who, instead of frightening the Huerta
forces on his approach, found the Torreon
garrison stubbornly intrenched and
prepared to resist. These accounts agreed
that the first tiring resulted in a victory
for the federals and loss of courage
among the rebels. After five days' fighting
Villa had failed not only to enter
Torreon proper, but had not taken Gomez
Palacio, the suburb.
Most of the wounded were soldiers ef
the Zaragoza brigade, commanded by
G?n. Aguirre Renavidew, which undertook
to blaze the way through the heavy
federal cannonading outside Gomez Palacio.
These soldiers were mowed down, killed
and wound-d by scores, according to
the stories told by individual soldiers.
They were sent out to almost certain
death in order to bring out the federal
lire. 5o that the federals might be located
for an attack from other points.
Many of the wounded died, and the dead
simply wore covered with loose earth
vithout the digging of graves.
"Hell at Torreon."
''Hell met us at Torreon.'' said one
youthful soldier, as he crawled out of
iri" tram wmi ma m.m, rtt ma .mm .r^o
trapped in rags, yet with a grim smile
on his face. lie was one of the small
boys who joined the Zaragoza brigade
As the train with its freight of mutinied
men neared the city every public
onvcyance in Chihuahua was ordered
to the station. These formed in line
and soon a continuous procession of
wagons and coaches passed from the
.station to an abandoned warehouse
where the wounded were stretched on
cots and on the floor. Most of the
liotel= were filled with wounded officers.
Pitiable as their condition was. it was
noticeable that all of the wounded had
l?t*en given tirst aid treatment before
i fiey were started northward. This was
regarded as making an advancement in
tin* treatment of wounded in Mexican
revolutions, for in previous fights few of
the wounded ever were treated on the
battlefield at all.
Preparing for Carranza.
Homes of rich Mexicans exiled from
their country by the rebels were stripped
of furniture, bric-a-brac and costly
decorations today to provide suitable
accommodations for Oen. Carranza, who.
on his arrival here, Is to be domiciled
an a palace, afterward to be known as
the provisional capitol.
Wagons backed up before the abandoned
heme of Enrique CTeel. former ambassador
to Washington, and piles of
mirrors and furniture were taken out to
enrich Carranza's future headquartersThe
building set aside for Carranza is
built in the French style on a boulevard
opposite the United States consulate. Its
ronimanding towers and walls overlook
the city. It is here that the civil head
of the revolution will conduct '.he go\*rrnment
opposed to Huerta. The longdelayed
arrival of Carranza in ChihuaJhua
:s to be made the occasion for a ball
to which all the foreign consuls have been
invited. The city is to he decorated and
church bells are to proclaim his presence.
Not Likely to Meet.
1 Ger. Villa: being in the south, has called
intention to the fact that he and Gen.
ICarranza are not likely to meet soon.
The two revolutionary.leaders have been
hundreds of miles apart ever since the 1
revolution reached its present magnitude
and It is probable they never have had
more than a brief conference.
JIMINEZ. Mexico, March 27.?Two
more trainloads of rebel wounded from
near Torreon passed through here today
en route to Chihuahua. The soldiers reported
that there were 300 or more
wounded at Bermejillo who were unable
to find accommodations In the northbound
trains. Some of the soldiers were 1
Injured too seriously to be transported. 1
Students Accuse Huerta
During Riots in Streets;
Troops Sent to Torreon
" MEXICO CITY, March 2S.-Already
pmall demonstrations against President
Huerta have occurred in the streets of
the capital. The police tonight fired upon
a small crowd of students, who were
Jnarching and shouting "mueras"' for
Huerta, and making remarks derogatory
to the government.
Emboldened by the growing popular
belief that the government forces aro failing
to hold back the rebels at Torreon,
the students organized a manifestation,
but not more than fifty of them had
joined in the movement when they were
faced by a squad of police near the
Alameda. About forty shots were fired
by the police, who apparently aimed
high, as no one was hurt. A number of
the participants were arrested and the
others found safety in the side streets.
Gen. Javier de Moure, commanding
2.000 federals, moved on San Pedro, forty
iniles to the northeast of Torreon, today,
where it is expected he will have the
first encounter with the rebels. Another
coiumn unuer oen. ruaaigo is on tne way
north from the capital.
With the exception of these movements,
the war department late today confessed
ignorance of the operations in and about
Torreon. Confidence in Gen. Velasco's
ability to withstajid Villa's assaults until
relieved was expressed by Gen. Elanquet,
the war minister, who. however, did not
deny that tne rebels had gained advantages.
There is still no telegraphic communication
further than Nipolito, eighty
miles east of Torreon.
The two Americans, Goldsmith and
Byrd, who were recently arrested at Tampico
and brought here, charged with seditious
activity, have been released on the
representation of the American charge
d'affaires, Nelson O'Shaughnessy. The
charge believes that no Americans are
now under arrest on political charges in
the territory controlled by the Mexican
Bying-ton's Status Defined.
DOUGLAS, Ariz . March 28.?'The status
of,James Byington, an American mining
man imprisoned at Cumpas, Sonora, was
defined in a message received here today
by Constitutionalist Agent Lclevier from
A. Preciado. prefect of Cumpas.
Preclado's message said; "According to
Information given me by the judge of the
first Instance, the imprisonment of James
Tsyington an American, was justified because
of his fraudulent exploitation of a
mine in this district. The reason he was
jailed the seoond time w?as that the man
who Iurnii5ru*u oonus iur iuim wnuurcw
Information sent to the United States by
Americans In Cumpaa was to the effect
that Bylngton was held there without due
process of law.
