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THE FEDERAL CITY.
II; ? VIII.?Rebuilding in 1814. II By Frederic J. Haskin. The second period of the history of the* federal establishment in the District of Columbia begins with the rebuilding of the Capitol and the restoration of the White 1 louse after they had been burned bv the British. At that time the fortunes <?f the new city were at their lowest ebb. The failure of the original speculations, described in ]>revious articles, had dis couraged investment, the location was found to be unhealthy, and visitors from abroad, members of the Congress and American writers joined in ridicule of the pretentious plan and Its failure to de velop, The sale of the building lots which had been donated to raise mom y for federal purposes had practically ceased, and if was realized that the growth of the city would be slow. The deelsion of the Congress not to re Muve the Capitol elsewhere, but to re store the buildings damaged by the Unt il. insured the continuation of the city, ??it 1?\ 1 S'JS it had become certain that Washington would have to depend for its prosp, rity almost exclusively on its char acter as the seat of the federal govern ment. and that rommerce or manufac turing could not be d? penned upon to make Was hington a great rity. It seems t?? have been the view of the ? '?ngress that the property owned by the United States in Many City Lots the city was Were Inaccessible. '"r in ""ss a n y possible federal needs. and that the residue of li?ts from* the original donation would be a source of embarrassment rather than! ?>f ultimate us* and profit. T^'irg" num bers of the building lots were in inacces-! sible portions of the city, covering traets <?f marshy lauds, and as late as land now worth ?'J a square foot was so cheap ti.at the < ity scavenger could afford to purchase two whole squares on which to deposit refuse. In the eastern part of the city overj ".t?00,00?> square feet of land had been snapped for streets and building squares which was entirely under water, and I'Uilding lots had been sold, even by the United States itself, in locations remote from the actual city and which were covered by the tides. After the first quarter of a century of its existence Washington had few fea tures that impressed the visitor. There had been rivalry between the eastern and western sections, so that the private buildings which had been erected stood in isolated groups instead of forming a coherent whole and these w-ere connect ed by a sort of "string town" along Penn sylvania avenue. The Avenue itself was not much more than a country road, al ternating mud and dust, and was over flowed in the spring floods of the Poto mac. In tvjs Congress took a view of these unsold lots and directed the division of such as had any apparent value between ? ieorgetown University, Columbia Col lege and the Catholic and Protestant orphan asylums of the city. The other '"?ts remained inactive for twenty years more, when they were sold at low prices t<? investors, among whom was W. \V. Corcoran, the philanthropist, who made ' Tge sums of money by the subsequent subdivision and sale of the squares ac quired from the United States. * ? * It was urged at an early date that the proper procedure on behalf of the United States Great Increase with reter u Property Values. in the city of Washington was to sell as little a^ possible and hold the re mainder for increased value. Con gress, however, seems never to have had any confidence in the probable in crease in value of Washington prop erty, with one result that the one-half interest of the United States in five squares south of Pennsylvania avenue was sold for about $<>.000 in the early days of the city. The whole of the squares has recently been acquired for department buildings and cost the gov ernment $2,250,000. Tt was also thought that the reser vations which had been made for its public spaces were more than sufficient for any possible growth of the federal establishment, and the park connect ing the Capitol and White House reser vations was narrowed by laying out several additional building squares. The lots in these squares were sold at a. moderate price and on easy terms in order to raise money to fill up and improve the inundated portions of the reservation. The disuosition of the < ?