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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, December 06, 1913, Image 1

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WEATHER.
l air tonight; Sunday increasing
cloudiness and warmer; moderate
north to cast winds.
FULL REPORT ON PAGE ELEVEN.
About every one in Washing
ton who reads at all reads The
Star.
WASHINGTON, D. C. SATURDAY. DECEMBER 6. 1913 ?TWENTY PAGES.
ONE CENT.
MI ON PLAZA
PAYMENT REPEALED
Objections by Chairman John
son Declared to Be With
out Foundation.
PROPERTY OWNERS FORCED
TO WAIT FOR THEIR CASH'
(
Congress Not Ignorant of Law When
It Passed Last Sundry
Civil Bill.
Because In claims there is 110 law
authorizing vajimnts of more than $500,-|
twO a y?-ar to the owners of the prop< rty >
taken by the government in the exten
sion of J he Capitol and Union station
plaza*. Representative Hen Johnson has
tiled protest v ith the Department of
Justice.
Although Mr. Johnson will not talk
for publication on the subject of why lie
; as persisted in doing what h. can to
hold up paynn nis for properly taken over
by the rnited States, it is geiiera.lv un
derstood that the communications which
the Department of Justic? have received
l'rom him arc all based on the statement
that the sund.y , ivil act of J'HO, appro
priating was passed without!
lega. authorhy tor the sum. inasmuch as!
the law creating the Capitol plaza com-,
mission gave that body power to take j
over th-- land at the rate of half a mil
lion dollars a year.
Limit Fixed by Law.
The commission was authorized to in
stitute condemnation proceedings if the
land could not hi obtained reasonably any
th? r way, "in order to secure any or ail
oi the .and therein authorized to be ac
quired, but not to exceed what they
estimate to be ?3W,000 worth in any one
year."
This law creating the commission has
not Oeen changed; hence the contention
of t'hairman Jonnsoii oi the House J>is
trict committee that the awards to the
extent ot over are mega..
T!>ere is also a question as to whether
o not the entire eondemnatlon pr<?ceed
lugs vould have to be gone over again
ii the present held-up award was made
without authority.
Claim Ample Authority.
The authors of the sundry civil act
which appropriates to pay
the awards for property condemned by
o ic process of law between the Capitol
?nd tin l nion station plaza are not per
turbed tiy the claim that there was no
authority of law for appropriating this
amount. If Representative Johnson's
point that only *.> >?,? am was authoriied
by law for the purpose of acqulr.ng that
j.'uzu property, now bought but not paid
i.,r b> the government. should come to a
ii.'i ,.uid for further legislation on the
subject in Congress, the simple reply
probably will be made that the the sun
dry civil act appropriating the larger
sum repealed all previous acts^ incon
sistent with the sentiment oT Congress
J m. Si, 15>13. when the act was put on
the statute books.
Niti. squares of land between the Capi
'.??l and the 1'nion station are hanging
between sky and sea while the payments
for this property are held up. evidently
because Air. Johnson is understood to J
have protested that only SoUo.OUO should
have been app opriaied this year.
Investigation in the House appropria
tions committee reveals the fact that the
committee, which has had considerable
experience in dealing with expenditures >
and the laws covering them, took counsel I
and found that it couid take over the en
tire stretch of property lying between the
< apttol and the I'nion station?if Con
gress wanted to do so. The commission,
composed of Vice I'resident Sherman,
Speaker Cannon and Elliott Woods, knew
that the law creating the commission
pecified that on.y *.VH),000 should be
spirit in one year. However, it seemed
wise to the commission and to the appro
p iatic.ns committee to takij the entire
>tre: h of property. Thereupon they con
s iited with the Department of Jusice and
the resulting opinion wa? that Congress
nierelv had to repeal the limitation of [
$000 I '.*)
Earlier Law Repealed.
Therefore, when the sundry civil bill
covering the fiscal year 1011 was drawn,
it provided for the full amount of the
money necessary to take over the prop
erty and make prompt payments to the
property owner". It is exp a ned with
great brevity and force in the appropria
tions committee that Congress has ail
i;!?? power in existence to repeal its own
laws and to make changes in law. There
fore. without getting into a controversy
on the subject. It i* clear that the appro
priation or" will have plenty
of backing* in Congress.
\ statement showing the legal steps,
. ctodtaff the repealing cla'ise of the pres- i
v i sundry civil act. follows:
The su.;Jry eivil act, approved June ?
T '!0. covering tn ? fiscal year 1911. cor.
