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HOUSTON HAS PUN
Favors Consolidation of the Bureaus of Department of Agriculture. TO BRIGHTEN FARM LIFE PART OF HIS PROGRAM Inquiries Among Rural Women Said to Show Need of Govern ment Asustanoe. Plans for reorganizing: the Department of Agriculture and for redlstricting the country for the enforcement of the pure f<"?x) law are outlined in the report of Secretary Houston, just made public. He recommends that th?? free distribution of seeds by i-ongressmen should be discon tinued. and that in its stead there be ronductc?l a constructive work in secur ing ;ind distributing seeds and plants. T: ? plan for the reorganization of the d<partnnnt i? to be included in the es timate:- t' .r the tis- al year 1916, and pro Poaes to carry out the work of the de partment in live or six main groups, such as research. state relations, rural organi zation, for<->t service, weather and regu lation. Secretary Houston Is of the opin ion that sucn a plan will promote co* ordination. The Secretary also declares t at he will ask for authority to pre pare amendments to the pure food law t > improve th-? food supply, protect the r iblic health and promote uniformity in fnod legislation. Conditions vary widely in the United States, says the report, because farmers do not equally need better credit arrange ments. and all sections are not similarly circumstanced. He contends that when ail necessary allowance has been made for fundamental factors It la probably clear that the rural communities are not a.- efficiently served as they should be by existing financial arrangements. The Secretary believes there does not appear to be need for unique or special legisla tion or for legislation which shall aim to give the farmer credit on easier terms than other members of society. What is needed is the creation of conditions and machinery which shall enable him on sim ilar credit foundations to secure money at the same rates as those that prevail for other classes and for other sections. ? "liven though the problem of how the farmer can best sell his produce and (an improve the conditions under which he can secure the necessary capital were solved," says the report, "there would ?til) remain vital things to be accom plished before rural life can be made fully efficient, profitable, healthful, pleas urable and attractive, and before a larger disposition to remain on the farm de velops. (iood roads are prerequisites for better marketing, for better schools and tor more comfortable rural living. Bet ter sanitation and hygiene in the home. In the school and !n the community are just as vital for the rural community as for the urban.'* Needs of Rural Women. To gain information to enable the de partment beter to serve rural women, the Secretary has addressed letters of inquiry to the women of 55,000 selected farms covering every county. Other surreys and studies also were conducted. Analysis of the small part of the letters as yet digested shows that farm women desire assistance in all phases of home management, especially I as to ways of securing running water, introducing household power machinery and labor-saving arrangements, and pro viding better hygienic and sanitary con ditions. Many seek advice as to the bet ter marketing of the articles they pro duce. Others ask the department to prove to the man that their work is worth some thing in dollars and cents. The over work of women and children and difficulty of securing domestic help are mentioned by a number of the writers. The depart ment believes that Intelligent help to women in matters of home management will costribute directly to the agricultural success of the farm. It purposes, there fore. to ask Congress for means and authority to make more complete studies of domestic conditions on the farm, to experiment wltn labor-saving devices and methods, and to study completely the question of practical sanitation and hy gienic protection for the farm family. As to federal aid for good roads, the Secretary says the federal government should deal with the state as the lowest unit, through an expert highway com missioner as its agency. The plan should provide for maintenance as well as con struction. Preference should be given to the improvement of roads over which pioducts from the farms can be taken to the nearest railway station. A scheme of ;oad construct'on and maintenance ? '.-itnin a state should be developed and mutually agreed upon. Money appropri ated !?