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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 24, 1913, Image 1

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Fair tonight and Tuesday, with
temperature tonight about 35 de
grees ; moderate \\ est winds.
. -i,
About every one in Washing
ton who reads at all reads The
tfIW YORK pinp . ,
No. 19,416.
Hearing on 5 Per Cent In
crease Before Interstate
Baltimore & Ohio President Hints at
Government Ownership as Only
Daniel Willard. president of the Baltl- j
more and Ohio; Frederick A. Delano, :
president of the Wabash, and George J
Stuart Patterson, general soli<'iti>r of the !
Pennsylvania, appeared before the inter
state commerce commission today to
areue for authority to increase rates on
nil classes of freight traffic approximate
ly 5 per cent east of the Mississippi and
north of the Ohio and Potomac rivers.
Though the proposed increased rates
sre asked by the railroads in the terri
tory east of the Mississippi and north
of the Ohio and Potomac rivers, the
hearing is of the utmost importance to all
the railroads of the United States, for
should the commission grant the author
ity for the increase, it might extend the
authority to the other railroads of the
The commission will inquire whether
present rates yield adequate revenues to
the common carriers, and much testi
mony will fce taken. When the hearing
be^an it whs expected only the opening
arguments by the representatives of the
railroads would be heard today.
Fifty-Two Roads Appear.
At the opening of the hearing appear
ance* were entered by officials and coun
sel of the tifty-two eastern railroads. Ap
proximately 2TiO representatives of the :
rahoads and of shippers* organizations
were present. Louis D. Brandeis of Bos
ton and Frank Lyon of this city appeared
as counsel for the commission to develop
farts in opposition to the proposed ad
vance in rates.
Before proceeding with the hearing
Chairman Clark of the commission paid a
high tribute to the late John H. Marble,
a member of the commission, who died
suddenely last week. Mr. Clark said that
if the commissioners followed their per
sonal desires the hearing would be post
poned, but demands of the public, he said,
compelled theni to forego their feelings
and proceed with the work.
Mr. Willard, before opening its argu
ment. also paid tribute to Mr. Marble,
whose death, he said, no doubt had been
hastened by his indefatigable devotion to
public duty.
A preliminary statement was made by
Mr. Patterson who asserted that the pro
posed rate increases presented a great
economic question the outline of which it
was especially fitting should be presented
by executive officers of great railroad
systems. He said that though Mr. Wil
lard and Mr. Delano had been selected to
make the opening statements for the car
riers. later they would appear as witness
es for direct and cross examination.
President Willard's Argument.
That the railroads of the country
have felt the burden of the increased
cost of living like all other enterprises
or individuals, ""but, unlike all others,
have not been permitted so far to raise
their prices or adjust their charges in ;
recognition of that burden," was the i
declaration of Mr. Willard.
Referring to the refusal of the -com
mission in 1910 to grant a 10 per cent
increase and the promise to reinvesti
gate the rate question in the future
should conditions warrant it, Mr. Wil
lard asserted that operation of the rail
roads during the last three years was
not such as to inspire confidence of
private capital or encourage the sup
port of private enterprise.
"It is respectfully submitted," he
continued, " that there is at this time j
no more Important question before the
people, nor one the correct solution of j
which will do more to stimulate
healthy commercial activity and pro
mote industrial growth.
"it is a mistake to think that the
problem is merely a question of divi
dends to railroad stockholders. al
though that feature, of course, is in
volved. The problem in a broad and
true sense affects all interests, and
the outcome of this particular case?
whichever way it is decided?will
mark an epoch, because it will in ef
fect very largely determine-whether we
t'hall as in the past continue to look
to private capital and private enter
prise for our transportation require
ments or be compelled finally to ac
cept the only alternative possible."
Huge Investment Increases.
In presenting the facts upon which the
railroads rely to prove the necessity for
an increase in rates Mr. Wi'.lard asserted
that during the past three years "the
railroads in the territory affected had
?pent in property investment some
(*30.000, or at the rate of &SUO.OOO.OOO per
year. .Nevertheless," he added, "because
of the fact that operating expenses had
increased faster than operating revenue,
these railroads earned in the year ended
June 3t>. 1913, les* by $lt;.31 1.3JI than for
the year ending June .*&?, 1910.
?"These companies," continued Mr. Wil- ?
lard, "apparently not only failed to earn
any return what ver upon the new cap
ital invested, but they saved even l?-ss
from gross earnings, a.- return u|?on the
original property investment, than they
were able to show before this large ad
ditional expenditure v.afi made."
