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? ? Law for Indeterminate Incar ceration Advocated by Occoquan Head. WORKHOUSE IS SHOWN TO BE IN GOOD SHAPE large Sums Derived From Indus trial Features?Improvements Made. Need of an indeterminate sentence law In the District of Columbia is emphasized in the annual report of W. H Whittaker, buperlntendent of the workhouse at Oc coquan. which has just been received by the Commissioners. Mr. Whittaker. with Justice Stafford of the District Supreme Court and John Joy Edson. president of the board of charities, compos" a committee which was appointed by the last board of Com missioners to draw up a bill for legisla tion of this character. A draft of the proposed law i? now being considered b> the corporation counsel, and the Commis sioners may ask Congress at the next session to take action on the matter. In his report Mr Whittaker states that, under the fixed sentence system, it is impossible for an inmate of the workhouse to realize the purpose of his commitment and to prepare himself to return to society as a useful citizen. Much Progress Made. Much progress way made in all de partments of the workhouse during the fiscal year that closed June 30 last, the report shows. "It is a pleasure for me to be able, at tlie end of three years of experimental work to say that there has been no mis take made In the system established." states Mr. Whittaker. "A large percen tage of the inmates have been bene fited mentally, morally and physically. Our records show but tew eases of discipline during the year. This coupled with the amount of work accomplished ut the best evidence pointing to our suc cess. Kxperts (n the line of prison dis cipline management who have visited this institution from various parts of thy country during the past year have ex pressed approval of the scheme of simple construction of buildings and adoption of sanitary and other features looking to physical and moral betterment of those committed to our care." The report contains interesting figures showing the revenue-producing ac tivities of the institution last year. The brick plant turned out * 3.530,437 brigk. which, valued at the rate of $6 per thousand, represented a revenue of I21.1S2.6L'. Another source of income was the stone-crushing plant. It Is stated that 7.237 yards of crushed stone was turned out. this product being val ued at 15,427.75. Value of Inmates' Labor. Attached to the report is a table in dicating the number of days' work per formed by the inmates, which is es timated to be worth nominally to the District $77,742. "This amount of money," states Mr. Whittaker, "the management feels should be considered on the credit side of our account, as the Improvement to the farm in the clearing of ground, construction of brick plant, stone-crushing plant, barn and other Improvement are assets worth double the sum of $77.742." Mr. Whittaker discusses the uses to which the new tugboat purchased for the workhouse will be put and the problem of the distribution of manufactured products. "The appropriation of $25,000 given us bv Congress for the purchase of a new tugboat and $1*2,000 for the purchase of barges will place our floating plant in excellent condition. I think poesibly we shall need a few more barges than the 112.000 will provide in order to take care of the output of the brick plant, the stone-crushing plant and the transporta tion of coal from Washington and a suffi cient amount of fertilizer for the land we will have under cultivation. Twelve Barges Weeded "It will require at least twelve barges of a minimum capacity of lOO tons each for thla work. The $12,000 will provide for six of this capacity. With the float ing plant it will be necessary to have a gasoline launch with sufficient power to shift our barges at the wharves from time to time, and it is also possible that it will be necessary for us to bring from the White House tract sufficient clay to mix our shaie for making certain prod ucts such as drain tile, paving blocks and partition tile. "With our industrial plants complet ed it is important that tlie most econom ical and satisfactory arrangement for the distribution of our products should be made. The plan that we now have of transporting all our products to the superintendent of the sewerage pumping station wharf is not satisfactory from the standpoint of economy for the reason the wharf Is located too far from the points of delivery; I would therefore recommend tiiat all the manufactured products of the Institution be delivered to the vards of the purchasing officer of the MIST FRANTIC Tormented by Itching. Hair Came Out by Combfuls. Pimples on Scalp. Cuticura Soap and Oint ment Made Permanent Cure. Bteell, Ala. ? "I had a very bad rase of 4aadraff on my head. I was tormented by and my hair began to come out by the combfuls. I almost be came frantic, fearful that I would lose all of my hair which was my pride. There were some pimples on my scalp and 1 scratched them until they made sores. My hair was dry and lifeless. "I was bothered about