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JUVENILE COURT HOME
RAPPED BY CITIZENS Funds for New Building: Urged by Columbia Heights' As sociation. Resolutions Also Adopted Indorsing Amendment to Code for Mount Pleasant Playground, Etc. The present quarters of the Juvenile Court were declared not only inadequate, hut almost disgraceful, at the March meeting of the Columbia Heights Citizens* Association last night in St. Stephen's parish hall, J 4th and Irving streets north wes-t. A resolution introduced by the ? onunittee on law and legislation, A. I eftwich Sinclair, chairman, was adopted ' unanimously urging an appropriation for a raw building for the court at the ear-I llest possible date. The resolution described the present rented accommodations as old, dilapidat ed and inad<*]uate. William IT. Saunders, president of the association, stated from the chair his sympathy with the object of the measure. Indorsement by resolution by the same committee was given House bill 11302. known as the supplementary proceedings bill, already approved by the Chamber of Commerce and Hoard of Trade. The res olution urged the enactment of this legis lation into a law to take the form of an amendment to the code. This bill is in tended to enable a person holding a judg ment against another to reach property secreted with intent to defraud. A. D. Carty. speaking on behalf of the < oinm'ttee on parks and lawns, voiced the association's disappointment over the fa;l i::-e to obtain Belmont, at 14th and Clifton streets, ay a public park. Mr. Carty. in his verbal report, announced that the small space at the corner of l^th street and Park road, comprising 1.S0O square feet, is to be made into public parking; also a small space in front of the Kene s.iw apartments. He expressed the hope that the association wou'd devote a'l its energies to obtaining adequate parking for 1 Ith street north of Thomas Circle. Paving of 11th Street. D. W. Edelin. chairman of the commit tee on streets and alleys, told the organi zation he fully expected action taken in a few days regarding the paving of 11th street. A resolution was unanimously adopted recommending that the president, secre tary and committee on recreation and amusements of the association call on the Senate subcommittee on appropriations to urge that the item for a much-needed playground in Mount Peasant, previously dropped in the House, be included and carried in the appropriation bill. The resolution was introduced by Dr. Benja min F. Gibbs, chairman of the committee on recreation and amusement, on behalf of the committee. A communication was read by the sec retary, George C. Gertman, from the Tax Keform Association, offering to furnish speakers to explain necessary reforms in ihe present methods of taxation to the members of the organization. In this connection it was voted to ex tend an invitation to Louis F. Post of the Department of Labor, noted single-tax i advocate, to speak before the assoc ation n explanation of the single-tax theory of Henry George, the date to be left to the -ame committee. Mr. Post, however, is not one o? the speakers offered by the fax Reform Association. A resolution of congratulation to Stephen J?. Kramer, a member of the as sociation, on his selection as assistant superintendent of schools of the District, was offered by J. Clinton Hiatt and adopted unanimously. New Members Elected. Mr. Hiatt also offered a resolution ask ing the association to indorse.a plan for the more adequate lighting of 14th street, ?between Florida avenue and Spring road, particularly at certain cross streets, as an aid in furthering the prevention of street accident?. The resolution, which was adopted unanimously, specially urges the ' ommlssloners to give their best atten- ! t:on to the matter. The following new members, proposed f?y the committee on membership, were ? leoted unanimously: William Chitty, ; !"hr? W. McGinnis. Thomas Judge. J. NN Gibson and Herbert .T. Browne. Mr. Browne is the special investigator em ployed by the House District committee t?.? produce evidence on which the ? leorg'- report on real estate and taxa -1 *? *' In the District of Columbia- was leased. His iiaim- had been brought be No-. the association at a previous meeting. and had been vigorously op posed by certain members becau^ of h - Aiews on taxation and activity be fore Congress. A special subcommittee ? <; been appointed to consider this M" rial ?