Eight prominent citizens of Santa Ana.
In the Magdalena district of Sonora, were
deported today as enemies of the constitutionalists,"
according to a message
from Hermoaillo received by Rebel Agent
E' levier of this city. The deportations
were made after an order was issued by
Obregon to Start South .
The southward advance of constitutionalist
troops under Gen. Obregon
will be begun Monday from Navajoa,
according to advices received here today
by agents of the insurgents.
Gen. Obregon, it was said, planned to
traverse Sinaloa, recruiting on the
inarch, and hoping to enter Tepic and
Jalisco with an army of at least 8,000
men. lie expected to have that number
in his command when he reached Guadalajara,
it was reported, where he looked
for an engagement of importance
with the federals.
It was also said he has received an
abundant supply of arms and ammunition
with which to equip the recruits
he obtains on the way south.
Rebels Destroy Steamer.
NOG ALES, Sonora, March 28.?The
Mearner Carmen, belonging to I^a Compania
Xavira del Paci-flco, has been caplured
and sunk by constitutionalists,
e cording to a dispatch sent here to.
v by Gen. Obregon, the rebel com<>n
the west coast of Mexico.
The vessel was scuttled In Yavaros bay
and all the crew were made prisoners.
Gen. Obregon said he had issued an
! order that all vessels of the Navira del
j Pacific be captured and destroyed on
account of the company's alleged assistance
Federals Also Move.
j T.AREPO. Tex., March 28.?A Mexican
I federal military train was hurriedly
I sent south from Nuevo Laredo today
j bearing the 9th Infantry and some other
troops. Their destination was not an|
nounced. Meanwhile unconfirmed reports
reached hero that fighting was in
I progress about forty miles south of
Nil eve Laredo. Tt was thought that re- ;
inforcements for the Nuevo Laredo gar- ]
rison may have met opposition and were .
[ trying to fight their way through to
The special war tax levied on all
Mexican exports eight months ago was
withdrawn at Nuevo Laredo today. It J
amounted to from 3 to 10 per cent In i
addition to regular duties. j
Dolphin Takes on Marines.
VERA CRUZ, March 28.?A wireless
dispatch from Tampico says that insurgent
skirmishers have appeared at
the suburb of Dona Cecilia, drawing
the fire of the transport Progreso in
the Panuco river. The movement is
believed to be preliminary to a renewed
attack on the city.
The United States dispatch boat Dolphin
left here this afternoon from Tampico.
and the Mexican gunboat Zaragoza
prepared to leave tonight with a
battery of field guns.
After leaving the harbor the Dolphin
stopped outside to take on board a
company of marines from the transport
Prairie, which is anchored off the port.
The Dolphin then sailed under orders
to proceed with all speed to Tampico.
in Greater Activity on
the Mexican Border
Creat increase of Mexican constitutionalist
activities all along the line were reported
in dispatches to the State, War
and Navy departments yesterday and
last night. No direct word was received
from the principal battle at Torreon and
therefore officials took it for granted
the issue there was still in doubt. Brief
dispatches received by constitutionalist
agents here were not definite, but said
Villa expected to take Torreon at any
Reports of other forward movements
cf constitutionalists came from both the
west and east coasts of Mexico. From
Tampico, Rear Admiral Mayo reported
skirmishing north of Dona Cecilia and
some firing from the federal gunboat
Vera Cruz guarding Jhe approaches north
of the town. Inhabitants at Tampico
were becoming alarmed, the message
Federal Governor Bevolts.
Rar Admiral Howard at Mazatlan told
of a revolt of the federal governor of
l^ower California, who, supported by 200
troops, seized the public moneys and La
Pab. a Mexican steamer. The rebels
besieging Mazatlan manned a locomotive
yesterday, slipped into the town and
bore away eleven cars loaded with
The Mexican embassy here was with
uui any news icgaixtiiig ine ugiiunt, ?.?.
Torreon or at other points. It was taken
for granted that Torreon is cut off from
direct communication with Mexico City.
Constitutionalists here have been
warm in their praise of the defense offered
by the federals besieged by Gen.
Villa, and have not hesitated to express
Bayonets and sabers played no part in
the battle of Ojinaga, Mexico, according
to a report made to the War Department
by Capt. Louis C. Duncan, Army Medici
Corps, U. S. A., who was one of the surgeons
attending the wounded cared for
at the hospital camp at Presidio, Tex.
Although the federal infantry carried
bayonets and the cavalry sabers, Capt.
Duncan saw nothing but gunshot wounds
among his patients. He concludes that
"the saber is a useless weapon." Wounded
Mexicans bore their injuries with incredible
stoicism, the report says, and
expected no relief from their agonies.
Summarizing from his experience with
abdominal wounds, Capt. Duncan says
bullets from modern high-power rifles
frequently pass through the abdomen
without inflicting serious danger if flred
at long range. Such wounds are not as
fatal as had been believed, he states.
Bathing is an unknown process among
the Mexican soldiers, partially because
of lack of water, Capt. Duncan asserts,
adding: "There were many men
who had not so much as washed their
faces and hands for months?if ever."
He denounces the Mexican federal medical
officers for refusing to aid in caring
for wounded at the hospital.
American Consul Letcher at Chihuahua
reported to the State Department that
Charles D. Elder, an American of Ayala
ranch near Durango, recently reported
killed, passed through Chihuahua today
on his way to the ooraer.
