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- patches-affirming once more that the fed-I
eral government holds the key to the military operations in the neighborhood of Torreon, the outcome of which has l?een misrepresented t?? the American public; in spite of this campaign of mis information the Mexican government is confident that the final result of these operations will be favorable to its work of pacification.'' This attitude of the embassy, accord ing to those best informed about af fairs in Mexico, is due to the fact that Huerta in Mexico City does not know what in taking place throughout. Mexico and actually cannot be made to believe that the regime is in such pre- j carious condition. He does not realize, i they say. th;it he has for nearly a week been cut off from Torreon and that dispatches he receives are old or fic titious. They claim he is st-ndinpr out optimistie statements, not appreciating the fact that the newspapers in the United States know the real facts bet ter than he himself does, and that they get daily reports from the scene of conflict whib he has not had tele graphic communication with Torreon for about a week. The commission appointed by Gen. ?'arranza, the rebel leader, to investigate the death of William F. Kenton, a British subject and Mexican ranch owner, is readv to make its report. From sources in the confidence of the constitutionalists it was learned today that this report will exonerate Gen. Villa of any part ,n the death of Kenton and will place r'io blame entirely upon Ma.). Rodolfo Fierro. They ?av that this report will show that Benton was not killed in Juarez ?t ail. but on a frrtin at J-arr.a avuca. thirty-two miles south of Juarez, ?n the uhv to Chihuahua, where Villa had ordered Benton sent for confinement. Villa in a Fury. The report will sa> that Maj. Fierro. ate superintendent of railroads for \ ilia, stabbed Benton to death and had hiin buried in the soft sand at Samalayuca. and that Villa had the body removed and decently buried in Chihuahua It will l>e stated that Villa was furi ous when heard that Fierro had taken he matter in his own hands, contrary to Villa's specific orders, and that Fierro was arrested and imprisoned pending orders from Carranza. A Mexican law . er in Juarez, it is stated, persuaded .'ilia that Kenton was undoubtedly guilty of having previously murdered several Mexicans, and of threatening the life of Villa himself. This lawyer, it is ^aid. assured Villa that the affair could iie hushed up through a posthumous court-martial. Villa was at first op >os?d. but subsequently persuaded to. accept tic- idea. Later he realized that . an error had been made, and decided to ' let the truth be known. The report from El Paso that any J telegraph i- correspondence took place L?et\yeen Gen. Carranza an-i Gen. Villaj involving the question of Jurisdiction or i authority of either is branded as false j i?v constitutionalist officials. They say ! that Villa makes daily reports to Car ranza in precise y the same way as any ommanding officer in the field reports his movements to his chief. No Change of Policy. There has been little discussion thus far among officials of any change of policy as a of the battle of Torreon. No re cruest^ for recognition of belligerency has .come from Lien. Carranza, though pub lished reports have credited him with a desire to seek a formal recognition of the constitutionalist movement from the United States government. The disposi tion of administration officials is not to discuss the question until it is raised. Developments in Mexico City are being watched with keen interest by Washing ton officials, but no definite advices have its yet been received as to what effect the defeat at Torreon has had upon Gen. Huerta and his administration. Reports reaching Washington from the border last night that Japan had with drawn. its recognition of the Huerta gov ernment were characterized as "ridiculous and nonsensical" at the Japanese em bassy. Revolution in Mexico has not disturbed the trade relations between the southern repub ic and the United States. A report of the Department of Commerce shows increased activity in commer cial transactions between the countries during the past year. Mexico's foreign trade amounted to ?24?.000,000. The United States received 77 per cent of the SldO.OOO.QOo involved in export? and uO per cent of the $08,000,000 of imports. Villa Expels Spaniards, But All Other Foreigners at Torreon Are Respected TORREON. Mexico, April 4. via El Paso, Tex., April 5.?Gen. Francisco Villa today ordered that the 600 Spaniards of this city be deported. He issued instruc tions that trains be provided at once and that the exodus to El Paso, Tex., should begin tomorrow. Their property will be confiscated, temporarily at least. Villa had promised that Spaniards inno cent of political activity should not be harmed. This was official, but in talking with reporters and friends it was said his temper frequently betrayed him into the most tragic threats. Some of thor* constantly associated with the rebel leader said he did not expect to find many Span iards who would deserve his clemency. Must Prove Innocence. Their expulsion, it is said, is taken to Indicate that all. are to be held guilty un til Innocence is proved. The order was received in tragic si lence, followed by passionate outbursts of pleading and lament, say persons who were present. All asserted that they had remained. netural so far as they could, but wit* the military government in the hands of the f?