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Rain tonight and Sunday, with colder temperature Sunday; brisk northwest winds. FULL REPORT ON PAGE THREE. About every one in Washing* ton who reads at all reads The Star. No. 19,477. WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, JANUARY 24, 1914?TWENTY-TWO PAGES. ONE CENT. Mayor Mitchel Also Says He Will Not Be Governor of Panama Canal. TWO CONDITIONS MUST BE FULFILLED, HOWEVER Belief Here He Will Act as Gov ernor of Canal Zone for Year First. NEW YORK, January 24.?If Col. Ceorrre TV. Goethals should be offered the S>osition of governor of the Canal Zone "by President Wilson he will not accept. This is the interpretation Mayor John Purroy Mitchel placed today on Col. Goethals* present attitude toward the j>olice commisstonehip of this city, which has been tendered him. "If language means anything," said the mayor. "Col. Goethals will become police commissioner of New York city, provided two conditions which he imposes are ful filled. I expert these conditions to be realized." ? The mayor added that if occasion de manded he would go to Washington to see President Wilson in the matter, and that he expected, at any rate, to get in touch with the President shortly. He had no official knowledge, he said, of any intention on the part of the President to offer Col Goethals the governorship of the Canal Zone, but he did expect that the President would grant the colonel's proposed request for retirement from the army. This, he intimated, would be the subject to be taken up with the Presi dent. Two Conditions Imposed. The two conditions imposed by Col. Goethals are his retirement from the army and the enactment of legislation which will give the police commissioner power to remove subordinates without court review. "I have not asked the Pr#sident to re tire Col. Goethals as yet," said the mayor in reply to a question, "but I ex pect to get in touoh with him shortly. I am willing to wait several months for the colonel. I certainly never expected him to take the position until he has finished his duties in the Canal Zone." Mayor Mitchel ?was in conference with counsel today preparing a bill to be sub mitted to the state legislature giving the police commissioner the power Col. Goethals desires. He called Lieut. Gov. Wagner into conference and received as surances from him that the bill would have the support of the administration at Albany. Mrs. Roosevelt Takes a Hand. The fact that Col. Goethals was willing to entertain, under certain conditions, a proposal to accept the police commis slonership is said to have been due to Mrs. Theodore Roosevelt, wife of the for mer President, more than to any one e se. CoL Goethals was first approached on the subject by Mayor John Purroy Mitchel. No direct offer was made, but the colonel made it known that he would not accept. Mrs. Roosevelt visited Pan ama soon after Mayor Mitchel left, and. it is said, learned that Col. Goethals was considering the tentative offer made to him by the mayor. Mrs. Roosevelt at once became interested, and talked with I'M. Goethals about the New York police department, recalling Mr. Roosevelt's ex periences when he was commissioner. She urged the colonel to reconsider his determination. Mrs. Roosevert and Mrs. Goethals also discussed the matter. Mrs. Goethals. it is understood, is anxious to leave Panama for good, and told Mrs. Roosevelt so. and it was on her suggestion that Mayor Mitchel was urged to send an emissary to Col. Goethals. Mrs. Goethals came to New York on the same steamship with Mrs. Roosevelt when the latter returned from Panama. Communicates With Mayor Mitchel% Upon her arrival in New York Mrs. Roosevelt communicated with Mayor Mitchell and told him there was a pos sibility that Col. Goethals might accept the commissionership. The mayor Imme diately took up the question with George W. Perkins, with the result that Mr. Per kins went to Panama and has Just re turned with Col. Goethals' conditional ac ceptance. The publication of Col. Goethals' letter drew from Washington the statement that I It was the understanding that President ' Wilson had all along Intended to appoint the builder of the canal as first governor of the Canal Zone. Understanding In Washington. In discussing this report as to the in tention of President Wilson to make Col. Goethals head of the new Panama gov ernment Lindley M. Garrison, Secretary of War. who is in New York, today said that the understanding in Washington was in accord with his idea of the situa tion He had always supposed that Col Goethals would be appointed governor of the Canal Zone and believed that he would prefer to remain in Panama as long as he could be of service there. "I consider the services of Col. Goethals invaluable." Secretary Garrison said, "and I hope he will remain in Panama." Goethals' Letter to Mitchel. CoL Goethals in his letter to Mayor Mitchel. said: "I have given much consideration to your kind offer to appoint me police com missioner, and have discussed it fully with Mr. Perkins. I can only reiterate what I have stated to you?that the posi tion