CLEAN-UP CAMPAIGN IS
Trash Collection Increase?Sanitation
Ideas Hit Many Private
With Washington's third annual cleanup
campaign scheduled to begin two
weeks from tomorrow, Indications are
that many sections of the city will have
been placed In an improved sanitary condition
before that time and that the population
of the capital generally will have
caught the "clean-up" fever.
Already reports are reaching the clean
city committee to the effect that citizens'
associations are at work in many parts
of the District Citizens are showing an
earnest desire to co-operate in the big
sanitary undertaking by getting an early
start. Hundreds of private premises have
been cleaned. Big increase in the collections
of the trash men is reported.
Preliminary work of this character is
gratifying to the committee. It is believed
to indicate that residents of the
capital are determined to bring about
an era of unDreccniented health which
will make its benefits felt in every part
of the District.
Under the leadership of John G McGrath
the publicity committee is at
work with the view of impressing the
importance of the clean-up propaganda
on every citizen. Motion picture houses
are showing a desire to co-operate in
the work, and many of them have put
on slides announcing the date of the
"Washington should not only be one
of the cleanest cities in the country when |
the campaign has finished, but its fly
population should be greatly reduced."
said W. H. Richardson, chairman of the
committee, last night. "Removal of
refuse at this time means the destruction
of many flv-breeding places.
"The benefits derived from the last
clean up and anti-fly campaigns have
| shown themselves in the health department
statistics, indicating a reduced number
of typhoid fever cases last year.
There should be fewer cases of this dis- i
ease reported during the coming summer
j and less disease of every kind that is
I conveyed by germ infection."
Psycopathy to Check Crime.
ST. LOUIS, March 28.?A psycopathic
! department was established in the
juvenile court today by Circuit Judge
Hennings. Physicians will conduct the
department. By the removal of adenoids,
treatment of defective sight and
hearing and similar methods it is expected
that many juvenile offenders
will be reformed.
ABSORB FOOD FISH
Former Oyster Inspector Declares
Were Made Into Oil.
RECEIPTS FOR MARKET
NOT MORE THAN 2,000,000
Price Advanced Rom $3.75 to $6 a
Barrel?District Authorities May
Monopoly of food fish by fertiliser factories
engaged in the manufacture of fertilizers
and oil at different points along
the Potomac river is responsible for the
big shortage in supply of herring mar- ,
keted in Washington during the past
few seasons. This is the charge made <
by John T. Jones, a former oyster inspector
in the employ of the District
Statements by Jones to the effect that
these companies have utilized as many
as 11,000,000 herring in a single season
in the manufacture of fertilizers, thereby
causing a decrease in the supply of food |
fish of this character brought to the '
local market and a consequent increase j
in price, may be investigated by the
District authorities with a view to seeing
what if any steps can be taken to
remedy the situation.
Big- Rise in Price.
Salted herring, which formerly could ]
be bought at the rate of $3.73 per barrel,
are now bringing as high as $6 :
a barrel, as a result of the heavy catches
of fish for fertilizing purposes* It Is
claimed. Last year receipts of herring
at the District wharves amounted to less
than this number during the same period,
company along the river destroyed less
than this number during the same period
while many concerns, it is alleged, used
a much larger supply in the manufacture
of fertilizers and oils.
With a view to remedying conditions,
the United States engineer office, several
weeks ago, dispatched the tug Castle
along the river to notify fishermen that ?
they would have to keep their nets
within certain bounds out of deep water.
This action, it is believed, will have an
effect in curtailing the catch of herring
at the mouth of the river and allowing
them to come up the river to
their spawning grounds in fresh water.
What, if anything, can be done to protect
herring on the spawning grounds t
is now being considered by thoSe in- i
terested. It is not unlikely that steps t
will be taken to interest Maryland and
Virginia authorities in the matter. (
Big Fertilizer Consumption. ^
According to statements made by Jones. '
the smallest factory in operation during
the spring of 1912 used 3,000,000 herring. 1
As a rule, the factories send their own c
steamers directly to the fishermen, it is c
stated. The fish are not "culled" or 1
inspected, it is further charged, but are *
taken to the raw box" where they are ?
cooked and then ground up and pressed c
to make the fertilizer and oil. (
This takes place during the months of
April and May, until the opening of the
season for the catching of elwives, on
the first of June. The fish are paid for j
by the factories at the rate of $2.50 a ,
thousand. In a single day as many as 1
eight steamers have been unloaded, it is
The oil is pressed out, averaging from
five to seven gallons per thousand herring.
The fertilizer, ground, averages J
one ton to twelve thousand herring. i
Although there will be from two to
four gallons of oil more per thousand ]
from elwives than from herring and
other food fish, the profit is nearly the 1
same on each. Oil from the herring nets i
the dealer from 5 to 7 cents more on
the gallon, a& it is much richer. Both
oil and fertilizer is shipped to brokers <
in various sections of the country and , I
sold by them to be used in the manufacture
of soaps, paints, etc. ?
Were the operations of the fertilizer i
companies limited to the manufacture of i
fish having no food value, the scarcity j
of food fish, it is claimed, at this and 1
other markets on the Potomac would ?
soon become a thing of the past. t
FORMER SENATOR IMS:
OF JEFFERSON DAVIS1
Bailey of Texas Tells of Mississippians
at Meeting of State
The achievements of Mississippians
in the Congress of the United States j
for half a century were told by former
Senator Joseph W. Bailey of Texas in
an address before the Mississippi Society
of Washington last night at the
Confederate Veterans' Hall, 1322 Vermont
He spoke especially of Jefferson
t/ov?o. iic iuiu ui huw i^?a.vis, wno was
senator from Mississippi, studied for
many years before he went to Congress,
and stated that the senator always
stood up for his belief. He told
of the troubles encountered by him, and
declared that a man who dares to
stand up for his belief will always have
trouble in American politics.