*derals they were com pelled at times to render such aid as was demanded?the use of houses and corrals, tor instance, and the forced contribution of money and food. Afraid to Refuse. To have refused, they said, would have meant death or at bast imprisonment, but Villa said he was inclined to believe 'hat there was little reluctance in the aid find comfort they extended to his enemies. He is said to resent the fact that they did not leave the city when he announced it would be well for them to do so. Only Spaniards are affected by the order Ail other foreigners are now free *o go and come as they please, and Gen. \*tUa sa>s he is anxious that they shall -esuris?- their wonted occupations. Today J. M. Ulmer. with the consent of ?>n Villa arid in his capacity as acting \merlcan consular agent, posted notices on ail American property declaring that ?t must be held inviolate under penalty. Torreon Becoming Normal After Siege: Dead Burned and Wounded Are Treated TORREON. April 4 (via El Paso. Tex.).? It was hard to realize today that this city only three days ago was the scene of a great battle, with a requiem of shot and shell sounding over the heaps of dead in the streets and bouses. Great pyres had incinerated the bodies and the wounded had been removed to temporary hospitals. The most poignant reminder of the bat tle was in the arrival of wounded soldiers being brought in from the field hospitals, where they felt in the preliminary battles at Sacramento Noe. and a dozen other towns through which Villa cut his way to his great victory. t The retreat of Gen. Velasco. the federal commander, from this city recalls that of Gen. Mercado from Chihuahua. When the latter fied to Ojinagst. on the approach of Gen. Villa, the rich families and their retainers, who were said to be plainly identified as Huerta's friends, fled with him. taking with them such valuables as they could carry. A similar train followed Velasco. for investigation today, shows that their houses have been abandoned, stripped of easily portable property. They are now serving as quarters for rebel officers and men. At Gomez Palacio and at Lerdo conditions were the same-the cientirtco^ had fled into the desert there with their women and children to face the hard ships of thirst, hunger and exposure. :ntii a kindlier section of the eountr> J3 leached in the direction ol Moutvie, Velascq cut the wires behind him. and it could not b*> learned here whether Gen. Herrera had succeeded in checking the retreat or not. Bodies Under Wrecked Buildings. Wreckage of buildings which toppled into the streets, is being carried away rapidly, and the makers of adobe brick, which are constructed of mud. water and straw, are working over time for the ex pected boom in rebuilding. Under the ruins of one building which was wrecked by a shell, the bodies of ten federal sol diers were found, and similar discoveries an- expected to be made as the debris of other buildings is taken away. Gen. Villa's first attention in the work of rehabilitation was directed to the water supply. The reservoir connections at Cerro de 1 . Cruz and Cerro del Pilar were damaged by shells, as were the pumping stations, but it is said that water will be running through the mains by tomorrow. The impoverished populace is being sup plied with food by the* army, but the task is a great one. Beef driven in from out lying ranches forms the principal food. At the distributing stations long lines of people stand all day long waiting patient ly for their rations. Stocks to replenish the stores will come in free of duty. This city will b#? the provisional cap ital of the state of Coahulla, and tomor row. it is said. Gen. Villa is expected to name state officers, who. however, will act under martial law. To guard against an epidemic all property owners have been instructed to put their places in a sanitary condition under penalty of $100 fine. Leaves Torreon in Good Order. | GOMEZ P ALA CIO, Mexico. April 4. via Chihuahua, Mexico.?When Gen. Re fugio Velasco evacuated Torreon, last Thursday, he did so in good order, after destroying such ammunition and ord nance as he could not transport. Between 5,000 and *>.000 of his men went with him in two columns of about even strength, one in tho direction of Saltillo and the other in a southern course. The latter may be bound for Zacatecaa. with the ultimate purpose of rejoining the other column for the defense of southern cities, or may cut across the country and also seek to gain Saltillo. Everywhere through the country in which "they are retreating are rebel bands belonging to the brigades of Gens. Gui terrez and Natera, in the south _and southeast, and that of Gen. Pablo Gon zales, in the region of Monterey. When Villa entered Torreon. four miles j from here, he found 350 Spaniards in the j building of the Laguna Bank, over which j the American flag was waving. At night j Acting Consular Agent Ulmer slept in the doorway to guard against intruders on the night of the evacuation. Sixty thousand bales of cotton captured in Torreon will he heavily