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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, April 06, 1914, Image 1

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Fair and warmer tonight; Tues- f
| day increasing cloudiness and j
| warmer: gentle south breezes.
About every one in Washing
ton who reads at all reads The
No. 19.549.
"Court of Appeals Says Any
Taxpayer Is Privileged
to Begin Suit.
President and Senate Declared Not
Above Plain Mandate of
the Law.
Court Divides on Question. Chief
Justice Shepard Holding Out
Against the Views of His
Oliver P. Newman must defend
before the District courts his right
to hold the office and exercise the
function? of a civil Commissioner
the District of Columbia.
The District Court of Appeals
in an opinion by Justice Van Ors
del revefseA4fcday the decision of
justice Anderson of the Supreme
Court of the District of Columbia,
and held that a taxpayer is en
ritled under the law to maintain
proceedings in quo warranto to
inquire into the eligibility of a
person named as District Com
Judicial Inquiry Not Barred.
The appellate court also held
tiiat the-action of the President in
naming a Commissioner and the
confirmation of such appointee by
the Senate in no way precludes
the District Supreme Court from
inquiring into the eligibility of the
person named for the office.
? 'oiumis^ioner Newman did not learn of
th*- decision until after 1 o'clock this
afternoon'. following his return from an
inspection trip at the jail. He declined
to ? omment upon it until he has con
ferred with his attorneys.
Chief Justice Dissents.
The opinion rendered today is by a
divided court. Justice Robb concurred
in the opinion of Justice Van Orsdel.
Chief Justice Shepard tiled a dissenting
The chief justice bases his dissent
on rh* sole ground that the independ
' in rt iator is not an "interested" per
son within the meaning oX the statute
Hud Is not. therefore, entitled'to main
tain the action without the approval
the Attorney General or th?? dis
trict attorney, to whom the interests
of the public ar?- in trusted
Attorneys Ralston Richar.dson. rep
resenting Mr New man wtTl se#?!< t*
have th^ United States Supreme Court
^re\ iew the decision of the District
Court of Appeals. An appeal op writ
of error will first be apked from ttie
(Com hi tied on T*nth Pag*.) - H
Alabama Democrats at Pri
maries to Decide Between
Hobson and Underwood.
People Also to Choose Candidates for
State Offices and for
BIRMINGHAM, Ala . April fi. Thou
sands of Alabama democrats toda: voted
at primaries, ending the long fisht
nomination for the United S.'ates Senate |
between Oscar W. Underwood. majority
leader of the national House of Repre
sentatives. and Representative Richmond
I Pearson llobson. The protracted strug
j cle between the two distinguished candi
! dates brought fort!' what is expected to
I prove an unusually heavy vote when
counting of the ballots is completed. !
! h, addition to nominating a senator I
' for the term beginning March 4 next,
democrats today voted for a successor to
fill the unexpired term of the late Sena
tor Joseph E. -Johnston, a governor and j
many other state and county officials.
Because of the length of the ballot,
which contained tile names of more than
' a hundred and twenty-five candidates for,
more than thirty offices, votin* pr?CT.-*?
ed slowly. It was Benerallv be"e\ed the
various choices would not be detlnitel
known before Tnesdaj afternoon, and
possibly later- ,
Mr. Underwood oast his ballot toda> in
the twenty-first precinct of Birmingham.
He arrived :*t the booth on 'Vv?nUe_?"
near 21st street. about 10 ? cIo<*: J*? j
congressional leader came to this clt>
from Washington Saturday ^r the pur- ,
pt.se of voting and making a final appeal
for support at a local mass meeting.
Representative Hobson vot"d today at
Greensboro, Hale county. Ala.
expected to return to Birmingham to ,
niglit to rcceive returns. I
Stringent Rules Govern.
Stringent rules formulated by the
state democratic committee governed
today's primary. Officials had been in
structed to permit only democrats who j
voted for VYoodrow Wilson for Presi- j
dent to cast ballots. Weather conditions
generally were good. The polls were
opened at 8 o'clock. In the country dis"
tricts they were closed at 5 o'clock, and
in the cities at 6 o'clock. I
The candidate nominated for the short
senatorial term to expire March 4 next !
will be ratified at a special general
I election on May 11. On the same day a!
I second primary will be held to settle j
; cases where candidates for state offices
failed to receive a majority of votes
! cast today.
The actual election of a Lnited States
senator for the long term beginning
March m?, and of state and county
officers will take place at the general
election next November. This will be
merely a ratification of today's action.
