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New Foundations Must Be
Built. Says Department of Agriculture. CAUSES OF HIGH-PRICED MEATS ARE REVEALED Statistics Also Show Fallacy of the "Passing of the Horse" Idea. '??initiations must be constructed v. ...... to rebuild the cattle indus ?r the count;y. This seems to he the ??Jit contained i;; a bulletin on meat -torage, just issued by the Department of Agriculture. and which sets down in plain ? gures th great decline in the rattle I .using and meat producing: industry. Be- \ ginning with cattle statistics in 1S40, the | bulletin goes on to show the enormous de- | crease in cattle raising since. "Most un- i satisfactory" is the stamp put upon the j showing. Causes for the decreased pro- j tiuction :?';d increased value are cited. After giving a concise history of the j v: s a:j-l downs of the cattle industry the j bulletin sa> s that by lSi?? the number of j < attle had Increased to r.l,S.Vj,o?x>. When the census of P.?0o was taken the number cif cattle was ."il'.iW.'MX Lands Increase in Price. j ' Then." the bulletin continues, "follow- > rd the exhaustion of the supply of public \ and railroad lands fur grazing purposes, ! the encroachment of settlers upon the ransre>, tin- "no fence law.' the practice of dry fanning and the upward movement of the general price level, in which farm animals, products and land moved up v.;<I :n pr;ce in greater degree than most ot' ? . products and property did. The ( -..I n'-.v-mcnt of prices, especially of ? ?.in a . i land, greatly increased the cost of s- kibeef. and although farmers ?-d h;gh prices for beef cattle, these p? ! .?- ? ? ;^ht little or no profit. "r. i iiiris have never regarded th*-m s Ives having a mission t*? supply the] p.iMi? with beef at a low price. They ; .. . > 11 >- treated this industry ?, t. : . t .?'?onomo- viewpoint, and v.\ .. have found that they ? ?? j ? .;.k? moiv ;?:*? ?tit or prevent loss i i . r. <- iiintr of cattle, or by j .v. ; _ their pr-.? luction stock. ??: > selling calves, they have done so.! Th - bee*; . ,ttle on old-time I i;.n^?--. ? ? ip pasture.-, and on low-} p: ? has - eased, and well-in-j tVr::>-i perceive that the rais- j ivg t.? must be established iargel\ oil nt11.1 foundations." Shows Decline of Cattle. i-'n.:n th?- highest point reached in i n i.aber ..tile ??n farms other than! inikh co.vs aUout when the num-| ber was more than aO.OOO.Oi'o, the num- ?, I>er declined to !l,17>.o?)o in 1910 arid to j Sio 55.'in II.'14. according to the fig- i ures produced in the bulletin. There v. as .4 ? of one animal per capita of the : population in l>r?*?, and ...J of one ani-! mal ii: This average was not stir-j pas.--, i until Is'."'. when the per capita ratio was of one animal. The j highest point reached, as far as is I known. is .?7 of one animal per capita of the population, in from which j tim* the ratio declined rapid v and j 'kintrly to . 4.r> of one an.rnal pei tap- ; ita in 1910. and .3t> of one animal in j li* 14. or but little more than half as; much as the ratio of 1900. The shortage of meat animals is prob- j ably li i-j to a number of contributing i causes." the bulletin says, "such as j th. encroachment of farms upon | th? range territory; absence of a piop? r range-leasing law permitting ' economical management and utilization j of ranges; the shortage in the corn and ? forage crop due to the at-vere drought in j Kansas. Nebraska and Oklahoma in lt>13, j which caused the farmers in those states I to dispose of their meat animals; the in- ; crease in the value of land and the in-j creased cost of labor and stock feed, re- ! suiting in grealv increasing the cost of j production. Other Causes Cited. ' Other causes are the decline in stock raising on farms in the east and south because of poor marketing facilities re sulting from many local slaughtering es tablishments having been driven out of business by the competition of the great ? rural slaughtering establishments of the west and central west: the tempta ?'??:: to sell iive stock at the prevailing! high prices rather than to continue to j a : them with high-priced stock feed,] p -ssibie loss from disease or accident and ' i rtain prices the following year: in- j r ii5r J<innfliiUiflMJuaBiB8iuram3tt!mir!*^nfaT4atimi3 u ' LORD LONGBOW-HE METAMORPHOSES A WHALE. ""I ?uriiiu- ;iu international balloon i ;? \v u.il* - "As tlie basket was drawn close to his whales hip I inserted "As he was a half-starved whale, he soon be ?nine a W, .an;.