*?ngre-- to rid itself of surplus hold ings in the city resulted from the in sistent demands of the residents of the. city that Congress should pay a ? onsi'lei able proportion of the expenses of permanent improvements. It was also u'g??l that Congress ought also to contribute to the current, expenses of the municipality. These demands were based not only on the amount of land in the city which had been re Cause of Demands serve-i for red for U.S. Assistance. number of building lots which remained ? o the government, but on the amount of land which had been removed from taxa tion by the unusual width of streets arid avenues provided in the plan of the ? lty. It is generally held that streets of sixty feet in width are sufficient for municipal purposes, and the streets and avenues of the original city of Washing ton are from SO to 160 feet in width There ?s a strip of land on each side of moat of the streets and avenues which .s not u^ed for street purposes, ranging !n width from twelve to twenty feet, and tlifs land is occupied by the owners of adjoining lots for gardens or for business Resinol stops skin torments! hp! IK soot! ting, healing modica 1 ilon in Kesinol ointment and Kesinol Soap penetrates every tiny pore of the skin, clears it of impurities, and stops itching bl atantly. Kesinol speedily heals eczema, rashes, ringworm and Of. ? r captions, and clears a war di>iigurlng pimples and blackheads wh*?n other treatments prove a waste of time and money. hiuoi i- K"t ah espriincut, it a do-tor's |>r?*ni ?iptl??n wlurii proved (.<> voiid^rf'iKy -u t"" lroubi< * tlia* it N>. u u*ed by "tlier doctor* all th - conn* ry for ihe past nin?fft>n S*nr?. Sold I?y ail druirgi?t*. He.-and ?J*nimen:. $?'?? and $1. Be>in?d S'-ap, 2.V. V?.r ir fr#H-. write to lN-pt 41'-S. I'a ' Mi?. Avoid :nt *n! CONTINUED IN TOMORROW'S FOUR-PAGE COLORED COMIC SECTION. ! purposes, according to the location of j the street. Xorie of this land is subject i to taxation, and as the street space of j the original city of Washington is about equivalent to the building space, the tax payers have uniformly urged that Con j gress should make up the deficiencies in | the revenues of the city resulting from [ the withdrawal of this excess land from j taxation. In 187S Congress acceded to this de mand. in view of the constantly in creasing indebtedness of the city of Washington, and established what is known as the "half-and-half" plan, by which one-half of the expenses of the District of Columbia arc paid from reve nues derived chiefly from the taxation of land and the other half is paid from the Treasury of the United States. The entire District of Columbia is now under one municipal government, and the proportion of taxable land is much greater than the holdings of the United States, exclusive of streets and parks, so that In recent years the equity of the half-and-half principle has been I questioned and the proper proportion I which the United States should contrib ute to the expenses of the municipal government is now a matter of debate in Congress. The next letter of this series will be devoted to a description of the "plant" of the United States used for federal purposes as the seat of government. It will be interesting to note here the amount of property with which it began its activities in the District of Columbia, excluding the streets and the building lots. * * * The principal parcels were those occu pied by the Capitol and White House, respectively. The Principal Parcels former, of about of Land in City. ?"y acre,3' anJ th,c ]atter> Qf approxi mately sixty acres, were joined by the Mall, containing about 125 acres, the three pieces forming the main body of land reserved for federal purposes. In the extreme eastern end of the city a tract of seventy-five acres was reserved for a marine hospital site, and at the western end a tract of twenty-one acres surrounding an old fort was reserved, which was later used for the location of the United States Observatory, although the original suggestion was that a na tional university should be established on this reservation. Some distance south of the Capitol ! grounds there was a reservation of about twenty-five acres which Maj. L/Enfant designed for the location of five grand fountains. No use was made of this res ervation until late years, when a portion has been laid off as a park, known as Garfield Park; a portion is used for a power house for the Capites buildings and the remainder has been allowed to be used by the railroads entering Well ington. The reservation now occupied in part by the pension office, containing nineteen acres, was intended by Maj. L/Enfant as the location of a national non-denoml national church, to be used on occasions of public thanksgivings, etc., but has been used only for federal purposes since the civil war. A reservation of about forty acres was made on the point forming the extreme southern portion of the city for an ar senal for the War Department, and a navy yard reservation of about sixteen acres was made on the Anacostia river. Two city squares were reserved for a market in the eastern portion of the city, one square for a market in the western portion and four acres for a central market midway between the two. Tho other considerable public spaces were formed by the intersection of the ave nues, and were intended for the beauti fication of the city, so that the original plan of the federal establishment con templated the use of not more than 4A0 acres to accommodate its ultimate growth. The ownership of more than ?VOO acres of land in the District of Co lumbia by the United States, together with the use of large amounts of pri