four months and had tried wvtoui kinds of preparations which seemed to only make it worse. I saw the advertise ment of Cuticura Soap and Ointment and sent to my druggist for three cakes of Cuti cura Soap and a box of Cuticura Ointment. I washed my scalp with warm water strong with the Cuticura Soap and dried, after ward* applying the Cuticura Ointment, working it in the scalp slowly with my fingers. After using them for several days my hair began to stop coming out. The dandruff all disappeared and in less than four weeks a cure was accomplished per mansfrtly." (Signed) Miss Lucy May. Nor. iTwu. Cuticura Soap and Ointment do so much far pimples, blackheads, red. rough skins, tahlag. scaly scalps, dandruff, dry. thin and hair, chapped hands and shapeless that it Is almost criminal not to use Sold everywhere. Liberal sample of aach mailed free, with ;J2-p. Skin Book. Ad ipost-card " Cuticura. Dept. T. Boston." "Men who shave and shampoo with Cu h&oap will find It best for skin and scalp. District to be handled In the nme man ner as sand, sewer tile and cement are now distributed to the contractor, and there should be provided at the earliest date possible unloading and storage facil ities at various points where wharves can be secured so that brick and stone can be unloaded at points indicated with a view of having the least possible ex pense in delivering material from the wharves to the points where same is to be used." Urges Increased Funds. Mr. Whittaker urges an increase in the amount of money that herttofore has been allowed for non-support cases. This fund should be not less than $5,000, he states. "The time is soon coming when the Institution will be self-supporting,"' he says, "and I believe an appropriation should be provided whereby the depend ent families of the inmates, whether they be sent us for non-support or other viola tion of the statutes, should be paid a sufficient sum during their confinement to provide in a comfortable manner for their dependent families. "If such a system were inaugurated the financial benefit received by the family would only be a secondary consideration; the greater benefit would be the lasting impression made on the individual while at the institution, developing in him in dustrial habits and self-confidence which would help him to become a self-support ing citizen and be able to care for his family after his release. This certainly would he true in more than p^r cent of th* cases if there can be brought about a change in the penal code of the District, having the inmates committed on an in determinate sentence rather than on short fixed sentences as are now being given." Prisoners Received. The report shows that 1,265 white and -.5H5 colored male prisoners between the ages of sixteen and seventy years were received at the workhouse last year. There were 117 white and (Ml colored female prisoners received. The ages of the latter ranged from sixteen to seven ty-two years. Discipline in the female department among both officers and Inmates has been exceptionally good, according to the re port. "We have constructed at this depart ment." states Mr. Whittaker, "a new din ing room where tables are provided to accommodate six people each. During the meal hour the inmates are permitted to converse with each other and conduct themselves In as nearly a natural man ner as possible, and I believe this will prove very beneficial from the stand point of discipline and reformation. "The only recommendation I have to make with reference to this department is that we should have the indefinite sentence with the right to parole. When the law provides for this, more religions training and educational features should be provided." (Continued from First Page.) probably higher than that of any other civil servants of the government. As long as they confine themselves to the exercise of judicial functions they perform their duties at least as well as. probably bet ter than, other public servants perforin theirs. But their whole training and the aloofness of their position on the bench prevent their having, as a rule, any real knowledge of, or understanding sympathy with, the lives and needs of the ordinary hardworking toiler. There are many hon orable exceptions; but this is the rule. The Privileged Interests. "The great privileged interests work through a combination of politics and business. They were favored by the ac tions of many men who had no intention of favoring them. As everywhere, and throughout all history, the foolish ultra radicals and the apostles of a mock radi calism showed themselves to be the most efficient tools and instruments of reaction. Many of the so-called radicals who may sincerely have thought themselves such were in reality nothing whatever but well meaning foolish reactionaries who either advocated Impossible remedies or sought relief from present-day evils by the vain effort to go back to conditions that were so dead that they could not bv any possi bility be revived. Others attempted to meet real evils without taking the trou ble