taxed by Villa before the stock is released to the own ers. U. S. Vice Consul Carothers Is No Longer Recognized by Huerta Government MEXICO CITY. April 6.?A situation little short of remarkable has been cre ated here by the repeated emphatic de nials of the government that Torreon has been lost, and the failure of any newspaper to publish the news that the city has fallen Into rebel hands. From the national palace has come nothing but indignant protest against the as sertions that Gen. Villa had captured Torreon, and Senor Portillo y Rojas. the foreign minister, even sent to all the legations here, and to the Mexican legations abroad, official assurances that the government still holds the city. It is the foreign office which has taken the first retaliatory step by recalling the official recognition of George C. Carothers. the American vice consul at Torreon, because of the character of the news he has been sending from Villa's headquarters. Consul Carothers has been characterized as an ardent partisan of the rebels "in going to unwarranted length to discredit the Mexican gov ernment." People Kept in Ignorance. So convincing has been the manner in which the local newspapers have co operated with the government in con cealing the news of the fall of Torreon that not only are thousands of citizens in absolute ignorance of *he report for warded by Consul Carothers and that sent by the correspondents at Torreon. but even business men, orainarilv well informed, are befuddled by private ad vices contradicting the government's statement. The government's denial is based on reports from Gen. Javier de Moure at San Pedro, near Torreon. Even government officials holding minor posts appear wholly sincere in their accept ance of the government's denial. It was reported on good authority that an order is about to be issued for the arrest of all persons found guilty of disseminating "alarming news" re garding Torreon. Eleven newspaper iistreSP?n afe Sald t0 be ?n the GUNBOAT LUZON SAILS DOWN THE MISSISSIPPI Will Release the XT. S. S. Wasp for Use of District Naval Battalion. Two weeks sooner than was expected, the United States gunboat Isla de Luzon, in whose movement from St. Louis local naval militiamen have been intensely in terested. left that port at 10 o'clock this morning for her voyage to New York, where she is to be assigned to the New York city naval militia. The movement of the Isla de Luzon from St. Louis will release the U. S. S. Wasp, which is to come to Washington to be permanently assigned as the practice vessel of the Naval Battalion of the National Guard of the District of Columbia. The U. S. S. Sylvia, now being used by the local naval militia, is to be reurned to the Philadelphia naval militia In about two weeks. Waching for High Water. Naval militiamen have been watching for the rise of the Mississippi river for weeks, and when the weather reports Indicated that the river was climbing they felt cer tain that they would soon be given an other and a larger ship than they now have. As soon as the river began to rise. Commander Schofleld, U. S. N., was dis patched to St. Louis to prepare the vessel for sailing, and a crew was sent from the Philadelphia navy yard. The Navy Department has lost no time In getting the vessel ready, so that she could leave Just as soon as the water was high enough to get her safely over the four teen sand bars between St. Louis and Cairo, where the deep water begins. As soon as Commander Joseph A. Dempf, commanding the local naval militia, was informed this morning that the Isla de Luzon had sailed from 8t I*ouis, he immediately appointed a board of officers to go to New York to take an inventory of the property aboard the Wasp before it is formally turned over to the local naval militiamen. Probable Members of Board. This board, it is said, will consist of Ensign Frank W. Slgourney, aid-de-camp to the commanding officer; Ensign Wil liam R- Hoefer, ordnance officer, and En sign Harold W. Crawford, navigator. These officers, it is stated, will leave for New York either tomorrow or "Wednes day. The crew of local naval militiamen who are to bring the vessel to Washing ton has not yet been picked, but it is probable that it will be selected by Thurs day night and will leave for New York the latter part of the week. If the plans already made by the mili tiamen are worked out the U. S. S. Wasp aa ill leave New York by next Sunday and will !??? at her dock at the naval militia armory here by the cud ui wefk. 1 CONSTITUTIONALISTS WHO ASSISTED IN ATTACK ON TORREON f. ..ajfrfrst -n I r X ; : ?