strongly appeals to me, but there are certain conditions which prevent me from accepting it. "In the first place, it has been my hope and desire to see the canal completed anu In satisfactory operation. If our ex pectations are realized, this should be ac-1 complished before the close of the year. "In the second place, I am an officer on the active list of the army, and while occupying this status lam not at liberty ' to accept outside employment. "There are. therefore, only two courses [ for me to pursue to enable me to accept your offer?one is to resign from the service and the other is to be placed on I the retired list. The former I would not consider. For the last few years I have lK-en looking forward to securing the ad- ( vantages of retirement at the close of my cuty here. I have served nearly thirty /our years, and the President, under the (Continued on Fourth Page.) I Would Shut Out Aliens Until All Laborers in United States Have Employment. STRIKE AS A WEAPON TO PUT STOP TO WARS Government Is Asked to Consider Wofkers in Buying Coal for the Navy. INDIANAPOLIS. Ind.. January 24.? Laws to prohibit further immigration until al! surplus laborers in the United States are fully employed were favored by a resolution adopted at the convention of the United States Mine Workers of America today. The resolution was in troduced by the Roslyn, Washington, union. Another resolution expressing sympathy for the striking copper miners in Michi gan was adopted without debate. The abolition of international wars by means of a general strike was proposed in a resolution introduced by Duncan McDonald of Illinois. The resolution was adopted and referred to the International Mining Congress. McDonald declared it to be the only method to stop interna tional wars. Thinks Carnegie's Plan Futile. He praised the work of Andrew Car negie for international peace, but said his plans were futile. He declared that the burden of carrying on wars, both in money and life, fell on the laboring classes. McDonald presented another resolution instructing the international officers to call on the federal gov&rnment to pur chase coal for the battleships only from mines where "miners are employed eight hours a day and where humane condi tions obtained." The resolution states that the government for a number of years has been purchasing fuel for the navy from non-union mines of the Vir ginias, Maryland and that vicinity. The resolution was unanimously adopted. Condemns Colorado Governor. Gov. E. M. Ammons of Colorado is con demned in a resolution presented to the convention by the union at Oak Creek, Col. Action on the resolution was ex pected today. The same local condemns the deporta tion of Charles H. Moyer, president of the Western Federation of Miners, from the copper strike zone in Michigan and "extends our deepest sympathy to our brothers and their families in Calumet, Mich., on account of their bereavement on Christmas eve, which, we believe, was caused by the mine owner* and their hired thugs and assassins." One resolution requests the convention to call on Congress to pass a law making it unlawful fof any person, firm or cor poration to import into a strike district from another state any strike-breakers, non-union workmen, detectives or gun men for the purpose of using them to help break the strike. The resolution also requests a law to prohibit the use of state troops in the strike districts. OFFICERS ON THE TRAIL OF THREE TRAIN LOOTERS Bandits Bob Express Safe of $100 and Make Their Escape on Horses. FACKLERS, Ala., January 24.?Rail road detectives and deputy sheriffs early today with bloodhounds began search for three men who looted express and mail cars of the Southern Railway passenger train near here, and, starting the loco motive and the two cars on a wild run, disappeared on horses. The train ran without a guiding hand at the throttle to Larkinsville, Ala., nineteen miles away, where it stopped when the locomotive went dead. The two passenger coaches of the train were picked up early today by a train from Chattanooga, Tenn., which brought the officers and dogs. Blow Safe, Get $100. The robbers obtained a sum estimated at $100 by blowing the express car safe. Their search through the mail car failed to produce anything, as only second class matter was in the pouches. No at tempt was made to molest passengers. Those who ventured out when the train was halted were sent back by a patter of bullets. The bandits did their work in a lonely spot. The locomotive and mail and ex press cars first were detached from the passenger coaches and run down the track a hundred yards. One of the rob bers guarded the engine crew and mail and express clerks while the other two robbed the cars. Unearth $10,000 Worth of Goods. PITTSBURGH. January 24.