> the federal Koevrnment should i apportioned on the basis of such fac ? >r> as total population, farm population, ar> a, taxable valuation and mileage. Year's Low Crop Tields. Special emphasis is laid on the fact that the figures for crops quoted are estimates From the estimates at hand it appears that the production of crops in 1013 was materially below the average, the yield per acre of all crops combined being smaller than in any year in the past decade, with the exception of 1911. The corn crop, the most valuable product of thi? country, according to the estimates, fell below 2.500.'00,000 bushels, which is smaller than any crop since 1003. Wheat production, with an estimated total of 753.00<K00t? bushels. Is the largest ever re corded in this country. This crop was matured before the drought became effec tive. Brief mention is made as to crop conditions tnroughout the world. From the estimates it appears that there were increased areas sown to wheat, oats, bar ley. rye and corn, and that the wheat acreage has probably yielded a record out turn. Barley, oats and rye are bountiful crops, bjt corn will probably give the poorest result in twenty years. How to Prevent Acid Stomachs and i ?: Food Fermentation H> a Meaaefe kpcelalUt. A- a specialist m-feo ha* e|ttnt mio; year*. < ii: tut- 1-1 'km and treatment of ftouiacb tr^n St. -s, I ba*i been forced to tbe conclusion tliat people who complain of stomach trouble |hw.nos? stonoai-b* tbat are absolutely ? isaltby acl normal. The real trouble, tbat \ ntil-b causes all tb* pain and difficulty, '*? acid ia the stomach. usually due to, or aggravated by. food fermentation. Acid irrl 'tift tbe deilcate lining of the stomach acd \ferm?ulatlon causes wind which dla ! tends tbe kloinach abnormally, causing tuat full bioated feeliug. Thus both acid and frr* mentation interfere with and retard tbe proe ; ? ?> of digeMloi . Tiie stomach 1* usually ( V a it by au<! normal. Injt irritated almost past/ } -fluratici h> foreign element*?acid j iac.l mini. In all cases aud they comprised V..r? ? !?? per cent of all .-.tomach difficulties? \ ( in- Orrt and <i:ily step necenHary is to ucu } iiili/e tb< M'-)d and stop tbi fermentation hy ' -ikiijfct. it. a liltle warm or <-?ld water itmnr \ lately after eating, a teaspoooful of bl -ti .?teij njagvsia. wHcfo is doubtless the best ai i w.ily rea ly efflwti?c antacid and food corrective known. Tbe acid will bf oeutra' Ucd and tbe fermentation stopped almost in stantly. and your stomach will at owe pro ceed to digest tbe food in a healthy. norma! manner. Be sure to ask your druggist for tbe hlturated magnesia, as 1 have found other form# utterly lacking tn Its peculiarly ralu ab'n properties.? F. J. O. A. MONTGOMERY WARD, MERCHANT PRINCE, DIES Bead of Mail Order House Rose fmm Day Laborer?Watchdog of Chicago's Lake Front. CHICAGO. December 8.?Aaron Mont gomery Ward, who rose from a day la borer to the presidency of a mail order house died yesterday at his residence at Highland Park. The multimillionaire was seventy years old. Death resulted from a complication of diseases which developed after two falls. About two years ago Mr. Ward slipped on the running board of an automobile at Pasadena. Cal.. and broke one arm and a shoulder blade. Six weeks ago he fell in his home and fractured his right hip. The kidneys were injured and pneumonia set in. Worth About 815,000.000. Mr. Ward was bom at Chatham, N. J. February 17, 1S43. the family coming west when he was eight years old. He advanced himself by his own endeavors, until at his death his wealth is reliably estimated at $15,000,000. Mr. Ward's long-continued efforts to prevent the erection of buildings in ymnt Park won for him the name of ine Watchdog of the Lake Front At one time there were forty-six projects buildings in the park, and he fought these projects in the face of general opposi tion Two years ago the state supreme court handed down a decision Prohlbiti"? the erection of buildings on the lake front. SEWERAGE COMMISSION PREPARING ITS REPORT Planning for Legislation in Mary land for Better Drainage Facili ties; Adjoining District. Special Correspondence of The Star. HYATTSVILLE. Md.. December 8, 1913. The Prince Georges and Montgomery county sewerage commission, the mem bers of which Gov. Goldsborough ap pointed to make an investigation of the dra'nage and sewerage conditions sur rounding the District of Columbia, is busily engaged In preparing its report, together with a bill to be introduced dur ing the session of the legislature which convenes In Annapolis January 1. The comm'ssion is working in unison with the District of Columbia authorities, the latter being deeply concerned in re lieving present conditions resulting from the sewage from Maryland tow;ns. Survey Submitted. Robert B. Morse, chief of the bureau of sanitary engineers, state department of health, has submitted to the commis s'on a detailed survey of the territory in which it is proposed to provide proper sewerage facilities, and also a general sketch of the necessary sewer lines. The proposition Is to construct four large trunk lines, radiating from different points in the District of Columbia to Ber wyn, Takoma Park, and in Little Falls branch and Rock ?reek. Unable to Comply With Order. Referring to the order of the interstate commerce commission directed to the Washington Interurban Railway Com pany. formerly the Washington, Spa