vately owned property for federal activ ities "at the present time, illustrates the | tremendous increase in the scope and volume of federal business during the 1U> years it has been centered in the District. HOPES TO FIND REMEDY FOR WATER POLLUTION Conditions Along Boundary Between United States and Canada Inves tigated by Joint Commission. With the extent of pollution in the in ternational waters along the boundary between the United States and Canada established, the international joint com mission has undertaken to find and apply a remedy. Chairman Tawney said that at the con ference just concluded here the com mission decided first to em pi 03' leading sanitary engineers to study the problem, then to give them a hearing, which will be in New York about the middle of May. After that hearings will be held in the various cities and towns affected, Buffalo and Detroit as the two largest being the first to be visited by the commission. Mr. Tawney said local conditions would make it necessary to dea! with the ques tion in a variety of ways, methods of sewage disposal and water purification which might be desirable at Buffalo, not being practical at Detroit and other places. The commission will meet again at Sault Ste. Marie May 4 to investigate the water power project which American and Canadian concerns desire to build at that point and which will affect the level of l^ake Superior. Criticises Sea Safety Convention. Secretary of Labor Wilson is opposed to some features of the safety at sea con vention recommended favorably by Sec retary of State Bryan and now pending before the Senate foreign relations com mittee, and as a result the question will be discussed by the cabinet next week. The convention is being fought by the Seamen's International Union and other labor organizations, who argue that if the convention is adopted the United States will be. prevented from building up its | merchant marine. Anglers are expecting- an early run of rock this season. Two small rockfish were caught in the river above Aqueduct bridge this week, it is reported, while below the city thousands of them are being caught in seines. "The fact that they are being caught in seines," commented John W. Hurley, "shows they are there. And if they are, there is no reason why they cannot be caught. They have to eat." Last year rockfish were plentiful, and many exceptionally large ones were caught, Joe and Charlie Fletcher and J. E. Buckingham making a record catch of 143 pounds one afternoon. "We are going to try to smash that record," remarked the veteran angler Buckingham, "and we'll stick to it for a week but what we'll turn the trick." Anglers have every reason to believe j rockfish are in the river in the vicinity of this city. "Shad and herring are here." said \V. i T. Reynolds, "and when the herring come it is fair to presume that rockfish are | i not far away." 1 Reports from Aquia creek. Quantico and other points within fifty miles of the city are to the effect that thousands of rockfish are being caught in nets, and ; anglers probably will try their luck at some of those places tomorrow. ( Many anglers have planned trips to the river in the vicinity of the city for to morrow to try for rockfish. Bloodworms ! have been ordered from local dealers, while some of the more enthusiastic Wal tonites have sent to Baltimore for shrimp, thinking they are more attractive than blpodworms. Big catches of white perch made this week opposite the schoolhouse, a place familiar to most anglers, gave hundreds of sportsmen the fever, and tomorrow, if the weather is good, boats and bait will be in great demand. "Wednesday was a great day for white i perch fishermen," said Charlie Fletcher. "Everybody caught fish, and the fisher man who went home with anything short of a splint basket filled with perch was the exception. A full basket was the | rule." White perch this season have surprised I the anglers. Heretofore, it is stated, the early run of such fish has been favorably disposed toward soft crab bait, the larger fish refusing to take the ordinary angle worm or bloodworm. Thus far this sea son. however, the fish seem well satisfied with worms. "And what a good thing they are." re marked an old fisherman, "when crabs the size of spiders are selling at $1.50 a dozen." White perch are being caught in the deep water all along the Potomac, the river above the Aqueduct bridge attract ing more fishermen thart any other sec tion. It is thought the largest perch arc found in the deepest water. The deep water off the White House, a short distance below Marshall Hall, on the Virginia side of the river, is reputed to be the finest perch grounds of the Po tomac. Many big catches have been made there in past years, and only two years ago two anglers, fishing only with rod and line, sold $12 worth of lish as a re sult of a day's sport. Launch owners who enjoy sport on the river with rod and line are making ex tensive preparations for the fishing sea l son. Many boats have