to diagnose what those evils were. "For example, the conditions of mod ern life make it essential that men should work with concentrated capital. There must be big business in this era of world business, in this era of Bteam and clectrlclty. Yet very great evils have com? through permitting the un controlled concentration of big business in the hands of a few men. whose enor mous wealth became formidable to the body politic because it was in entirely irresponsible hands. The mock radicals both the sincere, usually the rural, tory, and the man who wanted to make be lieve that he was a radical without ac complishing anything, attempted to meet this situation by breaking up ail b|e business units. This was attempted not merely as regards monopolies, but as re gards every great corporation of such size as to get the maximum of efficiency. Effort Has Proved Futile. The effort has, of course, proved futile. If not futile it would prove mis chievous. There is no use in trying to reverse the wheels of economic develop ment. What is necessary is to recognize the fact that big business has come to stay, and so to control it and supervise it as to prevent there being any improp er advantage taken by big business at the expense of small business. More over, we must Insist upon the principle of co-operation, of profit sharing and partnership as regards employer and employe, so that the prosperity coming to the big business organization shall in measurable degree and with some ap proximation to Justice be divided with the ordinary wage workers in the busi ! ness. "There are crises in human affairs when the only safe man to follow Is the extremist. But under normal conditions the leaders of a great movement have to curb the men who wish to push too tar in front exactly as they whip for ward those who desire to lag too far In the rear. The great permanent suc cess In the forward movements of man kind have always been achieved by men whose sane idealism was both Inspired by lofty devotion and guided by robust common sense. In my own land it was this combination which pre-eminently marked both Washington and Lincoln. Probably in any such movement It is inevitable that the pioneers should at first meet defeat. We of the United States who are the pioneers in this inov<wnent shared the common lot. But we have nothing to regret, for In our case we have driven even our bitterest opponents to a frantic lip loyalty toward the very principles which they started by condemning. Are Not Socialists. "We are not socialists, for we do not believe In class consciousness, and we as little believe In mere doctrinaire dog , matism about collect!veisin as w? be lieve in mere doctrinaire dogmatism i about individualism. But we do believe that the only way to prevent the growth 1 of a party founded on class consciousness is to secure the triumph In the com munity of a party founded on the Ideal of social consciousness. "Such a party must in good faith as sume that each man is in very truth his brother's keeper. It must act in no spirit of vindictive hostility even toward wrongdoers. When necessary it must punish them. But where this can be avoided it must be avoided, and the end sought for obtained by changing the ??onditions which have brought about the w rongdoing. We believe in property rights as indispensable to the advance ment of human rights, but where they are twisted Into an obstacle to the ad vancement of human rights, then we are for human rights as against them." A HEARD AND SEEN HERE AND THERE. By Earl Godwin. Thomas R. Shipp, the executive secre tary of the National Conservation Con gress, called on President Wilson one bright morning tn September to ask the President to deliver an address at the convention of the congress. While they were talking, a bell tinkled somewhere, and the President picked up the telephone receiver. No one wished to talk to him, however. "I wonder what that was?*' remarked President Wilson. Mr. Shipp, whose face showed signs of embarrassment, pulled out a remarkable looking watch. It had devices of all sorts on it. "I think it was this," said Mr. Shipp. "It is a watch that Col. White of the executive committee of the conservation congress brought to me from Switzer Pulled out ? remarkable looking watch. land. It has phosphorescent hands, which may be seen in the dark. It has a device to ring the time of day or night at five minute intervals; it has the sun, moon and stars, rising and setting: a calendar and an almanac. It also has an alarm. You see, I had this engagement with you at 10 o'clock, and set the alarm for that time. But I was ushered in a bit early. The bell went off promptly, you see." "Seeing that is only a watch, I do not object," said the President, with a smile. "It might have been some republican sounding the alarm " * * * ? Here's a cop for you! He stands at the Washington end of the Aqueduct bridge and directs that mess of traffic there. It's a mess?and any one, even his gra cious majesty. Dick Sylvester, will admit it. The cop has one of those umbrellas, with