THE FEDERAL CITY.
VIII.?Rebuilding in 1814.
By Frederic J. Haskin.
The second period of the history of the*
federal establishment in the District of
Columbia begins with the rebuilding of
the Capitol and the restoration of the
White 1 louse after they had been burned
bv the British. At that time the fortunes
<?f the new city were at their lowest ebb.
The failure of the original speculations,
described in ]>revious articles, had dis
couraged investment, the location was
found to be unhealthy, and visitors from
abroad, members of the Congress and
American writers joined in ridicule of the
pretentious plan and Its failure to de
velop, The sale of the building lots which
had been donated to raise mom y for
federal purposes had practically ceased,
and if was realized that the growth of
the city would be slow.
The deelsion of the Congress not to re
Muve the Capitol elsewhere, but to re
store the buildings damaged by the Unt
il. insured the continuation of the city,
??it 1?\ 1 S'JS it had become certain that
Washington would have to depend for its
prosp, rity almost exclusively on its char
acter as the seat of the federal govern
ment. and that rommerce or manufac
turing could not be d? penned upon to
make Was hington a great rity.
It seems t?? have been the view of the
? '?ngress that the property owned by the
United States in
Many City Lots the city was
Were Inaccessible. '"r in ""ss
a n y possible
federal needs. and that the residue of
li?ts from* the original donation would be
a source of embarrassment rather than!
?>f ultimate us* and profit. T^'irg" num
bers of the building lots were in inacces-!
sible portions of the city, covering traets
<?f marshy lauds, and as late as land
now worth ?'J a square foot was so cheap
ti.at the < ity scavenger could afford to
purchase two whole squares on which to
In the eastern part of the city overj
".t?00,00?> square feet of land had been
snapped for streets and building squares
which was entirely under water, and
I'Uilding lots had been sold, even by the
United States itself, in locations remote
from the actual city and which were
covered by the tides.
After the first quarter of a century of
its existence Washington had few fea
tures that impressed the visitor. There
had been rivalry between the eastern and
western sections, so that the private
buildings which had been erected stood
in isolated groups instead of forming a
coherent whole and these w-ere connect
ed by a sort of "string town" along Penn
sylvania avenue. The Avenue itself was
not much more than a country road, al
ternating mud and dust, and was over
flowed in the spring floods of the Poto
In tvjs Congress took a view of these
unsold lots and directed the division of
such as had any apparent value between
? ieorgetown University, Columbia Col
lege and the Catholic and Protestant
orphan asylums of the city. The other
'"?ts remained inactive for twenty years
more, when they were sold at low prices
t<? investors, among whom was W. \V.
Corcoran, the philanthropist, who made
' Tge sums of money by the subsequent
subdivision and sale of the squares ac
quired from the United States.
It was urged at an early date that the
proper procedure on behalf of the
Great Increase with reter
u Property Values.
in the city of Washington was to sell
as little a^ possible and hold the re
mainder for increased value. Con
gress, however, seems never to have
had any confidence in the probable in
crease in value of Washington prop
erty, with one result that the one-half
interest of the United States in five
squares south of Pennsylvania avenue
was sold for about $<>.000 in the early
days of the city. The whole of the
squares has recently been acquired for
department buildings and cost the gov
Tt was also thought that the reser
vations which had been made for its
public spaces were more than sufficient
for any possible growth of the federal
establishment, and the park connect
ing the Capitol and White House reser
vations was narrowed by laying out
several additional building squares.
The lots in these squares were sold at
a. moderate price and on easy terms
in order to raise money to fill up and
improve the inundated portions of the
reservation. The disuosition of the
< ?*?ngre-- to rid itself of surplus hold
ings in the city resulted from the in
sistent demands of the residents of
the. city that Congress should pay a
? onsi'lei able proportion of the expenses
of permanent improvements. It was
also u'g??l that Congress ought also
to contribute to the current, expenses
of the municipality.