already been put 1 overboard, and practically all of them will be in the river the coming week It I will soon be time for automobile fishing I parties to make trips to points up and | down the Potomac. | Trips to points up the river will not be i due until the opening of the summer bass season, but down-river fishing probably will be good early ip the summer. Rock Point, Md., at the terminus of one of the new state roads, where fishermen were so successful last season, promises to be an attractive place this season. Benedict, on the Patuxent river, in Charles county, is another popular place, although the sandy road is a serious drawback to automobilists who go there on fishing trips. Coltons, near Blak istones Island, is another place that is at tractive to anglers, rockfish usually be ing plentiful on the bar near the island, while good sport is usually to be found near the mouth of St. Patricks creek. Co Ionian Beach, Wilkersons and points as far down as the Rappahannock river arc also places that are attractive to fisher men. Mack Sparrough and William Wynkoop Wednesday went to the mouth of Difficult run, a short distance below Great talis, on the Virginia side of the river, and had great sport. "Where Difficult run empties into the Potomac river." stated one of the an glers, "is one of the most attractive points on the river and is a. place where bass fishing usually is good " The anglers say the absence of boats is the only obstacle in the way of making the place an attractive one to anglers. "It was not early when we reached the river," one of them stated, "but the fish came along in a hurry and we lost no time getting them " Long before sundown the pair started homeward with twenty big Mississippi catfish, the result of their sport, and they had all they wanted to carry over the hill to the car line. Owners of boats would do well to see to i the safe fastening of their fishing craft along the river, is the advice given by Joseph Raur. Joe has a house at Pen ning and another one at Four Mile Run, and incidentally was the owner of a long 1 seine he used for catching bait. "I am no longer the possessor of a seine," he remarked yesterday. "The n? t wits more than a mile from the railroad at Four Mil.- run, where a fishing boat was anchored, and net and boat both disappeared." , , The police were told of the work of the river pirates and asked to make an effort to recover the property.. "What the pirates did," remarked Baur. "prevented m? from hauling for bait., but did not stop mc from enjoying: a fishing trip." The angler fished along the edge of the channel near Four Mile run and landed a long string of fish. "When a man goes fishing and forgets to take hooks with him," remarked Karl Achterkirchen, "it's a case of hard luck. That's just what John Hurley did, and he's such an old hand at the business that it surprised his friends." The surprising thing about the veteran angler, stated his friend, is his Inability to manage a boat. Hurley says he cannot row a boat, but his friends think it a case of not wanting to indulge in the exercise. Tuesday he went to Fletcher's and was given a tow to the channel, where his boat was anchored and he was left to en joy the sport. When he was ready to drop his line overboard he discovered he had left his hooks at home, and so much de lay was experienced in an effort to get a supply of hooks that the angler had to abandon his sport. "The water is falling and the water clearing," was stated in a letter John Hurley yesterday received from a boat man at Knoxville, Md. "I was out yesterday,'* tho boatman added, "and caught seven bass, but they were not large. "Come up when you can," the message concluded. The'season in Maryland for bass. It is stated, does not close until April 15, and Hurley says he will be on the upper I river before that time. I "I know it's against the law to bring them in the city," he remarked, "but it's not against the law to put them back into the river after catching them. The sport is in the catching and not In the eating." i j William Machen. one of the enthu siastic anglers of this city, hopes to have the greatest sport in this section in a year or two, and Austin Savage is claiming part ownership in the plan. "I suggested that he stock Squirrel creek with brook trout." says Savage, "and when the trout are put there my , part should make me entitled to the lishing privilege." j Squirrel creek runs through the | Machen farm in Prince Georges county, Md.. and the stream, it is stated, should i be a splendid place for brook trout. The | owner has been promised a supply of I 12,000 young trout. John J. Fister took advantage of the last day of the bass season in the Dis trict and went to Widewater, a short dis tance this side of Great Falls, to get a last string of bass. The season in Marv land does not close until next Wednesday, but the angler felt that he would like to enjoy one fish dinner this spring, and so he made the journey. "But I only caught eight bass