List of Important Offices.
i Candidates for the more important
j offices for whom ballots were cast to
day were as follows:
1 For the long term in the Lnited States
\ Senate?Oscar. W. Underwood and Rich
mond Pearson Hobson.
For the short term in the United States
Senate?Watt T. Brown of Ragland.
Rav Rushton of Montgomery and Capt.
Frank S. White of Birmingham.
For governor?B. B. Comer, a former
governor; Walter D. Seed, now lieuten
ant governor: R. F. Kolb, state commis
sioner of agriculture and industries, and
Charles Henderson, president of the
railroad commission.
I For member of the national House of
I Representatives?John W. Abercrombie,
I from the state at large; J T. Heflin, fifth
district: Representative George W. Tay
lor and O. L. Gray, first district; Repre
sentative S. Hubert Dent and Woolford
Maybry. second district; Representative
Henrv D. Clayton and Henry B. Stea
srall. "third district; Representative Fred
erick L. Blackmon and E. L- Deason,v
fourth district: Representative John L..
Burnett and I- B. Raine Etowah.
seventh district.
To Fill Posts Vacated.
To succeed Representative Hobson in \
the sixth district. William B. Oliver %and i
William B. Bankhead.
To succeed Representative Bnderwood
in the ninth district. George W. Darden,
j Jore <". King. George Hufldleston and
I Nathan U. Miller.
I To succeed the late Representative,
i William Richardson m the eighth dis.7
trict, W. W. Callahan, J. H. Ballentme,
C 1j. Watts and Judge E- L+ Almon.
Sir Edward Carson to Make Fresh
Bid for a Compromise.
LONDON. April A?In the house of
commons today. Sir Edward Carson, the
.Ulster unionist leader. accordinj; to the
Dailv Mail, will make a fresii bid for a
compromise. He w? susKfst the exclu
sion of Ulster from the home rule bill vin
til such time as the federal system can be.
applied ?o all part-, of the United King
dom. when the whole question would be
The omens are still favorable for a
settlement by consent. The unionist lead
ers and newspapers are agreed that they
find nothing provocative in the speech
made by Mr. Asquith at L.adybank Hatur
dav. and there is every evidence of a ue
sire all around to find an acceptable com
Twelve Counties in Michigan to De
cide on Local Option.
1.AXSIXG. Mich.. April S.?Twelve
counties of Michigan today voted on the
local option question. Eight of the coun
ties are now dry. Nearly all of them
havf figured in more than one exciting
battle over the same issue during the
quarter of a century that it almost an
nually has been before the voters. The
so-< ajled wet counties' which voted today
are Ingham. Arenac. Ogemaw and Ros
j common. Those which have had pro
hibition for the last two years at least
are Wexford. Shiawasse. Mecosta. Mid
land. Henzie, Clare. Kalkaska and Os
CfThe campaign this year has. as usual,
been liotlv waged Many thousands of
dollars hare been spent for campaign
literature and scores of mass meetings
> have ijeen held.
f'robablv the fiercest fight has been in
Incham county, which contains 1-ansing.
the state capital. In 1910 Ingham went
drv by a majority: of less than 1,?J'.
Two years ago it voted against prohibi
tion by-a bout 4*0* majority.
Expresses Confidence That
Country Generally Is Behind
Him on Question.
Mr. Wilson and Most Public Men
Believe Masses Are Little
Concerned. However.
President Wilson expresses the most
; sanguine confidence to visitors who talk
with him that, the country generally if I
i behind him on the tolls question. All oi' I
j his correspondence, some of it from
j friends who are going from oiie place to
I another, represents that the people who
! are thinking at all are with Mr. Wilson.
! Tlie President's opinion, as well as that
? of most public mon. is that the masses
of the people are little concerned about
the matter, as it docs not vitally touch
them, and that whatever opinion exists
lis among those who invariably take
j something of a hand in politics and those
| whose racial or other prejudices arc in
I volved. As a live national problem tolls
j is not seriously regarded by the experts
j who desire to keep in close touch with ,
the people.
The President does not believe th? i
j question will figure as a widespread
i issue in the elections next fall. He be
lieve* that prosperity will be swinging
along by that time; that the people will
be satisfied, and that they will care for
| little '-xcept holding on to the good times
: in prospect.
j Mayor Newton D. Baker of Cleveland.