- -ZA~\ 1 ACTION OF SENATE NOT FINAL DEFEAT Opponents of Half-and-Half Plan May Still Make Fight. That the elimination from the District appropriation bill by the Senate of sec tion 8 and the so-called "Borland amend ment" Is in itself no assurance of defeat for opponents of the existing half-and half basis of raising funds for the gov ernment of the District, was the state ment today of Henry B. F. Macfarland. chairman of the executive committee of the committee of one hundred. Many persons in the District, as well as the friends of the National Capital who reside elsewhere, have inquired of the executive committee as to whether the Senate's action did or did not assure, at least for this session, the defeat of the protagonists of abolishment of the half-and-half plan. The impression ap pears to have been created that for the present the mutuality of relatiohs be tween the District and the federal gov ernment is safe from further attack. "The executive committee," said Mr. Macfarland, "desires to remind the friends of the National Capital here and elsewhere that those measures will come up again when the report of the con ference committee on the District ap propriation bill is made to the two houses, and friends of the National Cap ital 4n Congress will have to fight for its continued progress. Meanwhile they should lose no opportunity to present the facts to individual senators and repre sentatives so that they may be fully in formed when the time comes for a vote. Looks for Full Vote in House. "Fortunately, opportunity will be pro vided for a roll call that ought to bring out a full vote in the House of Repre sentatives, where those measures were passed without a roll call and with a small attendance. When on Thursday last the House disagreed to the Senate amendments and the bill was sent to the conference committee. Representative Stafford of Wisconsin said: " 'When the bill passed the House there were two amendments which were seri ously mooted on this side of the cham ber, and on which there was no roll call. I refer to the Borland amendment, pro viding for taxing the improvement of highways to the adjoining property owners, and also the amendment strick en out by the Senate, embodied in sec tion 8, which invades the half-and-half principle. I would like to ask whether j there will be any opportunity for a separate vote upon each of those amendments before a full agreement is , reached upon the bill?' "To this question Representative Page j of North Carolina, chairman of the House conferees on this bill, replied: " 'I think I can give the gentleman as full assurance as is possible now that an opportunity will bo given the House to vote on those amendments.' | "The executive committee is ready to | furnish printed copies of its reports to any one who desires to give one to any senator or representative for his j consideration." Appeal of Navy Magazine. | The Navy Magazine for this month, j which is the organ of the Navy League of the United States, contains an article giving an abstract of the executive com mittee report and asking its readers, in cluding the 7,000 members of the Navy League throughout the United States, to heartily co-operate in getting the facts before the Senate and the House. The magazine adds: "All patriotic Americans regard Wash ington as the symbol of the republic and want it to be as nearly perfect as possible in all respects. They do not begrudge the Insignificant per capita amount they pay for its development and maintenance, and they want more, rath er than less, spent upon it by the na tion. The four measures which have passed the House of Representatives and are now before the Senate would mean double taxation for Washington and in the end would prove a national calam ity. "The half-and-half arrangement where by the national government meets one half of the expense of the District of Columbia has prevailed since the year 1878, and has proved itself to be a fair and satisfactory arrangement In every particular." TRANSPORT SHERMAN SAILS. Equipped With New Life-Saving De vices and Increased Boatage. SAN FRANCISCO. April 6?When the United States army transport Sherman sailed today for the Philippines she was equipped with complete new life saving devices affording accommoda tions to 2,000 persons, the boatage hav ing been increased from a 700-person capacity. Orders from Washington to have the troop ship fitted with complete life saving facilities of the highest order are attributed largely to efforts of CoL John T. Knight, for the last two years superintendent of the transport service who goes on the Sherman to assume the duties of depot quartermaster at Manila. German Alumni to Meet. NEW YORK, April 6.?The first con vention of the American Society of Graduates of German Universities'will open tonight with a reception at the Liederkranz Club. Sessions will be held tomorrow and Wednesday and th? con vention will close with a banquet Wed nesday nijjlit. TOP?GEN. VILLA'S CAVALRY GROUPED OUTSIDE THE TORREOX DE FENSES AWAITING THE ORDER TO ENTER THE CITY. BOTTOM?VILLA'S ENGINEER CORPS REPAIRING RAILROAD TORN UP BY THE RETREATING FEDERALS. IN ORDER TO PROTECT THE WORKERS A GUN WAS MOUNTED ON THE REPAIR CAR. C.N. CHASE INDICTED Twenty-Nine Others Accused of Crime in Report of Grand Jury. rharles N. Chase, former business sec retary of the Y. M. C. A., was indicted today by the grand Jury for embezzle ment. The indictment is in six counts and charges the wrongful conversion of funds of the association aggregating $10, 461.94. The alleged embezzlement, according to the Indictment, began August 2, 1912, when, by the first count, Chase is charged with appropriating $800 of the funds of the association. May 16, 1913, the second count of the Indictment al leges, Chase took $2,500, and a similar amount is charged in the third count to have been taken by the official July 15 last. The alleged peculation of sums of $100 and $150 October 10 last, form the basis of the fourth and fifth oounts of the in dictment. A