-a>'e. After further debate at last night a meeting the opinion pre vailed thai the association could take n?? cognizance of the political views of ?? ? andidate for membership; that the a.tions or activities of a man only after joining the body could be con sidtred for or against him. and that Mr. Browne was qualified by the lo cation of his residence to join the asso ciation he should be elected. Speaks of Growth and Progress, Juoge <'. S". Bundy. a resident of Co lumbia Heights for more than twenty oi" > ??ar- told of the growth and prog t'-s of I hat section. When he first moved linn. Judge Bundy said, buildings of tie- region adjacent to 14th street num b-T< >1 hardly more than a score, where row hetwen North Capitol street, Flori da a v-nu.-. and Rock Ovr-k p?,k the in iij.. ?ta nts inuM ,111mb. r marly *_'?Mino h, t vi-win* s.,m. things wholly or in'part II.? ompi mi. .1 liy Columbia Heights citi *< "S during that period, he cited: Re duetion of extra charges for delivery of ? xpresA paekages; . xtension of nth stre.-t rar line; establishment of police station on Park road; establishment of norma J sehool: securing pledges to amount of .<1L'.<?*? for purchase of Sher tnan tract, set aside four or five year a aco ay m11? for in w Central High School, and tight to secure proper building lines ou s<>n of the cross streets, which have s?no Miff, red in appearance -because the t'gbt proved to b?- a losing one. ? ARGENTINA'S HUGE EXPORTS. Has Foreign Trade Which Equals About $100 Per Capita. The recent announcement of the plan to raise the American legation in Buenos \ires to an embassy, and similar eleva tion of tli- \rK-ritin- legation here, lends added interest to a report received today by the fan-American Union In Wash ington. showing that this South American country's foreign trade in the ca endar vrar l'^l'l totalled 1K7,<)00, an increase "f almost llo.iiti0.00i> o\er the previous >ear. This was approximatelv Jim fQr each person In Argentine, which makes It the largest per capita foreign trade f"r any lountry on the western hemi sphere, arid for any important country in the entire world. V 1th less than 9,0<j0.nrio jeople Ar pi tttine. shyg the Pan-American report, [ia? more foreign trade than Japan with ?,(?????) or flnna with M *",000,000 people. '"'re W*?.?0n.fl00. which were *?,OoO.OuO greater than the Imports. Says Railway Is in Morgan's Grip. In a speech on the floor of the House ' esterday Representative Collier of Mis sissippi declared that the Southern rail way is in the grip of J. P. Morgan & ? o , and that the road has to pay ex orbitant rates to get money. He also s-ald that in the place of keen competl i1 on between roads to get the busir\fss of manufacturers and merchants there m a uniformity of high rates all over, which acts to the detriment of trade. 0 INDOOR SPORTS >s owrso - *EiA_ 6-C*0 TO H?H rr T/MMV l 3>JT HCARP owe Of-THE SOtfj TA6LE S*1 fHCPceacunM BAH? nt'iVW'W ntFM'M. peopur /uetiw- ( ?4A? ?k, come Kifrtfr ovs* - 8,l^ ? *y mao- n UefVbi VOtfR CHSCI! fW 00M1 im* guV Auuiw* time pov* ? \ tMewAiitR \ ??AAjT* ^TTiiv *'IS '^p -tt= IJJ AT A muauOS T*QLJE OCCUPATIONAL DISEASES X.?Labor Legislation. By Frederic J. Haikin. Effective labor legislation to prevent unnecessary accidents and to minimize occupational diseases is a Jurisprudence of very recent origin in the United States. True, Massachusetts turned its attention to child labor as early as 1836, but industrial development, particularly in textile industries, soon outgrew these regulations; also, the first statute gov erning safety and sanitation was pass ed by Massachusetts in 1877, but again it %tood practically alone, and this pio neer legislation merely brings out clearly the backwardness of our other states Even Massachusetts failed to take up a comprehensive study of occupational dis eases, deep and thorough, until 1907. From this dates the crusade that is gain ing in momentum every day. Then came the United States bureau of i labor with its monumental series of bul letins. . designed, and successfully so, to arouse public interest independent of state boundaries. Illinois was next in line, enacting in 1911 legislation resultant from an investigation which began four years before. In 1911 and 1912 California, Wisconsin, Connecticut. Maryland, Michi gan, New Jersey and New York passed laws requiring physicians to report occu pational diseases. including anthrax, compressed air or caisson disease and poisoning from lead, phosphorus, arsenic and mercury and their compounds. * * All forty-eight states now have laws, more or less effective, designed to pro vide for the in Action Of States atallatlon of! to Curtail Danger. ^fety devi.fs ?o' ? the prevention of industrial accidents from moving ma chinery. Regulations?haphazard, it is true?f*r protection