-Post office inspectors here today unearthed worth of merchandise which they allege was shipped here from St. Louis by L. Ruben, who is being held by the fed eral authorities under a white slave chargr. They declare that Ruben, who is also known as Max Cohen, when he discovered that his tirm was in danger of bankruptcy, shipped the goods to him self. and followed them with a woman to Pittsburgh. THE DAY IN CONGEESS. Senate i Met at noon. Resumed debate on the Alaska railroad bill, with prospects of a final vote before adjournment. Houses Met at noon. Post office appropriation bill passed. Radium hearing continued before the mines committee. Railroad men urged the com merce committee to report favora bly a bill requiring electric head lights on interstate roads. Rules committee failed to approve project for woman suffrage commit tee and adopted special rules to ex * pedite immigration bill, congres sional investigation of Colorado and Michigan mine strikes and general road bill. Not Strong Supporter of Ra dium Land Withdrawal, T. F. V. Curran Says. SENSATION AT CAPITOL CAUSED BY STATEMENT i Cancer Surgeon Quoted as Regarding Discovery of Ore-Working Pro cess Most Necessary. A sensatirn was sprung at the Capitol , today when Thomas F. V. Curran, a miner i and prospector of Placerville. Co!-, an- . nounced that he would go on the stand j this evening hefore the House committee oil mines and mining and testify that last night Dr. Howard A. Kelly, the can- ? cer surgeon of Baltimore, told him that 1 he, Kelly, was not a strong supporter of the proposition of Secretary Lane to with draw from public entry all the radium bearing lands in the west. Up to this time Dr. Kelly has been re garded as Mr. bane's strongest civilian supporter in the withdrawal movement I on the ground that thus only would j enough radium be obtained for the treat- i ment of the I'OO.OOO cancer victims in the j United States. "Dr. Kelly and 1 have been great friends , for a long time," said Mr. Curran today, | "and last night 1 had a long talk with | him in his office in "Baltimore, as I wanted ? to see him before his departure for fc,u- | rope. He sailed today. Dr. Kelly told me that the thing he would like most to see would be the discovery by the gov ernment of a reliable process for the ex tracticn of radium from the carnotite Ore and the publication of such a process to the world. ^ Would Have Sure Method. "In this way. Dr. Kelly explained to me, the miners would have at their dis posal a sure method for obtaining the radium from the ore. Being in this" po sition, they could put up mills and fac tories and produce the ore and the ra dium in any amounts required by the public welfare. He regarded it as a sure thing that such a condition would result in there being enough radium at a rea sonable price for the treatment of cancer and other diseases and afflictions. "He said he did not favor the with drawal of the radium lands from public entry if the government could satisfy^ it self in any way that private monopoliza tion of them could be avoided. What v'c want, he declared, is not any restriction of the production of radium, such as is predicted to be sure to follow the with drawals. but the freest and largest pro duction of it possible. He thought it but natural to assume that the government s discovery and publication of a process for extracting the radium would solve the whole problem." Quorum Not Present. A quorum of the committee on mines and mining was not present this morn ing to continue the hearing of statements in reaard to the radium controversy, and it was announced that the committee will meet at 7:^0 o'clock this evening to con tinue the hearing. Mr. Curran expects to be one of the witnesses tonight, and he declared today that his only object is to tell of his conversation with Dr. Kelly last night. In a previous statement before the com mittee Mr. Curran, who owns seventy eight claims of carnotite ore in Colorado, paid a high tribute to Dr. Kelly's work and philanthropic motives. And Dr. Kelly, in making a statement earlier in the hear ings, expressed his admiration of the work done by Mr. Curran in Colorado. The close friendship between the two men makes the Curran statement today all the more interesting. Government Plant Planned. Another step forward bringing together the differences of opinion over the with drawal of lands containing radium bear ing ores was reached in the conference in the office of Secretary Lane yesterday with members of Congress and others who were opposed to the withdrawal of the lands. During the conference tenta tive plans for the construction of a great government radium producing plant in Colorado were discussed. It was agreed that there ahould be no announcement concerning the scheme until the .details have been worked out, but it is under stood that the Colorado senators and representatives told decretal} Lane that they would not continue opposition to the pending bills for withdrawal of radium bearing lands from entry if they could be assured that the lands would be devel oped and not allowed to stand untouched for conservation's sake. Secretary' Lane has been urging the witi.