These demands were based not only on
the amount of land in the city which
had been re
Cause of Demands serve-i for red
for U.S. Assistance.
number of building lots which remained
? o the government, but on the amount of
land which had been removed from taxa
tion by the unusual width of streets
arid avenues provided in the plan of the
? lty. It is generally held that streets of
sixty feet in width are sufficient for
municipal purposes, and the streets and
avenues of the original city of Washing
ton are from SO to 160 feet in width
There ?s a strip of land on each side of
moat of the streets and avenues which
.s not u^ed for street purposes, ranging
!n width from twelve to twenty feet, and
tlifs land is occupied by the owners of
adjoining lots for gardens or for business
hp! IK soot! ting, healing modica
1 ilon in Kesinol ointment and
Kesinol Soap penetrates every
tiny pore of the skin, clears it of
impurities, and stops itching bl
atantly. Kesinol speedily heals
eczema, rashes, ringworm and
Of. ? r captions, and clears a war
di>iigurlng pimples and blackheads
wh*?n other treatments prove a
waste of time and money.
hiuoi i- K"t ah espriincut, it a
do-tor's |>r?*ni ?iptl??n wlurii proved (.<>
voiid^rf'iKy -u t"" lroubi< *
tlia* it N>. u u*ed by "tlier doctor* all
th - conn* ry for ihe past nin?fft>n
S*nr?. Sold I?y ail druirgi?t*. He.-and
?J*nimen:. $?'?? and $1. Be>in?d S'-ap, 2.V.
V?.r ir fr#H-. write to lN-pt 41'-S.
I'a ' Mi?. Avoid :nt *n!
CONTINUED IN TOMORROW'S FOUR-PAGE COLORED COMIC SECTION.
! purposes, according to the location of
j the street. Xorie of this land is subject
i to taxation, and as the street space of
j the original city of Washington is about
equivalent to the building space, the tax
payers have uniformly urged that Con
j gress should make up the deficiencies in
| the revenues of the city resulting from
[ the withdrawal of this excess land from
In 187S Congress acceded to this de
mand. in view of the constantly in
creasing indebtedness of the city of
Washington, and established what is
known as the "half-and-half" plan, by
which one-half of the expenses of the
District of Columbia arc paid from reve
nues derived chiefly from the taxation of
land and the other half is paid from the
Treasury of the United States.
The entire District of Columbia is now
under one municipal government, and
the proportion of taxable land is much
greater than the holdings of the United
States, exclusive of streets and parks,
so that In recent years the equity of
the half-and-half principle has been
I questioned and the proper proportion
I which the United States should contrib
ute to the expenses of the municipal
government is now a matter of debate
The next letter of this series will be
devoted to a description of the "plant"
of the United States used for federal
purposes as the seat of government. It
will be interesting to note here the
amount of property with which it began
its activities in the District of Columbia,
excluding the streets and the building
The principal parcels were those occu
pied by the Capitol and White House,
Principal Parcels former, of about
of Land in City. ?"y acre,3' anJ th,c
]atter> Qf approxi
mately sixty acres, were joined by the
Mall, containing about 125 acres, the
three pieces forming the main body of
land reserved for federal purposes. In
the extreme eastern end of the city a
tract of seventy-five acres was reserved
for a marine hospital site, and at the
western end a tract of twenty-one acres
surrounding an old fort was reserved,
which was later used for the location of
the United States Observatory, although
the original suggestion was that a na
tional university should be established on
Some distance south of the Capitol
! grounds there was a reservation of about
twenty-five acres which Maj. L/Enfant
designed for the location of five grand
fountains. No use was made of this res
ervation until late years, when a portion
has been laid off as a park, known as
Garfield Park; a portion is used for a
power house for the Capites buildings
and the remainder has been allowed to
be used by the railroads entering Well
The reservation now occupied in part
by the pension office, containing nineteen
acres, was intended by Maj. L/Enfant as
the location of a national non-denoml
national church, to be used on occasions
of public thanksgivings, etc., but has
been used only for federal purposes since
the civil war.
A reservation of about forty acres was
made on the point forming the extreme
southern portion of the city for an ar
senal for the War Department, and a
navy yard reservation of about sixteen
acres was made on the Anacostia river.
Two city squares were reserved for a
market in the eastern portion of the
city, one square for a market in the
western portion and four acres for a
central market midway between the two.
Tho other considerable public spaces were
formed by the intersection of the ave
nues, and were intended for the beauti
fication of the city, so that the original
plan of the federal establishment con
templated the use of not more than 4A0
acres to accommodate its ultimate
growth. The ownership of more than
?VOO acres of land in the District of Co
lumbia by the United States, together
with the use of large amounts of pri
vately owned property for federal activ
ities "at the present time, illustrates the
| tremendous increase in the scope and
volume of federal business during the
1U> years it has been centered in the
HOPES TO FIND REMEDY
FOR WATER POLLUTION
Conditions Along Boundary Between
United States and Canada Inves
tigated by Joint Commission.