- ?i.?\vn ; ami s?. swallowed me anchor and started to gobble the rov-f t he appendix of the balloon into his mouth. Jirst-elass balloon, so I cut the original bag loose. bally bashi-bazouks thr.-*v us a i>-j wv ? * ::s one would eat spaghetti. himself lor ? few davs, as th?- u.is mad.- him ?i ?. ? Copyright. l?14. by W. Werner.) silly ass. y,- know " I creased tendency to operate farms under ! short-ti-rm leases, with no incentive to I maintain soil fertility through stock ra.s ! ing; possession of leased farms changed ! at wrong season of year for handling stock economically; enormous losses from cholera in swine, and the competition of higher prices for other farm products. "These are some of the causes which are mentioned to account for the appar ent shortage in meat animals, but the extent of their influence, singly or com bined. is not definitely known. They uill undoubtedly be considered by the com mitter which was recently appointed by the Secretary of Agriculture to investi gate the economics of the present meat situation, of which Dr. 11. T. Ga!!oway, assistant secretary of agriculture, is chairman, and Dr. H. J. Waters, presi dent Kansas Agricultural Ooll*g? lTof. F. Curtiss, director Iowa Agricultural College: H. \V. Mumford, professor ani mal husbandry, X'rbana, 111.: Dr. A. D. Melvin. chief bureau of animal industry and Dr. T. X. Carver, director rural or ganization service, are members. Increase in Value. "The la rge increase in the value of meat animals on farms is probably accounted for by the increased cost of production and the increased consumption or de mand arising from the fact that produc tion has not kept pace with the increase in population, and in the case of cattle and sheep has actually declined. "The unprecedented increase in the aver age value of meat animals does not necessarily mean that farmers or stock raisers are making more, if any, profit On the contrary, the cost of production has pro!>ao!y increased more rapidly than the increase in the selling price of live stock. It is well known that producers oi farm products are the last to receive any benefit from higher j rices paid by consumers, yet th- y are prompt to in crease production if there is a prospect of realizing better returns. The very fact that there is a present shortage ?? nearly 1h ??>.????: ? meat animals in the nited States since the census of l'.'lo indicates clearly that the business is not profitable to producers: otherwise every farmer and stock rais-.v in the country would have increased his herds of m? at animals. Farm Value of Stock. "It should be borne in mind that the estimated average value of meat ani mals is their value on the farm, and not the wholesale or retail value. The farm value, or average price received on farms, is much less than the whole sale prices, which in turn are consid erably less than the retail price to consumers. Just what the difference is between the price at the farm and the cost to the ultimate consumer is not definitely known, partly because the ultimate consumer is not definitely known, partly because the animals sold from the farm lose their identity in the process of manufacture into meat which is purchased by the con sumer. The total cost to the consumer is made up of the cost of production of the live stock (farm price), the cost of marketing and transportation of the live animals, the cost of manufacture into various kinds of meats, and the cost of marketing and distributing the manufactured products to the con sumer. This is an immense business in itself anil the indications are that the profits are correspondingly large to every one concerned between the original producer and the ultimate consumer." Since 11*11 there has been a sharp de cline in the marketing of cattle, the bulletin further says. Increase in Milch Cows. Although there is an increase noted in the number of milch or dairy cows, the bulletin points out that various causes contributed during 191U to pre vent a larger increase in the number of milch cows on farms than is in dicated. Cow-testing stations have re sulted in the elimination of cows for dairy purposes. The high prices paid by slaughterers for beef animals of ?r qua imemnweEiiEfflBHB 1106 Q Street THE HOUSE OF FASHION We Are Showing New Spring Styles in Suits, Dresses, Skirts, Waists, Millinery i i.e Atuiii ritativc Modes. Most Fashionable Materials. A t Special Pricss to Early Buyers Final Sale of Winter Suits, Coatsf Dresses >5 \\ e have no cold storage?that means every garment mu>: ioo Suits, .ill materials, sold up to $45. at. . . .v . $15.00 l - <?! l>ouclc~. chinchillas. wool plushes. rough materials and -martest cloths? >?'