' i'.s the following provision regai-diug
the enlargement of the Capitol grounds:
?It is hereby declared to be the purpose
or Congres.- to ultimately acquire all of
the squares numbered (here the detail of
the property is described) for the en
largement of the Capitol grounds ? ? *
and to extend for that purpose not more
than SoUO.Oo > in any one tiscai year, com
mencing with the year 1011; and the per
sons authorized to acquire such property
shall aniiually. w ithin said limit, purchase
whatever of said property is, in their
juugment, ofTered at the lowest prices
relative to its actual value, provided they
*hal! not purchase any property at above
its fair value."
? 'ondi innatioii proceedings were author
d with the provision that not more
than JmUMhjO worth of property should be
condemned in any one fiscal year. The
?'oil carried S-jOO.ICO for the lirst year's
appropriation.
Language of Latest Act.
the sundry civil ai t, dated June
Ii'13. the following additional legislation
appea :
"Ivnlarging Caj iu>l grounds: To coiu
piete tlie acquisition of squares (property
described! the sum necessary in addition
to 11:? sums already appropriated to pay
the amounts awarded l>y court commis
sion under the statut.. i- s'j;{.!i72.3T?."
rhe a<-t also contains a clause re
pealing all law* inconsistent with the act
"t June ICS. 101.'{. tni.- clause reading:
"That all sums appropriated by this
aci for salaries of oflicers and employes
of the government shall be in full for
suth salaries for the fiscal year 1!?14, and
all laws or parts of laws in conflict with
the provision- of this act are repealed."
Will Serve Term to Get Estate.
PITTSBURGH. December tt.?Adolpli
Ueonow, who says lie is a paroled con
vict from the Joliet. 111..- penitentiary,
vaiked into central police station here
l;.st night and gave himself up. l.iebnow
claims he is heir to a large estate in Ger
man.' left by his parents, who have died
i .i. c he 1? ft Illinois. He says he is
v, ung to serve out Ids term, fifteen
years, in order to be a*'le to claim his
.-hai? of the estate. Llehnow violated his
pitrjle by leaving Illinois.
Eight Republicans Aid Demo
cratic Currency Bill
Plans.
PASSAGE IS EXPECTED j
? BEFORE CHRISTMAS
I
Both Houses May Then Take Rest
Until Middle of
January.
The Senate today passed the Kern reso
lution calling for daily sessions of the
Senate from !?> o'clock in the morning
until 11 o'clock at night, with a two
hour recess for dinner, from 0 to H
o'clock. The vote was 41 tu 1S in favor
of the resolution. It is designed by the
democrats to hasten- consideration of the
currency bill. Eight republicans Voted
with the democrats in favor of the reso
lution. They were Senators _?ronna, Ken
yon. La Toilette. Perkins, Norris, Smoot,
Brady and Borah.
Some of the republicans voting for the
resolution had previously protested
against it, declaring that they believed
it was unnecessary and would prevent
intelligent consideration of the nuasure
pending. They declared, however, that
they did not wish to be placed in the
position of appearing to be in favor of
delaying action un the currency bill.
Bill May Pass Soon.
It is expected no^v that the currency
bill will l?e passed before Christmas. A
number of the republicans, as well as
all of the democrats, have expressed this
opinion.
Senatorial callers at the White House
today believed the measure _ would be
acted upon before December 17. A week
more is estimated for conference between
tho two houses and adjournment just be
fore Christmas is predicted, both houses
to take a holiday until near the middle of
January. The President is said to be
much encouraged over the outlook for a
speedy passage of currency legislation.
Townsend Protests.
Senator Townsend of Michigan made
the final protest of the republicans
against the Kern resolution today. He
declared that the democrats were at
tempting to cover up the failure of the
democratic tariff bill to bring about bet
ter conditions in this country by raising
the cry that currency legislation was im
peratively demanded. He said that twen
tv years ago when the democrats passed
a tariff bill It was followed by disaster
in tho business world, and that then the
democrats aised a similar cry that there
was something wrong with the currency.
As soon as the currency bill was disposed
of. he said, the democrats would find
some new excuse for the unfortunate re
sults of their tariff legislation.
Senator O'Gorman of New York charged
Senator Townsend with lack of patriot
ism. because he was making the business
conditions of the country appear to be at
a crisis.
CARDINAL LTJIGI OREGLLA DIES
Dean of Sacred College Victim of
Pneumonia at Age of 85.
ROME. December t>.?Cardinal Luigi
Oreglia, dean of the sacred college, died
here yesterday of pneumonia. He was
eighty-five years old and was the only
surviving cardinal created by Pope Pius
IX.
Luigi Oicglia di Santo Stefano was head
of the ca: dinal bishops or dean of the
sacred college. He was born at Bene
Vagienna. diocese of Mondovi, July It,
1S25. fie was created and proclaimed a
cardinal by Pope Pius IX December
He was bishop of Ostia and Val
letti, archchanceilor of the Roman Uni
versity and prefect of the congregation
of ceremonies.