blanket charge of appropriat ing $10,461.94 is contained in the sixth count. Was Arrested December 6. A warrant for the arrest of Chase was sworn out in the Police Court December 6 last, and .the former official of the Y. M. C. A. was taken into custody the same day. December 16 he waived ex amination In the Police Court and was held for the action of the grand jury. He has c'nre been at liberty on a bail bond of $5,000. Twenty-nine other indictments were re turned. The report ended the labors of the grand jury and it was discharged, with the thanks of the court, by Justice Gould. A new grand Jury will be im paneled tomorrow to serve until October. Others Accused of Crime. The others accused of crime were: William B. Reilly, embezzlement; Richard Colston and Sarah Mills, assault with a dangerous weapon; Richard Hudnall and Roland H. Clifton, violating section 826b, District of Columbia code; Richard E. Butler, Abbey Fields, James Fields and James Chapman, housebreaking and lar ceny; Rodney Blair, Albert Addison, Richard Harris, Dominick Brown and Edward Lucas, depredation; John Ste vens, violating sections 35 and 36 of United States criminal code; Herbert C. Chick, Charles E. Seebright, James E. Barnes, John W. Kearney, Henry E. Alt man, Lester C. Baker, William Baylor, Parlee O. Bibler, Frederick C. Caton, Frederick Degges, John Gaitheer, George E. Montgomery, William J. Pugh and Thomas W. Wildman, non-support. Mrs. Wilson Goes for Bide. Mrs. Wilson went for a ride this after noon, the tirst time she has been out of the White House for several weeks. She fell on a carpet and received an injury that required her taking a long rest, which her physician felt she needed after an arduous social season. Her improve ment is expected to be rapid. Newman to Be Club Guest. Commissioner Newman has accepted an invitation to be the guest of the Commercial Club at its new home on T street, facing Farragut Square, Wed nesday afternoon at 1 o'clock. Fol lowing the luncheon the Commissioner will deliver an address. This is to be the llrst of series of special Wednes day afternoon events at the club. INSANE PATIENT KILLED IN FIGHT John W. Foley, Coal Passer in Navy, Fatally Injured at Government Hospital. John William Foley, thirty years old, a former coal passer In the navy, died at the Government Hospital for the In sane this morning: as a result of an en counter with four attendants, who were trying to quiet him, after separating him from Ira B. Catlln, another patient, with whom he engaged in a fight. Foley was thrown across the bed in his room, it is stated, and several of his ribs broken. It is thought he also re ceived internal injuries. He died a few minutes after he was injured. Foley's body was taken to the morgue, and the police investigated the affair. Cor oner Nevitt tomorrow morning will hold an inquest at the morgue to have a jury in vestigate the patient's death. The trouble between Foley and Catlin. it is reported, started in the lavatory of retreat 2, disturb ward, the ward in which troublesome patients are confined. Attendants W. A. Goodwin, F. J. Biedler, W. N. Roles and R. C. Speith were sum moned to the lavatory to take a hand, and, it is stated, they experienced con siderable difficulty in their efforts to separate Foley and Catlin. Foley Proves Troublesome. | Finally, the belligerent patients were I parted and started to their respective rooms, Catlin displaying a willingness to go. while Foley put up a strong fight. All the way through the corridor, it Is stated, Foley struggled with the four attendants, declaring he would kill them and others, and when the door leading to his room was reached, the police were told, he was given a push and the door was quickly closed behind him. The trouble some patient fell across the iron bed, his side striking with great force. Detectives Mullen and O'Brien made the investigation. Records of the hospital show that Foley, who formerly resided in Roa noke, Va., was serving in the navy last August when he became insane. He reached the hospital August 6. The record shows that Foley attacked the officer who had charge of him when he reached the hospital and that he tried to get his revolver from him. Foley had given the attendants much trouble during the seven months he had been at patient there, it is stated, and he was considered to be one of the most desperate patients in the ward in which he was confined. Tho four attendants and others of the hospital force will appear at the inquest. Relatives of the dead man probably will come here from Roanoke to attend the inquest and to take charge of the body. No Trace of Missing Sealer. ST. JOHNS, N. F., April 6.?No trace of the missing sealer Southern Cross had been found at noon by the steamer Kyle, which was sent out to search by the government. John C. Robinson Dead. SPENCER, Ind., April 6.?John C. Rob inson. who was journal clerk in the House of Representatives during President Cleveland's first administration, died here yesterday. He was seventy-four years old, and for fifty-three years had been a Srominent attorney of Indiana. It was in [r. Robinson's office that Gov. Samuel 11. Ralston of Indiana began his study of law. RELIES ON REPORTS OF TRUSTED AGENT John D. Rockefeller, Jr., Tes tifies of Interest in Colo rado Mining. KEEPS