and eleven crappie," he said, displaying that many fish when he returned home, a string that would have excited manv a | fisherman. "One day last year I landed two dozen fish in an hour." Edward C. Craig the past week got his share of the run of white perch. He prob ably is better prepared for fishing th^n is any other local sportsman, having built a boat to suit his needs. "And he never goes on the river without plenty of bait of all kinds," William T. Reynolds stated. "And," he added, "he knows how to use the bait." The angler has been on the river sev jeral times and each time he landed a j long string of fish. William F\ Bowie, representing W. F. Roberts, yesterday afternoon went to Annapolis. Md., and conferred with Gov. Goldsborough and Game Warden Curley with reference to a bill passed by the state legislature to prevent the shipping ot bass bait from Washington county. It is provided in the measure that only bait from inclosed ponds mav be shipped out of the county. The approval of the measure, Mr. Bowie explained, win mean a great amount of inconven ience and additional expense to bass fish ermen. The measure. Gov. Goldsborough was told, will affect the supply of mad toms shipped to this city. Baltimore and other Places, most of that particular bait com ing from Washington county. Both the governor and game warden displayed much interest in the measure, and the veto'\hel"iirIecommend that ^e governor ?fel 8naS8inff of herring promises to m/rir! Ik Pori i anglers who do not m l , !VJ labor involved in handling lines th snags attached. Herring, it ;s stated, are fairly plentiful in the river between Aqueduct and Chain bridges. One fisherman snagged a shad recently. PARIS TO ENTERTAIN KINGS. Cabinet Asks for $84,000 to Pay for Sovereigns' Expenses. Correspondence of The Star. PARIS, April 1. 1914. The cabinet has asked parliament to vote the equivalent of $S4,000 to enter tain the Kings of England and Den mark when they visit Paris for a couple of days this month. Three quarters of this stun is to be spent by the foreign office in decorations, Illumi nations, presents to the sovereigns, re ceptions, official dinners and special trains. The performance at the opera will take $5,000. the carriage hire, $2,500; the tips to servants, $450; the military review, $11,000, and the extra expenses of the police and sccret serv ice. $2,500. The royalties will be lodged at the foreign office, and their apartments will be furnished with pieces from the museums and hung with antique Gobe lin tapestries and old masters. Cresap Chapter, Daughters of the Amer ican Revolution, of Cumberland, Md.. will dedicate a bowlder to mark the site of o.d Fort Cumberland in September. CRITICS WILL ANALYZE ! STATEMENT BY BOARD: Renewal of Objections to the Choice of Reserve Bank Districts. | Members of Congress and others who j have criticised the federal reserve bank j organization committee's selection of bank cities and its definition of reserve j districts were discussing today the state ment of the committee in defense of its j position. They plan to analyze the state-1 ment before making any further efforts to have the committee reconsider its se lections. i Considerable opposition has developed in Congress and from representatives in i cities which sought reserve banks but were unsuccessful in their efforts to get I them. The committee's statement was j issued in reply to these criticisms. Mem | bers of the committee hoped today that j their answer would convince critics that they acted in the best Interests of the country in their choicc of the bank re serve cities. Beasons for the Selections. ; The reasons which actuated the com- j mittee in selecting Atlanta and Dallas j against New Orleans; Richmond in pref erence to Baltimore, and Kansas City in- j stead of Denver, Omaha and Lincoln, j Neb., were set forth In great detail in! the statement. Discussing the choice of Richmond, the j committee pointed out that banks in j South Carolina, North Carolina and Vir ginia preferred that city to Baltimore 01* Washington, and declared that it was thought unwise to locate another re serve bank close to the one decided upon for ^Philadelphia. It was pointed out alsp that sworn statements to the con troller of the currency showed January 13, 1914, that the national banks of Richmond were lending twice as much money in the district eventually created as Baltimore and Washington combined. In defending its selection of Richmond I rather than Baltimore or Washington, the committee said, in part; Preferences by States. "North Carolina, South Carolina and Virginia preferred to be connected with Richmond. West Virginia was divided in its preference; Maryland and the Dis trict of Columbia, of course, desired Bal timore or Washington. In the poll of banks made directly by the controller's office Richmond received more first choice ballots than any other city in the district, 167 against 128 for Baltimore, lio for Pittsburgh, 28 for Columbia, S. C.; :t7 for