With the extent of pollution in the in
ternational waters along the boundary
between the United States and Canada
established, the international joint com
mission has undertaken to find and apply
Chairman Tawney said that at the con
ference just concluded here the com
mission decided first to em pi 03' leading
sanitary engineers to study the problem,
then to give them a hearing, which will
be in New York about the middle of May.
After that hearings will be held in the
various cities and towns affected, Buffalo
and Detroit as the two largest being the
first to be visited by the commission.
Mr. Tawney said local conditions would
make it necessary to dea! with the ques
tion in a variety of ways, methods of
sewage disposal and water purification
which might be desirable at Buffalo, not
being practical at Detroit and other
The commission will meet again at
Sault Ste. Marie May 4 to investigate
the water power project which American
and Canadian concerns desire to build at
that point and which will affect the level
of l^ake Superior.
Criticises Sea Safety Convention.
Secretary of Labor Wilson is opposed to
some features of the safety at sea con
vention recommended favorably by Sec
retary of State Bryan and now pending
before the Senate foreign relations com
mittee, and as a result the question will
be discussed by the cabinet next week.
The convention is being fought by the
Seamen's International Union and other
labor organizations, who argue that if the
convention is adopted the United States
will be. prevented from building up its
| merchant marine.
Anglers are expecting- an early run of
rock this season. Two small rockfish
were caught in the river above Aqueduct
bridge this week, it is reported, while
below the city thousands of them are
being caught in seines.
"The fact that they are being caught in
seines," commented John W. Hurley,
"shows they are there. And if they are,
there is no reason why they cannot be
caught. They have to eat."
Last year rockfish were plentiful, and
many exceptionally large ones were
caught, Joe and Charlie Fletcher and J.
E. Buckingham making a record catch
of 143 pounds one afternoon.
"We are going to try to smash that
record," remarked the veteran angler
Buckingham, "and we'll stick to it for a
week but what we'll turn the trick."
Anglers have every reason to believe j
rockfish are in the river in the vicinity of
"Shad and herring are here." said \V. i
T. Reynolds, "and when the herring come
it is fair to presume that rockfish are |
i not far away."
1 Reports from Aquia creek. Quantico and
other points within fifty miles of the
city are to the effect that thousands of
rockfish are being caught in nets, and
; anglers probably will try their luck at
some of those places tomorrow.
( Many anglers have planned trips to the
river in the vicinity of the city for to
morrow to try for rockfish. Bloodworms
! have been ordered from local dealers,
while some of the more enthusiastic Wal
tonites have sent to Baltimore for shrimp,
thinking they are more attractive than
Big catches of white perch made this
week opposite the schoolhouse, a place
familiar to most anglers, gave hundreds
of sportsmen the fever, and tomorrow, if
the weather is good, boats and bait will
be in great demand.
"Wednesday was a great day for white
i perch fishermen," said Charlie Fletcher.
"Everybody caught fish, and the fisher
man who went home with anything short
of a splint basket filled with perch was
the exception. A full basket was the
White perch this season have surprised
I the anglers. Heretofore, it is stated, the
early run of such fish has been favorably
disposed toward soft crab bait, the larger
fish refusing to take the ordinary angle
worm or bloodworm. Thus far this sea
son. however, the fish seem well satisfied
"And what a good thing they are." re
marked an old fisherman, "when crabs
the size of spiders are selling at $1.50 a
White perch are being caught in the
deep water all along the Potomac, the
river above the Aqueduct bridge attract
ing more fishermen thart any other sec
tion. It is thought the largest perch arc
found in the deepest water.
The deep water off the White House,
a short distance below Marshall Hall, on
the Virginia side of the river, is reputed
to be the finest perch grounds of the Po
tomac. Many big catches have been made
there in past years, and only two years
ago two anglers, fishing only with rod
and line, sold $12 worth of lish as a re
sult of a day's sport.
Launch owners who enjoy sport on the
river with rod and line are making ex
tensive preparations for the fishing sea
l son. Many boats have already been put
1 overboard, and practically all of them
will be in the river the coming week It
I will soon be time for automobile fishing
I parties to make trips to points up and
| down the Potomac.
| Trips to points up the river will not be
i due until the opening of the summer bass
season, but down-river fishing probably
will be good early ip the summer. Rock
Point, Md., at the terminus of one of the
new state roads, where fishermen were so
successful last season, promises to be an
attractive place this season.