a lantern strung to it at night, the umbrella to mark the spot around which traffic must swing, and also protect the officer of the law from the burning sun by day. Well. Arthur Dunn, one of our leading writers, and Oliver Newman, president of the board of Commissioners, were coming home from the Washington Country Club a few nights ago. and their automobile ran around on the wrong side of the cop and his lighted umbrella. Did it make any difference who was in that car? Not a bit. Up went his brawny hand, and back, back, back went the car. It had to get off the wrong side and go around on the correct side. Now the question is, did that policeman know Commissioner Newman was in that car? And if he did, would he have made him obey the law? What do you guess? * * * * If you handed a conductor two dimes end a nickel, what would be the infer ence? They say that Representative Cariin of Virginia got on a street car en route to the Capitol one day last week and pour ed coins of those denominations into the conductor's palm. "Do you want tickets?" asked the man. "No," responded the Virginia states man. "I want two ice cream sodas and a sandwich." Ding! Ding! * * * * It pays to be polite. Senator Ashurst says that a typical example of a man who believes in this trite saying lives out west somewhere. lie was much in terested in Jesse James, and happened Presented himself to the morgue keeper. to be in the locality where the noted outlaw was killed. Just at the time that historic event happened He dressed himself with rare precision and presented himself to the morgue keeper: "Sir," he said, "would you do me a great favor. Would you permit me to see all that remains of the Hon. Jesse James." "Sure," said the morgue keeper, "but why do you call him 'honorable'?" "Because," responded the timid one, "I was not certain he was dead." ? * * ? in the days when the free lunch in this city was in its prime, when tavern keepers prided themselves on having an array of thirst-provoking delicacies which rivaled the menus of the finest hotels, a government clerk who had an eve on the very first nickel he er*r earn ed used to subsist almost entirely on the provender provided by a certain free lunch counter., Said clerk would prong about a dollar's worth of cheese and wlenerwurst, salad, brown bread and all the other stuff that I am reliably inform ed) goes to make up the food attractions at tavern bars. He would do this twice a day. once at noon and again at night, and therefore, having spent two nickels for the very good beer offered by the proprietor, he could very well figure that he had lived sumptuously that day for almost nothing. He did this for several months. Finally the long-suffering proprietor recognized the fact that the government clerk was about the only man in the place who was gettirig something for nothing and keep He looked Mr, Proprietor squarely la the eye. ing it up for an indefinite period. So he bethought himself of a scheme to put a stop to this practice- and shame the man He sent word out to his own best friends that if they would gather there at noon on a certain day they could see him put this unsatisfied eater of lunches in the class with a whipped child. At the appointed hour the friends were there, and so was the clerk, pronging away with both hands, stuffing his sys tem with highly spiced and vinegary Ger man cooking. He seemed to get more satisfaction than ever on this day. As he left the lunch counter and headed for the door the long-suffering strategist of a proprietor tapped him on the shoulder: "My friend." he said, while the crowd waited to see him display his coup de grace, as we would say in France, "I have noticed that you take the record as long-distance free lunch borrower? Therefore t would suggest that you wait. You have overlooked something today. If you will stay here a moment the chef will present you with a fine strawberry shortcake." The proprietor had the sarcasm heavily veiled, but it did not fool that shrewd free lunch operator. He looked Mr. Proprietor squarely in the eye, a cold, glittering penetrating look which meant that the weapons had clashed and that the fight was on. His face betrayed not one quiver of excitement or of embar rassment as he spoke in a loud tone: "Give it to that gang of loafers behind jrou. I never eat desgert." MAY TRY FOR SENATE I J Gifford Pinchot Possible Can didate Against Penrose in Pennsylvania. Reports were current in progressive party circles here yesterday that Gifford Pinchot, who was head of the forestry service under the Roosevelt administra tion and a part of the Taft administra tion, will enter the senatorial race in Pennsylvania, where the bull moose con servationist retains a voting residence. Friends of Mr. Pinchot say he is serious ly considering the advisability of run ning in opposition to Senator Boies Pen rose and will soon reach a decision, i "I have nothing to say," was the only comment Mr. Pinchot would make when asked by a reporter for The Star last night whether he would be a candidate. Kelly to Support