Cincinnati'- and 25 for Washington, D. C. Of the remaining 21 votes, 1U were for Charlotte, C., and 2 for New York. Leaving out the states of Mary land and Virginia, Richmond received from the rest of the district three times as many first-choice votes as were cast for Baltimore. "District No. o is composed of the states of Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia (ex cept four counties). North and South Carolina and the District of Columbia. These states have always been closely bound together commercially and finan cially, arid their business dealings are large and intimate." Tabular Showing. j By tables the committee shows that the j capital and surplus, individual deposits ; and loans and discounts of the national ! banks of Virginia, including Richmond, largely surpass the national banks of Maryland, including Baltimore. "The capital and surplus of Virginia national banks." it said, "are 60 per cent greater than the capital and surplus of the national banks of the states of Louisiana and Mississippi combined, in cluding the city of New Orleans, while the loans and discounts by the national banks of Virginia are more than three times as great as the loans and discounts in the national banks of Louisiana, in cluding New Orleans." HOSE CABT IS FUNERAL CAR. Chief C. F. Seyferlich of Chicago Fire Department Is Buried. CHICAGO, April 11.?An old hose cart belonging to engine company No. 98, whose house was known as "Old Sy's" unofficial headquarters, was impressed into service as a funeral car today to carry the body of Charles Frederick Sey ferlich, chief of the Chicago fire depart ment since 3910, to the ccmetery. Another hose cart followed in the funer al procession, bearing many floral tributes from the "boys" in the department and from city officials and friends. The fa miliar red automobile in which the chief raced to every "4-11" alarm fire during his term of office accompanied the pro cession to the cemetery. Me*mbers of the city council, the mayor's cabinet and all of the members of the po lice and fire departments who could be spared from duty attended the funeral services. Nearly 2,000 firemen marched in the procession. French Midget in Army Service. Correspondence of Th* Star. PARIS, April 1, 1914. The French army has admitted to its ranks a youth named Defrance, who. although of the military age, twenty, weighs only forty-two pounds and is only three feet three and one-quarter inches tall. The medical board found him physically fit in every way. It is understood he will be assigned to du ties which will not oblige him to carry the marching outfit of the French sol dier. The outfit is one and one-half times the midget's weight. OFFICIAL TO CLASSIFY WOODS OF ISTHMUS Battalion at Camp Otis Completes First Forced March Through Jungle. Correspondence of The Star. PANAMA, April 4, 1914. It is understood that Henry Pettier of the Department of Agriculture at Wash ington, who has arrived on the isthmus to classify the native woods of Panama, will soon undertake the organization of two agricultural schools in the republic. The Panama authorities requested Mr. Pettier's services for the collection of native woods. They will be a part of the Panama national exhibition which will be opened next year. The 3d Battalion of the 10th Infantry, stationed at Camp Otis, has just com pleted a forced march through the Jungle from Chorrera in the province of Coole. The distance covered, twenty-seven miles, was made in one day. It was found that the main trail has been well cleared by the Panama government. About 75 per cent of the battalion is composed of re cruits who thus made their first practice march. Pedro Miguel, where the canal locks of that name are located, is to be one of the model permanent towns of the isthmus. The canal government has been busy there for several months in the hope of having the place completed in time for the opening of the canal next year. Macadam streets and concrete side walks are being aid and many new houses are being built for the operating force of the locks. A large playground for children and tennis and base ball | grounds' also are well utider way. In | front of the Y. M. C. A. building is to be ! the plaza, which will be one of the 1 beauty spots of the town. Giant Dredge to Work. | The dredge Gamlwa, the largest dipper | dredge ever built, has arrived on the isthmus and is being assembled for work. It is the intention of the canal author ities to have the dredge begin the widen ing of the channel in Culebra cut in front of the Cucaracha and Culebra slides at an early date. The dipper of this new dredge has a capacity of fifteen cubic yards. Another dredge of the same type and capacity, the Paraiso, is expected to arrive soon. The dredge Coroza). which was to have been at work before this in deepening the channel through Culebra cut, has been drydocked in the east upper chajnber of Gatun locks. Just above the live sub marines in the same chamber. An ex plosion in an oil tank did