Mr. Bailey spoke of accusations made
against public men in the time of Jefferson
I>avis and said that proof was necessary
in those days to be given, but
that in the present time after an accusation
had been made it was not deemed
necessary to give proof. The speaker
said that nearly all of the members of
Congress of the present day are honest,
and that he thinks all of them were
honest as to dollars and cents.
"It is no compliment to a man to say
he -- honest as to dollars and cents," he
said. The honesty of a man consists
not only of that, but of saying the
truth, whether it is popular or not."
! He said he liked the kind of a man who
i fought for his principles. He declared that
he believed that If a senator is insulted on
[ the floor of the Senate that he ought to |
fight, but said that he ought to wait until
the Senate adjourned and then fight it
out. and not on the floor of the chamber.
Senator John Sharp Williams of Mississippi,
a member of the society, who
was in attendance at the meeting, was
paid a tribute by the speaker, who
declared that the state of Mississippi
is represented by one of the ablest
men in the United States Senate.
B. G. Humphreys, president of the
society, introduced Mr. Bailey. Miss
Grace Adams gave a recitation and
Miss Lillian Flower sang a solo.
Union University Alumni to Dine.
The sixteenth annual dinner of the
Union University Alumni Association of
Washington is to be held at the Richmond
Hotel tomorrow night, at which
the president of the university. Dr.
Charles Alexander Richmond, is to be
present. The officers of the association
are: President. Rev. John Van Schaick.
jr.: vice president, former Representative
C. C. Bowman; second vice president.
William C. Childs. and secretary
and treasurer, Philip J. Ryan.
COAL MINERS OF OHIO
DEMAND WAGE CONTRACT
Shut-Down April 1 Until Definite
Arrangement With Operators
CLEVELAND, Ohio. March 2S. ? All
coal mines in Ohio will shut down Wednesday,
April 1, and will remain closed
until a wage contract can be made with,
the miners and the mine-run payment
basis removed. C. E. idaurer, president
of the Ohio coal operators, announced
here late today.
Approximately 50,000 men will be affected
by the shut-down, which President
Maurer says la a matter of selfprotection
for the operators. In view of
the contracts made between mine workers
and mine owners in the competitive
states. Pennsylvania and Indiana, at
Chicago recently. He says that the passage
of a law by the last Ohio legislature
calling for the payment of miners
on the mine-run basis places Ohio operators
at a competitive disadvantage
with operators In the states where the
lump payment basis continues.
"Without knowing what will finally be
the cost of coal, and without having any
definite contract or price in view, it is
Impossible for the operator to make any
contract renewals," said Maurer. "The
mines will remain cloBed until all uncertainty
Is removed, and some method devised
by which the Ohio operators can
continue on the same basis of mining
as in competitive states."
Operators here denied the statement
at Columbus of John Moore, president of
the Ohio miners, that the Ohio mines
will continue to be operated after April
1. at least until a referendum vote is
taken by the miners on the report of
the policy committee adopted at Chicago.
L#oeal operators charge that the renewal
of contracts by the mine workers in
Pennsylvania and Indiana on last year's
basis, without, provision for settlement of
the situation In Ohio, was a "breach of
promise by the policy committee of the
United Mine Workers."
HUNT REYNARD TP COVER
Jump Fox in Early Afternoon in
Exercising for Coming National
Capital Horse Show.
Washington horsewomen who are planling
to participate In the National Captal
horse show, May 2 to 8, took advanage
of the good weather last week to
ixercise their mounts over the bridle
>aths In the parks, while several of them
vere members of a party which took a
Ifty-mile fox hunt yesterday afternoon.
The start was made at Chevy Chase,
't was nightfall before the party had
:ompleted a strenuous ride over a number
>f farms lying to the west of the subur>an
settlement. The chase proved excitng.
A fox was jumped early in the afternoon
and several times was in the view
>f the hunters. He was finally run to
Mrs. W. Sinclair Bowen, Miss Edith j
Howard and Miss Dasha Allen were!
among those who took the ride who are
planning to compete in a number of the ;
jumping events at the horse show. Mrs.
Bowen, who captured several ribbons |
with her hunter, Monococy, last year,
rode Billy, a promising colt, which will
make his horse show debut at the coming
Miss Howard will make her first appearance
as a contestant at a local show j
this season. She wiH ride Duke, a
horse that is expected to give a good
account of himself at the hurdles. Miss
Allen, daughter of Col. Henry T. Allen,
U. S. A., will ride Yellowstone Regent,
Dne of the successful competitors at the
Washington horsewomen are taking
jreat interest in the plans for the show
ind will be well represented in the jumpng
events, Mrs. Bowen said last night.
Announcement was made yesterday that
VIrs. Allan Potts of Virginia has made
jeveral entries in the hunting, saddle
ind harness events. Mrs. Potts captured
several ribbons last year and will exhibit
i number of new horses this spring.
SCORED BY CORONER'S JURY.
St. Louis Building Commissioner
Criticised in Report.
ST. DOUIS, March 28.?Building Commissioner
McKelvey and his assistants
were censured by the coroner's jury
that investigated the death of seven
men in the collapse, after the Missouri
Athletic Club fire, of the building oc
cupied oy the St. i^ouis seed Company,
in & report made today.