>irawal of the radium lands to pre vent fhem from falling into the hands of a private monopoly. ? NEBRASKA CITIES IN BACE. Lincoln and Omaha Present Claims for Regional Reserve Bank. LINCOLN, Neb., January 24.?Secre taries McAdoo and Houston of the regional bank reserve committee arrived in Lincoln today for a hearing on location of the reserve bank. Lincoln's claims as a reserve city were presented by Presi dent P. L. Hall of the Central National Bank and other business men. The city's position as a center of a rich agricultural district and its railroad facilities were made the basis of the argument. Henry W. Yates, president of the Nebraska National Bank, and others spoke for Omaha. CUT IN OCEAN RATES. Big Steamer Exclusively for Third Class and Steerage Passengers. BREMEN. Germany, January 24.?The transatlantic passenger rate war be tween the German shipping companies was opened today with an announce ment by the North German Lloyd that its steamer Kaiser Wilhclm der Grosse will be placed at the exclusive disposal of the third-class and steerage passengers. Third class rates will entitle passengers on this ship to the same accommodations. I saloons and speed as are provided for I tirst-class passengers. Damaged Schooner Reaches Port. NORFOLK. Va? January 24,-The three-masted schooner Levi S. Andrews, I from Philadelphia to Savannah. Ga? with coal, tiereiofore reported ^*ched off Larr'amore life-saving station, north of Cape Charles, was today towed into Nor folk by the wrecking tug X. J. Merritt, by which she was floated. The Andrews will repair here and proceed for 8a i vannah. a THE PROPOSED POLICE COMMISSIONER OF NEW YORK. DISTRICT CORPORATIONS SUBJECT TO TRUST ACTS Those Not Doing Interstate Com merce Will FeeL Proposed Legislation. "The District of Columbia and trie cor porations doing business here will of course come under the operations of the proposed trust legislation." said Senator Newlands, chairman of the Senate com mittee on interstate commerce, today. ?%Vhile I assume that most of the big corporations in the District which will be governed by these proposed laws are really doing an interstate commerce, the authority which is vested In Congress to exercise, jurisdiction over the District will make these laws apply also to those corporations in the District which do not do an interstate commerce, but confine their operations alone to the District." Senator Newlands said that no meeting of his committee had been called yet, though he and other members of the committee were having informal confer ences with members of the House com mittee, particular.y with reference to the lines of the proposed bills. Bill by No Means Complete. "These bills cannot by any means be considered complete at present," said Senator Newlands. "They are really frames so far, upon which legislation is to be hung, so to speak." The question as to whether the House and Senate committees shall hold joint hearings on the trutt bills or separate hearings had not yet been decided, said Mr. Newlands. As soon as the Alaska railway bill has been disposed of in the Senate, Mr. New lands said, he would introduce the bill creating a commission to deal with cor porations doing an interstate commerce. He has been prevented from formally in troducing this bill the last two days be cause no business has been in order be fore the Senate except the consideration of the Alaska bill. COMTEK ON TRUST BILLS. Democrats Discuss Plans for Han dling Various Measures. Informal conferences of democratic senators and representatives who are members of the various committees handling the proposed anti-trust meas ures were held today. Plans were dis cussed with legislators interested particu larly in trust legislation who are not members of the Committees and also with heads of executive departments. Attorney General McReynohls, it was agreed, could be consulted on all pro posed changes to tentative bills al ready made public. Senator Newlands and Representatives Clayton and Adam son, who head the three committees now in charge of the bills, will keep in touch with Mr. McReynolds, and members of the interstate commerce commission are to be consulted with regard to the inter state trade commission and the proposed bill to provide federal regulation of rail road securities. Harmonious action was t^e determina tion of -*11 members of the committees, and assurances were given that there would a$se no further conflict?.relfitipg to committee jurisdiction. The question has been settled in the House, and in' the Senate. It was stated today, there would be no trouble b'et\Veen Senator Newlands' interstate commerce committee and the judiciary committee, headed by Senator Overman. Served U. S. Court Fifty Years. HARTFORD, Conn., January 24.? Capt. Edwin E. Martin, an officer of the United States court here for more than fifty years, died today at the age of eighty-one. He served in the civil war as an officer. Bank Bobbers Get $5,000. LUDLOW, Mo.. January 24.?Robbers blew open the vault in the Farmers' Bank here early today and escaped with $5,000, mostly silver. So quietly did they work that the robbery was not dis covered until several hours later. RUIN WROUGHT BY BOMB Extensive Conservatory in Glasgow Is Blown to Pieces?Suffragettes Suspected. GLASGOW, Seotland, January 24.?A bomb outrage, believed by the police to have been carried out by militant suf