Benedict, on the Patuxent river, in
Charles county, is another popular place,
although the sandy road is a serious
drawback to automobilists who go there
on fishing trips. Coltons, near Blak
istones Island, is another place that is at
tractive to anglers, rockfish usually be
ing plentiful on the bar near the island,
while good sport is usually to be found
near the mouth of St. Patricks creek. Co
Ionian Beach, Wilkersons and points as
far down as the Rappahannock river arc
also places that are attractive to fisher
Mack Sparrough and William Wynkoop
Wednesday went to the mouth of Difficult
run, a short distance below Great talis,
on the Virginia side of the river, and
had great sport.
"Where Difficult run empties into the
Potomac river." stated one of the an
glers, "is one of the most attractive points
on the river and is a. place where bass
fishing usually is good "
The anglers say the absence of boats is
the only obstacle in the way of making
the place an attractive one to anglers.
"It was not early when we reached the
river," one of them stated, "but the fish
came along in a hurry and we lost no
time getting them "
Long before sundown the pair started
homeward with twenty big Mississippi
catfish, the result of their sport, and they
had all they wanted to carry over the
hill to the car line.
Owners of boats would do well to see to
i the safe fastening of their fishing craft
along the river, is the advice given by
Joseph Raur. Joe has a house at Pen
ning and another one at Four Mile Run,
and incidentally was the owner of a long
1 seine he used for catching bait.
"I am no longer the possessor of a
seine," he remarked yesterday. "The n? t
wits more than a mile from the railroad
at Four Mil.- run, where a fishing boat
was anchored, and net and boat both
disappeared." , ,
The police were told of the work of
the river pirates and asked to make an
effort to recover the property..
"What the pirates did," remarked
Baur. "prevented m? from hauling for
bait., but did not stop mc from enjoying:
a fishing trip."
The angler fished along the edge of the
channel near Four Mile run and landed
a long string of fish.
"When a man goes fishing and forgets
to take hooks with him," remarked Karl
Achterkirchen, "it's a case of hard luck.
That's just what John Hurley did, and
he's such an old hand at the business
that it surprised his friends."
The surprising thing about the veteran
angler, stated his friend, is his Inability
to manage a boat. Hurley says he
cannot row a boat, but his friends think
it a case of not wanting to indulge in
Tuesday he went to Fletcher's and was
given a tow to the channel, where his
boat was anchored and he was left to en
joy the sport. When he was ready to drop
his line overboard he discovered he had
left his hooks at home, and so much de
lay was experienced in an effort to get
a supply of hooks that the angler had to
abandon his sport.
"The water is falling and the water
clearing," was stated in a letter John
Hurley yesterday received from a boat
man at Knoxville, Md.
"I was out yesterday,'* tho boatman
added, "and caught seven bass, but they
were not large.
"Come up when you can," the message
The'season in Maryland for bass. It is
stated, does not close until April 15,
and Hurley says he will be on the upper I
river before that time. I
"I know it's against the law to bring
them in the city," he remarked, "but
it's not against the law to put them
back into the river after catching them.
The sport is in the catching and not In
William Machen. one of the enthu
siastic anglers of this city, hopes to
have the greatest sport in this section
in a year or two, and Austin Savage is
claiming part ownership in the plan.
"I suggested that he stock Squirrel
creek with brook trout." says Savage,
"and when the trout are put there my
, part should make me entitled to the
j Squirrel creek runs through the
| Machen farm in Prince Georges county,
Md.. and the stream, it is stated, should
i be a splendid place for brook trout. The
| owner has been promised a supply of
I 12,000 young trout.
John J. Fister took advantage of the
last day of the bass season in the Dis
trict and went to Widewater, a short dis
tance this side of Great Falls, to get a
last string of bass. The season in Marv
land does not close until next Wednesday,
but the angler felt that he would like
to enjoy one fish dinner this spring, and
so he made the journey.
"But I only caught eight bass and
eleven crappie," he said, displaying that
many fish when he returned home, a
string that would have excited manv a
"One day last year I landed two
dozen fish in an hour."
Edward C. Craig the past week got his
share of the run of white perch. He prob
ably is better prepared for fishing th^n
is any other local sportsman, having
built a boat to suit his needs.
"And he never goes on the river without
plenty of bait of all kinds," William T.
"And," he added, "he knows how to
use the bait."
The angler has been on the river sev
jeral times and each time he landed a
j long string of fish.
William F\ Bowie, representing W. F.
Roberts, yesterday afternoon went to
Annapolis. Md., and conferred with Gov.
