National Metropolitan, organized
under articles of incorporation and
opened its office at the northeast corner
?of F and l.*?th streets. January 11. 1814
For many years Gen. John P. Van Ness
was its "president and Alexander Kerr
the cashier, and among the directors
were Col. Charles Hill. Col. B. Ogle Tay
loe. Benjimen L. L?ear, George NN.
Adams. <"ol. James Thompson. John
Boy!e of the Navy Department. William
Worthington. John McClelland. 'Matthew
Wright. Peter I^enox and Bev. Obadiah
Brown. The banking bouse was here for
many years, and in the_ '.'tO's a building
was erected on the site of the present
hank, which long since gave way. to a
new structure. Gen. Van Ness headed
the bank for many years, and under the
national banking law it took the name
of the National Metropolitan Batik, of
which Dr. John B. Blake. J. W. Thompson
and others have been tlie presidents.
The old charter came in 1*17.
Patriotic Bank Starts.
The Patriotic Bank, started also under
articles of incorporation, was established
by act of March .1. 1817, and did business
for several years on Pennsylvania avenue
near the corner of fOth street and later
erected a home of its own on 7th street
south of D street. Joseph Pearson was
the president and Overton Carr the cash
ier. and for a number of years the di
rectors included Bobert Y. Brent, F. P.
Bradley, Daniel Carroll of Duddington,
Edward De Kraefft, Constant Freeman,
William Gunton. William Prout. Timothy
Winn and Nicholas Young.
The Farmers' Bank of Georgetown, the
Central of Georgetown and Washington
and the Union of Alexandria were char
tered by the. act of March. 1817. I'nder
that act the circulation of the notes of
unincorporated companies was prohibited
and penalties imposed for signing such
notes, which were also declared void.
On the 4th ?f May, 1820, the charters
were continued to the several banks on
their paying specie, until the 1st of June.
1822. On March 2, 1821, the charters of
the Bank of Alexandria. Farmers' Bank
of Alexandria and of Washington. Me
tropolis. Patriotic, Cnion of Georgetown.
Farmers and Mechanics' and Columbia of
Georgetown were extended to March .'5.
1830, under certain limitations, etc.
Lively Times at Banks.
It was provided that any bank refusing
to pay any note, etc., issued by it. in law
ful currency, or money received on de
posit. was liable to pay an interest of
12 per cent, and that no notes und'r $?"?
i should be issued, and the Bank of Potu
j mac and the I'nion Bank of Alexandria
j were consolidated
It may oe imagined that with all kinds
of foreign coin, "fips," "levies" and quar
ters more numerous than the smaller
I'nited States coins, and bank notes from
the states subject to discount, it was no
j easy job doing business at the banks.
| There were busy times frequently when
! in the transaction of business 12%-ctnt
I "shinplasters,-1 redeemable" in sums of #5.
? were presented, and it was ascertained
that but thirty-nine had been signed.
GOVERNMENT jobs in sight
Competitive Examinations for Three
to Be Held January 7.
Two positions in the government service
in Washington, each paying more than
$1,200, will be opened to applicants
through competitive examinations Janu
ary 7. One of the positions is that of
seed warehouseman in the bureau of
plant industry. Department of Agricul
ture, and pays from $1,200 to $1,0(10 a
year. The other is that of sanitary bac
teriologist in the hygienic laboratory of
the public health service in this city, at
an annual salary of $1,30J a year.
On the same date an examination will
be held to fill the position of laboratory
assistant in physics at the experimental
mine under the bureau of mines at Bruce
ton, Pa. This position pays from to
I $1,200.
At the eml of 1912 there were em
ployed in the gold mines of the Trans
vaal 23,334 whites and 205.488 natives,
the aggregate wages paid out for the
year being $68,^81,758.
District National Bank
1406 G Street
The Bank that serves the business man and the savings
depositor with progressive cooperation and substantial secur
ity?backed by nearly FIVE MILLION DOLLARS OF AC
TTJAL RESOURCES.
The Bank that stands by its customers 'with unwavering
fidelity and unfaltering service.
To the COMMERCIAL ACCOUNT we insure the widest
range of banking facility?promptly and efficiently adminis
tered.
To the INDIVIDUAL SAVINGS ACCOUNT
we offer not only SECURITY?but all the advan
tages of a STRONG NATIONAL BANK as well;
and upon such accounts we pay interest compound
ed semi-annually at.