considerable damage to several bulkheads and hull of the big dredge. In order to drydock her in the same lock chamber the sub marines were lashed fast to the bottom of the lock, which was then filled. Chicago Theaters Tunc to Movies. CHICAGO, April 11.?Announcement was made today that another one of Chicago's large downtown theaters?the sixth within a year and a half?would be converted into a moving picture playhouse. The lat est theater to join the roster of the "movie" houses is the Princess Theater on South Clark street, which has been the home of legitimate drama, musical drama and musical comedy since its con struction several years ago. Government Railroad Profitable. The only standard guage railway ever built and operated by the United States government was run at a profit in 1013. Figures given out today by the reclama tion service show the road?the Boise and Arrowrock of Idaho?had net earnings of $0,721 last year. It is twenty miles long, and is run in connection with the Ar rowrock dam, which is to be the highest in the world. JAPANESE STARTS TOUR OF WORLD ON BICYCLE Carries Bag of Sand From. Palace of Emperor, Which He Will Sprinkle in Native Colonies. TOKIO. March 21. 1914 Youthful chauvinistic sportsmen are eagerly following the movements of a young- Japanese named Oku bo. who has .lust started on a bicycle trip around the world. Stripped to his wheel. Okubo car ries a precious bag of sand which he shoveled from the grounds of the palace of his emperor, flis intention is to sprin kle a little sand whenever he reaches a Japanese colony or comes to a place where a number of Japanese live. "My idea." he explained before starting, "is to remind Japanese abroad of their native country?of the glorious mikado empire. Japanese doctors are discussing the un usual if nol unprecedented case ot a child meeting death from the beak of a rooster. A four-year-old girl was walking to a playground near her father's house in Tokio, when she was attacked by a roos ter. which pecked at h*r viciously, fhe girl ran, stumbled and fell, hitting a stone Before the onlookers could interfere the rooster had again pecked the child in the forehead. The child was picked up dead A lively competition has been going on between Japanese steamship companies which hope to get a government subsidy for a steamship line through the Panama canal to the eastern coast of the 1'nited States, with terminus* at Boston. At th? present it looks a* if the Nippon Yusen i Kalsha would be elected, and that th?* I company will be accorded a subsidy of ; $1,000,000. The other competitors were i the Toyo Kisen Kaisha and the Osaka j Shosen Kaisha. The Toyo Kisen will con I tinue its service to San Francisco, but it I is probable that the Nippon Yusen will i discontinue its service to Seattle and turn i it over to the Osaka company, which is building extra steamers to be used on the northern route which it will henceforth monopolize. Eat 8,090,000 Hot Cross Bans. CHICAGO, April 11.?In celebration of Good Friday Chioagoans yesterday ate 8,000.000 hot cross buns, according to the estimates of bakers. At 1 cent each the sum expended for the delicacy was $90,000. "We eat more hot cross buns in Chicago i liood Friday than any other city in the world, Ixmdon not excepted." said one baker. "I have taken the trouble to get statistics from several of the large cities, and Chicago is the champion bun-eating town of the world." Rev. Dr. James R. Graham, ninety years old. a Presbyterian minister, died at Winchester. Va, Wednesday During the civil war he was frequently the host of "Stonewall" Jackson when the l&tte. was in Winchester. : I i The Star will be glad to have its attention called to any misleading or untrue statement, if such should ap pear at any time In any ad vertisement in its columns. Readers are requested to as sist In protecting themselves and legitimate advertisers. mmttntmmmmmimmmniintimninmmnnMog it -TTTITTIH 11, miTTI ,,?r Ruptured for Fifteen Years, Now Can Climb Phone Poles George Higgins Tells How Wonderful Schuiling Rupture Lock Cured Long-Stand ing Ruptures. George H. Higgins, superintendent of construction for the Citizens' Telephone Company of Grand Rapids. Mich., suf fered from ruptures for fifteen years. No truss could give him relief. Often he was forced to go to bed. To work was torture. One day he put on a Schuiling Rup ture Lock. He was himself again at once. He found he could e*en climb a tele phone pole with any of the "boys" if he wanted to. He was convinced. A year later Mr. Higgins, certain that the benefits were permanent and that he was really cured, wrote a letter telling of his experience. He said: "For fifteen years I went around as best I could with two ruptures, at time? | so painful that I was forced to take to ! my bed. Had tried for relief many J times with worthless trusses but all i turned out the same, no good for me. "I was advised to try a Schuiling Rup ture Lock by a friend, who claimed he was cured, which I did, and in one