Him. Representative Clyde Kelly, a progres sive member of the House, has been re garded as a receptive candidate for the Penrose toga, along with Vance McCor mick, democrat, of Harrisburg. Mr. Kel ly has been formally indorsed by five Pennsylvania counties and is understood to be ready to throw his strength to Mr. Pinchot. Mr. Kelly has also been mus tering strength in other counties which it is supposed would fall into line for the ex-forester. Mr. Pinchot's Pennsylvania home is Mil ford, Pike county. The fact that the Key. stone state was carried by Col. Roosevelt i last year is said to encourage Mr. Pin chot and his friends in the belief that he, a progressive of national reputation, has a good chance to come to the Senate un der the new direct elections law. Friends Surveying Field, Mr. Pinchot is a man of large means, is politically ambitious, and the belief in bull moose circles here is that he will de cide eventually to announce his candidacy. His. friends are now surveying the sena torial field. CUP TO LIEUT. SHEPHERD -- - Becomes Owner of Beresford Trophy by Winning It Twice. His Mount Marshal Ney. iLeut. William H. Shepherd of the Jtd Field Artillery, stationed at Fort Myer, came into permanent possession of the beautiful Beresford cup last week by winning it for the second time at the national horse show at Madison Square Garden, New York. Th'e horse with which Lieut. Shepherd won the cup this year was Marshal Ney, the same mount with which he captured the trophy a year ago in the same event. Marshall Ney Is known In the vicinity of Washington, having previously captured many blue ribbons. The class in which Marshall Ney was the winner was one for horses of the United States Army. Lieut. W. C. Pot ter's Receiver was awarded the red rib bon in the event. Lieut. L. P. Collins' Bristol was given the yellow ribbon, and Capt. L. R. Ball's Connie was given the white ribbon. Diplomat Who Vanished. From tbe I?nd?ii Chronicle. Of disappearances most mysterious was the case of Benjamin Bathurst, who van ished November 1809, wnile engaged on a secret mission for the foreign office. Vienna was the young diplomatist's ob jective, and, with his friend and valet, in a post chaise. Perleberg, a small post ing town In North Germany, had been reached. Here Bathurst supped and slept, awaiting the arrival of fresh horses. Waking, he asked were the horses ready, and passed out of the inn door to make Inquiries. Eight people saw him go out, hut none ever set eyes on him again Various theories were set afoot; Napo leon's spies, robbers, illness. About three years ago. in the forest, near Perleberg, a skeleton was discovered, with a hole In the skull, as from a heavy blunt Instru- j ment. Was It that of "the Bngllah lord," as Perleberg people surmised? J STREET CAR LINES CLOSELY WATCHED Engineering Department of Public Utilities (Emis sion Active. ACCIDENTS INVESTIGATED AND INSPECTIONS MADE H. C. Eddy Head of Office Which Employs Four Inspectors?Scope of Work Explained. "W ith its labors to a large degree ob scured by the glamour of publicity which has followed ^investigation by the pub lic utilities commission of big public service questions, such as the granting of universal transfers, telephone rates, etc.. a department of the commission, which is concerned strictly with en gineering problems, has been working quietly in the interest of an improved street railway service, with results which it is believed will soon make the value of the department apparent. Headed by H. C. Eddy, engineer of the commission, who was executive officer and secretary of the old District electric railway board, which went out of exist ence March 4 last, this department al ready has done effective work in prepar ing regulations for street car service, de vising and maintaining a satisfactory in spection service and investigating acci dents. Capt. Julian Schley, assistant en gineer commissioner and executive officer of the commission, has been particularly interested in Mr. Eddy's work, and the two officials have devised an organiza tion which undoubtedly is prepared to do effective work, it is believed. Four Inspectors Employed. The engineering department employs four Inspectors. One is a chief in spector. Of the other three, two are detailed to keep a watch on traffic con ditions and the fourth to look after equipment. "Up to the present time the work of the department has been confined chiefly to matters relating to street railway operations and construction and the investigation of accidents occur ring in connection with the operation of the various utilities in the District." said Mr. Eddy yesterday, in the first official statement that has been given out concerning details of the work of this branch of the commission. "In connection with the street railway work." he continued, "the department is divided into two bureaus, known as the bureau of traffic and the bureau of equip ment. The former makes all investiga tions and handles all complaints relative to street car service, and the latter rela tive to maintenance