In these three years th< Pennsylvania.
New York Central and Ba.timure and
Ohio systems increased their property in
vestment over ?**?. according to
Mr. Wizard's figures. While their com
bined gross earnings increased ?l*~.i,00o.0uo
the net operating income was
less in 191:: than in 19lo. notwithstanding
th? expenditure of W^tHAOOO for im
Other Burdens on Roads.
\|i \\ i.lard also called attention to
increases in wag^s. t..xes, "burdens im
posed by legislative enactments," such
as extra erews-. liability compensation
acts and other conditions, lie called at
tention to the fact ti.at since 1910 wage
pa j merits ny ti:e railroads had ^rejitly
increased-large!? as a result of media
tion and arbitration proceedings?~ind
that the award Just announced ov the
arbitrators would giv? the conductors
and trainmen ?*;.u.xv**> per annum addi
tional. The effect of the so-cailed full
crews law alone. h?^ said, had been to
increase the expenses of these carriers
more than four million dollars per an
The railroads affected paid I.VI.494 iti
in the *hape of taxes for 1913, this being
$11,579 is" more than for 1910. he assert
ed. The three larger railroad svstems
? paid in taxes $31.-ltt.coO in 191."}, t is be
ing 17,854,000 more than for 191 o.
Speaks for Central Association.
Arguing on behalf of the Central Fre:ght
Association lines, which takes in lines
(.Continued on Tenth PagcT)
Sends Names of Three to Sen
ate for Philippine
New Jersey Man Being Considered
for Place on the Interstate
Commerce Commission.
President Wilson today completed the
Philippine commission by sending to the>
Senate the nominations of (Jen. Clinton
L. Riggs of Baltimore, Wlnfred T. Deni
son of the Department of Justiee of this
city and Henderson Martin of Kansas.
There are nine members of the commis
sion. Burton Harrison, the new governor
of the islands. Is a member, and the're
are Ave Filipinos, giving the natives con
trol of the commission fur the first time
since the islands passed into American
Gen. Riggs is a graduate of Princeton,
and when a student at that university
was received in the Wilson family circle, j
His father and tlie President %ere strong !
friends. Winfred T. Denison has been a j
trust buster in the Department or Jus- j
tice for years, having handled some of j
the big castjs for that department.
The President also nominated Edgar If.
James of Kentucky for T'nlted States'
marshal for the western district of that j
Senator Thomas of Colorado conferred j
with the President today about the coal ,
strike situation in that state, but gave
no intimation of the intentions of the
President, who has been having a care
ful investigation made to determine his
line of acion, if he should take any.
Mr. Wickersham Pays His Respects.
George W. Wickersham. former Attor
ney Genera! in the Taft cabinet, who re
cently completed an eight-month trip
around the world, paid his respects to the
President today. Mr. Wickersham said
that he would resume the practice of law
in New York.
Surgeon General Charles F. Stokes pre
sented to the President today the presi
dent of the Royal College of Surgeons of
Great Britain. Dr. Richman Goodlet.
Representative Montague of Virg nia in
troduced James Caskie and Rev. Russell
Cecil, both of Richmond, who invited the
President to attend the centennial cele
bration of the Bible Society of Virginia,
the date for the celebration to be fixed
to suit the President. The Prps'.dent said
he would cons der the invitation, which
appealed to hirn. The society has been
active for 100 years. During the civil
svar Moses D. Hoge of Virginia ran the
blockade of federal vessels, went to Eng
land and returned through the blockade
with .?,000 Bibles for Confederate sol
President Wilson has made no arrange
ments for any special Thanksgiving cele
bration at the White House. The day
will be quietly observed by his family.
Dinner will be at the usual hour, and a
huge turkey will adorn the table.
Considers New Jersey Man.
William M. Daniels of Princeton, a
member of the New Jersey public utilities
commission and a close friend of the
Prt- dent, is being considered for one of
the three places on the interstate com
merce commission Mr. Wilson will pres
ently have to fill.
Successors must be appointed to the
late John H. Marble, Judson C. Clements,
whose term expires next month, and
Charles A. Prouty. who resigns to be
come chairman of the board making phy
sical valuations.
The President will not accept Commis
sioner Prouty's resignation until he has
chosen a successor. He intends to fill the
vacancies as soon as possible, but at the
White House it was said today he had
made no final selections.