IN CLOSE TOUCH WITH STRIKE SITUATION Tells House Committee of His Father's Holdings in Fuel and Iron Company. John D. Rockefeller, Jr., whose father is generally believed to he the richest man in the world, head of Standard Oil interests and the personification of "big business." appeared before the House committee on mines and mining: this morning for the express purpose of meet ing some of the suggestions that have been freely tossed around of late?name ly, that young Mr. Rockefeller has a heavy moral burden to bear in relation to the bloody and riotous strikes now going on in Colorado among the employes of the Colorado Fuel and Iron Company. Young Mr. Rockefeller told the com mittee chairman, Representative Foster of Illinois, several times, in language al ways suave and polite, that he was do ing all he possibly could do to keep in touch with the situation, and furthermore "his office" had the very best man they could find in all the world right on the ground, and that the Rockefeller family was disposed to stand by him in the Colorado incident or any other incident where he happened to be the leading 1 representative of the Rockefeller invest-1 ments. ! L. M. Bowers is the name of the man to whom the younger Rockefeller paid these high tributes. He is vice president of the company. Gives Attention to Business. Representative Foster questioned Mr. Rockefeller closely on whether or not he, Mr. Rockefeller, was paying close atten tion to social welfare work, social uplight and other endeavors of that sort, while the company In which he represented his father's interests was allowing a heavy industrial warfare to continue in Colo rado. To all of this Mr. Rockefeller pointed to a mass of correspondence which he had carried on with Mr. Bow ers, and also reminded the committee that in many of the more Important social uplift and social investigation activities specially trained agents had been em ployed. "Allow me to answer you," he said, at one time, "by pointing out to the commit tee that when I was interested in In vestigating the white slave conditions of New York 1 did not make a personal investigation of all forms of vice; I would not know how to do so; but we employ the best possible man in the world for this. And so, when we have investigations to carry on in Colorado we rely on a man whom we believe to be better fitted for it than any one else In the world." "In these days when business inter ests are so diversified and directors are members of so many boards, the best they can do is to appoint officers and hold them responsible," he said. More Than "Passing Interest." "Don't you think the fact that the government has found it necessary to take action would warrant you in taking more than a passing interest in the situation?" asked Chairman Fos ter. "I have taken more than a passing interest," returned Mr. Rockefeller. "The vast sums of money involved and the great disorder in the field con cerned me closely. But I have done all that I could have done. The of ficers of the company have been held responsible, and if we are at any time convinced their policies are mistaken we will Immediately remove them. I am one of my father's representatives in this, as in other of his personal in vestments." Questioned by Representative Byrnes, Mr. Rockefeller outlined his father's holdings in the securities of the Colorado Fuel and Iron Company thus: Common I stock. 139,807 out of 342,355 shares*, pre ferred stock( 7,943 shares out of 20,000 shares. Bonds: Colorado Industrial Com pany 5 per cents, $14,450,000 out of $33, 437,000. Other holdings were Colorado Fuel and Iron Company general 5 per cents. $306, 000 out of $5,638,000. Mr. Rockefeller said that the only dividends paid by the company were in 1913. A cumulative dividend of 8 per cent on the preferred stock, had at that time, he said, accumulated to 75 per cent ! of the capital stock. He said 35 per cent was paid on the ac cumulated dividend and 4 per cent on the 8 per cent dividend due that year. The interest of his father in the concern was represented, ho said, in directorate by himself, Starr J. Murphy and John D. Green. J. H. McKenna and L. M. Bow ers. he said, were "indirect representa tives." Promises Support to Bowers. Representative Byrnes questioned Mr. j Rockefeller about indorsing what Mr.! Bowers had done in dealing with the! strike. The witness said that while Bow ers was not personally representing the Rockefeller interests he had written to him saying he would "stand by" what had been done in Colorado. ?'Mr. Bowers is known to us as an able and upright business m?ui and an officer1 4 of the company. We trust him In the conduct of the business." he said. "You are what if* called a dummy di rector, aren't you?" asked Chairman F"Wen. we don't call it that.'