of cars, tracks, etc. Congested Points Watched. "Two inspectors are constantly em ployed making observations of traffic con ditions on various lines. Records are taken at the most congested points of the number of cars operated, schedules main tained, seating capacities of the cars and number of passengers carried. This is done not only during rush-hour periods, but at all hours of the day and night. "Observations are sometimes taken simultaneously at two or three points on the same line, in order to ascertain traffic conditions. These observations are recorded on regular forms and tiled in the office. "Where service is found to be inade quate the matter is taken up with the company concerned, and the operation of additional cars has frequently re sulted. "By means of these observations and others taken at the ends of lines, a check is kept on the companies' schedules, and orders of the interstate commerce commission and public util ities commission, of which there are many now in effect on the various lines in the District. All Lines Are Observed. "In order to ascertain conditions of traffic throughout the city, now that winter travel has reached the normal point, observations are being taken on all lines. One hundred and seventy-four observations have been made since Oc tober 15. "Inspectors also are continually on the alert to see If the regulations of the commission are being complied with. The bureau of equipment makes inspec tion of cars both in course of operation and at the barns. Cars in operation are inspected at terminals, when safety ap pliances are tested. Bam inspections consist of minute inspection of entire equipment. "All these inspections are made at uncertain and unexpected moments. De fects found are generally reported to ttie companies with direction to repair them. Accidents Are Reported. "All accidents in which persons are killed or injured are reported to the commission. These are reported on forms provided by the board, and are required to be returned within three days of the date of an accident. When it is deemed necessary and advisable, which is often the case, a thorough in vestigation of the accident reported is made by representatives of the en gineering department, the information thus obtained being for the commis sion's own use." A service similar in character to that now being rendered under Mr. Eddy's supervision was furnished by the old District railway board, which was a branch of the Interstate commerce com mission. This organization operated un der limited power and with a limited force. The inspection work of tfje new commission, it is believed, will assist materially in the maintenance of an ade quate and well regulated service on all local street railway lines. Steamer Wrecked in Hay Field. From tie Wide World Magazine. The remains of an excursion steamer may* be seen in a hayfleld 300 feet above the Lake of Loen, in Norway. This oddly placed wreck Is the sole relic of a terrible landslip which took place in 1906, when the whole side of a mountain sud denly slipped into the lake, raising a great wave over JtOO feet high, which drowned everybody living along the shores, over sixty people perishing. The steamer, which was moored on the lake at the time, was carried on the crest of the wave over a perpendicular cliff and deposited, as already stated, more than 300 feet above the normal level of the water, over a quarter of a mile away from its anchorage. It is a torn and bat tered wreck, every bit of woodwork has been wrenched of^ and the twisted steel work testifies to the force of the wave which cast it ashore. To Subscribers: Subscribers to The Star who are served by the route boys will confer a favor by promptly reporting to The Star office, either in person, by telephone or by mail, any negligence on the part of the route boys. As was pointed out In yesterday's ar ticle, when Congress cam? to create a parcel post service it thought it better to create a service limited in its nature rather than in the extent of the territory covered, and so framed the. law making the system nation-wide but of limited scope, vesting in the Postmaster General the power to extend the character of the service as he might see fit. with the ap proval of the interstate commerce com mission. It gave him practically un limited control over it, as to rates, zones and nature of the service rendered, sub ject only to the veto power of the inter state commerce commission, thus making him practically legislator and administra tor all in one. When Albert S. Burleson became Post master General he already had the idea that he ought to make the most of the power vested in him with respect to the parcel post, and interpreted the law as intending that he should develop it just ae far as was consistent with safe meth ods and just as rapidly as this could be done. With that view of the law, the Post master General is proceeding with its execution today. Assuming that Congress wants him to limit his activities only by the needs of the people and the stipula tion that the