Goldsborough and Game Warden Curley
with reference to a bill passed by the
state legislature to prevent the shipping
ot bass bait from Washington county.
It is provided in the measure that
only bait from inclosed ponds mav be
shipped out of the county. The approval
of the measure, Mr. Bowie explained,
win mean a great amount of inconven
ience and additional expense to bass fish
The measure. Gov. Goldsborough was
told, will affect the supply of mad toms
shipped to this city. Baltimore and other
Places, most of that particular bait com
ing from Washington county. Both the
governor and game warden displayed
much interest in the measure, and the
veto'\hel"iirIecommend that ^e governor
?fel 8naS8inff of herring promises to
m/rir! Ik Pori i anglers who do not
m l , !VJ labor involved in handling
lines th snags attached. Herring, it
;s stated, are fairly plentiful in the river
between Aqueduct and Chain bridges.
One fisherman snagged a shad recently.
PARIS TO ENTERTAIN KINGS.
Cabinet Asks for $84,000 to Pay for
Correspondence of The Star.
PARIS, April 1. 1914.
The cabinet has asked parliament to
vote the equivalent of $S4,000 to enter
tain the Kings of England and Den
mark when they visit Paris for a
couple of days this month. Three
quarters of this stun is to be spent by
the foreign office in decorations, Illumi
nations, presents to the sovereigns, re
ceptions, official dinners and special
trains. The performance at the opera
will take $5,000. the carriage hire,
$2,500; the tips to servants, $450; the
military review, $11,000, and the extra
expenses of the police and sccret serv
The royalties will be lodged at the
foreign office, and their apartments
will be furnished with pieces from the
museums and hung with antique Gobe
lin tapestries and old masters.
Cresap Chapter, Daughters of the Amer
ican Revolution, of Cumberland, Md..
will dedicate a bowlder to mark the site
of o.d Fort Cumberland in September.
CRITICS WILL ANALYZE !
STATEMENT BY BOARD:
Renewal of Objections to the Choice
of Reserve Bank
| Members of Congress and others who j
have criticised the federal reserve bank j
organization committee's selection of
bank cities and its definition of reserve j
districts were discussing today the state
ment of the committee in defense of its j
position. They plan to analyze the state-1
ment before making any further efforts
to have the committee reconsider its se
Considerable opposition has developed
in Congress and from representatives in i
cities which sought reserve banks but
were unsuccessful in their efforts to get
I them. The committee's statement was
j issued in reply to these criticisms. Mem
| bers of the committee hoped today that
j their answer would convince critics that
they acted in the best Interests of the
country in their choicc of the bank re
Beasons for the Selections. ;
The reasons which actuated the com- j
mittee in selecting Atlanta and Dallas j
against New Orleans; Richmond in pref
erence to Baltimore, and Kansas City in- j
stead of Denver, Omaha and Lincoln, j
Neb., were set forth In great detail in!
Discussing the choice of Richmond, the j
committee pointed out that banks in j
South Carolina, North Carolina and Vir
ginia preferred that city to Baltimore
01* Washington, and declared that it was
thought unwise to locate another re
serve bank close to the one decided upon
for ^Philadelphia. It was pointed out
alsp that sworn statements to the con
troller of the currency showed January
13, 1914, that the national banks of
Richmond were lending twice as much
money in the district eventually created
as Baltimore and Washington combined.
In defending its selection of Richmond
I rather than Baltimore or Washington,
the committee said, in part;
Preferences by States.
"North Carolina, South Carolina and
Virginia preferred to be connected with
Richmond. West Virginia was divided in
its preference; Maryland and the Dis
trict of Columbia, of course, desired Bal
timore or Washington. In the poll of
banks made directly by the controller's
office Richmond received more first
choice ballots than any other city in the
district, 167 against 128 for Baltimore, lio
for Pittsburgh, 28 for Columbia, S. C.;
:t7 for Cincinnati'- and 25 for Washington,
D. C. Of the remaining 21 votes, 1U
were for Charlotte, C., and 2 for New
York. Leaving out the states of Mary
land and Virginia, Richmond received
from the rest of the district three times
as many first-choice votes as were cast
"District No. o is composed of the states
of Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia (ex
cept four counties). North and South
Carolina and the District of Columbia.
These states have always been closely
bound together commercially and finan
cially, arid their business dealings are
large and intimate."
j By tables the committee shows that the
j capital and surplus, individual deposits
; and loans and discounts of the national
! banks of Virginia, including Richmond,
largely surpass the national banks of
Maryland, including Baltimore.