She Wants to See Hanging.
BUFFALO, N. Y., December 6.?Mrs.
Frank -Martin of Warren. Pa., mother
of George Gillespie, who was murdered
last September by Gusippe di Giola, wants
to attend the execution of di Giola. In
a letter to District Attorney Dudley she
stated that she intends to attend if per- I
mission can be secured. Di Giola is now (
in a death cell in Auburn prison under j
sentence to be executed the week of
January t. |
? ?
Fifty-Year Romance Consummated.
CANTON, Ohio. December 6.?A romance
i of fifty years was consummated last
' night when Mrs. Helen Ream, seventy
i years oid. became the bride of Jacob
! Snyder, seventy-three. Twenty-two years
1 ago Mrs. Ream went west and married.
Later Snyder aiso married. Recent deaths
left Mrs. Ream a widow and Snyder a
widower, .v correspondence resu.ted in
th, marriage of the aged couple who were
youtjiful^jjjvgethearts^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
Another Message
to All Washington
Again yesterday the Washing
ton merchants used lai.tftis lines
of advertising space to tell
everybody in W ashington
through THE STAR of their
announcements and bargains.
If proof of the wonderful in
terest taken in the advertising
columns of THE STAR is
sought, just drop into the stores
of the advertisers whose an
nouncements appeared the day
before and you will find them
thronged with customers. "The
proof of the pudding is in the
eating."
Yesterday's Advertising
LOCAL DISPLAY
The Evening Star . . 26,698
2nd Newspaper . . . 16,819
3rd Newspaper . . . 7,420
4th Newspaper ? ? ? 5,712
Shop Early
The golden hours are from
8:30 a.m. until noon. The as
?ortnu nt in the stores now is
at its best.
COURT or NATIONS
THOUGHT FEASIBLE
Tribunal Would Crown Judicial
Systems of World, Says
H. B. F. Macfarland.
ALL DECISIONS COULD BE
ENFORCED, IT IS SAID
Taylor Proposes Diplomatic Confer
ence to Settle Canal
Dispute.
All lawyers should have a special In- j
ccrcst in the establishment of a real
court for administering justice between
nations. Such a court would crown the
judicial systems of the world and, ac- j
cordingly, strengthen the reign or law
among men. 80 declared Henry }J. F.
Macfarland, who presided over this morn- j
trig's meeting of the American Society
for the Judicial Settlement of Interna- j
tional Disputes, at the Shorehani Hotel.
"That Is why it is well worth while for '
busy lawyers to take time for such con- i
ferences a9 this, and for the exertion of
their ihlluence upon public opinion, which 1
is the real sovereign of the world.
Cause Is Advancing-.
"Surely and not slowly, as nations j
count time, Me are advancing toward the
attainment of our object. Tt may come
quickly, before the next Hague confer
ence, whether that be in 1915 or 1U1'?. It
inay come by the act of the tight great
powers and Holland, the host of the con
ference.
"Once established, with suitable judges,
the court will vindicate its right to be,
as did our own Supreme Court when
John Marshall became Chief Justice. Not
only the heart, but the head 01 every .in
telligent man and woman everywhere |
may well enlist when it hears of our j
cause, for it is the cause of justice and
of peace," said Mr. Macfarland.
Favors Code of Laws.
Edward A. Harriman of New Haven,
in speaking of the codification of inter
national law as an aid to International
tribunals, said that it was essential that
the rules to govern such a tribunal be
known beforehand to parties contemplat
ing the bringing of questions before the
court and that the "code idea" to guaran
tee this fact possessed many advantages
over any other. He said it was essen
tial that the code shrould be as simple
as possible. He also gave as his opinion
that it was not too much to hope that
the present president and vice president
of the society may live to see the com
pletion of both court and code.
Discuss Public Opinion.
Public opinion, its possibilities and
limits, in the work of estaonshing the
court and of controlling the sanctions
thereof, was discussed by William Dud
ley Foulke of Richmond. Ind., and John
K. Liord of Hanover, N. H., both of
whom, said Mr. H. B. F. Macfarland.
needed no introduction to the audience.
Mr. Foulke gave as his op;nion that to
buttress public opinion treaties must be
entered into that the decrees of tne
court shall be sustained, for the reason
that an explicit promise invariably bore
greater weight than a moral obligation,
with nations as with men.
Question Always Raised.