To Finish Message Tomorrow.
President Wilson's annual message,
which he will read to Congress, wtil
be finished tomorrow, but Just when it
will be delivered will depend upon the
convenience of both houses in arrang
ing a joint session. Hitherto the Presi
dent's message has been read the day
after the convening of Congress.
it is expected that the President will
dwell considerably on the need for
early action on the currency bill and
that he will develop, in a general way,
the attitude of the administration to
ward trust legislation, leaving to the
congressional committees the task of
writing specific remedies, lie will also
refer to the Mexican situation.
Story of Exchange Across Atlantic
Denied and Explained.
NEW YORK, November 24.?The dis
patches received from Berlin and pub
lished in this country Saturday that there
had been wireless telephone exchanges I
across the Atlantic between Germany j
and New Jersey are" today declared to j
have been erroneous.
Aerograms or wireless telegraph signs
wen- so transmitted, but the error was!
in describing the sounds as those of the j
humap voice, and it apparently originated j
in Berlins where the word for an aerial j
telegram was confused with that for an I
aerial telephone message.
In Honor of Monk's Memory.
SAN FRANCISCO. November 24.?A
new legal holiday, specially proclaimed
by Gov. Hiram Johnson, was celebrated
in California today in honor of the two
hundredth anniversary of the birth of
Father Junipero Serra. a Franciscan monk
who founded the California missions.
The chief event of the day was a state- j
w ide pilgrimage to the mission Carmelo |
near Monterey.
Senate s
Met at noon.
President Wilson nominated three
American commissioners for the
Chairman Owen of the banking
committee opened debate on the
administration currency bill.
Senator Burleigh of Maim* re
turned to his scat after a long ill
n? ?s.
Not in session, meets Wednesday.
President and Mrs. Wilson to
Make Selection Here This
Action to Be Special Compliment to
Chief Executive?Final Re
hearsal Held.
Thr fift of President and Mrs.
Wilson to their daughter In to
he a dinlnK room net of furni
ture. A selection between two
sets In to be made at a local fur
niture store this afternoon.
With the weather bureau predicting
clear weather for tomorrow, all arrange
ments completed, practically all the
guests already in the city and the White
Houstf astir with activity, everything was
ready today for the wedding of Miss
Jessie Wilson and Francis B. Sayre,
which is to be solemnized at 4:30 o'clock
tomorrow afternoon.
Announcement was made at the White
House that practically all business will
be suspended there during the day to
morrow, and that no calls are scheduled
for the President. Although there might
be a cabinet meeting, the House of Rtp
resentatives had adjourned until Wednes
day, and although the Senate had plan
ned to work on the day of the wedding
it may adjourn in time to allow those of
its membership who have been invited
to attend.
The mo8t important development of the
day in connection with the wedding was
the semi-official announcement from the
State Department that the diplomatic
corps members have finally decided to
don their uniforms for the wedding. At
the. Roosevelt-Longworth wedding the
diplomats did not wear their uniforms.
The decision to wear the uniforms to
morrow was not reached until this after
As Compliment to President.
The decision of the diplomats to wear
their uniforms makes it certain that the
wedding will be surrounded with much
more of an official atmosphere than was
originally expected. It was understood
that the diplomats thought it best to
wear their uniforms as a special compli
ment to the President.
Many of the diplomats themselves
were uncertain what would be done in
this connection until this afternoon. All
of them were busy this morning calling
up the French ambassador, M. Jusser
and, dean of the diplomatic corps, and
they were told by the ambassador that
they should wear their uniforms.
In preparation for the wedding a final
rehearsal was to be held this afternoon.
The President and Mrs. Wilson will en
tertain the members of the Wilson and
Sayre families at a dinner tonight at the
White House, while the younger guests.
Including the bridesmaids, will dine on
the presidential yacht Mayflower as the
guests of the officers. A dance will fol
low the dinner on the Mayflower.
Among the arrivals at the White
House today were Mrs. Robert H. Sayre,
mother of the bridegroom; Mr. and Mrs.
Joseph K. Wilson of Baltimore, Mrs.
Ewing, Mrs. Legare Walker, the M.sses
Scott of Princeton, Miss Agnes Winter
and Miss Mary White of Baltimore.
Gifts Continue to Arrive.