!?: up to <?* ? Sold up to 1Sold up to <? i r rjr* S-'o.'xj. .it., >P ' SJ5.00, at.. ^ ' vJ S30.00, at.. 4>1 J.vAJ 1'iH i!.it 1 d-? me \ civet Afternoon and Evening <?">') r~r\ t pats. - >1*1 to $65. at .'... ,,.$5.95, $8.95 and $11.00 Afternoon. I \ t iling and Dancing Dresses. of crepe >K chine. charmeuse, chiffon and lace. <h < - /va <ld to S^. at yl J.IA/ A l.L I-CR SETS AT I-ESS THAN' HALF. I.arrest Waist Department in the City. Closing Out Odd Lots at Little Prices. _o dozen Lingerie and Voile Waists, sold to S3.95, djj 15 dozen Lingerie and Voile Waists, sold to S2.00 at.. (flC 150 Silk. Chiffon and l.ace \\ aists, all colors, sold qo f. .r S6 t<. Sio. at 4>?. 'O A.TKNTIOX IS DIRECTED TO 1HK l!!>T SEl.Ki"TK1 > STUCK ?>!'" XEW MUDEI.S IX UXGKKIE. SII.K \XI> l,ACE WAISTS IN Till: ' '1*1'V any description, bad as well a? good, it is declared, induced the sale of many dairy cows, for the reason that the prices offered were often much beyond I the values of these cows for dairy pur poses. The more exacting1 requirements of city health officers, which have the effect of increasing the cost of pro ducing milk, have also operated to re duce the number of cows on farms. Jjow production of corn and its high price also had its effect. At the same time the bulletin notes that there was a remarkable increase in the value of milch cows. As to the causes for the diminution of the number of sheep the bulletin points to th? scarcity of labor required j for th. ir care, the displacement of j sheep by expanding dairying, deficient past lira*;** and forage on account of . drought, destruction by dogs, the set tlement of range land previously oc cupied by sheep and the low price of wool. Hog cholera is given as the prin cipal cause for the falling off in the number of hogs since last year. Horses Have Increased. While speaking of animals, the bulletin casts a deadly blow at the "passing of I the horse" idea. Contrary to general be ! lief, the automobile seems to have had no effect on reducing the number of horses. They have increased in numbers and in value. In spite of everything that has been threatening, the horses of the census of 1010, which numbered 19,833,000, have in creased to i!0,0tj2.?;0u January 1, 1014. or i r?.T per cent. The increase over 1013 is 1.0 j per cent. Under the head of "a national prob lem." the bulletin contains this state ment: "Four distinctive classes of meat ani mals supply nearly the entire meat pro duction of this country. These are milch cows, other cattle, sheep and swine. ? Milch cows have maintained a substan ? tiallv uniform number since the census of . I'.'lo and then declined relative to popu ; l ttion. There has been a decided abso i lute decline in the number of other cattle j ;.nd a considerable decline of sheep, with the prospect of continued decline until j the sheep industry can be established pri i marily on a meat basis with wool as a j by-product. Swine have declined during j the 'ast three years, but still the number j is absolutely larger than in 1010, although j the per capita number is diminishing." Carada Starts Parcel Post. OTTAWA, Ontario. February 10.?The Canadian parcel post system went into operation at midnight last night. The first mail bag to be dispatched contained a package for local delivery, addressed to the Duke of Connaught by Postmaster General L. P. Pelletier. A secretary of the Duke of Connaught sat up until this j morning, w-hen the package was delivered | into his care. CITIZENS OF HILLSDALE REJOICE AT ROAD ORDER Action of Commissioners Toward Opening Highways Welcomed by Association. The fact that the Commissioners have again asked authority to open highways in the Barry Farm subdivision, located between Anacostia and the Government Hospital for the Insane, which comprises the suburb of Hillsdale, was the cause of much rejoicing by the members of the Hillsdale Citizens' Association at its February meeting last evening in Odd Fellows' Hall on Sumner road southeast. * resident A. H. Jackson presided, and Secretary Wllkerson told of the action of the Commissioners. He said that the