Ohio, who dropped in at the White House
to pay his respects to President Wilson
said the sentiment in his city and sec
tion of the state was decidedly in favor
of the repeal. He is supporting the
President's position. He remarked that
th*? Chamber of Commerce of Cleveland,
having at least 2.000 members, republic- i
ans and democrats alike, went on record |
for the repeal before. President Wilson's ;
attitude was made known, and that j
Cleveland showed a pronounced senti
ment of support for tiie President.
Reticent on Freight Rates.
The President today declined to publicly
express himself about the proposed in
crease of freight rates, as he does not
wish to be placed in the position of in
fluencing the interstate commerce com
mission, but he did not denounce or deny
any of the stories printed that he pri
vately hopes to see the request of the
railroads given favorable consideration
by the commission.
Everything continues to point to the
fact that the President and his advisers
believe that with the restoration of con
fidence in the business world through a
decision of the commission that will be
j recognised as willing to give corporations
a fair chance to struggle for business
prosperous conditions will fly through the
front doors of the homes of the land and
that canal tolls and other perplexing
problems worrying the politicians will be
| so far forgotten that the democrats will
have an easy walk-over next November.
Eyidences are said to be multiplying
that democratic senators who have been
inclined to listen to the criticisms of a
radical element on several questions re
cently are beginning to come to the con
clusion that as to tolls and many other
things now before Congress, the reai
basis of the opposition to the views of
the President is an organized attempt to
discredit the administration so that the
defeat of the democrats in November
will be easier. That is the view that pre
vails more openly each day among visft
ors to the White House. If the fight is
to be along those lines the contest prom
ises to take on more of a partisan cast
before the final vote in the Senate.
Sentiment . With the President.
Democratic senators at tlie White House
today,.-unhesitatingly asserted that the
sentiment of the country, as it has de
veloped, is with President Wilson. "The
people of Oklahoma believe that the Unit
ed^ States having spent millions to build
the^canalr the government is entitled to
hcharge tolls, and should not create a ship
rtrust or other''monopoly by giving free
.transit to any ships," said Senator Gore.
"I am perfectly safe in saying that the
people of Oklahoma are almost unani
mously with the President."
, Senator Salisbury of Delaware was
'equally positive as to the situation in his
'state. "Where there has been agitation
for the sole and. direct purpose of mak
ing trouble for the President, there may
be opposition," said Senator Saulsbury,
?"but the masses of the people, those who
do the real voting at election time, are
not giving any thought to the subject
and will not do so. They are more deep
ly concerned about other tilings. They
?believe in the President and his admln
Democratic senators aiid representa
,tives who have taken the trouble to
,sound opinion report that they are not
jin the least disturbed about what the
country will do at election time, and that
all reports declare the people are with
President Wilson and his administration.
Predicament of Senator Thomas.
Senator Thomas of Colorado who has |
not committed himself on the tolls ques
tiou, but who visited the President to
day, said: "If I am to judge by the cor
respondence J get from home T would
not '.know just what the sentiment is on
tolls. About half of my correspondents
warn me that if I do not support the
President 1 will be defeated, and an
other half that if I support him I will be
defeated. I think 1 will-weigh all the
letters some day and see which side
weighs the most."
Senator Simmons of North Carolina,
after an absence of some days in his
state, called on the President today to
discuss? patronage problems. Regarding
sentiment there he said:
J*jdanv people called on me when I
was at home, and I found a practically
unanimous sentiment in behalf of sup
porting the President. Besides, the peo- j
pie do not see why coastwise shipping,
which needs no help, should be favored i
with free access to-the canal."
Carnegie Church Union to Offer
Purses to Ohaldren of Schools.
NEW TOP.K.* April 6.?To stimulate in-,
terest among Sunday school pupils and*
otfier young people throughout the United*
States, the trustees of the Carnegie
Church Peace ^nion. organized in Feb
ruary. have offered more than a hundred
prizes for essays on ??peace."
The date and term?1 of the contest are
to be'announced soon! by the union; Prot
estant, Roman Catholic and Jewish chil
dren alike will be invited to take part. 4
Prizes of ?500. $300 and *200 will be of-'
fered also to students in thedlcfgical semi
naries for similar* essays.- , *
The winning essay,* in each .contest will
be printed a^<r.(nst|ropf.e<i<*s part'^of^the
union's campaftrn?f6f?peacei4
. .
Three Men Injured. One Fatally, by
Explosion on Torpedo De
stroyer Aylwin.