fragettes, today destroyed the exten sive conservatory in the Glasgow bo tanic gardens, known as the Kibble Crystal Palace. The great glass roofs and sides of the structure were blown into thousands of pieces. Many valuable plants were ruined. A caretaker succeeded in severing the fuse of a second bomb just before the first one exploded. He had a nar row escape from losing his life by being struck by some of the flying splinters of metal and glass. Footprints and remains of food found in the bushes in the vicinity of the conservatory indicate -that the perpe trators of the outrage had hidden tor some time, awaiting an opportunity to set the fuses of the bombs. CLIMBS UP LINER'S SIDE Miss Margaret Wilson Boards Ship to Greet Her Sister, Mrs. Sayre. NEW YORK. January 24.?With a rope about her waist, Miss Margaret Wilson climbed up the side of the White Star liner Majestic at quarantine today to greet her sister Jessie, who returned from abroad with her husband, Francis Bowes Sayre. Miss Margaret went down the bay on the revenue cutter Manhattan with Dudley Field Malone, the collector of the port. The sea was a bit rough at the time, and the rope was made fast about her waist as a precaution. During the rough weather that the Majestic experienced Mrs. Sayre was thrown against the door of her stateroom, wrenching her wrist. It was necessary to carry it in a sling for a day or two, but when the ship docked today she was experiencing no ill effects of the injury. After a short stay in Washington the Say res will go to Williamstown, Mass., where Mr. Sayre will assist the president of Williams College. Ambassador Page Is King's Guest. LONDON, January 24.?Walter Hines Page, the United States ambassador, and his wife are among the guests of King George and Queen Mary at the first of a series of week-end parties to be given during their majesties' stay at Windsor Castle. The ambassador and Mrs. Page left London today for the castle, where they are to remain until Monday. P. L. Polk Gets $15,000 Job. NEW YORK, January 24.?Frank L. Polk, a great nephew of President Polk, Was appointed corporation counsel by Mayor Mitchel today. The position pays $13,000 a year. Mr. Polk is forty-three years old, and a Yale graduate. He served in Mr. Mitchel's campaign last fall as treasurer. Murderer Hanged in Montreal. MONTREAL, January 24. ? William Campbell, a negro, was hanged here to day for the murder of George Mulr of this city August 14. Campbell was want ed in Cincinnati for the murder of two women. McCormick Defeats Holberg. MELBOURNE. Australasia, January 24.?"Tom" McCormick, the Australian pugilist, was today given the verdict on a foul in the sixth round of a match with Waldemar Holberg. the Danish pugilist, for the welterweight champion ship of Australasia. Holbert waa out classed all through the contest. 1L LONDON IS SUFFERING THROUGH LACK OF FUEL Strike of Coal Carriers Emphasized by Spell of Severe Cold ' Weather. LONDON, January 24.?The fact that 10.000 <-oal carriers are on strike in Lon don was brought home to the citizens to day by a severe cold wave. The men left work Tuesday, demanding an in crease of 2 cents a ton for loading coal. They were receiving 18 cents a ton.'Their absence from work had not been gen erally noticed, as the weather has been warm. Today the pinch was felt, and many residents decided to follow the re cent example of the citizens of Leeds, who during the strike of municipal street sweepers, ga's, electricity and water em ployes voluntarily carried on the work until the strike was broken. How House Owners Get Supply. Private limousines, taxicabs, landaus, carts, hand barrows, and evpn peram bulators were drawn up this morning at the various coalyards, where the owners themselves loaded their conveyances with coal to replenish their cellars. About 100 medical students dressed in white smocks loaded and carted many tons of coal to the various hospitals. Hotel employes in gold-braided uniforms, chauffeurs, fatigue parties from the guard regiments, tradesmen and many women were among those working in the coal yards. Indications are that the strike will not be a prolonged one. as several of the employers have already yielded. Prof. Capen Accepts Position. WORCESTER, Mass., January 24'.? Prof.- Samuel P. Capen of Clark Univer sity announced today that he will ac cept the appointment tendered to him Thursday night by Secretary Lane of the Interior Department as specialist in higher education for the United States bureau of education. He resigned today from the faculty at Clark University and will begin his new duties in Wash ington February. 