"The capital and surplus of Virginia
national banks." it said, "are 60 per cent
greater than the capital and surplus of
the national banks of the states of
Louisiana and Mississippi combined, in
cluding the city of New Orleans, while
the loans and discounts by the national
banks of Virginia are more than three
times as great as the loans and discounts
in the national banks of Louisiana, in
cluding New Orleans."
HOSE CABT IS FUNERAL CAR.
Chief C. F. Seyferlich of Chicago
Fire Department Is Buried.
CHICAGO, April 11.?An old hose cart
belonging to engine company No. 98,
whose house was known as "Old Sy's"
unofficial headquarters, was impressed
into service as a funeral car today to
carry the body of Charles Frederick Sey
ferlich, chief of the Chicago fire depart
ment since 3910, to the ccmetery.
Another hose cart followed in the funer
al procession, bearing many floral tributes
from the "boys" in the department and
from city officials and friends. The fa
miliar red automobile in which the chief
raced to every "4-11" alarm fire during
his term of office accompanied the pro
cession to the cemetery.
Me*mbers of the city council, the mayor's
cabinet and all of the members of the po
lice and fire departments who could be
spared from duty attended the funeral
Nearly 2,000 firemen marched in the
French Midget in Army Service.
Correspondence of Th* Star.
PARIS, April 1, 1914.
The French army has admitted to its
ranks a youth named Defrance, who.
although of the military age, twenty,
weighs only forty-two pounds and is
only three feet three and one-quarter
inches tall. The medical board found
him physically fit in every way. It is
understood he will be assigned to du
ties which will not oblige him to carry
the marching outfit of the French sol
dier. The outfit is one and one-half
times the midget's weight.
OFFICIAL TO CLASSIFY
WOODS OF ISTHMUS
Battalion at Camp Otis Completes
First Forced March Through
Correspondence of The Star.
PANAMA, April 4, 1914.
It is understood that Henry Pettier of
the Department of Agriculture at Wash
ington, who has arrived on the isthmus
to classify the native woods of Panama,
will soon undertake the organization of
two agricultural schools in the republic.
The Panama authorities requested Mr.
Pettier's services for the collection of
native woods. They will be a part of
the Panama national exhibition which
will be opened next year.
The 3d Battalion of the 10th Infantry,
stationed at Camp Otis, has just com
pleted a forced march through the Jungle
from Chorrera in the province of Coole.
The distance covered, twenty-seven miles,
was made in one day. It was found that
the main trail has been well cleared by
the Panama government. About 75 per
cent of the battalion is composed of re
cruits who thus made their first practice
Pedro Miguel, where the canal locks of
that name are located, is to be one of
the model permanent towns of the
isthmus. The canal government has been
busy there for several months in the
hope of having the place completed in
time for the opening of the canal next
year. Macadam streets and concrete side
walks are being aid and many new
houses are being built for the operating
force of the locks. A large playground
for children and tennis and base ball
| grounds' also are well utider way. In
| front of the Y. M. C. A. building is to be
! the plaza, which will be one of the
1 beauty spots of the town.
Giant Dredge to Work.
| The dredge Gamlwa, the largest dipper
| dredge ever built, has arrived on the
isthmus and is being assembled for work.
It is the intention of the canal author
ities to have the dredge begin the widen
ing of the channel in Culebra cut in front
of the Cucaracha and Culebra slides at
an early date. The dipper of this new
dredge has a capacity of fifteen cubic
yards. Another dredge of the same type
and capacity, the Paraiso, is expected to
The dredge Coroza). which was to have
been at work before this in deepening the
channel through Culebra cut, has been
drydocked in the east upper chajnber of
Gatun locks. Just above the live sub
marines in the same chamber. An ex
plosion in an oil tank did considerable
damage to several bulkheads and hull of
the big dredge. In order to drydock her
in the same lock chamber the sub
marines were lashed fast to the bottom
of the lock, which was then filled.
Chicago Theaters Tunc to Movies.
CHICAGO, April 11.?Announcement was
made today that another one of Chicago's
large downtown theaters?the sixth within
a year and a half?would be converted
into a moving picture playhouse. The lat
est theater to join the roster of the
"movie" houses is the Princess Theater
on South Clark street, which has been
the home of legitimate drama, musical
drama and musical comedy since its con
struction several years ago.
Government Railroad Profitable.