NORFOLK, Va., April 6.?Three men
were injured by an explosion on the navy
torpedo ^estrojnpr Aylwin trf the sixCfC
group of the Atlantic torpedo flotlllj^
Diamond 4hoa1s lighfcrftip]
on I* f^lfolina coast, early today.
The injured are Water Tender Glynn,
First-class Fireman Haman and First
class Fireman Eaton.
The injured men were brought to the
United States naval hospital here on I
board the destroyer Benham.
Being: Towed In by Parker.
The Aylwin. on an even keel, is being
towed in "by the destroyer Parker.
The explosion occurred in the forward i
fireroom on the port side of the Aylwin.
and resulted in several plates being- blown
off the vessel's side above the water line.
The Aylwin is one of. the .navy's newest
and largest type destroyers. She is one,
of four recently built at Philadelphia/, j
Her sister'ships are the Benham; Pack
er and Balch. The Aylwin has displace
ment of 1 ,WS& tons, and indicated horse
power of 16f00u. She has twin screws.
First-ciass Fireman Haman is dead
and Water Tender Glynn and First-class
Fireman Eaton are in a serious condition.
Reasons Assigned for Folsom Jail
Delivery at San Francisco.
SAN FRANCISCO. April 6.?Various
causes were given by three members of
the board of prison directors for the out
break at Folsom prison last Saturday,
in which four prisoners were killed. Di
rector Charles Son n tag declared today
that it all came of treating the prisoners
too well and coddling them. Tirey 1*. i
Ford believed the croivdeti conumoii or
the prison, necessitating the removal of
the prisoners to the partially completed
building where the attempt to escape was
made, was responsible. Warren Porter
said that publicly expressed sentimental
sympathy with convicts had made the
prisoners confident that the guards would
not dare shoot them to prevent their
Inventor Edison Lingers at Florida
Home?Sends for Tobacco.
WEST ORANGE. N. J.. April 6.?Al
though he had written to the heads of
the departments at his works here
that he would be home Sunday, Thomas
A. Edison has been prevailed upon by
his wife to remain at their home at
"Fort Meyer, Fla., until April 16.
"The missus just won't let me get
back to work." the inventor wrote, i
"It's eating and sleeping and walking
Lack of work is not all that, annoys i
Mr. Edison. He can't get the kind of j
tobacco that he wants in Florida, so
he has written to his private secretarv
to get some of that chewing tobacco
from " 'Red Kelly' in building 18 and
send it, down to me in a hurry." He
also* sends his compliments to "Red,"!
saying that lie knows a good chew. j
Graphic Arts Exposition Committee
Considering Plans.
NEW* YORK,' April 6.?The commit
tee in 'chargie-of the graphic arts ex
position.' wh'i&lv Will open here April 18,;
is^consf&eHtic -i?lans for sending the ex
hibition to Leipzig, Germany, next sum
mer, whe?^ an-** international graphic
arts and bodkmaking exposition will be
"The graphic "arts exposition here will
be under* the auspices of the printing,
publishing ?-Ttd advertising trades and
leagues pf., the country. It will show
the 'advance that has been made in this
country in "printing, lithographing, pub
lishing, advertising and $ie allied
tradefc. - -Tt -will l>e held while the annual
convention ? of ,the American gKeweparfer
o&tinrtrs'*Association is . infafessionfc
Formally Takes XTp Work of Office
Today?May Act on Alcoholic
Brig. Gen. William C. Gorgas. who ac
complished the sanitation' of the Pan
ama Canal Zone, today formally as
sumed the office- of surgeojjr*general of
the United States Arsucceeding
Brig. Gen. George H.Jppey, who died
last December. It w^lH^first supposed
that Gen. Gorgas, has just re
turned from British SoXtrh Africa, where
I he went at the reqlfest of the British
government to outline, a canvr*aign to
drive disease out of the mining region,
would make one more trip to Panama
to close up his duties there. But word
was received from Col. Goethals, civil
governor of the zone, that Gen. Gor
gas' presence would not be necessary.
As a member of the isthmian canal
commission, which wept out- of exis
tence April 1, Gen. Gorgas was head
of the department of sanitation.
Since Gen. Torney's death Charles M.
Gandy has been acting surgeon gen
May Not Favor Drinks in Army.
Gen. Gorgas, W)on assuming his new
duties, may faVor. an order prohibiting
the use of alcoholic beverages at army
posts or' other government institutions,
but he has not given the question serious
thought. j i .