1. The * Double-Barreled Town By GLENMORE DAVIS SOUNDS sort o' humor ous, doesn't it? Well, it is. It's another of those circus stories with which Dav4s is making circus life famous. Texas is the scene *>f this one, and the rivalry be tween two tent shows and between two towns is the theme. There was certain ly a ruction when the load of watermelons was up set, accidentally on pur pose. | Tomorrow in the Sunday Magazine OF The Sunday Star PRESIDENT IS KEPT FROM GOLF BY RAIN Goes for an Automobile Ride and Stays Away From Executive Offices. NO DIPLOMATIC CRISIS BEFORE ADMINISTRATION Scheduled Conference With Foreign Relations Committee Declared Without Significance. President Wilson started out early this morning for his Saturday game of golf. Arriving on the links of the Washington Country Ciub he found a steady rain falling and th*? links foggy. After a short automobile ride the President re lumed to the White House, but did not go to the executive offices. There is no especial significance in President Wilson's asking the foreign re lations committee of the Senate to con fer with, him next Monday night. The President has been engaged so long in putting forward domestic and national matters that he has heretofore given lit tle time to international and foreign ques tions. No "Crisis" at Hand. There are many things the President wishes to go into when the committee meets with him. but today's information, from well informed circles, is that there is nothing of immediate importance for consideration. At least there is no "crisis" in any direction unless the prospects of the crumbling of the Huerta government lend a probability. The unratified arbitration treaties and the peace treaties of Secretary Bryan, which have the backing of the President, are before the foreign relations com mittee. The claims of the Colombian government against the United States growing out of the seizure of Panama, which the President wishes to settle amicably and fairly; the Japanese alien land controversy, the Mexican situation and some other matters require atten tion in the Senate. Senator Bacon, chairman of the com mittee, talked with the President last night, but said that he talked of Georgia matters only. Children Join Relief Work. Little Miss Isis Winters of Anaconda. Alont., has forwarded to President Wil son, as head of the Red Cross. $2.t50 for relief of the earthquake sufferers in Japan. In her letter Miss Winters, who is in the fifth grade of Lincoln School at Anaconda, wrote: "We have all heard of the terrible dis aster that has just occurred in Japan. We have a'l contributed a nickel or a dime toward helping these poor people;. We haven't mucji money to spare, so some of us gave up the 'movies' on Sat urday and some of us ran errands to earn the money. We hope it will get to Japan in time to help the poor boys and girls." The President has sent a letter of thanks to the little writer, in which he expresses himself as delighted to hear from her. BILLS INPAllENT 10 CURB GERMAN ARMY Forbid Use of Arms Against Civil ians, Except in Self . Defense. BERLIN, January 24.?The German imperial parliament today, in order to demonstrate its indignation over the re cent incidents between the military and civilians at Zabern, Alsace, adopted, by a large majority, a resolution demanding government action to prevent the use of troops against citizens unless at the re quest of the civil authorities. The house thereafter took the first step toward the adoption of a law to prohibit such occurrences in case the government should fail to act. Use of Arms Forbidden. A bill was introduced prohibiting abso lutely the intervention of troops without a requisition and forbidding the use of arms by the military except in self-de fense, to overcome actual resistance, to force the disarmament of armed persons or in the arrest of fugitives. The bill v.-as referred to a special committee. Another bill drafted by the socialists would subject members of the army and navy to the jurisdiction of the civil courts. It was also referred to a com mittee. The house then adjourned till January 28, breaking off its discussion of the im perial budget as a protest against the absence of Imperial Chancellor Von Bethraann-Hollweg and the other min isters during the debate. LABOR DEFENSE FUND SAVED. Potters' Brotherhood Will Not Divide $500,000, Vote Indicates. BAST LIVERPOOL, Ohio, January 24.? It was stated *by officers of the National Brotherhood of Operative Potters here to day that the indications are that the reso lution of the kilnmen and other unions to divide the five-hundred-thousand-dol lar defense fund of the organization has been defeated. The referendum vote on the question will be completed tonight. It will be officially announced Monday. The adoption of the resolution would leave the organization without funds and would practically insure its disruption. SENDS CONVICTS TO COUNTIES. Gov. Blease of South Carolina Adopts New Prison Policy. COLUMBIA. S. C., January 24.?Sen tences of seven convicts in the state penitentiary from Spartanburg county, three of whom were convicted of statu tory assault and two of homicides, were commuted today by Gov. Blease, to be served on the public works of Spartan burg county, with reduced terms. Approximately forty convicts have been released from the state prison this month by this procedure. Gov. Blease contends that the ocnvicts will be of great service on the county works. . V REBELS THREATEN i GREAT OIL FIELDS War Payments to Be Forced for Supplying Federal Trains. GRAVE COMPLICATIONS MAY FOLLOW MOVE Mexican Fields Owned by Foreign