Horace G. Macfarland of Washington,
in his discussion of the enforcement of
the decisions of the proposed tribunal,
said that in such connection the question
was always sure to be asked, "How are
you going to enforce your judgment?"
and that this query, generally given in a
tone of pity, was supposed to blast the
scheme. %'? 1
International law is not, however, a
command of a superior to inferiors, car
rying with it an obligation under a
penalty, he said, but is the system 01
rules that by common consent govern the
society*of nations. He dwelt 011 the fact
that, like a community, tne nations are
bound together with a common will and
a common standard, each being a student
and debtor of the other, and that a sys
tem of customary conduct exists in every
community and creates a "sanction," less
than legal but more than mereiy moral,
to secure observance of general stand
ards of conduct without any question ot
resort to force.
Ways to Enforce Bulings.
He discussed the three main groups of
means by which enforcement of decisions
could be guaranteed, as follows:
First, forcible execution, which includes
such measures as reprisal, hostile em
bargo, pacific blockade, intervention and
retorsion.
Second, security in advance, or the
seizure of property subsequent to award, j
Third, commercial pressure, including
the boycott, the tariff, refusal of credit, 1
money pressure and ostracism. 1
Arbitration Successful. |
"The question is," concluded the speak- j
er, "are or are not the means above
named sufficient to prevent such a glar
ing act of bad faith as the repudiation of
the judgment of the proposed court by a
nation that has voluntarily submitted to
its jurisdiction? Experience proves the
correctness of an affirmative answer.
More than 250 cases of arbitration have
been Jiad in the last hundred years, and
in no instance has an award been repu
diated by a pa. ty to the submission."
An international diplomatic conference
ns a means of bringing about an amicable
settlement of the controversy between
Great Britain and the United States over
the Panama canal tolls issue was pro
posed in an address by Hannis Taylor,
former American minister to Spain, "at a
session of the conference last night.
Mr. Taylor did not agree with the view
expressed by Joseph A. Choate, former
ambassador to Great uritaln, that the
United States should repeal th<* tolls
clause of the Panama canal act or sub
mit the matter to arbitration. "Either
method," said Mr. Taylor. "i.s at the
present time an aosolute impossibility "
He added that every day settlement of
the controversy was delayed made it
more difficult to handle.
Discusses Limitations.
Prof. Phillip Brown of Princeton Uni
versity, discussing "Limitat.ons of
Arbitration." declared that the great
danger in this country at present is
that too much is being made of arhitr
tion, luring the public to believe that
arbitration is a cure-ail. This, he ani,i
might lead the country into sweeping
concessions that would be unwise s
"In the great movement for world
peace," said Mr. Brown, "the special
duty of the United Ste.tes would seem
to be the supremely difficult thoul'h
inspiring task of helping to brim*
closest harmony among the nations of
tii is part of the hemisphere." or
Tribunal Best Solution.
Simeon Iv. Baldwin, Governor of Con
necticut. who acted as presiding officer
at the sefcsiop last night, delivered an
address on "The Foundation of the Inter- j
national Court of .Arbitral Justice," pro- '
r I
posing as the most promising solution a j
tribunal consisting of not more than!
fit teen members, representing the different
nations classified into groups. Gov. Bald
win was of the opinion that the formation
of a court bj a few of the greater powers
with one representative each would be
feasible in case the concurrence of all
civilized nations was unobtainable. Fur
thermore, he stated, that in case each
power were to choose a Judge, the result
ing court of over forty-live members
would be decidedly unwieldy.
"The only alternative," continued the
speaker, "is to fix a definite number of
judges and devise some equitable scheme
for their election, which will rcsuTt In
the securing of good men without wound
ing the pride of any power."
Makes Recommendation.
That the nations be formed into groups,
and that one vote for all judges be given
each group, or else that each be allowed
to cumulate its votes, with the prospect
of electing a judge of its own particu
lar choice, was the recommendation
voiced by Gov. Baldwin.
The society elected Br. Charles E.
Eliot of Cambridge. Mass.. president for
the ensuing year; Theodore Marburg of
Baltimore, vice president; James Brown
Scott of Washington, secretary, and J. G
Schmidlapp of Cincinnati, Ohio, as treas
urer.
The meeting will eolse tonight with a
banquet at the Shoreham.
TO CO-OPERATE IN PROBE
OF FOOT BALL HILARITY
Commissioners Give Assurance in
Letter?Mr. Caraway Made
Chairman of Committee.
Hekded by Representative Caraway of
Arkansas, a subcommittee of the House
District committee will begin the investi-1
gatlon into the alcoholic features of the |
foot ball celebration on the night follow
ing the Virginia-Georgetown game in ibis
city a few weeks ago. Representative
Caraway received his appointment as
chairman of the investigating committee
while on the floor of the House this after
noon. but has* not completed plans for j
calling witnesses.
Commissioners to Co-Operate.