The only standard guage railway ever
built and operated by the United States
government was run at a profit in 1013.
Figures given out today by the reclama
tion service show the road?the Boise and
Arrowrock of Idaho?had net earnings of
$0,721 last year. It is twenty miles long,
and is run in connection with the Ar
rowrock dam, which is to be the highest
in the world.
JAPANESE STARTS TOUR
OF WORLD ON BICYCLE
Carries Bag of Sand From. Palace of
Emperor, Which He Will Sprinkle
in Native Colonies.
TOKIO. March 21. 1914
Youthful chauvinistic sportsmen are
eagerly following the movements of a
young- Japanese named Oku bo. who has
.lust started on a bicycle trip around the
world. Stripped to his wheel. Okubo car
ries a precious bag of sand which he
shoveled from the grounds of the palace
of his emperor, flis intention is to sprin
kle a little sand whenever he reaches a
Japanese colony or comes to a place
where a number of Japanese live. "My
idea." he explained before starting, "is to
remind Japanese abroad of their native
country?of the glorious mikado empire.
Japanese doctors are discussing the un
usual if nol unprecedented case ot a child
meeting death from the beak of a rooster.
A four-year-old girl was walking to a
playground near her father's house in
Tokio, when she was attacked by a roos
ter. which pecked at h*r viciously, fhe
girl ran, stumbled and fell, hitting a stone
Before the onlookers could interfere the
rooster had again pecked the child in the
forehead. The child was picked up dead
A lively competition has been going on
between Japanese steamship companies
which hope to get a government subsidy
for a steamship line through the Panama
canal to the eastern coast of the 1'nited
States, with terminus* at Boston. At th?
present it looks a* if the Nippon Yusen
i Kalsha would be elected, and that th?*
I company will be accorded a subsidy of
; $1,000,000. The other competitors were
i the Toyo Kisen Kaisha and the Osaka
j Shosen Kaisha. The Toyo Kisen will con
I tinue its service to San Francisco, but it
I is probable that the Nippon Yusen will
i discontinue its service to Seattle and turn
i it over to the Osaka company, which is
building extra steamers to be used on the
northern route which it will henceforth
Eat 8,090,000 Hot Cross Bans.
CHICAGO, April 11.?In celebration of
Good Friday Chioagoans yesterday ate
8,000.000 hot cross buns, according to the
estimates of bakers. At 1 cent each the
sum expended for the delicacy was
"We eat more hot cross buns in Chicago
i liood Friday than any other city in the
world, Ixmdon not excepted." said one
baker. "I have taken the trouble to get
statistics from several of the large cities,
and Chicago is the champion bun-eating
town of the world."
Rev. Dr. James R. Graham, ninety
years old. a Presbyterian minister, died
at Winchester. Va, Wednesday During
the civil war he was frequently the host
of "Stonewall" Jackson when the l&tte.
was in Winchester.
The Star will be glad to
have its attention called to
any misleading or untrue
statement, if such should ap
pear at any time In any ad
vertisement in its columns.
Readers are requested to as
sist In protecting themselves
and legitimate advertisers.
-TTTITTIH 11, miTTI ,,?r
Ruptured for Fifteen Years,
Now Can Climb Phone Poles
George Higgins Tells How
Wonderful Schuiling Rupture
Lock Cured Long-Stand
George H. Higgins, superintendent of
construction for the Citizens' Telephone
Company of Grand Rapids. Mich., suf
fered from ruptures for fifteen years.
No truss could give him relief. Often
he was forced to go to bed. To work
One day he put on a Schuiling Rup
He was himself again at once.
He found he could e*en climb a tele
phone pole with any of the "boys" if he
He was convinced. A year later Mr.
Higgins, certain that the benefits were
permanent and that he was really cured,
wrote a letter telling of his experience.
"For fifteen years I went around as
best I could with two ruptures, at time? |
so painful that I was forced to take to !
my bed. Had tried for relief many J
times with worthless trusses but all i
turned out the same, no good for me.
"I was advised to try a Schuiling Rup
ture Lock by a friend, who claimed he
was cured, which I did, and in one year
I was completely cured on both sides,
health restored, feeling strong and ac
tive as a man of twenty.
MADE TTTM TOUVG AG AIM.
"Now, being sixty-five years of age,
can climb a telephone pole with any of
the boys if I want to.
"I hope others may be benefited as
Mr, Higgins' cure was remarkable, but
not remarkable in the history of the
Schuiling Rupture Lock. Hundreds have
received just such benefits.