"Every man w.ouid be better off with
out alcoholic drinks.'* he said. "I used
claret lightly at meal times for many
years, but found it was doing me harm
and stopped it some years ago."
But he did not know what he might
recommend as to the army. He is not
prepared to discuss the matter officially
Burglars Blow Safe After Binding
and Gagging Watchman.
BOSTON. April fJ.?Several thousand
dollars was obtained by three men who
entered the department store of Timothy
Smith & Co., In Roxbury, last night, bound
and gagged two watchmen and blew open
the safe. The burglary was not discov
ered until early today, when one of the
watchmen managed to free himself and
gave the alarm.
The watchman told the police that he
opened a side door late in the evening in
response to a knock. A man hit him over
the head with a revolver and knocked him
senseless. When he recovered conscious
ness he found that he was handcuffed,
gagged and tied to a post.
| Seventh District to Choose Late Rep
resentative Bremner's Successor.
PATERSON. N. J.. April 6.?Voters in
the seventh New Jersey congressional
district tomorrow will chose a succes
sor to the late Robert h. . Bremner.
James J. O'Byrne. the democratic can- 1
didate. lias the support of President
Wilson, who has made the indorsement
of the present national administration
the leading issue of the contest. Dow
H. Drukker is tile republican candi
date, Henry C. Whitehead the progres
sive and Gordon Demarest and Henfy
Jager represent socialist parties. Jager
does not live in the district.
The campaign has been warmly con
tested, leaders of each party with a
candidate in the field making speeches.
To wind up the contest an effort is be- ,
Ing made to get Secretary Bryan to
speak here and in Passaic tonight in
support of O'Byrne. A cold prevented
Mr. Bryan from appearing here last j
Friday "night.
To Argue Gompers Case April 20.
The Gompers contempt case was today
restored to the docket of the Supreme
Coijrt for argument April *JO before a'full
court. '
"Gen." Mrs. Drummond Is Forcibly
Removed From London
LONDON, April 6.?"Gen."' Mrs. Flora
,.XJuriMnmond. the. ^militant suffragette,
frtirWIted bo loudly when she was*ar
raigned today at the police court, In
connection with the suffragette dis
turbances at the unionist demonstra
tion in Hyde Park Saturday, that she
had to be forcibly removed. She would
not allow either the magistrate or the
prosecuting attorney to utter an audi
ble word.
When Mrs. Drummond entered the
prisoners' inclosure she shouted at the
top of her voice that, she would not
?permit any one but. herself to speak
because. she said, the magistrate and
i the police courts were doing the dirtv
j work of Premier Asquith. She then
j proceeded to bombard the court with
j volleys of verbal shrapnel until she
j was carried out by wardens.
j The magistrate stated that he would
| hfar the case later in the day.
France So Far Fails to Provide Funds
to Participate at Frisco Fair.
PARIS, April 6.?The appropriation bill
providing funds for French official par
ticipation In the Panama-Pacifu- exposi
tion at San Francisco was among sev
eral hundred bills still left on the calen
dar at the close of the sessions of the
chamber of deputies. Gaston Dounier
gue, the premier, today expressed his
determination to press the measure at
the earliest possible moment, after the
assembly of the new parliament to be
elected April 26.
Alexandre Tirman. director of exposi
tions. today said he regretted the delay
but considered it possible to arrange for
full French representation at the expo
sition if the appropriation was available
by the end of July.
Anti-Saloon Organizers Throughout
Illinois Active.
CHICAGO, April 0. Woman voters
throughout Illinois today were besought
by anti-saloon organizers to exercise
their newly granted right to vote, as the
continuance of 0,000 saloons are at stake
in tomorrow's election. Female poli
ticians in Chicago altfo perfected plans
for getting out the woman voters, al
though there are no saloons to be voted
on in the Illinois metropolis.
Those who favor saloons were also
active, asserting that the enfranchise
ment of women would not affect the
temperance quetsion.
Met at noon.
Mr. MeCumber. republiean. of J
North Dakota spoke on the re- |
peal of the Panama tolls ex- . -j
- Met at noon.
John D. Rockefeller, jr.. testi
fied before the mines committee
about his fathers holdings in>
the Colorado Fuel and Iron Com
pany. . ii . .
Miscellaneous bills were consid
ered under the unanimous con
sent rule. ?
Action on the .Knowland reso
lution calling for the diplomatic
correspondence over the Panama
tolls exemption repeal was de
ferred ' by the foreign affairs
committee. Mr. Knowland in
troduced a new resolution on the
subject., ? ? ? ?