Spring and Gretta Railroad Company, which operates an electric railroad from 15th and H streets northeast to Berwyn. Prince Georges county, to desist from collecting Increased passenger rates be cause the company had neglected to Hie 'ts tariffs thirty days before establishing the increased rates, a representative or the company informed a S:ar correspond ent late last night that it was impossible to comply with the commission s man date, although the notice of the Increased rates would be filed today. _ Several weeks ago the Interurban Rail way Company made an arrangement with the Wash ngton Railway and Elec tric Company whereby the panv was to operate the road with .t cars and employes for a certain stated rental per month, the operating company to turn in all receipts from the road to the parties owning the road. Dwellings Damaged by Fire. A one-story frame dwelling occupied by Clarence Sharps. Melrose Park, was al most destroyed by fire Saturday night. The flames spread rapidly. Of the fur niture only a few chairs were saved. The house is owned by Mrs. R. ,K. Elliott, who is now traveling in Europt, and is fully insured, it is stated. Fire damaged the home of Earnest Con fer in Crystal Springs avenue, Capitol Heights, Prince Georges county, Thurs day afternoon. The volunteer lire depart ment succeeded in checking the flames, and a large portion of the furniture was saved. It is reported that a light^l cigarette was responsible for the blaze The loss was about ?1',<I00, partially cov ered by insurance. At the beginning of the current school vear last September the county school commissioners notified Rodger Manning, the principal of the Laurel High School that his services were no longer required and appointed K. T. Morris in his place. Mr. Manning took the matter to the state board of education, Gov. Goldsbor ough, chairman, and the board ordered his reinstatement. The county, school board refused to comply with the de mand. ; Appeals to Court. The latter then made application to the circuit court at Upper Marlboro for a writ of mandamus compelling the county school board to remove Prof. Morris,' and the case was argued before Associate Justice BeaU last Tuesday. Robert W. Wells, son of state benatoi Charles A. Wells of Prince Georges coun ty. has announced his intention of seek ing the nomination for Congress from the fifth congressional district of Maryland. He will be a candidate before the pri maries next summer. It is known that Frank O. Smith o' Calvert county^ at present representing the district in Lon gress, will seek a renomination, and the name of former State Senator Arthur P. Gorman of Howard county, son ot the late United States senator, has also been mentioned in connection with the race. Mr. Wells twice represented Prince Georges county In the Maryland legis lature. SENATE EXPENSE ACCOUNT. Red Tape, Grape Fruit,Liniment and Hay Among Items. Articles ranging from spools of red tape and grape fruit to mustang lini ment and timothy hay are included in the contingent expense account of the Senate for the period since the demo cratic party took conrtol up to the end of the fiscal year, according to the report of the secretary of the Senate, James M. Baker. The liniment and the ha> were for use in the Senate stables. The secretary'* report shows that ?00 was paid to the liveryman for the car riage which conveyed President Wilson from the White House to the Capitol and back on inauguration day, while the same service for the Vlcc President cost only $-?"> Vice President Marshall s automobile drew heavily on the contingent fund. His chauffeur is i>aid at the rate of $1,000 a year. The first month the Vice Presi dent was In office the secretary of the Senate paid a bill of $246.30 for supplies for the automobile; in April It cost $67.46 while tn June three different firms presented bills aggregating about fl23 tor surpiies. HORf SHIPS AND IN FOR SERVICE Property Amounting to Millions of DoUars Saved by Rev enue Cutters. More ships. more officers and more men are needed by the revenue cutter service' to do Its work properly, and Capt. E. P. Bertholf, commandant of the service. In his annual report to Secretary McAdoo makes a plea that Congress have more regard for the needs of this service. After Riving detailed figures of the num ber of lives saved, the number of people in distress assisted and the number of ships aided, Capt. Bertholf says that all this was done for $2,471,532, about $3,000 less than Congress appropriated, although twenty-five cruising cutters and eighteen harbor vessels were employed. Figured on a monetary basis, the service saved about $4.30 for every dollar expended. The report says, however, that the all-im portant work of saving lives, destroying menacing derelicts and enforcing laws cannot be computed in dollars. Need of New Vessels. The report urges the replacing of the cutters Perry. Woodbury. Manhattan and Winona with modern vessels, estimated