against injurious dust have been enacted in twenty-two states; against defective or improper lighting in twelve states: against poisonous gases, fumes and vapors in fifteen states; against excessive temperature and humid ity in eleven states, and for the protec tion of workers in compressed air in one state?New York. Perhaps the American Association for Labor legislation has more to do with these reforms than any other single or ganization. Certainly Its part has been as important as that of anv other, gov ernmental or private. To this association i? mainly due the thanks of the nation for its successful light of years which abso lutely stopped the manufacture of poison, ous phosphorus matches in this country July 1. 1913, and ended forever in this country the loathsome "phossy jaw,*' Thirteen states have workmen's com pensation or accident insurance laws but thX one has provided thus Tar for insur ance against occupational diseases So ciologists and labor hvslenists are al most unanimously in favor of it. It is applied successfully in European coun tries. and they see no good reason why it is not necessary, here. The Illinois spe cial commission reported to the legisla ture that undoubtedly the time is not dis tant when Industrial states must take up the problem of legislation upon sick in surance. To provide a scientific basis for such legislation, it recommended the appointment of a competent Commission having the powers and the meant* to make a thorough study of kinds, causes and extent of diseases among working people of the state, and the most modem meth ods of protection, prevention and Insur ance. Tho legislature did not see lit to go so far at that time, though it did enact considerable remedial legislation. * M isconsin seems to have gone further in industrial regulation upon behalf of the TIT- - ? working Wisconsin Goes class, as the Farthest for Worker., patient investigation by the state uni versity, a state industrial commission was created. This body has great powers. It. and not the employer, decides what is and what is not safe and beneficial to the workers, and its administrative functions are mandatory enough to speedily enforce every order it issues. This cannot be said of most of the other states. a A prime necessity in the movement to protect the toiling masses is a nation wide standardization of all the factors that pt-rtain to occupational diseases, and it is contended that the federal govern ment or a commission representing the several states should conduct an exhaus tive survey. > John B. Andrews, secretary of the American Association for Labor Legisla tion, declares that one reason why many safe methods are not in operation is ?imply that many employers engrossed In profit making, have had no sufficient incentive to notice factory sanitation. He give* as another reason the fact that state factory inspectors have not always been fully aware of their opportunities and responfttbilities. Also, that even the most enthusiastic "boosters for safety" among the thoughtful efficiency experts now recognize the absolute necessity for the establishment of uniform legal stand ards if the safety of the great majority of our factory workers is to be con served. * * * Certainly, there Is a field for regenera tive measures in this country. Nearly 700,000 wage Death Bates earners perish I MifhtBe^wertd.^erurr.' every year in th? United States, and it :s estimated that by strictly proper fac ory inspection and effective measures, vigorously and continually employed, the total could be halved. The same thing1 is being: don?* elsewhere. In Solingeh, Germany, for instance, according- to Prof. Ropke, a campaign of general education and factory sanitation reduced the death of cutlery workers from 20.63 per 1,000 in 1885 to 9.3 per 1,000 in 1010, and the tuberculosis mortality from 540 per 100 000 of population in 1885 to 180 in 1910. The disease of respiratory organs in one of the German cement works has been cut from 9.3 per cent to 3.3 per cent after the installation of dust pre vention appratus. Great Britain also could be cited in bringing about sweep ing reforms, particularly in lead poison ing. France is another country worthy of note. Before closing this series a brief re sume of occupational disease investiga tions and those prosecuting them is per tinent. Bernardini Ramazzini, an Italian, is the pioneer. His first volume was pro duced in 1700. It was translated into English five years later, and into French in 1777. Modern labor hygienists still quote from him. In 1810 the French gov ernment issued a decree relative to dan gerous, insanitary and