The Jury held that the commissioner
and his assistants showed poor judgment
In permitting any one to enter
the building until danger from the collapsed
walls had passed.
The Evening Star v
is believed to have doub
culation in Washingtoi
editions of its evening
The Star frequentl
ing than all three of the
Saturday, March 21.
1 \fnrrh 22.
Monday, March 23.
Tuesday, March 24.
Wednesday, March 25.
Thursday, March 26.
Friday, March 27.
I solemnly swear that thi
only the number of copies of 1
I STAR circulated during the
1914?that Is, the number of c
furnished or mailed, for val
flde purchasers or subscribe
counted are not returnable to
unsold, except in the case o
agents only, from whom a t
have not yet been received.
District of Columbia, ss.:
Subscribed and sworn to
day of March, A.D. 1914.
ADVOCATES CHANGES IN
PUBLIC SCHOOL SYSTEM
Dr. P. P. Claxton, U. S. Commissioner
of Education, Voices
Would Consolidate Rural Schools
and Keep Children Outdoors as ^
Much as Possible.
Radical changes in the public school
systems of the United States were advocated
by Dr. Philander P. Claxton, United
States commissioner of education, in an 1
address at the TTniv#?r?ltv riuh to?* owan.
ing. The several changes which he urged
are now on their way, he believes, and
will be In effect here within twenty-five
years- The most Important points advocated
by the commissioner were.
1. That the rural schools shall be consolidated
and that in place of untrained
girls, "just out of their 'teens/ " men of
experience shall be employed at substan- ,
tial salaries, who shall act not only as
teachers, but also as leaders In their community.
That these teachers shall be
furnished a suitable home or "teachery,"
just as preachers are given parsonages,
and that they shall conduct a model
farm, keeping in close touch with all the
national agencies devoted to Improving
rural conditions and life.
2. That instead of pupils in the city
schools changing teachers every year,
half year or quarter, a teacher shall accompany
the pupils until they reach
about the sixth grade, or where departmental
work begins. In this manner
teachers will understand their pupils better
and can act as guides. Much greater
advance could thus be made.
For Shorter Grade School.
3. To have a slx-vear elementary
school Instead of an eight-year instltu- i
tion, the high school being six years in 1
length. At present the seventh and
eighth grades for the most part are
"marking time" or the pupils in them '
are being taught high school subjects by
teachers who are trained for elementary
4. That many of the "colleges"
throughout the country which are now
endeavoring unsuccessfully to give college
courses become preparatory schools
or junior colleges In which pupils can i
be prepared for their freshman work. In
this manner the "mortality rate" by
which 60 per cent of present college entrants
"die" before completing the Junior
year would be greatly lowered and a
probable 75 per cent would be successful, i
These junior colleges should have only
men of the highest ability and person- <
Children should be made to do work. .
preferably gardening or other work
that would keep them out of doors. Mr.
Claxton said. "The children ought not
to be ground in the shop or the mill,
but should work with their feet in the <
soil, their head in the sunshine and (
breathing good air. They will go home
tired and with health for their old
age." By this means many children
coum stay in scnooi longer man at
Favors "Half-and-Half" Plan. \
Dr. Claxton also advocated a "half- ]
and-half" plan for Washington by
which boys and girls who have to work ]
would go to school one week and work ;
in a store or factory the next week.
This plan has been tried with con- ;
siderable success in many places, he
Following Dr. Claxton's address, former
Senator Marlon Butler of North Carolina
offered a resolution asking the au- j
ditors to pledge their support to the
speaker in his efforts to improve educational
conditions here. The resolution
was unanimously adopted. It was explained
during Mr. Butler's discussion
that the amount of money asked for by
the bureau of education this year was
three times that previously requested,
and that if the amount asked was received
for fifty-six years it would be
enough to build one battleship.
Many local educators were in the audi- ,
ence. Claude N. Bennett presided.
BANDITS USE GUNS.
Kill One Man. Wound Two and Commit
JOHNSTOWN, Pa.. March 28.?When
they refused to hold up their hands at
the command of four masked men near
Barnesboro tonight, & party of eight men
was fired upon and one of their number
was killed and two others probably fatally
wounded. The five uninjured men,
cowed by the wounding of their companions,
were robbed of their pay envelopes,
amounting in all to nearly $200.
The party of eight was returning from
a wedding at Barnesboro, and In a cut
along a railroad track were met by the
masked men. When the command
"hands up" was not answered quickly
enough the robbers opened fire.
Vito Cavallo is dead and his brother
Casomo and Pasqu&ile Conceltino are believed
to be dying in a local hospital. <
The wounded men were carried to *
Barnesboro by the o^ier members of the
party. A posse Is searching for the ban- 1
with its ONE EDITION ,
le the combined paid cirri
of the two afternoon 3
y prints more advertisother
daily papers comTION
- 0-0 0 00000 00 0 69,853
.0 00-0 0 0 00 00 0 00 0 70,098
.... 0090900.000 0 .69,927
3 above statement represents
[ HE EVENING AND SUNDAY
seven days ended March 27.
roptes actually sold, delivered,
uable consideration, to bona
5rs?and that the copies so
or do not remain in the office
f papers sent to out-of-town
ew returns of unsold papers
Star Newspaper Company.
before me this twenty-eighth
E. E. RAMEY,
HELP FOR CAPITAL
(Continued from First Page.)