Finishing touches on the arrangements
for tlie wedding were made today at the
White House in \he historic east room
and in the other parts of the mansion
to be used during the wedding. The win
dows of all the rooms opening on the
north front of the White House were
banked high with palms during the morn
ing, thus cutting olT t.ie view of the
curious ones who gathered during the
Gifts for the bridal couple continued
to arrive during the day in increasing!
numbers. The Senate's gift to Miss i
Wilson was sent to the White House!
after it had been viewed by members
of the Senate in the Vice President's
room at the Capitol. The elaborate
silver service consisted of fifteen pieces,
the large service tray being engraved
as follows:
"Jessie Woodrow Wilson, from the
Senate of the United States, Washing
ton. D. C.. November 25. 1913."
As the gifts have arrived they have
been placed in one of the largest rooms
on the second floor of the White House,
where the members of the Wilson family
have personally superintended the work
of unpacking them, and have made lists
for future acknowledgments.
Treated to View of Presents.
Those members of tiie families of the
bride and groom who are already here
and other intimate friends were treated
to a view of the presents this afternoon.
The most valuable gift was the diamond
pendant given by members of the House
ot Representatives. This puts to rest ex
travagant stories about the value of
some of the presents.
One of the most striking gifts received
was a pure white vicuna skin rug from
the Peruvian minister and Mme. Pezet.
Admiral and Mrs. Dewey sent a silver
vase and Mr. Sayre's family sent a com
plete set of small silver and a silver tea
Representatives of the local organisa- j
tion of the Young Women's Christian
Association here, in which Miss Wilson
has been deeply interested, have been
Invited to the wedding. Miss Wilson is
a member of the national board of the!
organization. Mrs. William Hamilton
Bay ley. president of the local association,
and Miss Florence M. Brown, general
secretary, will represent the Y. W. C. A.
Wedding Party Assembling.
By the time of the rehearsal this
afternoon practically the entire weuding
party and the majority of the guests
had arrived here.
The out-of-town bridesmaids?Miss
Mary G. White of Baltimore, Miss Ade
line Mitchell Scott of I?rinceton and
Miss Marjorie Brown of Atlanta?all
arrived here during the day. und went
immediately to the White House.
Rev. Sylvester W. Beach, who will
perform the peremonv, came to Wash
ington this morning, and is stopping
at a local hotel. Benjamin N. Nurton i
of New York. Dr. De Witt Scaville i
Clark, jr., of Sa?eni, Mass.; Dr. Gilbert
Horrax and Charles Evans Hughes, jr.,
who are to be ushers, have also arrived.
A large number of relatives of the Wil
son family have come here for the wed
ding, all of them being remembered in
preference to people in public life. Those
already here include Mr. and Mrs. John
A. Wilson of Franklin, Pa~, cousins of
the President: Mrs. W. W. Stark of
Mansfield, Ohio, a cousin, with her son;
Mr. and Mrs. Fcnn, S. N. Leech and Mrs.
Roger T.ee of Cleveland, Ohio; Mr. and
Mrs. John McC. Wilson of Pittsburgh,
Mrs. William McC. Wilson, Miss Eliza
beth Wilson of Franklin, Pa.; Mr. and
Mrs. Alfred McC. Wilson of Portland,
? <\jontinued on Fourth Page.)
Wanamaker Expedition Covers 20,
000 Miles Visiting Indians.
BUFFALO, N. Y? November 24.?Amer
ican flags "dedicated to Justice, mercy
and fair play to the North American In
dians" have been presented to?^od Indian
tribes in ail parts of the country by the
Rodman Wanamaker expedition, which
has just arrived here on the last leg of
Its tour of the United State*.
The expedition is part of a trip be
gun last February, when the then Presi
dent Taft broke ground for a national
Indian memorial at the entrance of New
York harbor. It has covered nearly 20,000
miles in the past six months, traveling
more than 3,000 miles In stage coaches
over mountains and through deserts.
The tour will be complete after a visit
to the Six Nations of New York, state,
after which the members yiU proceed to
Washington to report to President Wilson
and to the Department of the Interior its
findings and recommendations for the up
lift of the Indian race.
? ? i # I. .1 ? .
Steamship Grounds in Trying to
Avoid a Collision.
YOKOHAMA, Japan, November 24.?
The steamship Minnesota, from Manila for
Seattle, by way of Hongkong and Yo
kohama, went aground yesterday on a
sandbank off the Naru-Se beacon
near Hiko Slma in the straits of Shimo
nosekl. Everybody on board is safe and
the vessel is apparently undamaged. She
is being lightened.