To EXECUTORS, ADMINISTRATORS, RECEIVERS,
TRUSTEES, and all other types of fiduciary accounts we offer
specially convenient and profitable service.
Every member of our executive staff and directorate is a
guarantee of this Bank's reliability and desirability as custo
dian of your funds and conservers of your financial interests.
Officers
President,
Robert N. Harper.
Vice Presidents,
W. S. Hoge, W. P. Lipscomb,
J. S. Tyrce, Bestor R. Walters.
Cashier,
Edmund S. Wolfe.
Assistant Cashiers,
W. T. Poole,
Theo. S. Mason.
Attorneys,
Barnard & Johnson.
?
Counsel,
Wharton E. Lester.
Directors
Ralph P. Barnard,
8. I. Bessflievre.
W. W. Bride,
Chas. J. Butler.
A. P. Crenshaw,
John T. Devlne,
W. K Ellis.
John W. Childress.
<\ J. Gockeler.
Robert N. Harper.
J. H. Corning:.
James M. Hugo.
W. S. Hoge.
Lewis Holmes,
William P. Lipscomb,
\V. H. Martin,
G. Nordlinger.
Robert Lee O'Brien,
H. M. Packard.
? "harles C. Rogers.
Jas. A. Sample,
-V. L. Sansbury,
Elie Sheetz.
R. R. Tuttle,
J. S. Tvree.
Bestor R. Walters,
Sidney West,
Martin Wlegand,
J. W. Harper.
Safety Deposit Boxes, in the most modernly con
structed vaults, at rentals ranging from $1.50 to $10
per year. ~
C /^VT "C ARRANGING
UULr THE MATCH
Very few nun h?ve any idea regarding I
the all important business of fixing up a j
niat< h correctly?from the standpoint of ,
the tlx? r. w rites Harry Fulford In lx>n- i
don Golfing. What usually happens is
this: A. a scratch man. is about to pla\
B, whoso handicap is S. "I'm scratch.
You're R. you ought to get a third." says
A. "Right you are." replies B. "Iialt'-a
crown?" "Certainly,* nays A, and off
they go. Now, all this is wrong, accord*
ing to the modern methods, or. rather,
north-country custom, for only h p ?>er
bereft of reason would take his handicap
into consideration when fixing tip a game.
A, if he is a member of a Yorkshire cl .b,
would approach the question in a skillful
manner. "I'm supposed to l>e scratch,"
he would say. "but that s .ill rot. of
course. I've never ><t returned a decent
m^dal card, or ever beaten bogey. Play
ing last night I lost by 'live and four.
Couldn't keep on the course; and as for
putting?weil, the less said about that
the better.
"Do you e\er get sciatica?" This is
what A would say as a start, for natu
rally a match could not possibly I . ar
anged in so hasty a niaiirter. A, for
instance, is waiting until It is settled
before he decides to ask for "five t<> four."
He may not get it. but he'll most cer
tainiy ask for it. A having commenced
proceedings, B than takes up the run
ning. "No, I've never had sciatica, rheu
matism is quite bad enough, t+iank^. 1*11
bet you're a much better scratch inan 1
am an 8. Why. I can't beat Jones level,
and he's twelve! You're supposed to
Kive nie six strokes, but that s ridiculous
as I'm playing now. I've seriously
thought of chucking the game altogether.
To make a good match of it 11! take
nine; or. if you would rather prefer it.
seven up. which is letting you off two
strokes." A ponders over this, while H
continues: "1 always like to show how
many up 1 am before 1 start, for what ?
the good of taking strokes that will prob
ably be no good to me? I'll take nine
strokes and play you for a ball, or seven
up and haif-a-crown."
The next few minutes are occupied by
A, who wouid be arrested if overheard
by the police, but when he does ta!k
rationally he says something to the ef
fect that B can dream again, but if *he
really is anxious to play him, he'll do so
on condition that A takes live strokes, in
which case he'll play him lor u ball.
"Make it seven," says B. "No." replies
A, "can't be done." ' Very well." re
marks B, 'don't blame me if you give
me six up and beat me hollow. I thought
you wanted a stiff mat. h'.'" "No, only
a sport:ng chance," responds A. Now.
this is the usual and correct method of
arranging a match in these parts. A
player who merely assents to the first
proposal of a would-be opponent does
not exist, for he couldn't afford it.
though if money was no obejet with him
his popularity would I e assured.