tion's honor is pledged to the proper development
of the nation's capital. 'Justitia
omnibus* is the official motto of the
District of Columbia. Justice to all is
the unofficial motto of Congress. We
are confident that if the same amount
of effort had been expended in remindng
each incoming Congress of the history
of the National Capital, beginning
with its founding by George Washington
on a magnificent scale, with the obvious
purpose of national maintenance, we
would not have been in our present
"That history includes:
"The long neglect of that purpose by
the national government;
"Heroic and self-sacriflcing endeavors
of the local people to execute George
Washington's will in the matter;
"Thfl hnnkriintrv thnt inevitahlv fell
upon them In that endeavor;
"The settlement in bankruptcy made
by Congress between 1874 and 1878 with
the guarantee of the indebtedness Incurred
in capital making and pledge to
pay one-half of it, and with the definite
promise to pay one-half of the expense
of maintenance and development in future;
"The progress which has been made
under that arrangement;
"The adequate taxation above the
average of the cities of the country
paid by the local people now;
Costs Americans Six Gents Each.
"The fact that they pay $20 each a
year and all the rest of our fellowcountrymen
pay only 6 cents each a
"The fact that the national government
owns the fee simple title of the
city streets and avenues and reservations
and, in all, property above half
In value of the whole real property, and
that it is entirely untaxed, although
the government gets the benefit of all
"The fact that the people of the country
are proud of their capital and have
never presented one petition of protest to
Congress against the operation of what
the United States Supreme Court has called
the organic act of 1878;
The fact that the government has the
exclusive control of the capital, the one
purely governmental city in the world established
here to be free from all conflicting
local jurisdictions and with no
large commerce or industries:
"That it is, as Senator Southard of
New Jersey, in his famous report of the
District committee of 1S35, said 'the child
of the Union' and 'the creation of the
Union for its own purposes';
"That he said, as to the plan, that 'it
was calculated for the magnificent capital
of the great nation, too oppressive
from its very dimensions and arrangement
to the inhabitants if its execution
to any considerable extent is to be thrown
upon them,' and that 'it would be most
consummate folly' for the inhabitants to
riream of executing such a plan;
Fully Contemplated by Government.
"That as the House judiciary committee
said in its report of 1874, 'it was fully
contemplated by the government that the
extent of the expenditures will keep pace
with the magnificence of the plan to be
ultimately carried out';
"That the local people could not bear
the doubling of taxation necessary to
systematic progress if the present arrangement
is abandoned, hence it would
be confiscation and destructive to that
"If these and other similar facts had
been properly laid before every new senator
and representative there would have
been no question about the 'half-andhalf'
arrangement and no question about
the appropriations needed both for moral
and physical progress. The action of the
House appropriations committee shows
that there is ample money for all these
Improvements if the 'half-and-half plan
Delegates to Chicago.
At a business session, following: the
adoption of the resolution and Mr.
Macfarland's speech, delegates to the biennial
convention in Chicago were elected
is follows: Mrs. Ellis Logan, Mrs. George
r. Smallwood, Mrs. Annie Pearce, Mrs.
3ylinda W. Ford. Mrs. William D. Bigelow,
the general federation secretary:
Mrs. W. E. Andrews, director of the general
federation, and alternates, Mrs. E.
H. Pitcher, Mrs. Emma F. Shelton and
Mrs. Janet Richards.
Several resolutions for proposed
changes in the constitution and by-lahvs
were introduced and referred to the
committee on by-laws. The committee
will report on the resolutions at the next j
NEARLY ALL NATIONS
AID THEIR CAPITALS
Contribute to Upkeep of Cities Set
Apart for Governmental
That contributions are made by practically
all foreign nations to the upkeep of
iheir capital cities is the information that
has come to the Commissioners of the
District of Columbia through the State
Shortly after the present board of Dis:rict
officials came into office it decided
:o make an investigation to ascertain to
what extent the capitals of other nations
eceive financial aid from the general governments.
The assistance of the State
Department in the undertaking was rejuested.
So far, it is learned, about thirty replies
lave been received. They are now in the
lands of Alonzo Tweedaie, auditor for
the District, who will prepare a statement
setting forth in concrete form the
Gleaned From the Reports.
While the information has not been digested,
it is understood they show that
3very country from which reports were
received contributed in some degree to the
upkeep of the city which is its seat of
government. In some countries the donaLions
are proportionately much larger
than in others.
Commissioner Newman last night said
;hat the investigation was instituted in
>rder that the Commissioners might have
the fullest information as to practices in
jther countries when they consider the
Inancial relations existing between the
United States government and the DisLrict
BECOME PROFIT SHARERS.
Company of Grocers Donates Stock
to Trusted Employes.
Eleven trusted employes of the wholesale
and retail grocery firm of G. G.
Pornwell & Son, 1415 H street northvest,
have been given stock in the busiless,
according to an announcement
nade yesterday. 1
The firm recently set aside a block of .
itock to be distributed among employes ,
vho had shown themselves worthy, ,
iither through length of service or espe:ial
merit, and the men announced yes- 1
:erday are the first to get stock. Prob- i
ibly other employes will be given stock
The eleven men are H. E. Hoidridge,
P. M. McKim. W. J. Campbell, J. C.
Vlaynard, R. Welch, E. Welch, W. C. .
Poston, J. D. Kifiby, W. W. Golway, H.
L.. Birmingham and W. O. Norwood. 1
G. G. Cornwell is president of the <
ompany and H. King Cornwell is sec- j
etary and treasurer. ]
RISING WATERS MENACE
ALL SOUTHERN NEW YORK
No Abatement of Flood Condition
in Sight?Two Men Drowned I
Mississippi and Louisiana Suffer.