Representative Caraway's committee
members are Representatives Thompson
of Oklahoma, L'Engle of Florida. Prouty
of Iowa and Walters of Pennsylvania.
The Commissioners have sent to the
District committee a letter promising co
operation in the proposed investigation.
Requests for co-operation also will be
sent to the local W. C. T. U., the Anti
Saloon League and the Liquor .Dealers' i
Association and the faculties of George
town and Virginia will have an opportu
nity to be present when the hearings
sta ~t.
HEART NOT ON LEFT SIDE.
Abnormality in a Girl Explained by j
X-Bay Disclosures.
LONDON, December 0.?A puzzling
problem of abnormality in a girl who in
sisted on doing everything backward,
such as writing from right to left, has
been solved by Birmingham physicians.
An examination by the X-rays .revealed
the fact that her heart is on the right
side and some of her other organs, in
cluding the bra.n, are ajsjo. displaced.
The case has renewed interest in that
of the boy who saw things upside down
and wrote in that fashion. The latter
came to light about two weeks ago.
YOUNG PASTOR DISAPPEARS.
Search for Rev. Anton Van Der Meer
Being Conducted.
CHICAGO, December 6.?Chicago friends
have begun a search for the Rev. .Anton
Van Der Meer. the young pastor of the
Presbyterian Church at Harbor Springs.
Mich., who disappeared a week ago. The
search is being led by the Rev. W. S.
Pluiner Bryan, pastor of the congregation
of which the missing pastor was a mem
ber while attending the McCormick The
ological Seminary here.
The young clergyman left his home
early one day last week, saying he would
return in the afternoon. Nothing haj
i been heard from him since.
Members of Dominant Party in
State Have Had Name "Re
publicans" Heretofore.
SAN FRANCISCO, December 0.?The
progressives of California, who thus far
have controlled the present situation un
der the nominal title of republicans?a
course in which they were sustained by
the state supreme court?gathered here
today to organize their party under its
own name.
Since before the national elections of
l'J12 the state has been progressive in fact
and republican in name. Gov. Johnson,
elected as a republican, was a candidate
with Theodore Roosevelt on the national
progressive ticket, and the electors
piedged to Roosevelt and Johnson ap
peared on the ticket under the heading
? republican," which by decision of th-2
state supreme court held no p.ace for
electors pledged to Taft and Sherman,
the nominees of the national republican
convention at Chicago.
Renounce Past Allegiance.
Today members of this dominant faction
of what was once the repupbl.can party
met to renounce formally iis past alle
giance and to proclaim itself the pro
gressive party of California. Cartdidacies
for the 1914 elections, it was announced,
wouid not be considered.
The state central committee of the old
line republican party met here yesterday
lor consultation. A declaration mat t<ie
party organization will be continued was
made by the chairman, uusiave Brenner.
The situation has been further compli
cated by a call issued from Fresno to
? progressive republicans" to meet here
December 1*5. The ca.l itse.f said tnose
behind it were not in sympathy witn tne
regular organization, but would welcome
the attendance of all republicans.
Searching Parties Attempting
Rescues in Mountains
of Colorado.
DENVER, Col.. December ?J.?Reports
came today from mountain points
through the state of missing persons and
of those who have been found uncon
scious in the snow by searching parties
since the abatement of the storm which
prevailed for the past two days. Two
men were reported lost on Cheyenne
mountain, near Colorado Springs, and
searching parties in snow shoes have been
unable to lind tiace of them.
The streets of Denver, which were cov
THE DAY IN CONGRESS.
Senates
Met at 10 a.m.
Ratified the democratic program
for thirteen-hour sessions on the
currency bill.
Senator Sheppard introduced a
bill for a good roads committee of
seventeen members.
Bill to sanction use of state elec
tion machinery for election of sen
ators delayed.
Resumed debate' on the Hetch
Hetohy water bill.
Called on Secretary Lane to re
port the cost of administering the
land laws for the last five years.
Houmc:
Met at noon.
Discussion of the naval holiday
resumed. .
Commerce committee gave hear
ing on automatic train stopping de
vices.
ered with snow yesterday to the depth
of forty-tive inches, have been cleared
sufficiently of snow to i>ermit the deliv
ery of coal, milk and provisions.
The total amount of snowfall during
the storm was given officially at 45.5
inches, or 2.1?2 inches precipitation.
One of tho gravest hardships accom
panying the storm here was the extreme
shortage cff coal. One of the largest ho
tels was forced to close and office build
ings exhausted their supply of fuel.
Railroad traffic remained at a stand
still last night. The blockades ob tracks
were at all points within a radius of
100 miles of Denver.
^vUder, CoL, reports a total fall of
forty inches of snoW throughout Boulder
county. At Cripple Creek all business
was suspended, including work in the
gold mines.