to cost about $925,000 In all. The Perry was lost in Bering sea in 1910, and the Woodbury. Manhattan and Winona are veterans of forty-nine, forty and twenty three years, respectively. Construction of three light-draft cut ters, each with four powerful life boats, equipped with all sorts of life saving appliances, is suggested for use on the Ohio and Mississippi rivers. These cutters would follow the crest of the flood down the rivers, carrying assistance to sufferers as they went. The estimated cost of the three Is $240,000. The point is made by the command ant that the service is in a critical situation regarding the recruiting of its commissioned personnel. Seven vacancies exist which cannot at f>resent be filled. Congress Is urged to author ize seven additional cadetships in 1915. and to make permanent authorisation in the following year for twenty-one cadets and cadet engineers. In Favor of Consolidation. Capt. Bertholf commends the proposed consolidation of the revenue cutter and life-saving services into the coast guard, declaring that it would result in in creased efficiency. He recommends the establishment of a supply depot in Alaska, preferably at Dutch Harbor, stating that it would mean an annual saving in coal expense alone of about $18,000. Only through strict economy and in many instances reductions in crews and restriction of operations. sflT? the report, was the service able to get along on the appropriation given last year. "It is therefore earnestly requested," it con cludes, "that Congress be urged to allot a sufficient amount for maintenance dur ing the next fiscal year, to the end that the service may be able to perform the duties required of it." Senfttor Pittman's Auto Damaged. An automobile belonging to Senator Key Pittman of Nevada this morning about 2 o'clock went over the sidewalk at lTth and K streets northwest, and damaged a fire plug. Charles IMllMng. chauffeur in charge of the car, was on his way to the garage and he found it necessary at 17th and K streets to make a sharp turn in order to avoid a collis ion with a bakery wagon. The aulonio bllc was badly damaged. The funeral of Capt. Joshua M. Fair bank of St. Michaels, Md., who Sled Tuesday, took place Friday from the Methodist Episcopal Church, the Rev. U. P. Northru pofficiating. UNKNOWN INDIAN TRIBE DISCOVERED IN BRAZIL Dr. Farabee's Amazon Expedition Makes Ban Find for University of Pennsylvania. PHILADELPHIA. December g.?Three tribes of Indians hitherto unknown have been discovered by the University of Pennsylvania Amazon expedition in regions of Brazil never before pene trated by white men. according to a letter received at the University Mu seum from Dr. Farabee, head of the expedition. The letter was dated Boa Vista. Brazil, which Is at the head waters of ordinary navigation on Ura racuera river, a northern affluent of the Amazon. Dr. Farabee stated that his party had just returned from an expedition up the Uraracuera river to a point much higher than any previous ly reached by white men. When finally halted by waterfalls, the letter continues, the party penetrated the Interior, where the Indian tribe* were found. The Indians call them selves Porocotos. Ajamaras and St pacae. Dr. Farabee made vocabularies of their languages, took photographs and collected many ethnological specimens Archeologtcal specimens of rare inter est were also found. The letter was dated October 7, and stated that ail members of the part: were well and were about to set out for Guinea to make further exploration*. Heads Germanic Museum at Harvard NEW YORK. December 8.?Word ha?< been received here that Hugo Relsmg of this city, merchant and patron .?f art. had been elected president of tli# Germanic Museum, at Harvard Univer sity. He succeeds his father-in-law, th# latf Adolphus Busch, who succeeded Carl Schurz. flrst president of th museum. From the Washington Times of Last Night. / # A Statement by Mr. Mnnsey Concerning Hie N. Y. Tribune's Persistent Attacks Some Comment That Carries Straight The New York Tribune in its, as yet unexplained, efforts to throw discredit on the Treasuiy Department, on The Munsey Trust Company, and on myself in connection with the taking over of The United States Trust Company by The Muns'ey Trust Company, says in part, in today's issue: Others Had More Cash. J A significant light on the official Treasury statement quoted in the Tribune of yesterday?that "the Munsey Trust Company was the best qualified bank in Washington to handle the situation/' and "this company had the largest reserve fund?more cash on hand?than perhaps any other Washington institution"?is cast by the sworn statement of the Munsey Trust Company of its condition at the close of .business on October 21, which gives its cash on hand, '-lawful money reserve," as $5,591.60. The same statement gives among the liabilities of the Munsey Trust Company "individual deposits subject to check. $1,320,510.51." The report of the