The Minnesota went hard aground in
trying to avoid collision with a sailing
vessel. Up to a late hour tugs had not
succeeded in getting her off.
The sixty first-class passengers on
board are mostly Americans.
Institution at Cordova, Spain, Has
Endowment of $100,000.
CORDOVA. Spain, November 24.?The
opening here yesterday of a school for
bullfighters Indicates that the sport Is
not declining in Spain. A fund of $100,000
was raised for the founding of thp school,
which is the first of its kind, with the ex
ception of a small Institution at Seville.
It was a long-standing rivalry between
local fighters and those of Seville that
led to the establishment of the school here.
There Is already a long list of applicants
for admission to the school.
Well Known Actor Snccumbs to
Heart Disease at Cleveland.
CLEVELAND, Ohio, November 24.?E.
M. Holland, sixty-five, one of the best
known actors on the American stage, died
at a local hospital today. He came here
yesterday for a week's engagement in
"Years of Discretion," in which he and
Herbert Kelcey and Effie Shannon play
the principal roles.
Heart disease was the cause of death.
At 3 o'clock this morning a voice over
the telephone adjured the hotel clerk to
"send up a boy, quick," to Holland's
room. The boy, responding, found the
actor lying unconscious under the tele
phone. Doctors were summoned, and
worked for hours to restore consc'ous
^Holland starred in many productions,
and created leading roles in many others.
He is married, and his home is In New
Traveling Man Hangs Himself.
BARTLESVILLE, Okla., November 24
?George W. Zinn of Pittsburgh, pi
who represented an engineering and sud
Ply company of that city, today commit
ted suicide in a hotel here by hanging
himself with a bath robe cord. A bri.f
note scribbled by Zinn gave no explana
tion of his acL
Cuban Central Bailways Sold.
LONDON, November 24.?Negotiations
were concluded today for the acquisition
of the Cuban Central railways by the
United Railwa>s of the Havana and
Regula Warehouses, Limited. The ahare
i holdars of the Central are to receive
$37 30 nominal in United shares in ex
change for their $50 Central shares.
Secretary Daniels Orders De
tachment of Marines There.
From Philadelphia.
Secretary Daniels today ordered a de
tachment of 750 marines to proceed from
Philadelphia to Pensacola, Fla., where
it will be stationed on the reservation
which adjoins the navy yard, now closed.
The men will leave Philadelphia later this
week on the transport Prairie. Secre
tary Daniels' decision comes as a result
of the favorable report of Assistant Sec
retary Roosevelt, who visited the Pensa
cola station last week.
Mr. Roosevelt found the Pensacola res
ervation especially adapted to advance
base work, which is being carried on by
the Marine Corps. Secretary Daniels had
earlier announced his intention of sending
about 800 marines to Pensacola after
their advanced base operations at Cule
bra, Porto Rico and Guantanamo, Cuba,
next January.
The marines now going to Pensacola
will take part in these exercises.
. It is the intention to concentrate the
marines at four principal stations, which,
besides Pensacola, probably will be on
the Paciiic coast, or the Panama Canal
Zone and at Philadelphia.
It is not intended to open the Pensacola
yard for industrial purposes. The ma- ?.
rines will occupy the marine barracus!
and the seamen's barracks. The officers
quarters also will be opened. As previous
ly announced, the new division of de
stroyers, now going into commission, will
use Pensacola as a base this winter.
Designed to Show Taxpayers What
Can Be Accomplished by
NEW YORK, November 24.?Material
gathered from all cities of more than
10,000 population throughout the United
States makes up an exhibit on city plan
ning which was opened in tne New York
public library today, designed to show
taxpayers what can be accomplished by
foresight in the development of a city.
There is no permanent city-planning com
mission in New York, although such com
missions exist in other cities, and it is
the hope of those promoting the present
exhibition that the incoming city ad
ministration will provide such a com
Wealth of Material.
The exhibition is one of the most com
prehensive ever collected with such a
wealth of material that only a tenth of
it could be used. In addition to exhibits
from cities in this country many valu
able things have been received from
United States consular stations abroad.
Secretary of State Bryan having aided 1
in the collection of this material.
Regulation of the height of buildings
in New York is one of the specific re
forms which it is hoped by the pro
moters to achieve.
Shop Early
For Christmas
Early in the day for your
own sake and the sake of
the clerks.