Edward C. Roberts of -Daven
port, Iowa, complained to( the ju-lV
diciary committee of. the. meth^
odn of the Retail Lumber Deal
ers' Association. *
T ?* - j .
Republican Senator Argues for
Repeal of Canal Tolls
Would Not Hide Behind Flag
While "Burglarizing' Treasury to
Benefit Shipping Trust.'"
"Are we willing: to hide behind t f
American flag while we burglarize the
t'nited States Treasury f>*r the benefit
of a coastwise shipping trust, which has
no competitor?" asked Senator M??Cum
ber of North Dakota, when he began to
day a speech in defense of the Panama
canal tolls repeal bill. Senator M? -
Cumber is a republican, the first to take
tlie floor in defense of President Wil
son's attitude toward the canal toils
question since the debate opened In the
Senator McCumbcr insisted that only
two questions were really involved In
the dispute over the tolls, one relating
to the economic advisability of com
pelling the coastwise vessels to pay
tolls and the other relating to our
treaty obligations to compel the coast
wise vessels to pay tolls.
Attacks From the Rear.
I "Arc we willing t?? meet th" President
in a calm debate of these questions."
, asked Senator M?-Cumber. "or will we
avoid the merits of 11??? ? ase and attack
the question from the rear.*
Senator MeCu ruber praised the Presi
dent for bis courage in raising the ban
ner in defense of the national honor.
"f have nothing to say about your
party platform." continued Senator Mc
<'umber, turning to the. democrats. "But
the President is not the President of the
democratic party alone, but of the entire
American people. lie must defend the
honor and probity of the country before
the entin* world. This is a duty which
we loaded upon the President, and even
American should stand by him when he
goes to the defense of the national honor.
"T hope that the day will com*; when
the hallucinations that some persons
seem to suffer from, that any jKirt'on of
the American people seek an alliance with
Great Britain different from that wirh
any other foreign country, will have
passed away forever.
Majority Not English.
| "The majority of the Americans are of
ancestry not English. Certainly the de
i scendants of peoples of nations other than
j Great. Britain cannot be expected to urge
j such an alliance with Great Britain. And
the descendants of those Americans whe
fought Great Britain for seven years tc
obtamJ,U.heir freedom aV"- not inclined tc
yielam&kfr? respect to Great Britalr
Senator Mc'Cumber deplored such pre
dictions as those made on the tloor ol
the Senate by Senator I>ewis of Illinois
last week. Senator l^wis pictured Great
Britain as a possible assailant of th'
United States should she be balked in
regard to the canal toTls.
"Canada is sufficient hostage for peace
with Great Britain," said Senator Mc
Cumber. who declared that if war arose
between this country and Great Britain
we would overrun Canada and would hold
it for all time.
"If ever we go to war with Great Brit
ain. we will be the aggressors." said
Senator McCumbcr.
Senator Hoke Smith's Opinion.
"If the vote on the Panama canal tolLs
repeal bill were taken today, the hill
! would be passed by a majority of ten."
| said Senator Moke Smith of Georgia to
j day. He is one of the senate leaders in
the tight to put the measure through.
"If all the republicans who in their
hearts believe that the bill should pasn
voted as they really l?elieve, we would
have a majority of twenty for the bill."
Senator Smith said that he would ad
dress the Senate on the tolls question
next week.
"We. the American people, own the
canal." said Senator Smith "The bonded
indebtedness on the canal is ours: the
tolls charged upon the vessels passing
through the canal will be ours. But the
American coastwise ships art owned by
a few rich men. and they do not belong
to the American people. Why should
we give them exemption?*"
Alabama Election No Factor.
Senator Simmons of North Carolina,
chairman of the finance committee, and
one of the best informed democratic lead
ers of the Senate, said that he thought
the majority for the repeal bill would be
! nine or ten.
Any attempt by opponents of the re
| peal bill to refer to the result of the
senatorial primary in Alabama today,
should/ Underwood win. as showing the.
sentiment of the people regarding the
canal tqlls question, will fc>?? attacked by
the repeal leaders. They insist that Mr.
Cnderwood's ^tar id against the repeal has
nothlrtg to do with'the election, and that
[had the administration thrown its weight
'against Cnderwood because of his op
| position to the repeal it would have made
: Hobson's election sure. They say that
| the President has kept his hands off in
Alabama., how? ver, and that the tolls
question hks nothing to do with the re
sult* there.