Trains Nearly Day Late.
SALT LAKE CITY, Utah. December 6.
?Trains due here yesterday over the
Denver and Rio Grande from the east
did not arrive until today. All west
bound trains on the Union Pacific with
the exception of two are stalled on Sher
man hill, Wyoming. This morning there
were only two trains moving westward
on the entire Wyoming division, extend
ing from Cheyenne to Ogden.
DISTRICT TQ PLAY SANTA
CLAUS TO THE TEACHERS
Officials Plan to Give School Em
ployes Month's Pay Before
Christmas.
The District government will appear In
the role of Santa Claus this year and
provide teachers in the public schools
with a full month's pay before the holi
days begin if the plans of the Commis
sioners, Auditor Tweedale, Disbursing Of
ficer Wilson and Supt. Davidson mate
rialize.
Last year teachers were paid a half
month's salary prior to Christmas. Dr.
Davidson is of the opinion that, under
the lavr. they may be paid for the full
month of December before the beginning
of the holidays, as no services are re
quired of them after December 23. Aud
itor Tweedale and Disbursing Officer Wil
son incline to this view, and the former
has asked the Commissioners to put the
matter up to the controller of the Treas
ury.
Members of the police and fire depart
ments and employes of District institu
tions who are paid monthly and who,
under the law, may be compensated only
for work that has been discharged, will
receive a half month's salary December
19.
PRESIDENT'S COLD BETTER.
Executive Recovers Sufficiently to
Take an Auto Ride.
President Wilson's cold was so much
improved today that he went to his of
fices for a short time and signed a num
ber of papers awaiting his attention.
The President did not receive any vis
itors, however, his physician feeling that
he should undertake but little work for
a few days.
The President has been a pretty sick
man, tne told taking the form of a mild
case of grip. It was centered in the head,
throat and c^est, with some coughing.
Dr. Grayson, the President's friend and
physician, watched the patient with much
care, insisting on rest and diet, with suit
able medicines.
Outdoors was so attractive today the
President wished to take an outing and
obtained the consent of the physician for
a brief automobile trip about noon.
NOMINATED BY PRESIDENT.
Selections for Public Offices Sent to
the Senate.
Nominations sent to the Senate today
by President Wilson included:
United States attorney, middle district
of Pennsylvania, Robert H. Burnett of
Pennsylvania.
Registers of land office?A. G. Swindle
hurst of Minnesota, at Cass Lake, Minn.;
William J. Wood of Wyoming, at Sun
dance, Wyo.
Receivers of public moneys?Fred A.
King of Minnesota, at Cass Lake M'nn..
and Otto R. Meyer of iN?rth Dakota, At
Dickinson, N. D.
I
President's Suggestion of
Presidential Primaries Ap
* i
proved by Secretary.
THEME AT CONFERENCE
ON POPULAR GOVERNMENT
?
I
Senator Owen Advocates Cloturej
Bule in Upper House of Congress.
Other Addresses.
Emphatically indorsing President Wil- j
sun's suggestion for presidential primaries. ,
Secretary of State Bryan, speaking today |
at the tlrst national conference on popu- j
lar government at Memorial Continental ;
Ilall, expressed the belief that the cam- ;
paign for the change will be a short one. ,
and that it will be put into effect before
the next presidential campaign rolls
around.
Secretary Bryan spoke on the subject
"The People's Rule; How to Make It a
Fact."' Ife said that the constitut.omU
amendment for the election of senators
by the direct vrte ot the people is the |
most imi?ortan? pr< essive reform pui
into effect recent.y, and that the next i
important charges to be brought aboji '
are those for presidential primaries .inJ |
a change in the federal Constitution j
which will make it eas.er to amend.
"The President lias proposed a new
reform," continued Secretary Bryan.
"He has called for a presidential pri
mary. No one can believe in the rule
of the people without supporting this
measure. The public sentiment of the
country is ripe for the change. When
it is effected the President who reach
es the White House will know that lie
has the multitude, not a few persons,
behind him."
Bight of People to Bule. ,
The Secretary asserted his Arm eonvic
i tion in both the right and the capability
; of the people to rule. He declared that
there is a trend toward popular govern
ment in all parts of the world, but that
there are varying degrees in the capacity
of people to govern and take part in gov
ernment.
"It is a fallacy, however," he con
tinued, "to believe that you can tit a
people for nelf-governmerit when you
deny them the right to try. You can
not teach a baby to walk unless you
let him make the attempt. If superior
people take charge of an inferior people
how can you bridge the gulf between
them unless the interior people progress
more rapidly than the superion ones
The Secretary caused a laugh when he
said: "My faith in the people has not
diminished, although they have failed
several times to do as I wanted them to
4o," Her added that at present the people
are doing just what he would like to sec
them do.