Early in the season for
the sake of the friends you
wish to remember. You
can't choose well at the
last minute^
Urged to Assemble to Seek Settle
ment of Garment Strike.
PHILADELPHIA, November 34.?In an
effort to have select councils authorize
an investigation into the garment work
ers' strike, the Central Labor Union has
adopted a resolution calling upon all or
ganized workers in this city to peaceably
assemble outside of city hall at the next
meeting of councils,.-December 4. A reso
lution providing for the appointment of a
committee to hear both strikers and man
ufacturers was adopted by common coun
cil at its meeting last Thursday, but it
was ignored by the select body.
The Central Labor Union appointed a
committee of twenty-five to present the
subject to select councils and it was
further resolved that organized workers
in all trades step work on that day at
noon in order that they might be present
011 the city hall plaza when councils con
Many European Newspapers Publish
Appeal for Exiles.
BERLIN, November *34.?The sufferings
from hunger, disease and ill treatment
of Russian political prisoners and exiles
are set forth in an appeal published in
many European newspapers today over
the signatures of several hundred prom
inent men and women of Germany, Eng
land, France and other countries.
An epidemic of suicide is said to pre
vail at present among the banished po
litical offenders, who, it is stated in the
appeal, regard this as their only means
of salvation.
The signers of the appeal will form a
committee to collect and publish facts.
Kaiser's Edict Forbidding Dance
Among Officers Hits Diplomatic Set.
BERLIN, November 24.?femperor Wil
liam's edict forbidding German army and
navy officers to dance the tango and other
steps while in uniform has been taken
to heart here and the same rule hat
been introduced throughout the diplomatic
circle. A hurried change was made to
day in the program for the dance to be
held after the Thanksgiving dinner of the
American colony. This was because it
was learned that many members of the
diplomatic corps present would be forced
to withdraw should the tango or two-step
be danced. These were consequently
eliminated from the program, but will be
permitted during the latter part of the
evening after the official guests have re
Louis Kuehnle of Atlantic City
Must Serve Sentence.
ATLANTIC CITY, N. J., November 24.
?The court of errors and appeals, the
highest in the state, today affirmed the
conviction of Louis Kuehnle, for years
the republican leader of Atlantic City,
who was found guilty of being "unlaw
fully and corruptly interested and direct
ly concerned" in the awarding of a con
tract for a city water main while he
was a member of the Atlantic City board
of water commissioners.
The lower court sentenced Kuehnle to
one year in prison and a tine of JTiOO.
Foot Ball Rooter Dies at Game.
SPARTA. Wis.. November 24.?C. E.
Simpson, proplretor of the largest hard
ware store in Sparta, is a victim of his
love for foot ball. Saturday he was one
of those who cheered loudest for the
Sparta team which was winning, flo to
2. from the Grand Rapids team, one of
the candidates against it for the state
When the Spartans made the final
touchdown Simpson fell in an attack of
apoplexy. Today he died. He was flfty
one years old.
Dudley F. Malone Takes Office.
NEW YORK. November 24.?Dudley
Field Malone, ..recently third assistant
secretary of state, took office today as
collector of the port of MeV York to
succeed John Purroy Mitchel, mayor
elect. aa head of the customs servioe
Senator Owen, Chairman
Banking and Currency Com
mittee, Opens Discussion.
Daughters of President and Members
of House Party Occupy Seats
in Gallery.
Debate on the currency bill at last got
under way In the Senate today. Senator
Owen of Oklahoma, chairman of the
banking and currency committee, opened
the discussion, speaking in support of the
administration bill.
When the debate will end is largely a
matter of conjecture, but senators ex
pressed the opinion today that it woulf
be the last part of January or the first
of February before the last speech was
Miss Margaret Wilson and Miss Eleanor
Wilson, daughters of the 1 resident, and
a party of the house guests at the White
House for the wedding of their sister.
Miss Jessie Wilson, heard the opening of
what promises to be oue of the most
famous debates ever held in the Senate.
They entered the Senate gallery and oc
cupied the seats reserved for th<? Presi
dent and Vice President soon after tin
Senate met at noon. But Senators dark
of Wyoming, Williams of Mississippi, and
others entered into a long wrangle as to
how the report of the Senate banking and
curency committee should be printed. The
wrangle lasted for half an hour, and the
White House party left. They returned
shortly after Senator Owen had begun his
No Protection Against Panics.