parcel post system be self suportlng, he intends to feel his way forward 6tep by step in his efforts to make the service as wide and as useful as this stipulation will permit. And in that he Is certain to have the co-operation of the interstate commerce commission. That body takes the same view of the law, feeling that if Congress intended to impose any other restrictions upon the extension of the service it either would have laid down the limit in terms or else would have reserved the right of providing these extensions. * * * Nor is it likely that the interests of any other transportation agency will i be con ?xpress Companies Must s i dered Look Out for Themselves. a utehre If it develops that a parcel post limit of a hundred pounds can be worked in a. way that will make it self-supporting, the fact that it might put the express companies out of business is not likely to keep the interstate commerce commis sion from giving its assent to the propo sition if the Postmaster General thinks conditions ripe for such an extension of the service. As a matter of fact, some of the officials of that body believe that such an extension will be forthcoming In due time, and one of them unofficially expressed the opinion that it would prac tically drive the express companies out i of the retail freight-carrying field. It was his belief that the express companies would not live in the face of such competition unless they could find some new world of transportation to conquer. And that there is such a world for them was his opinion. "I believe," said he, "that this new field will be the field of city delivery. Here in Washington, for example, we have an interminable duplication of delivery services. The department stores, the grocers, the dairy men, every class of business people, have their own transportation facilities. Now, if you were to eliminate all these but i two or three. It would be po?slMe for these two or three delivery house* to give rates for delivering local parcels so low that the Individual concern could I not afford to perform his own delivery service, and yet even at these low rates I the express companies could make bar , rels of money. You see this already in Boston, where the local express delivery system has been developed " It is a safe prediction that the Post master General is not going to let an> tender consideration for the express com panies stand In the way of extending the parcel p0; t system. He f*els that the two transportation systems are fair com petitors, and that the only issue is to be the survival of the Attest If the ex ! press companies can render a service to ! the people more cheaply or more expe ditiously than the pa reef post. Postmaster I General Burleson will be glad to have ; them do so. What he wants is not pri lmarily the aggrandizement of the postal ;service in the line of handling the pack age delivery business of the people, but rather, that they shall have their parcels j transported as cheaply, as expeditious!v. .and as efficiently as th*t service can be rendered. He would ask nothing in the way of a government monopoly of the parcel carrying business except as that monopolj can bp gained by rendering the people a more effi.-ient service than any other agency can Postmaster Gen eral Burleson says: * * * "We simply extend it Just as far as they will support it. just as far as their needs call for Its Burleson Outlines extension. We are Plans for Future. * oing to movf *tep t>y step. never overreaching ourselves, nor yet so slow ly as to fail to improve the service and extend it just as rapidly as conditions will allow. "The next step we will take." he con tinued. "will be that of reforming the zone rates beyond the second zone Just as we have for the first and second zones, increasing the weight limit to twenty pounds when we do. so that the i limit may be uniform for all the zones | and the rates made to correspond. Then, when that improvement has taken firm hold and proved itself in practice, we will take the next step, again increasing the limit and decreasing the rate, if conditions warrant. And we will thus move on, step by step, until the end to which we are aiming?a hundred pound limit?is reached. We are going to be sure we are right at every step before we take it, but this desire for conserva tism is not going to prevent our attain ing the ultimate limit just as soon as conditions warrant." With this, then, as the ultimate object of the present postal administration, the urban consumer can feel that the day is not far distant when he can write his declaration of independence from the ex actions of the series of middlemen who .stand between him and the rural pro ducer. Then lie can have his big hamper with its several compartments for the accommodation of all commodities of his market basket?here one for ham. here another for some fresh meat, here one for several dozen eggs, and others for a peck of string beans, a dozen ears of corn, some peas, jellies and preserve# and everything else necessary for a week's rations. And what the housewife would save! She could allow the farmer 10 per cent more for liis commodities than the coun try huckster could pay him, and yet she would reduce her grocery bill by at least 25 per cent. Here a few illustrations from a page of experience of a Washing ton man who lives in an apartment and who is part owner of a farm 1**) miles away: When he was selling his apple* at a dollar a barrel on the farm his grocer was charging Hrt cents a peck for some not so good; when the farm price of young hens was 1- cents, his grocer was charging 22; when the farm prict of eggs was .'