overcrowded es tablishments. In 1822, C. Turner Thack rah of Leeds, England, wrote a mono graph on the "Effects of the arts, trades and professions, and of civic states and habits of living, on health and longevity?" Twenty-three years later Halford, a Ger man. came out with a Very important volume on occupational diseases * * * In 1833 the English parliament appoint ed factory and labor commissioners, and six years later Growth of Interest France did the - , _ ,. same. followed in Several Nations. by Bavaria ^ Prussia. In 1833, 1864 and 1870 England passed her factory laws. France came along with a child labor law in 1841, fol lowed by a workable labor code in 1874. Germany and other European countries provided satisfactory labor legislation be tween 1850 and 1886. In 1807 expert Ger man authors gave to the world a tome of over 1,200 pages on the subject, and a group of British authorities under the leadership of Sir Thomas Oliver pro duced 801 pages to "Dangerous trades, the historical, social and legal aspects of industrial occupations as affecting health." Of modern authorities on occupational diseases, Sir Thomas Oliver is generally regarded as the greatest in the world. Dr. Ludwig Teleky ranks very high in this constellation. In the United States at the present time the nation looks with pride toward Dr. George M. Kober of Georgetown University, Washington, D. C., also a prominent official of the Inter national Congress on Hygiene and Dem ography; Dr. B. S. Warren of the United States public health service, now con sulting expert to the United States indus trial commission; Frederick L. Hoffman, John B. Hoffman, Josephine Goldmark, Prof. John R. Commons, Henry Japp, Charles H. Verrill, and Drs. Alice Hamil ton, Joseph A. Holmes, William C. Han son, W. Gilman Thompson, J. W. Scheres chewsky, George M. Price, David Edsall, Frank E. Tylecote. Francis D. Patterson, Seward Erdman. Prof. William A. White and Prof. Frederic S. Uec. This closes the series on occupational diseases. A large number of industries have been considered; particularly those affected by lead poisoning and the dusty trades; i. e., mineral dust, metallic dust and vegetable fiber dust. Many other trades dangerous to America's industria' army have been passed by. This was not because of any fancied unimportance In the nation's economic scale, but for the reason that the available statistics in re* gard to this particular phase of the labor problem were localized in scope. It now remains for the citizens of this country to say how important or how insignificant a part occupational diseases shall have In the life of the nation. Tttsr HUMAN J .NATURE CP *arPttii6ader Jahnso* DWT give yourself credit for a lovely disposition if you are merely too In dolent to resent an injury. The chap who wanted to sit at a roll top desk and look niftily authoritative is /ow working for the fellow who went tnto the machine shop and battered his fingers working out a kink of his own. Oh! father does the best he can to be a kind and patient man. He brings his wages home on time and never pinches out a dime. And yet he is neglected quite Hfe sits around the house at night. Poor father never got a chance to learn to do the tango dance! "You approve of moving' pictures?" "Yes. They don't give anybody a chance to get foolish and send mash notes to the performers." Whenever a man can't do anything in REPRESENTATIVE HEFLIN HISSED BY SUFFRAGISTS Argument Against Granting Vote* to Women Brings About Noisy Demonstration. Representative Heflln of Alabama, who appeared before the House Judiciary committee in an argument opposed to woman's suffrage yesterday afternoon, was hissed by women who are In favor of suffrage. Previous to Mr. Heflin'a remarks several women and Representa tive Mondell of Wyoming had spoken in favor of suffrage without any sign of opposition or hissing from tho women present who are organized against suf frage. The outburst of hissing was but a part j of the noisy ending to what started out ! to be a perfectly well conducted meeting. I The first break from the ordinary pro ; ceduro came when the National Woman j Suffrage Association disclaimed partici ; pation in the political threat which had been made by two members of the Con gressional Union. Mrs. Crystal Eutman Benedict and Mrs. Man' Beard of New York, who told the Judiciary committee that the democratic party would lose the votes of 4.000,000 women in the suffrage states unless this administration takes an active siep toward bringing about nation wide suffrage. For several minutes after the National Association representatives disclaimed any