"This probably is the most important
piece of legislation which has been pre
sented to the country since the civil war."
declared Senator Owen when he finally
obtained the floor to discuss the currency
bill. He said that the American system
of finance had many serious defects, the
principal of which was that there was no
adequate protection against jianics. He
discussed briefly the panic of J!?07, when
interest rates on money went as high as
123 per cent and there were tremendous
fluctuations in the prices of stock.
"The country demanded relief. an<i
the Vreeland-Aid rich act was passed
by Congress." continued Senator Owen.
He said that this emergency currency
act had been of value as a means ol
protection should panics arise. It was
the forerunner, he said, of a thorough
investigation by the national monetary
commission of the financial methods oi
many- foreign countries.
Senator Open declared that th- panic
of 1907 was manufactured by a handful
of men controlling large interests, for
their own benefit.
Opposed to Central Bank.
He said that the democratic platform
had pronounced against the Aldrich bill
and a central bank. Senator Hitchcock
of Nebraska, democrat, who is one of the
opponents of the administration bill, in
terrupted to say that he had understood
that the democratic platform opposes
only the Aldrich bill for a central bank,
and not all bills for a central bank.
Senator Owen defended the adminis
tration plan for a system of rciiional
reserve banks. He pointed out that
many large "public utility banks," such
as the federal reserve banks proposed
In the administration bill, are to be
found In a comparatively small terri
tory in Europe.
"England has one of these banks,"
said Senator Owen. "Germany has an
other, France has another. Belgium has
still another. Yet France could be
placed within the confines of the state
of Texas. The German empire also could
be contained within the boundaries of
Texas. It is reasonable to suppose,
therefore, in the huge territory of the
United States the people should be
served by a number of these regional
reserve banks, rather than to ask one
central bank to do the business for
Christmas Eve Festivities in Chicago
for Children of Poor.
CHICAGO, November 24.?Grant Park
is to be turned into a fairyland Christ
mas eve for the children of the poor.
They are to have a mammoth Christmas
tree, perhaps the largest ever used for
the purpose. The committee in charge of
the arrangements announced today it
would not be satisfied with a tree lets
than seventy-five feet high.
It is to stand in the center of the park
upon a broad pedestal, covered with frost
and illuminated by hundreds of colored
electric lights.
Widely known artists and architects
are collaborating on a decoration scheme.
The festival will begin at sundown with
the ringing of chimes In the art insti
tute. A great chorus will sing carols on
the terrace of the institute. Then a
rocket will signal the illumination of the
Automobilists Unconsciously Speed
Among Sticks of Dynamite.
PITTSBURGH, November 24.?The po
lice let It be known today for three weeks
that automobilists have been flirting with
death as they drove along Grant boule
vard, tiie favorite motor track between
the fashionable East End district and
downtown Pittsburgh. During that time
they have collected 120 sticks of dyna
mite, apparently scattered systematically
over the road.
Yesterday they located another lot In
the boulevard and, arrested Herman
Leldman, alleging he knew something of
the robbery of a contractor's magazine,
from which they declare the dynamite
was stolen.
Beats Wife Once a Week.
PITTSBURGH, November 24.?On com
plaint of his wife, who declared her hus
band had beaten her once every week
since they were married, a total of 2,08u
times, Peter Edwards was sentenced to
thirty days in the workhouse at a Sun
day session of police court here.
Killing Hunters in Maine.
PORTLAND, Me., November 24.?
Twelve fatalities have been reported In
Maine since the hunting season opened
October 1, and there is still another
month in which game may be shot. Ten
serious accidents also have been record
ed. Of the fatal accidents three were
due to the victims being mistaken for
animals. +
President Expected to Discuss
Subject With Congress at
Session Opening.
No Assistance, It Is Believed, Will
Be Asked of the Law
making Body.
President Wilson will discuss the Mext
. fan situation In his opening address to
Congress next week, but the understand
ing is that there will be no revelations
of the administration'* full policy In
what he says. Mr. Wilson will, it Is
believed, briefly recount the attit ude that
he has taken and lirmly plant himself
upon the precedent he has established
that no South American temporary gov
ernment need look to the Tnited State*
for recognition if there has been murder
and assassination of high officials back
of the organization.
The President is expected to choose his
words with great care and to refrain
from any suggestion that Congress
should take action. The tone of the re
marks, on the contrary, will indicate tlx
ability of the administration to pursu*
its policy without congressional help at
this time.