Commissioners in their recommendation stated that for several years an effort had been made to obtain permission to condemn these highways and make them public streets in order that they might be improved, and.called attention to the fact that the suburb had been gent-rally improved as far as buildings went, but that nothing could be done to the streets, because of their private ownership. This, Mr. Wilkerson stated, prevented the authorities from furnishing sewerage and water facilities. President Jackson announced his inten tion to appoint a committee to visit the District ? committees in Congress and urge that this matter be given prompt consideration. City Refuse Plant Indorsed. The proposition of the clean city com- ; mitteo to do away with the present ; method of collection of ashes and refuse, and in its place to establish a municipal ; plant, was indorsed after lengthy discus- ; slon. The association did not consider a! change In the traffic regulations neces- J sary at this time **nd went on record! as favoring the regulations as they now : stand. The special committee appointed to solicit funds for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, which association was caring for the in terests of the colored residents of the District in the campaign recently inaugu rated for the segregation of the races, I reported having obtained a good sum for i this purpose and this will be forwarded to the headquarters of the society. A house-to-house canvass was made. It was announced that Friday e\*ening in Douglass Hall. Nichols avenue and Howard road, a public meeting would be held by the citizens to celebrate the birthday anniversaries of Abraham Lin coin and Frederick Douglass. FARMER HELD PRISONER IN TOWER OF WINDMILL Whirling- Blades Keep Him for Three Days Without Food or Water. HARMONY. Me., February 10.?Con fined In a tower of a windmill while the whirling sails cut off his only means of egress Edwin Pike, a farmer, was de ; prived of food and water for three days i and nights. Pike, completely exhausted, was released only when the wind died down. In telling his story Pike said that sev eral types of windmills having failed to give him satisfaction, he decided to make his own. He. had finished the mill and entered the crank chamber through an I entrance between two of the sails to oil i the machinery, when the wind arose and 1 set the mill in action, making it impos | sible for him to leave without risk of a j serious injury. Would-be rescuers were i powerless to aid him, for he had neglect I ed to provide any means for shutting off | the machinery. For three days the breeze averaged ! more than thirty miles an hour, driving the mill with such velocity that com munication with Pike was impossible. Finally the wind dropped enough to make it safe to seize the saiis and stop them. Charged With Concealing Crime. NEWARK, N. J.. February 10.?Charg ing concealment of the crime of Hazel Herdman, the veiled woman, who last Friday shot and killed Mrs. Harriett Manning, the police yesterday arrested Charles I. Manning, husband of the mur dered woman, ami Mrs. Saidee Garra brant. Manning's sister. After a sevt re examination, last'.ng five hours, Manning and Mrs. Garrabrant were held in bail each. Mrs. Garrabrant had been de tained as a material witness. Later she secured bail. NEGROES READY TO SAIL FOR COAST OF AFRICA Shipload of Colonizers Wait on "Chief,*? Who Promised Them Utopia. NEW YORK, February 10.?A shipload of negroes, mostly farmers and their wives from Oklahoma, waited hero today for Alfred C. Sam to lead them to a new negro Utopia, on the Gold Coast of Africa. The colored farmers were Induced to eome here, they said, by Sam, who had been collecting colonizers from Oklahoma, Tex as and Mississippi. More negroes were expected from Galveston and the west, and it was said that eighty-six were com ing from Boston. The steamer in which the negroes ex pected to seek the Gold Coast was the old Curytaba of the Munson line, which formerly plied between New York and Cuba. An officer of the Munson line said today that the Curytaba was sold a short time ago to the Akim Trading Company of this city, in which Sam is supposed to be interested. Sam, according to the colonists, repre sents himself to be an African chief. Re ports of his activities have come from time to time from the black belt of the south and southwest, and New York negroes were greatly stirred