Interests?Huerta Regime Be lieved Near End. Warnings that oil companies In Mexico which have been supplying fuel to gov ernment trains are to be subjected to re prisals and forced to make war payments to the rebels were contained in dispatches received from the constitutionalists to- . day. It was said that the oil companies were told several weeks ago that they would have to stop giving oil to federal trains or suffer the consequences. These warnings have been disregarded, it was declared. j Should the rebels carry out their j threats it is expected that grave compli cations may ensue, since most of the oil properties in Mexico are owned by for eigners. The principal oil fields are in the states of Vera Cruz and San Luis Potosi and are now being threatened by the reb els. The constitutionalists claim that they have a right to destroy the oil fields when their enemies are getting sup piles from them. Word From Rebels. The rebels sent word that they were willing to protect the oil properties so long as federal troop trains were not supplied with oil. Since oil is the prin cipal fuel used for railway trains in Mexico, the destruction of the great oil wells would have the effect of tying up communication between different parts of the country, at least temporarily. Conviction in administration circles that the Huerta regime in Mexico is rapidly approaching the collapse which has been persistently predicted has led to much discussion here of the nature of John Lind's frequent conferences with Mexi can leaders. Belief is freely expressed that President Wilson's representative is surveying the situation with a view to determining how events will shape them selves when the Huerta structure topples. Diplomats Interested. Mr. Lind's latest conferences with Jesus Flores Magon and other Mexican states men have interested members of the diplomatic corps, who point that In view of President Wilson's reiterated state ments that he would not recognize Huerta nor any of the things he stands for the American envoy might very naturally be inauced to throw out hints as to what type of man would meet witli approval at the White House. They thougnt that Mexicans would in all likelihood e?" brace an opportunity to sound Mr. Land iniormaliy as to the acceptability of various leaders who might arise when tne crisis is reached. forced .Loans Burdensome. The general condition of financial af fairs in Mexico was summarized in this statement from the State Department: "Americans are iinding the forced loans levied uj.on them a great burden." Secretary Daniels has sent tins message to Hear Admiral W. C. Cowies, com manding the American squadron in Mex ican Pacinc waters: "I'pon the occasion of your detachmcnt from present duties and your orders to the command of the important station in \siatic waters the department wisnes to assure you of .ts appreciation oi your able anu discreet management of artans on the west coast of Mexico. MAY PETITION WILSON. Mexican Financial Situation Arouses London Chamber of Commerce. JXiNDON, January 'H.?A circular dealing With tile financial situation in Mexico was sent out today to members of the London Chamber of Commerce. The members are asked to express tlieir views "as to whether Great Brit ain should take steps, in conjunction with France and Germany, to ask Pres ident Wilson to take some action to regularize the financial position of Mexico." Baron Southwark is presi dent of the chamber. Mexico's default in the payment of interest on its bonds has aroused con Liable feeling in financial quarter, in London, and it has been suggested that Sir fciiward Grey, the British for lien secretary, might advantageously fnftUte negotiations with Berlin and Paris. U. S. S. Ohio Of for Vera Cruz. PHII.ADEI.PH1A, January 1!4.?The battleship Ohio left the Philadelphia navy yard today for Vera Cruz. The ship has been under assignment to go to Mex ican waters for some time, but was de lved betause of the outbreak of small pox a mo nt the crew on the recent cru.se to Europe. SOCIAL SERVICE INSTRUCTION. Yale Divinity School Plans to Use $350,000 Gift for Purpose. \'E\V HAVKN, Conn.. January 24.?The Ei(t of *?'?.<?"> to the Yale Div'"',y School, announced by the university cor poration Monday, will be use. in Pjjrt at least, to provide a department of soual service for men who wish to become probation officers. Juvenile ?"urt officers and secretaries of workers ?n^al SrsSsS? nerism. charity and labor disputes. . The divinity school has a membership of 103. It is non-sectarian SIR DAVID GILL DEAD. Scottish Astronomer and Widely Known Scientist Passes Away. LONDON. January 114 ?Sir David GUI. the Scottish astronomer, died here today, in his seventy-flrst year. ^ir David was one of the most widely known of scientists. He was a former president of the British association and held scientific degrees from many univer sities He was a member of the acade mies of science of Washington. New York. Boston. Philadelphia, Rome. Su Petersburg. Berlin. Amsterdam and Stockholm, and a coVresponding ??nb?r of the French Institute. He wu knighted by King Edward la 1800.