No Action on Knowland Resolution.
Action on Representative Knowland's
resolution- calling on President Wilson
and' Secretary -Bryan for diplomatic cor
respondence over the Panama tolls ex
emption repeal was delayed indefinitely
toddv in the* 1 rouse foreign affairs com
mittee. Democrats of the committee will
consult Secretary Bryan. Mr. Knowland
reintroduced the-resolution to omit refer
ence to the President and broadened it to
call, for all'.papers, relating to the inter
pretation of the Hay-Pauncefote treaty.
Representative Knowland became a
storm center when he charged on the floor
that' the President asked for the repeal
after conferences with Sir William Tyr-*
rell of the British foreign office and mad<?
allusions to an Anglo-American agreement
on a Mexican policy- President Wilson
referred to- that as one of the "crotoiiing
insults" of the Panama debate
_ ? . i
Col. Sharman-Crawford Unopposed
in East Belfast.
BELFAST. Ireland. April ?6,-iCol: Shar
man-Crawford" was today returned un
opposed to parliament ws unionist mem
iner for East Belfast/ to fill the" vacancy
in the house of Nttnmons caused by. the
1 death March -S'-of Rob*?Vt ? James Mc
Mordb*. - ?
Col. Sharmau-Crawford ? is vice com-,
niodonft of the' Hoy a L i'lster Yacht Club,
and as r^presenturtyp - of the club was
present - at Sandy\; 11dok during M?*ral
contents fo? |h,efAmerica's cup,
State Department Not Wor
ried by Gen. Villa's Order
of Deportation.
I Not Necessary. Under Present Cir
cumstances. That Huerta Gov
ernment Recognize Him.
<>fl..ia's h*r?. to he rfis,
: .?!?> over th. rrmwi ?xp?|s,wl frm,.
; rrr"z,::r *n' *'-?????? w
, cl?v> \|||a rmM ,h? Sr,.inWi ambav
, s.!.1?r .-alls If ti?. attention of the S"tat.
I Department there <? li.tie likclll,,**, o
j *"?" '?> ,h<- Washington c.rtfr,;.
i:>ent. The Stale Dcpa rt merit I*
mbassador Filitr>*> resolved ofTU tal no
j tice today of the action hv- Oeti. Villa an,*
; Ik preparing to make representations -n
. protest To Keeretarv Bryan. Span, no
j only objects to their expulsion. but also
j to ^ tin- con fi scat Ion ,?f their property,
j which Is estimated to run into the mil
} Hons
The T'nited States itself has Issued .?
( warning to Its own subjects to Irave
: those parts of Mexico. where mil i tar \
[operations are iH-ing earried on. and has
more than one#. intimated that oth* r
ernmenLs might well take similar *feps
The ritrhf of deportation is one provide*!
for under the Mexican roriKtitrrtion an?!
lias been exercised a!ik'- h the Hucrrw
government and the ''onsfit'.itionaiists for
alleged military- or financial support *?f
the ? ncmy and various other reason*
Had Warned Spaniards.
Constitutionalist headquarters here
does not "believe that Gen. Villa tssue?i
a blanket order for thr deportation of
Spaniards. Officials, authorized to spcaA.
say that Gen. Villa has given orders that
j he intends to deport them- Spaniard* who
have given aid iind comport to the federal
troops, in fulfillment of a warning sen;
to ihe.se Spaniards more than a month
ago. These officials say:
"The.se Spaniards are the kee^t-y of
saloons, low dance halls. pawn sh?.??s and
disreputable resorts in Torreon. As Gen.
Villa is almost fanatically ofpwd to th?
us?- or sale of liquors In any form, he en
tertairis a particular enmity toward thos*
who engage in this traffic. Apr.l 2 he
ordered the destruction of every rec?^<
tacle for liquor in the city, causing th*
Spaniards tremendous loss, not onlf in
the profits they expected to derive frwn
the sal^r of the liquor during the perto-i
of expected debauch following the fa
: of Torreon. but also the actual co?t
pcice of the liquor.
( "When Villa captured Chihuahua a>i?t
tive months ago his first a<-t was v.e pkac
' ard the city with notice? that tho**? sel
' ing liquor to Bis men would be lined
: for the h'rst offense and would be conrt
niartlaled for the second oflV-n*e.
; "lieports of looting hr Villa and his
men are, absolutely false. The abllttv- of
Villa to maintain discipline ha- treen
' called remarkable b\ arnr- office rv ber?