Woman's Cause Presented.
English militant suffragist methods v\ c-re
introduced atthe meeting, atthe conclusion
of Secretary Bryan's address, when Miss
Helen Todd of Calitornia, arose and
called out: "How about popular govern
ment for women, Mr. Secretary?"'
With ilasning eyes, the Secretary re
plied:
"Madam, in your work you doubtless
have followed your judgment and con
science. In my work 1 have follov.ed
mine."
The suffragist made no further effor^
to speak. ?
Senator Owen of %Oklahoma presided
at the meeting, speaking'on the subject
"The Present Crisis in the Movement
for Direct Legislation." District Com
missioner Oliver Newman delivered a
short address of welcome.
Senator Lane of Oregon, Senator Clapp
of Minnesota, Representative Falcone, of
Wasnington. Representative Henry Cros
ser of Ohio. Representative Edward Keat
ing of Colorado. Nathan Williams of
Fayetteville. Ark.; State Senator Camp
bell Russell of Oklahoma and M. McCus
ker of Montana also spoke.
Senator Owen's Address.
Senator Owen criticised the rules of the
Senate which allow long debates. He
advocated a reasonable cloture rule. He
declared that the delay in passing the
currency measure is costing the coun
try SIO.WO.OUO a day. Until business men
know what the bill is to contain, he add
ed, they are holding back and keeping
new enterprises from starting. While
this is going 011. lie said, sarcastically,
the Senate is discussing whether it shall
meet from 1<? o'clock in the morning
until 11 o'clock at night. He added that
there is getting to be a new spirit in the
Senate since the passage of the consti
tutional amendment requiring the direct
election of senators.
"The true progressives of the nation,
whether allied with one party or an
other," he went on, "have one great vital
characteristic in common. They demand
a mechanism of government by which the
people sha-1 control the niechan.&m, to
! enthrone the conscience and intelligence
of the nation, and compel the recognition
of the sovereign right of the people to
rule themselves."
He said that the people want the fol
lowing things: Ine "gateway" amend
ment to the Constitution, by which they
can more easily amend the Constitution:
the initiative and referendum, the recall,
the commission form of government for
cities, the short ballot, the mandatory di
rect primary, drastic and workable cor
rupt practices acts, the nomination and
election of the President and Vice Presi
dent by a vote of the people by states |
and the thorough democratization of all I
institutions.
Other Themes Discussed.
Senator Lane and Representative Cross
er of Ohio attacked efforts to prohibit by
law the hiring of solicitors to petitions in
the initiative and referendum system.
They said that poor people cannot cir
culate such petitions except bv hiring so
licitors. Representative Keating of Coio- t
rado spoke on "Adequate Publicity and j
Intelligent Voting."
This afternoon representatives of a
number of states made reports "from the
battle line." telling of the means for
bringing about popular government and
efforts made to defeat these means.
Among the speakers were W. W. Knowles
of Delaware. John S. C. Stockton of Flor
ida, Carl Vrooman of Illinois, Jackson H.
Ralston of Maryland, Joseph Walker of
Massachusetts. A. M. Todd of Michigan,
Delos F. Wilcox of New York, representa
tive M. C. Kelly of Pennsylvania, George
H. Duncan of New Jersey, C. P. Shaw of
Virginia, Senator Poindexter of Washing
ton and Senator Chilton of West Vir
ginia. , , ,
Later this afternoon and at tonight s
session such subjects as "'The School
House as a Civic Center," "Popular Con
trol of Commission Government," "Or
ganized Labor and Popular Government."
"The Farmer and Direct Legislation '
and "Woman Suffrage" are to be dis
cussed. ,
SAYS THAI WILSON
HAS DECLARED WAR
Mexican Newspaper Prints
Sensational Story of Ameri
can President's Purpose.
RUMORED THAT HUERTA
HAS NEGOTIATED LOAN
Federal Troops Said to Have Killed
Prisoner With Dynamite.
Rebels Active.
MKXKM CITY, December 1>I >tio??
1mi)to of San L,uis Potosi, w hich lias I?, ?n
noted as a journal of strong anti-Ann' -
ieati sentiments. UkI.u prints what pur
ports t<> be a declaration of war b> Prc-i
dt nt W ilson against Mcxku. The ( a t
that the sanction of the \merican
! gress would be necessary for mj?-1i a
[declaration is ouiitt< d by the newspaper.