* said Mr. Rockefeller. He added that he had n<< time to look into conditions in tli* | Colorado field. "Don't you think a director of .1 ''on}' panv ought' to tfnow these things ' asked the chairman. "Don't you think if he hasn't time he ought to put : omy i one in his place who would have time"'" "If I thought I were not conscien tiously doing my duty T should of course, at once resign.'' said Mr. Rocke- | feller, "but my conscience entirely i acquits me in this case." Discusses Labor Conditions. Discussing labor conditions. Mr. Rocke- : feller said lie believed "free American | the employer for whom they shall work i and the conditions under which they shall work." Ninety per cent of the employes of the Colorado Fuel and Iron Company, Mr. , Rockefeller said, were non-union men. who had no difficulties with the officers of the company. He said that he "could see no reason w hy those men should be forced to Join a union and i>ay union dues by the othrr 10 per cent " "What is your opinion as to the rela tion of employee and employer?" asked Chairman Foster. "I believe that the employer and the employee are fellow men and should treat each other as such." Makes No Personal Investigation. "As a director of the Colorado Fuel and Iron Company have you ever investi gated these conditions among your em ployees in Colorado?" "No. T have been trained to a t on the reports of trained ami competent men who do make investigations. 1 have received the reports of the men in charge of the work out there and have made tuem responsible," said Mr. Rockefeller. Officers have reported to him. he said, that by the end of the present year the strike will have cost $1.000,00?>. He said he did not know whether or not any money had been spent to import arms and ammunition into the strike district. "But if the state authorities were un able to protect the employes of the com pany, I should say that the first duty of I the officers would be to see that the work ! ers were protected," he added. UPHOLDS $100 LIMIT ON BAGGAGE LOSSES Decision of United States Supreme Court Is Favorable to the Railroads. The practice of railroads limiting their liability for baggage lost to $100, un less a greater value is declared by the passenger, in purchasing a ticket, was upheld today by the Supreme Court as valid under the Hepburn rate law, even though the passenger has no personal knowledge of the limitation. This decision was announced in the suit of Mrs. Katherine nooker of Los Ange les, Cal., against the Boston and Maine railroad. Lost Baggage in Fire. Mrs. Hooker's baggage was destroyed by a Are at the l^ake Sinapee railroad station in New Hampshire in 1908. The courts of Massachusetts held that state law controlled the loss of baggage and Inasmuch as Mrs. Hooper did rot know of the limitation of value contained in the ticket on which she rode, she was not bound thereby. It allowed her a Judgment of 12.133.04 against the rail road, the true value of the baggage. Under the Supreme Court's decision to day she will be able to recover only Jiff). The ticket provided that $100 should be deemed to be the value unless a higher valuation was declared in which event a higher rate would be charged for the ticket. Justice Pitney Dissents. "This decision varies very much from anything of the kind ever decided by this court or any other court," said Justice Pitney in a dissenting opinion. Justice Pitney in his dissent said that hereafter it would be unwise for a pas senger to embark on a Journey without having first procured a ccpy of the latest tariff sheets filed by the railroads with the interstate commerce commission at Washington. FRANKLIN NATIONAL Officers of New Bank Kept Busy Acknowledging Con gratulations. A federal charter having been grant ed by the controller of the currency Saturday afternoon, the newly organ ized Franklin National Bank opened for business this morning in the yuarters formerly occupied by the United States Trust Company at 10th street and Pennsylvania avenue northwest. President John B. Cochran. Col. U. S. Turk, vice president, and J. Kendall Cain, cashier, were kept busy acknowl edging the congratulations of the friends of the bank who called to ex tend their best wishes for success. Practically all of the directors of the bank called during the forenoon. The banking room was tastefully deco rated with pa'ms, ferns and cut flowers. Many handsome floral pieces were re ceived from friends of the bank In this citv and in 8taunton. Va., the home of Mr. Cochran and Col. Turk. A number of new deposits were reported to have been made, several banks of this city having opened accounts with the new institution. Many of the friends of Mr. Cochran and Col. Turk in Staunton open ed accounts. It was a typical "blue Monday" on the local stock exchange today. The at tendance was small and the trading very light. Capital Traction stock sold at 101% for fifty shares and Railway and Electric common brought S? for an old '?Flfteen shares of National Bank of Washington stock sold at '-40. l or the first time in several weeks there were no transactions in the bond list. The governing committee of the stock exchange today elected Thomas Bryan Huyck a member. He will occupy the seat formerlv owned by his father, the late J. V. N. Huyck. Notwithstanding a rather larse increase in number, liabilities of commercial fail ures in the United States during March were considerably smaller than in the corresponding period of 1913. There were 1.464 insolvencies last month, as against 1,190 in the previous vear 1.39a in 1912 and 1.124 in 1911. while an aggregate indcbtedneas of >21 492.286 compared w ith Kfe.iis.^su, in 763!870 and $18,474,641. respectively, in the three years Immediately preced '"commercial failures last week in the United States number 343 against .143 the week before. 