!7 cents, the city price was 55; a young hog butchered and cured at the farm cost htm 11 cents * pound, while the corner grocery was charging 23 cents a pound for sausage. 18 cents for chops. 15 cents for lard end other prices In proportion, while hems of that quality simply were not on ssJe at all In the city markets. * e ? The instable result of perfected parcel post mill be that there will have to be a rearrangement Means Rearrangement of <he aff?ir? #? 1 . -J . of t ll^ mlddl#" of Market System. men lt th9V d, sire to escape the pinch thst such a serv ice win undoubtedly bring down uj>en the in. With the better prices for farm produi ?? that will be commanded by th? farmer as a result. and with the npemng up of the market for commodities that l can be profitably gro* n on farms remot from present markets, the farmer will b able to make a better living and man) present-day middlemen will become pro I ducers rather than parasite*. on the tx?dv I economic. <*>thers wt'i be content witi> the smaller profits that tlje v??,-n competi tion of the parcel post market hampe> will bring into existence. Some will be come country produce gatherer*, collect ing the produce of farmers who do not care to do a retail business, and shipping direct to the consumer, in other words, they will move their atores to the coun try where the produce is grown, where low rents and low expenses are encoun tered. and there do a grocery business with their old cuptomera by mail. The hundred pound parcel post will cause other changes. Mail cars win have to be added and their equipment changed on every line. Rural free delivery routes now served by carriers on motor cycles or horse-drawn carta may come to require two-horse wagons and even some of them big motor trucks of four or five tons' ca pacity. With this facility at their dis posal. churches and other philanthropic institutions may help the poor and the needy by establishing depots in each com munity where they can order ten pounds of stuff, say, and get the advantage of better prices and better postal rates by having their orders consolidated with larger ones. Italians Visit Battleships. NAPLES. November 22-?A number of Italian naval and mi.itary surgeon* visit ed the 1'nited States battleships Arkansas and Florida today and inspected the hos pital arrangements aboard. This waa in the way of a return visit for that paid bv the American naval surgeons to th? mill tary hospital at Naples yesterday. I , ; ! t \ Washington News. There is perhaps no better way to keep out-of-town friends informed as to Wash ington news than to mail to them from time to time a copy of The Star after you have finished with it, sometimes marking an article of special interest. The out-of-town postage of today's Star is 4 cents. Better yet, you might send some one out-of-town a sub scription to receive The Even ing Star every day at the rate ot 4o cents a month or The Evening and Sunday Star at 00 cents a month. Invest Your Money in Diamonds Diamonds have always been regarded as a safe and profitable investment, for they are con stantly increasing in value. In fact they are now increasing in value at the rate of 10 per cent perannum. The value of Diamonds is so widely recog nized that it is a simple matter to convert them into cash at any time. Right now it is particularly advantageous to invest money in Diamonds. The recent in crease in the duties on Diamonds caused the price to leap upward about 10 per cent. It so happened that we imported a large num ber of Diamonds just a few weeks before the duty was increased. This fact, combined with the exceptional advantage of direct importation, enables us to offer superior stones at lower prices than are asked at most places for stones of equal quality. We shall sell the Diamonds which we imported befofe the duty was raised at usual prices until January 1. This means that any Diamond you pur chase here now will be worth 10% more than you paid for it, in exchange for a larger Dia mond, after January 1. We have Diamond Rings at prices that range from $?.00 up to $1,000 or more. They are all of a very high quality?guaranteed first water. Diamond Rings always make acceptable gifts and now is really the best time to make selections. You have more rings to choose from and an opportunity to get the very best for your money. Our Credit privileges are open to all. Fifty cents a week on purchases up to $25.00; $1.00 on purchases to $50.00, and $2.00 a week on purchases to $100.00.