Missing Rural Delivery Carrier
3 T A.
JUCilCVCU iJUSl. i
ELMXRA, X. Y., March 28.?With every
river and creek swollen over Its banks
by a steady downpour during the last .
twenty-four hours, flood conditions to
night were alarming throughout the entire
southern section of the State. From
all points come news of blocked traffic
conditions, streets inundated and much
property damaged by reason of ravages
of the waters.
In the western section of this city con- ]
siderable damage has been done by the
overflow of the Chemung river. In the
eastern part of the city water from Newtown
creek has backed up into the
streets. Boats were used by household- ,
ers In that section to go to and from
Binghamton is suffering serious damage
by reason of the overflow of the ,
Chenango and Susquehanna rivers. The
Chenango overflowed its banks shortly
before noon today, and flooded a large
part of the residential section. The
Susquehanna overflowed into many
streets in the central section this afternoon.
From Corning, Canisteo, Owego
and Wellsville come reports of damage
caused by the overflow of many small
rivers and streams.
Weather prediction for this section
was for continued rain tonight. There
was small hope for any abatement of
flood conditions for at least twenty-four
Two Men Drowned.
SCHENECTADY, N. Y.. March 28.Two
unidentified men were drowned
when Freemans bridge, over the Mohawk
river, two miles west of here, was swept
away. The damage done here by the
high water thus far amounts to $200,000.
The river was falling this afternoon.
It was believed the danger had passed.
WHITEHALL, N. Y., March 28?The
level of Lake Champlain has risen four
feet within the last twenty-four hours.
Should the rapid thaw now In progress
continue the worst flood in the history
of this region will result, it is said.
Mississippi Flood Condition.
JACKSON, Miss., March 28.?Four hundred
buildings, including the leading hotel
and two department stores, were flooded
as a result of Town creek overflowing its
banks here today. It is estimated that
the damage will amount to $200,000.
The creek became swollen after fortyeight
hours of steady rainfall. The flood ,
came so quickly that merchants did not
have time to move their stocks. Traffic
on Capital street, the principal thoroughfare,
cannot be resumed before tomorrow.
The waters receded almost as fast as
they rose. Tonight there was little sign
of the flood.
Mail Carrier Missing.
SHREVEPORT, La., March 28.?Colvin
Pierce, a rural mail carrier of Mansfield,
La., sixty miles south of Shreveport. is
missing. He is believed to have been
drowned while attempting to ford a
swollen stream near there.
TO ABANDON TENT CAMP
West Virginians Warned of Arrest.
Deadlock Still on in
Po?no TT! tto?I'Q
COLLIERS, W. Va., March 28.?The
striking: miners here, former employes
of the West Virginia-Pittsburgh Coal
Company, who have persisted in retaining
their tented camp despite the orders of
deputy United States marshals, were advised
tonight to obey the order to remove
their tents. This advice was given by J. C.
Palmer, jr., attorney for the United Mine
Workers of America. Mr. Palmer said
the order of Judge A. G. Dayton was
a "consent order" and he warned the
strikers that they would be arrested
if they continued their refusal to obey.
All was quiet here today and the feeling
of apprehension which prevailed for
several days had almost disappeared.
Capt. C. R. Morgan of Charleston, who
has been conducting an investigation here
as the personal representative of Gov.
H. D. Hatfield, departed for Charleston
tonight to report to the state executive.
He spent today in hearing testimony of
Deadlock in Pennsylvania.
PHILADELPHIA, Pa., March 28.-The
miners and operators of the central
Pennsylvania bituminous coal district,
who have been in conference here for a
week in an effort to arrange a new wage
scale effective April 1, are still deadlocked.
The operators today proposed that
the present wage agreement be renewed.
They declared that if this proposition is
not accepted the mines in central Pennsylvania
would be closed April 1 until an
agreement is reached.
The mine workers will make a reply to
the proposition Monday. Notice has been
sent to all union miners in central Pennsylvania
to continue at work after April
1 until they fieceive instructions from the
miners' committee negotiating with the
operators. There are about 38,000 mine
workers in the central Pennsylvania district.
Young Woman Acquitted of Murder
IRVINE, Ky., March 28.?Miss Maude
Tipton was acquitted by a jury in the
circuit court here today of the charge
of having murdered Reuben Todd, a
prominent mercnant, juiy zt> last, it
was her second trial, the jury In the
tirst hearing: tailing to reach an agree- ,
Boy Has Famous Base Ball. ]
LYNCHBURG, Va., March 28.?Tom
Doyle, a thirteen-year-old Lynchburg
boy, has the base ball which King
George of England threw to the Giants ]
and White Sox for the game the king
witnessed in London six weeks ago. The
ball was presented the lad by the wife
of Manager John J. McGraw of New
York, who is a friend of the family here. *
Hear Tenor Through Wireless. \
PARIS, March 28.?Communication c
by wireless telephone between Laeken. y
a. suburb of Brussels, and Eiffel Tower
was established tonight, and the voice r
of a tenor singing at Laeken could *
be heard. This was made possible ?
through a new and powerful microphone
invented by an Italian engineer.
Plague Under Control at Havana.
HAVANA, March 28.?The sanitary of- c
Icials believe that they have the bu- a
bonic plague under control. No new I
rases were reported today, and the two t
oatients at the Spanish hospital are im- I
BIG SISTERS TOLD ?