Constitutionalist officials !??!?< re re
ports of Villa's suppression of an such
disposition amntis: his men ma ;- if. th?
State Departmeiit ha^r don- mu?-b to in
fluence the adminisr ration tr>*ard a
watchful-wailing policy In .Mert'-an af
Spain Entered Protest.
Ambassador Riano mad?- a protest t?
the State Department when a UrrKe num
ber of his country mf ci in '"hihuahua
were strippe*! of their property ani
'Iriven oirt of Chihuahua ut?on
Villa's entry into that city. In. resparw
! to Air. Itiano's representations the Stat
? t?cp;irtment drm>iailfr<l an ?xplanwtion
(land lien. Villa said that th<-- exiled Span
inrds w#-r'- Huerta sympathisers. <^n
Villa dec?are<l tliat he had not nnrfesteo
any Spaniard ^ ho had oh^e?>-e;? neutra.1
ity as between the coutendinc: forces- in
The scout cruiser f.'h'.sfr arrived in
Tampieo today from Vent bar
Rear Admiral ? FVteh?r. who fa?t *e*}>
rt'ixjrtcd that the- naval r.ontingrrrt ai
that , port alrsatdj' w.-is adectuate ro cor
with any s'tuattori whi'th might arts*
mad- no exph?riatirjn to the dfrpartrnen?
concerning th <'*he*trr's diance ?rf pr?*i
tion. It ..was made ulthour. consultation;
with the department, according to of
ficials her*1.
From Torreon If is reported that th*
f^st. of order prevails; that all foreigners'
are safe and that none was lolled o"
{Wounded, which frilly conflrms the news
paper r#-pcrrt< to th*- sam^- eff?-ct.
Formal noti<-*- of 'the with?lrawafl of ti.?
e> '- ^leorge C. Corrotthers as
American consul agent a* rrrrreon rea>-h
ed th?r Stat*- Department today, bnt -%#.
far the officials have taken no steps to
replace Mr. Carrot hers as its consular rep
rcsentative. in view of th'- fact that hi^
movements in 'rmrpany with the rnsur
gent military leaders have practically
t been dictated by thr- Stat?- Department it
undoubtedly -ill sustain him in the face
<if any critic-ism on that score hj- the
H ucrta. go\-ern men t
Exequatur Issuer I by HIa.d<*re.
Mr. Carothcrs obtaf^ed his exequatrT
when he was accrerfrrerf to th?* M!a?1err?
, government and station**! .at Torreon.
isrrice fhe outbreak: of the Carranza revo
lution he has had a ro'. iug commits ton
in northern Mexico, and his exejuaier
from th'- Mexico Citj poverrrment. ha?:
been of Tittle value. t'? him. all his deal
ings being.with the constitutionalists- it
is the intention of the _\ men can srovem
| ment to keep Carothers with Gen. "\'IT!a
and the constitutionalist leaders to male
prompt rejiresentations for the safety of
Americans and other foreigners an-, to
look after thetr interests generally.
Should Mr. Carorhers tind it neoe^ar?
to go into territory controlled by rh?
fTIuerta government, h" may now he un
able to do business with its local a rthor
ities; but there is no prospect that he
personally u-iil be inconvenienced or pre -
vented from making observations as an
unofficial representative. Neither John
"kind nor William Bayard Hale* had any
exequator while in federal territory.
1 No request for recognition of the con
vstitutionalists has been .-mad- b*?- Gen
LCarranra. President U'flson indicated
;today that the ITnftcd States would be
J guided by developments as they arose m
- <ietermining sach^ questions. The; Pre^i
!>dent, however^ spoke of the practice
which the American government had fol
lowed with respect t6 Mexico previous!v.
and pointed out that Washington waited
. almost two years - to recognfz* P?>rt11 :o
Diaz, a* half century "ago. r
Denies Fall.of Torreon.
! i ^ '
The ileilcani.enjbjjssy, acting nn?l?r
orders from the administration in.Mexico
City, refuses tb; credit the report of th
fall of Torrepn This official statement
was made la?t*nlght.
"N'otwithstanding the many storie? ' ir
cuiated inj regard to the operations around
Torreon. proceeding almort exclusively
from, cebei ? or Inspired source?, which
shouH, .ti^prefore,.not deceive the think
ing publjc-as to the-true situation, thin
embaasy~i*'Mn possess I on of official dfs

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