347 the preceding week and 271 the corresponding week '^Bank exchanges last week at the loading cities In the United States ag; gregated *3.121.270.610. a gain of 3.7 per cent, as compared with the $3,010, 309.331 of the same week last year, but a decrease of 6.9 per cant aa con trasted with the $3,851,682,210 "ported for the corresponding week in 191.. HEAD OF W. C. T. U. CALLED BY DEATH Mrs. L. M. N. Stevens. Noted Prohibition Advocate. Suc cumbs to Kidney Trouble. DIRECTOR OF WORKERS FOR LAST FIFTEEN YEARS Local Organization Sends Message of Sympathy and Will Hold Memo rial Services. TOUTLA.M'. Me.. April l.illian M. X. Stevens. president of the National Woman's Christian Temperance Cnion, di?-d here toda> She had been ill f?>r several we. ks with kidney trouble. Mrs. Stevens, who was born in L>o\trr. Me., seventy years ago, continued to the last the temperance work to which sh?? had devoted most of her life, ller mln?f remained < lear. and late last week sln> was able t?? dictate correspondence in con nection with the duties of her office, whtci =he had held since iv??v With her when the end came were her husband. Michael Stevens: her daughter. Mrs. Gertrude s. Leavitt of this city, and Miss Anna Gor don of Evanston. 111., vice president o(J the National W. C. T. C. Her Prominent Position. .Mrs. Stevens was not only presiden; of the national organization, but was vie* president of the world's organization , which embraces fifty-two different coun tries. and of which Lady Carlisle* ? England is president, and was alfeo pres ident of the Maine state W. C. T. I . organization. This latter office she ha-, held for more than thirty years, and not a single opposing vote had ever bee i cast against her in the various state < elections. Chosen by Miss Frances E. Willard a?* vice president at large of the national organization, she succeeded to the office of president upon the death of Miss Wil lard in 1898, and had served continuously in that position until the present time. Since her induction into office she ha 1 spent about half of her time at the na tional headquarters in Evanston, 111., ar.>l the remainder at -her home in Portland. Me. Mrs. Stevens had been deeply in terested in temperance work since _the days of the "crusade" in 1873 an-1 1*7-4 Mrs. Stevens, by reason of her long residence and prominence in Ma ne. for so many years In the forefront oi" the temperance movement, was possessed oT MRS. L. M. V. STEVENS. great political influence in that common wealth and was often conferred w'.th on state matters of importance by various officials, from the governor down. li has been stated that she was one of Maine's most astute politicians, on the occasion of the world's fair of 1K*3 sh represented her state by appo ntmerit from the go\*ernor on the board of com missioners of the exposition. Declares for National Prohibition. During the late resubmission campaign in Maine she was one of the forecomst leaders of the temperance forces, an I the day before the election, although realizing the uncertainty of the outconn she issued the famous proclamation for national constitutional prohibition, which was followed by Representative 'Hud son's resolution that is now before Con gress. Mr. and Mrs. Stevens have lived for many years in the old homestead Portland, which has been in the Stevens family for more than a hundred year.-. The news of the sudden death was ?, distinct shock and surprise to tl o headquarters of the local W. C. T \ . Mrs. Emma Sanford Shelton, Its presi dent, knew "of Mrs. Stevens' illness, but was not prepared for the news of h> death, which reached her through % reporter for The Star. Mrs. Margar.-i Dye Ellis, secretary, had received as late as Saturday a signed dictated let ter from the national president. "Her judicial mind and great experi ence made her services invaluable to all. She had done the work of a dozen women." was one of the expression* heard at the local headquarters. ?>th street, this afternoon. M-s. Steve; * had a host of friends and admirers in the National Capital. She was in the habit of visiting the city every winter, her last trip being in September, 1913. Sends TelegTam of Sympathy. The local organization, through it-* headquarters force, at once dispatched a telegram of sympathy to Portland, and, later, will send flowers for the funeral. Memorial services in respect to Mr *. Stevens' memory will be held Thur - day by the local body on the occasi i of its quarterly convention at Mark's Lutheran Church. 8th and U streets southwest. Among the speake will be Mrs. Shelton, the president; "Mi Ella Thatcher, national superintend* t of the department of soldiers a: 1 sailors; Mrs. Margaret Dye Ellis, n - tional superintendent of legislation, and Mrs. S. D. La Fetra. NINE KILLED IN EXPLOSION. Hen Perish in Bridge Caisson at Memphis on Going to Work. MEMPHIS. Tenn.. April 6.?Nine. lmn were killed here today when they were caught by a gas explosion in caisson No. 3 of the new Harahan bridge, under construction across the Mississippi river. The men. all of whom were white, it said, had just gone to work, relieving shift composed of ten negroes. The dead are John Leonard. John.Clay ton, John King, J. Johnson, A. Winkl. r P. J. Farrell, Mike Burke, .iavk powe I and Peter Jackson.