Mr. Higgins knows he is cured.
Any rupture sufferer interested can
write to Mr. Higgins at No. 1431 Robin
son road. Grand Rapids, Mich., and he
will answer all questions. He knows.
The experience of Mr. Higginsis proof
positive of the safety and effectiveness
of the Schuiling Rupture Lock.
When such an active man. with a case
of such long standing, gets relief as
Mr. Higgins did. any rupture sufferer,
man, woman or child, can be sure that
the Schuiling Rupture Lock will give
satisfaction under any demands that
may be put upon it.
MOST XMFORTAHT OF XOTTElVTXOirS
The Schuiling Rupture Lock Is the i safe.
USE PROVES RESULTS.
The Schuiling Rupture Lock has been
tested and proven by results that have
stood for years. Results are proven by
hundreds of cases. People in all kinds
of occupations, from "desk jobs" to the
hazardous labors of the frontiers, de
clare it has relieved and cured, them.
You can get the Schuiling Rupture
Lock on thirty days' free trial. In that
time we know that it will prove itself to
you. You assume no risk whatever?and
we have so much confidence in it that
"81 TEAM OLD; SEALED."
John Schinnerer of Columbus, Ind.,
"I was fitted with the Schuiling Rup
ture Lock four months ago, and now
find that the ruptured openings are en
tirely healed up. I am 81 years old, and
never expected a cure at my age."
"WOKE IT 8 MONTHS; CUBED."
Edward E. Dickerson, I'rescott and S.
Division St., Grand Rapids, Mich.,
we know we are taking no risk at all. ; writes:
You will certainly want it. You will i -j
know at once that you cannot afford to '
be without it.
It does not matter what has failed be
fore. The Schuiling Rupture Lock is a
wonderful invention that eliminates the
possibility of danger. It will save the
rupture sufferer from dangerous opera
tions: it will cure rupture. It brings
the ruptured parts together with a firm
but gentle pressure, under just the right
conditions for nature to complete tht
most important invention since the
treatment of rupture began.
Rupture sufferers have been robbed
for years by men who make trusses,
worthless devices made only to "sell."
The Schuiling Rupture Lock is made to
You have doubtless been disappointed
and discouraged by the rosy promises
and seductive statements of all kinds
of rupture quacks. You perhaps have
tried many trusses and torturing devices
that gave no satisfaction. Meanwhile,
the handicap of rupture remained.
It has been a burden on your life and
your work that you have been unable to
But this announcement brings you
honest assurance that you can get real
The Schuiling Rupture Lock will cure
ru ptu re.
You can put on the Schuiling Rupture
Lock and throw your truss away for
had been ruptured for- years?had
worn all kinds of trusses and appli
ances, but all to no avail until your lock
was tried. It held my rupture as noth
ing before had done. Wore it eight
months and was completely cured."
WOMAN ESCAPES X3TXPE.
Mrs. Catherine Sottong of Brooks
ville. Ind.. writes:
"I had been a rupture sufferer for a
long time, and it was getting so bad
that I could not drag myself around the
house any more. It was as large as two
fists: I was all bent over with pain:
never could get anything to keep it up.
My doctor and lots of other physicians
said that 1 must have an operation to
do me any good, but 1 was afraid and
put it off. hoping that I might some day
find some kind of an article that would
help me: now I am glad that I waited
for at last I heard of the Schuiling
Rupture Lock. I ordered one to try,
and. sure enough, it held my rupture
-i;rtit from the very first, and now I am
?t:red and only wore it five months."
The Schuiling Rupture Lock is the
thing for you.
.??rt a letter or postal asking for the free book on rupture, giving
> our name and address clearly?or fill out and mail to us the blank form here.
COMFORTARLE TO WEAR.
The Schuiling Rupture Lock is simple
in construction and comfortable to wear.
It avoids acute pressure on the pubic
bone, hips or spine. It has no insani
tary leg bands, elastics, springs or ste<
stays and metal bands. The lock is free
in its action, yet absolutely sure ant
Our book on rupture explains in detail
all the wonderful features of this re
markable invention. This book will !>?
sent free by the next mail, on your re
Read here, what some of the many
who have us?'d the Schuiling Ruptuj*t
Lock write about it:
360 W. Market St.. Indianapolis, lad.
Send me your free book, "How to Cure Rupture."
Schuiling Rupture Institute, 360 W.MarketSt, Indianapolis, Ind.
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