Instead of being a rabid document and
likely to stir up anti-American feeling,
the "declaration of war" is remarkable
because it does not attribute to President
Wilson statements that might be calcu
lated to increase the antagonism of Mex
icans toward Americans. It consists of
I ten articles which giv?- the reasons ?lr
, war is necessary, general instruct tens
i regarding a blockade and an outlin of
! the proposed campaign.
It specifically instructs the American
i troops against the useless shedding of
i blood and orders them to protect non
combatants. especially women and
children.
The "declaration" states that inter
vention is undertaken to bring peaets
among bands "which are ferociously
contending without respecting those
principles of humanity which go\ern
model n w arfare and in order to de
liver the presidency to him w ho shall
be legally elected by Mexicans."
Another article sajs the American*
will withdraw as soon as th? country
is pacitied.
Huerta Negotiates .Loan.
There is a well authenticated report that
President Huerta has been assured a loan
of 750,000 pesos by an American corpora
tion with Mexican connection. The vice
I president of ihe corporation, it is said, has
been personally negotiating for the loan,
in return for which, it is understood, he
secured promises of certain concessions
for his company.
Rumors of rebel successes are current
here, but are denied in official quarters.
The rumor which obtained most credence
| was that Monterey was evacuated yus
, terday afternoon. This was discounted by
j the Jact that the telegraph wires ?re
working through to Monterey, and no 're
port or this character has been received
from there.
Mannor Kicardo Cordero. commander
of the federal military train which es
caped destruction forty miles north of
Santa Helena three days ago, arrived
! here and describes the blowing up with
dynamite of a freight train ami another
;nhitar: convoy there, resulting in the
oeath of 1<K? soldiers and twenty woman
camp followers.
Col. de la Pena, in command of the
trains, was captured by the rebels, who
cut off his ears, tore out his tongue and
gouged out his eyes. They then ki'.Ied
the woman camp followers.
Prisoner Blown Up by Dynamite.
A modification of the olu method of ty
ing men to the muzzles of cannon and
blow ing them to pieces was employed yes
terday by the federals north of San Luis
Potosi. A captured rebel, supposed to
have been one of the band which re
cently dynamited a troop train at i.'av
naros, was given a summary t ial by
court-martial and sentenced to death. He
was ti'-d to the ground and a dynamite
bomb placed beneath his body and ex
ploded, tearing him to atoms.
Two hundred idle dressmakers in the
federal capital today attempted to s-e
Provisional President Huerta at the Na
tional Palace, to ask his aid in obtaining
employment with th^ contractors for*
army uniforms. They declared that they
and their families we. e in desperate
straits.
Gen. Huerta pleaded pressure of busi
ness and refused to see the women, who
thereupon announced their purpose of
making an appeal to Seiiora Huerta.
Villa in Pursuit of Federals.
JUAREZ. December 6.?Instead ol' oc
cupying Chihuahua, the stat? capital.
Gen. Francisco Villa* with his rebel.-,
who were encamped along the railroad
north of the city, yesterday returned hur
riedly to Villa Ahuameda. the telegraph
station, to dispatch more men in pursuit
of the federals retreating toward Ojinaga,
ion the border. A garrison of id rebels
'occupies the fort at Ojinaga and Gen.
Villa said his soldiers would not permit
! the federals to reach the border or cross
over into the 1 nited States without
: fight.
The federals will be in the majority un
< less they are overtaken by the rebel pur
suers "With the or more fugitive
federals are Gen. Salvador Mereado. tiie
! deposed military governor and commanU
i et\ numerous other generals aud ottiiers
and members of wealthy Chihuahua fam
| i.ies.
Threatens Confiscation of Money.
Gen. Vi la expressed his intention to
contiscate the money which the fugitives
were reported to have withdrawn from
the banks before the evacuations. He said
he would protect the non-combatants ex
cept such as were considered political
offenders.
Crowds of persons with automobiles
camped at Presidio, opposite Ojinaga,
in anticipation that the refugees, includ
ing the federals, would cross the river.
Keports reached Ojinaga that the fu
gitives had been in great distress, since
their route was across a waterless des
ert pleateau. which was swept by coid
winds at night and sandstorms by day.
Rebels reported that part of the fugi
tives had turned to the west and were
approaching Palomas. on the boroer op
posite Columbus, N. M. With them were
said to be Gens. Gose Yncz Salazar and
Pascual Orozeo.
D? LA BABRA VEXED.
fiesents Story That He Is to Buy
War Munitions.
BERLIN. December 6.?Francisco de ia
Barra. former provisioiia President of
Mexico, expressed displeasure today at
the publication of rumors that he was
on the way to Japan to purchase arms
and ammunition. He authorized another
statement that his mission was "purely
one of courtesy, the object being to
thank Japan for her representation at
the Mexican centennial." '
St-nor de la Barra discussed Mexican

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