To discuss the handicaps thoroughly
is the salt of the game, and the knowl
edge that you have a shade the better
of the argument has a grea.t effect on
your subsequent play. I,awtuf handicaps
are all very welt in competitions, but
only form the basis of an argument
when half-a-crown is at stake. It often
f
happens that tlie debaters agree to refer
the question to the professional, who is
hound to (civ** offi'nup to the 'Vfiitml
lonfr; therefor**. his position Is unfor
tunate in the extreme. He. t?oor soul,
when asked to ft* the handicap. at one#
turns over in his mind which of the
two owes him most, and with that un
biased mind which is so much the glory
of his class. immediately favors the on?
who pays cash.
8TRA10HT I?RIVR.
FOUND MOST DANGEROUS.
Ultra-Violct Ray# From Mercury
Vapor Lamps Tested.
PARIS. November 22.?Daniel Berths
lot, president of the International Society
of Klectrlcians, submitted this evening
to the Society of ?"ivil Knxtneers a report
on his recent researches into the ultra
violet rays from mercury \apor lamps.
He characterised them as more danger
ous than any other known ray*, declar
ing that they caused ophthalmia and ulti
mately blindness, burned the skin and
pnnJueed effects similar to sunstroke.
in some of their effects, however, they
were benevolent, as they killed many
types of microbea by a few se <>nds ex
posure. and made drinking water abso
lutely sterile. President Foincare acted as
chairman of the meeting
$1,000,000 IN TWO DAYS.
Raising of Sum Task that Confronts
Campaigners.
XKW YORK, November The rata
;tng of ?>tie million dollars In the next two
days is the task which confronts the
Young Women's and YounK Men's t'hris
jtain Associations In their two weeks' cam
paign to collect $4,<?*m?io in Near York.
During the tw? nt> -four hours atidsd at
jnoon today tin contributions amounted
i to *4!,::.-#. This brings the futid total up
t-i .<_v.?,.'i.;.4;'.. a few thousand dollars Ih?
iiind the three-million mark
A pledge of IWMrtB has been made
oil condition that *.'1 HM.ooo is collected
by Monday r.owi This j;ift would have
been ne? ei\ ? d today and the identity of
the donor announced if the fund liad
reached 1<v noon.
Alvin 0. Bend Takes Bride.
Ah ,ii <*. Hon<l of 111<I Net York a\e
nue northwest, and a clerk in the of
fices of the Chesapeake ,m I l ? ...
Telephone Company in this city. w?i?<
Rockville, Md., htst Thursdav and
l married to Miss Helen Aukum i ?'iai v of
| SIS I. str*-et northwest. Th> couple rs
turned to this city for h short time, and
then went to New York on i honep
j inoon trip. Mr. Itond is a native of tor
eat (ilen. Md.
Los Atigeles now has ten public
jproduce markets In operation.
G Street
At 13th
Select Your Piano
or Player-Piano Now
For Christina*, while you have the choice of hundreds of
well known makes to select from. W e will deliver it to your
home any time you say on a small payment. Nothing more
to pay until Jan. i, 1914.
Any One Can Play
Anything Now
Think of stepping to a player-piano like the Artistic. 1??r
instance, putting in a roll of music \<>u would an electric
globe in it- ><?cket?and turning the switch, just as though
you were going to read.
The music which comes has all the soul <?i the ma>tcr
who produced it. all the soul of the artist who rendered it.
It grips you in its compelling power.
Already people are looking at pianos and player-pianos
tor Christmas. W e've made special preparations already.
too, but it's always wise to be a little ahead if you can.
An Artistic Player-Piano
Special rt* Q 7 P* Was
Price, ^ / 3 $600
?Rolls of Music Free?
Used Players and Pianos
At Big Bargains
$450 Stultz & Bauer, $125 $400 Cote Upright, $185
Mae. larKt* : fiwllent tone.
llaliuuan ?.
$500 Knabe Upright, $190 $550 Weber Upright, $135
Ilmutlful raw, Rww-mimhI.
$750 Behning Player,$425 | $500Chickering Upright,sl35
MnhonHii*, Kood condition. *|il^udld bargain.
$6 Sends a Piano Home Now!
>1
PIANO CO
G Street at Thirteenth N. W.
mmm

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