TO OBSERVE LIFE
Much Opportunity for Intervention
to Better Conditions
MISS BIGELOW OF BOSTON
MVc V T "Hn Dais ^ ?:
M.4U, A, "U juum A A tuiuts
mum Wage Law Here?Schools
Hot Right, She Says.
Watch over the boys or girls who
have fallen Into unfortunate ways of
life. Gl\*e them advice and help them
out of the rut.
This was the sentiment expressed by
speakers at a mass meeting at the
Cairo last night of **the big brother
and sister movement."
The meeting was the first held by
the "big sister" workers. Mrs. Fred
I\ Du Hois, leader of the movement In
this city, declared that the workers had '
been so busy looking after individual
cases that they did not have time to
attend meetings of any organization.
The wish that every woman in Washington
could see what is happening all
around her was expressed by Miss E.
Bigelow of Boston.
Places of Vantage.
"Just go in some of the restaurants and
watch," she said. "It will educate you.
Co to the moving picture shows where
some fine educational film is advertised
to be shown, and you w ill find that before
and after this fine film will he shown ones
that you would not want your boy or girl
to see. There is an opportunity for some
'big sister* work there.
"Put on plain clothes and visit some
boarding houses where rooms are advertised
for $5.00 a month. Ask to be shown
the rooms; ask if men are allowed 10
room in the house, and see under what
conditions a girl rooming there may receive
company. Go to the dance halls and
learn what the 'big sister' ought to do.
You will find plenty to do."
Predicts Minimum Wage Scale.
Predicting that a minimum wage law
will be passed in Washington, Mrs. DuBois
declared that the "big sister" workers
were now preparing for it by finding
put how many would be thrown out of
work, and planning to take care of th?:n.
"Isn't that preventive work?" she
She deplored the expenditure of $.>*>,000.000
more annually In this country for
puiivo anu CUUILh 111(111 1? CAyt UUtrU 1UI ruucation.
"It is time the cities were finding out
just what is wrong. and taking steps to
prevent it" she declared.
She also urged those present to go
out and see for themselves what is
"You will not need to read any
French books. You will And actually
existing things worse than you can
read in such books," Mrs. DuBois asserted.
As for the boys, she said, the mother
must be made to understand them. As
for the girls, she said, as soon as they
can be made to know that some one
cares for them they will be all right.
They just want somebody to care.
Then there is something wrong with
the system of schooling. For girls,
there is everything except that which
tits them for motherhood. For the boy
there is everything taught him in the
schools except that which prepares him
to assume the responsibilities of fatherhood.
Record of One Boy.
An example of the work being done
in connection with the big brother and
sister movement was cited by Mrs.
DuBois. She had the record card of a
boy as he was ore year ago. He had '
been charged with larceny, according
to the card, lie belonged to a bad
gang, smoked incessantly. His father
was dead. He was earning $5 a week
as a plumber.
"One year has elapsed." said Mrs.
DuBois, "and what do you think has
happened to that boy? Where do you
think he is now? Well, he has left the
bad gang, has given up smoking and
is supporting his mother and brothers
on a one-acre tract, near this city,
wnich he tills between times when he
is not doing" nis piumning wotk in hum
city. He is president of a Christian
"And one of his old gang informed
me that it is 'real religion' that he has.
This is ortlv one of the many instances
"One of the troubles here." continued *
Mrs. DuBois, "is that the parks are
made to be beautiful, and not for tinchildren
to play in, where they can
work off some of their surplus energy.
If a window is broken the first thing is
to cal! a policeman and have the boy
dragged into the Juvenile Court, where
he gets his first criminal record. We
are fighting to have these records destroyed
instead of being kept on file.
"Why, baoies are being dragged into
the court. But there is going to be a
better condition; there are going to be
fewer arrests of children."
A musical program, which was a fen
ture of the meeting, was participated
in by Misses Evans and Hambly and
the Nevin Ladies' Quartet. ^
To Take Charge of Activities in
Interest of Richmond Park.
William Parry, president of the
Richmond Park Citizens* Association,
recently organized, last night announced
the appointment of the following
Committee on constitution and by- # '
laws?Ben Kabesky, chairman; Arthur
W. Davidson and George II. Girty.
Committee on publicity?P. H. McGowan,
chairman: J. B. Smallwood.
Ralph A. Graves and George L. Beck. /
Committee on membership?8. R.
Lynn, chairman; J. M. 'Lowenthal, Miss
ciara B. fcsitz and Miss Katherine
Committee on parks and parking?Z.
D. Blackistone. chairman; Harry Epps.
Louis 1'. Allen, Miss Elizabeth Edna
Marshall, Mrs. Sallie Nairn and Mrs.
TWO SUFFRAGE MEETINGS.
interstate Club and Southern
League Announce Sessions. '.
John B. McCarthy, a newspaper man, is
innounced to speak at a meeting of the *nterstate
Suffrage Club tomorrow afterloon
at 3 o'clock at 1306 G street northvest.
He will tell of woman suffrage
ampaigns in Washington many years
The Southern Suffrage League is to
neet Tuesday night at the home of Mrs.
Cstelle Willoughby Ions, 18J2 Calvert
treet northwest. Southern women have
>een especially invited to be present.
Arthur D. Call to Lecture.
Arthur Deerin Call, executive director
f the American Peace Society, is to
ddress the Parents' League on "Our }<
>art in the Burden of the Nation," at fj
he Wilson Normal School. 11th and
larvard streets, Wednesday night, at I
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