up today i bv conflicting reports regarding his I project. Sam could not be found here I today. To Resume Propaganda. i LONDON, February 10.?Mrs. Emme i line Pankliurst, the suffragette leader, who had been sojourning in Switzerland, haS? returned to London. She announces that she will resume her propaganda. To Subscribers: Subscribers to The Star who are served by the route boys will confer a favor by promptly reporting to The Star office, either in person, by telephone or by mail, any negligence on the part of the route boys. pniui ?DiHnUMmHl jj Contains Less Than ji | 2% of Alcohol 0 | Bottled at the Brewery The Beer That Is Meeting Every Requirement Appreciated by all who try it, and objectionable to none, "HOME BREW' ' is fully meeting every requirement for a high-class beer containing less than 2% of alcohol. UAH the good qualities of other high-class beers are combined in "HOME BREW." The first sip will convince you that you are drinking REAL BEER, not a flat and tasteless substi tute. UWhen you drink HOME BREW BEER ?you will drink for HEALTH as well as enjoyment. It is a veritable "liquid bread/' in which you get all the vitalizing, body-building extract of the choicest grain, combined with the valuable tonic properties of finest hops. T'HOME BREW" is a beer for EVERY ONE?a beer for ALL occasions. Have a case sent to your home and let your fam ily enjoy the benefits of drinking this delicious health-giving beverage. T'HOME BREW" can be had of grocers and all other dealers. Case of 2 doz. bottles, $1.70; bottle rebate, 50c. Telephone West 1600, 1601, 1602, or write CHR. HEURICH BREWING CO. CONFERENCE IS DELAYED. VOICE PLEA AT CAPITOL. Proposed Changes in Traffic Rules Not Placed Before City Heads. Proposed change? ih the District's traf fic regulations, which were to have l?een submitted to the Commissioners today hv a committee representing the Hoard of Trade, will not be presented to the I ?is triet heads until next Monday afternoon at 2:15 o'clock. t"ommissioner NVwmnn found that ii would be impossible f,,r hint to attend today's hearing, at which the traffic rules w * re to be discussed. and his associates on the board decided to po.st pone consideration of the matter until he could be present. Citizens Active in Effort to Have 7th Street Repaved. j Members nf the Mid-CMt\ As j sociation spent a busy day today calhrir on members of the House and Senate District committees in support of th?" movement t<? have 7th street northwest, between New York and Florida avenucv aw Senator Martin. ?:iat' District comniit If you want work, read the want col umns of The Star. repaved. Tin \ chairman ??f tin tee. and others Following tin ? expressed by tii? item fo be rest >? interviews hope wa Ilien intere>te<J that ti e the lcpavitlg of tie* Mreet wil rd to tlie District appropriation bill in the Senate and later the House. ed to 409 to 417 Seventh St N. W. Phone M 2826 Ijll 11 a3s S3? GersMsne Mahogany Coloeiai Dresser, ? This $J|p.59 Ge .uiise Mahogany Colonies Chiffonier, This Commodious Chif fonier lias' six deep, rooniv drawers. all of which aiv fitted witii woo.j p '! and locks arid a heavy l'tviiv-li nlate inh ror supported by gracefully < irv.d stand ards. It is of genuine mahogany. ;. i ? ! j. highly polished. lj Continuous-Post Iron Bed, iKOIl Heavy This Hea\ v nil) l!e?l lia> 2 p? ?sts and 7 it rye :illers ia both i and foot. It vei > strongly made and is iin ished iji ?aked white ? iia:>iel. A. iiood lied !'<>'" the price. February Reduction Sale Thousands of big cut-price tags through out our entire store show the great bargains ot tered during our great February Reduction Sale. Every article is marked at a ^reat reduction, and offers an exceptional opportunity tor you t<? save. If desired, we will open an account with y. n. arran^in^ for convenient weekly or monthlv pavnients. 1 liis I ruisually Attrac tive Colonial Style Dresser is "i genuine maho^anv and highly polished. It has t..?> !:r .e ?iraue:> and t\\ ?. small er ones, iii! of which are lit ted wi*h wood pidls. It has a arur French plat- mirror in a colonial name and mounted on teavy standards. iiartera By fret This Strikingly Hand some pattern has a >olid quar tered oak top. and quartered oak throughout. it has lined silver drawer, two other large drawers, and two large cupboards, "i n- mir ror is of French beveled plate and it is highly ^polished throughout. ! I lit I"! pi P ft y If!