The Mexican situation, according to
the advices before the President today,
had undergone little change. No re
port has b.-en received of the investi
gation making of the killing of a num
ber of federal officers at Juarez after
the taking of that town by Gen. Villa
and his constitutionalist forces.
False View in Mexico.
As evidence of the ability of ths
Mexican government fo spread any im
pression it pleases, through the M? x
ican press, the President referred in bis
talks with callers today to the opti
mistic predictions made within the las*
few days In Mexican newspaper* that
the Muerta government will be recog
nized by the I'nited States. This gov
ernment Is known to be irrevocably
opposed to the recognition of lirn rta.
The President expressed satisfaction
\ today over the attitude of foreign gov
| ernments. He indicated that this at
. titude is wholly friendly and other im
? tions are showing a disposition to co
l operate with the I'nited States when
t ever possible.
i Sir William Tyrrell, private secretary
? to .Sir Kdward Grey, the British foreign
[ secretary, had a brief conference with
President Wilson last ni*ht at the
White House. He declined to reveal
I the subject discussed, saving it was
? personal and private.
Second White House Talk.
Sir W illiara has been here for several
weeks and on account of the illness ?f
Sir Cecil Spring-Rice, has interested him
self considerably in the Mexican situa
tion. It became known that last night'*
conference was his second with the Presi
dent and that on the first occasion lie
had a frank talk on Mexican affairs.
This interchange of views is believed tc
have aided in developing the friendly
understanding between Great Britain and
the I'nited States concerning the policy
toward Mexico. The British government,
lias indicated not only to the Washington
administration, but to the Huerta regini*
that it is warmly supporting the policy
of President Wilson.
It is known that the confidence of the
Washington administration in ultimate
ly forcing the retirement of Huerta is
based largely on the friendly attitude
of the great powers abroad who are,
. declining to assist the Huerta govern
ment financially or otherwise.
Just when the next move in the situ
ation may be expected is conjectural.
There is a disposition in some quarters
, to think Washington wishes to learn
! more of the intentions of the new Mexi
can congress, and some persons con
versant with affairs thought it not im
probable that - the situation would re
main unchanged so far as this govern
ment was concerned for several days.
Hale Report Expected Soon.
William Bayard Hale is expected to ar
rive here shortly to report to the Presi
dent the result of his conferences with
Gen. Carranza and the other consti
tutionalist leaders.
Regarding the Mexican oil situation,
j disclosures that Lord Cowdray, w liote <
i companies hold extensive oil concessions
I in Mexico, are attempting to get conces
sions In Columbia proved of great in*
terest in official circles here.
The entire subject ot oil concessions
located near the Panama canal is thought
here to be of great importance in the fu
ture relations of the nations of the world,
because of the fact that oil may become
the fuel used by the great navies. That
Englishmen are trying consistently to
get hold of as many of these concessions
as possible lias been known for some
Former Ambassador Wilson
Says Administration's Policy
Means Mexican Intervention
Declaring that although he is op
posed to intervention by the United
States in Mexico and that the present
policy of the administration is headed
toward intervention, Henry Lane Wil
son, former American ambassador at
Mexico City, last night lectured on con
ditions in the revolution-torn southern
republic before a large audience at the
Belasco Theater.
Mr. Wilson was introduced by Repre
sentative Kahn of California, and in
the audience were many diplomats and
members of both houses of Congress.
Senator Weeks of Massachusetts and
Senator Bristow of Kansas and Repre
sentative Lloyd of Missouri were no
ticeable among these. Solicitor Gen
eral John W. Davis was present, but
left before the lecture was over. A
large group of army officers was
headed by Gen. Wotherspoon, assistant
chief of staff.
The former ambassador, who was in
Mexico at tfie time of the overthrow of
President Diaz and the subsequent over
throw of President Madero, told a de
tailed story of recent events in Mexico
as seen by him. Throughout his lecturs
he justified his own course, and although
he spoke of the President as a man of
high ideals and Intense patriotism, lie
freely criticised the Mexican policy of th?
Mr. Wilson outlined briefly the history
of Mexico, pointing to the fact that So
per cent of the population is made up
of peons, most of whom can neither read
nor write, and who are little more civi
lized now than they were when the
i Spaniard Cortez conquered Mexico. 1{?
also said that perhaps the greater part
| of Mexican soil and Industrial is con

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