such po itical sentiment the room was full of confusion. Mrs. Arthur Dodge, president of the National Associa tion Opposed to Woman Suffrage, threw ; a sugar-pointed dart into the body of the , suffragists when she told the committee that the other organizations did not know what they wanted. "We are the only women who know what we want in this matter,'* she said, "and we do not . want anything." In protest against suffrage, Mrs. Dodge particular he cultivates a scowl and tries to get a reputation for "executive abil ity." THE water wagon is a cart most primitively furnished. It is no choo choo work of art with brass so highly burnished. No softly cushioned seats it shows; i? has no shining leather. And rough may be the way it goes and turbulent the weather. But it is well worth while to roam, despite its agitation, for that old spot called "Home, Sweet Home" will mark Its destination. That wagon may seem crude, indeed, with wheels that creak and wobble. The old nag. Conscience, may proceed as if it wore a hobble. But if you stick, you'll find a way to render smooth its movement. The vehicle will soon display a wonderful im provement. So, here's to those who stout ly smile and shun the foaming flagon. The only joy ride worth the while is on the water wagon. Mr. and Mrs. Harry Rhodes of Hagers town, Md., sustained severe injuries Mon day in a runaway near Boonsboro. Their buggy, which was wrecked, collided with a stone fence, against which the occu pants were hurled. said: Majority Against Suffrage. "Our organization represents the wom en of the country in protest against a noisy, persistent, insistent body of wom en who say they represent the women of the country. They do not. They repre sent only 30 per cent of American wom en. The other 00 per cent, whom we represent, are against the suffrage doc trine." Mrs. Henry White. Miss Alice Hill Chit tenden, Miss Marjorie Dorman, Miss Minnie Bronson and John Matthews of Newark, N. J., spoke against the amend ment. "We insist," said Mrs. White, "that the good of the state requires that women be kept out of politics. I want to emphasize the fact that while we oppose suffrage we believe absolutely in women's rights and we are convinced that today nothing stands in the way of women in any way except their own mental and physical limitations. As to power, woman's great est power is non-partisan power." Miss Mabel E. Cline of Blue Ridge Summit and William Harbaugh of Cas cade, Md.. were married at Hagerstown. Winter Clothes Should Be Bornot-Cleaned Send us your winter clothes?suits, overcoats, furs, sweaters, etc.?however badly spotted they may be. We clean them by a special process that removes the spots and stains and renews the life and vigor of the fabric. We also clean dainty old lace, costly gowns and fabrics too delicate for ordi nary methods. Plush, Silk or Satin Portieres and Covers renovated or perfectly dyed any color desired. Pbone or Send Poital and We Will Call. A. F. Bornot Bro. Co. French Scourers and Dyers. 1224 F Street N.W. WHAT HAS SHE JUST SAID - Directions: 1. Any one can participate (except our employes and members of their families). 2. Title not to exceed 15 words. II. Name and address of contestant should be written in the upper left-hand corner and the title near the center of tho sheet. 4. Answers must be inclosed in an en velope with a copy of any one of our ads and left IN PERSON at our store. Answers that are mailed will not be con sidered. 5. Only one answer from each contest ant permissible. <1. Contest closes Saturday, March 21. at 10 p.m. Winners will be announced with in one week after contest closes. The judges will be one representative each from the Times and The 8tar, and our Advertising: Manager. The Judges will eelect the 3 titles which in their opinion best fit the picture?cleverness and ap propriateness to be the determining fea tures. FOR THE CLEVEREST THREE PRIZES $50 Diamond Ring $25 Gold Watch $10 Diamond Scarfpin or Locket ONE-HALF hour's work?or, more correctly, fun?may enable you to win a $50.00 Diamond Ring. Just give us a good title for this pic ture. What has the girl just said? Read the directions?then let's see what you can do. You'll notice the directions insist upon you leaving your answers here in person. That's because we want you to see what a nice place we have and what a magnificent stock of jewelry we carry. Easter gifts must soon be purchased. While you're in you might look at a few. Our liberal credit terms makes buying a simple matter here. Pur IASTELBERu j chases up to $25.00 can be paid for at the rate of 50c a week. wi gg m m m PUPILS TAUGHT TO