year I was completely cured on both sides, health restored, feeling strong and ac tive as a man of twenty. MADE TTTM TOUVG AG AIM. "Now, being sixty-five years of age, can climb a telephone pole with any of the boys if I want to. "I hope others may be benefited as myself." Mr, Higgins' cure was remarkable, but not remarkable in the history of the Schuiling Rupture Lock. Hundreds have received just such benefits. Mr. Higgins knows he is cured. Any rupture sufferer interested can write to Mr. Higgins at No. 1431 Robin son road. Grand Rapids, Mich., and he will answer all questions. He knows. The experience of Mr. Higginsis proof positive of the safety and effectiveness of the Schuiling Rupture Lock. When such an active man. with a case of such long standing, gets relief as Mr. Higgins did. any rupture sufferer, man, woman or child, can be sure that the Schuiling Rupture Lock will give satisfaction under any demands that may be put upon it. MOST XMFORTAHT OF XOTTElVTXOirS The Schuiling Rupture Lock Is the i safe. USE PROVES RESULTS. The Schuiling Rupture Lock has been tested and proven by results that have stood for years. Results are proven by hundreds of cases. People in all kinds of occupations, from "desk jobs" to the hazardous labors of the frontiers, de clare it has relieved and cured, them. You can get the Schuiling Rupture Lock on thirty days' free trial. In that time we know that it will prove itself to you. You assume no risk whatever?and we have so much confidence in it that "81 TEAM OLD; SEALED." John Schinnerer of Columbus, Ind., said: "I was fitted with the Schuiling Rup ture Lock four months ago, and now find that the ruptured openings are en tirely healed up. I am 81 years old, and never expected a cure at my age." "WOKE IT 8 MONTHS; CUBED." Edward E. Dickerson, I'rescott and S. Division St., Grand Rapids, Mich., we know we are taking no risk at all. ; writes: You will certainly want it. You will i -j know at once that you cannot afford to ' be without it. It does not matter what has failed be fore. The Schuiling Rupture Lock is a wonderful invention that eliminates the possibility of danger. It will save the rupture sufferer from dangerous opera tions: it will cure rupture. It brings the ruptured parts together with a firm but gentle pressure, under just the right conditions for nature to complete tht cure. most important invention since the treatment of rupture began. Rupture sufferers have been robbed for years by men who make trusses, worthless devices made only to "sell." The Schuiling Rupture Lock is made to use. You have doubtless been disappointed and discouraged by the rosy promises and seductive statements of all kinds of rupture quacks. You perhaps have tried many trusses and torturing devices that gave no satisfaction. Meanwhile, the handicap of rupture remained. It has been a burden on your life and your work that you have been unable to throw oft". But this announcement brings you honest assurance that you can get real relief. The Schuiling Rupture Lock will cure ru ptu re. You can put on the Schuiling Rupture Lock and throw your truss away for ever. had been ruptured for- years?had worn all kinds of trusses and appli ances, but all to no avail until your lock was tried. It held my rupture as noth ing before had done. Wore it eight months and was completely cured." WOMAN ESCAPES X3TXPE. Mrs. Catherine Sottong of Brooks ville. Ind.. writes: "I had been a rupture sufferer for a long time, and it was getting so bad that I could not drag myself around the house any more. It was as large as two fists: I was all bent over with pain: never could get anything to keep it up. My doctor and lots of other physicians said that 1 must have an operation to do me any good, but 1 was afraid and put it off. hoping that I might some day find some kind of an article that would help me: now I am glad that I waited for at last I heard of the Schuiling Rupture Lock. I ordered one to try, and. sure enough, it held my rupture -i;rtit from the very first, and now I am ?t:red and only wore it five months." The Schuiling Rupture Lock is the thing for you. .??rt a letter or postal asking for the free book on rupture, giving > our name and address clearly?or fill out and mail to us the blank form here. COMFORTARLE TO WEAR. The Schuiling Rupture Lock is simple in construction and comfortable to wear. It avoids acute pressure on the pubic bone, hips or spine. It has no insani tary leg bands, elastics, springs or ste< stays and metal bands. The lock is free in its action, yet absolutely sure ant Our book on rupture explains in detail all the wonderful features of this re markable invention. This book will !>? sent free by the next mail, on your re quest. Read here, what some of the many who have us?'d the Schuiling Ruptuj*t Lock write about it: SCXUZLUrO RUPTURE 360 W. Market St.. Indianapolis, lad. Send me your free book, "How to Cure Rupture." Name. City. State. Schuiling Rupture Institute, 360 W.MarketSt, Indianapolis, Ind.