Commercial National Bank of the same date shows that bank had cash amounting to $1,700,758; the District National Bank, $168,000 plus, and numerous banks had upward of $100,000 cash on hand. The obvious purpose of this is to discredit the statement of the Treasury Department and to discredit The Munsey Trust Company. This view is amply sustained by the facts, which are as follows: '* REPORT OF THE CONDITION OF THE MUNSEY TRUST COMPANY At Washington, in the District of Columbia, at the close of business October 21, 1913. RESOURCES. Loans and discounts $670,791.58 Overdrafts, secured and unsecured 65.82 Accrued interest 22,094.24 Bonds, securities, &c .' I>?37?952-77 Banking house, furniture and fixtures M 79.093-75 Due from national banks 285,545.10 Due from State and private banks and bankers, trust companies and savings banks 435.825:67 Checks and other cash items. Bills of other national banks Fractional paper currency, nickels and cents Lawful money reserve in bank, viz: Specie $4,636.60 Legal-tender notes 955-?? Organization expenses. 1.275.29 1,880.00 I77-30 5.591.60 6.464.25 LIABILITIES. Capital stock paid in $2,000,000.00 Surplus fund 152.620.00 Reserve for interest to depositors 5,274.97 Undivided profits, less expenses and taxes paid 3M7*75 36.447-72 Due to national banks 29,744.51 Due to trust companies and savings banks 92.436.20 Individual deposits subject to check? Checking accounts $642,032.44 Savings accounts 678,478.07 1,320,510.51 Time certificates of deposit * 11450.00 Certified checks 507.62 Cashier's checks outstanding 3/3140.81 Total $3>646,75737 Total $3,646.75737 * District of Columbia. City of Washington, ss: I, A. B. CLAXTON, Treasurer of the above-named ban k, do solemnly swear that the above statement is true, to the best of my knowledge and belief. A. B. CLAXTON, Treasurer. Subscribed and sworn to before me this 27th day of Octobcr, 1913. PETER H. HILL, Notary Public Correct?Attest: FR\NK A* MUNSEY, WM. F. GUDE, F.A.WALKER, WILTON J. LAMBERT. WM. HENRY WWtte, CHARLES H. JOHNSON, ASHLEY M. GOULD. W. T. DEWART, C. H. POPE, Directors. I It is true that the idle cash in our vault on this date was $5,591.60. It is also true that our cash in other banks immediately available was $724,703.36, which, together with the idle cash in vault, made $730,29^.96?all reserve money. Our total deposits on that date were $1*457,* 689.6 ?. This shows that our cash reserve on that date was over 50 per cent. No other bank in Washington had anything like so big a cash reserve. Indeed, the government requires of national banks only 25 per cent reserve, and has no fixed requirements for trust companies and savings banks. Custom here in the District of Columbia has fixed, I think, 12>4 per cent as reserve for trust companies and savings banks. With its over 50 per cent cash reserve, the Mnnsey Trust Company made a matchless showing of reserve strength. But this isn't all. The Munsey Trust Company owned in bonds and securities $i,037'952*77? which could have been converted into cash at a minute's notice* Add this to the cash reserve of $730,294.96 and we had immediately available cash to the extent of $1,768,247.73, which was $310,558.08 in ex cess of our total deposits. In other words, it was enough to pay back every dollar to depositors and have leftover $310,558.08. ?ut this isn't all, either. We had in loans and discounts $670,791.58?all perfectly good and sound, and on which cash could have been realized at once. cys':* Now, as to the Commercial National and District National banks. The Tribune says the Commercial had cash amounting to $1,700,759, intimating that this bank had this amount of cash in its vault, as against $5,591.60 in the vault of the Munsey Trust Company. The facts are these: The Commercial had in its vault on that date a cash reserve of $351,536.85. The balance of its reserve of $1,349,221.15 was in other banks, as was the case with The Munse^ Tryst Company. The total deposits of the Commercial on that date were $5,768,369.24. Its cash reseprve, therefore, was 29H cent, which was a good reserve and more than cov ered the requirements of the government. But in contrast with a cash reserve of over 50 pej* cent of The Munsey Trust Company is not quite the kind of a showing the New York Tribune presented. ! The District National Bank, to which the Tribune also referred for the purpose of slugging The Munsey Trust Company, showed in total cash reserve, in its vault and in other banks, something over 31 per cent .against over 50 per cent of The Munsey Trust Company. 9 In view of these facts the statement in the New York Tribune is inconceivable. No good purpose can be served by "journalism" of this kind. The man who writes a partial statement, which, by reason of intended omissions, reads a lie, is at heart a though the exact words he pens be true. There can be no doubt about this, and it applies as well and with equal force to the newspaper which publishes it.