WORK. Birley House School in England Hai Practical Methods. Education by menus of teaching the pupils how to carry on productive occu pations on a small scale?such as mining and farming:?is practiced at the Birley House School Jn^ England, according to a bulletin just issued by the United States bureau of education. Academic work is taught through the carrying on of these Industries. Carpentry, woodwork, masonry and other manual work are also taught. Mining and the marketing of products may be taken as an illustration of how the work is conducted at the house schooL Various minerals, including coal and gold quartz, are buried in different parts of the garden and the children go out ??prospecting' for them. The finders become captains of industry. The cap tains engage laborers at a labor ex change, which is managed by one of the pupils. Shafts are sunk, winding appa ratus is constructed and the mineral is brought to the surface. A system of transportation in the form of a miniature railway is organized, furnaces are set up. factories are planned, the possible markets for the product are considered and the importance of a merchant mu rine recognize* J. just produced by the bureau of navi gation of the Department of Commerce Of this number 2,099 are first-grade operators and 247 second grade. Of the first-grade operators 67 per cent are twenty-one years or older, while S2 per cent ars eighteen years or older. Of the second-grade operators 41 per cent are twenty-one years or older, while 73 per cent are eighteen years or older. Of both grades S2 per cent are eighteen years or older. The Lynchburg CVwl) Woman'* Chris tian Temperance Union held an all-day meeting Tuesday, the service being pre paratory to the state-wide campaign to be fought against the sale of liquor. 2,346 Radio Operators in U. S. There are 2.346 radio operators regis tered by the United States, with ages as low as fifteen, according "to figures Cockroaches jRats and), Mice Nothing is more disagreeable than ' a home infested with vermin. De- ' stroy them with Stearns* Electric ' Rat and Roach Paste, the standard - exterminator for thirty-five years. ) It kills off rats, mice and cock ) roa? hes in a single night. Ready for > use: noy-mixing. I?oes not blow a??y^ like powders. . Direction* in 15 'n every ' Two blz+?: and $1.00. Hold by r? tail.-r* trerywhere. m Hecihit & Company Seventh Near F. ON SALE 10 A.M. Suits, Coats, Dresses For Misses and Small Women In order to give every woman an opportunity to select from the best we've decided not to start this remarkable sale until 10 o'clock tomorrow. The excellence of the garments linked with a price so tempting should set them moving out at a lively rate. Will you be here? The Suits at $5.90 A clean-up of ones and twos. Former pricc, S29.50. Many are designed with advance spring style ideas and will make splendid garments for early spring wear. Materials are brocaded and fancy eponge. two-toned eponge serges and nov elty mixtures. Finest linings. High cutaway fronts. Sizes for misses and small women. The Dresses at $5.90 A great selection?many garments in the lot worth $19.50. Materials are serges, wool and silk poplin, taffetas and crepes. Colors include tan. blue, Copenhagen, green and black. Lace collars and cuffs. Some have pretty girdles. Sizes for misses and small women. The Coats at $5.90 All dependable and most popular styles in three-quarter and full length. Of two-toned bou cles, two-toned astrakhan, fancy cheviots and bro caded cheviots. Many with plush collars and cuffs. Long revers?others button high to neck. -Second Floor. Boys' $1 SO Wask Sife, 59s ~j Chambrays and galateas. in Russian and sailor blouse j stvies: check*and striped effects. 2V2 to 6 years. J -First I'loor. Mannish double-breasted Knickerbocker pants, and 16 years only. 2.95 styles, with 2 pair of Cheviots and mixtures. Sizes 15 ?First Floor. SmiiFasii Madras? IP?r Lsnigfeks These goods are from a noted Philadelphia maker, but 011 account of the limited quantity that matches up into pairs they are priced far below regular. Some are sub ject to slight imperfections. Worth regularly $4.00 a pair. Special sale price for Thursday only. y8c per length. BED SHEETS, size 72x80 inches, nicely fin ished and hemmed ready for use T I M O W l A 3 E quality musl n, finish ed with wide hem, ironed ready for use size .*>6x42 inches. Each of good ; !254jC A Charge Account Simplifies Shopping Tremendously at If There Is Anything Under the Sun You Want A STAR WANT AD WILL GET IT. 1 The cost is insignificant when based on Results. Remember that a Want Ad in The Star gives you 67,000 chances.